classes ::: power,
children :::
branches ::: Property

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object:Property
class:power

see also :::

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now begins generated list of local instances, definitions, quotes, instances in chapters, wordnet info if available and instances among weblinks


OBJECT INSTANCES [1] - TOPICS - AUTHORS - BOOKS - CHAPTERS - CLASSES - SEE ALSO - SIMILAR TITLES

TOPICS
Substance
SEE ALSO


AUTH

BOOKS
City_of_God
DND_DM_Guide_5E
Enchiridion_text
Full_Circle
Heart_of_Matter
Magick_Without_Tears
Modern_Man_in_Search_of_a_Soul
My_Burning_Heart
Process_and_Reality
The_Categories
The_Divine_Milieu
The_Essential_Songs_of_Milarepa
The_Republic
The_Seals_of_Wisdom
The_Use_and_Abuse_of_History
The_Way_of_Perfection
The_Wit_and_Wisdom_of_Alfred_North_Whitehead
The_Yoga_Sutras
Toward_the_Future

IN CHAPTERS TITLE
1.56_-_Marriage_-_Property_-_War_-_Politics

IN CHAPTERS CLASSNAME

IN CHAPTERS TEXT
0.00_-_INTRODUCTION
0.01_-_Letters_from_the_Mother_to_Her_Son
01.13_-_T._S._Eliot:_Four_Quartets
0.11_-_Letters_to_a_Sadhak
0_1960-08-20
0_1962-06-02
0_1962-06-09
0_1963-12-07_-_supramental_ship
0_1967-05-03
0_1967-08-02
0_1968-04-10
0_1969-07-23
0_1969-11-15
0_1970-01-31
0_1970-03-25
0_1970-05-13
0_1971-03-03
0_1971-11-24
02.03_-_An_Aspect_of_Emergent_Evolution
02.11_-_New_World-Conditions
02.11_-_The_Kingdoms_and_Godheads_of_the_Greater_Mind
02.14_-_Panacea_of_Isms
03.12_-_Communism:_What_does_it_Mean?
05.09_-_The_Changed_Scientific_Outlook
05.28_-_God_Protects
08.08_-_The_Mind_s_Bazaar
1.00a_-_Introduction
1.00e_-_DIVISION_E_-_MOTION_ON_THE_PHYSICAL_AND_ASTRAL_PLANES
1.00_-_Main
1.00_-_Preliminary_Remarks
1.01_-_Appearance_and_Reality
1.01_-_Economy
1.01_-_Maitreya_inquires_of_his_teacher_(Parashara)
1.01_-_MAPS_OF_EXPERIENCE_-_OBJECT_AND_MEANING
1.01_-_On_knowledge_of_the_soul,_and_how_knowledge_of_the_soul_is_the_key_to_the_knowledge_of_God.
1.01_-_Prayer
1.01_-_Tara_the_Divine
1.01_-_THE_STUFF_OF_THE_UNIVERSE
10.24_-_Savitri
1.02_-_Groups_and_Statistical_Mechanics
1.02_-_MAPS_OF_MEANING_-_THREE_LEVELS_OF_ANALYSIS
1.02_-_Outline_of_Practice
1.02_-_Prayer_of_Parashara_to_Vishnu
1.02_-_SOCIAL_HEREDITY_AND_PROGRESS
1.02_-_Substance_Is_Eternal
1.02_-_The_Three_European_Worlds
1.02_-_The_Vision_of_the_Past
1.02_-_THE_WITHIN_OF_THINGS
1.02_-_Where_I_Lived,_and_What_I_Lived_For
10.32_-_The_Mystery_of_the_Five_Elements
1.03_-_A_Parable
1.03_-_Japa_Yoga
1.03_-_On_Knowledge_of_the_World.
1.03_-_Questions_and_Answers
1.03_-_Reading
1.03_-_Sympathetic_Magic
1.03_-_Tara,_Liberator_from_the_Eight_Dangers
1.03_-_THE_GRAND_OPTION
1.03_-_The_House_Of_The_Lord
1.03_-_The_Phenomenon_of_Man
1.03_-_The_Void
1.03_-_Time_Series,_Information,_and_Communication
1.03_-_VISIT_TO_VIDYASAGAR
1.04_-_ADVICE_TO_HOUSEHOLDERS
1.04_-_Feedback_and_Oscillation
1.04_-_Nothing_Exists_Per_Se_Except_Atoms_And_The_Void
1.04_-_Of_other_imperfections_which_these_beginners_are_apt_to_have_with_respect_to_the_third_sin,_which_is_luxury.
1.04_-_On_blessed_and_ever-memorable_obedience
1.04_-_On_Knowledge_of_the_Future_World.
1.04_-_THE_APPEARANCE_OF_ANOMALY_-_CHALLENGE_TO_THE_SHARED_MAP
1.04_-_The_Gods_of_the_Veda
1.04_-_The_Silent_Mind
1.05_-_BOOK_THE_FIFTH
1.05_-_CHARITY
1.05_-_Computing_Machines_and_the_Nervous_System
1.05_-_Knowledge_by_Aquaintance_and_Knowledge_by_Description
1.05_-_MORALITY_AS_THE_ENEMY_OF_NATURE
1.05_-_Solitude
1.05_-_THE_HOSTILE_BROTHERS_-_ARCHETYPES_OF_RESPONSE_TO_THE_UNKNOWN
1.05_-_The_Magical_Control_of_the_Weather
1.05_-_THE_NEW_SPIRIT
1.05_-_Vishnu_as_Brahma_creates_the_world
1.06_-_A_Summary_of_my_Phenomenological_View_of_the_World
1.06_-_Dhyana_and_Samadhi
1.06_-_Magicians_as_Kings
1.06_-_MORTIFICATION,_NON-ATTACHMENT,_RIGHT_LIVELIHOOD
1.06_-_Psycho_therapy_and_a_Philosophy_of_Life
1.07_-_A_Song_of_Longing_for_Tara,_the_Infallible
1.07_-_Incarnate_Human_Gods
1.07_-_On_Our_Knowledge_of_General_Principles
1.07_-_Production_of_the_mind-born_sons_of_Brahma
1.07_-_Savitri
1.07_-_THE_GREAT_EVENT_FORESHADOWED_-_THE_PLANETIZATION_OF_MANKIND
1.08_-_Information,_Language,_and_Society
1.08_-_SOME_REFLECTIONS_ON_THE_SPIRITUAL_REPERCUSSIONS_OF_THE_ATOM_BOMB
1.09_-_SKIRMISHES_IN_A_WAY_WITH_THE_AGE
1.09_-_Sri_Aurobindo_and_the_Big_Bang
1.10_-_Conscious_Force
1.10_-_On_our_Knowledge_of_Universals
1.10_-_THE_FORMATION_OF_THE_NOOSPHERE
1.10_-_The_Roughly_Material_Plane_or_the_Material_World
11.15_-_Sri_Aurobindo
1.11_-_GOOD_AND_EVIL
1.11_-_On_Intuitive_Knowledge
1.11_-_The_Broken_Rocks._Pope_Anastasius._General_Description_of_the_Inferno_and_its_Divisions.
1.11_-_WITH_THE_DEVOTEES_AT_DAKSHINEWAR
1.11_-_Woolly_Pomposities_of_the_Pious_Teacher
1.12_-_The_Left-Hand_Path_-_The_Black_Brothers
1.12_-_TIME_AND_ETERNITY
1.12_-_Truth_and_Knowledge
1.13_-_Gnostic_Symbols_of_the_Self
1.13_-_Posterity_of_Dhruva
1.13_-_THE_MASTER_AND_M.
1.14_-_The_Mental_Plane
1.14_-_The_Succesion_to_the_Kingdom_in_Ancient_Latium
1.15_-_THE_DIRECTIONS_AND_CONDITIONS_OF_THE_FUTURE
1.18_-_The_Infrarational_Age_of_the_Cycle
1.19_-_The_Curve_of_the_Rational_Age
1.19_-_THE_MASTER_AND_HIS_INJURED_ARM
12.01_-_The_Return_to_Earth
1.20_-_Tabooed_Persons
1.20_-_The_End_of_the_Curve_of_Reason
1.21_-_A_DAY_AT_DAKSHINESWAR
1.22_-_ADVICE_TO_AN_ACTOR
1.22__-_Dominion_over_different_provinces_of_creation_assigned_to_different_beings
1.23_-_FESTIVAL_AT_SURENDRAS_HOUSE
1.240_-_1.300_Talks
1.240_-_Talks_2
1.24_-_On_meekness,_simplicity,_guilelessness_which_come_not_from_nature_but_from_habit,_and_about_malice.
1.24_-_The_Killing_of_the_Divine_King
1.25_-_On_the_destroyer_of_the_passions,_most_sublime_humility,_which_is_rooted_in_spiritual_feeling.
1.25_-_Temporary_Kings
1.26_-_On_discernment_of_thoughts,_passions_and_virtues
1.27_-_AT_DAKSHINESWAR
1.30_-_Concerning_the_linking_together_of_the_supreme_trinity_among_the_virtues.
1.32_-_The_Ritual_of_Adonis
1.38_-_Treats_of_the_great_need_which_we_have_to_beseech_the_Eternal_Father_to_grant_us_what_we_ask_in_these_words:_Et_ne_nos_inducas_in_tentationem,_sed_libera_nos_a_malo._Explains_certain_temptations._This_chapter_is_noteworthy.
1.400_-_1.450_Talks
1.4.03_-_The_Guru
1.439
1.450_-_1.500_Talks
1.49_-_Thelemic_Morality
1.51_-_Homeopathic_Magic_of_a_Flesh_Diet
1.550_-_1.600_Talks
1.56_-_Marriage_-_Property_-_War_-_Politics
1.56_-_The_Public_Expulsion_of_Evils
1.57_-_Public_Scapegoats
1.58_-_Human_Scapegoats_in_Classical_Antiquity
1.59_-_Geomancy
1.64_-_Magical_Power
1.65_-_Balder_and_the_Mistletoe
1.68_-_The_Golden_Bough
1.69_-_Farewell_to_Nemi
1951-03-10_-_Fairy_Tales-_serpent_guarding_treasure_-_Vital_beings-_their_incarnations_-_The_vital_being_after_death_-_Nightmares-_vital_and_mental_-_Mind_and_vital_after_death_-_The_spirit_of_the_form-_Egyptian_mummies
1953-10-07
1954-11-10_-_Inner_experience,_the_basis_of_action_-_Keeping_open_to_the_Force_-_Faith_through_aspiration_-_The_Mothers_symbol_-_The_mind_and_vital_seize_experience_-_Degrees_of_sincerity_-Becoming_conscious_of_the_Divine_Force
1955-11-09_-_Personal_effort,_egoistic_mind_-_Man_is_like_a_public_square_-_Natures_work_-_Ego_needed_for_formation_of_individual_-_Adverse_forces_needed_to_make_man_sincere_-_Determinisms_of_different_planes,_miracles
1956-03-14_-_Dynamic_meditation_-_Do_all_as_an_offering_to_the_Divine_-_Significance_of_23.4.56._-_If_twelve_men_of_goodwill_call_the_Divine
1958-02-05_-_The_great_voyage_of_the_Supreme_-_Freedom_and_determinism
1.A_-_ANTHROPOLOGY,_THE_SOUL
1.anon_-_But_little_better
1.anon_-_The_Poem_of_Antar
1f.lovecraft_-_Deaf,_Dumb,_and_Blind
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Case_of_Charles_Dexter_Ward
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Colour_out_of_Space
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Diary_of_Alonzo_Typer
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Dunwich_Horror
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Haunter_of_the_Dark
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Horror_at_Red_Hook
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Horror_in_the_Burying-Ground
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Lurking_Fear
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Mound
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Rats_in_the_Walls
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Shunned_House
1f.lovecraft_-_Through_the_Gates_of_the_Silver_Key
1.jk_-_On_Receiving_A_Curious_Shell
1.jk_-_The_Gadfly
1.jr_-_The_Self_We_Share
1.rb_-_Paracelsus_-_Part_III_-_Paracelsus
1.rwe_-_Celestial_Love
1.tm_-_Stranger
1.wby_-_Blood_And_The_Moon
1.whitman_-_Says
1.ww_-_Michael-_A_Pastoral_Poem
1.ww_-_The_Excursion-_X-_Book_Ninth-_Discourse_of_the_Wanderer,_and_an_Evening_Visit_to_the_Lake
2.01_-_AT_THE_STAR_THEATRE
2.01_-_Indeterminates,_Cosmic_Determinations_and_the_Indeterminable
2.01_-_On_Books
2.01_-_The_Therapeutic_value_of_Abreaction
2.02_-_Brahman,_Purusha,_Ishwara_-_Maya,_Prakriti,_Shakti
2.02_-_THE_EXPANSION_OF_LIFE
2.03_-_Karmayogin__A_Commentary_on_the_Isha_Upanishad
2.03_-_The_Eternal_and_the_Individual
2.04_-_Absence_Of_Secondary_Qualities
2.04_-_ADVICE_TO_ISHAN
2.04_-_The_Living_Church_and_Christ-Omega
2.06_-_The_Wand
2.07_-_On_Congress_and_Politics
2.08_-_AT_THE_STAR_THEATRE_(II)
2.10_-_Knowledge_by_Identity_and_Separative_Knowledge
2.10_-_On_Vedic_Interpretation
2.12_-_On_Miracles
2.14_-_AT_RAMS_HOUSE
2.18_-_January_1939
2.19_-_Feb-May_1939
2.20_-_THE_MASTERS_TRAINING_OF_HIS_DISCIPLES
2.21_-_1940
2.3.1_-_Ego_and_Its_Forms
3.01_-_THE_BIRTH_OF_THOUGHT
3.02_-_Aridity_in_Prayer
3.02_-_ON_THE_VISION_AND_THE_RIDDLE
3.02_-_THE_DEPLOYMENT_OF_THE_NOOSPHERE
3.02_-_The_Psychology_of_Rebirth
3.03_-_SULPHUR
3.03_-_THE_MODERN_EARTH
3.05_-_SAL
3.08_-_Of_Equilibrium
3-5_Full_Circle
37.04_-_The_Story_Of_Rishi_Yajnavalkya
3.7.1.12_-_Karma_and_Justice
3_-_Commentaries_and_Annotated_Translations
4.01_-_THE_COLLECTIVE_ISSUE
4.02_-_BEYOND_THE_COLLECTIVE_-_THE_HYPER-PERSONAL
4.03_-_THE_TRANSFORMATION_OF_THE_KING
4.05_-_The_Passion_Of_Love
4.0_-_The_Path_of_Knowledge
4.2.5_-_Dealing_with_Depression_and_Despondency
5.01_-_EPILOGUE
5.08_-_ADAM_AS_TOTALITY
5.2.03_-_The_An_Family
5.4.01_-_Notes_on_Root-Sounds
5_-_The_Phenomenology_of_the_Spirit_in_Fairytales
6.04_-_THE_MEANING_OF_THE_ALCHEMICAL_PROCEDURE
6.08_-_Intellectual_Visions
7.09_-_Right_Judgement
Aeneid
Apology
APPENDIX_I_-_Curriculum_of_A._A.
Big_Mind_(non-dual)
Big_Mind_(ten_perfections)
Blazing_P1_-_Preconventional_consciousness
Blazing_P2_-_Map_the_Stages_of_Conventional_Consciousness
Blazing_P3_-_Explore_the_Stages_of_Postconventional_Consciousness
Book_1_-_The_Council_of_the_Gods
BOOK_I._-_Augustine_censures_the_pagans,_who_attributed_the_calamities_of_the_world,_and_especially_the_sack_of_Rome_by_the_Goths,_to_the_Christian_religion_and_its_prohibition_of_the_worship_of_the_gods
BOOK_II._-_A_review_of_the_calamities_suffered_by_the_Romans_before_the_time_of_Christ,_showing_that_their_gods_had_plunged_them_into_corruption_and_vice
BOOK_III._-_The_external_calamities_of_Rome
BOOK_II._--_PART_I._ANTHROPOGENESIS.
BOOK_II._--_PART_III._ADDENDA._SCIENCE_AND_THE_SECRET_DOCTRINE_CONTRASTED
BOOK_II._--_PART_II._THE_ARCHAIC_SYMBOLISM_OF_THE_WORLD-RELIGIONS
BOOK_I._--_PART_I._COSMIC_EVOLUTION
BOOK_I._--_PART_III._SCIENCE_AND_THE_SECRET_DOCTRINE_CONTRASTED
BOOK_IX._-_Of_those_who_allege_a_distinction_among_demons,_some_being_good_and_others_evil
Book_of_Exodus
Book_of_Imaginary_Beings_(text)
BOOK_VII._-_Of_the_select_gods_of_the_civil_theology,_and_that_eternal_life_is_not_obtained_by_worshipping_them
BOOK_V._-_Of_fate,_freewill,_and_God's_prescience,_and_of_the_source_of_the_virtues_of_the_ancient_Romans
BOOK_XI._-_Augustine_passes_to_the_second_part_of_the_work,_in_which_the_origin,_progress,_and_destinies_of_the_earthly_and_heavenly_cities_are_discussed.Speculations_regarding_the_creation_of_the_world
BOOK_XIII._-_That_death_is_penal,_and_had_its_origin_in_Adam's_sin
BOOK_XIV._-_Of_the_punishment_and_results_of_mans_first_sin,_and_of_the_propagation_of_man_without_lust
BOOK_X._-_Porphyrys_doctrine_of_redemption
BOOK_XV._-_The_progress_of_the_earthly_and_heavenly_cities_traced_by_the_sacred_history
BOOK_XXII._-_Of_the_eternal_happiness_of_the_saints,_the_resurrection_of_the_body,_and_the_miracles_of_the_early_Church
BOOK_XXI._-_Of_the_eternal_punishment_of_the_wicked_in_hell,_and_of_the_various_objections_urged_against_it
Chapter_III_-_WHEREIN_IS_RELATED_THE_DROLL_WAY_IN_WHICH_DON_QUIXOTE_HAD_HIMSELF_DUBBED_A_KNIGHT
Chapter_I_-_WHICH_TREATS_OF_THE_CHARACTER_AND_PURSUITS_OF_THE_FAMOUS_GENTLEMAN_DON_QUIXOTE_OF_LA_MANCHA
DS4
ENNEAD_01.02_-_Concerning_Virtue.
ENNEAD_01.06_-_Of_Beauty.
ENNEAD_02.01_-_Of_the_Heaven.
ENNEAD_02.04a_-_Of_Matter.
ENNEAD_02.06_-_Of_Essence_and_Being.
ENNEAD_02.09_-_Against_the_Gnostics;_or,_That_the_Creator_and_the_World_are_Not_Evil.
ENNEAD_03.05_-_Of_Love,_or_Eros.
ENNEAD_03.07_-_Of_Time_and_Eternity.
ENNEAD_04.02_-_How_the_Soul_Mediates_Between_Indivisible_and_Divisible_Essence.
ENNEAD_04.03_-_Psychological_Questions.
ENNEAD_04.04_-_Questions_About_the_Soul.
ENNEAD_04.05_-_Psychological_Questions_III._-_About_the_Process_of_Vision_and_Hearing.
ENNEAD_05.05_-_That_Intelligible_Entities_Are_Not_External_to_the_Intelligence_of_the_Good.
ENNEAD_05.08_-_Concerning_Intelligible_Beauty.
ENNEAD_06.01_-_Of_the_Ten_Aristotelian_and_Four_Stoic_Categories.
ENNEAD_06.02_-_The_Categories_of_Plotinos.
ENNEAD_06.03_-_Plotinos_Own_Sense-Categories.
ENNEAD_06.04_-_The_One_Identical_Essence_is_Everywhere_Entirely_Present.
ENNEAD_06.05_-_The_One_and_Identical_Being_is_Everywhere_Present_In_Its_Entirety.345
ENNEAD_06.06_-_Of_Numbers.
Euthyphro
Gorgias
Guru_Granth_Sahib_first_part
Liber
Liber_111_-_The_Book_of_Wisdom_-_LIBER_ALEPH_VEL_CXI
Liber_46_-_The_Key_of_the_Mysteries
Phaedo
Prayers_and_Meditations_by_Baha_u_llah_text
r1914_07_24
Sayings_of_Sri_Ramakrishna_(text)
Tablets_of_Baha_u_llah_text
Talks_With_Sri_Aurobindo_1
Talks_With_Sri_Aurobindo_2
The_Act_of_Creation_text
Theaetetus
The_Book_of_Certitude_-_P2
The_Divine_Names_Text_(Dionysis)
The_Dwellings_of_the_Philosophers
the_Eternal_Wisdom
The_Golden_Sentences_of_Democrates
The_Gospel_According_to_Mark
The_Gospel_According_to_Matthew
The_Hidden_Words_text
Timaeus
Verses_of_Vemana

PRIMARY CLASS

power
SIMILAR TITLES
Property

DEFINITIONS


TERMS STARTING WITH

Property: (Gr. idion; Lat. proprium) In Aristotle's logic (1) an attribute common to all members of a species and peculiar to them; (2) an attribute of the above sort not belonging to the essence of the species, but necessarily following from it. -- G.R.M.

property ::: a. --> That which is proper to anything; a peculiar quality of a thing; that which is inherent in a subject, or naturally essential to it; an attribute; as, sweetness is a property of sugar.
An acquired or artificial quality; that which is given by art, or bestowed by man; as, the poem has the properties which constitute excellence.
The exclusive right of possessing, enjoying, and disposing of a thing; ownership; title.


property ::: something owned; a possession.


TERMS ANYWHERE

1. The act, power or property of appealing, alluring, enticing or inviting. 2. A thing or feature which draws by appealing to desires, tastes, etc. 3. The action of a body or substance in drawing to itself, by some physical force, another to which it is not materially attached; the force thus exercised. attractions.

2. In psychology, the act or process of exercising the mind, the faculty of connecting judgments; the power and fact of using reason; the thought-processes of discussion, debate, argumentation or inference; the manifestation of the discursive property of the mind; the actual use of arguments with a view to convince or persuade; the art and method or proving or demonstrating; the orderly development of thought with a view to, or the attainment of a conclusion believed to be valid. -- The origin, nature and value of reasoning are debated questions, with their answers ranging from spiritualism (reasoning as the exercise of a faculty of the soul) to materialism (reasoning as an epiphenomenon depending on the brain), with all the modern schools of psychology ordering themselves between them. A few points of agreement might be mentioned here: reasoning follows judgment and apprehension, whichever of the last two thought-processes comes first in our psychological development; reasoning proceeds according to four main types, namely deductive, inductive, presumptive and deceptive; reasoning assumes a belief in its own validity undisturbed by doubt, and implies various logical habits and methods which may be organized into a logical doctrine; reasoning requires a reference to some ultimate principles to justify its progress 3. In logic, Reasoning is the process of inference, it is the process of passing from certain propositions already known or assumed to be true, to another truth distinct from them but following from them; it is a discourse or argument which infers one proposition from another, or from a group of others having some common elements between them. The inference is necessary in the case of deductive reasoning; and contingent, probable or wrong, in the case of inductive, presumptive or deceptive reasoning respectively. -- There are various types of reasoning, and proper methods for each type. The definition, discussion, development and evaluation of these types and methods form an important branch of logic and its subdivisions. The details of the application of reasoning to the various sciences, form the subject of methodology. All these types are reducible to one or the other of the two fundamental processes or reasoning, namely deduction and induction. It must be added that the logical study of reasoning is normative logic does not analyze it simply in its natural development, but with a view to guide it towards coherence, validity or truth. -- T.G.

2. Under the influence of Franz Brentano (1838-1917), Husserl coined the name "Intentionalität" for what he saw is the fundamental character of subjective processes. The reflectively experienceable part of one's stream of consciousness is, on the one hand, consciousness of subjective processes as immanent in the stream itself and, on the other hand, consciousness of other objects as transcending the stieam. This character of subjective processes as consciousness of, as processes in which something is intended, is a property they have intrinsically, regardless of whether what is intended in them exists. Seeing intentionality as the fundamental attribute of subjective processes, Husseil held that phenomenology must describe them not only with respect to their immanent components but also with respect to their intended objects, as intended, in the language of his Ideen, phenomenological description must be "noematic," as well as "noetic" and "hyletic."

abandonment ::: n. --> The act of abandoning, or the state of being abandoned; total desertion; relinquishment.
The relinquishment by the insured to the underwriters of what may remain of the property insured after a loss or damage by a peril insured against.
The relinquishment of a right, claim, or privilege, as to mill site, etc.
The voluntary leaving of a person to whom one is bound


abstract ::: a. --> Withdraw; separate.
Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; existing in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult.
Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word.
Resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general


abstractiveness ::: n. --> The quality of being abstractive; abstractive property.

accession ::: n. --> A coming to; the act of acceding and becoming joined; as, a king&

accident ::: n. --> Literally, a befalling; an event that takes place without one&

acquest ::: n. --> Acquisition; the thing gained.
Property acquired by purchase, gift, or otherwise than by inheritance.


acquisitiveness ::: n. --> The quality of being acquisitive; propensity to acquire property; desire of possession.
The faculty to which the phrenologists attribute the desire of acquiring and possessing.


acred ::: a. --> Possessing acres or landed property; -- used in composition; as, large-acred men.

actinism ::: n. --> The property of radiant energy (found chiefly in solar or electric light) by which chemical changes are produced, as in photography.

advancement ::: v. t. --> The act of advancing, or the state of being advanced; progression; improvement; furtherance; promotion to a higher place or dignity; as, the advancement of learning.
An advance of money or value; payment in advance. See Advance, 5.
Property given, usually by a parent to a child, in advance of a future distribution.
Settlement on a wife, or jointure.


aeolotropic ::: a. --> Exhibiting differences of quality or property in different directions; not isotropic.

aeolotropy ::: n. --> Difference of quality or property in different directions.

affection ::: n. --> The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected.
An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc. , are affections of bodies.
Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc.; the malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity;


affirmation ::: n. --> Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law.
The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial.
That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive statement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality.
A solemn declaration made under the penalties of


affluence ::: n. --> A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx.
An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.; profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.


agrarianism ::: n. --> An equal or equitable division of landed property; the principles or acts of those who favor a redistribution of land.

alien ::: a. --> Not belonging to the same country, land, or government, or to the citizens or subjects thereof; foreign; as, alien subjects, enemies, property, shores.
Wholly different in nature; foreign; adverse; inconsistent (with); incongruous; -- followed by from or sometimes by to; as, principles alien from our religion. ::: n.


alienate ::: a. --> Estranged; withdrawn in affection; foreign; -- with from. ::: v. t. --> To convey or transfer to another, as title, property, or right; to part voluntarily with ownership of.
To withdraw, as the affections; to make indifferent of averse, where love or friendship before subsisted; to estrange; to


alienation ::: n. --> The act of alienating, or the state of being alienated.
A transfer of title, or a legal conveyance of property to another.
A withdrawing or estrangement, as of the affections.
Mental alienation; derangement of the mental faculties; insanity; as, alienation of mind.


alienee ::: n. --> One to whom the title of property is transferred; -- opposed to alienor.

aliene ::: v. t. --> To alien or alienate; to transfer, as title or property; as, to aliene an estate.

alienor ::: n. --> One who alienates or transfers property to another.

alkalinity ::: n. --> The quality which constitutes an alkali; alkaline property.

allodium ::: n. --> Freehold estate; land which is the absolute property of the owner; real estate held in absolute independence, without being subject to any rent, service, or acknowledgment to a superior. It is thus opposed to feud.

allomorphism ::: n. --> The property which constitutes an allomorph; the change involved in becoming an allomorph.

allotropicity ::: n. --> Allotropic property or nature.

allotropy ::: n. --> The property of existing in two or more conditions which are distinct in their physical or chemical relations.

annexation ::: v. t. --> The act of annexing; process of attaching, adding, or appending; the act of connecting; union; as, the annexation of Texas to the United States, or of chattels to the freehold.
The union of property with a freehold so as to become a fixture. Bouvier. (b) (Scots Law) The appropriation of lands or rents to the crown.


annihilate ::: v. t. --> To reduce to nothing or nonexistence; to destroy the existence of; to cause to cease to be.
To destroy the form or peculiar distinctive properties of, so that the specific thing no longer exists; as, to annihilate a forest by cutting down the trees.
To destroy or eradicate, as a property or attribute of a thing; to make of no effect; to destroy the force, etc., of; as, to annihilate an argument, law, rights, goodness.


antiperiodic ::: n. --> A remedy possessing the property of preventing the return of periodic paroxysms, or exacerbations, of disease, as in intermittent fevers.

Antitypy: The property of concepts or objects of thought to resist attribution of qualities or postulates incompatible with their semantic value and ontological nature. -- T.G.

Apparent: (Lat, ad + parere, to come forth) 1. Property of seeming to be real or factual. 2. Obvious or clearly given to the mind or senses. Appearance: Neutrally, a presentation to an observer. Epistemology:   A sensuously observable state of affairs.   The mental or subjective correlate of a thing-in-itself.   A sensuous object existent or possible, in space and time, related by the categories (Kant). It differs from illusion by its objectivity or logical validity. Metaphysics: A degree of truth or reality; a fragmentary and self-contradictory judgment about reality.

applicatory ::: a. --> Having the property of applying; applicative; practical. ::: n. --> That which applies.

apportionment ::: n. --> The act of apportioning; a dividing into just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of an undivided right or property.

A related but different paradox is Grelling's (1908). Let us distinguish adjectives -- ie, words denoting properties -- as autological or i according as they do or do not have the property which they denote (in particular, adjectives denoting properties which cannot belong to words at all will be heterological). Then, e.g., the words polysyllabic, common, significant, prosaic are autological, while new, alive, useless, ambiguous, long are heterological. On their face, these definitions of autological and heterological are unobjectionable (compare the definition of onomatopoetic as similar in sound to that which it denotes). But paradox arises when we ask whether the word heterological is autological or heterological.

arrestee ::: v. --> The person in whose hands is the property attached by arrestment.

As a concrete noun, singular ("a value") or plural ("values"), our term refers either to things which have this property of value or to things which are valued (see below).

assessable ::: a. --> Liable to be assessed or taxed; as, assessable property.

assessment ::: n. --> The act of assessing; the act of determining an amount to be paid; as, an assessment of damages, or of taxes; an assessment of the members of a club.
A valuation of property or profits of business, for the purpose of taxation; such valuation and an adjudging of the proper sum to be levied on the property; as, an assessment of property or an assessment on property.
The specific sum levied or assessed.


assessor ::: v. --> One appointed or elected to assist a judge or magistrate with his special knowledge of the subject to be decided; as legal assessors, nautical assessors.
One who sits by another, as next in dignity, or as an assistant and adviser; an associate in office.
One appointed to assess persons or property for the purpose of taxation.


assets ::: n. pl. --> Property of a deceased person, subject by law to the payment of his debts and legacies; -- called assets because sufficient to render the executor or administrator liable to the creditors and legatees, so far as such goods or estate may extend.
Effects of an insolvent debtor or bankrupt, applicable to the payment of debts.
The entire property of all sorts, belonging to a person, a corporation, or an estate; as, the assets of a merchant or a


assignee ::: v. --> A person to whom an assignment is made; a person appointed or deputed by another to do some act, perform some business, or enjoy some right, privilege, or property; as, an assignee of a bankrupt. See Assignment (c). An assignee may be by special appointment or deed, or be created by jaw; as an executor.
In England, the persons appointed, under a commission of bankruptcy, to manage the estate of a bankrupt for the benefit of his creditors.


assignment ::: n. --> An allotting or an appointment to a particular person or use; or for a particular time, as of a cause or causes in court.
A transfer of title or interest by writing, as of lease, bond, note, or bill of exchange; a transfer of the whole of some particular estate or interest in lands.
The writing by which an interest is transferred.
The transfer of the property of a bankrupt to certain persons called assignees, in whom it is vested for the benefit of


associativity "programming" The property of an {operator} that says whether a sequence of three or more expressions combined by the operator will be evaluated from left to right (left associative) or right to left (right associative). For example, in {Perl}, the {lazy and} operator && is left associative so in the expression: $i "= 0 && $x[$i] "= 0 && $y[$x[$i]] == 0 the left-most && is evaluated first, whereas = is right associative, so in $a = $b = 42 the right-most assignment is performed first. (2007-06-16)

AST Computers, LLC "company" The private company formed in January 1999 when Mr. Beny Alagem, the former chairman of {Packard Bell NEC, Inc.}, bought the name and intellectual property of {AST Research, Inc.}. AST Computers, LLC provide {hardware, software}, and services for small US businesses. {Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.}, of Seoul, Korea, owns a minority stake. {(http://ast.com/)}. Address: Los Angeles, CA, USA. (2000-03-28)

asterism ::: n. --> A constellation.
A small cluster of stars.
An asterisk, or mark of reference.
Three asterisks placed in this manner, /, to direct attention to a particular passage.
An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.


AST Research, Inc. "company" A company, formed some time before 1980, that was a leading {personal computer} manufacturer. AST developed {desktop computers}, {mobile computers}, and {servers} that were sold in more than 100 countries worldwide. In January 1999 the name and intellectual property were acquired by a new company named {AST Computers, LLC}. As of 2000-03-02 it was trading as {ARI Service}. (2000-03-21)

attraction ::: n. --> An invisible power in a body by which it draws anything to itself; the power in nature acting mutually between bodies or ultimate particles, tending to draw them together, or to produce their cohesion or combination, and conversely resisting separation.
The act or property of attracting; the effect of the power or operation of attraction.
The power or act of alluring, drawing to, inviting, or engaging; an attractive quality; as, the attraction of beauty or


Attribute: Commonly, what is proper to a thing (Latm, ad-tribuere, to assign, to ascribe, to bestow). Loosely assimilated to a quality, a property, a characteristic, a peculiarity, a circumstance, a state, a category, a mode or an accident, though there are differences among all these terms. For example, a quality is an inherent property (the qualities of matter), while an attribute refers to the actual properties of a thing only indirectly known (the attributes of God). Another difference between attribute and quality is that the former refers to the characteristics of an infinite being, while the latter is used for the characteristics of a finite being. In metaphysics, an attribute is what is indispensable to a spiritual or material substance; or that which expresses the nature of a thing; or that without which a thing is unthinkable. As such, it implies necessarily a relation to some substance of which it is an aspect or conception. But it cannot be a substance, as it does not exist by itself. The transcendental attributes are those which belong to a being because it is a being: there are three of them, the one, the true and the good, each adding something positive to the idea of being. The word attribute has been and still is used more readily, with various implications, by substantialist systems. In the 17th century, for example, it denoted the actual manifestations of substance. [Thus, Descartes regarded extension and thought as the two ultimate, simple and original attributes of reality, all else being modifications of them. With Spinoza, extension and thought became the only known attributes of Deity, each expressing in a definite manner, though not exclusively, the infinite essence of God as the only substance. The change in the meaning of substance after Hume and Kant is best illustrated by this quotation from Whitehead: "We diverge from Descartes by holding that what he has described as primary attributes of physical bodies, are really the forms of internal relationships between actual occasions and within actual occasions" (Process and Reality, p. 471).] The use of the notion of attribute, however, is still favoured by contemporary thinkers. Thus, John Boodin speaks of the five attributes of reality, namely: Energy (source of activity), Space (extension), Time (change), Consciousness (active awareness), and Form (organization, structure). In theodicy, the term attribute is used for the essential characteristics of God. The divine attributes are the various aspects under which God is viewed, each being treated as a separate perfection. As God is free from composition, we know him only in a mediate and synthetic way thrgugh his attributes. In logic, an attribute is that which is predicated or anything, that which Is affirmed or denied of the subject of a proposition. More specifically, an attribute may be either a category or a predicable; but it cannot be an individual materially. Attributes may be essential or accidental, necessary or contingent. In grammar, an attribute is an adjective, or an adjectival clause, or an equivalent adjunct expressing a characteristic referred to a subject through a verb. Because of this reference, an attribute may also be a substantive, as a class-name, but not a proper name as a rule. An attribute is never a verb, thus differing from a predicate which may consist of a verb often having some object or qualifying words. In natural history, what is permanent and essential in a species, an individual or in its parts. In psychology, it denotes the way (such as intensity, duration or quality) in which sensations, feelings or images can differ from one another. In art, an attribute is a material or a conventional symbol, distinction or decoration.

aucht ::: n. --> Property; possession.

auction ::: n. --> A public sale of property to the highest bidder, esp. by a person licensed and authorized for the purpose; a vendue.
The things sold by auction or put up to auction. ::: v. t. --> To sell by auction.


avaricious ::: a. --> Actuated by avarice; greedy of gain; immoderately desirous of accumulating property.

avulsion ::: n. --> A tearing asunder; a forcible separation.
A fragment torn off.
The sudden removal of lands or soil from the estate of one man to that of another by an inundation or a current, or by a sudden change in the course of a river by which a part of the estate of one man is cut off and joined to the estate of another. The property in the part thus separated, or cut off, continues in the original owner.


Axiom of Comprehension "logic" An {axiom schema} of {set theory} which states: if P(x) is a {property} then {x : P} is a set. I.e. all the things with some property form a set. Acceptance of this axiom leads to {Russell's Paradox} which is why {Zermelo set theory} replaces it with a restricted form. (1995-03-31)

ayu1 ::: air, wind, gas; the gaseous condition of material being, one of the pañcabhūta: material Force "modifying its first ethereal status"(akasa) to assume "a second, called in the old language the aerial, of which the special property is contact between force and force, contact that is the basis of all material relations".V Vayu

backward combatability "humour" /bak'w*d k*m-bat'*-bil'*-tee/ (Play on "{backward compatibility}") A property of hardware or software revisions in which previous {protocols}, formats, layouts, etc. are irrevocably discarded in favour of "new and improved" protocols, formats and layouts, leaving the previous ones not merely deprecated but actively defeated. (Too often, the old and new versions cannot definitively be distinguished, such that lingering instances of the previous ones yield crashes or other infelicitous effects, as opposed to a simple "version mismatch" message.) A backward compatible change, on the other hand, allows old versions to coexist without crashes or error messages, but too many major changes incorporating elaborate backward compatibility processing can lead to extreme {software bloat}. See also {flag day}. [{Jargon File}] (2003-06-23)

bailee ::: n. --> The person to whom goods are committed in trust, and who has a temporary possession and a qualified property in them, for the purposes of the trust.

bankruptcy ::: 1. A state of complete lack of some abstract property; "spiritual bankruptcy”; "moral bankruptcy”; "intellectual bankruptcy”. 2. Depleted of valuable qualities or characteristics.

bargainee ::: v. i. --> The party to a contract who receives, or agrees to receive, the property sold.

bargain ::: n. --> An agreement between parties concerning the sale of property; or a contract by which one party binds himself to transfer the right to some property for a consideration, and the other party binds himself to receive the property and pay the consideration.
An agreement or stipulation; mutual pledge.
A purchase; also ( when not qualified), a gainful transaction; an advantageous purchase; as, to buy a thing at a bargain.
The thing stipulated or purchased; also, anything bought


bargainor ::: n. --> One who makes a bargain, or contracts with another; esp., one who sells, or contracts to sell, property to another.

beforehand ::: adv. --> In a state of anticipation ore preoccupation; in advance; -- often followed by with.
By way of preparation, or preliminary; previously; aforetime. ::: a. --> In comfortable circumstances as regards property;


belong ::: 1. To be a part of or adjunct. 2. To be the property, attribute, or possession of. belongs.

belong ::: v. i. --> To be the property of; as, Jamaica belongs to Great Britain.
To be a part of, or connected with; to be appendant or related; to owe allegiance or service.
To be the concern or proper business or function of; to appertain to.
To be suitable for; to be due to.
To be native to, or an inhabitant of; esp. to have a


benefit ::: n. --> An act of kindness; a favor conferred.
Whatever promotes prosperity and personal happiness, or adds value to property; advantage; profit.
A theatrical performance, a concert, or the like, the proceeds of which do not go to the lessee of the theater or to the company, but to some individual actor, or to some charitable use.
Beneficence; liberality.
Natural advantages; endowments; accomplishments.


bequeathed ::: disposed of (property, etc.) by last will; fig. handed down, passed on.

bequeath ::: v. t. --> To give or leave by will; to give by testament; -- said especially of personal property.
To hand down; to transmit.
To give; to offer; to commit.


bequest ::: n. --> The act of bequeathing or leaving by will; as, a bequest of property by A. to B.
That which is left by will, esp. personal property; a legacy; also, a gift. ::: v. t. --> To bequeath, or leave as a legacy.


Bezier curve "graphics" A type of curve defined by mathematical formulae, used in {computer graphics}. A curve with coordinates P(u), where u varies from 0 at one end of the curve to 1 at the other, is defined by a set of n+1 "control points" (X(i), Y(i), Z(i)) for i = 0 to n. P(u) = Sum i=0..n [(X(i), Y(i), Z(i)) * B(i, n, u)] B(i, n, u) = C(n, i) * u^i * (1-u)^(n-i) C(n, i) = n!/i!/(n-i)! A Bezier curve (or surface) is defined by its control points, which makes it invariant under any {affine mapping} (translation, rotation, parallel projection), and thus even under a change in the axis system. You need only to transform the control points and then compute the new curve. The control polygon defined by the points is itself affine invariant. Bezier curves also have the variation-diminishing property. This makes them easier to split compared to other types of curve such as {Hermite} or {B-spline}. Other important properties are multiple values, global and local control, versatility, and order of continuity. [What do these properties mean?] (1996-06-12)

biliteralism ::: n. --> The property or state of being biliteral.

bindery "networking" A {Novell Netware} database that contains definitions for entities such as users, groups, and {workgroups}. The bindery allows the network supervisor to design an organised and secure operating environment based on the individual requirements of each of these entities. The bindery has three components: objects, properties, and property data sets. Objects represent any physical or logical entity, including users, user groups, file servers. Properties are characteristics of each object (e.g. passwords, account restrictions, {internetwork addresses}). Property data sets are the values assigned to an entity's bindery properties. [Netware Version 3.11 "Concepts" documentation (a glossary of Netware-related terms)]. (1996-03-07)

bindingness ::: n. --> The condition or property of being binding; obligatory quality.

bitangent ::: a. --> Possessing the property of touching at two points. ::: n. --> A line that touches a curve in two points.

Property: (Gr. idion; Lat. proprium) In Aristotle's logic (1) an attribute common to all members of a species and peculiar to them; (2) an attribute of the above sort not belonging to the essence of the species, but necessarily following from it. -- G.R.M.

bug "programming" An unwanted and unintended property of a {program} or piece of {hardware}, especially one that causes it to malfunction. Antonym of {feature}. E.g. "There's a bug in the editor: it writes things out backward." The identification and removal of bugs in a program is called "{debugging}". Admiral {Grace Hopper} (an early computing pioneer better known for inventing {COBOL}) liked to tell a story in which a technician solved a {glitch} in the {Harvard Mark II machine} by pulling an actual insect out from between the contacts of one of its relays, and she subsequently promulgated {bug} in its hackish sense as a joke about the incident (though, as she was careful to admit, she was not there when it happened). For many years the logbook associated with the incident and the actual bug in question (a moth) sat in a display case at the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC). The entire story, with a picture of the logbook and the moth taped into it, is recorded in the "Annals of the History of Computing", Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1981), pp. 285--286. The text of the log entry (from September 9, 1947), reads "1545 Relay

buoyancy ::: n. --> The property of floating on the surface of a liquid, or in a fluid, as in the atmosphere; specific lightness, which is inversely as the weight compared with that of an equal volume of water.
The upward pressure exerted upon a floating body by a fluid, which is equal to the weight of the body; hence, also, the weight of a floating body, as measured by the volume of fluid displaced.
Cheerfulness; vivacity; liveliness; sprightliness; -- the


burn ::: v. t. --> To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood.
To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one&


buy ::: v. t. --> To acquire the ownership of (property) by giving an accepted price or consideration therefor, or by agreeing to do so; to acquire by the payment of a price or value; to purchase; -- opposed to sell.
To acquire or procure by something given or done in exchange, literally or figuratively; to get, at a cost or sacrifice; to buy pleasure with pain.


cadaster ::: n. --> An official statement of the quantity and value of real estate for the purpose of apportioning the taxes payable on such property.

cadastral ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to landed property.

candygrammar "language" A programming-language grammar that is mostly {syntactic sugar}; a play on "candygram". {COBOL}, {Apple Computer}'s {Hypertalk} language, and many {4GLs} share this property. The intent is to be as English-like as possible and thus easier for unskilled people to program. However, {syntax} isn't what makes programming hard; it's the mental effort and organisation required to specify an {algorithm} precisely. Thus "candygrammar" languages are just as difficult to program in, and far more painful for the experienced hacker. {GLS} notes: The overtones from the 1977 Chevy Chase "Jaws" parody on Saturday Night Live should not be overlooked. Someone lurking outside an apartment door tries to get the occupant to open up, while ominous music plays in the background. The last attempt is a half-hearted "Candygram!" When the door is opened, a shark bursts in and chomps the poor occupant. There is a moral here for those attracted to candygrammars. [{Jargon File}] (2004-09-23)

capital ::: 1. A town or city that is the official seat of government in a political entity, such as a state or nation. 2. Wealth in the form of money or property.

Capitalism: A mode of economic production which is characterized by the fact that the instruments of production (land, factories, raw materials, etc.) are controlled to a greater or lesser extent by private individuals or groups. Since the control an individual can exercise over means of production is never absolute and as a matter of fact fluctuates widely with the ever-changing natural and social environment, "capitalism" is a very loose term which covers a host of actually different economic systems. An implication of this basic notion of individual control is that the individual will control production in his own interests. The ideological counterpart to this fact is the concept of "profit," just as the ideological counterpart to the control itself is the myth of "private property" and "free enterprise." -- M.B.M.

capitalist ::: n. --> One who has capital; one who has money for investment, or money invested; esp. a person of large property, which is employed in business.

capitation ::: n. --> A numbering of heads or individuals.
A tax upon each head or person, without reference to property; a poll tax.


catel ::: n. --> Property; -- often used by Chaucer in contrast with rent, or income.

censor ::: n. --> One of two magistrates of Rome who took a register of the number and property of citizens, and who also exercised the office of inspector of morals and conduct.
One who is empowered to examine manuscripts before they are committed to the press, and to forbid their publication if they contain anything obnoxious; -- an official in some European countries.
One given to fault-finding; a censurer.
A critic; a reviewer.


centrifugence ::: n. --> The property or quality of being centrifugal.

century ::: n. --> A hundred; as, a century of sonnets; an aggregate of a hundred things.
A period of a hundred years; as, this event took place over two centuries ago.
A division of the Roman people formed according to their property, for the purpose of voting for civil officers.
One of sixty companies into which a legion of the army was divided. It was Commanded by a centurion.


cession ::: n. --> A yielding to physical force.
Concession; compliance.
A yielding, or surrender, as of property or rights, to another person; the act of ceding.
The giving up or vacating a benefice by accepting another without a proper dispensation.
The voluntary surrender of a person&


Chance: (Lat. cadere, to fall) 1. Property or being undetermined. 2. Property of being predictable according to the laws of probability (q.v.). -- A.C.B.

chaos "mathematics" A property of some {non-linear dynamic systems} which exhibit sensitive dependence on initial conditions. This means that there are initial states which evolve within some finite time to states whose separation in one or more dimensions of {state space} depends, in an average sense, exponentially on their initial separation. Such systems may still be completely {deterministic} in that any future state of the system depends only on the initial conditions and the equations describing the change of the system with time. It may, however, require arbitrarily high precision to actually calculate a future state to within some finite precision. ["On defining chaos", R. Glynn Holt "rgholt@voyager.jpl.nasa.gov" and D. Lynn Holt "lholt@seraph1.sewanee.edu". {(ftp://mrcnext.cso.uiuc.edu/pub/etext/ippe/preprints/Phil_of_Science/Holt_and_Holt.On_Defining_Chaos)}] Fixed precision {floating-point} arithmetic, as used by most computers, may actually introduce chaotic dependence on initial conditions due to the accumulation of rounding errors (which constitutes a non-linear system). (1995-02-07)

characteristic ::: a. --> Pertaining to, or serving to constitute, the character; showing the character, or distinctive qualities or traits, of a person or thing; peculiar; distinctive. ::: n. --> A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized.

chattel ::: n. --> Any item of movable or immovable property except the freehold, or the things which are parcel of it. It is a more extensive term than goods or effects.

cheat ::: n. --> An act of deception or fraud; that which is the means of fraud or deception; a fraud; a trick; imposition; imposture.
One who cheats or deceives; an impostor; a deceiver; a cheater.
A troublesome grass, growing as a weed in grain fields; -- called also chess. See Chess.
The obtaining of property from another by an intentional active distortion of the truth.


Chrematistiscs: (Gr. chrematistike, the art of the use of money) A term insisted upon by Ingram (1823-1900) and others in a restricted sense to that portion of the science of political economy which relates to the management and regulation of wealth and property, one of the efforts to indicate more clearly the content of classical economics. -- H.H.

Church-Rosser Theorem "theory" A property of a {reduction} system that states that if an expression can be reduced by zero or more reduction steps to either expression M or expression N then there exists some other expression to which both M and N can be reduced. This implies that there is a unique {normal form} for any expression since M and N cannot be different normal forms because the theorem says they can be reduced to some other expression and normal forms are irreducible by definition. It does not imply that a normal form is reachable, only that if reduction terminates it will reach a unique normal form. (1995-01-25)

circumstance ::: n. --> That which attends, or relates to, or in some way affects, a fact or event; an attendant thing or state of things.
An event; a fact; a particular incident.
Circumlocution; detail.
Condition in regard to worldly estate; state of property; situation; surroundings. ::: v. t.


Coherence Theory of Truth: Theory of knowledge which maintains that truth is a property primarily applicable to any extensive body of consistent propositions, and derivatively applicable to any one proposition in such a system by virtue of its part in the system. -- A.C.B.

color ::: n. --> A property depending on the relations of light to the eye, by which individual and specific differences in the hues and tints of objects are apprehended in vision; as, gay colors; sad colors, etc.
Any hue distinguished from white or black.
The hue or color characteristic of good health and spirits; ruddy complexion.
That which is used to give color; a paint; a pigment; as, oil colors or water colors.


common ::: v. --> Belonging or relating equally, or similarly, to more than one; as, you and I have a common interest in the property.
Belonging to or shared by, affecting or serving, all the members of a class, considered together; general; public; as, properties common to all plants; the common schools; the Book of Common Prayer.
Often met with; usual; frequent; customary.
Not distinguished or exceptional; inconspicuous; ordinary;


communism ::: n. --> A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all.

compact 1. "theory" (Or "finite", "isolated") In {domain theory}, an element d of a {cpo} D is compact if and only if, for any {chain} S, a subset of D, d "= lub S =" there exists s in S such that d "= s. I.e. you always reach d (or better) after a finite number of steps up the chain. (""=" is written in {LaTeX} as {\sqsubseteq}). [{Jargon File}] (1995-01-13) 2. "jargon" Of a design, describes the valuable property that it can all be apprehended at once in one's head. This generally means the thing created from the design can be used with greater facility and fewer errors than an equivalent tool that is not compact. Compactness does not imply triviality or lack of power; for example, {C} is compact and {Fortran} is not, but C is more powerful than Fortran. Designs become non-compact through accreting {features} and {cruft} that don't merge cleanly into the overall design scheme (thus, some fans of {Classic C} maintain that {ANSI C} is no longer compact). (2008-10-13)

competency ::: n. --> The state of being competent; fitness; ability; adequacy; power.
Property or means sufficient for the necessaries and conveniences of life; sufficiency without excess.
Legal capacity or qualifications; fitness; as, the competency of a witness or of a evidence.
Right or authority; legal power or capacity to take cognizance of a cause; as, the competence of a judge or court.


complementary nondeterministic polynomial "complexity" (Co-NP) The set (or property) of problems with a yes/no answer where the complementary no/yes problem takes {nondeterministic polynomial time} ({NP}). For example, "Is n prime" is Co-NP and "Is n not prime" is NP, since it is only necessary to find one {factor} to prove that n is not {prime} whereas to prove that it is prime all possible factors must be eliminated. (2009-05-21)

Complex: (Lat. complecti, to entwine around, comprise) 1. Anything that possesses distinguishable parts, or the property of possessing distinguishable parts. 2. Anything that possesses distinguishable parts which are related in such a way as to give unity to the whole; or the property of having parts so related. -- A.C.B.

condensative ::: a. --> Having the property of condensing.

conditioned ::: imp. & p. p. --> of Condition ::: a. --> Surrounded; circumstanced; in a certain state or condition, as of property or health; as, a well conditioned man.
Having, or known under or by, conditions or relations; not independent; not absolute.


condition ::: n. --> Mode or state of being; state or situation with regard to external circumstances or influences, or to physical or mental integrity, health, strength, etc.; predicament; rank; position, estate.
Essential quality; property; attribute.
Temperament; disposition; character.
That which must exist as the occasion or concomitant of something else; that which is requisite in order that something else should take effect; an essential qualification; stipulation; terms


conductory ::: a. --> Having the property of conducting.

confiscation ::: n. --> The act or process of taking property or condemning it to be taken, as forfeited to the public use.

Conjunction: See Logic, formal, § 1. Connexity: A dyadic relation R is cilled connected if, for every two different members x, y of its field, at least one of xRy, yRx holds. Connotation: The sum of the constitutive notes of the essence of a concept as it is in itself and not as it is for us. This logical property is thus measured by the sum of the notes of the concept, of the higher genera it implies, of the various essential attributes of its nature as such. This term is synonymous with intension and comprehension; yet, the distinctions between them have been the object of controversies. J. S. Mill identifies connotation with signification and meaning, and includes in it much less than under comprehension or intension. The connotation of a general term (singular terms except descriptions are non-connotative) is the aggregate of all the other general terms necessarily implied by it is an abstract possibility and apart from exemplification in the actual world. It cannot be determined by denotation because necessity does not always refer to singular facts. Logicians who adopt this view distinguish connotation from comprehension by including in the latter contingent characters which do not enter in the former. Comprehension is thus the intensional reference of the concept, or the reference to universals of both general and singular terms. The determination of the comprehension of a concept is helped by its denotation, considering that reference is made also to singular, contingent, or particular objects exhibiting certain characteristics. In short, the connotation of a concept is its intensional reference determined intensionally; while its comprehension is its intensional reference extensionally determined. It may be observed that such a distinction and the view that the connotation of a concept contains only the notes which serve to define it, involves the nominalist principle that a concept may be reduced to what we are actually and explicitely thinking about the several notes we use to define it. Thus the connotation of a concept is much poorer than its actual content. Though the value of the concept seems to be saved by the recognition of its comprehension, it may be argued that the artificial introduction into the comprehension of both necessary and contingent notes, that is of actual and potential characteristics, confuses and perverts the notion of connotation as a logical property of our ideas. See Intension. -- T.G.

conquest ::: n. --> The act or process of conquering, or acquiring by force; the act of overcoming or subduing opposition by force, whether physical or moral; subjection; subjugation; victory.
That which is conquered; possession gained by force, physical or moral.
The acquiring of property by other means than by inheritance; acquisition.
The act of gaining or regaining by successful struggle;


consignment ::: n. --> The act of consigning; consignation.
The act of consigning or sending property to an agent or correspondent in another place, as for care, sale, etc.
That which is consigned; the goods or commodities sent or addressed to a consignee at one time or by one conveyance.
The writing by which anything is consigned.


contact ::: n. --> A close union or junction of bodies; a touching or meeting.
The property of two curves, or surfaces, which meet, and at the point of meeting have a common direction.
The plane between two adjacent bodies of dissimilar rock.


contractile ::: a. --> tending to contract; having the power or property of contracting, or of shrinking into shorter or smaller dimensions; as, the contractile tissues.

contractility ::: n. --> The quality or property by which bodies shrink or contract.
The power possessed by the fibers of living muscle of contracting or shortening.


contractive ::: a. --> Tending to contract; having the property or power or power of contracting.

conversion ::: n. --> The act of turning or changing from one state or condition to another, or the state of being changed; transmutation; change.
The act of changing one&


conveyancer ::: n. --> One whose business is to draw up conveyances of property, as deeds, mortgages, leases, etc.

conveyancing ::: n. --> The business of a conveyancer; the act or business of drawing deeds, leases, or other writings, for transferring the title to property from one person to another.

convey ::: v. t. --> To carry from one place to another; to bear or transport.
To cause to pass from one place or person to another; to serve as a medium in carrying (anything) from one place or person to another; to transmit; as, air conveys sound; words convey ideas.
To transfer or deliver to another; to make over, as property; more strictly (Law), to transfer (real estate) or pass (a title to real estate) by a sealed writing.


copyright "legal" The exclusive rights of the owner of the copyright on a work to make and distribute copies, prepare derivative works, and perform and display the work in public (these last two mainly apply to plays, films, dances and the like, but could also apply to software). A work, including a piece of software, is under copyright by default in most coutries, whether of not it displays a copyright notice. However, a copyright notice may make it easier to assert ownership. The copyright owner is the person or company whose name appears in the copyright notice on the box, or the disk or the screen or wherever. Most countries have agreed to uphold each others' copyrights. A copyright notice has three parts. The first can be either the {copyright symbol} (a letter C in a circle), the word "Copyright" or the abbreviation "Copr". Only the first of these is recognised internationally and the common {ASCII} rendering "(C)" is not valid anywhere. This is followed by the name of the copyright holder and the year of publication. The year should be the year of _first_ publication, it is not necessary as some believe to update this every year to the current year. Copyright protection in most countries extends for 50 years after the author's death. Originally, most of the computer industry assumed that only the program's underlying instructions were protected under copyright law but, beginning in the early 1980s, a series of lawsuits involving the video screens of game programs extended protections to the appearance of programs. Use of copyright to restrict redistribution is immoral, unethical and illegitimate. It is a result of brainwashing by monopolists and corporate interests and it violates everyone's rights. Such use of copyrights and patents hamper technological progress by making a naturally abundant resource scarce. Many, from communists to right wing libertarians, are trying to abolish intellectual property myths. See also {public domain}, {copyleft}, {software law}. {Universal Copyright Convention (http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/creativity/creative-industries/copyright/)}. {US Copyright Office (http://copyright.gov/)}. {Usenet} newsgroup: {news:misc.legal.computing}. [Is this definition correct in the UK? In the US? Anywhere?] (2014-01-08)

damage ::: n. --> Injury or harm to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief.
The estimated reparation in money for detriment or injury sustained; a compensation, recompense, or satisfaction to one party, for a wrong or injury actually done to him by another.
To ocassion damage to the soudness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair.


damnum ::: n. --> Harm; detriment, either to character or property.

deadlock "parallel, programming" A situation where two or more {processes} are unable to proceed because each is waiting for one of the others to do something. A common example is a program waiting for output from a server while the server is waiting for more input from the controlling program before outputting anything. It is reported that this particular flavour of deadlock is sometimes called a "starvation deadlock", though the term "starvation" is more properly used for situations where a program can never run simply because it never gets high enough priority. Another common flavour is "constipation", in which each process is trying to send stuff to the other but all buffers are full because nobody is reading anything). See {deadly embrace}. Another example, common in {database} programming, is two processes that are sharing some resource (e.g. read access to a {table}) but then both decide to wait for exclusive (e.g. write) access. The term "deadly embrace" is mostly synonymous, though usually used only when exactly two processes are involved. This is the more popular term in Europe, while {deadlock} predominates in the United States. Compare: {livelock}. See also {safety property}, {liveness property}. [{Jargon File}] (2000-07-26)

decidability "mathematics" A property of sets for which one can determine whether something is a member or not in a {finite} number of computational steps. Decidability is an important concept in {computability theory}. A set (e.g. "all numbers with a 5 in them") is said to be "decidable" if I can write a program (usually for a {Turing Machine}) to determine whether a number is in the set and the program will always terminate with an answer YES or NO after a finite number of steps. Most sets you can describe easily are decidable, but there are infinitely many sets so most sets are undecidable, assuming any finite limit on the size (number of instructions or number of states) of our programs. I.e. how ever big you allow your program to be there will always be sets which need a bigger program to decide membership. One example of an undecidable set comes from the {halting problem}. It turns out that you can encode every program as a number: encode every symbol in the program as a number (001, 002, ...) and then string all the symbol codes together. Then you can create an undecidable set by defining it as the set of all numbers that represent a program that terminates in a finite number of steps. A set can also be "semi-decidable" - there is an {algorithm} that is guaranteed to return YES if the number is in the set, but if the number is not in the set, it may either return NO or run for ever. The {halting problem}'s set described above is semi-decidable. You decode the given number and run the resulting program. If it terminates the answer is YES. If it never terminates, then neither will the decision algorithm. (1995-01-13)

Deduction theorem: In a logistic system (q. v.) containing propositional calculus (pure or applied) or a suitable part of the propositional calculus, it is often desirable to have the property that if the inference from A to B is a valid inference then A ⊃ B is a theorem, or, more generally, that if the inference from A1, A2, . . . , An ⊃ B is valid then the inference from A1, A2, . . . , An ⊃ B is valid. The syntactical theorem, asserting of a given logistic system that it has this property, is called the deduction theorem for that system. (Certain cautions are necessary in defining the notion of valid inference where free variables are present; cf. Logic, formal, §§ 1, 3.) -- A.C.

defraud ::: v. t. --> To deprive of some right, interest, or property, by a deceitful device; to withhold from wrongfully; to injure by embezzlement; to cheat; to overreach; as, to defraud a servant, or a creditor, or the state; -- with of before the thing taken or withheld.

detriment ::: n. --> That which injures or causes damage; mischief; harm; diminution; loss; damage; -- used very generically; as, detriments to property, religion, morals, etc.
A charge made to students and barristers for incidental repairs of the rooms they occupy. ::: v. t.


dextro- ::: --> A prefix, from L. dexter, meaning, pertaining to, or toward, the right
having the property of turning the plane of polarized light to the right; as, dextrotartaric acid.


diathermaneity ::: n. --> The property of transmitting radiant heat; the quality of being diathermous.

diathermanous ::: a. --> Having the property of transmitting radiant heat; diathermal; -- opposed to athermanous.

dibasicity ::: n. --> The property or condition of being dibasic.

dichroic ::: a. --> Having the property of dichroism; as, a dichroic crystal.

dichroism ::: n. --> The property of presenting different colors by transmitted light, when viewed in two different directions, the colors being unlike in the direction of unlike or unequal axes.

dilapidation ::: n. --> The act of dilapidating, or the state of being dilapidated, reduced to decay, partially ruined, or squandered.
Ecclesiastical waste; impairing of church property by an incumbent, through neglect or by intention.
The pulling down of a building, or suffering it to fall or be in a state of decay.


dimension ::: 1. A property of space; extension in a given direction; extension in time. 2. Measurement in length, width and thickness; scope, importance. dimensions.

dimorphic ::: a. --> Having the property of dimorphism; dimorphous.

disinherit ::: v. t. --> To cut off from an inheritance or from hereditary succession; to prevent, as an heir, from coming into possession of any property or right, which, by law or custom, would devolve on him in the course of descent.
To deprive of heritage; to dispossess.


disponee ::: n. --> The person to whom any property is legally conveyed.

disponer ::: n. --> One who legally transfers property from himself to another.

disposal ::: n. --> The act of disposing, or disposing of, anything; arrangement; orderly distribution; a putting in order; as, the disposal of the troops in two lines.
Ordering; regulation; adjustment; management; government; direction.
Regulation of the fate, condition, application, etc., of anything; the transference of anything into new hands, a new place, condition, etc.; alienation, or parting; as, a disposal of property.


disposition ::: n. --> The act of disposing, arranging, ordering, regulating, or transferring; application; disposal; as, the disposition of a man&

disproperty ::: v. t. --> To cause to be no longer property; to dispossess of.

distraint ::: n. --> The act or proceeding of seizing personal property by distress.

diureticalness ::: n. --> The quality of being diuretical; diuretic property.

divestiture ::: n. --> The act of stripping, or depriving; the state of being divested; the deprivation, or surrender, of possession of property, rights, etc.

divisibility ::: n. --> The quality of being divisible; the property of bodies by which their parts are capable of separation.

Divisibility: The property in virtue of which a whole (whether physical, psychical or mathematical) may be divided into parts which do not thereby necessarily sever their relation with the whole. Divisibility usually implies not merely analysis or distinction of parts, but actual or potential resolution into parts. From the beginning philosophers have raised the question whether substances are infinitely or finitely divisible. Ancient materialism conceived of the physical atom as an indivisible substance. Descartes, however, and after him Leibniz, maintained the infinite divisibility of substance. The issue became the basis of Kant's cosmological antinomy (Crit. of pure Reason), from which he concluded that the issue was insoluble in metaphysical terms. In recent decades the question has had to take account of (1) researches in the physical atom, before which the older conception of physical substance has steadily retreated; and (2) the attempt to formulate a satisfactory definition of infinity (q.v.). -- O.F.K.

domain ::: n. --> Dominion; empire; authority.
The territory over which dominion or authority is exerted; the possessions of a sovereign or commonwealth, or the like. Also used figuratively.
Landed property; estate; especially, the land about the mansion house of a lord, and in his immediate occupancy; demesne.
Ownership of land; an estate or patrimony which one has in his own right; absolute proprietorship; paramount or sovereign


donatory ::: n. --> A donee of the crown; one the whom, upon certain condition, escheated property is made over.

dowager ::: n. --> A widow endowed, or having a jointure; a widow who either enjoys a dower from her deceased husband, or has property of her own brought by her to her husband on marriage, and settled on her after his decease.
A title given in England to a widow, to distinguish her from the wife of her husband&


dower ::: n. --> That with which one is gifted or endowed; endowment; gift.
The property with which a woman is endowed
That which a woman brings to a husband in marriage; dowry.
That portion of the real estate of a man which his widow enjoys during her life, or to which a woman is entitled after the death of her husband.


droitural ::: a. --> relating to the mere right of property, as distinguished from the right of possession; as, droitural actions.

ductility ::: n. --> The property of a metal which allows it to be drawn into wires or filaments.
Tractableness; pliableness.


due ::: a. --> Owed, as a debt; that ought to be paid or done to or for another; payable; owing and demandable.
Justly claimed as a right or property; proper; suitable; becoming; appropriate; fit.
Such as (a thing) ought to be; fulfilling obligation; proper; lawful; regular; appointed; sufficient; exact; as, due process of law; due service; in due time.
Appointed or required to arrive at a given time; as, the


dynamic binding The property of {object-oriented programming} languages where the code executed to perform a given operation is determined at {run time} from the {class} of the operand(s) (the receiver of the message). There may be several different classes of objects which can receive a given message. An expression may denote an object which may have more than one possible class and that class can only be determined at run time. New classes may be created that can receive a particular message, without changing (or recompiling) the code which sends the message. An class may be created that can receive any set of existing messages. {C++} implements dynamic binding using "{virtual member functions}". One important reason for having dynamic binding is that it provides a mechanism for selecting between alternatives which is arguably more robust than explicit selection by conditionals or {pattern matching}. When a new {subclass} is added, or an existing subclass changes, the necessary modifications are localised: you don't have incomplete conditionals and broken patterns scattered all over the program. See {overloading}.

dynamiter ::: n. --> One who uses dynamite; esp., one who uses it for the destruction of life and property.

ejectment ::: n. --> A casting out; a dispossession; an expulsion; ejection; as, the ejectment of tenants from their homes.
A species of mixed action, which lies for the recovery of possession of real property, and damages and costs for the wrongful withholding of it.


elastic ::: a. --> Springing back; having a power or inherent property of returning to the form from which a substance is bent, drawn, pressed, or twisted; springy; having the power of rebounding; as, a bow is elastic; the air is elastic; India rubber is elastic.
Able to return quickly to a former state or condition, after being depressed or overtaxed; having power to recover easily from shocks and trials; as, elastic spirits; an elastic constitution.


elasticity ::: n. --> The quality of being elastic; the inherent property in bodies by which they recover their former figure or dimensions, after the removal of external pressure or altering force; springiness; tendency to rebound; as, the elasticity of caoutchouc; the elasticity of the air.
Power of resistance to, or recovery from, depression or overwork.


electro-negative ::: a. --> Having the property of being attracted by an electro-positive body, or a tendency to pass to the positive pole in electrolysis, by the law that opposite electricities attract each other.
Negative; nonmetallic; acid; -- opposed to positive, metallic, or basic. ::: n.


Elements ::: The elementary state of material Force is, in the view of the old Indian physicists, a condition of pure material extension in Space of which the peculiar property is vibration typified to us by the phenomenon of sound. But vibration in this state of ether is not sufficient to create forms. There must first be some obstruction in the flow of the Force ocean, some contraction and expansion, some interplay of vibrations, some impinging of force upon force so as to create a beginning of fixed relations and mutual effects. Material Force modifying its first ethereal status assumes a second, called in the old language the aerial, of which the special property is contact between force and force, contact that is the basis of all material relations. Still we have not as yet real forms but only varying forces. A sustaining principle is needed. This is provided by a third self-modification of the primitive Force of which the principle of light, electricity, fire and heat is for us the characteristic manifestation. Even then, we can have forms of force preserving their own character and peculiar action, but not stable forms of Matter. A fourth state characterised by diffusion and a first medium of permanent attractions and repulsions, termed picturesquely water or the liquid state, and a fifth of cohesion, termed earth or the solid state, complete the necessary elements.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 21-22, Page: 87-88


embezzlement ::: n. --> The fraudulent appropriation of property by a person to whom it has been intrusted; as, the embezzlement by a clerk of his employer&

embezzle ::: v. t. --> To appropriate fraudulently to one&

emphyteusis ::: n. --> A real right, susceptible of assignment and of descent, charged on productive real estate, the right being coupled with the enjoyment of the property on condition of taking care of the estate and paying taxes, and sometimes a small rent.

endowment ::: n. --> The act of bestowing a dower, fund, or permanent provision for support.
That which is bestowed or settled on a person or an institution; property, fund, or revenue permanently appropriated to any object; as, the endowment of a church, a hospital, or a college.
That which is given or bestowed upon the person or mind; gift of nature; accomplishment; natural capacity; talents; -- usually in the plural.


Engels, Frederick: Co-founder of the doctrines of Marxism (see Dialectical materialism) Engels was the life-long friend and collaborator of Karl Marx (q.v.). He was born at Barmen, Germanv, in 1820, the son of a manufacturer. Like Marx, he became interested in communism early in life, developing and applying its doctrines until his death, August 5, 1895. Beside his collaboration with Marx on Die Heilige Familie, Die Deutsche Ideologie, Manifesto of the Communist Party, Anti-Dühring and articles for the "New York Tribune" (a selection from which constitutes "Germany: revolution and counter-revolution"), and his editing of Volumes II and III of Capital, published after Marx's death, Engels wrote extensively on various subjects, from "Condition of the Working Class in England (1844)" to military problems, in which field he had received technical training. On the philosophical side of Marxism, Engels speculated on fundamental questions of scientific methodology and dialectical logic in such books as Dialectics of Nature and Anti-Dühring. Works like Ludwig Feuerbach and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy and Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State are likewise regarded as basic texts. The most extensive collection of Engels' works will be found in Marx-Engels "Gesamtausgabe", to which there is still much unpublished material to be added. -- J.M.S.

Engels, Friedrich: Anti-Dühring. Dialectics of Nature. Ludwig Feuerback and the Outcome of Classical German Philosophy. Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State.

entrance ::: n. --> The act of entering or going into; ingress; as, the entrance of a person into a house or an apartment; hence, the act of taking possession, as of property, or of office; as, the entrance of an heir upon his inheritance, or of a magistrate into office.
Liberty, power, or permission to enter; as, to give entrance to friends.
The passage, door, or gate, for entering.
The entering upon; the beginning, or that with which the


entropy ::: n. --> A certain property of a body, expressed as a measurable quantity, such that when there is no communication of heat the quantity remains constant, but when heat enters or leaves the body the quantity increases or diminishes. If a small amount, h, of heat enters the body when its temperature is t in the thermodynamic scale the entropy of the body is increased by h / t. The entropy is regarded as measured from some standard temperature and pressure. Sometimes called the thermodynamic function.

equitableness ::: n. --> The quality of being equitable, just, or impartial; as, the equitableness of a judge, a decision, or distribution of property.

escheat ::: n. --> The falling back or reversion of lands, by some casualty or accident, to the lord of the fee, in consequence of the extinction of the blood of the tenant, which may happen by his dying without heirs, and formerly might happen by corruption of blood, that is, by reason of a felony or attainder.
The reverting of real property to the State, as original and ultimate proprietor, by reason of a failure of persons legally entitled to hold the same.


estate ::: 1. The situation or circumstances of one"s life. 2. Social position or rank, especially of high order. 3. A person"s total possessions (property, money etc.). 4. A landed property, usually, of considerable size. estates.

estate ::: n. --> Settled condition or form of existence; state; condition or circumstances of life or of any person; situation.
Social standing or rank; quality; dignity.
A person of high rank.
A property which a person possesses; a fortune; possessions, esp. property in land; also, property of all kinds which a person leaves to be divided at his death.
The state; the general body politic; the common-wealth; the


exaltation ::: n. --> The act of exalting or raising high; also, the state of being exalted; elevation.
The refinement or subtilization of a body, or the increasing of its virtue or principal property.
That place of a planet in the zodiac in which it was supposed to exert its strongest influence.


excitability ::: n. --> The quality of being readily excited; proneness to be affected by exciting causes.
The property manifested by living organisms, and the elements and tissues of which they are constituted, of responding to the action of stimulants; irritability; as, nervous excitability.


expectation ::: n. --> The act or state of expecting or looking forward to an event as about to happen.
That which is expected or looked for.
The prospect of the future; grounds upon which something excellent is expected to happen; prospect of anything good to come, esp. of property or rank.
The value of any chance (as the prospect of prize or property) which depends upon some contingent event. Expectations are


exponential-time "complexity" The set or property of problems which can be solved by an {exponential-time algorithm} but for which no {polynomial-time algorithm} is known. (1995-04-27)

expropriation ::: n. --> The act of expropriating; the surrender of a claim to exclusive property; the act of depriving of ownership or proprietary rights.

extension ::: v. t. --> The act of extending or the state of being extended; a stretching out; enlargement in breadth or continuation of length; increase; augmentation; expansion.
That property of a body by which it occupies a portion of space.
Capacity of a concept or general term to include a greater or smaller number of objects; -- correlative of intension.
The operation of stretching a broken bone so as to


extradotal ::: a. --> Forming no part of the dowry; as, extradotal property.

factorize ::: v. t. --> To give warning to; -- said of a person in whose hands the effects of another are attached, the warning being to the effect that he shall not pay the money or deliver the property of the defendant in his hands to him, but appear and answer the suit of the plaintiff.
To attach (the effects of a debtor) in the hands of a third person ; to garnish. See Garnish.


feature "jargon" 1. A good property or behaviour (as of a program). Whether it was intended or not is immaterial. 2. An intended property or behaviour (as of a program). Whether it is good or not is immaterial (but if bad, it is also a {misfeature}). 3. A surprising property or behaviour; in particular, one that is purposely inconsistent because it works better that way - such an inconsistency is therefore a {feature} and not a {bug}. This kind of feature is sometimes called a {miswart}. 4. A property or behaviour that is gratuitous or unnecessary, though perhaps also impressive or cute. For example, one feature of {Common LISP}'s "format" function is the ability to print numbers in two different Roman-numeral formats (see {bells, whistles, and gongs}). 5. A property or behaviour that was put in to help someone else but that happens to be in your way. 6. A bug that has been documented. To call something a feature sometimes means the author of the program did not consider the particular case, and that the program responded in a way that was unexpected but not strictly incorrect. A standard joke is that a bug can be turned into a {feature} simply by documenting it (then theoretically no one can complain about it because it's in the manual), or even by simply declaring it to be good. "That's not a bug, that's a feature!" is a common catch-phrase. Apparently there is a Volkswagen Beetle in San Francisco whose license plate reads "FEATURE". See also {feetch feetch}, {creeping featurism}, {wart}, {green lightning}. The relationship among bugs, features, misfeatures, warts and miswarts might be clarified by the following hypothetical exchange between two hackers on an airliner: A: "This seat doesn't recline." B: "That's not a bug, that's a feature. There is an emergency exit door built around the window behind you, and the route has to be kept clear." A: "Oh. Then it's a misfeature; they should have increased the spacing between rows here." B: "Yes. But if they'd increased spacing in only one section it would have been a wart - they would've had to make nonstandard-length ceiling panels to fit over the displaced seats." A: "A miswart, actually. If they increased spacing throughout they'd lose several rows and a chunk out of the profit margin. So unequal spacing would actually be the Right Thing." B: "Indeed." "Undocumented feature" is a common euphemism for a {bug}. 7. An attribute or function of a {class} in {Eiffel}. [{Jargon File}] (1995-10-22)

Federation Against Software Theft Limited "body, legal" (FAST) A non-profitmaking organisation, formed in 1984 by the software industry with the aim of eradicating {software theft} in the UK. FAST was the world's first anti-piracy organisation to work to protect the intellectual property rights of software publishers. Initially concentrating on lobbying parliament to revise Copyright law, FAST also prosecutes organisations and individuals for software theft on behalf of its members and publicises the legal penalties and security risks. FAST Corporate Services Limited runs the FAST Standard for Software Compliance (FSSC-1:2004). This was developed in collaboration with the {British Standards Institution} as an independent standard of excellence in {software compliance}. In 1995 FAST proposed to merge with the {Business Software Alliance} created by {Microsoft} and which has a world-wide influence. However, the talks fell through and in 1996, {Novell} and {Adobe Systems, Inc.} defected to BSA. {FAST Home (http://fast.org.uk/)}. E-mail: "fast@fast.org". Address: York House, 18 York Road, Maidenhead, Berkshire SL6 1SF. Telephone: +44 (1628) 622 121 (2005-12-27)

fee ::: n. --> property; possession; tenure.
Reward or compensation for services rendered or to be rendered; especially, payment for professional services, of optional amount, or fixed by custom or laws; charge; pay; perquisite; as, the fees of lawyers and physicians; the fees of office; clerk&


ferae naturae ::: --> Of a wild nature; -- applied to animals, as foxes, wild ducks, etc., in which no one can claim property.

fiar ::: n. --> One in whom the property of an estate is vested, subject to the estate of a life renter.
The price of grain, as legally fixed, in the counties of Scotland, for the current year.


field ::: 1. A wide unbroken expanse, as of ice. 2. An area or sphere of activity. 3. A broad, level, open expanse of land; a stretch of open land, esp. one used for pasture or tillage; a plain. 4. The surface on which something is portrayed or enacted. An area of human activity or interest. 5. A piece of ground devoted to sports or contests; playing field. 6. A region of space characterized by a physical property, such as gravitational or electromagnetic force or fluid pressure. fields, field-paths, star-field, time-field, play-fields, race-fields.

fluorescence ::: n. --> That property which some transparent bodies have of producing at their surface, or within their substance, light different in color from the mass of the material, as when green crystals of fluor spar afford blue reflections. It is due not to the difference in the color of a distinct surface layer, but to the power which the substance has of modifying the light incident upon it. The light emitted by fluorescent substances is in general of lower refrangibility than the incident light.

fluorescent ::: a. --> Having the property of fluorescence.

forwarding ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Forward ::: n. --> The act of one who forwards; the act or occupation of transmitting merchandise or other property for others.
The process of putting a book into its cover, and making it ready for the finisher.


fragmentariness ::: n. --> The quality or property of being in fragnebts, or broken pieces, incompleteness; want of continuity.

freehold ::: n. --> An estate in real property, of inheritance (in fee simple or fee tail) or for life; or the tenure by which such estate is held.

Free Software Foundation "body" (FSF) An organisation devoted to the creation and dissemination of {free software}, i.e. software that is free from licensing fees or restrictions on use. The Foundation's main work is supporting the {GNU} project, started by {Richard Stallman} (RMS), partly to proselytise for his position that information is community property and all software source should be shared. The GNU project has developed the GNU {Emacs} editor and a {C} compiler, {gcc}, replacements for many Unix utilities and many other tools. A complete {Unix}-like operating system ({HURD}) is in the works (April 1994). Software is distributed under the terms of the {GNU General Public License}, which also provides a good summary of the Foundation's goals and principles. The Free Software Foundation raises most of its funds from distributing its software, although it is a charity rather than a company. Although the software is freely available (e.g. by {FTP} - see below) users are encouraged to support the work of the FSF by paying for their distribution service or by making donations. One of the slogans of the FSF is "Help stamp out software hoarding!" This remains controversial because authors want to own, assign and sell the results of their labour. However, many hackers who disagree with RMS have nevertheless cooperated to produce large amounts of high-quality software for free redistribution under the Free Software Foundation's imprimatur. See {copyleft}, {General Public Virus}, {GNU archive site}. {(ftp://ftp.gnu.ai.mit.edu)}. Unofficial WWW pages: {PDX (http://cs.pdx.edu/~trent/gnu/)}, {DeLorie (http://delorie.com/gnu/)}. E-mail: "gnu@gnu.org". Address: Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. Telephone: +1 (617) 876 3296. (1995-12-10)

Frege, (Friedrich Ludwig) Gottlob, 1848-1925, German mathematician and logician. Professor of mathematics at the University of Jena, 1879-1918. Largely unknown to, or misunderstood by, his contemporaries, he is now regarded by many as "beyond question the greatest logician of the Nineteenth Century" (quotation from Tarski). He must be regarded -- after Boole (q. v.) -- as the second founder of symbolic logic, the essential steps in the passage from the algebra of logic to the logistic method (see the article Logistic system) having been taken in his Begriffsschrift of 1879. In this work there appear tor the first time the propositional calculus in substantially its modern form, the notion of propositional function, the use of quantifiers, the explicit statement of primitive rules of inference, the notion of an hereditary property and the logical analysis of proof by mathematical induction or recursion (q. v.). This last is perhaps the most important element in the definition of an inductive cardinal number (q.v.) and provided the basis for Frege's derivation of arithmetic from logic in his Grundlagen der Anthmetik (1884) and Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, vol. 1 (1893), and vol. 2 (1903). The first volume of Grundgesetze der Arithmetik is the culmination of Frege's work, and we find here many important further ideas. In particular, there is a careful distinction between using a formula to express something else and naming a formula in order to make a syntactical statement about it, quotation marks being used in order to distinguish the name of a formula from the formula itself. In an appendix to the second volume of Grundgesetze , Frege acknowledges the presence of an inconsistency in his system through what is now known as the Russel paradox (see Paradoxes , logical), as had been called to his attention by Russell when the book was nearly through the press. -- A.C.

frequencies ::: the property or condition of occurring at frequent intervals.

fuzzy logic A superset of {Boolean logic} dealing with the concept of partial truth -- {truth values} between "completely true" and "completely false". It was introduced by Dr. Lotfi Zadeh of {UCB} in the 1960's as a means to model the uncertainty of {natural language}. Any specific theory may be generalised from a discrete (or "crisp") form to a continuous (fuzzy) form, e.g. "fuzzy calculus", "fuzzy differential equations" etc. Fuzzy logic replaces Boolean truth values with degrees of truth which are very similar to probabilities except that they need not sum to one. Instead of an assertion pred(X), meaning that X definitely has the property associated with {predicate} "pred", we have a truth function truth(pred(X)) which gives the degree of truth that X has that property. We can combine such values using the standard definitions of fuzzy logic: truth(not x) = 1.0 - truth(x) truth(x and y) = minimum (truth(x), truth(y)) truth(x or y) = maximum (truth(x), truth(y)) (There are other possible definitions for "and" and "or", e.g. using sum and product). If truth values are restricted to 0 and 1 then these functions behave just like their Boolean counterparts. This is known as the "extension principle". Just as a Boolean predicate asserts that its argument definitely belongs to some subset of all objects, a fuzzy predicate gives the degree of truth with which its argument belongs to a {fuzzy subset}. {Usenet} newsgroup: {news:comp.ai.fuzzy}. E-mail servers: "fuzzynet@aptronix.com", "rnalib@its.bldrdoc.gov", "fuzzy-server@til.com". {(ftp://ftp.hiof.no/pub/Fuzzy)}, {(ftp://ntia.its.bldrdoc.gov/pub/fuzzy)}. {FAQ (ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/pub/usenet-by-group/comp.answers/fuzzy-logic)}. {James Brule, "Fuzzy systems - a tutorial", 1985 (http://life.anu.edu.au/complex_systems/fuzzy.html)}. {STB Software Catalog (http://krakatoa.jsc.nasa.gov/stb/catalog.html)}, includes a few fuzzy tools. [H.J. Zimmerman, "Fuzzy Sets, Decision Making and Expert Systems", Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1987]. ["Fuzzy Logic, State of the Art", Ed. R. Lowen, Marc Roubens, Theory and Decision Library, D: System theory, Knowledge Engineering and Problem Solving 12, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1993, ISBN 0-7923-2324-6]. (1995-02-21)

garnishee ::: n. --> One who is garnished; a person upon whom garnishment has been served in a suit by a creditor against a debtor, such person holding property belonging to the debtor, or owing him money. ::: v. t. --> To make (a person) a garnishee; to warn by garnishment; to garnish.

gas ::: 1. A substance in the gaseous state. 2. Physics. A substance possessing perfect molecular mobility and the property of indefinite expansion, as opposed to a solid or liquid.

gear ::: n. --> Clothing; garments; ornaments.
Goods; property; household stuff.
Whatever is prepared for use or wear; manufactured stuff or material.
The harness of horses or cattle; trapping.
Warlike accouterments.
Manner; custom; behavior.
Business matters; affairs; concern.


George Boole "person" 1815-11-02 - 2008-05-11 22:58 best known for his contribution to symbolic logic ({Boolean Algebra}) but also active in other fields such as probability theory, {algebra}, analysis, and differential equations. He lived, taught, and is buried in Cork City, Ireland. The Boole library at University College Cork is named after him. For centuries philosophers have studied logic, which is orderly and precise reasoning. George Boole argued in 1847 that logic should be allied with mathematics rather than with philosophy. Demonstrating logical principles with mathematical symbols instead of words, he founded {symbolic logic}, a field of mathematical/philosophical study. In the new discipline he developed, known as {Boolean algebra}, all objects are divided into separate classes, each with a given property; each class may be described in terms of the presence or absence of the same property. An electrical circuit, for example, is either on or off. Boolean algebra has been applied in the design of {binary} computer circuits and telephone switching equipment. These devices make use of Boole's two-valued (presence or absence of a property) system. Born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, UK, George Boole was the son of a tradesman and was largely self-taught. He began teaching at the age of 16 to help support his family. In his spare time he read mathematical journals and soon began to write articles for them. By the age of 29, Boole had received a gold medal for his work from the British Royal Society. His 'Mathematical Analysis of Logic', a pamphlet published in 1847, contained his first statement of the principles of symbolic logic. Two years later he was appointed professor of mathematics at Queen's College in Ireland, even though he had never studied at a university. He died in Ballintemple, Ireland, on 1864-12-08. {Compton's Encyclopedia Online (http://comptons2.aol.com/encyclopedia/ARTICLES/00619_A.html)}. (1998-11-19)

give ::: n. --> To bestow without receiving a return; to confer without compensation; to impart, as a possession; to grant, as authority or permission; to yield up or allow.
To yield possesion of; to deliver over, as property, in exchange for something; to pay; as, we give the value of what we buy.
To yield; to furnish; to produce; to emit; as, flint and steel give sparks.
To communicate or announce, as advice, tidings, etc.; to


Gray code "hardware" A {binary} sequence with the property that only one {bit} changes between any two consecutive elements (the two codes have a {Hamming distance} of one). The Gray code originated when {digital logic} circuits were built from {vacuum tubes} and electromechanical {relays}. Counters generated tremendous power demands and noise spikes when many bits changed at once. E.g. when incrementing a register containing 11111111, the {back-EMF} from the relays' collapsing magnetic fields required copious noise suppression. Using Gray code counters, any increment or decrement changed only one bit, regardless of the size of the number. Gray code can also be used to convert the angular position of a disk to digital form. A radial line of sensors reads the code off the surface of the disk and if the disk is half-way between two positions each sensor might read its bit from both positions at once but since only one bit differs between the two, the value read is guaranteed to be one of the two valid values rather than some third (invalid) combination (a {glitch}). One possible {algorithm} for generating a Gray code sequence is to toggle the lowest numbered bit that results in a new code each time. Here is a four bit Gray code sequence generated in this way: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 The codes were patented in 1953 by Frank Gray, a {Bell Labs} researcher. {(http://nist.gov/dads/HTML/graycode.html)}. (2002-08-29)

guardian ::: v. t. --> One who guards, preserves, or secures; one to whom any person or thing is committed for protection, security, or preservation from injury; a warden.
One who has, or is entitled to, the custody of the person or property of an infant, a minor without living parents, or a person incapable of managing his own affairs. ::: a.


guna ::: 1. quality, character, property. ::: 2. the three gunas: the three modes of nature: sattva, rajas, tamas. ::: 3. [in Sanskrit grammar]: vowel modification.

guna. ::: fundamental operating principle or quality; mode of nature; attribute; property

gun.a ::: quality, property, feature; any of "the numberless and infinite guna qualities" (anantagun.a) of the sagun.a brahman "into which all the cosmic action can be resolved"; the quality which the isvara "perceives in each different object of experience (vishaya) and for the enjoyment of which He creates it in the lila"; any of the three modes (trigun.a) of the energy of the lower Nature (apara prakr.ti), called sattva, rajas and tamas, which in the transition to the higher Nature (para prakr.ti) are transformed into pure prakasa, tapas (or pravr.tti) and sama.

harmonite ::: n. --> One of a religious sect, founded in Wurtemburg in the last century, composed of followers of George Rapp, a weaver. They had all their property in common. In 1803, a portion of this sect settled in Pennsylvania and called the village thus established, Harmony.

heirloom ::: n. --> Any furniture, movable, or personal chattel, which by law or special custom descends to the heir along with the inheritance; any piece of personal property that has been in a family for several generations.

heir ::: n. --> One who inherits, or is entitled to succeed to the possession of, any property after the death of its owner; one on whom the law bestows the title or property of another at the death of the latter.
One who receives any endowment from an ancestor or relation; as, the heir of one&


hemihedrism ::: n. --> The property of crystallizing hemihedrally.

Hence in its widest sense Scholasticism embraces all the intellectual activities, artistic, philosophical and theological, carried on in the medieval schools. Any attempt to define its narrower meaning in the field of philosophy raises serious difficulties, for in this case, though the term's comprehension is lessened, it still has to cover many centuries of many-faced thought. However, it is still possible to list several characteristics sufficient to differentiate Scholastic from non-Scholastic philosophy. While ancient philosophy was the philosophy of a people and modern thought that of individuals, Scholasticism was the philosophy of a Christian society which transcended the characteristics of individuals, nations and peoples. It was the corporate product of social thought, and as such its reasoning respected authority in the forms of tradition and revealed religion. Tradition consisted primarily in the systems of Plato and Aristotle as sifted, adapted and absorbed through many centuries. It was natural that religion, which played a paramount role in the culture of the middle ages, should bring influence to bear on the medieval, rational view of life. Revelation was held to be at once a norm and an aid to reason. Since the philosophers of the period were primarily scientific theologians, their rational interests were dominated by religious preoccupations. Hence, while in general they preserved the formal distinctions between reason and faith, and maintained the relatively autonomous character of philosophy, the choice of problems and the resources of science were controlled by theology. The most constant characteristic of Scholasticism was its method. This was formed naturally by a series of historical circumstances,   The need of a medium of communication, of a consistent body of technical language tooled to convey the recently revealed meanings of religion, God, man and the material universe led the early Christian thinkers to adopt the means most viable, most widely extant, and nearest at hand, viz. Greek scientific terminology. This, at first purely utilitarian, employment of Greek thought soon developed under Justin, Clement of Alexandria, Origin, and St. Augustine into the "Egyptian-spoils" theory; Greek thought and secular learning were held to be propaedeutic to Christianity on the principle: "Whatever things were rightly said among all men are the property of us Christians." (Justin, Second Apology, ch. XIII). Thus was established the first characteristic of the Scholastic method: philosophy is directly and immediately subordinate to theology.   Because of this subordinate position of philosophy and because of the sacred, exclusive and total nature of revealed wisdom, the interest of early Christian thinkers was focused much more on the form of Greek thought than on its content and, it might be added, much less of this content was absorbed by early Christian thought than is generally supposed. As practical consequences of this specialized interest there followed two important factors in the formation of Scholastic philosophy:     Greek logic en bloc was taken over by Christians;     from the beginning of the Christian era to the end of the XII century, no provision was made in Catholic centers of learning for the formal teaching of philosophy. There was a faculty to teach logic as part of the trivium and a faculty of theology.   For these two reasons, what philosophy there was during this long period of twelve centuries, was dominated first, as has been seen, by theology and, second, by logic. In this latter point is found rooted the second characteristic of the Scholastic method: its preoccupation with logic, deduction, system, and its literary form of syllogistic argumentation.   The third characteristic of the Scholastic method follows directly from the previous elements already indicated. It adds, however, a property of its own gained from the fact that philosophy during the medieval period became an important instrument of pedogogy. It existed in and for the schools. This new element coupled with the domination of logic, the tradition-mindedness and social-consciousness of the medieval Christians, produced opposition of authorities for or against a given problem and, finally, disputation, where a given doctrine is syllogistically defended against the adversaries' objections. This third element of the Scholastic method is its most original characteristic and accounts more than any other single factor for the forms of the works left us from this period. These are to be found as commentaries on single or collected texts; summae, where the method is dialectical or disputational in character.   The main sources of Greek thought are relatively few in number: all that was known of Plato was the Timaeus in the translation and commentary of Chalcidius. Augustine, the pseudo-Areopagite, and the Liber de Causis were the principal fonts of Neoplatonic literature. Parts of Aristotle's logical works (Categoriae and de Interpre.) and the Isagoge of Porphyry were known through the translations of Boethius. Not until 1128 did the Scholastics come to know the rest of Aristotle's logical works. The golden age of Scholasticism was heralded in the late XIIth century by the translations of the rest of his works (Physics, Ethics, Metaphysics, De Anima, etc.) from the Arabic by Gerard of Cremona, John of Spain, Gundisalvi, Michael Scot, and Hermann the German, from the Greek by Robert Grosseteste, William of Moerbeke, and Henry of Brabant. At the same time the Judae-Arabian speculation of Alkindi, Alfarabi, Avencebrol, Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides together with the Neoplatonic works of Proclus were made available in translation. At this same period the Scholastic attention to logic was turned to metaphysics, even psychological and ethical problems and the long-discussed question of the universals were approached from this new angle. Philosophy at last achieved a certain degree of autonomy and slowly forced the recently founded universities to accord it a separate faculty.

hereditament ::: n. --> Any species of property that may be inherited; lands, tenements, anything corporeal or incorporeal, real, personal, or mixed, that may descend to an heir.

Hereditary property: See Recursion, proof by. Hermeneutics: The art and science of interpreting especially authoritative writings, mainly in application to sacred scripture, and equivalent to exegesis. -- K.F.L.

Hilbert and Ackermann use the word predicate for a propositional function of one or more variables, Carnap uses it for the corresponding syntactical entity, the name or designation of such a propositional function (i.e., of a property or relation). -- A.C.

homographic ::: a. --> Employing a single and separate character to represent each sound; -- said of certain methods of spelling words.
Possessing the property of homography.


hotchpotch ::: n. --> A mingled mass; a confused mixture; a stew of various ingredients; a hodgepodge.
A blending of property for equality of division, as when lands given in frank-marriage to one daughter were, after the death of the ancestor, blended with the lands descending to her and to her sisters from the same ancestor, and then divided in equal portions among all the daughters. In modern usage, a mixing together, or throwing into a common mass or stock, of the estate left by a person


hoveler ::: n. --> One who assists in saving life and property from a wreck; a coast boatman.

Huffman coding "algorithm" A {data compression} technique which varies the length of the encoded symbol in proportion to its information content, that is the more often a symbol or token is used, the shorter the {binary string} used to represent it in the compressed stream. Huffman codes can be properly decoded because they obey the prefix property, which means that no code can be a prefix of another code, and so the complete set of codes can be represented as a binary tree, known as a Huffman tree. Huffman coding was first described in a seminal paper by D.A. Huffman in 1952. (1994-12-23)

hygroscopic ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to, or indicated by, the hygroscope; not readily manifest to the senses, but capable of detection by the hygroscope; as, glass is often covered with a film of hygroscopic moisture.
Having the property of readily inbibing moisture from the atmosphere, or of the becoming coated with a thin film of moisture, as glass, etc.


hygroscopicity ::: n. --> The property possessed by vegetable tissues of absorbing or discharging moisture according to circumstances.

Hylotheism: (Gr. hyle matter, and theism q.v.). A synonym for either pantheism or materialism in that this doctrine identifies mattei and god, or has the one merge into the other. -- K.F.L Hylozoism: (Gr. hyle, mattei -- zoe, life) The doctrine that life is a property of matter, that matter and life are inseparable, that life is derived from matter, or that matter has spiritual properties. The conception of nature as alive or animated, of reality as alive. The original substance as bearing within itself the cause of all motion and change. The early Greek cosmologists of the Milesian school made statements which implied a belief in life for their primary substances. For Straton of Lampsacus each of the ultimate particles of matter possesses life. For the Stoics the universe as a whole is alive. For Spinoza different kinds of things possess life in different grades. -- J.K F.

hyperboloid ::: n. --> A surface of the second order, which is cut by certain planes in hyperbolas; also, the solid, bounded in part by such a surface. ::: a. --> Having some property that belongs to an hyperboloid or hyperbola.

hypotheca ::: n. --> An obligation by which property of a debtor was made over to his creditor in security of his debt.

hypothecate ::: v. t. --> To subject, as property, to liability for a debt or engagement without delivery of possession or transfer of title; to pledge without delivery of possession; to mortgage, as ships, or other personal property; to make a contract by bottomry. See Hypothecation, Bottomry.

hypothecation ::: n. --> The act or contract by which property is hypothecated; a right which a creditor has in or to the property of his debtor, in virtue of which he may cause it to be sold and the price appropriated in payment of his debt. This is a right in the thing, or jus in re.
A contract whereby, in consideration of money advanced for the necessities of the ship, the vessel, freight, or cargo is made liable for its repayment, provided the ship arrives in safety.


identify ::: v. t. --> To make to be the same; to unite or combine in such a manner as to make one; to treat as being one or having the same purpose or effect; to consider as the same in any relation.
To establish the identity of; to prove to be the same with something described, claimed, or asserted; as, to identify stolen property. ::: v. i.


If "S" occurs fictitiously it is customary to say that S is a fictitious entity or a fiction. (The language is unfortunate as falsely suggesting that in such case there is a special kind of entity denoted by S and having the property of being fictitious.)

impenetrability ::: n. --> Quality of being impenetrable.
That property in virtue of which two portions of matter can not at the same time occupy the same portion of space.
Insusceptibility of intellectual or emotional impression; obtuseness; stupidity; coldness.


impenetrable ::: a. --> Incapable of being penetrated or pierced; not admitting the passage of other bodies; not to be entered; impervious; as, an impenetrable shield.
Having the property of preventing any other substance from occupying the same space at the same time.
Inaccessible, as to knowledge, reason, sympathy, etc.; unimpressible; not to be moved by arguments or motives; as, an impenetrable mind, or heart.


impetus ::: n. --> A property possessed by a moving body in virtue of its weight and its motion; the force with which any body is driven or impelled; momentum.
Fig.: Impulse; incentive; vigor; force.
The aititude through which a heavy body must fall to acquire a velocity equal to that with which a ball is discharged from a piece.


improperty ::: n. --> Impropriety.

impropriate ::: v. t. --> To appropriate to one&

impropriation ::: n. --> The act of impropriating; as, the impropriation of property or tithes; also, that which is impropriated.
The act of putting an ecclesiastical benefice in the hands of a layman, or lay corporation.
A benefice in the hands of a layman, or of a lay corporation.


impropriator ::: n. --> One who impropriates; specifically, a layman in possession of church property.

In Aristotelian logic, whatever term can be predicated of, without being essential or peculiar to the subject (q.v.). Logical or predicable (q.v.) -- opposed to property (q.v.) -- is that quality which adheres to a subject in such a manner that it neither constitutes its essence nor necessarily flows from its essence; as, a man is white or learned.

incendiary ::: n. --> Any person who maliciously sets fire to a building or other valuable or other valuable property.
A person who excites or inflames factions, and promotes quarrels or sedition; an agitator; an exciter. ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to incendiarism, or the malicious


income ::: n. --> A coming in; entrance; admittance; ingress; infusion.
That which is caused to enter; inspiration; influence; hence, courage or zeal imparted.
That gain which proceeds from labor, business, property, or capital of any kind, as the produce of a farm, the rent of houses, the proceeds of professional business, the profits of commerce or of occupation, or the interest of money or stock in funds, etc.; revenue; receipts; salary; especially, the annual receipts of a private person,


incompressibility ::: n. --> The quality of being incompressible, or incapable of reduction in volume by pressure; -- formerly supposed to be a property of liquids.

Inconceivability: The property of being something that is unthinkable. Having self-contradictory properties such that mental representation is impossible. In metaphysics, Herbert Spencer's criterion of truth, that when the denial of a proposition is incapable of being conceived the proposition is to be accepted as necessary or true. Syn. with Inconceptible. -- J.K.F.

incumbrance ::: n. --> A burdensome and troublesome load; anything that impedes motion or action, or renders it difficult or laborious; clog; impediment; hindrance; check.
A burden or charge upon property; a claim or lien upon an estate, which may diminish its value.


indehiscence ::: n. --> The property or state of being indehiscent.

independent ::: a. --> Not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying on others; not subordinate; as, few men are wholly independent.
Affording a comfortable livelihood; as, an independent property.
Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; self-directing; as, a man of an independent mind.
Expressing or indicating the feeling of independence;


indigent ::: a. --> Wanting; void; free; destitute; -- used with of.
Destitute of property or means of comfortable subsistence; needy; poor; in want; necessitous.


indirect jump "programming" A {jump} via an {indirect address}, i.e. the jump {instruction} contains the address of a memory location that contains the address of the next instruction to execute. The location containing the address to jump to is sometimes called a {vector}. Indirect jumps make normal code hard to understand because the jump target is a run-time property of the program that depends on the execution history. They are useful for, e.g. allowing user code to replace operating system code or setting up {event handlers}. (2010-01-01)

individuality ::: n. --> The quality or state of being individual or constituting an individual; separate or distinct existence; oneness; unity.
The character or property appropriate or peculiar to an individual; that quality which distinguishes one person or thing from another; the sum of characteristic traits; distinctive character; as, he is a person of marked individuality.


indivisibility ::: n. --> The state or property of being indivisible or inseparable; inseparability.

indorsement ::: n. --> The act of writing on the back of a note, bill, or other written instrument.
That which is written on the back of a note, bill, or other paper, as a name, an order for, or a receipt of, payment, or the return of an officer, etc.; a writing, usually upon the back, but sometimes on the face, of a negotiable instrument, by which the property therein is assigned and transferred.
Sanction, support, or approval; as, the indorsement of


induction "logic" A method of proving statements about {well-ordered sets}. If S is a well-ordered set with ordering """, and we want to show that a property P holds for every element of S, it is sufficient to show that, for all s in S, IF for all t in S, t " s =" P(t) THEN P(s) I.e. if P holds for anything less than s then it holds for s. In this case we say P is proved by induction. The most common instance of proof by induction is induction over the {natural numbers} where we prove that some property holds for n=0 and that if it holds for n, it holds for n+1. (In fact it is sufficient for """ to be a {well-founded} {partial order} on S, not necessarily a well-ordering of S.) (1999-12-09)

inequality ::: n. --> The quality of being unequal; difference, or want of equality, in any respect; lack of uniformity; disproportion; unevenness; disparity; diversity; as, an inequality in size, stature, numbers, power, distances, motions, rank, property, etc.
Unevenness; want of levelness; the alternate rising and falling of a surface; as, the inequalities of the surface of the earth, or of a marble slab, etc.
Variableness; changeableness; inconstancy; lack of


inertia ::: n. --> That property of matter by which it tends when at rest to remain so, and when in motion to continue in motion, and in the same straight line or direction, unless acted on by some external force; -- sometimes called vis inertiae.
Inertness; indisposition to motion, exertion, or action; want of energy; sluggishness.
Want of activity; sluggishness; -- said especially of the uterus, when, in labor, its contractions have nearly or wholly ceased.


inheritance ::: fig. Something that is or may be inherited; property passing at the owner"s death to the heir or those entitled to succeed.

injurious ::: a. --> Not just; wrongful; iniquitous; culpable.
Causing injury or harm; hurtful; harmful; detrimental; mischievous; as, acts injurious to health, credit, reputation, property, etc.


injury ::: a. --> Any damage or violation of, the person, character, feelings, rights, property, or interests of an individual; that which injures, or occasions wrong, loss, damage, or detriment; harm; hurt; loss; mischief; wrong; evil; as, his health was impaired by a severe injury; slander is an injury to the character.

In modern thought, two general types of usage are discernible. In the empirical tradition. the notion of thing and properties continues the meaning of independence as expressed in first substance. Under the impact of physical science, the notion of thing and its properties tends to dissolve. Substance becomes substratum as that in which properties and qualities inhere. The critique of Berkeley expressed the resultant dilemma: either sub-stratum is property-less and quality-less, and so is nothing at all, or else it signifies the systematic and specific coherence of properties and qualities, and so substance or sub-stratum is merely the thing of common sense. Within science 'first substance' persists as the ultimate discrete particle with respect to which spatial and temporal coordinates are assigned. Within empirical philosophical thought the element of meaning described as 'independence' tends to be resolved into the order and coherence of experience.

In Scholasticism: Reflexion is a property of spiritual or immaterial substances only. It is, therefore, a capacity of the human intellect which not only operates, but knows of its operating and may turn back on itself to know itself and its performances (reditio completa). A particular kind of reflexion is, in Thomism the reflexio super phantasma, by which the intellect retraces its steps until it reaches the phantasm from which it originally derived the universal; this is, according to Aquinas, the way the intellect comes to know the particular which, because material, is otherwise inaccessible to an immaterial faculty. -- R.A.

insurance ::: n. --> The act of insuring, or assuring, against loss or damage by a contingent event; a contract whereby, for a stipulated consideration, called premium, one party undertakes to indemnify or guarantee another against loss by certain specified risks. Cf. Assurance, n., 6.
The premium paid for insuring property or life.
The sum for which life or property is insured.
A guaranty, security, or pledge; assurance.


intellectual property "legal" (IP) The ownership of ideas and control over the tangible or virtual representation of those ideas. Use of another person's intellectual property may or may not involve royalty payments or permission, but should always include proper credit to the source. (1997-03-27)

Intentionality: (Lat. intentio, from intendere, to stretch) The property of consciousness whereby it refers to or intends an object. The intentional object is not necessarily a real or existent thing but is merely that which the mental act is about. Intentionality is the modern equivalent of the Scholastic intentio. -- L.W.

interloper ::: n. --> One who interlopes; one who interlopes; one who unlawfully intrudes upon a property, a station, or an office; one who interferes wrongfully or officiously.

In the rationalistic tradition, Descartes introduces a distinction between finite and infinite substance. To conceive of substance is to conceive an existing thing which requires nothing but itself in order to exist. Strictly speaking, God alone is substance. Created or finite substances are independent in the sense that they need only the concurrence of God in order to exist. 'Everything in which there resides immediately, as in a subject, or by means of which there exists anything that we perceive, i.e., any property, quality, or attribute, of which we have a real idea, is called a Substance." (Reply to Obj. II, Phil. Works, trans, by Haldane and Ross, vol. II, p. 53, see Prin. of Phil. Pt. I, 51, 52). Substance is that which can exist by itself without the aid of any other substance. Reciprocal exclusion of one another belongs to the nature of substance. (Reply to Obj. IV). Spinoza brings together medieval Aristotelian meanings and the Cartesian usage, but rejects utterly the notion of finite substance, leaving only the infinite. The former is, in effect, a contradiction in terms, according to him. Spinoza further replaces the Aristotelian distinction between substance and accident with that between substance and mode. (See Wolfson, The Phil. of Spinoza, vol. I, ch. 3). "By substance, I understand that which is in itself and is conceived through itself; in other words that, the conception of which does not need the conception of another thing from which it must be formed." (Ethics, I, Def. III). Substance is thus ultimate being, self-caused or from itself (a se), and so absolutely independent being, owing its being to itself, and eternally self-sustaining. It is in itself (in se), and all things are within it. Substance is one and there can be but one substance; God is this substance. For Descartes, every substance has a principal attribute, an unchangeable essential nature, without which it can neither be nor be understood. The attribute is thus constitutive of substance, and the latter is accessible to mind only through the former. By virtue of having different constitutive essences or attributes, substances are opposed to one another. Spinoza, rejecting the idea of finite substance, necessarily rejects the possibility of a plurality of substances. The attributes of the one substance are plural and are constitutive. But the plurality of attributes implies that substance as such cannot be understood by way of any one attribute or by way of several. Accordingly, Spinoza declares that substance is also per se, i.e., conceived through itself. The infinite mode of an attribute, the all pervasive inner character which defines an attribute in distinction from another, is Spinoza's adaptation of the Cartesian constitutive essence.

"In the social relations which men carry on they enter into definite relations that are indispensible and independent of their will. These relations of production correspond to a definite stage of development of their material powers of production. . . . At a certain stage of their development the material forces of production in society come in conflict with the existing relations of production, or -- what is but a legal expression for the same thing -- with the property relations within which they had been at work before. From forms of development of the forces of production these relations turn into their fetters. Then comes the period of social revolution. With the change of the economic foundation the entire immense superstructure is more or less rapidly transformed. In considering such transformations the distinction should always be made between the material transformation of the economic conditions of production which can be determined with the precision of natural science, and the legal, political, religious, aesthetic or philosophic -- in short, ideological forms in which men become conscious of this conflict and fight it out." (Marx: Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, p. 12.) -- J.M.S.

In the theory of value the first question concerns the meaning of value-terms and the status of goodness. As to meaning the main point is whether goodness is definable or not, and if so, how. As to status the main point is whether goodness is subjective or objective, relative or absolute. Various positions are possible. Recent emotive meaning theories e.g. that of A. J. Ayer, hold that "good" and other value-terms have only an emotive meaning, Intuitionists and non-naturalists often hold that goodness is an indefinable intrinsic (and therefore objective or absolute) property, e.g., Plato, G. E. Moore, W. D. Ross, J. Laird, Meinong, N. Hartman. Metaphysical and naturalistic moralists usually hold that goodness can be defined in metaphysical or in psychological terms, generally interpreting "x is good" to mean that a certain attitude is taken toward x by some mind or group of minds. For some of them value is objective or absolute in the sense of having the same locus for everyone, e.g., Aristotle in his definition of the good as that at which all things aim, (Ethics, bk. I). For others the locus of value varies from individual to individual or from group to group, i.e. different things will be good for different individuals or groups, e.g., Hobbes, Westermarck, William James, R. B. Perry.

In translation into logical notation, the word nothing is usually to be represented by the negation of an existential quantifier. Thus "nothing has the property F" becomes "∼(Ex)F(x)." -- A.C.

Intrinsic goodness: The property of being good in itself or good as an end (and not as a means merely) or desirable for its own sake. Sometimes identified with the property of being desired for its own sake. According to G. E. Moore a thing is intrinsically good if it would be good even if it existed quite alone. -- W.K.F.

invariance ::: n. --> The property of remaining invariable under prescribed or implied conditions.

inventory ::: n. --> An account, catalogue, or schedule, made by an executor or administrator, of all the goods and chattels, and sometimes of the real estate, of a deceased person; a list of the property of which a person or estate is found to be possessed; hence, an itemized list of goods or valuables, with their estimated worth; specifically, the annual account of stock taken in any business. ::: v. t.

investment ::: n. --> The act of investing, or the state of being invested.
That with which anyone is invested; a vestment.
The act of surrounding, blocking up, or besieging by an armed force, or the state of being so surrounded.
The laying out of money in the purchase of some species of property; the amount of money invested, or that in which money is invested.


irony ::: a. --> Made or consisting of iron; partaking of iron; iron; as, irony chains; irony particles.
Resembling iron taste, hardness, or other physical property. ::: n. --> Dissimulation; ignorance feigned for the purpose of confounding or provoking an antagonist.


irritability ::: n. --> The state or quality of being irritable; quick excitability; petulance; fretfulness; as, irritability of temper.
A natural susceptibility, characteristic of all living organisms, tissues, and cells, to the influence of certain stimuli, response being manifested in a variety of ways, -- as that quality in plants by which they exhibit motion under suitable stimulation; esp., the property which living muscle processes, of responding either to a direct stimulus of its substance, or to the


It can be shown that all theorems A of the pure functional calculus of first order which contain no free individual variables have the property that ∼A is not satisfiable. Hence the pure functional calculus of first order is not complete in the strong sense in which the pure propositional calculus is complete. Gödel has shown that the pure functional calculus of first order is complete in the weaker sense that if a formula A contains no free individual variables and ∼A is not satisfiable then A is a theorem.

iterative deepening "algorithm" A {graph} search {algorithm} that will find the shortest path with some given property, even when the graph contains {cycles}. When searching for a path through a graph, starting at a given initial {node}, where the path (or its end node) has some desired property, a {depth-first search} may never find a solution if it enters a cycle in the graph. Rather than avoiding cycles (i.e. never extend a path with a node it already contains), iterative deepening explores all paths up to length (or "depth") N, starting from N=0 and increasing N until a solution is found. (2004-01-26)

It is an error to see Bergson's philosophy as being exclusively an intuitive critique of knowledge. Such a mode of exposition constructs of his thought a mere "ism", a species of intuitionalism. Bergson was the first to try to give the term intuition a scientific basis. He transformed and regrounded the static pattern of the older forms of intuitionism by giving it a biogenetic and psychologically dynamic justification. Intuitive knowledge is not limited to the favored few, is not a private, purely solipsistic affair, but is a general property of all thinking minds. Bergson's conception of intuition represents a fusion of scientific objectivity and artistic directness.

It is customary to distinguish between the nature of truth and the tests for truth. There are three traditional theories as to the nature of truth, each finding virious expression in the works of different exponents. According to the correspondence theory, a proposition (or meaning) is true if there is a fact to which it corresponds. if it expresses what is the case. For example, "It is raining here now" is true if it is the case that it is raining here now; otherwise it is false. The nature of the relation of correspondence between fact and true proposition is variously described by different writers, or left largely undescribed. Russell in The Problems of Philosophy speaks of the correspondence as consisting of an identity of the constituents of the fact and of the proposition. According to the coherence theory (see H. H. Joachim: The Nature of Truth), truth is systematic coherence. This is more than logical consistency. A proposition is true insofar is it is a necessary constituent of a systematically coherent whole. According to some (e.g., Brand Blanshard, The Nature of Truth), this whole must be such that every element in it necessitates, indeed entails, every other element. Strictly, on this view, truth, in its fullness, is a characteristic of only the one systematic coherent whole, which is the absolute. It attaches to propositions as we know them and to wholes as we know them only to a degree. A proposition has a degree of truth proportionate to the completeness of the systematic coherence of the system of entities to which it belongs. According to the pragmatic theory of truth, a proposition is true insofar as it works or satisfies, working or satisfying being described variously by different exponents of the view. Some writers insist that truth chiracterizes only those propositions (ideas) whose satisfactory working has actually verified them; others state that only verifiability through such consequences is necessary. In either case, writers differ as to the precise nature of the verifying experiences required. See Pragmatism. --C.A.B. Truth, semantical: Closely connected with the name relation (q.v.) is the property of a propositional formula (sentence) that it expresses a true proposition (or if it has free variables, that it expresses a true proposition for all values of these variables). As in the case of the name relation, a notation for the concept of truth in this sense often cannot be added, with its natural properties, to an (interpreted) logistic system without producing contradiction. A particular system may, however, be made the beginning of a hierarchy of systems each containing the truth concept appropriate to the preceding one.

IV. Probability as a Primitive Notion: According to this interpretation, whicn is due particularly to Keynes, probability is taken as ultimate or undefined, and it is made known through its essential characteristics. Thus, probability is neither an intrinsic property of propositions like truth, nor an empty concept, but a relative property linking a proposition with its partial evidence. It follows that the probability of the same proposition varies with the evidence presented, and that even though a proposition may turn out to be false, our judgment that it is probable upon a given evidence can be correct. Further, since probability belongs to a proposition only in its relation to other propositions, probability-inferences cannot be the same as truth-inferences as they cannot break the chain of relations between their premisses, they lack one of the essential features usually ascribed to inference. That is why, in particular, the conclusions of the natural sciences cannot be separated from their evidence, as it may be the case with the deductive sciences. With such assumptions, probability is the group name given to the processes which strengthen or increase the likelihood of an analogy. The main objection to this interpretation is the arbitrary character of its primitive idea. There is no reason why there are relations between propositions such that p is probable upon q, even on the assumption of the relative character of probability. There must be conditions determining which propositions are probable upon others. Hence we must look beyond the primitive idea itself and place the ground of probability elsewhere.

jackstraw ::: n. --> An effigy stuffed with straw; a scarecrow; hence, a man without property or influence.
One of a set of straws of strips of ivory, bone, wood, etc., for playing a child&


Judgment of Taste: The assertion that an object is beautiful, or aesthetically pleasing. Such propositions are traditionally classified as judgments of value, as distinguished from judgments of fact, and are regarded as making assertions about the subjective reaction and interest that the object has aroused, and not about any intrinsic property of the object. Hence, generally interpreted as having no claim to universality. Kant, and others, have sought to establish their universality on the ground that they assert a necessary subjective reaction. -- I.J.

keeper ::: n. --> One who, or that which, keeps; one who, or that which, holds or has possession of anything.
One who retains in custody; one who has the care of a prison and the charge of prisoners.
One who has the care, custody, or superintendence of anything; as, the keeper of a park, a pound, of sheep, of a gate, etc. ; the keeper of attached property; hence, one who saves from harm; a defender; a preserver.


Kind: (a) A class or collection of entities having a common character that differentiates members of this class from non-members, (b) J. S. Mill (System of Logic) limits the term to natural classes, such as biological species, where members have, in addition to the defining property, an unlimited number of other properties in common. -- C.A.B.

kohnur ::: n. --> A famous diamond, surrendered to the British crown on the annexation of the Punjab. According to Hindoo legends, it was found in a Golconda mine, and has been the property of various Hindoo and Persian rulers.

labadist ::: n. --> A follower of Jean de Labadie, a religious teacher of the 17th century, who left the Roman Catholic Church and taught a kind of mysticism, and the obligation of community of property among Christians.

lairdship ::: n. --> The state of being a laird; an estate; landed property.

landed ::: imp. & p. p. --> of Land ::: a. --> Having an estate in land.
Consisting in real estate or land; as, landed property; landed security.


landfall ::: n. --> A sudden transference of property in land by the death of its owner.
Sighting or making land when at sea.


landless ::: a. --> Having no property in land.

landowning ::: n. --> The owning of land. ::: a. --> Having property in land; of or pertaining to landowners.

law. The legal claim of one person upon the property of another person to secure the payment of a debt of the satisfaction of an obligation.

lease ::: a contract granting use or occupation of property during a specified period in exchange for a specified compensation.

legacy ::: n. --> A gift of property by will, esp. of money or personal property; a bequest. Also Fig.; as, a legacy of dishonor or disease.
A business with which one is intrusted by another; a commission; -- obsolete, except in the phrases last legacy, dying legacy, and the like.


Legal Philosophy: Deals with the philosophic principles of law and justice. The origin is to be found in ancient philosophy. The Greek Sophists criticized existing laws and customs by questioning their validity: All human rules are artificial, created by enactment or convention, as opposed to natural law, based on nature. The theory of a law of nature was further developed by Aristotle and the Stoics. According to the Stoics the natural law is based upon the eternal law of the universe; this itself is an outgrowth of universal reason, as man's mind is an offshoot of the latter. The idea of a law of nature as being innate in man was particularly stressed and popularized by Cicero who identified it with "right reason" and already contrasted it with written law that might be unjust or even tyrannical. Through Saint Augustine these ideas were transmitted to medieval philosophy and by Thomas Aquinas built into his philosophical system. Thomas considers the eternal law the reason existing in the divine mind and controlling the universe. Natural law, innate in man participates in that eternal law. A new impetus was given to Legal Philosophy by the Renaissance. Natural Jurisprudence, properly so-called, originated in the XVII. century. Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes, Benedictus Spinoza, John Locke, Samuel Pufendorf were the most important representatives of that line of thought. Grotius, continuing the Scholastic tradition, particularly stressed the absoluteness of natural hw (it would exist even if God did not exist) and, following Jean Bodin, the sovereignty of the people. The idea of the social contract traced all political bodies back to a voluntary compact by which every individual gave up his right to self-government, or rather transferred it to the government, abandoning a state of nature which according to Hobbes must have been a state of perpetual war. The theory of the social compact more and more accepts the character of a "fiction" or of a regulative idea (Kant). In this sense the theory means that we ought to judge acts of government by their correspondence to the general will (Rousseau) and to the interests of the individuals who by transferring their rights to the commonwealth intended to establish their real liberty. Natural law by putting the emphasis on natural rights, takes on a revolutionary character. It played a part in shaping the bills of rights, the constitutions of the American colonies and of the Union, as well as of the French declaration of the rights of men and of citizens. Natural jurisprudence in the teachings of Christian Wolff and Thomasius undergoes a kind of petrification in the vain attempt to outline an elaborate system of natural law not only in the field of international or public law, but also in the detailed regulations of the law of property, of contract, etc. This sort of dogmatic approach towards the problems of law evoked the opposition of the Historic School (Gustav Hugo and Savigny) which stressed the natural growth of laws ind customs, originating from the mysterious "spirit of the people". On the other hand Immanuel Kant tried to overcome the old natural law by the idea of a "law of reason", meaning an a priori element in all existing or positive law. In his definition of law ("the ensemble of conditions according to which everyone's will may coexist with the will of every other in accordance with a general rule of liberty"), however, as in his legal philosophy in general, he still shares the attitude of the natural law doctrine, confusing positive law with the idea of just law. This is also true of Hegel whose panlogism seemed to lead in this very direction. Under the influence of epistemological positivism (Comte, Mill) in the later half of the nineteenth century, legal philosophy, especially in Germany, confined itself to a "general theory of law". Similarily John Austin in England considered philosophy of law concerned only with positive law, "as it necessarily is", not as it ought to be. Its main task was to analyze certain notions which pervade the science of law (Analytical Jurisprudence). In recent times the same tendency to reduce legal philosophy to logical or at least methodological tasks was further developed in attempting a pure science of law (Kelsen, Roguin). Owing to the influence of Darwinism and natural science in general the evolutionist and biological viewpoint was accepted in legal philosophy: comparative jurisprudence, sociology of law, the Freirecht movement in Germany, the study of the living law, "Realism" in American legal philosophy, all represent a tendency against rationalism. On the other hand there is a revival of older tendencies: Hegelianism, natural law -- especially in Catholic philosophy -- and Kantianism (beginning with Rudolf Stammler). From here other trends arose: the critical attitude leads to relativism (f.i. Gustav Radbruch); the antimetaphysical tendency towards positivism -- though different from epistemological positivism -- and to a pure theory of law. Different schools of recent philosophy have found their applications or repercussions in legal philosophy: Phenomenology, for example, tried to intuit the essences of legal institutions, thus coming back to a formalist position, not too far from the real meaning of analytical jurisprudence. Neo-positivism, though so far not yet explicitly applied to legal philosophy, seems to lead in the same direction. -- W.E.

levy ::: n. --> A name formerly given in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia to the Spanish real of one eighth of a dollar (or 12/ cents), valued at eleven pence when the dollar was rated at 7s. 6d.
The act of levying or collecting by authority; as, the levy of troops, taxes, etc.
That which is levied, as an army, force, tribute, etc.
The taking or seizure of property on executions to satisfy judgments, or on warrants for the collection of taxes; a collecting by


listless "programming" In {functional programming}, a property of a {function} which allows it to be combined with other functions in a way that eliminates intermediate data structures, especially lists. {Phil Wadler}'s thesis gives the conditions for a function to be in listless form: each input list is traversed only once, one element at a time, from left to right. Each output list is generated once, one element at a time, from left to right. No other lists are generated or traversed. Not all functions can be expressed in listless form (e.g. reverse). (1995-02-22)

loss ::: v. t. --> The act of losing; failure; destruction; privation; as, the loss of property; loss of money by gaming; loss of health or reputation.
The state of losing or having lost; the privation, defect, misfortune, harm, etc., which ensues from losing.
That which is lost or from which one has parted; waste; -- opposed to gain or increase; as, the loss of liquor by leakage was considerable.


lubricity ::: n. --> Smoothness; freedom from friction; also, property, which diminishes friction; as, the lubricity of oil.
Slipperiness; instability; as, the lubricity of fortune.
Lasciviousness; propensity to lewdness; lewdness; lechery; incontinency.


magnetism ::: n. --> The property, quality, or state, of being magnetic; the manifestation of the force in nature which is seen in a magnet.
The science which treats of magnetic phenomena.
Power of attraction; power to excite the feelings and to gain the affections.


magnet ::: n. --> The loadstone; a species of iron ore (the ferrosoferric or magnetic ore, Fe3O4) which has the property of attracting iron and some of its ores, and, when freely suspended, of pointing to the poles; -- called also natural magnet.
A bar or mass of steel or iron to which the peculiar properties of the loadstone have been imparted; -- called, in distinction from the loadstone, an artificial magnet.


majorat ::: a. --> The right of succession to property according to age; -- so termed in some of the countries of continental Europe.
Property, landed or funded, so attached to a title of honor as to descend with it.


meddle ::: v. i. --> To mix; to mingle.
To interest or engage one&


memnon ::: n. --> A celebrated Egyptian statue near Thebes, said to have the property of emitting a harplike sound at sunrise.

META element "web" An {HTML} {element}, with tag name of "META", expressing {metadata} about a given {HTML} document. HTML standards do not require that documents have META elements but if META elements occur, they must be inside the document's HEAD element. The META element can be used to identify properties of a document (e.g., author, expiration date, a list of key words, etc.) and assign values to those properties, typically by specifying a NAME {attribute} (to name the property) and a CONTENT attribute (to assign a value for that property). The HTML 4 specification doesn't standardise particular NAME properties or CONTENT values; but it is conventional to use a "Description" property to convey a short summary of the document, and a "Keywords" property to provide a list of {keywords} relevant to the document, as in: "META NAME="Description" CONTENT="Information from around the world on kumquat farming techniques and current kumquat production and consumption data"" "META NAME="Keywords" CONTENT="kumquat, Fortunella"" META elements with HTTP-EQUIV and CONTENT attributes can simulate the effect of {HTTP} header lines, as in: "META HTTP-EQUIV="Expires" CONTENT="Tue, 22 Mar 2000 16:18:35 GMT"" "META HTTP-EQUIV="Refresh" CONTENT="10; URL=http://foldoc.org/"" Other properties may be application-specific. For example, the {Robots Exclusion (http://info.webcrawler.com/mak/projects/robots/norobots.html)}. standard uses the "robots" property for asserting that the given document should not be indexed by robots, nor should links in it be followed: "META NAME="robots" CONTENT="noindex,follow"" (2001-02-07)

misbug /mis-buhg/ [MIT] An unintended property of a program that turns out to be useful; something that should have been a {bug} but turns out to be a {feature}. Usage: rare. Compare {green lightning}. See {miswart}. [{Jargon File}]

modulus ::: n. --> A quantity or coefficient, or constant, which expresses the measure of some specified force, property, or quality, as of elasticity, strength, efficiency, etc.; a parameter.

mortgagee ::: n. --> The person to whom property is mortgaged, or to whom a mortgage is made or given.

mortgage ::: n. --> A conveyance of property, upon condition, as security for the payment of a debt or the preformance of a duty, and to become void upon payment or performance according to the stipulated terms; also, the written instrument by which the conveyance is made.
State of being pledged; as, lands given in mortgage. ::: v. t.


Motion: (Lat. moveo, move) Difference in space. Change of place. Erected into a universal principle by Heraclitus. Denied as a possibility by Parmenides and Zeno. Subdivided by Aristotle into alteration or change in shape, and augmentation or diminution or change in size. In realism: exclusively a property of actuality. -- J.K.F.

Nature Philosophers: Name given to pre-Socratic "physiologers" and to Renaissance philosophers who revived the study of physical processes. Early in the 16th century, as a result of the discovery of new lands, the revival of maritime trade, and the Reformation, there appeared in Europe a renewed interest in nature. Rationalism grown around the authorities of the Bible and Aristotle was challenged and the right to investigate phenomena was claimed. Interest in nature was directed at first toward the starry heaven and resulted in important discoveries of Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler. The scientific spirit of observation and research had not yet matured, however, and the philosophers of that time blended their interest in facts with much loose speculation. Among the nature philosophers of that period three deserve to be mentioned specifically, Telesio, Bruno and Carnpanella, all natives of Southern Italy. Despite his assertions that thought should be guided by the observation of the external world, Bernardino Telesio (1508-1588) confined his works to reflections on the nature of things. Particularly significant are two of his doctrines, first, that the universe must be described in terms of matter and force, the latter classified as heat and cold, and second, that mind is akin to matter. Giordano Bruno (1548-1600), a Dominican monk and a victim of the Inquisition, was greatly influenced by the Copernican conception of the universe regarded by him as a harmonious unity of which the earth was but a small and not too important part. The concept of unity was not a condition of human search for truth but a real principle underlying all things and expressing the harmonious order of Divine wisdom. Deity, in his view, was the soul of nature, operating both in the human minds and in the motion of bodies. Consequently, both living beings and material objects must be regarded as animated. Tomaso Campanella (1568-1639), another Dominican monk, was also persecuted for his teachings and spent 27 years in prison. He contended that observations of nature were not dependent on the authority of reason and can be refuted only by other observations. His interests lay largely along the lines previously suggested by Telesio, and much of his thought was devoted to problems of mind, consciousness and knowledge. He believed that all nature was permeated by latent awareness, and may therefore be regarded as an animist or perhaps pantheist. Today, he is best known for his City of the Sun, an account of an imaginary ideal state in which existed neither property nor nobility and in which all affair were administered scientifically. -- R.B.W.

nondeterminism "algorithm" A property of a computation which may have more than one result. One way to implement a nondeterministic {algorithm} is using {backtracking}, another is to explore (all) possible solutions in parallel. (1995-04-13)

nondeterministic polynomial time "complexity" (NP) A set or property of computational {decision problems} solvable by a {nondeterministic Turing Machine} in a number of steps that is a {polynomial} function of the size of the input. The word "nondeterministic" suggests a method of generating potential solutions using some form of {nondeterminism} or "trial and error". This may take {exponential time} as long as a potential solution can be verified in {polynomial time}. NP is obviously a superset of P ({polynomial time} problems solvable by a deterministic {Turing Machine} in {polynomial time}) since a deterministic algorithm can be considered as a degenerate form of nondeterministic algorithm. The question then arises: is NP equal to P? I.e. can every problem in NP actually be solved in polynomial time? Everyone's first guess is "no", but no one has managed to prove this; and some very clever people think the answer is "yes". If a problem A is in NP and a polynomial time algorithm for A could also be used to solve problem B in polynomial time, then B is also in NP. See also {Co-NP}, {NP-complete}. [Examples?] (1995-04-10)

nonlinear (Scientific computation) A property of a system whose output is not proportional to its input. For example, a {transistor} has a region of input voltages for which its output voltage is found by multiplying the input voltage by the gain of the transistor. Outside this region though, the transistor behaves non-linearly, meaning that it does not obey this simple equation. The behaviour of a system containing non-linear components is thus harder to model and to predict. [{Jargon File}]

Non-Natural Properties: A notion which plays an important part in recent intuitionistic ethics. A non-natural property is one which is neither natural, as yellow and pleasantness are, nor metaphysical, as absoluteness and being commanded by God are. It is, then, a property which is apprehended, not by sensation or by introspection, but in some other way, and which is somehow non-descriptive, non-expository, or non-existential. It is also said sometimes, e.g. by G. E. Moore and W. D. Ross, to be a consequential property, i.e. a property which a thing has in virtue of its having another property, as when an experience is good in virtue of being pleasant. See Intuitionism. -- W.K.F.

non-polynomial "complexity" The set or property of problems for which no {polynomial-time algorithm} is known. This includes problems for which the only known {algorithms} require a number of steps which increases exponentially with the size of the problem, and those for which no {algorithm} at all is known. Within these two there are problems which are "{provably difficult}" and "{provably unsolvable}". (1995-04-10)

normalisation 1. "data processing" A transformation applied uniformly to each element in a set of data so that the set has some specific statistical property. For example, monthly measurements of the rainfall in London might be normalised by dividing each one by the total for the year to give a profile of rainfall throughout the year. 2. "programming" Representation of a {floating-point} number so that its {mantissa}'s left-most digit is non-zero. If the leftmost fraction digit are zeros, the number is said to be unnormalised. Unnormalised numbers are normalised by shifting the fraction left, one digit at a time, until the leftmost digit is nonzero and reducing the {exponent} by the number of shifts. 3. "database" {database normalisation}. (1998-04-15)

Now it is readily verified that all the primitive formulas are tautologies, and that for the rule of modus ponens (and the rule of substitution) the property holds that if the premisses of the inference are tautologies the conclusion must be a tautology. It follows that every theorem of the propositional calculus is a tautology. By a more difficult argument it can be shown also that every tautology is a theorem. Hence the test whether a formula is a tautology provides a solution of the decision problem of the propositional calculus.

Now value-theory is concerned both with the property of value and with the process of valuing. About the former it asks various questions. What is its nature? Is it a quality or a relation? Is it objective or subjective? Is it a single property, or is it several properties, value being an ambiguous term? Is its presence in a thing dependent on or reducible to the fact that the thing is valued by someone? About the latter it also has various questions. Is it a mere feeling or desire? Or does it involve judgment and cognition? And if so, is this a cognition of a value already there independently of the act of valuing or of knowing?

NP-complete "complexity" (NPC, Nondeterministic Polynomial time complete) A set or property of computational {decision problems} which is a subset of {NP} (i.e. can be solved by a {nondeterministic} {Turing Machine} in {polynomial} time), with the additional property that it is also {NP-hard}. Thus a solution for one NP-complete problem would solve all problems in NP. Many (but not all) naturally arising problems in class NP are in fact NP-complete. There is always a {polynomial-time algorithm} for transforming an instance of any NP-complete problem into an instance of any other NP-complete problem. So if you could solve one you could solve any other by transforming it to the solved one. The first problem ever shown to be NP-complete was the {satisfiability problem}. Another example is {Hamilton's problem}. See also {computational complexity}, {halting problem}, {Co-NP}, {NP-hard}. {(http://fi-www.arc.nasa.gov/fia/projects/bayes-group/group/NP/)}. [Other examples?] (1995-04-10)

oblati ::: n. pl. --> Children dedicated in their early years to the monastic state.
A class of persons, especially in the Middle Ages, who offered themselves and their property to a monastery.


Obversion of a proposition A, E, I, or O consists in replacing P by a functional constant p which denotes the negation of the propositional function (property) denoted by P, and at the same time inserting ∼ if not already present or deleting it if present. Thus the obverse of S(x) ⊃x P(x) is S(x) ⊃x ∼p(x) (the obverse of "all men are mortal" is "no men are immortal"). The obverse of S(x) ⊃x ∼P(x) is S(x) ⊃x p(x); the obverse of S(x) ∧x P(x) is S(x) ∧x ∼p(x); the obverse of S(x) ∧x ∼P(x) is S(x) ∧x p(x).

odour ::: the property of a substance that gives it a characteristic scent or smell.

opulent ::: a. --> Having a large estate or property; wealthy; rich; affluent; as, an opulent city; an opulent citizen.

organoplastic ::: a. --> Having the property of producing the tissues or organs of animals and plants; as, the organoplastic cells.

orthotomy ::: n. --> The property of cutting at right angles.

osmotic ::: a. --> Pertaining to, or having the property of, osmose; as, osmotic force.

papaw ::: n. --> A tree (Carica Papaya) of tropical America, belonging to the order Passifloreae. It has a soft, spongy stem, eighteen or twenty feet high, crowned with a tuft of large, long-stalked, palmately lobed leaves. The milky juice of the plant is said to have the property of making meat tender. Also, its dull orange-colored, melon-shaped fruit, which is eaten both raw and cooked or pickled.
A tree of the genus Asimina (A. triloba), growing in the western and southern parts of the United States, and producing a sweet


paraphernal ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to paraphernalia; as, paraphernal property.

parapherna ::: n. pl. --> The property of a woman which, on her marriage, was not made a part of her dower, but remained her own.

Particular: (Lat pars, a part) A member of a class as opposed to the property which defines the class; an individual as opposed to a universal. -- A.C.B.

pathos ::: n. --> That quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions and passions, esp., that which awakens tender emotions, such as pity, sorrow, and the like; contagious warmth of feeling, action, or expression; pathetic quality; as, the pathos of a picture, of a poem, or of a cry.

pawnbroker ::: n. --> One who makes a business of lending money on the security of personal property pledged or deposited in his keeping.

pay ::: v. t. --> To cover, as bottom of a vessel, a seam, a spar, etc., with tar or pitch, or waterproof composition of tallow, resin, etc.; to smear.
To satisfy, or content; specifically, to satisfy (another person) for service rendered, property delivered, etc.; to discharge one&


peculate ::: v. i. --> To appropriate to one&

peculium ::: n. --> The saving of a son or a slave with the father&

penalty ::: n. --> Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or trespass.
The suffering, or the sum to be forfeited, to which a person subjects himself by covenant or agreement, in case of nonfulfillment of stipulations; forfeiture; fine.
A handicap.


penta- ::: --> A combining form denoting five; as, pentacapsular; pentagon.
Denoting the degree of five, either as regards quality, property, or composition; as, pentasulphide; pentoxide, etc. Also used adjectively.


peril ::: n. --> Danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or property to injury, loss, or destruction. ::: v. t. --> To expose to danger; to hazard; to risk; as, to peril one&

permanence ::: the property of being able to exist for an indefinite duration. Permanence.

personalty ::: n. --> The state of being a person; personality.
Personal property, as distinguished from realty or real property.


piracy ::: n. --> The act or crime of a pirate.
Robbery on the high seas; the taking of property from others on the open sea by open violence; without lawful authority, and with intent to steal; -- a crime answering to robbery on land.


pirate ::: n. --> A robber on the high seas; one who by open violence takes the property of another on the high seas; especially, one who makes it his business to cruise for robbery or plunder; a freebooter on the seas; also, one who steals in a harbor.
An armed ship or vessel which sails without a legal commission, for the purpose of plundering other vessels on the high seas.
One who infringes the law of copyright, or publishes the


Platonism as a political philosophy finds its best known exposition in the theory of the ideal state in the Republic. There, Plato described a city in which social justice would be fully realized. Three classes of men are distinguished: the philosopher kings, apparently a very small group whose education has been alluded to above, who would be the rulers because by nature and by training they were the best men for the job. They must excel particularly in their rational abilities: their special virtue is philosophic wisdom; the soldiers, or guardians of the state, constitute the second class; their souls must be remarkable for the development of the spirited, warlike element, under the control of the virtue of courage; the lowest class is made up of the acquisitive group, the workers of every sort whose characteristic virtue is temperance. For the two upper classes, Plato suggested a form of community life which would entail the abolition of monogamous marriage, family life, and of private property. It is to be noted that this form of semi-communism was suggested for a minority of the citizens only (Repub. III and V) and it is held to be a practical impossibility in the Laws (V, 739-40), though Plato continued to think that some form of community life is theoretically best for man. In Book VIII of the Republic, we find the famous classification of five types of political organization, ranging from aristocracy which is the rule of the best men, timocracy, in which the rulers are motivated by a love of honor, oligarchy, in which the rulers seek wealth, democracy, the rule of the masses who are unfit for the task, to tyranny, which is the rule of one man who may have started as the champion of the people but who governs solely for the advancement of his own, selfish interests.

pledgee ::: n. --> The one to whom a pledge is given, or to whom property pledged is delivered.

pledge ::: n. --> The transfer of possession of personal property from a debtor to a creditor as security for a debt or engagement; also, the contract created between the debtor and creditor by a thing being so delivered or deposited, forming a species of bailment; also, that which is so delivered or deposited; something put in pawn.
A person who undertook, or became responsible, for another; a bail; a surety; a hostage.
A hypothecation without transfer of possession.


pleochroic ::: a. --> Having the property of pleochroism.

pleochroism ::: n. --> The property possessed by some crystals, of showing different colors when viewed in the direction of different axes.

pleomorphism ::: n. --> The property of crystallizing under two or more distinct fundamental forms, including dimorphism and trimorphism.
The theory that the various genera of bacteria are phases or variations of growth of a number of Protean species, each of which may exhibit, according to undetermined conditions, all or some of the forms characteristic of the different genera and species.


pleomorphous ::: a. --> Having the property of pleomorphism.

plesimorphism ::: n. --> The property possessed by some substances of crystallizing in closely similar forms while unlike in chemical composition.

plum ::: n. --> The edible drupaceous fruit of the Prunus domestica, and of several other species of Prunus; also, the tree itself, usually called plum tree.
A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.
A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant language, the sum of £100,000 sterling; also, the person possessing it.


plunder ::: property stolen by fraud or force; booty.

poinder ::: n. --> The keeper of a cattle pound; a pinder.
One who distrains property.


polarity ::: n. --> That quality or condition of a body in virtue of which it exhibits opposite, or contrasted, properties or powers, in opposite, or contrasted, parts or directions; or a condition giving rise to a contrast of properties corresponding to a contrast of positions, as, for example, attraction and repulsion in the opposite parts of a magnet, the dissimilar phenomena corresponding to the different sides of a polarized ray of light, etc.
A property of the conic sections by virtue of which a


poor ::: superl. --> Destitute of property; wanting in material riches or goods; needy; indigent.
So completely destitute of property as to be entitled to maintenance from the public.
Destitute of such qualities as are desirable, or might naturally be expected
Wanting in fat, plumpness, or fleshiness; lean; emaciated; meager; as, a poor horse, ox, dog, etc.


possess ::: 1. To gain or seize for oneself. 2. To gain or exert influence or control over the emotions etc.; dominate. 3. To have as one"s property; own. possesses, possessed.

possession ::: 1. The act of possessing or state of being possessed. 2. Wealth or property. 3. Control over one"s self, one"s mind, etc. possessions.

possessioner ::: n. --> A possessor; a property holder.
An invidious name for a member of any religious community endowed with property in lands, buildings, etc., as contrasted with mendicant friars.


possession ::: n. --> The act or state of possessing, or holding as one&

possess ::: v. t. --> To occupy in person; to hold or actually have in one&

Praedicabilia: (Lat. that which is able to be predicated) Since Greek philosophic thinking, the modes of predicating or the concepts to be affirmed of any subject whatsoever, usually enumerated as five: genus, species, difference, property (or, characteristic), and accident. They assumed an important role in the scholastic discussions of universals. According to Kant, they are pure, yet derived concepts of the understanding. -- K.F.L.

Predicables: (Lat. praedicabilia) In Aristotle's logic the five types of predicates that may be affirmed or denied of a subject in a logical proposition, viz. definition, genus, differentia, property, and accident. The list of predicables as formulated by Porphyry and later logicians omits definition and includes species. See Definition: Genus; Species; Differentia; Property; Accident. -- G.R.M.

private ::: a. --> Belonging to, or concerning, an individual person, company, or interest; peculiar to one&

privity ::: a. --> Privacy; secrecy; confidence.
Private knowledge; joint knowledge with another of a private concern; cognizance implying consent or concurrence.
A private matter or business; a secret.
The genitals; the privates.
A connection, or bond of union, between parties, as to some particular transaction; mutual or successive relationship to the same rights of property.


prize ::: n. --> That which is taken from another; something captured; a thing seized by force, stratagem, or superior power.
Anything captured by a belligerent using the rights of war; esp., property captured at sea in virtue of the rights of war, as a vessel.
An honor or reward striven for in a competitive contest; anything offered to be competed for, or as an inducement to, or reward of, effort.


Probability: In general Chance, possibility, contingency, likelihood, likehness, presumption. conjecture, prediction, forecast, credibility, relevance; the quality or state of being likely true or likely to happen; a fact or a statement which is likely true, real, operative or provable by future events; the conditioning of partial or approximate belief or assent; the motive of a presumption or prediction; the conjunction of reasonable grounds for presuming the truth of a statement or the occurrence of an event; the field of knowledge between complete ignorance and full certitude; an approximation to fact or truth; a qualitative or numerical value attached to a probable inference, and by extension, the systematic study of chances or relative possibilities as forming the subject of the theory of probability. A. The Foundation of Probability. We cannot know everything completely and with certainty. Yet we desire to think and to act as correctly as possible hence the necessity of considering methods leading to reasonable approximations, and of estimating their results in terms of the relative evidence available in each case. In D VI-VII (infra) only, is probability interpreted as a property of events or occurrences as such: whether necessary or contingent, facts are simply conditioned by other facts, and have neither an intelligence nor a will to realize their certainty or their probability. In other views, probability requires ultimately a mind to perceive it as such it arises from the combination of our partial ignorance of the extremely complex nature and conditions of the phenomena, with the inadequacy of our means of observation, experimentation and analysis, however searching and provisionally satisfactory. Thus it may be said that probability exists formally in the mind and materially in the phenomena as related between themselves. In stressing the one or the other of these two aspects, we obtain (1) subjectize probability, when the psychological conditions of the mind cause it to evaluate a fact or statement with fear of possible error; and (2) objective probability, when reference is made to that quality of facts and statements, which causes the mind to estimate them with a conscious possibility of error. Usually, methods can be devised to objectify technically the subjective aspect of probability, such as the rules for the elimination of the personal equation of the inquirer. Hence the methods established for the study and the interpretation of chances can be considered independently of the state of mind as such of the inquirer. These methods make use of rational or empirical elements. In the first case, we are dealing with a priori or theoretical probability, which considers the conditions or occurrences of an event hypothetically and independently of any direct experience. In the second case, we are dealing with inductive or empirical probability. And when these probabilities are represented with numerals or functions to denote measures of likelihood, we are concerned with quantitative or mathematical probability. Methods involving the former cannot be assimilated with methods involving the latter, but both can be logically correlated on the strength of the general principle of explanation, that similar conjunctions of moral or physical facts demand a general law governing and justifying them.

proletary ::: n. --> A citizen of the lowest class, who served the state, not with property, but only by having children; hence, a common person.

propertied ::: a. --> Possessing property; holding real estate, or other investments of money.

properties ::: pl. --> of Property

property ::: a. --> That which is proper to anything; a peculiar quality of a thing; that which is inherent in a subject, or naturally essential to it; an attribute; as, sweetness is a property of sugar.
An acquired or artificial quality; that which is given by art, or bestowed by man; as, the poem has the properties which constitute excellence.
The exclusive right of possessing, enjoying, and disposing of a thing; ownership; title.


property ::: something owned; a possession.

prop ::: n. 1. An object placed beneath or against a structure to keep it from falling or shaking; a support. 2. Fig. A person or thing giving support, as of a moral or spiritual nature. 3. Theat. Property, a usually moveable item, other than costumes or scenery, used on the set of a theatre production, motion picture, etc.; any object handled or used by an actor in a performance. v. 3. To sustain or support. props.

propriety ::: n. --> Individual right to hold property; ownership by personal title; property.
That which is proper or peculiar; an inherent property or quality; peculiarity.
The quality or state of being proper; suitableness to an acknowledged or correct standard or rule; consonance with established principles, rules, or customs; fitness; appropriateness; as, propriety of behavior, language, manners, etc.


pseudomorphism ::: n. --> The state of having, or the property of taking, a crystalline form unlike that which belongs to the species.

pseudosphere ::: n. --> The surface of constant negative curvature generated by the revolution of a tractrix. This surface corresponds in non-Euclidian space to the sphere in ordinary space. An important property of the surface is that any figure drawn upon it can be displaced in any way without tearing it or altering in size any of its elements.

publicly ::: adv. --> With exposure to popular view or notice; without concealment; openly; as, property publicly offered for sale; an opinion publicly avowed; a declaration publicly made.
In the name of the community.


publicness ::: n. --> The quality or state of being public, or open to the view or notice of people at large; publicity; notoriety; as, the publicness of a sale.
The quality or state of belonging to the community; as, the publicness of property.


purchaser ::: n. --> One who purchases; one who acquires property for a consideration, generally of money; a buyer; a vendee.
One who acquires an estate in lands by his own act or agreement, or who takes or obtains an estate by any means other than by descent or inheritance.


purpresture ::: n. --> Wrongful encroachment upon another&

quadrilateralness ::: n. --> The property of being quadrilateral.

quality ::: n. --> The condition of being of such and such a sort as distinguished from others; nature or character relatively considered, as of goods; character; sort; rank.
Special or temporary character; profession; occupation; assumed or asserted rank, part, or position.
That which makes, or helps to make, anything such as it is; anything belonging to a subject, or predicable of it; distinguishing property, characteristic, or attribute; peculiar power,


quantity ::: v. t. --> To modify or qualify with respect to quantity; to fix or express the quantity of; to rate. ::: n. --> The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the property of being measurable, or capable of increase and decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more concretely, that which

quest ::: n. --> The act of seeking, or looking after anything; attempt to find or obtain; search; pursuit; as, to rove in quest of game, of a lost child, of property, etc.
Request; desire; solicitation.
Those who make search or inquiry, taken collectively.
Inquest; jury of inquest.
To search for; to examine.


quietness ::: the property of making no sound; a state of peace and quiet .

raid ::: n. --> A hostile or predatory incursion; an inroad or incursion of mounted men; a sudden and rapid invasion by a cavalry force; a foray.
An attack or invasion for the purpose of making arrests, seizing property, or plundering; as, a raid of the police upon a gambling house; a raid of contractors on the public treasury. ::: v. t.


railway ::: n. --> A road or way consisting of one or more parallel series of iron or steel rails, patterned and adjusted to be tracks for the wheels of vehicles, and suitably supported on a bed or substructure.
The road, track, etc., with all the lands, buildings, rolling stock, franchises, etc., pertaining to them and constituting one property; as, a certain railroad has been put into the hands of a receiver.


ransom ::: n. 1. The release of property or a person in return for payment of a demanded price. v. 2. To obtain the release of by paying a certain price. Also fig. **ransomed.**

ransom ::: n. --> The release of a captive, or of captured property, by payment of a consideration; redemption; as, prisoners hopeless of ransom.
The money or price paid for the redemption of a prisoner, or for goods captured by an enemy; payment for freedom from restraint, penalty, or forfeit.
A sum paid for the pardon of some great offense and the discharge of the offender; also, a fine paid in lieu of corporal


rapine ::: forcible seizure of another"s property; plunder.

realize ::: v. t. --> To make real; to convert from the imaginary or fictitious into the actual; to bring into concrete existence; to effectuate; to accomplish; as, to realize a scheme or project.
To cause to seem real; to impress upon the mind as actual; to feel vividly or strongly; to make one&


realty ::: n. --> Royalty.
Loyalty; faithfulness.
Reality.
Immobility, or the fixed, permanent nature of real property; as, chattels which savor of the realty; -- so written in legal language for reality.
Real estate; a piece of real property.


receiptor ::: n. --> One who receipts; specifically (Law), one who receipts for property which has been taken by the sheriff.

receiver ::: n. --> One who takes or receives in any manner.
A person appointed, ordinarily by a court, to receive, and hold in trust, money or other property which is the subject of litigation, pending the suit; a person appointed to take charge of the estate and effects of a corporation, and to do other acts necessary to winding up its affairs, in certain cases.
One who takes or buys stolen goods from a thief, knowing them to be stolen.


Recursion, proof by, or, as it is more often called, proof by mathematical induction or complete induction, is in its simplest form a proof that every non-negative integer possesses a ceirtain property by showing that 0 possesses this property, and that, on the hypothesis that the non-negative integer x possesses this property, then x+1 possesses this property. (The condition (2) is often expressed, following Frege and Russell, by saying that the property is hereditary in the series of non-negative integers.) The name proof by recursion, or proof by mathematical or complete induction, is also given to various similar but more complex forms.

redeem ::: v. t. --> To purchase back; to regain possession of by payment of a stipulated price; to repurchase.
To recall, as an estate, or to regain, as mortgaged property, by paying what may be due by force of the mortgage.
To regain by performing the obligation or condition stated; to discharge the obligation mentioned in, as a promissory note, bond, or other evidence of debt; as, to redeem bank notes with coin.
To ransom, liberate, or rescue from captivity or


re-demption ::: n. --> The act of redeeming, or the state of being redeemed; repurchase; ransom; release; rescue; deliverance; as, the redemption of prisoners taken in war; the redemption of a ship and cargo.
The liberation of an estate from a mortgage, or the taking back of property mortgaged, upon performance of the terms or conditions on which it was conveyed; also, the right of redeeming and reentering upon an estate mortgaged. See Equity of redemption, under Equity.


reinsure ::: v. t. --> To insure again after a former insuranse has ceased; to renew insurance on.
To insure, as life or property, in favor of one who has taken an insurance risk upon it.


remitter ::: n. --> One who remits.
One who pardons.
One who makes remittance.
The sending or placing back of a person to a title or right he had before; the restitution of one who obtains possession of property under a defective title, to his rights under some valid title by virtue of which he might legally have entered into possession only by suit.


replevy ::: v. t. --> To take or get back, by a writ for that purpose (goods and chattels wrongfully taken or detained), upon giving security to try the right to them in a suit at law, and, if that should be determined against the plaintiff, to return the property replevied.
To bail. ::: n.


require ::: v. t. --> To demand; to insist upon having; to claim as by right and authority; to exact; as, to require the surrender of property.
To demand or exact as indispensable; to need.
To ask as a favor; to request.


resource ::: n. --> That to which one resorts orr on which one depends for supply or support; means of overcoming a difficulty; resort; expedient.
Pecuniary means; funds; money, or any property that can be converted into supplies; available means or capabilities of any kind.


retention ::: n. --> The act of retaining, or the state of being ratined.
The power of retaining; retentiveness.
That which contains something, as a tablet; a //// of preserving impressions.
The act of withholding; retraint; reserve.
Place of custody or confinement.
The right of withholding a debt, or of retaining property until a debt due to the person claiming the right be duly


revenue ::: n. --> That which returns, or comes back, from an investment; the annual rents, profits, interest, or issues of any species of property, real or personal; income.
Hence, return; reward; as, a revenue of praise.
The annual yield of taxes, excise, customs, duties, rents, etc., which a nation, state, or municipality collects and receives into the treasury for public use.


riches ::: a. --> That which makes one rich; an abundance of land, goods, money, or other property; wealth; opulence; affluence.
That which appears rich, sumptuous, precious, or the like.


rich ::: superl. --> Having an abundance of material possessions; possessed of a large amount of property; well supplied with land, goods, or money; wealthy; opulent; affluent; -- opposed to poor.
Hence, in general, well supplied; abounding; abundant; copious; bountiful; as, a rich treasury; a rich entertainment; a rich crop.
Yielding large returns; productive or fertile; fruitful; as, rich soil or land; a rich mine.


risk ::: n. --> Hazard; danger; peril; exposure to loss, injury, or destruction.
Hazard of loss; liabillity to loss in property.
To expose to risk, hazard, or peril; to venture; as, to risk goods on board of a ship; to risk one&


safeguard ::: n. --> One who, or that which, defends or protects; defense; protection.
A convoy or guard to protect a traveler or property.
A pass; a passport; a safe-conduct. ::: v. t. --> To guard; to protect.


Saint-Simon, Claude Henry, Count De: (1760-1825) French philosopher who fought with the French army during the American Revolution. He supported the French Revolution. He advocated what he termed a new science of society to do away with inequalities in the distribution of property, power and happiness. Love for the poor and the lowly was basic for the reform he urged. He greatly influenced Comte and Positivism. -- L.E.D.

saint-simonian ::: n. --> A follower of the Count de St. Simon, who died in 1825, and who maintained that the principle of property held in common, and the just division of the fruits of common labor among the members of society, are the true remedy for the social evils which exist.

sale ::: n. --> See 1st Sallow. ::: v. t. --> The act of selling; the transfer of property, or a contract to transfer the ownership of property, from one person to another for a valuable consideration, or for a price in money.
Opportunity of selling; demand; market.


salvage ::: n. --> The act of saving a vessel, goods, or life, from perils of the sea.
The compensation allowed to persons who voluntarily assist in saving a ship or her cargo from peril.
That part of the property that survives the peril and is saved. ::: a. & n.


savor ::: a. --> That property of a thing which affects the organs of taste or smell; taste and odor; flavor; relish; scent; as, the savor of an orange or a rose; an ill savor.
Hence, specific flavor or quality; characteristic property; distinctive temper, tinge, taint, and the like.
Sense of smell; power to scent, or trace by scent.
Pleasure; delight; attractiveness.


scrip ::: n. --> A small bag; a wallet; a satchel.
A small writing, certificate, or schedule; a piece of paper containing a writing.
A preliminary certificate of a subscription to the capital of a bank, railroad, or other company, or for a share of other joint property, or a loan, stating the amount of the subscription and the date of the payment of the installments; as, insurance scrip, consol scrip, etc. When all the installments are paid, the scrip is exchanged


secretage ::: n. --> A process in which mercury, or some of its salts, is employed to impart the property of felting to certain kinds of furs.

secularization ::: n. --> The act of rendering secular, or the state of being rendered secular; conversion from regular or monastic to secular; conversion from religious to lay or secular possession and uses; as, the secularization of church property.

secularize ::: v. t. --> To convert from regular or monastic into secular; as, to secularize a priest or a monk.
To convert from spiritual or common use; as, to secularize a church, or church property.
To make worldly or unspiritual.


secundo-geniture ::: n. --> A right of inheritance belonging to a second son; a property or possession so inherited.

Seder IV, Nezikin (damages), 10 tractates -- laws of damages, injuries, property, buying, selling, lending, hiring, renting, heredity, court proceedings, fines and punishment, cities of refuge, oaths. Special tractates on ethics (Abot) and idolatry and testimonials of special decisions.

seguestration ::: n. --> The act of separating, or setting aside, a thing in controversy from the possession of both the parties that contend for it, to be delivered to the one adjudged entitled to it. It may be voluntary or involuntary.
A prerogative process empowering certain commissioners to take and hold a defendant&


seizin ::: n. --> Possession; possession of an estate of froehold. It may be either in deed or in law; the former when there is actual possession, the latter when there is a right to such possession by construction of law. In some of the United States seizin means merely ownership.
The act of taking possession.
The thing possessed; property.


seizure ::: n. --> The act of seizing, or the state of being seized; sudden and violent grasp or gripe; a taking into possession; as, the seizure of a thief, a property, a throne, etc.
Retention within one&


self-defense ::: n. --> The act of defending one&

self-defensive ::: a. --> Defending, or tending to defend, one&

Self-Evidence: That property of a proposition by which its truth is open to direct inspection and requires no appeal to other evidence. See Intuition. -- A.C.B.

self-healing ::: a. --> Having the power or property of healing itself.

self-luminous ::: a. --> Possessing in itself the property of emitting light.

sequester ::: v. t. --> To separate from the owner for a time; to take from parties in controversy and put into the possession of an indifferent person; to seize or take possession of, as property belonging to another, and hold it till the profits have paid the demand for which it is taken, or till the owner has performed the decree of court, or clears himself of contempt; in international law, to confiscate.
To cause (one) to submit to the process of sequestration; to deprive (one) of one&


sequestrator ::: n. --> One who sequesters property, or takes the possession of it for a time, to satisfy a demand out of its rents or profits.
One to whom the keeping of sequestered property is committed.


shareholder ::: n. --> One who holds or owns a share or shares in a joint fund or property.

shear ::: v. t. --> To cut, clip, or sever anything from with shears or a like instrument; as, to shear sheep; to shear cloth.
To separate or sever with shears or a similar instrument; to cut off; to clip (something) from a surface; as, to shear a fleece.
To reap, as grain.
Fig.: To deprive of property; to fleece.
To produce a change of shape in by a shear. See Shear, n., 4.


shila. ::: conduct; good behavior; right discipline; morality; quality or property; stone; rock

slave ::: 1. One bound in servitude as the property of a person or household, 2. One who is abjectly subservient to a specified person or influence. 3. Fig. One who is under the domination of some habit or influence. slaves, body-slave, slave-girl.

snug ::: superl. --> Close and warm; as, an infant lies snug.
Close; concealed; not exposed to notice.
Compact, convenient, and comfortable; as, a snug farm, house, or property. ::: n. --> Same as Lug, n., 3.


socialism ::: n. --> A theory or system of social reform which contemplates a complete reconstruction of society, with a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor. In popular usage, the term is often employed to indicate any lawless, revolutionary social scheme. See Communism, Fourierism, Saint-Simonianism, forms of socialism.

solidity ::: the condition or property of being solid.

specific ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to a species; characterizing or constituting a species; possessing the peculiar property or properties of a thing which constitute its species, and distinguish it from other things; as, the specific form of an animal or a plant; the specific qualities of a drug; the specific distinction between virtue and vice.
Specifying; definite, or making definite; limited; precise; discriminating; as, a specific statement.
Exerting a peculiar influence over any part of the body;


statistics ::: n. --> The science which has to do with the collection and classification of certain facts respecting the condition of the people in a state.
Classified facts respecting the condition of the people in a state, their health, their longevity, domestic economy, arts, property, and political strength, their resources, the state of the country, etc., or respecting any particular class or interest; especially, those facts which can be stated in numbers, or in tables of


steal ::: 1. To take (the property or any possession, of another) or steal without right or permission something dear to one. Also fig. 2. To move or convey stealthily or quietly or unobtrusively. 3. To come upon stealthily to attack or steal from. 4. To glide, or move gently and almost imperceptibly. steals, stole, stolen, stealing.

stealing ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Steal ::: n. --> The act of taking feloniously the personal property of another without his consent and knowledge; theft; larceny.
That which is stolen; stolen property; -- chiefly used in the plural.


stealth ::: v. t. --> The act of stealing; theft.
The thing stolen; stolen property.
The bringing to pass anything in a secret or concealed manner; a secret procedure; a clandestine practice or action; -- in either a good or a bad sense.


steelbow goods ::: --> Those goods on a farm, such as corn, cattle, implements husbandry, etc., which may not be carried off by a removing tenant, as being the property of the landlord.

stellionate ::: n. --> Any fraud not distinguished by a more special name; -- chiefly applied to sales of the same property to two different persons, or selling that for one&

steward ::: one who manages another"s property or financial affairs; one who administers anything as the agent of another or others.

superlife ::: A word coined by Sri Aurobindo. super. A prefix occurring originally in loanwords from Latin with the basic meaning”above, beyond.” An individual, thing, or property that exceeds customary norms or levels.

superlife ::: a word coined by Sri Aurobindo. super. A prefix occurring originally in loanwords from Latin with the basic meaning "above, beyond.” An individual, thing, or property that exceeds customary norms or levels.

tallowing ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Tallow ::: n. --> The act, or art, of causing animals to produce tallow; also, the property in animals of producing tallow.

tax ::: n. --> A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by authority.
A charge or burden laid upon persons or property for the support of a government.
Especially, the sum laid upon specific things, as upon polls, lands, houses, income, etc.; as, a land tax; a window tax; a tax on carriages, and the like.
A sum imposed or levied upon the members of a society to


tenancy ::: possession or occupancy of lands, buildings, or other property by title, under a lease, or on payment of rent. Also fig.** space-tenancy.**

tenement ::: n. --> That which is held of another by service; property which one holds of a lord or proprietor in consideration of some military or pecuniary service; fief; fee.
Any species of permanent property that may be held, so as to create a tenancy, as lands, houses, rents, commons, an office, an advowson, a franchise, a right of common, a peerage, and the like; -- called also free / frank tenements.
A dwelling house; a building for a habitation; also, an


tenure ::: n. --> The act or right of holding, as property, especially real estate.
The manner of holding lands and tenements of a superior.
The consideration, condition, or service which the occupier of land gives to his lord or superior for the use of his land.
Manner of holding, in general; as, in absolute governments, men hold their rights by a precarious tenure.


tetartohedrism ::: n. --> The property of being tetartohedral.

thanedom ::: n. --> The property or jurisdiction of a thane; thanage.

theatine ::: n. --> One of an order of Italian monks, established in 1524, expressly to oppose Reformation, and to raise the tone of piety among Roman Catholics. They hold no property, nor do they beg, but depend on what Providence sends. Their chief employment is preaching and giving religious instruction.
One of an order of nuns founded by Ursula Benincasa, who died in 1618.


The axiom of extensionality as above stated has (incidentally to its principal purpose) the effect of excluding non-classes entirely and assuming that everything is a class. This assumption can be avoided if desired, at the cost of complicating the axioms somewhat -- one method would be to introduce an additional functional constant, expressing the property to be a class (or set), and to modify the axioms accordingly, the domain of individuals being thought of as possibly containing other things besides sets.

The case of infinitely many truth-values was first considered by Lukasiewicz. -- A.C. J. Lukasiewicz, O logice trojwartosciowej, Ruch Fifozoficzny, vol. 5 (1920), pp. 169-171. E. L. Post, Introduction to a general theory of elementary propositions, American Journal of Mathematics, vol. 43 (1921), pp. 163-185. Lukasiewicz and Tarski, Untersuchungen über den Aussagenkalkül, Comptes Rendus des Seances de la Societe des Sciences et des Lettres de Varsovie, Classe III, vol. 23 (1930), pp. 30-50. J. Lukasiewicz, Philosophische Bemerkungen zu mehrwertigen Systemen des Aussagenkalküls, ibid , pp 51-77. Lewis and Langford, Symbolic Logic, New York and London, 1932. Propositional function is a function (q.v.) for which the range of the dependent variable is composed of propositions (q.v.) A monadic propositional function is thus in substance a property (of things belonging to the range of the independent variable), and a dyadic propositional function a relation. If F denotes a propositional function and X1, X2, . . . , Xn denote arguments, the notation F(X1, X2, . . . , Xn) -- or [F](X1, X2, . . . , Xn) -- is used for the resulting proposition, which is said to be the value of the propositional function for the given arguments, and to be obtained from the propositional function by applying it to, or predicating it of the given arguments.

"The elementary state of material Force is, in the view of the old Indian physicists, a condition of pure material extension in Space of which the peculiar property is vibration typified to us by the phenomenon of sound. But vibration in this state of ether is not sufficient to create forms. There must first be some obstruction in the flow of the Force ocean, some contraction and expansion, some interplay of vibrations, some impinging of force upon force so as to create a beginning of fixed relations and mutual effects. Material Force modifying its first ethereal status assumes a second, called in the old language the aerial, of which the special property is contact between force and force, contact that is the basis of all material relations. Still we have not as yet real forms but only varying forces. A sustaining principle is needed. This is provided by a third self-modification of the primitive Force of which the principle of light, electricity, fire and heat is for us the characteristic manifestation. Even then, we can have forms of force preserving their own character and peculiar action, but not stable forms of Matter. A fourth state characterised by diffusion and a first medium of permanent attractions and repulsions, termed picturesquely water or the liquid state, and a fifth of cohesion, termed earth or the solid state, complete the necessary elements.” The Life Divine*

“The elementary state of material Force is, in the view of the old Indian physicists, a condition of pure material extension in Space of which the peculiar property is vibration typified to us by the phenomenon of sound. But vibration in this state of ether is not sufficient to create forms. There must first be some obstruction in the flow of the Force ocean, some contraction and expansion, some interplay of vibrations, some impinging of force upon force so as to create a beginning of fixed relations and mutual effects. Material Force modifying its first ethereal status assumes a second, called in the old language the aerial, of which the special property is contact between force and force, contact that is the basis of all material relations. Still we have not as yet real forms but only varying forces. A sustaining principle is needed. This is provided by a third self-modification of the primitive Force of which the principle of light, electricity, fire and heat is for us the characteristic manifestation. Even then, we can have forms of force preserving their own character and peculiar action, but not stable forms of Matter. A fourth state characterised by diffusion and a first medium of permanent attractions and repulsions, termed picturesquely water or the liquid state, and a fifth of cohesion, termed earth or the solid state, complete the necessary elements.” The Life Divine

theft ::: n. --> The act of stealing; specifically, the felonious taking and removing of personal property, with an intent to deprive the rightful owner of the same; larceny.
The thing stolen.


thermochrosy ::: n. --> The property possessed by heat of being composed, like light, of rays of different degrees of refrangibility, which are unequal in rate or degree of transmission through diathermic substances.

The structural problem stated in terms of the antithesis between subjective and objective is rather too vague for the purposes of epistemology and a more precise analysis of the knowledge-situation and statement of the issues involved is required. The perceptual situation -- and this analysis may presumably be extended with appropriate modifications to memory, imagination and other modes of cognition -- consists of a subject (the self, or pure act of perceiving), the content (sense data) and the object (the physical thing perceived). In terms of this analysis, two issues may be formulated Are content and object identical (epistemological monism), or are they numerically distinct (epistemological dualism)? and Does the object exist independently of the knowing subject (epistemological idealism) or is it dependent upon the subject (epistemological realism)? (h) The problem of truth is perhaps the culmination of epistemological enquiry -- in any case it is the problem which brings the enquiry to the threshold of metaphysics. The traditional theories of the nature of truth are: the correspondence theory which conceives truth as a relation between an "idea" or a proposition and its object --the relation has commonly been regarded as one of resemblance but it need not be so considered (see Correspondence theory of truth); the Coherence theory which adopts as the criterion of truth, the logical consistency of a proposition with a wider system of propositions (see Coherence theory of truth), and the intrinsic theory which views truth as an intrinsic property of the true proposition. See Intrinsic theory of truth. --L-W. Bibliography:

thrack ::: v. t. --> To load or burden; as, to thrack a man with property.

Three senses of "Ockhamism" may be distinguished: Logical, indicating usage of the terminology and technique of logical analysis developed by Ockham in his Summa totius logicae; in particular, use of the concept of supposition (suppositio) in the significative analysis of terms. Epistemological, indicating the thesis that universality is attributable only to terms and propositions, and not to things as existing apart from discourse. Theological, indicating the thesis that no tneological doctrines, such as those of God's existence or of the immortality of the soul, are evident or demonstrable philosophically, so that religious doctrine rests solely on faith, without metaphysical or scientific support. It is in this sense that Luther is often called an Ockhamist.   Bibliography:   B. Geyer,   Ueberwegs Grundriss d. Gesch. d. Phil., Bd. II (11th ed., Berlin 1928), pp. 571-612 and 781-786; N. Abbagnano,   Guglielmo di Ockham (Lanciano, Italy, 1931); E. A. Moody,   The Logic of William of Ockham (N. Y. & London, 1935); F. Ehrle,   Peter von Candia (Muenster, 1925); G. Ritter,   Studien zur Spaetscholastik, I-II (Heidelberg, 1921-1922).     --E.A.M. Om, aum: (Skr.) Mystic, holy syllable as a symbol for the indefinable Absolute. See Aksara, Vac, Sabda. --K.F.L. Omniscience: In philosophy and theology it means the complete and perfect knowledge of God, of Himself and of all other beings, past, present, and future, or merely possible, as well as all their activities, real or possible, including the future free actions of human beings. --J.J.R. One: Philosophically, not a number but equivalent to unit, unity, individuality, in contradistinction from multiplicity and the mani-foldness of sensory experience. In metaphysics, the Supreme Idea (Plato), the absolute first principle (Neo-platonism), the universe (Parmenides), Being as such and divine in nature (Plotinus), God (Nicolaus Cusanus), the soul (Lotze). Religious philosophy and mysticism, beginning with Indian philosophy (s.v.), has favored the designation of the One for the metaphysical world-ground, the ultimate icility, the world-soul, the principle of the world conceived as reason, nous, or more personally. The One may be conceived as an independent whole or as a sum, as analytic or synthetic, as principle or ontologically. Except by mysticism, it is rarely declared a fact of sensory experience, while its transcendent or transcendental, abstract nature is stressed, e.g., in epistemology where the "I" or self is considered the unitary background of personal experience, the identity of self-consciousness, or the unity of consciousness in the synthesis of the manifoldness of ideas (Kant). --K.F.L. One-one: A relation R is one-many if for every y in the converse domain there is a unique x such that xRy. A relation R is many-one if for every x in the domain there is a unique y such that xRy. (See the article relation.) A relation is one-one, or one-to-one, if it is at the same time one-many and many-one. A one-one relation is said to be, or to determine, a one-to-one correspondence between its domain and its converse domain. --A.C. On-handedness: (Ger. Vorhandenheit) Things exist in the mode of thereness, lying- passively in a neutral space. A "deficient" form of a more basic relationship, termed at-handedness (Zuhandenheit). (Heidegger.) --H.H. Ontological argument: Name by which later authors, especially Kant, designate the alleged proof for God's existence devised by Anselm of Canterbury. Under the name of God, so the argument runs, everyone understands that greater than which nothing can be thought. Since anything being the greatest and lacking existence is less then the greatest having also existence, the former is not really the greater. The greatest, therefore, has to exist. Anselm has been reproached, already by his contemporary Gaunilo, for unduly passing from the field of logical to the field of ontological or existential reasoning. This criticism has been repeated by many authors, among them Aquinas. The argument has, however, been used, if in a somewhat modified form, by Duns Scotus, Descartes, and Leibniz. --R.A. Ontological Object: (Gr. onta, existing things + logos, science) The real or existing object of an act of knowledge as distinguished from the epistemological object. See Epistemological Object. --L.W. Ontologism: (Gr. on, being) In contrast to psychologism, is called any speculative system which starts philosophizing by positing absolute being, or deriving the existence of entities independently of experience merely on the basis of their being thought, or assuming that we have immediate and certain knowledge of the ground of being or God. Generally speaking any rationalistic, a priori metaphysical doctrine, specifically the philosophies of Rosmini-Serbati and Vincenzo Gioberti. As a philosophic method censored by skeptics and criticists alike, as a scholastic doctrine formerly strongly supported, revived in Italy and Belgium in the 19th century, but no longer countenanced. --K.F.L. Ontology: (Gr. on, being + logos, logic) The theory of being qua being. For Aristotle, the First Philosophy, the science of the essence of things. Introduced as a term into philosophy by Wolff. The science of fundamental principles, the doctrine of the categories. Ultimate philosophy; rational cosmology. Syn. with metaphysics. See Cosmology, First Principles, Metaphysics, Theology. --J.K.F. Operation: "(Lit. operari, to work) Any act, mental or physical, constituting a phase of the reflective process, and performed with a view to acquiring1 knowledge or information about a certain subject-nntter. --A.C.B.   In logic, see Operationism.   In philosophy of science, see Pragmatism, Scientific Empiricism. Operationism: The doctrine that the meaning of a concept is given by a set of operations.   1. The operational meaning of a term (word or symbol) is given by a semantical rule relating the term to some concrete process, object or event, or to a class of such processes, objectj or events.   2. Sentences formed by combining operationally defined terms into propositions are operationally meaningful when the assertions are testable by means of performable operations. Thus, under operational rules, terms have semantical significance, propositions have empirical significance.   Operationism makes explicit the distinction between formal (q.v.) and empirical sentences. Formal propositions are signs arranged according to syntactical rules but lacking operational reference. Such propositions, common in mathematics, logic and syntax, derive their sanction from convention, whereas an empirical proposition is acceptable (1) when its structure obeys syntactical rules and (2) when there exists a concrete procedure (a set of operations) for determining its truth or falsity (cf. Verification). Propositions purporting to be empirical are sometimes amenable to no operational test because they contain terms obeying no definite semantical rules. These sentences are sometimes called pseudo-propositions and are said to be operationally meaningless. They may, however, be 'meaningful" in other ways, e.g. emotionally or aesthetically (cf. Meaning).   Unlike a formal statement, the "truth" of an empirical sentence is never absolute and its operational confirmation serves only to increase the degree of its validity. Similarly, the semantical rule comprising the operational definition of a term has never absolute precision. Ordinarily a term denotes a class of operations and the precision of its definition depends upon how definite are the rules governing inclusion in the class.   The difference between Operationism and Logical Positivism (q.v.) is one of emphasis. Operationism's stress of empirical matters derives from the fact that it was first employed to purge physics of such concepts as absolute space and absolute time, when the theory of relativity had forced upon physicists the view that space and time are most profitably defined in terms of the operations by which they are measured. Although different methods of measuring length at first give rise to different concepts of length, wherever the equivalence of certain of these measures can be established by other operations, the concepts may legitimately be combined.   In psychology the operational criterion of meaningfulness is commonly associated with a behavioristic point of view. See Behaviorism. Since only those propositions which are testable by public and repeatable operations are admissible in science, the definition of such concepti as mind and sensation must rest upon observable aspects of the organism or its behavior. Operational psychology deals with experience only as it is indicated by the operation of differential behavior, including verbal report. Discriminations, or the concrete differential reactions of organisms to internal or external environmental states, are by some authors regarded as the most basic of all operations.   For a discussion of the role of operational definition in phvsics. see P. W. Bridgman, The Logic of Modern Physics, (New York, 1928) and The Nature of Physical Theory (Princeton, 1936). "The extension of operationism to psychology is discussed by C. C. Pratt in The Logic of Modem Psychology (New York. 1939.)   For a discussion and annotated bibliography relating to Operationism and Logical Positivism, see S. S. Stevens, Psychology and the Science of Science, Psychol. Bull., 36, 1939, 221-263. --S.S.S. Ophelimity: Noun derived from the Greek, ophelimos useful, employed by Vilfredo Pareto (1848-1923) in economics as the equivalent of utility, or the capacity to provide satisfaction. --J.J.R. Opinion: (Lat. opinio, from opinor, to think) An hypothesis or proposition entertained on rational grounds but concerning which doubt can reasonably exist. A belief. See Hypothesis, Certainty, Knowledge. --J.K.F- Opposition: (Lat. oppositus, pp. of oppono, to oppose) Positive actual contradiction. One of Aristotle's Post-predicaments. In logic any contrariety or contradiction, illustrated by the "Square of Opposition". Syn. with: conflict. See Logic, formal, § 4. --J.K.F. Optimism: (Lat. optimus, the best) The view inspired by wishful thinking, success, faith, or philosophic reflection, that the world as it exists is not so bad or even the best possible, life is good, and man's destiny is bright. Philosophically most persuasively propounded by Leibniz in his Theodicee, according to which God in his wisdom would have created a better world had he known or willed such a one to exist. Not even he could remove moral wrong and evil unless he destroyed the power of self-determination and hence the basis of morality. All systems of ethics that recognize a supreme good (Plato and many idealists), subscribe to the doctrines of progressivism (Turgot, Herder, Comte, and others), regard evil as a fragmentary view (Josiah Royce et al.) or illusory, or believe in indemnification (Henry David Thoreau) or melioration (Emerson), are inclined optimistically. Practically all theologies advocating a plan of creation and salvation, are optimistic though they make the good or the better dependent on moral effort, right thinking, or belief, promising it in a future existence. Metaphysical speculation is optimistic if it provides for perfection, evolution to something higher, more valuable, or makes room for harmonies or a teleology. See Pessimism. --K.F.L. Order: A class is said to be partially ordered by a dyadic relation R if it coincides with the field of R, and R is transitive and reflexive, and xRy and yRx never both hold when x and y are different. If in addition R is connected, the class is said to be ordered (or simply ordered) by R, and R is called an ordering relation.   Whitehcid and Russell apply the term serial relation to relations which are transitive, irreflexive, and connected (and, in consequence, also asymmetric). However, the use of serial relations in this sense, instead ordering relations as just defined, is awkward in connection with the notion of order for unit classes.   Examples: The relation not greater than among leal numbers is an ordering relation. The relation less than among real numbers is a serial relation. The real numbers are simply ordered by the former relation. In the algebra of classes (logic formal, § 7), the classes are partially ordered by the relation of class inclusion.   For explanation of the terminology used in making the above definitions, see the articles connexity, reflexivity, relation, symmetry, transitivity. --A.C. Order type: See relation-number. Ordinal number: A class b is well-ordered by a dyadic relation R if it is ordered by R (see order) and, for every class a such that a ⊂ b, there is a member x of a, such that xRy holds for every member y of a; and R is then called a well-ordering relation. The ordinal number of a class b well-ordered by a relation R, or of a well-ordering relation R, is defined to be the relation-number (q. v.) of R.   The ordinal numbers of finite classes (well-ordered by appropriate relations) are called finite ordinal numbers. These are 0, 1, 2, ... (to be distinguished, of course, from the finite cardinal numbers 0, 1, 2, . . .).   The first non-finite (transfinite or infinite) ordinal number is the ordinal number of the class of finite ordinal numbers, well-ordered in their natural order, 0, 1, 2, . . .; it is usually denoted by the small Greek letter omega. --A.C.   G. Cantor, Contributions to the Founding of the Theory of Transfinite Numbers, translated and with an introduction by P. E. B. Jourdain, Chicago and London, 1915. (new ed. 1941); Whitehead and Russell, Princtpia Mathematica. vol. 3. Orexis: (Gr. orexis) Striving; desire; the conative aspect of mind, as distinguished from the cognitive and emotional (Aristotle). --G.R.M.. Organicism: A theory of biology that life consists in the organization or dynamic system of the organism. Opposed to mechanism and vitalism. --J.K.F. Organism: An individual animal or plant, biologically interpreted. A. N. Whitehead uses the term to include also physical bodies and to signify anything material spreading through space and enduring in time. --R.B.W. Organismic Psychology: (Lat. organum, from Gr. organon, an instrument) A system of theoretical psychology which construes the structure of the mind in organic rather than atomistic terms. See Gestalt Psychology; Psychological Atomism. --L.W. Organization: (Lat. organum, from Gr. organon, work) A structured whole. The systematic unity of parts in a purposive whole. A dynamic system. Order in something actual. --J.K.F. Organon: (Gr. organon) The title traditionally given to the body of Aristotle's logical treatises. The designation appears to have originated among the Peripatetics after Aristotle's time, and expresses their view that logic is not a part of philosophy (as the Stoics maintained) but rather the instrument (organon) of philosophical inquiry. See Aristotelianism. --G.R.M.   In Kant. A system of principles by which pure knowledge may be acquired and established.   Cf. Fr. Bacon's Novum Organum. --O.F.K. Oriental Philosophy: A general designation used loosely to cover philosophic tradition exclusive of that grown on Greek soil and including the beginnings of philosophical speculation in Egypt, Arabia, Iran, India, and China, the elaborate systems of India, Greater India, China, and Japan, and sometimes also the religion-bound thought of all these countries with that of the complex cultures of Asia Minor, extending far into antiquity. Oriental philosophy, though by no means presenting a homogeneous picture, nevertheless shares one characteristic, i.e., the practical outlook on life (ethics linked with metaphysics) and the absence of clear-cut distinctions between pure speculation and religious motivation, and on lower levels between folklore, folk-etymology, practical wisdom, pre-scientiiic speculation, even magic, and flashes of philosophic insight. Bonds with Western, particularly Greek philosophy have no doubt existed even in ancient times. Mutual influences have often been conjectured on the basis of striking similarities, but their scientific establishment is often difficult or even impossible. Comparative philosophy (see especially the work of Masson-Oursel) provides a useful method. Yet a thorough treatment of Oriental Philosophy is possible only when the many languages in which it is deposited have been more thoroughly studied, the psychological and historical elements involved in the various cultures better investigated, and translations of the relevant documents prepared not merely from a philological point of view or out of missionary zeal, but by competent philosophers who also have some linguistic training. Much has been accomplished in this direction in Indian and Chinese Philosophy (q.v.). A great deal remains to be done however before a definitive history of Oriental Philosophy may be written. See also Arabian, and Persian Philosophy. --K.F.L. Origen: (185-254) The principal founder of Christian theology who tried to enrich the ecclesiastic thought of his day by reconciling it with the treasures of Greek philosophy. Cf. Migne PL. --R.B.W. Ormazd: (New Persian) Same as Ahura Mazdah (q.v.), the good principle in Zoroastrianism, and opposed to Ahriman (q.v.). --K.F.L. Orphic Literature: The mystic writings, extant only in fragments, of a Greek religious-philosophical movement of the 6th century B.C., allegedly started by the mythical Orpheus. In their mysteries, in which mythology and rational thinking mingled, the Orphics concerned themselves with cosmogony, theogony, man's original creation and his destiny after death which they sought to influence to the better by pure living and austerity. They taught a symbolism in which, e.g., the relationship of the One to the many was clearly enunciated, and believed in the soul as involved in reincarnation. Pythagoras, Empedocles, and Plato were influenced by them. --K.F.L. Ortega y Gasset, Jose: Born in Madrid, May 9, 1883. At present in Buenos Aires, Argentine. Son of Ortega y Munillo, the famous Spanish journalist. Studied at the College of Jesuits in Miraflores and at the Central University of Madrid. In the latter he presented his Doctor's dissertation, El Milenario, in 1904, thereby obtaining his Ph.D. degree. After studies in Leipzig, Berlin, Marburg, under the special influence of Hermann Cohen, the great exponent of Kant, who taught him the love for the scientific method and awoke in him the interest in educational philosophy, Ortega came to Spain where, after the death of Nicolas Salmeron, he occupied the professorship of metaphysics at the Central University of Madrid. The following may be considered the most important works of Ortega y Gasset:     Meditaciones del Quijote, 1914;   El Espectador, I-VIII, 1916-1935;   El Tema de Nuestro Tiempo, 1921;   España Invertebrada, 1922;   Kant, 1924;   La Deshumanizacion del Arte, 1925;   Espiritu de la Letra, 1927;   La Rebelion de las Masas, 1929;   Goethe desde Adentio, 1934;   Estudios sobre el Amor, 1939;   Ensimismamiento y Alteracion, 1939;   El Libro de las Misiones, 1940;   Ideas y Creencias, 1940;     and others.   Although brought up in the Marburg school of thought, Ortega is not exactly a neo-Kantian. At the basis of his Weltanschauung one finds a denial of the fundamental presuppositions which characterized European Rationalism. It is life and not thought which is primary. Things have a sense and a value which must be affirmed independently. Things, however, are to be conceived as the totality of situations which constitute the circumstances of a man's life. Hence, Ortega's first philosophical principle: "I am myself plus my circumstances". Life as a problem, however, is but one of the poles of his formula. Reason is the other. The two together function, not by dialectical opposition, but by necessary coexistence. Life, according to Ortega, does not consist in being, but rather, in coming to be, and as such it is of the nature of direction, program building, purpose to be achieved, value to be realized. In this sense the future as a time dimension acquires new dignity, and even the present and the past become articulate and meaning-full only in relation to the future. Even History demands a new point of departure and becomes militant with new visions. --J.A.F. Orthodoxy: Beliefs which are declared by a group to be true and normative. Heresy is a departure from and relative to a given orthodoxy. --V.S. Orthos Logos: See Right Reason. Ostensible Object: (Lat. ostendere, to show) The object envisaged by cognitive act irrespective of its actual existence. See Epistemological Object. --L.W. Ostensive: (Lat. ostendere, to show) Property of a concept or predicate by virtue of which it refers to and is clarified by reference to its instances. --A.C.B. Ostwald, Wilhelm: (1853-1932) German chemist. Winner of the Nobel prize for chemistry in 1909. In Die Uberwindung des wissenschaftlichen Materialistmus and in Naturphilosophie, his two best known works in the field of philosophy, he advocates a dynamic theory in opposition to materialism and mechanism. All properties of matter, and the psychic as well, are special forms of energy. --L.E.D. Oupnekhat: Anquetil Duperron's Latin translation of the Persian translation of 50 Upanishads (q.v.), a work praised by Schopenhauer as giving him complete consolation. --K.F.L. Outness: A term employed by Berkeley to express the experience of externality, that is the ideas of space and things placed at a distance. Hume used it in the sense of distance Hamilton understood it as the state of being outside of consciousness in a really existing world of material things. --J.J.R. Overindividual: Term used by H. Münsterberg to translate the German überindividuell. The term is applied to any cognitive or value object which transcends the individual subject. --L.W. P

thrift ::: n. --> A thriving state; good husbandry; economical management in regard to property; frugality.
Success and advance in the acquisition of property; increase of worldly goods; gain; prosperity.
Vigorous growth, as of a plant.
One of several species of flowering plants of the genera Statice and Armeria.


thrifty ::: superl. --> Given to, or evincing, thrift; characterized by economy and good menegement of property; sparing; frugal.
Thriving by industry and frugality; prosperous in the acquisition of worldly goods; increasing in wealth; as, a thrifty farmer or mechanic.
Growing rapidly or vigorously; thriving; as, a thrifty plant or colt.
Secured by thrift; well husbanded.


thrive ::: v. i. --> To prosper by industry, economy, and good management of property; to increase in goods and estate; as, a farmer thrives by good husbandry.
To prosper in any business; to have increase or success.
To increase in bulk or stature; to grow vigorously or luxuriantly, as a plant; to flourish; as, young cattle thrive in rich pastures; trees thrive in a good soil.


timocracy ::: n. --> A state in which the love of honor is the ruling motive.
A state in which honors are distributed according to a rating of property.


tithonicity ::: n. --> The state or property of being tithonic; actinism.

title-deeds ::: deeds or documents evidencing a person"s legal right or title to property, esp. real property.

Traditionalism: In French philosophy of the early nineteenth century, the doctrine that the truth -- particularly religious truth -- is never discovered by an individual but is only to be found in "tradition". It was revealed in potentia at a single moment by God and has been developing steadily through history. Since truth is an attribute of ideas, the traditionalist holds that ideas are super-individual. They are the property of society and are found embedded in language which was revealed to primitive man bv God at the creation. The main traditionalists were Joseph de Maistre, the Vicomte de Bonald, and Bonetty. -- G.B.

transferable ::: a. --> Capable of being transferred or conveyed from one place or person to another.
Negotiable, as a note, bill of exchange, or other evidence of property, that may be conveyed from one person to another by indorsement or other writing; capable of being transferred with no loss of value; as, the stocks of most public companies are transferable; some tickets are not transferable.


transparent ::: a. --> Having the property of transmitting rays of light, so that bodies can be distinctly seen through; pervious to light; diaphanous; pellucid; as, transparent glass; a transparent diamond; -- opposed to opaque.
Admitting the passage of light; open; porous; as, a transparent veil.


trimorphism ::: n. --> The property of crystallizing in three forms fundamentally distinct, as is the case with titanium dioxide, which crystallizes in the forms of rutile, octahedrite, and brookite. See Pleomorphism.
The coexistence among individuals of the same species of three distinct forms, not connected, as a rule, by intermediate gradations; the condition among individuals of the same species of having three different shapes or proportions of corresponding parts; --


trustee ::: 1. A person (or institution) to whom legal title to property is entrusted to use for another"s benefit 2. One who is responsible for supervising funds, policies, etc. Also fig.

trustee ::: n. --> A person to whom property is legally committed in trust, to be applied either for the benefit of specified individuals, or for public uses; one who is intrusted with property for the benefit of another; also, a person in whose hands the effects of another are attached in a trustee process. ::: v. t.

trust ::: n. --> Assured resting of the mind on the integrity, veracity, justice, friendship, or other sound principle, of another person; confidence; reliance; reliance.
Credit given; especially, delivery of property or merchandise in reliance upon future payment; exchange without immediate receipt of an equivalent; as, to sell or buy goods on trust.
Assured anticipation; dependence upon something future or contingent, as if present or actual; hope; belief.


udalman ::: n. --> In the Shetland and Orkney Islands, one who holds property by udal, or allodial, right.

udal ::: n. --> In Shetland and Orkney, a freehold; property held by udal, or allodial, right. ::: a. --> Allodial; -- a term used in Finland, Shetland, and Orkney. See Allodial.

unembarrassed ::: a. --> Not embarrassed.
Not perplexed in mind; not confused; as, the speaker appeared unembarrassed.
Free from pecuniary difficulties or encumbrances; as, he and his property are unembarrassed.
Free from perplexing connection; as, the question comes into court unembarrassed with irrelevant matter.


uninterested ::: a. --> Not interested; not having any interest or property in; having nothing at stake; as, to be uninterested in any business.
Not having the mind or the passions engaged; as, uninterested in a discourse or narration.


university ::: n. --> The universe; the whole.
An association, society, guild, or corporation, esp. one capable of having and acquiring property.
An institution organized and incorporated for the purpose of imparting instruction, examining students, and otherwise promoting education in the higher branches of literature, science, art, etc., empowered to confer degrees in the several arts and faculties, as in theology, law, medicine, music, etc. A university may exist without


user ::: n. --> One who uses.
Enjoyment of property; use.


usucaption ::: n. --> The acquisition of the title or right to property by the uninterrupted possession of it for a certain term prescribed by law; -- the same as prescription in common law.

usufructuary ::: n. --> A person who has the use of property and reaps the profits of it. ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to a usufruct; having the nature of a usufruct.

value ::: n. --> The property or aggregate properties of a thing by which it is rendered useful or desirable, or the degree of such property or sum of properties; worth; excellence; utility; importance.
Worth estimated by any standard of purchasing power, especially by the market price, or the amount of money agreed upon as an equivalent to the utility and cost of anything.
Precise signification; import; as, the value of a word; the value of a legal instrument


Value: The contemporary use of the term "value" and the discipline now known as the theory of value or axiology are relatively recent developments in philosophy, being largely results of certain 19th and 20th century movements. See Ethics. "Value" is used both as a noun and as a verb. As a noun it is sometimes abstract, sometimes concrete. As an abstract noun it designates the property of value or of being valuable. In this sense "value" is often used as equivalent to "worth" or "goodness," in which case evil is usually referred to as "disvalue." But it is also used more broadly to cover evil or badness as well as goodness, just as "temperature" is used to cover both heat and cold. Then evil is referred to as negative value and goodness as positive value.

valylene ::: n. --> A volatile liquid hydrocarbon, C5H6, related to ethylene and acetylene, but possessing the property of unsaturation in the third degree. It is the only known member of a distinct series of compounds. It has a garlic odor.

Veridicity: A property of certain perceptions, memories and other acts of cognition which, though not in the strictest sense true -- since truth is usually considered an exclusive property of propositions and judgments -- tend to form true propositions. Non-veridical cognitions including illusions and hallucinations though not in themselves false are deceptive and foster falsity and error. -- L.W.

VI. Probability as a Limit of Frequencies. According to this view, developed especially by Mises and by Wald, the probability of an event is equal to its total frequency, that is to the limit, if it exists, of the frequency of that event in n trials, when n tends to infinity. The difficulty of working out this conception led Mises to propose the notion of a collective in an attempt to evolve conditions for a true random sequence. A collective is a random sequence of supposed results of trials when (1) the total frequency of the event in the sequence exists, and (2) the same property holds with the same limiting value when the sequence is replaced by any sequence derived from it. Various methods were devised by Copeland, Reichenbach and others to avoid objections to the second condition: they were generalized by Wald who restricted the choice of the "laws of selection" defining the ranks of the trials forming one of the derived sequences, by his postulate that these laws must form a denumerable set. This modification gives logical consistency to this theory at the expense of its original simplicity, but without disposing of some fundamental shortcomings. Thus, the probability of an event in a collective remains a relative notion, since it must be known to which denumerable set of laws of selection it has been defined relatively, in order to determine its meaning, even though its value is not relative to the set. Controversial points about the axiomatization of this theory show the possibility of other alternatives.

virtue ::: 1. The quality of doing what is right and avoiding what is wrong. 2. Moral excellence; goodness; righteousness. 3. A particular moral excellence; a good or admirable quality or property. An example or kind of moral excellence. virtues.

wasteful ::: a. --> Full of waste; destructive to property; ruinous; as, wasteful practices or negligence; wasteful expenses.
Expending, or tending to expend, property, or that which is valuable, in a needless or useless manner; lavish; prodigal; as, a wasteful person; a wasteful disposition.
Waste; desolate; unoccupied; untilled.


watchdog ::: n. --> A dog kept to watch and guard premises or property, and to give notice of the approach of intruders.

weight ::: v. t. --> The quality of being heavy; that property of bodies by which they tend toward the center of the earth; the effect of gravitative force, especially when expressed in certain units or standards, as pounds, grams, etc.
The quantity of heaviness; comparative tendency to the center of the earth; the quantity of matter as estimated by the balance, or expressed numerically with reference to some standard unit; as, a mass of stone having the weight of five hundred pounds.


When said of an effect: An effect is taken formally when it is looked at according to itself, but it is taken radically or fundamentally when it is looked at according to its cause, root, or foundation. Thus visibility taken formally is a property of man, and is distinguished by the mind from rationality; but taken radically, it is the same as rationality, inasmuch as rationality is the root of visibility.

While continuants are collections or sets of occurrents, every collection of occurrents does not constitute a continuant, but only those possessing a certain type of unity. This unity is not an "unknown somewhat" supporting the observable properties; nor does it imply the permanence of any given property. Rather it is a "causal unity of connection between its temporarally or spatially separated manifestations" (Ibid., III, p. 99).

wideness ::: 1. The property of being wide; having great width. 2. Fig. Unusual largeness in size or extent or number. 3. A vast expanse. Also fig. Wideness, widenesses.

wildness ::: the property of being wild or turbulent; an intractably barbarous or uncultivated state of nature.

wormseed ::: n. --> Any one of several plants, as Artemisia santonica, and Chenopodium anthelminticum, whose seeds have the property of expelling worms from the stomach and intestines.

wrecker ::: n. --> One who causes a wreck, as by false lights, and the like.
One who searches fro, or works upon, the wrecks of vessels, etc. Specifically: (a) One who visits a wreck for the purpose of plunder. (b) One who is employed in saving property or lives from a wrecked vessel, or in saving the vessel; as, the wreckers of Key West.
A vessel employed by wreckers.


wrongful ::: a. --> Full of wrong; injurious; unjust; unfair; as, a wrongful taking of property; wrongful dealing.



QUOTES [20 / 20 - 1500 / 4149]


KEYS (10k)

   2 Tolstoi
   2 Sri Ramakrishna
   2 4: 7
   1 Wikipedia
   1 Tashkandi
   1 Simone Weil
   1 Seneca
   1 Saint Basil the Great
   1 Rupert Spira "The Nature of Consciousness
   1 Rabbi Tzvi Freeman
   1 Owen Barfield
   1 Donna Lu
   1 Anguttara Nikaya
   1 Saint Thomas Aquinas
   1 Saint Augustine of Hippo
   1 Paracelsus
   1 Aleister Crowley

NEW FULL DB (2.4M)

   28 Anonymous
   25 Ralph Waldo Emerson
   24 James Madison
   18 Fr d ric Bastiat
   16 Karl Marx
   14 Thomas Jefferson
   13 Aristotle
   10 Thomas Paine
   10 Mark Twain
   10 Ayn Rand
   9 Pierre Joseph Proudhon
   9 Henry David Thoreau
   9 Chuck Palahniuk
   9 Adam Smith
   8 John Locke
   8 John Adams
   8 Abraham Lincoln
   7 Mahatma Gandhi
   7 Louis O Kelso
   7 Jane Austen

1:Truth is not private property. ~ Saint Augustine of Hippo,
2:When someone has a light delivered into hishand, he must recognize it as his most valuable property." ~ Tashkandi,
3:relatives are present,give them out from the property,and speak to them kindly. ~ 4: 7,8], @Sufi_Path
4:Let not night herself be all, as it were, the special and peculiar property of sleep. Let not half thy life be useless through the senselessness of slumber. ~ Saint Basil the Great,
5:We do not 'have' awareness, we are awareness. Awareness is not an attribute of the body, just as the screen is not a property of a character in a movie." ~ Rupert Spira "The Nature of Consciousness,", (2017).,
6:If it were permissible for bad men to rob other people of their property, it would tend to the detriment of the truth of life and justice ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, (ST 2-2.43.8ad2).,
7:A sharp mind will find a truth for itself.
A humble spirit will find a truth higher than itself.
Truth is not the property of intellectuals, but of those who know how to escape their own selves. ~ Rabbi Tzvi Freeman,
8:There is a reflective property in matter. It is a mirror tarnished, clouded by our breath. It is only necessary to clean the mirror and to read the symbols that are written in matter from all eternity. ~ Simone Weil, 'The First Condition for the Work of a Free Person',
9:Although thinking is my act, it is not 'mine' in the sense that understanding uses the word mine. This follows from the very nature of reason, which determines the nature of thought as such. My concept, although it is my act, is thus not my private property. ~ Owen Barfield,
10:Indeed, consciousness itself may be a fundamental property of matter, if so then there was no such thing as a 'pre-conscious" universe. ~ Donna Lu, (technical reporter) article "What is Reality," in magazine "New Scientist" Feb. 1-7, 2020, Special Issue. [IMHO: Worth a read].,
11:One has no reason to regret when one dies, when one has lost money, property or house; all that does not belong to the man. One should have regret when man loses his real good, his greatest happiness: the faculty of loving. ~ Tolstoi, the Eternal Wisdom
12:Any truth, I maintain, is my own property. And I shall continue to heap quotations from Epicurus upon you, so that all persons who swear by the words of another, and put a value upon the speaker and not upon the thing spoken, may understand that the best ideas are common property. Farewell. ~ Seneca,
13:For who could be taught the knowledge of experience from paper? Since paper has the property to produce lazy and sleepy people, who are haughty and learn to persuade themselves and to fly without wings. . . . Therefore the most fundamental thing is to hasten to experience. ~ Paracelsus,
14:There is nothing wrong in the life of the world. There is no harm in that. But always keep your mind, on God. Know for certain that house, family & property are not yours. They are God's. Your real home is in God.' pray always with a longing heart for love of God's Lotus Feet ~ Sri Ramakrishna,
15:There is nothing wrong in the life of the world. There is no harm in that. But always keep your mind, on God. Know for certain that house, family & property are not yours. They are God's. Your real home is in God.' pray always with a longing heart for love of God's Lotus Feet. ~ Sri Ramakrishna,
16:From what is left by parents and those nearest related, there is a share for men and a share for women, whether the property be small or large,a legal share. If at the time of division of the relatives are present,give them out from the property,and speak to them kindly. ~ 4: 7,8], @Sufi_Path
17:A superintelligence is a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence far surpassing that of the brightest and most gifted human minds. Superintelligence may also refer to a property of problem-solving systems (e.g., superintelligent language translators or engineering assistants) whether or not these high-level intellectual competencies are embodied in agents that act in the world.
   ~ Wikipedia,
18:It is not pillage, assassinations and executions that arc terrifying. What is pillage? It is the passing of property from some to others. That always has been and always will be and there is nothing in it that is terrifying. What are executions and asssassinalions? It is the passing of men from life to death. These passings have been, are and always will be, and there equally there is nothing that is terrifying. What is really terrifying is the hatred of men which engenders brigandage, theft and murder. ~ Tolstoi, the Eternal Wisdom
19:Who really crosses over the Illusion? One who has renounced evil company, associates with men of noble mind, has put away the idea of property, frequents solitary places, tears himself away from the servitude of the world, transcends the qualities of Nature and abandons all anxiety for his existence, renounces the fruit of his works, renounces works, is freed from the dualities, renounces even the Vedas, and helps others to the passage, such is the one who crosses over the Illusion; he indeed traverses it and he helps others to pass. ~ Anguttara Nikaya, the Eternal Wisdom
20:So then let the Adept set this sigil upon all the Words he hath writ in the book of the Works of his Will. And let him then end all, saying: Such are the Words!2 For by this he maketh proclamation before all them that be about his Circle that these Words are true and puissant, binding what he would bind, and loosing what he would loose. Let the Adept perform this ritual right, perfect in every part thereof, once daily for one moon, then twice, at dawn and dusk, for two moons; next thrice, noon added, for three moons; afterwards, midnight making up his course, for four moons four times every day. Then let the Eleventh Moon be consecrated wholly to this Work; let him be instant in constant ardour, dismissing all but his sheer needs to eat and sleep.3 For know that the true Formula4 whose virtue sufficed the Beast in this Attainment, was thus:

INVOKE OFTEN

So may all men come at last to the Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel: thus sayeth The Beast, and prayeth his own Angel that this Book be as a burning Lamp, and as a living Spring, for Light and Life to them that read therein.

1. There is an alternative spelling, TzBA-F, where the Root, "an Host," has the value of 93. The Practicus should revise this Ritual throughout in the Light of his personal researches in the Qabalah, and make it his own peculiar property. The spelling here suggested implies that he who utters the Word affirms his allegiance to the symbols 93 and 6; that he is a warrior in the army of Will, and of the Sun. 93 is also the number of AIWAZ and 6 of The Beast.
2. The consonants of LOGOS, "Word," add (Hebrew values) to 93 [reading the Sigma as Samekh = 60; reading it as Shin = 300 gives 333], and ΕΠΗ, "Words" (whence "Epic") has also that value; ΕΙ∆Ε ΤΑ ΕΠΗ might be the phrase here intended; its number is 418. This would then assert the accomplishment of the Great Work; this is the natural conclusion of the Ritual. Cf. CCXX, III, 75.
3. These needs are modified during the process of Initiation both as to quantity and quality. One should not become anxious about one's phyiscal or mental health on à priori grounds, but pay attention only to indubitable symptoms of distress should such arise. ~ Aleister Crowley, Liber Samekh,

*** WISDOM TROVE ***

1:Truth is not private property. ~ saint-augustine, @wisdomtrove
2:I recover my property wherever I find it. ~ moliere, @wisdomtrove
3:Labor diligently to increase your property. ~ horace, @wisdomtrove
4:The property of power is to protect. ~ blaise-pascal, @wisdomtrove
5:Where there's property, there's theft. ~ ursula-k-le-guin, @wisdomtrove
6:Portable property is happiness in a pocketbook. ~ jane-austen, @wisdomtrove
7:Elections are futures markets in stolen property. ~ h-l-mencken, @wisdomtrove
8:Regrets are the natural property of grey hairs. ~ charles-dickens, @wisdomtrove
9:Without property rights, no other rights are possible. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
10:Property belongs to man and not man to property. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
11:Education can no longer be the sole property of the state. ~ peter-drucker, @wisdomtrove
12:The life of a citizen is the property of his country. ~ napoleon-bonaparte, @wisdomtrove
13:My guiding star always is, Get hold of portable property. ~ charles-dickens, @wisdomtrove
14:For the eye has this strange property: it rests only on beauty. ~ virginia-woolf, @wisdomtrove
15:Private property began the instant somebody had a mind of his own. ~ e-e-cummings, @wisdomtrove
16:The superior man loves his soul; the inferior man loves his property. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
17:Labor is one of the processes by which A acquires property for B. ~ ambrose-bierce, @wisdomtrove
18:Nature intended women to be our slaves. They are our property. ~ napoleon-bonaparte, @wisdomtrove
19:I bought a cheap piece of land... It was on someone else’s property. ~ steven-wright, @wisdomtrove
20:Men honor property above all else; it has the greatest power in human life. ~ euripedes, @wisdomtrove
21:Democracy is when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers. ~ aristotle, @wisdomtrove
22:By abolishing private property one deprives the human love of aggression. ~ sigmund-freud, @wisdomtrove
23:Truth is the property of no individual but is the treasure of all men. ~ ralph-waldo-emerson, @wisdomtrove
24:No man's life, liberty, or property are safe while the legislature is in session. ~ mark-twain, @wisdomtrove
25:The people of America are a people of property; almost every man is a freeholder. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
26:The essential characteristic of socialism is the denial of individual property rights. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
27:A sick child is always the mother's property; her own feelings generally make it so. ~ jane-austen, @wisdomtrove
28:So far as physics is concerned, time's arrow is a property of entropy alone. ~ sir-arthur-eddington, @wisdomtrove
29:So far as physics is concerned, time’s arrow is a property of entropy alone. ~ sir-arthur-eddington, @wisdomtrove
30:The protection of a man's person is more sacred than the protection of his property. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
31:Freedom and Property Rights are inseparable. You can't have one without the other. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
32:Jacobinism is the revolt of the enterprising talents of a country against its property. ~ edmund-burke, @wisdomtrove
33:The soldier's body becomes a stock of accessories that are not his property. ~ antoine-de-saint-exupery, @wisdomtrove
34:God hates violence. He has ordained that all men fairly possess their property, not seize it. ~ euripedes, @wisdomtrove
35:Where all of the man is what property he owns, it does not take long to annihilate him. ~ henry-ward-beecher, @wisdomtrove
36:You will in due season find your property is less valuable, and your freedom less complete. ~ benjamin-disraeli, @wisdomtrove
37:Much violence is based on the illusion that life is a property to be defended and not to be shared. ~ henri-nouwen, @wisdomtrove
38:War is rich old men protecting their property by sending middle class and lower class men off to die. ~ george-carlin, @wisdomtrove
39:If we owned the property, we will be free and prosperous. If so they regain control, we will become poor ~ edmund-burke, @wisdomtrove
40:The whole title by which you possess your property, is not a title of nature but of a human institution. ~ blaise-pascal, @wisdomtrove
41:We will send ships and Marines as soon as possible for the protection of American life and property. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
42:When in the Land of Property think like a propertarian. Dress like one, eat like one, act like one, be one. ~ ursula-k-le-guin, @wisdomtrove
43:It is in the nature of a group and its power to turn against independence, the property of individual strength. ~ hannah-arendt, @wisdomtrove
44:The earth is the general and equal possession of all humanity and therefore cannot be the property of individuals. ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
45:Stealing music is not right, and I can understand people being very upset about their intellectual property being stolen. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
46:We just have to recognize life for what it is: a gift to be grateful for, not a property to cling to, hoard, or defend. ~ henri-nouwen, @wisdomtrove
47:Thieves respect property. They merely wish the property to become their property that they may more perfectly respect it. ~ g-k-chesterton, @wisdomtrove
48:Fame, we may understand, is no sure test of merit, but only a probability of such; it is an accident, not a property of man. ~ thomas-carlyle, @wisdomtrove
49:Government is emphatically a machine: to the discontented a taxing machine, to the contented a machine for securing property. ~ thomas-carlyle, @wisdomtrove
50:An idea is always a generalization, and generalization is a property of thinking. To generalize means to think. ~ georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel, @wisdomtrove
51:Children are not our property, and they are not ours to control any more that we were our parents' property or theirs to control. ~ richard-bach, @wisdomtrove
52:Greatness is a property for which no man can receive credit too soon; it must be possessed long before it is acknowledged. ~ ralph-waldo-emerson, @wisdomtrove
53:Where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation deserts the oaths . . . ? ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
54:How can you trust people who are poor and own no property? ... Inequality of property will exist as long as liberty exists. ~ alexander-hamilton, @wisdomtrove
55:If the common man in the past had a grave respect for property, it may conceivably have been because he sometimes had some of his own. ~ g-k-chesterton, @wisdomtrove
56:It is a position not to be controverted, that the earth ... was and ever would have continued to be, the COMMON PROPERTY OF THE HUMAN RACE. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
57:Capitalism is a social system based on the recognition of individual rights, including property rights, in which all property is privately owned. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
58:The liberator who destroys my property is fighting to save my spirit. The teacher who clears all possessions from my path will set me free. ~ chuck-palahniuk, @wisdomtrove
59:Principle
60:The slaves were simply turned loose without any property. They were easily recognizable. They were black. They were suddenly free to go exploring. ~ kurt-vonnegut, @wisdomtrove
61:All truth is eternal. Truth is nobody’s property; no race, no individual can lay any exclusive claim to it. Truth is the nature of all souls. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
62:Man did not make the earth, and though he had a natural right to occupy it, he had no right to locate as his property in perpetuity, any part of it. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
63:Hereditary succession to the magistracy is absurd, as it tends to make a property of it; it is incompatible with the sovereignty of the people. ~ napoleon-bonaparte, @wisdomtrove
64:When there is love, there is no duty. When you love your wife, you share everything with her-your property, your trouble, your anxiety, your joy. ~ jiddu-krishnamurti, @wisdomtrove
65:Political activity alone cannot make a man free. Back of the ballot, he must have property, industry, skill, economy, intelligence, and character. ~ booker-t-washington, @wisdomtrove
66:Every man holds his property subject to the general right of the community to regulate its use to whatever degree the public welfare may require it. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
67:Every land or property owner in America would be tickled to death to pay 45 per cent of his profits, if he didn't have to pay anything if he didn't make it. ~ will-rogers, @wisdomtrove
68:The instruction we find in books is like fire. We fetch it from our neighbors, kindle it at home, communicate it to others, and it becomes the property of all. ~ voltaire, @wisdomtrove
69:We do not keep security establishments merely to defend property or territory or rights abroad or at sea. We keep the security forces to defend a way of life. ~ dwight-eisenhower, @wisdomtrove
70:Hawaii is the best form of comfort for me. When I die, I want to be cremated, and I want half my ashes spread in the Pacific around the island, the rest on the property. ~ richard-pryor, @wisdomtrove
71:Wild beasts and birds are by right not the property merely of the people today, but the property of the unborn generations, whose belongings we have no right to squander. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
72:Property is intended to serve life, and no matter how much we surround it with rights and respect, it has no personal being. It is part of the earth man walks on. It is not man. ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
73:The end of all political associations is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man; and these rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance of oppression. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
74:I do not seek the good of others as a sanction for my right to exist, nor do I recognize the good of others as a justification for their seizure of my property or their destruction of my life. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
75:Plunder, v. To take the property of another without observing the decent and customary reticences of theft. To wrest the wealth of A from B and leave C lamenting a vanishing opportunity. ~ ambrose-bierce, @wisdomtrove
76:Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property... Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of the use of them. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
77:Just as man can't exist without his body, so no rights can exist without the right to translate one's rights into reality, to think, to work and keep the results, which means: the right of property. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
78:Upon the sacredness of property civilization itself depends-the right of the laborer to his hundred dollars in the savings bank, and equally the legal right of the millionaire to his millions. ~ andrew-carnegie, @wisdomtrove
79:We can know nothing of humankind without knowing something of ourselves. Self-knowledge is the property of those people whose passions have their full play, but who ponder over their results. ~ benjamin-disraeli, @wisdomtrove
80:The power of perpetuating our property in our families is one of the most valuable and interesting circumstances belonging to it, and that which tends the most to the perpetuation of society itself. ~ edmund-burke, @wisdomtrove
81:Private Property, the Law of Accumulation of Wealth, and the Law of Competition... these are the highest results of human experience, the soil in which society so far has produced the best fruit. ~ andrew-carnegie, @wisdomtrove
82:Could there be anything resembling a free enterprise economy, if wealth and property were concentrated in the hands of a few, while the great majority owned little more than the shirts on their backs? ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
83:They successfully combined piracy and puritanism, which aren't so unlike when you come right down to it. Both had a strong dislike for opposition and both had a roving eye for other people's property. ~ john-steinbeck, @wisdomtrove
84:We take care of our health, we lay up money, we make our room tight, and our clothing sufficient; but who provides wisely that they shall not be wanting in the best property of all&
85:Few enjoyments are given from the open and liberal hand of nature; but by art, labor and industry we can extract them in great abundance. Hence, the ideas of property become necessary in all civil society. ~ david-hume, @wisdomtrove
86:Children are potentially free and their life directly embodies nothing save potential freedom. Consequently they are not things and cannot be the property either of their parents or others. ~ georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel, @wisdomtrove
87:Fame, we may understand, is no sure test of merit, but only a probability of such: it is an accident, not a property, of a man; like light, it can give little or nothing, but at most may show what is given. ~ thomas-carlyle, @wisdomtrove
88:It is not theft, properly speaking, to take secretly and use another's property in a case of extreme need: because that which he takes for the support of his life becomes his own property by reason of that need ~ denis-diderot, @wisdomtrove
89:Prosperity has this property; it puffs up narrow souls, makes them imagine themselves high and mighty, and leads them to look down upon the world with contempt; but a truly noble spirit appears greatest in distress; ~ plutarch, @wisdomtrove
90:It is not theft, properly speaking, to take secretly and use another's property in a case of extreme need: because that which he takes for the support of his life becomes his own property by reason of that need ~ thomas-aquinas, @wisdomtrove
91:Men did not make the earth... It is the value of the improvements only, and not the earth itself, that is individual property. ... Every proprietor owes to the community a ground rent for the land which he holds. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
92:I consider the war of America against Britain as the country's war, the public's war, or the war of the people in their own behalf, for the security of their natural rights, and the protection of their own property. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
93:There is no truth to the myth that Negroes depreciate property. The fact is that most Negroes are kept out of residential neighborhoods so long that when one of us is finally sold a home, it's already depreciated. ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
94:There will always be music on the Internet that people can steal. What's new is not theft. What's new is a distribution channel for stolen property called the Internet. So there will always be illegal music on the Internet. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
95:Republicanism is not the phantom of a deluded imagination. On the contrary, laws, under no form of government, are better supported, liberty and property better secured, or happiness more effectually dispensed to mankind. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
96:What is a Socialist? - That's when all are equal and all have property in common, there are no marriages, and everyone has any religion and laws he likes best. You are not old enough to understand that yet. ~ fyodor-dostoevsky ~ fyodor-dostoevsky, @wisdomtrove
97:mankind has no right to employ its genius in the creation of another intelligent species, then treat it like property. If we've come so far that we can create as God creates, then we have to learn to act with the justice and mercy of God. ~ dean-koontz, @wisdomtrove
98:It should be clear to everyone that the nation's steadfast policy should afford every American of working age a realistic opportunity to acquire the ownership and control of some meaningful form of property in a growing national economy. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
99:No social problem is as universal as the oppression of the child ... No slave was ever so much the property of his master as the child is of his parent ... Never were the rights of man ever so disregarded as in the case of the child. ~ maria-montessori, @wisdomtrove
100:It may be primarily property taxes in the case of a public library, or state taxes and tuition in the case of an academic library at a public university, but the funding sources of most libraries continue to have a strong geographic component. ~ tom-peters, @wisdomtrove
101:For everything outside the phenomenal world, language can only be used allusively, but never even approximately in a comparative way, since, corresponding as it does to the phenomenal world, it is concerned only with property and its relations. ~ franz-kafka, @wisdomtrove
102:It may be laid down as a primary position, and the basis of our system, that every Citizen who enjoys the protection of a Free Government, owes not only a proportion of his property, but even of his personal services to the defense of it. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
103:Where is the man to be found who wishes to remain indebted for the defense of his own person and property to the exertions, the bravery, and the blood of others, without making one generous effort to repay the debt of honor and gratitude? ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
104:Freedom, individualism, authenticity and being yourself so long as you don't hurt another's physical person or property: The creative process is the emergence in action of a novel relational product, growing out of the uniqueness of the individual. ~ carl-rogers, @wisdomtrove
105:It will be good for us in the long run, and I mean there are, you know, six and a half billion people in this world. And it's great for 300 million to keep enjoying more and more property, but I think it's terrific if, you know, the remainder do. ~ warren-buffet, @wisdomtrove
106:Our society is so abnormal that the normal man never dreams of having the normal occupation of looking after his own property. When he chooses a trade, he chooses one of the ten thousand trades that involve looking after other people's property. ~ g-k-chesterton, @wisdomtrove
107:I learned through my body and soul that it was necessary for me to sin, that I needed lust, that I had to strive for property and experience nausea and the depths of despair in order to learn not to resist them, in order to learn to love the world. ~ hermann-hesse, @wisdomtrove
108:It is only when we have renounced our preoccupation with "I," "me," "mine," that we can truly possess the world in which we live. Everything, provided that we regard nothing as property. And not only is everything ours; it is also everybody else's. ~ aldous-huxley, @wisdomtrove
109:I've long believed one of the mainsprings of our own liberty has been the widespread ownership of property among our people and the expectation that anyone's child, even from the humblest of families, could grow up to own a business or corporation. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
110:I am a Conservative to preserve all that is good in our constitution, a Radical to remove all that is bad. I seek to preserve property and to respect order, and I equally decry the appeal to the passions of the many or the prejudices of the few. ~ benjamin-disraeli, @wisdomtrove
111:The ashram is Mother's body. Mother's soul is in Her children. Children, all the service done for the ashram, is done for Mother. The ashram is not anyone's private property. It is the means to provide peace and quietude for the entire world. ~ mata-amritanandamayi, @wisdomtrove
112:Think about it: we went into slavery pagans; we came out Christians. We went into slavery pieces of property; we came out American citizens. We went into slavery with chains clanking about our wrists; we came out with the American ballot in our hands. ~ booker-t-washington, @wisdomtrove
113:Indeed the reasoned criticism of a prevailing belief is a service to the proponents of that belief; if they are incapable of defending it, they are well advised to abandon it. This self-questioning and error-correcting aspect of the scientific method is its most striking property. ~ carl-sagan, @wisdomtrove
114:It is time for us now as a nation to exercise the same reasonable foresight in dealing with our great natural resources that would be shown by any prudent man in conserving and widely using the property which contains the assurance of well-being for himself and his children. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
115:It doesn't require expropriation or confiscation of private property or business to impose socialism on a people. What does it mean whether you hold the deed or the title to your business or property if the government holds the power of life and death over that business or property? ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
116:It is true that the welfare-statists are not socialists, that they never advocated or intended the socialization of private property, that they want to &
117:Good government is that which delivers the citizen from being done out of his life and property too arbitrarily and violently-one that relieves him sufficiently from the barbaric business of guarding them to enable him to engage in gentler, more dignified, and more agreeable undertakings. ~ h-l-mencken, @wisdomtrove
118:In socialism, private property is anathema, and equal distribution of income the first consideration. In capitalism, private property is cardinal, and distribution left to ensue from the play of free contract and selfish interest on that basis, no matter what anomalies it may present. ~ george-bernard-shaw, @wisdomtrove
119:As he took her hand she saw him look her over from head to foot, a gesture she recognized and that made her feel at home, but gave her always a faint feeling of superiority to whoever made it. If her person was property she could exercise whatever advantage was inherent in its ownership. ~ f-scott-fitzgerald, @wisdomtrove
120:The only proper, moral purpose of a government is to protect man's rights, which means: to protect him from physical violence - to protect his right to his own life, to his own liberty, to his own property and to the pursuit of his own happiness. Without property rights, no other rights are possible. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
121:We may conclude, therefore, that, in order to establish laws for the regulation of property, we must be acquainted with the nature and situation of man; must reject appearances, which may be false, though specious; and must search for those rules, which are, on the whole, most useful and beneficial. ~ david-hume, @wisdomtrove
122:We must rapidly begin the shift from a "thing-oriented" society to a "person-oriented" society. When machines and computers, profit motives and property rights are considered more important than people, the giant triplets of racism, materialism, and militarism are incapable of being conquered. ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
123:This will be the day when we shall bring into full realization the dream of American democracy - a dream yet unfulfilled. A dream of equality of opportunity, of privilege and property widely distributed; a dream of a land where men will not take necessities from the many to give luxuries to the few. ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
124:If thou takest virtue for the rule of life, and valuest thyself upon acting in all things comfortably thereto, thou wilt have no cause to envy lords and princes; for blood is inherited, but virtue is common property, and may be acquired by all; it has, moreover, an intrinsic worth, which blood has not. ~ miguel-de-cervantes, @wisdomtrove
125:Acts themselves alone are history, and these are neither the exclusive property of Hume, Gibbon nor Voltaire, Echard, Rapin, Plutarch, nor Herodotus. Tell me the Acts, O historian, and leave me to reason upon them as I please; away with your reasoning and your rubbish. All that is not action is not worth reading. ~ william-blake, @wisdomtrove
126:This will be the day when we shall bring into full realization the dream of American democracy - a dream yet unfulfilled. A dream of equality of opportunity, of privilege and property widely distributed; a dream of a land where men will not take necessities from the many to give luxuries to the few... . ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
127:Boulton sold the estate which had come to him by his wife, and the greater part of his father's property, and mortgaged the remainder. It is evident that the great captain had taken in hand far too many enterprises. Probably he had not heard the new doctrine: "Put all your eggs in one basket and then watch that basket. ~ andrew-carnegie, @wisdomtrove
128:As property, honestly obtained, is best secured by an equality of rights, so ill-gotten property depends for protection on a monopoly of rights. He who has robbed another of his property, will next endeavor to disarm him of his rights, to secure that property; for when the robber becomes the legislator he believes himself secure. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
129:[D]iscipline consists in this, that the men who undergo the instruction and have followed it for a certain time are completely deprived of everything which is precious to a man-of the chief human property, rational freedom-and become submissive, machine-like implements of murder in the hands of their organized hierarchic authorities. ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
130:This spontaneous emergence of order at critical points of instability, which is often referred to simply as emergence, is one of the hallmarks of life. It has been recognized as the dynamic origin of development, learning, and evolution. In other words, creativity-the generation of new forms-is a key property of all living systems. ~ fritjof-capra, @wisdomtrove
131:Take a look at your own heart, and you will soon find out what has stuck to it and where your treasure is. It is easy to determine whether hearing the Word of God, living according to it, and achieving such a life gives you as much enjoyment and calls forth as much diligence from you as does accumulating and saving money and property. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
132:The people of Central America - and, in a broader sense, the entire developing world - need to know first-hand that freedom and opportunity are not just for the elite, but the birthright of every citizen; that property is not just something enjoyed by a few, but can be owned by any individual who works hard and makes correct decisions. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
133:Not all the treasures of the world, so far as I believe, could have induced me to support an offensive war, for I think it murder; but if a thief breaks into my house, burns and destroys my property, and kills or threatens to kill me, or those that are in it, and to "bind me in all cases whatsoever" to his absolute will, am I to suffer it? ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
134:The human spirit will not even begin to try to surrender self-will as long as all seems to be well with it. Now error and sin both have this property, that the deeper they are the less their victim suspects their existence; they are masked evil. Pain is unmasked, unmistakable evil; every man knows that something is wrong when he is being hurt. ~ c-s-lewis, @wisdomtrove
135:No one can doubt, that the convention for the distinction of property, and for the stability of possession, is of all circumstances the most necessary to the establishment of human society, and that after the agreement for the fixing and observing of this rule, there remains little or nothing to be done towards settling a perfect harmony and concord. ~ david-hume, @wisdomtrove
136:The Constitution guarantees protection to property, and we must make that promise good. But it does not give the right of suffrage to any corporation. It is necessary that laws should be passed to prohibit the use of corporate funds directly or indirectly for political purposes; it is still more necessary that such laws should be thoroughly enforced. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
137:It is the property of things seen for the first time, or for the first time after long, like the flowers in spring, to reawaken in us the sharp edge of sense and that impression of mystic strangeness which otherwise passes out of life with the coming of years; but the sight of a loved face is what renews a man's character from the fountain upwards. ~ robert-louis-stevenson, @wisdomtrove
138:Should any American soldier be so base and infamous as to injure any Canadian or Indian in his person or property, I do most earnestly enjoin you to bring him to such severe and exemplary punishment, as the enormity of the crime may require. Should it extend to death itself, it shall not be disproportioned to its guilt, at such a time and in such a cause. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
139:Each man lives for himself, uses his freedom to achieve his personal goals, and feels with his whole being that right now he can or cannot do such-and-such an action; but as soon as he does it, this action, committed at a certain moment in time, becomes irreversible, and makes itself the property of history, in which is has not a free but a predestined significance. ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
140:No sooner does a great man depart, and leave his character as public property, than a crowd of little men rushes towards it. There they are gathered together, blinking up to it with such vision as they have, scanning it from afar, hovering round it this way and that, each cunningly endeavoring, by all arts, to catch some reflex of it in the little mirror of himself. ~ thomas-carlyle, @wisdomtrove
141:By habits of thrift and economy, by way of the industrial school and college, we are coming up. We are crawling up, working up, yea, bursting up-often through oppression, unjust discrimination and prejudice-but through them all we are coming up, and with proper habits, intelligence, and property, there is no power on earth than can permanently stay our progress. ~ booker-t-washington, @wisdomtrove
142:The right to life is the source of all rights - and the right to property is their only implementation. Without property rights, no other rights are possible. Since man has to sustain his life by his own effort, the man who has no right to the product of his effort has no means to sustain his life. The man who produces while others dispose of his product, is a slave. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
143:It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife. However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered as the rightful property of someone or other of their daughters. ~ jane-austen, @wisdomtrove
144:If the minority, and a small one too, is suffered to dictate to the majority, after measures have undergone the most solemn discussions by the representatives of the people, and their will through this medium is enacted into a law, there can be no security for life, liberty, or property; nor, if the laws are not to govern, can any man know how to conduct himself in safety. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
145:Just as little can we afford to follow the doctrinaires of an impossible - and incidentally of a highly undesirable - social revolution which, in destroying individual rights - including property rights - and the family, would destroy the two chief agents in the advance of mankind, and the two chief reasons why either the advance or the preservation of mankind is worthwhile. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
146:We who are rich are often demanding and difficult. We shut ourselves up in our apartments and may even use a watchdog to defend our property. Poor people, of course, have nothing to defend and often share the little they have. When people have all the material things they need, they seem not to need each other. They are self-sufficient. There is no interdependence. There is no love. ~ jean-vanier, @wisdomtrove
147:You have despoiled churches. You have threatened every corporation and endowment in the country. You have examined into everybodys affairs. You have criticised every profession and vexed every trade. No one is certain of his property, and nobody knows what duties he may have to perform to-morrow. This is the policy of confiscation as compared with that of concurrent endowment. ~ benjamin-disraeli, @wisdomtrove
148:For the mass of men the idea of artistic creation can only be expressed by an idea unpopular in present discussions - the idea of property... Property is merely the art of the democracy... One would think, to hear people talk, that the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers were on the side of property. But obviously they are the enemies of property; because they are enemies of their own limitations. ~ g-k-chesterton, @wisdomtrove
149:It is the part of a Christian to take care of his own body for the very purpose that, by its soundness and wellbeing, he may be enabled to labour, and to acquire and preserve property, for the aid of those who are in want, that thus the stronger member may serve the weaker member, and we may be children of God, and busy for one another, bearing one another's burdens, and so fulfiling the law of Christ. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
150:Money is a sort of instinct. It's a sort of property of nature in a person to make money. It's nothing you do. It's no trick you play. It's a sort of permanent accident of your own nature; once you start, you make money, and you go on. . . But you've got to begin. . . You've got to get in. You can do nothing if you are kept outside. You've got to beat your way in. Once you've done that, you can't help it! ~ d-h-lawrence, @wisdomtrove
151:Men are to be guided only by their self-interests. Good government is a good balancing of these; and, except a keen eye and appetite for self-interest, requires no virtue in any quarter. To both parties it is emphatically a machine: to the discontented, a taxing-machine; to the contented, a machine for securing property. Its duties and its faults are not those of a father, but of an active parish-constable. ~ thomas-carlyle, @wisdomtrove
152:Land taxes is the thing. They got so high that there is no chance to make anything. Not only land but all property tax. You see in the old days, why the only thing they knew how to tax was land, or a house. Well, that condition went along for quite awhile, so even today the whole country tries to run its revenue on taxes on land. They never ask if the land makes anything. "It's land ain't it? Well tax it then." ~ will-rogers, @wisdomtrove
153:Property is the fruit of labor&
154:The idea of success for most people, revolves around money or the acquisition of property or other possessions, but we consider a state of joy as the greatest achievement of success. And while the attainment of money and wonderful possessions certainly can enhance your state of joy, the achievement of a good-feeling physical body is by far the greatest factor for maintaining a continuing state of joy and Well-Being. ~ esther-hicks, @wisdomtrove
155:Our problem today is not how to expropriate the expropriators but, rather, how to arrange matters so that the masses, dispossessed by industrial society in capitalist and socialist systems, can regain property. For this reason alone, the alternative between capitalism and socialism is false-not only because neither exists anywhere in its pure state anyhow, but because we have here twins, each wearing different hats. ~ hannah-arendt, @wisdomtrove
156:Marxism was the social creed and the social cry of those classes who knew by their miseries that the creed of the liberal optimists was s snare and a delusion... Liberalism and Marxism share a common illusion of the "children of light." Neither understands property as a form of power which can be used in either its individual or its social form as an instrument of particular interest against the general interest. ~ reinhold-niebuhr, @wisdomtrove
157:Liberalism makes this mistake in regard to private property and Marxism makes it in regard to socialized property... The Marxist illusion is partly derived from a romantic conception of human nature... It assumes that the socialization of property will eliminate human egotism... The development of a managerial class in Russia, combing economic with political power, is an historic refutation of the Marxist theory. ~ reinhold-niebuhr, @wisdomtrove
158:... as soon as we examine suicide from the standpoint of religion we immediately see it in its true light. We have been placed in this world under certain conditions and for specific purposes. But a suicide opposes the purpose of his creator; he arrives in the other world as one who has deserted his post; he must be looked upon as a rebel against God. God is our owner; we are his property; his providence works for our good. ~ immanuel-kant, @wisdomtrove
159:It is no limitation upon property rights or freedom of contract to require that when men receive from government the privilege of doing business under corporate form... they shall do so under absolutely truthful representations... Great corporations exist only because they were created and safeguarded by our institutions; and it is therefore our right and duty to see that they work in harmony with these institutions. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
160:All fanaticism is false, because it is a contradiction of the very nature of God and of Truth. Truth cannot be shut up in a single book, Bible or Veda or Koran, or in a single religion. The Divine Being is eternal and universal and infinite and cannot be the sole property of the Mussulmans or of the Semitic religions only, - those that happened to be in a line from the Bible and to have Jewish or Arabian prophets for their founders. ~ sri-aurobindo, @wisdomtrove
161:My position as regards the monied interests can be put in a few words. In every civilized society property rights must be carefully safeguarded; ordinarily and in the great majority of cases, human rights and property rights are fundamentally and in the long run, identical; but when it clearly appears that there is a real conflict between them, human rights must have the upper hand; for property belongs to man and not man to property. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
162:The power of perpetuating our property in our families is one of the most valuable and interesting circumstances belonging to it, and that which tends most to the perpetuation of society itself. It makes our weakness subservient to our virtue; it grafts benevolence even upon avarice. The possession of family wealth and of the distinction which attends hereditary possessions (as most concerned in it,) are the natural securities for this transmission. ~ edmund-burke, @wisdomtrove
163:All the controversialists who have become conscious of the real issue are already saying of our ideal exactly what used to be said of the Socialists' ideal. They are saying that private property is too ideal not to be impossible. They are saying that private enterprise is too good to be true. They are saying that the idea of ordinary men owning ordinary possessions is against the laws of political economy and requires an alteration in human nature. ~ g-k-chesterton, @wisdomtrove
164:No individual or private group or private organization has the legal power to initiate the use of physical force against other individuals or groups and to compel them to act against their own voluntary choice. Only a government holds that power. The nature of governmental action is: coercive action. The nature of political power is: the power to force obedience under threat of physical injury-the threat of property expropriation, imprisonment, or death. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
165:The family of Dashwood had long been settled in Sussex. Their estate was large, and their residence was at Norland Park, in the centre of their property, where, for many generations, they had lived in so respectable a manner as to engage the general good opinion of their surrounding acquaintance. The late owner of this estate was a single man, who lived to a very advanced age, and who for many years of his life, had a constant companion and housekeeper in his sister. ~ jane-austen, @wisdomtrove
166:Power corresponds to the human ability not just to act but to act in concert. Power is never the property of an individual; it belongs to a group and remains in existence only so long as the group keeps together. When we say of somebody that he is &
167:Rome was in the most dangerous inclination to change on account of the unequal distribution of wealth and property, those of highest rank and greatest spirit having impoverished themselves by shows, entertainments, ambition of offices, and sumptuous buildings, and the riches of the city having thus fallen into the hands of mean and low-born persons. So that there wanted but a slight impetus to set all in motion, it being in the power of every daring man to overturn a sickly commonwealth. ~ plutarch, @wisdomtrove
168:I have no concern with any economic criticisms of the communist system; I cannot inquire into whether the abolition of private property is expedient or advantageous. But I am able to recognize that the psychological premisses on which the system is based are an untenable illusion. In abolishing private property we deprive the human love of aggression of one of its instruments... but we have in no way altered the differences in power and influence which are misused by aggressiveness. ~ sigmund-freud, @wisdomtrove
169:Freemasonry must stand upon the Rock of Truth, religion, political, social, and economic. Nothing is so worthy of its care as freedom in all its aspects. "Free" is the most vital part of Freemasonry. It means freedom of thought and expression, freedom of spiritual and religious ideals, freedom from oppression, freedom from ignorance, superstition, vice and bigotry, freedom to acquire and possess property, to go and come at pleasure, and to rise or fall according to will of ability. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
170:Our Founding Fathers well understood that concentrated power is the enemy of liberty and the rights of man. They knew that the American experiment in individual liberty, free enterprise and republican self-government could succeed only if power were widely distributed. And since in any society social and political power flow from economic power, they saw that wealth and property would have to be widely distributed among the people of the country. The truth of this insight is immediately apparent. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
171:No longer enslaved or made dependent by force of law, the great majority are so by force of property; they are still chained to a place, to an occupation, and to conformity with the will of an employer, and debarred by the accident of birth to both the enjoyments, and from the mental and moral advantages, which others inherit without exertion and independently of desert. That this is an evil equal to almost any of those against which mankind have hitherto struggles, the poor are not wrong in believing. ~ john-stuart-mill, @wisdomtrove
172:.. since it was true that study, even when done properly, can only teach us what wisdom, right conduct and determination consist in, they wanted to put their children directly in touch with actual cases, teaching them not by hearsay but by actively assaying them, vigorously moulding and forming them not merely by word and precept but chiefly by deeds and examples, so that wisdom should not be something which the soul knows but the soul's very essence and temperament, not something acquired but a natural property. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
173:Let it simply be asked where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation deserts the oaths, which are the instruments of investigation in the Courts of Justice? And let us with caution indulge the opposition, that morality can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on minds of peculiar structure, reason and experience both forbid us to expect that National morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
174:The difference between [socialism and fascism] is superficial and purely formal, but it is significant psychologically: it brings the authoritarian nature of a planned economy crudely into the open. The main characteristic of socialism (and of communism) is public ownership of the means of production, and, therefore, the abolition of private property. The right to property is the right of use and disposal. Under fascism, men retain the semblance or pretense of private property, but the government holds total power over its use and disposal. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
175:When the rich plunder the poor of his rights, it becomes an example for the poor to plunder the rich of his property, for the rights of the one are as much property to him as wealth is property to the other, and the little all is as dear as the much. It is only by setting out on just principles that men are trained to be just to each other; and it will always be found, that when the rich protect the rights of the poor, the poor will protect the property of the rich. But the guarantee, to be effectual, must be parliamentarily reciprocal. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
176:You must therefore zealously guard in his mind the curious assumption &
177:America could carry on a two years' war by the confiscation of the property of disaffected persons, and be made happy by their expulsion. Say not that this is revenge, call it rather the soft resentment of a suffering people, who, having no object in view but the good of all, have staked their own all upon a seemingly doubtful event. Yet it is folly to argue against determined hardness; eloquence may strike the ear, and the language of sorrow draw forth the tear of compassion, but nothing can reach the heart that is steeled with prejudice. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
178:The earth, in its natural, uncultivated state was, and ever would have continued to be, the common property of the human race." As the land gets cultivated, "it is the value of the improvement, only, and not the earth itself, that is in individual property. Every proprietor, therefore, of cultivated lands, owes to the community a ground-rent..to every person, rich or poor... because it is in lieu of the natural inheritance, which, as a right, belongs to every man, over and above the property he may have created, or inherited from those who did ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
179:For nearly five years the present Ministers have harassed every trade, worried every profession, and assailed or menaced every class, institution, and species of property in the country. Occasionally they have varied this state of civil warfare by perpetrating some job which outraged public opinion, or by stumbling into mistakes which have been always discreditable, and sometimes ruinous. All this they call a policy, and seem quite proud of it; but the country has, I think, made up its mind to close this career of plundering and blundering. ~ benjamin-disraeli, @wisdomtrove
180:The true friend of property, the true conservative, is he who insists that property shall be the servant and not the master of the commonwealth; who insists that the creature of man’s making shall be the servant and not the master of the man who made it. The citizens of the United States must effectively control the mighty commercial forces which they have called into being. There can be no effective control of corporations while their political activity remains. To put an end to it will be neither a short nor an easy task, but it can be done. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
181:I've long believed that one of the mainsprings of our own liberty has been the widespread ownership of property among our people and the expectation that anyone's child, even from the humblest of families, could grow up to own a business or a corporation. Thomas Jefferson dreamed of a land of small farmers, of shopowners, and merchants. Abraham Lincoln signed into law the Homestead Act that ensured that the great western prairies of America would be the realm of independent, propertyowning citizens-a mightier guarantee of freedom is difficult to imagine. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
182:We have a right to expect that the best trained, the best educated men on the Pacific slope, the Rocky Mountains, and great plains States will take the lead in the preservation and right use of forests, in securing the right use of waters, and in seeing that our land policy is not twisted from its original purpose, but is perpetuated by amendment, by change when such change is necessary in the life of that purpose, the purpose being to turn the public domain into farms each to be the property of the man who actually tills it and makes his home in it. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
183:It may be laid down as a primary position, and the basis of our system, that every Citizen who enjoys the protection of a free Government, owes not only a proportion of his property, but even his personal services to the defence of it, and consequently that the Citizens of America (with a few legal and official exceptions) from 18 to 50 Years of Age should be borne on the Militia Rolls, provided with uniform Arms, and so far accustomed to the use of them, that the Total strength of the Country might be called forth at a Short Notice on any very interesting Emergency. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
184:The iPod is clearly a tipping point (and I'm not quite sure it is a wholly positive development), because it is a revolution in the way that we consume creative property, which I would call art. It has radically changed the relationship between the artist and the audience, how money changes hands, and how much money changes hands. Music was the first, and books are coming next. The Kindle or some form of electronic book is clearly inevitable, and it will massively reshape how books are sold, who pays for them, and how they're consumed. It is going to be really fascinating. ~ malcolm-gladwell, @wisdomtrove
185:The preservation of parks, wilderness, and wildlife has also aided liberty by keeping alive the 19th century sense of adventure and awe with which our forefathers greeted the American West. Many laws protecting environmental quality have promoted liberty by securing property against the destructive trespass of pollution. In our own time, the nearly universal appreciation of these preserved landscapes, restored waters, and cleaner air through outdoor recreation is a modern expression of our freedom and leisure to enjoy the wonderful life that generations past have built for us. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
186:The time is now near at hand which must probably determine whether Americans are to be freemen or slaves; whether they are to have any property they can call their own; whether their houses and farms are to be pillaged and destroyed, and themselves consigned to a state of wretchedness from which no human efforts will deliver them. The fate of unborn millions will now depend, under God, on the courage and conduct of this army. Our cruel and unrelenting enemy leaves us only the choice of brave resistance, or the most abject submission. We have, therefore, to resolve to conquer or die. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
187:When carbon (C), Oxygen (o) and hydrogen (H) atoms bond in a certain way to form sugar, the resulting compound has a sweet taste. The sweetness resides neither in the C, nor in the O, nor in the H; it resides in the pattern that emerges from their interaction. It is an emergent property. Moreover, strictly speaking, is not a property of the chemical bonds. It is a sensory experience that arises when the sugar molecules interact with the chemistry of our taste buds, which in turns causes a set of neurons to fire in a certain way. The experience of sweetness emerges from that neural activity. ~ fritjof-capra, @wisdomtrove
188:Money is the barometer of a society’s virtue. When you see that trading is done, not by consent, but by compulsion–when you see that in order to produce, you need to obtain permission from men who produce nothing–when you see that money is flowing to those who deal, not in goods, but in favors–when you see that men get richer by graft and by pull than by work, and your laws don’t protect you against them, but protect them against you–when you see corruption being rewarded and honesty becoming a self-sacrifice–you may know that your society is doomed. Money is so noble a medium that does not compete with guns and it does not make terms with brutality. It will not permit a country to survive as half-property, half-loot ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
189:The only proper purpose of a government is to protect man's rights, which means: to protect him from physical violence. A proper government is only a policeman, acting as an agent of man's self-defense, and, as such, may resort to force only against those who start the use of force. The only proper functions of a government are: the police, to protect you from criminals; the army, to protect you from foreign invaders; and the courts, to protect your property and contracts from breaches or fraud by the others, to settle disputes by rational rules, according to objective law. But a government that initiates the employment of force against men who had forced no one, the employment of armed compulsion against disarmed victims, is a nightmare infernal machine designed to annihilate morality: such a government reverses its only moral purpose and switches from the role of protector to the role of man's deadliest enemy, from the role of of policeman to the role of a criminal vested with the right to the wielding of violence against the victims deprived of the right of self-defense. Such a government substitutes for morality the following rule of social conduct: you may do whatever you please to your neighbor, provided your gang is bigger than his. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove

*** NEWFULLDB 2.4M ***

1:Property is a nuisance. ~ Paul Erdos,
2:property of the U.S. ~ James D Hornfischer,
3:I believe you got my property? ~ Chris Rock,
4:Property is theft! ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
5:property, MacKenzie. ~ Rachel Ren e Russell,
6:The best ideas are common property ~ Seneca,
7:A property is that which not at all ~ Lucretius,
8:Black Flag's "leased" property ~ Steven Konkoly,
9:Property is impossible. ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
10:Truth is not private property. ~ Saint Augustine,
11:I recover my property wherever I find it. ~ Moliere,
12:Jenny is looking for a property on a ~ Melinda Leigh,
13:Labor diligently to increase your property. ~ Horace,
14:Property is organized robbery. ~ George Bernard Shaw,
15:The property of power is to protect. ~ Blaise Pascal,
16:All property is theft, except mine. ~ Terry Pratchett,
17:is a property of all animal minds. ~ Daniel L Everett,
18:Family is a transitive property. ~ Catherynne M Valente,
19:The best ideas are common property. ~ Seneca the Younger,
20:Our private property must be sacrificed. ~ Dolley Madison,
21:Secure property in hand leads to peace in mind. ~ Mencius,
22:What was marriage but sex plus property. ~ Hanif Kureishi,
23:Where there's property, there's theft. ~ Ursula K Le Guin,
24:Truth is not private property. ~ Saint Augustine of Hippo,
25:If it's in the bin, it's public property. ~ Sophie Kinsella,
26:Some people are born to be public property. ~ M F Moonzajer,
27:The spirit of property doubles a man's strength. ~ Voltaire,
28:But there’s this one girl. My private property. ~ Katy Evans,
29:Portable property is happiness in a pocketbook. ~ Jane Austen,
30:Conscience is the most sacred of all property. ~ James Madison,
31:For wisdom is the property of the dead, ~ William Butler Yeats,
32:Sexual intercourse vests no property rights. ~ Spider Robinson,
33:Where there is no property there is no injustice. ~ John Locke,
34:Elections are futures markets in stolen property. ~ H L Mencken,
35:for God had given him very much property. ~ John F MacArthur Jr,
36:Property must be secured, or liberty cannot exist. ~ John Adams,
37:Children do not constitute anyone's property: ~ Mikhail Bakunin,
38:Symmetry is only a property of dead things. ~ Louis de Berni res,
39:This Book is the Property of the Half-Blood Prince ~ J K Rowling,
40:Disciple : But extension is a property of Matter. ~ Sri Aurobindo,
41:It is the property of fools to be always judging. ~ Thomas Fuller,
42:Regrets are the natural property of grey hairs. ~ Charles Dickens,
43:This Book is the Property of the Half-Blood Prince. ~ J K Rowling,
44:Without property rights, no other rights are possible. ~ Ayn Rand,
45:Intellectual property has the shelf life of a banana. ~ Bill Gates,
46:Power naturally and necessarily follows property. ~ Daniel Webster,
47:RUSHING WATERS • MAGIC • THE APARTMENT • PROPERTY ~ Danielle Steel,
48:Squeeze property speculators until the pips squeak. ~ Denis Healey,
49:There is no such thing as intellectual property. ~ Jean Luc Godard,
50:If I am a thief, it's because of private property. ~ Facundo Cabral,
51:I own property in a quiet little town of Pennsylvania. ~ Davy Jones,
52:Property in everyday life, is the right of control. ~ Louis O Kelso,
53:The Earth is a farm. We are someone else's property. ~ Charles Fort,
54:The Earth is a farm. We are someone else’s property. ~ Charles Fort,
55:Mystery is a property of questions, not answers. ~ Eliezer Yudkowsky,
56:Property is only another name for monopoly. ~ William Stanley Jevons,
57:The fetus is the property of the entire society. ~ Nicolae Ceausescu,
58:...[F]reedom... is a property of all rational beings. ~ Immanuel Kant,
59:Greedy for the property of others, extravagant with his own ~ Sallust,
60:Property belongs to man and not man to property. ~ Theodore Roosevelt,
61:Property in land is as indefensible as property in man. ~ Henry George,
62:Property is surely a right of mankind as real as liberty. ~ John Adams,
63:You can't force someone to sell property in America. ~ Donald Sterling,
64:you will not be master of my body & my property ~ Geoffrey Chaucer,
65:So use your own property as not to injure that of another ~ Edward Coke,
66:Custom hath made it in him a property of easiness. ~ William Shakespeare,
67:He was my secret property. Preserved for me alone... ~ Daphne du Maurier,
68:National honor is national property of the highest value. ~ James Monroe,
69:No thinking thing should be another thing's property. ~ C Robert Cargill,
70:Property damage is so much easier to live with than murder. ~ Peter Watts,
71:The possessions of the rich are stolen property. ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
72:Wherever there is great property, there is great inequality. ~ Adam Smith,
73:By appreciation, we make excellence in others our own property. ~ Voltaire,
74:Education can no longer be the sole property of the state. ~ Peter Drucker,
75:The life of a citizen is the property of his country. ~ Napoleon Bonaparte,
76:The minute you get engaged, you become public property. ~ Candace Bushnell,
77:The monute you get engaged, you become public property. ~ Candace Bushnell,
78:1013 V St. NW property just SOLD! Only 2 units left! Check them ~ Anonymous,
79:Government has no other end, but the preservation of property. ~ John Locke,
80:My guiding star always is, Get hold of portable property. ~ Charles Dickens,
81:the city’s government seized and sold Church property until the ~ Tim Parks,
82:Your property is in danger when your neighbour's house is on fire. ~ Horace,
83:A great property manager is key to success in real estate. ~ Robert Kiyosaki,
84:Honor is not the exclusive property of any political party. ~ Herbert Hoover,
85:A fellow oughtn't to let his family property go to pieces. ~ Anthony Trollope,
86:Few rich men own their property. The property owns them. ~ Robert G Ingersoll,
87:Property being theft and all, I felt free to help myself. ~ Steve Hockensmith,
88:the field of knolege is the common property of all mankind ~ Thomas Jefferson,
89:Does Article 370 prevent anyone from buying property in the state? ~ Anonymous,
90:Go to hell."
"I've already been there. I own property in it. ~ Tessa Bailey,
91:Man has a primary property right to his person and his labor. ~ Adolphe Thiers,
92:What did we go to war for, if not to protect our property? ~ Robert M T Hunter,
93:But I deny that the Constitution recognizes property in man. ~ William H Seward,
94:For how can a man without property know the ache of ownership? ~ John Steinbeck,
95:I think that zinc white has a property of scaling and cracking. ~ Edward Hopper,
96:We did not understand each other’s differing notions of property. ~ Esi Edugyan,
97:For the eye has this strange property: it rests only on beauty. ~ Virginia Woolf,
98:Every man has by nature the right to possess property as his own. ~ Pope Leo XIII,
99:Government today, far from protecting property, is its main threat. ~ Roger Pilon,
100:Private property began the instant somebody had a mind of his own. ~ e e cummings,
101:The London property market has excellent investment opportunities. ~ Wang Jianlin,
102:The superior man loves his soul; the inferior man loves his property. ~ Confucius,
103:Your own property is in peril when your neighbor’s house burns. ~ Jenny Erpenbeck,
104:I am what is mine. Personality is the original personal property. ~ Norman O Brown,
105:If the property belongs to God he is able to pay the tax. ~ Robert Green Ingersoll,
106:I'm not an attorney or a person who does intellectual property . ~ Manning Marable,
107:in bright pink hand-done stitching were the words ‘property of Alex’. ~ Katie Reus,
108:Labor is one of the processes by which A acquires property for B. ~ Ambrose Bierce,
109:with the property relations within which they had been at work before. ~ Anonymous,
110:Can there be any liberty where property is taken away without consent? ~ James Otis,
111:Contagiousness is an unexpected property of all kinds of things. ~ Malcolm Gladwell,
112:Is history to be considered the property of the participants only? ~ Salman Rushdie,
113:Nature intended women to be our slaves. They are our property. ~ Napoleon Bonaparte,
114:Opinions is a species of property - I am always desirous of sharing. ~ Charles Lamb,
115:The real protection of life and property, always and everywhere. ~ Rose Wilder Lane,
116:Thought is the property of those only who can entertain it. - ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
117:Trade unions infringe upon the property rights of company owners. ~ Barry Goldwater,
118:I bought a cheap piece of land... It was on someone else’s property. ~ Steven Wright,
119:Safety is an emergent property of systems, not a component property. ~ Nancy Leveson,
120:The problem with property is that it takes so much of your time. ~ Willem de Kooning,
121:Ultimately property rights and personal rights are the same thing. ~ Calvin Coolidge,
122:a basic component of individual rights is the right to own property. ~ Russell Shorto,
123:Property -- the more common it becomes the more holy it becomes. ~ Gertrude the Great,
124:When it came to intellectual property, justice was simple and clear. ~ Annalee Newitz,
125:Learning is the property of those who fear to do disagreeable things. ~ Pietro Aretino,
126:let us collect our property - and other people's - and depart at once ~ Beatrix Potter,
127:Private property implies exclusivity, inequality, and difference. ~ Hans Hermann Hoppe,
128:Property monopolized or in the possession of a few is a curse to mankind. ~ John Adams,
129:What a man has: that is, property and possessions of every kind. ~ Arthur Schopenhauer,
130:A man's ancestry is a positive property to him. ~ Edward Bulwer Lytton 1st Baron Lytton,
131:Men honor property above all else; it has the greatest power in human life. ~ Euripides,
132:The liberator who destroyed my property has realigned my perceptions. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
133:Whoever knows how to take, to defend, the thing, to him belongs property. ~ Max Stirner,
134:Women didn't have rights. Under British common law, women were property. ~ Noam Chomsky,
135:You are not property. If you choose to leave, no one will stop you. ~ Elizabeth Vaughan,
136:A man has a property in his opinions and the free communication of them. ~ James Madison,
137:Democracy is when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers. ~ Aristotle,
138:I am the head of the Socialists, but the party is not my property. ~ Evangelos Venizelos,
139:It is the property of grief to cause the childish side of man to reappear. ~ Victor Hugo,
140:Private property is a very fundamental and very long-term institution. ~ Anatoly Chubais,
141:And has the truth become the property of those who can afford it?’ The ~ Susanna Kearsley,
142:By abolishing private property one deprives the human love of aggression. ~ Sigmund Freud,
143:It's called joining the property market - and it shits on war for stress ~ Tyne O Connell,
144:Property exists by grace of the law. It is not a fact, but a legal fiction. ~ Max Stirner,
145:The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property. ~ John Locke,
146:In its present terms, the global system values property over human life. ~ William Greider,
147:Life is a relationship among molecules and not a property of any molecule. ~ Linus Pauling,
148:Since all the property is undamaged, has the world lost anything it loved? ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
149:Nonviolent defence presupposes recklessness about one's life and property. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
150:Property in man, always morally unjust, has become nationally dangerous. ~ Robert Dale Owen,
151:Property is theft. Nobody "owns" anything. When you die, it all stays here. ~ George Carlin,
152:The balance of power in a society accompanies the balance of property in land. ~ John Adams,
153:The subject is said to have the property of making dull men eloquent. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
154:I'm a human being. I'm not a piece of property. I'm not a consignment of goods. ~ Curt Flood,
155:The Olympic Spirit is neither the property of one race nor of one age. ~ Pierre de Coubertin,
156:Today more Americans are imprisoned for drug offenses than for property crimes ~ George Will,
157:Truth is the property of no individual but is the treasure of all men. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
158:I am a strong believer that intellectual property rights need to be protected. ~ Jim Oberweis,
159:It never hurts to have an army of garden gnomes protecting your property. ~ Michelle M Pillow,
160:It’s my property and a gift from the Lord. Why should I pay tax on it? ~ Michael Z Williamson,
161:This isn't about love as in caring. This is about property as in ownership. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
162:To inherit property is not to be born - it is to be still-born, rather. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
163:A universal ethos cannot be thought the property of any one culture. ~ Prince Hassan bin Talal,
164:Intellectual property has profoundly shaped who makes money in the modern world. ~ Tim Harford,
165:No man's life, liberty, or property are safe while the legislature is in session. ~ Mark Twain,
166:Those whom the gods chose as their property must not consort with mortals. ~ Franz Grillparzer,
167:Property is insecure. In this one phrase the whole history of Asia is contained. ~ Rodney Stark,
168:Property is the fruit of labor; property is desirable; it is a positive good. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
169:...[R]eal wisdom is the property of God, and... human wisdom has little or no value. ~ Socrates,
170:So far as physics is concerned, time's arrow is a property of entropy alone. ~ Arthur Eddington,
171:Supersymmetry is a subtle symmetry based on the quantum mechanical property spin. ~ Mario Livio,
172:The people of America are a people of property; almost every man is a freeholder. ~ Thomas Paine,
173:A very rarely discussed property of data: it is toxic in large quantities ~ Nassim Nicholas Taleb,
174:Every man has a property in his own person. This nobody has a right to, but himself. ~ John Locke,
175:He possessed the rare merit of making a property of his time and not a burden. ~ Anthony Trollope,
176:If you choose, Little One... I can own you. You would be my property. mine alone. ~ Tiffany Reisz,
177:I own no property and yet I feel that I am perhaps the richest man in the world. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
178:Our probity is not less at the mercy of fortune than our property. ~ Francois de La Rochefoucauld,
179:(Ownership of real property is second only to ownership of intellectual property ~ Niall Ferguson,
180:The essential characteristic of socialism is the denial of individual property rights. ~ Ayn Rand,
181:The job of the state is to bear the sword to protect life and property (Rom. 13:1–7). ~ Anonymous,
182:A sick child is always the mother's property; her own feelings generally make it so. ~ Jane Austen,
183:But any man who walks in the way of power and property is bound to meet hate. ~ Zora Neale Hurston,
184:Her mind was blank and her heart and body ruled. And those? They were his property. ~ Cherrie Lynn,
185:No man acquires property without acquiring with it a little arithmetic also. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
186:[Property] embraces everything to which a man may attach a value and have a right. ~ James Madison,
187:The best ideas are common property. ~ Seneca the Younger, "On Old Age", Moral Letters to Lucilius.,
188:When a man assumes a public trust he should consider himself a public property. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
189:Man treats woman as his own property and not as being capable of feelings, like himself. ~ Periyar,
190:The protection of a man's person is more sacred than the protection of his property. ~ Thomas Paine,
191:The theory of Communism may be summed up in one sentence: Abolish all private property. ~ Karl Marx,
192:Don’t think. Walk. Don’t complain. Obey. You are no longer a person. You are property ~ Addison Cain,
193:marriage is about money and property and inheritance? Why else bother with it? ~ Walter Jon Williams,
194:Newcomers do not pay taxes.
In fact, refugees pay taxes, including property taxes. ~ Mary Pipher,
195:Private property was the original source of freedom. It still is its main bulwark. ~ Walter Lippmann,
196:She’s his pet. His property. His fucktoy. She likes being owned, used, and powerless. ~ Chelle Bliss,
197:The real struggle for us is for the citizen to cease to be the property of the state. ~ Adam Michnik,
198:Yes, pain meant life. But the symmetric property did not apply; Life did not mean pain. ~ Barry Lyga,
199:All men have equal rights to liberty, to their property, and to the protection of the laws ~ Voltaire,
200:I would suggest the taxation of all property equally whether church or corporation. ~ Ulysses S Grant,
201:The time will come when human intelligence will rise to the mastery of property. ~ Lewis Henry Morgan,
202:You see, after all, few rich men own their property. The property owns them. ~ Robert Green Ingersoll,
203:Anytime we can save lives or prevent the destruction of property, we should do it. ~ Rusty Schweickart,
204:Freedom and Property Rights are inseparable. You can't have one without the other. ~ George Washington,
205:Jacobinism is the revolt of the enterprising talents of a country against its property. ~ Edmund Burke,
206:Nobody is sure of his life, property and health when the parliament deliberates. ~ Janusz Korwin Mikke,
207:Private property does not discriminate. It torments even those who own property. ~ Mokokoma Mokhonoana,
208:The measurement we get when we measure something is not a property of the thing measured. ~ Niels Bohr,
209:[Uniting workers should not] lead to a war upon property, or the owners of property. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
210:Civil strife is caused not only by inequality of property, but also by inequality of honors ~ Aristotle,
211:I'm entitled to collect my fair share of community property without being called names. ~ Gloria Allred,
212:In a technological society, the practice of completely private property cannot exist. ~ L E Modesitt Jr,
213:Is memory property? If two people remember something differently is one of them wrong? ~ Abigail Thomas,
214:Locke contended that government originates out of the necessity for protecting property. ~ Russell Kirk,
215:The ACLU sues no matter what public property a religious symbol is placed on. ~ William Anthony Donohue,
216:The soldier's body becomes a stock of accessories that are not his property. ~ Antoine de Saint Exupery,
217:If you're going to buy a castle, make sure you get on the property extension ladder. ~ Benny Bellamacina,
218:Investing in Chicago property is just Wandas first move into the U.S. real estate market. ~ Wang Jianlin,
219:The future is the only kind of property that the masters willingly concede to the slaves. ~ Albert Camus,
220:the unique property of the carbon atom: its combinatorial power. Carbon is a connector. ~ Steven Johnson,
221:A woman is not property, and husbands who think otherwise are living in a dreamworld. ~ Robert A Heinlein,
222:Do all you have agreed to do, and do not encroach on other persons or their property. ~ Richard J Maybury,
223:Even in a bad market, location, location, location is a way to still buy and sell property. ~ Vanilla Ice,
224:Everyday life invents itself by poaching in countless ways on the property of others. ~ Michel de Certeau,
225:God hates violence. He has ordained that all men fairly possess their property, not seize it. ~ Euripides,
226:In proportion that property is small, the danger of misusing the franchisee is great. ~ Barbara W Tuchman,
227:I think the freedom to express one's views is more important than intellectual property. ~ Shepard Fairey,
228:It is better to write of laughter than of tears, for laughter is the property of man. ~ Francois Rabelais,
229:Some people talk of morality, and some of religion, but give me a little snug property. ~ Maria Edgeworth,
230:SWIMMING. DANGER! LIVE WIRES. THIS PROPERTY CONDEMNED. HIGH VOLTAGE. THIRD RAIL. DANGER OF ~ Stephen King,
231:All abuse and waste of God's creatures are spoil and robbery on the property of the Creator. ~ Adam Clarke,
232:Every man in my organization knows you and understands that you’re my personal property, ~ Janet Evanovich,
233:The abolition of existing property relations is not at all a distinctive feature of Communism. ~ Karl Marx,
234:A culture without property, or in which creators can't get paid, is anarchy, not freedom. ~ Lawrence Lessig,
235:Gambling promises the poor what property performs for the rich-something for nothing. ~ George Bernard Shaw,
236:Give your goods to the poor: Christ. Property is theft - as long as it's not mine: Marx . ~ Joseph Goebbels,
237:I love you, Li. You're mine. My woman. My property. My fuckin' old lady...my fuckin' forever. ~ Tillie Cole,
238:She is either male property (Mrs.), wannabe male property (Miss), or man-hating harpy (Ms.). ~ Sarah Vowell,
239:She's wearing a ring that I bought on sale, and that makes her the property of this U.S. Male. ~ Jerry Reed,
240:The earth, the air, and the sun belong to all of us; they cannot be made objects of property. ~ Leo Tolstoy,
241:A people averse to the institution of private property is without the first elements of freedom ~ Lord Acton,
242:Four-armed windmills have an awkward property that makes them less stable than three-armed ones. ~ Anonymous,
243:I see neither bravery nor sacrifice in destroying life or property, for offense or defense. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
244:Private property has made us so stupid and one-sided that an object is only ours when we have it ~ Karl Marx,
245:The most important property of a program is whether it accomplishes the intention of its user. ~ C A R Hoare,
246:There ought to be no laws to guarantee property against the folly of its possessors. ~ William Graham Sumner,
247:the theory of Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property. ~ Karl Marx,
248:We tend to treat our knowledge as personal property to be protected and defended. It ~ Nassim Nicholas Taleb,
249:Where all of the man is what property he owns, it does not take long to annihilate him. ~ Henry Ward Beecher,
250:All sentient beings should have at least one right—the right not to be treated as property ~ Gary L Francione,
251:Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle is a fundamental, inescapable property of the world. The ~ Stephen Hawking,
252:One section is a defence of the French socialist Proudhon and his objections to private property. ~ Anonymous,
253:When neither their property nor their honour is touched the majority of man live content ~ Niccol Machiavelli,
254:Without that sense of security which property gives, the land would still be uncultivated. ~ Francois Quesnay,
255:A democracy is a government in the hands of men of low birth, no property, and vulgar employments. ~ Aristotle,
256:Inflation, being a fraudulent invasion of property, could not take place on the free market. ~ Murray Rothbard,
257:Great is the good fortune of a state in which the citizens have a moderate and sufficient property. ~ Aristotle,
258:In a knowledge economy, a good business is a community with a purpose, not a piece of property. ~ Charles Handy,
259:It was interesting how a marriage instantly became public property as soon as it looked shaky. ~ Liane Moriarty,
260:The only reason a woman wants Property of No Man tattooed on her ass is because of a bad breakup ~ Meghan March,
261:The power of taxing people and their property is essential to the very existence of government. ~ James Madison,
262:There is a theme that runs through my work, and that is: the toxic property of keeping secrets. ~ Joyce Maynard,
263:The rulers of this country have always considered their property more important than our lives. ~ Assata Shakur,
264:Trees will improve property values, take pollutants out of the air, help with water runoff. ~ Michael Bloomberg,
265:When neither their property nor their honor is touched, the majority of men live content. ~ Niccolo Machiavelli,
266:With the people, especially a people seized of property, resides the aggregate of original power. ~ Ezra Stiles,
267:You will in due season find your property is less valuable, and your freedom less complete. ~ Benjamin Disraeli,
268:Besides, if we want poor people to respect property we must give them some property to respect. ~ G K Chesterton,
269:Egalitarianism, in every form and shape, is incompatible with the idea of private property. ~ Hans Hermann Hoppe,
270:For four decades Trump’s property empire effectively functioned as a laundromat for Moscow money. ~ Luke Harding,
271:I like the idea of not everything happening between two human beings to be everyone's property. ~ Martin Freeman,
272:I told my mother-in-law that my house was her house, and she said, 'Get the hell off my property.' ~ Joan Rivers,
273:Property is not the natural and obvious and inevitable concept that most people think it is. ~ Robert A Heinlein,
274:The slaves of socialism are slaves, but they are no one's property and therefore no one's loss. ~ George Reisman,
275:As astronomy is the daughter of idleness, geometry is the daughter of property. ~ Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle,
276:Creativity is not simply a property of exceptional people but an exceptional property of all people. ~ Ron Carter,
277:Each of us has a natural right, from God, to defend his person, his liberty, and his property. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
278:Existence, faculties, assimilation—in other words, personality, liberty, property—this is man. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
279:The peculiar property of truth is never to commit excesses. What need has it of exaggeration? There ~ Victor Hugo,
280:Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society. ~ James Madison,
281:We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
282:An expropriating property protector (the state, through taxation) is a contradiction in terms ~ Hans Hermann Hoppe,
283:Linux is a cancer that attaches itself in an intellectual property sense to everything it touches. ~ Steve Ballmer,
284:Much violence is based on the illusion that life is a property to be defended and not to be shared. ~ Henri Nouwen,
285:No victory or accomplishment achieved with God’s help is private property. It is meant to be shared. ~ Pete Wilson,
286:Table salt hardens here. Books mildew. Diaries flip open. Private Property: Please Turn Around. ~ Elizabeth Graver,
287:The State provides a legal, orderly, systematic channel for the predation of private property; ~ Murray N Rothbard,
288:Thought is the property of him who can entertain it, and of him who can adequately place it. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
289:We will not be used. We will not let them change us. They think we are property? They are mistaken. ~ Scott Sigler,
290:You cannot depend on a sandbag dike to save your life. You put it up to try to save your property. ~ Russel Honore,
291:It was interesting how a marriage instantly became public property as soon as it looked shaky. She ~ Liane Moriarty,
292:Once he had drawn first blood, his war against the property of the state lost all its moral resonance. ~ Pat Conroy,
293:Our lives, our liberty, and our property are never in greater danger than when Congress is in session. ~ Mark Twain,
294:The poor are not property owners, so the democrats ignored them. The nationalists did not. Not ~ Anna Politkovskaya,
295:Whenever there is a conflict between human rights and property rights, human rights must prevail. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
296:a rough sort of child with a bullying nature and a particularly unclear concept of personal property. ~ Charles Todd,
297:Income from property is not the reward of waiting, it is the reward of employing a good stockbroker. ~ Joan Robinson,
298:Our houses are such unwieldy property that we are often imprisoned rather than housed by them. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
299:Our houses are such unwieldy property that we are often imprisoned rather than housed in them. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
300:The awareness of the all-surpassing importance of social groups is now general property in America. ~ Johan Huizinga,
301:There is no rule without revolts and conspiracies, even as there is no property without work and worry. ~ Ivo Andric,
302:... the value of the pledged property is vitally dependent on the earning power of the enterprise. ~ Benjamin Graham,
303:The whole notion of land property rights in the Arab world is different from that in Europe. ~ William Eldridge Odom,
304:This was like National Lampoon's Vacation, but with death, property destruction, and an Irish accent. ~ Abigail Roux,
305:When you're famous, no one looks at you as a human anymore. You become the property of the public. ~ Beyonce Knowles,
306:How marvelous, wide and broad is my Inheritance! Time is my property, my estate is time. ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,
307:I don't want to write an autobiography because I would become public property with no privacy left. ~ Stephen Hawking,
308:I often have deer on my property and there's a fox and owls. You're not going to see that in the city. ~ Billy Corgan,
309:None of the moral virtues is engendered in us by nature, for no natural property can be altered by habit. ~ Aristotle,
310:One's self-satisfaction is an untaxed kind of property which it is very unpleasant to find deprecated. ~ George Eliot,
311:One’s self-satisfaction is an untaxed kind of property which it is very unpleasant to find deprecated. ~ George Eliot,
312:Some French socialist said that private property was theft... I say that private property is a nuisance. ~ Paul Erdos,
313:I just want Texas to be number one in something other than executions, toll roads and property taxes. ~ Kinky Friedman,
314:Much violence is based on the illusion that life is a property to be defended and not to be shared. ~ Henri J M Nouwen,
315:No doubt it is easy to demostrate that property will destroy society unless society destroys it. ~ George Bernard Shaw,
316:[ on the "tropicalization" of intellectual property laws ] To make the digital world join in the samba. ~ Gilberto Gil,
317:The most remarkable property of the universe is that it has spawned creatures able to ask questions. ~ Stephen Hawking,
318:The rights to life, liberty and property were not meant to be subject to the vagaries of majority rule. ~ Ilana Mercer,
319:Thieves of private property pass their lives in chains; thieves of public property in riches and luxury. ~ Mike Duncan,
320:Women are also property in our bible; adultery is a property crime in the Old Testament, not a sex crime. ~ Bill Maher,
321:Arson, property destruction, burglary, and theft are 'acceptable crimes' when used for the animal cause. ~ Alex Pacheco,
322:If we owned the property, we will be free and prosperous. If so they regain control, we will become poor ~ Edmund Burke,
323:Most of our problems in the United States can be traced to a blatant disregard for private property. ~ Michael Badnarik,
324:The tryptamine molecule has this unique property of releasing the structured self into the over-self. ~ Terence McKenna,
325:They aren't our property, you know? We don't get to fuck them up just because we want something to cuddle. ~ Emma Cline,
326:A certain property fundamentalism, having no connection to our tradition, now reigns in this culture. ~ Malcolm Gladwell,
327:A free culture is not a culture without property; it is not a culture in which artists don't get paid. ~ Lawrence Lessig,
328:All bands eventually break up because of one or more of the four P's: power, property, prestiege, pussy. ~ Dave Mustaine,
329:History contains little beyond a list of people who have accommodate themselves with other people's property. ~ Voltaire,
330:New York blacks could not vote unless they owned $250 in property (a qualification not applied to whites). ~ Howard Zinn,
331:Perfect felicity is not the property of mortals, and no one has a right to expect uninterrupted happiness. ~ Jane Austen,
332:Possesion - property - is about reciprocity and rights of access. If I have a dog, my dog has a human. ~ Donna J Haraway,
333:The most common and durable source of faction has been the various and unequal distribution of property. ~ James Madison,
334:The whole title by which you possess your property, is not a title of nature but of a human institution. ~ Blaise Pascal,
335:Woman,” Westley roared, “you are the property of the Dread Pirate Roberts and you…do…what…you’re…told! ~ William Goldman,
336:I go around the country and do a simple gag like, 'The property ladder is now a snake' and get a real laugh. ~ Jimmy Carr,
337:Justice? Justice is even more problematic than truth. It’s an emergent property of a very complicated system. ~ M R Carey,
338:Lack of faith in the divine within makes us seek solace outside, in property (kshetra, maya). Because ~ Devdutt Pattanaik,
339:My power is my property. My power gives me property. My power am I myself, and through it am I my property. ~ Max Stirner,
340:The State provides a legal, orderly, systematic channel for predation on the property of the producers. ~ Murray Rothbard,
341:This display of marking his property in my office is a good indication of his beast tearing through its cage. ~ K Webster,
342:We will send ships and Marines as soon as possible for the protection of American life and property. ~ Theodore Roosevelt,
343:Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, . . . neither persons nor property will be safe. ~ Frederick Douglass,
344:You need editors, not brand managers,who will push the envelope to make [a brand media property] go forward. ~ Seth Godin,
345:As a man is said to have a right to his property, he may be equally said to have a property in his rights. ~ James Madison,
346:I don't think marriage is a civil right, but I think that being able to transfer property is a civil right. ~ Barack Obama,
347:It was a miracle, and it partook of the first property of miracles. It should never have been performed. ~ Dorothy Dunnett,
348:Our flag represents every American and it should not be hidden away as a result of property agreements. ~ Mike Fitzpatrick,
349:The Convention thought it wrong to admit in the Constitution the idea that there could be property in men. ~ James Madison,
350:The tolls for the maintenance of a high road, cannot with any safety be made the property of private persons. ~ Adam Smith,
351:No one marries for love, except in stories. People marry for property and position, and one day so will you. ~ Judith James,
352:Wages are a direct consequence of estranged labor, and estranged labor is the direct cause of private property. ~ Karl Marx,
353:You know you're rich when you have to drive for a half hour to get to your house once you're on your property. ~ Chris Rock,
354:Love is not about property, diamonds and gifts. It is about sharing your very self with the world around you. ~ Pablo Neruda,
355:So long as the great majority of men are not deprived of either property or honor, they are satisfied. ~ Niccolo Machiavelli,
356:The cruelties of property and privilege are always more ferocious than the revenges of poverty and oppression. ~ C L R James,
357:The highest spiritual quality, the noblest property of mind a man can have, is this of loyalty. ~ Algernon Charles Swinburne,
358:The pregnant body is not solely its owner's domain. In gestating another person you become public property. ~ Sin ad Gleeson,
359:Those who have the most wealth and the most property, their children have the first, the best, and the most. ~ Jesse Jackson,
360:We all believe that, we can’t buy love even if we are rich enough; but I think no one buys his own property. ~ M F Moonzajer,
361:When people lack jobs, opportunity, and ownership of property they have little or no stake in their communities. ~ Jack Kemp,
362:Where there are children, people become neighbors; they don't merely hold property adjacent to one another. ~ Diana Trilling,
363:In real friendship the judgment, the genius, the prudence of each party become the common property of both. ~ Maria Edgeworth,
364:It is a curious property of research activity that after the problem has been solved the solution seems obvious. ~ Edwin Land,
365:Owning pipelines, people, products, or even intellectual property is no longer the key to success. Openness is. ~ Jeff Jarvis,
366:We need not concern ourselves much about rights of property if we faithfully observe the rights of persons. ~ Calvin Coolidge,
367:All the crimes on earth do not destroy so many of the human race nor alienate so much property as drunkenness. ~ Francis Bacon,
368:and graphic design elements and alterations are property of Bookbyte Digital and may be used as long as credit ~ Lewis Carroll,
369:and proletarii (those without property – whose contribution to the city was the production of offspring, proles). ~ Mary Beard,
370:Editing might be a bloody trade. But knives aren't the exclusive property of butchers. Surgeons use them too. ~ Blake Morrison,
371:every grotesquely rich American represents property, privileges, and pleasures that have been denied the many. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
372:Justice is the insurance which we have on our lives and property. Obedience is the premium which we pay for it. ~ William Penn,
373:My father worked at the Naval Ordnance Lab, and they had a nine-hole course on the property. You paid a quarter. ~ Lewis Black,
374:Property, said Proudhon, is theft. This is the only perfect truism that has been uttered on the subject. ~ George Bernard Shaw,
375:When in the Land of Property think like a propertarian. Dress like one, eat like one, act like one, be one. ~ Ursula K Le Guin,
376:Chinais a world class if not the world class property bubble, primarily high-rise buildings, offices and condos. ~ James Chanos,
377:I haven't seen a bear in person. I've seen deer. I have lots of woodchucks on my property. And bluebirds. Foxes. ~ Parker Posey,
378:It is in the nature of a group and its power to turn against independence, the property of individual strength. ~ Hannah Arendt,
379:One of the paradoxes of globalization is that, in the developing world, we've seen massive reductions in property. ~ Tony Blair,
380:The Bolsheviks started not just on the killing of private property; they were trying to abolish money itself. ~ Anatoly Chubais,
381:The freer the market is and the more respect you have for private property, the better the environment is protected. ~ Ron Paul,
382:While in theory randomness is an intrinsic property, in practice, randomness is incomplete information. ~ Nassim Nicholas Taleb,
383:No man ought to own more property than needed for his livelihood; the rest, by right, belonged to the state. ~ Benjamin Franklin,
384:OPEN WITH CARE. TRIPLE G RANCH IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PROPERTY DAMAGE, MAIMING, OR EXCRUCIATINGLY PAINFUL DEATHS. ~ Rick Riordan,
385:Pray remember, Alice—love isn’t all. There is family, and education, and potential. Also property, of course. ~ Melanie Benjamin,
386:Property that endangers the safety of a nation should not be suffered to remain in the hands of its citizens. ~ Robert Dale Owen,
387:The earth is the general and equal possession of all humanity and therefore cannot be the property of individuals. ~ Leo Tolstoy,
388:The real property that a parent can transmit to all equally is his or her character and educational facilities. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
389:First and foremost feminist movement urged females to no longer see ourselves and our bodies as the property of men. ~ bell hooks,
390:If history could teach us anything, it would be that private property is inextricably linked with civilization ~ Ludwig von Mises,
391:Labor, n. One of the processes by which A acquires property for B. —Ambrose Bierce, The Devil’s Dictionary ~ Kim Stanley Robinson,
392:Now of course we can keep out of trouble by staying away from the side of the farm by the Witherspoon property— ~ Walter R Brooks,
393:OPEN WITH CARE. TRIPPLE G RANCH IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PROPERTY DAMAGE, MAIMING, OR EXCRUCIATINGLY PAINFUL DEATHS. ~ Rick Riordan,
394:But the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property. ~ Alexander Hamilton,
395:Private property is a means, and neither its abolition nor its unrestricted right should be an end in itself. ~ Kenneth E Boulding,
396:The ordinary objects of human endeavour—property, outward success, luxury—have always seemed to me contemptible. ~ Albert Einstein,
397:The possession and the enjoyment of property are the pledges which bind a civilised people to an improved country. ~ Edward Gibbon,
398:What is politics, after all, but the compulsion to preside over property and make other people’s decisions for them? ~ Tom Robbins,
399:What is politics, after all, but the compulsion to preside over property and make other peoples' decisions for them? ~ Tom Robbins,
400:Contagiousness is in larger part a function of the messenger. Stickiness is primarily a property of the message. ~ Malcolm Gladwell,
401:I could have gotten away with it, I would have given her a 24-karat gold necklace that read Property of Quinn Sullivan ~ Penny Reid,
402:Private property is one of the best institutions which has ever evolved, to protect us from the bullying of others. ~ Roger Scruton,
403:So we have this eyesore on the property.
No, it’s not the beagle. I can understand why you’d think that, though. ~ Ursula Vernon,
404:Step by step, place became property, property became a mortgage, and
mortgages became derivative investments. ~ Douglas Rushkoff,
405:The important thing is that property lines be permeable enough to allow passing and strong enough to keep out danger. ~ Henry Cloud,
406:The public revenues are a portion that each subject gives of his property, in order to secure or enjoy the remainder. ~ Montesquieu,
407:When the officer asked what he’d taken, Sunny blurted out in his accented English, “He stole property in his mind. ~ John Carreyrou,
408:The authority of government . . . can have no pure right over my person and property but what I concede to it. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
409:There is no such dichotomy as 'human rights' versus 'property rights.' No human rights can exist without property rights. ~ Ayn Rand,
410:There is only one party in the United States, the Property Party … and it has two right wings: Republican and Democrat. ~ Gore Vidal,
411:We have a market-driven society so obsessed with buying and selling and obsessed with power and pleasure and property. ~ Cornel West,
412:Adorable children are considered to be the general property of the human race. Rude children belong to their mothers. ~ Judith Martin,
413:Avoid lawsuits beyond all things; they pervert your conscience, impair your health, and dissipate your property. ~ Jean de la Bruyere,
414:How is it women have equality when it comes to taking a hit but the rest of the time they're just some guy's property? ~ Joanna Wylde,
415:Imperfect communities show that being a maximal resemblance class is not sufficient for being a property. ~ Gonzalo Rodriguez Pereyra,
416:I put all my eggs in one basket and invested in property. I didn't do anything internationally - it was all in Ireland. ~ Shane Filan,
417:How folks lay claim to a loved one is they give you a name of their own. They figure to label you as their property. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
418:In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property. ~ Friedrich Engels,
419:Property of Dominic Knight was engraved in a large font. Return for Reward was in a smaller script but easily visible too. ~ C C Gibbs,
420:Stealing music is not right, and I can understand people being very upset about their intellectual property being stolen. ~ Steve Jobs,
421:The Golden Rectangle is the only rectangle with the property that cutting a square from it produces a similar rectangle. ~ Mario Livio,
422:The good man is he who rules himself as he does his own property: his autonomous being is modelled on material power. ~ Theodor Adorno,
423:The only important property of evils of the past is that they not be repeated in the future, in any way, shape, or form. ~ Erik Naggum,
424:There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all parts, that is, the poet. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
425:The supreme power cannot take from any man any part of his property, without his consent in person, or by representation. ~ James Otis,
426:Thieves of private property pass their lives in chains; thieves of public property in riches and luxury. CATO THE ELDER1 ~ Mike Duncan,
427:We just have to recognize life for what it is: a gift to be grateful for, not a property to cling to, hoard, or defend. ~ Henri Nouwen,
428:Average investors are on the outside trying to look into the inside of the company or property they are investing in. ~ Robert Kiyosaki,
429:More than any other product of human scientific culture scientific knowledge is the collective property of all mankind. ~ Konrad Lorenz,
430:Give the vote to the people who have no property, and they will sell them to the rich, who will be able to buy them. ~ Gouverneur Morris,
431:Misers take care of property as if it belonged to them, but derive no more benefit from it than if it belonged to others. ~ Wilfred Bion,
432:Private property...is the creature of society and is subject to the calls of that society even to the last farthing. ~ Benjamin Franklin,
433:The choice lies between property on the one hand and slavery, public or private, on the other. There is no third issue. ~ Hilaire Belloc,
434:Greatness is a property for which no man gets credit too soon; it must be possessed long before it is acknowledged. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
435:In America the government took the land from the Indians and then established laws protecting private property. ~ Alvin Francis Poussaint,
436:In Russia a man is called reactionary if he objects to having his property stolen and his wife and children murdered. ~ Winston Churchill,
437:I put my money in property and I love merchandise; such as Muhammad Ali boxing gloves. It's about stability for the future. ~ Shayne Ward,
438:Only by abolishing private property in land and building cheap and hygienic dwellings can the housing problem be solved. ~ Vladimir Lenin,
439:so bad a thing is it to invade God's property, and so cautious should we be to abstain from all appearances of this evil. ~ Matthew Henry,
440:the property of Man’s wit to act readily and quickly, while the property of the judgement is to be slow and poised. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
441:The spirit of commerce... renders every man willing to live on his own property...& prevents the growth of luxury. ~ Baron de Montesquieu,
442:We give all we have, lives, property, safety, skill...we fight, we die, for a simple thing. Only that a man can stand up. ~ Esther Forbes,
443:Greetings. There is a body buried on your property, covered in your blood. The unfortunate young lady’s name is Rita Jones. ~ Blake Crouch,
444:I always looked at the grass in front of buildings. When a property was struggling, they cut the landscaping budget first. ~ Victor Methos,
445:If you really love property, and buildings, lifestyles and how people live, that's a good reason for going into development. ~ Sarah Beeny,
446:I wouldn't consider them acts of war, but I would consider them acts of property damage, commercial theft that are serious. ~ Barack Obama,
447:MS. THOMPSON, it said in heavy block letters, PLEASE KEEP YOUR FELINE OFF MY PROPERTY. IF I SEE IT AGAIN, I WILL EAT IT. ~ Patricia Briggs,
448:No church property is taxed and so the infidel and the atheist and the man without religion are taxed to make up the deficit. ~ Mark Twain,
449:The rights of persons, and the rights of property, are the objects, for the protection of which Government was instituted. ~ James Madison,
450:Thieves respect property; they merely wish the property to become their property that they may more perfectly respect it. ~ G K Chesterton,
451:This is the very ecstasy of love, whose violent property ordoes itself and leads the will to desperate undertakings. ~ William Shakespeare,
452:What turns an opportunity into a deal is that the property meets your Criteria and the seller is willing to meet your Terms. ~ Gary Keller,
453:I have a natural right to do whatever I want with my body as long as it doesn't affect anybody else or any other property. ~ Jack Kevorkian,
454:To kill a relative of whom you are tired is something. But to inherit his property afterwards, that is genuine pleasure. ~ Honore de Balzac,
455:And so the reliance on Property, including the reliance on governments which protect it, is the want of self-reliance. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
456:My most important quality or property is curiosity. And that had its beginning in what I was going to do with my life. ~ Richard Artschwager,
457:Pritchard tutted. "Justice? Justice is even more problematic than truth. It's an emergent property of a very complicated system. ~ M R Carey,
458:The law made slave women’s children the property of the slaveowner. White masters therefore could increase their wealth by ~ Dorothy Roberts,
459:AXIOM. — Property is the Right of Increase claimed by the Proprietor over any thing which he has stamped as his own. ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
460:Fame, we may understand, is no sure test of merit, but only a probability of such; it is an accident, not a property of man. ~ Thomas Carlyle,
461:For what are our faculties, but the extension of our personality? and what is property, but an extension of our faculties? ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
462:I spend a lot more time than any person should have to talking with lawyers and thinking about intellectual property issues. ~ Linus Torvalds,
463:Man has always desired power. Ownership of property gives this power. Man hankers also after posthumous fame based on power. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
464:Property crime is down 40 percent. We just don't want to see it creep back up. We've had 25 years of very good cooperation. ~ Hillary Clinton,
465:Socialism easily accepts despotism. It requires the strongest execution of power -- power sufficient to interfere with property. ~ Lord Acton,
466:The functionaries of every government have propensities to command at will the liberty and property of their constituents. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
467:There is a property in the horizon which no man has, but he whose eyes can integrate all the parts,--that is, the poet. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
468:Thought is the property of him who can entertain it, and of him who can adequately place it. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson, Representative Men (1850),
469:Women are property,” he replied. “Your father was a fool to name you queen, to try to elevate women to more than what they are. ~ Morgan Rice,
470:You kids might think you’re close, but just wait until your father and I are gone, and you’re left to divide up our property. ~ David Sedaris,
471:an appointment with a local property tycoon who got into trouble with some Armenian gang members because he didn’t want to pay them ~ L J Shen,
472:An idea is always a generalization, and generalization is a property of thinking. To generalize means to think ~ Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,
473:As long as our civilization is essentially one of property, of fences, of exclusiveness, it will be mocked by delusions. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
474:Government is emphatically a machine: to the discontented a taxing machine, to the contented a machine for securing property. ~ Thomas Carlyle,
475:I don't know. Maybe there's nobody to shoot. Maybe the thing isn't men at all. Maybe, like you said, the property's doing it. ~ John Steinbeck,
476:My power is my property. My power gives me property. My power am I myself, and through it am I my property. ~ Max Stirner,
477:ours is a culture that does not love children, that continues to see children as the property of parents to do with as they will. ~ bell hooks,
478:Remove God from the world of ideas. Remove government, politics from society. Keep sex, humor, utilities. Let private property go. ~ John Cage,
479:say very mildly, we have only one political party in the U.S., the Property Party, with two right wings, Republican and Democrat. ~ Gore Vidal,
480:The property of others is always more inviting than our own; and that which we ourselves possess is most pleasing to others. ~ Publilius Syrus,
481:Those who cannot afford to sue currently have no protection of their property rights if they come in conflict with a regulation. ~ Steve Symms,
482:A distinction of property results from that very protection which a free Government gives to unequal faculties of acquiring it. ~ James Madison,
483:Americans have been selling this view around the world: that progress comes from perfect protection of intellectual property. ~ Lawrence Lessig,
484:An idea is always a generalization, and generalization is a property of thinking. To generalize means to think. ~ Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,
485:If you decide to 'do-it-yourself', look at renting out your property as running a small business and your tenants as your customers ~ Anonymous,
486:I hated being a child because to be a child means that you are essentially the property of your parents, benevolently or not. ~ Molly Crabapple,
487:No, sir, nothing of consequence happened on the property last night.  Some wildlife did make it on the property and caused ~ Richard Stephenson,
488:Property is in its nature timid and seeks protection, and nothing is more gratifying to government than to become a protector. ~ John C Calhoun,
489:Property was thus appall’d / That the self was not the same / Single nature’s double name / Neither two nor one was call’d. ~ Michael Oakeshott,
490:Torturing innocents, murdering civilians and destroying public property; they are all the gifts we have been given by religion. ~ M F Moonzajer,
491:War is rich old men protecting their property by sending middle class and lower class young men off to die. It always has been. ~ George Carlin,
492:We like to assume that language is a purely human property, our exclusive possession, and that everything else is basically mute. ~ David Abram,
493:Well, either you have a compartment under this floor, containing a living person, or the property is infested by giant moles ~ Kelley Armstrong,
494:a piece of knowledge, unlike a piece of physical property, can be shared by large groups of people without making anybody poorer. ~ Aaron Swartz,
495:As a property developer, I learned a long time ago to choose your battles wisely and that, unfortunately, compromise is a given. ~ Kevin McCloud,
496:Children are not our property, and they are not ours to control any more that we were our parents' property or theirs to control. ~ Richard Bach,
497:For what is done or learned by one class of women becomes, by virtue of their common womanhood, the property of all women. ~ Elizabeth Blackwell,
498:Greatness is a property for which no man can receive credit too soon; it must be possessed long before it is acknowledged. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
499:How can you trust people who are poor and own no property? ... Inequality of property will exist as long as liberty exists. ~ Alexander Hamilton,
500:I know about investment. It's really obvious - you buy property, let it sit for a couple of years and then sell it and reinvest. ~ Melanie Brown,
501:"My door is always open - bring me your problems." This is guaranteed to turn on every whiner, lackey and neurotic on the property. ~ Robert Six,
502:No one can feel as the owner of the country and no one can feel excluded from the right of property. We must all suffer Colombia. ~ Alvaro Uribe,
503:Thieves respect property. They merely wish the property to become their property that they may more perfectly respect it. ~ Gilbert K Chesterton,
504:Where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation deserts the oaths . . . ? ~ George Washington,
505:In no state in America is it legal for a landlord to demand their tenants lead a "healthy lifestyle" in order to rent property. ~ Mallory Ortberg,
506:the common force cannot lawfully be used to destroy the person, the liberty, or the property of individuals or of classes. For ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
507:There is nothing which so generally strikes the imagination and engages the affections of mankind, as the right of property. ~ William Blackstone,
508:There remains the mystery of how the pupil devours so much bastard beauty. Abandoned property.

This land and I are rewilding. ~ Ada Limon,
509:..culture is not monolithic either and is not the exclusive property of the East or West nor of the small groups of men and women. ~ Edward W Said,
510:If we do not restore the Institution of Property we cannot escape restoring the Institution of Slavery; there is no third course. ~ Hilaire Belloc,
511:It is an inherent property of intelligence that it can jump out of a task which it is performing and survey what it has done. ~ Douglas Hofstadter,
512:Most people would feel guilty for destroying someone else’s property. Yet they wreck the very temple their Creator gifted them. ~ Brendon Burchard,
513:Taxation of private property, or the regulation of such property so as to reduce its value, can become in effect a form of servitude. ~ Mark Levin,
514:The Nazis confiscated his personal property, burned his works on relativity, and put a five-thousand-dollar bounty on his head. ~ Leonard Mlodinow,
515:You don't have good community relations in Chicago. It's terrible. I have property there. It's terrible what's going on in Chicago. ~ Donald Trump,
516:Do me a favour and go out and perform one of the activities I hear the youth enjoy this Friday, like defacing public property. ~ Sarah Rees Brennan,
517:It is immoral to use private property in order to alleviate the horrible evils that result from the institutions of private property. ~ Oscar Wilde,
518:Next to the right of liberty, the right of property is the most important individual right guaranteed by the Constitution . . ~ William Howard Taft,
519:Surrender the body and its members, physical faculties, property, reputation, office, honours, children, siblings – repudiate them all. ~ Epictetus,
520:The Goldberg Variations is a good example of how symmetry is not just a physical property but pervades many abstract structures. ~ Marcus du Sautoy,
521:The potential of the psychedelic drugs to provide access to the interior universe, is, I believe, their most valuable property. ~ Alexander Shulgin,
522:The third absolute right, inherent in every Englishman, is that of . . . the sacred and inviolable rights of private property. ~ William Blackstone,
523:What can it profit a man to gain the whole world and to come to his property with a gastric ulcer, a blown prostate, and bifocals? ~ John Steinbeck,
524:Even kings and emperors, with mountains of property and oceans of wealth - these are not even equal to an ant, who does not forget God. ~ Guru Nanak,
525:It is very little to me to have the right to vote, to own property, etc., if I may not keep my body, and its uses, in my absolute right ~ Lucy Stone,
526:One philosopher has rightly said that property is theft. But I'd like to use my future ownership of property to give something back. ~ George Carlin,
527:Open the doors of opportunity to talent and virtue and they will do themselves justice, and property will not be in bad hands. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
528:Our memory fragments don't have any coherence until they're imagined in words. Time is a property of language, of syntax, and tense. ~ Siri Hustvedt,
529:Property as compared with humanity, as compared with the red blood in the American people, must take second place, not first place. ~ Woodrow Wilson,
530:The country was founded on the principle that primary role of government is to protect property from the majority, and so it remains. ~ Noam Chomsky,
531:Under communism, there is collective ownership of property de jure. Under Nazism, there is the same collective ownership de facto. ~ Leonard Peikoff,
532:Under the new law, drug busts motivated by the desire to seize cash, cars, homes, and other property are still perfectly legal. ~ Michelle Alexander,
533:An inspection of the Constitution will show that the right of property in a slave in not "distinctly and expressly affirmed" in it. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
534:As the political scientist Barry Weingast has noted, a state strong enough to enforce property rights can also take them away.6 On ~ Francis Fukuyama,
535:Atheism is humanism mediated by the suppression of religion, communism is humanism mediated by
the suppression of private property. ~ Albert Camus,
536:White sheets flapped in the breeze and roses tumbled like laughter along the ancient stone wall that hid her property from the road. ~ Kristin Hannah,
537:dog had begun to urinate every few feet along the whitewashed concrete-block wall that defined the property line, marking its territory. ~ Dean Koontz,
538:I tell you that there are eighty-plus-year-old nudists cavorting on your property, Ashley O'Ballivan, and all you can do is laugh? ~ Linda Lael Miller,
539:I think that 'Halo' is a hard property because they don't need to make a film. They make far more money out of the games so why risk? ~ Rupert Sanders,
540:The existence of persons and property preceded the existence of the legislator, and his function is only to guarantee their safety. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
541:The persons and property of our citizens are entitled to the protection of our government in all places where they may lawfully go. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
542:An argument fatal to the communist theory, is suggested by the fact, that a desire for property is one of the elements of our nature. ~ Herbert Spencer,
543:Get arrested. Destroy the property of those who torture animals. Liberate those animals interned in the hellholes our society tolerates. ~ Jerry Vlasak,
544:Governments commit more crimes upon persons and property and contribute more to their insecurity than all [the] criminals put together. ~ Josiah Warren,
545:I believe that the high rates of property crime (and some of the increase in violent crime) are part of the price you pay for freedom. ~ James Q Wilson,
546:I support copyright. I mean it is intellectual property, it is the thought process of someone and those things should always be protected. ~ Jeff Mills,
547:Slavery is theft - theft of a life, theft of work, theft of any property or produce, theft even of the children a slave might have borne. ~ Kevin Bales,
548:The foetus is the property of the entire society.Anyone having children is a deserter who abandons the laws of national continuity. ~ Nicolae Ceausescu,
549:The true foundation of republican government is the equal right of every citizen in his person and property and in their management. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
550:The welfare state is an enemy of private property. The excessive taxation used to support the welfare state is extremely dangerous. ~ Charles A Murray,
551:Time sanctifies everything; even the most arrant theft in the hands of the robber's grandchildren becomes sacred and inviolable property. ~ Will Durant,
552:Ball, M. (1977), ‘Differential rent and the role of landed property’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 1, 380—403. ~ Anonymous,
553:Government has hardened into a tyrannical monopoly, and the human race in general becomes as absolutely property as beasts in the plow. ~ John Dickinson,
554:If property had simply pleasures, we could stand it; but its duties make it unbearable. In the interest of the rich we must get rid of it. ~ Oscar Wilde,
555:I merely repeat the old joke. ‘It’s about respecting other people’s property. I make it my property so that I can properly respect it. ~ Hannu Rajaniemi,
556:The whole constitution of property on its present tenures, is injurious, and its influence on persons deteriorating and degrading. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
557:This is how psychiatry has functioned-as a kind of property arm of the government, who can put you away if your husband doesn't like you. ~ Kate Millett,
558:We cannot justify treating any sentient nonhuman as our property, as a resource, as a thing that we an use and kill for our purposes. ~ Gary L Francione,
559:be here to watch me receive a permanent gift from my master, the brand of a fox on the back of my neck, forever marking me as his property. ~ Megg Jensen,
560:Get that Property Of Whitford Public Library stamp and stamp it right on his forehead. Then cross out the library's name and write yours ~ Shannon Stacey,
561:included the destruction of any property or other resources used to sustain Confederate armies as well as of those armies themselves. ~ James M McPherson,
562:Keep building and supporting new tools, technologies, and platforms to empower independence, interoperability, and web property ownership. ~ Marco Arment,
563:Southerners who had insisted on states’ rights now demanded federal intervention to enforce what they considered their property rights. ~ Andrew Delbanco,
564:The pillars of classical liberalism call for flat taxes, with revenues put to limited uses; strong property rights; and free markets. ~ Richard A Epstein,
565:They are nations of eternal war. All their energies are expended in the destruction of the labor, property, and lives of their people. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
566:This is a historically black community,” said Lynn Hendy, president of the property owners association. “I’d like it to stay that way.”127 ~ Jared Taylor,
567:We as a music ­community have our own issues about advocacy, copyright, intellectual ­property, being paid fairly for the work that we do. ~ Neil Portnow,
568:China is stealing our intellectual property, our patents, our designs, our technology, hacking into our computers, counterfeiting our goods. ~ Mitt Romney,
569:Each citizen contributes to the revenues of the State a portion of his property in order that his tenure of the rest may be secure. ~ Baron de Montesquieu,
570:He who is permitted by law to have no property of his own, can with difficulty conceive that property is founded in anything but force. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
571:If you don’t want an element to raise any mouse events (or block mouse events underneath), you can set its IsHitTestVisible property to false. ~ Anonymous,
572:I have now disposed of all my property to my family. There is one thing more I wish I could give them, and that is the Christian religion. ~ Patrick Henry,
573:It is a position not to be controverted, that the earth ... was and ever would have continued to be, the COMMON PROPERTY OF THE HUMAN RACE. ~ Thomas Paine,
574:it’s not owning property that gives you security; it just gives your creditors security. Real security comes from having a steady income, ~ Niall Ferguson,
575:Killing the private property-that was the center of the Marxist economy and Marxist ideology. That was the center of the Lenin ideology. ~ Anatoly Chubais,
576:Mortgages were less about getting people into property than getting them into debt. Someone had to absorb the surplus supply of credit. ~ Douglas Rushkoff,
577:The power to gossip is more democratically distributed than power, property, and income, and, certainly, than the freedom to speak openly. ~ James C Scott,
578:The time has come when scientific truth must cease to be the property of the few, when it must be woven into the common life of the world. ~ Louis Agassiz,
579:All wars are without reason, Sita. Men fight to satisfy their egos, to secure their property, or to simply grab what belongs to others. ~ Anand Neelakantan,
580:Another property of a group is that one may combine its members in varying sequence, yet the outcome of the combination remains the same. ~ Paul Watzlawick,
581:Indeed, our particular concept of private property, which deters us from exhausting the positive resources of the earth, favors pollution. ~ Garrett Hardin,
582:I realized that I was really tired of people popping on and off of my property like it was a train station on the supernatural railroad. ~ Charlaine Harris,
583:I think the media has to continually remind itself, and I think we do but sometimes not well enough that we're not just an economic property. ~ Frank Bruni,
584:Success may be measured by things (prosperity, property, positions, possessions) but GREATNESS (Leadership) can only be measured by PEOPLE. ~ Fela Durotoye,
585:What was my great sin? To have revealed the private property of the bank - well if this is being a criminal, then maybe I'm a great criminal. ~ Jose Mujica,
586:Capitalism is a social system based on the recognition of individual rights, including property rights, in which all property is privately owned. ~ Ayn Rand,
587:Gratitude is a sign of maturity...Where there is appreciation: there is also courtesy and concern for the rights and property of others. ~ Gordon B Hinckley,
588:Nursing does not belong to a man; it is not his province. A sick child is always the mother’s property: her own feelings generally make it so. ~ Jane Austen,
589:The principle of [Malayali] law is that the whole [estate] property belongs to her and the [senior male] is simply the manager on her behalf ~ Manu S Pillai,
590:There is no such thing as the Queen's English. The property has gone into the hands of a joint stock company and we own the bulk of the shares! ~ Mark Twain,
591:There is no such thing as the Queen’s English. The property has gone into the hands of a joint stock company and we own the bulk of the shares! ~ Mark Twain,
592:What's new is this amazingly efficient distribution system for stolen property called the Internet - and no one's gonna shut down the Internet. ~ Steve Jobs,
593:When it comes down to it, what are being traded in a capitalist economy are property rights—the ownership rights in goods and services. ~ Thomas J DiLorenzo,
594:Youth is not an essential, but rather an accidental property. Nobody is in essence young. One either ceases to be or ceases to be young. ~ Rebecca Goldstein,
595:1. Quality land and natural resources 2. Intellectual property, or good ideas about what should be produced 3. Quality labor with unique skills ~ Tyler Cowen,
596:I bequeath all my property to my wife on the condition that she remarry immediately. Then there will be at least one man to regret my death. ~ Heinrich Heine,
597:If the common man in the past had a grave respect for property, it may conceivably have been because he sometimes had some of his own. ~ Gilbert K Chesterton,
598:The liberator who destroys my property is fighting to save my spirit. The teacher who clears all possessions from my path will set me free. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
599:The personal right to acquire property, which is a natural right, gives to property, when acquired, a right to protection, as a social right. ~ James Madison,
600:The pillars of classical liberalism call for flat taxes, with revenues put to limited uses; strong property rights; and free markets. ~ Richard Allen Epstein,
601:Allison's eyes dart between me and the knives. Yeah, lady, a couple of hours in jail and I've moved from destruction of property to sociopath. ~ Katie McGarry,
602:Each individual of the society has a right to be protected by it in the enjoyment of his life, liberty, and property, according to standing laws. ~ John Adams,
603:Haemon: No city is property of a single man.
Creon: But custom gives possession to the ruler.
Haemon: You'd rule a desert beautifully alone. ~ Sophocles,
604:I believe in evil. It is the property of all those who are certain of truth. Despair and fanaticism are only differing manifestations of evil. ~ Edward Teller,
605:I think [food producers] should appreciate that we're only targeting their property. Because frankly I think it's time to start targeting them. ~ Rod Coronado,
606:On a long journey of human life, faith is the best of companions; it is the best refreshment on the journey; and it is the greatest property. ~ Gautama Buddha,
607:Reality is an aspect of property. It must be seized. And investigative journalism is the noble art of seizing reality back from the powerful. ~ Julian Assange,
608:The Book of Air and Shadows' was born during a conference with an intellectual property lawyer on a particular afternoon in November of 2003. ~ Michael Gruber,
609:The law, notably tort law and the law of property based on the principle of exclusion, is historically prior to any proto-statal authority. ~ Anthony De Jasay,
610:the property that grounded the self in Romanticism was sincerity, and in modernism was authenticity, then in postmod ernism it is visibility.10 ~ Chris Hedges,
611:There is no such thing as "the Queen's English." The property has gone into the hands of a joint stock company and we own the bulk of the shares! ~ Mark Twain,
612:One of my daughters is a competitive jumper, we live with horses, we have stables on our property. But I don't ride. I observe, and I worry. ~ Steven Spielberg,
613:Politics should be limited in scope to ware, protection of property, and the occasional precautionary beheading of a member of the ruling class. ~ P J O Rourke,
614:rumors of “Alien takeovers” and “nonhuman infiltration” had become the property of paranoid politicians of dying Nationalist splinter groups ~ Ursula K Le Guin,
615:When people who are songwriters say 'That's my property and if you give it away for free then I'll lose my incentive,' then, well, good riddance. ~ Ian MacKaye,
616:After a tour of the wards, it begins to look like consciousness is not a system property at all. It is a property of local brain circuits. ~ Michael S Gazzaniga,
617:And if I see you step foot on my property again, I’ll do more than make a phone call,” he says, waving the baseball bat around menacingly. ~ Sarah Darer Littman,
618:A person who owns property and has a stake in the enterprise is likely to work harder and feel happier and do a better job than a person who doesn ~ Peter Lynch,
619:Becca Jones might be my property in the eyes of the club, but the reality was that she owned me and there wasn’t a damned thing I could do about it. ~ Anonymous,
620:Dear Mr. Kuhn, After twelve years in the major leagues, I do not feel that I am a piece of property to be bought and sold irrespective of my wishes ~ Curt Flood,
621:Principle #1: Avoid dangerous people and dangerous places. Principle #2: Do not defend your property. Principle #3: Respond immediately and escape. ~ Sam Harris,
622:Religion as a whole is but a form of loyalty to the interests of English property. ~ Robert Briffault, The Decline and Fall of the British Empire (1938), p. 116,
623:The doctrine that 'human rights' are superior to 'property rights' simply means that some human beings have the right to make property out of others. ~ Ayn Rand,
624:These were people collaborating because they wanted to, not because they were paid to, and with little or no intellectual property in their ideas. ~ Matt Ridley,
625:admiration —and surprise. It was nearly unheard of for a woman to hold property, he knew, even a woman of her rank and independence. "And you feel ~ Brenda Hiatt,
626:All truth is eternal. Truth is nobody’s property; no race, no individual can lay any exclusive claim to it. Truth is the nature of all souls. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
627:Fair enough.” I managed a nod. “Still, you shouldn’t be up here.” “It’s a free country.” “It’s a capitalist country and this is private property. ~ Andrea Cremer,
628:I define anarchist society as one where there is no legal possibility for coercive aggression against the person or property of any individual. ~ Murray Rothbard,
629:If there is anything in the world that can really be called a man's property, it is surely that which is the result of his mental activity. ~ Arthur Schopenhauer,
630:Oil painting, before anything else, was a celebration of private property. As an art-form it derived from the principle that you are what you have. ~ John Berger,
631:The intellectual property situation is bad and getting worse. To be a programmer, it requires that you understand as much law as you do technology. ~ Eric Allman,
632:The property which every man has in his own labour, as it is the original foundation of all other property, so it is the most sacred and inviolable. ~ Adam Smith,
633:They all laid their heads together like as many lawyers when they are gettin' ready to prove that a man's heirs ain't got any right to his property. ~ Mark Twain,
634:And anyway, who defines “real life”? Who says “real life” is property ladders and hideous pearl earrings? “Shit-boring tedious life,” more like. ~ Sophie Kinsella,
635:As a species we may be technologically clever and philosophically brilliant, but we have not lost our animal property of being physically active; ~ Desmond Morris,
636:In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property. - Manifesto of the Communist Party ~ Karl Marx,
637:The English language is nobody's special property. It is the property of the imagination: it is the property of the language itself. Derek Walcott ~ Derek Walcott,
638:The slaves were simply turned loose without any property. They were easily recognizable. They were black. They were suddenly free to go exploring. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
639:The truest test of a democracy is in the ability of anyone to act as he likes, so long as he does not injure the life or property of anyone else. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
640:What good's a black face if it means I'm just someone else's property? Why give me these arms and legs just to carry someone else's load, not my own? ~ Stacey Lee,
641:When the sacredness of property is talked of, it should be remembered that any such sacredness does not belong in the same degree to landed property. ~ John Locke,
642:A person who owns property and has a stake in the enterprise is likely to work harder and feel happier and do a better job than a person who doesn't. ~ Peter Lynch,
643:Becca Jones might be my property in the eyes of the club, but the reality was that she owned me and there wasn’t a damned thing I could do about it. ~ Joanna Wylde,
644:I define anarchist society as one where there is no legal possibility for coercive aggression against the person or property of any individual. ~ Murray N Rothbard,
645:Man did not make the earth, and though he had a natural right to occupy it, he had no right to locate as his property in perpetuity, any part of it. ~ Thomas Paine,
646:The law of England is much more severe upon offences against property than against the person, as becomes a people whose ruling passion is money. ~ H Rider Haggard,
647:When we love children, we acknowledge by our every action that they are not property, that they have rights - that we respect and uphold their rights. ~ bell hooks,
648:Hereditary succession to the magistracy is absurd, as it tends to make a property of it; it is incompatible with the sovereignty of the people. ~ Napoleon Bonaparte,
649:He was uniformly of an opinion which, though not a popular one, he was ready to aver, that the right of governing was not property, but a trust. ~ Charles James Fox,
650:It's fair to say that, for much of my lifetime, New Zealand certainly was a property-owning democracy and working people, ordinary people, had assets. ~ Helen Clark,
651:It’s pretty queer,” said Mrs. Wiggins. “If he’s so terrifying and ferocious, my land!—you’d think he’d come out and fight to protect his property. ~ Walter R Brooks,
652:Joan commented, upon sentence, "My body is your property, but my love is not. My love is my own, and I shall love you fiercely while you kill me. ~ Cordwainer Smith,
653:The question 'What was there before creation?' is meaningless. Time is a property of creation, therefore before creation there was no before creation. ~ Glen Duncan,
654:you become very much independent of material property and learn to appreciate very simple pleasures in life such as the sunlight and morning breeze. ~ Michael Lewis,
655:A just security to property is not afforded by that government, under which unequal taxes oppress one species of property and reward another species. ~ James Madison,
656:As Lawrence Lessig has so persuasively argued over the years, there is nothing “natural” about the artificial scarcity of intellectual property law. ~ Steven Johnson,
657:A work of art is somehow organic, and to slash a painting or smash a statue is not just an offence against property: it is an offence against life. ~ Anthony Burgess,
658:Every man has by nature the right to possess property as his own. This is one of the chief points of distinction between man and the animal creation. ~ Pope Leo XIII,
659:If you're a Mexican citizen whether you live in a shanty shack or the big palace on the beach, when you turn 65, your property taxes are cut in half. ~ Jesse Ventura,
660:We must pursue the removal of church property by any means necessary in order to secure for ourselves a fund of several hundred million gold rubles. ~ Vladimir Lenin,
661:When New York law denied legitimacy to holding human beings as property, it constituted the largest peaceful invasion of private property in history. ~ Joyce Appleby,
662:You’re not supposed to have salt.” “I’m not supposed to have cancer, either. If you don’t bring me some brandy, I’m kicking you off my property. ~ Bonnie Jo Campbell,
663:Any property that's open to common use gets destroyed. Because everyone has incentive to use it to the max, but no one has incentive to maintain it. ~ Neal Stephenson,
664:Excise: A hateful tax levied upon commodities, and adjudged not by the common judges of property, but wretches hired by those to whom excise is paid. ~ Samuel Johnson,
665:... learning to love any one is like an increase of property, -- it increases care, and brings many new fears lest precious things should come to harm. ~ George Eliot,
666:We stand for the maintenance of private property... We shall protect free enterprise as the most expedient, or rather the sole possible economic order. ~ Adolf Hitler,
667:But now we know there has been no one great disaster—only the slow-motion disaster of capitalism converting every living thing and idea into property. ~ Annalee Newitz,
668:Do it through the use of force, and it's socialism. Do it through persuasion, free will, and respect for property rights, and it's something else entirely. ~ Anonymous,
669:Neuroplasticity is the property of the brain that enables it to change its own structure and functioning in response to activity and mental experience. ~ Norman Doidge,
670:Now is the time when men work quietly in the fields and women weep softly in the kitchen; the legislature is in session and no man's property is safe. ~ Daniel Webster,
671:People are not like a business. You can’t buy and sell them like so much property. You can’t lock them up in a vault and expect them to appreciate it. ~ Harold Robbins,
672:When there is love, there is no duty. When you love your wife, you share everything with her-your property, your trouble, your anxiety, your joy. ~ Jiddu Krishnamurti,
673:But property rights are not the rights of property; they are the rights of humans with regard to property. They are a particular kind of human right. ~ David D Friedman,
674:Driving forward is the chief characteristic of western man since the Sumerians. His dread triad of vices is property-holding, voraciousness, and lust. ~ Antonio Gramsci,
675:Government, religion, property, books, are nothing but the scaffolding to build men. Earth holds up to her master no fruit like the finished man. ~ Wilhelm von Humboldt,
676:Political activity alone cannot make a man free. Back of the ballot, he must have property, industry, skill, economy, intelligence, and character. ~ Booker T Washington,
677:They're now turning those seeds into intellectual property, so they have a virtual lock on the seeds upon which we all depend for our food and survival. ~ Jeremy Rifkin,
678:Wealth and property are the servants of body which is the vehicle of soul of which the essence is knowledge and for which there is honor of soul. ~ Abu Hamid al-Ghazali,
679:We do not deride the fears of prospering white America. A nation of violence and private property has every reason to dread the violated and the deprived. ~ June Jordan,
680:Where an excess of power prevails, property of no sort is duly respected. No man is safe in his opinions, his person, his faculties or his possessions. ~ James Madison,
681:Where an excess of power prevails, property of no sort is duly respected. No man is safe in his opinions, his person, his faculties, or his possessions. ~ James Madison,
682:Every man holds his property subject to the general right of the community to regulate its use to whatever degree the public welfare may require it. ~ Theodore Roosevelt,
683:In conditions of private property ... "life-activity" stands in the service of property instead of property standing the service of free life-activity. ~ Herbert Marcuse,
684:The essence of war is insanity. Destruction, death, women widowed, children orphaned, lands plundered, property destroyed, lives decimated - it's all bad. ~ Gary Paulsen,
685:We want property, but property restored to its proper limits, that is to say, free distribution of the products of labour, property minus usury! ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
686:Whenever the dollar is held supreme and capitalistic interests dominate, a higher value will always be placed upon property rights than upon human rights. ~ Dick Gregory,
687:A representative form of government rests nor more on political contributions than on those laws which regulate the descent and transmission of property. ~ Daniel Webster,
688:He cannot quite accept that real property cannot be changed into money with the same speed and ease with which he changes a wafer into the body of Christ. ~ Hilary Mantel,
689:In the Greek cities, it was reckoned profane, that any person should pretend a property in a work of art, which belonged to all who could behold it. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
690:it is the duty of the Government, through its servants, to protect the lives and property of the citizens, especially the innocent, unoffending citizens. ~ Tim Pat Coogan,
691:Man cannot exist without work, without legal, natural property. Depart from these conditions, and he becomes perverted and changed into a wild beast. ~ Fyodor Dostoyevsky,
692:Since theft is the forcible removal of somebody else’s property without consent, then taxation is always, universally and forever a moral evil. Taxation ~ Stefan Molyneux,
693:The straight line has a property of self-similarity. Each piece of the straight line is the same as the whole line when used to a big or small extent. ~ Benoit Mandelbrot,
694:Whether we force the man's property from him by pinching his stomach, or pinching his fingers, makes some difference anatomically; morally, none whatsoever. ~ John Ruskin,
695:A woman who attempts a public career must expect to be treated as public property: what would be an intrusion on a domiciled gentlewoman is a tribute to me. ~ Thomas Hardy,
696:But as population became denser, the natural chemical and biological recycling processes became overloaded, calling for a redefinition of property rights. ~ Garrett Hardin,
697:Easements A landlord may grant another party the right to access or transit its property in certain limited circumstances. These rights are known as easements. ~ Anonymous,
698:From the business point of view—not to overstate it—intellectual property is dead; long live intellectual process. Long live service; long live performance. ~ Esther Dyson,
699:Inclusive economic institutions require secure property rights and economic opportunities not just for the elite but for a broad cross-section of society. ~ Daron Acemo lu,
700:Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a Blaze. Quran The Women 4 :10 ~ Anonymous,
701:I've always taken risks and bought property well. As journalism wasn't particularly well paid, buying homes and selling them for profit improved my income. ~ Anne Robinson,
702:Property has ever been a fluid concept--just ask the wife of the Wall Street speculator who writes her party invitations on Marie Antoinette's escritoire. ~ Anna Godbersen,
703:The fifth amendment of the U.S. Constitution guarantees that no private property shall be taken for a public use without the payment of just compensation. ~ Elton Gallegly,
704:The instruction we find in books is like fire. We fetch it from our neighbours, kindle it at home, communicate it to others, and it becomes the property of all. ~ Voltaire,
705:The legislation of the government has been directed rather to the protection of the rights of money and property than to the best good of the citizen. ~ Susette La Flesche,
706:Truth, as any dictionary will tell you, is a property of certain of our ideas. It means their agreement, as falsity means their disagreement, with reality. ~ William James,
707:Truth is general, it does not belong to me alone, it belongs to all, it owns me, I do not own it. My property is the form, which is my spiritual individuality. ~ Karl Marx,
708:Yeah, we taught him a lesson,” the Texan said, his voice fading in and out with the wind. “These goddamn Indians got to learn whose property this is! ~ Leslie Marmon Silko,
709:And it is no less true, that personal security and private property rest entirely upon the wisdom, the stability, and the integrity of the courts of justice. ~ Joseph Story,
710:An unlimited power to tax involves, necessarily, a power to destroy; because there is a limit beyond which no institution and no property can bear taxation. ~ John Marshall,
711:As the chosen people bore in their features the sign manual of Jehovah , so the division of labour brands the manufacturing workman as the property of capital . ~ Karl Marx,
712:Dis ain’t no business proposition, and no race after property and titles. Dis is uh love game. Ah done lived Grandma’s way, now Ah means tuh live mine. ~ Zora Neale Hurston,
713:Do all that you say you are going to do and don't aggress against other people or their property. That's the whole of the law. I can live with a law like that. ~ Doug Casey,
714:It is not enough to merely defend democracy. To defend it may be to lose it; to extend it is to strengthen it. Democracy is not property; it is an idea. ~ Hubert H Humphrey,
715:Lamarche, F. (1976), ‘Property development and the economic foundations of the urban question’, in C. Pickvance (ed.), Urban Sociology: Critical Essays, London. ~ Anonymous,
716:People lucky enough to live in the vicinity of an industrial hog farm are, with each breath, made keenly aware of the cause of their declining property values. ~ Al Franken,
717:The liberator who destroys my property,” Tyler said, "is fighting to save my spirit. The teacher who clears all possessions from my path will set me free. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
718:What would it be like to have someone tell you that you were his own? That you were his own in a loving, protective way—not like you were his property. ~ Cathleen Armstrong,
719:By nature, man is lazy, working only under compulsion; and when he is strong we will always live, as far as he can, upon the labor or the property of the weak. ~ Henry Adams,
720:Conscience is the most sacred of all property; other property depending in part on positive law, the exercise of that, being a natural and unalienable right. ~ James Madison,
721:holidays—-such as Columbus Day—to be celebrated by all Protestants in America; thirty million dollars worth of church property exempted from taxation in New ~ Upton Sinclair,
722:I love the way you talk. You just let it flow from you as if you own all the words in the world. They're your personal property and you make them dance for you. ~ Jon Ronson,
723:Let us not dream that reason can ever be popular. Passions, emotions, may be made popular; but reason remains ever the property of an elect few. ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,
724:No one could think that the destruction of war was an economic advantage who began by thinking first of all of the people whose property was destroyed. Those ~ Henry Hazlitt,
725:Our fathers waged a bloody conflict with England, because they were taxed without being represented. This is just what unmarried women of property are now. ~ Angelina Grimke,
726:Property and royalty have been crumbling ever since the beginning of the world. As man seeks justice in equality, so society seeks order in anarchy. ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
727:The beginning of reform is not so much to equalize property as to train the noble sort of natures not to desire more, and to prevent the lower from getting more. ~ Aristotle,
728:Those people who want to express their religious beliefs on public property should enjoy the same rights that we provide to those protesting the war in Iraq. ~ Ernest Istook,
729:Those rocks we stepped over to get here – I’m assuming they go right around your property, yes? What do you need with a protective circle?” Jacob examined him, ~ Derek Landy,
730:We've got horse property and there's other stuff to do. Like, four wheel driving, we barbeque, drink beers, sit around and play guitars and have a merry 'ol time ~ Lita Ford,
731:[But] the man who dares not expose his life in the defence of his children and his property, has lost in society the first and most active energies of nature. ~ Edward Gibbon,
732:For my part I have some fellow-feeling with Dr. Sprague: one's self-satisfaction is an untaxed kind of property which it is very unpleasant to find deprecated. ~ George Eliot,
733:It is remarkable that jealousy of individual property in land often goes along with very exaggerated doctrines of tribal or national property in land. ~ William Graham Sumner,
734:Knowledge-like the sky- is never private property. No teacher has a right to withhold it from anyone who asks for it. Teaching is the art of sharing. ~ Abraham Joshua Heschel,
735:Our wish is that...[there be] maintained that state of property, equal or unequal, which results to every man from his own industry or that of his fathers. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
736:Property is my major investment. My accountant has put money into various long-term savings arrangements. To be honest, I am a bit vague about all that stuff. ~ Anne Robinson,
737:That in controversies respecting property, and in suits between man and man, the ancient trial by jury is preferable to any other, and ought to be held sacred. ~ George Mason,
738:The best government rests on the people, and not on the few, on persons and not on property, on the free development of public opinion and not on authority. ~ George Bancroft,
739:I do not step shyly back from your property, but look upon it always as my property, in which I respect nothing. Pray do the like with what you call my property! ~ Max Stirner,
740:The first thing you have to do if you want to raise nice kids, is you have to talk to them like they are people instead of talking to them like they're property. ~ Frank Zappa,
741:The power confided in me will be used to hold, occupy and possess the property and places belonging to the government, and to collect the duties and imposts. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
742:The reason governments need to violate your property in observing you is if you had true privacy, you would have a space in your home that they couldn’t control. ~ Adam Kokesh,
743:We have to make their livelihoods viable, get them the proper prices for their produce, try and make them stay rather than sell their property and leave again. ~ Paddy Ashdown,
744:What brings you onto my property?" Rhev said, cradling his mug with both hands trying to absorb its warmth.
Got a problem"
I can't fix your personality, sorry ~ J R Ward,
745:You realize that people take drugs because it’s the only real personal adventure left to them in their time-constrained, law-and-order, property-lined world. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
746:A critical knowledge of the evolution of the idea of property would embody, in some respects, the most remarkable portion of the mental history of mankind. ~ Lewis Henry Morgan,
747:Being feared and not hated go well together, and the prince can always do this if he does not touch the property or the women of his citizens and subjects. ~ Niccol Machiavelli,
748:Collective property and individual property, these two banners will be the standards under which, from now on, the great battles of the future will be fought. ~ Mikhail Bakunin,
749:From the the protection of different and unequal faculties of acquiring property, the possession of different degrees and kinds of property immediately results. ~ James Madison,
750:It is my rather subversive opinion that a writer's feelings of anonymity-obscurity are the second most valuable property on loan to him during his working years. ~ J D Salinger,
751:It's a real smug self-righteous punk kid saying nobody has the right to tell him what to do and how dare you put a sign up saying that I can't go on your property? ~ Dave Barry,
752:Personally I think that private property has a right to be defended. Our civilisation is built up on property, and can only be defended by private property. ~ Winston Churchill,
753:So uncritically do we accept the idea of property in ideas that we don't even notice how monstrous it is to deny ideas to a people who are dying without them. ~ Lawrence Lessig,
754:The success of trust-based peer organizations such as eBay, Wikipedia, and the open-source movement, indicates that trust is a highly expandable network property. ~ Matt Ridley,
755:Food culture in the United States has long been cast as the property of a privileged class. It is nothing of the kind. Culture is the property of a species. ~ Barbara Kingsolver,
756:His point, again and again, was that truth wasn’t the property of any one faith and that, if you looked closely, you found a ground where they all converged. ~ Jeffrey Eugenides,
757:It is not alone that property, in all its forms, is struck at, but that liberty, in all its forms, is challenged by the fundamental conceptions of socialism. ~ Winston Churchill,
758:It was one of the compromises of the Constitution that the slave property in the Southern States should be recognized as property throughout the United States. ~ Jefferson Davis,
759:Reason can never be popular. Passions and feelings may become popular, but reason will always remain the sole property of a few eminent individuals. ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,
760:SARCOPHAGUS, n. Among the Greeks a coffin which being made of a certain kind of carnivorous stone, had the peculiar property of devouring the body placed in it. ~ Ambrose Bierce,
761:tax Death tax Privatize social security Reform social security Rosa Parks Saddam Hussein Workers rights Private property rights Poor people Government ~ Seth Stephens Davidowitz,
762:there is nothing safer than lending money to people with property. Why? Because if they default on the loan, you can repossess the house. Even if they run away, ~ Niall Ferguson,
763:according to Montesquieu, the persons, the liberties, the property, mankind itself, are nothing but materials to exercise the sagacity of lawgivers." Rousseau. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
764:But above all he must refrain from seizing the property of others, because a man is quicker to forget the death of his father than the loss of his patrimony. ~ Niccol Machiavelli,
765:Communism is inequality, but not as property is. Property is exploitation of the weak by the strong. Communism is exploitation of the strong by the weak. ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
766:Government originated in the attempt to find a form of association that defends and protects the person and property of each with the common force of all. ~ Jean Jacques Rousseau,
767:Inclusive economic institutions require secure property rights and economic opportunities not just for the elite but for a broad cross-section of society. Secure ~ Daron Acemo lu,
768:No matter how worthy the cause, it is robbery, theft, and injustice to confiscate the property of one person and give it to another to whom it does not belong ~ Walter E Williams,
769:Owning the intellectual property is like owning land: You need to keep investing in it again and again to get a payoff; you can't simply sit back and collect rent. ~ Esther Dyson,
770:As long as Property exists, it will accumulate in Individuals and Families. As long as Marriage exists, Knowledge, Property and Influence will accumulate in Families. ~ John Adams,
771:Intellectual property is an important legal and cultural issue. Society as a whole has complex issues to face here: private ownership vs. open source, and so on. ~ Tim Berners Lee,
772:It is easier to fool the people, than to convince them they have been fooled.
No man's life,liberty, and property are
safe while the legislature is in session. ~ Mark Twain,
773:No matter how worthy the cause, it is robbery, theft, and injustice to confiscate the property of one person and give it to another to whom it does not belong. ~ Walter E Williams,
774:One of the specific powers and responsibilities of the federal government is to secure the borders. Property can be taken with due process of law and just compensation. ~ Ted Cruz,
775:The system of private property is the most important guaranty of freedom, not only for those who own property, but scarcely less for those who do not. ~ Friedrich August von Hayek,
776:And it wasn't intended to be violent. It was just destructive. Of stuff. For a purpose. Like the Kerrigan brothers said, some property doesn't have a right to exist. ~ Dana Spiotta,
777:A political conception just applies to the basic structure of a society, its institutions, constitutional essentials, matters of basic justice and property, and so on. ~ John Rawls,
778:He who negates present society, and seeks social conditions based on the sharing of property, is a revolutionary whether he calls himself an anarchist or a communist. ~ Johann Most,
779:If a Tory does not believe that private property is one of the main bulwarks of individual freedom, then he had better become a socialist and have done with it. ~ Margaret Thatcher,
780:It must have been unpleasant to be discussed as a curiosity, spoken about over breakfast, and between rounds at billiards, as if one's soul were a common property. ~ Eleanor Catton,
781:My dream is that all South Africans from all walks of life will have the opportunity to read my books and use the information therein to successfully invest in property ~ Jason Lee,
782:So soon as the possession of property becomes the basis of popular esteem, therefore, it becomes also a requisite to that complacency which we call self-respect. ~ Thorstein Veblen,
783:The flute is traditionally the property of the male side of matrilineal hunter-gatherer societies and was used as a means of communication and personal expression. ~ R Carlos Nakai,
784:We do not keep security establishments merely to defend property or territory or rights abroad or at sea. We keep the security forces to defend a way of life. ~ Dwight D Eisenhower,
785:When we consider that women are treated as property it is degrading to women that we should treat our children as property to be disposed of as we see fit. ~ Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
786:By rendering the labor of one, the property of the other, they cherish pride, luxury, and vanity on one side; on the other, vice and servility, or hatred and revolt. ~ James Madison,
787:our houses are such unwieldy property that we are often imprisoned rather than housed in them; and the bad neighborhood to be avoided is our own scurvy selves. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
788:Property may be destroyed and money may lose its purchasing power; but, character, health, knowledge and good judgement will always be in demand under all conditions. ~ Roger Babson,
789:The government now has license to transfer property from those with fewer resources to those with more. The Founders cannot have intended this perverse result. ~ Sandra Day O Connor,
790:The true natural rights of men, then, are equal justice, security of labor and property, the amenities of civilized institutions, and the benefits of orderly society. ~ Russell Kirk,
791:A community of small farmers... land property owners, will be the only assurance that the freedom our republic offers will be guaranteed to each and every citizen. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
792:In 1970, Danvers town historian Richard B. Trask asked the property owners, Alfred and Edie Anne Hutchinson, for permission to do an archaeological dig there. ~ Rosemary Ellen Guiley,
793:People are frugal in guarding their personal property; but as soon as it comes to squandering time they are most wasteful of the one thing in which it is right to be stingy. ~ Seneca,
794:The IMF has lowered its forecast for China’s economy this year from 7.1 per cent growth to 6.8 per cent, in large part because of the slowdown in property and investment. ~ Anonymous,
795:Truth is a property of sentences, since sentences are dependent for their existence upon vocabularies, and since vocabularies are made by human beings, so are truths. ~ Richard Rorty,
796:We were brand strategists and property lawyers and human resources specialists and personal finance consultants. We didn't know how to do anything so we Googled everything. ~ Ling Ma,
797:Around the property I have here, I'm about to put an all weather race track. I'm about to build stables. I'm about to ship over a couple of my thoroughbreds from England. ~ Davy Jones,
798:It is clearly better that property should be private, but the use of it common; and the special business of the legislator is to create in men this benevolent disposition. ~ Aristotle,
799:Free government cannot long endure if property is largely in a few hands, and large masses of people are unable to earn homes, education, and a support in old age. ~ Rutherford B Hayes,
800:I discovered that those who want their property to be respected, have an interest in preaching the existence of paradise and hell, and in keeping the people in ignorance ~ Emma Goldman,
801:In the view of the Kochs and other members of the Libertarian Party, government should be reduced to a skeletal function: the protection of individual and property rights. ~ Jane Mayer,
802:In those days, when you got boxed, that was it. A lot of old people were there because somebody wanted the farm. It was about property. People are treated like property. ~ Kate Millett,
803:It is the lash of hunger which compels the poor man to submit. In order to live he must sell - 'voluntarily' sell - himself every day and hour to the 'beast of property.' ~ Johann Most,
804:Money is so noble a medium that it does not compete with guns and it does not make terms with brutality. It will not permit a country to survive as half-property, half-loot. ~ Ayn Rand,
805:Moreover, in Russia there was an enormous amount of landed property to be divided, large estates, crown lands, government land, and the estates held by the monasteries. ~ Herman Gorter,
806:The sole "property" of matter with whose recognition philosophical materialism is bound up is the property of being an objective reality, of existing outside the mind. ~ Vladimir Lenin,
807:They would disappear in a society in which private property and private means of production were replaced with communal property and socially organized means of production. ~ Anonymous,
808:What we find in books is like the fire in our hearths. We fetch it from our neighbors, we kindle it at home, we communicate it to others, and it becomes the property of all. ~ Voltaire,
809:Hawaii is the best form of comfort for me. When I die, I want to be cremated, and I want half my ashes spread in the Pacific around the island, the rest on the property. ~ Richard Pryor,
810:I-don’t-wants hold the key to your success,” rich dad would say. Because I, too, do not want to fix toilets, I shop hard for a property manager who does fix toilets. ~ Robert T Kiyosaki,
811:I further promise you, that all my wealth and property will be in Pakistan. I will take ownership of this country and won't be like those leaders who create hideouts abroad ~ Imran Khan,
812:People are frugal in guarding their personal property; but as soon as it comes to squandering time they are most wasteful of the one thing in which it is right to be stingy, ~ Anonymous,
813:The law of the Creator, which invests every human being with an inalienable title to freedom, cannot be repealed by any interior law which asserts that man is property. ~ Salmon P Chase,
814:Conservatism has always meant more to me than simply sticking up for private property & free enterprise. It has also meant defending our heritage & preserving our values. ~ Gerald R Ford,
815:Did you know that jewelry shop is a Cross Industries property? Gideon Cross has offered a quarter-million dollar reward for information leading to the arrest of the thieves. ~ Sylvia Day,
816:I have no doubt but that the misery of the lower classes will be found to abate wherever the Government assumes a freer aspect,& the laws favor a subdivision of property. ~ James Madison,
817:I know of no case in which you are to have a judicial proceeding, by which a man is to be deprived of any part of his property, without his having an opportunity of being heard. ~ Bayley,
818:Improvident habits, slovenly systems of agriculture, sluggish methods of commerce and insecurity of property exist wherever the followers of the Prophet rule or live. ~ Winston Churchill,
819:In the hands of a people whose education has been willfully neglected, the ballot is a cunning swindle benefitting only the united barons of industry, trade and property. ~ Daniel Guerin,
820:It is a truth known to everyone, a kind of common property of all religious persons, but for the very reason that it is so common it now has but little meaning for any of us. ~ A W Tozer,
821:I walked outside and then I kept walking. When I made it to the end of her property that butted up against the woods, I screamed. I swore. I damned everything I could think of. ~ M Mabie,
822:Legislators invent too many devices for subdividing property, only taking care to let their subdivisions go hand in hand with the natural affections of the human mind. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
823:Let the influx of money be ever so great, if there be no confidence, property will sink in value... The circulation of confidence is better than the circulation of money. ~ James Madison,
824:Open source is an intellectual-property destroyer, I can't imagine something that could be worse than this for the software business and the intellectual-property business. ~ Jim Allchin,
825:The disposition to give a cup of cold water to a disciple is a far nobler property than the finest intellect. Satan has a fine intellect, but not the image of God. ~ William Dean Howells,
826:While Congress can't overturn the Supreme Court, we can provide carrots and sticks to prevent local governments from unfairly taking property from landowners. ~ Stephanie Herseth Sandlin,
827:Why is there a programmer shortage? Because with intellectual property programmers have arranged to waste half the work they do, so we seem to need twice as many programmers. ~ Anonymous,
828:As much land as a man tills, plants, improves, cultivated, and can use the product of, so much is his property. He by his labour does, as it were, enclose it from the common. ~ John Locke,
829:No right of preference exists in favor of person, property, or business. Personal claims and ambitions must yield in favor of whatever best serves the general welfare. ~ Charles Lindbergh,
830:Rules of property ought to be generally known, and not to be left upon loose notes, which rather serve to confound principles, than to confirm them. ~ William Murray 1st Earl of Mansfield,
831:There exists a false aristocracy based on family name, property, and inherited wealth. But there likewise exists a true aristocracy based on intelligence, talent and virtue. ~ Tom Robbins,
832:There is a wonderful line in one of Cicero’s letters to Atticus in which he describes moving into a property and says: I have put out my books and now my house has a soul. ~ Robert Harris,
833:We ask what is the origin of marriage, and we are told that like the right of property, after many wars and contests, it has gradually arisen out of the selfishness of barbarians. ~ Plato,
834:You are horrified at our intending to do away with private property. But in your existing society, private property is already done away with for nine-tenths of the population ~ Karl Marx,
835:You matter. And no one is allowed to take away your right to your property, your right to your safety, or your right to be yourself. Those are things that should be defended. ~ Kevin Hart,
836:You need to get far enough away from abusive people to be able to fence your property against further invasion. And then you need to own the treasures you find in your soul. ~ Henry Cloud,
837:And even if you get shot by a stray bullet, you don't gotta go to no doctor to get it taken out, whoever shot you will take they bullet back! "I believe you have my property!" ~ Chris Rock,
838:Citizens who live or work near protest sites or marches have every right to be free of violence from protesters, and they should never be subjected to destruction of property. ~ Naomi Wolf,
839:Deficit spending is simply a scheme for the 'hidden' confiscation of wealth. Gold stands in the way of this insidious process. It stands as a protector of property rights. ~ Alan Greenspan,
840:Happiness lies in conquering one's enemies, in driving them in front of oneself, in taking their property, in savoring their despair, in outraging their wives and daughters. ~ Genghis Khan,
841:I am not your property, I am not a dog … I am your equal, and I deserve the love and respect that comes with that because that’s what a real man does when he loves a woman. ~ Katie McGarry,
842:I have before me a newspaper slip on which a writer expresses the opinion that no one should be allowed to possess more than one million dollars' worth of property. ~ William Graham Sumner,
843:I know of no other country where love of money has such a grip on men's hearts or where stronger scorn is expressed for the theory of permanent equality of property ~ Alexis de Tocqueville,
844:pretexts for taking away the property are never wanting; for he who has once begun to live by robbery will always find pretexts for seizing what belongs to others; but ~ Niccol Machiavelli,
845:The major way that society has come to agree on the rules of property is through the growth of common law, though more recently legislation has played an increasing role. ~ Milton Friedman,
846:The right to work, I had assumed, was the most precious liberty that man possesses. Man has indeed as much right to work as he has to live, to be free, to own property. ~ William O Douglas,
847:They were making a deal for a property that clearly was a property that we wanted to own, so we had to act, and act as quickly as we could, and make the offer more attractive. ~ Jack Welch,
848:above all things he must keep his hands off the property of others, because men more quickly forget the death of their father than the loss of their patrimony. Besides, ~ Niccol Machiavelli,
849:Frequently give up some of your property by giving it with a generous heart to the poor ... It is true that God will repay us not only in the next world but even in this. ~ Francis de Sales,
850:From the respect paid to property flow, as from a poisoned fountain, most of the evils and vices which render this world such a dreary scene to the contemplative mind. ~ Mary Wollstonecraft,
851:He staked me out, marked as his property, said I was the only girl he would ever love, then he neglected me. I beat him up twice but it did no good, he only grew closer to Jem. ~ Harper Lee,
852:I had not thought of this regular decrease of gravity, namely that it is as the inverse square of the distance; this is a new and highly remarkable property of gravity. ~ Christiaan Huygens,
853:I never say too much about that in public interviews, because it disappoints the public to tell them you're not that crazy about a property you did that possibly they liked. ~ Jackie Cooper,
854:It will be impossible to put these principles into practice unless the non-owning workers through industry and thrift advance to the state of possessing some little property. ~ Pope Pius XI,
855:Personal rights, universally the same, demand a government framed on the ratio of the census: property demands a government framedon the ratio of owners and of owning. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
856:Some people's lives are affected by what happens to their person or property, but for others fate is what happens to their feelings and their thoughts--that and nothing more. ~ Willa Cather,
857:The love of property and consciousness of right and wrong have conflicting places in our organization, which often makes a man's course seem crooked, his conduct a riddle. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
858:The person and society are yoked, like mind and body. Arguing which is more important is like debating whether oxygen or hydrogen is the more essential property of water. ~ Marilyn Ferguson,
859:Where the law of the majority ceases to be acknowledged, there government ends; the law of the strongest takes its place, and life and property are his who can take them. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
860:April frowned, irritation evident. “I did not consent to your presence,” she said peevishly. “Please depart, and attempt your political assassination on someone else’s property. ~ Mira Grant,
861:I gather that he nearly knocked you down, damaged your property, and generally made a nuisance of himself, and that you instantly concluded he must be some relation to me. ~ Dorothy L Sayers,
862:I own you. I own your filthy mouth. I own your dirty mind. When you get wet thinking about fucking, it’s mine. Every drop from you. I own your every thought. You are my property. ~ Anonymous,
863:I’ve just become a Socialist. It’s a great scheme. You ought to be one. You work for the equal distribution of property, and start by collaring all you can and sitting on it. ~ P G Wodehouse,
864:Most people think real estate is a business about property and therefore money,
but Eddie would argue that real estate is a business about people. And about
money. ~ Elin Hilderbrand,
865:Noether's theorem fused together symmetries and conservation laws-these two giant pillars of physics are actually nothing but different facets of the same fundamental property. ~ Mario Livio,
866:So we are brought back to the fact that compound interest does not merely increase the flow of income to the rentier One Percent, but also transfers property into its hands. ~ Michael Hudson,
867:The Communist revolution is the most radical rupture with traditional property relations; no wonder that its development involves the most radical rupture with traditional ideas. ~ Karl Marx,
868:We talk a lot about individual rights, but in fact Americans are very willing to give up our individual rights if it means our property values will be protected, and so on. ~ Robert D Kaplan,
869:America's indispensable working class existed as property beyond the realm of politics, leaving white Americans free to trumpet their love of freedom and democratic values. ~ Ta Nehisi Coates,
870:as a young man I thought the ideal philosophical argument was one with the following property: someone who understood its premises and did not accept its conclusion would die. ~ Robert Nozick,
871:Here was the true Great Spirit, the divine thread connecting all human endeavor—if you can keep it, it is yours. Your property, slave or continent. The American imperative. ~ Colson Whitehead,
872:I deem it established, then, that the Constitution does not recognize property in man, but leaves that question, as between the states, to the law of nature and of nations. ~ William H Seward,
873:It is a truth universally acknowledged that a young lady of rank and property will have packs of money- or land-hungry suitors yapping around her heels like hounds after a fox. ~ Anna Elliott,
874:It makes him hated above all things, as I have said, to be rapacious, and to be a violator of the property and women of his subjects, from both of which he must abstain. ~ Niccolo Machiavelli,
875:Monogamy was the first form of the family not founded on natural, but on economic conditions, viz.: the victory of private property over primitive and natural collectivism. ~ Friedrich Engels,
876:Wild beasts and birds are by right not the property merely of the people today, but the property of the unborn generations, whose belongings we have no right to squander. ~ Theodore Roosevelt,
877:Consciousness properly so-called is the property specific to very large complexes; it is a result of them. ~ Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, The Place of Technology in a General Biology of Mankind,
878:Democracies have been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their death. ~ James Madison,
879:Here was the true Great Spirit, the divine thread connecting all human endeavor -if you can keep it, it is yours. Your property, slave or continent. The American imperative. ~ Colson Whitehead,
880:I slipped one of the shoes off, looked at the inside. Property of Antonia O'Neill Taylor. I knew it. My stepmother! The bitch meant to bury me wearing her cast off shoes! ~ MaryJanice Davidson,
881:The lodgings were on the top floor next to the well-guarded premises of a respectable dealer in stolen property because, as Granny had heard, good fences make good neighbors. ~ Terry Pratchett,
882:The relative property of the Son is to be begotten, that is, so to proceed from the Father as to be a participant of the same essence and perfectly carry on the Father's nature. ~ William Ames,
883:Whose property is my body? Probably mine. I so regard it. If I experiment with it, who must be answerable? I, not the State. If I choose injudiciously, does the state die? Oh, no. ~ Mark Twain,
884:But obviously if there was no concept of ownership there’d be no concept of stealing, would there? As long as there’s one starving child in the world, all property is theft. ~ Fuminori Nakamura,
885:Folks are obviously reluctant to do things that they don't feel comfortable with, and the conservative nature of the state is such that they can understand property rights. ~ Jesse Lee Peterson,
886:Here was the true Great Spirit, the divine thread connecting all human endeavor - if you can keep it, it is yours. Your property, slave or continent. The American Imperative. ~ Colson Whitehead,
887:How was it that a man could not walk onto his own property, visit the grave of his wife, eat the fruits of forty generations of his ancestors’ toil, without mortal consequence? ~ Susan Abulhawa,
888:I had entered a world that no one with an evolved sense of joie de vivre would touch with a barge pole - it's called "Joining the Property Market" and it trumps war for stress! ~ Tyne O Connell,
889:In accumulating property for ourselves or our prosperity, in founding a family or a state, or aquiring fame even, we are mortal; but in dealing with truth we are immortal. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
890:In an approximate way, the logic of commons has been understood for a long time, perhaps since the discovery of agriculture or the invention of private property in real estate. ~ Garrett Hardin,
891:It is the property of a great and good mind to covet, not the fruit of good deeds, but good deeds themselves, and to seek for a good man even after having met with bad men. ~ Seneca the Younger,
892:I was never in favor of violence. I am always in favor of expressing anger, though. I am always in favor of revolt, and can even understand some forms of property crime. ~ Margarethe von Trotta,
893:lanCe Couldn’t find a store in His sCHool distriCt tHat sold the things he wanted. Which was probably a good thing. A sexual fetish shop probably wouldn’t raise any property values. ~ Anonymous,
894:The lodgings were on the top floor next to the well-guarded premises of a respectable dealer in stolen property because, as Granny had heard, good fences make good neighbours. ~ Terry Pratchett,
895:The protection of private property does more than promote market efficiency; it enhances the level of human freedom in the most intimate and personal parts of our lives. ~ Richard Allen Epstein,
896:There's a group of 12 oak trees on my property in California that I call 'my disciples.' Their branches form a canopy over the ground, and I sit underneath them for inspiration. ~ Oprah Winfrey,
897:They measure their esteem of each other by what each has, and not by what each is. But a cultivated man becomes ashamed of his property, out of new respect for his nature. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
898:Carter got jeans, boots, and a T-shirt that read Property of Alexandria University in English and Arabic. Clearly, even personal shoppers had him pegged as a complete geek. ~ Rick Riordan,
899:Free will exists and operates outside causality. It is not hooked to karma. Free will is like a well that is on your property. You can choose to draw water from the well or not. ~ Frederick Lenz,
900:I don’t think that’s it. I think everybody’s got that special someone that gets under their skin and doesn’t go away. I think maybe you have that particular fungal property for him. ~ Hank Moody,
901:If admiration were not generally deemed the exclusive property of the rich, and contempt the constant lackey of poverty, the love of gain would cease to be an universal problem. ~ William Godwin,
902:if admiration were not generally deemed the exclusive property of the rich, and contempt the constant lackey of poverty, the love of gain would cease to be an universal problem. ~ William Godwin,
903:If the poor, for example, because they are more in number, divide among themselves the property of the rich,- is not this unjust? . . this law of confiscation clearly cannot be just. ~ Aristotle,
904:Jagjit Singh Bawa, a Sikh property dealer, said that Bhindranwale used to extort money by threats from his own community too. Bawa once received a letter demanding 20,000 rupees. He ~ Mark Tully,
905:Prosperity comes from leaving people free in a legal system that respects their persons and property so they can pursue their dreams while taking responsibility for their actions. ~ John Stossel,
906:Rights give rise to legal claims. Ultimately, the more rights animals are granted, the greater the legal lien exercised on their behalf against the liberty and property of people. ~ Ilana Mercer,
907:Some people really trip on success or popularity. My friends would talk to me about that, about tripping on all this stuff, but you know what I tripped on? I started buying property. ~ Roy Ayers,
908:The uneasy ghost of Marx must suffer the torments of the damned at the truth glaring from the pages of history that one does not abolish property by transferring it to the state. ~ Louis O Kelso,
909:To claim that theft or adultery or lying are "evil" simply reflects our degraded idea of good-—that it has something to do with respect for property, respectability, and sincerity. ~ Simone Weil,
910:Was a great high wall there that tried to stop me. Was a great big sign there said private Property but on the back side it didn't say nothing. That side was made for you and me. ~ Woody Guthrie,
911:Women are one-half of the world’s people; they do two-thirds of the world’s work; they earn one-tenth of the world’s income; they own one one-hundredth of the world’s property. ~ Peggy Orenstein,
912:A property of an organism enters into its life (and survival) in many different ways, some more salient than others. But there is no simple notion of its being "for" some function. ~ Noam Chomsky,
913:Even if we were not sinful by nature, the sin of having private property would suffice to condemn us before God; for that which he gives us freely, we appropriate to ourselves. ~ Huldrych Zwingli,
914:Frequently give up some of your property by giving it with a generous heart to the poor ... It is true that God will repay us not only in the next world but even in this. ~ Saint Francis de Sales,
915:If human beings were to treat one another's personal property the way they treat the natural environment, we would view that behavior as anti-social and illegal. ~ Bartholomew I of Constantinople,
916:It is only when people have rights of property, and can freely exchange what they own for what they need, that a society of strangers can achieve economic coordination. Socialists ~ Roger Scruton,
917:Let me repeat: the principle mark of genius is not perfection, but originality, the opening of new frontiers; once this is done, the conquered territory becomes common property. ~ Arthur Koestler,
918:The function of Government must be to favor no small group at the expense of its duty to protect the rights of personal freedom and of private property of all its citizens. ~ Franklin D Roosevelt,
919:This is typical, trying to treat history as though it is the property of the ruling class, which will dispense however much of it they want to dispense at any given point in time. ~ Walter Rodney,
920:Dating means doing a lot of fun things you will never do again if you get married. The fun stops with marriage because you're trying to save money for when you split up your property. ~ Dave Barry,
921:People who own property feel a sense of ownership in their future and their society. They study, save, work, strive and vote. And people trapped in a culture of tenancy do not. ~ Henry Louis Gates,
922:This fierce defender of private property—this man for whom contracts were to be sacred covenants—expressly denied the sanctity of any agreement that stripped people of their freedom. ~ Ron Chernow,
923:Women's property has been taxed, equally with that of men's, to sustain colleges endowed by the states; but they have not been permitted to enter those high seminaries of learning. ~ Lucretia Mott,
924:A certain inequality in regard to property still exists in a socialist society. But in a socialist society there is no unemployment, no exploitation, no oppression of nationalities. ~ Joseph Stalin,
925:A genuine free enterprise system, without state-enforced artificial scarcities, artificial property rights or subsidies, would be like dynamite at the foundations of corporate power. ~ Kevin Carson,
926:And then many things became very clear... we learned perfectly that the life of a single human being is worth millions of times more than all the property of the richest man on earth. ~ Che Guevara,
927:I don't break the law* made for crooks, when I take away my own property - thus I am not obliged to conform to the law made for murderers when I deprive myself of my own life. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
928:If the fact that brutes abstract not be made the distinguishing property of that sort of animal, I fear a great many of those that pass for men must be reckoned into their number. ~ George Berkeley,
929:It is possible, however, to have a democratic political system without fully acknowledging individual liberties—such as freedom of speech, assembly, religion, or property ownership. ~ Mustafa Akyol,
930:It was as though a deed of conveyance of her narrow loins had been drawn and sealed. I was making my first entry as the freeholder of a property I would enjoy and develop at leisure. ~ Evelyn Waugh,
931:Oh, how often have I cursed those foolish pages of mine which made my youthful sufferings public property!” Goethe wrote years after the publication of The Sorrows of Young Werther. ~ Maggie Nelson,
932:Psychiatry is just like Sorcery, it claims to have a solution for everything prone to its field; something which NOT even Science dares to place intellectual property rights unto. ~ Ibrahim Ibrahim,
933:So great moreover is the regard of the law for private property, that it will not authorize the least violation of it; no, not even for the general good of the whole community. ~ William Blackstone,
934:Some people's lives are affected by what happens to their person or their property; but for others fate is what happens to their feelings and their thoughts -- that and nothing more. ~ Willa Cather,
935:The mission of law is not to oppress persons and plunder them of their property, even thought the law may be acting in a philanthropic spirit. Its mission is to protect property. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
936:We cannot make owners by merely giving men something to own. And, I repeat, whether there be sufficient desire for property left upon which we can work, only experience can decide. ~ Hilaire Belloc,
937:When an Englishman once has your property in his hand, then he is like a monkey that has its hands full of pumpkin seeds - if you don’t beat him to death he will never let go.’ He ~ Martin Meredith,
938:A State divided into a small number of rich and a large number of poor will always develop a government manipulated by the rich to protect the amenities represented by their property. ~ Harold Laski,
939:If I am what I own, then I cling to what I have to secure my value in the world. And when you try to take it from me, I feel violated, for my identity is attached to my property. ~ Devdutt Pattanaik,
940:The complexity of software is an essential property, not an accidental one. Hence, descriptions of a software entity that abstract away its complexity often abstracts away its essence. ~ Fred Brooks,
941:God [is] not the exclusive property of any one tradition. The divine light [cannot] be confined to a single lamp, belonging to the East or the West, but enlightens all human beings. ~ Karen Armstrong,
942:In fact, without any exaggeration, the current mechanism of money creation through credit is certainly the "cancer" that's irretrievably eroding market economies of private property. ~ Maurice Allais,
943:It’s grand theft auto.” “No problem, I’ll drive.” Jack sighed. “No, let’s not add manslaughter, being-slaughter, destruction of public property, and reckless endangerment to the list.” He ~ Gini Koch,
944:Language is an impure medium. Speech is public property and words are the soiled products, not of nature, but of society, which circulates and uses them for a thousand different ends. ~ Edward Hirsch,
945:No high schools exist in southern Austin east of I-35 or west of MoPac. Money to buy property for the schools — $32 million — was part of $344 million in bonds approved by voters in 2008. ~ Anonymous,
946:The attempt to restrain prices within limits has to be given up. A government that sets out to abolish market prices is inevitably driven towards the abolition of private property. ~ Ludwig von Mises,
947:The price of property in city centres is making it impossible, particularly in the big cities, for any kind of social mix to take place. It's castrating the whole notion of city life ~ Joseph Rykwert,
948:The rule of law is critical for economic development; without clear property rights and contract enforcement, it is difficult for businesses to break out of small circles of trust. ~ Francis Fukuyama,
949:As soon as the land of any country has all become private property, the landlords, like all other men, love to reap where they never sowed, and demand a rent even for its natural produce. ~ Adam Smith,
950:Donald Trump has come out in favor of shutting down Planned Parenthood. However, experts say, if he really wants Planned Parenthood to go under he should turn it into a Trump property. ~ Conan O Brien,
951:In the United States, if you buy a property and you're a good citizen, and you improve that property, what do they do to you? They tax you more. So they penalize you for good behavior. ~ Jesse Ventura,
952:Many rogue sites exist to make a profit and others are enormously expensive to maintain. If they don't have the resources to continue stealing intellectual property, they'll wither away. ~ Jared Polis,
953:Nations are less disposed to make revolutions in proportion as personal property is augmented and distributed among them, and as the number of those possessing it is increased. ~ Alexis de Tocqueville,
954:Oh, for the love of God. There is no agent more agent than you. I swear you have pin-striped ties encrypted into your DNA. When you die, the coffin is going to read Property of the FBI. ~ Lisa Gardner,
955:The majority of problems on this planet are the result of the idea that humans are not sovereign and autonomous, but property owned by primitive Gods and incompetent governments. ~ Christopher S Hyatt,
956:The petite bourgeoise and small property in general represent a precious zone of autonomy and freedom in state systems increasingly dominated by large public and private bureaucracies. ~ James C Scott,
957:A king may be a tool, a thing of straw; but if he serves to frighten our enemies, and secure our property, it is well enough; a scarecrow is a thing of straw, but it protects the corn. ~ Alexander Pope,
958:Food and fire, protection and companionship, were some of the things he received from the god. In return, he guarded the god's property, defended his body, worked for him, and obeyed him. ~ Jack London,
959:Her body is just an item of property, and though it has been handed around and misused in various ways, it has somehow always belonged to him, and she feels like returning it to him now. ~ Sally Rooney,
960:If the widow of a man who died without leaving issue, raises up to him a son by a member of the family , she shall deliver to that ,son the whole property which belonged to the ,deceased . ~ Guru Nanak,
961:Intellectual property rights now serve as an ephemeral gold, weightless and invisible, priceless artifacts one can slip into the folds of his or her brain and smuggle anywhere, undetected. ~ Hugh Howey,
962:Out of his other property, out of all the things he had collected, his silver, his pictures, his houses, his investments, he got a secret and intimate feeling; out of her he got none. ~ John Galsworthy,
963:Property is intended to serve life, and no matter how much we surround it with rights and respect, it has no personal being. It is part of the earth man walks on. It is not man. ~ Martin Luther King Jr,
964:Sir, I do not call a gamester a dishonest man; but I call him an unsociable man, an unprofitable man. Gaming is a mode of transferring property without producing any intermediate good. ~ Samuel Johnson,
965:Such are a well regulated militia, composed of the freeholders, citizen and husbandman, who take up arms to preserve their property, as individuals, and their rights as freemen. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
966:The 2011 riots in England, which left five dead and caused more than $300 million in property damage, were fueled by a generation of young Brits who grew up without ever hearing the word No. ~ Bob Barr,
967:When I consider this carefully, I find not a single property which with certainty separates the waking state from the dream. How can you be certain that your whole life is not a dream? ~ Rene Descartes,
968:Whilst the rights of all as persons are equal, in virtue of their access to reason, their rights in property are very unequal. Oneman owns his clothes, and another owns a country. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
969:April frowned, irritation evident.

“I did not consent to your presence,” she said peevishly. “Please depart, and attempt your political assassination on someone else’s property. ~ Seanan McGuire,
970:If we buy into the notion that somehow property rights are less important, or are in conflict with, human or civil rights, we give the socialists a freer hand to attack our property. ~ Walter E Williams,
971:I have declared war on the rich who prosper on our poverty, the politicians who lie to us with smiling faces, and all the mindless, heartless, robots who protect them and their property. ~ Assata Shakur,
972:Space' (it says here, rather suggestively) 'denotes the property, you are my property, in virtue of which, you are my virtue, rigid bodies can occupy different positions.' Nice? Nice. ~ Vladimir Nabokov,
973:The acquisition of a book signalled not just the potential acquisition of knowledge but also something like the property rights to a piece of ground: the knowledge became a visitable place. ~ James Wood,
974:The end of all political associations is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man; and these rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance of oppression. ~ Thomas Paine,
975:Yes, as long as it is admitted that the law may be diverted from its true mission, that it may violate property instead of securing it, 12everybody will be wanting to manufacture law, ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
976:44 percent paid payroll taxes on their wages that went toward Social Security and Medicare, as well as state, local, property and sales taxes, they paid zero dollars in federal income tax. ~ Bob Woodward,
977:a man does not really begin to be alive until he has lost himself, until he has released the anxious grasp which he normally holds upon his life, his property, his reputation and position. ~ Alan W Watts,
978:I am richer than you, therefore my property is greater than yours;” “I am more eloquent than you, therefore my style is better than yours.” But you, after all, are neither property nor style. ~ Epictetus,
979:I do not seek the good of others as a sanction for my right to exist, nor do I recognize the good of others as a justification for their seizure of my property or their destruction of my life. ~ Ayn Rand,
980:Intentionality is the property of being mentally directed towards or about something and requires a mental operation or ‘stance’ of attention directed towards something. Intentionality ~ Daniel L Everett,
981:It’s bad enough barging into Guild property, but we’ll get into really serious trouble if we shoot anyone. Lord Vetinari won’t stop at sarcasm. He might use’ - Colon swallowed - ‘irony. ~ Terry Pratchett,
982:No matter how hard it is to raise the capital to do that, do everything in your power to buy every property you have occupied if you can. In the end, that will be worth quite a bit of money. ~ Joe Mimran,
983:PLUNDER, v. To take the property of another without observing the decent and customary reticences of theft. To wrest the wealth of A from B and leave C lamenting a vanishing opportunity. ~ Ambrose Bierce,
984:Thus for Webster “the very soul of a republic” was to be found in “an equality of property, with a necessity of alienation, constantly operating to destroy combinations of powerful families. ~ Lewis Hyde,
985:What's awful about being famous and being an actress is when people come up to you and touch you. That's scary, and they just seem to think it's okay to do it, like you're public property. ~ Winona Ryder,
986:Amid the scattered property and the crowd on the open space, she in her rich satin cloak with a bright lilac shawl on her head suggested a delicate exotic plant thrown out onto the snow. She ~ Leo Tolstoy,
987:Among the natural rights of the colonists are these: First a right to life, secondly to liberty, and thirdly to property; together with the right to defend them in the best manner they can. ~ Samuel Adams,
988:Both free speech rights and property rights belong legally to individuals, but their real function is social, to benefit vast numbers of people who do not themselves exercise these rights. ~ Thomas Sowell,
989:It is perhaps true that the criminal who embraces a holy cause is more ready to risk his life and go to extremes in its defense than people who are awed by the sanctity of life and property. ~ Eric Hoffer,
990:There are certain things that are inherently scarce. For example, there is only a certain amount of beachfront property in California. It is going to be scarce, it is going to be expensive. ~ Ralph Merkle,
991:The true joy of humankind is in doing that which is most proper to our nature; and the first property of people is to be kindly affected towards them that are of one kind with ourselves. ~ Marcus Aurelius,
992:What 'eminent domain' laws mean in practice is that politicians have a right to seize your property and turn it over to someone else, in order to gain campaign contributions and win votes. ~ Thomas Sowell,
993:whenever there are any taxes, the one who’s just pays more tax on an equal amount of property, the other less, and whenever [343E] there are allotments, the former gains nothing, the latter a lot. ~ Plato,
994:Woman is the embodiment of sacrifice and suffering and her advent to public life should, therefore, result in purifying it, in restraining unbridled ambition and accumulation of property. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
995:America’s first voters were not just white men, but white men who owned property; in England in 1869, unmarried women with property had been granted the right to vote in local elections. ~ Rebecca Traister,
996:And then many things became very clear... we learned perfectly that the life of a single human being is worth millions of times more than all the property of the richest man on earth. ~ Ernesto Che Guevara,
997:I would like to call your attention to ... an evil that, if allowed to continue, will probably lead to great trouble ... It is the accumulation of vast amounts of untaxed church property. ~ Ulysses S Grant,
998:Politics and the affairs of State are dissociated from the orbit of the individual, and in so far as they cannot be repossessed as his living private property they must be rendered impotent. ~ John Carroll,
999:The road simply ended. No cul-de-sac. No sign like the ones they had seen before: "Private Property. No Trespassing." Or "No Motorized Vehicles Beyond This Point." Just road...then trees. ~ Robert Liparulo,
1000:You are somebody. You matter. And no one is allowed to take away your right to your property, your right to your safety, or your right to be yourself. Those are things that should be defended. ~ Kevin Hart,
1001:You cannot have an agency that defends your property, which also has the right to violate your property rights at will. That's like hiring a bodyguard that you pay to beat you up randomly ~ Stefan Molyneux,
1002:[A] man does not really begin to be alive until he has lost himself, until he has released the anxious grasp which he normally holds upon his life, his property, his reputation and position. ~ Alan W. Watts,
1003:And when neither their property nor honour is touched, the majority of men live content, and he has only to contend with the ambition of a few, whom he can curb with ease in many ways. ~ Niccolo Machiavelli,
1004:Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property... Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of the use of them. ~ Thomas Paine,
1005:As people seek to improve their living environment, there will be continuous demand for residential property. Investment in real estate market should have reasonable prospects in the long run. ~ Li Ka shing,
1006:It is an inherent property of intelligence that it can jump out of the task which it is performing, and survey what it has done; it is always looking for, and often finding, patterns. ~ Douglas R Hofstadter,
1007:It is not because men have made laws that personality, liberty, and property exist. On the contrary, it is because personality, liberty, and property exist beforehand, that men make laws. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1008:Measures should be enacted which, without violating the rights of property, would reduce extreme wealth towards a state of mediocrity, and raise extreme indigence towards a state of comfort. ~ James Madison,
1009:There was no private property in the past. Everything was communal property. In the Indian community where I was born, everything belonged to the community. This way of life is more equitable. ~ Evo Morales,
1010:Though age will naturally exempt a person from personal service, it cannot exempt him from his share of the charge, because the men are raised for the defence of property and liberty jointly. ~ Thomas Paine,
1011:Well, what did he want?"
"Merely to tell you that your uncle, Mr. Eyre of Madeira, is dead; that he has left you all his property, and that you are now rich--merely that--nothing more. ~ Charlotte Bront,
1012:You cannot have an agency that defends your property, which also has the right to violate your property rights at will. That's like hiring a bodyguard that you pay to beat you up randomly. ~ Stefan Molyneux,
1013:billions of women must be out there on this seven-billion-person planet being told that they are not reliable witnesses to their own lives, that the truth is not their property, now or ever. ~ Rebecca Solnit,
1014:He had asked me earlier in the summer to marry him, then he promptly forgot about it. He staked me out, marked as his property, said I was the only girl he would ever love, then he neglected me. ~ Harper Lee,
1015:It is not because men have made laws, that personality, liberty, and property exist. On the contrary, it is because personality, liberty, and property exist beforehand, that men make laws. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1016:One of the properties belonged to Madame du Barry. During the revolution her lover was guillotined and his head thrown over the ivy-covered wall into her garden. This is now the property of Coty. ~ Ana s Nin,
1017:Property is unstable, and youth perishes in a moment. Life itself is held in the grinning fangs of Death, Yet men delay to obtain release from the world. Alas, the conduct of mankind is surprising. ~ Plautus,
1018:A will, an estate, could become about more than money, property, possessions. Who was left the most could be interpreted as who was loved the most. There were different sorts of greed. Of need. ~ Louise Penny,
1019:A woman was the property of her father or her husband and that remained true right into the twentieth century. It wasn't until 1975 that women had a guaranteed right to serve on federal juries. ~ Noam Chomsky,
1020:Chef Maurice and Chef Bonvivant got on like a house on fire—that is to say, whenever they met, there was screaming, destruction of property, and sooner or later the need for large buckets of water. ~ J A Lang,
1021:Hello little one. Did you know you're on private property?"

"Really? I had no idea." Meryn fudged.

He raised an eyebrow. "The ten foot fence right behind you didn't give it away? ~ Alanea Alder,
1022:other incursions of new intellectual property laws into the public domain. Tim's long-term vision for his company is to change the world by spreading the knowledge of innovators. For everything ~ Tim O Reilly,
1023:Thatcher forged consent through the cultivation of a middle class that relished the joys of home ownership, private property, individualism, and the liberation of entrepreneurial opportunities. ~ David Harvey,
1024:The moment the idea is admitted into society that property is not as sacred as the law of God, and that there is not a force of law and public justice to protect it, anarchy and tyranny commence. ~ John Adams,
1025:There is a desire of property in the sanest and best men, which Nature seems to have implanted as conservative of her works, and which is necessary to encourage and keep alive the arts. ~ Walter Savage Landor,
1026:When a man becomes cultivated, he develops a new respect for who he is. This causes him to be ashamed of his past identification of himself and others according to things, i.e. property. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1027:Drugs. If they did not exist our governors would have invented them in order to prohibit them and so make much of the population vulnerable to arrest, imprisonment, seizure of property, and so on. ~ Gore Vidal,
1028:I would suggest the taxation of all property equally, whether church or corporation, exempting only the last resting place of the dead and possibly, with proper restrictions, church edifices. ~ Ulysses S Grant,
1029:Just as man can't exist without his body, so no rights can exist without the right to translate one's rights into reality, to think, to work and keep the results, which means: the right of property. ~ Ayn Rand,
1030:Of course same sex marriage is constitutional! The right to be yourself, to pursue life, liberty, and property, is protected several ways over several amendments. John Boehner should know this. ~ Henry Rollins,
1031:That paper money has some advantages is admitted. But that its abuses also are inevitable and, by breaking up the measure of value, makes a lottery of all private property, cannot be denied. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
1032:The gift of imagination is by no means an exclusive property of the artist; it is a gift we all share; to some degree or other all of us, all of you, are endowed with the powers of fantasy. ~ Leonard Bernstein,
1033:There is a real function for government in respect to pollution: to set conditions and, in particular, define property rights to make sure that the costs are borne by the parties responsible. ~ Milton Friedman,
1034:unconscionable–eating the food in a supermarket was simply theft, and could be distinguished from shoplifting only by virtue of the nature of the container used to remove the property. ~ Alexander McCall Smith,
1035:What, then, is law? It is the collective organization of the individual right to lawful defense. Each of us has a natural right--from God--to defend his person, his liberty, and his property ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1036:As Arkwright and Whitney were the demi-gods of cotton, so prolific Time will yet bring an inventor to every plant. There is not a property in nature but a mind is born to seek and find it. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1037:I just want everyone to know that 20,000 gun laws in the United States are unconstitutional. They infringe on your right to protect your life, the lives of your loved ones, and your property. ~ Michael Badnarik,
1038:In all my life I never met anyone so frivolous as you two, so crazy and unbusinesslike. I tell you in plain Russian your property is going to be sold and you don't seem to understand what I say. ~ Anton Chekhov,
1039:It should go without saying that even the most narrowly construed eminent-domain power would violate individual rights. Either a person owns his legitimately acquired property or he does not. ~ Sheldon Richman,
1040:The solution is the abolition of wages, alienated labour, and private property in one blow. In a word, communism. Marx introduces communism in terms befitting the closing chapter of a Hegelian epic: ~ Anonymous,
1041:To say that life is nothing but a property of certain peculiar combinations of atoms is like saying that Shakespeare's Hamlet is nothing but a property of a peculiar combination of letters. ~ Ernst F Schumacher,
1042:Upon the sacredness of property civilization itself depends-the right of the laborer to his hundred dollars in the savings bank, and equally the legal right of the millionaire to his millions. ~ Andrew Carnegie,
1043:We are all poor in respect to a thousand savage comforts, though surrounded by luxuries...for our houses are such unwieldy property that we are often imprisoned rather than housed in them. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
1044:We are under a Constitution, but the Constitution is what the judges say it is, and the judiciary is the safeguard of our property and our liberty and our property under the Constitution. ~ Charles Evans Hughes,
1045:Progress, then, is a property of the evolution of life as a whole by almost any conceivable intuitive standard.... let us not pretend to deny in our philosophy what we know in our hearts to be true. ~ E O Wilson,
1046:The clerk says to me, “If you’re pregnant, you shouldn’t eat cold cuts.” Now that my belly shows, I’m public property. Strangers speak to me all the time. They tell me how I should do everything. ~ Samantha Hunt,
1047:They thought man was a creature of rapacious self-interest, and yet they wanted him to be free- free, in essence, to contend, to engage in an umpired strife, to use property to get property. ~ Richard Hofstadter,
1048:We take care of our health; we lay up money; we make our roof tight, and our clothing sufficient; but who provides wisely that he shall not be wanting in the best property of all, -friends? ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1049:We were proposing, in a sense, that the rest of the world be made safe for American ideas, as they adopted intellectual property rights that gave patent protection to our very innovative economy. ~ Jeffrey Sachs,
1050:Whereas it has long been known and declared that the poor have no right to the property of the rich, I wish it also to be known and declared that the rich have no right to the property of the poor. ~ John Ruskin,
1051:year, hackers steal roughly $300 billion worth of information, from intellectual property to classified state secrets, according to a 2013 study by the Center for Strategic and International Studies. ~ Anonymous,
1052:If you think you’ll find intellectual stimulation, you’re thinking of another era. The conversations are invariably about money or property or schools. I’ve never been more bored by casual chat. ~ Andrew Sullivan,
1053:It was not, then, race and culture calling out of the South in 1876; it was property and privilege, shrieking to its own kind, and privilege and property heard and recognized the voice of its own. ~ W E B Du Bois,
1054:Man does and is dressed to do so, his skin is his own business. He is artful, the creation of culture. Woman is; and is, therefore, fully dressed in no clothes at all, her skin is common property. ~ Angela Carter,
1055:the concept of communal property was a reminder of the early church, when believers cared for one another as they shared not only their belief in Christ but also their worldly belongings. To ~ Judith McCoy Miller,
1056:The laws that took the vote away from blacks—poll taxes, literacy tests, property qualifications—also often ensured that poor whites would not vote. And the political leaders of the South knew this. ~ Howard Zinn,
1057:The military value of a partisan's work is not measured by the amount of property destroyed, or the number of men killed or captured, but by the number [of the enemy which] he keeps watching [him]. ~ John S Mosby,
1058:We can know nothing of humankind without knowing something of ourselves. Self-knowledge is the property of those people whose passions have their full play, but who ponder over their results. ~ Benjamin Disraeli,
1059:We need to keep a very keen eye on our own government. It's getting too rich and redistributing wealth is a sure way of robbing us of our private property rights and other rights along with them. ~ Richard Pipes,
1060:When I had told Amira, my business partner, that I planned to let people look around as part of the local Open Gardens day, she’d pulled a face. ‘What, let strangers traipse all over your property? ~ Mark Edwards,
1061:In a normal family, surprise means presents, cake and a party. My family, surprise means homelessness, abandonment and destruction of private property. Sometimes we have cake. We're not losers. ~ Christopher Titus,
1062:It was at the beginning of all this tabloid frenzy. Our garbage was being gone through, and we were involved in all these chases getting home, and people camping out on our property to get pictures. ~ Lauren Holly,
1063:Private property and capitalism also provide strong incentives to preserve resources for the future, whereas political resource allocation under democracy tends toward immediate gratification. ~ Thomas J DiLorenzo,
1064:Private Property, the Law of Accumulation of Wealth, and the Law of Competition... these are the highest results of human experience, the soil in which society so far has produced the best fruit. ~ Andrew Carnegie,
1065:So uncritically do we accept the idea of property in culture that we don't even question when the control of that property removes our ability, as a people, to develop our culture democratically. ~ Lawrence Lessig,
1066:The close relationship between politics and economics is neither neutral nor coincidental. Large governments evolve through history in order to protect large accumulations of property and wealth. ~ Michael Parenti,
1067:The power of perpetuating our property in our families is one of the most valuable and interesting circumstances belonging to it, and that which tends the most to the perpetuation of society itself. ~ Edmund Burke,
1068:We're creating an ownership society in this country, where more Americans than ever will be able to open up their door where they live and say, welcome to my house, welcome to my piece of property. ~ George W Bush,
1069:It is only when people can feel that their lives and the property which their industry has produced today will continue to be safe...that there can be...stability of value and...economic progress. ~ Calvin Coolidge,
1070:Property and mastery: nothing else counts. Earth will be monetized until all trees grow in straight lines, three people own all seven continents, and every large organism is bred to be slaughtered. ~ Richard Powers,
1071:(Apparently you’re only allowed to demolish Wolverhampton if you’re a property developer like Donald Trump. Crawling eldritch horrors don’t get planning permission unless they’re Trump’s hairpiece.) ~ Charles Stross,
1072:For A Row Of Laurel Shrubs
They don't want to be your hedge, Your
barrier, your living wall, the no-go
Gobetween between your property And the prying of dogs and strangers. They don't
~ David Wagoner,
1073:Freedom, individualism and being yourself so long as you don't hurt another's physical person or property: The true artist is a man who believes absolutely in himself, because he is absolutely himself. ~ Oscar Wilde,
1074:I had the best of both worlds when I was a kid. I'd spend a quiet week with my mum, then I'd go to my dad's property in the Adelaide Hills, where there were all these kids and animals running around. ~ Teresa Palmer,
1075:In a system where the cost of care is hidden by taxes levied on your income, property, and business activities, it is no wonder why so many Americans rely on Medicaid to pay their long term care. ~ Michael C Burgess,
1076:I sometimes think that there is a link between the decline in humanity and the increase in prosperity and comfort. Property and comfort are what people seek, but the costs to character are often terrifying. ~ Mo Yan,
1077:Misery, we repeat, had been good for him. Poverty in youth, when it succeeds, has this magnificent property about it, that it turns the whole will towards effort, and the whole soul towards aspiration. ~ Victor Hugo,
1078:Property-owners are the most energetic flag-waggers and patriots in every country, but only so long as they enjoy their possessions: to safeguard those they desert God, King and Country in a twinkling. ~ C L R James,
1079:The courts cannot garnish a fathers salary, nor freeze his account, nor seize his property on behalf of his children, in our society. Apparently this is because a kid is not a car or a couch or a boat. ~ June Jordan,
1080:Buster was Rant was Buddy. Chester was Chet was Dad. Irene was Mom was Reen. How folks lay claim to their loved ones is they give you a name of their own. They figure to label you as their property. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
1081:Could there be anything resembling a free enterprise economy, if wealth and property were concentrated in the hands of a few, while the great majority owned little more than the shirts on their backs? ~ Ronald Reagan,
1082:It should be remembered that the foundation of the social contract is property; and its first condition, that every one should be maintained in the peaceful possession of what belongs to him. ~ Jean Baptiste Rousseau,
1083:Madison’s examples suggested a particular concern with factions united by economic or religious passions. Through state-issued paper money, he observed, debtor factions had devalued property rights. ~ Edward J Larson,
1084:She didn’t believe that anyone should be made to spend the entire time on earth as property of someone else. No matter what it took, she was determined to see them free before she went to her grave. ~ Beverly Jenkins,
1085:The hotel-keeper, the postmaster, the blacksmith, the mayor, the constable, the city marshal and the principal citizen and property holder, all came out and greeted us cheerily, and we gave him good day. ~ Mark Twain,
1086:The world of shabby gentility is like no other; its sacrifices have less logic, its standards are harsher, its relation to reality is dimmer than comfortable property or plain poverty can understand. ~ Murray Kempton,
1087:This is the very ecstasy of love,
Whose violent property fordoes itself
And leads the will to desperate undertakings
As oft as any passion under heaven
That does afflict our natures. ~ William Shakespeare,
1088:I am not a piece of property, damn it!"
"But you are in my possession."
She enunciated, "I think you are a lunatic."
"Since you are too, that works well enough." His mouth curled into a smile. ~ Thea Harrison,
1089:Men—’ said Miss Williams, and stopped.
As a rich property owner says ‘Bolsheviks’—as an earnest Communist says ‘Capitalists!’—as a good housewife says ‘Blackbeetles’—so did Miss Williams say ‘Men! ~ Agatha Christie,
1090:Now property is part of a household, and the acquisition of property part of household-management; for neither life itself nor the good life is possible without a certain minimum supply of the necessities. ~ Aristotle,
1091:The sweetness we taste in a piece of sugar is neither a property of the sugar nor a property of ourselves. We are producing the experience of sweetness in the process of interacting with the sugar. ~ A P J Abdul Kalam,
1092:They successfully combined piracy and puritanism, which aren't so unlike when you come right down to it. Both had a strong dislike for opposition and both had a roving eye for other people's property. ~ John Steinbeck,
1093:Few enjoyments are given from the open and liberal hand of nature; but by art, labor and industry we can extract them in great abundance. Hence, the ideas of property become necessary in all civil society. ~ David Hume,
1094:I am accordingly ready; I have pressed as many Cabinet papers into trunks as to fill one carriage; our private property must be sacrificed, as it is impossible to procure wagons for its transportation. ~ Dolley Madison,
1095:I do have two data identities. I have my name, Bruce Sterling, which is my public name under which I write novels. I also have my other name, which is my legal name under which I own property and vote. ~ Bruce Sterling,
1096:I want to speak, show, see, and hear outrageously astute questions and comments. I want to be on the sides of pleasure and laughter and to disrupt the dour certainties of pictures, property, and power. ~ Barbara Kruger,
1097:She did not exist: she would not be born till tomorrow, some time after eight o'clock a.m.; and I would wait to be assured she had come into the world alive before I assigned to her all that property. ~ Charlotte Bront,
1098:The fact is, that with the creation of the Jewish state in 1948, hundreds of thousands of Jews fled Arab countries, almost all of whom left behind all their property for which compensation was never paid. ~ Meir Kahane,
1099:The final result of our researches has widened the class of substances sensitive to light vibrations, until we can propound the fact of such sensitiveness being a general property of all matter. ~ Alexander Graham Bell,
1100:The state has the authority to take citizens’ private property—in this case, their genetic information—without due process. Those are the features of a totalitarian state, not a liberal democracy. Jim ~ Dorothy Roberts,
1101:I must feel pride in my friend's accomplishments as if they were mine,--and a property in his virtues. I feel as warmly when he ispraised, as the lover when he hears applause of his engaged maiden. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1102:To create a State and give it the power of life and death does not solve the problem of human evil. It merely transforms the shallow desire for easy property to the bottomless lust for political power. ~ Stefan Molyneux,
1103:Younger people - not just older people - holding this basic underlying attitude that's suggested there that women aren't worth much, that they're property, that just about anything can be done with them. ~ Steve Inskeep,
1104:I don't hate anybody. The Winklevi aren't suing me for intellectual property theft. They're suing me because for the first time in their lives, the world didn't work the way it was supposed to for them. ~ Mark Zuckerberg,
1105:Never let the estate decrease in your hands. It is only by such resolutions as that that English noblemen and English gentlemen can preserve their country. I cannot bear to see property changing hands. ~ Anthony Trollope,
1106:Religion, the dominion of the human mind; Property, the dominion of human needs; and Government, the dominion of human conduct, represent the stronghold of man's enslavement and all the horrors it entails. ~ Emma Goldman,
1107:The principal reason it transforms is that water is a collection of molecules, H2O, every child learns that.And that bond has the property that as the bonds get stronger when you cool water, the ice expands. ~ Ira Flatow,
1108:We tend to treat our knowledge as personal property to be protected and defended. It is an ornament that allows us to rise in the pecking order. [...] We take what we know a little too seriously. ~ Nassim Nicholas Taleb,
1109:Women have developed the second attention because they were repressed, because they were manipulated, because they were used as property, as chattel, historically, for thousands of years and still today. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1110:Children are potentially free and their life directly embodies nothing save potential freedom. Consequently they are not things and cannot be the property either of their parents or others. ~ Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,
1111:In six short years, small business owners and family farmers will once again be assessed a tax on the value of their property at the time of their death, despite having paid taxes throughout their lifetime. ~ Doc Hastings,
1112:Life, liberty, and property do not exist because men have made laws. On the contrary, it was the fact that life, liberty, and property existed beforehand that caused men to make laws in the first place. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1113:Our freedom must be had at all hazards. If the men of property will not help us they must fall; we will free ourselves by the aid of that large and respectable class of the community - the men of no property. ~ Wolfe Tone,
1114:The manifest property of living matter to form a system in which ‘terms succeed each other experimentally, following constantly increasing degrees of centro-complexity.’ ~ Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, The Phenomenon of Man,
1115:The old Afghan expression zan, zar waa, zamin summarizes the ever-present threat against men’s personal property, which was always the main reason for taking up arms: Women. Gold. And land. In that order. ~ Jenny Nordberg,
1116:The term "Socialism" becomes a common label for the various theories of attack upon the principle of property, the various policies of communal control at the expense of the family and individual freedom. ~ Hilaire Belloc,
1117:The U.S.A. economic policy and practice have been largely influenced by this thought that people shall own property in their own right and in order to be strong enough to control their own government. ~ Ndabaningi Sithole,
1118:A sharp mind will find a truth for itself.
A humble spirit will find a truth higher than itself.
Truth is not the property of intellectuals, but of those who know how to escape their own selves. ~ Rabbi Tzvi Freeman,
1119:Beyond meeting simple immediate needs, the Navajo Way placed little worth on property. In fact, being richer than one’s clansmen carried with it a social stigma. It was unnatural, and therefore suspicious. ~ Tony Hillerman,
1120:I have lived too long to cherish many illusions about the essential high-mindedness of men when brought into stark confrontation with the issue of control over their security, and their property interests. ~ Haile Selassie,
1121:little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered the rightful property ~ Jane Austen,
1122:The property a man has in his own industry, is violated, whenever he is forbidden the free exercise of his faculties or talents, except insomuch as they would interfere with the rights of third parties. ~ Jean Baptiste Say,
1123:The Queen was saying only the other day that London property prices are so high that she doesn’t know how she’d cope without Buckingham Palace,’ Princess Margaret explained to a sympathetic Peter Porlock. ~ Edward St Aubyn,
1124:Unless we can act collectively, there would be no way to defend ourselves, no way to define or enforce property rights. We couldn't curb congestion or pollution or build and maintain public infrastructure. ~ Robert H Frank,
1125:We already have an annual wealth tax on homes, the major asset of the middle class. It's called the property tax. Why not a small annual tax on the value of stocks and bonds, the major assets of the wealthy? ~ Robert Reich,
1126:Cicero himself had large amounts of money invested in low-grade property and once joked, more out of superiority than embarrassment, that even the rats had packed up and left one of his crumbling rental blocks. ~ Mary Beard,
1127:Except for spending to protect property rights, enforce the law, and protect citizens from foreign aggressors, all government spending crowds out private spending and weakens the vitality of capitalism. ~ Thomas J DiLorenzo,
1128:Fame, we may understand, is no sure test of merit, but only a probability of such: it is an accident, not a property, of a man; like light, it can give little or nothing, but at most may show what is given. ~ Thomas Carlyle,
1129:I learned, then, beyond question, that if all the property in the world were distributed, and an equal share given to everyone, the bulk of mankind would soon be destitute, and a few would have everything. ~ Kenneth Roberts,
1130:It has been ordained that there be summer and winter, abundance and dearth, virtue and vice, and all such opposites for the harmony of the whole, and (Zeus) has given each of us a body, property, and companions. ~ Epictetus,
1131:Libertarians secretly worried that ultimately someone will figure out the whole of their political philosophy boils down to “Get Off My Property.” News flash: This is not really a big secret to the rest of us. ~ John Scalzi,
1132:Mike Burry didn’t own any triple-B-rated subprime mortgage bonds, or anything like them. He had no property to “insure”; it was as if he had bought fire insurance on some slum with a history of burning down. ~ Michael Lewis,
1133:One overriding fact dominates all of modern civilization, the fact that the property of a single person can increase indefinitely, and even, by virtue of almost universal consent, encompass the entire world. ~ lis e Reclus,
1134:Property, as a general social institution, well-divided property, having disappeared and Capitalism having taken its place, you cannot reverse the process without acting against natural economic tendencies. ~ Hilaire Belloc,
1135:The history of Lenin’s train is not exclusively the property of the Soviets. In part, it is a parable about great-power intrigue, and one rule there is that great powers almost always get things wrong. ~ Catherine Merridale,
1136:But please know, whether you believe campaign contributions are speech or property, that I learned to love very dearly the right of free expression when I lived without that freedom for a while a long time ago. ~ John McCain,
1137:I believe that oligarchy follows next in order. And what manner of government do you term oligarchy? A government resting on a valuation of property, in which the rich have power and the poor man is deprived of it. I ~ Plato,
1138:The democracy which shows up in the United States and in England is not an ideal democracy, because the will of the people is under the pressure of property, which is in the hands of the wealthy capitalists. ~ Hans Fritzsche,
1139:This theory [the oxygen theory] is not as I have heard it described, that of the French chemists, it is mine (elle est la mienne); it is a property which I claim from my contemporaries and from posterity. ~ Antoine Lavoisier,
1140:England is become the residence of foreigners and the property of strangers…they prey upon the riches and vitals of England; nor is there any hope of a termination of this misery. William of Malmesbury, 1125 ~ Paul Kingsnorth,
1141:Investors are still thinking through the consequences of reinventing the software industry as one with an explicit focus on service rather than closed intellectual property, and will be for some time to come. ~ Eric S Raymond,
1142:I've been able to carve out spaces for myself. At Sundance, I'm in the mountains - my property is private. I get on a horse and ride for three, four hours. Sometimes five. I get lost. But when I'm in, I'm in. ~ Robert Redford,
1143:A historical property has morals and ethics of the society that created it and it can be revived. What I mean is that we can discover new possibilities from the process of dismantling, transforming, and recreating. ~ Ai Weiwei,
1144:But modern bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products, that is based on class antagonisms, on the exploitation of the many by the few. ~ Karl Marx,
1145:E pluribus unum is surely an ironic motto to inscribe on the currency of this Utopia gone bust, for every grotesquely rich American represents property, privileges, and pleasures that have been denied the many. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
1146:I know for a good many months we did as much as we could to get property destroyed. I know that if a good deal more property was destroyed... I know they think a great deal more of property than of human life. ~ Tim Pat Coogan,
1147:In a world of increasing inequality, the legitimacy of institutions that give precedence to the property rights of 'the Haves' over the human rights of 'the Have Nots' is inevitably called into serious question. ~ David Korten,
1148:In California we froze property taxes, school size increased, test scores declined, and there was a massive middle-class white flight to private schools. We're turning into Victorian England at a very rapid rate. ~ Robert Hass,
1149:It’s just as unrealistic to merge your property as it is to try to merge your minds. And  property  is  very  important.  The  control  of  your  own  property  is  the  most tangible expression of your freedom. ~ Harry Browne,
1150:One wonders, in fact, why marriage is a legal issue at all - apart from its relevance to immigration and property laws. Why would something so integral to human nature require such vigilant legal protection? ~ Christopher Ryan,
1151:Property is desirable as the ground work of moral independence, as a means of improving the faculties, and of doing good to others, and as the agent in all that distinguishes the civilized man from the savage. ~ James F Cooper,
1152:This country, the Republic of Indonesia, does not belong to any group, nor to any religion, nor to any ethnic group, nor to any group with customs and traditions, but the property of all of us from Sabang to Merauke! ~ Sukarno,
1153:400 obscenely rich people, most of whom benefited in some way from the multi-trillion dollar taxpayer "bailout" of 2008, now have as much loot, stock and property as the assets of 155 million Americans combined. ~ Michael Moore,
1154:And as secretary of state, I fought hard for American businesses to get a fair shot around the world and to stop underhanded trading practices like currency manipulation and the theft of intellectual property. ~ Hillary Clinton,
1155:City Hall?  City Hall sides with the Roses.  That's why the Bureau of Development Services is happy to waive the normal 35-day demolition-delay period if the property owners apply simultaneously to build a new home. ~ Anonymous,
1156:For every extra year a young person was exposed to TV in his first 15 years, we see a 4 percent increase in the number of property-crime arrests later in life and a 2 percent increase in violent-crime arrests. ~ Steven D Levitt,
1157:Hey! Back off from the dead girl. She’s Resistance property.” “Yeah,” says his twin brother Dum from inside the cab. “We need her for autopsies and stuff. You think girls killed by demon princes are easy to find?” As ~ Susan Ee,
1158:If you come on my property, I've got you from the second that you enter on. There's little lasers my TVs come on in my room and fall just right on you. So, there's no way to sneak up on me. And I've got a loud dog. ~ Gary Allan,
1159:(it is striking that when slavery was abolished, the British government paid compensation, not to the men and women so inhumanely pressed into bondage, but to their former owners, for their ‘loss of property’!) ~ Shashi Tharoor,
1160:It's long been common practice among many to draw a distinction between "human rights" and "property rights," suggesting that the two are separate and unequal - with "property rights" second to "human rights." ~ Richard M Nixon,
1161:I wasn't political enough to write articles about myself or go to cocktail parties, meaning that not only has my art been pirated and my intellectual property rights stolen, but my work has been misrepresented. ~ Michael Heizer,
1162:Libertarians secretly worried that ultimately someone will figure out the whole of their political philosophy boils down to “Get Off My Property.” News flash: This is not really a big secret to the rest of us.   I ~ John Scalzi,
1163:Men did not make the earth... It is the value of the improvements only, and not the earth itself, that is individual property. ... Every proprietor owes to the community a ground rent for the land which he holds. ~ Thomas Paine,
1164:No living creature is naturally greedy, except from fear of want - or in the case of human beings, from vanity, the notion that you're better than people if you can display more superfluous property than they can. ~ Thomas More,
1165:Civil government, so far as it is instituted for the security of property, is in reality instituted for the defense of the rich against the poor, or of those who have some property against those who have none at all ~ Adam Smith,
1166:If any one shall claim a power to lay and levy taxes on the people by his own authority and without such consent of the people, he thereby invades the fundamental law of property, and subverts the end of government. ~ John Locke,
1167:If slavery be a sin, it is not yours. It does not rest on your action for its origin, on your consent for its existence. It is a common law right to property in the service of man; its origin was Divine decree. ~ Jefferson Davis,
1168:Just as homeowners set physical property lines around their land, we need to set mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual boundaries for our lives to help us distinguish what is our responsibility and what isn’t. ~ Henry Cloud,
1169:The can take everything you own- your property, your best years, all your joys, all your good works, everything down to your last shirt- but you'll always have your dreams, so you can reinvent your stolen world. ~ Yasmina Khadra,
1170:- What is a Socialist? - That's when all are equal and all have property in common, there are no marriages, and everyone has any religion and laws he likes best. You are not old enough to understand that yet. ~ Fyodor Dostoevsky,
1171:All this, grassy paddock, cows, trees - he had thought it was Nature. But now he could see that that was ignorance, or lack of imagination. It was not Nature. It was actually property. ~ Kate Grenville,
1172:Authority is not a quality one person 'has,' in the sense that he has property or physical qualities. Authority refers to an interpersonal relation in which one person looks upon another as somebody superior to him. ~ Erich Fromm,
1173:Challenging unfairly subsidized products, fighting counterfeit goods and intellectual property theft and holding countries accountable for an unfair currency regime will help American companies remain competitive. ~ Virginia Foxx,
1174:Civil government, so far as it is instituted for the security of property, is in reality instituted for the defence of the rich against the poor, or of those who have some property against those who have none at all. ~ Adam Smith,
1175:Civil government, so far as it is instituted for the security of property, is in reality instituted for the defense of the rich against the poor, or of those who have some property against those who have none at all. ~ Adam Smith,
1176:If one of the brothers, being able ,to maintain himself by his own occupation, does not desire ,a share of the family property, he may be made separate ,by the others receiving a trifle out of his share to live upon. ~ Guru Nanak,
1177:If we're living in a free country,we should be free to do what we want to do if we're not hurting anyone else or their property. Why should I be incarcerated if I'm doing something that doesn't hurt anyone else? ~ Woody Harrelson,
1178:I take it that it is best for all to leave each man free to acquire property as fast as he can. Some will get wealthy. I dont believe in a law to prevent a man from getting rich; it would do more harm than good. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
1179:Remember crime against property is not real crime. People look at an oil painting and admire the use of brushstrokes to convey meaning. People look at a graffiti painting and admire the use of a drainpipe to gain access. ~ Banksy,
1180:I consider the war of America against Britain as the country's war, the public's war, or the war of the people in their own behalf, for the security of their natural rights, and the protection of their own property. ~ Thomas Paine,
1181:In Einstein's general relativity the structure of space can change but not its topology. Topology is the property of something that doesn't change when you bend it or stretch it as long as you don't break anything. ~ Edward Witten,
1182:Matrimony and monogamy have forever been linked with property and inheritance, the nuclear family, in the West, having been decided upon through trial and error as the most effective unit for preservation of both. In ~ David Mamet,
1183:The more a government seeks control over its citizens, the more it needs to spy on them. All government surveillance is wrong, but it is especially wrong when the property rights and privacy of citizens are violated. ~ Adam Kokesh,
1184:Thy can take everything you own --your property, your best years, all your joys, all your good works, everything down to your last shirt --but you'll always have your dreams, so you can reinvent your stolen world. ~ Yasmina Khadra,
1185:We assert that in those areas where the government is either unable or unwilling to protect the lives and property of our people, that our peopie are within our rights to protect themselves by whatever means necessary. ~ Malcolm X,
1186:All over this land women have no political existence. Laws pass over our heads that we can not unmake. Our property is taken from us without our consent. The babes we bear in anguish and carry in our arms are not ours. ~ Lucy Stone,
1187:All things are directed from goodness to goodness. Rejoice in the present; set no value on property, seek no honours. Avoid excess; avoid activity. Rejoice in the present. ~ Maxim on the walls of the Villa Careggi (Marsilio Ficino),
1188:I have been saying for the some time now that America has only one party - the property party. It's the party of big corporation, the party of money. It has two right wings; one is Democrat and the other is Republican. ~ Gore Vidal,
1189:In accumulating property for ourselves or our posterity, in founding a family or a state, or acquiring fame even, we are mortal; but in dealing with truth we are immortal, and need fear no change nor accident. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
1190:It reflects a general property of the human organism as a pleasure machine. For most people, the happiness involved in receiving a desirable object is smaller than the unhappiness involved in losing the same object. ~ Michael Lewis,
1191:I want a capital-earning democracy. Every man and woman a capitalist. Housing is the start. If you're a man or woman of property, you've got something. So every man a capitalist, and every man a man of property. ~ Margaret Thatcher,
1192:[.....] most of the environmental hype [regarding global warming] is really to help bring about Karl Marx's dream (nightmare) of a Communist world." [by reduction, and ultimately elimination of private property rights ~ Kent Hovind,
1193:My landlord Gary Hales was standing in his living room, watching out the window as I brought the man with the shoulder holstered gun and the black briefcase onto his property. Gary loves it when I do stuff like that. ~ Rick Riordan,
1194:Revolutions are carried out in order to change the ownership of property and the names of streets. The revolutionary who seeks to change “man’s condition” ends up being shot for being a counter-revolutionary. ~ Nicol s G mez D vila,
1195:The restoration of property would be a complicated, arduous and presumably a lengthy business; the transformation of a Capitalist Society into a Communist one needs nothing but the extension of existing conditions. ~ Hilaire Belloc,
1196:The utopian schemes of leveling and a community of goods, are as visionary and impractical as those which vest all property in the crown. These ideas are arbitrary, despotic, and, in our government unconstitutional. ~ Samuel Adams,
1197:They can take everything you own --your property, your best years, all your joys, all your good works, everything down to your last shirt-- but you'll always have your dreams, so you can reinvent your stolen world. ~ Yasmina Khadra,
1198:We cannot but feel uneasy about the losses caused by humanity themselves. Apart from the losses of life and property in destructive wars, the environment and natural resources are also being destroyed by human hands. ~ Nong uc Manh,
1199:Arms discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property . . . Horrid mischief would ensue were the law-abiding deprived of the use of them.” —Thomas Paine ~ Michael Z Williamson,
1200:Common to the two geometries is only the general property of one-to-one correspondence, and the rule that this correspondence determines straight lines as shortest lines as well as their relations of intersection. ~ Hans Reichenbach,
1201:It is not uncommon to suppose that the free exchange of property in markets and capitalism are one and the same. They are not. While capitalism operates through the free market, free markets don't require capitalism. ~ Jeremy Rifkin,
1202:Libertarianism holds that the only proper role of violence is to defend person and property against violence, that any use of violence that goes beyond such just defense is itself aggressive, unjust, and criminal ~ Murray N Rothbard,
1203:The cruelties of property and privilege are always more ferocious than the revenges of poverty and oppression. For the one aims at perpetuating resented injustice, the other is merely a momentary passion soon appeased. ~ C L R James,
1204:The Republicans want to take us forward to the dark ages again ... when women were property that you could easily control, even trade if you wanted to. It's appalling we are having this debate in the 21st century. ~ Frank Lautenberg,
1205:- What is a Socialist?
- That's when all are equal and all have property in common, there are no marriages, and everyone has any religion and laws he likes best. You are not old enough to understand that yet. ~ Fyodor Dostoyevsky,
1206:But the idea that God might want to change his mind is an example of the fallacy, pointed out by St. Augustine, of imagining God as a being existing in time: time is a property only of the universe that God created. ~ Stephen Hawking,
1207:I am unalterably persuaded, that the attempt to oppress, degrade, impoverish, confiscate, and extinguish the original gentlemen, and landed property of an whole nation, cannot be justified under any form it may assume. ~ Edmund Burke,
1208:It is never permitted to deprive members of foreign races of human rights – the right to freedom, the right to property, the right to an insoluble marriage; never is it permitted to subject anyone to [such] cruelties.… ~ Gitta Sereny,
1209:It is not theft, properly speaking, to take secretly and use another's property in a case of extreme need: because that which he takes for the support of his life becomes his own property by reason of that need ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
1210:One has no reason to regret when one dies, when one has lost money, property or house; all that does not belong to the man. One should have regret when man loses his real good, his greatest happiness: the faculty of loving. ~ Tolstoi,
1211:The old notion that children are the private property of parents dies very slowly. In reality, no parent raises a child alone. How many of us nice middle-class folk could make it without our mortgage reduction ~ Marian Wright Edelman,
1212:We are afraid of losing what we have, whether it's our life or our possessions and property. But this fear evaporates when we understand that our life stories and the history of the world were written by the same hand. ~ Paulo Coelho,
1213:We are afraid of losing what we have, whether it’s our life or our possessions and property. But this fear evaporates when we understand that our life stories and the history of the world were written by the same hand. ~ Paulo Coelho,
1214:When a man takes a woman as his property, it’s not about owning her,” he continues, eyes searching my face. “It’s about trusting her. This is my life I’m handing you, Sophie. Not just my life – my brothers’ lives, too. ~ Joanna Wylde,
1215:...When he puts a thing on a pedestal and calls it beautiful, he demands the same delight from others. He judges not merely for himself, but for all men, and then speaks of beauty as if it were the property of things. ~ Immanuel Kant,
1216:A New York banker toasted the Supreme Court in 1895: “I give you, gentlemen, the Supreme Court of the United States—guardian of the dollar, defender of private property, enemy of spoliation, sheet anchor of the Republic. ~ Howard Zinn,
1217:Any material element or resource which, in order to become of use or value to men, requires the application of human knowledge and effort, should be private property-by the right of those who apply the knowledge and effort. ~ Ayn Rand,
1218:The fifty-five delegates representing twelve states—the renegade Rhode Island boycotted the convention—scarcely constituted a cross section of America. They were white, educated males and mostly affluent property owners. ~ Ron Chernow,
1219:The voice is a human sound which nothing inanimate can perfectly imitate. It has an authority and an insinuating property which writing lacks. It is not merely so much air, but air modulated and impregnated with life. ~ Joseph Joubert,
1220:Anarchism, then, really stands for the liberation of the human mind from the dominion of religion; the liberation of the human body from the dominion of property; liberation from the shackles and restraint of government. ~ Emma Goldman,
1221:capitalism is an economic system in which individuals or corporate groups have the right to make private decisions and to acquire private property and capital goods based on their own work and competition in a free market. ~ Ben Carson,
1222:Capitalism will make the transition relatively easy, since it has already expropriated all private property into its own hands. All that is now necessary is for the mass of the people to expropriate these few expropriators. ~ Anonymous,
1223:It is not true that the legislator has absolute power over our persons and property. The existence of persons and property preceded the existence of the legislator, and his function is only to guarantee their safety. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1224:Land: A part of the earth's surface, considered as property. The theory that land is property subject to private ownership and control is the foundation of modern society, and is eminently worthy of the superstructure. ~ Ambrose Bierce,
1225:Left long enough to itself, under the prolonged and universal play of chance, matter manifests the property of arranging itself in more and more complex groupings. ~ Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, The Phyletic Structure of the Human Group,
1226:Scar tissue had formed a knot on the bottom of his foot. He inspected the writing frequently—PROPERTY OF THE ALACRÁN ESTATE—but the scar had sliced through the tiny lettering. It was more difficult to make out the words. ~ Nancy Farmer,
1227:The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights of property originate, is not less an insuperable obstacle to an uniformity of interests. The protection of these faculties is the first object of government. ~ James Madison,
1228:The property of manliness in a man is a great possession, but perhaps there is none that is less understood, which is more generally accorded where it does not exist, nor more frequently disallowed where it prevails. ~ Anthony Trollope,
1229:They shall wear elegant and ornamented robes, carry a sharp sword at their girdle, pamper themselves in eating and drinking, and have a superabundance of property and wealth;—such (princes) may be called robbers and boasters. ~ Lao Tzu,
1230:After things got bad for him, they somehow recovered by some invisible hand, and he was led to believe that it was his intrinsic property to recover from hardships by running every time into a new opportunity. He ~ Nassim Nicholas Taleb,
1231:A government is a territorial monopolist of compulsion-an agency which may engage in continual, institutionalized property rights violations and the expropriation, taxation and regulation-of private property owners. ~ Hans Hermann Hoppe,
1232:Plainly, children learn their language. I don't speak Swahili. And it cannot be that my language is 'an innate property of our brain.' Otherwise I would have been genetically programmed to speak (some variety of) English. ~ Noam Chomsky,
1233:Religion, the dominion of the human mind;
Property, the dominion of human needs; and
Government, the dominion of human conduct,
represent the stronghold of man's enslavement
and all the horrors it entails. ~ Emma Goldman,
1234:There will always be music on the Internet that people can steal. What's new is not theft. What's new is a distribution channel for stolen property called the Internet. So there will always be illegal music on the Internet. ~ Steve Jobs,
1235:We are afraid of losing what we have, whether it’s our life or our possessions and property. But this fear evaporates when we understand that our life stories and the history of the world were written by the same hand.”8 ~ John Eldredge,
1236:When capital owners are few, the private-property conduits of necessity create vast savings reservoirs for those few. If there were many owners, the same conduits would broadly irrigate the economy with purchasing power. ~ Louis O Kelso,
1237:And yet, while there is only the one thing we can care for and devote ourselves to, we choose instead to care about and attach ourselves to a score of others: to our bodies, to our property, to our family, friends and slaves. ~ Epictetus,
1238:How is property given? By restraining liberty; that is, by taking it away so far as necessary for the purpose. How is your house made yours? By debarring every one else from the liberty of entering it without your leave. ~ Jeremy Bentham,
1239:It's unfortunate that we see a great many women settling. They think that simply because they have gotten the right to vote, own property and have gained some simple freedoms that the battle for women's suffrage is over. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1240:Pope Innocent III decreed that all property belonging to a convicted heretic would be forfeited to the church; the church then shared it both with local officials and with the victim’s accusers, as a reward for their candor. ~ Sam Harris,
1241:Private property has made us so stupid and partial that an object is only ours when we have it, when it exists for us as capital ... Thus all the physical and intellectual senses have been replaced by ... the sense of having. ~ Karl Marx,
1242:Qualities like love and compassion are not just abstract virtues that are the property of saints and adepts. Anyone can develop these qualities in themselves by doing spiritual practices. As the Buddha said, Come and see. ~ Joanna Macy,
1243:There is no truth to the myth that Negroes depreciate property. The fact is that most Negroes are kept out of residential neighborhoods so long that when one of us is finally sold a home, it's already depreciated. ~ Martin Luther King Jr,
1244:What, but the rapacity of the only men who exercised their reason, the priests, secured such vast property to the church, when a man gave his perishable substance to save himself from the dark torments of purgatory. ~ Mary Wollstonecraft,
1245:When Ala-ud-din Khilji, a fourteenth-century Muslim ruler in India, wanted to overtax his wealthy Hindu subjects, he was dissuaded by his top scholar because doing so would violate the property rights recognized by Islam. ~ Mustafa Akyol,
1246:... arms ... discourage and keep the invader and plunderer in awe, and preserve order in the world as well as property.... Horrid mischief would ensue were (the law-abiding) deprived the use of them.”   —Thomas Paine ~ James Wesley Rawles,
1247:As a first-order approximation, I would say that phenomenality is "availability for introspective attention": Consciousness is a property of all those mental contents to which you can in principle direct your attention. ~ Thomas Metzinger,
1248:Every tax, however, is to the person who pays it a badge, not of slavery but of liberty. It denotes that he is a subject to government, indeed, but that, as he has some property, he cannot himself be the property of a master. ~ Adam Smith,
1249:I now saw, in my situation, several points of similarity with that of the oxen. They were property, so was I; they were to be broken, so was I. Covey was to break me, I was to break them; break and be broken—such is life. ~ David W Blight,
1250:The masses are the material of democracy, but its form-that is to say, the laws which express the general reason, justice, and utility-can only be rightly shaped by wisdom, which is by no means a universal property. ~ Henri Frederic Amiel,
1251:This is the universal property of the human mind. Abstract rules form the core of everything from computer programs to grammars. Our results show that babies' minds are built to look for such rules - even without being told. ~ Gary Marcus,
1252:We are afraid of losing what we have, whether it's our life or our possessions and
property. But this fear evaporates when we understand that our life stories and the
history of the world were written by the same hand ~ Paulo Coelho,
1253:We must have no carelessness in our dealings with public property or the expenditure of public money. Such a condition is characteristic either of an undeveloped people, or of a decadent civilization. America is neither. ~ Calvin Coolidge,
1254:Brian was alone at the house, most of the damage from the former dead inhabitants having been repaired. He was enjoying a cigar, wondering if any more ghosts lurked in the woods around the property when the ‘Ghost Phone’ rang. ~ Ron Ripley,
1255:But if you are going to take up a profession – and I cannot see why you should want one at all, now that you have come into your property – surely you can chuse something better than magic! It has no practical application. ~ Susanna Clarke,
1256:But you answer, that the Constitution recognizes property in slaves. It would be sufficient, then, to reply, that this constitutional recognition must be void, because it is repugnant to the law of nature and of nations. ~ William H Seward,
1257:I think a lot of people were under the impression that property development was a way of becoming a millionaire in six months, while doing nothing, and I don't think that's the case. And I'm not sure it ever has been, really. ~ Sarah Beeny,
1258:It was one of those ridiculous arrangements that couples make when they are separating, but before they are divorced - when they still imagine that children and property can be shared with more magnanimity than recrimination. ~ John Irving,
1259:Property is not the sacred right. When a rich man becomes poor it is a misfortune, it is not a moral evil. When a poor man becomes destitute, it is a moral evil, teeming with consequences and injurious to society and morality. ~ Lord Acton,
1260:They profess to aim only at a reform of the constitution and of certain abuses in the public administration, but an abolition of debts public and private and a new division of property are strongly suspected in contemplation. ~ Ron Chernow,
1261:Unionization, as opposed to communism, presupposes the relation of employment; it is based upon the wage system and it recognizes fully and unreservedly the institution of private property and the right to investment profit. ~ John L Lewis,
1262:You won't mind my calling you Comrade, will you? I've just become a socialist. It's a great scheme. You ought to be one. You work for the equal distribution of property, and start by collaring all you can and sitting on it. ~ P G Wodehouse,
1263:I have no problem with anybody who wants to bear public witness to their religion, but I don't think they can do it on public property. They have to do it on private property. There's nothing unconstitutional about that. ~ John Shelby Spong,
1264:Life is not the unique property of Earth. Nor is life in the shape of human beings. Life takes many forms on other planets and far stars, forms that would seem bizarre to humans, as human life is bizarre to other life-forms. ~ H P Lovecraft,
1265:Life, liberty, and property do not exist because men have made laws,” Bastiat reasoned. “On the contrary, it was the fact that life, liberty, and property existed beforehand that caused men to make laws in the first place. ~ Lawrence W Reed,
1266:Terrorism is defined by the FBI as the unlawful use of force against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, civilian population, or any segment thereof, in the furtherance of political or social objectives. ~ Kathryn Shay,
1267:The oldest, easiest to swallow idea was that the earth was man's personal property, a combination of garden, zoo, bank vault, and energy source, placed at our disposal to be consumed, ornamented, or pulled apart as we wished. ~ Lewis Thomas,
1268:We were just kids. We were property. We belonged to our parents, body and soul. It meant we were doomed in the face of any real danger from the adult world and that meant hopelessness, and humiliation and anger. ~ Jack Ketchum,
1269:Hamilton had analyzed his own rejection thus: “I am a stranger in this country. I have no property here, no connections. If I have talents and integrity…these are justly deemed very spurious titles in these enlightened days.”83 ~ Ron Chernow,
1270:I believe the projects were a social experiment; we were laboratory rats stacked on top of each other, and people just knew, inherently, that there was something wrong. There's not a lot of regard for the property by the residents. ~ Mos Def,
1271:I was compelled to live under the same roof with him—where I saw a man forty years my senior daily violating the most sacred commandments of nature. He told me I was his property; that I must be subject to his will in all things. ~ Anonymous,
1272:Republicanism is not the phantom of a deluded imagination. On the contrary, laws, under no form of government, are better supported, liberty and property better secured, or happiness more effectually dispensed to mankind. ~ George Washington,
1273:But Quantrill and his men were no more bandits than the men on the other side. I've been to reunions of Quantrill's men two or three times. All they were trying to do was protect the property on the Missouri side of the line. ~ Harry S Truman,
1274:I think the most important way to understand play is that it's this property that's in things. Like there's play in a mechanism. For example, there's some play in the steering column before it engages as you're turning the wheel. ~ Ian Bogost,
1275:Mankind is divided into rich and poor, into property owners and exploited; and to abstract oneself from this fundamental division; and from the antagonism between poor and rich means abstracting oneself from fundamental facts. ~ Joseph Stalin,
1276:One-man-one-vote combined with "free entry" into government-democracy--implies that every person and his personal property comes within reach of-and is up for grabs by-everyone else: a "tragedy of the commons" is created. ~ Hans Hermann Hoppe,
1277:There were an estimated sixty million slaves in the Roman Empire, and a slave was looked on as a piece of property, not a person. In loving devotion, Paul had enslaved himself to Christ, to be His servant and obey His will. ~ Warren W Wiersbe,
1278:The studies concluded that the graviton must be massless and chargeless, and must have the quantum mechanical property known as spin-2. (Very roughly, the graviton should spin like a top, twice as fast as the spin of a photon.) ~ Brian Greene,
1279:Titles of property, for instance railway shares, may change hands every day, and their owner may make a profit by their sale even in foreign countries, so that titles to property are exportable, although the railway itself is not. ~ Karl Marx,
1280:What Montaigne seeks is his interior self, that which cannot submit to state, to family, to time, to circumstances, to money, to property; this interior self, which Goethe labelled the “citadel”, where all access is prohibited. ~ Stefan Zweig,
1281:FAR MORE BY DEMOCRATS PHRASES USED FAR MORE BY REPUBLICANS Estate tax Death tax Privatize social security Reform social security Rosa Parks Saddam Hussein Workers rights Private property rights Poor people Government ~ Seth Stephens Davidowitz,
1282:In conclusion: Don’t cling to things. Consider your property something that the “universe” (whatever you believe this to be) has bestowed to you temporarily. Keep in mind that it can recoup this (or more) in the blink of an eye. ~ Rolf Dobelli,
1283:People have a right to protest; they have a right to make their opinion. They can be very upset about what they consider to be a murder of a person in custody, but you cannot destroy property. First person does it goes to jail. ~ Rudy Giuliani,
1284:The services offered by eSeva allow citizens to experience streamlined services, not just once in their lifetimes (as in buying or selling land and property) but frequently (as in paying electricity and water bills every month). ~ C K Prahalad,
1285:When people are vulnerable to control, they feel that they are selfish for deciding what to do with their own property. In reality, deciding for ourselves is the only way we can ever have true love, for then we are giving freely. ~ Henry Cloud,
1286:Anarchists are socialists because they want the improvement of society, and they are communists because they are convinced that such a transformation of society can only result from the establishment of a commonwealth of property. ~ Johann Most,
1287:In Maryland, for instance, by the new constitution of 1776, to run for governor one had to own 5,000 pounds of property; to run for state senator, 1,000 pounds. Thus, 90 percent of the population were excluded from holding office. ~ Howard Zinn,
1288:I think the term "intellectual property" should be avoided, not because it's a bad term, but because it mixes things up that shouldn't be mixed up. There are different forms, and they hardly have anything to do with each other. ~ Linus Torvalds,
1289:It is no limitation upon property rights or freedom of contract,” he noted, “to require that when men receive from government the privilege of doing business under corporate form,” they assume an obligation to the public. ~ Doris Kearns Goodwin,
1290:The capitalist mode of production and accumulation, and therefore capitalist private property, have for their fundamental condition the annihilation of self-earned private property: in other words, the expropriation of the labourer. ~ Karl Marx,
1291:Thieves respect property. They merely wish the property to become their property that they may more perfectly respect it. But philosophers dislike property as property; they wish to destroy the very idea of personal possession. ~ G K Chesterton,
1292:Who but a tyrant (a name expressive of every thing which can vitiate and degrade human nature) could think of seizing on the property of men, unaccused, unheard, untried, by whole descriptions, by hundreds and thousands together? ~ Edmund Burke,
1293:A right to property is founded in our natural wants, in the means with which we are endowed to satisfy these wants, and the right to what we acquire by those means without violating the similar rights of other sensible beings. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
1294:If one were to ask. . ."What is slavery?" and I should answer in one word, "murder," my meaning would be understood at once. Why, then, to this other question: "What is property?" may I not likewise answer, "theft". . .? ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
1295:In a civilisation frankly materialistic and based upon property, not soul, it is inevitable that property shall be exalted over soul, that crimes against property shall be considered far more serious than crimes against the person. ~ Jack London,
1296:Notwithstanding the fact that the most innovative and progressive space we've seen - the Internet - has been the place where intellectual property has been least respected. You know, facts don't get in the way of this ideology. ~ Lawrence Lessig,
1297:So far my best plan would be to build a mountain of gasoline cans and explosives, stick a Property of US Government sign on it, and throw a T-shirt over Pierce’s head when he showed up to explode it. Yes, this would totally work. ~ Ilona Andrews,
1298:We are afraid of losing what we have, whether it’s our life or our possessions and property. But this fear evaporates when we understand that our life stories and the history of the world were written by the same hand.” Sometimes, ~ Paulo Coelho,
1299:You'll see certain Pythagorean whose belief in communism of property goes to such lengths that they pick up anything lying about unguarded, and make off with it without a qualm of conscience as if it had come to them by law. ~ Desiderius Erasmus,
1300:Avarice often produces opposite results: there are an infinite number of persons who sacrifice their property to doubtful and distant expectations; others mistake great future advantages for small present interests. ~ Francois de La Rochefoucauld,
1301:Falk banged on Alice Russell’s navy blue front door and listened as the sound echoed deep within the house. They waited. There was a stillness, but not the hollow emptiness of a vacant property. He realised he was holding his breath ~ Jane Harper,
1302:The only quality necessary for being a citizen (i.e., a co-legislator), other than the natural one (that he is neither a child nor a woman), is that he be his own master, consequently that he have some property to support himself. ~ Immanuel Kant,
1303:Under the old philosophy which had governed the high Middle Ages things had been everywhere towards a condition of Society in which property was well distributed throughout the community, and thus the family rendered independent. ~ Hilaire Belloc,
1304:Children in Indonesia are scared because they are like the property of their parents and mostly treated as such. Women are scared because they are humiliated on a daily basis and treated like meat, like sexual objects, like slaves. ~ Andre Vltchek,
1305:"Freedom, individualism, authenticity and being yourself so long as you don't hurt another's physical person or property: Sustained success comes only when you take what's unique about you and figure out how to make it useful!" ~ Marcus Buckingham,
1306:If I have too much luggage, too much property, too many material goods, that makes me worry I have to defend this stuff—then in that case I will not have time left to take care of the things I really love, and then I lose my freedom. ~ Johann Hari,
1307:Life, faculties, production-in other words, individuality, liberty, property-this is man. And in spite of the cunning of artful political leaders, these three gifts from God precede all human legislation, and are superior to it. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1308:Man holds these rights [life, liberty and property], not from the Collective nor for the Collective, but against the Collective - as a barrier which the Collective cannot cross... these rights are man's protection against all other men. ~ Ayn Rand,
1309:Man was born to be rich, or grow rich by use of his faculties, by the union of thought with nature. Property is an intellectual production. The game requires coolness, right reasoning, promptness, and patience in the players. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1310:Marriage isn't just domesticity, or the continuance of the race, or institutionalized sex, or a form of property right. And it damned well isn't happiness, as that word is generally used. I think it's a way of finding your soul. ~ Robertson Davies,
1311:Property and society are completely irreconcilable with one another. It is as impossible to associate two proprietors as to join two magnets by their opposite poles. Either society must perish, or it must destroy property. ~ Pierre Joseph Proudhon,
1312:Talking with real estate experts and contractors about home remodeling, I learned that in assessing a property’s potential, one should identify the limiting factors. If a house is near a noisy highway, that is a limiting factor. ~ Richard P Rumelt,
1313:Taxation is theft, purely and simply even though it is theft on a grand and colossal scale which no acknowledged criminals could hope to match. It is a compulsory seizure of the property of the State’s inhabitants, or subjects. ~ Murray N Rothbard,
1314:That is not a just government, nor is property secure under it, where the property which a man has in his personal safety and personal liberty, is violated by arbitrary seizures of one class of citizens for the service of the rest. ~ James Madison,
1315:The ‘coons had enjoyed a real party, and my trashcan had been the piñata! They’d obviously indulged in an evening of feasting on our wares and then staggered off the property loaded up with our birdseed as a little take-home gift! ~ Suzanne Kelman,
1316:Then also pretexts for seizing property are never wanting, and one who begins to live by rapine will always find some reason for taking the goods of others, whereas causes for taking life are rarer and more quickly destroyed. ~ Niccolo Machiavelli,
1317:Appropriating” seems to have the same stress put on it in relating the individual to the world through the ownership of property as “belief has in relating the individual to the world through the acquisition and power of knowledge. ~ Stanley Cavell,
1318:Conservatives believe in private property because they respect the autonomy of the individual. But it is fair to say that too many conservatives have failed to take seriously the many abuses to which property is subject. Libertarian ~ Roger Scruton,
1319:The growth of property and the desire for its transmission to children was, in reality, the moving power which brought in monogamy to insure legitimate heirs, and to limit their number to the actual progeny of the married pair. ~ Lewis Henry Morgan,
1320:The real reason that nonviolence is considered to be a virtue in Negroes—I am not speaking now of its racial value, another matter altogether—is that white men do not want their lives, their self-image, or their property threatened. ~ James Baldwin,
1321:The slave frees himself when, of all the relations of private property, he abolishes only the relation of slavery and thereby becomes a proletarian; the proletarian can free himself only by abolishing private property in general. ~ Friedrich Engels,
1322:A wife is property that one acquires by contract, she is transferable, because possession of her requires title; in fact, woman is, so to speak, only man's appendage; consequently, slice, cut, clip her, you have all rights to her. ~ Honore de Balzac,
1323:I recognize in [my readers] a specific form and individual property, which our predecessors called Pantagruelism, by means of which they never take anything the wrong way that they know to stem from good, honest and loyal hearts. ~ Francois Rabelais,
1324:It now becomes clear that consistency is not a property of a formal system per se, but depends on the interpretation which is proposed for it. By the same token, inconsistency is not an intrinsic property of any formal system. ~ Douglas R Hofstadter,
1325:The crucial distinction between systems...was no longer ideological. The main political difference was between those who did, and those who did not, believe that the citizen could -- or should -- be the property of the state. ~ Christopher Hitchens,
1326:The intellectual creations of individual nations become common property. National one-sidedness and narrow-mindedness become more and more impossible, and from the numerous national and local literatures, there arises a world literature. ~ Karl Marx,
1327:As long as our government is administered for the good of the people, and is regulated by their will; as long as it secures to us the rights of person and property, liberty of conscience, and of the press, it will be worth defending. ~ Andrew Jackson,
1328:But assuming the same premises, to wit, that all men are equal by the law of nature and of nations, the right of property in slaves falls to the ground; for one who is equal to another cannot be the owner or property of that other. ~ William H Seward,
1329:Consider what importance to society the chastity of women is. Upon that all the property in the world depends. We hang a thief for stealing a sheep; but the unchastity of a woman transfers sheep and farm and all from the right owner. ~ Samuel Johnson,
1330:Forgetfulness is a property of all action. The man of action is also without knowledge: he forgets most things in order to do one, he is unjust to what is behind him, and only recognizes one law - the law of that which is to be. ~ Friedrich Nietzsche,
1331:For us the issue cannot be the alteration of private property but only its annihilation, not the smoothing over of class antagonisms but the abolition of classes not the improvement of the existing society but the foundation of a new one. ~ Karl Marx,
1332:Freedom conceives that the mind and spirit of man can be free only if he is free to pattern his own life, to develop his own talents, free to earn, to spend, to save, to acquire property as the security of his old age and his family. ~ Herbert Hoover,
1333:One of the most amazing abilities of sexuality is to momentarily transcend the borders of Self into something that is no longer defined by physical property and that is utterly unique. It's really what many call a religious experience. ~ Esther Perel,
1334:Production in the second machine age depends less on physical equipment and structures and more on the four categories of intangible assets: intellectual property, organizational capital, user-generated content, and human capital. ~ Erik Brynjolfsson,
1335:There is not a more dangerous experiment than to place property in the hands of one class, and political power in those of another... If property cannot retain the political power, the political power will draw after it the property. ~ Daniel Webster,
1336:You are the collared property of the most revered man in my world, in our world. I’m feared. I’m respected. He is worshipped. All of the Underground is waiting to make your acquaintance. Do you understand that?”
“No.”
“You will. ~ Tiffany Reisz,
1337:A power to dispose of estates for ever is manifestly absurd. The earth and the fulness of it belongs to every generation, and the preceding one can have no right to bind it up from posterity. Such extension of property is quite unnatural. ~ Adam Smith,
1338:Boundaries help us to distinguish our property so that we can take care of it. They help us to "guard our heart with all diligence." We need to keep things that will nurture us inside our fences and keep things that will harm us outside. ~ Henry Cloud,
1339:Life, faculties, production--in other words, individuality, liberty, property -- this is man. And in spite of the cunning of artful political leaders, these three gifts from God precede all human legislation, and are superior to it. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1340:Take Milton Friedman, he sits at his desk pontificating about such bunk as the monetary system being the answer to our problems. The monetary system is a legal contrivance. Property, not money, is real wealth. It's physical, not legal. ~ Louis O Kelso,
1341:The property of the people belongs to the people. To take it from them by taxation cannot be justified except by urgent public necessity. Unless this principle be recognized our country is no longer secure, our people no longer free. ~ Calvin Coolidge,
1342:This revolution - will it be a living?'
'We must hope so. Look, I have to go, I'm visiting a client. He's going to be hanged tomorrow.'
'Is that usual?'
'Oh, they always hang my clients. Even in property and matrimonial cases. ~ Hilary Mantel,
1343:You have to realize just because things don't have tangible reality, that doesn't mean they don't exist. Ideas are just as real as people and property. Ideas have changed the world profoundly to an extent most people never approach ~ William Bernhardt,
1344:A martial nobility and stubborn commons, possessed of arms, tenacious of property, and collected into constitutional assemblies form the only balance capable of preserving a free constitution against the enterprise of an aspiring prince ~ Edward Gibbon,
1345:At nine o’clock he went into an estate agent’s office and asked if they had a map of the town. He was afraid they would not give him one unless they thought he was a serious purchaser, so he came out with an armful of property details too ~ Ann Cleeves,
1346:mankind has no right to employ its genius in the creation of another intelligent species, then treat it like property. If we've come so far that we can create as God creates, then we have to learn to act with the justice and mercy of God. ~ Dean Koontz,
1347:No social problem is as universal as the oppression of the child ... No slave was ever so much the property of his master as the child is of his parent ... Never were the rights of man ever so disregarded as in the case of the child. ~ Maria Montessori,
1348:The freest government, if it could exist, would not be long acceptable, if the tendency of the laws were to create a rapid accumulation of property in a few hands, and to render the great mass of the population dependent and penniless. ~ Daniel Webster,
1349:There is surely no contradiction in saying that a certain section of the community may be quite competent to protect the persons and property of the rest, yet quite unfit to direct our opinions, or to superintend our private habits. ~ Thomas B Macaulay,
1350:When the “sacredness of property” is talked of, it should always be remembered that any such sacredness does not belong in the same degree to landed property. No man made the land. It is the original inheritance of the whole species. ~ John Stuart Mill,
1351:A child’s problems were no less important or intense than the worries of an adult, she reasoned. It was all relative. A break-up with a boyfriend could mean the end of the world. Feelings of despair were not the sole property of adults. ~ Angela Marsons,
1352:I am conscious that an equal division of property is impracticable, but the consequences of this enormous inequality producing so much misery to the bulk of mankind, legislators cannot invent too many devices for subdividing property. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
1353:In a cozy corner of the electric flame department of the infernal regions there stands a little silver gridiron. It is the private property of his Satanic majesty, and is reserved exclusively for the man who invented amateur theatricals. ~ P G Wodehouse,
1354:I oppose piracy and want to see intellectual property protected because that is what fosters and rewards innovation. But SOPA won't accomplish a meaningful reduction in piracy and causes massive collateral damage to the Internet ecosystem. ~ Jared Polis,
1355:It should be clear to everyone that the nation's steadfast policy should afford every American of working age a realistic opportunity to acquire the ownership and control of some meaningful form of property in a growing national economy. ~ Ronald Reagan,
1356:Neither can men, by the same principles, be considered as lands, goods, or houses, among possessions. It is necessary that all property should be inferiour to its possessor. But how does the slave differ from his master, but by chance? ~ Thomas Clarkson,
1357:Since the writing of our Constitution, our religious liberties have been systematically threatened and whittled away by Supreme Court justices who interpret the First Amendment as a prohibition against religious activity on public property. ~ Tim LaHaye,
1358:What property is left to dreamers when every idea has been tamed and conquered? What about the poet who dreams of embracing the night sky? It's utterly impossible. And yet the thought of it sparks song and dance, poetry and philosophy. ~ Roshani Chokshi,
1359:Disney security could not make an arrest, but Reedy Creek’s city codes gave all cast members the right to detain anyone “causing a disturbance” until the sheriff arrived or to eject anyone from the property who refused to leave when asked. ~ David Koenig,
1360:In America, the border of the property would have been gated to keep children and sleepwalkers and drunkards from dropping to their deaths, but there was no division here between safety and stupidity: you had to draw those lines yourself. ~ Courtney Maum,
1361:Morality, and the ideal of freedom which is the political expression of morality, are not the property of a given party or group, but a value that is fundamentally and universally human... No people will be truly free till all are free. ~ Benedetto Croce,
1362:Privacy is not a static construct. It is not an inherent property of any particular information or setting. It is a process by which people seek to have control over a social situation by managing impressions, information flows, and context. ~ danah boyd,
1363:That the equalization of property exercises an influence on political society was clearly understood even by some of the old legislators. Laws were made by Solon and others prohibiting an individual from possessing as much land as he pleased. ~ Aristotle,
1364:The idealized woman becomes property, symbol, and ornament; she is stripped of her essential human qualities. The devalued woman becomes a different kind of object; she is the spittoon in which men release their negative anti-woman feelings. ~ bell hooks,
1365:The rich do not act improperly if they before others take possession of property that was in the beginning common and share the property with others. But the rich sin if they indiscriminately prevent others from using the property. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
1366:Unlike the hunted animal, he writes, “The animal raised and slaughtered is not a gift. We have earned that food in a different way, and when we eat that animal, we are not accepting a gift as much as we are exercising our property rights. ~ Tovar Cerulli,
1367:Who does not see that . . . the same authority which can force a citizen to contribute three pence only of his property for the support of any one establishment, may force him to conform to any other establishment in all cases whatsoever? ~ James Madison,
1368:A martial nobility and stubborn commons, possessed of arms, tenacious of property, and collected into constitutional assemblies, form the only balance capable of preserving a free constitution against the enterprises of an aspiring prince. ~ Edward Gibbon,
1369:I kind of hate to be the voice of doom, but I just can't see how prices can't go down. I think people have actually forgotten that property prices can decrease. There's this feeling that they just won't fall, but, of course, that's not true. ~ Sarah Beeny,
1370:Just physically, if you looked at the house that I grew up in, my mother created this greenhouse. And surrounded the entire property. And there was, like, trees and sculptures and like - it was, like, this crazy, like, secret garden space. ~ Kehinde Wiley,
1371:We never really own anything during our brief stay on earth. God just loans the earth to us while we’re here. It was God’s property before you arrived, and God will loan it to someone else after you die. You just get to enjoy it for a while. ~ Rick Warren,
1372:Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe. ~ Frederick Douglass,
1373:Equality of economic opportunity, in the context of private property, means equality of opportunity for the millions of capital-less households of today to buy, pay for, and employ in their lives the non-human factor of production, capital. ~ Louis O Kelso,
1374:If the item of stolen property had been anything other than a book, it would have been confiscated. But a book is different—it is not just a material possession but the pathway to an enlightened mind, and thence to a well-ordered society, ~ Neal Stephenson,
1375:It may be primarily property taxes in the case of a public library, or state taxes and tuition in the case of an academic library at a public university, but the funding sources of most libraries continue to have a strong geographic component. ~ Tom Peters,
1376:Let but the public mind become once thoroughly corrupt, and all attempts to secure property, liberty or life, by mere force of laws written on parchment, will be as vain as to put up printed notices in an orchard to keep off the canker-worms. ~ Horace Mann,
1377:Let us investigate more closely this property common to animal and plant, this power of producing its likeness, this chain of successive existences of individuals, which constitutes the real existence of the species. ~ Georges Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon,
1378:Limited government that protects rights and freedoms is another important ingredient. For example, it is government’s job to protect property rights, keep markets as free and fair as possible, and oppose discrimination in the workplace. ~ William J Bennett,
1379:Once someone's dead, being sorry doesn't cut it. If you hit a man, you can apologize. If you destroy his property, you can pay him back. But if you take his life, there's nothing you can ever do to make that right. Do you understand? ~ William Kent Krueger,
1380:Property should be in a general sense common, but as a general rule private... In well-ordered states, although every man has his own property, some things he will place at the disposal of his friends, while of others he shares the use of them. ~ Aristotle,
1381:The active, insatiate principle of self-love can alone supply the arts of life and the wages of industry; and as soon as civil government and exclusive property have been introduced, they become necessary to the existence of the human race. ~ Edward Gibbon,
1382:The idea that full employment without property ownership will solve the world's problems is utter nonsense. The Keynesian concept that the function of capital is merely to amplify labor, not independently produce wealth is simply blindness. ~ Louis O Kelso,
1383:The very foundation of private property and free contracting wears away in a nation in which its most vital, most concrete, most meaningful types of private property and free contracting disappear from the moral horizon of the people. ~ Joseph A Schumpeter,
1384:Time, you'll be pleased to know--and since one must start somewhere--was created in creation. The question What was there before creation? is meaningless. Time is a property of creation, therefore before creation there was no before creation. ~ Glen Duncan,
1385:Hence, in a state of nature, no man had any moral power to deprive another of his life, limbs, property, or liberty; nor the least authority to command or exact obedience from him, except that which arose from the ties of consanguinity. ~ Alexander Hamilton,
1386:The slave and those whose present life is miserable and who can find no consolation in the heavens are assured that at least the future belongs to them. The future is the only kind of property that the masters willingly concede to the slaves. ~ Albert Camus,
1387:To give a man his life but deny him his liberty, is to take from him all that makes his life worth living. To give him his liberty but take from him the property which is the fruit and badge of his liberty, is to still leave him a slave. ~ George Sutherland,
1388:For everything outside the phenomenal world, language can only be used allusively, but never even approximately in a comparative way, since, corresponding as it does to the phenomenal world, it is concerned only with property and its relations. ~ Franz Kafka,
1389:I am for socialism, disarmament, and, ultimately, for abolishing the state itself... I seek the social ownership of property, the abolition of the propertied class, and the sole control of those who produce wealth. Communism is the goal. ~ Roger Nash Baldwin,
1390:If the item of stolen property had been anything other than a book, it would have been confiscated. But a book is different - it is not just a material possession but the pathway to an enlightened mind, and thence to a well-ordered society. ~ Neal Stephenson,
1391:If you were a young kid, 19, 20 years old who has two children and a third one on the way and refuses to leave them. A kid who was on welfare, because he refused to steal anybody's property or take anybody's money. You found life a lot tougher. ~ Barry White,
1392:In mid-2014 Amazon was asking the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for permission to fly drones on its own property for research purposes. This was the latest act in CEO Jeff Bezos’s obsession with fast delivery to individual customers. The ~ Ram Charan,
1393:In no other country in the world is the love of property keener or more alert than in the United States, and nowhere else does the majority display less inclination toward doctrines which in any way threaten the way property is owned. ~ Alexis de Tocqueville,
1394:It may be laid down as a primary position, and the basis of our system, that every Citizen who enjoys the protection of a Free Government, owes not only a proportion of his property, but even of his personal services to the defense of it. ~ George Washington,
1395:I’ve made a lot of bad decisions in my life. Some of them have gotten good people hurt, even killed. Many of them have caused immense property damage, and one was responsible for the extinction of an entire species of South American monkey. ~ John G Hartness,
1396:Let the amelioration in our laws of property proceed from the concession of the rich, not from the grasping of the poor. Let us understand that the equitable rule is, that no one should take more than his share, let him be ever so rich. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1397:The long-term value of an enterprise is not captured by the value of its products and intellectual property but rather by its ability to continuously increase the value it provides to customers — and to create new customers — through innovation. ~ Jez Humble,
1398:War is the highest form of struggle for resolving contradictions, when they have developed to a certain stage, between classes, nations, states, or political groups, and it has existed ever since the emergence of private property and of classes. ~ Mao Zedong,
1399:We should begin by setting conscience free. When all men of all religions shall enjoy equal liberty, property, and an equal chance for honors and power we may expect that improvements will be made in the human character and the state of society. ~ John Adams,
1400:Where is the man to be found who wishes to remain indebted for the defense of his own person and property to the exertions, the bravery, and the blood of others, without making one generous effort to repay the debt of honor and gratitude? ~ George Washington,
1401:Women ten years ago were much more of the household property than is the case now. It's not to say that if you go backcountry you don't also find that. And there's a tremendous education campaign that is needed to apprise women of their rights. ~ Swanee Hunt,
1402:However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered the rightful property of someone or other of their ~ Jane Austen,
1403:The legal relations between the individual and the community which arise out of the production and distribution of property, comprise by far the greater, and more important, part of the law; subtract these and very little content would be left. ~ Learned Hand,
1404:Whenever legislators endeavor to take away and destroy the property of the people, or to reduce them to slavery under arbitrary power, they put themselves into a state of war with the people, who are thereupon absolved from any further obedience. ~ John Locke,
1405:Would we, if we could, educate and sophisticate pigs, geese, cattle? Would it be wise to establish diplomatic relation with the hen that now functions, satisfied with mere sense of achievement by way of compensation? I think we’re property. ~ Whitley Strieber,
1406:an enormous proportion of property vested in a few individuals is dangerous to the rights, and destructive of the common happiness, of mankind; and therefore every free state hath a right by its laws to discourage the possession of such property. ~ Howard Zinn,
1407:This country’s passion for property is built into the blood, a current as huge and primal as desire. Centuries of being turned out on the roadside at a landlord’s whim, helpless, teach your bones that everything in life hangs on owning your home. ~ Tana French,
1408:"You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is your neighbor's." Your neighbor is clearly a male, and the woman, the ox and the ass are property of the male. That's not morality I will salute today. ~ John Shelby Spong,
1409:All nonstate threats to life, liberty, and property appear to be relatively petty and therefore can be dealt with. Only states can pose truly massive threats, and sooner or later the horrors with which they menace mankind invariably come to pass. ~ Robert Higgs,
1410:Beauty is a dangerous property, tending to corrupt the mind of the wife, though it soon loses its influence over the husband. A figure agreeable and engaging, which inspires affection, without the ebriety of love, is a much safer choice. ~ Henry Home Lord Kames,
1411:Equality, as understood by the American Founders, is the natural right of every individual to live freely under self-government, to acquire and retain the property he creates through his own labor, and to be treated impartially before a just law. ~ Mark R Levin,
1412:For the West, the enemy was not "socialism" but capitalism. How to tame and subdue the polar bear, how to take over the talent, the science, the technology, how to buy out the human capital, how to acquire the intellectual property rights? ~ Michel Chossudovsky,
1413:I wonder who this ship belongs to anyway," said Arthur.
"Me," said Zaphod.
"No. Who it really belongs to."
"Really me," insisted Zaphod. "Look, property is theft, right? Therefore theft is property. Therefore this ship is mine, okay? ~ Douglas Adams,
1414:That which is impossible has a permanent and constant property, which is not the result if some agent, and cannot in any way change, and consequently we do not ascribe to God the power of doing what is impossible. ~ Maimonides, Guide for the Perplexed (c. 1190),
1415:What everybody misses here is that we are doing the same thing my father did. He licensed and litigated and protected his property, and we have to follow the same tradition, because the way the law reads, if you dont protect it, you lose it. ~ Dexter Scott King,
1416:Whether or not you have children yourself, you are a parent to the next generation. If we can only stop thinking of children as individual property and think of them as the next generation, then we can realize we all have a role to play. ~ Charlotte Sophia Kasl,
1417:But my bill, the Drill Now Act, would actually expedite the whole process, let the Interior Department move ahead quicker... It would stop the radical environmental lawyers from delaying for years with frivolous lawsuits the leasing of the property. ~ Jim DeMint,
1418:None of these things are foretold to me; but either to my paltry body, or property, or reputation, or children, or wife. But to me all omens are lucky, if I will. For whichever of these things happens, it is in my control to derive advantage from it. ~ Epictetus,
1419:Since human beings do in fact have equal rights of property, any social system which rejects this right is doomed to utter failure – just as any bridge planner who rejects the reality of gravity will never be able to build a bridge that stands. ~ Stefan Molyneux,
1420:The property qualifications for federal office that the framers of the Constitution expressly chose to exclude for demonstrating an unseemly "veneration of wealth " are now de facto in force and higher than the Founding Fathers could have imagined. ~ Bill Moyers,
1421:The way to maximize production is to maximize the incentives to production. And the way to do that, as the modern world has discovered, is through the system known as capitalism - the system of private property, free markets, and free enterprise. ~ Henry Hazlitt,
1422:Together, the property rights and public choice schools show only that, if you start by assuming a purely individualistic model of human behavior and treat politics as if it were a pale imitation of the market, democracy will, indeed, make no sense. ~ Paul Starr,
1423:You have a right to your life because you are alive. You have a right to your liberty because you have free will. You have a right to your property because it is the product of your labor. You forfeit these rights when you take them from another. ~ David A Wells,
1424:You realize that people take drugs because it's the only real personal adventure left to them in their time-constrained, law-and-order, property-lined world. It's only in drugs or death we'll see anything new, and death is just too controlling. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
1425:You realize that people take drugs because it’s the only real personal adventure left to them in their time-constrained, law-and-order, property-lined world. It’s only in drugs or death we’ll see anything new, and death is just too controlling. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
1426:If Jefferson gave you his house at Monticello, you’d have his house and he wouldn’t. But if he gave you an idea, you’d have the idea and he’d still have the idea. That weirdness is the source of our uncertainty about intellectual property today. For ~ Kevin Kelly,
1427:I live in New Hampshire. We're in favor of global warming. Eleven hundred more feet of sea-level rises? I've got beachfront property. You tell us up there, "By the end of the century, New York City could be underwater," and we say, "Your point is?" ~ P J O Rourke,
1428:I’m not sure how to work the grill at the cottage.” “Why? Is it complicated?” “I don’t know. I asked the property manager how to turn it on but she started talking about charcoal and lighter fluid.” I shook my head. “That sounded dangerous to me. ~ Melanie Harlow,
1429:It will be good for us in the long run, and I mean there are, you know, six and a half billion people in this world. And it's great for 300 million to keep enjoying more and more property, but I think it's terrific if, you know, the remainder do. ~ Warren Buffett,
1430:Plasticity is an intrinsic property of the human brain and represents evolution's invention to enable the nervous system to escape the restrictions of its own genome and thus adapt to environmental pressures, physiologic changes, and experiences. ~ Philippa Perry,
1431:Property is the foundation of every right we have, including the right to be free. Every legal claim, after all, is a claim to something-either a defensive claim to keep what one is holding or an offensive claim to something someone else is holding. ~ Roger Pilon,
1432:The denial of the right of ownership to a man is a denial of his basic freedom: freedom without property is always incomplete. To be "secured" - but with no accompanying responsibility - is to be the slave of whatever group provides the security. ~ Fulton J Sheen,
1433:There is yet no ethic dealing with man's relation to land and to the animals and plants which grow upon it. Land, like Odysseus' slave-girls, is still property. The land-relation is still strictly economic, entailing privileges but not obligations. ~ Aldo Leopold,
1434:A talent for truth is real property. If a man loves truth better than things, people like to be around where he is. Almost everybody wishes he could be honest, but you can’t have the spirit of truth when your heart is set on dickering for things. ~ Lloyd C Douglas,
1435:"Freedom, individualism, authenticity and being yourself so long as you don't hurt another's physical person or property: The creative process is the emergence in action of a novel relational product, growing out of the uniqueness of the individual." ~ Carl Rogers,
1436:I learned through my body and soul that it was necessary for me to sin, that I needed lust, that I had to strive for property and experience nausea and the depths of despair in order to learn not to resist them, in order to learn to love the world. ~ Hermann Hesse,
1437:It is only when we have renounced our preoccupation with "I," "me," "mine," that we can truly possess the world in which we live. Everything, provided that we regard nothing as property. And not only is everything ours; it is also everybody else's. ~ Aldous Huxley,
1438:I've long believed one of the mainsprings of our own liberty has been the widespread ownership of property among our people and the expectation that anyone's child, even from the humblest of families, could grow up to own a business or corporation. ~ Ronald Reagan,
1439:John Henry Newman, poet and priest, wrote that “time is not a common property; / But what is long is short, and swift is slow/And near is distant, as received and grasped / By this mind and by that, / And every one is standard of his own chronology. ~ James Gleick,
1440:Property should be in a certain sense common, but, as a general rule, private; for, when every one has a distinct interest, men will not complain of one another, and they will make more progress, because every one will be attending to his own business. ~ Aristotle,
1441:Seeing is believing, and if an American success is to count for anything in the world it must be clothed in the raiment of property. As often as not it isn't the money itself that means anything; it is the use of money as the currency of the soul. ~ Lewis H Lapham,
1442:There is no such thing as absolute free speech; there are only absolute rights of private property. Speech is circumscribed by private property rights. You may deliver a disquisition in my virtual or actual living room only if I permit you to so do. ~ Ilana Mercer,
1443:To rob the public, it is necessary to deceive them. To deceive them, it is necessary to persuade them that they are robbed for their own advantage, and to induce them to accept in exchange for their property, imaginary services, and often worse. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1444:I am a Conservative to preserve all that is good in our constitution, a Radical to remove all that is bad. I seek to preserve property and to respect order, and I equally decry the appeal to the passions of the many or the prejudices of the few. ~ Benjamin Disraeli,
1445:It may, indeed, be said that sympathy exists in all minds, as Faraday has discovered that magnetism exists in all metals; but a certain temperature is required to develop the hidden property, whether in the metal or the mind. ~ Edward Bulwer Lytton 1st Baron Lytton,
1446:I've been so bothered with my property, that I'm tired of it, and don't mean to save up any more, but give it away as I go along, and then nobody will envy me, or want to steal it, and I shan't be suspecting folks and worrying about my old cash. ~ Louisa May Alcott,
1447:The ashram is Mother's body. Mother's soul is in Her children. Children, all the service done for the ashram, is done for Mother. The ashram is not anyone's private property. It is the means to provide peace and quietude for the entire world. ~ Mata Amritanandamayi,
1448:The ordinary man places his life’s happiness in things external to him, in property, rank, wife and children, friends, society, and the like, so that when he loses them or finds them disappointing, the foundation of his happiness is destroyed. ~ Arthur Schopenhauer,
1449:Virtue is the highest reward. Virtue truly goes before all things. Liberty, safety, life, property, parents, country, and children are protected and preserved. Virtue has all things in herself; he who has virtue has all things that are good attending him. ~ Plautus,
1450:whenever the legislators endeavor to take away, and destroy the property of the people, or to reduce them to slavery under arbitrary power, they put themselves into a state of war with the people, who are thereupon absolved from any farther obedience, ~ Ben Shapiro,
1451:If I want to put a Christmas tree in my yard, or three crosses for the crucifixion story, that's fine. But if I try to use public property or a public school as a way to impress my religion on other people, I think that violates the constitution. ~ John Shelby Spong,
1452:(The city is being) destroyed by thugs who in a very senseless way are trying to tear down what so many have fought for, tearing down businesses, tearing down or destroying property, things that we know will impact our community for years. ~ Stephanie Rawlings Blake,
1453:The fact that in Mohammedan law every woman must belong to some man as his absolute property—either as a child, a wife, or a concubine—must delay the final extinction of slavery until the faith of Islam has ceased to be a great power among men. ~ Winston S Churchill,
1454:the greater the number of owners, the less the respect for common property. People are much more careful of their personal possessions than of those owned communally; they exercise care over common property only in so far as they are personally affected. ~ Aristotle,
1455:The trace left behind is substituted for the practice. It exhibits the (voracious) property that the geographical system has of being able to transform action into legibility, but in doing so it causes a way of being in the world to be forgotten. ~ Michel de Certeau,
1456:A collective property of a liquid, like viscosity, which describes its resistance to flowing, emerges when a large number of molecules combine. It is real but you won’t find a little bit of viscosity on each atom of hydrogen and oxygen in your cup of tea. ~ Anonymous,
1457:All but a very few of us are in debt. We exist as entities who borrow money and spend the rest of our lives making interest payments on a debt tally that never seems to budge. Whatever wealth we have, in labor, property or cash, is suctioned to the top. ~ Roger Ebert,
1458:an enormous proportion of property vested in a few individuals is dangerous to the rights, and destructive of the common happiness of mankind, and, therefore, every free state hath a right by its laws to discourage the possession of such property. ~ Benjamin Franklin,
1459:Grace’s gaze skimmed over her, taking in the various marks of possession that decorated her flesh. “Well, short of having ‘Property of Trey Coleman’ tattooed on your forehead, he couldn’t have made it any clearer that he considered you his, could he? ~ Suzanne Wright,
1460:It is easy to conceive that, according to the power of the legislator, it destroys for its own profit, and in different degrees, amongst the rest of the community, personal independence by slavery, liberty by oppression, and property by plunder. It ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1461:Liberty, then, is the sovereignty of the individual, and never shall man know liberty until each and every individual is acknowledged to be the only legitimate sovereign of his or her person, time, and property, each living and acting at his own cost. ~ Josiah Warren,
1462:There can be little doubt that the equalization of property which we have supposed, added to the circumstance of the labour of the whole community being directed chiefly to agriculture, would tend greatly to augment the produce of the country. ~ Thomas Robert Malthus,
1463:Therefore the dignity of the human person normally demands the right to the use of earthly goods as the natural foundation for a livelihood; and to that right corresponds the fundamental obligation to grant private property, as far as possible, to all. ~ Pope Pius XI,
1464:You have to realize just because things don't have tangible reality, that doesn't mean they don't exist. Ideas are just as real as people and property. Ideas have changed the world profoundly to an extent most people never approach" - Father Beale ~ William Bernhardt,
1465:I would gladly chastise those who represent things as different from what they are. Those who steal property or make counterfeit money are punished, and those ought to be still more severely dealt with who steal away or falsify the good name of a prince. ~ Elizabeth I,
1466:Our society is so abnormal that the normal man never dreams of having the normal occupation of looking after his own property. When he chooses a trade, he chooses one of the ten thousand trades that involve looking after other people's property. ~ Gilbert K Chesterton,
1467:The fact that in Mohammedan law every woman must belong to some man as his absolute property - either as a child, a wife, or a concubine - must delay the final extinction of slavery until the faith of Islam has ceased to be a great power among men. ~ Winston Churchill,
1468:The fact that in Mohammedan law every woman must belong to some man as his absolute property, either as a child, a wife, or a concubine, must delay the final extinction of slavery until the faith of Islam has ceased to be a great power among men. ~ Winston S Churchill,
1469:The folks contributing their automobiles and driving labor to Uber, or their property and hosting to Airbnb, make less than minimum-wage employees and don’t own a piece of the company even though they constitute the infrastructure. Only money talks. ~ Douglas Rushkoff,
1470:The right to private property meant at the same time the right and duty to be personally concerned about your own well-being, to be personally concerned about your family's income, to be personally concerned about your future. This is hard work. ~ Mikhail Khodorkovsky,
1471:When a portion of wealth passes out of the hands of him who has acquired it, without his consent, and without compensation, to him who has not created it, whether by force or by artifice, I say that property is violated, that plunder is perpetrated. ~ Fr d ric Bastiat,
1472:Historically, when liberals commit political violence, it is usually directed against organizations and property rather than people. Political violence committed by conservatives and libertarians, on the other hand, tends to be directed against individuals. ~ Anonymous,
1473:[I]n a place with absolutely no private or personal life, with the incessant worship of a mediocre career-sadist as the only culture, where all citizens are the permanent property of the state, the highest form of pointlessness has been achieved. ~ Christopher Hitchens,
1474:It is a curious property of research activity that after the problem has been solved the solution seems obvious. This is true not only for those who have not previously been acquainted with the problem, but also for those who have worked over it for years. ~ Edwin Land,
1475:Maybe I'm overly pessimistic, but most of Africa is a continent without much hope for its people... What [Africa] needs, the West cannot give. ...what Africans need is personal liberty...[and] guarantees of private property rights and rule of law. ~ Walter E Williams,
1476:The Democracy of to-day hold the liberty of one man to be absolutely nothing, when in conflict with another mans right of property. Republicans, on the contrary, are for both the man and the dollar; but in cases of conflict, the man before the dollar. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
1477:The moment man begins to take thought of the morrow he passes out of the Garden of Eden into the vale of anxiety; the pale cast of worry settles down upon him, greed is sharpened, property begins, and the good cheer of the “thoughtless” native disappears. ~ Will Durant,
1478:[Friendship] is a relationship that has no formal shape, there are no rules or obligations or bonds as in marriage or the family, it is held together by neither law nor property nor blood, there is no glue in it but mutual liking. It is therefore rare. ~ Wallace Stegner,
1479:I don’t look at the wound. I don’t need to. I watched the Commandant as she carved it into me, a thick-lined, precise K stretching from my collarbone to the skin over my heart. She branded me. Marked me as her property. It’s a scar I’ll carry to the grave. ~ Sabaa Tahir,
1480:? If a man who has no property refuses but once to earn nine shillings for the State, he is put in prison for a period unlimited by any law that I know, and determined only by the discretion of those who put him there; but if he should steal ninety ~ Henry David Thoreau,
1481:Only now are increasing numbers of political and social scientists beginning to realize that Kelso's theories provide a private-property-based alternative to the imminent passage of a government-distributed "guaranteed income" or "negative income tax." ~ Hazel Henderson,
1482:Saint John Henry Newman, poet and priest, wrote that “time is not a common property; / But what is long is short, and swift is slow/And near is distant, as received and grasped / By this mind and by that, / And every one is standard of his own chronology. ~ James Gleick,
1483:There is a reason the stories of a culture are always kept with its priests. To tell someone where they are from is to tell someone who they are. A slave, a weaker gender, a god-king’s subject, a sinner, too brown-skinned to understand property ownership. ~ Gordon White,
1484:The Secret Doctrine is the common property of the countless millions of men born under various climates, in times with which History refuses to deal, and to which esoteric teachings assign dates incompatible with the theories of Geology and Anthropology. ~ H P Blavatsky,
1485:When a system is considered in two different states, the difference in volume or in any other property, between the two states, depends solely upon those states themselves and not upon the manner in which the system may pass from one state to the other. ~ Rudolf Arnheim,
1486:Wherever you are,” he said low and steady as I wrote his name, knee to crotch, “I own you. I own your filthy mouth. I own your dirty mind. When you get wet thinking about fucking, it’s mine. Every drop from you. I own your every thought. You are my property. ~ C D Reiss,
1487:Before Riley, the French traveler Saugnier had wrestled with the Sahrawi ethic regarding property. According to him, on the desert things stolen unperceived became rightfully the property of the thief, and things unwatched, it followed, deserved to be stolen. ~ Dean King,
1488:Every age and generation must be as free to act for itself in all cases as the age and generations which preceded it. The vanity and presumption of governing beyond the grave is the most ridiculous and insolent of all tyrannies. Man has no property in man; ~ Thomas Paine,
1489:However little known the feelings or views of such a man may be on his first entering a neighbourhood, this truth is so well fixed in the minds of the surrounding families, that he is considered the rightful property of some one or other of their daughters. ~ Jane Austen,
1490:Let our pupil be taught that he does not belong to himself, but that he is public property. Let him be taught to love his family, but let him be taught at the same time that he must forsake and even forget them when the welfare of his country requires it. ~ Benjamin Rush,
1491:One of the reasons his subordinated lease idea worked so well was that in the late fifties we didn’t have the proliferation of franchise operations and the fierce competition for commercial fringe property that developed in the course of the next twenty years. ~ Ray Kroc,
1492:PROPERTY, n. Any material thing, having no particular value, that may be held by A against the cupidity of B. Whatever gratifies the passion for possession in one and disappoints it in all others. The object of man's brief rapacity and long indifference. ~ Ambrose Bierce,
1493:Prosperity has this property, it puffs up narrow Souls, makes them imagine themselves high and mighty, and look down upon the World with Contempt; but a truly noble and resolved Spirit appears greatest in Distress, and then becomes more bright and conspicuous. ~ Plutarch,
1494:Some things are in our control, while others are not. We control our opinion, choice, desire, aversion, and, in a word, everything of our own doing. We don’t control our body, property, reputation, position, and, in a word, everything not of our own doing. ~ Ryan Holiday,
1495:Without the principle of private property there would be no reason for government, which is necessary solely for the purpose of keeping the disinherited within bounds in their quarrels or in their rebellions against those who hold the social wealth ~ Ricardo Flores Magon,
1496:Does capital punishment tend to the security of the people? By no means. It hardens the hearts of men, and makes the loss of life appear light to them; and it renders life insecure, inasmuch as the law holds out that property is of greater value than life. ~ Elizabeth Fry,
1497:Eating disorders are a kind of penance and a kind of fortification and a kind of disguise. It is a paradox of womanhood that women have been so long associated with the private sphere, the home and the family, while our bodies are considered public property. ~ Alice Bolin,
1498:Libertarians regard the state as the Supreme, the eternal, the best organized aggressor against the persons and property of the mass of the public. All states everywhere, whether democratic, dictatorial, or monarchical, whether red, white, blue or brown. ~ Murray Rothbard,
1499:Love is as love does, and it is our responsibility to give children love. When we love children we acknowledge by our every action that they are not property, that they have rights—that we respect and uphold their rights. Without justice there can be no love. ~ bell hooks,
1500:Originality is nothing but judicious imitation. The most original writers borrowed one from another. The instruction we find in books is like fire. We fetch it from our neighbor's, kindle it at home, communicate it to others, and it becomes the property of all. ~ Voltaire,

IN CHAPTERS [300/308]



   56 Integral Yoga
   53 Christianity
   40 Philosophy
   37 Occultism
   18 Yoga
   18 Poetry
   13 Psychology
   13 Fiction
   10 Science
   10 Integral Theory
   7 Hinduism
   5 Cybernetics
   5 Baha i Faith
   3 Sufism
   2 Theosophy
   1 Mythology
   1 Mysticism
   1 Buddhism
   1 Alchemy


   22 The Mother
   21 Sri Aurobindo
   20 Plotinus
   18 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
   16 Sri Ramakrishna
   16 James George Frazer
   15 Satprem
   13 Saint Augustine of Hippo
   13 H P Lovecraft
   12 Nolini Kanta Gupta
   11 Aleister Crowley
   10 Carl Jung
   7 A B Purani
   6 Vyasa
   6 Plato
   6 Baha u llah
   5 Saint John of Climacus
   5 Norbert Wiener
   5 Lucretius
   4 Jordan Peterson
   4 Henry David Thoreau
   4 Aldous Huxley
   3 Sri Ramana Maharshi
   3 Saint Teresa of Avila
   3 Friedrich Nietzsche
   3 Al-Ghazali
   2 William Wordsworth
   2 Thubten Chodron
   2 Swami Vivekananda
   2 Nirodbaran
   2 John Keats
   2 Genpo Roshi
   2 Franz Bardon
   2 Anonymous


   16 The Golden Bough
   15 The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna
   13 Lovecraft - Poems
   13 City of God
   8 The Phenomenon of Man
   7 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 02
   7 Magick Without Tears
   7 Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo
   6 Vishnu Purana
   6 The Problems of Philosophy
   6 The Future of Man
   6 Talks
   6 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 03
   5 The Secret Doctrine
   5 The Life Divine
   5 The Ladder of Divine Ascent
   5 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 01
   5 Of The Nature Of Things
   5 Mysterium Coniunctionis
   5 Cybernetics
   4 Walden
   4 The Perennial Philosophy
   4 Maps of Meaning
   4 Liber ABA
   4 Let Me Explain
   4 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04
   4 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01
   3 Vedic and Philological Studies
   3 The Human Cycle
   3 The Alchemy of Happiness
   3 Agenda Vol 11
   2 Wordsworth - Poems
   2 Twilight of the Idols
   2 Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo
   2 The Practice of Psycho therapy
   2 The Interior Castle or The Mansions
   2 The Book of Certitude
   2 The Bible
   2 The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious
   2 Some Answers From The Mother
   2 Savitri
   2 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 04
   2 Letters On Yoga IV
   2 Keats - Poems
   2 Initiation Into Hermetics
   2 How to Free Your Mind - Tara the Liberator
   2 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02
   2 Anonymous - Poems
   2 Agenda Vol 12
   2 Agenda Vol 10
   2 Agenda Vol 08
   2 Agenda Vol 03


0.00 - INTRODUCTION, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  Khudiram Chattopadhyaya and Chandra Devi, the parents of Sri Ramakrishna, were married in 1799. At that time Khudiram was living in his ancestral village of Dereypore, not far from Kamarpukur. Their first son, Ramkumar, was born in 1805, and their first daughter, Katyayani, in 1810. In 1814 Khudiram was ordered by his landlord to bear false witness in court against a neighbour. When he refused to do so, the landlord brought a false case against him and deprived him of his ancestral Property. Thus dispossessed, he arrived, at the invitation of another landlord, in the quiet village of Kamarpukur, where he was given a dwelling and about an acre of fertile land. The crops from this little Property were enough to meet his family's simple needs. Here he lived in simplicity, dignity, and contentment.
  Ten years after his coming to Kamarpukur, Khudiram made a pilgrimage on foot to Rameswar, at the southern extremity of India. Two years later was born his second son, whom he named Rameswar. Again in 1835, at the age of sixty, he made a pilgrimage, this time to Gaya. Here, from ancient times, Hindus have come from the four corners of India to discharge their duties to their departed ancestors by offering them food and drink at the sacred footprint of the Lord Vishnu. At this holy place Khudiram had a dream in which the Lord Vishnu promised to he born as his son. And Chandra Devi, too, in front of the Siva temple at Kamarpukur, had a vision indicating the birth of a divine child. Upon his return the husband found that she had conceived.
  --
   At that time there lived in Calcutta a rich widow named Rani Rasmani, belonging to the sudra caste, and known far and wide not only for her business ability, courage, and intelligence, but also for her largeness of heart, piety, and devotion to God. She was assisted in the management of her vast Property by her son-in-law Mathur Mohan.
   In 1847 the Rani purchased twenty acres of land at Dakshineswar, a village about four miles north of Calcutta. Here she created a temple garden and constructed several temples. Her Ishta, or Chosen Ideal, was the Divine Mother, Kali.

0.01 - Letters from the Mother to Her Son, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  one of which is our Property; others will follow. New recruits
  are coming from all parts of the world. With this expansion,
  --
  it. The Ashram with all its real estate and moveable Property
  belongs to Sri Aurobindo, it is his money that enables me to

01.13 - T. S. Eliot: Four Quartets, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   And destitution of all Property,
   Desiccation of the world of sense,

0.11 - Letters to a Sadhak, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  Wealth should not be a personal Property and should be at
  the disposal of the Divine for the welfare of all.
  --
  who own money than any change in the law of Property.
  Undoubtedly.
  --
  one should get rid of the sense of Property and spend his
  money according to the Divine command within, from

0 1960-08-20, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   Its at the lake. The Property belonged to the mission and at that time its manager was a very good friend of ours, even though he was a missionary. He said that he would arrange for us to have it. Everything was arranged, and I was to receive the money to buy it (they asked for more than fifty or sixty thousand rupees1). But then the money didnt come and our missionary friend left. Hes no longer there; hes been replaced by someone else.
   (Mother looks at a piece of paper) Calling Antonin Raymond2. The architect for the construction.

0 1962-06-02, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   The afternoon experience was very intriguing; I was busy working (organizing things for one of the departments, I no longer remember which) and then I said to the person I was with, Now I am going to my cousins place! When I was very young I had a cousin, the eldest son of one of my fathers brothers (he had a large family, such as you seldom see in France). This cousin became some kind of engineera civil engineer, maybe, or a mechanical engineer (he was an outstanding chemist). Anyway, this boy was very attracted to me. He went off to the war as an officer and caught some disease (I forget what) and died around 1915, at the time I returned to France. Well, in my experience yesterday afternoon, a certain family living HERE gave me exactly the same sensation I had had towards those people when I was young. And especially for this cousin (for the rest of the family it was more vague, like a background to the experience). I am going to their place, I said. They have a lovely estate here, just as they had a lovely estate in France before (they had Madame de Sevignes chateau at Sucy, near Parisa beautiful Property). And it was all so concrete! It wasnt coming through the head; it wasnt a thought but a sensation. I have to go see him now, I said. And even as I was having my vision I was telling myself, You must be going crazy! Can they really be here in Pondicherry? This uncle with whom I had only rather distant relations and this cousin I never saw much of, but whom I knew to be very nice and very loyalAre they really here?! The sensation was most strange (the head wasnt functioning at all; it was a SENSATION). So off I went to see this cousin, and it was on the way to see him that I had the experience of crossing the river. And on the way back, after the discussion with the spiritual brother (whom I really told off: Get out of here! I dont need you!), after that, when I found myself back on the bank, I started collecting my consciousness again, telling myself, Look here now! Lets try to see clearly. And then I realized that the cousin who died prematurely during the war had reincarnated in someone here. How strange, I thought. And the dates coincided.
   But that is a singular state: there is no mental intervention at all; you live things POSITIVELY, just as you experience them physically, in the same way that this (Mother knocks on the table next to her) is physically a table. Its that kind of perception something positive. I positively said, I am going to my cousins place, and the relationship had an absolutely positive vibrationit wasnt at all something thought or even remembered: theres no remembering anything, its simply there, alive. A strange state. I have had it on several occasions, and when I have it I am aware that this must be the state people who know what is happening and make predictions are inin this state there is no possibility of doubt. No thoughts intervenenone at all, not one. Absolutely nothing intellectual: simply certain vital-physical vibrations, and then you know. And you dont even wonder how you know; its not that kind of thingits self-evident. And since I was in that state when I saw the reincarnation of the cousin, I am perfectly sure of what I saw. And god knows (Mother laughs), when I came out of it and began to look at it all with my usual consciousness, I said to myself, My word! I would never have thought of such a thing! It was millions of miles from any thought of mine. Besides, I never used to think of that cousin; he was a fine boy but I never paid much attention to him, he had no place in my active consciousness.

0 1962-06-09, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   (In the course of the preceding conversation, Satprem had thought that rather than a subjective change, a change in one's attitude towards things, there should be an objective change, a power capable of changing the very substance of things: their Property of hardness, for instance. Here Mother elucidates her previous statement that "if matter were changeable, it would have changed long ago," a statement that, at first glance, seemed to shatter all hope of transformation.)
   There is nothing to change! Only the relations between things change.

0 1963-12-07 - supramental ship, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Last night, for instance, early in the morning, there were several layers of cells,1 as it were, and each cell was I cant say the Property, but the possession of someone: what was under his direct control and reflected his mood, as it is customarily called, his way of being. And there were many levels: you could go upstairs and downstairs. And the impression I had of myself was that I was much, much taller and that I towered above it all; and I had a different texture, as if I were made of a different substance, not quite the same as the others. It was as if all that were inside me without being inside me (I cant explain): I was looming over everything and at the same time acting inside. And then, according to the action, people were going upstairs or downstairs, going and coming; but everyone had his own little boxthey were BEGINNING to have it, it was beginning to get organized. Each cell was more or less precise: some were very precise, others more blurred, as if on the way to becoming precise. And the whole experience, last night, had a kind of precision about it. I was like something very big, outside, and I was laughing, talking to everyone, but they werent aware of the action [of Mother]. You see, they seemed to me this tall (gesture: four inches), tiny. But quite alive: they were going and coming, moving about. And I was talking to them, but they didnt know where the voice was coming from. So I laughed, I found it funny, I said to some, There! You see, thats your idea of things. And it was oh, if I compare it to last year, there is a tremendous difference of CONSCIOUSNESS, from the point of view of consciousness. Before, all the movements were reflexes, instincts, as if people were impelled by a force which they were totally unconscious of and considered to be their character, most of the time, or else Destiny (either their character or Fate, Destiny). They were all like puppets on strings. Now, they are conscious beings theyre BEGINNING, theyre beginning to be conscious.
   The proportion has changed.

0 1967-05-03, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Only, I didnt doubt. I simply thought, How very stupid of me, I dont know how to do it I was living in Paris; come summer, I left on holidays. I went to some friends who had a Property by the sea. There was a small wood, large meadows, it was pretty. And after lunch, I go and lie down on the grass and all of a sudden, everythingfrom the air, the earth, the water, from everywhereeverything came. Everything, but everything I wanted to have came like that. Suddenly. Like that, effortlessly. The result of six months of work.
   But I very often feel the lack of Nature here.

0 1967-08-02, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   The contact with the great Asuras, the first Asuras, is like that: the full consciousness of their formidable power, their marvellous capacities they forget one thing, its that they deserve no credit for it, its not their exclusive Property! So they cut the connection and become instruments of disorder and confusion.
   This one, the Lord of Falsehood.

0 1968-04-10, #Agenda Vol 09, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Money belongs to no one: money is a collective Property that only those with an integral and general, universal vision must use. And let me add, a vision not only integral and general, but also essentially TRUE, which means you can distinguish between a utilization in conformity with universal progress, and a utilization that might be called fanciful. But those are details, because even errorseven, from a certain point of view, wasteful useshelp in the general progress: they are lessons in reverse.
   (silence)

0 1969-07-23, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Everything in the Asram belongs to the Teacher; the sadhaks (those who practise under him) have no claim, right or voice in any matter. They remain or go according to his will. Whatever money he receives is his Property and not that of a public body. It is not a trust or a fund, for there is no public institution. Such Asrams have existed in India since many centuries before Christ and still exist in large numbers. All depends on the Teacher and ends with his lifetime,7 unless there is another Teacher who can take his place.
   The Asram in Pondicherry came into being in this way. Sri Aurobindo at first lived in Pondicherry with a few inmates in his house; afterwards a few more joined him. Later on after the Mother joined him, in 1920 the numbers began so much to increase that it was thought necessary to make an arrangement for lodging those who came and houses were bought and rented according to need for the purpose. Arrangements had also to be made for the maintenance, repair, rebuilding of houses, for the service of food and for decent living and hygiene. All these were private rules by the Mother and entirely at her discretion to increase, modify or alterthere is nothing in them of a public character.
  --
   The Asram is not an association; there is no constituted body, no officials, no common Property owned by an association, no governing council or committee, no activity undertaken of a public character.
   The Asram is not a political institution; all association with political activities is renounced by those who live here. All propagandareligious, political or socialhas to be eschewed by the inmates.

0 1969-11-15, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But he is among those people who really arent bourgeois from the standpoint of money, that is, who dont have much notion of personal Property. So then I caught myself (thats how I caught myself!). I myself made an effort to reach the viewpoint that money is a force that must circulate and must not be a personal Property. In the consciousness, everything is fine, but the body has its old habit, and it observed the state in which this man is: for him money is a force that must circulate, go where it has to go, it doesnt belong to this or that personso it [the body] first had this reaction: Oh, watch out, hes an adventurer. (Mother laughs) I caught myself, I said, See, you preach, and when someone does as you say! I found it very amusing. But I saw how he is enthusiastic about the idea of Auroville, and it seems to be quite sincere, he even said its what he has been looking for for a long time. So he goes about it fair and square. He was a minister in Persia, but there were revolutions in Persia and he left, he is in America. But hes a man whos used to earning money.
   I really caught myself there, I had some real fun. I said to myself, See, youve come across the man who understands you! (Mother laughs) Its funny, you know!

0 1970-01-31, #Agenda Vol 11, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   So the old system of personal Property is collapsing in the world. Only, as usual, it collapses in a disgusting manner. Here, theyve set up a spying system all over the country, a repugnant espionage, for people who send money from one place to another so as to make more money. Me, I dont care, because I dont do anything, but I know that some people here do it. And I wouldnt want us to get into trouble.
   S. was denounced because she has money (I dont know what precisely, I dont even understand this business), anyhow that money went to a friend in America, who sent it to her so she could have it. Then some people came to ask her for explanations. But everything look place quite decently. Anyway, I mean that even the Ashram is under suspicion.
  --
   But in Indias constitution there was an article stating that personal Property could in no way be taken away, in other words affirming the right to personal Property. Now theyll remove it, they will say that in certain cases it can be taken away. So you understand
   Its obvious, I know it: its past, it will gopersonal Property is the past. Only You see, the Russians said it was the State that replaced the person, and then (laughing) what happened with the State?Its the State that has grown rich at the expense of everybody else. Now they are back-pedaling. But the other countries, without having the common sense of benefiting from the experience, want to follow the same blunder.
   But no one has yet dared to say: money is a force and belongs to nobody, but it must be used by the most disinterested and clearsighted person (or persons) in the country.
  --
   But there is an EXTRAORDINARY satisfaction, really a tremendous satisfaction in being able to say, Me, I have nothingnothing. (Mother laughs). Once someone (Sri Aurobindo was still here) complained about the luxury I lived in, and Sri Aurobindo replied: The Mother does not regard the dresses she wears to be her personal Property, but they are lent to her so we may have a pleasant-looking Mother (!) and if she were to leave her post, she would leave her dresses too! (Mother laughs a lot)
   Life is fun, let me assure you!

0 1970-03-25, #Agenda Vol 11, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   What this man [the marquis] writes you here, lots of people are like that! Lots of them have written it, people from every country. Theyre exasperated by the way things are. They say, No more personal Property!, but as they dont have much imagination, they havent found the way yet.
   (silence)
  --
   You see, the idea is that there will be no customs in Auroville and no taxes, and Aurovilians will have no personal Property. Like that on paper, its very fine, but when it comes to doing it in practice
   The problem is always the same: those given the responsibility should be people with a universal consciousness, of course, otherwise Wherever there is a personal consciousness, it means someone incapable of governingwe can see how governments are, its frightful!

0 1970-05-13, #Agenda Vol 11, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   In Auroville, nothing belongs to anyone in particular. All is a collective Property.
   I have difficulty speaking.

0 1971-03-03, #Agenda Vol 12, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I think I see the most exact thing to say is their condition, the state theyre in. And then, of course, there are those who are closed, so to say, who, for me, dont see, who are totally in the outer consciousness; and there are those who are openthere are some certain children are remarkable, its as if they were wide open (gesture like a flower to the sun) and ready to absorb. Its especially peoples receptivity that I see, the condition theyre in: those who come with aspiration, those who come with curiosity, those who come out of a kind of obligation, and then those who are thirsty for lightthere arent too many, but there are several children. Today I saw one, he was so sweet! His father lives at the lake, he bought some Property at the lake; he lives there with his wife and children, and it was the birthday of one of the childrenoh! (Mother opens her eyes wide) wonderful!
   And I see only that. Not what they think or say (all that seems superficial and uninteresting): only the state of receptivity they are in. Thats what I see above all.

0 1971-11-24, #Agenda Vol 12, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Again, you say that you ask only for the Truth and yet you speak like a narrow and ignorant fanatic who refuses to believe in anything but the religion in which he was born. All fanaticism is false, because it is a contradiction of the very nature of God and of Truth. Truth cannot be shut up in a single book, Bible or Veda or Koran, or in a single religion. The Divine Being is eternal and universal and infinite and cannot be the sole Property of the Mussulmans or of the Semitic religions only,those that happened to be in a line from the Bible and to have Jewish or Arabian prophets for their founders. Hindus and Confucians and Taoists and all others have as much right to enter into relation with God and find the Truth in their own way. All religions have some truth in them, but none has the whole truth; all are created in time and finally decline and perish. Mahomed himself never pretended that the Koran was the last message of God and there would be no other. God and Truth outlast these religions and manifest themselves anew in whatever way or form the Divine Wisdom chooses. You cannot shut up God in the limitations of your own narrow brain or dictate to the Divine Power and Consciousness how or where or through whom it shall manifest; you cannot put up your puny barriers against the divine Omnipotence. These again are simple truths which are now being recognised all over the world; only the childish in mind or those who vegetate in some formula of the past deny them.
   You have insisted on my writing and asked for the Truth and I have answered. But if you want to be a Mussulman, no one prevents you. If the Truth I bring is too great for you to understand or to bear, you are free to go and live in a half-truth or in your own ignorance. I am not here to convert anyone; I do not preach to the world to come to me and I call no one. I am here to establish the divine life and the divine consciousness in those who of themselves feel the call to come to me and cleave to it and in no others. I am not asking you and the Mother is not asking you to accept us. You can go any day and live either the worldly life or a religious life according to your own preference. But as you are free, so also are others free to stay here and follow their own way.

02.03 - An Aspect of Emergent Evolution, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 03, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Professor Alexander spoke of the emergence of deities who would embody emergent properties other than those manifest in the Mind of man. Morgan asks whether there is not also a Deityor the Deityin the making. He establishes the logical necessity of such a consummation in this way: the evolutionary urge (or nisus, as it has been called) in its upward drive creates and throws up on all sides, at each stage, forms of the new Property or principle of existence that has come into evidence. These multiple forms may appear anywhere and everywhere; they are strewn about on the entire surface of Nature. These are, however, the branchings of the evolutionary nisus which has a central line of advance running through the entire gradation of emergents; it is, as it were, the central pillar round which is erected a many-storeyed edifice. The interesting point is this, that at the present stage of emergence, what the central line touches and arrives at is the Deity. Or, again, the thing can be viewed in another way. At the bottom the evolutionary movement is broad-based on Matter but as it proceeds upward its extent is gradually narrowed down;
   Life is less extensive than Matter and Mind is still less extensive than Life. Thus the scheme of the movement can be figured as a pyramid the base of the pyramid represents Matter, but the apex where the narrowing sides converge is what is called the Deity.
  --
   The principle of Avatarhood stands justified in this scheme as a necessary and inevitable element in the terrestrial evolutionary movement. An Avatar embodies a new emergent Property: he incarnates a new principle of being and consciousness, he manifestsunfolds from below or brings down from above upon eartha higher and deeper principle of organisation. He is the nucleus round which the new organisation crystallises. A Rama comes and human society attains a new status: against a mainly vitalistic and egoistic organisation whose defender and protagonist is Ravana, is set up an ideal of sattwic humanity. A Krishna appears and human consciousness is lifted, potentially at least, to a still higher level of spiritual possibility. The Avatar following, rather tracing, in his upward movement the central line of the evolutionary nisus, cuts a path, as it were, in the virgin forest of a realm of consciousness still unknown and foreign to human steps. As the Avatar presses and passes on, the way is cleared for other, ordinary human beings to come up and naturalise themselves in a new country promising a higher destiny which He discovers and conquers for them.
   Now at this point we reach the crux of the problem, the supreme secretrahasyam uttamamas the Gita would say. For the apex of the pyramid, the crown of evolution, the consummation of the central line of emergence would then be nothing less than the manifestation, the terrestrial incarnation of the Supreme Divine. The Deity thus fully emerged would embody the truth and play of creation in its widest scope and highest elevation; it would mean the utter fulfilment of human destiny and terrestrial Purpose.

02.11 - New World-Conditions, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   India should consider the present situation with calmness, detachment and wisdom, not hark back to the past, brooding over the mistakes and misdeeds of her erstwhile masters they are no longer masters; yes, forgiving and forgetting, one must face squarely the new situation and make the best use of it. India, that claims a spiritual heritage and a high and hoary civilisation, can afford to be idealistic even and envisage a deeper and higher law of Nature, of universal harmony and solidarity, of conscious co-operation. Apart from that, if as practical men, we look to our self-interest, then also it will be wise for us to take up the same line of procedure, viz., what idealism demands. A nation too, like the individual, can be swayed by pride, prejudice, passion, a false sense of prestige and a spirit of vengeance. However natural these reactions may seem to be, in view of the conditions of their incidence, they possess, more often than not, the Property of the boomerang, they hit back the originating source itself. It has been said, for example, that the origin of the present war the rise of Hitleris due to the Versailles Treaty that ended the last war, which was, in its turn a war of revenge having its origin on the field of Sedan; this campaign of 1870 again was the natural and inevitable outcome of the Napoleonic conquest. Thus there has been a seesaw movement in national relations without a definite issue. And pessimists of today aver that we are not come to the end of the spiral.
   But we do not subscribe to such prognostics. There is no inevitability of the kind. "Time must have a stop." The two lower limbs of the dialectic must be rounded in then by a higher reality. For two reasons. First of, all, Nature herself moves towards synthesis and harmonydiscord and difference are part only of the process working for that eventual consummation. Secondly, the human spirit is there, with the urge of its inevitable destiny, to create its power in the vision and consciousness of the hidden truth and reality which 'surface contingencies seem often to deny.

02.11 - The Kingdoms and Godheads of the Greater Mind, #Savitri, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  His splendid Property cherished and apart
  In the wall of silence of his secret muse,

02.14 - Panacea of Isms, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   As a matter of fact, Communism is best taken as a symptom of the disease society suffers from and not as a remedy. The disease is a twofold bondage from which man has always been trying to free himself. It is fundamentally the same "bondage which the great French Revolution sought most vigorously and violently to shake offan economic and an ideological bondage, that is to say, translated in the terms of those days, the tyranny of the court and the nobility and the tyranny of the Church. The same twofold bondage appears, again today combated by Communism, viz., Capitalism and Bourgeoisie. Originally and essentially, however, Communism meant an economic system in which there is no personal Property, all Property being held in common. It is an ideal that requires a good deal of ingenuity to be worked out in all details, to say the least. Certain religious sects within restricted membership tried the experiment. Indeed some kind of religious mentality is required, a mentality freed from normal mundane reactions, as a preliminary condition in order that such an attempt might be successful. A perfect or ideal communism may be possible only when man's character and nature has undergone a thorough and radical change. Till then it will be a Utopia passing through various avatars.
   Socialism

03.12 - Communism: What does it Mean?, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Communism, in India at least, has come to mean things which it was not the original or the main purpose of the word to imply. Communism meant "holding in common", that is to say, there is no private Property, one can claim nothing as exclusively one's ownthings are distributed, work as well as necessities, and one receives them, each in his turn, according to his need and desert, as determined by general planning. Let alone Property, there are types of communism that speak of holding in common women and children even. In any case whatever one is given one possesses and enjoys only for the moment, there is nothing like permanent possession. All have equal right to all things. This is an ideal which I do not think many would care to adopt and follow. In India it appears the word "communism" has been taken in the sense of the rgime of the common man. Not that there is any harm in this deviation of the meaning. If it is a convenient label or a battle-cry for the common man's right to exist, to have his just lebensraum, well, none can object and all should sympathise and help towards that end. But the mischief is that the common man adopted by communism has a restrictive denotation, it takes in only a section of the common man: it is used mostly, if not exclusively in connection with wage-earners and that too only of the category of peasants and workmen. A large section of the common mass, even of wage earners in a sense, is left out in the communistic scheme, at least not given the same importance as the other. School teachers, especially primary school teachers, small office-clerks, for example, are not less "common" or less unfortunate or worthy of succour. These form a genuine proletariat: only they have not yet been called upon to take part in the Dictatorship.
   Apart from this restrictive denotation, communism, in practice, has been given a restrictive connotation too which is more ominous and unhelpful. The communistic movement has become dynamic in so far as it is a movement for redressing grievances (although the methods employed at times it is alleged, are not as they should be, worthy of the civilised human being) in other words, it has been more or less negative in its work and outlook. The whole stress has been laid upon two items: (1) less hours of work, and (2) more wages I do not mention better housing, medical aid, pension etc., which are auxiliary items. When workers were considered as no more than slaves under the yoke of the blind and brutal exploiter, these demands had a meaning: but they have lost much of their point in the changed circumstances of today.

05.09 - The Changed Scientific Outlook, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Shall we elucidate a little? We were once upon a time materialists, that is to say, we had very definite and fixed notions about Matter: to Matter we gave certain invariable characteristics, inalienable properties. How many of them stand today unscathed on their legs? Take the very first, the crucial Property ascribed to Matter: "Matter is that which has extension." Well, an electric charge, a unit energy of it, the ultimate constituent of Matter as discovered by Science today, can it be said to occupy space? In the early days of Science, one Boscovich advanced a theory according to which the ultimate material particle (a molecule, in his time) does not occupy space, it is a mere mathematical point toward or from which certain forces act. The theory, naturally, was laughed out of consideration; but today we have come perilously near it. Again, another postulate describing Matter's dharma was: "two material particles cannot occupy the same place at the same time". Now what do you say of the neutron and proton that coalesce and form the unit of a modern atomic nucleus? Once more, the notion of the indestructibility of Matter has been considerably modified in view of the phenomenon of an electric particle (electron) being wholly transmuted ("dematerialised" as the scientists themselves say) into a light particle (photon). Lastly, the idea of the constancy of massa bed-rock of old-world physicsis considered today to be a superstition, an illusion. If after all these changes in the idea of Matter, a man still maintains that he is a materialist, as of old, well, I can only exclaim in the Shakespearean phrase: "Bottom, thou art translated"! What I want to say is that the changes that modern physics proposes to execute in its body are not mere amendments and emendations, but they mean a radical transfiguration, a subversion and a mutation. And more than the actual changes effected, the possibilities, the tendencies that have opened out, the lines along which further developments are proceeding do point not merely to a reformation, but a revolution.
   Does this mean that Science after all isveering to the Idealist position? Because we have modified the meaning and connotation of Matter does it 'follow that we have perforce arrived at spirituality? Not quite so. As Jeans says, the correct scientific position would be to withhold one's judgment about the ultimate nature of matter, whether it is material or mental (spiritual, we would prefer to say): it is an attitude of non possumus. But such neutrality, is it truly possible and is it so very correct? We do see scientists lean .on one side or the other, according to the vision or predisposition that one carries.

05.28 - God Protects, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The protection that man naturally needs and asks for is that of life and Property. It is, in the ordinary course of things, the duty of the State and society to give this protection. But sometimes the State or society is unable to do its duty as it should. 'In revolutionary epochs, when storm and turmoil are almost a natural occurrence, the individual has to turn upon himself, and it is then that many turn to Godthey have been called rtabhakta, those who become devotees through affliction. Now the first question that comes up is why on earth should God care for the life and Property of any individual. Life and death, loss and gain are dualities that form the warp and woof of human existence: God is not more partial to one limb of the pair than to the other. From God's standpoint, so also from the standpoint of a God-lover, the soul is immortal, as indeed the Gita says, and even if the body dies, the soul remains for ever, the body can be killed but not the soulna hanyate hanyamne arre. And as regards Property, it is the ignorant who are attached to it; the man of God has no need of it, not only so, it is an obstacle in his way to meet God. Did not the Christ declare that a camel could pass through the eye of a needle, never a rich man enter the kingdom of Heaven. And Nachiketas too, a heroic boy that he was, flung back into the face of Yama himself all the riches offered to him by the Lord of Death.
   Have life and Property then no value in the eye of God? To the divine consciousness are these things mere my, transient objects of ignorance, ties that bind the soul to earth and have to be cut away and thrown behind? We at least do not hold that opinion. We hold that life and Property are valuable, they are significant: they become so in reference to the individual who has them. The life that is dedicated to the Divine, the life that is in some way connected with the higher consciousness, through which something of the world of light and delight comes down into our mortality acquires a special worth and naturally calls for divine protection. Likewise the Property placed at the service of the Divine, which is used as an instrument for the Divine's own work upon earth, the Divine will surely protect, for it is then part of his grandeur and glory, aishwarya. Life and Property become indeed sacred and inviolable when they are put at the disposal of the Divine for his use in the fulfilment of the cosmic design. As we know, life and Property under present conditions upon earth are possessions of the undivine forces, they are weapons through which God's enemies hold sway over earth. Therefore life and Property that seek to be on God's side run a great risk, they are in the domain of the hostiles and therefore need special protection. The Divine extends that protection, but under conditions for his rule in the material field is not yet absolute. The Asura too extends his protection to his agents, and his protection appears sometimes, if not often, more effective; for the present world is under his domination and all forces and beings obey him; God and the godly have to admit his terms and work out their design on that basis.
   The conditions under which the Divine's protection can come are simple enough, but difficult to fulfil completely and thoroughly. The ideal conditions that ensure absolute safety are an absolute trust and reliance on the Divine Force, a tranquillity and fearlessness that nothing shakes, .whatever the appearances at the moment, the spirit and attitude of an unreserved self-giving that whatever one is and one has is God's. Between that perfect state at the peak of consciousness and the doubting and hesitant and timid mind at the lower end that of St. Peter, forexample, at his weakest moment there are various gradations of the conditions fulfilled and the protection given is variable accordingly. Not that the Divine Grace acts or has to act according to any such hard and fast rule of mechanics, there is no such mathematical Law of Protection in the scheme of Providence. And yet on the whole and generally speaking Providence, Divine Intervention, acts more or less successfully according to the degree of the soul's wakefulness on the plane that needs and possesses the protection.

08.08 - The Mind s Bazaar, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   There is nothing like an idea belonging to oneself and an idea belonging to others. No one has an idea exclusively his own. There is an immensity out of which one can draw according to one's personal affinity. Ideas are a collective possession, a joint Property. Only there are different stages. There is the most common or commonplace stage where all of us have our brain sunk in a crowded mass of impersonal notions. It is the stage of Mr. Everybody. The next stage is a little higher, that of thinkers, as they are called. There are other stages further up, many others, some beyond the domain of words, others still within the domain of ideas. Those who can mount sufficiently high are able to catch something that looks like light and bring it down with its packet of ideas or its bundle of thoughts. An idea brought down from a higher region organises itself, crystallises itself into a variety of thoughts that are capable of expressing the idea in different ways. Then, if you are a writer, a poet or an artist and bring it further down into more concrete forms, then you can have all kinds of expressions, infinite ways of presenting a single idea, a single small idea perhaps, but coming down from a great height. If you can do that, you know also how to distinguish between the pure idea and the manner of expressing it. If you are unable to do it by yourself, you can take the help of others, you can learn from persons and books. You can, for example, note how one particular idea has been given so many different forms by different poets. There is the pure or essential idea, then there is the typal or generic idea and then the many formulations.
   You can exercise your mind in this way, teach it suppleness, subtlety, strength and other virtues.

1.00a - Introduction, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  Rightly you ask: "What can I contri bute?" Answer: One Book. That is the idea of the weekly letter: 52 of yours and 52 of mine, competently edited, would make a most useful volume. This would be your Property: so that you get full material value, perhaps much more, for your outlay. I thought of the plan because one such arrangement has recently come to an end, with amazingly happy results: they should lie open to your admiring gaze in a few months from now. Incidentally, I personally get nothing out of it; secretarial work costs money these days. But there is another great advantage; it keeps both of us up to the mark. Also, in such letters a great deal of odds and ends of knowledge turn up automatically; valuable stuff, frequent enough; yes, but one doesn't want to lose the thread, once one starts. Possibly ten days might be best.
  But please understand that this suggestion arose solely from your own statement of what you thought would help in your present circumstances. Anyway, as you say, decide! If it is yes, I should like to see you before June 15 when I expect to go away for a few days; better to give you some groundwork to keep you busy in my absence.
  --
  If, however, you work at the Qabalah in the same way as I did myself, in season and out of season, you ought to get a very fair grasp of it in six months. I will now tell you what this method is: as I walked about, I made a point of attri buting everything I saw to its appropriate idea. I would walk out of the door of my house and reflect that door is Daleth, and house Beth; now the word "dob" is Hebrew for bear, and has the number 6, which refers to the Sun. Then you come to the fence of your Property and that is Cheth number 8, number of Tarot Trump 7, which is the Chariot: so you begin to look about for your car. Then you come to the street and the first house you see is number 86, and that is Elohim, and it is built of red brick which reminds you of Mars and the Blasted Tower, and so on. As soon as this sort of work, which can be done in a quite lighthearted spirit, becomes habitual, you will find your mind running naturally in this direction, and will be surprised at your progress. Never let your mind wander from the fact that your Qabalah is not my Qabalah; a good many of the things which I have noted may be useful to you, but you must construct your own system so that it is a living weapon in your hand.
  I think I am fair if I say that the first step on the Qabalah which may be called success, is when you make an actual discovery which throws light on some problem which has been troubling you. A quarter of a century ago I was in New Orleans, and was very puzzled about my immediate course of action; in fact I may say I was very much distressed. There seemed literally nothing that I could do, so I bethought myself that I had better invoke Mercury. As soon as I got into the appropriate frame of mind, it naturally occurred to me, with a sort of joy, "But I am Mercury." I put it into Latin Mercurius sum, and suddenly something struck me, a sort of nameless reaction which said: "That's not quite right." Like a flash it came to me to put it into Greek, which gave me "' " and adding that up rapidly, I got the number 418, with all the marvellous correspondences which had been so abundantly useful to me in the past (See Equinox of the Gods, p. 138). My troubles disappeared like a flash of lightning.

1.00e - DIVISION E - MOTION ON THE PHYSICAL AND ASTRAL PLANES, #A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, #Alice Bailey, #Occultism
  It can be noted that we have not summed up the two planes of abstraction on the atmic and the buddhic planes, the reason being that they mark a degree of realisation which is the Property of initiates of higher degree [189] than that of the adept, and which is beyond the concept of the evolving human unit, for whom this treatise is written.
  We might here, for the sake of clarity, tabulate the five different aspects of the five senses on the five planes, so that their correspondences may be readily visualised, using the above table as the basis:

1.00 - Main, #The Book of Certitude, #Baha u llah, #Baha i
  God hath bidden you to show forth kindliness towards My kindred, but He hath granted them no right to the Property of others. He, verily, is self-sufficient, above any need of His creatures.
  62

1.00 - Preliminary Remarks, #Liber ABA, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  This is the object of the usual monastic vow of poverty, chastity, and obedience. If you have no Property, you have no care, nothing to be anxious about; with chastity no other person to be anxious about, and to distract your attention; while if you are vowed to obedience the question of what you are to do no longer frets: you simply obey.
  There are a great many other obstacles which you will discover as you go on,and it is proposed to deal with each in turn. But let us pass by for the moment to the point where you are nearing success.

1.01 - Appearance and Reality, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertrand Russell, #Philosophy
  Similar difficulties arise when we consider the sense of touch. It is true that the table always gives us a sensation of hardness, and we feel that it resists pressure. But the sensation we obtain depends upon how hard we press the table and also upon what part of the body we press with; thus the various sensations due to various pressures or various parts of the body cannot be supposed to reveal _directly_ any definite Property of the table, but at most to be _signs_ of some Property which perhaps _causes_ all the sensations, but is not actually apparent in any of them. And the same applies still more obviously to the sounds which can be elicited by rapping the table.
  Thus it becomes evident that the real table, if there is one, is not the same as what we immediately experience by sight or touch or hearing. The real table, if there is one, is not _immediately_ known to us at all, but must be an inference from what is immediately known. Hence, two very difficult questions at once arise; namely, (1) Is there a real table at all? (2) If so, what sort of object can it be?

1.01 - Economy, #Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience, #Henry David Thoreau, #Philosophy
  It may be guessed that I reduce almost the whole advantage of holding this superfluous Property as a fund in store against the future, so far as the individual is concerned, mainly to the defraying of funeral expenses. But perhaps a man is not required to bury himself.
  Nevertheless this points to an important distinction between the civilized man and the savage; and, no doubt, they have designs on us for our benefit, in making the life of a civilized people an
  --
  Minerva made, that she had not made it movable, by which means a bad neighborhood might be avoided; and it may still be urged, for our houses are such unwieldy Property that we are often imprisoned rather than housed in them; and the bad neighborhood to be avoided is our own scurvy selves. I know one or two families, at least, in this town, who, for nearly a generation, have been wishing to sell their houses in the outskirts and move into the village, but have not been able to accomplish it, and only death will set them free.
  Granted that the _majority_ are able at last either to own or hire the modern house with all its improvements. While civilization has been improving our houses, it has not equally improved the men who are to inhabit them. It has created palaces, but it was not so easy to create noblemen and kings. And _if the civilized mans pursuits are no worthier than the savages, if he is employed the greater part of his life in obtaining gross necessaries and comforts merely, why should he have a better dwelling than the former?_
  --
  I offered him, he had so many _intra_ ones. This ducking was the very thing he needed. Then I began to pity myself, and I saw that it would be a greater charity to bestow on me a flannel shirt than a whole slop-shop on him. There are a thousand hacking at the branches of evil to one who is striking at the root, and it may be that he who bestows the largest amount of time and money on the needy is doing the most by his mode of life to produce that misery which he strives in vain to relieve. It is the pious slave-breeder devoting the proceeds of every tenth slave to buy a Sundays liberty for the rest. Some show their kindness to the poor by employing them in their kitchens. Would they not be kinder if they employed themselves there? You boast of spending a tenth part of your income in charity; maybe you should spend the nine tenths so, and done with it. Society recovers only a tenth part of the Property then. Is this owing to the generosity of him in whose possession it is found, or to the remissness of the officers of justice?
  Philanthropy is almost the only virtue which is sufficiently appreciated by mankind. Nay, it is greatly overrated; and it is our selfishness which overrates it. A robust poor man, one sunny day here in Concord, praised a fellow-townsman to me, because, as he said, he was kind to the poor; meaning himself. The kind uncles and aunts of the race are more esteemed than its true spiritual fathers and mothers. I once heard a reverend lecturer on England, a man of learning and intelligence, after enumerating her scientific, literary, and political worthies, Shakespeare, Bacon, Cromwell, Milton, Newton, and others, speak next of her Christian heroes, whom, as if his profession required it of him, he elevated to a place far above all the rest, as the greatest of the great. They were Penn, Howard, and Mrs. Fry. Every one must feel the falsehood and cant of this. The last were not Englands best men and women; only, perhaps, her best philanthropists.

1.01 - Maitreya inquires of his teacher (Parashara), #Vishnu Purana, #Vyasa, #Hinduism
  [7]: Viṣṇu is commonly derived in the Purāṇas from the root Vis, to enter, entering into, or pervading the universe, agreeably to the text of the Vedas, 'Having created that (world), he then afterwards enters into it;' being, as our comment observes, undistinguished by place, time, or Property. According to the Mātsya P. the name alludes to his entering into the mundane egg: according to the Padma P., to his entering into or combining with Prakriti, as Puruṣa or spirit. In the Mokṣa Dharma of the Mahābhārata, s. 165, the word is derived from the root vī, signifying motion, pervasion, production, radiance; or, irregularly, from krama, to go with the particle vi, implying, variously, prefixed.
  [8]: Brahmā and the rest is said to apply to the series of teachers through whom this Purāṇa was transmitted from its first reputed author, Brahmā, to its actual narrator, the sage Parāśara. See also b. VI. c. 8.

1.01 - MAPS OF EXPERIENCE - OBJECT AND MEANING, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  objective Property. If something unknown or unpredictable occurs, while we are carrying out our motivated
  plans, we are first surprised. That surprise which is a combination of apprehension and curiosity

1.01 - On knowledge of the soul, and how knowledge of the soul is the key to the knowledge of God., #The Alchemy of Happiness, #Al-Ghazali, #Sufism
  Those also, who say that the spirit is but an accident, are in error, for the spirit exists by itself in the body, and an accident is that which subsists with something else. And those who say that the spirit is matter are in error, for matter is that which can be divided, and spirit is not susceptible of division. There is spirit, beloved, which is called animal spirit, which is susceptible of division. It is found in animals. But that spirit, which has the Property of knowing God, and which is called the heart, is not found in beasts, nor is it matter or an accident. The heart, on the contrary, has been created with angelic qualities. It is a substance of which it is difficult to apprehend the essence. The law does not permit it to be explained, but there is no occasion for the student being acquainted with it at the outset of his journey. That which is necessary to the student is pious ardor and zeal, and this must be called into exercise in perfection. It is God who graciously teaches the student what spirit is, as we find in the Holy Book: "We will direct in our way, all those who shall strive to propagate our worship."1 And if a man does not strive earnestly for the faith, there is no use of explaining to him the essence of spirit. It is, however, lawful to explain to him the instruments by which it operates.
  Know, O seeker after the divine mysteries! that the body is the kingdom of the heart, and that in the body there are many forces in contrariety with the heart, as God speaks [18] in his Holy Word: "And what shall teach thee the forces of thy Lord ?" The heart was destined to acquire a knowledge of God, in which its happiness consists. But we cannot grow in the knowledge of God, unless we understand the works of God.

1.01 - Prayer, #Bhakti-Yoga, #Swami Vivekananda, #Hinduism
  Herein is the explanation of why the same man who is so lovingly attached to his own ideal of God, so devoted to his own ideal of religion, becomes a howling fanatic as soon as he sees or hears anything of any other ideal. This kind of love is somewhat like the canine instinct of guarding the master's Property from intrusion; only, the instinct of the dog is better than the reason of man, for the dog never mistakes its master for an enemy in whatever dress he may come before it. Again, the fanatic loses all power of judgment. Personal considerations are in his case of such absorbing interest that to him it is no question at all what a man says whether it is right or wrong; but the one thing he is always particularly careful to know is who says it. The same man who is kind, good, honest, and loving to people of his own opinion, will not hesitate to do the vilest deeds when they are directed against persons beyond the pale of his own religious brotherhood.
  But this danger exists only in that stage of Bhakti which is called the preparatory (Gauni). When Bhakti has become ripe and has passed into that form which is called the supreme (Par), no more is there any fear of these hideous manifestations of fanaticism; that soul which is overpowered by this higher form of Bhakti is too near the God of Love to become an instrument for the diffusion of hatred.

1.01 - Tara the Divine, #Tara - The Feminine Divine, #unset, #Zen
  Later, the validity of the Property rights was
  contested, resulting in litigation. Amala was an

10.24 - Savitri, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   In his body man is the beast, in the vital he is the Rakshasa and the Asura, he rises now into the mind. And in the mind he is the human being proper, he has attained his own humanity. Here he has received the light of knowledge, a wider and deeper consciousness, he has unveiled the secret mysteries of Nature, brought to play hidden forces that were unknown and untapped. All these achievements have been possible for man because it is the Mother of Light that is behind and has come forward to shed something of her luminous presence around. But man has no inkling of the presence of this luminous Deity, his own light has been a screen in front of the inner divine light. It is not possible for the human mind to seize the higher light: his consciousness, his knowledge is too narrow, too superficial, too dull to comprehend what is beyond. This Divine Light is also a thing of delight, the consciousness it possesses is also the very essence of Joy and Felicity. But all that is occult to the human knowledge. Man considers Truth is his Property, whatever truth is there his understanding can grasp it and bring it to play: Truth and Reality are commensurate with his own consciousness, his mental comprehension. What others speak of as realities of the spirit, truths transcendental, are an illusion and delusion. This is what is usually known as the scientific mind, the rational consciousness. An orthodox scientific mentality is in the first instance a thing of overweening self-confidence, of arrogant self-assertion. It declares in its formidable pride:
   I have seized the cosmic energies for my use.||124.48||

1.02 - Groups and Statistical Mechanics, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  more than one case. Ideally, it should represent a Property of
  the system discussed which remains the same under the flux of
  particular circumstances. In the simplest case, it is a Property
  which is invariant to a set of transformations to which the system
  --
  have the Property that every element is the result of transform-
  ing an element. In this case, there is a unique transformation
  --
  that of entropy. It is primarily a Property of regions in phase space
  and expresses the logarithm of their probability measure. For

1.02 - MAPS OF MEANING - THREE LEVELS OF ANALYSIS, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  for motor output, or behavior, rather than with regards to sensory (or, formalized, objective) Property.108
  We have generally presumed that the purpose of exploration is production of a picture of the objective
  --
  safe, when it manifests a dangerous Property. Fear is the a priori position, the natural response to
  everything for which no structure of behavioral adaptation has been designed and inculcated. Fear is the
  --
  fashion entirely foreign to the intent of the author. Admission of the Property of context-dependent
  meaning is neither illogical, nor indicative of sloppy reasoning, nor primitive merely recognition that
  --
  and Property is always obtained at the cost of absolute freedom. The eternal subject, man, the knower, is
  equally at odds: the little god of earth is also mortal worm, courageous and craven, heroic and deceitful,
  --
  valuable attri bute or Property (likely at one time separate gods), now regarded as clearly dependent for its
  existence upon him, and what his pattern of action signified. It seems evident that the attri bution of these
  --
  characterized by the same Property, as well as with novelty itself, which produces fear and hope as part of
  its (subjectively) intrinsic nature. These experiences appear inter-associated on the basis of the similar
  --
  crime, his Property then reverted to the throne. When news of this travesty reached Elijah, the word of
  the Lord came to him, saying,

1.02 - Outline of Practice, #The Zen Teaching of Bodhidharma, #Bodhidharma, #Buddhism
  begrudging, they give their body, life, and Property in charity,
  without regret, without the vanity of giver, gift, or recipient, and

1.02 - Prayer of Parashara to Vishnu, #Vishnu Purana, #Vyasa, #Hinduism
  kāra)[23], denominated Vaikarīka, 'pure;' Taijasa, 'passionate;' and Bhūtādi, 'rudimental,'[24] is produced; the origin of the (subtile) elements, and of the organs of sense; invested, in consequence of its three qualities, by Intellect, as Intellect is by the Chief principle. Elementary Egotism then becoming productive, as the rudiment of sound, produced from it Ether, of which sound is the characteristic, investing it with its rudiment of sound. Ether becoming productive, engendered the rudiment of touch; whence originated strong wind, the Property of which is touch; and Ether, with the rudiment of sound, enveloped the rudiment of touch. Then wind becoming productive, produced the rudiment of form (colour); whence light (or fire) proceeded, of which, form (colour) is the attribute; and the rudiment of touch enveloped the wind with the rudiment of colour. Light becoming productive, produced the rudiment of taste; whence proceed all juices in which flavour resides; and the rudiment of colour invested the juices with the rudiment of taste. The waters becoming productive, engendered the rudiment of smell; whence an aggregate (earth) originates, of which smell is the Property[25]. In each several element resides its peculiar rudiment; thence the Property of tanmātratā,[26] (type or rudiment) is ascribed to these elements. Rudimental elements are not endowed with qualities, and therefore they are neither soothing, nor terrific, nor stupifying[27]. This is the elemental creation, proceeding from the principle of egotism affected by the Property of darkness. The organs of sense are said to be the passionate products of the same principle, affected by foulness; and the ten divinities[28] proceed from egotism affected by the principle of goodness; as does Mind, which is the eleventh. The organs of sense are ten: of the ten, five are the skin, eye, nose, tongue, and ear; the object of which, combined with Intellect, is the apprehension of sound and the rest: the organs of excretion and procreation, the hands, the feet, and the voice, form the other five; of which excretion, generation, manipulation, motion, and speaking, are the several acts.
  Then, ether, air, light, water, and earth, severally united with the properties of sound and the rest, existed as distinguishable according to their qualities, as soothing, terrific, or stupifying; but possessing various energies, and being unconnected, they could not, without combination, create living beings, not having blended with each other. Having combined, therefore, with one another, they assumed, through their mutual association, the character of one mass of entire unity; and from the direction of spirit, with the acquiescence of the indiscrete Principle[29], Intellect and the rest, to the gross elements inclusive, formed an egg[30], which gradually expanded like a bubble of water. This vast egg, O sage, compounded of the elements, and resting on the waters, was the excellent natural abode of Viṣṇu in the form of Brahmā; and there Viṣṇu, the lord of the universe, whose essence is inscrutable, assumed a perceptible form, and even he himself abided in it in the character of Brahmā[31]. Its womb, vast as the mountain Meru, was composed of the mountains; and the mighty oceans were the waters that filled its cavity. In that egg, O Brahman, were the continents and seas and mountains, the planets and divisions of the universe, the gods, the demons, and mankind. And this egg was externally invested by seven natural envelopes, or by water, air, fire, ether, and Aha
  --
  khya Kārikā, p. 92. Vaikārika, that which is productive, or susceptible of production, is the same as the Sātwika, or that which is combined with the Property of goodness. Taijasa Aha
  kāra is that which is endowed with Tejas, heat' or energy,' in consequence of its having the Property of Rajas, 'passion' or 'activity;' and the third kind, Bhūtādi, or 'elementary,' is the Tāmasa, or has the Property of darkness. From the first kind proceed the senses; from the last, the rudimental unconscious elements; both kinds, which are equally of themselves inert, being rendered productive by the cooperation of the second, the energetic or active modification of Aha
  kāra, which is therefore said to be the origin of both the senses and the elements.
  [25]: The successive series of rudiments and elements, and their respectively engendering the rudiments and elements next in order, occur in most of the Purāṇas, in nearly the same words. The Vrihannāradiya P. observes, 'They (the elements) in successive order acquire the Property of causality one to the other.' The order is also the same; or, ether (ākās), wind or air (vāyu), fire or light (tejas), water and earth; except in one passage of the Mahābhārata (Mokṣa Dherma, C. 9), where it is ether, water, fire, air, earth. The order of Empedocles was ether, fire, earth, water, air. Cudworth, I. 97. The investment (āvaraṇa) of each element by its own rudiment, and of each rudiment by its preceding gross and rudimental elements, is also met with in most of the chief Purāṇas, as the Vāyu, Padma, Li
  ga, and Bhāgavata; and traces p. 17 of it are found amongst the ancient cosmogonists; for Anaximander supposed, that when the world was made, a certain sphere or flame of fire, separated from matter (the Infinite), encompassed the air, which invested the earth as the bark does a tree:' Κατὰ τὴν γένεσιν τοῦδε τοῦ κόσμο
  --
  khya. According to this notion, the elements add to their characteristic properties those of the elements which precede them. Ākas has the single Property of sound: air has those of touch and sound: fire has colour, touch, and sound: water has taste, colour, touch, and sound: and earth has smell and the rest, thus having five properties: or, as the Li
  ga P. describes the series, ###.

1.02 - SOCIAL HEREDITY AND PROGRESS, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  of mind, a Property common to all animals, of which the begin-
  nings are to be detected as they vanish into the past stretching be-

1.02 - Substance Is Eternal, #Of The Nature Of Things, #Lucretius, #Poetry
  Save body, having Property of touch.
  And raiment, hung by surf-beat shore, grows moist,

1.02 - The Three European Worlds, #The Ever-Present Origin, #Jean Gebser, #Integral
  Aretino's reproach, as well as Agrippa's more pointed remark, both of which characterize the unperspectival world and its mode of expression as "deformity" and "false vision", demonstrate clearly that space had already entered consciousness and become accepted at the outset of the sixteenth century. Having achieved and secured the awareness of space, man in the sixteenth century is overcome by a kind of intoxication with it. This perspectival intoxication with space is clearly evident, for example, in Altdorfer's interiors and in the many depictions of church interiors by the Netherlandic masters that have an almost jubilant expression. It is this jubilation that silences the voice of those who still attempted to preserve the old attitude toward the world. The silencing of objections was facilitated to a considerable degree by the fact that Petrarch's experience of landscape and space, as well as Leonardo's application and theory of perspective, had become common Property and were evident in the increasing prevalence of landscape painting throughout Europe. We shall only mention a few of the great European masters who repeatedly took up the question of the perception and depiction of space in landscape: Altdorfer, van Goyen; Poussin, Claude Lorrain; Ruysdael, Magnasco; Watteau, Constable, Corot, Caspar David Friedrich; Millet, Courbert;Manet,Monet, Renoir, and finally, van Gogh and Rousseau.
  Space is the insistent concern of this era. In underscoring this assertion, we have relied only on the testimony of its most vivid manifestation, the discovery of perspective. We did, however, mention in passing that at the very moment when Leonardo discovers space and solves the problem of perspective, thereby creating the possibility for spatial objectification in painting, other events occur which parallel his discovery. Copernicus, for example, shatters the limits of the geocentric sky and discovers heliocentric space; Columbus goes beyond the encompassing Oceanos and discovers earth's space: Vesalius, the first major anatomist, bursts the confines of Galen's ancient doctrines of the human Body and discovers the body's space; Harvey destroys the precepts of Hippocrates' humoral medicine and reveals the circulatory system. And there is Kepler, who by demonstrating the elliptical orbit of the planets, overthrows antiquity's unperspectival world-image of circular and flat surfaces (a view still held by Copernicus) that dated back to Ptolemy's conception of the circular movement of the planets.

1.02 - The Vision of the Past, #Let Me Explain, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  of life, his principal definition must be made by his Property
  of 'taking the lead' at this moment in the movement drawing

1.02 - THE WITHIN OF THINGS, #The Phenomenon of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  bation, to the point of perceptible disclosure, of a Property of
  things diffused throughout the universe, in a state which eludes
  --
  Atomicity is a common Property oj the Within and the Without of
  things.
  --
  sciousness reveals itself as a cosmic Property of variable size
  subject to a global transformation. Taken on the ascent, this huge

1.02 - Where I Lived, and What I Lived For, #Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience, #Henry David Thoreau, #Philosophy
  Why should we live with such hurry and waste of life? We are determined to be starved before we are hungry. Men say that a stitch in time saves nine, and so they take a thousand stitches to-day to save nine to-morrow. As for _work_, we havent any of any consequence. We have the Saint Vitus dance, and cannot possibly keep our heads still. If I should only give a few pulls at the parish bell-rope, as for a fire, that is, without setting the bell, there is hardly a man on his farm in the outskirts of Concord, notwithstanding that press of engagements which was his excuse so many times this morning, nor a boy, nor a woman, I might almost say, but would forsake all and follow that sound, not mainly to save Property from the flames, but, if we will confess the truth, much more to see it burn, since burn it must, and we, be it known, did not set it on fire,or to see it put out, and have a hand in it, if that is done as handsomely; yes, even if it were the parish church itself. Hardly a man takes a half hours nap after dinner, but when he wakes he holds up his head and asks, Whats the news? as if the rest of mankind had stood his sentinels. Some give directions to be waked every half hour, doubtless for no other purpose; and then, to pay for it, they tell what they have dreamed. After a nights sleep the news is as indispensable as the breakfast. Pray tell me any thing new that has happened to a man any where on this globe, and he reads it over his coffee and rolls, that a man has had his eyes gouged out this morning on the Wachito River; never dreaming the while that he lives in the dark unfathomed mammoth cave of this world, and has but the rudiment of an eye himself.
  For my part, I could easily do without the post-office. I think that there are very few important communications made through it. To speak critically, I never received more than one or two letters in my life I wrote this some years ago that were worth the postage. The penny-post is, commonly, an institution through which you seriously offer a man that penny for his thoughts which is so often safely offered in jest.

10.32 - The Mystery of the Five Elements, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Science, that is modem Science, will perhaps demur a little; for Science holds sound to be the exclusive Property of air, it is the vibration of air that comes to the ear as sound, Where there is no air, there is no sound. But Science itself admits now that sound audible to the human ear is only a section of a whole gamut of vibrations of which the ear catches only a portion, vibrations of certain length and frequency. Those that are outside this limit, below or above, are not seized by the ear. So there is a sound that is unheard. The poets speak of unheard melodies. The vibrations the sound-vibrationsare in fact not merely in the air; but originally and fundamentally in a more subtle material medium, referred to by the ancients as vyom.. The air-vibrations are derivations or translations, in a more concrete and gross medium, of these subtler vibrations. These too are heard as sound by a subtle hearing. The very original seed-sound is, of course, Om, nda. That, however, is another matter.
   Like inaudible sound, we know now, there is also invisible light. The visible light, as given in the spectrum, is only a section of the entire series of light-vibrations. There is a range above and one belowboth are invisible to the normal physical eye.

1.03 - A Parable, #The Lotus Sutra, #Anonymous, #Various
  Now this triple world is my Property
  And the sentient beings in it are my children.

1.03 - Japa Yoga, #Amrita Gita, #Swami Sivananda Saraswati, #Hinduism
  4. Every Name is filled with countless powers; just as fire has the natural Property of burning things, so also the Name of God has the power of burning the sins and desires.
  5. Sweeter than all sweet things, more auspicious than all good things, purer than all pure things, is the Name of the Lord.

1.03 - On Knowledge of the World., #The Alchemy of Happiness, #Al-Ghazali, #Sufism
  As man's primary necessities in the world are three, viz : clothing, food and shelter, so the arts of the world are three, viz: weaving, planting and building. The rest of the arts serve either for the purpose of perfecting the others, or for repairing injuries. Thus the spinner aids the work [69] of weaving, the tailor carries out that work to perfection, while the cloth-dresser adds beauty to the work. In the arts, there is need of iron, skins and wood, and for these many instruments are necessary. No person is able to work at all kinds of trades, but by the will of God, upon one is devolved one art and upon another two, and the whole community is made dependent, one member upon the other. When avarice, ambition and covetousness hold sway in the hearts of men, because some are not pleased to see others obtain honors, and because they do not endeavor to quell their wants, envy and hatred arise among them. Each one, dissatisfied with his own rights, plots against the Property and honor of his fellows. On this account there was a necessity for three farther distinctions, viz: sovereignty, judicial authority, and jurisprudence, which contains the digest of the law. But alas ! poor and wretched man coming under the influence of all these causes, motives and instruments, spends his life in collecting wealth and lays up for himself sources of regret. And just as the pilgrim, who on his way to the Kaaba of Mecca, was engaged day and night in taking care of his camel, got separated from the caravan, and perished in the desert, so those who know not the real nature of the world and its worthlessness, and do not understand that it is the place where seed is sown for eternity, but spend all their thoughts upon it, are certainly fascinated and deceived; as the apostle of God declares. "The world is more enchanting than Harout and Marout: let men beware of it."1
  After you have learned that the world is delusive, enchanting and treacherous, you need to know in what way its delusions and enchantment operate. I will, therefore, mention some things which are illustrative of the world. The world, beloved, is like an enchanter, who exhibits himself [70] to you as though he would dwell with you and would forever be at your side; while in truth this world is always upon the point of being snatched away from you, notwithstanding you are tranquilly unconscious of it. The world is like a shadow, which, while you look at it, seems fixed, although in reality, it is in motion. Life is like a running water, which is always advancing, yet yon think that it is still and permanent, and you wish to fix your abode by it. The world again is like an enchanter who performs for you acts of friendship and manifests love for yon, for the sake of winning your affections to him : but as soon as he has secured your love, he turns away his face from you and plots to destroy you....
  --
  Man in this world resembles the guest who was invited to partake of the hospitality of a rich man. In token of respect, the servants set before him silver washing-basins, vessels of costly stones, perfumes of musk and amber with chafing dishes. The poor guest is overjoyed at the sight of these things, thinking that they have been made his own Property, and belays hold of them with the intention of retaining them. The next day, when he is upon the point of departure, they are all taken from him by force, and the measure of his disappointment and regret is clear to every person of discrimination. Seeing that this world is itself a mansion built for travellers, by the road over which they are to pass, that they may make a halt, and lay in provisions preparatory to leaving it again, he is a wise guest who does not lay bis hand upon other things than his necessary provisions, lest on the morrow when about to move on, they take them out of his hands, and he expose himself to regret and sorrow.
  The people of this world are also like the passengers in a ship, who while sailing upon the sea, arrive at an island. The sailors draw the ship to the shore, and then call out and say, "whoever wishes for water or other provisions, let him leave the ship and go and procure them : let him not delay, for the ship will not remain long. It is besides a dangerous place, and whoever remains here will perish." After receiving this warning, the passengers leave the ship, and are all scattered about, one in this direction and another in that. The wise passengers, remembering the admonition of the sailors, attended quickly to their affairs, and immediately returned to the ship. They selected the places in the ship [73] that pleased them best, and sat down calm and tranquil. Some of the passengers, however, gazed at the trees, the flowers and the fruits of the island, listened to and admired the notes of the birds, and became absorbed in looking at the wonderful curiosities found there. They delayed so long, that when they came to the ship, they found every place in the ship occupied, and no room for them to sit down. They finally entered, and found a corner with great difficulty, where they could just press themselves in. Others, not satisfied with gazing around, loaded themselves with stones that had the appearance of being precious, and after a time returned to the ship. They found it completely full, and absolutely no place to sit down. After they had entered, they were compelled from necessity to stow themselves in a dark place at the bottom. As for the stones which they had thought were jewels, they lost their color, putrefied, and sent forth such a disagreeable odor, as to affect the passengers to nausea. It was impossible to expel the odor and they remained to the last with its disagreeableness in the midst of them. Others still took so much pleasure in looking about the island, that they said to themselves, "where shall we be able to find a more delightful retreat than this ? It is not clear that the place where we are going is better than this," And so they chose to remain there; and after the departure of the ship some of them perished with hunger and thirst, and some were devoured by wild beasts. Not one of them was saved. In the future world they will certainly suffer pain and retribution.

1.03 - Questions and Answers, #Book of Certitude, #unset, #Zen
  ANSWER: The basic sum on which Huququ'llah is payable is nineteen mithqals of gold. In other words, when money to the value of this sum hath been acquired, a payment of Huquq falleth due. Likewise Huquq is payable hen the value, not the number, of other forms of Property reacheth the prescribed amount. Huququ'llah is payable no more than once. A person, for instance, who acquireth a thousand mithqals of gold, and payeth the Huquq, is not liable to make a further such payment on this sum, but only on what accrueth to it through commerce, business and the like. When this increase, namely the profit realized, reacheth the prescribed sum, one must carry out what God hath decreed. Only when the principal changeth hands is it once more subject to payment of Huquq, as it was the first time. The Primal Point hath directed that Huququ'llah must be paid on the value of whatsoever one possesseth; yet, in this Most Mighty Dispensation, We have exempted the household furnishings, that is such furnishings as are needed, and the residence itself.
  9. QUESTION: Which is to take precedence: the Huququ'llah, the debts of the deceased or the cost of the funeral and burial?
  ANSWER: The funeral and burial take precedence, then settlement of debts, then payment of Huququ'llah. Should the Property of the deceased prove insufficient to cover his debts, the remainder of his estate should be distributed among these debts in proportion to their size.
  10. QUESTION: Shaving the head hath been forbidden in the Kitab-i-Aqdas but enjoined in the Suriy-i-Hajj.
  --
  17. QUESTION: What procedure should be followed on the discovery of lost Property?
  ANSWER: If such Property be found in the town, its discovery is to be announced once by the town crier. If the owner of the Property is then found, it should be delivered up to him. Otherwise, the finder of the Property should wait one year, and if, during this period, the owner cometh to light, the finder should receive from him the crier's fee and restore to him his Property; only if the year should pass without the owner's being identified may the finder take possession of the Property himself. If the value of the Property is less than or equal to the crier's fee, the finder should wait a single day from the time of its discovery, at the end of which, if the owner hath not come to light, he may himself appropriate it; and in the case of Property discovered in an uninhabited area, the finder should observe a three days' wait, on the passing of which period, if the identity of the owner remain unknown, he is free to take possession of his find.
  18. QUESTION: With reference to the ablutions: if, for example, a person hath just bathed his entire body, must he still perform his ablutions?
  --
  ANSWER: If there are several residences, the finest and noblest of these dwellings is the one intended, the remainder being distributed amongst the whole body of the heirs like any other form of Property. Any heir, from whichever category of inheritors, who is outside the Faith of God is accounted as non-existent and doth not inherit.
  35. QUESTION: Concerning Naw-Ruz.
  --
  37. QUESTION: In the holy ordinances governing inheritance, the residence and personal clothing of the deceased have been allotted to the male offspring. Doth this provision refer only to the father's Property, or doth it apply to the mother's as well?
  ANSWER: The used clothing of the mother should be divided in equal shares among the daughters, but the remainder of her estate, including Property, jewellery, and unused clothing, is to be distributed, in the manner revealed in the Kitab-i-Aqdas, to all her heirs. If, however, the deceased hath left no daughters, her estate in its entirety must be divided in the manner designated for men in the holy Text.
  38. QUESTION: Concerning divorce, which must be preceded +F1 The vernal equinox in the northern hemisphere by a year of patience: if only one of the parties is inclined toward conciliation, what is to be done?
  --
  42. QUESTION: The ordinance of Huququ'llah is revealed in the Kitab-i-Aqdas. Is the residence, with the accompanying fixtures and necessary furnishings, included in the Property on which Huquq is payable, or is it otherwise?
  ANSWER: In the laws revealed in Persian We have ordained that in this Most Mighty Dispensation the residence and the household furnishings are exempt-that is, such furnishings as are necessary.
  --
  69. QUESTION: May a person, in drawing up his will, assign some portion of his Property-beyond that which is devoted to payment of Huququ'llah and the settlement of debts-to works of charity, or is he entitled to do no more than allocate a certain sum to cover funeral and burial expenses, so that the rest of his estate will be distributed in the manner fixed by God among the designated categories of heirs?
  ANSWER: A person hath full jurisdiction over his Property. If he is able to discharge the Huququ'llah, and is free of debt, then all that is recorded in his will, and any declaration or avowal it containeth, shall be acceptable. God, verily, hath permitted him to deal with that which He hath bestowed upon him in whatever manner he may desire.
  70. QUESTION: Is the use of the burial ring enjoined exclusively for adults, or is it for minors as well?
  --
  96. QUESTION: Concerning the exchange of Property held in trust for cash or other forms of Property, to guard against depreciation or loss.
  ANSWER: Regarding the written question on the exchange of Property held in trust to guard against depreciation and loss, such exchange is permissible on condition that the substitute will be equivalent in value. Thy Lord, verily, is the Expounder, the Omniscient, and He, truly, is the Ordainer, the Ancient of Days.
  97. QUESTION: Concerning the washing of the feet in winter and summer.

1.03 - Reading, #Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience, #Henry David Thoreau, #Philosophy
  With a little more deliberation in the choice of their pursuits, all men would perhaps become essentially students and observers, for certainly their nature and destiny are interesting to all alike. In accumulating Property for ourselves or our posterity, in founding a family or a state, or acquiring fame even, we are mortal; but in dealing with truth we are immortal, and need fear no change nor accident. The oldest Egyptian or Hindoo philosopher raised a corner of the veil from the statue of the divinity; and still the trembling robe remains raised, and I gaze upon as fresh a glory as he did, since it was I in him that was then so bold, and it is he in me that now reviews the vision. No dust has settled on that robe; no time has elapsed since that divinity was revealed. That time which we really improve, or which is improvable, is neither past, present, nor future.
  My residence was more favorable, not only to thought, but to serious reading, than a university; and though I was beyond the range of the ordinary circulating library, I had more than ever come within the influence of those books which circulate round the world, whose sentences were first written on bark, and are now merely copied from time to time on to linen paper. Says the poet Mr Camar Uddn Mast,

1.03 - Sympathetic Magic, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  very son, and inherits the whole Property of his adoptive parents.
  Among the Berawans of Sarawak, when a woman desires to adopt a
  --
  well recognised among birdfanciers was this valuable Property of the
  stone-curlew that when they had one of these birds for sale they

1.03 - Tara, Liberator from the Eight Dangers, #How to Free Your Mind - Tara the Liberator, #Thubten Chodron, #unset
  internal dangers. While the eight external ones threaten our life or Property, the eight internal ones endanger us spiritually by turning us away from
  the path to enlightenment. Each external danger is coupled with an internal

1.03 - THE GRAND OPTION, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  But this mechanism, in such a Universe, begets another Property. If
  by the fundamental mechanism of union the elements of con-

1.03 - The House Of The Lord, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  There was another tiny operation he allowed us to do, the cutting of his nails. Satyendra used to clean them daily, but we cut them only every month or two after they had grown sufficiently long and could be preserved intact. It was a very delicate operation, for the knife or scissors would sometimes graze the skin, specially when the operator's eyesight was affected. When this did happen which was fortunately very rare he would give a quick shake to the leg! When a small bit of nail fell on the carpet and got lost, a search would start for the quarry in which Sri Aurobindo himself smilingly participated, asking, "Have you got it?" All these nails, like the hair, were the legitimate Property of our custodian Champaklal.
  The Mother would come to Sri Aurobindo's room an hour after his bath for their usual work. Then we left the room, wondering what they were talking about. Probably Ashram affairs, world problems and all that the Mother "considered necessary for him to know". Once I was sitting absorbed in meditation in front of Sri Aurobindo when the Mother entered. Perhaps she waited for a while, then he called, "Nirod, Mother has come." I opened my eyes and saw that she was waiting with a gracious smile. I simply rushed out abashed! The Meetings lasted from 15 minutes to an hour, at the most; and when the Mother opened the door we were therewaiting outside. Greeting us with an enchanting smile, she would go back to her work and we entered the Presence.

1.03 - The Phenomenon of Man, #Let Me Explain, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  iar and specific Property of organized states of matter; it is
  a Property that is hardly perceptible, and therefore negligible,
  when we are dealing with low values of complexity, but it
  --
  selves by their statistical effects) this Property remains im-
  42
  --
  versal play of chance, matter manifests the Property of
  arranging itself in more and more complex groupings, and

1.03 - The Void, #Of The Nature Of Things, #Lucretius, #Poetry
  Since body's Property to block and check
  Would work on all and at an times the same.

1.03 - Time Series, Information, and Communication, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  formation, and which has the further Property that any portion
  of this sub-­set with measure preserved under the group of trans-
  --
  form  [ f ( t, γ ) ] , must have the Property that
  { ∫  [ f ( t , γ ) ] d γ }
  --
  ourselves to time series with the Property of metrical transitiv-
  ity, and with the even stronger Property that if we take inter-
  vals of fixed length but remote in time, the distributions of any
  --
  Here the Q n 's must have the formal Property that
  ∞ ∞
  --
  mixing Property with which we have become familiar in this
  chapter, in the case of time series derived from the Brownian
  --
  mixing Property, even when our data are as complete as they
  can be, we find that our system has no absolute potential bar-

1.03 - VISIT TO VIDYASAGAR, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  Living beings, the universe, mind, intelligence, love, renunciation, knowledge - all these are the manifestations of His power. (With a laugh) If an aristocrat has neither house nor Property, or if he has been forced to sell them, one doesn't call him an aristocrat any more. (All laugh.) God is endowed with the six supernatural powers. If He were not who would obey Him? (All laugh.)
  Different manifestations of God's power

1.04 - ADVICE TO HOUSEHOLDERS, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  He owns much Property in Orissa and has built temples to Radha-Krishna in Kothar, Vrindvan, and other places, establishing free guesthouses as well.
  (To Balaram) "A certain person came here the other day. I understand he is the slave of that black hag of a wife. Why is it that people do not see God? It is because of the barrier of 'woman and gold'. How impudent he was to say to you the other day, 'A paramahamsa came to my father, who fed him with chicken curry!'

1.04 - Feedback and Oscillation, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  shift of the origin of time, and (2) it is linear. The first Property
  is expressed by the statement that if
  --
  The second Property is expressed by the statement that if
  g ( t ) = Af 1 ( t ) + Bf 2 ( t )

1.04 - Nothing Exists Per Se Except Atoms And The Void, #Of The Nature Of Things, #Lucretius, #Poetry
  A Property is that which not at all
  Can be disjoined and severed from a thing

1.04 - Of other imperfections which these beginners are apt to have with respect to the third sin, which is luxury., #Dark Night of the Soul, #Saint John of the Cross, #Christianity
  7. Some of these persons make friendships of a spiritual kind with others, which oftentimes arise from luxury and not from spirituality; this may be known to be the case when the remembrance of that friendship causes not the remembrance and love of God to grow, but occasions remorse of conscience. For, when the friendship is purely spiritual, the love of God grows with it; and the more the soul remembers it, the more it remembers the love of God, and the greater the desire it has for God; so that, as the one grows, the other grows also. For the spirit of God has this Property, that it increases good by adding to it more good, inasmuch as there is likeness and conformity between them. But, when this love arises from the vice of sensuality aforementioned, it produces the contrary effects; for the more the one grows, the more the other decreases, and the remembrance of it likewise. If that sensual love grows, it will at once be observed that the soul's love of God is becoming colder, and that it is forgetting Him as it remembers that love; there comes to it, too, a certain remorse of conscience. And, on the other hand, if the love of God grows in the soul, that other love becomes cold and is forgotten; for, as the two are contrary to one another, not only does the one not aid the other, but the one which predominates quenches and confounds the other, and becomes streng thened in itself, as the philosophers say. Wherefore Our Saviour said in the Gospel: 'That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.'38
  That is to say, the love which is born of sensuality ends in sensuality, and that which is of the spirit ends in the spirit of God and causes it to grow. This is the difference that exists between these two kinds of love, whereby we may know them.

1.04 - On blessed and ever-memorable obedience, #The Ladder of Divine Ascent, #Saint John of Climacus, #unset
  I should be quite unjust to all enthusiasts for perfection if I were to bury in the tomb of silence the achievement and reward of Macedonius, the first of the deacons there. This man, so consecrated to the Lord, just before the feast of the Holy Theophany,1 actually two days before it, once asked the pastor for permission to go to Alexandria for a certain personal need of his, promising to return from the city as soon as possible for the approaching festival and the preparation for it. But the devil, the hater of good, hindered the archdeacon, and though released by the abbot, he did not return to the monastery for the holy feast at the time appointed by the superior. On his returning a day late, the pastor deposed him from the diaconate and put him in the rank of the lowest novices. But that good deacon of patience and archdeacon of endurance accepted the fathers decision as calmly as if another had been punished and not himself. And when he had spent forty days in that state, the wise pastor raised him again to his own rank. But scarcely a day had passed before the archdeacon begged the pastor to leave him in his former discipline and dishonour, saying: I committed an unforgivable sin in the city. But knowing that Macedonius was telling him an untruth and that he sought punishment only for the sake of humility, the Saint yielded to the good wish of the ascetic. Then what a sight there was! An honoured elder with white hair spending his days as a novice and sincerely begging everyone to pray for him. For, said he, I fell into the fornication of disobedience. But this great Macedonius in secret told me, lowly though I am, why he voluntarily pursued such a humiliating course of life. Never, he assured me, have I felt in myself such relief from every conflict and such sweetness of divine light as now. It is the Property of angels, he continued, not to fall, and even, as some say, it is quite impossible for them to fall. It is the Property of men to fall, and to rise again as often as this may happen. But it is the Property of devils, and devils alone, not to rise once they have fallen.
  1 I.e. the feast of the Baptism of Christ, corresponding to some extent to the Western Epiphany.

1.04 - On Knowledge of the Future World., #The Alchemy of Happiness, #Al-Ghazali, #Sufism
  The spiritual torment cannot be understood, until a person is acquainted with his own soul and spirit. His soul exists in its own individuality: it is not dependent upon form or mould : it has neither hand or foot, nor eye or ear. The external senses which it possessed were dependent on the body, and remain inactive and useless after death, and all the enjoyments resulting from them become entirely null. Wife, children, friends, Property, slaves and domestics, equipage, cattle, estates and fields were formerly sources of enjoyment to it. And if he were a lover of, and a seeker after these things, so that he had been always occupied with them, the torment of separation from them will make a deep impression upon his soul, and he will be most certainly the subject of sorrow and lamentation. But if his heart was untrammeled by these delights, and was inclined towards the future world and was always awaiting death, if the enjoyments of the world were distasteful to him, while he was always occupied with the wants of the soul, which are to find out God - then, in the event of death, he will have attained his longing and his love, and have reached rest, joy and happiness.
  [83]
  --
  Suppose a person, a prince, had been passing his life in banqueting and pleasure, and every one around him had been submissive and obedient to his orders. But an enemy comes and deprives him of his principality, enslaves his wife and servants, and they plunder him of his money and Property before his eyes. His pearls and jewels are wasted upon trifles, and his beautiful studs of horses and his retinue are dispersed. He becomes a subject in his own city, is compelled to wear coarse clothing in the presence of his former servants, and is appointed to guard and feed the dogs. Can you in any wise appreciate the misfortune into which the prince has fallen, and how deeply he must be a prey to anguish ? Probably he exclaims many times in a [89] day, "Would rather that I had fallen into the abyss of the earth and perished!" The severity of his torture is in proportion to the amount of sensual enjoyments in which he had participated while he was a prince. And it is plain that this torture is not inflicted on the body, but upon only the spirit, and that it is more excruciating than any pains of the body would be.
  So long as a man is attached to the things of this world engrossed with the care of his body, and gives over his nature to intercourse with sensual enjoyments, he will not care for the warnings his spirit receives in this world, nor for the torment that it will incur in the future world. A sick man for example will not be so excessively despondent about his malady in the day time, because his senses are interested in other things, and aa his heart follows in their train, he in some measure forgets his malady. In the night, however, when his senses have nothing to be employed about, his thoughts about his malady do not leave his mind free for one moment, and his pain increases. So also in death, the cares and thoughts of the world and the external senses cease entirely to operate on account of the torment of the spirit, and then the perfect torment of the spirit becomes manifest.
  The second kind of torment in hell, beloved, is the fire of ignominy and shame. In illustration this, suppose that a prince receives in to his friendship a poor'and humble man, treating him with great honor and making'him the favorite among all his confidential servants. He gives into his hands the keys of all his treasuries/commits his honor and wife and family to his care, and in short confides all his affairs into his hands, in full reliance upon him. Then, suppose that the poor man, after being elevated to this high rank, should be puffed up with pride, and should be disposed to betray the honor of the prince,- that he should begin to indulge in unworthy conduct with his wife [90] and servants, and should open his coffers and spend his Property for his own pleasures. Suppose farther that he should even be consulting with the prince's enemy who has designs upon the principality, and should enter in to a compact with him. Just at this point the prince from a concealed retreat espies his conduct in his family, and learns how he has wasted his money and his possessions, and in short becomes acquainted with everything he has done. The man also learns that for some time the prince has been aware of his course of conduct, but that the reason of his delaying and postponing punishment was that he might see what other crimes he would commit, that he might punish him accordingly. In these circumstances the reflecting can easily appreciate what would be the confusion and mortification of this individual. He would think it a thousand times better to fall from a precipice and be dashed to pieces, or that the earth should open and he sink into the abyss, than that he should continue to live. So also is it with you. How many actions you perform, of which you say, "it is in private and no one sees it," or of which Satan cloaks over the guilt from your mind, by persuading you that it is all right and fair. But at last, when death comes and makes your sin manifest, then the fire of ignominy and shame makes you captive to fierce torments and long continued misery....
  Suppose you should throw a stone over against a wall, and some one Should come and inform you that the stone had hit your own house; and had put out the eye of your son. When you rush to your house and find that it is even so, can you conceive of the fire of repentance and anguish you will have to meet? ...

1.04 - THE APPEARANCE OF ANOMALY - CHALLENGE TO THE SHARED MAP, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  needs; sex; Property (i.e. money, possessions, shelter, clothing and everything that constitutes Property
  in the sense of what is proper to ones own life); liberty of movement. The general object of primary
  --
  deceptively simple, yet infinitely meaningful triggering Property:
  Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard
  --
  The mythic world the world, as it is experienced might in fact be considered an emergent Property of
  first-order self-reference; might be regarded as the interaction between the universe as subject, and the
  --
  Development of moral sense, and moral choice, constitutes an emergent Property of such incorporation of
  knowledge. Knowledge of morality, of good and evil, presupposes the presence of alternative possibilities
  --
  considered another, higher-order emergent Property. The tradition of the fall from paradise is predicated
  on the idea that the appearance of self-consciousness dramatically altered the structure of reality. The

1.04 - The Gods of the Veda, #Vedic and Philological Studies, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  The beliefs and conclusions of today are, in these rapid and unsettled times, seldom the beliefs and conclusions of tomorrow. In religion, in thought, in science, in literature we march daily over the bodies of dead theories to enthrone fresh syntheses and worship new illuminations. The realms of scholarship are hardly more quiet and secure than these troubled kingdoms; and in that realm nowhere is the soil so boggy, nowhere does scholastic ingenuity disport itself with such light fantastic footsteps over such a quaking morass of hardy conjecture and hasty generalisation as in the Sanscrit scholarship of the last century. But the Vedic question at least seemed to have been settled. It was agreedfirmly enough, it seemed that the Vedas were the sacred chants of a rude, primitive race of agriculturists sacrificing to very material gods for very material benefits with an elaborate but wholly meaningless & arbitrary ritual; the gods themselves were merely poetical personifications of cloud & rain & wind, lightning & dawn and the sky & fire to which the semi-savage Vedic mind attributed by crude personal analogy a personality and a presiding form, the Rishis were sacrificing priests of an invading Aryan race dwelling on the banks of the Panjab rivers, men without deep philosophical or exalted moral ideas, a race of frank cheerful Pagans seeking the good things of life, afraid of drought & night & various kinds of devils, sacrificing persistently & drinking vigorously, fighting the black Dravidians whom they called the Dasyus or robbers,crude prototypes these of Homeric Greek and Scandinavian Viking.All this with many details of the early civilisation were supposed to be supplied by a philological and therefore scientificexamination of the ancient text yielding as certain results as the interpretation of Egyptian hieroglyph and Persian inscription. If there are hymns of a high moral fervour, of a remarkable philosophical depth & elevation, these are later compositions of a more sophisticated age. In the earlier hymns, the vocabulary, archaic and almost unintelligible, allows an adroit & industrious scholarship waving in its hand the magic wand of philology to conjure into it whatever meaning may be most suitable to modern beliefs or preferable to the European temperament. As for Vedanta, it can be no clue to the meaning of the mantras, because the Upanishads represent a spiritual revolt against Vedic naturalism & ceremonialism and not, as has been vainly imagined for some thousands of years, the fulfilment of Vedic truth. Since then, some of these positions have been severely shaken. European Science has rudely scouted the claims of Comparative Philology to rank as a Science; European Ethnology has dismissed the Aryo-Dravidian theory of the philologist & tends to see in the Indian people a single homogeneous race; it has been trenchantly suggested and plausibly upheld that the Vedas themselves offer no evidence that the Indian races were ever outside India but even prove the contraryan advance from the south and not from the north. These theories have not only been suggested & widely approved but are gaining upon the general mind. Alone in all this overthrow the European account of Vedic religion & Vedic civilisation remains as yet intact & unchallenged by any serious questioning. Even in the minds of the Indian people, with their ancient reverence for Veda, the Europeans have effected an entire divorce between Veda & Vedanta. The consistent religious development of India has been theosophic, mystical, Vedantic. Its beginnings are now supposed to have been naturalistic, materialistic, Pagan, almost Graeco-Roman. No satisfactory explanation has been given of this strange transformation in the soul of a people, and it is not surprising that theories should have been started attri buting to Vedanta & Brahmavada a Dravidian origin. Brahmavada was, some have confidently asserted, part of the intellectual Property taken over by the Aryan conquerors from the more civilised races they dispossessed. The next step in this scholars progress might well be some counterpart of Sergis Mediterranean theory,an original dark, pacific, philosophic & civilised race overwhelmed by a fairskinned & warlike horde of Aryan savages.
  The object of this book is to suggest a prior possibility,that the whole European theory may be from beginning to end a prodigious error. The confident presumption that religion started in fairly recent times with the terrors of the savage, passed through stages of Animism & Nature worship & resulted variously in Paganism, monotheism or the Vedanta has stood in the way of any extension of scepticism to this province of Vedic enquiry. I dispute the presumption and deny the conclusions drawn from it. Before I admit it, I must be satisfied that a system of pure Nature worship ever existed. I cannot accept as evidence Sun & Star myth theories which, as a play of ingenious scholastic fancy, may attract the imagination, but are too haphazard, too easily self-contented, too ill-combined & inconsequent to satisfy the scientific reason. No other religion of which there is any undisputed record or sure observation, can be defined as a system of pure Nature worship. Even the savage-races have had the conception of gods & spirits who are other than personified natural phenomena. At the lowest they have Animism & the worship of spirits, ghosts & devils. Ancestor-worship & the cult of snake & four-footed animal seem to have been quite as old as any Nature-gods with whom research has made us acquainted. In all probability the Python was worshipped long before Apollo. It is therefore evident that even in the lowest religious strata the impulse to personify Nature-phenomena is not the ruling cult-idea of humanity. It is exceedingly unlikely that at any time this element should have so far prevailed as to cast out all the others so as to create a type of cult confined within a pure & rigid naturalism. Man has always seen in the universe the replica of himself. Unless therefore the Vedic Rishis had no thought of their subjective being, no perception of intellectual and moral forces within themselves, it is a psychological impossibility that they should have detected divine forces behind the objective world but none behind the subjective.

1.04 - The Silent Mind, #Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  When the disciples speak of their experience with this descending Force, they call it "Sri Aurobindo's and the Mother's Force." But they do not mean that this Shakti is the personal Property of Sri Aurobindo and Mother; they merely express, unwittingly, the fact that it has no equivalent in any other known yoga. Here, experientially, we touch 36
  On Yoga II, Tome 2, 302

1.05 - BOOK THE FIFTH, #Metamorphoses, #Ovid, #Poetry
  This spot thy only Property remains.
  He left him thus; but had no sooner left,

1.05 - CHARITY, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  Lead us not into temptation must be the guiding principle of all social organization, and the temptations to be guarded against and, so far as possible, eliminated by means of appropriate economic and political arrangements are temptations against charity, that is to say, against the disinterested love of God, Nature and man. First, the dissemination and general acceptance of any form of the Perennial Philosophy will do something to preserve men and women from the temptation to idolatrous worship of things in timechurch-worship, state-worship, revolutionary future-worship, humanistic self-worship, all of them essentially and necessarily opposed to charity. Next come decentralization, widespread private ownership of land and the means of production on a small scale, discouragement of monopoly by state or corporation, division of economic and political power (the only guarantee, as Lord Acton was never tired of insisting, of civil liberty under law). These social rearrangements would do much to prevent ambitious individuals, organizations and governments from being led into the temptation of behaving tyrannously; while co-operatives, democratically controlled professional organizations and town meetings would deliver the masses of the people from the temptation of making their decentralized individualism too rugged. But of course none of these intrinsically desirable reforms can possibly be carried out, so long as it is thought right and natural that sovereign states should prepare to make war on one another. For modern war cannot be waged except by countries with an over-developed capital goods industry; countries in which economic power is wielded either by the state or by a few monopolistic corporations which it is easy to tax and, if necessary, temporarily to nationalize; countries where the labouring masses, being without Property, are rootless, easily transferable from one place to another, highly regimented by factory discipline. Any decentralized society of free, uncoerced small owners, with a properly balanced economy must, in a war-making world such as ours, be at the mercy of one whose production is highly mechanized and centralized, whose people are without Property and therefore easily coercible, and whose economy is lop-sided. This is why the one desire of industrially undeveloped countries like Mexico and China is to become like Germany, or England, or the United States. So long as the organized lovelessness of war and preparation for war remains, there can be no mitigation, on any large, nation-wide or world-wide scale, of the organized lovelessness of our economic and political relationships. War and preparation for war are standing temptations to make the present bad, God-eclipsing arrangements of society progressively worse as technology becomes progressively more efficient.
  next chapter: 1.06 - MORTIFICATION, NON-ATTACHMENT, RIGHT LIVELIHOOD

1.05 - Computing Machines and the Nervous System, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  tal Property of living matter: the ability to receive and organize
  impulses and to make them effective in the outer world.
  --
  well have even this Property, let us consider two closely related
  notions: that of the association of ideas and that of the condi-
  --
  food will acquire the Property of being by itself able to stimulate
  the flow of saliva or of gastric juice. The union by continguity

1.05 - Knowledge by Aquaintance and Knowledge by Description, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertrand Russell, #Philosophy
  We shall say that an object is 'known by description' when we know that it is 'the so-and-so', i.e. when we know that there is one object, and no more, having a certain Property; and it will generally be implied that we do not have knowledge of the same object by acquaintance. We know that the man with the iron mask existed, and many propositions are known about him; but we do not know who he was. We know that the candidate who gets the most votes will be elected, and in this case we are very likely also acquainted (in the only sense in which one can be acquainted with some one else) with the man who is, in fact, the candidate who will get most votes; but we do not know which of the candidates he is, i.e. we do not know any proposition of the form 'A is the candidate who will get most votes' where A is one of the candidates by name. We shall say that we have 'merely descriptive knowledge' of the so-and-so when, although we know that the so-and-so exists, and although we may possibly be acquainted with the object which is, in fact, the so-and-so, yet we do not know any proposition '_a_ is the so-and-so', where _a_ is something with which we are acquainted.
  When we say 'the so-and-so exists', we mean that there is just one object which is the so-and-so. The proposition '_a_ is the so-and-so' means that _a_ has the Property so-and-so, and nothing else has. 'Mr.
  A. is the Unionist candidate for this constituency' means 'Mr. A. is a Unionist candidate for this constituency, and no one else is'. 'The

1.05 - MORALITY AS THE ENEMY OF NATURE, #Twilight of the Idols, #Friedrich Nietzsche, #Philosophy
  of sensuality, pride, lust of dominion, lust of Property, and
  revenge).--But to attack the passions at their roots, means attacking

1.05 - Solitude, #Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience, #Henry David Thoreau, #Philosophy
  This will vary with different natures, but this is the place where a wise man will dig his cellar.... I one evening overtook one of my townsmen, who has accumulated what is called a handsome Property,though I never got a _fair_ view of it,on the Walden road, driving a pair of cattle to market, who inquired of me how I could bring my mind to give up so many of the comforts of life. I answered that I was very sure I liked it passably well; I was not joking. And so
  I went home to my bed, and left him to pick his way through the darkness and the mud to Brighton,or Bright-town,which place he would reach some time in the morning.

1.05 - THE HOSTILE BROTHERS - ARCHETYPES OF RESPONSE TO THE UNKNOWN, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  its existence. Morality, at its most fundamental level, is an emergent Property of social interaction,
  embodied in individual behavior, implicit in the value attri buted to objects and situations, grounded
  --
  transcending its representation. This capacity for transcendence is a Property of the object (a Property of
  experience, from the phenomenological viewpoint), but can be exploited by the activity of man.
  --
  which was the affective valence of what had not yet been explored. This Property of the unknown to
  attract comprised ground for its personification as spirit as that which motivates or directs. Matter
  --
  something anomalous some unforeseen Property, as a consequence of its placement in a new context, or
  its subjection to more creative exploration. The anomalous manifestation the recurrence of the unknown
  --
  determinate experience must be considered an emergent Property of behavior to a degree that is presently
  unspecifiable. This appears as true for the purely objective aspects of experience (which constitute the subject matter

1.05 - The Magical Control of the Weather, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  Stones are often supposed to possess the Property of bringing on
  rain, provided they be dipped in water or sprinkled with it, or

1.05 - THE NEW SPIRIT, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  should we not simply define Life as the specific Property of Mat-
  ter, the Stuff of the Universe, carried by evolution into the zone of

1.05 - Vishnu as Brahma creates the world, #Vishnu Purana, #Vyasa, #Hinduism
  khya: they are explained to be, 1. The belief of material substance being the same with spirit; 2. Notion of Property or possession, and consequent attachment to objects, as children and the like, as being one's own; 3. Addiction to the enjoyments of sense; 4. Impatience or wrath; and 5. Fear of privation or death. They are called in the Pātañjala philosophy, the five afflictions, Kleśa, but are similarly explained by Avidyā, 'ignorance;' Asmitā, 'selfishness,' literally 'I-am-ness;' Rāga 'love;' Dweṣa, 'hatred;' and Abhiniveśa, 'dread of temporal suffering.' Sā
  khya Kārikā, p. 148-150. This creation by Brahmā p. 35 in the Vārāha Kalpa begins in the same way, and in the same words, in most of the Purāṇas. The Bhāgavata reverses the order of these five products, and gives them, Andhatamisra, Tamisra, Mahāmoha, Moha, and Tamas; a variation obviously more immethodical than the usual reading of the text, and adopted, no doubt, merely for the sake of giving the passage an air of originality.
  --
  ga, and Vāyu with more detail. The Bhāgavata, as usual, amplifies still more copiously, and mixes up much absurdity with the account. Thus the person of Sandhyā, 'evening twilight,' is thus described: "She appeared with eyes rolling with passion, whilst her lotus-like feet sounded with tinkling ornaments: a muslin vest depended from her waist, secured by a golden zone: her breasts were protuberant, and close together; her nose was elegant; her tongue beautiful; her face was bright with smiles, and she modestly concealed it with the skirts of her robe; whilst the dark curls clustered round her brow." The Asuras address her, and win her to become their bride. To the four forms of our text, the same work adds, Tandrī, 'sloth;' Jrimbhikā, 'yawning;' Nidrā, 'sleep;' Unmāda, 'insanity;' Antarddhāna, 'disappearance;' Pratibimba, 'reflexion;' which become the Property of Pisācas, Kinnaras, Bhūtas, Gandherbas, Vidyādharas, Sādhyas, Pitris, and Menus. The notions of night, day, twilight, and moonlight being derived from Brahmā, seem to have originated with the Vedas. Thus the commentator on the Bhāgavata p. 41 observes, 'That which was his body, and was left, was darkness: this is the Śruti.' All the authorities place night before day, and the Asuras or Titans before the gods, in the order of appearance; as did Hesiod and other ancient theogonists.
  [16]: From Rakṣa, 'to preserve'

1.06 - A Summary of my Phenomenological View of the World, #Let Me Explain, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  the specific Property of this Complexity taken to extremely
  high values/

1.06 - Dhyana and Samadhi, #Raja-Yoga, #Swami Vivkenanda, #unset
  Samadhi is the Property of every human being nay, every animal. From the lowest animal to the highest angel, some time or other, each one will have to come to that state, and then, and then alone, will real religion begin for him. Until then we only struggle towards that stage. There is no difference now between us and those who have no religion, because we have no experience. What is concentration good for, save to bring us to this experience? Each one of the steps to attain Samadhi has been reasoned out, properly adjusted, scientifically organised, and, when faithfully practiced, will surely lead us to the desired end. Then will all sorrows cease, all miseries vanish; the seeds for actions will be burnt, and the soul will be free for ever.

1.06 - Magicians as Kings, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  where the king avoids taking the Property of mortal sinners, men are
  born in due time and are long-lived. And the crops of the husbandmen

1.06 - MORTIFICATION, NON-ATTACHMENT, RIGHT LIVELIHOOD, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  The point so dramatically emphasized by Eckhart in these lines is one that has often been made by the moralists and psychologists of the spiritual life. It is only when we have renounced our preoccupation with I, me, mine that we can truly possess the world in which we live. Everything is ours, provided that we regard nothing as our Property. And not only is everything ours; it is also everybody elses.
  True love in this differs from dross and clay, That to divide is not to take away.
  --
  Some men love knowledge and discernment as the best and most excellent of all things. Behold, then knowledge and discernment come to be loved more than that which is discerned; for the false natural light loveth its knowledge and powers, which are itself, more than what is known. And were it possible that this false natural light should understand the simple Truth, as it is in God and in truth, it still would not lose its own Property, that is, it could not depart from itself and its own things.
  Theologia Germanica

1.06 - Psycho therapy and a Philosophy of Life, #The Practice of Psycho therapy, #Carl Jung, #Psychology
  knot can be permanently cut; it has the awkward Property of always tying
  itself again.

1.07 - A Song of Longing for Tara, the Infallible, #How to Free Your Mind - Tara the Liberator, #Thubten Chodron, #unset
  or Property. Thats why His Holiness has been discouraging people from propitiating spirits.
  Since I cannot rely on other protectors, you are my principal protector. What is Tara? Tara is wisdom that realizes emptiness and bodhichitta,
  --
  to pass on Property and power in old Tibet. Just because a culture doesnt
  have a tulku system, it doesnt mean there are no bodhisattvas there. Likewise, just because someone is recognized as an incarnate doesnt mean that

1.07 - Incarnate Human Gods, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  or Property of the monarch or of any of the royal race. Hence, too,
  the Incas did not, like most people, look on sickness as an evil.

1.07 - On Our Knowledge of General Principles, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertrand Russell, #Philosophy
  The same thing is exemplified in geometry. If we want to prove some Property of _all_ triangles, we draw some one triangle and reason about it; but we can avoid making use of any Property which it does not share with all other triangles, and thus, from our particular case, we obtain a general result. We do not, in fact, feel our certainty that two and two are four increased by fresh instances, because, as soon as we have seen the truth of this proposition, our certainty becomes so great as to be incapable of growing greater. Moreover, we feel some quality of necessity about the proposition 'two and two are four', which is absent from even the best attested empirical generalizations. Such generalizations always remain mere facts: we feel that there might be a world in which they were false, though in the actual world they happen to be true. In any possible world, on the contrary, we feel that two and two would be four: this is not a mere fact, but a necessity to which everything actual and possible must conform.
  The case may be made clearer by considering a genuinely-empirical generalization, such as 'All men are mortal.' It is plain that we believe this proposition, in the first place, because there is no known instance of men living beyond a certain age, and in the second place because there seem to be physiological grounds for thinking that an organism such as a man's body must sooner or later wear out. Neglecting the second ground, and considering merely our experience of men's mortality, it is plain that we should not be content with one quite clearly understood instance of a man dying, whereas, in the case of 'two and two are four', one instance does suffice, when carefully considered, to persuade us that the same must happen in any other instance. Also we can be forced to admit, on reflection, that there may be some doubt, however slight, as to whether _all_ men are mortal. This may be made plain by the attempt to imagine two different worlds, in one of which there are men who are not mortal, while in the other two and two make five. When Swift invites us to consider the race of Struldbugs who never die, we are able to acquiesce in imagination. But a world where two and two make five seems quite on a different level. We feel that such a world, if there were one, would upset the whole fabric of our knowledge and reduce us to utter doubt.

1.07 - Production of the mind-born sons of Brahma, #Vishnu Purana, #Vyasa, #Hinduism
  [5]: Brahmā, after detaching from himself the Property of anger, in the form of Rudra, converted himself into two persons, the first male, or the Manu Svāyambhuva, and the first woman, or Śatarūpā: so in the Vedas; 'So himself was indeed (his) son.' The commencement of production through sexual agency is here described with sufficient distinctness, but the subject has been rendered p. 52 obscure by a more complicated succession of agents, and especially by the introduction of a person of a mythic or mystical character, Virāj. The notion is thus expressed in Manu: "Having divided his own substance, the mighty power Brahmā became half male and half female; and from that female he produced Virāj. Know me to be that person whom the male Virāj produced by himself." I. 32, 33. We have therefore a series of Brahmā, Virāj, and Manu, instead of Brahmā and Manu only: also the generation of progeny by Brahmā, begotten on Satarūpā, instead of her being, as in our text, the wife of Manu. The idea seems to have originated with the Vedas, as Kullūka Bhaṭṭa quotes a text; 'Then (or thence) Virāt was born.' The procreation of progeny by Brahmā, however, is at variance with the whole system, which almost invariably refers his creation to the operation of his will: and the expression in Manu, 'he created Virāj in her,' does not necessarily imply sexual intercourse. Virāj also creates, not begets, Manu. And in neither instance does the name of Śatarūpā occur. The commentator on Manu, however, understands the expression asrijat to imply the procreation of Virāj; and the same interpretation is given by the Matsya Purāṇa, in which the incestuous passion of Brahmā for Śatarūpa, his daughter in one sense, his sister in another, is described; and by her he begets Virāj, who there is called, not the progenitor of Manu, but Manu himself. This therefore agrees with our text, as far as it makes Manu the son of Brahmā, though not as to the nature of the connexion. The reading of the Agni and Padma P. is that of the Viṣṇu; and the Bhāgavata agrees with it in one place, stating distinctly that the male half of Brahmā, was Manu, the other half, Śatarūpā: ### Bhāgav. III. 12. 35: and although the production of Virāj is elsewhere described, it is neither as the son of Brahmā, nor the father of Manu. The original and simple idea, therefore, appears to be, the identity of Manu with the male half of Brahmā, and his being thence regarded as his son. The Kūrma P. gives the same account as Manu, and in the same words. The Li
  ga P. and Vāyu P. describe the origin of Virāj and Śatarūpā from Brahmā; and they intimate the union of Śatarūpā with Puruṣa or Virāj, the male portion of Brahmā, in the first instance; and in the second, with Manu, who is termed Vairāja, or the son of Virāj. The Brāhma P., the words of which are repeated in the Hari Vaṃśa, introduces a new element of perplexity in a new name, that of Āpava. According to the commentator, this is a name of the Prajāpati Vaśiṣṭha. As, however, he performs the office of Brahmā, he should be regarded as that divinity: but this is not exactly the case, although it has been so rendered by the French translator. Āpava becomes twofold, and in the capacity of his male half begets offspring by the female. Again, it is said Viṣṇu created p. 53 Virāj, and Virāj created the male, which is Vairāja or Manu; who was thus the second interval (Antaram), or stage, in creation. That is, according to the commentator, the first stage was the creation of Āpava, or Vaśiṣṭha, or Virāj, by Viṣṇu, through the agency of Hiranyagarbha or Brahmā; and the next was that of the creation of Manu by Virāj. Śatarūpā appears as first the bride of Āpava, and then as the wife of Manu. This account therefore, although obscurely expressed, appears to be essentially the same with that of Manu; and we have Brahmā, Virāj, Manu, instead of Brahmā and Manu. It seems probable that this difference, and the part assigned to Virāj, has originated in some measure from confounding Brahmā with the male half of his individuality, and considering as two beings that which was but one. If the Puruṣa or Virāj be distinct from Brahmā, what becomes of Brahmā? The entire whole and its two halves cannot coexist; although some of the Paurāṇics and the author of Manu seem to have imagined its possibility, by making Virāj the son of Brahmā. The perplexity, however, is still more ascribable to the personification of that which was only an allegory. The division of Brahmā into two halves designates, as is very evident from the passage in the Vedas given by Mr. Colebrooke, (As. R. VIII. 425,) the distinction of corporeal substance into two sexes; Virāj being all male animals, Śatarūpā all female animals. So the commentator on the Hari Vaṃśa explains the former to denote the horse, the bull, &c.; and the latter, the mare, the cow, and the like. In the Bhāgavata the term Virāj implies, Body, collectively, as the commentator observes; 'As the sun illuminates his own inner sphere, as well as the exterior regions, so soul, shining in body (Virāja), irradiates all without and within.' All therefore that the birth of Virāj was intended to express, was the creation of living body, of creatures of both sexes: and as in consequence man was produced, he might be said to be the son of Virāj, or bodily existence. Again, Śatarūpā, the bride of Brahmā, or of Virāj, or of Manu, is nothing more than beings of varied or manifold forms, from Sata, 'a hundred,' and 'form;' explained by the annotator on the Hari Vaṃśa by Anantarūpā, 'of infinite,' and Vividharūpā, 'of diversified shape;' being, as he states, the same as Māyā, 'illusion,' or the power of multiform metamorphosis. The Matsya P. has a little allegory of its own, on the subject of Brahmā's intercourse with Śatarūpā; for it explains the former to mean the Vedas, and the latter the Savitrī, or holy prayer, which is their chief text; and in their cohabitation there is therefore no evil.

1.07 - Savitri, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  I had no access to the work or to any of his other writings till that year. Though all the works must have been lying on the table or in the drawers, I had to curb my strong impulse to have a peep into the legend of Savitri. For we were in his room for a different purpose and it would have been a breach of trust on our part to lay hands on his sacred private Property. The chance came in 1940, first only to place the requisite manuscripts before him, then gradually to work as a scribe. I still distinctly remember the day when, sitting on the bed with the table in front of him, he remarked: "You will find in the drawers long exercise books with coloured covers. Bring them." I think I went wrong in the first attempt, the second one met with his smiling approval. What he actually did with them, I cannot say, for he was working all alone, and we were sitting behind. I guess that he must have been giving a first reading to all the versions, for there were quite a number. He had already written to us before his accident that he had recast the first Book about ten times. Perhaps he was going through these and making a selection of the lines and passages for the final version. Then a few months after and at this time he was sitting in the morning in a chair he told me that he needed some exercise books. Without informing the Mother about it, I at once ran to the market and bought two or three exercise books from Manikachetty. He accepted them with a smile and I was happy to find that he used them for copying Savitri. At the end of one of the books he has written: "Last draft of Savitri, Sep.6, 1942." In another exercise book, containing matter up to the end of The Book of the Divine Mother, only at the end of Canto V of Book I, the date written is: April 24, 1944. (This, as you see, was the morning of the Darshan day). From these two dates we can surmise that from 1940, the year in which we presume he took up the work on Savitri, to 1944, he continued working on the first three Books. Now, how much new material did he add to them? We know from his letter to Amal that Book II at any rate, The Book of the Traveller of the Worlds, was just a small passage. Here now we find the fully lengthened and developed Book running into 15 Cantos. The third Book, The Book of the Divine Mother, was also written probably for the first time, for he wrote to Amal in 1946: "...there is also a third sufficiently long Book, The Book of the Divine Mother."
  The next step in the development was his re-copying the entire three Books on big white sheets of paper, in two columns in fine handwriting. There is one date at the end of The Book of the Divine Mother: May 7, 1944, which suggests that the copying of the entire three Books had taken about a year. When this was completed I was called in. Perhaps because his eye-sight was getting dim, I was asked to read to him this final copy. Now began alterations and additions in my hand on the manuscript itself. I regret to say that they marred the clean beauty of the original, and I realise now that it was a brutal act of sacrilege on my part, tantamount to desecration of the carved images on the temple wall. But I cannot imagine either how else I could have inserted so many corrections and additions, one line, one word here, two there, more elsewhere, throughout the entire length. We know how prodigious were the corrections and revisions in so far as Savitri was concerned. One is simply amazed at the enormous pains he has taken to raise Savitri to his ideal of perfection. I wonder if any other poet can be compared with him in this respect. He gave me the example of Virgil who, it seems, wrote six lines in the morning, and went on correcting them during the rest of the day. Even so, his Aeneid runs not even half the length of the first three Books of Savitri. Along with all these revisions, Sri Aurobindo added, on separate small sheets of paper, long passages written in his own hand up to the Canto, The Kingdom of the Greater Mind, Book II. All this work was completed, I believe, by the end of 1944.

1.08 - Information, Language, and Society, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  the absolute Property of the first business man enterprising224
  Chapter VIII

1.08 - SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE SPIRITUAL REPERCUSSIONS OF THE ATOM BOMB, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  clusive Property of the sidereal powers, and so powerful that he
  must think twice before committing some act which might destroy

1.09 - SKIRMISHES IN A WAY WITH THE AGE, #Twilight of the Idols, #Friedrich Nietzsche, #Philosophy
  desire; upon the instinct of Property (wife and child as possessions);
  upon the instinct of dominion, which constantly organises for itself

1.09 - Sri Aurobindo and the Big Bang, #Preparing for the Miraculous, #George Van Vrekhem, #Integral Yoga
  solute Being must be an intrinsic attribute, a Property in
  herent in the Idea of it; and since the being and attri bute of

1.10 - Conscious Force, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  2:Matter is the presentation of force which is most easily intelligible to our intelligence, moulded as it is by contacts in Matter to which a mind involved in material brain gives the response. The elementary state of material Force is, in the view of the old Indian physicists, a condition of pure material extension in Space of which the peculiar Property is vibration typified to us by the phenomenon of sound. But vibration in this state of ether is not sufficient to create forms. There must first be some obstruction in the flow of the Force ocean, some contraction and expansion, some interplay of vibrations, some impinging of force upon force so as to create a beginning of fixed relations and mutual effects. Material Force modifying its first ethereal status assumes a second, called in the old language the aerial, of which the special Property is contact between force and force, contact that is the basis of all material relations. Still we have not as yet real forms but only varying forces. A sustaining principle is needed. This is provided by a third self-modification of the primitive Force of which the principle of light, electricity, fire and heat is for us the characteristic manifestation. Even then, we can have forms of force preserving their own character and peculiar action, but not stable forms of Matter. A fourth state characterised by diffusion and a first medium of permanent attractions and repulsions, termed picturesquely water or the liquid state, and a fifth of cohesion, termed earth or the solid state, complete the necessary elements.
  3:All forms of Matter of which we are aware, all physical things even to the most subtle, are built up by the combination of these five elements. Upon them also depends all our sensible experience; for by reception of vibration comes the sense of sound; by contact of things in a world of vibrations of Force the sense of touch; by the action of light in the forms hatched, outlined, sustained by the force of light and fire and heat the sense of sight; by the fourth element the sense of taste; by the fifth the sense of smell. All is essentially response to vibratory contacts between force and force. In this way the ancient thinkers bridged the gulf between pure Force and its final modifications and satisfied the difficulty which prevents the ordinary human mind from understanding how all these forms which are to his senses so real, solid and durable can be in truth only temporary phenomena and a thing like pure energy, to the senses non-existent, intangible and almost incredible, can be the one permanent cosmic reality.

1.10 - On our Knowledge of Universals, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertrand Russell, #Philosophy
  The only case in which it might seem, at first sight, as if our proposition were untrue, is the case in which an _a priori_ proposition states that _all_ of one class of particulars belong to some other class, or (what comes to the same thing) that _all_ particulars having some one Property also have some other. In this case it might seem as though we were dealing with the particulars that have the Property rather than with the Property. The proposition 'two and two are four' is really a case in point, for this may be stated in the form 'any two and any other two are four', or 'any collection formed of two twos is a collection of four'. If we can show that such statements as this really deal only with universals, our proposition may be regarded as proved.
  One way of discovering what a proposition deals with is to ask ourselves what words we must understand--in other words, what objects we must be acquainted with--in order to see what the proposition means. As soon as we see what the proposition means, even if we do not yet know whether it is true or false, it is evident that we must have acquaintance with whatever is really dealt with by the proposition. By applying this test, it appears that many propositions which might seem to be concerned with particulars are really concerned only with universals. In the special case of 'two and two are four', even when we interpret it as meaning

1.10 - THE FORMATION OF THE NOOSPHERE, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  nary agglutinative Property of thought, she has at last been able to
  achieve, throughout an entire living group, a total synthesis of
  --
  consciousness acquires the formidable Property something else
  comes into operation, a primary attribute of Reflection concerning

1.10 - The Roughly Material Plane or the Material World, #Initiation Into Hermetics, #Franz Bardon, #Occultism
  The earthy element implies the four-pole magnet with its polarity and the effect of the other elements. The fiery principle, in its active form, causes the vivifying principle in nature and in the negative form the destructive and disintegrating one. The principle of water, in its negative form, is operating the contrary effect. The principle of air, with its bipolar polarity, represents the neutral, the balancing and the preserving essence in nature. The earthy element, according to its peculiarity of cohesion, has as a basis the two great fundamental elements of fire and water together with the neutralization of the airy principle. Hence it must be regarded as the most grossly material element. By the interaction of the fiery and the watery element, we have, as already mentioned in connection with the body, got the magnetic and the electric fluid, the two basic fluids originating, according to the same laws, in the body and having their mutual effects. Both these elements, with their fluids, are the cause of all that happens materially on our earth; they influence all the chemical processes inside and outside of the earth in the kingdoms of minerals, plants and animals. Hence you see that the electric fluid is to be found in the centre of the earth, whereas the magnetic one is on the surface of our earth. This magnetic fluid of the earth surface, apart from the Property of the principle of water or the cohesion, attracts and holds all material and compound things.
  According to the specific properties of a body, which depend on the composition of the elements, each object, with respect to the electric fluid, owns certain emanations, the so-called electronic vibrations that are attracted by the general magnetic fluid of the entire material world. This attraction is called the weight. Consequently, weight is an appearance of the attractive power of the earth. The well known attractive power of iron and nickel is a little example respecting an imitation of that which is happening, in a big measure, on our whole earth. What we understand, on our earth, a magnetism and electricity, is nothing else but an appearance of the four-pole magnet. For, as we know already, by an arbitrary pole-changing, electricity can be obtained from magnetism and, in a mechanical way, we get magnetism through electricity. The transmutation of one power into another, properly speaking, is already an alchemistic or magic process, which, however, in the course of time, has been generalized so much that it is no longer regarded as alchemy or magic, but is simply ascribed to physics. For this reason, it is obvious that the four-pole magnet can be used here also.

11.15 - Sri Aurobindo, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Standing on the mental plane, immured within the dimensions of Reason and mental intelligence, it is not easy to contemplate the type of consciousness that will be; even as it was difficult for the ape to envisage the advent of his successor, man. But certain characteristic signs, rudimentary or fragmentary movements of the higher status are visible in the mental consciousness even as it is: the ape likewise was not without a glimmer of Reason and logic, even the faculty of ratiocination that seems to be the exclusive Property of man. There is, for example, a movement we call Intuition, so different from Reason to which even Scientists and Mathematicians acknowledge their debt of gratitude for so many of their discoveries and inventions. There is also the other analogous movement called Inspiration that rules the poet and the artist disclosing to them a world of beauty and reality that is not available to the normal human consciousness. Again, there is yet another group of human beings at the top of the ladder of evolutionmystics and sageswho see the truth, possess the truth direct through a luminous immediacy of perception, called Revelation. Now, all these functionings of consciousness that happen frequently enough within the domain of normal humanity are still expressions of a higher mode of consciousness: they are not the product or play of Reason or logical intelligence which marks the character, the differentia of human consciousness.
   But, as at present, these are mere glimmers and glimpses from elsewhere and man has no comm and or control over them. They are beyond the habitual conscious will, they come and go as they like, happy visitations from another world, they do not abide our question and are not at our beck and call. The Supermind, on the contrary, is in full possession of that consciousness of which these are faint beginnings and distant echoes. The Superman will be born when man has risen above his mind and emerged into the supramental consciousness.

1.11 - GOOD AND EVIL, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  Lucifer, when he stood in his natural nobility, as God had created him, was a pure noble creature. But when he kept to self, when he possessed himself and his natural nobility as a Property, he fell and became, instead of an angel, a devil. So it is with man. If he remains in himself and possesses himself of his natural nobility as a Property, he falls and becomes, instead of a man, a devil.
  The Following of Christ

1.11 - On Intuitive Knowledge, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertrand Russell, #Philosophy
  It should be observed that, in all cases of general principles, particular instances, dealing with familiar things, are more evident than the general principle. For example, the law of contradiction states that nothing can both have a certain Property and not have it. This is evident as soon as it is understood, but it is not so evident as that a particular rose which we see cannot be both red and not red. (It is of course possible that parts of the rose may be red and parts not red, or that the rose may be of a shade of pink which we hardly know whether to call red or not; but in the former case it is plain that the rose as a whole is not red, while in the latter case the answer is theoretically definite as soon as we have decided on a precise definition of 'red'.)
  It is usually through particular instances that we come to be able to see the general principle. Only those who are practised in dealing with abstractions can readily grasp a general principle without the help of instances.

1.11 - The Broken Rocks. Pope Anastasius. General Description of the Inferno and its Divisions., #The Divine Comedy, #Dante Alighieri, #Christianity
    Who games, and dissipates his Property,
    And weepeth there, where he should jocund be.

1.11 - WITH THE DEVOTEES AT DAKSHINEWAR, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "I said to Keshab Sen: 'When a father sees that his son has become restless for his inheritance, he gives him his share of the Property even three years before the legal time. A mother keeps on cooking while the baby is in bed sucking its toy. But when it throws the toy away and cries for her, she puts down the rice-pot and takes the baby in her arms and nurses it.' I said all this to Keshab.
  "It is said that, in the Kaliyuga, if a man can weep for God one day and one night, he sees Him.

1.11 - Woolly Pomposities of the Pious Teacher, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  Oh, all right, all right! Keep your blouse on! I didn't go for to do it. You're quite right: the Tree of Life is like that, in appearance. But that is the wrong way to look at it. We get our number two, for example, as "that which is common to a bird's legs, a man's ears, twins, the cube root of eight, the greater luminaries, the spikes of a pitchfork," etc. but, having got it, we must not go on to argue that the number two being possessed of this and that Property, therefore there must be two of something or other which for one reason or another we cannot count on our fingers.
  The trouble is that sometimes we can do so; we are very often obliged to do so, and it comes out correct. But we must not trust any such theorem; it is little more than a hint to help us in our guesses. Example: an angel appears and tells us that his name is MALIEL (MLIAL) which adds to 111, the third of the numbers of the Sun. Do we conclude that his nature is solar? In this case, yes, perhaps, because, (on the theory) he took that name for the very reason that it chimed with his nature. But a man may reside at 81 Silver Street without being a lunatic, or be born at five o'clock on the 5th of May, 1905, and make a very poor soldier.

1.12 - The Left-Hand Path - The Black Brothers, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
    All these words are heard by everyone that is called NEMO. And with that doth he apply himself to understanding. And he must understand the virtue of the waters of death, and he must understand the virtue of the sun and of the wind, and of the worm that turneth the earth, and of the stars that roof in the garden. And he must understand the separate nature and Property of every flower, or how shall he tend his garden?
    (Ibid. 13th thyr.)

1.12 - TIME AND ETERNITY, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  Another practical corollary of the great historical eternity-philosophies, such as Hinduism and Buddhism, is a morality inculcating kindness to animals. Judaism and orthodox Christianity taught that animals might be used as things, for the realization of mans temporal ends. Even St. Francis attitude towards the brute creation was not entirely unequivocal. True, he converted a wolf and preached sermons to birds; but when Brother Juniper hacked the feet off a living pig in order to satisfy a sick mans craving for fried trotters, the saint merely blamed his disciples intemperate zeal in damaging a valuable piece of private Property. It was not until the nineteenth century, when orthodox Christianity had lost much of its power over European minds, that the idea that it might be a good thing to behave humanely towards animals began to make headway. This new morality was correlated with the new interest in Nature, which had been stimulated by the romantic poets and the men of science. Because it was not founded upon an eternity-philosophy, a doctrine of divinity dwelling in all living creatures, the modern movement in favour of kindness to animals was and is perfectly compatible with intolerance, persecution and systematic cruelty towards human beings. Young Nazis are taught to be gentle with dogs and cats, ruthless with Jews. That is because Nazism is a typical time-philosophy, which regards the ultimate good as existing, not in eternity, but in the future. Jews are, ex hypothesi, obstacles in the way of the realization of the supreme good; dogs and cats are not. The rest follows logically.
  Selfishness and partiality are very inhuman and base qualities even in the things of this world; but in the doctrines of religion they are of a baser nature. Now, this is the greatest evil that the division of the church has brought forth; it raises in every communion a selfish, partial orthodoxy, which consists in courageously defending all that it has, and condemning all that it has not. And thus every champion is trained up in defense of their own truth, their own learning and their own church, and he has the most merit, the most honour, who likes everything, defends everything, among themselves, and leaves nothing uncensored in those that are of a different communion. Now, how can truth and goodness and union and religion be more struck at than by such defenders of it? If you ask why the great Bishop of Meaux wrote so many learned books against all parts of the Reformation, it is because he was born in France and bred up in the bosom of Mother Church. Had he been born in England, had Oxford or Cambridge been his Alma Mater, he might have rivalled our great Bishop Stillingfleet, and would have wrote as many learned folios against the Church of Rome as he has done. And yet I will venture to say that if each Church could produce but one man apiece that had the piety of an apostle and the impartial love of the first Christians in the first Church at Jerusalem, that a Protestant and a Papist of this stamp would not want half a sheet of paper to hold their articles of union, nor be half an hour before they were of one religion. If, therefore, it should be said that churches are divided, estranged and made unfriendly to one another by a learning, a logic, a history, a criticism in the hands of partiality, it would be saying that which each particular church too much proves to be true. Ask why even the best amongst the Catholics are very shy of owning the validity of the orders of our Church; it is because they are afraid of removing any odium from the Reformation. Ask why no Protestants anywhere touch upon the benefit or necessity of celibacy in those who are separated from worldly business to preach the gospel; it is because that would be seeming to lessen the Roman error of not suffering marriage in her clergy. Ask why even the most worthy and pious among the clergy of the Established Church are afraid to assert the sufficiency of the Divine Light, the necessity of seeking only the guidance and inspiration of the Holy Spirit; it is because the Quakers, who have broke off from the church, have made this doctrine their corner-stone. If we loved truth as such, if we sought for it for its own sake, if we loved our neighbour as ourselves, if we desired nothing by our religion but to be acceptable to God, if we equally desired the salvation of all men, if we were afraid of error only because of its harmful nature to us and our fellow-creatures, then nothing of this spirit could have any place in us.

1.12 - Truth and Knowledge, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertrand Russell, #Philosophy
  (3) But, as against what we have just said, it is to be observed that the truth or falsehood of a belief always depends upon something which lies outside the belief itself. If I believe that Charles I died on the scaffold, I believe truly, not because of any intrinsic quality of my belief, which could be discovered by merely examining the belief, but because of an historical event which happened two and a half centuries ago. If I believe that Charles I died in his bed, I believe falsely: no degree of vividness in my belief, or of care in arriving at it, prevents it from being false, again because of what happened long ago, and not because of any intrinsic Property of my belief. Hence, although truth and falsehood are properties of beliefs, they are properties dependent upon the relations of the beliefs to other things, not upon any internal quality of the beliefs.
  The third of the above requisites leads us to adopt the view--which has on the whole been commonest among philosophers--that truth consists in some form of correspondence between belief and fact. It is, however, by no means an easy matter to discover a form of correspondence to which there are no irrefutable objections. By this partly--and partly by the feeling that, if truth consists in a correspondence of thought with something outside thought, thought can never know when truth has been attained--many philosophers have been led to try to find some definition of truth which shall not consist in relation to something wholly outside belief. The most important attempt at a definition of this sort is the theory that truth consists in _coherence_. It is said that the mark of falsehood is failure to cohere in the body of our beliefs, and that it is the essence of a truth to form part of the completely rounded system which is The Truth.
  --
  In accordance with our three requisites, we have to seek a theory of truth which (1) allows truth to have an opposite, namely falsehood, (2) makes truth a Property of beliefs, but (3) makes it a Property wholly dependent upon the relation of the beliefs to outside things.
  The necessity of allowing for falsehood makes it impossible to regard belief as a relation of the mind to a single object, which could be said to be what is believed. If belief were so regarded, we should find that, like acquaintance, it would not admit of the opposition of truth and falsehood, but would have to be always true. This may be made clear by examples. Othello believes falsely that Desdemona loves Cassio. We cannot say that this belief consists in a relation to a single object,
  --
  Desdemona differs from his judgement that Desdemona loves Cassio, in spite of the fact that it consists of the same constituents, because the relation of judging places the constituents in a different order in the two cases. Similarly, if Cassio judges that Desdemona loves Othello, the constituents of the judgement are still the same, but their order is different. This Property of having a 'sense' or 'direction' is one which the relation of judging shares with all other relations. The 'sense' of relations is the ultimate source of order and series and a host of mathematical concepts; but we need not concern ourselves further with this aspect.
  We spoke of the relation called 'judging' or 'believing' as knitting together into one complex whole the subject and the objects. In this respect, judging is exactly like every other relation. Whenever a relation holds between two or more terms, it unites the terms into a complex whole. If Othello loves Desdemona, there is such a complex whole as 'Othello's love for Desdemona'. The terms united by the relation may be themselves complex, or may be simple, but the whole which results from their being united must be complex. Wherever there is a relation which relates certain terms, there is a complex object formed of the union of those terms; and conversely, wherever there is a complex object, there is a relation which relates its constituents. When an act of believing occurs, there is a complex, in which 'believing' is the uniting relation, and subject and objects are arranged in a certain order by the 'sense' of the relation of believing. Among the objects, as we saw in considering 'Othello believes that Desdemona loves Cassio', one must be a relation--in this instance, the relation 'loving'. But this relation, as it occurs in the act of believing, is not the relation which creates the unity of the complex whole consisting of the subject and the objects. The relation 'loving', as it occurs in the act of believing, is one of the objects--it is a brick in the structure, not the cement. The cement is the relation 'believing'. When the belief is

1.13 - Gnostic Symbols of the Self, #Aion, #Carl Jung, #Psychology
  of the Euphrates has the Property of the aqua doctrinae, which
  perfects every nature in its individuality and thus makes man

1.13 - Posterity of Dhruva, #Vishnu Purana, #Vyasa, #Hinduism
  Afterwards the Munis beheld a great dust arise, and they said to the people who were nigh, "What is this?" and the people answered and said, "Now that the kingdom is without a king, the dishonest men have begun to seize the Property of their neighbours. The great dust that you behold, excellent Munis, is raised by troops of clustering robbers, hastening to fall upon their prey." The sages, hearing this, consulted, and together rubbed the thigh of the king, who had left no offspring, to produce a son. From the thigh, thus rubbed, came forth a being of the complexion of a charred stake, with flattened features (like a negro), and of dwarfish stature. "What am I to do?" cried he eagerly to the Munis. "Sit down" (Nishida), said they; and thence his name was Niṣāda. His descendants, the inhabitants of the Vindhya mountain, great Muni, are still called Niṣādas, and are characterized by the exterior tokens of depravity[4]. By this means the wickedness of Versa was expelled; those Niṣādas being born of his sins, and carrying them away. The Brahmans then proceeded to rub the right arm of the king, from which friction was engendered the illustrious son of Veṇa, named Prithu, resplendent in person, as if the blazing deity of Fire bad been manifested.
  There then fell from the sky the primitive bow (of Mahādeva) named Ajagava, and celestial arrows, and panoply from heaven. At the birth of Prithu all living creatures rejoiced; and Veṇa, delivered by his being born from the hell named Put, ascended to the realms above. The seas and rivers, bringing jewels from their depths, and water to perform the ablutions of his installation, appeared. The great parent of all, Brahmā, with the gods and the descendants of A

1.13 - THE MASTER AND M., #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "Spiritual practice with a view to winning a lawsuit and earning money, or to helping others win in court and acquire Property, shows a very mean understanding.
  Good use of money

1.14 - The Mental Plane, #Initiation Into Hermetics, #Franz Bardon, #Occultism
  Simultaneously, the mental sphere is the sphere of thoughts which have their origin in the world of ideas, consequently in the spiritual akasa. Each thought is preceded by a basic idea which, according to its Property, accepts a definite form, and arrives to the consciousness of the ego through the etheric principle, consequently the mental matrix, as expression of the thought in the shape of a plastic picture. Therefore Man himself is not the founder of the thoughts, but the origin of each thought is to be sought in the supreme akasa sphere or the mental plane. Mans spirit, as it were, is the receiver, the antenna of thoughts from the world of ideas, according to the situation in which Man happens to be. The world of ideas being all in all, each new idea, new invention -- in short, all Man believes to have created by himself -- has been brought out of this world of ideas. This production of new ideas depends on the maturity and attitude of the spirit. Each thought involves an absolutely pure element, especially if the thought implies abstract ideas. If the thought is based on several combinations of the ideal world, different elements are effective in their form as well as in their mutual emanation. Only abstract ideas have pure elements and pure polar emanations, as they descend directly from the causal world of an idea.
  From this cognition we may draw the conclusion that there are pure electric, pure magnetic, indifferent and neutral ideas from the standpoint of their effect. According to the idea, each thought in the mental sphere has its own form, colour and vibration.
  Through the tetra-polar magnet of the spirit, the thought arrives at the consciousness, from where it is forwarded to realization. Each thing created in the material world consequently has its cause in the ideal world through the thought and the spiritual consciousness, and is reflected therein. If the point in question is not exactly an abstract idea, several forms of ideas can be expressed. Such thoughts are electric or magnetic or electromagnetic, according to the elementary Property of the idea.
  The material plane is bound to time and space. The astral plane, sphere of the perishable or mutable spirit, is bound to space, the mental plane being timeless and spaceless. The very same thing happens with all the mental properties. The reception of a thought in the mental body, through the link of the astral and mental matrix bound to space and time in the total form, needs a certain amount of time to become fully conscious of this thought. According to the mental maturity, the train of thoughts is different in each individual. The more advanced, the more cultured man is, the faster thoughts will develop in mind.

1.14 - The Succesion to the Kingdom in Ancient Latium, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  rule that a son should succeed to his father's Property and kingdom,
  were hard put to it to account for so many traditions of kings' sons

1.15 - THE DIRECTIONS AND CONDITIONS OF THE FUTURE, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  cally possess the Property of not merely differentiating but also per-
  sonalizing the elements which comprise it. This amounts to saying

1.18 - The Infrarational Age of the Cycle, #The Human Cycle, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  For a time the new growth and impulse may seem to take possession of a whole community as in Athens or in old Aryan India. But these early dawns cannot endure in their purity, so long as the race is not ready. There is a crystallisation, a lessening of the first impetus, a new growth of infrarational forms in which the thought or the spirituality is overgrown with inferior accretions or it is imbedded in the form and may even die in it, while the tradition of the living knowledge, the loftier life and activity remains the Property of the higher classes or a highest class. The multitude remains infrarational in its habit of mind, though perhaps it may still keep in capacity an enlivened intelligence or a profound or subtle spiritual receptiveness as its gain from the past. So long as the hour of the rational age has not arrived, the irrational period of society cannot be left behind; and that arrival can only be when not a class or a few but the multitude has learned to think, to exercise its intelligence activelyit matters not at first however imperfectlyupon their life, their needs, their rights, their duties, their aspirations as human beings. Until then we have as the highest possible development a mixed society, infrarational in the mass, but saved for civilisation by a higher class whose business it is to seek after the reason and the spirit, to keep the gains of mankind in these fields, to add to them, to enlighten and raise with them as much as possible the life of the whole.
  At this point we see that Nature in her human mass tends to move forward slowly on her various lines of active mind and life towards a greater application of reason and spirituality which shall at last bring near the possibility of a rational and, eventually, a spiritual age of mankind. Her difficulties proceed from two sides. First, while she originally developed thought and reason and spirituality by exceptional individuals, now she develops them in the mass by exceptional communities or nations,at least in the relative sense of a nation governed, led and progressively formed and educated by its intellectually or spiritually cultured class or classes. But the exceptional nation touched on its higher levels by a developed reason or spirituality or both, as were Greece and later Rome in ancient Europe, India, China and Persia in ancient Asia, is surrounded or neighboured by enormous masses of the old infrarational humanity and endangered by this menacing proximity; for until a developed science comes in to redress the balance, the barbarian has always a greater physical force and unexhausted native power of aggression than the cultured peoples. At this stage the light and power of civilisation always collapses in the end before the attack of the outer darkness. Then ascending Nature has to train the conquerors more or less slowly, with long difficulty and much loss and delay to develop among themselves what their incursion has temporarily destroyed or impaired. In the end humanity gains by the process; a greater mass of the nations is brought in, a larger and more living force of progress is applied, a starting-point is reached from which it can move to richer and more varied gains. But a certain loss is always the price of this advance.

1.19 - The Curve of the Rational Age, #The Human Cycle, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  The first natural result has been the transition of the rational mind from democratic individualism to democratic socialism. Socialism, labouring under the disadvantageous accident of its birth in a revolt against capitalism, an uprising against the rule of the successful bourgeois and the plutocrat, has been compelled to work itself out by a war of classes. And, worse still, it has started from an industrialised social system and itself taken on at the beginning a purely industrial and economic appearance. These are accidents that disfigure its true nature. Its true nature, its real justification is the attempt of the human reason to carry on the rational ordering of society to its fulfilment, its will to get rid of this great parasitical excrescence of unbridled competition, this giant obstacle to any decent ideal or practice of human living. Socialism sets out to replace a system of organised economic battle by an organised order and peace. This can no longer be done on the old lines, an artificial or inherited inequality brought about by the denial of equal opportunity and justified by the affirmation of that injustice and its result as an eternal law of society and of Nature. That is a falsehood which the reason of man will no longer permit. Neither can it be done, it seems, on the basis of individual liberty; for that has broken down in the practice. Socialism therefore must do away with the democratic basis of individual liberty, even if it professes to respect it or to be marching towards a more rational freedom. It shifts at first the fundamental emphasis to other ideas and fruits of the democratic ideal, and it leads by this transference of stress to a radical change in the basic principle of a rational society. Equality, not a political only, but a perfect social equality, is to be the basis. There is to be equality of opportunity for all, but also equality of status for all, for without the last the first cannot be secured; even if it were established, it could not endure. This equality again is impossible if personal, or at least inherited right in Property is to exist, and therefore socialism abolishesexcept at best on a small scale the right of personal Property as it is now understood and makes war on the hereditary principle. Who then is to possess the Property? It can only be the community as a whole. And who is to administer it? Again, the community as a whole. In order to justify this idea, the socialistic principle has practically to deny the existence of the individual or his right to exist except as a member of the society and for its sake. He belongs entirely to the society, not only his Property, but himself, his labour, his capacities, the education it gives him and its results, his mind, his knowledge, his individual life, his family life, the life of his children. Moreover, since his individual reason cannot be trusted to work out naturally a right and rational adjustment of his life with the life of others, it is for the reason of the whole community to arrange that too for him. Not the reasoning minds and wills of the individuals, but the collective reasoning mind and will of the community has to govern. It is this which will determine not only the principles and all the details of the economic and political order, but the whole life of the community and of the individual as a working, thinking, feeling cell of this life, the development of his capacities, his actions, the use of the knowledge he has acquired, the whole ordering of his vital, his ethical, his intelligent being. For so only can the collective reason and intelligent will of the race overcome the egoism of individualistic life and bring about a perfect principle and rational order of society in a harmonious world.
  It is true that this inevitable character of socialism is denied or minimised by the more democratic socialists; for the socialistic mind still bears the impress of the old democratic ideas and cherishes hopes that betray it often into strange illogicalities. It assures us that it will combine some kind of individual freedom, a limited but all the more true and rational freedom, with the rigours of the collectivist idea. But it is evidently these rigours to which things must tend if the collectivist idea is to prevail and not to stop short and falter in the middle of its course. If it proves itself thus wanting in logic and courage, it may very well be that it will speedily or in the end be destroyed by the foreign element it tolerates and perish without having sounded its own possibilities. It will pass perhaps, unless guided by a rational wisdom which the human mind in government has not yet shown, after exceeding even the competitive individualistic society in its cumbrous incompetence.1 But even at its best the collectivist idea contains several fallacies inconsistent with the real facts of human life and nature. And just as the idea of individualistic democracy found itself before long in difficulties on that account because of the disparity between lifes facts and the minds idea, difficulties that have led up to its discredit and approaching overthrow, the idea of collectivist democracy too may well find itself before long in difficulties that must lead to its discredit and eventual replacement by a third stage of the inevitable progression. Liberty protected by a State in which all are politically equal, was the idea that individualistic democracy attempted to elaborate. Equality, social and political equality enforced through a perfect and careful order by a State which is the organised will of the whole community, is the idea on which socialistic democracy stakes its future. If that too fails to make good, the rational and democratic Idea may fall back upon a third form of society founding an essential rather than formal liberty and equality upon fraternal comradeship in a free community, the ideal of intellectual as of spiritual Anarchism.2

1.19 - THE MASTER AND HIS INJURED ARM, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "One must be restless for God. If a son clamours persistently for his share of the Property, his parents consult with each other and give it to him even though he is a minor. God will certainly listen to your prayers if you feel restless for Him. Since He has begotten us, surely we can claim our inheritance from Him. He is our own Father, our own Mother. We can force our demand on Him. We can say to him, 'Reveal Thyself to me or I shall cut my throat with a knife!' "
  Sri Ramakrishna taught the devotees how to call on the Divine Mother.

12.01 - The Return to Earth, #Savitri, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  Rapture's possession, love's sweet Property,
  A statue of silence in my templed spirit,

1.20 - Tabooed Persons, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  seen, their vessels, garments, and other Property might not be used
  by others on pain of disease and death. Now precisely the same
  --
  the duty of the member whose person or Property had been stepped
  over to knock the other member down, and it was similarly the duty

1.20 - The End of the Curve of Reason, #The Human Cycle, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  This would seem to lead us either towards a free cooperative communism, a unified life where the labour and Property of all is there for the benefit of all, or else to what may better be called communalism, the free consent of the individual to live in a society where the just freedom of his individuality will be recognised, but the surplus of his labour and acquisitions will be used or given by him without demur for the common good under a natural cooperative impulse. The severest school of anarchism rejects all compromise with communism. It is difficult to see how a Stateless Communism which is supposed to be the final goal of the Russian ideal, can operate on the large and complex scale necessitated by modern life. And indeed it is not clear how even a free communalism could be established or maintained without some kind of governmental force and social compulsion or how it could fail to fall away in the end either on one side into a rigorous collectivism or on the other to struggle, anarchy and disruption. For the logical mind in building its social idea takes no sufficient account of the infrarational element in man, the vital egoism to which the most active and effective part of his nature is bound: that is his most constant motive and it defeats in the end all the calculations of the idealising reason, undoes its elaborate systems or accepts only the little that it can assimilate to its own need and purpose. If that strong element, that ego-force in him is too much overshadowed, cowed and depressed too much rationalised, too much denied an outlet, then the life of man becomes artificial, top-heavy, poor in the sap of vitality, mechanical, uncreative. And on the other hand, if it is not suppressed, it tends in the end to assert itself and derange the plans of the rational side of man, because it contains in itself powers whose right satisfaction or whose final way of transformation reason cannot discover.
  If Reason were the secret highest law of the universe or if man the mental being were limited by mentality, it might be possible for him by the power of the reason to evolve out of the dominance of infrarational Nature which he inherits from the animal. He could then live securely in his best human self as a perfected rational and sympathetic being, balanced and well-ordered in all parts, the sattwic man of Indian philosophy; that would be his summit of possibility, his consummation. But his nature is rather transitional; the rational being is only a middle term of Natures evolution. A rational satisfaction cannot give him safety from the pull from below nor deliver him from the attraction from above. If it were not so, the ideal of intellectual Anarchism might be more feasible as well as acceptable as a theory of what human life might be in its reasonable perfection; but, man being what he is, we are compelled in the end to aim higher and go farther.

1.21 - A DAY AT DAKSHINESWAR, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  RAM: "Keshab Sen inherited those bedsteads when his ancestral Property was divided.
  And for Keshab to take part in the division of Property! Whatever you may say, sir, Vijay Babu told me that Keshab had said to him, 'I am a partial manifestation of Christ and Gaurnga. I suggest that you declare yourself as Advaita.' Do you know what else he said? He said that you too were a follower of the New Dispensation." (All laugh.)
  MASTER (laughing): "Who knows? But as for myself, I don't even know what the term 'New Dispensation' means." (Laughter.)

1.22 - ADVICE TO AN ACTOR, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "What is more, money itself becomes a source of trouble. Brothers may live happily, but they get into trouble when the Property is divided. Dogs lick one another's bodies; they are perfectly friendly. But when the householder throws them a little food, they get into a scrap.
  "Come here now and then. (Pointing to M. and the others) They come here on Sundays and other holidays."
  --
  MASTER: "I see that all are under the control of woman. One day I went to Captain's house. From there I was to go to Ram's house. So I said to Captain, 'Please give me my carriage hire.' He asked his wife about it. She too held back and said: 'What's the matter? What's the matter?' At last Captain said, 'Ram will take care of it.' You see, the Git, the Bhagavata, and the Vednta all bow before a woman! (All laugh.) "A man leaves his money, his Property, and everything in the hands of his wife. But he says with affected simplicity, 'I have such a nature that I cannot keep even two rupees with me.'
  "A man went to an office in search of a job. There were many vacancies, but the manager did not grant his request. A friend said to the applicant, 'Appeal to Golapi, and you will get the job.' Golapi was the manager's mistress.

1.22 - Dominion over different provinces of creation assigned to different beings, #Vishnu Purana, #Vyasa, #Hinduism
  All these monarchs, and whatever others may be invested with authority by the mighty Viṣṇu, as instruments for the preservation of the world; all the kings who have been, and all who shall be; are all, most worthy Brahman, but portions of the universal Viṣṇu. The rulers of the gods, the rulers of the Daityas, the rulers of the Dānavas, and the rulers of all malignant spirits; the chief amongst beasts, amongst birds, amongst men, amongst serpents; the best of trees, of mountains, of planets; either those that now are, or that shall hereafter be, the most exalted of their kind; are but portions of the universal Viṣṇu. The power of protecting created things, the preservation of the world, resides with no other than Hari, the lord of all. He is the creator, who creates the world; he, the eternal, preserves it in its existence; and he, the destroyer, destroys it; invested severally with the attributes of foulness, goodness, and gloom. By a fourfold manifestation does Janārddana operate in creation, preservation, and destruction. In one portion, as Brahmā, the invisible assumes a visible form; in another portion he, as Marīci and the rest, is the progenitor of all creatures; his third portion is time; his fourth is all beings: and thus he becomes quadruple in creation, invested with the quality of passion. In the preservation of the world he is, in one portion, Viṣṇu; in another portion he is Manu and the other patriarchs; he is time in a third; and all beings in a fourth portion: and thus, endowed with the Property of goodness, Puruṣottama preserves the world. When he assumes the Property of darkness, at the end of all things, the unborn deity becomes in one portion Rudra; in another, the destroying fire; in a third, time; and in a fourth, all beings: and thus, in a quadruple form, he is the destroyer of the world. This, Brahman, is the fourfold condition of the deity at all seasons.
  Brahmā, Dakṣa, time, and all creatures are the four energies of Hari, which are the causes of creation. Viṣṇu, Manu and the rest, time, and all creatures are the four energies of Viṣṇu, which are the causes of duration. Rudra, the destroying fire, time, and all creatures are the four energies of Janārddana that are exerted for universal dissolution. In the beginning and the duration of the world, until the period of its end, creation is the work of Brahmā, the patriarchs, and living animals. Brahmā creates in the beginning; then the patriarchs beget progeny; and then animals incessantly multiply their kinds: but Brahmā is not the active agent in creation, independent of time; neither are the patriarchs, nor living animals. So, in the periods of creation and of dissolution, the four portions of the god of gods are equally essential. Whatever, oh Brahman, is engendered by any living being, the body of Hari is cooperative in the birth of that being; so whatever destroys any existing thing, movable or stationary, at any time, is the destroying form of Janārddana as Rudra. Thus Janārddana is the creator, the preserver, and the destroyer of the whole world-being threefold-in the several seasons of creation, preservation, and destruction, according to his assumption of the three qualities: but his highest glory[3] is detached from all qualities; for the fourfold essence of the supreme spirit is composed of true wisdom, pervades all things, is only to be appreciated by itself, and admits of no similitude.
  --
  That, Maitreya, which is the cause of a thing is called the means of effecting it; and that which it is the desire of the soul to accomplish is the thing to be effected. The operations of the Yogi who is desirous of liberation, as suppression of breath and the like, are his means: the end is the supreme Brahma, whence he returns to the world no more. Essentially connected with, and dependant upon, the means employed for emancipation by the Yogi, is discriminative knowledge; and this is the first variety of the condition of Brahma[5]. The second sort is the knowledge that is to be acquired by the Yogi whose end is escape from suffering, or eternal felicity. The third kind is the ascertainment of the identity of the end and the means, the rejection of the notion of duality. The last kind is the removal of whatever differences may have been conceived by the three first varieties of knowledge, and the consequent contemplation of the true essence of soul. The supreme condition of Viṣṇu, who is one with wisdom, is the knowledge of truth; which requires no exercise; which is not to be taught; which is internally diffused; which is unequalled; the object of which is self-illumination; which is simply existent, and is not to be defined; which is tranquil, fearless, pure; which is not the theme of reasoning; which stands in need of no support[6]. Those Yogis who, by the annihilation of ignorance, are resolved into this fourfold Brahma, lose the seminal Property, and can no longer germinate in the ploughed field of worldly existence. This is the supreme condition, that is called Viṣṇu, perfect, perpetual, universal, undecaying, entire, and uniform: and the Yogi who attains this supreme spirit (Brahma) returns not to life again; for there he is freed from the distinction of virtue and vice, from suffering, and from soil.
  There are two states of this Brahma; one with, and one without shape; one perishable, and one imperishable; which are inherent in all beings. The imperishable is the supreme being; the perishable is all the world. The blaze of fire burning on one spot diffuses light and heat around; so the world is nothing more than the manifested energy of the supreme Brahma: and inasmuch, Maitreya, as the light and heat are stronger or feebler as we are near to the fire, or far off from it, so the energy of the supreme is more or less intense in the beings that are less or more remote from him. Brahma, Viṣṇu, and Śiva are the most powerful energies of god; next to them are the inferior deities, then the attendant spirits, then men, then animals, birds, insects, vegetables; each becoming more and more feeble as they are farther from their primitive source. In this way, illustrious Brahman, this whole world, although in essence imperishable and eternal, appears and disappears, as if it was subject to birth and death.

1.23 - FESTIVAL AT SURENDRAS HOUSE, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  Just then Mahimacharan arrived. He lived at Cossipore near Calcutta. Mahimacharan held the Master in great respect and was a frequent visitor at the temple garden. He was a man of independent means, having inherited some ancestral Property. He devoted his time to religious thought and to the study of the scriptures. He was a man of some scholarship, having studied many books, both Sanskrit and English.
  MASTER (to Mahima): "What is this? I see a steamship here. (All laugh.) We expect here a small boat at the most, but a real steamship has arrived. But then I know. It's the rainy season!" (Laughter.)
  --
  But always keep your mind, on God. Know for certain that house, family and Property are not yours. They are God's. Your real home is in God.' Also I ask them to pray always with a longing heart for love of God's Lotus Feet."
  Again the conversation turned to the English people. A devotee said, "Sir, I understand that nowadays the pundits of England do not believe in the existence of God."

1.240 - 1.300 Talks, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  A middle-aged, weak-looking man came with a walking stick in his hand, placed it before Bhagavan, bowed low and sat near Maharshi. He got up and with great humility offered the stick to Bhagavan, saying that it was sandal-wood. Sri Bhagavan told him to keep it for himself. Because nothing of Bhagavan's can be safeguarded. Being common Property but coveted by some, it will be taken away by any visitor with or without
  Bhagavan's permission. Then the donor may be displeased.
  --
  Q.: You left home at an early age because you had no attachment for home and Property. But here, there is Property in the Asramam.
  How is it?
  M.: I do not seek it. Property is thrust on me. I neither love nor hate it.
  Q.: Are they given to you?
  --
  Q.: In that case the attachment to Property is now renewed. Is it so?
  M.: I do not hate it - that is all I said.
  --
  Since money comes in Property grows spontaneously.
  Q.: Why do you not sign your name?
  --
  Q.: Can the atyasramis own Property?
  M.: There is no restriction for them. They may do what they please.
  --
  Q.: If they can marry, own Property, etc., they are only grihasthas.
  M.: That may be your view.
  Q.: Can they own Property and convey the same to others?
  M.: They may or may not. All depends on their prarabdha.

1.240 - Talks 2, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  A middle-aged, weak-looking man came with a walking stick in his hand, placed it before Bhagavan, bowed low and sat near Maharshi. He got up and with great humility offered the stick to Bhagavan, saying that it was sandal-wood. Sri Bhagavan told him to keep it for himself. Because nothing of Bhagavans can be safeguarded. Being common Property but coveted by some, it will be taken away by any visitor with or without
  Bhagavans permission. Then the donor may be displeased.
  --
  Q.: You left home at an early age because you had no attachment for home and Property. But here, there is Property in the Asramam.
  How is it?
  M.: I do not seek it. Property is thrust on me. I neither love nor hate it.
  Q.: Are they given to you?
  --
  Q.: In that case the attachment to Property is now renewed. Is it so?
  M.: I do not hate it - that is all I said.
  --
  Since money comes in Property grows spontaneously.
  Q.: Why do you not sign your name?
  --
  Q.: Can the atyasramis own Property?
  M.: There is no restriction for them. They may do what they please.
  --
  Q.: If they can marry, own Property, etc., they are only grihasthas.
  M.: That may be your view.
  Q.: Can they own Property and convey the same to others?
  M.: They may or may not. All depends on their prarabdha.

1.24 - On meekness, simplicity, guilelessness which come not from nature but from habit, and about malice., #The Ladder of Divine Ascent, #Saint John of Climacus, #unset
  The first Property of the age of childhood is uniform simplicity, and as long as Adam had it, he did not see the nakedness of his soul, or the indecency of his flesh.
  Excellent too is that simplicity which is in some by nature, yes, and blessed, but not as much as that which is grafted in with toil and trouble after repenting from sin. For the former is sheltered and protected from much affectation and passion, but the latter leads to the highest humility and meekness. The former has not much reward, but the latterinfinite, infinite.

1.24 - The Killing of the Divine King, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  of all the Property belonging to the deceased monarch and his
  family, which they convey to their own residence. I then provide for
  --
  and other Property belonging to the deceased, which I give up to the
  new Matiamvo, who has been proclaimed. This is what has happened to

1.25 - On the destroyer of the passions, most sublime humility, which is rooted in spiritual feeling., #The Ladder of Divine Ascent, #Saint John of Climacus, #unset
  7. The first and paramount Property of this excellent and admirable trinity is the acceptance of indignity with the greatest pleasure, when the soul receives it with outstretched hands and welcomes it as something that relieves and cauterizes diseases of the soul and great sins. The second Property is the loss of all bad temper, and modesty at its appeasement. The third and highest degree is a true distrust of ones good qualities and a constant desire to learn.
  8. The end of the Law and the Prophets is Christ for the righteousness of every believer.1 And the end of the impure passions is vainglory and pride for everyone who does not deal with this matter. But their destroyer, this spiritual stag,2 keeps him who lives with it immune from all deadly poison. For where can the poison of hypocrisy appear in humility? Where is the poison of calumny? And where will a snake nestle and hide? Will it not rather be drawn out of the earth of the heart and be killed and destroyed?
  --
  48. The natural Property of the lemon tree is such that it lifts its branches upwards when it has no fruit, but the more the branches bend down the more fruit they bear. Those who have the mind to understand will grasp the meaning of this.
  49. Holy humility obtains from God the power to bear fruit thirty fold, sixty fold and one hundredfold.8 The dispassionate attain to the last degree, the courageous to the middle, and all can rise to the first.
  --
  55. It seems to me that it is the Property only of an angel never even secretly to commit sins, for I hear an earthly angel say: I know nothing against myself; yet am I not hereby justified. But He who examines me is the Lord.1 Therefore we should unceasingly condemn and reproach ourselves so as to cast off involuntary sins through voluntary humiliations. Otherwise, if we do not, at our departure we shall certainly be subjected to heavy punishment.
  56. He who asks God for less than his desert will certainly receive more than he deserves. This is demonstrated by the publican who asked for forgiveness but received justification.2 And the robber only asked to be remembered in His Kingdom, but he inherited all Paradise.3

1.25 - Temporary Kings, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  down "he is liable to forfeit his Property and have his family
  enslaved by the king, as it is believed to be a bad omen, portending

1.26 - On discernment of thoughts, passions and virtues, #The Ladder of Divine Ascent, #Saint John of Climacus, #unset
  Robbery is loss of Property. Robbery is doing what is not good as if it were good. Robbery is unobserved captivity of the soul. The slaying of the soul is the death of the rational mind that has fallen into nefarious deeds. Ruin is despair of oneself following on breach of the law.
  Let no one plead his incapacity to fulfil the commandments of the Gospel, for there are souls who have gone even beyond the commandments. And you will certainly be convinced of what has been said by him who loved his neighbour more than himself and laid down his life for him, although he had not received this commandment from the Lord.3

1.27 - AT DAKSHINESWAR, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  MASTER: "Worldly people think highly of their wealth. They feel that there is nothing like it. Sambhu said, 'It is my desire to leave all my Property at the Lotus Feet of God.' But does God care for money? He wants from His devotees knowledge, devotion, discrimination, and renunciation.
  "After the theft of the jewelry from the temple of Radhakanta, Mathur Babu said: 'O God, You could not protect Your own jewelry! What a shame!' Once he wanted to give me an estate and consulted Hriday about it. I overheard the whole thing from the Kli temple and said to him: 'Please don't harbour any such thought. It will injure me greatly.' "

1.30 - Concerning the linking together of the supreme trinity among the virtues., #The Ladder of Divine Ascent, #Saint John of Climacus, #unset
  7. Love, by reason of its nature, is a resemblance to God, as far as that is possible for mortals; in its activity it is inebriation of the soul; and by its distinctive Property it is a fountain of faith, an abyss of patience, a sea of humility.
  8. Love is essentially the banishment of every kind of contrary thought for love thinks no evil.1

1.32 - The Ritual of Adonis, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  receive satisfaction for any damage done to his person or Property.
  And year by year, when the trees were deciduous, every Adonis would

1.38 - Treats of the great need which we have to beseech the Eternal Father to grant us what we ask in these words: Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo. Explains certain temptations. This chapter is noteworthy., #The Way of Perfection, #Saint Teresa of Avila, #Christianity
  he is sued in the courts in connection with a part of his Property, or some poor peasant omits to
  pay him his dues, he gets as upset and excited about it as if his life were at stake. He says he must
  look after his Property or he will lose it, and considers that that justifies him. I do not suggest that
  he ought to neglect his Property: whether or no things go well with him, he should look after it.
  But a person whose profession of poverty is a genuine one makes so little account of these things

1.400 - 1.450 Talks, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  The ornament was found missing in the temple. The worshipper reported the loss to the proper authorities. They offered a tempting reward for anyone who would give the clue for the recovery of the lost Property. The maid servant afforded the clue and claimed the reward.
  The police recovered the ornament and arrested the dasi who said that the devotee gave her the same. He was then roughly handled. A supernatural voice said. "I did it. Leave him alone."

1.4.03 - The Guru, #Letters On Yoga II, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  I think this saying of Ramakrishna's2 expresses a certain characteristic happening in sadhana and cannot be interpreted in a general and absolute sense; for in that sense it is hard for it to be true. All difficulties disappearing in a minute? Well, Vivekananda had the grace of Ramakrishna from the beginning, but I think his difficulty of doubt lasted for some time and to the end of his life the difficulty of the control of anger was there - making him say that all that was good in him was his Guru's gift but these things (anger etc.) were his own Property. But what could be true is that the central difficulty may disappear by a certain touch between the Guru and the disciple. But what is meant by the kr.pa? If it is the general compassion and grace of the Guru, that, one would think, is always there on the disciple; his acceptance itself is an act of grace and the help is there for the disciple to receive. But the touch of grace, divine grace coming directly or through the Guru is a special phenomenon having two sides to it, - the grace of the Guru or the Divine, in fact both together, on one side and a "state of grace" in the disciple on the other. This "state of grace" is often prepared by a long tapasya or purification in which nothing decisive seems to happen, only touches or glimpses or passing experiences at the most, and it comes suddenly without warning. If this is what is spoken of in Ramakrishna's saying, then it is true that when it comes, the fundamental difficulties can in a moment and generally do disappear. Or at the very least something happens which makes the rest of the sadhana - however long it may take - sure and secure.
  This decisive touch comes most easily to the "baby cat" people, those who have at some point between the psychic and the emotional vital a quick and decisive movement of surrender to the Guru or the Divine. I have seen that when that is there and there is the conscious central dependence compelling the mind also and the rest of the vital, then the fundamental difficulty disappears. If others remain they are not felt as difficulties, but simply as things that have just to be done and need cause no worry. Sometimes no tapasya is necessary - one just refers things to the Power that one feels guiding or doing the sadhana and assents to its action, rejecting all that is contrary to it, and the Power removes what has to be removed or changes what has to be changed, quickly or slowly - but the quickness or slowness does not seem to matter since one is sure that it will be done. If tapasya is necessary, it is done with so much feeling of a strong support that there is nothing hard or austere in the tapasya.

1.439, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  The ornament was found missing in the temple. The worshipper reported the loss to the proper authorities. They offered a tempting reward for anyone who would give the clue for the recovery of the lost Property. The maid servant afforded the clue and claimed the reward.
  The police recovered the ornament and arrested the dasi who said that the devotee gave her the same. He was then roughly handled. A supernatural voice said. I did it. Leave him alone.
  --
  Not finding it, she asks her friends if they have found it anywhere, until one kind friend points to her neck and tells her to feel the necklace round the neck. The seeker does so and feels happy that the necklace is found. Again, when she meets her other friends, they ask her if her lost necklace was found. She says yes to them, as if it were lost and later recovered. Her happiness on re-discovering it round her neck is the same as if some lost Property was recovered. In fact she never lost it nor recovered it. And yet she was once miserable and now she is happy. So also with the realisation of the Self. The Self is always realised. The Realisation is now obscured. When the veil is removed the person feels happy at rediscovering the ever-realised Self. The ever-present Realisation appears to be a new Realisation.
  Now, what should one do to overcome the present ignorance. Be eager to have the true knowledge. As this eagerness grows the wrong knowledge diminishes in strength until it finally disappears.
  --
  There was a man who saw in his dream his father who had died thirty years earlier. Furthermore he dreamt that he had four more brothers and that his father divided his Property among them. A quarrel ensued, the brothers assaulted the man and he woke up in a fright.
  Then he remembered that he was all alone, he had no brothers and the father was dead long ago. His fright gave place to contentment.

1.450 - 1.500 Talks, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  Not finding it, she asks her friends if they have found it anywhere, until one kind friend points to her neck and tells her to feel the necklace round the neck. The seeker does so and feels happy that the necklace is found. Again, when she meets her other friends, they ask her if her lost necklace was found. She says 'yes' to them, as if it were lost and later recovered. Her happiness on re-discovering it round her neck is the same as if some lost Property was recovered. In fact she never lost it nor recovered it. And yet she was once miserable and now she is happy. So also with the realisation of the Self. The Self is always realised. The Realisation is now obscured. When the veil is removed the person feels happy at rediscovering the ever-realised Self. The ever-present Realisation appears to be a new Realisation.
  Now, what should one do to overcome the present ignorance. Be eager to have the true knowledge. As this eagerness grows the wrong knowledge diminishes in strength until it finally disappears.

1.49 - Thelemic Morality, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  My retort, however, is convincing and final. Robbery in any shape is a breach of the Law of Thelema. It is interference with the right of another to dispose of his Property as he will; and if I did so myself, no matter with what tactical justification, I could hardly ask others to respect my own similar right.
  (The basis of our criminal law is simple, by virtue of Thelema: to violate the right of another is to forfeit one's claim to protection in the matter involved.)

1.51 - Homeopathic Magic of a Flesh Diet, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  American Indians "believe that nature is possest of such a Property
  as to transfuse into men and animals the qualities, either of the

1.550 - 1.600 Talks, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  There was a man who saw in his dream his father who had died thirty years earlier. Furthermore he dreamt that he had four more brothers and that his father divided his Property among them. A quarrel ensued, the brothers assaulted the man and he woke up in a fright.
  Then he remembered that he was all alone, he had no brothers and the father was dead long ago. His fright gave place to contentment.

1.56 - Marriage - Property - War - Politics, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  object:1.56 - Marriage - Property - War - Politics
  class:chapter
  --
  Marriage Property War Politics
  Cara Soror,
  --
  It is not actually mentioned; but that it is contemplated is shown by the use of the word "wife" AL I, 41. The text confirms my own thesis "There shall be no Property in human flesh." So long as this is observed I see no reason why two or more people should not find it convenient to make a contract according to the laws of customs of their community.
  But my above thesis is all important; note the fury of denunciation in AL I, 41-42!
  As to Property in general, the Book lays down no law. So far as one can see, it seems to adhere to "the good old rule, the simple plan that they should take who have the power, and they should keep who can."
  I think that your best course is to work out all such problems for yourself; at least it is an admirable if arduous, mental exercise. One ought, theoretically, to be able to deduce the ideal system from the Magical Formula of the Aeon of Horus.

1.56 - The Public Expulsion of Evils, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  deal of Property, such as armlets, native money, and so forth, was
  displayed conspicuously on a platform erected for the purpose. When

1.57 - Public Scapegoats, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  valuable Property of expelling devils. While the young people were
  thus engaged, the exorcists and the elders sat in a house singing

1.58 - Human Scapegoats in Classical Antiquity, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  private Property were alike unknown: all men had all things in
  common. At last the good god, the kindly king, vanished suddenly;

1.59 - Geomancy, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  Unfortunately we end with an anti-climax. The negotiations went wrong; and the Property was stolen from under his nose by one of the big alkali firms. However, it was a good mark for Geomancy.
  I am afraid that all this is a digression. As I indicated above, what you want to know is to be found in the official instruction on the subject in the Equinox.

1.64 - Magical Power, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  This is particularly true of moral and political reform. Hitler would have got exactly nowhere if he had been content to announce his evangel; he became master of Germany, and, for a time, of nearly all Europe, by playing upon existing instruments of human passion; the revenge-lust of Central Europe, the panic of the Blimps and Junkers, the discontent of the Property-lacking classes, the pride and ambition of the Prussian military clique, and so on. When he had used them to the full, he callously flung them to the wolves. But make no mistake! The Magical Power behind all his actions lay in himself. He had succeeded in making himself a prophet, like Mohammed; even a symbol, like the Cross of the His magical technique was indescribably admirable; he adopted the Swastika, the Hammer of Thor, the distinctive dress, the slogan, the gestures, the greeting; he even imposed a Sacred Book upon the people. If that book had only been more mystic and incomprehensible, instead of reasonable, diffuse, and intolerably dull, he might have done better. As it was, he came within an ace of capturing England, even before he came to power in Germany; and it was American money that saved the Nazi party at the most critical moment. Cleverest move of all, he gave the world something to hate; the Communist and the Jew.
  His only trouble was that he couldn't count on his fingers! I perceive that I am turning into the late Samuel Smiles; having given you an example to imitate but don't forget your arithmetic! let me initiate you into one of two other secrets of power!

1.65 - Balder and the Mistletoe, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  way in which mistletoe comes to be possessed of this Property is
  furnished by the epithet "thunder-bosom," which people of the Aargau

1.68 - The Golden Bough, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  mistletoe has been sometimes supposed to possess the Property of
  disclosing treasures in the earth; for on the principles of
  --
  is a Property of this mythical fern-seed that whoever has it, or
  will ascend a mountain holding it in his hand on Midsummer Eve, will
  --
  believed to possess the remarkable Property of extinguishing fire,
  and why in Sweden it is still kept in houses as a safeguard against

1.69 - Farewell to Nemi, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  intellectual Property infringement, a defective or damaged
  disk or other eBook medium, a computer virus, or computer

1951-03-10 - Fairy Tales- serpent guarding treasure - Vital beings- their incarnations - The vital being after death - Nightmares- vital and mental - Mind and vital after death - The spirit of the form- Egyptian mummies, #Questions And Answers 1950-1951, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Take, for instance, the passion of a miser for his fortune. He dies. His vital being is dissolved, but his passion for his money remains alive. It gathers around itself a certain number of elements to form a living and conscious entity in the vital world. If this man has in his lifetime hidden a treasure somewhere, that entity goes and installs itself just above the place where the treasure is, as if to guard it and stop people from coming near it. But there are sensitive people who, when they know that a treasure is hidden somewhere, feel the presence and say, The treasure is there. That is the first effect. The other effect is that the entity, not wanting the treasure to be touched, always brings about some catastrophe to guard its Property. It makes those who approach it ill or it causes an accident, even an assassination; any means is good for it; or if the person is very sensitive, it gives him such a fright that he goes mad.
   There are also lots of little entities, quite repugnant, in very large numbers, which originate from that wretched sexual desire. If this desire (with its corresponding entities) is not dissolved at the time of death, these entities continue to exist and they come and settle in the atmosphere of sensitive persons to goad them, to egg them on. These entities feed upon the vital force emanated at the time of the act and naturally their only desire is to get as much nourishment as they can. I have seen people enringed by dozens of these beings. It is a very concrete thing. I dont know if you have heard of Maurice Magre, the writer who had come here. He has said in one of his books that people who have a very strong sexual instinct are surrounded by a swarm of these small beings, who plague them to satisfy themselves, to feed upon the vital force. He knew the thing quite well, he had observed it. To those who are ever so little sensitive, it is very perceptible. Even the people who are tormented very often feel that the impulse comes from outsideit arouses something inside them, but they feel that the excitation comes from outside. And there are hundreds of thousands of them, for unfortunately it is one of the greatest difficulties of mankind, it is a terrible slavery.

1953-10-07, #Questions And Answers 1953, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Very important, of capital importance! Besides, thats the field of work given to each one. It is this one must understand, that each onethis totality of substance constituting your inner and outer body, the totality of substance with which your being is built from the outermost to the inmostis a field of work; it is as though one had gathered together carefully, accumulated a certain number of vibrations and put them at your disposal for you to work upon them fully. It is like a field of action constantly at your disposal: night and day, awake or asleep, all the timenobody can take it away from you, it is wonderful! You may refuse to use it (as most people do), but it is a mass to be transformed that is there in your hands, fully at your disposal, given to you so that you may learn to work upon it. So, the most important thing is to begin by doing that. You can do nothing for others unless you are able to do it for yourself. You can never give a good advice to anyone unless you are able to give it to yourself first, and to follow it. And if you see a difficulty somewhere, the best way of changing this difficulty is to change it in yourself first. If you see a defect in anyone, you may be sure it is in you, and you begin to change it in yourself. And when you will have changed it in yourself, you will be strong enough to change it in others. And this is a wonderful thing, people dont realise what an infinite grace it is that this universe is arranged in such a way that there is a collection of substance, from the most material to the highest spiritual, all that gathered together into what is called a small individual, but at the disposal of a central Will. And that is yours, your field of work, nobody can take it away from you, it is your own Property. And to the extent you can work upon it, you will be able to have an action upon the world. But only to that extent. One must do more for oneself, besides, than one does for others.
   Is it possible to know others before knowing oneself?

1954-11-10 - Inner experience, the basis of action - Keeping open to the Force - Faith through aspiration - The Mothers symbol - The mind and vital seize experience - Degrees of sincerity -Becoming conscious of the Divine Force, #Questions And Answers 1954, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  The mind and vital have a very bad habit: when one has succeeded through aspiration in having an experience, being in contact with the divine force, immediately they rush forward to make it their own Property, you see, like that (gesture), as a cat jumps on a mouse. And then they catch it and say, It is for me. And then the mind turns it into all kinds of speculations and affirmations and constructions and takes great pride in it, and the vital uses the power to fulfil its own desires.
  So, in order to avoid this it is said that they must be clear, quiet, peaceful, and must not rush at the force which is trying to manifest and make of it a tool for their personal use. For the mind to be clear it must be silentat least to a certain extent, and for the vital to be clear it must give up its desires, have no desires and impulses and passions. This indeed is the essential condition. Later, if one goes into details, neither of them should have any preferences, attachments, any particular way of being or particular set of ideas.

1955-11-09 - Personal effort, egoistic mind - Man is like a public square - Natures work - Ego needed for formation of individual - Adverse forces needed to make man sincere - Determinisms of different planes, miracles, #Questions And Answers 1955, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  There are people who have such a need to keep the sense of their separate personality that if they are forced to admit that all that springs upwards is inspired by the Divine or even done by Him, they keep for their little person the whole side of defects, faults, errors, and they cherish their defects, so that at least something remains theirs, which is indeed their own, their personal Property: Yes, all that is beautiful, luminous, is the Divine; all horrible things thats myself. But a self a big self; one must not touch it!
  Mother, at times one spontaneously feels an aspiration: and at other moments when one wants to aspire it is no longer spontaneous. Then what is the difference, does the Divine aspire?

1956-03-14 - Dynamic meditation - Do all as an offering to the Divine - Significance of 23.4.56. - If twelve men of goodwill call the Divine, #Questions And Answers 1956, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  Moreover, many facts of knowledge have exactly the same origin. For instance, if a certain medicine, through a concurrence of favourable circumstances, has cured a number of people, immediately it is proclaimed that this medicine is all-powerful against this disease. But it is not true. And the proof is that if the same medicine is administered in the same way to a hundred people, there wont be two similar results, and sometimes the effects will be diametrically opposite. Therefore, it is not the Property of the medicine itself which cures; to believe in this medicine is a superstition.
  And in fact, there is a very slight difference between science and superstition. Perhaps it lies only in the care taken in expressing things. If one is careful as scientists are, to say, It seems this may be like that one would think that everything combines to make us think then theres no longer any superstition! But otherwise when one says, It is like that, this is necessarily a superstition. Voil.

1958-02-05 - The great voyage of the Supreme - Freedom and determinism, #Questions And Answers 1957-1958, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  If one wants to state the problem in a way thats more easily accessible to ordinary practical thinking, one could conceive that everything exists from all eternity, and therefore simultaneously, but that this total, simultaneous, eternal existence is like the Property, the possession of a Consciousness which would take pleasure in travelling through its domains, find its joy in an almost infinite or anyway indefinite journey throughout all its domains, and would go like this from discovery to discovery of things which already exist, which have always existed but which the Supreme had never visited. And the path he follows in his discovery could be an entirely free, unexpected, unforeseen path according to his choice of the moment, so that, although his whole domain is there from all eternity, existing for ever, he could visit it in an altogether unexpected, unpredictable way, and so open the door to all relationships and possibilities.
  And it is also his own self-discovery, for this domain is himself; and a discovery which could be made according to immediate decisions, without a preconceived plan such as would be mentally thought out, with all the delight of complete freedom and of the unexpectedness of every secondan eternal journey within his own being.

1.A - ANTHROPOLOGY, THE SOUL, #Philosophy of Mind, #unset, #Zen
  The question of the immateriality of the soul has no interest, except where, on the one hand, matter is regarded as something true, and mind conceived as a thing, on the other. But in modern times even the physicists have found matters grow thinner in their hands: they have come upon imponderable matters, like heat, light, etc., to which they might perhaps add space and time. These 'imponderables', which have lost the Property (peculiar to matter) of gravity and, in a sense, even the capacity of offering resistance, have still, however, a sensible existence and outness of part to part; whereas the 'vital' matter, which may also be found enumerated among them, not merely lacks gravity, but even every other aspect of existence which might lead us to treat it as material.
  The fact is that in the Idea of Life the self-externalism of nature is implicitly at an end: subjectivity is the very substance and conception of life - with this proviso, however, that its existence or objectivity is still at the same time forfeited to the away of self-externalism. It is otherwise with Mind. There, in the intelligible unity which exists as freedom, as absolute negativity, and not as the immediate or natural individual, the object or the reality of the intelligible unity is the unity itself; and so the selfexternalism, which is the fundamental feature of matter, has been completely dissipated and transmuted into universality, or the subjective ideality of the conceptual unity. Mind is the existent truth of matter the truth that matter itself has no truth.
  --
   legitimated as religious, moral, true, just, etc., and an appeal to heart and feeling either means nothing or means something bad. This should hardly need enforcing. Can any experience be more trite than that feelings and hearts are also bad, evil, godless, mean, etc.? That the heart is the source only of such feelings is stated in the words: 'From the heart proceed evil thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, blasphemy, etc.' In such times when 'scientific' theology and philosophy make the heart and feeling the criterion of what is good, moral, and religious, it is necessary to remind them of these trite experiences; just as it is nowadays necessary to repeat that thinking is the characteristic Property by which man is distinguished from the beasts, and that he has feeling in common with them.
   401 What the sentient soul finds within it is, on one hand, the naturally immediate, as 'ideally' in it and made its own. On the other hand and conversely, what originally belongs to the central individuality (which as further deepened and enlarged is the conscious ego and free mind) gets the features of the natural corporeity, and is so felt. In this way we have two spheres of feeling. One, where what at first is a corporeal affection (e.g. of the eye or of any bodily part whatever) is made feeling
  --
  The form of habit applies to all kinds and grades of mental action. The most external of them, i.e. the spatial direction of an individual, viz. his upright posture, has been by will made a habit - a position taken without adjustment and without consciousness - which continues to be an affair of his persistent will; for the man stands only because and in so far as he wills to stand, and only so long as he wills it without consciousness. Similarly our eyesight is the concrete habit which, without an express adjustment, combines in a single act the several modifications of sensation, consciousness, intuition, intelligence, etc., which make it up. Thinking, too, however free and active in its own pure element it becomes, no less requires habit and familiarity (this impromptuity or form of immediacy), by which it is the Property of my single self where I can freely and in all directions range. It is through this habit that I come to realize my existence as a thinking being. Even here, in this spontaneity of self-centred thought, there is a partnership of soul and body (hence, want of habit and too-long-continued thinking cause headache); habit diminishes this feeling, by making the natural function an immediacy of the
   soul. Habit on an ampler scale, and carried out in the strictly intellectual range, is recollection and memory, whereof we shall speak later.

1.anon - But little better, #Anonymous - Poems, #unset, #Zen
  "Then there was being driven to them from the Property
  you inherited, a booty of various sorts from young camels

1.anon - The Poem of Antar, #Anonymous - Poems, #unset, #Zen
  And when I have drunk, verily, I am the squanderer of my Property,
  and my honor is great, and is not sullied.

1f.lovecraft - Deaf, Dumb, and Blind, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   the old Tanner Property, destroy the house with dynamite, and cut down
   the trees of the swamp for a substantial distance from the road.

1f.lovecraft - The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   Property. The claim was allowed on the strength of documents in Simon
   Ornes known hand, and Jedediah Orne continued to dwell in Salem till
  --
   And since it appeared unlikely that he could handle his Property or
   continue to deal with the outside world much longer, something must

1f.lovecraft - The Colour out of Space, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   Property; for it had drawn the lightning, as Nahum said, with a
   singular persistence. Six times within an hour the farmer saw the
  --
   they lost the Property.
   The trees budded prematurely around Nahums, and at night they swayed
  --
   meteor had yielded in the previous year. The Property of emitting this
   spectrum vanished in a month, the dust thereafter consisting mainly of

1f.lovecraft - The Diary of Alonzo Typer, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   Shields, of Buffalo) have left the entire Property in a state of
   absolute neglect, and have warned all inquirers not to visit the

1f.lovecraft - The Dunwich Horror, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   Aylesbury to look up Property and notify any who might be heirs of the
   late Wilbur Whateley. They found the countryside in great agitation,

1f.lovecraft - The Haunter of the Dark, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   step in and take the Property for lack of heirs, but little good would
   come of anybodys touching it. Better it be left alone for the years to

1f.lovecraft - The Horror at Red Hook, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   and having just inherited some Property from a half-forgotten European
   friend, was about to spend his remaining years in a brighter second

1f.lovecraft - The Horror in the Burying-Ground, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   the Property. Most of the fellows were too afraid of him to shine up to
   Sophiehe stood six feet one in his stockingsbut Henry Thorndike was a

1f.lovecraft - The Lurking Fear, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   shanties; but upon this Property damage was superimposed an organic
   devastation which paled it to insignificance. Of a possible 75 natives

1f.lovecraft - The Mound, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   Propertychiefly land, slaves, animals, shares in the common city
   enterprise of Tsath, and ingots of magnetic Tulu-metal, the former

1f.lovecraft - The Rats in the Walls, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   regain his Property. Shaken by some horror greater than that of
   conscience or the law, and expressing only a frantic wish to exclude

1f.lovecraft - The Shunned House, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   obligation to his ward to make the most of all the boys Property, nor
   did he concern himself with the deaths and illnesses which caused so

1f.lovecraft - Through the Gates of the Silver Key, #Lovecraft - Poems, #unset, #Zen
   moonings. The problem is to divide the Property, and its about time we
   got to it.

1.jk - On Receiving A Curious Shell, #Keats - Poems, #John Keats, #Poetry
  And, warrior, it nurtures the Property rare
   Of charming my mind from the trammels of pain.

1.jk - The Gadfly, #Keats - Poems, #John Keats, #Poetry
  (stanza 12): Perhaps the reference is to Psalm cix, verse 164, "Seven times a day do I praise thee because of thy righteous judgements;" but there is certainly no intentional disrespect to David, the word 'chouse' being the exclusive Property of the pious scold.'
  ~ Poetical Works of John Keats, ed. H. Buxton Forman, Crowell publ. 1895.

1.jr - The Self We Share, #Rumi - Poems, #Jalaluddin Rumi, #Poetry
  worry about Property here.
  This is the prayer of each:

1.rb - Paracelsus - Part III - Paracelsus, #Browning - Poems, #Robert Browning, #Poetry
  A Property, a fitness, I explain
  And I alone:how can I change my soul?

1.tm - Stranger, #unset, #Arthur C Clarke, #Fiction
   Original Language English When no one listens To the quiet trees When no one notices The sun in the pool. Where no one feels The first drop of rain Or sees the last star Or hails the first morning Of a giant world Where peace begins And rages end: One bird sits still Watching the work of God: One turning leaf, Two falling blossoms, Ten circles upon the pond. One cloud upon the hillside, Two shadows in the valley And the light strikes home. Now dawn commands the capture Of the tallest fortune, The surrender Of no less marvelous prize! Closer and clearer Than any wordy master, Thou inward Stranger Whom I have never seen, Deeper and cleaner Than the clamorous ocean, Seize up my silence Hold me in Thy Hand! Now act is waste And suffering undone Laws become prodigals Limits are torn down For envy has no Property And passion is none. Look, the vast Light stands still Our cleanest Light is One! [1962.jpg] -- from The Collected Poems of Thomas Merton, by Thomas Merton <
1.wby - Blood And The Moon, #Yeats - Poems, #William Butler Yeats, #Poetry
  For wisdom is the Property of the dead,
  A something incompatible with life; and power,
  --
  A Property of the living; but no stain
  Can come upon the visage of the moon

1.whitman - Says, #Whitman - Poems, #unset, #Zen
  I say man shall not hold Property in man;
  I say the least developed person on earth is just as important and

1.ww - Michael- A Pastoral Poem, #Wordsworth - Poems, #unset, #Zen
  heart,--parental affection and the love of Property, landed Property,
  including the feelings of inheritance, home, and personal and family independence."

1.ww - The Excursion- X- Book Ninth- Discourse of the Wanderer, and an Evening Visit to the Lake, #Wordsworth - Poems, #unset, #Zen
  But is the Property of him alone
  Who hath beheld it, noted it with care,

2.01 - AT THE STAR THEATRE, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "A man had a tub of dye. Such was its wonderful Property that people could dye their clothes any colour they wanted by merely dipping them in it. A clever man said to the owner of the tub, 'Dye my cloth the colour of your dye-stuff.' (All laugh.) "Why should I be one-sided? The idea that the people of a particular sect will not come to me does not frighten me. I don't care a bit whether people come to me or not. The thought of keeping anyone under my control never crosses my mind. Adhar Sen asked me to ask the Divine Mother for a big position for him, but he didn't get it. If that makes him think differently about me, what do I care?
  "Once at Keshab's house I found myself in a new mood. The Brahmos always speak of the Impersonal; therefore I said to the Divine Mother in an ecstatic mood: 'Mother, please don't come here. They don't believe in Your forms.'"
  --
  Hazra entered the room. He had been living with Sri Ramakrishna in the temple garden for the past two years and had first met the Master in 1880 at Sihore in the house of Hriday, the Master's nephew. Hazra's native village was near Sihore, and he owned some Property there. He had a wife and children and also some debts. From youth he had felt a spirit of renunciation and sought the company of holy men and devotees. The Master had asked him to live with him at Dakshineswar and looked after his necessities. Hazra's mind was a jumble of undigested religious moods. He professed the path of knowledge and disapproved of Sri Ramakrishna's attitude of bhakti and his longing for the young devotees. Now and then he thought of the Master as a great soul, but again he slighted him as an ordinary human being. He spent much of his time in telling his beads, and he criticized Rkhl and the other young men for their indifference to the practice. He was a strong advocate of religious conventions and rules of conduct, and made a fad of them.
  He was about thirty-eight years old.

2.01 - Indeterminates, Cosmic Determinations and the Indeterminable, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  Energy seems to create substance, but, in reality, as existence is inherent in Consciousness-Force, so also substance would be inherent in Energy, the Energy a manifestation of the Force, substance a manifestation of the secret Existence. But as it is a spiritual substance, it would not be apprehended by the material sense until it is given by Energy the forms of Matter seizable by that sense. One begins to understand also how arrangement of design, quantity and number can be a base for the manifestation of quality and Property; for design, quantity and number are powers of existence-substance, quality and Property are powers of the consciousness and its force that reside in the existence; they can then be made manifest and operative by a rhythm and process of substance. The growth of the tree out of the seed would be accounted for, like all other similar phenomena, by the indwelling presence of what we have called the Real-Idea; the Infinite's self-perception of the significant form, the living body of its power of existence that has to emerge from its own self-compression in energy-substance, would be carried internally in the form of the seed, carried in the occult consciousness involved in that form, and would naturally evolve out of it.
  There would be no difficulty either in understanding on this principle how infinitesimals of a material character like the gene and the chromosome can carry in them psychological elements to be transmitted to the physical form that has to emerge from the human seed; it would be at bottom on the same principle in the objectivity of Matter as that which we find in our subjective experience, - for we see that the subconscient physical carries in it a mental psychological content, impressions of past events, habits, fixed mental and vital formations, fixed forms of character, and sends them up by an occult process to the waking consciousness, thus originating or influencing many activities of our nature.

2.01 - On Books, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   Disciple: But extension is a Property of Matter.
   Sri Aurobindo: Do you mean to say that when I get the experience of wide, extended consciousness, my consciousness becomes material?

2.01 - The Therapeutic value of Abreaction, #The Practice of Psycho therapy, #Carl Jung, #Psychology
  devotion. These are the Property of no method, nor can they ever become
  one; they are moral qualities which are of the greatest importance in all

2.02 - Brahman, Purusha, Ishwara - Maya, Prakriti, Shakti, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  The same conciliation occurs everywhere, when we look with a straight and accurate look on the truth of the Reality. In our experience of it we become aware of an Infinite essentially free from all limitation by qualities, properties, features; on the other hand, we are aware of an Infinite teeming with innumerable qualities, properties, features. Here again the statement of illimitable freedom is positive, not negative; it does not negate what we see, but on the contrary provides the indispensable condition for it, it makes possible a free and infinite self-expression in quality and feature. A quality is the character of a power of conscious being; or we may say that the consciousness of being expressing what is in it makes the power it brings out recognisable by a native stamp on it which we call quality or character. Courage as a quality is such a power of being, it is a certain character of my consciousness expressing a formulated force of my being, bringing out or creating a definite kind of force of my nature in action. So too the power of a drug to cure is its Property, a special force of being native to the herb or mineral from which it is produced, and this speciality is determined by the Real-Idea concealed in the involved consciousness which dwells in the plant or mineral; the idea brings out in it what was there at the root of its manifestation and has now come out thus empowered as the force of its being. All qualities, properties, features are such powers of conscious being thus put forth from itself by the Absolute; It has everything within It, It has the free power to put all forth;6 yet we cannot define the Absolute as a quality of courage or a power of healing, we cannot even say that these are a characteristic feature of the Absolute, nor can we make up a sum of qualities and say "that is the Absolute". But neither can we speak of the Absolute as a pure blank incapable of manifesting these things; on the contrary, all capacity is there, the powers of all qualities and characters are there inherent within it. The mind is in a difficulty because it has to say, "The Absolute or Infinite is none of these things, these things are not the Absolute or Infinite" and at the same time it has to say, "The Absolute is all these things, they are not something else than That, for That is the sole existence and the all-existence." Here it is evident that it is an undue finiteness of thought conception and verbal expression which creates the difficulty, but there is in reality none; for it would be evidently absurd to say that the Absolute is courage or curing-power, or to say that courage and curing-power are the Absolute, but it would be equally absurd to deny the capacity of the Absolute to put forth courage or curingpower as self-expressions in its manifestation. When the logic of the finite fails us, we have to see with a direct and unbound vision what is behind in the logic of the Infinite. We can then realise that the Infinite is infinite in quality, feature, power, but that no sum of qualities, features, powers can describe the Infinite.
  6 The word for creation in Sanskrit means a loosing or putting forth of what is in the being.
  --
  A purely physical Space might be regarded as in itself a Property of Matter; but Matter is a creation of Energy in movement. Space therefore in the material world could be either a fundamental self-extension of material Energy or its self-formed existence-field, its representation of the Inconscient Infinity in which it is acting, a figure in which it accommodates the formulas and movements of its own action and self-creation.
  Time would be itself the course of that movement or else an impression created by it, an impression of something that presents itself to us as regularly successive in its appearance, - a division or a continuum upholding the continuity of movement and yet marking off its successions, - because the movement itself is regularly successive. Or else Time could be a dimension of Space necessary for the complete action of the Energy, but not understood by us as such because it is seen by our conscious subjectivity as something itself subjective, felt by our mind, not perceived by our senses, and therefore not recognised as a dimension of Space which has to us the appearance of a sense-created or sense-perceived objective extension.

2.02 - THE EXPANSION OF LIFE, #The Phenomenon of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  essentia] and indispensable for singling out and affirming the manifest Property
  of living matter to form a system in which ' terms succeed each other experi-
  --
  higher ones), a Property which must never be forgotten.
  What can be put together can be taken apart.

2.03 - Karmayogin A Commentary on the Isha Upanishad, #Isha Upanishad, #unset, #Zen
  and pervasiveness and the one sensible Property, sound. Sound,
  according to the Vedic inquirers, is the first evolved Property of
  material substance; it precedes form and has the power both to
  --
  of the Cosmos. In this second power of matter a new Property
  of material substance is evolved, touch or contact, which was
  --
  In this state matter evolves a fourth Property, taste. The liquid
  state is the substratum of all fluid forms and activities, and in
  --
  organism. The last new Property of matter evolved in the solid
  state is odour; and since earth is the typical solid substance,
  --
  labour. Rank and private Property begin to emerge; inequality
  has begun. The more various activities, the more varied experience, the less primitive range of desires and the need of a wider

2.03 - The Eternal and the Individual, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  It is evident that if such is the truth of the Absolute, we cannot bind it either by our law of contradictions. That law is necessary to us in order that we may posit partial and practical truths, think out things clearly, decisively and usefully, classify, act, deal with them effectively for particular purposes in our divisions of Space, distinctions of form and Property, moments of Time. It represents a formal and strongly dynamic truth of existence in its practical workings which is strongest in the most outward term of things, the material, but becomes less and less rigidly binding as we go upward in the scale, mount on the more subtle rungs of the ladder of being. It is especially necessary for us in dealing with material phenomena and forces; we have to suppose them to be one thing at a time, to have one power at a time and to be limited by their ostensible and practically effective capacities and properties; otherwise we cannot deal with them.
  But even there, as human thought is beginning to realise, the distinctions made by the intellect and the classifications and practical experiments of Science, while perfectly valid in their own field and for their own purpose, do not represent the whole or the real truth of things, whether of things in the whole or of the thing by itself which we have classified and set artificially apart, isolated for separate analysis. By that isolation we are indeed able to deal with it very practically, very effectively, and we think at first that the effectiveness of our action proves the entire and sufficient truth of our isolating and analysing knowledge.

2.04 - Absence Of Secondary Qualities, #Of The Nature Of Things, #Lucretius, #Poetry
  Receive no Property of colour, and yet
  Be still endowed with variable forms

2.04 - ADVICE TO ISHAN, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "'I' and 'mine'-that is ignorance. True knowledge makes one feel: 'O God, You alone do everything. You alone are my own. And to You alone belong houses, buildings, family, relatives, friends, the whole world. All is Yours.' But ignorance makes one feel: 'I am doing everything. I am the doer. House, buildings, family, children, friends, and Property are all mine.'
  Hollowness of worldly love

2.04 - The Living Church and Christ-Omega, #Let Me Explain, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  in order to retain for him his essential Property of being
  co-extensive with the world that we are obliged to make him

2.06 - The Wand, #Liber ABA, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  90:Each must decide for himself whether this is a wise course to pursue. But it certainly seems easier to strip off first the things which can easily be done without. WEH footnote: Among those who might find the ego an unwise first choice to attack are those who confuse it with a sense of private Property. Many petty thieves use denial of the ego as an excuse. Three book-thieves and any number of shop-lifters come to mind.
  91:The majority of people will find most trouble with the Emotions, and thoughts which excite them.

2.07 - On Congress and Politics, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   Sri Aurobindo: Why? It is not a fall. It is an ascent, that was Rajasic, this is Sattwic. If you steal, you must do it in the proper way and in the right spirit. All Property is theft and so when you steal you steal from a thief! (Laughter)
   Disciple: When I came out of the compound I was thinking that this was the only way to equalise Property. Mr. A has one plant, now I will have one and so each of us will have one!
   Disciple: But do you want everyone to steal from the Telegraph Office garden?

2.08 - AT THE STAR THEATRE (II), #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  MASTER (to Girish and the others): "In meditation I see the inner traits of these youngsters. They have no thought of acquiring house and Property. They do not crave sex pleasure. Those of the youngsters who are married do not sleep with their wives.
  The truth is that unless a man has got rid of rajas and has acquired sattva, he cannot steadily dwell in God; he cannot love God and realize Him."

2.10 - Knowledge by Identity and Separative Knowledge, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
   act of knowledge by identity belong to the higher hemisphere of existence: this knowledge by direct contact is the main character of the highest supraphysical mental planes of consciousness, those to which our surface being is closed in by a wall of ignorance; in a diminished and more separative form it is a Property of the lesser supraphysical planes of mind; it is or can be an element in all that is supraphysical. It is the main instrumentation of our subliminal self, its central means of awareness; for the subliminal self or inner being is a projection from these higher planes to meet the subconscience and it inherits the character of consciousness of its planes of origin with which it is intimately associated and in touch by kinship. In our outer being we are children of the Inconscience; our inner being makes us inheritors of the higher heights of mind and life and spirit: the more we open inwards, go inwards, live inwards, receive from within, the more we draw away from subjection to our inconscient origin and move towards all which is now superconscient to our ignorance.
  Ignorance becomes complete with the entire separation of being from being: the direct contact of consciousness with consciousness is then entirely veiled or heavily overlaid, even though it still goes on within our subliminal parts, just as there is also, though wholly concealed and not directly operative, the underlying secret identity and oneness. There is on the surface a complete separateness, a division into self and not-self; there is the necessity of dealing with the not-self, but no direct means of knowing it or mastering it. Nature then creates indirect means, a contact by physical organs of sense, a penetration of outside impacts through the nerve currents, a reaction of mind and its co-ordinations acting as an aid and supplement to the activity of the physical organs, - all of them methods of an indirect knowledge; for the consciousness is forced to rely on these instruments and cannot act directly on the object. To these means is added a reason, intelligence and intuition which seize on the communications thus indirectly brought to them, put all in order and utilise their data to get as much knowledge and mastery and possession of the not-self or as much partial unity

2.10 - On Vedic Interpretation, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   Sri Aurobindo: This idea of poverty was never the Hindu ideal, not even for the Brahmin. Gandhi has advised the non-co-operators not to bequeath their Property to their sons. The idea is: why should you burden your son with a sinful load? This is an absurd ideal, at least it was never the Hindu ideal. He seems to imagine that everyone in India after forty-five used to leave his Property and go away to the forest.
   Disciple: But then what should the no-changer do with his Property if he does not give it to his son?
   Disciple: Give it to the Government.
  --
   Disciple: But the Government is already sufficiently Satanic and the sin of more Property may make it more Satanic.
   Sri Aurobindo: It is a Christian ideal to be poor.
  --
   Sri Aurobindo: Why! you have to face Property if it comes. There never was any preaching of poverty. Of course, there was Sannyasa having the ideal of 'no- Property'. But that is quite a different thing from remaining poor.
   What the Indian ideal is you read in the Ramayana where the civic life is described. There was no man who was poor in Dasharatha's kingdom, none who had no garden. That is the Indian ideal and even in the Upanishads we see that the Brahmins had got wealth.
  --
   Not to be attached to Property was the idea, but it is quite a different thing from remaining poor.
   Disciple: Did Buddhism preach poverty?
   Sri Aurobindo: There was a division: the monks and the householders. The monks owned no Property and for them there was the communal Property. For the householders poverty was not regarded as an ideal. Our people never preached poverty.
   Disciple: Even in the Taittiriya and other Upanishads we have annavn anndo, mahn kirty, paubhi "The one who is possessed of Matter (of food) and gives Matter (food), great be his glory, with the wealth of cattle." Always the insistence is on earthly greatness and prosperity.

2.12 - On Miracles, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   But if India remains indifferent and sticks to old worn-out forms and refuses to move forward, or listen to the call of her soul, then the Truth may recede and try somewhere else. The Truth is not confined to India, it is not India's Property. But there is very little chance of its succeeding elsewhere if it fails in India. It may make an unsuccessful, or partially successful, effort somewhere else, like Christianity, and then retire.
   3 SEPTEMBER 1926

2.14 - AT RAMS HOUSE, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "A guardian is appointed only for a minor. A boy cannot safeguard his Property; therefore the king assumes responsibility for him. God does not take over our responsibilities unless we renounce our ego.
  "Once Lakshmi and Narayana were seated in Vaikuntha, when Narayana suddenly stood up. Lakshmi had been stroking His feet. She said, 'Lord, where are You going?' Narayana answered: 'One of My devotees is in great danger. I must save him.' With these words He went out. But He came back immediately. Lakshmi said, 'Lord, why have You returned so soon?' Narayana smiled and said: The devotee was going along the road overwhelmed with love for Me. Some washermen were drying clothes on the grass, and the devotee walked over the clothes. At this the washermen chased him and were going to beat him with their sticks. So I ran out to protect him.' 'But why have You come back?' asked Lakshmi. Narayana laughed and said: 'I saw the devotee himself picking up a brick to throw at them. (All laugh.) So I came back.'

2.18 - January 1939, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   Sri Aurobindo: There are no physical causes. These phenomena are due to supraphysical causes and there the laws of the physical do not apply. There are also cases in which sugar tastes bitter under hypnotic influence. Now the question is whether sweetness or any other Property is in the subject as in the sense of beauty or in the object.
   Disciple: But then what is sweetness due to in the case of sugar?
  --
   Disciple: But something of the Property of the object persists, like the effect of medicine in homeopathic doses the smallest quantity retains the quality.
   Disciple: But what is your conclusion, Sir?
  --
   Disciple: He is coming after organising his Property.
   Sri Aurobindo: Is he still "organising"?
   Disciple: Has he much Property left?
   Disciple: I am afraid he has lost everything.
  --
   Disciple: She says that the Ashram tried to keep her child because of her Property. We are short of money, especially as the new building is being done now, and that police intervention has taken place before also.
   Sri Aurobindo: But how can we get the money from her child? Everybody knows that the Property belongs to M and she is not going to die within a few years. It is not the Ashram that wanted to keep the child, she wanted to stay of her own accord. And where was the police intervention? By saying that, M deprives herself the credit of having been the first who brought in the police.
   Disciple: She says all that to save her face.
  --
   Sri Aurobindo: Yes. It is the State bureaucracy that dictates the policy irrespective of the good of the commune. In Communism they hold the land as the common Property of the whole community that is, the whole unit, and each one in it is entitled to labour and to have his share from the produce.
   In India we had a kind of communism in the villages. The whole village was like a big family and the lowest had his right as a member of the family. The washerman, the carpenter, the blacksmith, the barber, all got what they needed.

2.19 - Feb-May 1939, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   Sri Aurobindo: Yes, but that comes to the same thing only instead of the capitalist it is the State that pays the higher wages. Communism one can understand: a group owning Property in common and receiving its benefits according to need and satisfying the need of the group. That is as old as the world. But State ownership is something that creates a class like the Capitalists.
   The Nazism in Germany, on the other hand, makes the national consciousness so strong that it begins to treat the individuals like the cells of the body bound to think and act alike. No freedom is allowed to them.

2.20 - THE MASTERS TRAINING OF HIS DISCIPLES, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
  "Keshab Sen also said something like that. He said to me: 'Sir, suppose a man wants, first of all, to make a suitable arrangement of his Property and estate and then think of God; will It be all right for him to do so? Is there anything wrong about it?' I said to him: 'When a man feels utter dispassion, he looks on the world as a deep well and his relatives as venomous cobras. Then he cannot think of saving money or making arrangements about his Property.' God alone is real and all else illusory. To think of the world instead of God!
  "A woman was stricken with intense grief. She first tied her nose-ring in the corner of her cloth and then dropped to the ground, saying, 'Oh, friends, what a calamity has befallen me!' But she was very careful not to break the nose-ring."

2.21 - 1940, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   What is justice after all? To the socialist, denial of all Property and the liquidation of capitalism is justice. To the capitalist justice is something else.
   The Indian problem has been very badly bungled by all, Jinnah and the Congress and the Mahasabha. They have not been able to play their cards well. That is why they are losing the game.

2.3.1 - Ego and Its Forms, #Letters On Yoga IV, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  It [the ego] rises because it is its nature to do so; it wants to keep hold of the being which it considers its Property and field of expression.
  ***

3.01 - THE BIRTH OF THOUGHT, #The Phenomenon of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  elemental Property, at any rate to begin with) everything is
  changed, and we now perceive that under the more striking

3.02 - Aridity in Prayer, #The Interior Castle or The Mansions, #Saint Teresa of Avila, #Christianity
  4.: A rich man, without son or heir, loses part of his Property,14' but still has more than enough to keep himself and his household. If this misfortune grieves and disquiets him as though he were left to beg his bread, how can our Lord ask him to give up all things for His sake? This man will tell you he regrets losing his money because he wished to bestow it on the poor.
  5.: I believe His Majesty would prefer me to conform to His will, and keep peace of soul while attending to my interests, to such charity as this. If this person cannot resign himself because God has not raised him so high in virtue, well and good: let him know that he is wanting in liberty of spirit; let him beg our Lord to grant it him, and be rightly disposed to receive it. Another person has more than sufficient means to live on, when an opportunity occurs for acquiring more Property: if it is offered him, by all means let him accept it; but if he must go out of his way to obtain it and then continues working to gain more and more-however good his intention may be (and it must be good, for I am speaking of people who lead prayerful and good lives), he cannot possibly enter the mansions near the King.
  6.: Something of the same sort happens if such people meet with contempt or want of due respect. God often gives them grace to bear it well, as He loves to see virtue upheld in public, and will not have it condemned in those who practise it, or else because these persons have served Him faithfully, and He, our supreme Good, is exceedingly good to us all; nevertheless, these persons are disturbed, and cannot overcome or get rid of the feeling for some time.15' Alas! have they not long meditated on the pains our Lord endured and how well it is for us to suffer, and have even longed to do so? They wish every one were as virtuous as they are; and God grant they do not consider oth