classes ::: subject,
children :::
branches ::: Electronics

bookmarks: Instances - Definitions - Quotes - Chapters - Wordnet - Webgen


object:Electronics
class:subject
NOTES
WIRES
red wire is negative
black wire is positive
green wire is ground
BATTERY
bump is +
flat is -
LED
long side is positive
short side / flat side is negative


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now begins generated list of local instances, definitions, quotes, instances in chapters, wordnet info if available and instances among weblinks


OBJECT INSTANCES [0] - TOPICS - AUTHORS - BOOKS - CHAPTERS - CLASSES - SEE ALSO - SIMILAR TITLES

TOPICS
SEE ALSO


AUTH

BOOKS
Dark_Night_of_the_Soul
Enchiridion_text
Full_Circle
Infinite_Library
My_Burning_Heart
Process_and_Reality
The_Golden_Bough
The_Imitation_of_Christ
The_Secret_Doctrine
The_Use_and_Abuse_of_History
The_Yoga_Sutras

IN CHAPTERS TITLE

IN CHAPTERS CLASSNAME

IN CHAPTERS TEXT
0_0.01_-_Introduction
000_-_Humans_in_Universe
0_1964-04-04
0_1969-02-05
04.01_-_The_March_of_Civilisation
04.07_-_Matter_Aspires
1.00d_-_Introduction
1.01_-_Newtonian_and_Bergsonian_Time
1.01_-_THE_STUFF_OF_THE_UNIVERSE
1.05_-_THE_HOSTILE_BROTHERS_-_ARCHETYPES_OF_RESPONSE_TO_THE_UNKNOWN
1.07_-_Cybernetics_and_Psychopathology
1.07_-_The_Literal_Qabalah_(continued)
1.10_-_THE_FORMATION_OF_THE_NOOSPHERE
1.10_-_The_Roughly_Material_Plane_or_the_Material_World
1.14_-_BOOK_THE_FOURTEENTH
1.22_-_THE_END_OF_THE_SPECIES
1.69_-_Farewell_to_Nemi
1953-05-20
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Mound
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Shunned_House
1f.lovecraft_-_The_Whisperer_in_Darkness
2.01_-_THE_ADVENT_OF_LIFE
2.10_-_Conclusion
Aeneid
Apology
BOOK_XIII._-_That_death_is_penal,_and_had_its_origin_in_Adam's_sin
ENNEAD_02.09_-_Against_the_Gnostics;_or,_That_the_Creator_and_the_World_are_Not_Evil.
ENNEAD_03.07_-_Of_Time_and_Eternity.
ENNEAD_04.02_-_How_the_Soul_Mediates_Between_Indivisible_and_Divisible_Essence.
ENNEAD_06.05_-_The_One_and_Identical_Being_is_Everywhere_Present_In_Its_Entirety.345
Euthyphro
The_Act_of_Creation_text

PRIMARY CLASS

subject
SIMILAR TITLES
Electronics

DEFINITIONS


TERMS STARTING WITH

Electronics Industry Association ::: (body, standard) (EIA) A body which publishes Recommended Standards (RS) for physical devices and their means of interfacing. EIA-232 is their standard that defines a computer's serial port, connector pin-outs, and electrical signaling. (1995-03-02)

Electronics Industry Association "body, standard" (EIA) A body which publishes "Recommended Standards" (RS) for physical devices and their means of interfacing. {EIA-232} is their standard that defines a computer's {serial port}, connector pin-outs, and electrical signaling. (1995-03-02)


TERMS ANYWHERE

Advanced STatistical Analysis Program "tool, electronics" (ASTAP) A program for analysing electronic circuits and other networks. ["Advanced Statistical Analysis Program (ASTAP) Program Reference Manual", SH-20-1118, IBM, 1973]. (2000-01-27)

Advanced STatistical Analysis Program ::: (tool, electronics) (ASTAP) A program for analysing electronic circuits and other networks.[Advanced Statistical Analysis Program (ASTAP) Program Reference Manual, SH-20-1118, IBM, 1973].(2000-01-27)

Advanced Technology Attachment Interface with Extensions ::: (storage, standard) (ATA-2, Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics, EIDE) A proposed (May 1996 or earlier?) standard from X3T10 (document 948D rev 3) which extends the Advanced Technology Attachment interface while maintaining compatibility with current IBM PC BIOS designs.ATA-2 provides for faster data rates, 32-bit transactions and (in some drives) DMA. Optional support for power saving modes and removable devices is also in the standard.ATA-2 was developed by Western Digital as Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics (EIDE) around 1994. Marketroids call it Fast ATA or Fast ATA-2.ATA-2 was followed by ATA-3 and ATA-4 (Ultra DMA).(2000-10-07)

Advanced Technology Attachment Interface with Extensions "storage, standard" (ATA-2, Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics, EIDE) A proposed (May 1996 or earlier?) {standard} from {X3T10} (document 948D rev 3) which extends the {Advanced Technology Attachment} interface while maintaining compatibility with current {IBM PC} {BIOS} designs. ATA-2 provides for faster data rates, 32-bit transactions and (in some drives) {DMA}. Optional support for power saving modes and removable devices is also in the standard. ATA-2 was developed by {Western Digital} as "Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics" (EIDE) around 1994. {Marketroids} call it "Fast ATA" or "Fast ATA-2". ATA-2 was followed by {ATA-3} and {ATA-4} ("Ultra DMA"). (2000-10-07)

Advanced Technology Attachment "storage, hardware, standard" (ATA, AT Attachment or "Integrated Drive Electronics", IDE) A {disk drive} interface {standard} based on the {IBM PC} {ISA} 16-bit {bus} but also used on other {personal computers}. ATA specifies the power and data signal interfaces between the {motherboard} and the integrated {disk controller} and drive. The ATA "bus" only supports two devices - master and slave. ATA drives may in fact use any physical interface the manufacturer desires, so long as an embedded translator is included with the proper ATA interface. ATA "controllers" are actually direct connections to the ISA bus. Originally called IDE, the ATA interface was invented by {Compaq} around 1986, and was developed with the help of {Western Digital}, {Imprimis}, and then-upstart {Conner Peripherals}. Efforts to standardise the interface started in 1988; the first draft appeared in March 1989, and a finished version was sent to {ANSI} group X3T10 (who named it "Advanced Technology Attachment" (ATA)) for ratification in November 1990. X3T10 later extended ATA to {Advanced Technology Attachment Interface with Extensions} (ATA-2), followed by {ATA-3} and {ATA-4}. {X3T10 (http://symbios.com/x3t10/)}. (1998-10-08)

Advanced Technology Attachment ::: (storage, hardware, standard) (ATA, AT Attachment or Integrated Drive Electronics, IDE) A disk drive interface standard based on the IBM PC ISA integrated disk controller and drive. The ATA bus only supports two devices - master and slave.ATA drives may in fact use any physical interface the manufacturer desires, so long as an embedded translator is included with the proper ATA interface. ATA controllers are actually direct connections to the ISA bus.Originally called IDE, the ATA interface was invented by Compaq around 1986, and was developed with the help of Western Digital, Imprimis, and then-upstart group X3T10 (who named it Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA)) for ratification in November 1990.X3T10 later extended ATA to Advanced Technology Attachment Interface with Extensions (ATA-2), followed by ATA-3 and ATA-4. . (1998-10-08)

aeroplane rule ::: (convention) Complexity increases the possibility of failure; a twin-engine aeroplane has twice as many engine problems as a single-engine aeroplane.By analogy, in both software and electronics, the implication is that simplicity increases robustness and that the right way to build reliable systems is to put all your eggs in one basket, after making sure that you've built a really *good* basket.While simplicity is a useful design goal, and twin-engine aeroplanes do have twice as many engine problems, the analogy is almost entirely bogus. Commercial Albert Einstein said, Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler.See also KISS Principle. (1999-03-22)

aeroplane rule "convention" "Complexity increases the possibility of failure; a twin-engine aeroplane has twice as many engine problems as a single-engine aeroplane." By analogy, in both software and electronics, the implication is that simplicity increases robustness and that the right way to build reliable systems is to put all your eggs in one basket, after making sure that you've built a really *good* basket. While simplicity is a useful design goal, and twin-engine aeroplanes do have twice as many engine problems, the analogy is almost entirely bogus. Commercial passenger aircraft are required to have at least two engines (on different wings or nacelles) so that the aeroplane can land safely if one engine fails. As Albert Einstein said, "Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler". See also {KISS Principle}. (1999-03-22)

Also mechatronic engineering. ::: A multidisciplinary branch of engineering that focuses on the engineering of both electrical and mechanical systems, and also includes a combination of robotics, electronics, computer, telecommunications, systems, control, and product engineering.[218][219]

Altair 8800 "computer" An {Intel 8080}-based machine made by {MITS}. The Altair was the first popular {microcomputer} kit. It appeared on the cover of the January 1975 "Popular Electronics" magazine with an article (probably) by Leslie Solomon. Leslie Solomon was an editor at Popular Electronics who had a knack for spotting kits that would interest people and make them buy the magazine. The Altair 8800 was one such. The MITS guys took the prototype Altair to New York to show Solomon, but couldn't get it to work after the flight. Nonetheless, he liked it, and it appeared on the cover as "The first minicomputer in a kit." Solomon's blessing was important enough that some MITS competitors named their product the "SOL" to gain his favour. Some wags suggested {SOL} was actually an abbreviation for the condition in which kit purchasers would find themselves. {Bill Gates} and Paul Allen saw the article on the Altair 8800 in Popular Electronics. They realised that the Altair, which was programmed via its binary front panel needed a {high level language}. Legend has it that they called MITS with the claim that they had a {BASIC} {interpreter} for the Altair. When MITS asked them to demo it in Albuquerque, they wrote one on the plane. On arrival, they entered the machine code via the front panel and demonstrated and sold their "product." Thus was born "Altair BASIC." The original Altair BASIC ran in less than 4K of RAM because a "loaded" Altair had 4K memory. Since there was no {operating system} on the Altair, Altair BASIC included what we now think of as {BIOS}. It was distributed on {paper tape} that could be read on a {Teletype}. Later versions supported the 8K Altair and the 16K {diskette}-based Altair (demonstrating that, even in the 1970s, {Microsoft} was committed to {software bloat}). Altair BASIC was ported to the {Motorola 6800} for the Altair 680 machine, and to other 8080-based microcomputers produced by MITS' competitors. {PC-History.org Altair 8800 page (http://pc-history.org/altair_8800.htm)}. [Forrest M. Mimms, article in "Computers and Electronics", (formerly "Popular Electronics"), Jan 1985(?)]. [Was there ever an "Altair 9000" microcomputer?] (2002-06-17)

Altair 8800 ::: (computer) An Intel 8080-based machine made by MITS. The Altair was the first popular microcomputer kit.It appeared on the cover of the January 1975 Popular Electronics magazine with an article (probably) by Leslie Solomon. Leslie Solomon was an editor at Popular the flight. Nonetheless, he liked it, and it appeared on the cover as The first minicomputer in a kit.Solomon's blessing was important enough that some MITS competitors named their product the SOL to gain his favour. Some wags suggested SOL was actually an abbreviation for the condition in which kit purchasers would find themselves.Bill Gates and Paul Allen saw the article on the Altair 8800 in Popular Electronics. They realized that the Altair, which was programmed via its binary entered the machine code via the front panel and demonstrated and sold their product. Thus was born Altair BASIC.The original Altair BASIC ran in less than 4K of RAM because a loaded Altair had 4K memory. Since there was no operating system on the Altair, Altair BASIC the Altair 680 machine, and to other 8080-based microcomputers produced by MITS' competitors. .[Forrest M. Mimms, article in Computers and Electronics, (formerly Popular Electronics), Jan 1985(?)].[Was there ever an Altair 9000 microcomputer?](2002-06-17)

Ampere "unit, electronics" (Amp, A) The unit of electrical current flow. One Amp is the current that will flow through a one-{ohm} resistance when one {Volt} {DC} is applied across it. (2004-01-18)

Ampere ::: (unit, electronics) (Amp, A) The unit of electrical current flow. One Amp is the current that will flow through a one-ohm resistance when one Volt DC is applied across it.(2004-01-18)

analogue "electronics" (US: "analog") A description of a continuously variable signal or a circuit or device designed to handle such signals. The opposite is "discrete" or "{digital}". Analogue circuits are much harder to design and analyse than digital ones because the designer must take into account effects such as the gain, linearity and power handling of components, the resistance, capacitance and inductance of PCB tracks, wires and connectors, interference between signals, power supply stability and more. A digital circuit design, especially for high switching speeds, must also take these factors into account if it is to work reliably, but they are usually less critical because most digital components will function correctly within a range of parameters whereas such variations will corrupt the outputs of an analogue circuit. See also {analogue computer}. (1995-11-14)

analogue ::: (electronics) (US: analog) A description of a continuously variable signal or a circuit or device designed to handle such signals. The opposite is discrete or digital.Analogue circuits are much harder to design and analyse than digital ones because the designer must take into account effects such as the gain, linearity correctly within a range of parameters whereas such variations will corrupt the outputs of an analogue circuit.See also analogue computer. (1995-11-14)

ARI Service ::: (company) The trading name of the remnants of AST Research, Inc.. ARI Services is a wholly owned subsidiary of Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., of Seoul, continue to provide worldwide technical and service support to owners of systems that they manufactured.AST Computers, LLC is a separate company.Headquarters: 16225 Alton Parkway, POB 57005, Irvine, California 92619-7005, USA. .(2000-03-28)

ARI Service "company" The trading name of the remnants of {AST Research, Inc.}. ARI Services is a wholly owned subsidiary of {Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.}, of Seoul, Korea. They no longer manufacture or distribute computer hardware, but they continue to provide worldwide technical and service support to owners of systems that they manufactured. {AST Computers, LLC} is a separate company. Headquarters: 16225 Alton Parkway, POB 57005, Irvine, California 92619-7005, USA. {(http://ari-service.com/)}. (2000-03-28)

AST Computers, LLC ::: (company) The private company formed in January 1999 when Mr. Beny Alagem, the former chairman of Packard Bell NEC, Inc., bought the name and intellectual property of AST Research, Inc.. AST Computers, LLC provide hardware, software, and services for small US businesses.Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., of Seoul, Korea, owns a minority stake. .Address: Los Angeles, CA, USA.(2000-03-28)

AST Computers, LLC "company" The private company formed in January 1999 when Mr. Beny Alagem, the former chairman of {Packard Bell NEC, Inc.}, bought the name and intellectual property of {AST Research, Inc.}. AST Computers, LLC provide {hardware, software}, and services for small US businesses. {Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.}, of Seoul, Korea, owns a minority stake. {(http://ast.com/)}. Address: Los Angeles, CA, USA. (2000-03-28)

automation "systems, robotics" Control of processes, equipment or systems by computer (or simpler electronics), typically replacing human control. Often used for control of a manufacturing process where the term may or may not imply the use of some kind of general purpose robot. See also {design automation}, {office automation}, {manularity}, {Manufacturing Automation Protocol}, {PEARL}, {QBE}. (1994-10-21)

backplane ::: (hardware, electronics) A printed circuit board with slots into which other cards are plugged.A backplane,is typically just a connector and does not usually have many active components on it. This contrasts with a motherboard. .(2002-09-08)

backplane "hardware, electronics" A {printed circuit board} with slots into which other cards are plugged. A backplane,is typically just a connector and does not usually have many active components on it. This contrasts with a {motherboard}. {Designing a backplane (http://iec.org/online/tutorials/design_backplane/index.html)}. (2002-09-08)

balun "electronics" A transformer connected between a balanced source or load and an unbalanced source or load. A balanced line has two conductors, with equal currents in opposite directions. The unbalanced line has just one conductor; the current in it returns via a common ground or earth path. (1996-10-17)

balun ::: (electronics) A transformer connected between a balanced source or load and an unbalanced source or load. A balanced line has two conductors, with equal currents in opposite directions. The unbalanced line has just one conductor; the current in it returns via a common ground or earth path. (1996-10-17)

Basic Input/Output System "operating system" (BIOS, ROM BIOS) The part of the {system software} of the {IBM PC} and compatibles that provides the lowest level interface to {peripheral} devices and controls the first stage of the {bootstrap} process, including installing the {operating system}. The BIOS is stored in {ROM}, or equivalent, in every PC. Its main task is to load and execute the operating system which is usually stored on the computer's {hard disk}, but may be loaded from {CD-ROM} or {floppy disk} at install time. In order to provide acceptable performance (e.g. for screen display), some software vendors access the routines in the BIOS directly, rather than using the higher level operating system calls. Thus, the BIOS in the compatible computer must be 100% compatible with the IBM BIOS. As if that wasn't bad enough, many {application programs} bypass even the BIOS and address the screen hardware directly just as the BIOS does. Consequently, {register} level compatibility is required in the compatible's display electronics, which means that it must provide the same storage locations and identification as the original IBM hardware. (1999-06-09)

Basic Input/Output System ::: (operating system) (BIOS, ROM BIOS) The part of the system software of the IBM PC and compatibles that provides the lowest level interface to system which is usually stored on the computer's hard disk, but may be loaded from CD-ROM or floppy disk at install time.In order to provide acceptable performance (e.g. for screen display), some software vendors access the routines in the BIOS directly, rather than using the higher level operating system calls. Thus, the BIOS in the compatible computer must be 100% compatible with the IBM BIOS.As if that wasn't bad enough, many application programs bypass even the BIOS and address the screen hardware directly just as the BIOS does. Consequently, electronics, which means that it must provide the same storage locations and identification as the original IBM hardware. (1999-06-09)

bathtub curve Common term for the curve (resembling an end-to-end section of one of those claw-footed antique bathtubs) that describes the expected failure rate of electronics with time: initially high, dropping to near 0 for most of the system's lifetime, then rising again as it "tires out". See also {burn-in period}, {infant mortality}. [{Jargon File}]

Electronics Industry Association ::: (body, standard) (EIA) A body which publishes Recommended Standards (RS) for physical devices and their means of interfacing. EIA-232 is their standard that defines a computer's serial port, connector pin-outs, and electrical signaling. (1995-03-02)

Electronics Industry Association "body, standard" (EIA) A body which publishes "Recommended Standards" (RS) for physical devices and their means of interfacing. {EIA-232} is their standard that defines a computer's {serial port}, connector pin-outs, and electrical signaling. (1995-03-02)

Berkeley EDIF200 ::: translator-building toolkitWendell C. Baker and Prof A. Richard Newton of the Electronics Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at the University of California, Berkeley.Version 7.6. Restriction: no-profit without permission. . (1990-07-01)

Berkeley EDIF200 translator-building toolkit Wendell C. Baker and Prof A. Richard Newton of the Electronics Research Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences at the {University of California, Berkeley}. Version 7.6. Restriction: no-profit without permission. {(ftp://ic.berkeley.edu/pub/edif)}. (1990-07-01)

binary ::: 1. (mathematics) Base two. A number representation consisting of zeros and ones used by practically all computers because of its ease of implementation using digital electronics and Boolean algebra.2. (file format) binary file.3. (programming) A description of an operator which takes two arguments. See also unary, ternary.(2005-02-21)

binary 1. "mathematics" {Base} two. A number representation consisting of zeros and ones used by practically all computers because of its ease of implementation using digital electronics and {Boolean algebra}. 2. "file format" {binary file}. 3. "programming" A description of an {operator} which takes two {arguments}. See also {unary}, {ternary}. (2005-02-21)

binary counter "electronics, hardware" A digital circuit which has a clock input and a number of count outputs which give the number of clock cycles. The output may change either on rising or falling clock edges. The circuit may also have a reset input which sets all outputs to zero when asserted. The counter may be either a {synchronous counter} or a {ripple counter}. (1997-07-03)

binary counter ::: (electronics, hardware) A digital circuit which has a clock input and a number of count outputs which give the number of clock cycles. The output may reset input which sets all outputs to zero when asserted. The counter may be either a synchronous counter or a ripple counter. (1997-07-03)

bipolar ::: 1. (electronics) See bipolar transistor.2. (communications) In digital transmission, an electrical line signalling method where the mark value alternates between positive and negative polarities.See also AMI. (1995-03-02)

bipolar 1. "electronics" See {bipolar transistor}. 2. "communications" In digital transmission, an electrical line signalling method where the mark value alternates between positive and negative polarities. See also {AMI}. (1995-03-02)

bipolar transistor "electronics" A {transistor} made from a sandwich of n- and p-type {semiconductor} material: either npn or pnp. The middle section is known as the "base" and the other two as the "collector" and "emitter". When used as an amplifying element, the base to emitter junction is in a "forward-biased" (conducting) condition, and the base to collector junction is "reverse-biased" or non-conducting. Small changes in the base to emitter current (the input signal) cause either {holes} (for pnp devices) or free {electrons} (for npn) to enter the base from the emitter. The attracting voltage of the collector causes the majority of these charges to cross into and be collected by the collector, resulting in amplification. Contrast {field effect transistor}. (1995-10-04)

bipolar transistor ::: (electronics) A transistor made from a sandwich of n- and p-type semiconductor material: either npn or pnp. The middle section is known as the the majority of these charges to cross into and be collected by the collector, resulting in amplification.Contrast field effect transistor. (1995-10-04)

Boolean algebra "logic" (After the logician {George Boole}) 1. Commonly, and especially in computer science and digital electronics, this term is used to mean {two-valued logic}. 2. This is in stark contrast with the definition used by pure mathematicians who in the 1960s introduced "Boolean-valued {models}" into logic precisely because a "Boolean-valued model" is an interpretation of a {theory} that allows more than two possible truth values! Strangely, a Boolean algebra (in the mathematical sense) is not strictly an {algebra}, but is in fact a {lattice}. A Boolean algebra is sometimes defined as a "complemented {distributive lattice}". Boole's work which inspired the mathematical definition concerned {algebras} of {sets}, involving the operations of intersection, union and complement on sets. Such algebras obey the following identities where the operators ^, V, - and constants 1 and 0 can be thought of either as set intersection, union, complement, universal, empty; or as two-valued logic AND, OR, NOT, TRUE, FALSE; or any other conforming system. a ^ b = b ^ a  a V b = b V a   (commutative laws) (a ^ b) ^ c = a ^ (b ^ c) (a V b) V c = a V (b V c)     (associative laws) a ^ (b V c) = (a ^ b) V (a ^ c) a V (b ^ c) = (a V b) ^ (a V c)  (distributive laws) a ^ a = a  a V a = a     (idempotence laws) --a = a -(a ^ b) = (-a) V (-b) -(a V b) = (-a) ^ (-b)       (de Morgan's laws) a ^ -a = 0  a V -a = 1 a ^ 1 = a  a V 0 = a a ^ 0 = 0  a V 1 = 1 -1 = 0  -0 = 1 There are several common alternative notations for the "-" or {logical complement} operator. If a and b are elements of a Boolean algebra, we define a "= b to mean that a ^ b = a, or equivalently a V b = b. Thus, for example, if ^, V and - denote set intersection, union and complement then "= is the inclusive subset relation. The relation "= is a {partial ordering}, though it is not necessarily a {linear ordering} since some Boolean algebras contain incomparable values. Note that these laws only refer explicitly to the two distinguished constants 1 and 0 (sometimes written as {LaTeX} \top and \bot), and in {two-valued logic} there are no others, but according to the more general mathematical definition, in some systems variables a, b and c may take on other values as well. (1997-02-27)

Boolean algebra ::: (mathematics, logic) (After the logician George Boole)1. Commonly, and especially in computer science and digital electronics, this term is used to mean two-valued logic.2. This is in stark contrast with the definition used by pure mathematicians who in the 1960s introduced Boolean-valued models into logic precisely because a Boolean-valued model is an interpretation of a theory that allows more than two possible truth values!Strangely, a Boolean algebra (in the mathematical sense) is not strictly an algebra, but is in fact a lattice. A Boolean algebra is sometimes defined as a complemented distributive lattice.Boole's work which inspired the mathematical definition concerned algebras of sets, involving the operations of intersection, union and complement on sets. complement, universal, empty; or as two-valued logic AND, OR, NOT, TRUE, FALSE; or any other conforming system. a ^ b = b ^ a a V b = b V a (commutative laws)(a ^ b) ^ c = a ^ (b ^ c) There are several common alternative notations for the - or logical complement operator.If a and b are elements of a Boolean algebra, we define a = b to mean that a ^ b = a, or equivalently a V b = b. Thus, for example, if ^, V and - denote set relation = is a partial ordering, though it is not necessarily a linear ordering since some Boolean algebras contain incomparable values.Note that these laws only refer explicitly to the two distinguished constants 1 and 0 (sometimes written as LaTeX \top and \bot), and in two-valued logic there are no others, but according to the more general mathematical definition, in some systems variables a, b and c may take on other values as well. (1997-02-27)

bug "programming" An unwanted and unintended property of a {program} or piece of {hardware}, especially one that causes it to malfunction. Antonym of {feature}. E.g. "There's a bug in the editor: it writes things out backward." The identification and removal of bugs in a program is called "{debugging}". Admiral {Grace Hopper} (an early computing pioneer better known for inventing {COBOL}) liked to tell a story in which a technician solved a {glitch} in the {Harvard Mark II machine} by pulling an actual insect out from between the contacts of one of its relays, and she subsequently promulgated {bug} in its hackish sense as a joke about the incident (though, as she was careful to admit, she was not there when it happened). For many years the logbook associated with the incident and the actual bug in question (a moth) sat in a display case at the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC). The entire story, with a picture of the logbook and the moth taped into it, is recorded in the "Annals of the History of Computing", Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1981), pp. 285--286. The text of the log entry (from September 9, 1947), reads "1545 Relay

bug ::: (programming) An unwanted and unintended property of a program or piece of hardware, especially one that causes it to malfunction. Antonym of feature. E.g. There's a bug in the editor: it writes things out backward. The identification and removal of bugs in a program is called debugging.Admiral Grace Hopper (an early computing pioneer better known for inventing COBOL) liked to tell a story in which a technician solved a glitch in the logbook and the moth taped into it, is recorded in the Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1981), pp. 285--286.The text of the log entry (from September 9, 1947), reads 1545 Relay

button ::: 1. (electronics) push-button.2. (operating system) A graphical representation of an electrical push-button appearing as part of a graphical user interface. Moving the mouse pointer over the graphical button and pressing one of the physical mouse buttons starts some software action such as closing a window or deleting a file.See also radio button. (1997-07-07)

button 1. "electronics" {push-button}. 2. "operating system" A graphical representation of an electrical {push-button} appearing as part of a {graphical user interface}. Moving the {mouse pointer} over the graphical button and pressing one of the physical mouse buttons starts some software action such as closing a window or deleting a file. See also {radio button}. (1997-07-07)

capacitor "electronics" An electronic device that can store electrical charge. The charge stored Q in Coulombs is related to the capacitance C in Farads and the voltage V across the capacitor in Volts by Q = CV. The basis of a {dynamic RAM} cell is a capacitor. They are also used for power-supply smoothing (or "decoupling"). This is especially important in digital circuits where a digital device switching between states causes a sudden demand for current. Without sufficient local power supply decoupling, this current "spike" cannot be supplied directly from the power supply due to the inductance of the connectors and so will cause a sharp drop in the power supply voltage near the switching device. This can cause other devices to malfunction resulting in hard to trace {glitch}es. (1995-04-12)

capacitor ::: (electronics) An electronic device that can store electrical charge. The charge stored Q in Coulombs is related to the capacitance C in Farads and the voltage V across the capacitor in Volts by Q = CV.The basis of a dynamic RAM cell is a capacitor. They are also used for power-supply smoothing (or decoupling). This is especially important in voltage near the switching device. This can cause other devices to malfunction resulting in hard to trace glitches. (1995-04-12)

CATE ::: Computer Aided Test Engineering: CASE methods applied to electronics testing and linked to CAE

charge-coupled device ::: (electronics) (CCD) A semiconductor technology used to build light-sensitive electronic devices such as cameras and image scanners. CCDs can array of light-sensitive photocells. The photocell is sensitised by giving it an electrical charge prior to exposure.(2006-04-29)

charge-coupled device "electronics" (CCD) A semiconductor technology used to build light-sensitive electronic devices such as cameras and image scanners. CCDs can be made to detect either colour or black-and-white. Each CCD chip consists of an array of light-sensitive photocells. The photocell is sensitised by giving it an electrical charge prior to exposure. (2006-04-29)

circuit ::: 1. (communications) A communications path in a circuit switching network.2. (electronics) A complete path through which an electric current can flow.The term is used loosely for any device or subsystem using electrical or electronic components. E.g. That lightning bolt fried the circuits in my GPS receiver. An integrated circuit (IC) contains components built on a Silicon die.(2002-07-15)

circuit 1. "communications" A communications path in a {circuit switching} network. 2. "electronics" A complete path through which an electric current can flow. The term is used loosely for any device or subsystem using electrical or electronic components. E.g. "That lightning bolt fried the circuits in my GPS receiver". An {integrated circuit} (IC) contains components built on a Silicon {die}. (2002-07-15)

Compact Disc Read-Only Memory "storage" (CD-ROM) A {non-volatile} optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio {compact discs}, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. CD-ROM is popular for distribution of large databases, software and especially {multimedia} {applications}. The maximum capacity is about 600 megabytes. A CD can store around 640 {megabytes} of data - about 12 billion bytes per pound weight. CD-ROM drives are rated with a speed factor relative to music CDs (1x or 1-speed which gives a data transfer rate of 150 {kilobytes} per second). 12x drives were common in April 1997. Above 12x speed, there are problems with vibration and heat. {Constant angular velocity} (CAV) drives give speeds up to 20x but due to the nature of CAV the actual throughput increase over 12x is less than 20/12. 20x was thought to be the maximum speed due to mechanical constraints but on 1998-02-24, {Samsung Electronics} introduced the SCR-3230, a 32x CD-ROM drive which uses a ball bearing system to balance the spinning CD-ROM in the drive to reduce noise. CD-ROM drives may connect to an {IDE} interface, a {SCSI} interface or a propritary interface, of which there are three - Sony, Panasonic, and Mitsumi. Most CD-ROM drives can also play audio CDs. There are several formats used for CD-ROM data, including {Green Book CD-ROM}, {White Book CD-ROM} and {Yellow Book CD-ROM}. {ISO 9660} defines a standard {file system}, later extended by {Joliet}. See also {Compact Disc Recordable}, {Digital Versatile Disc}. {Byte, February 1997 (http://byte.com/art/9702/sec17/art5.htm)}. (2006-09-25)

Compact Disc Read-Only Memory ::: (storage) (CD-ROM) A non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive.CD-ROM is popular for distribution of large databases, software and especially multimedia applications. The maximum capacity is about 600 megabytes. A CD can store around 640 megabytes of data - about 12 billion bytes per pound weight.CD-ROM drives are rated with a speed factor relative to music CDs (1x or 1-speed which gives a data transfer rate of 150 kilobytes per second). 12x drives were heat. Constant angular velocity (CAV) drives give speeds up to 20x but due to the nature of CAV the actual throughput increase over 12x is less than 20/12.20x was thought to be the maximum speed due to mechanical constraints but on 1998-02-24, Samsung Electronics introduced the SCR-3230, a 32x CD-ROM drive which uses a ball bearing system to balance the spinning CD-ROM in the drive to reduce noise.CD-ROM drives may connect to an IDE interface, a SCSI interface or a propritary interface, of which there are three - Sony, Panasonic, and Mitsumi. Most CD-ROM drives can also play audio CDs.There are several formats used for CD-ROM data, including Green Book CD-ROM, White Book CD-ROM and Yellow Book CD-ROM. ISO 9660 defines a standard file system, later extended by Joliet.See also Compact Disc Recordable, Digital Versatile Disc. .(2006-09-25)

Computer Aided Test Engineering "testing, electronics" (CATE) {CASE} methods applied to electronics testing and linked to {CAE}. (2007-05-03)

Computing Devices Canada Ltd. ::: (company) Canada's largest defence electronics company. It has extensive hardware and software developmental capabilities. Its list of achievements electroluminiscent displays, large multi-sensor displays, coastal intrusion detection systems, and fibre-optic distribution systems.Computing Devices Canada was founded in 1948 and is part of the Ceridian group of companies, owned 100% by the Minneapolis-based company.Annual revenue for 1996 was $376 million. (1997-07-31)

constant linear velocity "storage" (CLV) A way of controlling the rotation of the {disks} in a {disk drive} in which the {linear velocity} of the disk surface relative to the {read/write heads} is kept constant. In order to achieve constant linear velocity, the disk must rotate faster (at a higher {angular velocity}) when reading or writing tracks closer to the centre. Having a constant linear read/write speed along the track means that the electrical signal to and from the heads has a constant {data rate} (bits per second), thus simplifying the timing of the drive electronics somewhat. However, rotating at less than the maximum possible rate sacrifices some potential performance compared to the alternative, {constant angular velocity}. Also, varying the rate causes more vibration and consumes more energy. (2014-07-27)

cookbook "programming" (From amateur electronics and radio) A book of small code segments that the reader can use to do various {magic} things in programs. One current example is the "{PostScript} Language Tutorial and Cookbook" by Adobe Systems, Inc (Addison-Wesley, ISBN 0-201-10179-3), also known as the {Blue Book} which has recipes for things like wrapping text around arbitrary curves and making 3D fonts. Cookbooks, slavishly followed, can lead one into {voodoo programming}, but are useful for hackers trying to {monkey up} small programs in unknown languages. This function is analogous to the role of phrasebooks in human languages. [{Jargon File}] (1994-11-04)

cookbook ::: (programming) (From amateur electronics and radio) A book of small code segments that the reader can use to do various magic things in programs.One current example is the PostScript Language Tutorial and Cookbook by Adobe Systems, Inc (Addison-Wesley, ISBN 0-201-10179-3), also known as the Blue Book which has recipes for things like wrapping text around arbitrary curves and making 3D fonts.Cookbooks, slavishly followed, can lead one into voodoo programming, but are useful for hackers trying to monkey up small programs in unknown languages. This function is analogous to the role of phrasebooks in human languages.[Jargon File] (1994-11-04)

crosstalk "electronics" Interference caused by two signals becoming partially superimposed on each other due to electromagnetic (inductive) or electrostatic (capacitive) coupling between the conductors carrying the signals. A common example of crosstalk is where the magnetic field from changing current flow in one wire induces current in another wire running parallel to the other, as in a transformer. Crosstalk can be reduced by using shielded cables and increasing the distance between conductors. (1995-12-20)

crosstalk ::: (electronics) Interference caused by two signals becoming partially superimposed on each other due to electromagnetic (inductive) or electrostatic transformer. Crosstalk can be reduced by using shielded cables and increasing the distance between conductors. (1995-12-20)

current "electronics" The quantity of {charge} per unit time, measured in Amperes (Amps, A). By historical convention, the sign of current is positive for currents flowing from positive to negative {potential}, but experience indicates that electrons are negatively charged and flow in the opposite direction. (1995-10-05)

current ::: (electronics) The quantity of charge per unit time, measured in Amperes (Amps, A). By historical convention, the sign of current is positive for currents flowing from positive to negative potential, but experience indicates that electrons are negatively charged and flow in the opposite direction. (1995-10-05)

Cyc "artificial intelligence" A large {knowledge-based system}. Cyc is a very large, multi-contextual {knowledge base} and {inference engine}, the development of which started at the {Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation} (MCC) in Austin, Texas during the early 1980s. Over the past eleven years the members of the Cyc team, lead by {Doug Lenat}, have added to the knowledge base a huge amount of fundamental human knowledge: {facts}, rules of thumb, and {heuristics} for reasoning about the objects and events of modern everyday life. Cyc is an attempt to do symbolic {AI} on a massive scale. It is not based on numerical methods such as statistical probabilities, nor is it based on {neural networks} or {fuzzy logic}. All of the knowledge in Cyc is represented {declaratively} in the form of logical {assertions}. Cyc presently contains approximately 400,000 significant assertions, which include simple statements of fact, rules about what conclusions to draw if certain statements of fact are satisfied, and rules about how to reason with certain types of facts and rules. The {inference engine} derives new conclusions using {deductive reasoning}. To date, Cyc has made possible ground-breaking pilot applications in the areas of {heterogeneous} database browsing and integration, {captioned image retrieval}, and {natural language processing}. In January of 1995, a new independent company named Cycorp was created to continue the Cyc project. Cycorp is still in Austin, Texas. The president of Cycorp is {Doug Lenat}. The development of Cyc has been supported by several organisations, including {Apple}, {Bellcore}, {DEC}, {DoD}, {Interval}, {Kodak}, and {Microsoft}. {(http://cyc.com/)}. {Unofficial FAQ (http://robotwisdom.com/ai/cycfaq.html)}. (1999-09-07)

Cyc ::: (artificial intelligence) A large knowledge-based system.Cyc is a very large, multi-contextual knowledge base and inference engine, the development of which started at the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) in Austin, Texas during the early 1980s.Over the past eleven years the members of the Cyc team, lead by Doug Lenat, have added to the knowledge base a huge amount of fundamental human knowledge: facts, rules of thumb, and heuristics for reasoning about the objects and events of modern everyday life.Cyc is an attempt to do symbolic AI on a massive scale. It is not based on numerical methods such as statistical probabilities, nor is it based on neural satisfied, and rules about how to reason with certain types of facts and rules. The inference engine derives new conclusions using deductive reasoning.To date, Cyc has made possible ground-breaking pilot applications in the areas of heterogeneous database browsing and integration, captioned image retrieval, and natural language processing.In January of 1995, a new independent company named Cycorp was created to continue the Cyc project. Cycorp is still in Austin, Texas. The president of Cycorp is Doug Lenat.The development of Cyc has been supported by several organisations, including Apple, Bellcore, DEC, DoD, Interval, Kodak, and Microsoft. . . (1999-09-07)

die ::: 1. (jargon) crash. Unlike crash, which is used primarily of hardware, this verb is used of both hardware and software.See also go flatline, casters-up mode.2. (electronics) Plural: dies. An unpackaged integrated circuit.[Jargon File](2002-12-09)

die 1. "jargon" {crash}. Unlike {crash}, which is used primarily of hardware, this verb is used of both hardware and software. See also {go flatline}, {casters-up mode}. 2. "electronics" Plural: dies. An unpackaged {integrated circuit}. [{Jargon File}] (2002-12-09)

digital electronics ::: (electronics) The implementation of two-valued logic using electronic logic gates such as and gates, or gates and flip-flops. In such circuits the for false and +5V for true. Similarly, numbers are normally represented in binary using two different voltages to represented zero and one.Digital electronics contrasts with analogue electronics which represents continuously varying quantities like sound pressure using continuously varying voltages.Digital electronics is the foundation of modern computers and digital communications. Massively complex digital logic circuits with millions of gates can now be built onto a single integrated circuit such as a microprocessor and these circuits can perform millions of operations per second.(2006-01-14)

digital electronics "electronics" The implementation of {two-valued logic} using electronic {logic gates} such as {and gates}, {or gates} and {flip-flops}. In such circuits the logical values true and false are represented by two different {voltages}, e.g. 0V for false and +5V for true. Similarly, numbers are normally represented in {binary} using two different voltages to represented zero and one. Digital electronics contrasts with {analogue} electronics which represents continuously varying quantities like sound pressure using continuously varying voltages. Digital electronics is the foundation of modern computers and {digital communications}. Massively complex digital logic circuits with millions of gates can now be built onto a single {integrated circuit} such as a {microprocessor} and these circuits can perform millions of operations per second. (2006-01-14)

Digital Multimeter "electronics" (DMM) A peice of test equipment used for measuring voltage, current, resistance, and possibly other electircal quantities and displaying the value in number form. (1997-02-12)

Digital Multimeter ::: (electronics) (DMM) A peice of test equipment used for measuring voltage, current, resistance, and possibly other electircal quantities and displaying the value in number form. (1997-02-12)

Digital to Analog Converter "electronics" (DAC) A device which takes a digital value and outputs a voltage which is proportional to the input value. Typical uses include digital generation of audio signals or conversion of a {bitmap image} to a signal to drive a {CRT}. (1998-02-15)

Digital to Analog Converter ::: (electronics) (DAC) A device which takes a digital value and outputs a voltage which is proportional to the input value.Typical uses include digital generation of audio signals or conversion of a bitmap image to a signal to drive a CRT. (1998-02-15)

dike To remove or disable a portion of something, as a wire from a computer or a subroutine from a program. A standard slogan is "When in doubt, dike it out". (The implication is that it is usually more effective to attack software problems by reducing complexity than by increasing it.) The word "dikes" is widely used among mechanics and engineers to mean "diagonal cutters", especially the heavy-duty metal-cutting version, but may also refer to a kind of wire-cutters used by electronics technicians. To "dike something out" means to use such cutters to remove something. Indeed, the TMRC Dictionary defined dike as "to attack with dikes". Among hackers this term has been metaphorically extended to informational objects such as sections of code. [{Jargon File}]

diode "hardware, electronics" A {semiconductor} device which conducts electric current run in one direction only. This is the simplest kind of semiconductor device, it has two terminals and a single PN junction. One diode can be used as a {half-wave rectifier} or four as a {full-wave rectifier}. (1995-03-14)

diode ::: (hardware, electronics) A semiconductor device which conducts electric current run in one direction only. This is the simplest kind of semiconductor device, it has two terminals and a single PN junction. One diode can be used as a half-wave rectifier or four as a full-wave rectifier. (1995-03-14)

disk drive ::: (hardware, storage) (Or hard disk drive, hard drive, floppy disk drive, floppy drive) A peripheral device that reads and writes hard disks or a servo mechanism. It also contains the electronics to amplify the signals from the heads to normal digital logic levels and vice versa.In order for a disk drive to start to read or write a given location a read/write head must be positioned radially over the right track and rotationally over the start of the right sector.Radial motion is known as seeking and it is this which causes most of the intermittent noise heard during disk activity. There is usually one head for accessible with the heads in a given radial position are known as a cylinder. The seek time is the time taken to seek to a different cylinder.The disk is constantly rotating (except for some floppy disk drives where the motor is switched off between accesses to reduce wear and power consumption) so will be on average half a revolution but some big drives have multiple sets of heads spaced at equal angles around the disk.If seeking and rotation are independent, access time is seek time + rotational latency. When accessing multiple tracks sequentially, data is sometimes arranged so that by the time the seek from one track to the next has finished, the disk has rotated just enough to begin accessing the next track.See also sector interleave.The disks may be removable disks; floppy disks always are, removable hard disks were common on mainframes and minicomputers but less so on microcomputers until the mid 1990s(?) with products like the Zip Drive.A CD-ROM drive is not usually referred to as a disk drive.Two common interfaces for disk drives (and other devices) are SCSI and IDE. ST506 used to be common in microcomputers (in the 1980s?). (1997-04-15)

disk drive "hardware, storage" (Or "hard disk drive", "hard drive", "floppy disk drive", "floppy drive") A {peripheral} device that reads and writes {hard disks} or {floppy disks}. The drive contains a motor to rotate the disk at a constant rate and one or more read/write heads which are positioned over the desired {track} by a servo mechanism. It also contains the electronics to amplify the signals from the heads to normal digital logic levels and vice versa. In order for a disk drive to start to read or write a given location a read/write head must be positioned radially over the right track and rotationally over the start of the right sector. Radial motion is known as "{seek}ing" and it is this which causes most of the intermittent noise heard during disk activity. There is usually one head for each disk surface and all heads move together. The set of locations which are accessible with the heads in a given radial position are known as a "{cylinder}". The "{seek time}" is the time taken to seek to a different cylinder. The disk is constantly rotating (except for some {floppy disk} drives where the motor is switched off between accesses to reduce wear and power consumption) so positioning the heads over the right sector is simply a matter of waiting until it arrives under the head. With a single set of heads this "{rotational latency}" will be on average half a revolution but some big drives have multiple sets of heads spaced at equal angles around the disk. If seeking and rotation are independent, access time is seek time + rotational latency. When accessing multiple tracks sequentially, data is sometimes arranged so that by the time the seek from one track to the next has finished, the disk has rotated just enough to begin accessing the next track. See also {sector interleave}. Early disk drives had a capacity of a few {megabytes} and were housed inside a separate cabinet the size of a washing machine. Over a few decades they shrunk to fit a {terabyte} or more in a box the size of a paperback book. The disks may be {removable disks}; floppy disks always are, removable hard disks were common on {mainframes} and {minicomputers} but less so on {microcomputers} until the mid 1990s(?) with products like the {Zip Drive}. A {CD-ROM} drive is not usually referred to as a disk drive. Two common interfaces for disk drives (and other devices) are {SCSI} and {IDE}. {ST-506} used to be common in microcomputers (in the 1980s?). (1997-04-15)

drive "storage" A {peripheral} device that allows a computer to read or/or write some storage medium such as a {hard disk}, {floppy disk}, {magnetic tape}, {compact disc} or {DVD}. These would be called a {disk drive}, {magnetic tape drive}, etc. CD and DVD drives are known collectively as {optical drives}. When unqualified the term probably refers to a hard disk drive. The term "drive" refers particularly to the electrical components such as electric motors and head positioning system, read-write heads and associated electronics. Of the above storage media, typically only hard disks are fixed, the rest being removable. Most PCs in 2009 include one disk drive and one optical drive housed in the main PC enclosure. Extra drives can be connected externally via {USB}, {SCSI} or {Firewire}. Magnetic tape is always removable and tape drives are typically external. Not to be confused with a "driver" meaning {device driver} - software used to access a peripheral device. (2009-12-01)

ECAP II ::: Electronic Circuit Analysis Program. Simple language for analysing electrical networks. Introduction to Computer Analysis: ECAP for Electronics Technicians and Engineers, H. Levin, P-H 1970.

ECAP II Electronic Circuit Analysis Program. Simple language for analysing electrical networks. "Introduction to Computer Analysis: ECAP for Electronics Technicians and Engineers", H. Levin, P-H 1970.

EIA {Electronics Industry Association}

Electing a Pope "electronics, humour" (From the smoke signals given out when the guys in funny hats choose a new Pope) Causing an {integrated circuit} or other electronic component to emit smoke by passing too much current through it. See {magic smoke}. (1995-08-18)

Electing a Pope ::: (electronics, humour) (From the smoke signals given out when the guys in funny hats choose a new Pope) Causing an integrated circuit or other electronic component to emit smoke by passing too much current through it.See magic smoke. (1995-08-18)

electromigration "electronics" Mass transport due to momentum exchange between conducting electrons and diffusing metal atoms. Electromigration causes progressive damage to the metal conductors in an {integrated circuit}. It is characteristic of metals at very high current density and temperatures of 100C or more. The term was coined by Professor Hilbert Huntington in the late 1950s because he didn't like the German use of the word "electrotransport". Mass transoport occurs via the Einstein relation J=DFC/kT where F is the driving force for the transoport. For electromigraiton F is z*epj and z* is an electromigration parameter relating the momentum exchange and z is the charge of the "diffusing" species. (1999-02-25)

electromigration ::: (electronics) Mass transport due to momentum exchange between conducting electrons and diffusing metal atoms. Electromigration causes progressive damage to the metal conductors in an integrated circuit. It is characteristic of metals at very high current density and temperatures of 100C or more.The term was coined by Professor Hilbert Huntington in the late 1950s because he didn't like the German use of the word electrotransport.Mass transoport occurs via the Einstein relation J=DFC/kT where F is the driving force for the transoport. For electromigraiton F is z*epj and z* is an electromigration parameter relating the momentum exchange and z is the charge of the diffusing species. (1999-02-25)

electron "electronics" A sub-atomic particle with a negative quantised {charge}. A flow of electrical {current} consists of the unidirectional (on average) movement of many electrons. The more mobile electrons are in a given material, the greater it electrical conductance (or equivalently, the lower its resistance). (1995-10-06)

electron ::: (electronics) A sub-atomic particle with a negative quantised charge. A flow of electrical current consists of the unidirectional (on average) movement of many electrons. The more mobile electrons are in a given material, the greater it electrical conductance (or equivalently, the lower its resistance). (1995-10-06)

electron model "electronics" A {model} of {semiconductor} behaviour in which {donors} contribute the {charge} of an {electron}, and {acceptors} contribute a space for same, in effect contributing a fictional positive charge of similiar magnitude. Physicists use the {electron model}. Some language theorists consider language and the {electron} to be {models} in themselves. Contrast {hole model}. (1995-10-06)

electron model ::: (electronics) A model of semiconductor behaviour in which donors contribute the charge of an electron, and acceptors contribute a space for same, Physicists use the electron model. Some language theorists consider language and the electron to be models in themselves.Contrast hole model. (1995-10-06)

electron tube "electronics" (Or tube, vacuum tube, UK: valve, electron valve, thermionic valve, firebottle, glassfet) An electronic component consisting of a space exhausted of gas to such an extent that {electrons} may move about freely, and two or more electrodes with external connections. Nearly all tubes are of the thermionic type where one electrode, called the cathode, is heated, and electrons are emitted from its surface with a small energy (typically a Volt or less). A second electrode, called the anode (plate) will attract the electrons when it is positive with respect to the cathode, allowing current in one direction but not the other. In types which are used for amplification of signals, additional electrodes, called grids, beam-forming electrodes, focussing electrodes and so on according to their purpose, are introduced between cathode and plate and modify the flow of electrons by electrostatic attraction or (usually) repulsion. A voltage change on a grid can control a substantially greater change in that between cathode and anode. Unlike {semiconductors}, except perhaps for {FETs}, the movement of electrons is simply a function of electrostatic field within the active region of the tube, and as a consequence of the very low mass of the electron, the currents can be changed quickly. Moreover, there is no limit to the current density in the space, and the electrodes which do dissapate power are usually metal and can be cooled with forced air, water, or other refrigerants. Today these features cause tubes to be the active device of choice when the signals to be amplified are a power levels of more than about 500 watts. The first electronic digital computers used hundreds of vacuum tubes as their active components which, given the reliability of these devices, meant the computers needed frequent repairs to keep them operating. The chief causes of unreliability are the heater used to heat the cathode and the connector into which the tube was plugged. Vacuum tube manufacturers in the US are nearly a thing of the past, with the exception of the special purpose types used in broadcast and image sensing and displays. Eimac, GE, RCA, and the like would probably refer to specific types such as "Beam Power Tetrode" and the like, and rarely use the generic terms. The {cathode ray tube} is a special purpose type based on these principles which is used for the visual display in television and computers. X-ray tubes are diodes (two element tubes) used at high voltage; a tungsten anode emits the energetic photons when the energetic electrons hit it. Magnetrons use magnetic fields to constrain the electrons; they provide very simple, high power, ultra-high frequency signals for radar, microwave ovens, and the like. Klystrons amplify signals at high power and microwave frequencies. (1996-02-05)

electron tube ::: (electronics) (Or tube, vacuum tube, UK: valve, electron valve, thermionic valve, firebottle, glassfet) An electronic component consisting of a when it is positive with respect to the cathode, allowing current in one direction but not the other.In types which are used for amplification of signals, additional electrodes, called grids, beam-forming electrodes, focussing electrodes and so on according change on a grid can control a substantially greater change in that between cathode and anode.Unlike semiconductors, except perhaps for FETs, the movement of electrons is simply a function of electrostatic field within the active region of the tube, tubes to be the active device of choice when the signals to be amplified are a power levels of more than about 500 watts.The first electronic digital computers used hundreds of vacuum tubes as their active components which, given the reliability of these devices, meant the unreliability are the heater used to heat the cathode and the connector into which the tube was plugged.Vacuum tube manufacturers in the US are nearly a thing of the past, with the exception of the special purpose types used in broadcast and image sensing and displays. Eimac, GE, RCA, and the like would probably refer to specific types such as Beam Power Tetrode and the like, and rarely use the generic terms.The cathode ray tube is a special purpose type based on these principles which is used for the visual display in television and computers. X-ray tubes are ultra-high frequency signals for radar, microwave ovens, and the like. Klystrons amplify signals at high power and microwave frequencies. (1996-02-05)

Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics {Advanced Technology Attachment Interface with Extensions}

enhancement "marketing" 1. A change intended to make a product better in some way, e.g. new functions, faster, or occasionally more compatible with other systems. Enhancements to {hardware} components, especially {integrated circuits} often mean they are smaller and less demanding of resources. Sadly, this is almost never true of {software} enhancements. Examples include {Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications}, {Enhanced Capabilities Port}, {Enhanced Directory Service}, {Enhanced Dynamic Random Access Memory}, {Enhanced Graphics Adapter}, {Enhanced IDE}, {Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics}, {enhanced parallel port}, {Enhanced Small Disk Interface}, {List Enhanced}, {Privacy Enhanced Mail}. 2. {Marketroid}-speak for a {bug fix}. This abuse of language is a popular and time-tested way to turn incompetence into increased revenue. A hacker being ironic would instead call the fix a {feature}, or perhaps save some effort by declaring "{That's not a bug, that's a feature!}". [{Jargon File}] (1998-04-04)

fan-out "electronics" The number of {logic gate} inputs that can be driven from a single gate output of the same type. Circuit designers need to add extra {buffers} if a signal goes to more inputs than the fan-out of the gate that produces it allows. (2007-05-16)

fat electrons ::: (electronics, humour) Old-time hacker David Cargill's theory on the cause of computer glitches. Your typical electricity company draws its line current have to turn a sharp corner (as in an integrated-circuit via), they're apt to get stuck. This is what causes computer glitches.[Obviously, fat electrons must gain mass by bogon absorption - ESR]Compare bogon, magic smoke.[Jargon File] (1996-12-08)

fat electrons "electronics, humour" Old-time hacker David Cargill's theory on the cause of computer glitches. Your typical electricity company draws its line current out of the big generators with a pair of coil taps located near the top of the dynamo. When the normal tap brushes get dirty, they take them off line to clean them up, and use special auxiliary taps on the *bottom* of the coil. Now, this is a problem, because when they do that they get not ordinary or "thin" electrons, but the fat sloppy electrons that are heavier and so settle to the bottom of the generator. These flow down ordinary wires just fine, but when they have to turn a sharp corner (as in an integrated-circuit via), they're apt to get stuck. This is what causes computer glitches. [Obviously, fat electrons must gain mass by {bogon} absorption - ESR] Compare {bogon}, {magic smoke}. [{Jargon File}] (1996-12-08)

feedback control "electronics" A control system which monitors its effect on the system it is controlling and modifies its output accordingly. For example, a thermostat has two inputs: the desired temperature and the current temperature (the latter is the feedback). The output of the thermostat changes so as to try to equalise the two inputs. Computer {disk drives} use feedback control to position the read/write heads accurately on a recording track. Complex systems such as the human body contain many feedback systems that interact with each other; the homeostasis mechanisms that control body temperature and acidity are good examples. (1996-01-02)

feedback control ::: (electronics) A control system which monitors its effect on the system it is controlling and modifies its output accordingly. For example, a thermostat is the feedback). The output of the thermostat changes so as to try to equalise the two inputs.Computer disk drives use feedback control to position the read/write heads accurately on a recording track. Complex systems such as the human body contain many feedback systems that interact with each other; the homeostasis mechanisms that control body temperature and acidity are good examples. (1996-01-02)

feedback ::: (electronics) Part of a system output presented at its input. Feedback may be unintended. When used as a design feature, the output is usually transformed by passive components which attenuate it in some manner; the result is then presented at the system input.Feedback is positive or negative, depending on the sign with which a positive change in the original input reappears after transformation. Negative feedback largely a function of the feedback transformation and only minimally a function of factors such as transistor gain which are imperfectly known.Positive feedback can lead to instability; it finds wide application in the construction of oscillators.Feedback can be used to control a system, as in feedback control. (1996-01-02)

feedback "electronics" Part of a system output presented at its input. Feedback may be unintended. When used as a design feature, the output is usually transformed by passive components which attenuate it in some manner; the result is then presented at the system input. Feedback is positive or negative, depending on the sign with which a positive change in the original input reappears after transformation. Negative feedback was invented by Black to stabilise {vacuum tube} amplifiers. The behaviour becomes largely a function of the feedback transformation and only minimally a function of factors such as transistor gain which are imperfectly known. Positive feedback can lead to instability; it finds wide application in the construction of oscillators. Feedback can be used to control a system, as in {feedback control}. (1996-01-02)

field effect transistor "electronics" (FET) A {transistor} with a region of {donor} material with two terminals called the "source" and the "drain", and an adjoining region of {acceptor} material between, called the "gate". The voltage between the gate and the {substrate} controls the current flow between source and drain by depleting the donor region of its charge carriers to greater or lesser extent. There are two kinds of FET's, {Junction FETs} and {MOSFETs}. Because no current (except a minute leakage current) flows through the gate, FETs can be used to make circuits with very low power consumption. Contrast {bipolar transistor}. (1995-10-05)

field effect transistor ::: (electronics) (FET) A transistor with a region of donor material with two terminals called the source and the drain, and an adjoining region of the substrate controls the current flow between source and drain by depleting the donor region of its charge carriers to greater or lesser extent.There are two kinds of FET's, Junction FETs and MOSFETs.Because no current (except a minute leakage current) flows through the gate, FETs can be used to make circuits with very low power consumption.Contrast bipolar transistor. (1995-10-05)

Finite Impulse Response "electronics, DSP" (FIR) A type of {digital signal} {filter}, in which every {sample} of output is the weighted sum of past and current samples of input, using only some finite number of past samples. (2001-06-06)

Finite Impulse Response ::: (electronics, DSP) (FIR) A type of digital signal filter, in which every sample of output is the weighted sum of past and current samples of input, using only some finite number of past samples.(2001-06-06)

FIR ::: 1. (electronics) Finite Impulse Response (filter).2. (standard) Fast Infrared. Infrared standard from IrDA, part of IrDA Data. FIR supports synchronous communications at 4 Mbps (and 1.115 Mbps?), at a distance of up to 1 metre. (1999-10-14)

FIR 1. "electronics" {Finite Impulse Response} (filter). 2. "standard" Fast Infrared. {Infrared} standard from {IrDA}, part of {IrDA Data}. FIR supports {synchronous} communications at 4 Mbps (and 1.115 Mbps?), at a distance of up to 1 metre. (1999-10-14)

Fowler-Nordheim tunnelling "electronics" (US: "tunneling") The quantum mechanical effect exploited in {EAPROM} and {Flash Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory}. It differs from {Frenkel-Pool Tunnelling} in that it does not rely on defects in the {semiconductor}. [More detail?] (2001-09-27)

Fowler-Nordheim tunnelling ::: (electronics) (US: tunneling) The quantum mechanical effect exploited in EAPROM and Flash Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory. It differs from Frenkel-Pool Tunnelling in that it does not rely on defects in the semiconductor.[More detail?](2001-09-27)

Free On-line Dictionary of Computing "introduction" FOLDOC is a searchable dictionary of acronyms, jargon, programming languages, tools, architecture, operating systems, networking, theory, conventions, standards, mathematics, telecoms, electronics, institutions, companies, projects, products, history, in fact anything to do with computing. Copyright 1985 by Denis Howe Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, Front- or Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "{GNU Free Documentation License}". Please refer to the dictionary as "The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, http://foldoc.org/, Editor Denis Howe" or similar. Please make the URL both text (for humans) and a hyperlink (for Google). You can search the latest version of the dictionary at URL http://foldoc.org/. Where {LaTeX} commands for certain non-{ASCII} symbols are mentioned, they are described in their own entries. "\" is also used to represent the Greek lower-case lambda used in {lambda-calculus}. See {Pronunciation} for how to interpret the pronunciation given for some entries. Cross-references to other entries look {like this}. Note that not all cross-references actually lead anywhere yet, but if you find one that leads to something inappropriate, please let me know. Dates after entries indicate when that entry was last updated. {More about FOLDOC (about.html)}. (2018-05-22)

friode "humour, electronics" /fri:'ohd/ (TMRC) A reversible (that is, fused, blown, or {fried}) {diode}. A friode may have been a {SED} at some time. See also {LER}. [{Jargon File}] (1996-04-28)

friode ::: (humour, electronics) /fri:'ohd/ (TMRC) A reversible (that is, fused, blown, or fried) diode. A friode may have been a SED at some time.See also LER.[Jargon File] (1996-04-28)

gas plasma display ::: (electronics) A type of display containing super-energised neon gas, used mostly in flat monitor and television screens. Each pixel has a transistor that controls its colour and brightness. . .[How does it work?] (1998-04-30)

gas plasma display "electronics" A type of display containing super-energised neon gas, used mostly in flat {monitor} and television {screens}. Each {pixel} has a {transistor} that controls its colour and brightness. {Plasma (http://kipinet.com/mmp/mmp_apr96/dep_techwatch.html)}. {Flat Screen Technology (http://montegonet.com/plasma.html)}. {More about Gas Plasma (http://advancedplasma.com/whatis.html)}. [How does it work?] (1998-04-30)

General Dynamics Canada Ltd "company" A Canadian defence electronics company that makes direct and indirect fire control {systems}, vehicle electronics, reconnaissance vehicle surveillance systems, computerised laser sight for anti-tank weapons, tactical {communication systems}, headquarters information distribution system, tactical voice and distribution systems, acoustic signal processing, ASW mission systems, sonobuoy {processors}, active sonar systems, towed array sonar systems, tactical acoustic trainer, {Mil-Spec} {electroluminiscent displays}, large multi-sensor displays, coastal intrusion detection systems and {fibre-optic} distribution systems. The company was founded in 1948 as "Computing Devices Canada Ltd.", part of the Ceridian group of companies. It was renamed General Dynamics Canada Ltd. on 2002-01-01. {General Dynamics Canada (http://www.gdcanada.com/)}. (2013-01-20)

glitch ::: /glich/ [German glitschen to slip, via Yiddish glitshen, to slide or skid] 1. (Electronics) When the inputs of a circuit change, and the outputs change to reading the random value, the results can be very wrong and very hard to debug (a glitch is one of many causes of electronic heisenbugs).2. A sudden interruption in electric service, sanity, continuity, or program function. Sometimes recoverable. An interruption in electric service is specifically called a power glitch (or power hit), of grave concern because it usually crashes all the computers. See also gritch.2. [Stanford] To scroll a display screen, especially several lines at a time. WAITS terminals used to do this in order to avoid continuous scrolling, which is distracting to the eye.4. Obsolete. Same as magic cookie.[Jargon File]

glitch /glich/ [German "glitschen" to slip, via Yiddish "glitshen", to slide or skid] 1. (Electronics) When the inputs of a circuit change, and the outputs change to some {random} value for some very brief time before they settle down to the correct value. If another circuit inspects the output at just the wrong time, reading the random value, the results can be very wrong and very hard to debug (a glitch is one of many causes of electronic {heisenbugs}). 2. A sudden interruption in electric service, sanity, continuity, or program function. Sometimes recoverable. An interruption in electric service is specifically called a "power glitch" (or {power hit}), of grave concern because it usually crashes all the computers. See also {gritch}. 2. [Stanford] To scroll a display screen, especially several lines at a time. {WAITS} terminals used to do this in order to avoid continuous scrolling, which is distracting to the eye. 4. Obsolete. Same as {magic cookie}. [{Jargon File}]

graphics adaptor ::: (hardware, graphics) (Or graphics adapter, graphics card, video adaptor, etc.) A circuit board fitted to a computer, especially an IBM PC, containing the necessary video memory and other electronics to provide a bitmap display.Adaptors vary in the resolution (number of pixels) and number of colours they can display, and in the refresh rate they support. These parameters are also display standards, e.g. SVGA, have become common and different software requires or supports different sets. (1996-09-16)

graphics adaptor "hardware, graphics" (Or "graphics adapter", "graphics card", "video adaptor", etc.) A circuit board fitted to a computer, especially an {IBM PC}, containing the necessary {video memory} and other electronics to provide a {bitmap display}. Adaptors vary in the {resolution} (number of {pixels}) and number of colours they can display, and in the {refresh rate} they support. These parameters are also limited by the {monitor} to which the adaptor is connected. A number of such {display standards}, e.g. {SVGA}, have become common and different {software} requires or supports different sets. (1996-09-16)

Gunning Transceiver Logic ::: (electronics, hardware, integrated circuit, standard) (GTL) A standard for electrical signals in CMOS circuits used to provide higher data transfer speeds with smaller voltage swings [compared with what?].The GTL signal swings between 0.4 volts and 1.2 volts with a reference voltage of about 0.8 volts. Only a small deviation of 0.4 volts (or thereabouts) from the reference voltage is required to switch between on and off states. Therefore, a GTL signal is said to be a low voltage swing logic signal.Gunning Transceiver Logic has several advantages. The resistive termination of a GTL signal provides a clean signalling environment [what?]. Moreover, the low resistive elements. GTL has low power dissipation and can operate at high frequency and causes less electromagnetic interference (EMI). .(2000-01-16)

Gunning Transceiver Logic "electronics, hardware, integrated circuit, standard" (GTL) A {standard} for electrical signals in {CMOS} circuits used to provide higher data transfer speeds with smaller voltage swings [compared with what?]. The GTL signal swings between 0.4 volts and 1.2 volts with a reference voltage of about 0.8 volts. Only a small deviation of 0.4 volts (or thereabouts) from the reference voltage is required to switch between on and off states. Therefore, a GTL signal is said to be a low voltage swing logic signal. Gunning Transceiver Logic has several advantages. The {resistive termination} of a GTL signal provides a clean signalling environment [what?]. Moreover, the low terminating voltage of 1.2 volts results in reduced voltage drops across the resistive elements. GTL has low power dissipation and can operate at high frequency and causes less {electromagnetic interference} (EMI). {GTL/BTL: A Low-Swing Solution for High-Speed Digital Logic (http://edtn.com/scribe/reference/appnotes/md003ecc.htm)}. (2000-01-16)

hard disk "storage" (In contrast to {floppy disk}) A {magnetic disk} data storage device where the disks are rigid and fixed to a central axle. They are usually packaged with associated read/write heads and electronics. Most hard disks are permanently connected to the drive (fixed disks) though there are also {removable hard disks}. See {magnetic disk}. (2007-06-14)

hard disk ::: (storage) (In contrast to floppy disk). One or more rigid magnetic disks rotating about a central axle with associated read/write heads and electronics, used to store data. Most hard disks are permanently connected to the drive (fixed disks) though there are also removable disks.High speed disks have an access time of 28 milliseconds or less, and low-speed disks run 65 milliseconds or more. The higher speed disks also transfer their data faster than the slower speed units.Each surface of each disk is divided into a number of evenly spaced concentric circular tracks. The set of all tracks at a given radius on all surfaces (the tracks which can be accessed without moving the heads) are known as a cylinder. Each track is divided into sectors.The heads float just above the disk's surface on a current of air. As the disk turns it moves the air around it, creaing theair current. The head has an pushes the head towards the disk at the same time keeping the head at a constant distance from the disk (about two microns).Disk drives are commonly characterised by the kind of interface used to connect to the computer, e.g. ATA, IDE, SCSI.See also winchester. .(2004-06-17)

hard-wired ::: 1. (electronics) An aspect of an electronic circuit which is determined by the wiring of the hardware, as opposed to being programmable in software or controlled by a switch.2. (software, jargon) In software, a synonym for hard-coded.3. By extension, anything that is not modifiable, especially in the sense of customisable to one's particular needs or tastes.[Jargon File] (1999-10-18)

hard-wired 1. "electronics" An aspect of an electronic circuit which is determined by the wiring of the hardware, as opposed to being programmable in software or controlled by a switch. 2. "software, jargon" In software, a synonym for {hard-coded}. 3. By extension, anything that is not modifiable, especially in the sense of customisable to one's particular needs or tastes. [{Jargon File}] (1999-10-18)

heat sink ::: (hardware) /heet sink/ (from sink, electronics jargon for something which takes in current) A piece of thermally conductive metal attached to a have fans attached. Heat sink compound can be smeared between the device and the heat sink to improve thermal conduction. (1997-06-10)

heat sink "hardware" /heet sink/ (from "sink", electronics jargon for something which takes in current) A piece of thermally conductive metal attached to a {semiconductor} or other electronic device and designed to prevent it from overheating by conducting heat away from it and radiating it to the environment. Heat sinks often have fins to increase their surface area. They occasionally have fans attached. Heat sink compound can be smeared between the device and the heat sink to improve thermal conduction. (1997-06-10)

hole 1. "electronics" In the {hole model} of current flow, the absence of an {electron}, e.g. in a {semiconductor} material. In the {electron model}, a hole can be thought of as an incomplete outer electron shell in a doping substance. Considering holes as positive charge carriers is a useful abstraction. 2. "security" A security {vulnerability}, particularly one which allows an attacker to gain unauthorised access to a system (by analogy with a hole in a wall). (2014-10-25)

hole ::: (electronics) The absence of an electron in a semiconductor material. In the electron model, a hole can be thought of as an incomplete outer electron shell in a doping substance. Holes can also be thought of as positive charge carriers; while this is in a sense a fiction, it is a useful abstraction. (1995-10-06)

hole model "electronics" A {model} of semiconductor behaviour in which {donors} contribute a positive charge equal in magnitude to the charge of an {electron}, and {acceptors} contribute space for such a charge within the crystal lattice. The hole model was proposed well before electrons were discovered and described. Much of {electronics}, especially at the engineering level, continues to consider {current} as flowing from positive to negative. (1995-10-05)

hole model ::: (electronics) A model of semiconductor behaviour in which donors contribute a positive charge equal in magnitude to the charge of an electron, electronics, especially at the engineering level, continues to consider current as flowing from positive to negative. (1995-10-05)

Home Phoneline Networking Alliance ::: (communications, networking, protocol, standard) (HomePNA) A non-profit association of more than 100 technology companies working together to ensure adoption of a phone line networking standard which should provide high-speed, affordable home networking.The Home Phoneline Networking Alliance (HomePNA) was founded in June 1998 by 3Com, AMD, AT&T Wireless Services, Compaq, Conexant, Epigram, Hewlett-Packard, Systems. The membership now spans the networking, telecommunications, hardware, software, and consumer electronics industries.The alliance was originally formed because of the increasing demand for home networking caused by the growing number of homes with multiple PCs (and other devices) to connect together to provide facilities such as shared Internet access, networked gaming, and sharing of peripherals, files and applications.The member companies aimed to develop open standards to ensure compatibility between different manufacturers' products. They also decided that this should be done using the phone wiring that already existed in people's homes. The concept of no new wires networking meant installation was simpler.HomePNA's original specifications could be used to create a 1 Mbps (megabits per second) Ethernet-compatible LAN with no hubs, routers, splitters or Ethernet port to be linked to the home network. Up to 25 PCs, peripherals and network devices can be connected to such a network.On 1999-12-01, the HomePNA announced a new release of its networking technology specification, called Home PNA 2.0. Like the first specification, it uses and is designed to provide faster networks suitable for future voice, video and data applications. HomePNA.Com .(2000-03-24)

Home Phoneline Networking Alliance "communications, networking, protocol, standard" (HomePNA) A non-profit association of more than 100 technology companies working together to ensure adoption of a phone line {networking} standard which should provide high-speed, affordable home networking. The Home Phoneline Networking Alliance (HomePNA) was founded in June 1998 by {3Com}, {AMD}, {AT&T Wireless Services}, {Compaq}, Conexant, Epigram, {Hewlett-Packard}, {IBM}, {Intel}, {Lucent Technologies}, Rockwell Semiconductor Systems, and Tut Systems. The membership now spans the networking, telecommunications, {hardware}, {software}, and consumer electronics industries. The alliance was originally formed because of the increasing demand for home networking caused by the growing number of homes with multiple PCs (and other devices) to connect together to provide facilities such as shared {Internet} access, {networked gaming}, and sharing of {peripherals}, {files} and {applications}. The member companies aimed to develop {open standards} to ensure compatibility between different manufacturers' products. They also decided that this should be done using the phone wiring that already existed in people's homes. The concept of "no new wires" networking meant installation was simpler. HomePNA's original specifications could be used to create a 1 {Mbps} (megabits per second) {Ethernet}-compatible {LAN} with no {hubs}, {routers}, {splitters} or {terminations}. Adapters would allow any computer (or other device) with an Ethernet port to be linked to the home network. Up to 25 PCs, peripherals and network devices can be connected to such a network. On 1999-12-01, the HomePNA announced a new release of its networking technology specification, called Home PNA 2.0. Like the first specification, it uses existing phone lines, but it can operate at speeds up to 10 Mbps. The new version is {backwardly compatible} with the original 1 Mbps HomePNA technology, and is designed to provide faster networks suitable for future voice, video and data applications. {HomePNA.org (http://homepna.org/)}. {HomePNA.Com (http://HomePNA.com/)}. (2000-03-24)

ICE ::: 1. (electronics) in-circuit emulator.2. (security, jargon) Intrusion Countermeasure Electronics.(2000-03-18)

ICE 1. "electronics" {in-circuit emulator}. 2. "security, jargon" {Intrusion Countermeasure Electronics}. (2000-03-18)

IDE ::: 1. (storage) Integrated Drive Electronics, see Advanced Technology Attachment.2. (programming, tool) integrated development environment.3. (company) Interactive Development Environments.(2002-04-14)

IDE 1. "storage" Integrated Drive Electronics, see {Advanced Technology Attachment}. 2. "programming, tool" {integrated development environment}. 3. "company" {Interactive Development Environments}. (2002-04-14)

IEEE Computational Intelligence Society ::: A professional society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) focussing on "the theory, design, application, and development of biologically and linguistically motivated computational paradigms emphasizing neural networks, connectionist systems, genetic algorithms, evolutionary programming, fuzzy systems, and hybrid intelligent systems in which these paradigms are contained".[194]

IEEE {Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers}

impedance "electronics, physics" Opposition to flow of alternating current. Impedance consists of {resistance} plus {reactance} (capacitive or inductive). Measured in {Ohms}. (2003-12-02)

impedance ::: (electronics, physics) Opposition to flow of alternating current. Impedance consists of resistance plus reactance (capacitive or inductive). Measured in Ohms.(2003-12-02)

infant mortality "hardware" It is common lore among hackers (and in the electronics industry at large) that the chances of sudden hardware failure drop off exponentially with a machine's time since first use (that is, until the relatively distant time at which enough mechanical wear in I/O devices and thermal-cycling stress in components has accumulated for the machine to start going senile). Up to half of all chip and wire failures happen within a new system's first few weeks; such failures are often referred to as "infant mortality" problems (or, occasionally, as "sudden infant death syndrome"). See {bathtub curve}, {burn-in period}. [{Jargon File}] (1995-03-20)

infant mortality ::: (hardware) It is common lore among hackers (and in the electronics industry at large) that the chances of sudden hardware failure drop off system's first few weeks; such failures are often referred to as infant mortality problems (or, occasionally, as sudden infant death syndrome).See bathtub curve, burn-in period.[Jargon File] (1995-03-20)

Infinite Impulse Response "electronics, DSP" A type of {digital signal} {filter}, in which every {sample} of output is the weighted sum of past and current samples of input, using all past samples, but the weights of past samples are an inverse function of the sample age, approaching zero for old samples. (2001-06-06)

Infinite Impulse Response ::: (electronics, DSP) A type of digital signal filter, in which every sample of output is the weighted sum of past and current samples of input, using all past samples, but the weights of past samples are an inverse function of the sample age, approaching zero for old samples.(2001-06-06)

infrared "electronics" (IR) Electromagnetic waves in the frequency range just below visible light corresponding to radiated heat. IR waves can be generated by a kind of {LED} and are often used for remote controls for televisions etc. and in some {docking stations}. (1997-01-30)

infrared ::: (electronics) (IR) Electromagnetic waves in the frequency range just below visible light corresponding to radiated heat. IR waves can be generated by a kind of LED and are often used for remote controls for televisions etc. and in some docking stations. (1997-01-30)

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) The world's largest technical professional society, based in the USA. Founded in 1884 by a handful of practitioners of the new electrical engineering discipline, today's Institute has more than 320,000 members who participate in its activities in 147 countries. The IEEE sponsors technical conferences, symposia and local meetings worldwide, publishes nearly 25% of the world's technical papers in electrical, electronics and computer engineering and computer science, provides educational programs for its members and promotes standardisation. Areas covered include aerospace, computers and communications, biomedical technology, electric power and consumer electronics. {(http://ieee.org/)}. {Gopher (gopher://gopher.ieee.org/)}. {(ftp://ftp.ieee.org/)}. E-mail file-server: "fileserver-help@info.ieee.org". { IEEE Standards Process Automation (SPA) System (http://stdsbbs.ieee.org/)}, {telnet (telnet:stdsbbs.ieee.org)} [140.98.1.11]. (1995-03-10)

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. ::: (IEEE) The world's largest technical professional society, based in the USA. Founded in 1884 by a handful of practitioners of the new electrical engineering standardisation. Areas covered include aerospace, computers and communications, biomedical technology, electric power and consumer electronics. . . .E-mail file-server: . , (1995-03-10)

integrated circuit "electronics" (IC, or "chip") A microelectronic {semiconductor} device consisting of many interconnected transistors and other components. ICs are constructed ("fabricated") on a small rectangle (a "die") cut from a Silicon (or for special applications, Sapphire) wafer. This is known as the "substrate". Different areas of the substrate are "doped" with other elements to make them either "p-type" or "n-type" and polysilicon or aluminium tracks are etched in one to three layers deposited over the surface. The die is then connected into a package using gold wires which are welded to "pads", usually found around the edge of the die. Integrated circuits can be classified into analogue, digital and hybrid (both analogue and digital on the same chip). Digital integrated circuits can contain anything from one to millions of {logic gates} - {inverters}, {AND}, {OR}, {NAND} and {NOR} gates, {flip-flops}, {multiplexors} etc. on a few square millimeters. The small size of these circuits allows high speed, low power dissipation, and reduced manufacturing cost compared with board-level integration. The first integrated circuits contained only a few {transistors}. Small Scale Integration ({SSI}) brought circuits containing transistors numbered in the tens. Later, Medium Scale Integration ({MSI}) contained hundreds of transistors. Further development lead to Large Scale Integration ({LSI}) (thousands), and VLSI (hundreds of thousands and beyond). In 1986 the first one {megabyte} {RAM} was introduced which contained more than one million transistors. LSI circuits began to be produced in large quantities around 1970 for computer main memories and pocket calculators. For the first time it became possible to fabricate a {CPU} or even an entire {microprocesor} on a single integrated circuit. The most extreme technique is {wafer-scale integration} which uses whole uncut wafers as components. [Where and when was the term "chip" introduced?] (1997-07-03)

integrated circuit ::: (electronics) (IC, or chip) A microelectronic semiconductor device consisting of many interconnected transistors and other components. ICs are package using gold wires which are welded to pads, usually found around the edge of the die.Integrated circuits can be classified into analogue, digital and hybrid (both analogue and digital on the same chip). Digital integrated circuits can contain of these circuits allows high speed, low power dissipation, and reduced manufacturing cost compared with board-level integration.The first integrated circuits contained only a few transistors. Small Scale Integration (SSI) brought circuits containing transistors numbered in the tens. (hundreds of thousands and beyond). In 1986 the first one megabyte RAM was introduced which contained more than one million transistors.LSI circuits began to be produced in large quantities around 1970 for computer main memories and pocket calculators. For the first time it became possible to The most extreme technique is wafer-scale integration which uses whole uncut wafers as components.[Where and when was the term chip introduced?] (1997-07-03)

Integrated Drive Electronics {Advanced Technology Attachment}

Intel Corporation ::: (company) A US microelectronics manufacturer. They produced the Intel 4004, Intel 8080, Intel 8086, Intel 80186, Intel 80286, Intel 80386, Intel 486 and Pentium microprocessor families as well as many other integrated circuits and personal computer networking and communications products.Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce founded Intel in 1968 to design, manufacture, and market semiconductor computer memory to replace magnetic core memory, the after its incorporation. Three years later, in 1971, Intel introduced the world's first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.Intel has design, development, production, and administration facilities throughout the western US, Europe and Asia. In 1995 nearly 75% of the world's top ten American companies in terms of profit, one of the top 15 market value winners, and 16th out of the magazine's top 1,000 companies overall.Intel invested a record $2.9 billion in capital and R&D in 1993, and expects to increase combined spending on these activities to $3.5 billion in 1994. Quarterly sales were $2770M and profits, $640M in Aug 1994. .Address: Santa Clara, CA, USA. (1995-03-01)

Intel Corporation "company" A US microelectronics manufacturer. They produced the {Intel 4004}, {Intel 8080}, {Intel 8086}, {Intel 80186}, {Intel 80286}, {Intel 80386}, {Intel 486} and {Pentium} {microprocessor} families as well as many other {integrated circuits} and {personal computer} networking and communications products. Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce founded Intel in 1968 to design, manufacture, and market semiconductor computer memory to replace {magnetic core} memory, the dominant computer memory at that time. Dr. Andrew S. Grove joined Intel soon after its incorporation. Three years later, in 1971, Intel introduced the world's first {microprocessor}, the {Intel 4004}. Intel has design, development, production, and administration facilities throughout the western US, Europe and Asia. In 1995 nearly 75% of the world's {personal computers} use Intel architecture. Annual revenues are rapidly approaching $10 billion. In March, 1994, "Business Week" named Intel one of the top ten American companies in terms of profit, one of the top 15 market value winners, and 16th out of the magazine's top 1,000 companies overall. Intel invested a record $2.9 billion in capital and R&D in 1993, and expects to increase combined spending on these activities to $3.5 billion in 1994. Quarterly sales were $2770M and profits, $640M in Aug 1994. {(http://intel.com/)}. Address: Santa Clara, CA, USA. (1995-03-01)

intermodulation distortion "electronics, communications" (IMD) {Nonlinear} {distortion} in a system or {transducer}, characterised by the appearance in the output of frequencies equal to the sums and differences of integral multiples of the two or more component frequencies present in the {input} waveform. (2000-08-21)

intermodulation distortion ::: (electronics, communications) (IMD) Nonlinear distortion in a system or transducer, characterised by the appearance in the output of frequencies equal to the sums and differences of integral multiples of the two or more component frequencies present in the input waveform.(2000-08-21)

Intrusion Countermeasure Electronics "security, jargon" (ICE) A contrived acronym for security software, coined by {Usenet}ter Tom Maddox and popularised by {William Gibson}'s {cyberpunk} SF novels. In Gibson's novels ICE software responds to intrusion by attempting to literally kill the intruder. The term is not in serious use as of 2000 apart from the commercial software product, {BlackICE} and a growing number of others. See also: {icebreaker}. [{Jargon File}] (2000-03-18)

Intrusion Countermeasure Electronics ::: (security, jargon) (ICE) A contrived acronym for security software, coined by Usenetter Tom Maddox and popularised by William Gibson's cyberpunk SF novels. In Gibson's novels ICE software responds to intrusion by attempting to literally kill the intruder.The term is not in serious use as of 2000 apart from the commercial software product, BlackICE and a growing number of others.See also: icebreaker.[Jargon File](2000-03-18)

IR ::: 1. (networking) Internet Registry.2. (electronics) infrared. (1997-01-30)

IR 1. "networking" {Internet Registry}. 2. "electronics" {infrared}. (1997-01-30)

iron ::: Hardware, especially older and larger hardware of mainframe class with big metal cabinets housing relatively low-density electronics (but the term is also used of modern supercomputers). Often in the phrase big iron. Oppose silicon.See also dinosaur.[Jargon File] (1994-11-04)

iron Hardware, especially older and larger hardware of {mainframe} class with big metal cabinets housing relatively low-density electronics (but the term is also used of modern {supercomputers}). Often in the phrase {big iron}. Oppose {silicon}. See also {dinosaur}. [{Jargon File}] (1994-11-04)

Jack Kilby "person" (1924 - 2005-06-20) The electronics engineer who invented the {integrated circuit} in 1958 at {Texas Instruments}. {TI Biography (http://ti.com/corp/docs/kilbyctr/jackstclair.shtml)}. [Was the {JK flip-flop} named after him?] (2005-06-22)

Jack Kilby ::: (person) (1924 - 2005-06-20) The electronics engineer who invented the integrated circuit in 1958 at Texas Instruments. .[Was the JK flip-flop named after him?](2005-06-22)

Jini ::: (networking) /jee'nee/ Sun's Java-based system for networking home appliances, desktop computers and other kinds of consumer electronics. .[Details?] (1998-11-14)

Jini "networking" /jee'nee/ {Sun}'s {Java}-based system for networking home appliances, {desktop computers} and other kinds of consumer electronics. {(http://java.sun.com/products/jini/)}. [Details?] (1998-11-14)

Joint Test Action Group ::: architecture, body, electronics, integrated circuit, standards, testing> (JTAG, or IEEE Standard 1149.1) A standard specifying how to control and monitor the pins of compliant devices on a printed circuit board.Each device has four JTAG control lines. There is a common reset (TRST) and clock (TCLK). The data line daisy chains one device's TDO pin to the TDI pin on the next device.The protocol contains commands to read and set the values of the pins (and, optionally internal registers) of devices. This is called boundary scanning. The protocol makes board testing easier as signals that are not visible at the board connector may be read and set.The protocol also allows the testing of equipment, connected to the JTAG port, to identify components on the board (by reading the device identification register) and to control and monitor the device's outputs.JTAG is not used during normal operation of a board. . . . . Logic analyzers stamping out bugs at the cutting edge, EDN Access, 1997-04-10 . IEEE 1149.1 Device Architecture - Boundary-Scan Tutorial from ASSET InterTech, Inc. . . . Designing for On-Board Programming Using the IEEE 1149.1 (JTAG) Access Port - Intel . . (1999-11-15)

Joint Test Action Group "architecture, body, electronics, integrated circuit, standard, testing" (JTAG, or "IEEE Standard 1149.1") A {standard} specifying how to control and monitor the pins of compliant devices on a {printed circuit board}. Each device has four JTAG control lines. There is a common reset (TRST) and clock (TCLK). The data line {daisy chains} one device's test data out (TDO) pin to the test data in (TDI) pin on the next device. The {protocol} contains commands to read and set the values of the pins (and, optionally {internal registers}) of devices. This is called "{boundary scanning}". The protocol makes board testing easier as signals that are not visible at the board connector may be read and set. The protocol also allows the testing of equipment, connected to the JTAG port, to identify components on the board (by reading the device identification register) and to control and monitor the device's outputs. JTAG is not used during normal operation of a board. {JTAG Technologies B.V. (http://jtag.com/)}. {Boundary Scan/JTAG Technical Information - Xilinx, Inc. (http://xilinx.com/support/techsup/journals/jtag/)}. {Java API for Boundary Scan FAQs - Xilinx Inc. (http://xilinx.com/products/software/sx/sxfaqs.htm)}. {JTAG Boundary-Scan Test Products - Corelis, Inc. (http://corelis.com/products/scanovrv.html)}. {"Logic analyzers stamping out bugs at the cutting edge", EDN Access, 1997-04-10 (http://ednmag.com/ednmag/reg/1997/041097/08df_02.htm)}. {IEEE 1149.1 Device Architecture - Boundary-Scan Tutorial from ASSET InterTech, Inc. (http://asset-intertech.com/tutorial/arch.htm)}. {"Application-Specific Integrated Circuits", Michael John Sebatian Smith, published Addison-Wesley - Design Automation Cafe (http://dacafe.com/DACafe/EDATools/EDAbooks/ASIC/Book/CH14/CH14.2.htm)}. {Software Debug options on ASIC cores - Embedded Systems Programming Archive (http://embedded.com/97/feat9701.htm)}. {Designing for On-Board Programming Using the IEEE 1149.1 (JTAG) Access Port - Intel (http://developer.intel.com/design/flcomp/applnots/292186.htm)}. {Built-In Self-Test Using Boundary Scan by Texas Instruments - EDTN Network (http://edtn.com/scribe/reference/appnotes/md003e9a.htm)}. (1999-11-15)

Josephson Junction "electronics" A type of {electronic} {circuit} capable of switching at very high speeds when operated at temperatures approaching {absolute zero}. The low power dissipation of a Josepshson Junction makes it useful in {high density computer circuits}. (2004-06-28)

Josephson Junction ::: (electronics) A type of electronic circuit capable of switching at very high speeds when operated at temperatures approaching absolute zero. The low power dissipation of a Josepshson Junction makes it useful in high density computer circuits.(2004-06-28)

Junction Field Effect Transistor "electronics" (JFET, Junction FET) A {Field Effect Transistor} in which the conducting channel lies between pn junctions in the silicon material. A pn junction acts as a {diode}, so it becomes conductive if the gate voltage gets reversed. (1997-02-24)

Junction Field Effect Transistor ::: (electronics) (JFET, Junction FET) A Field Effect Transistor in which the conducting channel lies between pn junctions in the silicon material. A pn junction acts as a diode, so it becomes conductive if the gate voltage gets reversed. (1997-02-24)

killer poke ::: A recipe for inducing hardware damage on a machine via insertion of invalid values (see poke) into a memory-mapped control register; used especially of management (such as the IBM PC and Commodore PET) that can overload analog electronics in the monitor.See also HCF. (1994-11-04)

killer poke A recipe for inducing hardware damage on a machine via insertion of invalid values (see {poke}) into a {memory-mapped} control {register}; used especially of various fairly well-known tricks on {bitty box}es without hardware memory management (such as the {IBM PC} and {Commodore} {PET}) that can overload analog electronics in the monitor. See also {HCF}. (1994-11-04)

kluge "jargon" /klooj/, /kluhj/ (From German "klug" /kloog/ - clever and Scottish "{kludge}") 1. A Rube Goldberg (or Heath Robinson) device, whether in {hardware} or {software}. The spelling "kluge" (as opposed to "kludge") was used in connection with computers as far back as the mid-1950s and, at that time, was used exclusively of *hardware* kluges. 2. "programming" A clever programming trick intended to solve a particular nasty case in an expedient, if not clear, manner. Often used to repair bugs. Often involves {ad-hockery} and verges on being a {crock}. In fact, the TMRC Dictionary defined "kludge" as "a crock that works". 3. Something that works for the wrong reason. 4. ({WPI}) A {feature} that is implemented in a {rude} manner. In 1947, the "New York Folklore Quarterly" reported a classic shaggy-dog story "Murgatroyd the Kluge Maker" then current in the Armed Forces, in which a "kluge" was a complex and puzzling artifact with a trivial function. Other sources report that "kluge" was common Navy slang in the WWII era for any piece of electronics that worked well on shore but consistently failed at sea. However, there is reason to believe this slang use may be a decade older. Several respondents have connected it to the brand name of a device called a "Kluge paper feeder" dating back at least to 1935, an adjunct to mechanical printing presses. The Kluge feeder was designed before small, cheap electric motors and control electronics; it relied on a fiendishly complex assortment of cams, belts, and linkages to both power and synchronise all its operations from one motive driveshaft. It was accordingly tempermental, subject to frequent breakdowns, and devilishly difficult to repair - but oh, so clever! One traditional folk etymology of "klugen" makes it the name of a design engineer; in fact, "Kluge" is a surname in German, and the designer of the Kluge feeder may well have been the man behind this myth. {TMRC} and the MIT hacker culture of the early 1960s seems to have developed in a milieu that remembered and still used some WWII military slang (see also {foobar}). It seems likely that "kluge" came to MIT via alumni of the many military electronics projects run in Cambridge during the war (many in MIT's venerable Building 20, which housed {TMRC} until the building was demolished in 1999). [{Jargon File}] (2002-10-02)

kluge ::: (jargon) /klooj/, /kluhj/ (From German klug /kloog/ - clever and Scottish kludge) 1. A Rube Goldberg (or Heath Robinson) device, whether in hardware or software.The spelling kluge (as opposed to kludge) was used in connection with computers as far back as the mid-1950s and, at that time, was used exclusively of *hardware* kluges.2. (programming) A clever programming trick intended to solve a particular nasty case in an expedient, if not clear, manner. Often used to repair bugs. Often involves ad-hockery and verges on being a crock. In fact, the TMRC Dictionary defined kludge as a crock that works.3. Something that works for the wrong reason.4. (WPI) A feature that is implemented in a rude manner.In 1947, the New York Folklore Quarterly reported a classic shaggy-dog story Murgatroyd the Kluge Maker then current in the Armed Forces, in which a sources report that kluge was common Navy slang in the WWII era for any piece of electronics that worked well on shore but consistently failed at sea.However, there is reason to believe this slang use may be a decade older. Several respondents have connected it to the brand name of a device called a in fact, Kluge is a surname in German, and the designer of the Kluge feeder may well have been the man behind this myth.TMRC and the MIT hacker culture of the early 1960s seems to have developed in a milieu that remembered and still used some WWII military slang (see also venerable Building 20, which housed TMRC until the building was demolished in 1999).[Jargon File](2002-10-02)

LED "electronics" {Light-Emitting Diode}.

LED ::: (electronics) Light-Emitting Diode.

LER ::: 1. (networking) Label Edge Router.2. (electronics, humour) Light-Emitting Resistor.[Jargon File] (1999-06-30)

LER 1. "networking" {Label Edge Router}. 2. "electronics, humour" {Light-Emitting Resistor}. [{Jargon File}] (1999-06-30)

light-emitting diode "electronics" (LED) a type of {diode} that emits light when current passes through it. Depending on the material used the colour can be visible or infrared. LEDs have many uses, visible LEDs are used as indicator lights on all sorts of electronic devices and in moving-message panels, while infrared LEDs are the heart of remote control devices. See also {smoke-emitting diode}. (1996-01-05)

light-emitting diode ::: (electronics) (LED) a type of diode that emits light when current passes through it. Depending on the material used the colour can be visible or sorts of electronic devices and in moving-message panels, while infrared LEDs are the heart of remote control devices.See also smoke-emitting diode. (1996-01-05)

light-emitting resistor "electronics, humour" (LER, from "{light-emitting diode}") A {resistor} in the final stages of burning up. (Though intended as purely humorous, the term could sensibly describe the filament of a common incandescent electric light bulb). See also {SED}. (1996-02-06)

light-emitting resistor ::: (electronics, humour) (LER, from light-emitting diode) A resistor in the final stages of burning up.(Though intended as purely humorous, the term could sensibly describe the filament of a common incandescent electric light bulb).See also SED. (1996-02-06)

light pen "hardware" An early {pointing device} which the user pointed at a {raster}-scanned display screen. A {photocell} in the pen detected the flying spot of the raster scan. The position of the spot at that instant, obtained from the scanning electronics, was made available to software as (x, y) co-ordinates. (2003-12-02)

light pen ::: (hardware) An early pointing device which the user pointed at a raster-scanned display screen. A photocell in the pen detected the flying spot of the raster scan. The position of the spot at that instant, obtained from the scanning electronics, was made available to software as (x, y) co-ordinates.(2003-12-02)

logic 1. "philosophy, logic" A branch of philosophy and mathematics that deals with the formal principles, methods and criteria of validity of {inference}, reasoning and {knowledge}. Logic is concerned with what is true and how we can know whether something is true. This involves the formalisation of logical arguments and {proofs} in terms of symbols representing {propositions} and {logical connectives}. The meanings of these logical connectives are expressed by a set of rules which are assumed to be self-evident. {Boolean algebra} deals with the basic operations of truth values: AND, OR, NOT and combinations thereof. {Predicate logic} extends this with existential and universal {quantifiers} and symbols standing for {predicates} which may depend on variables. The rules of {natural deduction} describe how we may proceed from valid premises to valid conclusions, where the premises and conclusions are expressions in {predicate logic}. Symbolic logic uses a {meta-language} concerned with truth, which may or may not have a corresponding expression in the world of objects called existance. In symbolic logic, arguments and {proofs} are made in terms of symbols representing {propositions} and {logical connectives}. The meanings of these begin with a set of rules or {primitives} which are assumed to be self-evident. Fortunately, even from vague primitives, functions can be defined with precise meaning. {Boolean logic} deals with the basic operations of {truth values}: AND, OR, NOT and combinations thereof. {Predicate logic} extends this with {existential quantifiers} and {universal quantifiers} which introduce {bound variables} ranging over {finite} sets; the {predicate} itself takes on only the values true and false. Deduction describes how we may proceed from valid {premises} to valid conclusions, where these are expressions in {predicate logic}. Carnap used the phrase "rational reconstruction" to describe the logical analysis of thought. Thus logic is less concerned with how thought does proceed, which is considered the realm of psychology, and more with how it should proceed to discover truth. It is the touchstone of the results of thinking, but neither its regulator nor a motive for its practice. See also fuzzy logic, logic programming, arithmetic and logic unit, first-order logic, See also {Boolean logic}, {fuzzy logic}, {logic programming}, {first-order logic}, {logic bomb}, {combinatory logic}, {higher-order logic}, {intuitionistic logic}, {equational logic}, {modal logic}, {linear logic}, {paradox}. 2. "electronics" {Boolean} logic circuits. See also {arithmetic and logic unit}, {asynchronous logic}, {TTL}. (1995-03-17)

logic ::: 1. (philosophy, mathematics) A branch of philosophy and mathematics that deals with the formal principles, methods and criteria of validity of inference, reasoning and knowledge.Logic is concerned with what is true and how we can know whether something is true. This involves the formalisation of logical arguments and proofs in terms these logical connectives are expressed by a set of rules which are assumed to be self-evident.Boolean algebra deals with the basic operations of truth values: AND, OR, NOT and combinations thereof. Predicate logic extends this with existential and premises to valid conclusions, where the premises and conclusions are expressions in predicate logic.Symbolic logic uses a meta-language concerned with truth, which may or may not have a corresponding expression in the world of objects called existance. In rules or primitives which are assumed to be self-evident. Fortunately, even from vague primitives, functions can be defined with precise meaning.Boolean logic deals with the basic operations of truth values: AND, OR, NOT and combinations thereof. Predicate logic extends this with existential quantifiers describes how we may proceed from valid premises to valid conclusions, where these are expressions in predicate logic.Carnap used the phrase rational reconstruction to describe the logical analysis of thought. Thus logic is less concerned with how thought does proceed, to discover truth. It is the touchstone of the results of thinking, but neither its regulator nor a motive for its practice.See also fuzzy logic, logic programming, arithmetic and logic unit, first-order logic,See also Boolean logic, fuzzy logic, logic programming, first-order logic, logic bomb, combinatory logic, higher-order logic, intuitionistic logic, equational logic, modal logic, linear logic, paradox.2. (electronics) Boolean logic circuits.See also arithmetic and logic unit, asynchronous logic, TTL. (1995-03-17)

logical (From the technical term "logical device", wherein a physical device is referred to by an arbitrary "logical" name) Having the role of. If a person (say, Les Earnest at SAIL) who had long held a certain post left and were replaced, the replacement would for a while be known as the "logical" Les Earnest. (This does not imply any judgment on the replacement). Compare {virtual}. At Stanford, "logical" compass directions denote a coordinate system in which "logical north" is toward San Francisco, "logical west" is toward the ocean, etc., even though logical north varies between physical (true) north near San Francisco and physical west near San Jose. (The best rule of thumb here is that, by definition, El Camino Real always runs logical north-and-south.) In giving directions, one might say: "To get to Rincon Tarasco restaurant, get onto {El Camino Bignum} going logical north." Using the word "logical" helps to prevent the recipient from worrying about that the fact that the sun is setting almost directly in front of him. The concept is reinforced by North American highways which are almost, but not quite, consistently labelled with logical rather than physical directions. A similar situation exists at MIT: Route 128 (famous for the electronics industry that has grown up along it) is a 3-quarters circle surrounding Boston at a radius of 10 miles, terminating near the coastline at each end. It would be most precise to describe the two directions along this highway as "clockwise" and "counterclockwise", but the road signs all say "north" and "south", respectively. A hacker might describe these directions as "logical north" and "logical south", to indicate that they are conventional directions not corresponding to the usual denotation for those words. (If you went logical south along the entire length of route 128, you would start out going northwest, curve around to the south, and finish headed due east, passing along one infamous stretch of pavement that is simultaneously route 128 south and Interstate 93 north, and is signed as such!) [{Jargon File}] (1995-01-24)

logical ::: (From the technical term logical device, wherein a physical device is referred to by an arbitrary logical name) Having the role of. If a person (say, Les replacement would for a while be known as the logical Les Earnest. (This does not imply any judgment on the replacement).Compare virtual.At Stanford, logical compass directions denote a coordinate system in which logical north is toward San Francisco, logical west is toward the ocean, which are almost, but not quite, consistently labelled with logical rather than physical directions.A similar situation exists at MIT: Route 128 (famous for the electronics industry that has grown up along it) is a 3-quarters circle surrounding Boston infamous stretch of pavement that is simultaneously route 128 south and Interstate 93 north, and is signed as such!)[Jargon File] (1995-01-24)

low pass filter "electronics, graphics" A filter that attenuates high frequency components of a signal. In {image processing}, a low pass filter might be used to remove {noise} from an {image}. (2000-04-19)

low pass filter ::: (electronics, graphics) A filter that attenuates high frequency components of a signal.In image processing, a low pass filter might be used to remove noise from an image.(2000-04-19)

magic smoke ::: (electronics, humour) A substance trapped inside integrated circuit packages that enables them to function (also called blue smoke; this is is demonstrated by what happens when a chip burns up - the magic smoke gets let out, so it doesn't work any more.See Electing a Pope, smoke test.Usenetter Jay Maynard tells the following story:Once, while hacking on a dedicated Zilog Z80 system, I was testing code by blowing EPROMs and plugging them in the system, then seeing what happened. One still in service. Of course, this is because the magic smoke didn't get let out.Compare the original phrasing of Murphy's Law.[Jargon File] (1995-01-25)

magic smoke "electronics, humour" A substance trapped inside {integrated circuit} packages that enables them to function (also called "blue smoke"; this is similar to the archaic "phlogiston" hypothesis about combustion). Its existence is demonstrated by what happens when a chip burns up - the magic smoke gets let out, so it doesn't work any more. See {Electing a Pope}, {smoke test}. {Usenet}ter Jay Maynard tells the following story: "Once, while hacking on a dedicated {Zilog Z80} system, I was testing code by blowing {EPROMs} and plugging them in the system then seeing what happened. One time, I plugged one in backward. I only discovered that *after* I realised that {Intel} didn't put power-on lights under the quartz windows on the tops of their EPROMs - the die was glowing white-hot. Amazingly, the EPROM worked fine after I erased it, filled it full of zeros, then erased it again. For all I know, it's still in service. Of course, this is because the magic smoke didn't get let out." Compare the original phrasing of {Murphy's Law}. [{Jargon File}] (1995-01-25)

MCC ::: 1. Mosaic Communications Corporation.2. The Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation.

MCC 1. {Mosaic Communications Corporation}. 2. The {Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation}.

Metal Oxide Semiconductor "electronics" (MOS) The three materials used to form a {gate} in the most common kind of {Field Effect Transistor} - a {MOSFET}. [Other MOS devices?] (1996-05-27)

Metal Oxide Semiconductor ::: (electronics) (MOS) The three materials used to form a gate in the most common kind of Field Effect Transistor - a MOSFET.[Other MOS devices?] (1996-05-27)

Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor "electronics" (MOSFET) A {Field Effect Transistor} in which the conducting channel is insulated from the gate terminal by a layer of oxide. Therefore it does not conduct even if a reverse voltage is applied to the gate. (1997-02-24)

Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor ::: (electronics) (MOSFET) A Field Effect Transistor in which the conducting channel is insulated from the gate terminal by a layer of oxide. Therefore it does not conduct even if a reverse voltage is applied to the gate. (1997-02-24)

microelectromechanical system "hardware" (MEMS) The integration of mechanical structures (moving parts) with microelectronics. MEMS devices are "custom" designed for a purpose which requires a mechanical action to be controlled by a computer. Applications include sensors, medical devices, process controls. {(http://mems.mcnc.org/)}. See also {nanotechnology}. (1999-03-25)

microelectromechanical system ::: (hardware) (MEMS) The integration of mechanical structures (moving parts) with microelectronics. MEMS devices are custom designed for a purpose which requires a mechanical action to be controlled by a computer.Applications include sensors, medical devices, process controls. .See also nanotechnology. (1999-03-25)

Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation ::: (body) (MCC) One of the first, and now one of the largest, US computer industry research and development consortia.Founded in late 1982 by major computer and semiconductor manufacturers, MCC's membership has diversified to include a broad range of high-profile corporations and development agencies and leading universities, allows MCC's partners to maximise the benefit of scarce research and development resources.Some of the technical areas in which MCC has distinguished itself are:System Architecture and Design (optimise hardware and software design, provide for scalability and interoperability, allow rapid prototyping for improved time-to-market, and support the re-engineering of existing systems for open systems).Advanced Microelectronics Packaging and Interconnection (smaller, faster, more powerful, and cost-competitive).Hardware Systems Engineering (tools and methodologies for cost-efficient, up-front design of advanced electronic systems, including modelling and design-for-test techniques to improve cost, yield, quality, and time-to-market).Environmentally Conscious Technologies (process control and optimisation tools, information management and analysis capabilities, and non-hazardous material alternatives supporting cost-efficient production, waste minimisation, and reduced environmental impact).Distributed Information Technology (managing and maintaining physically distributed corporate information resources on different platforms, building blocks for the national information infrastructure, networking tools and services for integration within and between companies, and electronic commerce).Intelligent Systems (systems that intelligently support business processes and enhance performance, including decision support, data management, forecasting and prediction). .Address: Austin, Texas, USA. (1995-04-25)

Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation "body" (MCC) One of the first, and now one of the largest, US computer industry research and development consortia. Founded in late 1982 by major computer and semiconductor manufacturers, MCC's membership has diversified to include a broad range of high-profile corporations from electronics, computers, aerospace, semiconductors, and related industries, reflecting the full range of companies vital to the life cycle of {Information Technology} products. Active involvement of small- and medium-sized firms and technology users, along with well-established alliances with government research and development agencies and leading universities, allows MCC's partners to maximise the benefit of scarce research and development resources. Some of the technical areas in which MCC has distinguished itself are: System Architecture and Design (optimise hardware and software design, provide for scalability and interoperability, allow rapid prototyping for improved time-to-market, and support the re-engineering of existing systems for open systems). Advanced Microelectronics Packaging and Interconnection (smaller, faster, more powerful, and cost-competitive). Hardware Systems Engineering (tools and methodologies for cost-efficient, up-front design of advanced electronic systems, including modelling and design-for-test techniques to improve cost, yield, quality, and time-to-market). Environmentally Conscious Technologies (process control and optimisation tools, information management and analysis capabilities, and non-hazardous material alternatives supporting cost-efficient production, waste minimisation, and reduced environmental impact). Distributed {Information Technology} (managing and maintaining physically distributed corporate information resources on different {platforms}, building blocks for the {national information infrastructure}, networking tools and services for integration within and between companies, and electronic commerce). Intelligent Systems (systems that "intelligently" support business processes and enhance performance, including {decision support}, {data management}, forecasting and prediction). {(http://mcc.com/)}. Address: Austin, Texas, USA. (1995-04-25)

Micron Electronics, Inc. "company" An electronics company that develops, markets, manufactures, and supports high-performance {notebook computers}, {desktop} {personal computers}, {PC servers} and related {hardware} and {software} products. (1997-03-10)

Micron Electronics, Inc. ::: (company) An electronics company that develops, markets, manufactures, and supports high-performance notebook computers, desktop personal computers, PC servers and related hardware and software products. (1997-03-10)

Micron ::: Micron Electronics, Inc.

Micron {Micron Electronics, Inc.}

Missing definition "introduction" First, this is an (English language) __computing__ dictionary. It includes lots of terms from related fields such as mathematics and electronics, but if you're looking for (or want to submit) words from other subjects or general English words or other languages, try {(http://wikipedia.org/)}, {(http://onelook.com/)}, {(http://yourdictionary.com/)}, {(http://www.dictionarist.com/)} or {(http://reference.allrefer.com/)}. If you've already searched the dictionary for a computing term and it's not here then please __don't tell me__. There are, and always will be, a great many missing terms, no dictionary is ever complete. I use my limited time to process the corrections and definitions people have submitted and to add the {most frequently requested missing terms (missing.html)}. Try one of the sources mentioned above or {(http://techweb.com/encyclopedia/)}, {(http://whatis.techtarget.com/)} or {(http://google.com/)}. See {the Help page (help.html)} for more about missing definitions and bad cross-references. (2014-09-20)! {exclamation mark}!!!Batch "language, humour" A daft way of obfuscating text strings by encoding each character as a different number of {exclamation marks} surrounded by {question marks}, e.g. "d" is encoded as "?!!!!?". The language is named after the {MSDOS} {batch file} in which the first converter was written. {esoteric programming languages} {wiki entry (http://esolangs.org/wiki/!!!Batch)}. (2014-10-25)" {double quote}

MIT Research Laboratory for Electronics "body" See also {Jay Forrester}, {core memory}, the {Whirlwind} computer, {MIT Lincoln Laboratory}. [Summary?] (1999-12-16)

MIT Research Laboratory for Electronics ::: (body)See also Jay Forrester, core memory, the Whirlwind computer, MIT Lincoln Laboratory.[Summary?] (1999-12-16)

monitor 1. A {cathode-ray tube} and associated electronics connected to a computer's video output. A monitor may be either {monochrome} (black and white) or colour ({RGB}). Colour monitors may show either digital colour (each of the red, green and blue signals may be either on or off, giving eight possible colours: black, white, red, green, blue, cyan, magenta and yellow) or analog colour (red, green and blue signals are continuously variable allowing any combination to be displayed). Digital monitors are sometimes known as {TTL} because the voltages on the red, green and blue inputs are compatible with TTL logic chips. See also {gamut}, {multisync}, {visual display unit}. 2. A programming language construct which encapsulates variables, access procedures and initialisation code within an abstract data type. The monitor's variable may only be accessed via its access procedures and only one process may be actively accessing the monitor at any one time. The access procedures are {critical sections}. A monitor may have a queue of processes which are waiting to access it. 3. A hardware device that measures electrical events such as pulses or voltage levels in a digital computer. 4. To oversee a program during execution. For example, the monitor function in the {Unix} {C} library enables profiling of a certain range of code addresses. A histogram is produced showing how often the {program counter} was found to be at each position and how often each profiled function was called. {Unix} {man} page: monitor(3). 5. A control program within the {operating system} that manages the allocation of system resources to active programs. 6. A program that measures software performance.

monitor ::: 1. A cathode-ray tube and associated electronics connected to a computer's video output. A monitor may be either monochrome (black and white) or colour (RGB). displayed). Digital monitors are sometimes known as TTL because the voltages on the red, green and blue inputs are compatible with TTL logic chips.See also gamut, multisync, visual display unit.2. A programming language construct which encapsulates variables, access procedures and initialisation code within an abstract data type. The monitor's critical sections. A monitor may have a queue of processes which are waiting to access it.3. A hardware device that measures electrical events such as pulses or voltage levels in a digital computer.4. To oversee a program during execution. For example, the monitor function in the Unix C library enables profiling of a certain range of code addresses. A histogram is produced showing how often the program counter was found to be at each position and how often each profiled function was called.Unix man page: monitor(3).5. A control program within the operating system that manages the allocation of system resources to active programs.6. A program that measures software performance.

Motorola, Inc. "company" One of the world's leading providers of wireless communications, semiconductors and advanced electronic systems and services. Major equipment businesses include mobile telephone, two-way radio, paging and data communications, personal communications, automotive, defense and space electronics, computers, satellite communications systems, police and emergency service radio systems, taxicab dispatching (radio) systems. Communication devices, computers and millions of consumer products are powered by Motorola semiconductors. They are probably best known in the computing world for their {microprocessors}, including the {Motorola 6800} and {Motorola 68000} {CISC} families and {Motorola 88000} {RISCs}, the {Motorola DSP56000} {digital signal processors} and the {PowerPC} on which they collaborated. They also led the development of {VMEbus}. Quarterly sales $5400M, profits $367M (Aug 1994). See also {Envoy}, {Monsoon}, {MPL}. {(http://mot.com/)}. Address: Schaumberg, Illinois, USA. (1994-12-01)

National Television Standards Committee "electronics" (NTSC) The body defining the television video signal format used in the USA. The UK equivalent is {PAL}. Also, humorously, "Never Twice the Same Colour". (1997-07-17)

National Television Standards Committee ::: (electronics) (NTSC) The body defining the television video signal format used in the USA. The UK equivalent is PAL.Also, humorously, Never Twice the Same Colour. (1997-07-17)

NCR Corporation ::: (company) Electronics company mainly active in the midrange server market.NCR was founded 1884 as National Cash Register Company. It joint the computer industry in th 1950s. In 1991 it was absorbed by AT&T (see dinosaurs mating), only to be spat out again in 1996.NCR mainframes of the 1960's are remembered by some for their hardware incompatibility with IBM mainframes: NCR punched round holes in their punched compatible and information could not be easily shared between NCR and IBM customers. . (1997-03-10)

NCR Corporation "company" Electronics company mainly active in the midrange server market. NCR was founded 1884 as National Cash Register Company. It joint the computer industry in th 1950s. In 1991 it was absorbed by {AT&T} (see {dinosaurs mating}), only to be spat out again in 1996. NCR {mainframes} of the 1960's are remembered by some for their hardware incompatibility with {IBM} mainframes: NCR punched round holes in their {punched cards} while IBM punched rectangular ones. The codes and machines were not compatible and information could not be easily shared between NCR and IBM customers. {(http://ncr.com/)}. (1997-03-10)

NEC ::: Nippon Electronics Corporation

NEC {Nippon Electronics Corporation}

NELIAC ::: Navy Electronics Laboratory International ALGOL Compiler.An Algol variant designed for numeric and logical computations and based on IAL. 1958-1959.Version: BC NELIAC.[Neliac - A Dialect of Algol, H.D. Huskey et al, CACM 3(8):463-468 (Aug 1960)]. (1994-11-29)

NELIAC Navy Electronics Laboratory International ALGOL Compiler. An {Algol} variant designed for numeric and logical computations and based on {IAL}. 1958-1959. Version: BC NELIAC. ["Neliac - A Dialect of Algol", H.D. Huskey et al, CACM 3(8):463-468 (Aug 1960)]. (1994-11-29)

noise margin "electronics" The voltage difference between the guaranteed output level and the required input voltage level of a {logic gate}. (2007-05-16)

Packard Bell Electronics, Inc. "company" A leading US computer vendor. As recently as 29 November 1995 the Wall Street Journal reported that the company was having financial difficulties and that one of its major suppliers of CPUs, {Intel}, was about to make a large cash loan, so as to prevent loss of a major customer. Packard Bell is a privately held company and the WSJ also reported that {NEC} has been rumored to have bought a large minority block of shares to help the company stay in business. Its computers are sold in major retail outlets in the USA and are available as a bundled package: desktop or {tower} {486} {CPU}, single 3.5 inch {floppy disk drive}, {CD-ROM}, {sound card}, 14 inch colour {monitor}, and 4-8MB of {RAM}. 1995 end-of-year prices in Computer Currents magazine (a California Bay Area bi-monthly giveaway publication) are US$1500 (approx. 1000 pounds) for a 486 desktop, with 8MB RAM, 420MB hard disk drive, single 3.5 inch floppy drive, 14 inch colour monitor, 2-speed CD-ROM, and 16-bit sound card. Headquarters: Sacramento, California, USA. (1996-01-02)

Packard Bell Electronics, Inc. ::: (company) A leading US computer vendor.As recently as 29 November 1995 the Wall Street Journal reported that the company was having financial difficulties and that one of its major suppliers of reported that NEC has been rumored to have bought a large minority block of shares to help the company stay in business.Its computers are sold in major retail outlets in the USA and are available as a bundled package: desktop or tower 486 CPU, single 3.5 inch floppy disk drive, CD-ROM, sound card, 14 inch colour monitor, and 4-8MB of RAM.1995 end-of-year prices in Computer Currents magazine (a California Bay Area bi-monthly giveaway publication) are US$1500 (approx. 1000 pounds) for a 486 desktop, with 8MB RAM, 420MB hard disk drive, single 3.5 inch floppy drive, 14 inch colour monitor, 2-speed CD-ROM, and 16-bit sound card.Headquarters: Sacramento, California, USA. (1996-01-02)


   avionics - Aviation electronics.




   semiconductor - An element which is neither a good conductor or a good insulator, but rather lies somewhere between the two. Characterized by a valence shell containing four electrons. Silicon, germanium and carbon are the semiconductors most frequently used in electronics.



Philips ::: (company) A Dutch multinational electronics company. It produces washing machines, consumer electronics, integrated circuits and light bulbs. Together are members of the Open Software Foundation. Philips Research Labs developed the POOL and SPL languages.Address: Philips Research Labs, Eindhoven, Netherlands. (1995-02-07)

Philips "company" A Dutch multinational electronics company. It produces washing machines, consumer electronics, {integrated circuits} and light bulbs. Together with {Sony} they set the {Compact Disc} standard, especially {Green Book CD-ROM}. They are members of the {Open Software Foundation}. Philips Research Labs developed the {POOL} and {SPL} languages. Address: Philips Research Labs, Eindhoven, Netherlands. (1995-02-07)

pizza box ::: [Sun] The largish thin box housing the electronics in (especially Sun) desktop workstations, so named because of its size and shape and the dimpled pattern that looks like air holes.Two megabyte single-platter removable disk packs used to be called pizzas, and the huge drive they were stuck into was referred to as a pizza oven. It's an index of progress that in the old days just the disk was pizza-sized, while now the entire computer is.[Jargon File]

pizza box [Sun] The largish thin box housing the electronics in (especially {Sun}) desktop {workstations}, so named because of its size and shape and the dimpled pattern that looks like air holes. Two megabyte single-platter removable disk packs used to be called pizzas, and the huge drive they were stuck into was referred to as a pizza oven. It's an index of progress that in the old days just the disk was pizza-sized, while now the entire computer is. [{Jargon File}]

PNP ::: 1. (electronics) A type of bipolar transistor consisting of a layer of N-doped semiconductor (the base) between two P-doped layers (the collector and emitter). PNP transistors are commonly operated with the emitter at ground and the collector at a negative voltage.In the 1960s, the germanium PNP transistor was the cheapest and best for use at ordinary temperatures. The leakage current from collector to base in this type and feedback, which can make the circuit both serviceable and reliable. Neither germanium nor PNP transistors are as common today.The voltages used on a PNP transistor are inverted when compared with vacuum tubes. Further, the behaviour of vacuum tubes is usually described in terms of voltages whereas transistors are better described in terms of current.2. (architecture) plug and play. (1997-05-05)

PNP 1. "electronics" A type of {bipolar transistor} consisting of a layer of N-doped {semiconductor} (the "base") between two P-doped layers (the "collector" and "emitter"). PNP transistors are commonly operated with the emitter at {ground} and the collector at a negative {voltage}. In the 1960s, the germanium PNP transistor was the cheapest and best for use at ordinary temperatures. The {leakage current} from collector to base in this type of device is larger than for the silicon transistor, and also varies more with temperature. The effect of these deficiencies can be lessened by proper biasing and feedback, which can make the circuit both serviceable and reliable. Neither germanium nor PNP transistors are as common today. The voltages used on a PNP transistor are inverted when compared with {vacuum tubes}. Further, the behaviour of vacuum tubes is usually described in terms of {voltages} whereas transistors are better described in terms of {current}. 2. "architecture" {plug and play}. (1997-05-05)


   Pythagorean theorem - A theorem in geometry: The square of the hypotenuse of a right triangle equals the sum of the squares of the other two sides. In electronics used for vector analysis of AC circuits


prefix ::: 1. (unit) The standard metric prefixes used in the Syst�me International d'Units (SI) conventions for scientific measurement.Here are the SI magnifying prefixes, along with the corresponding binary interpretations in common use: prefix abr decimal binary Femto and atto derive not from Greek but from Danish.The abbreviated forms of these prefixes are common in electronics and physics.When used with bytes of storage, these prefixes usually denote multiplication by powers of 1024 = 2^10 (K, M, and G are common in computing). Thus MB stands strictly, reserving upper case K for multiplication by 1024 (KB is thus kilobytes).Also, in data transfer rates the prefixes stand for powers of ten so, for example, 28.8 kb/s means 28,800 bits per second.The unit is often dropped so one may talk of a 40K salary (40000 dollars) or 2 meg of disk space (2*2^20 bytes).The accepted pronunciation of the initial G of giga- is hard, /gi'ga/.Confusing 1000 and 1024 (or other powers of 2 and 10 close in magnitude) - for example, describing a memory in units of 500K or 524K instead of 512K - is a 1440 KB = 1440 * 1024 = 1474560 bytes. Alas, this point is probably lost on the world forever.In 1993, hacker Morgan Burke proposed, to general approval on Usenet, the following additional prefixes: groucho (10^-30), harpo (10^-27), harpi (10^27), available for future expansion. Sadly, there is little immediate prospect that Mr. Burke's eminently sensible proposal will be ratified.2. (language) Related to the prefix notation.(2003-05-06)

PREP ::: 1. (PReP) PowerPC Reference Platform.2. (PREP) PRogrammed Electronics Patterns. Language for designing integrated circuits. [Computer Assisted Mask Production, R.L. Rosenfeld, Proc IEEE 57(9) Sep 1969].

PREP 1. (PReP) {PowerPC Reference Platform}. 2. (PREP) PRogrammed Electronics Patterns. Language for designing {integrated circuits}. ["Computer Assisted Mask Production", R.L. Rosenfeld, Proc IEEE 57(9) Sep 1969].

proceedings "publication" (Proc.) A printed collection of papers presented at a conference or meeting, e.g. "The Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Microelectronics for Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems". Along with learned journals, conference proceedings are a major repository of peer-reviewed research results. (2008-07-16)

push-button "electronics" A roughly fingertip-sized plastic cover attached to a spring-loaded, normally-open switch, which, when pressed, closes the switch. Typical examples are the keys on a computer or calculator keyboard and {mouse} buttons. (1997-07-07)

push-button ::: (electronics) A roughly fingertip-sized plastic cover attached to a spring-loaded, normally-open switch, which, when pressed, closes the switch. Typical examples are the keys on a computer or calculator keyboard and mouse buttons. (1997-07-07)

quantum cell "electronics, computing" (Or "quantum dot cell") A structure comprising four {quantum dots} arranged in a square, with two diagonally opposed dots containing electron charges. One diagonal containing charges is arbitrarily defined as representing a value of '1', the other as '0'. In a five-dot cell, the fifth, central dot contains no charge. See also: {quantum cell wire}, {quantum-dot cellular} automata. {(http://mitre.org/research/nanotech/quantum_dot_cell.html)}. ["Quantum Dot Heterostructures", D. Bimberg, et al, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Dec 1998]. [Implementations?] (2001-07-17)

quantum cell ::: (electronics, computing) (Or quantum dot cell) A structure comprising four quantum dots arranged in a square, with two diagonally opposed dots defined as representing a value of '1', the other as '0'. In a five-dot cell, the fifth, central dot contains no charge.See also: quantum cell wire, quantum-dot cellular automata. .[Quantum Dot Heterostructures, D. Bimberg, et al, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Dec 1998].[Implementations?](2001-07-17)

quantum cell wire "electronics, computing" (Or "quantum wire", "binary wire") {Quantum cells} arranged in a line to carry signals. Adjacent cells with the same orientation are at a low energy state and a change of orientation at one end of a quantum wire propagates along the wire, transmitting a signal. However, unlike conventional wire, since only the orientation of charge pairs changes, no current flows. Circuits created using quantum cell wires are referred to as Quantum-dot Wireless Digital Circuits, see {quantum dot}, {Quantum-dot Cellular Automata}. {(http://mitre.org/research/nanotech/quantum_dot_cell.html)}. ["Quantum Dot Heterostructures", D. Bimberg, et al, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Dec 1998] (2001-07-17)

quantum cell wire ::: (electronics, computing) (Or quantum wire, binary wire) Quantum cells arranged in a line to carry signals. Adjacent cells with the same orientation conventional wire, since only the orientation of charge pairs changes, no current flows.Circuits created using quantum cell wires are referred to as Quantum-dot Wireless Digital Circuits, see quantum dot, Quantum-dot Cellular Automata. .[Quantum Dot Heterostructures, D. Bimberg, et al, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Dec 1998](2001-07-17)

Quantum-dot Cellular Automata ::: (electronics, computing) (QCA) Quantum logic circuits created by orientating pairs of quantum cells so that their relative positions determine different from how individual gates in integrated circuits are combined to create logical and memory circuitry.The advantages of quantum-dot cellular automata over conventional circuitry are extremely small size/high density, low power requirements, and potentially high processing speeds. Disadvantages (in 2000) are difficulty of fabrication and low yield.See also: quantum cell wire. . .[Quantum Dot Heterostructures, D. Bimberg, et al, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Dec 1998].(2001-07-17)

Quantum-dot Cellular Automata "electronics, computing" (QCA) Quantum logic circuits created by orientating pairs of {quantum cells} so that their relative positions determine their affect on each other. This is functionally analogous but structurally different from how individual {gates} in {integrated circuits} are combined to create logical and memory circuitry. The advantages of quantum-dot cellular automata over conventional circuitry are extremely small size/high density, low power requirements, and potentially high processing speeds. Disadvantages (in 2000) are difficulty of fabrication and low yield. See also: {quantum cell wire}. {(http://nd.edu/~qcahome/)}. {(http://mitre.org/research/nanotech/quantum_dot_cell.html)}. ["Quantum Dot Heterostructures", D. Bimberg, et al, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Dec 1998]. (2001-07-17)

Richard Hamming ::: (person) Professor Richard Wesley Hamming (1915-02-11 - 1998-01-07). An American mathematician known for his work in information theory (notably error detection and correction), having invented the concepts of Hamming code, Hamming distance, and Hamming window.Richard Hamming received his B.S. from the University of Chicago in 1937, his M.A. from the University of Nebraska in 1939, and his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1942. In 1945 Hamming joined the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos.In 1946, after World War II, Hamming joined the Bell Telephone Laboratories where he worked with both Shannon and John Tukey. He worked there until 1976 when he accepted a chair of computer science at the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey, California.Hamming's fundamental paper on error-detecting and error-correcting codes (Hamming codes) appeared in 1950.His work on the IBM 650 leading to the development in 1956 of the L2 programming language. This never displaced the workhorse language L1 devised by Michael V Wolontis. By 1958 the 650 had been elbowed aside by the 704.Although best known for error-correcting codes, Hamming was primarily a numerical analyst, working on integrating differential equations and the Hamming (better to solve the right problem the wrong way than the wrong problem the right way.).In 1968 he was made a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and awarded the Turing Prize from the Association for Computing Machinery. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers awarded Hamming the Emanuel R Piore Award in 1979 and a medal in 1988. . . .[Richard Hamming. Coding and Information Theory. Prentice-Hall, 1980. ISBN 0-13-139139-9].(2003-06-07)

Richard Hamming "person" Professor Richard Wesley Hamming (1915-02-11 - 1998-01-07). An American mathematician known for his work in {information theory} (notably {error detection and correction}), having invented the concepts of {Hamming code}, {Hamming distance}, and {Hamming window}. Richard Hamming received his B.S. from the University of Chicago in 1937, his M.A. from the University of Nebraska in 1939, and his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1942. In 1945 Hamming joined the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. In 1946, after World War II, Hamming joined the {Bell Telephone Laboratories} where he worked with both {Shannon} and {John Tukey}. He worked there until 1976 when he accepted a chair of computer science at the Naval Postgraduate School at Monterey, California. Hamming's fundamental paper on error-detecting and error-correcting codes ("{Hamming codes}") appeared in 1950. His work on the {IBM 650} leading to the development in 1956 of the {L2} programming language. This never displaced the workhorse language {L1} devised by Michael V Wolontis. By 1958 the 650 had been elbowed aside by the 704. Although best known for error-correcting codes, Hamming was primarily a numerical analyst, working on integrating {differential equations} and the {Hamming spectral window} used for smoothing data before {Fourier analysis}. He wrote textbooks, propounded aphorisms ("the purpose of computing is insight, not numbers"), and was a founder of the {ACM} and a proponent of {open-shop} computing ("better to solve the right problem the wrong way than the wrong problem the right way."). In 1968 he was made a fellow of the {Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers} and awarded the {Turing Prize} from the {Association for Computing Machinery}. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers awarded Hamming the Emanuel R Piore Award in 1979 and a medal in 1988. {(http://www-gap.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Hamming.html)}. {(http://zapata.seas.smu.edu/~gorsak/hamming.html)}. {(http://webtechniques.com/archives/1998/03/homepage/)}. [Richard Hamming. Coding and Information Theory. Prentice-Hall, 1980. ISBN 0-13-139139-9]. (2003-06-07)

Run Length Limited "storage" (RLL) The most popular scheme for encoding data on {magnetic disks}. RLL packs up to 50% more data on a disk than {MFM}. {IBM} invented RLL encoding and used it in {mainframe} disk drives. During the late 1980s, {PC} hard disks began using RLL. Today, virtually every drive on the market uses some form of RLL. Groups of bits are mapped to specific patterns of flux. The density of flux transitions is limited by the spatial resolution of the disk and frequency response of the head and electronics. However, transitions must be close enough to allow reliable {clock recovery}. RLL implementations vary according to the minimum and maximum allowed numbers of {transition cells} between transitions. For example, the most common variant today, RLL 1,7, can have a transition in every other cell and must have at least one transition every seven cells. The exact mapping from bits to transitions is essentially arbitrary. Other schemes include {GCR}, {FM}, {Modified Frequency Modulation} (MFM). See also: {PRML}. {(http://cma.zdnet.com/book/upgraderepair/ch14/ch14.htm)}. (2003-08-12)

SA-110 "processor" The first member of the {StrongARM} family resulting from the architecture license agreement between {Digital Equipment Corporation} and {Advanced RISC Machines} Ltd. (ARM), developer of the {ARM} 32-bit {RISC} architecture. The SA-110 combines ARM's low-power architecture with Digital's processor design and {CMOS} process expertise, and is targetted at {embedded} consumer electronics products. (1996-02-06)

SA-110 ::: (processor) The first member of the StrongARM family resulting from the architecture license agreement between Digital Equipment Corporation and Advanced RISC Machines Ltd. (ARM), developer of the ARM 32-bit RISC architecture.The SA-110 combines ARM's low-power architecture with Digital's processor design and CMOS process expertise, and is targetted at embedded consumer electronics products. (1996-02-06)

scan design "electronics" (Or "Scan-In, Scan-Out") A electronic circuit design technique which aims to increase the controllability and observability of a digital {logic circuit} by incorporating special "{scan registers}" into the circuit so that they form a {scan path}. Some of the more common types of scan design include the {multiplexed register} designs and {level-sensitive scan design} (LSSD) used extensively by {IBM}. {Boundary scan} can be used alone or in combination with either of the above techniques. ["Digital Systems Testing and Testable Design" by Abramovici, Breuer, and Friedman, ISBN 0-7167-8179-4]. ["Design of Testable Logic Circuits" by R.G. Bennetts, (Brunel/Southhampton Universities), ISBN 0-201-14403-4]. (1995-02-23)

scan design ::: (electronics) (Or Scan-In, Scan-Out) A electronic circuit design technique which aims to increase the controllability and observability of a digital logic circuit by incorporating special scan registers into the circuit so that they form a scan path.Some of the more common types of scan design include the multiplexed register designs and level-sensitive scan design (LSSD) used extensively by IBM. Boundary scan can be used alone or in combination with either of the above techniques.[Digital Systems Testing and Testable Design by Abramovici, Breuer, and Friedman, ISBN 0-7167-8179-4].[Design of Testable Logic Circuits by R.G. Bennetts, (Brunel/Southhampton Universities), ISBN 0-201-14403-4]. (1995-02-23)

scan register "electronics, testing" A {digital logic} circuit which can act either as a {flip-flop} or as a serial {shift register} and which is used to form a {scan path} for testing. The most common design is a multiplexed {flip-flop}:    ___ ____ normal in --| \ |  |   |mux |------|D Q|---- normal/scan scan in ----|___/   |  |   output     | |flip| test mode ----+     |flop|      |  | clk --------------------|" | |____| The addition of a {multiplexor} (mux) to each {flip-flop}'s input allows operation in either normal or test mode. The output of each flip-flop goes to the normal functional logic as well as to the scan input of the next multiplexor in the scan path. The other common design is {level-sensitive scan design} (LSSD). (2011-12-16)

Semi-Automatic Ground Environment ::: (project) (SAGE) The computer system of the old US Norad air defence system. SAGE was ground-breaking in many ways, such as being one of the first very large software projects and the first real-time system.MIT Lincoln Laboratory developed SAGE and MITRE Corporation was responsible for system engineering and implementation oversight. , , .[Confirm? Dates? Connection with MIT Research Laboratory for Electronics?] (1999-12-16)

Semi-Automatic Ground Environment "project" (SAGE) The computer system of the old US Norad air defence system. SAGE was ground-breaking in many ways, such as being one of the first very large software projects and the first {real-time} system. {MIT Lincoln Laboratory} developed SAGE and {MITRE Corporation} was responsible for system engineering and implementation oversight. {(http://togger.com/)}, {(http://jps.net/ethelen/sage.html)}, {(http://eskimo.com/%7Ewow-ray/sage28.html)}. [Confirm? Dates? Connection with MIT Research Laboratory for Electronics?] (1999-12-16)

semiconductor ::: (electronics) A material, typically crystaline, which allows current to flow under certain circumstances. Common semiconductors are silicon, germanium, gallium arsenide. Semiconductors are used to make diodes, transistors and other basic solid state electronic components.As crystals of these materials are grown, they are doped with traces of other elements called donors or acceptors to make regions which are n- or p-type n and p type regions adjoin, a junction is formed which will pass current in one direction (from p to n) but not the other, giving a diode.One model of semiconductor behaviour describes the doping elements as having either free electrons or holes dangling at the points in the crystal lattice to migrate toward the junction, where they are attracted to the holes in the p-type material. Thus the junction conducts current.In contrast, when external electrons are applied to p-type material, the attraction of unlike charges causes the holes to migrate away from the junction and toward the source of external electrons. The junction thus becomes depleted of its charge carriers and is non-conducting. (1995-10-04)

semiconductor "electronics" A material, typically crystaline, which allows {current} to flow under certain circumstances. Common semiconductors are silicon, germanium, gallium arsenide. Semiconductors are used to make {diodes}, {transistors} and other basic "solid state" electronic components. As crystals of these materials are grown, they are "doped" with traces of other elements called {donors} or {acceptors} to make regions which are n- or p-type respectively for the {electron model} or p- or n-type under the {hole model}. Where n and p type regions adjoin, a junction is formed which will pass {current} in one direction (from p to n) but not the other, giving a {diode}. One {model} of semiconductor behaviour describes the doping elements as having either {free electrons} or {holes} dangling at the points in the crystal lattice where the doping elements replace one of the atoms of the foundation material. When external electrons are applied to n-type material (which already has free electrons present) the repulsive force of like charges causes the free electrons to migrate toward the junction, where they are attracted to the holes in the p-type material. Thus the junction conducts current. In contrast, when external electrons are applied to p-type material, the attraction of unlike charges causes the holes to migrate away from the junction and toward the source of external electrons. The junction thus becomes "depleted" of its charge carriers and is non-conducting. (1995-10-04)

Serial Advanced Technology Attachment "storage" (SATA, Serial ATA) A computer {bus} technology primarily designed for transfer of data to and from a {hard disk}. SATA is the successor to {Advanced Technology Attachment} (ATA), which was given the {retronym} Parallel ATA (PATA) to distinguish it from Serial ATA. Serial ATA is designed to be scalable. The original SATA/150 or "SATA 1" can transfer up to 150 {MBps} and "SATA 3.0 Gbit/s" has a maximum data rate of 300 {MBps}. Both SATA and PATA drives have built-in low level control electronics but the term {IDE} is usually restricted to parallel ATA drives. {(http://www.serialata.org/)}. (2007-02-23)

SET 1. "security" {Secure Electronic Transaction}. 2. "electronics" {Single Electron Tunneling}. 3. "standard" {Standard d'Echange et de Transfert}. (1999-03-26)

Seven-Segment Display "electronics" (SSD) A kind of display element consisting of seven independently controllable lines arranged as a rectangular figure eight. A seven-segment display is the simplest device that can display any of the digits zero to nine (and some other characters) by lighting different combinations of lines. They are often seen in electronic calculators or measuring equipment. (2013-04-27)

Siemens A German semiconductor and electronics manufacturer. {(http://siemens.de/)}. [Summary?] (1995-07-26)

Siemens ::: A German semiconductor and electronics manufacturer. .[Summary?] (1995-07-26)

silicon ::: 1. (electronics) The material used as the base (or substrate) for most integrated circuits.2. (jargon) Hardware, especially integrated circuits or microprocessor-based computer systems (compare iron).Contrast: software. See also sandbender.[Jargon File] (1996-05-28)

silicon 1. "electronics" The material used as the base (or "substrate") for most {integrated circuits}. 2. "jargon" {Hardware}, especially {integrated circuits} or {microprocessor}-based computer systems (compare {iron}). Contrast: {software}. See also {sandbender}. [{Jargon File}] (1996-05-28)

Sinclair Research ::: (company) A British microelectronics developer and manufacturer. Evolving from Sinclair Radionics in 1979, Sinclair Research was owned by Sir Clive calculators and pocket radios and televisions), but Sinclair Research began by producing some of the first 8-bit home microcomputers.Sinclair produced five microcomputers from 1980 to 1987, all based on the Zilog Z80 microprocessor (except for the QL, which used the Motorola 68008 - a variant the QL (Quantum Leap) in 1984. A portable laptop computer, the Z88, was released in 1987 under the Cambridge Computers banner.Of them all, the ZX Spectrum was the best known, and it went on to become the most popular microcomputer of its time in the United Kingdom and in many other are today) between owners of Spectrums and Commodore 64s over who had the best machine.Sir Clive's financial problems in the mid-80s led him to sell the rights to the Sinclair brand to Amstrad in April 1986. This led to further models of the production of these computers, and no computer with the Sinclair name has been produced since. . . . (1998-12-09)

Sinclair Research "company" A British microelectronics developer and manufacturer. Evolving from Sinclair Radionics in 1979, Sinclair Research was owned by Sir {Clive Sinclair}. Sinclair Radionics produced electronic components and devices (such as calculators and pocket radios and televisions), but Sinclair Research began by producing some of the first {8-bit} home {microcomputers}. Sinclair produced five microcomputers from 1980 to 1987, all based on the {Zilog Z80} {microprocessor} (except for the {QL}, which used the {Motorola 68008} - a variant on the {68000}). The 1K kit-build {ZX80}, introduced in 1980, was followed by the 1K {ZX81} (expandable to 16K) in 1981, the 16K (expandable to 48K) {ZX Spectrum} in 1982 (then superseded by two distinct 48K models and a 128K model in 1986) and the {QL} (Quantum Leap) in 1984. A portable {laptop computer}, the {Z88}, was released in 1987 under the {Cambridge Computers} banner. Of them all, the ZX Spectrum was the best known, and it went on to become the most popular microcomputer of its time in the United Kingdom and in many other territories. This was partly due to its ease of use, and also due to its enormous {software} catalogue, covering games, {word processing}, music, {programming} and {graphics}. Glorious "mine's-better-than-yours" battles were fought (and still are today) between owners of Spectrums and {Commodore 64s} over who had the best machine. Sir Clive's financial problems in the mid-80s led him to sell the rights to the Sinclair brand to {Amstrad} in April 1986. This led to further models of the Spectrum being released from 1986 to 1988 and also an {IBM} {PC}-compatible based internally on Amstrad's own PC range. Sir Clive was not involved with the production of these computers, and no computer with the Sinclair name has been produced since. {(http://sinclair-research.co.uk/)}. {Planet Sinclair (http://nvg.ntnu.no/sinclair/)}. {comp.sys.sinclair FAQ (http://kendalls.demon.co.uk/cssfaq/)}. (1998-12-09)

Single Electron Tunneling ::: (electronics) (SET) A New electrical standard for capacitance.SET devices can be used to construct circuits which process information by manipulating individual electrons. SET devices are small, dissipate little low power dissipation of SET circuits makes them potentially useful for the Information Technology industry. (1999-01-06)

Single Electron Tunneling "electronics" (SET) A New electrical standard for capacitance. SET devices can be used to construct circuits which process information by manipulating individual electrons. SET devices are small, dissipate little power, and can detect exquisitely small quantities of charge. The small size and low power dissipation of SET circuits makes them potentially useful for the {Information Technology} industry. (1999-01-06)

Single Electron Tunneling Technology "hardware" A {neural network} hardware concept based on {single electron tunneling}. {Single electron tunneling transistors} have some properties which make them attractive for neural networks, among which their small size, low power consumption and potentially high speed. Simulations have been performed on some small circuits of SET transistors that exhibit functional properties similar to those required for neural networks. {(http://computer.org/conferen/proceed/mn96/ABSTRACT.HTM

Single Electron Tunneling Technology ::: (hardware) A neural network hardware concept based on single electron tunneling. Single electron tunneling transistors have some properties which make them attractive for neural networks, among which their small size, low power consumption and potentially high speed.Simulations have been performed on some small circuits of SET transistors that exhibit functional properties similar to those required for neural networks. .[Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Microelectronics for Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems (MicroNeuro '96). Martijn J. Goossens, Chris J.M. Verhoeven, and Arthur H.M. van Roermund]. (1999-01-06)

SI prefix "unit, standard" The {standard} metric prefixes used in the {Système International d'Unités} (SI) conventions for scientific measurement. Here are the SI magnifying prefixes, along with the corresponding binary interpretations in common use: prefix abr decimal binary yocto-   1000^-8 zepto-   1000^-7 atto-   1000^-6 femto- f 1000^-5 pico- p 1000^-4 nano- n 1000^-3 micro- * 1000^-2     * Abbreviation: Greek mu milli- m 1000^-1 kilo- k 1000^1 1024^1 = 2^10 = 1,024 mega- M 1000^2 1024^2 = 2^20 = 1,048,576 giga- G 1000^3 1024^3 = 2^30 = 1,073,741,824 tera- T 1000^4 1024^4 = 2^40 = 1,099,511,627,776 peta-   1000^5 1024^5 = 2^50 = 1,125,899,906,842,624 exa-   1000^6 1024^6 = 2^60 = 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 zetta-   1000^7 1024^7 = 2^70 = 1,180,591,620,717,411,303,424 yotta-   1000^8 1024^8 = 2^80 = 1,208,925,819,614,629,174,706,176 "Femto" and "atto" derive not from Greek but from Danish. The abbreviated forms of these prefixes are common in electronics and physics. When used with bytes of storage, these prefixes usually denote multiplication by powers of 1024 = 2^10 (K, M, G and T are common in computing). Thus "MB" stands for megabytes (2^20 bytes). This common practice goes against the edicts of the {BIPM} who deprecate the use of these prefixes for powers of two. The formal SI prefix for 1000 is lower case "k"; some, including this dictionary, use this strictly, reserving upper case "K" for multiplication by 1024 (KB is thus "kilobytes"). Also, in data transfer rates the prefixes stand for powers of ten so, for example, 28.8 kb/s means 28,800 bits per second. The unit is often dropped so one may talk of "a 40K salary" (40000 dollars) or "2 meg of disk space" (2*2^20 bytes). The accepted pronunciation of the initial G of "giga-" is hard, /gi'ga/. Confusing 1000 and 1024 (or other powers of 2 and 10 close in magnitude) - for example, describing a memory in units of 500K or 524K instead of 512K - is a sure sign of the {marketroid}. For example, 3.5" {microfloppies} are often described as storing "1.44 MB". In fact, this is completely specious. The correct size is 1440 KB = 1440 * 1024 = 1474560 bytes. Alas, this point is probably lost on the world forever. In 1993, hacker Morgan Burke proposed, to general approval on {Usenet}, the following additional prefixes: groucho (10^-30), harpo (10^-27), harpi (10^27), grouchi (10^30). This would leave the prefixes zeppo-, gummo-, and chico- available for future expansion. Sadly, there is little immediate prospect that Mr. Burke's eminently sensible proposal will be ratified. (2009-09-01)

smart 1. "programming" Said of a program that does the {Right Thing} in a wide variety of complicated circumstances. There is a difference between calling a program smart and calling it intelligent; in particular, there do not exist any intelligent programs (yet - see {AI-complete}). Compare {robust} (smart programs can be {brittle}). 2. "hardware" Incorporating some kind of digital electronics. (1995-03-28)

smoke-emitting diode "humour, electronics" (From "{light-emitting diode}") An incorrectly connected {diode}, probably a {light-emitting diode}, in the process of losing its {magic smoke} and becoming a {friode}. See also {LER}. (1996-04-28)

smoke-emitting diode ::: (humour, electronics) (From light-emitting diode) An incorrectly connected diode, probably a light-emitting diode, in the process of losing its magic smoke and becoming a friode.See also LER. (1996-04-28)

solid state "electronics" (Often hyphenated when used as an adjective) A term describing any device that uses {semiconductor} components rather than {electron tubes} or {relays}. Semiconductors are "solid" in that they contain no gas ("vacuum" tubes contain a small amount as the vacuum is not perfect) or moving parts (like relays), but probably more important is the connotation of reliability and durability that made possible things like portable radios. (2007-09-21)

SSI 1. "electronics" {small scale integration}. 2. "computer" A kind of {PDP-11}(?). [What kind?] 3. "web" {server-side include}. (1996-09-08)

SSI ::: 1. (electronics) small scale integration.2. (computer) A kind of PDP-11(?).[What kind?]3. (World-Wide Web) server-side include. (1996-09-08)

TDF "language" An {intermediate language}, a close relative of {ANDF}. A TDF program is an {ASCII} stream describing an {abstract syntax tree}. TDF became part of {TenDRA} in abut 2001. ["TDF Specification", Defence Research Agency/Electronics Division, Great Malvern, England, +44 684 895314]. (2003-05-13)

TDF ::: (language) An intermediate language, a close relative of ANDF. A TDF program is an ASCII stream describing an abstract syntax tree.TDF became part of TenDRA in abut 2001.[TDF Specification, Defence Research Agency/Electronics Division, Great Malvern, England, +44 684 895314].(2003-05-13)

terminal ::: 1. (hardware) An electronic or electromechanical device for entering data into a computer or a communications system and displaying data received. Early terminals were called teletypes, later ones VDUs. Typically a terminal communicates with the computer via a serial line.2. (electronics) The end of a line where signals are either transmitted or received, or a point along the length of a line where the signals are made available to apparatus.3. (electronics) Apparatus to send and/or receive signals on a line. (1995-10-02)

terminal 1. "hardware" An electronic or electromechanical device for entering data into a computer or a communications system and displaying data received. Early terminals were called {teletypes}, later ones {VDUs}. Typically a terminal communicates with the computer via a {serial line}. 2. "electronics" The end of a {line} where signals are either transmitted or received, or a point along the length of a line where the signals are made available to apparatus. 3. "electronics" Apparatus to send and/or receive signals on a {line}. (1995-10-02)

terminator "electronics" A resistor connected to a signal wire in a {bus} or {network} for the purpose of impedance matching to prevent reflections. For example, a 50 ohm resistor connected across the end of an {Ethernet} cable. {SCSI} chains and some {LocalTalk} wiring schemes also require terminators. (1995-05-17)

terminator ::: (electronics) A resistor connected to a signal wire in a bus or network for the purpose of impedance matching to prevent reflections.For example, a 50 ohm resistor connected across the end of an Ethernet cable. SCSI chains and some LocalTalk wiring schemes also require terminators. (1995-05-17)

Texas Instruments ::: (company) (TI) A US electronics company.A TI engineer, Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit in 1958. Three TI employees left the company in 1982 to start Compaq.The COOL and OATH C++ class libraries were developed at TI, as were PDL2 and the ASC computer, PC-Scheme and Texas Instruments Pascal. . (1994-09-26)

Texas Instruments "company" (TI) A US electronics company. A TI engineer, {Jack Kilby} invented the {integrated circuit} in 1958. Three TI employees left the company in 1982 to start {Compaq}. The {COOL} and {OATH} {C++} {class} libraries were developed at TI, as were {PDL2} and the {ASC} computer, {PC-Scheme} and {Texas Instruments Pascal}. {(ftp://ti.com/)}. (1994-09-26)

Toshiba Corporation ::: (company) A Japanese technology manufacturer with 364 subsidiaries worldwide. Toshiba makes and sells electronics for home, office, industry and components, heavy electrical apparatus, consumer products and medical diagnostic imaging equipment.In FY 2003-4, Toshiba employed 161,286 people and sales were � 5,579B (UK� 30B, US$ 50B). .(2005-01-19)

Toshiba Corporation "company" A Japanese technology manufacturer with 364 subsidiaries worldwide. Toshiba makes and sells electronics for home, office, industry and health care including information and communication systems, electronic components, heavy electrical apparatus, consumer products and medical diagnostic imaging equipment. In FY 2003-4, Toshiba employed 161,286 people. {Toshiba Home (http://toshiba.co.jp/)}. (2005-01-19)

transceiver "networking" Transmitter-receiver, any device that performs both functions. For example, on an {Ethernet} network, a transceiver is the hardware that connects a {host} interface (e.g. an {Ethernet} controller) to a {local area network}. Ethernet transceivers contain electronics that apply signals to the cable and sense other host's signals and collisions. See also {CSMA/CD}. (2008-08-04)

transceiver ::: Transmitter-receiver. The physical device that connects a host interface (e.g. an Ethernet controller) to a local area network. Ethernet transceivers contain electronics that apply signals to the cable and sense other host's signals and collisions. See also CSMA/CD.

transient ::: 1. (electronics) A sudden, brief increase in current or voltage in a circuit that can damage sensitive components and instruments.(2003-06-12)2. (software) A software object with a short and limited lifetime which is not saved for later reuse. (1998-04-19)

transient 1. "electronics" A sudden, brief increase in {current} or {voltage} in a circuit that can damage sensitive components and instruments. (2003-06-12) 2. "software" A software object with a short and limited lifetime which is not saved for later reuse. (1998-04-19)

transistor "electronics" A three terminal {semiconductor} amplifying device, the fundamental component of most active electronic circuits, including digital electronics. The transistor was invented on 1947-12-23 at {Bell Labs}. There are two kinds, the {bipolar transistor} (also called the junction transistor), and the {field effect transistor} (FET). Transistors and other components are interconnected to make complex {integrated circuits} such as {logic gates}, {microprocessors} and memory. (1995-10-05)

transistor ::: (electronics) A three terminal semiconductor amplifying device, the fundamental component of most active electronic circuits, including digital electronics. The transistor was invented on 1947-12-23 at Bell Labs.There are two kinds, the bipolar transistor (also called the junction transistor), and the field effect transistor (FET).Transistors and other components are interconnected to make complex integrated circuits such as logic gates, microprocessors and memory. (1995-10-05)

tube ::: 1. (hardware) A CRT terminal. Never used in the mainstream sense of TV; real hackers don't watch TV, except for Loony Toons, Rocky & Bullwinkle, Trek Classic, the Simpsons, and the occasional cheesy old swashbuckler movie.2. (electronics) electron tube.3. (jargon) (IBM) To send a copy of something to someone else's terminal. Tube me that note.[Jargon File] (1996-02-05)

tube 1. "hardware" A {CRT} terminal. Never used in the mainstream sense of TV; real hackers don't watch TV, except for Loony Toons, Rocky & Bullwinkle, Trek Classic, the Simpsons, and the occasional cheesy old swashbuckler movie. 2. "electronics" {electron tube}. 3. "jargon" (IBM) To send a copy of something to someone else's terminal. "Tube me that note." [{Jargon File}] (1996-02-05)

two-valued logic "logic" (Commonly known as "{Boolean algebra}") A mathematical system concerning the two {truth values}, TRUE and FALSE and the functions {AND}, {OR}, {NOT}. Two-valued logic is one of the cornerstones of {logic} and is also fundamental in the design of {digital electronics} and {programming languages}. The term "Boolean" is used here with its common meaning - two-valued, though strictly {Boolean algebra} is more general than this. Boolean functions are usually represented by {truth tables} where "0" represents "false" and "1" represents "true". E.g.: A | B | A AND B --+---+-------- 0 | 0 |  0 0 | 1 |  0 1 | 0 |  0 1 | 1 |  1 This can be given more compactly using "x" to mean "don't care" (either true or false): A | B | A AND B --+---+-------- 0 | x |  0 x | 0 |  0 1 | 1 |  1 Similarly:     A | NOT A   A | B | A OR B     --+------   --+---+--------     0 | 1     0 | 0 | 0     1 | 0     x | 1 | 1             1 | x | 1 Other functions such as {XOR}, {NAND}, {NOR} or functions of more than two inputs can be constructed using combinations of AND, OR, and NOT. AND and OR can be constructed from each other using {DeMorgan's Theorem}: A OR B = NOT ((NOT A) AND (NOT B)) A AND B = NOT ((NOT A) OR (NOT B)) In fact any Boolean function can be constructed using just NOR or just NAND using the identities: NOT A = A NOR A A OR B = NOT (A NOR B) and {DeMorgan's Theorem}. (2003-06-18)

two-valued logic ::: (logic) (Commonly known as Boolean algebra) A mathematical system concerning the two truth values, TRUE and FALSE and the functions AND, OR, NOT. Two-valued logic is one of the cornerstones of logic and is also fundamental in the design of digital electronics and programming languages.The term Boolean is used here with its common meaning - two-valued, though strictly Boolean algebra is more general than this.Boolean functions are usually represented by truth tables where 0 represents false and 1 represents true. E.g.: A | B | A AND B--+---+-------- This can be given more compactly using x to mean don't care (either true or false): A | B | A AND B--+---+-------- Similarly: A | NOT A A | B | A OR B--+------ --+---+-------- OR, and NOT. AND and OR can be constructed from each other using DeMorgan's Theorem: A OR B = NOT ((NOT A) AND (NOT B))A AND B = NOT ((NOT A) OR (NOT B)) In fact any Boolean function can be constructed using just NOR or just NAND using the identities: NOT A = A NOR AA OR B = NOT (A NOR B) and DeMorgan's Theorem.(2003-06-18)

University of Edinburgh ::: (body, education) A university in the centre of Scotland's capital. The University of Edinburgh has been promoting and setting standards in education Council of Edinburgh, making it the first post-Reformation university in Scotland, and the first civic university to be established in the British Isles.Known in its early years as King James College, or the Tounis (Town's) College, the University soon established itself internationally, and by the 18th century perspective, has kept Edinburgh at the forefront of new research and teaching developments whilst enabling it to retain a uniquely Scottish character.Edinburgh's academics are at the forefront of developments in the study and application of languages, medicine, micro-electronics, biotechnology, University precincts of many independently-funded, but closely linked, national research institutes .Address: Old College, South Bridge, Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9YL, UK.Telephone: +44 (131) 650 1000.See also ABSET, ABSYS, Alice, ASL+, Baroque, C++Linda, Cogent Prolog, COWSEL, Echidna, Edinburgh Prolog, Edinburgh SML, EdML, ELLIS, ELSIE, ESLPDPRO, Extended POPLER, Prolog, Prolog-2, Prolog-Linda, Scheme-Linda, Skel-ML, Standard ML, Sticks&Stones, supercombinators, SWI-Prolog, tail recursion modulo cons, WPOP. (1995-12-29)

University of Edinburgh "body, education" A university in the centre of Scotland's capital. The University of Edinburgh has been promoting and setting standards in education for over 400 years. Granted its Royal Charter in 1582 by James VI, the son of Mary Queen of Scots, the University was founded the following year by the Town Council of Edinburgh, making it the first post-Reformation university in Scotland, and the first civic university to be established in the British Isles. Known in its early years as King James College, or the Tounis (Town's) College, the University soon established itself internationally, and by the 18th century Edinburgh was a leading centre of the European Enlightenment and one of the continent's principal universities. The University's close relationship with the city in which it is based, coupled with a forward-looking, international perspective, has kept Edinburgh at the forefront of new research and teaching developments whilst enabling it to retain a uniquely Scottish character. Edinburgh's academics are at the forefront of developments in the study and application of languages, medicine, micro-electronics, biotechnology, computer-based disciplines and many other subjects. Edinburgh's standing as a world centre for research is further enhanced by the presence on and around University precincts of many independently-funded, but closely linked, national research institutes {(http://ed.ac.uk/)}. Address: Old College, South Bridge, Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9YL, UK. Telephone: +44 (131) 650 1000. See also {ABSET}, {ABSYS}, {Alice}, {ASL+}, {Baroque}, {C++Linda}, {Cogent Prolog}, {COWSEL}, {Echidna}, {Edinburgh Prolog}, {Edinburgh SML}, {EdML}, {ELLIS}, {ELSIE}, {ESLPDPRO}, {Extended ML}, {Hope}, {IMP}, {LCF}, {Lisp-Linda}, {Marseille Prolog}, {metalanguage}, {MIKE}, {ML}, {ML Kit}, {ML-Linda}, {Multipop-68}, {Nuprl}, {Oblog}, {paraML}, {Pascal-Linda}, {POP-1}, {POP-2}, {POPLER}, {Prolog}, {Prolog-2}, {Prolog-Linda}, {Scheme-Linda}, {Skel-ML}, {Standard ML}, {Sticks&Stones}, {supercombinators}, {SWI-Prolog}, {tail recursion modulo cons}, {WPOP}. (1995-12-29)

valve "electronics" UK term for a {vacuum tube}. (1996-01-10)

valve ::: (electronics) UK term for a vacuum tube. (1996-01-10)

VCC filtering "electronics" A technique for reducing the amount of {Radio Frequency Interference} spread via power supply connections. {VCC} is a common name for the non-{ground} power supply line in circuits based on {bipolar transistors}. When part of a circuit generates lots of radio-frequency noise, that portion of the {power plane} can be isolated from the rest of the circuit and power delivered to it via a {low pass filter}, usually a {PI filter}, as shown in the diagram below.   source ________inductor_________ load |        |    capacitor    capacitor |        |     ground     ground This helps to shield the rest of the circuit from the noise generated by the load. (1998-01-26)

VCC filtering ::: (electronics) A technique for reducing the amount of Radio Frequency Interference spread via power supply connections. VCC is a common name for the non-ground power supply line in circuits based on bipolar transistors.When part of a circuit generates lots of radio-frequency noise, that portion of the power plane can be isolated from the rest of the circuit and power delivered to it via a low pass filter, usually a PI filter, as shown in the diagram below. source ________inductor_________ load| | This helps to shield the rest of the circuit from the noise generated by the load. (1998-01-26)

VESA Local Bus "hardware, standard" (VL, VLB) A {local bus} defined by the {Video Electronics Standards Association}, mostly used in {personal computers} based on the {Intel 486}. See also {PCI}. (1995-03-31)

VESA Local Bus ::: (hardware, standard) (VL, VLB) A local bus defined by the Video Electronics Standards Association, mostly used in personal computers based on the Intel 486. See also PCI. (1995-03-31)

VESA {Video Electronics Standards Association}

Video Electronics Standards Association ::: (body, standard) (VESA) An industry standards organisation created in 1989 or 1990 mostly(?) concerned with IBM compatible personal computers. The first standard it created was the 800 x 600 pixel Super VGA (SVGA) display and its software interface. It also defined the VESA Local Bus (VLB).See also PCI. . (1995-11-16)

Video Electronics Standards Association "body, standard" (VESA) An industry {standards} organisation created in 1989 or 1990 mostly(?) concerned with {IBM} compatible {personal computers}. The first standard it created was the 800 x 600 pixel {Super VGA} (SVGA) display and its software interface. It also defined the {VESA Local Bus} (VLB). See also {PCI}. {(http://vesa.org/)}. (1995-11-16)

video memory ::: (storage) The memory in a computer's graphics adaptor, used to store the image displayed on a bitmap display. Often this is built using VRAM chips. There bits then it can have any of 256 colours (or shades of grey on a monochrome display).The video display electronics is responsible for reading the data from video memory and converting it into the necessary signals to drive the display. Often this includes a colour palette which converts pixel values into RGB triplets. (1996-11-01)

video memory "storage" The memory in a computer's {graphics adaptor}, used to store the image displayed on a {bitmap display}. Often this is built using {VRAM} chips. There is normally a simple correspondence between groups of {bits} in video memory and the dots or "{pixels}" on the screen, such that writing to a given group of bits will alter the appearance of a single dot. If each pixel corresponds to eight bits then it can have any of 256 colours (or shades of grey on a monochrome display). The video display electronics is responsible for reading the data from video memory and converting it into the necessary signals to drive the display. Often this includes a {colour palette} which converts pixel values into {RGB} triplets. (1996-11-01)

video random-access memory "hardware" (VRAM) Fast memory designed for storing the image to be displayed on a computer's {monitor}. VRAM may be built from special memory {integrated circuits} designed to be accessed sequentially. VRAM must be fast enough to supply data to the display electronics at the speed at which the screen is scanned. Thus for example, for a {resolution} of 1280x1024 eight-bit {pixels} at a {refresh rate} of 70 Hz, the {video memory} would need to supply 1280x1024x70 = 90 Mbyte/s or one byte every 11 ns. The VRAM may be {dual ported} in order to allow the display electronics and the {CPU} to access it at the same time. In an {IBM PC} the VRAM is located on the display interface card and 0.5 - 2 MB is typical. {A VRAM Song (http://fweep.com/vram.html)}! (2001-02-14)

video random access memory ::: (hardware) (VRAM) Fast memory designed for storing the image to be displayed on a computer's monitor. VRAM may be built from special memory integrated circuits designed to be accessed sequentially.VRAM must be fast enough to supply data to the display electronics at the speed at which the screen is scanned. Thus for example, for a resolution of 1280x1024 ported in order to allow the display electronics and the CPU to access it at the same time.In an IBM PC the VRAM is located on the display interface card and 0.5 - 2 MB is typical. !(2001-02-14)

Visual Display Unit ::: (hardware) (VDU, or video terminal, video display terminal, VDT, display terminal) A device incorporating a cathode ray tube (CRT) display, a electronics which store the received data and convert it into electrical waveforms to drive the CRT.VDUs fall into two categories: dumb terminals and intelligent terminals (sometimes called programmable terminals).Early VDUs could only display characters in a single preset font, and these were confined to being layed out in a rectangular grid, reproducing the functionality of the paper-based teletypes they were designed to replace.Later models added graphics facilities but were still driven via serial communications, typically with several VDUs attached to a single multi-user computer. This contrasts with the much faster single bitmap displays integrated into most modern single-user personal computers and workstations.The term Display Screen Equipment (DSE) is used almost exclusively in connection with the health and safety issues concerning VDUs. .(2002-11-09)

Visual Display Unit "hardware" (VDU, or "video terminal", "video display terminal", VDT, "display terminal") A device incorporating a {cathode ray tube} (CRT) display, a keyboard and a {serial port}. A VDU usually also includes its own display electronics which store the received data and convert it into electrical waveforms to drive the CRT. VDUs fall into two categories: {dumb terminals} and {intelligent terminals} (sometimes called "programmable terminals"). Early VDUs could only display characters in a single preset {font}, and these were confined to being layed out in a rectangular grid, reproducing the functionality of the paper-based {teletypes} they were designed to replace. Later models added graphics facilities but were still driven via serial communications, typically with several VDUs attached to a single multi-user computer. This contrasts with the much faster single {bitmap displays} integrated into most modern single-user {personal computers} and {workstations}. The term "Display Screen Equipment" (DSE) is used almost exclusively in connection with the health and safety issues concerning VDUs. {Working with VDUs - UK Heath and Safety Executive (http://hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg36.pdf)}. (2002-11-09)

voltage "electronics" (Or "potential difference", "electro-motive force" (EMF)) A quantity measured as a signed difference between two points in an electrical circuit which, when divided by the {resistance} in {Ohms} between those points, gives the current flowing between those points in {Amperes}, according to {Ohm's Law}. Voltage is expressed as a signed number of Volts (V). The voltage gradient in Volts per metre is proportional to the force on a charge. Voltages are often given relative to "earth" or "ground" which is taken to be at zero Volts. A circuit's earth may or may not be electrically connected to the actual earth. The voltage between two points is also given by the charge present between those points in {Coulombs} divided by the {capacitance} in {Farads}. The capacitance in turn depends on the {dielectric constant} of the insulators present. Yet another law gives the voltage across a piece of circuit as its {inductance} in {Henries} multiplied by the rate of change of current flow through it in Amperes per second. A simple analogy likens voltage to the pressure of water in a pipe. Current is likened to the amount of water (charge) flowing per unit time. (1995-12-04)

voltage ::: (electronics) (Or potential difference, electro-motive force (EMF)) A quantity measured as a signed difference between two points in an electrical Law. Voltage is expressed as a signed number of Volts (V). The voltage gradient in Volts per metre is proportional to the force on a charge.Voltages are often given relative to earth or ground which is taken to be at zero Volts. A circuit's earth may or may not be electrically connected to the actual earth.The voltage between two points is also given by the charge present between those points in Coulombs divided by the capacitance in Farads. The capacitance in turn depends on the dielectric constant of the insulators present.Yet another law gives the voltage across a piece of circuit as its inductance in Henries multiplied by the rate of change of current flow through it in Amperes per second.A simple analogy likens voltage to the pressure of water in a pipe. Current is likened to the amount of water (charge) flowing per unit time. (1995-12-04)

Whirlwind "computer" An early computer from the {MIT Research Laboratory for Electronics}. Whirlwind used {electrostatic memory} and ran {Laning and Zierler} (1953); and {ALGEBRAIC}, {COMPREHENSIVE} and {SUMMER SESSION} (all 1959). [Details, reference?] (2002-06-03)

Whirlwind ::: (computer) An early computer from the MIT Research Laboratory for Electronics.Whirlwind used electrostatic memory and ran Laning and Zierler (1953); and ALGEBRAIC, COMPREHENSIVE and SUMMER SESSION (all 1959).[Details, reference?](2002-06-03)

write-only memory 1. "jargon, humour" (WOM) The obvious antonym to "{read-only memory}" (ROM). Out of frustration with the long and seemingly useless chain of approvals required of component specifications, during which no actual checking seemed to occur, an engineer at {Signetics} once created a specification for a write-only memory and included it with a bunch of other specifications to be approved. This inclusion came to the attention of Signetics {management} only when regular customers started calling and asking for pricing information. Signetics published a corrected edition of the data book and requested the return of the "erroneous" ones. Later, around 1974, Signetics bought a double-page spread in "Electronics" magazine's April issue and used the spec as an April Fools' Day joke. Instead of the more conventional characteristic curves, the 25120 "fully encoded, 9046 x N, Random Access, write-only-memory" data sheet included diagrams of "bit capacity vs. Temp.", "Iff vs. Vff", "Number of pins remaining vs. number of socket insertions", and "AQL vs. selling price". The 25120 required a 6.3 VAC VFF supply, a +10V VCC, and VDD of 0V, +/- 2%. 2. {bit bucket}. [{Jargon File}] (2007-03-24)

Xilinx, Inc. ::: (company) The electronics company who invented the FPGA.Xilinx was founded in San Jose, California, in 1984, and invented the field-programmable gate array. They claim to command more than half of the world market for these devices today. More recent innovations include complex programmable logic devices. .Address: 2100 Logic Drive, San Jose, CA 95124, USA. (1998-09-25)

Xilinx, Inc. "company" The electronics company who invented the {FPGA}. Xilinx was founded in San Jose, California, in 1984, and invented the {field-programmable gate array}. They claim to command more than half of the world market for these devices today. More recent innovations include {complex programmable logic devices}. {(http://xilinx.com/)}. Address: 2100 Logic Drive, San Jose, CA 95124, USA. (1998-09-25)

Xilinx Netlist Format ::: (language, electronics) (XNF) A Hardware Description Language for electronic circuit design, developed by Xilinx, Inc..Xilinx-developed tools use XNF and handle the details of the FPGA architecture. Converters are available for a number of widely-used HDLs - for example Verilog designs. In addition, XNF can be converted to the input language of different logic simulators. . (1999-03-31)

Xilinx Netlist Format "language, electronics" (XNF) A {Hardware Description Language} for electronic circuit design, developed by {Xilinx, Inc.}. {Xilinx}-developed tools use XNF and handle the details of the {FPGA} architecture. Converters are available for a number of widely-used {HDLs} - for example {Verilog} ({xnf2ver}) - so that designers can use familiar tools to develop Logic Cell Array designs. In addition, XNF can be converted to the input language of different {logic simulators}. {Specification (ftp://ftp.xilinx.com/pub/documentation/xactstep6/xnfspec.pdf)}. (1999-03-31)

Yamaha ::: (company) A Japanese company best known for consumer electronics and motorbikes. They make music synthesizers, CD-Rom Writers and HiFi sound equipment. . (1997-04-29)

Yamaha "company" A Japanese company best known for consumer electronics and motorbikes. They make music synthesizers, {CD-Rom Writers} and HiFi sound equipment. {(http://yamaha.com/)}. (1997-04-29)



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   3 William Gibson
   3 Sherrilyn Kenyon
   3 Neil deGrasse Tyson
   3 Kurt Vonnegut
   3 J D Robb
   3 Dan Deacon
   3 Cliff Ball
   2 William R Forstchen
   2 Trevor Noah
   2 Tom Waits
   2 Thomas Pynchon
   2 Terry Pratchett
   2 Steve Wozniak
   2 Richard Louv
   2 Norman Ralph Augustine
   2 Noam Chomsky

*** WISDOM TROVE ***

1:Those who live by electronics die by electronics. Sic semper tyrannis. ~ kurt-vonnegut, @wisdomtrove
2:Great numbers of children will be born who understand electronics and atomic power as well as other forms of energy. They will grow into scientists and engineers of a new age which has the power to destroy civilization unless we learn to live by spiritual laws. ~ edgar-cayce, @wisdomtrove
3:I met Woz when I was 13, at a friend's garage. He was about 18. He was, like, the first person I met who knew more electronics than I did at that point. We became good friends, because we shared an interest in computer and we had a sense of humor. We pulled all kinds of pranks together. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
4:The engineering is long gone in most PC companies. In the consumer electronics companies, they don't understand the software parts of it. And so you really can't make the products that you can make at Apple anywhere else right now. Apple's the only company that has everything under one roof. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
5:I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics. Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that's what I wanted to do. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
6:Why do you suppose that in the last 100 years technology has evolved a thousand times further than it has in the last 3,000 years? It's the level of souls that are incarnating. The older Atlantean souls are coming back. They have a natural affinity for communication, electronics, medicine, law and media. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
7:Wheeler hopes that we can discover, within the context of physics, a principle that will enable the universe to come into existence "of its own accord." In his search for such a theory, he remarks: "No guiding principle would seem more powerful than the requirement that it should provide the universe with a way to come into being." Wheeler likened this &

*** NEWFULLDB 2.4M ***

1:Holy mother of all electronics... ~ Sherrilyn Kenyon,
2:Electronics is clearly the winner of the day. ~ John Ford,
3:Consumer electronics is a challenging one. ~ Kevin B Rollins,
4:It looks like a galosh with electronics in it. ~ Niels Diffrient,
5:Their electronics are still back in the Stone Age. ~ Peter F Hamilton,
6:Arleigh’s van smelled like long-chain monomers and warm electronics. ~ William Gibson,
7:Those who live by electronics, die by electronics. Sic semper tyrannis. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
8:My boots use recycled electronics and recycled plastics from the ocean. ~ Pamela Anderson,
9:Those who live by electronics, die by electronics. Sic semper tyrannis. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
10:The cost of electronics in a modern car now exceeds the cost of its stall. ~ Nicholas Negroponte,
11:Electronics was something I could always fall back on when I needed food on the table. ~ Steve Jobs,
12:Fortune Town IT Mall and buy software and electronics of all sorts very, very, very cheap, ~ Ramez Naam,
13:Other teenagers got clothes and electronics for Christmas. I got my name on a hit list. ~ Laura Thalassa,
14:I like really sparse electronics, lush arrangements, and interesting chord structures. ~ Josh Klinghoffer,
15:It’s a combination. It’s a combination of electronics and biology. ~ Elon Musk, Human Civilization and AI,
16:I'm not much into current electronic stuff, what I think of as lounge electronics, mumbling electronics. ~ Derek Bailey,
17:always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics,” he said. “Then I read something ~ Walter Isaacson,
18:I've always been obsessed with electronics and using computers and software. It's always been part of my vernacular. ~ Sufjan Stevens,
19:rooms, and being the NYPS-fucking-D, we have a whole division who gets off on going through electronics, records.” “That’s ~ J D Robb,
20:There's a basic principle about consumer electronics: it gets more powerful all the time and it gets cheaper all the time. ~ Trip Hawkins,
21:When the Grateful Dead needed a quality sound system to deliver our sonic payload, I learned electronics and speaker design. ~ Mickey Hart,
22:This guy knows his electronics, so he took basic precautions with his personal data, but—take a hike, She-Body, this is my area. ~ J D Robb,
23:STEPHEN WOZNIAK. The star electronics geek at Homestead High; Jobs figured out how to package and market his amazing circuit ~ Walter Isaacson,
24:Stick with hard copies; they’re harder to alter after publication. In the better world, there won’t be any electronics at all. ~ Erika Johansen,
25:Gleichschaltung, or “coordination,” a term borrowed from electronics, meaning that all the switches are on the same circuit. ~ Benjamin Carter Hett,
26:Woz spent a lot of time at home reading his father’s electronics journals, and he became enthralled by stories about new computers, ~ Walter Isaacson,
27:His paper, titled “Cramming More Components onto Integrated Circuits,” was published in the April 1965 issue of Electronics magazine. ~ Walter Isaacson,
28:I learned electronics as a kid by messing around with old radios that were easy to tamper with because they were designed to be fixed. ~ Walter Isaacson,
29:He showed me the rudiments of electronics, and I got very interested in that.” Even more interesting were the trips to scavenge for parts. ~ Walter Isaacson,
30:I'd learned enough about circuitry in high school electronics to know how to drive a TV and get it to draw - shapes of characters and things. ~ Steve Wozniak,
31:finally decided on Integrated Electronics Corp. That wasn’t very thrilling, either, but it had the virtue that it could be abridged—as Intel. ~ Walter Isaacson,
32:Gray’s Electronics and Records had a display in the window, a fake fireplace with a flashing jukebox where the flames would have been. On the record ~ Ravi Howard,
33:As for the age of electronics, Selena, I really don't want to get personal with something that comes with a warning label and batteries. (Grace) ~ Sherrilyn Kenyon,
34:Develop your own skills and styles. In music, designing, electronics, etc., you may have a peculiar way of exposing your dreams in an uncommon way ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
35:The Japanese, implementing a complex, long-term, and ultimately successful strategy to dominate the U S consumer-electronics market, attacked Pearl Harbor. ~ Dave Barry,
36:We see portability in electronics being a continuing requirement, higher functionality, better battery life, requiring lower power for the actual electronics. ~ David Milne,
37:I've had training in electronics engineering, of all things, and in languages. But I've never taken any degree, something I share with Lewis Mumford, I think. ~ Murray Bookchin,
38:To use an electronics analogy, closing a book on a bookmark is like pressing the Stop button, whereas when you leave the book facedown, you've only pressed Pause. ~ Anne Fadiman,
39:Ele chamou Gordon Moore e fundaram uma empresa que se tornou conhecida como Integrated Electronics Corporation, que eles inteligentemente abreviaram para Intel. ~ Walter Isaacson,
40:The juxtaposition highlighted the shift from the interests of his father’s generation. “Mr. McCollum felt that electronics class was the new auto shop.” McCollum ~ Walter Isaacson,
41:The phone rang again almost the instant I put it down, making me jump. I peered at it. I don’t trust electronics. Anything manufactured after the forties is suspect— ~ Jim Butcher,
42:You can involve yourself in electronics, computers, puzzles... there's a lot of creativity and brain working. There's a lot to model trains that people don't realize. ~ Gary Coleman,
43:Mackie is an electronics recording company backing me, and they're willing to invest giving equipment to schools that I choose, and they've already started doing that. ~ Meredith Brooks,
44:Though I carry enough electronics to get nervous in a lightning storm, I love paper and I always have a Moleskine journal with me to capture notes, conversations and ideas. ~ Paul Saffo,
45:Learn how a 3D printer works. Get inspired. Make your own stuff. It is a wonderful time to be innovative. Connect things together. If youre into electronics, get an Arduino. ~ Bre Pettis,
46:Undoubtedly, the best way for a consumer to have a good time in the 2010s was to turn to Korean products: for a car, Kia and Hyundai; for electronics, LG and Samsung. ~ Michel Houellebecq,
47:When it came time to find employment, I set my sights on becoming an engineer at a home electronics manufacturer, a field that was closely related to my major at university. ~ Koichi Tanaka,
48:He [Steve Jobs] had come from the surplus electronics parts world.So he came from that world, and he said let's sell PC boards for $40. We'll build them for $20 and sell them for $40. ~ Steve Wozniak,
49:Law Number XIV: After the year 2015, there will be no airplane crashes. There will be no takeoffs either, because electronics will occupy 100 percent of every airplane's weight. ~ Norman Ralph Augustine,
50:Folks began to sit down along the curb, leaning against the odd assortment of old vehicles folks had retrofitted to function again after the EMP burst had blown out the electronics. ~ William R Forstchen,
51:The other is Shenzhen, the southern city most known for electronics manufacturing—it is the location of the largest Foxconn factory, where iPhones and iPads, among other devices, are assembled. ~ Clay Shirky,
52:It seems that every generation needs its public, tweedy, literary personality to sell its consumer electronics. To whatever degree I can live up to the Plimptonian legacy, I am humble and proud. ~ John Hodgman,
53:This was Miami, after all. People come home every day to find their TVs gone, their jewelry and electronics all taken away; their space violated, their possessions rifled, and their dog pregnant. ~ Jeff Lindsay,
54:I think it’s very comforting for people to put me in a box. ‘Oh, she’s a fluffy girlie girl who likes clothes and cupcakes. Oh, but wait, she is spending her weekends doing hardware electronics.’ ~ Marissa Mayer,
55:The Germans are clear about what they do - cars and machine tools; the Japanese are clear about what they do - electronics; the Chinese are clear about what they do - they're the workshop of the world. ~ Evan Davis,
56:Miniaturization of electronics started by NASA's push became an entire consumer products industry. Now we're carrying the complete works of Beethoven on a lapel pin listening to it in headphones. ~ Neil deGrasse Tyson,
57:By the end of this decade, computers will disappear as distinct physical objects, with displays built in our eyeglasses, and electronics woven in our clothing, providing full-immersion visual virtual reality. ~ Ray Kurzweil,
58:I don’t trust electronics. Anything manufactured after the forties is suspect—and doesn’t seem to have much liking for me. You name it: cars, radios, telephones, TVs, VCRs—none of them seem to behave well for me. ~ Jim Butcher,
59:those who looked at the pictures of cars, electronics, and jewelry rated themselves higher in depression and anxiety, less interested in social activities like parties, and more in solitary pursuits than the others. ~ Anonymous,
60:Persons with Disability (PWD), Ex-Serviceman (XSM), Kashmiri Migrant (KM). Please refer to the Norms for the same. There are 394 vacancies for the above position (200 Electronics, 120 Mechanical, 57 Computer Science, ~ Anonymous,
61:We are telling our kids that nature is in the past and it probably doesn't count anymore, the future is in electronics, the boogeyman is in the woods, and playing outdoors is probably illicit and possibly illegal. ~ Richard Louv,
62:Law Number XLIV: Aircraft flight in the 21st century will always be in a westerly direction, preferably supersonic, crossing time zones to provide the additional hours needed to fix the broken electronics. ~ Norman Ralph Augustine,
63:the months leading up to the start of his visionary company, Steve Jobs was something of a conflicted young man, seeking spiritual enlightenment and dabbling in electronics only when it promised to earn him quick cash. ~ Cal Newport,
64:Go where your customers take you! For example, did you know that Sony's first product was a rice cooker? Since abandoning the rice cooker, it has merely managed to become the world's biggest consumer electronics company. ~ Naveen Jain,
65:The enthusiasm that characterizes our time is, unlike current events, hopeful and, like all enthusiasms, playful. The energy that flashes through our electronics has leapt into most of our bloodstreams and brains. ~ Edward M Hallowell,
66:I think a smart guy can learn. Some guys learn - it's just like all of us - some guys can learn electronics, some of us can't. Some people can learn something else, some of us can't. I mean, we're all wired differently. ~ Bill Belichick,
67:I’ve just had an amusing flashback. All these creatures going in the same direction—they look like the commuters who used to surge back and forth twice a day between home and office, before electronics made it unnecessary. ~ Arthur C Clarke,
68:receiver from Hallicrafters, the most sophisticated radios available. Woz spent a lot of time at home reading his father’s electronics journals, and he became enthralled by stories about new computers, such as the powerful ENIAC. ~ Walter Isaacson,
69:yet in a few milliseconds he could see the headlines of any newspaper he pleased. (That very word “newspaper,” of course, was an anachronistic hangover into the age of electronics.) The text was updated automatically on every hour; ~ Arthur C Clarke,
70:It's the balance between wanting the power of electronics and having something real happening - if you want people to engage in what you're doing, I think that's important. I want to have fun with people, but that's hard to do with a laptop. ~ Anna Meredith,
71:When a nanotech company matures and becomes a real business, it becomes something else. It becomes a biotech company or a cleantech company or a memory chip company. Nanotechnology has fueled the core innovations in electronics and energy. ~ Steve Jurvetson,
72:For mental and emotional health, quiet time is very important to me. I need a point in every day that I disconnect from all electronics and reconnect to my center. I pray and meditate. I drink a ton of water and believe in a good night's sleep. ~ Erica Tazel,
73:The smaller the instrument or more hidden it is such as electronics, the more esoteric it becomes and in my mind becomes boring watching someone go like this and that has no direct... It's just a complete abstract motion, not attach to any sound. ~ Dan Deacon,
74:At Google[x], we wondered if miniaturized electronics—think: chips and sensors so small they look like bits of glitter, and an antenna thinner than a human hair—might be a way to crack the mystery of tear glucose and measure it with greater accuracy. ~ Anonymous,
75:Indian music is brilliant and for me, anyway, (this is only personal) it's got everything in it. I still like electronics and all sorts of music if it's good but Indian music is just... an untouchable you can't say what it is, because it just is. ~ George Harrison,
76:The reason for this was that the South African government wanted to establish good relations with the Japanese in order to import their fancy cars and electronics. So Japanese people were given honorary white status while Chinese people stayed black. ~ Trevor Noah,
77:I think right now the jury is out on where and how much profit is available in the consumer electronics industry, because if you look at the current consumer electronics players, the biggest ones on the planet struggle to make profit consistently. ~ Kevin B Rollins,
78:sometimes I don’t. It’s the great mystery.” Paul Jobs was then working at Spectra-Physics, a company in nearby Santa Clara that made lasers for electronics and medical products. As a machinist, he crafted the prototypes of products that the engineers ~ Walter Isaacson,
79:The urge to miniaturize electronics did not exist before the space program. I mean our grandparents had radios that was furniture in the living room. Nobody at the time was saying, 'Gee, I want to carry that in my pocket.' Which is a non-thought. ~ Neil deGrasse Tyson,
80:Paul Jobs was then working at Spectra-Physics, a company in nearby Santa Clara that made lasers for electronics and medical products. As a machinist, he crafted the prototypes of products that the engineers were devising. His son was fascinated by the ~ Walter Isaacson,
81:Years of working in the free-flow world of electronics had infused Marsh with the Hacker Ethic, and he saw school as an inefficient, repressive system. Even when he worked at a radical school with an open classroom, he thought it was a sham, still a jail. ~ Steven Levy,
82:Great numbers of children will be born who understand electronics and atomic power as well as other forms of energy. They will grow into scientists and engineers of a new age which has the power to destroy civilization unless we learn to live by spiritual laws. ~ Edgar Cayce,
83:The miniaturization of electronics, which ultimately was driven by the marketplace, was started by NASA, because it costs money to get something into orbit. So you want to trim your electronics, miniaturize your electronics, miniaturize your satellites. ~ Neil deGrasse Tyson,
84:I ... began my career as a wireless amateur. After 43 years in radio, I do not mind confessing that I am still an amateur. Despite many great achievements in the science of radio and electronics, what we know today is far less than what we have still to learn. ~ David Sarnoff,
85:When the musical keyboard was created in the 1970's, you had electronic geeks that had no background in music created these devises and gave them to musicians that had no background in electronics. The result was some of the wierd sounds that came out in the '70s. ~ David Bowie,
86:I often think about, 'How do we return to a simpler way of living? Is there some way that we can start to think of each other as human beings again, instead of worshiping money, instead of worshiping electronics, instead of worshiping getting ahead just for me?' ~ Giancarlo Esposito,
87:Well, hardcore is so much about the body, in that you have to play as fast as possible. I'm not sure it can be ironized. You can't play faster, though I suppose that with the help of electronics you could play faster. Yeah, if you sped it up, that could ironize it. ~ Stephin Merritt,
88:He reminded Christine of the sort of door-to-door salesman who had a way of hinting not very subtly that if nobody bought the remarkable cleaning products he was selling, he might have to return to his career of stealing electronics from the homes in the neighborhood. ~ Robert Kroese,
89:Ive was a fan of the German industrial designer Dieter Rams, who worked for the electronics firm Braun. Rams preached the gospel of “Less but better,” Weniger aber besser, and likewise Jobs and Ive wrestled with each new design to see how much they could simplify it. ~ Walter Isaacson,
90:He carried no electronics. No laptop, no cell phone, no walkie-talkie. He carried no ID. Beside his large-caliber Glock, spare magazines, and a knife, there was nothing on his person that could connect him to anything, anyone, or anywhere. That was how professionals worked. ~ Brad Thor,
91:I think that a lot of guys reach for electronics first, but the truth is that you can never keep up with electronics. You buy a flat-screen TV, and then six months later, there's one that has 3D and Blu-ray and all this business, and that is just going to keep continuing. ~ Nate Berkus,
92:Después de varias sugerencias desangeladas (una de ellas era Electronic Solid State Computer Technology Corp.), terminaron decidiéndose por Integrated Electronics Corp. Tampoco es que fuera un nombre muy apasionante, pero tenía la ventaja de poder abreviarlo como Intel. ~ Walter Isaacson,
93:To someone like Zurbaran, who paints still lifes, lemons and pears are the objects of art. But to the electronics engineer who works on the technologies of virtual reality, the whole reality has become the object of art, with a possibility to substitute the virtual with the real. ~ Paul Virilio,
94:If Checker Charley was out to make chumps out of men, he could damn well fix his own connections. Paul looks after his own circuits; let Charley do the same. Those who live by electronics, die by electronics. Sic semper tyrannis.” He gathered up the bills from the table. “Good night. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
95:I met Woz when I was 13, at a friend's garage. He was about 18. He was, like, the first person I met who knew more electronics than I did at that point. We became good friends, because we shared an interest in computer and we had a sense of humor. We pulled all kinds of pranks together. ~ Steve Jobs,
96:Last year, for example, Etsy acquired Grand St., an online seller of new electronics products. The Grommet, which is majority owned by Japanese e-commerce giant Rakuten, is another site dedicated to introducing shoppers to the latest inventions from small shops or individuals. Amazon has ~ Anonymous,
97:The engineering is long gone in most PC companies. In the consumer electronics companies, they don't understand the software parts of it. And so you really can't make the products that you can make at Apple anywhere else right now. Apple's the only company that has everything under one roof. ~ Steve Jobs,
98:I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics. Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that's what I wanted to do. ~ Steve Jobs,
99:As we move into the 21st century, it becomes ever clearer that the ultimate, most intimate territory for design is not electronics, or interiors, or furniture, or the Web. It's us-our own living, breathing, biological selves. ... the personal makeover has become our most fundamental design task. ~ Rick Poynor,
100:I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics,” he said. “Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that’s what I wanted to do. ~ Anonymous,
101:Trains half a mile long have started carrying millions of laptops, shoes, clothes and other non-perishable items in one direction and electronics, car parts and medical equipment in the other on a journey that takes sixteen days – considerably faster than the sea route from China’s Pacific ports. With ~ Peter Frankopan,
102:Why do you suppose that in the last 100 years technology has evolved a thousand times further than it has in the last 3,000 years? It's the level of souls that are incarnating. The older Atlantean souls are coming back. They have a natural affinity for communication, electronics, medicine, law and media. ~ Frederick Lenz,
103:I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics,” he said. “Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that’s what I wanted to do. ~ Walter Isaacson,
104:The best way to do that is to pick up a new instrument or an instrument that you don't typically write on and see where it takes you. Whether it's using an acoustic guitar, or piano, or electronics as tools, all of these lead to creating different types of songs and I used all of these methods for this record. ~ Serj Tankian,
105:A violin is nothing more than a piece of wood and a dead cat. But it's a piece of technology. So when computers came along, in the '70s, I suddenly thought, hang on a second, this is interesting. These things can become an instrument. So I just became very interested in them, and started, playing with electronics. ~ Hans Zimmer,
106:Aladdin in his most intoxicated moments would never have dreamed of asking his [djinn] for [a polaroid] ... It's utterly new in concept and appearance, utilizing an utterly revolutionary flash system, an utterly revolutionary viewing system, utterly revolutionary electronics, and utterly revolutionary film structure. ~ Edwin Land,
107:Our kids are actually doing what we told them to do when they sit in front of that TV all day or in front of that computer game all day. The society is telling kids unconsciously that nature's in the past. It really doesn't count anymore, that the future is in electronics, and besides, the bogeyman is in the woods. ~ Richard Louv,
108:I fell in love with electronics, which for me was the terra incognita, because I had never heard such sounds. If you'd asked me 50 years ago, I would have said the future of music is only electronic, but I would have been wrong. I learnt how to produce everything I needed with live instrumentalists, so I don't need electronics. ~ Jonny Greenwood,
109:Books are completely disappearing. Remember in Fahrenheit 451 where the fireman's wife was addicted to interactive television and they sent fireman crews out to burn books? That mission has been largely accomplished in middle-class America and they didn't need the firemen. The interactive electronics took care of it without the violence, ~ Finn Murphy,
110:Eliminating herself was a sort of aesthetic project. One can't go on anymore, she said, electronics seems so clean and yet it dirties, dirties tremendously, and it obliges you to leave traces of yourself everywhere as if you were shitting and peeing on yourself continuously: I want to leave nothing, my favorite key is the one that deletes. ~ Elena Ferrante,
111:In this state, the club was The Wizard of Oz made obvious: All the magic that went on here night after night, all the buzz and excitement, was really just a combination of electronics, booze, and chemicals, an illusion for the people who walked through the front doors, a fantasy that allowed them to be whatever they weren't in their day-to-day lives. ~ J R Ward,
112:Private property works like circuitry in electronics, or piping in hydraulics. It conveys wages to the owners of labor power, as well as the various forms of nonwage property income to the owners of capital. In itself, it is no more responsible for maldistribution of purchasing power than the science of bookkeeping is responsible for bankruptcy. ~ Louis O Kelso,
113:Fully half of British emissions, it was recently calculated, come from inefficiencies in construction, discarded and unused food, electronics, and clothing; two-thirds of American energy is wasted; globally, according to one paper, we are subsidizing the fossil fuel business to the tune of $5 trillion each year. None of that has to continue. ~ David Wallace Wells,
114:It was very challenging in terms of making sure that everyone is distinct. Also, we wanted to have some Asian influences as well, so that it really is a mashup. We want evidence of our presence in this world, so you'll see there's an interest in technology, that there are not complex electronics. There's electricity in this world, but computers, circuits don't work. ~ Miles Millar,
115:despite the decline in consumer spending brought on by the greatest economic downturn since World War II, the difference between jobs in manufacturing and in retail had reached nearly three million workers, a depressing reality of a failing economy where most new opportunities were low-paid, part-time positions to sell Chinese apparel and electronics bought on credit. ~ Vaclav Smil,
116:The Internet is just one of those things that contemporary humans can spend millions of "practice" events at, that the average human a thousand years ago had absolutely no exposure to. Our brains are massively remodeled by this exposure--but so, too, by reading, by television, by video games, by modern electronics, by contemporary music, by contemporary "tools," etc. ~ Michael Merzenich,
117:Alex waited for Kate to gather the handheld electronics from a cabinet above the navigation table and move to the small couch across from Emily’s bed. Their daughter had begun to stir, but still remained asleep. He really hoped she would stay asleep until they figured out what was going on. They needed a little more time to think before adding a panicky teenager to the mix. ~ Steven Konkoly,
118:And in that single crackle of tortured electronics she had lost everything. Her comm, her lights, her limited maneuvering jets, her life support regulator, her emergency beacons.

Everything.

For a second her thoughts flickered to Skywalker. He'd been lost in deep space, too, awhile back. But she'd had a reason to find him. No one had a similar reason to find her. ~ Timothy Zahn,
119:Back in the 1940s, when we started firing off atomic bombs to test them, this pulse wave was first noticed. Not much back then with those primitive weapons, but it was there. And here’s the key thing: there were no solid-state electronics back in the 1940s, everything was still vacuum tubes, so it was rare for the small pulses set off by those first bombs to damage anything. ~ William R Forstchen,
120:While a student in McCollum’s class, Jobs became friends with a graduate who was the teacher’s all-time favorite and a school legend for his wizardry in the class. Stephen Wozniak, whose younger brother had been on a swim team with Jobs, was almost five years older than Jobs and far more knowledgeable about electronics. But emotionally and socially he was still a high school geek. ~ Walter Isaacson,
121:While a student in McCollum’s class, Jobs became friends with a graduate who was the teacher’s all- time favorite and a school legend for his wizardry in the class. Stephen Wozniak, whose younger brother had been on a swim team with Jobs, was almost five years older than Jobs and far more knowledgeable about electronics. But emotionally and socially he was still a high school geek. ~ Walter Isaacson,
122:If you think that those who are left, with
practically no knowledge of the elements of science, or worse, still, with the distorted
knowledge the priests receive, can penetrate at a bound to nuclear power, to electronics, to the
theory of the hyperwarp – you have a very romantic and very foolish idea of science. It takes lifetimes of training and an excellent brain to get that far. ~ Isaac Asimov,
123:Hup! . . . and here we are, waking up. Quick scan around, nothing immediately threatening, it would seem . . . Hmm. Floating in space. Odd. Nobody else around. That’s funny. View’s a bit degraded. Oh-oh, that’s a bad sign. Don’t feel quite right, either. Stuff missing here . . . Clock running way slow, like it’s down amongst the electronics crap . . . Run full system check. ... Oh, good grief! ~ Iain M Banks,
124:He also flowered intellectually during his last two years in high school and found himself at the intersection, as he had begun to see it, of those who were geekily immersed in electronics and those who were into literature and creative endeavors. “I started to listen to music a whole lot, and I started to read more outside of just science and technology—Shakespeare, Plato. I loved King Lear. ~ Walter Isaacson,
125:that country became a center for making mobile phone components and handsets. 5. The controller board is made in China because U.S. companies long ago transferred manufacture of printed circuit boards to Asia. 6. The lithium polymer battery is made in China because battery development and manufacturing migrated to China along with the development and manufacture of consumer electronics and notebook ~ Chris Anderson,
126:His pranks by then typically involved electronics. At one point he wired his house with speakers. But since speakers can also be used as microphones, he built a control room in his closet, where he could listen in on what was happening in other rooms. One night, when he had his headphones on and was listening in on his parents’ bedroom, his father caught him and angrily demanded that he dismantle the system. ~ Anonymous,
127:As we curve around into the loop of the City Circle, I can see that a couple of other stylists have tried to steal Cinna and Portia's idea of illuminating their tributes. The electric-light-studded outfits from District 3, where they make electronics, at least make sense. But what are the livestock keepers from Distric 10, who are dressed as cows, doing with flaming belts? Broiling themselves? Pathetic. ~ Suzanne Collins,
128:To be a modern person in 2012, you are often required to have some electronics in your life. And I do. I try to put that phone down, put the computer away, and get out there and hike in the woods; feel it in my feet, feel it in my hands; get out in the garden and feel the soil under my fingers, my fingertips and my fingernails. I try to be involved in nature in a very tactile way. I think that's important. ~ Ed Begley Jr,
129:Floyd sometimes wondered if the Newspad, and the fantastic technology behind it, was the last word in man’s quest for perfect communications. Here he was, far out in space, speeding away from Earth at thousands of miles an hour, yet in a few milliseconds he could see the headlines of any newspaper he pleased. (That very word newspaper, of course, was an anachronistic hangover into the age of electronics.) ~ Arthur C Clarke,
130:I have remade myself; or I am no one, driving a delivery van carrying boxes of electronics from nowhere to no place, the road empty before me by day, shared by headless headlights after dark, beams increasing briefly and then gone, beyond, somewhere off in the cross-traffic, catchable in the rearview if I dare. I thrive. I fail to thrive. I fall. I rise. Too many. Too late. Not that, not those, not these: this. ~ John Darnielle,
131:They might have recognized in their strange companion what some of today's middle-aged recognize in the young electronics visionaries... a man who, though part of their world, still had a view that was somehow larger than theirs, that he had firm sight of a future that he somehow knew was better, as well as being a future that was definably different and, most crucially, utterly unlike the world of the present. ~ Simon Winchester,
132:Wheeler hopes that we can discover, within the context of physics, a principle that will enable the universe to come into existence "of its own accord." In his search for such a theory, he remarks: "No guiding principle would seem more powerful than the requirement that it should provide the universe with a way to come into being." Wheeler likened this 'self-causing' universe to a self-excited circuit in electronics. ~ Paul Davies,
133:I think a lot of electronic musicians are drawn to starting with texture because the whole reason we're working with electronics is to try to create new sounds or sounds that cannot be created acoustically. When you're doing that, it's nice to be able to just create a different palette for every single song. I feel like a lot of electronic music sounds like...Each album sounds like a compilation more than it does a band. ~ Dan Deacon,
134:Q: What’s hard for you? A: Mostly I straddle reality and the imagination. My reality needs imagination like a bulb needs a socket. My imagination needs reality like a blind man needs a cane. Math is hard. Reading a map. Following orders. Carpentry. Electronics. Plumbing. Remembering things correctly. Straight lines. Sheet rock. Finding a safety pin. Patience with others. Ordering in Chinese. Stereo instructions in German. ~ Tom Waits,
135:Today, nothing is unusual about a scientific discovery's being followed soon after by a technical application: The discovery of electrons led to electronics; fission led to nuclear energy. But before the 1880's, science played almost no role in the advances of technology. For example, James Watt developed the first efficient steam engine long before science established the equivalence between mechanical heat and energy. ~ Edward Teller,
136:It was the White Man who spanned the continents of the world with railroads and super highways and electrical power lines. It was the White Man who created the miraculous world of electronics, ushering in the telephone, the radio and television. It was the White Race, who in a combined burst of energy and genius sent rockets to the moon and planted the feet of the White Man on extra-terrestrial territory in the last decade. ~ Ben Klassen,
137:Yeah,” I say. “Okay. You know that isn’t what I was asking. That kind of bullshit misdirection might work with Elise, but I’m not interested in riding your magic wand. I want to know exactly how you managed to get through my security without so much as knocking.” Tariq sighs, swerves around an open car door, and sighs again. “I have an affinity for electronics,” he says finally. “Your systems were not difficult to suborn. ~ Edward Ashton,
138:He delighted Murs in history with his focused study on the spread of personal electronics through the first world; he aggravated Adler in administration with his focused study on the disparity between Aglionby's publicity budget versus their scholarship budget. He screamed himself hoarse at the sidelines of Koh's soccer match (they lost). He spray-painted the words PEACE, BITCHES on the Dumpster behind a gelato parlor. ~ Maggie Stiefvater,
139:Q: What’s hard for you?

A: Mostly I straddle reality and the imagination. My reality needs imagination like a bulb needs a socket. My imagination needs reality like a blind man needs a cane. Math is hard. Reading a map. Following orders. Carpentry. Electronics. Plumbing. Remembering things correctly. Straight lines. Sheet rock. Finding a safety pin. Patience with others. Ordering in Chinese. Stereo instructions in German. ~ Tom Waits,
140:When I went to school, it was really just to immerse myself in listening to, studying, and making music. I came out like, "How is this going to be more than a hobby I'm always paying off debt for?" I could've sat at a desk and written pieces for orchestras that never would have been played, or I could've written music for me as a performer. I play electronics, and the places I was gonna be playing were bass clubs and house parties. ~ Dan Deacon,
141:Four years with no sex? Don’t tell me that you’ve forgotten this is the Age of Electronics? I mean, really, do any of your patients know how long you’ve gone without sex? (Selena)
Keep your voice down. I don’t think it’s the business of my patients whether or not I’m a born-again virgin. And as for the Age of Electronics, I really don’t want to get personal with something that comes with a warning label and batteries. (Grace) ~ Sherrilyn Kenyon,
142:With the years and convulsions of history, the word-as reductionist as the dictionary itself-has undergone absurd metamorphoses. In some countries, they prefer the word "destabilization." Poor" countries no longer exist, just "disadvantaged" or "underprivileged" ones. We say "brainwashing" instead of "propaganda." And now we refer to revolutions in fashion, music and electronics, where ink flows but not blood. The point is profit, not truth ~ Elie Wiesel,
143:The machine-like behavior of people chained to electronics constitutes a degradation of their well-being and of their dignity which, for most people in the long run, becomes intolerable. Observations of the sickening effect of programmed environments show that people in them become indolent, impotent, narcissistic and apolitical. The political process breaks down because people cease to be able to govern themselves; they demand to be managed. ~ Ivan Illich,
144:Physical separateness can never be overcome by electronics, but only by 'conviviality,' by 'living together' in the most literal physical sense. The physically divided are also the conquered and the controlled. 'True desires' - erotic, gustatory, olfactory, musical, aesthetic, psychic, & spiritual - are best attained in a context of freedom of self and other in physical proximity & mutual aid. Everything else is at best a sort of representation. ~ Hakim Bey,
145:There are some superficial things that connect me to the stream. There's instrumentation, there's timbre, use of electronics, the way that samples are used, the way the electric guitar is used. I'm thinking of things that are particular to this era. But I don't always feel particularly close to the music of my peers. I often feel that I have more in common with writers and visual artists. I try to connect to people in an emotional kind of way. ~ Missy Mazzoli,
146:Between September 1969 and May 1970, there were at least 250 bombings linked to white-dominated radical groups in the United States. This was an average of almost one per day. (The government placed the number at six times as high.) Favorite targets were ROTC buildings, draft boards, induction centers, and other federal offices. In February 1970 bombs exploded at the New York headquarters of Socony Mobil, IBM, and General Telephone and Electronics. ~ James T Patterson,
147:I have little space from the suffering of elephants right now. I wake up with it and go to sleep with it. The plight of animals in shelters, of kids used for labor for the metals in our electronics and endless other things, the fate of our water supply to dye our blue jeans and water our lawns, the sad painful life of conventionally raised meat...For me, I am working to not contribute to this. I really don't want to hurt others for my benefit. ~ Kristin Bauer van Straten,
148:Silicon Valley, after all, feeds off the existence of computers, the internet, the IT systems, satellites, the whole of micro electronics and so on, but a lot of that comes straight out of the state sector of the economy. Silicon Valley developed, but they expanded and turned it into commercial products and so on, but the innovation is on the basis of fundamental technological development that took places in places like this [MIT] on government funding, and that continues. ~ Noam Chomsky,
149:At the same time, such technology—from the television to the computer and phone—can put pressure on the brain by presenting it with more information, and of a type of information, that makes it hard for us to keep up. That is particularly true of interactive electronics, delivering highly relevant, stimulating social content, and with increasing speed. The onslaught taxes our ability to attend, to pay attention, arguably among the most important, powerful, and uniquely human of our gifts. ~ Matt Richtel,
150:Looking ahead to future applications of electronics, [de Forest] grew even gloomier. He believed that 'electron physiologists' would eventually be able to monitor and analyze 'thought or brain waves', allowing 'joy and grief to be measured in define, quantitative unit.' Ultimately, he concluded, 'a professor may be able to implant knowledge into the reluctant brains of his 22nd century pupils. What terrifying political possibilities may be lurking there! Let us be thankful that such things are only for posterity, not for us. ~ Nicholas Carr,
151:At the city’s dizzying electronics markets, they can choose from thousands of different variations of circuit boards, sensors, microphones, and miniature cameras. Once a prototype is assembled, the builders can go door to door at hundreds of factories to find one capable of producing their product in small batches or at large scale. That geographic density of parts suppliers and product manufacturers accelerates the innovation process. Hardware entrepreneurs say that a week spent working in Shenzhen is equivalent to a month in the United States. ~ Kai Fu Lee,
152:results in binary code with little lights. When it was finished, Fernandez told Wozniak there was someone at Homestead High he should meet. “His name is Steve. He likes to do pranks like you do, and he’s also into building electronics like you are.” It may have been the most significant meeting in a Silicon Valley garage since Hewlett went into Packard’s thirty-two years earlier. “Steve and I just sat on the sidewalk in front of Bill’s house for the longest time, just sharing stories—mostly about pranks we’d pulled, and also what kind of electronic designs ~ Walter Isaacson,
153:My name is Parker Black. I sometimes work as BlackDawn. My employer is Titan, and my training is from both the Marines and MIT.” “I know.” “But you don’t know what that means. I will kill to protect you. I will hunt what follows you,” he said through clenched teeth. “I will seek out anything that has its sights on you, and I will destroy it. I’m not a muscle hound with a hard-on for electronics. I’m a mercenary for the good guys, an analyst of life-and-death situations, and I will, I swear to Christ, maim, harm, and kill anything that wants what I care about. ~ Cristin Harber,
154:that religion was at its best when it emphasized spiritual experiences rather than received dogma. “The juice goes out of Christianity when it becomes too based on faith rather than on living like Jesus or seeing the world as Jesus saw it,” he told me. “I think different religions are different doors to the same house. Sometimes I think the house exists, and sometimes I don’t. It’s the great mystery.” Paul Jobs was then working at Spectra-Physics, a company in nearby Santa Clara that made lasers for electronics and medical products. As a machinist, he crafted ~ Walter Isaacson,
155:when Hurley, Chen, and Karim sat down to create YouTube, they built the service by stitching together elements from three different platforms: the Web itself, of course, but also Adobe’s Flash platform, which handled all the video playback, and the programming language Javascript, which allowed end users to embed video clips on their own sites. Their ability to build on top of these existing platforms explains why three guys could build YouTube in six months, while an army of expert committees and electronics companies took twenty years to make HDTV a reality. ~ Steven Johnson,
156:Even if the initial home-base advantage is hard to sustain, a global strategy can contribute to supplementing and upgrading it. A good example is in consumer electronics, where Matsushita, Sanyo, Sharp, and other Japanese firms initially competed on cost in selling simply designed, portable televisions. As they began penetrating foreign markets, they gained economies of scale and further reduced cost by moving down the learning curve. Worldwide volume then helped to support aggressive investments in marketing, new production equipment, and R&D and to achieve proprietary technology. ~ Anonymous,
157:It is one thing for the government to reveal that UFOs are intelligently guided objects of unknown origin and another to assume that this means that “they” are here. Should we ever come into more general contact with what I encountered—assuming that is even possible—they will not be offering us plans for a starship, or a trade in exotic electronics. What will be on offer, I would suggest, is a journey into a whole new understanding of reality and the part we play in it. The “alien” is as much a herald from the dark of the universe as it is a signal from the depths of our own minds. The ~ Whitley Strieber,
158:4. Priceless versus worthless: The cost of materials today ranges from $0.1 per kg for wood to $4 trillion per kg for certain pharmaceuticals (reimbursable by health insurance). With revolutions in smart materials and molecular engineering, all materials and objects could be reduced to the range of $0.2 per kg (electronics, clothes, foods, cosmetics, and so on)—or people could spend more and more for less and less via clever branding, copyright and patent laws, elaborate licensing and regulatory schemes, and the like. Or is there a way of artfully combining and integrating all of the above? ~ George M Church,
159:What was remarkable was that associating with a computer and electronics company was the best way for a rock band to seem hip and appeal to young people. Bono later explained that not all corporate sponsorships were deals with the devil. “Let’s have a look,” he told Greg Kot, the Chicago Tribune music critic. “The ‘devil’ here is a bunch of creative minds, more creative than a lot of people in rock bands. The lead singer is Steve Jobs. These men have helped design the most beautiful art object in music culture since the electric guitar. That’s the iPod. The job of art is to chase ugliness away. ~ Walter Isaacson,
160:One day June took some papers down to the army personnel office that was processing Louis’s classification. When she left, he had been exempted from the service, but she had been sworn in! She was very patriotic and just got carried away. As a WAC she studied electronics at Northwestern University and learned trigonometry and calculus and God knows what else. She had to do it by intensive tutoring, because she had no special aptitude for higher mathematics. But that’s the sort of person she was; no challenge was too big for her. If she didn’t know something, she’d burrow into library books and find out. June ~ Ray Kroc,
161:Good.” Mops pulled out her cutting torch and brought the triangular flame to the tube leading from the tank through the ceiling. It was only half a meter in diameter, which meant she’d have to leave her equipment harness behind and crawl like a Glacidae, but she should be able to make it. Air sighed out from the cut, making the edges glow briefly orange. The emergency shutoff valve in the tank clunked automatically as it registered a leak. Good to know the mechanical safeguards were working, even if the electronics were dead. It took ten minutes to cut a vertical hole wide enough for her to squeeze inside. ~ Jim C Hines,
162:It was while he was fixing the footage Max had given him that the doubts about the disc Bernardo had played for him began to
plague him with ever growing strength. Alessandro couldn’t contemplate his father doing something so cruel but…Bernardo would certainly know how. Hell, Bernardo had taught him how to fiddle with electronics when he was still a teenager. And he wanted Alessandro under his control, under his roof. Knowing that Alessandro was trying to keep his family together and that entailed moving into their own house, out from the Dardano mansion, would Bernardo try to turn him with false information? ~ E Jamie,
163:Greatest engineering achievements of 20th century ranked by National Academy of Engineering:
1. Electrification
2. Automobile
3. Airplane
4. Water supply and distribution
5. Electronics
6. Radio and Television
7. Mechanization of agriculture
8. Computers
9. The telephone system
10. Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration
11. Highways
12. Spacecraft
13. The Internet
14. Imaging
15. Household appliances
16. Health technologies
17. Petroleum and Petrochemical Technologies
18. Lasers and Fiber-optics
19. Nuclear technologies
20. High performance materials ~ Henry Petroski,
164:So now, he hoped, here was a chance to bring mankind back into the book-loving fold. He gloated. There was still no electronics in the pioneer worlds, was there? Where was your internet? Hah! Where was Google? Where was your mother’s old Kindle? Your iPad 25? Where was Wickedpedia? (Very primly, he always called it that, just to show his disdain; very few people noticed.) All gone, unbelievers! All those fancy toy-gadgets stuffed in drawers, screens blank as the eyes of corpses, left behind. Books – oh yes, real books – were flying off his shelves. Out in the Long Earth humanity was starting again in the Stone Age. ~ Terry Pratchett,
165:In less than fifteen minutes, one of the missiles exploded over Tehran, while the other one released an electromagnetic pulse thirty miles above the country of Iran. Tehran ceased to exist in minutes, while the power went out and electronics were fried in the rest of Iran, Kuwait, half of Iraq, and in parts of Turkmenistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan (not that it mattered there), Azerbaijan, Armenia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and some of the even smaller Persian Gulf countries. The EMP affected the regions by throwing them back to the nineteenth century as far as technology goes, while Afghanistan pretty much remained in the Stone Age. ~ Cliff Ball,
166:Floyd sometimes wondered if the Newspad, and the fantastic technology behind it, was the last word in man’s quest for perfect communications. Here he was, far out in space, speeding away from Earth at thousands of miles an hour, yet in a few milliseconds he could see the headlines of any newspaper he pleased. (That very word “newspaper,” of course, was an anachronistic hangover into the age of electronics.) The text was updated automatically on every hour; even if one read only the English versions, one could spend an entire lifetime doing nothing but absorbing the everchanging flow of information from the news satellites. ~ Arthur C Clarke,
167:In 2014, a senior executive from the Ford Motor Company told an audience at the Consumer Electronics Show, “We know everyone who breaks the law, we know when you’re doing it. We have GPS in your car, so we know what you’re doing.” This came as a shock and surprise, since no one knew Ford had its car owners under constant surveillance. The company quickly retracted the remarks, but the comments left a lot of wiggle room for Ford to collect data on its car owners. We know from a Government Accountability Office report that both automobile companies and navigational aid companies collect a lot of location data from their users. ~ Bruce Schneier,
168:I like to think (and
the sooner the better!)
of a cybernetic meadow
where mammels and computers
live together in mutually
programming harmony
like pure water
touching clear sky.

I like to think
(right now, please!)
of a cybernetic forest
filled with pines and electronics
where deer stroll peacefully
past computers
as if they were flowers
with spinning blossoms.
I like to think
(it has to be!)
of a cybernetic ecology
where we are free of our labors
and joined back to nature,
returned to our mammal
brothers and sisters,
and all watched over
by machines of loving grace. ~ Richard Brautigan,
169:We should note that almost every technological transformation of consequence has taken place under Western auspices—if not Western in the strict geographical sense, then Western in the notion of a cultural landscape shaped by free thought and the chance for profit. Even non-Western innovations, like stirrups and gunpowder, have been quickly modified and improved by Western militaries. Jet fighters, GPS-guided bombs, and laser-guided munitions are all products of Western expertise. Even the jihadists’ most innovative and lethal weapons—improvised explosive devices and suicide belts—are cobbled together from Western-designed explosives and electronics. ~ Victor Davis Hanson,
170:It is well known that stone can think, because the whole of electronics is based on that fact, but in some universes men spend ages looking for other intelligences in the sky without once looking under their feet. That is because they've got the time-span all wrong. From stone's point of view the universe is hardly created and mountain ranges are bouncing up and down like organ-stops while continents zip backward and forward in general high spirits, crashing into each other from the sheer joy of momentum and getting their rocks off. It is going to be quite some time before stone notices its disfiguring skin disease and starts to scratch, which is just as well. ~ Terry Pratchett,
171:In the next five years another 1,000 nanosats are expected to be launched (seeTechnology Quarterly). Two trends are setting up nanosats for further success. Like people working on everything from robots to 3D printers, nanosat builders are harvesting the benefits of ever better, ever cheaper components built for smartphones and other consumer electronics. Some nanosats even contain complete smartphones, making use of the clever operating systems, radios and cameras which phones now contain. For as long as phones go on getting cheaper and more capable, so will nanosats. The cheapest so far—a tiny chipsat—was assembled for just $25, though it has yet to be successfully launched. ~ Anonymous,
172:Israel has responded to Iran’s attempt at nuclear annihilation of the country by dropping a single nuclear bomb on Tehran, followed by a high altitude EM pulse, which affects all electronics. The country of Iran is now in the dark essentially, and all attempts at finding out what’s going inside the country have been futile. There have been reports that the EM pulse knocked out power in parts of countries that neighbored Iran, evoking a strong response of condemnation towards Israel. No word yet from the United States government on what their official stance towards this attack by Israel will be, but it is rumored that President Collins will most likely condemn Israel’s actions. ~ Cliff Ball,
173:Bellevue and its satellites were not suburbs so much as—in the rising term—an Edge City, with its own economy, sociology, and architecture. Things made on the Eastside were odorless, labor-intensive, and credit-card thin, like computer software and aerospace-related electronics gear. They were assembled in low, tree-shaded factories, whose large grounds were known as “campuses”—for in Bellevue all work was graduate work, and the jargon of school and university leaked naturally into the workplace. Seen from an elevated-freeway distance, Bellevue looked like one of its own products: a giant circuit board of color-coded diodes and resistors, connected by a mazy grid of filaments. ~ Jonathan Raban,
174:In this state, the club was The Wizard of Oz made obvious: All the magic that went on here night after night, all the buzz and excitement, was really just a combination of electronics, booze, and chemicals, an illusion for the people who walked through the front doors, a fantasy that allowed them to be whatever they weren’t in their day-to-day lives. Maybe they jonesed to be powerful because they felt weak, or sexual because they felt ugly, or chic and rich when they weren’t, or young when they were gaining speed on middle age. Maybe they wanted to burn off the pain of a failed relationship or get revenge over being jilted or pretend they weren’t searching for a mate when actually they were desperate for one. ~ J R Ward,
175:It means this War was never political at all, the politics was all theatre, all just to keep the people distracted … secretly, it was being dictated instead by the needs of technology … by a conspiracy between human beings and techniques, by something that needed the energy-burst of war, crying, “Money be damned, the very life of [insert name of Nation] is at stake,” but meaning, most likely, dawn is nearly here, I need my night’s blood, my funding, funding, ahh more, more … The real crises were crises of allocation and priority, not among firms – it was only staged to look that way – but among the different Technologies, Plastics, Electronics, Aircraft, and their needs which are understood only by the ruling elite … ~ Thomas Pynchon,
176:I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics,”he said. “Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that’s what I wanted to do.”It was as if he were suggesting themes for his biography (and in this instance, at least, the theme turned out to be valid). The creativity that can occur when a feel for both the humanities and the sciences combine in one strong personality was the topic that most interested me in my biographies of Franklin and Einstein, and I believe that it will be a key to creating innovative economies in the twenty- first century. ~ Walter Isaacson,
177:I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics,” he said. “Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that’s what I wanted to do.” It was as if he were suggesting themes for his biography (and in this instance, at least, the theme turned out to be valid). The creativity that can occur when a feel for both the humanities and the sciences combine in one strong personality was the topic that most interested me in my biographies of Franklin and Einstein, and I believe that it will be a key to creating innovative economies in the twenty-first century. ~ Walter Isaacson,
178:I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics,” he said. “Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that’s what I wanted to do.” It was as if he were suggesting themes for his biography (and in this instance, at least, the theme turned out to be valid). The creativity that can occur when a feel for both the humanities and the sciences combine in one strong personality was the topic that most interested me in my biographies of Franklin and Einstein, and I believe that it will be a key to creating innovative economies in the twenty-first century. I ~ Walter Isaacson,
179:So, before he got sick, he used to tear up her hardware, the designer's, and put the real parts into cases he'd make in his shop. Say he'd make a solid bronze case for a minidisk unit, ebony inlays, carve the control surfaces out of fossil ivory, turquoise, rock crystal. It weighed more, sure, but it turned out a lot of people liked that, like they had their music or their memory, whatever, in some-thing that felt like it was there…. And people liked touching all that stuff: metal, a smooth stone…. And once you had the case, when the manufacturer brought out a new model, well, if the electronics were any better, you just pulled the old ones out and put the new ones in your case. So you still had the same object, just with better functions. ~ William Gibson,
180:The popular impression of Korea as a free-trade economy was created by its export success. But export success does not require free trade, as Japan and China have also shown. Korean exports in the earlier period-things like simple garments and cheap electronics-were all means to earn the hard currencies needed to pay for the advanced technologies and expensive machines that were necessary for the new, more difficult industries, which were protected through tariffs and subsidies. At the same time, tariff protection and subsidies were not there to shield industries from international competition forever, but to give them the time to absorb new technologies and establish new organizational capabilities until they could compete in the world market. ~ Ha Joon Chang,
181:She pushed herself up, swayed, and might have tumbled if Feeney hadn’t gripped her arm. “Head rush. I’m okay, just a little queasy. Lowell’s in there, secured. You need to haul his ass in. Your collar.”

“No, it’s not.” Feeney gave her arm a squeeze. “But I’ll haul his ass in for you. McNab, help the lieutenant upstairs, then get your butt back down here and start on the electronics.”

“I don’t need help,” Eve protested.

“You fall on your face,” Feeney murmured in her ear, “you’ll ruin your exit.”

“Yeah. Yeah.”

“Just lean on me, Lieutenant.” McNab wrapped an arm around her waist.

“You try to cop a feel, I can still put you down.”

“Whatever your condition, Dallas, you still scare me.”

“Aw.” Touched, she slung an arm around his shoulders. “That’s so sweet. ~ J D Robb,
182:My father told me, ‘You always want to be in the middle,’ ” he said. “I didn’t want to be up with the high-level people like Steve. My dad was an engineer, and that’s what I wanted to be. I was way too shy ever to be a business leader like Steve.” By fourth grade Wozniak became, as he put it, one of the “electronics kids.” He had an easier time making eye contact with a transistor than with a girl, and he developed the chunky and stooped look of a guy who spends most of his time hunched over circuit boards. At the same age when Jobs was puzzling over a carbon microphone that his dad couldn’t explain, Wozniak was using transistors to build an intercom system featuring amplifiers, relays, lights, and buzzers that connected the kids’ bedrooms of six houses in the neighborhood. And at an age when Jobs was ~ Walter Isaacson,
183:That is a strange way to run a business.” They both turned slowly. Blue’s arms had been lifted for so long they felt rubbery when she lowered them. The owner of the voice stood in the doorway to the front hall, his hands in his pockets. He was not old, maybe mid-twenties, with a shock of black hair. He was handsome in a way that required a bit of work from the viewer. All of his facial features seemed just a little too large for his face. Maura glanced at Blue, an eyebrow lifted. Blue lifted one shoulder in response. He didn’t seem like he was here to murder them or steal any portable electronics. “And that,” her mother said, releasing the beleaguered light fixture, “is a very strange way to enter someone’s home.” “I’m sorry,” the young man said. “There is a sign out front saying this is a place of business. ~ Maggie Stiefvater,
184:Evil people relate more to the black pole. It's - this is not exact, of course, as the science of magic is as complex as the magic of electronics - it's like traveling past a mountain. The white pole is at the apex, and it is an exhilarating height, but it takes a lot of work and few missteps to ascend it. The black pole is at the nadir, and it is easy to walk downhill; sometimes you can just sit down and slide or roll and, if you fall, you can get there very fast indeed. If you don't pay attention to where you're going, you'll tend to go down, because it is the course of least resistance. Since the average person has only the vaguest notion where he is going and tends to shut out awareness of the consequence of evil, he inevitably drifts downward. There is much more space at the base of the mountain than at the peak! ~ Piers Anthony,
185:When I ask Kim what a capitalist is, he tells me it is someone who is from the city. He says the Khmer Rouge government views science, technology, and anything mechanical as evil and therefore must be destroyed. The Angkar says the ownership of cars and electronics such as watches, clocks, and televisions created a deep class division between the rich and the poor. This allowed the urban rich to flaunt their wealth while the rural poor struggled to feed and clothe their families. These devices have been imported from foreign countries and thus are contaminated. Imports are defined as evil because they allowed foreign countries a way to invade Cambodia, not just physically but also culturally. So now these goods are abolished. Only trucks are allowed to operate, to relocate people and carry weapons to silence any voices of dissent against the Angkar. ~ Loung Ung,
186:Floyd sometimes wondered if the Newspad, and the fantastic technology behind it, was the last word in man’s quest for perfect communications. Here he was, far out in space, speeding away from Earth at thousands of miles an hour, yet in a few milliseconds he could see the headlines of any newspaper he pleased. (That very word “newspaper,” of course, was an anachronistic hangover into the age of electronics.) The text was updated automatically on every hour; even if one read only the English versions, one could spend an entire lifetime doing nothing but absorbing the everchanging flow of information from the news satellites. It was hard to imagine how the system could be improved or made more convenient. But sooner or later, Floyd guessed, it would pass away, to be replaced by something as unimaginable as the Newspad itself would have been to Caxton or Gutenberg. ~ Arthur C Clarke,
187:A storyteller who provided us with such a profusion of details would rapidly grow maddening. Unfortunately, life itself often subscribes to this mode of storytelling, wearing us out with repetition, misleading emphases and inconsequential plot lines. It insists on showing us Bardak Electronics, the saftey handle in the car, a stray dog, a Christmas card and a fly that lands first on the rim and then in the centre of the ashtray.

Which explains how the curious phenomenon whereby valuable elements may be easier to experience in art and in anticipation than in reality. The anticipatory and artistic imaginations omit and compress; they cut away the periods of boredom and direct our attention to critical moments, and thus, without either lying or embellishing, they lend to life a vividness and a coherence that it may lack in the distracting wooliness of the present. ~ Alain de Botton,
188:A few years ago, MIT researchers analyzed the behavior of call center employees for Bank of America to find out why some teams were more productive than others. They hung a so-called sociometric badge around each employee’s neck. The electronics in these badges tracked the employees’ location and also measured, every sixteen milliseconds, their tone of voice and gestures. It recorded when people were looking at each other and how much each person talked, listened, and interrupted. Four teams of call center employees—eighty people in total—wore these badges for six weeks. These employees’ jobs were highly regimented. Talking was discouraged because workers were supposed to spend as many of their minutes as possible on the phone, solving customers’ problems. Coffee breaks were scheduled one by one. The researchers found, to their surprise, that the fastest and most efficient call ~ Cathy O Neil,
189:Just because your electronics are better than ours, you aren't necessarily superior in any way. Look, imagine that you humans are a man in LA with a brand-new Trujillo and we are a nuhp in New York with a beat-up old Ford. The two fellows start driving toward St. Louis. Now, the guy in the Trujillo is doing 120 on the interstates, and the guy in the Ford is putting along at 55; but the human in the Trujillo stops in Vegas and puts all of his gas money down the hole of a blackjack table, and the determined little nuhp cruises along for days until at last he reaches his goal. It's all a matter of superior intellect and the will to succeed.

Your people talk a lot about going to the stars, but you just keep putting your money into other projects, like war and popular music and international athletic events and resurrecting the fashions of previous decades. If you wanted to go into space, you would have. ~ George Alec Effinger,
190:I don’t mean to nitpick, but there are a few questions that come to mind about this scientific explanation of the law of attraction. How, exactly, does sending out thought frequencies make something materialize in our lives? Let’s say I have my heart set on a new wide-screen TV that is sitting in the showroom of my local electronics dealer. I ask the universe for the TV, believe that I will get it, and receive positive thoughts and feelings about it. My positive thought frequencies zoom out of my head and into the showroom, and because they are magnetic, the TV moves closer to me. But wait a minute—does it actually inch closer each day? Won’t the store personnel be a little suspicious when they arrive in the morning and find that the TV has moved to the loading dock? And how exactly does the TV get into my living room? Does it swoop in through the chimney like Santa delivering presents on Christmas Eve? Aren’t there a few unresolved questions here? ~ Timothy D Wilson,
191:Karimi crossed his arms, and with a look of irritation, said, “I assume Israel detonated a nuclear weapon, causing an EMP that shorted out everything on the surface. Then, as usual, the United Nations says some empty words, and life goes on as normal,” “Unfortunately, they detonated two nukes. The one that fried all the electronics and another that wiped out Tehran,” “So I no longer have a capitol city. You know, that’s really too bad. Besides, I wasn’t planning on basing my empire from there anyway,” “You’re not upset?” Evans asked, not sure he believed Karimi. “Upset? Hardly. Anyway, what did the United Nations do this time? Sit on their hands?” “They put sanctions on Israel and a naval blockade, with the United States Navy providing most of the ships for the blockade. The Israeli’s have already had one ship sunk after trying to push the issue, but they haven’t tried that stunt again. By the way, I took care of the Iraqis wanting your head for destroying Mosul, ~ Cliff Ball,
192:You swallow hard when you discover that the old coffee shop is now a chain pharmacy, that the place where you first kissed so-and-so is now a discount electronics retailer, that where you bought this very jacket is now rubble behind a blue plywood fence and a future office building. Damage has been done to your city. You say, ''It happened overnight.'' But of course it didn't. Your pizza parlor, his shoeshine stand, her hat store: when they were here, we neglected them. For all you know, the place closed down moments after the last time you walked out the door. (Ten months ago? Six years? Fifteen? You can't remember, can you?) And there have been five stores in that spot before the travel agency. Five different neighborhoods coming and going between then and now, other people's other cities. Or 15, 25, 100 neighborhoods. Thousands of people pass that storefront every day, each one haunting the streets of his or her own New York, not one of them seeing the same thing. ~ Colson Whitehead,
193:For some years, Trieste was a murky exchange for the commodities most coveted in the deprived societies of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Romania and Yugoslavia. Jeans, for example, were then almost a currency of their own, so terrific was the demand on the other side of the line, and the trestle tables of the Ponterosso market groaned with blue denims of dubious origin ("Jeans Best for Hammering, Pressing and Screwing", said a label I noted on one pair). There was a thriving traffic in everything profitably resellable, smuggleable or black-marketable - currencies, stamps, electronics, gold. Not far from the Ponterosso market was Darwil's, a five-storey jewellers' shop famous among gold speculators throughout central Europe. Dazzling were its lights, deafening was its rock music, and through its blinding salons clutches of thick-set conspiratorial men muttered and wandered, inspecting lockets through eye-glasses, stashing away watches in suitcases, or coldly watching the weighing of gold chains in infinitesimal scales. ~ Jan Morris,
194:At two hundred fifty feet in length with a surfaced displacement of 2,200 tons, the Samisho was not a small boat. Built to the 0+2+ (1) Yuushio-class standards at Kawasaki’s shipyards in Kobe, she’d begun service in 1992, and last year she’d been brought back to the yards for a retrofit.

Now she was state of the art, an engineering and electronics marvel even by U.S. naval standards. She was a diesel boat, but she was fast, capable of a top speed submerged of more than twenty-five knots and a published diving depth in excess of one thousand feet.

Her electronic detection systems and countermeasures by Hitachi were better than anything currently in use by any navy in the world, and her new Fuji electric motors and tunnel drive were as quiet as any nuclear submarine’s propulsion system, and much simpler to operate. The Samisho could be safely operated, even on war footing, with fifty men and ten officers—less than half the crew needed to run the Los Angeles-class boats, and one-fourth the crew needed for a sub-hunting surface vessel ~ David Hagberg,
195:shop class used to be.” The juxtaposition highlighted the shift from the interests of his father’s generation. “Mr. McCollum felt that electronics class was the new auto shop.” McCollum believed in military discipline and respect for authority. Jobs didn’t. His aversion to authority was something he no longer tried to hide, and he affected an attitude that combined wiry and weird intensity with aloof rebelliousness. McCollum later said, “He was usually off in a corner doing something on his own and really didn’t want to have much of anything to do with either me or the rest of the class.” He never trusted Jobs with a key to the stockroom. One day Jobs needed a part that was not available, so he made a collect call to the manufacturer, Burroughs in Detroit, and said he was designing a new product and wanted to test out the part. It arrived by air freight a few days later. When McCollum asked how he had gotten it, Jobs described—with defiant pride—the collect call and the tale he had told. “I was furious,” McCollum said. “That was not the way I wanted my students ~ Walter Isaacson,
196:Of course, problems come in threes, or at least twos. Rarely onesies. Major Truman Preston could hear the First Family screaming at each other and could care less. What worried him was that the White House was in lockdown, the president seemed a bit off his rocker, and he couldn’t get an outside line on his Department of Defense–issue cell phone. He needed to check in with his supervisor at the Pentagon, but neither cell nor landlines were working. So he sat on the second floor of the Residence, tucked away in a corner, a position he was more than used to, and held the football on his lap. Forty-five pounds of deadweight, with the emphasis on the dead. The surface of the case was dinged and battered and bruised from years of traveling. The damn case was older than he was. You’d think someone would have made the decision to swap the old thing out for a new case. Although the interior was updated with the latest electronics, never the outside. Tradition mattered, even in apparently trivial ways. Despite the turmoil raging and the lack of communication, Preston was his usual calm self ~ Bob Mayer,
197:When Elon was nearly ten years old, he saw a computer for the first time, at the Sandton City Mall in Johannesburg. “There was an electronics store that mostly did hi-fi-type stuff, but then, in one corner, they started stocking a few computers,” Musk said. He felt awed right away—“It was like, ‘Whoa. Holy shit!’”—by this machine that could be programmed to do a person’s bidding. “I had to have that and then hounded my father to get the computer,” Musk said. Soon he owned a Commodore VIC-20, a popular home machine that went on sale in 1980. Elon’s computer arrived with five kilobytes of memory and a workbook on the BASIC programming language. “It was supposed to take like six months to get through all the lessons,” Elon said. “I just got super OCD on it and stayed up for three days with no sleep and did the entire thing. It seemed like the most super-compelling thing I had ever seen.” Despite being an engineer, Musk’s father was something of a Luddite and dismissive of the machine. Elon recounted that “he said it was just for games and that you’d never be able to do real engineering on it. I just said, ‘Whatever.’” While ~ Ashlee Vance,
198:Now there is an attempt to reverse the history, to go back to the happy days when the principles of economic rationalism briefly reigned, gravely demonstrating that people have no rights beyond what they can gain in the labor market. And since now the injunction to "go somewhere else" won't work, the choices are narrowed to the workhouse prison or starvation, as a matter of natural law, which reveals that any attempt to help the poor only harms them—the poor, that is; the rich are miraculously helped thereby, as when state power intervenes to bail our investors after the collapse of the highly-toured Mexican "economic miracle," or to save failing banks and industries, or to bar Japan from American markets to allow domestic corporations to reconstruct the steel, automotive, and electronics industry in the 1980s (amidst impressive rhetoric about free markets by the most protectionist administration in the postwar era and its acolytes). And far more; this is the merest icing on the cake. But the rest are subject to the iron principles of economic rationalism, now sometimes called "tough love" by those who allocate the benefits. ~ Noam Chomsky,
199:When you listen to the beautiful sounds of stereo music, remember that you are listening to the rhythms of trillions of electrons obeying this and other bizarre laws of quantum mechanics.

But if quantum mechanics were incorrect, then all of electronics including television sets, computers, radios, stereo, and so on, would cease to function. (In fact, if quantum theory were incorrect, the atoms in our bodies would collapse, and we would instantly disintegrate. According to Maxwell's equations, the electrons spinning in an atom should lose their energy within a microsecond and plunge into the nucleus. This sudden collapse is prevented by quantum theory. Thus the fact that we exist is living proof of the correctness of quantum mechanics.)

This also means that there is a finite, calculable probability that "impossible" events will occur. For example, I can calculate the probability that I will unexpectedly disappear and tunnel through the earth and reappear in Hawaii. (The time we would have to wait for such an event to occur, it should be pointed out, is longer than the lifetime of the universe. So we cannot use quantum mechanics to tunnel to vacation spots around the world.) ~ Michio Kaku,
200:> In the 21st century, intellectual capital is what will matter in the job market and will help a country grow its economy. Investments in biosciences, computers and electronics, engineering, and other growing high-tech industries have been the major differentiator in recent decades. More careers than ever now require technical skills so in order to be competitive in those fields, a nation must invest in STEM studies. Economic growth has slowed and unemployment rates have spiked, making employers much pickier about qualifications to hire. There is now an overabundance of liberal arts majors. A study from Georgetown University lists the five college majors with the highest unemployment rates (crossed against popularity): clinical psychology, 19.5 percent; miscellaneous fine arts, 16.2 percent; U.S. history, 15.1 percent; library science, 15 percent; and (tied for No. 5) military technologies and educational psychology, 10.9 percent each. Unemployment rates for STEM subjects hovered around 0 to 3 percent: astrophysics/astronomy, around 0 percent; geological and geophysics engineering, 0 percent; physical science, 2.5 percent; geosciences, 3.2 percent; and math/computer science, 3.5 percent.  ~ Philip G Zimbardo,
201:The word spread.
It began with the techno-literates: young summoners who couldn’t quite get their containment circles right and who had fallen back on Facebook to keep themselves occupied while the sacred incense was cooked in their mum’s microwaves; eager diviners who scoured the internet for clues as to the future of tomorrow, and who read the truth of things in the static at the corners of the screen; bored vampires who knew that it was too early to go out and hunt, too late still to be in the coffin. The message was tweeted and texted onwards, sent out through the busy wires of the city, from laptop to PC, PC to Mac, from mobile phones the size of old breeze blocks through to palm-held devices that not only received your mail, but regarded it as their privilege to sort it into colour-coordinated categories for your consideration. The word was whispered between the statues that sat on the imperial buildings of Kingsway, carried in the scuttling of the rats beneath the city streets, flashed from TV screen to TV screen in the flickering windows of the shuttered electronics stores, watched over by beggars and security cameras, and the message said:
We are Magicals Anonymous.
We are going to save the city. ~ Kate Griffin,
202:Apartheid, for all its power, had fatal flaws baked in, starting with the fact that it never made any sense. Racism is not logical. Consider this: Chinese people were classified as black in South Africa. I don’t mean they were running around acting black. They were still Chinese. But, unlike Indians, there weren’t enough Chinese people to warrant devising a whole separate classification. Apartheid, despite its intricacies and precision, didn’t know what to do with them, so the government said, “Eh, we’ll just call ’em black. It’s simpler that way.” Interestingly, at the same time, Japanese people were labeled as white. The reason for this was that the South African government wanted to establish good relations with the Japanese in order to import their fancy cars and electronics. So Japanese people were given honorary white status while Chinese people stayed black. I always like to imagine being a South African policeman who likely couldn’t tell the difference between Chinese and Japanese but whose job was to make sure that people of the wrong color weren’t doing the wrong thing. If he saw an Asian person sitting on a whites-only bench, what would he say? “Hey, get off that bench, you Chinaman!” “Excuse me. I’m Japanese.” “Oh, I apologize, sir. I didn’t mean to be racist. Have a lovely afternoon. ~ Trevor Noah,
203:Huygens noticed one day that a set of pendulum clocks placed against a wall happened to be swinging in perfect chorus-line synchronization. He knew that the clocks could not be that accurate. Nothing in the mathematical description then available for a pendulum could explain this mysterious propagation of order from one pendulum to another. Huygens surmised, correctly, that the clocks were coordinated by vibrations transmitted through the wood. This phenomenon, in which one regular cycle locks into another, is now called entrainment, or mode locking. Mode locking explains why the moon always faces the earth, or more generally why satellites tend to spin in some whole-number ratio of their orbital period: 1 to 1, or 2 to 1, or 3 to 2. When the ratio is close to a whole number, nonlinearity in the tidal attraction of the satellite tends to lock it in. Mode locking occurs throughout electronics, making it possible, for example, for a radio receiver to lock in on signals even when there are small fluctuations in their frequency. Mode locking accounts for the ability of groups of oscillators, including biological oscillators, like heart cells and nerve cells, to work in synchronization. A spectacular example in nature is a Southeast Asian species of firefly that congregates in trees during mating periods, thousands at one time, blinking in a fantastic spectral harmony. ~ James Gleick,
204:JONATHAN “RUBY” RUBINSTEIN. Worked with Jobs at NeXT, became chief hardware engineer at Apple in 1997. MIKE SCOTT. Brought in by Markkula to be Apple’s president in 1977 to try to manage Jobs. JOHN SCULLEY. Pepsi executive recruited by Jobs in 1983 to be Apple’s CEO, clashed with and ousted Jobs in 1985. JOANNE SCHIEBLE JANDALI SIMPSON. Wisconsin-born biological mother of Steve Jobs, whom she put up for adoption, and Mona Simpson, whom she raised. MONA SIMPSON. Biological full sister of Jobs; they discovered their relationship in 1986 and became close. She wrote novels loosely based on her mother Joanne (Anywhere but Here), Jobs and his daughter Lisa (A Regular Guy), and her father Abdulfattah Jandali (The Lost Father). ALVY RAY SMITH. A cofounder of Pixar who clashed with Jobs. BURRELL SMITH. Brilliant, troubled hardware designer on the original Mac team, afflicted with schizophrenia in the 1990s. AVADIS “AVIE” TEVANIAN. Worked with Jobs and Rubinstein at NeXT, became chief software engineer at Apple in 1997. JAMES VINCENT. A music-loving Brit, the younger partner with Lee Clow and Duncan Milner at the ad agency Apple hired. RON WAYNE. Met Jobs at Atari, became first partner with Jobs and Wozniak at fledgling Apple, but unwisely decided to forgo his equity stake. STEPHEN WOZNIAK. The star electronics geek at Homestead High; Jobs figured out how to package and market his amazing circuit boards and became his partner in founding Apple. ~ Walter Isaacson,
205:The first and the most exciting thing for me as someone who has studied growth across countries from a macro perspective was that there is something truly unique about the Indian development model. I call this the ‘precocious development model’, since a precocious child does things far ahead of its time—in both the good and bad sense.
Political scientists have often observed that India is a complete outlier in having sustained democracy at very low levels of income, low levels of literacy, with deep social fissures, and with a highly agrarian economy. Almost no country in the world has managed that under these conditions. I think the only continuous democracies have all been small countries (Costa Rica, Barbados, Jamaica, Mauritius and Botswana) with higher levels of literacy and fewer social divisions.
The second part of the precocious model is that it entails not just precocious politics but also precocious economics. There are many ways of explaining this precocious economics model, but I focus on two.
Most countries grow by either specializing in or exploiting their minerals—as in the old model—and in some cases, exploiting their geography. But most of the post-war growth experiences have come about by becoming manufacturing powerhouses, especially starting with low-skill labour and going up the value-added spectrum. Korea, Taiwan and China are classic examples, specializing in textiles and clothing initially and now becoming major exporters of electronics, cars, IT products, etc. ~ Arvind Subramanian,
206:If I am to believe everything that I see in the media, happiness is to be six foot tall or more and to have bleached teeth and a firm abdomen, all the latest clothes, accessories, and electronics, a picture-perfect partner of the opposite sex who is both a great lover and a terrific friend, an assortment of healthy and happy children, a pet that is neither a stray nor a mongrel, a large house in the right sort of postcode, a second property in an idyllic holiday location, a top-of-the-range car to shuttle back and forth from the one to the other, a clique of ‘friends’ with whom to have fabulous dinner parties, three or four foreign holidays a year, and a high-impact job that does not distract from any of the above. There are at least three major problems that I can see with this ideal of happiness. (1) It represents a state of affairs that is impossible to attain to and that is in itself an important source of unhappiness. (2) It is situated in an idealised and hypothetical future rather than in an imperfect but actual present in which true happiness is much more likely to be found, albeit with great difficulty. (3) It has largely been defined by commercial interests that have absolutely nothing to do with true happiness, which has far more to do with the practice of reason and the peace of mind that this eventually brings. In short, it is not only that the bar for happiness is set too high, but also that it is set in the wrong place, and that it is, in fact, the wrong bar. Jump and you’ll only break your back. ~ Neel Burton,
207:That summer, Harrison Miller and Bezos butted heads in front of the board of directors over the size of the bet on toys. Bezos wanted Miller to plow $120 million into stocking every possible toy, from Barbie dolls to rare German-made wooden trains to cheap plastic beach pails, so that kids and parents would never be disappointed when they searched for an item on Amazon. But a prescient Miller, sensing disaster ahead, pushed to lower his own buy. “No! No! A hundred and twenty million!” Bezos yelled. “I want it all. If I have to, I will drive it to the landfill myself!” “Jeff, you drive a Honda Accord,” Joy Covey pointed out. “That’s going to be a lot of trips.” Bezos prevailed. And the company would make a sizable contribution to Toys for Tots after the holidays that year. “That first holiday season was the best of times and the worst of times,” Miller says. “The store was great for customers and we made our revenue goals, which were big, but other than that everything that could go wrong did. In the aftermath we were sitting on fifty million dollars of toy inventory. I had guys going down the back stairs with ‘Vinnie’ in New York, selling Digimons off to Mexico at twenty cents on the dollar. You just had to get rid of them, fast.” The electronics effort faced even greater challenges. To launch that category, David Risher tapped a Dartmouth alum named Chris Payne who had previously worked on Amazon’s DVD store. Like Miller, Payne had to plead with suppliers—in this case, Asian consumer-electronics companies like Sony, Toshiba, and Samsung. He quickly hit a wall. The Japanese electronics ~ Brad Stone,
208:In universities and pharmaceutical labs around the world, computer scientists and computational biologists are designing algorithms to sift through billions of gene sequences, looking for links between certain genetic markers and diseases. The goal is to help us sidestep the diseases we're most likely to contract and to provide each one of us with a cabinet of personalized medicines. Each one should include just the right dosage and the ideal mix of molecules for our bodies. Between these two branches of research, genetic and behavioral, we're being parsed, inside and out. Even the language of the two fields is similar. In a nod to geneticists, Dishman and his team are working to catalog what they call our "behavioral markers." The math is also about the same. Whether they're scrutinizing our strands of DNA or our nightly trips to the bathroom, statisticians are searching for norms, correlations, and anomalies. Dishman prefers his behavioral approach, in part because the market's less crowded. "There are a zillion people looking at biology," he says, "and too few looking at behavior." His gadgets also have an edge because they can provide basic alerts from day one. The technology indicating whether a person gets out of bed, for example, isn't much more complicated than the sensor that automatically opens a supermarket door. But that nugget of information is valuable. Once we start installing these sensors, and the electronics companies get their foot in the door, the experts can start refining the analysis from simple alerts to sophisticated predictions-perhaps preparing us for the onset of Parkinson's disease or Alzheimer's. ~ Gary F Marcus,
209:As with Japanese keiretsu, the member firms in a Korean chaebol own shares in each other and tend to collaborate with each other on what is often a nonprice basis. The Korean chaebol differs from the Japanese prewar zaibatsu or postwar keiretsu, however, in a number of significant ways. First and perhaps most important, Korean network organizations were not centered around a private bank or other financial institution in the way the Japanese keiretsu are.8 This is because Korean commercial banks were all state owned until their privatization in the early 1970s, while Korean industrial firms were prohibited by law from acquiring more than an eight percent equity stake in any bank. The large Japanese city banks that were at the core of the postwar keiretsu worked closely with the Finance Ministry, of course, through the process of overloaning (i.e., providing subsidized credit), but the Korean chaebol were controlled by the government in a much more direct way through the latter’s ownership of the banking system. Thus, the networks that emerged more or less spontaneously in Japan were created much more deliberately as the result of government policy in Korea. A second difference is that the Korean chaebol resemble the Japanese intermarket keiretsu more than the vertical ones (see p. 197). That is, each of the large chaebol groups has holdings in very different sectors, from heavy manufacturing and electronics to textiles, insurance, and retail. As Korean manufacturers grew and branched out into related businesses, they started to pull suppliers and subcontractors into their networks. But these relationships resembled simple vertical integration more than the relational contracting that links Japanese suppliers with assemblers. The elaborate multitiered supplier networks of a Japanese parent firm like Toyota do not have ready counterparts in Korea.9 ~ Francis Fukuyama,
210:She felt the electric tickle of Finn behind her. He must have come from the hallway. She turned.
Standing on the first step, she was almost eye level with him. He’d carried the irresistible smell of the morning in with him, caught in his hair and clothes.
“Good morning, beautiful,” he said. Teagan leaned closer.
“What are you doing?” Aiden asked.
Sniffing Finn. How weird would that sound? She changed the sniff into a kiss on the cheek, but Finn turned just before her lips met his face. She felt a shock as their lips touched, the wild inside her exploding like fireworks, rocketing through her to Finn. He swayed, and she managed to get her arms around him before his knees gave way.
“Wa,” he gasped. “Could you steer me toward the couch, girl?”
“Oh, my god,” Abby said from behind her. “The couch? Are you going to let them do that in your living room, Mr. Wylltson?”
“Do what?” Finn flushed red. “Oh. I just meant . . . I need to sit down. The girl’s that good a kisser.”
Thomas and Mr. Wylltson were staring. Aiden’s mouth was hanging open.
“What are you doing, Tea?” Abby asked. “You totally lunged at him.”
“I did not lunge.” I was just sniffing him. That would sound worse than lunging. “I just . . . caught him.”
“Then why don’t you let him go?”
Because he wasn’t steady on his feet yet. Finn’s electronics had gone haywire.
“Well played.” Thomas winked at Finn and grinned at Teagan. “And well caught.”
Finn groped for the banister. “I’m telling you I never meant to kiss her. Not in front of her da, that is—”
“Unhand the young man, Teagan, and step away,” Mr. Wylltson said. “You are befuddling him.”
“By that”—Finn found the banister and Teagan let go and backed up a stair—“I did not mean that I intended to carry on behind your back. This whole thing isn’t what it looks like”—his eyes lifted to Teagan. “Is it? ~ Kersten Hamilton,
211:Although thrilled that the era of the personal computer had arrived, he was afraid that he was going to miss the party. Slapping down seventy-five cents, he grabbed the issue and trotted through the slushy snow to the Harvard dorm room of Bill Gates, his high school buddy and fellow computer fanatic from Seattle, who had convinced him to drop out of college and move to Cambridge. “Hey, this thing is happening without us,” Allen declared. Gates began to rock back and forth, as he often did during moments of intensity. When he finished the article, he realized that Allen was right. For the next eight weeks, the two of them embarked on a frenzy of code writing that would change the nature of the computer business.1 Unlike the computer pioneers before him, Gates, who was born in 1955, had not grown up caring much about the hardware. He had never gotten his thrills by building Heathkit radios or soldering circuit boards. A high school physics teacher, annoyed by the arrogance Gates sometimes displayed while jockeying at the school’s timesharing terminal, had once assigned him the project of assembling a Radio Shack electronics kit. When Gates finally turned it in, the teacher recalled, “solder was dripping all over the back” and it didn’t work.2 For Gates, the magic of computers was not in their hardware circuits but in their software code. “We’re not hardware gurus, Paul,” he repeatedly pronounced whenever Allen proposed building a machine. “What we know is software.” Even his slightly older friend Allen, who had built shortwave radios, knew that the future belonged to the coders. “Hardware,” he admitted, “was not our area of expertise.”3 What Gates and Allen set out to do on that December day in 1974 when they first saw the Popular Electronics cover was to create the software for personal computers. More than that, they wanted to shift the balance in the emerging industry so that the hardware would become an interchangeable commodity, while those who created the operating system and application software would capture most of the profits. ~ Walter Isaacson,
212:SCULLEY. Pepsi executive recruited by Jobs in 1983 to be Apple’s CEO, clashed with and ousted Jobs in 1985. JOANNE SCHIEBLE JANDALI SIMPSON. Wisconsin-born biological mother of Steve Jobs, whom she put up for adoption, and Mona Simpson, whom she raised. MONA SIMPSON. Biological full sister of Jobs; they discovered their relationship in 1986 and became close. She wrote novels loosely based on her mother Joanne (Anywhere but Here), Jobs and his daughter Lisa (A Regular Guy), and her father Abdulfattah Jandali (The Lost Father). ALVY RAY SMITH. A cofounder of Pixar who clashed with Jobs. BURRELL SMITH. Brilliant, troubled hardware designer on the original Mac team, afflicted with schizophrenia in the 1990s. AVADIS “AVIE” TEVANIAN. Worked with Jobs and Rubinstein at NeXT, became chief software engineer at Apple in 1997. JAMES VINCENT. A music-loving Brit, the younger partner with Lee Clow and Duncan Milner at the ad agency Apple hired. RON WAYNE. Met Jobs at Atari, became first partner with Jobs and Wozniak at fledgling Apple, but unwisely decided to forgo his equity stake. STEPHEN WOZNIAK. The star electronics geek at Homestead High; Jobs figured out how to package and market his amazing circuit boards and became his partner in founding Apple. DEL YOCAM. Early Apple employee who became the General Manager of the Apple II Group and later Apple’s Chief Operating Officer. INTRODUCTION How This Book Came to Be In the early summer of 2004, I got a phone call from Steve Jobs. He had been scattershot friendly to me over the years, with occasional bursts of intensity, especially when he was launching a new product that he wanted on the cover of Time or featured on CNN, places where I’d worked. But now that I was no longer at either of those places, I hadn’t heard from him much. We talked a bit about the Aspen Institute, which I had recently joined, and I invited him to speak at our summer campus in Colorado. He’d be happy to come, he said, but not to be onstage. He wanted instead to take a walk so that we could talk. That seemed a bit odd. I didn’t yet ~ Walter Isaacson,
213:It means this War was never political at all, the politics was all theatre, all just to keep the people distracted…secretly, it was being dictated instead by the needs of technology…by a conspiracy between human beings and techniques, by something that needed the energy-burst of war, crying, “Money be damned, the very life of [insert name of Nation] is at stake,” but meaning, most likely, dawn is nearly here, I need my night’s blood, my funding, funding, ahh more, more…The real crises were crises of allocation and priority, not among firms—it was only staged to look that way—but among the different Technologies, Plastics, Electronics, Aircraft, and their needs which are understood only by the ruling elite…
Yes but Technology only responds (how often this argument has been iterated, dogged, humorless as a Gaussian reduction, among the younger Schwarzkommando especially), “All very well to talk about having a monster by the tail, but do you think we’d’ve had the Rocket if someone, some specific somebody with a name and a penis hadn’t wanted to chuck a ton of Amatol 300 miles and blow up a block full of civilians? Go ahead, capitalize the T on technology, deify it if it’ll make you feel less responsible—but it puts you in with the neutered, brother, in with the eunuchs keeping the harem of our stolen Earth for the numb and joyless hardons of human sultans, human elite with no right at all to be where they are—”
We have to look for power sources here, and distribution networks we were never taught, routes of power our teachers never imagined, or were encouraged to avoid…we have to find meters whose scales are unknown in the world, draw our own schematics, getting feedback, making connections, reducing the error, trying to learn the real function…zeroing in on what incalculable plot? Up here, on the surface, coal-tars, hydrogenation, synthesis were always phony, dummy functions to hide the real, the planetary mission yes perhaps centuries in the unrolling…this ruinous plant, waiting for its Kabbalists and new alchemists to discover the Key, teach the mysteries to others… ~ Thomas Pynchon,
214:the research? “So many people, I did not know them all. They studied my work. They asked me questions. I told the ISI about it when I got home. A major like you, he was. You can check.” The major did not want to make more work for himself. And it was true, the story as it had been narrated and understood was all in the files. “Why did you go back to America?” he demanded, looking at a sheet of paper. “I was invited to present a paper at a conference that was cosponsored by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. It was a great honor for me, and for my university. You can ask them.” He held out his cell phone again, so that Major Nadeem could make a call to verify, but the major shook his head. They spent several more hours like this, going through the major episodes of Dr. Omar’s career. When they came to his most recent work on computer-security algorithms, Dr. Omar apologized that he could not talk about this work in any detail because it had been classified as “top secret” by the Pakistani military. The major found nothing of interest. Dr. Omar was very careful, then and always. The major asked him to sign a paper, and to report any suspicious contacts, and Dr. Omar assured him that he would. The Pakistani authorities never came after him again. That was three years before his world went white.   Omar al-Wazir had multiple binary identities, it could be said. He was a Pakistani but also, in some sense, a man tied to the West. He was a Pashtun from the raw tribal area of South Waziristan, but he was also a modern man. He was a secular scientist and also a Muslim, if not quite a believer. His loyalties might indeed have been confused before the events of nearly two years ago, but not now. Sometimes Dr. Omar grounded himself by recalling the spirit of his father, Haji Mohammed. He remembered the old man shaking his head when Omar took wobbly practice shots with an Enfield rifle, missing the target nearly every time. The look on the father’s face asked: How can this be my oldest son, this boy who cannot shoot? But Haji Mohammed had taught him the code of manhood, just the same. Omar had learned the ~ David Ignatius,
215:It was possible to look at actual smartphones and tablets and laptops that had been manufactured on Old Earth. They did not work anymore, but their technical capabilities were described on little placards. And they were impressive compared to what Kath Two and other modern people carried around in their pockets. This ran contrary to most people's intuition, since in other areas the achievements of the modern world - the habitat ring, the Eye, and all the rest - were so vastly greater than what the people of Old Earth had ever accomplished.

It boiled down to Amistics [the choices that different cultures made as to which technologies they would, and would not, make part of their lives]. In the decades before Zero, the Old Earthers had focused their intelligence on the small and the soft, not the big and the hard, and built a civilization that was puny and crumbling where physical infrastructure was concerned, but astonishingly sophisticated when it came to networked communications and software. The density with which they'd been able to pack transistors onto chips still had not been matched by any fabrication plant now in existence. Their devices could hold more data than anything you could buy today. Their ability to communicate through all sorts of wireless schemes was only now being matched - and that only in densely populated, affluent places like the Great Chain...

Anyone who bothered to learn the history of the developed world in the years just before Zero understood perfectly well that Tavistock Prowse had been squarely in the middle of the normal range, as far as his social media habits and attention span had been concerned. But nevertheless, Blues called it Tav's Mistake. They didn't want to make it again. Any efforts made by modern consumer-goods manufacturers to produce the kinds of devices and apps that had disordered the brain of Tav were met with the same instinctive pushback as Victorian clergy might have directed against the inventor of a masturbation machine. To the extent the Blue's engineers could build electronics of comparable sophistication to those that Tav had used, they tended to put them into devices such as robots... ~ Neal Stephenson,
216:Ionizing radiation takes three principal forms: alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays. Alpha particles are relatively large, heavy, and slow moving and cannot penetrate the skin; even a sheet of paper could block their path. But if they do manage to find their way inside the body by other means—if swallowed or inhaled—alpha particles can cause massive chromosomal damage and death. Radon 222, which gathers as a gas in unventilated basements, releases alpha particles into the lungs, where it causes cancer. Polonium 210, a powerful alpha emitter, is one of the carcinogens in cigarette smoke. It was also the poison slipped into the cup of tea that killed former FSB agent Alexander Litvinenko in London in 2006. Beta particles are smaller and faster moving than alpha particles and can penetrate more deeply into living tissue, causing visible burns on the skin and lasting genetic damage. A piece of paper won’t provide protection from beta particles, but aluminum foil—or separation by sufficient distance—will. Beyond a range of ten feet, beta particles can cause little damage, but they prove dangerous if ingested in any way. Mistaken by the body for essential elements, beta-emitting radioisotopes can become fatally concentrated in specific organs: strontium 90, a member of the same chemical family as calcium, is retained in the bones; ruthenium is absorbed by the intestine; iodine 131 lodges particularly in the thyroid of children, where it can cause cancer. Gamma rays—high-frequency electromagnetic waves traveling at the speed of light—are the most energetic of all. They can traverse large distances, penetrate anything short of thick pieces of concrete or lead, and destroy electronics. Gamma rays pass straight through a human being without slowing down, smashing through cells like a fusillade of microscopic bullets. Severe exposure to all ionizing radiation results in acute radiation syndrome (ARS), in which the fabric of the human body is unpicked, rearranged, and destroyed at the most minute levels. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, hemorrhaging, and hair loss, followed by a collapse of the immune system, exhaustion of bone marrow, disintegration of internal organs, and, finally, death. ~ Adam Higginbotham,
217:If we are inclined to forget how much there is in the world besides that which we anticipate, then works of art are perhaps a little to blame, for in them we find at work the same process of simplification or selection as in the imagination. Artistic accounts include severe abbreviations of what reality will force upon us. A travel book may tell us, for example, that the narrator journeyed through the afternoon to reach the hill town of X and after a night in its medieval monastery awoke to a misty dawn. But we never simply 'journey through an afternoon'. We sit in a train. Lunch digests awkwardly within us. The seat cloth is grey. We look out the window at a field. We look back inside. A drum of anxieties resolves in our consciousness. We notice a luggage label affixed to a suitcase in a rack above the seats opposite. We tap a finger on the window ledge. A broken nail on an index finger catches a thread. It starts to rain. A drop wends a muddy path down the dust-coated window. We wonder where our ticket might be. We look back at the field. It continues to rain. At last, the train starts to move. It passes an iron bridge, after which it inexplicably stops. A fly lands on the window And still we may have reached the end only of the first minute of a comprehensive account of the events lurking within the deceptive sentence 'He journeyed through the afternoon'.

A storyteller who provides us with such a profusion of details would rapidly grow maddening. Unfortunately, life itself often subscribes to this mode of storytelling, wearking us out with repetitions, misleading emphases[,] and inconsequential plot lines. It insists on showing us Burdak Electronics, the safety handle in the car, a stray dog, a Christmas card[,] and a fly that lands first on the rim and then the centre of a laden ashtray.

Which explains the curious phenomenon whereby valuable elements may be easier to experience in art and in anticipation than in reality. The anticipatory and artistic imaginations omit and compress; they cut away the periods of boredom and direct our attention to critical moments, and thus, without either lying or embellishing, they lend to life a vividness and a coherence that it may lack in the distracting woolliness of the present. ~ Alain de Botton,
218:On the deck was a skeleton. Some of the bugs seemed to be fighting for the last scraps of flesh but pretty much everything but bone and some scraps of skin and hair were gone. Bugs were even crawling in and out of the eye sockets, cleaning out the brains.

“Holy crap,” Woodman said, “I don’t want those getting on me!”

“I just figured out what they are,” Gardner said, stepping through the hatch after a flash around with her light. Every step caused a crunch. “And they won’t bite.”

“They stripped that guy to the bone!” Woodman said.

“That’s what they do,” Gardner said, bending down and picking up one of the beetles. It skittered along her arm and she shook it off. “They’re carrion beetles.”

“Carrion?” Woodman said. “So they eat people?”

“They eat dead flesh,” Gardner said. “I’d heard Wolf say he’d ‘seeded’ the boat. I didn’t know it was with these.”

“Wolf did this?” Woodman said angrily. “To our people?”

“Six of us came off, Woodie,” Gardner said softly. “Ninety-four and twenty-six refugees didn’t. You’ve carried bodies. You know how heavy they are. Now . . . they’re not.”

“That’s horrible,” Woodman said.

“No,” Gardner said, flashing her light around. “It’s efficient, simple and brutal. It’s Wolf all over if you think about it. These things only eat dead flesh. They may get into some of the electronics but those are mostly thrashed by the infecteds, anyway. It cleans the boat out of the main issue, the dead meat on the dead people. If we ever get around to clearing this out, all we’ll have to do is bag the bones.”

“We won’t know who’s who,” Woodman said.

“Does it matter?” Gardner said. “There’s a big thing, it’s called an ossuary, in France. All the guys who died in a certain battle in World War One. They buried them, waited for bugs like this to do their work, then dug them back up. All of certain bones are on the left, all the others are on the right and the skulls are in the middle.”

She picked up the skull of the former Coast Guard crewman and looked at it as beetles poured out.

“I don’t know who you were but you were my brother,” Gardner said. “This way, I know I can give you a decent burial. And I will remember you. Now, we’ve got a mission to complete, Woodman, and people waiting on us. Live people. Let the dead bury the dead. ~ John Ringo,
219:Who is going to fight them off, Randy?” “I’m afraid you’re going to say we are.” “Sometimes it might be other Ares-worshippers, as when Iran and Iraq went to war and no one cared who won. But if Ares-worshippers aren’t going to end up running the whole world, someone needs to do violence to them. This isn’t very nice, but it’s a fact: civilization requires an Aegis. And the only way to fight the bastards off in the end is through intelligence. Cunning. Metis.” “Tactical cunning, like Odysseus and the Trojan Horse, or—” “Both that, and technological cunning. From time to time there is a battle that is out-and-out won by a new technology—like longbows at Crecy. For most of history those battles happen only every few centuries—you have the chariot, the compound bow, gunpowder, ironclad ships, and so on. But something happens around, say, the time that the Monitor, which the Northerners believe to be the only ironclad warship on earth, just happens to run into the Merrimack, of which the Southerners believe exactly the same thing, and they pound the hell out of each other for hours and hours. That’s as good a point as any to identify as the moment when a spectacular rise in military technology takes off—it’s the elbow in the exponential curve. Now it takes the world’s essentially conservative military establishments a few decades to really comprehend what has happened, but by the time we’re in the thick of the Second World War, it’s accepted by everyone who doesn’t have his head completely up his ass that the war’s going to be won by whichever side has the best technology. So on the German side alone we’ve got rockets, jet aircraft, nerve gas, wire-guided missiles. And on the Allied side we’ve got three vast efforts that put basically every top-level hacker, nerd, and geek to work: the codebreaking thing, which as you know gave rise to the digital computer; the Manhattan Project, which gave us nuclear weapons; and the Radiation Lab, which gave us the modern electronics industry. Do you know why we won the Second World War, Randy?” “I think you just told me.” “Because we built better stuff than the Germans?” “Isn’t that what you said?” “But why did we build better stuff, Randy?” “I guess I’m not competent to answer, Enoch, I haven’t studied that period well enough.” “Well the short answer is that we won because the Germans worshipped Ares and we worshipped Athena.” “And am I supposed to gather that you, or ~ Neal Stephenson,
220:I will give technology three definitions that we will use throughout the book.

The first and most basic one is that a technology is a means to fulfill a human purpose. For some technologies-oil refining-the purpose is explicit. For others- the computer-the purpose may be hazy, multiple, and changing. As a means, a technology may be a method or process or device: a particular speech recognition algorithm, or a filtration process in chemical engineering, or a diesel engine. it may be simple: a roller bearing. Or it may be complicated: a wavelength division multiplexer. It may be material: an electrical generator. Or it may be nonmaterial: a digital compression algorithm. Whichever it is, it is always a means to carry out a human purpose.

The second definition I will allow is a plural one: technology as an assemblage of practices and components. This covers technologies such as electronics or biotechnology that are collections or toolboxes of individual technologies and practices. Strictly speaking, we should call these bodies of technology. But this plural usage is widespread, so I will allow it here.

I will also allow a third meaning. This is technology as the entire collection of devices and engineering practices available to a culture. Here we are back to the Oxford's collection of mechanical arts, or as Webster's puts it, "The totality of the means employed by a people to provide itself with the objects of material culture." We use this collective meaning when we blame "technology" for speeding up our lives, or talk of "technology" as a hope for mankind. Sometimes this meaning shades off into technology as a collective activity, as in "technology is what Silicon Valley is all about." I will allow this too as a variant of technology's collective meaning. The technology thinker Kevin Kelly calls this totality the "technium," and I like this word. But in this book I prefer to simply use "technology" for this because that reflects common use.

The reason we need three meanings is that each points to technology in a different sense, a different category, from the others. Each category comes into being differently and evolves differently. A technology-singular-the steam engine-originates as a new concept and develops by modifying its internal parts. A technology-plural-electronics-comes into being by building around certain phenomena and components and develops by changing its parts and practices. And technology-general, the whole collection of all technologies that have ever existed past and present, originates from the use of natural phenomena and builds up organically with new elements forming by combination from old ones. ~ W Brian Arthur,
221:her that when he had first raised the idea, I hadn’t known he was sick. Almost nobody knew, she said. He had called me right before he was going to be operated on for cancer, and he was still keeping it a secret, she explained. I decided then to write this book. Jobs surprised me by readily acknowledging that he would have no control over it or even the right to see it in advance. “It’s your book,” he said. “I won’t even read it.” But later that fall he seemed to have second thoughts about cooperating and, though I didn’t know it, was hit by another round of cancer complications. He stopped returning my calls, and I put the project aside for a while. Then, unexpectedly, he phoned me late on the afternoon of New Year’s Eve 2009. He was at home in Palo Alto with only his sister, the writer Mona Simpson. His wife and their three children had taken a quick trip to go skiing, but he was not healthy enough to join them. He was in a reflective mood, and we talked for more than an hour. He began by recalling that he had wanted to build a frequency counter when he was twelve, and he was able to look up Bill Hewlett, the founder of HP, in the phone book and call him to get parts. Jobs said that the past twelve years of his life, since his return to Apple, had been his most productive in terms of creating new products. But his more important goal, he said, was to do what Hewlett and his friend David Packard had done, which was create a company that was so imbued with innovative creativity that it would outlive them. “I always thought of myself as a humanities person as a kid, but I liked electronics,” he said. “Then I read something that one of my heroes, Edwin Land of Polaroid, said about the importance of people who could stand at the intersection of humanities and sciences, and I decided that’s what I wanted to do.” It was as if he were suggesting themes for his biography (and in this instance, at least, the theme turned out to be valid). The creativity that can occur when a feel for both the humanities and the sciences combine in one strong personality was the topic that most interested me in my biographies of Franklin and Einstein, and I believe that it will be a key to creating innovative economies in the twenty-first century. I asked Jobs why he wanted me to be the one to write his biography. “I think you’re good at getting people to talk,” he replied. That was an unexpected answer. I knew that I would have to interview scores of people he had fired, abused, abandoned, or otherwise infuriated, and I feared he would not be comfortable with my getting them to talk. And indeed he did turn out to be skittish when word trickled back to him of people that I was interviewing. But after a couple of months, ~ Walter Isaacson,
222:is turning all life into a unified flow experience. If a person sets out to achieve a difficult enough goal, from which all other goals logically follow, and if he or she invests all energy in developing skills to reach that goal, then actions and feelings will be in harmony, and the separate parts of life will fit together—and each activity will “make sense” in the present, as well as in view of the past and of the future. In such a way, it is possible to give meaning to one’s entire life. But isn’t it incredibly naive to expect life to have a coherent overall meaning? After all, at least since Nietzsche concluded that God was dead, philosophers and social scientists have been busy demonstrating that existence has no purpose, that chance and impersonal forces rule our fate, and that all values are relative and hence arbitrary. It is true that life has no meaning, if by that we mean a supreme goal built into the fabric of nature and human experience, a goal that is valid for every individual. But it does not follow that life cannot be given meaning. Much of what we call culture and civilization consists in efforts people have made, generally against overwhelming odds, to create a sense of purpose for themselves and their descendants. It is one thing to recognize that life is, by itself, meaningless. It is another thing entirely to accept this with resignation. The first fact does not entail the second any more than the fact that we lack wings prevents us from flying. From the point of view of an individual, it does not matter what the ultimate goal is—provided it is compelling enough to order a lifetime’s worth of psychic energy. The challenge might involve the desire to have the best beer-bottle collection in the neighborhood, the resolution to find a cure for cancer, or simply the biological imperative to have children who will survive and prosper. As long as it provides clear objectives, clear rules for action, and a way to concentrate and become involved, any goal can serve to give meaning to a person’s life. In the past few years I have come to be quite well acquainted with several Muslim professionals—electronics engineers, pilots, businessmen, and teachers, mostly from Saudi Arabia and from the other Gulf states. In talking to them, I was struck with how relaxed most of them seemed to be even under strong pressure. “There is nothing to it,” those I asked about it told me, in different words, but with the same message: “We don’t get upset because we believe that our life is in God’s hands, and whatever He decides will be fine with us.” Such implicit faith used to be widespread in our culture as well, but it is not easy to find it now. Many of us have to discover a goal that will give meaning to life on our own, without the help of a traditional faith. ~ Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi,
223:The electronics effort faced even greater challenges. To launch that category, David Risher tapped a Dartmouth alum named Chris Payne who had previously worked on Amazon’s DVD store. Like Miller, Payne had to plead with suppliers—in this case, Asian consumer-electronics companies like Sony, Toshiba, and Samsung. He quickly hit a wall. The Japanese electronics giants viewed Internet sellers like Amazon as sketchy discounters. They also had big-box stores like Best Buy and Circuit City whispering in their ears and asking them to take a pass on Amazon. There were middlemen distributors, like Ingram Electronics, but they offered a limited selection. Bezos deployed Doerr to talk to Howard Stringer at Sony America, but he got nowhere. So Payne had to turn to the secondary distributors—jobbers that exist in an unsanctioned, though not illegal, gray market. Randy Miller, a retail finance director who came to Amazon from Eddie Bauer, equates it to buying from the trunk of someone’s car in a dark alley. “It was not a sustainable inventory model, but if you are desperate to have particular products on your site or in your store, you do what you need to do,” he says. Buying through these murky middlemen got Payne and his fledgling electronics team part of the way toward stocking Amazon’s virtual shelves. But Bezos was unimpressed with the selection and grumpily compared it to shopping in a Russian supermarket during the years of Communist rule. It would take Amazon years to generate enough sales to sway the big Asian brands. For now, the electronics store was sparely furnished. Bezos had asked to see $100 million in electronics sales for the 1999 holiday season; Payne and his crew got about two-thirds of the way there. Amazon officially announced the new toy and electronics stores that summer, and in September, the company held a press event at the Sheraton in midtown Manhattan to promote the new categories. Someone had the idea that the tables in the conference room at the Sheraton should have piles of merchandise representing all the new categories, to reinforce the idea of broad selection. Bezos loved it, but when he walked into the room the night before the event, he threw a tantrum: he didn’t think the piles were large enough. “Do you want to hand this business to our competitors?” he barked into his cell phone at his underlings. “This is pathetic!” Harrison Miller, Chris Payne, and their colleagues fanned out that night across Manhattan to various stores, splurging on random products and stuffing them in the trunks of taxicabs. Miller spent a thousand dollars alone at a Toys “R” Us in Herald Square. Payne maxed out his personal credit card and had to call his wife in Seattle to tell her not to use the card for a few days. The piles of products were eventually large enough to satisfy Bezos, but the episode was an early warning. To satisfy customers and their own demanding boss during the upcoming holiday, Amazon executives were going to have to substitute artifice and improvisation for truly comprehensive selection. ~ Brad Stone,
224:There are other problems more closely related to the question of culture. The poor fit between large scale and Korea’s familistic tendencies has probably been a net drag on efficiency. The culture has slowed the introduction of professional managers in situations where, in contrast to small-scale Chinese businesses, they are desperately needed. Further, the relatively low-trust character of Korean culture does not allow Korean chaebol to exploit the same economies of scale and scope in their network organization as do the Japanese keiretsu. That is, the chaebol resembles a traditional American conglomerate more than a keiretsu network: it is burdened with a headquarters staff and a centralized decision-making apparatus for the chaebol as a whole. In the early days of Korean industrialization, there may have been some economic rationale to horizontal expansion of the chaebol into unfamiliar lines of business, since this was a means of bringing modern management techniques to a traditional economy. But as the economy matured, the logic behind linking companies in unrelated businesses with no obvious synergies became increasingly questionable. The chaebol’s scale may have given them certain advantages in raising capital and in cross-subsidizing businesses, but one would have to ask whether this represented a net advantage to the Korean economy once the agency and other costs of a centralized organization were deducted from the balance. (In any event, the bulk of chaebol financing has come from the government at administered interest rates.) Chaebol linkages may actually serve to hold back the more competitive member companies by embroiling them in the affairs of slow-growing partners. For example, of all the varied members of the Samsung conglomerate, only Samsung Electronics is a truly powerful global player. Yet that company has been caught up for several years in the group-wide management reorganization that began with the passing of the conglomerate’s leadership from Samsung’s founder to his son in the late 1980s.72 A different class of problems lies in the political and social realms. Wealth is considerably more concentrated in Korea than in Taiwan, and the tensions caused by disparities in wealth are evident in the uneasy history of Korean labor relations. While aggregate growth in the two countries has been similar over the past four decades, the average Taiwanese worker has a higher standard of living than his Korean counterpart. Government officials were not oblivious to the Taiwanese example, and beginning in about 1981 they began to reverse somewhat their previous emphasis on large-scale companies by reducing their subsidies and redirecting them to small- and medium-sized businesses. By this time, however, large corporations had become so entrenched in their market sectors that they became very difficult to dislodge. The culture itself, which might have preferred small family businesses if left to its own devices, had begun to change in subtle ways; as in Japan, a glamour now attached to working in the large business sector, guaranteed it a continuing inflow of Korea’s best and brightest young people.73 ~ Francis Fukuyama,
225:In opting for large scale, Korean state planners got much of what they bargained for. Korean companies today compete globally with the Americans and Japanese in highly capital-intensive sectors like semiconductors, aerospace, consumer electronics, and automobiles, where they are far ahead of most Taiwanese or Hong Kong companies. Unlike Southeast Asia, the Koreans have moved into these sectors not primarily through joint ventures where the foreign partner has provided a turnkey assembly plant but through their own indigenous organizations. So successful have the Koreans been that many Japanese companies feel relentlessly dogged by Korean competitors in areas like semiconductors and steel. The chief advantage that large-scale chaebol organizations would appear to provide is the ability of the group to enter new industries and to ramp up to efficient production quickly through the exploitation of economies of scope.70 Does this mean, then, that cultural factors like social capital and spontaneous sociability are not, in the end, all that important, since a state can intervene to fill the gap left by culture? The answer is no, for several reasons. In the first place, not every state is culturally competent to run as effective an industrial policy as Korea is. The massive subsidies and benefits handed out to Korean corporations over the years could instead have led to enormous abuse, corruption, and misallocation of investment funds. Had President Park and his economic bureaucrats been subject to political pressures to do what was expedient rather than what they believed was economically beneficial, if they had not been as export oriented, or if they had simply been more consumption oriented and corrupt, Korea today would probably look much more like the Philippines. The Korean economic and political scene was in fact closer to that of the Philippines under Syngman Rhee in the 1950s. Park Chung Hee, for all his faults, led a disciplined and spartan personal lifestyle and had a clear vision of where he wanted the country to go economically. He played favorites and tolerated a considerable degree of corruption, but all within reasonable bounds by the standards of other developing countries. He did not waste money personally and kept the business elite from putting their resources into Swiss villas and long vacations on the Riviera.71 Park was a dictator who established a nasty authoritarian political system, but as an economic leader he did much better. The same power over the economy in different hands could have led to disaster. There are other economic drawbacks to state promotion of large-scale industry. The most common critique made by market-oriented economists is that because the investment was government rather than market driven, South Korea has acquired a series of white elephant industries such as shipbuilding, petrochemicals, and heavy manufacturing. In an age that rewards downsizing and nimbleness, the Koreans have created a series of centralized and inflexible corporations that will gradually lose their low-wage competitive edge. Some cite Taiwan’s somewhat higher overall rate of economic growth in the postwar period as evidence of the superior efficiency of a smaller, more competitive industrial structure. ~ Francis Fukuyama,
226:To her surprise, Linc was waiting around the first curve on the road, listening to the radio. She could see his hand tapping a beat on the back of the other seat. Kenzie slowed her car to a stop when their windows lined up.
He rolled his down. “Hey. How’d it go?”
“No big deal. I handed the papers to his temp assistant. What the hell are you doing here?”
Linc studied her face. “I wanted to see if the beacon I put on your car was working.”
She should have known. “Is that necessary?”
“The readout is on this.” He tapped the face of his watch.
“I can’t see. And I don’t believe you.” Kenzie put her car into park, got out, and walked around.
He turned his wrist to show her. “Check it out. Your dot merged into my dot.”
“Isn’t that sweet.”
He grinned. “It’s not a problem to remove the beacon if you don’t like it.”
“No. It’s all right. You’re the only person who knows where I am most of the time now.”
That didn’t seem to have occurred to him. “Really?”
She nodded.
“So where are you off to?”
Kenzie shot him a mocking look. “You don’t have to ask, do you?”
Linc laughed. “The beacon can’t read your mind.”
She rolled her eyes. “Thank God for that. If you want to know, I was heading to the drugstore to print out some of the photos for Mrs. Corelli. Where are you going?”
“Just running errands,” he said. “Need anything from the electronics store?”
“I don’t think so.”
“Okay. I’m just picking up a couple of components.”
Kenzie gave a little yelp. “Yikes--that reminds me. Yesterday my boss asked me to pick something up for him out in the boondocks. I forgot until you said that. So if my dot falls off your watch, you’ll know why.”
He smiled at her warmly as he bent his arm and rested it on the bottom of the window frame. The bicep under the flannel rounded up very nicely as he lifted a hand and chucked her gently under the chin. “Funny.”
The friendly touch was unexpectedly intimate.
In fact, it triggered a dangerous sensation of giving in. She smiled at him, feeling weak. His brown eyes were dark and warm. She felt herself blush under his steady gaze.
Linc was the real deal. Maybe she didn’t have to be so tough all the time. It was okay to be protected. More than okay.
Back when she’d had Tex at her side, she’d actually liked the feeling. Like all military working dogs, he’d been trained to maintain an invisible six-foot circle around her, and woe to anyone who crossed into it without her permission. Including guys she was dating.
“Kenzie?”
She snapped out of it. “Sorry. You knocked on my stupid spot.”
“I’ll have to remember that.”
She shook her head in mock dismay. “Please don’t. Let’s touch base around four or five o’clock.”
He nodded and turned the key in the ignition. “Works for me.” His gaze stayed on her a moment longer. “Call me if you need anything.”
“I will. Thanks.” She glanced back at the gray monolith a little distance behind them and her mouth tightened. But when her green gaze met Linc’s brown eyes, she managed a quick smile.
He raised his left hand in a quick good-bye wave and eased his car ahead of hers, rolling up the window again. She watched him go, then got back into hers and drove on, turning off on the road to the firing range. ~ Janet Dailey,
227:for several years starting in 2004, Bezos visited iRobot’s offices, participated in strategy sessions held at places like the Massachusetts Institute of Technology , and became a mentor to iRobot chief executive Colin Angle, who cofounded the company in 1990. “He recognized early on that robots were a very disruptive game-changer,’’ Angle says of Bezos. “His curiosity about our space led to a very cool period of time where I could count upon him for a unique perspective.’’ Bezos is no longer actively advising the company, but his impact on the local tech scene has only grown larger. In 2008, Bezos’ investment firm provided initial funding for Rethink Robotics, a Boston company that makes simple-to-program manufacturing robots. Four years later, Amazon paid $775 million for North Reading-based Kiva, which makes robots that transport merchandise in warehouses. Also in 2012, Amazon opened a research and software development outpost in Cambridge that has done work on consumer electronics products like the Echo, a Wi-Fi-connected speaker that responds to voice commands. Rodney Brooks, an iRobot cofounder who is now chief technology officer of Rethink, says he met Bezos at the annual TED Conference. Bezos was aware of work that Brooks, a professor emeritus at MIT, had done on robot navigation and control strategies. Helen Greiner, the third cofounder of iRobot, says she met Bezos at a different technology conference, in 2004. Shortly after that, she recruited him as an adviser to iRobot. Bezos also made an investment in the company, which was privately held at the time. “He gave me a number of memorable insights,’’ Angle says. “He said, ‘Just because you won a bet doesn’t mean it was a good bet.’ Roomba might have been lucky. He was challenging us to think hard about where we were going and how to leverage our success.’’ On visits to iRobot, Greiner recalls, “he’d shake everyone’s hand and learn their names. He got them engaged.’’ She says one of the key pieces of advice Bezos supplied was about the value of open APIs — the application programming interfaces that allow other software developers to write software that talks to a product like the Roomba, expanding its functionality. The advice was followed. (Amazon also offers a range of APIs that help developers build things for its products.) By spending time with iRobot, Bezos gave employees a sense they were on the right track. “We were all believers that robotics would be huge,’’ says former iRobot exec Tom Ryden. “But when someone like that comes along and pays attention, it’s a big deal.’’ Angle says that Bezos was an adviser “in a very formative, important moment in our history,’’ and while they discussed “ideas about what practical robots could do, and what they could be,’’ Angle doesn’t want to speculate about what, exactly, Bezos gleaned from the affiliation. But Greiner says she believes “there was learning on both sides. We already had a successful consumer product with Roomba, and he had not yet launched the Kindle. He was learning from us about successful consumer products and robotics.’’ (Unfortunately, Bezos and Amazon’s public relations department would not comment.) The relationship trailed off around 2007 as Bezos got busier — right around when Amazon launched the Kindle, Greiner says. Since then, Bezos and Amazon have stayed mum about most of their activity in the state. His Bezos Expeditions investment team is still an investor in Rethink, which earlier this month announced its second product, a $29,000, one-armed robot called Sawyer that can do precise tasks, such as testing circuit boards. The warehouse-focused Kiva Systems group has been on a hiring tear, and now employs more than 500 people, according to LinkedIn. In December, Amazon said that it had 15,000 of the squat orange Kiva robots moving around racks of merchandise in 10 of its 50 distribution centers. Greiner left iRo ~ Anonymous,

IN CHAPTERS [2/2]



   1 Integral Yoga






000 - Humans in Universe, #Synergetics - Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking, #R Buckminster Fuller, #Science
  became invisible with the introduction of an era of Electronics, electromagnetics,
  and atomics. These invisible micro- and macro-exploring cosmic instruments

04.01 - The March of Civilisation, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   This then is the pattern of cultural development as it proceeds in extension and largeness. It moves in ever widening concentric circles. Individuals, small centres few and far between, then larger groups and sections, finally vast masses are touched and moved (and will be moulded one day) by the infiltrating light. That is how in modern times all movements are practically world-wide, encompassing all nations and peoples: there seems to be nothing left that is merely local or parochial. It is a single wave, as it were, that heaves up the whole of humanity. Political, social, economic and even spiritual movements, although not exactly of the same type or pattern, all are interrelated, interlocked, inspired by a common breath and move from one end of the earth to the other. They seem to be but modulations of the same world-theme. A pulse-beat in Korea or Japan is felt across the Pacific in America and across that continent, traversing again, the Atlantic it reaches England, sways the old continent in its turn and once more leaps forward through the Asiatic vastnesses back again to its place of origin. The wheel comes indeed full circle: it is one movement girdling the earth. What one thinks or acts in one corner of the globe is thought, and acted simultaneously by others at the farthest corner. Very evidently it is the age of radiography and Electronics.
   In the early stages of humanity its history consists of the isolated histories of various peoples and lands: intercommunication was difficult, therefore all communion was of the nature of infiltration and indirect influence. The difference between countries far distant from each other were well marked and very considerable in respect of their cultures and civilisations. To put it in a somewhat scholarly yet graphic manner, we can say, the i sometric chart of the tides of civilisation in various countries over the globe in those days presents a very unequal and tortuous figure. On the other hand, a graph depicting the situation in modern times would be formed by lines that are more even, uniform and straight. In other words, the world has become one, homogeneous: a consciousness has grown same or similar on the whole in outlook and life-impulse embracing all peoples and races in a tight embrace. The benefit of the descending or manifesting Light is now open equally and freely to each and every member of the human kind.

WORDNET



--- Overview of noun electronics

The noun electronics has 1 sense (first 1 from tagged texts)
                  
1. (10) electronics ::: (the branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices)


--- Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of noun electronics

1 sense of electronics                        

Sense 1
electronics
   => physics, natural philosophy
     => natural science
       => science, scientific discipline
         => discipline, subject, subject area, subject field, field, field of study, study, bailiwick
           => knowledge domain, knowledge base, domain
             => content, cognitive content, mental object
               => cognition, knowledge, noesis
                 => psychological feature
                   => abstraction, abstract entity
                     => entity


--- Hyponyms of noun electronics

1 sense of electronics                        

Sense 1
electronics
   => electron optics
   => microelectronics
   => thermionics


--- Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of noun electronics

1 sense of electronics                        

Sense 1
electronics
   => physics, natural philosophy




--- Coordinate Terms (sisters) of noun electronics

1 sense of electronics                        

Sense 1
electronics
  -> physics, natural philosophy
   => astronomy, uranology
   => aeronautics, astronautics
   => biophysics
   => cryogenics, cryogeny
   => crystallography
   => electromagnetism, electromagnetics
   => electronics
   => electrostatics
   => mechanics
   => nuclear physics, atomic physics, nucleonics
   => optics
   => particle physics, high-energy physics, high energy physics
   => plasma physics
   => quantum physics
   => rheology
   => solid-state physics
   => statistical mechanics
   => thermodynamics




--- Grep of noun electronics
electronics
electronics company
electronics industry
electronics intelligence
microelectronics



IN WEBGEN [10000/2371]

Wikipedia - 16bit (band) -- Electronic music duo
Wikipedia - 23rainydays -- American alternative, electronic, goth rock band
Wikipedia - 441-line television system -- Early electronic monochrome television system
Wikipedia - 4hero -- English electronic music band
Wikipedia - 4mat -- British electronic musician, sound designer, and video game composer
Wikipedia - 4Players -- German electronic journal for video games
Wikipedia - ABC Warehouse -- Michigan chain of appliance and electronics stores
Wikipedia - ABIRD -- American electronic rock band
Wikipedia - Acer Inc. -- Taiwanese hardware and electronics corporation
Wikipedia - ACH Network -- United States electronic payment network
Wikipedia - Active electronically scanned array -- Type of phased array radar
Wikipedia - Actress (musician) -- British electronic musician
Wikipedia - Adder (electronics)
Wikipedia - Adonit -- Consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Advanced driver-assistance systems -- Electronic systems that help the vehicle driver while driving or during parking
Wikipedia - Advanced electronic signature -- EU-compliant electronic signature system
Wikipedia - Advanced Encryption Standard -- Standard for the encryption of electronic data
Wikipedia - Adverse effects of electronic cigarettes
Wikipedia - Aeons (duo) -- Irish electronica duo
Wikipedia - Aero Chord -- Greek electronic trap producer
Wikipedia - AG Neovo -- Computer electronics manufacturer in Taiwan
Wikipedia - Agricultural Industry Electronics Foundation -- International agricultural organization
Wikipedia - AIGEL (group) -- Russian electronic hip-hop duo
Wikipedia - Alec Empire -- German experimental electronic musician
Wikipedia - Alessandro Cipriani -- Italian composer of electronic music
Wikipedia - Alexander Street Press -- Electronic academic database publisher
Wikipedia - Alfonso Farina -- Italian electronic engineer
Wikipedia - All Around the World Productions -- British electronic music record label
Wikipedia - Allied Electronics -- US-based distributor of electronic components and electromechanical products
Wikipedia - All India Radio (band) -- Australian electronic band
Wikipedia - All India Society for Electronics and Computer Technology -- Social enterprise providing education about computers to people in rural and semi-rural areas of India
Wikipedia - Amapiano -- genre of Electronic dance music
Wikipedia - Amplifier -- Electronic device
Wikipedia - Amsterdam Dance Event -- Five-day electronic music festival held annually in October
Wikipedia - Amstrad -- 1968-2010 British electronics company
Wikipedia - Analog delay line -- Electronic device
Wikipedia - Analog electronics
Wikipedia - Analog sampled filter -- electronic filter using switched capacitors
Wikipedia - Analog signature analysis -- Troubleshooting method for electronic circuits
Wikipedia - Andrea Electronics -- American technology company
Wikipedia - Anker (company) -- Chinese electronics brand
Wikipedia - Anna Grassellino -- Italian electronic engineer
Wikipedia - Annapurna Labs -- Israel-based microelectronics company
Wikipedia - Anne Cirkel -- Electronic design automation industry executive
Wikipedia - Ann Rincon -- American electronic design automation engineer
Wikipedia - AN/SPY-1 -- Electronically scanned radar system
Wikipedia - AN/SPY-3 -- Electronically scanned radar system
Wikipedia - AOC International -- Taiwanese electronics company
Wikipedia - Aparde -- German electronica and techno-producer
Wikipedia - Aphex Twin -- British electronic musician
Wikipedia - Apogee Electronics -- American audio manufacturer
Wikipedia - Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co.
Wikipedia - Arbiter (electronics)
Wikipedia - Arcade cabinet -- Housing within which an arcade game's electronic hardware resides
Wikipedia - Arcades (band) -- UK Electronic Duo
Wikipedia - Archive of European Integration -- Electronic repository and archive
Wikipedia - Armada Music -- Dutch record label specialized in electronic dance music
Wikipedia - Arrow Electronics -- American company
Wikipedia - Ars Electronica
Wikipedia - Asen Asenov -- Bulgarian scientist and entrepreneur in the field of microelectronics
Wikipedia - Asian Dub Foundation -- English electronica band
Wikipedia - Association of Old Crows -- Electronic warfare professional organization
Wikipedia - Astell&Kern -- South Korean consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Asus -- Taiwanese computer and electronics company
Wikipedia - Atanasoff-Berry computer -- Early electronic digital computing device
Wikipedia - Atomic Dog -- 1982 electronic funk single by George Clinton
Wikipedia - Au5 -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Audio signal processing -- Electronic manipulation of audio signals
Wikipedia - Audio watermark -- Electronic identifier embedded in an audio signal
Wikipedia - Austra (band) -- Canadian electronic music band
Wikipedia - Autobahn (song) -- Song by German electronic band Kraftwerk
Wikipedia - AutoExpreso -- Electronic toll collection system used on tollways in Puerto Rico
Wikipedia - Automated clearing house -- type of electronic network for financial transactions
Wikipedia - Automatic gain control -- Electronic circuit to automatically adjust signal strength
Wikipedia - Automatic test switching -- System for high-speed testing of electronic devices
Wikipedia - Axel Thesleff -- Finnish electronic musician and producer
Wikipedia - Back to God Ministries International -- Electronic media ministry of the Christian Reformed Church
Wikipedia - Balam Acab -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Balise -- Electronic beacon or transponder placed between the rails of a railway as part of train control or protection systems
Wikipedia - Bartleby.com -- Electronic text archive
Wikipedia - Basement Jaxx -- British electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Basenji (producer) -- Australian electronic musician and DJ
Wikipedia - Battle Tapes -- American electronic rock band
Wikipedia - BBK Electronics
Wikipedia - Beatport -- American electronic music-oriented online music store
Wikipedia - Beats Electronics -- American audio products manufacturer
Wikipedia - Bedrockk -- American electronic musician, producer, vocalist and DJ
Wikipedia - Belden (electronics company) -- U.S. technology company
Wikipedia - Bent (band) -- English electronica group
Wikipedia - BESK -- Sweden's first electronic computer
Wikipedia - Best Buy -- Consumer electronics retailer
Wikipedia - Bharat Electronics -- Indian public sector aerospace and defence company
Wikipedia - Biasing -- Predetermined voltages or currents establishing proper operating conditions in electronic components
Wikipedia - Big Beat Records (American record label) -- American electronic and dance music record label
Wikipedia - Big beat -- Electronic music genre
Wikipedia - Billing and settlement plan -- Electronic billing system designed to facilitate the flow of data and funds between travel agencies and airlines
Wikipedia - Bioelectronics -- Field of research in the convergence of biology and electronics
Wikipedia - Biometric passport -- Traditional passport that has an embedded electronic microprocessor chip
Wikipedia - Biosphere (musician) -- Norwegian electronic musician
Wikipedia - Black box (phreaking) -- Electronic device used to illegally receive long-distance telephone calls without charge to the caller
Wikipedia - Black Dresses -- Canadian electronic band
Wikipedia - Black Mass Lucifer -- Electronic instrumental album by Mort Garson from 1971
Wikipedia - Black Moth Super Rainbow -- American experimental electronic band
Wikipedia - Blanke (DJ) -- Australian electronic DJ
Wikipedia - Blasterjaxx -- Dutch electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Blue box -- Electronic device used to illegally place free long-distance telephone calls
Wikipedia - Blue Stahli -- American electronic rock project by Bret Autrey
Wikipedia - BMK Group -- Electronics manufacturing services company
Wikipedia - Boeing EA-18G Growler -- Electronic warfare aircraft
Wikipedia - BOE Technology -- Chinese electronics company
Wikipedia - Bootstrapping (electronics) -- Startup technique in electronics
Wikipedia - Borhead -- Spanish DJ/electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Bose Corporation -- American consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Bottom timer -- An electronic instrument that records depth and elapsed time data on an underwater dive
Wikipedia - Boxcar averager -- Electronic test instrument that averages an input according to the boxcar function
Wikipedia - Breadboard -- Board with embedded spring clips that allows for electronics to be wired without soldering
Wikipedia - Breakage (musician) -- British electronic producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Brick (electronics) -- Term used to refer to a non-functioning electronic device
Wikipedia - BRLESC -- Ballistic Research Laboratories Electronic Scientific Computer
Wikipedia - Broadcast (band) -- British electronic rock music group
Wikipedia - Brother Industries -- Japanese multinational electronics and electrical equipment company
Wikipedia - Buchla Electronic Musical Instruments
Wikipedia - Bullitt Group -- British multinational mobile phone and electronic company
Wikipedia - Burial (musician) -- British electronic musician
Wikipedia - Bush (brand) -- British consumer electronics brand
Wikipedia - Business-to-business electronic commerce
Wikipedia - C4 (French band) -- French electronic music band
Wikipedia - Cable tester -- Electronic device used to verify electrical connections
Wikipedia - Calculator -- Electronic device used for calculations
Wikipedia - California Environmental Resources Evaluation System -- program established to disseminate environmental and geoinformation electronic data about California
Wikipedia - Calypso (electronic ticketing system)
Wikipedia - Canadian Electronic Ensemble -- Music group from Toronto
Wikipedia - Capacitance Electronic Disc -- Analog video disc playback system
Wikipedia - Capacitor -- Passive two-terminal electronic component that stores electrical energy in an electric field
Wikipedia - Carmada -- Australian electronic music project
Wikipedia - Carpenter Brut -- French electronic music artist
Wikipedia - Cascada -- German electronic dance music group
Wikipedia - Casio Edifice -- Range of premium watches manufactured by Japanese electronics company Casio
Wikipedia - Casio VL-1 -- Electronic instrument
Wikipedia - Casio -- Japanese electronics company
Wikipedia - Category:American electronics engineers
Wikipedia - Category:British electronics engineers
Wikipedia - Category:Consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Category:Digital electronics
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic Arts franchises
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic Arts games
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic cigarettes
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic design automation software
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic design automation
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic design
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic engineering award winners
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic funds transfer
Wikipedia - Category:Electronic games
Wikipedia - Category:Electronics companies established in 1908
Wikipedia - Category:Electronics companies established in 1946
Wikipedia - Category:Electronics companies established in 1975
Wikipedia - Category:Electronics companies of Italy
Wikipedia - Category:Electronics companies of the United States
Wikipedia - Category:English electronic musicians
Wikipedia - Category:English women in electronic music
Wikipedia - Category:Fictional electronic engineers
Wikipedia - Category:Military electronics of the United States
Wikipedia - Category:New Zealand women in electronic music
Wikipedia - Category:Open hardware electronic devices
Wikipedia - Category:Swiss electronics engineers
Wikipedia - Category:World War II British electronics
Wikipedia - Cathryn Mitchell -- Professor of Electronic & Electronic Engineering
Wikipedia - CD player -- an electronic device that plays audio compact discs
Wikipedia - Celldweller -- American electronic rock project by Klayton
Wikipedia - Cell site -- Cellular telephone site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed - typically on a radio mast, tower, or other raised structure - to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network
Wikipedia - Chain of custody -- Chronological documentation or paper trail, showing custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of physical or electronic evidence
Wikipedia - Changhong -- Chinese electronics company
Wikipedia - Chase (instrumental) -- 1978 electronic instrumental by Giorgio Moroder
Wikipedia - Cheat Codes (DJs) -- American electronic music DJ trio
Wikipedia - Chen Xingbi -- Chinese electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Chica Paula -- Chilean electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Chillwave -- Electronic pop genre from the late 2000s
Wikipedia - Chris Andrews (entrepreneur) -- Pioneer/digital media/electronic publishing/Internet
Wikipedia - Chris Douglas -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Chris Lake -- British electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Christian electronic dance music
Wikipedia - Chromatics (band) -- American electronic music band
Wikipedia - Circuit City -- Consumer electronics retailer
Wikipedia - Cis-Lunar -- Manufacturer of electronically controlled closed-circuit rebreathers for scuba diving
Wikipedia - City of Ontario v. Quon -- 2010 U.S. Supreme Court case on electronic privacy issues
Wikipedia - Clean Bandit -- English electronic music band formed in 2008
Wikipedia - Clearance Divers Life Support Equipment -- British military electronically controlled closed circuit rebreather
Wikipedia - Clearside -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - C. Lorenz AG -- German electrical and electronics company
Wikipedia - Cloud-chasing -- Blowing vapor with an electronic cigarette
Wikipedia - CNET -- American media website about technology and consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Coburn (band) -- UK electronic band
Wikipedia - Coby Electronics Corporation -- American manufacturer of consumer electronics products
Wikipedia - Coleco -- American manufacturer of consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Commodore International -- American home computer and electronics manufacturer
Wikipedia - Compal Electronics
Wikipedia - Composition of electronic cigarette aerosol
Wikipedia - CompUSA -- Defunct retailer of consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Computer (job description) -- Person performing mathematical calculations, before electronic computers became available
Wikipedia - Computer terminal -- Computer input/output device; an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying data from, a computer or a computing system update programming
Wikipedia - Com Truise -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Conjure One -- Canadian electronic music project
Wikipedia - ConnectedDrive -- Collection of electronic features for BMWs
Wikipedia - Construction of electronic cigarettes
Wikipedia - Consumer Electronics Show -- Electronics and technology trade show
Wikipedia - Consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Consumer-to-consumer electronic commerce
Wikipedia - Cordless -- Term used to refer to electrical or electronic devices that are powered by a battery or battery pack and can operate without a power cord or cable attached to an electrical outlet to provide mains power, allowing greater mobility
Wikipedia - Corelis -- A private US company categorized under Electronic Equipment & Supplies
Wikipedia - Corona poling -- physical optoelectronics technique
Wikipedia - Corpus of Electronic Texts
Wikipedia - Cosmic Pulses -- Electronic composition by Karlheinz Stockhausen
Wikipedia - Cosmo's Midnight -- Australian electronic music producers
Wikipedia - Coupon -- a document, paper or electronic, to provide a discount on goods or services
Wikipedia - Cowon -- South Korean consumer electronics manufacturer
Wikipedia - Crankdat -- American electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Criterion Games -- British video game developer owned by Electronic Arts
Wikipedia - Crookers -- Italian electronica duo
Wikipedia - Crosstalk (electronics)
Wikipedia - Crystal Castles -- Canadian electronic music group
Wikipedia - Cyberbullying -- Type of bullying occurs within electronic communication networking, the Internet and computer technology
Wikipedia - Cybercrimes Act in Tanzania -- Law in Tanzania for criminalizing offences related to computer systems and Information Communication Technologies; provides for investigation, collection, and use of electronic evidence in Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar
Wikipedia - Daft Punk -- French electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Dancing Astronaut -- American media platform covering electronic music
Wikipedia - Danny Baranowsky -- American electronic music composer
Wikipedia - Daphne Oram -- British composer and electronic musician
Wikipedia - Data Discman -- Electronic book player
Wikipedia - Data processing unit -- Programmable electronic component
Wikipedia - Datarock -- Norwegian electronic rock band
Wikipedia - David Ball (electronic musician)
Wikipedia - David Richardson (physicist) -- British optoelectronics researcher (born 1964)
Wikipedia - DCUP -- Australian electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Decade box -- Electronic test equipment
Wikipedia - Decomposure -- Canadian electronic music musician
Wikipedia - Deconstructed club -- Experimental electronic music genre
Wikipedia - Deepface (band) -- Dance/House/Electronica music act based out of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Wikipedia - Delco Electronics -- US auto part supplier
Wikipedia - Delia Derbyshire -- English musician and composer of electronic music
Wikipedia - Delta Heavy -- British electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Depeche Mode -- English electronic band
Wikipedia - Development of electronics for GM auto racing -- Electronics for GM auto racing
Wikipedia - DICE (company) -- Swedish video game developer owned by Electronic Arts
Wikipedia - DigiCash -- Electronic money corporation founded by David Chaum in 1990
Wikipedia - Digital delay generator -- Electronic test equipment that provides in-line delays for circuits
Wikipedia - Digital electronics -- Electronic circuits that utilize digital signals
Wikipedia - Digital Group Audio -- US consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Digital library -- Online database of digital objects stored in electronic media formats and accessible via computers
Wikipedia - Digital Multiplex System -- Electronic telephone switch
Wikipedia - Digital pattern generator -- Electronic test equipment that generates digital stimuli
Wikipedia - Digital signage -- Sub-segment of electronic signage
Wikipedia - Digital signal (electronics)
Wikipedia - Digital video -- digital electronic representation of moving visual images
Wikipedia - Dinghao Market -- Major electronics market in Zhongguancun, Beijing
Wikipedia - DIN sync -- Synchronization interface for electronic musical instruments
Wikipedia - Diode -- Electronic component that only allows current to flow in one direction
Wikipedia - Direct Recording Electronic with integrity -- E2E verifiable e-voting system
Wikipedia - Dirtyphonics -- French electronic music band
Wikipedia - Distortion meter -- Electronic test equipment
Wikipedia - Distributed-element filter -- Type of electronic filter circuit
Wikipedia - Dive timer -- Electronic timer that automatically records the run time of a dive
Wikipedia - Dixons Retail -- Former British consumer electronics retailer
Wikipedia - Dixon Technologies -- Indian electronics manufacturing services company
Wikipedia - DJ? Acucrack -- Electronic music duo
Wikipedia - DJ Mag -- British monthly magazine dedicated to electronic dance music and DJs
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Wikipedia - Dopplereffekt -- American electronic music band
Wikipedia - Doran Chambers -- American DJ and electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Downtempo -- Electronic music genre
Wikipedia - Draft:Abstract Division (copy) -- Dutch-born electronic music producer duo
Wikipedia - Draft:Abstract Division -- Dutch-born electronic music producer duo
Wikipedia - Draft:BoAt Lifestyle -- India consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Draft:By Grabthars Hammer -- Irish Electronic Band
Wikipedia - Draft:Dewesoft -- Slovenian engineering and electronics company
Wikipedia - Draft:Electis (NGO) -- electronic voting
Wikipedia - Draft:Juyen Sebulba -- American electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Draft:Olimex -- Bulgarian embedded electronics designer and manufacturer
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Wikipedia - Draft:YUC'e -- Japanese electronic musician
Wikipedia - Drum and bass -- type of electronic music
Wikipedia - Drum machine -- Electronic musical instrument that creates percussion sounds
Wikipedia - Dual in-line package -- Type of electronic component package
Wikipedia - Dubstep -- Genre of electronic dance music that originated in South London
Wikipedia - Dubtribe Sound System -- Electronic musical group from California
Wikipedia - Dusky -- Electronic music group
Wikipedia - Dutty Moonshine Big Band -- British electronic dance music band
Wikipedia - Dynatron oscillator -- Vacuum tube electronic oscillator circuit
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Wikipedia - Eamonn Doyle -- Irish photographer, electronic music producer, DJ, and record label owner
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Wikipedia - Eat Static -- Electronic music project from Frome, Somerset, England
Wikipedia - Eazy (musician) -- South African electronic musician
Wikipedia - EDVAC -- One of the earliest electronic computers, delivered in 1949
Wikipedia - EE Times -- Online electronics industry magazine
Wikipedia - Effective nuclear charge -- Net positive charge experienced by an electron in a polyelectronic atom
Wikipedia - Effects of electronic cigarettes on human brain development
Wikipedia - Effects of nicotine on human brain development -- Effects of electronic cigarettes on the developing human brain
Wikipedia - Effects unit -- Electronic device that alters audio sources
Wikipedia - EFI Technology Inc -- Automotive electronics engineering company
Wikipedia - EFTPOS -- Type of electronic payment system
Wikipedia - Egyptrixx -- Canadian electronic musician
Wikipedia - EHealth Ontario -- Agency that facilitates the development of Ontario's proposed public Electronic Health Record system
Wikipedia - EIDAS -- electronic IDentification, Authentication and trust Services
Wikipedia - E Ink -- Electronic paper manufactured by E Ink Corporation
Wikipedia - Elderbrook -- English Electronic Musician
Wikipedia - Elecom -- Japanese electronics company
Wikipedia - Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Wikipedia - Electrical engineering -- Field of engineering that deals with electricity, electromagnetism, and electronics
Wikipedia - Electric organ -- Electronic keyboard instrument
Wikipedia - Electrocomponents -- British-based distributor of industrial and electronics products
Wikipedia - Electrohome -- Canadian electronics company
Wikipedia - Electro (music) -- genre of electronic music
Wikipedia - Electronica 60
Wikipedia - Electronicam -- System that shot an image on film and television at the same time through a common lens.
Wikipedia - Electronic article -- Electronic publication in scholarly journal or magazine that can be accessed via electronic transmission
Wikipedia - Electronic Arts Intermix
Wikipedia - Electronic Arts -- American video game company
Wikipedia - Electronic assessment
Wikipedia - Electronicat -- French musician
Wikipedia - Electronic authentication
Wikipedia - Electronic Awakening
Wikipedia - Electronica
Wikipedia - Electronic band structure -- Describes the range of energies that an electron within the solid may have and ranges of energy that it may not have
Wikipedia - Electronic bidet -- Nozzle attached to an existing toilet, or a part of the toilet itself
Wikipedia - Electronic body music -- Music genre
Wikipedia - Electronic brain
Wikipedia - Electronic business
Wikipedia - Electronic cash
Wikipedia - Electronic centralised aircraft monitor
Wikipedia - Electronic cigarette and e-cigarette liquid marketing -- Electronic cigarette and e-cigarette liquid marketing
Wikipedia - Electronic cigarette -- Device usually used to quit or be an alternative to tobacco
Wikipedia - Electronic circuit design
Wikipedia - Electronic circuits
Wikipedia - Electronic circuit
Wikipedia - Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity
Wikipedia - Electronic Commerce Directive 2000 -- Directive of the European Parliament
Wikipedia - Electronic commerce
Wikipedia - Electronic Communications Privacy Act
Wikipedia - Electronic communication
Wikipedia - Electronic component
Wikipedia - Electronic computers
Wikipedia - Electronic computer
Wikipedia - Electronic computing
Wikipedia - Electronic Control Company
Wikipedia - Electronic dance music -- broad category of electronic music
Wikipedia - Electronic data capture
Wikipedia - Electronic Data Interchange
Wikipedia - Electronic data interchange
Wikipedia - Electronic data processing
Wikipedia - Electronic Data Systems -- American information technology company
Wikipedia - Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator
Wikipedia - Electronic delay storage automatic calculator
Wikipedia - Electronic Design Automation
Wikipedia - Electronic design automation
Wikipedia - Electronic Design (magazine)
Wikipedia - Electronic devices
Wikipedia - Electronic dictionary -- Dictionary whose data exists in digital form and can be accessed through a number of different media
Wikipedia - Electronic discovery
Wikipedia - Electronic Document System
Wikipedia - Electronic document
Wikipedia - Electronic Dream -- 2011 album by AraabMuzik
Wikipedia - Electronic drums
Wikipedia - Electronic Engineering
Wikipedia - Electronic engineering -- Electrical engineering involved in the design of electronic circuits, devices, and their systems
Wikipedia - Electronic engineer
Wikipedia - Electronic Entertainment Expo 2014
Wikipedia - Electronic Entertainment Expo 2016
Wikipedia - Electronic Entertainment Expo
Wikipedia - Electronic entropy -- The entropy of a system attributable to electrons' probabilistic occupation of states
Wikipedia - Electronic filter topology -- Electronic filter circuits without taking note of the values of the components used but only the manner in which those components are connected
Wikipedia - Electronic flight instrument system
Wikipedia - Electronic Frontier Foundation -- Digital rights group based in the US
Wikipedia - Electronic Funds Transfer Act
Wikipedia - Electronic funds transfer -- Electronic transfer of money from one bank account to another
Wikipedia - Electronic Fund Transfer Act -- Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1978
Wikipedia - Electronic Games -- US video game magazine
Wikipedia - Electronic game
Wikipedia - Electronic Gaming Monthly -- American video game magazine
Wikipedia - Electronic harassment -- Conspiracy theory regarding mind manipulation by electronic means
Wikipedia - Electronic hardware
Wikipedia - Electronic Health Record
Wikipedia - Electronic health record
Wikipedia - Electronic Industries Alliance -- 1924-2011 American standards and trade organization
Wikipedia - Electronic Industries Association of Japan -- Japanese electronics trade organization
Wikipedia - Electronic ink
Wikipedia - Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality -- Defunct American academic journal
Wikipedia - Electronic journal -- Magazine published in digital format
Wikipedia - Electronic learning
Wikipedia - Electronic literature -- Literary genre consisting of works of literature that originate within digital environments and require digital computation
Wikipedia - Electronic lock
Wikipedia - Electronic mailing list -- Special usage of email that allows for widespread distribution of information to many Internet users
Wikipedia - Electronic media
Wikipedia - Electronic Medical Records and Genomics Network -- American medical genomics consortium
Wikipedia - Electronic medical record
Wikipedia - Electronic money
Wikipedia - Electronic musical instrument
Wikipedia - Electronic Music Foundation
Wikipedia - Electronic Music Studios
Wikipedia - Electronic music
Wikipedia - Electronic News Production System -- Software application developed by the Associated Press
Wikipedia - Electronic News
Wikipedia - Electronicore -- fusion genre of metalcore and electronic music
Wikipedia - Electronic organizer
Wikipedia - Electronic oscillator
Wikipedia - Electronic paper
Wikipedia - Electronic patient record
Wikipedia - Electronic Payment Services -- The largest electronic payment system in Hong Kong, Macau and Shenzhen
Wikipedia - Electronic Poetry Center -- Online resource for digital poetry
Wikipedia - Electronic portfolio -- A collection of electronic evidence assembled and managed by a user
Wikipedia - Electronic Privacy Information Center
Wikipedia - Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool
Wikipedia - Electronic publishing
Wikipedia - Electronic quantum holography
Wikipedia - Electronic Recording Machine, Accounting
Wikipedia - Electronic resource management
Wikipedia - Electronic rock -- Music genre
Wikipedia - Electronic Saviors Volume 2: Recurrence -- Electronic Saviors Volume 2: Recurrence
Wikipedia - Electronics design
Wikipedia - Electronic sell-through
Wikipedia - Electronics engineering
Wikipedia - Electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Electronics for Imaging -- American technology company
Wikipedia - Electronic signature
Wikipedia - Electronics industry in the United States
Wikipedia - Electronics industry
Wikipedia - Electronics Letters
Wikipedia - Electronics Magazine
Wikipedia - Electronics (magazine)
Wikipedia - Electronic specific heat -- Heat capacity of an electron gas
Wikipedia - Electronic sports
Wikipedia - Electronics right to repair
Wikipedia - Electronics technician (armed forces) -- An occupation in the armed forces of various countries
Wikipedia - Electronic structure
Wikipedia - Electronics Weekly
Wikipedia - Electronics -- Technical field
Wikipedia - Electronic Switching System
Wikipedia - Electronic switching system
Wikipedia - Electronic System Design Alliance
Wikipedia - Electronic tagging -- Form of surveillance
Wikipedia - Electronic technology
Wikipedia - Electronic toilet -- A type of public toilet that is used in India
Wikipedia - Electronic trading platform
Wikipedia - Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence
Wikipedia - Electronic visual display
Wikipedia - Electronic voice phenomenon
Wikipedia - Electronic voting systems for the European Parliament
Wikipedia - Electronic voting
Wikipedia - Electronic Warfare
Wikipedia - Electronic warfare
Wikipedia - Electronic waste in Guiyu -- Largest e-waste site in the world, in Guangdong Province, China
Wikipedia - Electronic waste
Wikipedia - Electrons and Holes in Semiconductors with Applications to Transistor Electronics -- Book by William Shockley
Wikipedia - Electro-optical sensor -- Electronic sensors that convert light into electrical signals
Wikipedia - Electropop -- Form of electronic music
Wikipedia - Eleh -- American electronic/drone musician
Wikipedia - Element Electronics
Wikipedia - Elfa AB -- Swedish Electronics Supplier
Wikipedia - Elgato -- Consumer electronics brand
Wikipedia - Eliot Sumner -- English musician, actor, and electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Elizabeth Killick -- British naval electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Ellen Allien -- German electronic musician, music producer
Wikipedia - Ellies Holdings -- South African electronics company
Wikipedia - Email spam -- Unsolicited electronic advertising by e-mail
Wikipedia - Emerson Radio -- US consumer electronics distributor
Wikipedia - EM Microelectronic -- Swiss semiconductor manufactuer
Wikipedia - Emoji -- Ideograms or smileys used in electronic messages and webpages
Wikipedia - Emperor Penguin (music) -- American electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Empty lattice approximation -- A theoretical electronic band structure model in which the potential is periodic and weak
Wikipedia - Engadget -- Technology blog network covering gadgets and consumer electronics
Wikipedia - ENIAC -- First electronic general-purpose digital computer
Wikipedia - Envelope detector -- Electronic circuit that takes a high-frequency amplitude modulated signal as input and provides an output which is the envelope of the original signal
Wikipedia - Epson -- Japanese electronics company
Wikipedia - Escala (group) -- Electronic string quartet from England
Wikipedia - Esports -- form of competition that is facilitated by electronic systems, particularly video games
Wikipedia - E-textiles -- Fabrics that incorporate electronic components
Wikipedia - Evian Christ -- English electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Evil Nine -- English electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Expressive potential (electronic music) -- Musical expression
Wikipedia - E-ZPass -- Electronic toll collection system in the Eastern and Midwestern United States
Wikipedia - Falco Electronics -- Mexican electronics company
Wikipedia - Far East Movement -- American hip hop and electronic music group
Wikipedia - Farfisa -- Italian electronics manufacturer
Wikipedia - FASTag -- Electronic toll collection system in India
Wikipedia - Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources -- Standard for exchanging electronic health records
Wikipedia - FASTON terminal -- Electronic equipment
Wikipedia - Fear, and Loathing in Las Vegas -- Japanese electronicore band
Wikipedia - Feather (musical artist) -- American electronic dance music producer
Wikipedia - Federated Group -- Former American consumer electronics retailer
Wikipedia - Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Wikipedia - Fenix (Alexander Mamonov) -- Electronic dance music DJ
Wikipedia - Fe (video game) -- Action-adventure video game developed by Zoink and published by Electronic Arts
Wikipedia - FIFO (computing and electronics)
Wikipedia - Fingerprint scanner -- Electronic device used to capture a digital image of the fingerprint pattern
Wikipedia - Flash memory -- Electronic non-volatile computer storage device
Wikipedia - Flatpack (electronics) -- Flat surface mount integrated circuit package
Wikipedia - Flight recorder -- Aircraft electronic recording device
Wikipedia - Flip & Fill -- English electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Flip Chip (PDP module) -- Historical electronic module design
Wikipedia - Flip-flop (electronics)
Wikipedia - Floorplan (microelectronics)
Wikipedia - Florian Schneider -- Founding member of German electronic band Kraftwerk
Wikipedia - Flying Lotus -- American electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Folktronica -- Genre of music comprising various elements of folk music and electronica
Wikipedia - Font embedding -- inclusion of font files inside an electronic document for display in incompatible software
Wikipedia - Foodman -- Electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Foxconn -- Taiwanese multinational electronics contract manufacturing trading as Foxconn
Wikipedia - Frankie Mann -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Frank J. Canova -- American electronics designer
Wikipedia - Freedom of the press -- Freedom of communication and expression through mediums including various electronic media and published materials
Wikipedia - Frequency meter -- Meter that displays the frequency of an electronic signal
Wikipedia - Fretter -- Defunct American electronics/appliance retailer
Wikipedia - Friends (Flume song) -- 2019 song by Australian electronic musician Flume
Wikipedia - Frost (Norwegian band) -- Norwegian electronic duo
Wikipedia - Fry's Electronics
Wikipedia - Funai -- Japanese consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Function generator -- Electronic test equipment used to generate electrical waveforms--
Wikipedia - Furby -- electronic robotic toy
Wikipedia - Future Beat Alliance -- English electronica musician
Wikipedia - Future garage -- Genre of electronic music
Wikipedia - Future Shop -- Canadian electronics store chain
Wikipedia - Fuzzy electronics
Wikipedia - Gabber -- Style of electronic music
Wikipedia - Gain (electronics) -- Ability of a circuit to increase the power or amplitude of a signal
Wikipedia - Galestian -- Electronic music artist
Wikipedia - Galimatias -- Danish electronic musician
Wikipedia - Game & Watch -- Series of handheld electronic games by Nintendo
Wikipedia - General Dynamics-Grumman EF-111A Raven -- Electronic warfare aircraft
Wikipedia - General Microelectronics -- U.S. semiconductor company
Wikipedia - Ghana Investment Fund for Electronic Communications -- Ghanaian Company
Wikipedia - Ghastly (DJ) -- American electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Ghettotech -- Genre of electronic music originating from Detroit
Wikipedia - Gigabyte Technology -- Taiwanese electronics company
Wikipedia - GITEX -- Computer and electronics trade show
Wikipedia - Glass break detector -- Sensor used in electronic burglar alarms that detects if a pane of glass is shattered or broken
Wikipedia - Glass cockpit -- Aircraft instrumentation system consisting primarily of multi-function electronic displays
Wikipedia - Gloo -- British electronic music group
Wikipedia - Glossary of electrical and electronics engineering -- List of definitions of terms and concepts commonly used in the study of electrical engineering and electronics
Wikipedia - Glossy display -- Electronic display with a glossy surface
Wikipedia - Goji Electronics
Wikipedia - Goldfrapp -- English electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Google Nexus -- Series of electronic devices by Google
Wikipedia - Google Pixel -- Line of consumer electronic devices from Google
Wikipedia - Graduated Electronic Decelerator
Wikipedia - Graphene electronics
Wikipedia - Graphics display resolution -- Width and height of an electronic visual display device, such as a computer monitor, in pixels
Wikipedia - Graphics processing unit -- Specialized electronic circuit; graphics accelerator
Wikipedia - Green Velvet -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Greg Davis (musician) -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Grime (music genre) -- Genre of electronic music originating in the United Kingdom
Wikipedia - Gui Boratto -- Brazilian electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Guz Hardy & J Luke -- Italian electronic dance music band
Wikipedia - Hacking of consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Haier -- Chinese multinational consumer electronics and home appliance company
Wikipedia - Hailong Market -- Major electronics market in Zhongguancun, Beijing
Wikipedia - Handheld electronic game
Wikipedia - Handspring (company) -- 1998-2003 American electronics company founded by the founders of Palm, Inc.
Wikipedia - Hank Chien -- Taiwanese electronic sports player
Wikipedia - Hanwha Techwin -- South Korean electronics and security camera company
Wikipedia - Hardkiss -- Electronic music group and record label
Wikipedia - Hardware description language -- Specialized computer language used to describe the structure and behavior of electronic circuits, and most commonly, digital logic circuits
Wikipedia - Harman International -- American electronics company
Wikipedia - Hartley oscillator -- Electronic oscillator
Wikipedia - Haywyre -- American electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Health information exchange -- Mobilization of health care information electronically across organizations
Wikipedia - Heathkit -- Brand name of kits and other electronic products produced and marketed by the Heath Company
Wikipedia - HeinrichsWeikamp -- German manufacturer of dive computers and other underwater electronics for recreational diving.
Wikipedia - Henkel Electronic Materials -- German electronics company
Wikipedia - Herobust -- American electronic music producer
Wikipedia - H. H. Gregg -- American electronics retailer
Wikipedia - Hi-NRG -- Genre of uptempo disco or electronic dance music
Wikipedia - Hisense -- Chinese state-owned multinational electronics company
Wikipedia - Hitachi -- Japanese multinational engineering and electronics company
Wikipedia - Hot Chip -- British electronic music band
Wikipedia - HTC -- Taiwanese electronics company
Wikipedia - Hughes Electronics -- American satellite and wireless communications company
Wikipedia - HuK -- American-Canadian electronic sports player
Wikipedia - Humidistat -- Electronic device which responds to relative humidity
Wikipedia - Hybrid integrated circuit -- Miniature electronic circuit combining different semiconductor devices and passive components on a substrate
Wikipedia - I Am Robot and Proud -- Canadian indie electronic musician
Wikipedia - Ian Boddy -- British electronic musician and composer
Wikipedia - Ian Sommerville (technician) -- British electronics technician and computer programmer
Wikipedia - IAS machine -- First electronic computer to be built at the Institute for Advanced Study
Wikipedia - IBall (company) -- Indian consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - IBM 603 -- Control panel programmable electronic calculating card punch
Wikipedia - IBM 604 -- Control panel programmable electronic calculating card punch
Wikipedia - IBM Solid Logic Technology -- Method for packaging electronic circuitry
Wikipedia - IC3PEAK -- Russian experimental electronic band
Wikipedia - Idiotape -- South Korean electronic music band
Wikipedia - IEEE 1164 -- IEEE standard that defines logic values used in electronic design
Wikipedia - IEEE 1680 -- IEEE standard for the assessment of environmental performance of electronic products
Wikipedia - IEEE Council on Electronic Design Automation
Wikipedia - IEEE Edison Medal -- Award presented by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Wikipedia - IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award
Wikipedia - IEEE Spectrum -- Magazine edited by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Wikipedia - IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems -- Scientific journal
Wikipedia - IEEE Xplore -- Research database focused on computer science, electrical engineering, electronics, and allied fields
Wikipedia - IFixit -- Company aiming to ease repairing of consumer electronics.
Wikipedia - Iglooghost -- British electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Ikutaro Kakehashi -- Japanese businessman and electronic music pioneer
Wikipedia - Illustrator -- Narrative artist who makes images for printed and electronic products
Wikipedia - Ilpo VM-CM-$isM-CM-$nen -- Finnish electronic musician
Wikipedia - Image sensor -- Device that converts an optical image into an electronic signal
Wikipedia - In-circuit test -- Method of testing electronic circuits
Wikipedia - Index of electronics articles -- Wikipedia index
Wikipedia - Indrema -- Consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Infected Mushroom -- Israeli psytrance/electronica duo
Wikipedia - Infomir -- Ukrainian electronics company (e. 1994)
Wikipedia - In-game advertising -- Advertising in electronic games
Wikipedia - Insomniac (promoter) -- American electronic music event promoter
Wikipedia - Instant Racing -- Electronic gambling device for wagering on previously-held horse races.
Wikipedia - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -- Scholarly society, publisher and standards organization, headquartered in US
Wikipedia - Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers -- Professional organization
Wikipedia - Instrument control -- Control of electronic test instruments
Wikipedia - Instrument Driver -- Software that facilitates remote control of electronic test instruments
Wikipedia - Integrated circuit -- Electronic circuit
Wikipedia - Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc.
Wikipedia - Interlink Electronics
Wikipedia - Intermec -- American electronics manufacturing company
Wikipedia - International Center for the History of Electronic Games
Wikipedia - Inter/National Coalition for Electronic Portfolio Research -- Non-profit organization
Wikipedia - International Journal of South American Archaeology -- Electronic academic journal
Wikipedia - Internet-in-a-Box -- Electronic device that allow multiple people to access the content on it via wifi
Wikipedia - Internet Sacred Text Archive -- Website dedicated to the preservation of electronic public domain texts
Wikipedia - Intex Technologies -- Indian electronics manufacturing services company
Wikipedia - Isao Tomita -- Japanese electronic musician
Wikipedia - I See Monstas -- British electronic music group
Wikipedia - Isoelectronicity
Wikipedia - Issuu -- Electronic publishing platform and app
Wikipedia - Iva Davies -- Australian electronic musician and rock singer
Wikipedia - Jabra (headset) -- Business and consumer electronics brand
Wikipedia - Jack Callahan (musician) -- Electronic musician
Wikipedia - Jack M-CM-^\ -- American DJ duo consisting of electronic music producers Skrillex and Diplo
Wikipedia - Jacob K. White -- American electronics engineer and professor
Wikipedia - Jahcoozi -- Berlin-based electronica trio
Wikipedia - Jaime Brooks -- Canadian-American electronic musician
Wikipedia - James Holden (producer) -- English disc jockey of electronic music
Wikipedia - James Murphy (electronic musician) -- American musician
Wikipedia - Jan Robbe -- Belgian electronic musician
Wikipedia - Javelin (band) -- American electronic duo
Wikipedia - Jay Electronica -- American rapper from Louisiana
Wikipedia - Jean-Roch -- French singer, DJ, producer of electronic music
Wikipedia - Jeff Witscher -- Electronic musician
Wikipedia - Jensen Electronics
Wikipedia - Jitterlyzer -- Electronic test equipment
Wikipedia - Jlin -- American electronic musician (born 1987)
Wikipedia - John Francis Mitchell -- American electronics engineer
Wikipedia - John Gosling (Psychic TV musician) -- British electronic musician
Wikipedia - Joint Electronics Type Designation System -- Unclassified designator for United States military electronic equipment
Wikipedia - Jon Hopkins -- English electronic musician and producer
Wikipedia - Joseph Capriati -- Italian electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Joshua Di Silvio -- Italian electronic musician and DJ
Wikipedia - Josh Wink -- American electronic music DJ and remixer
Wikipedia - Jo Thomas -- British electronic composer and sound artist
Wikipedia - Joule thief -- Voltage booster Electronic Circuit
Wikipedia - Journal of the North Atlantic -- Peer-reviewed electronic academic journal
Wikipedia - Joy Lim Arthur -- Electronic Engineer
Wikipedia - Jungle music -- Genre of electronic music
Wikipedia - Juul -- American electronic cigarette manufacturer
Wikipedia - JVCKenwood -- Japanese multinational electronics company
Wikipedia - JVC -- Japanese international electronics corporation
Wikipedia - Karen Rafferty -- Irish electrical and electronic engineer
Wikipedia - Kate Simko -- American electronic music producer from Chicago
Wikipedia - Kat Gunn -- American electronic sports player, television personality and cosplayer
Wikipedia - Kelvin-Varley divider -- Electronic circuit used to divide voltages
Wikipedia - Kemao Market -- Major electronics market in Zhongguancun, Beijing
Wikipedia - Ken Hoang -- American electronic sports player and Survivor contestant
Wikipedia - Kim Cascone -- American composer of electronic music
Wikipedia - King Kooba -- British electronica duo
Wikipedia - KLOQ (band) -- British electronic rock band
Wikipedia - Kombinat Mikroelektronik Erfurt -- Manufacturer of active electronic components in East Germany
Wikipedia - Kraftwerk -- German electronic music band
Wikipedia - Krytron -- Electronic component
Wikipedia - Kurzweil K250 -- First electronic musical instrument which produced sound from sampled sounds compressed in ROM
Wikipedia - Kurzweil Music Systems -- American electronic musical instrument manufacturer
Wikipedia - Kususa -- South African electronic duo
Wikipedia - Kyocera -- Japanese ceramics and electronics company
Wikipedia - Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems -- Massachusetts Institute of Technology research institute
Wikipedia - La Bouche -- German-American electronic dance band
Wikipedia - Lady Bee -- Dutch electronic musician
Wikipedia - Lafayette Radio Electronics -- American radio and electronics manufacturer and retailer
Wikipedia - Latch (electronics)
Wikipedia - LCR meter -- Electronic test equipment that measures inductance, capacitance, and resistance
Wikipedia - Leapfrog filter -- a type of active circuit electronic filter
Wikipedia - Legal Electronic Data Exchange Standard
Wikipedia - Lemon Jelly -- British electronic music duo
Wikipedia - LEO (website) -- Internet-based electronic dictionary and translation dictionary
Wikipedia - Le Peuple de l'Herbe -- French electronic music band
Wikipedia - Let You Know (Flume song) -- 2019 song by Australian electronic musician Flume
Wikipedia - Lewis acids and bases -- Chemical bond theory involving the transfer of an electronic pair from the donor (the base) to the acceptor (the acid)
Wikipedia - LG Electronics -- South Korean multinational electronics company
Wikipedia - LG G8 ThinQ -- 2019 Android smartphone manufactured by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - LG G Pad 7.0 -- Android-based tablet computer produced and marketed by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - LG G Pad 8.0 -- Android-based tablet computer produced and marketed by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - LG ThinQ -- Brand by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - LG V50 ThinQ -- 2019 Android phablet manufactured by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - LG V60 ThinQ -- 2020 Android phablet manufactured by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - LG Velvet -- 2020 Android phablet manufactured by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - LG Wing -- 2020 Android phablet manufactured by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - Limor Fix -- Israeli electronic design automation engineer
Wikipedia - List of acquisitions by Electronic Arts -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2003 -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2016 -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of Christian dance, electronic, and techno artists
Wikipedia - List of Electronic Arts games: 1983-1999 -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of Electronic Arts games: 2000-2009 -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of Electronic Arts games: 2010-present -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of Electronic Arts games -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronic cigarette and e-cigarette liquid brands
Wikipedia - List of electronic laboratory notebook software packages -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronic music festivals -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronic music genres -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronic music record labels -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronic rock artists -- Wikimedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronics brands -- Wikimedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronic toll collection systems -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of electronic trading protocols -- Wikimedia list article
Wikipedia - List of litigation involving the Electronic Frontier Foundation -- Wikimedia list article
Wikipedia - List of mechanical, electrical and electronic equipment manufacturing companies by revenue
Wikipedia - List of military electronics of the United States -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - List of World War II electronic warfare equipment -- Wikipedia list article
Wikipedia - LISTSERV -- Electronic mailing list software
Wikipedia - LittleBits -- Electronics company in New York, United States
Wikipedia - Little Dragon -- Swedish electronic band
Wikipedia - Lock and key -- Mechanical or electronic fastening device
Wikipedia - Loco Dice -- Tunisian DJ and electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Logic analyzer -- Electronic test instrument that measures multiple signals from a circuit
Wikipedia - LOGIC (electronic cigarette)
Wikipedia - Logic probe -- Handheld electronic test equipment
Wikipedia - Lotus (American band) -- American instrumental electronic jam band
Wikipedia - Louise Trevillyan -- American electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Low-frequency oscillation -- Method of modulation in electronic music equipment
Wikipedia - Low-power electronics
Wikipedia - Lowrey organ -- Electronic organ
Wikipedia - Luke Abbott -- English electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Lynette Willoughby -- Electronic engineer
Wikipedia - M2o (radio station) -- Italian electronic music radio station
Wikipedia - Machine Girl (band) -- American electronic music group
Wikipedia - Madura English-Sinhala Dictionary -- Sri Lankan free electronic dictionary service
Wikipedia - Magic Alex -- Greek businessman, electronics engineer and security consultant
Wikipedia - Mahara (software) -- Free and open-source web-based electronic portfolio management system
Wikipedia - Mail and wire fraud -- Federal crimes in the United States that involve mailing or electronically transmitting something associated with fraud
Wikipedia - Ma Jae-yoon -- South Korean electronic sports player
Wikipedia - Majical Cloudz -- Canadian electronic music group
Wikipedia - Major Lazer -- Jamaican-American electronic music group
Wikipedia - Make Money Fast -- Electronic chain letter
Wikipedia - Malgorzata Marek-Sadowska -- Polish-American electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Manchester Baby -- First electronic stored-program computer, 1948
Wikipedia - Manchester computers -- Series of stored-program electronic computers
Wikipedia - Manchester Electronic Computer
Wikipedia - Maplin (retailer) -- British electronics retailer
Wikipedia - Marco Carola -- Italian electronic musician and DJ
Wikipedia - Margaret R. Fox -- American electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Maria Watkins -- Defence electronics engineer, lecturer and President of the WomenM-bM-^@M-^Ys Engineering Society.
Wikipedia - Marshmello -- American electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Massive Attack -- British electronic music band
Wikipedia - Mat Brinkman -- American artist and electronic musician
Wikipedia - Matt Edwards -- English electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Maxell -- Consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Me & My Katamari -- 2005 puzzle-action video game published by Namco and Electronic Arts
Wikipedia - Meanest Man Contest -- Hip hop and electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Mechatronics -- Combination of electronics and mechanics
Wikipedia - Media space -- Electronic settings in which groups of people can work together even when not present in the same place and time
Wikipedia - Mediengruppe Telekommander -- Austrian/German electronic band
Wikipedia - Memory architecture -- Methods used to implement electronic computer data storage
Wikipedia - Memtransistor -- Experimental multi-terminal electronic component
Wikipedia - Mercedes Reaves -- Puerto Rican electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Merlin (console) -- Early handheld electronic video game
Wikipedia - Metastability (electronics)
Wikipedia - Metastability in electronics
Wikipedia - Metronomy -- English electronic music group
Wikipedia - Michel Farinet -- French artist of electronic music
Wikipedia - Michelle Amos -- American electronics design engineer
Wikipedia - Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation
Wikipedia - Microelectronics Education Programme
Wikipedia - Microelectronics
Wikipedia - Microelectronic
Wikipedia - MIDI -- Means of connecting electronic musical instruments
Wikipedia - Mika Vainio -- Finnish electronic musician
Wikipedia - Milwaukee Banks -- Electronic hip-hop duo from Melbourne, Australia
Wikipedia - MiMi Aung -- American electronic engineer at NASA
Wikipedia - Mindless Self Indulgence -- American electronic rock band
Wikipedia - Ministry of Information Technology and Electronics (West Bengal) -- Government department of West Bengal
Wikipedia - Minotaur Shock -- English electronic musician
Wikipedia - Mint Royale -- British electronic music producer and former duo
Wikipedia - Mitsubishi Electric -- Japanese electrical equipment, elevator manufacturer and electronics company
Wikipedia - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries -- Japanese engineering, electrical equipment, shipbuilding and electronics company
Wikipedia - Mixmag -- British electronic dance and clubbing media brand and magazine
Wikipedia - MNYNMS -- Live electronic music band
Wikipedia - Mobile Electronic Certified Professional -- US certificate of achievement program
Wikipedia - Mobvoi -- Chinese electronics company
Wikipedia - Modern Electronics -- American magazine
Wikipedia - Modeselektor -- German electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Moev -- Canadian electronic band
Wikipedia - Molecular electronics
Wikipedia - Molecular scale electronics -- Branch of nanotechnology
Wikipedia - Moloko -- Anglo-Irish electronica/trip-hop duo
Wikipedia - Mondsucht -- German electronic music group
Wikipedia - Monolake -- German electronic music group
Wikipedia - Monolink -- German DJ, singer-songwriter and electronic dance music producer
Wikipedia - Monster Cable -- American consumer electronics manufacturing company
Wikipedia - Monstercat -- Canadian electronic music record label
Wikipedia - Moog synthesizer -- Electronic musical instrument
Wikipedia - Moonbeam (band) -- Russian electronic music project
Wikipedia - Moonrise (festival) -- Electronic dance music festival in Baltimore, Maryland
Wikipedia - Morcheeba -- English electronic band
Wikipedia - Mort Garson -- Pioneering electronic music composer, arranger, and songwriter
Wikipedia - Morton Subotnick -- American neo-classical composer and avant-garde electronic musician
Wikipedia - Mouser Electronics
Wikipedia - MP3 player -- Electronic device that can play digital audio files
Wikipedia - Mstrkrft -- Canadian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Mullard -- British manufacturer of electronic components
Wikipedia - Multi-chip module -- Electronic assembly containing multiple integrated circuits that behaves as a unit
Wikipedia - Multitone Electronics -- British company
Wikipedia - Murata Manufacturing -- Japanese electronic components manufacturer
Wikipedia - Musica Elettronica Viva -- Live acoustic/electronic improvisational music group
Wikipedia - Musical Electronics Library
Wikipedia - Music technology (electronic and digital)
Wikipedia - Muthayya Vanitha -- Indian electronics system engineer
Wikipedia - Muzik (company) -- American consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - My First Sony -- Series of electronics for kids made by Sony
Wikipedia - MyG -- Indian consumer electronics retailer
Wikipedia - Nadeshot -- American electronic sports player
Wikipedia - Nanodiamond -- Extremely small diamonds used for their thermal, mechanical and optoelectronic properties
Wikipedia - Nanoelectronics -- Use of nanotechnology in electronic components
Wikipedia - Nanoelectronic
Wikipedia - Natalino Camilleri -- electronics engineer
Wikipedia - National edeposit -- Australian repository for electronic publications for copyright purposes
Wikipedia - National Electronic Funds Transfer -- Electronic funds transfer system
Wikipedia - National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology -- Indian institution
Wikipedia - Naval Electronics Laboratory
Wikipedia - Navy Electronics Laboratory -- United States Navy organization
Wikipedia - NEC Home Electronics
Wikipedia - Need for Speed -- Racing video game franchise published by Electronic Arts
Wikipedia - Negative Format -- US Electronic Body Music and trance band
Wikipedia - Netduino -- Open-source electronics prototyping platform
Wikipedia - Newark element14 -- American electronic components distributor
Wikipedia - Newegg -- American online electronics retailer
Wikipedia - NextWorth -- Electronics trade-in and recycling service
Wikipedia - Nexus 5X -- Android smartphone manufactured by LG Electronics
Wikipedia - Nicomatic SA -- Electronics manufacturer
Wikipedia - Nihon Dempa Kogyo -- Japanese electronic components manufacturing company
Wikipedia - NMEA 0183 -- Communication standard for marine electronics
Wikipedia - No. 4 Electronic Switching System -- Telephone switching system
Wikipedia - Noise (electronics) -- Random fluctuation in an electrical signal
Wikipedia - Nordstrom (band) -- Danish electronic-pop band
Wikipedia - N-Trance -- British electronic music group
Wikipedia - Nuclear electromagnetic pulse -- Effect of a nuclear explosion on electronic equipment, and its use as a weapon
Wikipedia - Nu jazz -- A style of electronic music
Wikipedia - Null Device -- US electronic pop band
Wikipedia - Number One Electronic Switching System
Wikipedia - Nyquist filter -- an electronic filter used in receivers
Wikipedia - Oberheim Electronics
Wikipedia - Octave (electronics) -- a relative unit of frequency in terms of doublings
Wikipedia - Oliver Lieb -- German electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Ollie Olsen -- Australian electronic musician
Wikipedia - Omid 16B -- British-Iranian electronic music producer/composer and DJ
Wikipedia - Omnichord -- Electronic musical instrument
Wikipedia - Ondes Martenot -- Early electronic musical instrument
Wikipedia - OneBookShelf -- Distributor of electronic books (PDF and print on demand), owner of RPGnow and DriveThruRPG
Wikipedia - OneChicago -- All-electronic futures exchange located in Chicago, Illinois, United States
Wikipedia - One UI -- Software overlay by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Online banking -- Electronic payment system
Wikipedia - Online book -- Electronic publication available over a network
Wikipedia - Online console gaming -- Type of electronic gaming
Wikipedia - Online encyclopedia -- Encyclopedia accessible via the Internet or other electronic means
Wikipedia - Open Audio License -- Free music license created by the Electronic Frontier Foundation
Wikipedia - Operator (album) -- 2016 electronic house album by MSTRKRFT
Wikipedia - Oppo F1 -- Smartphone by Oppo Electronics
Wikipedia - Oppo F5/F5 Youth -- Smartphones made by Oppo Electronics
Wikipedia - Oppo -- Chinese consumer electronics manufacturer
Wikipedia - Optoelectronic device
Wikipedia - Optoelectronics -- Branch of electronics involving optics
Wikipedia - Orbotech -- Israeli electronics company
Wikipedia - OrCAD -- Electronic design automation software
Wikipedia - Orhan Aytur -- Turkish professor of optoelectronics and underwater photographer
Wikipedia - Origin (service) -- Content delivery software by Electronic Arts
Wikipedia - Origin Unknown -- English electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Orion Electric -- Japanese consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Orla Feely -- first Irish woman fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Wikipedia - OTC Markets Group -- Company operating an electronic inter-dealer securities quotation system
Wikipedia - Othello Ballet Suite/Electronic Organ Sonata No. 1
Wikipedia - OtterBox -- Privately owned consumer electronics accessory company
Wikipedia - Outline of electronics
Wikipedia - Outro (M83 song) -- Song by French electronic music artist M83 from their 2011 album "Hurry Up, We're Dreaming"
Wikipedia - Owl City -- American electronica musical project by Adam Young
Wikipedia - Page break -- Marker in an electronic document
Wikipedia - Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority -- Government agency of Pakistan
Wikipedia - Palm, Inc. -- 1992-2010 American electronics company
Wikipedia - Panamah -- Danish electronic group
Wikipedia - Panasonic -- Japanese multinational electronics corporation
Wikipedia - Patchwork Girl (hypertext) -- Work of electronic literature by Shelley Jackson
Wikipedia - Pedometer -- Device, usually portable and electronic or electromechanical, that counts each step a person takes by detecting the motion of the person's hands or hips
Wikipedia - Peking Duk -- Australian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act -- 2000 Canadian law
Wikipedia - Peter Harold Cole -- Australian electronic engineer
Wikipedia - Pet Society -- Playfish/Electronic Arts game on Facebook
Wikipedia - Phablet -- Electronic device with features of both a smartphone and a tablet
Wikipedia - Phantogram (band) -- American electronic rock duo
Wikipedia - Phil Drummond -- British electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Photomultiplier tube -- Fast, high sensitivty, low noise electronic photon detector
Wikipedia - Physical design (electronics)
Wikipedia - Physical layer -- the lowest-level electronic or optical transmission functions of a network
Wikipedia - Pier Bucci -- Chilean electronic music producer
Wikipedia - PirateBox -- Portable electronic device that facilitates local file sharing
Wikipedia - Placement (electronic design automation)
Wikipedia - Plessey -- British electronics, defence and telecommunications company
Wikipedia - Poeme M-CM-)lectronique -- Electronic music piece
Wikipedia - Pole (musician) -- German electronic musician
Wikipedia - PopSockets -- Consumer electronics accessory company
Wikipedia - Popular Electronics -- American magazine
Wikipedia - Portable data terminal -- Electronic device used to enter or retrieve data wirelessly
Wikipedia - Portable People Meter -- Proprietary electronic system used for radio and television ratings gathering
Wikipedia - Portal:Electronics
Wikipedia - Positions of medical organizations on electronic cigarettes
Wikipedia - Postprint -- Electronic version of a scholarly manuscript after peer review
Wikipedia - Power-off testing -- Troubleshooting method for electronic circuits
Wikipedia - Principles of Electronics -- Textbook for the Electronics Technician distance education program
Wikipedia - Printed circuit board -- Board to support and connect electronic components
Wikipedia - Printed electronics
Wikipedia - Prix Ars Electronica
Wikipedia - Processor (computing) -- Class of electronic units for electronic data processings
Wikipedia - Professional video camera -- High-end camera for creating electronic moving images
Wikipedia - Project Runeberg -- Digital cultural archive initiative that publishes free electronic versions of books significant to the culture and history of the Nordic countries
Wikipedia - Psilodump -- Electronic musician
Wikipedia - Psionics -- Portmanteau of psychic phenomena and electronics
Wikipedia - Psychedelic trance -- Genre of electronic music
Wikipedia - Public address system -- Electronic system for amplifying sound
Wikipedia - Public broadcasting -- Electronic media outlets whose primary mission is public service
Wikipedia - Public key certificate -- Electronic document used to prove the ownership of a public key
Wikipedia - Pulse (interbank network) -- Interbank electronic funds transfer network in the United States
Wikipedia - Pulses per quarter note -- Timebase used for sequencing in electronic music
Wikipedia - Pure (company) -- British consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Qiwi -- Russian electronic payment service
Wikipedia - Quanta Computer -- Taiwan-based manufacturer of notebook computers and other electronic hardware
Wikipedia - Quantum dot -- Zero-dimensional, nano-scale semiconductor particles with novel optical and electronic properties
Wikipedia - Quantum electronics
Wikipedia - Rabbit in the Moon -- American electronic music group
Wikipedia - Rabit (musician) -- American producer of electronic music
Wikipedia - Radar display -- Electronic device
Wikipedia - Radiation hardening -- Processes and techniques used for making electronic devices resistant to ionizing radiation
Wikipedia - Radio Electronics Television Manufacturers' Association
Wikipedia - RadioShack -- American electronics store chain
Wikipedia - RCA -- American electronics company
Wikipedia - Reciprocity (optoelectronic) -- Relation between properties of diodes
Wikipedia - Recondite -- Electronic music artist
Wikipedia - Recreational Dive Planner -- A PADI no-decompression dive table also available as a circular slide rule and electronic calculator
Wikipedia - Reel 2 Real -- American electronics band
Wikipedia - Refurbishment (electronics)
Wikipedia - Regulation of electronic cigarettes
Wikipedia - Rejsekort -- Electronic fare card used in Denmark
Wikipedia - ReMarkable -- Electronic writer tablet
Wikipedia - Renesas Electronics -- Japanese semiconductor manufacturer
Wikipedia - Research Laboratory of Electronics at MIT
Wikipedia - Restrictions on cell phone use while driving in the United States -- U.S. laws regulating use of electronic mobile devices by motorists
Wikipedia - Reuters 3000 Xtra -- Electronic trading platform
Wikipedia - RF modulator -- Electronic device
Wikipedia - Ricoh -- Japanese imaging and electronics company
Wikipedia - Riddim (genre) -- Genre of electronic dance music
Wikipedia - RIELL -- Canadian electronic pop singer
Wikipedia - RigExpert -- Ukrainian electronics manufacturer
Wikipedia - RinneRadio -- Finnish jazz and electronic music band
Wikipedia - Ritek -- Taiwanese CD, DVD and Blu-ray disc manufacturer and electronics company
Wikipedia - Ritual (electronic band) -- English electronic band
Wikipedia - Robert Moog -- American engineer and electronic music pioneer
Wikipedia - Rochester Electronics -- American technology company
Wikipedia - Roland V-Drums -- Brand of electronic drums
Wikipedia - Roland VK-8 -- Electronic keyboard
Wikipedia - Ronald Kim -- American electronic sports player (born 1983)
Wikipedia - Ross from Friends -- Electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Routing (electronic design automation)
Wikipedia - Royksopp -- Norwegian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Royole -- Chinese electronic industry
Wikipedia - Rudy Nicoletti -- Italian electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Safety of electronic cigarettes
Wikipedia - Sallen-Key topology -- Electronic filter topology
Wikipedia - Samsung B5310 -- Mobile phone created by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Electronics -- South Korean multinational electronics company
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy A30 -- 2019 smartphone by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy A40 -- 2019 smartphone by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy Note 10 -- 2019 Android phablet by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy Note 20 -- Line of Android-based phablets developed by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy Note 5 -- Android-based phablet by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy Note 7 -- Android phablet that was produced and marketed by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy Note 8 -- Android phablet developed by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy S20 -- Line of high-end Android smartphones by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy S4 Mini -- 2013 Android-based smartphone by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy S5 -- Android-based smartphone by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy S6 Active -- Android smartphone by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy S7 -- 2016 Android smartphone developed by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy S III -- 2012 Android smartphone developed by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy S Relay 4G -- Smartphone developed by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 -- Tablet by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Samsung Sens -- Notebook computer series made by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - Scherzer's theorem -- Theory of aberrations for electronic lenses
Wikipedia - School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton
Wikipedia - Scientific Games -- American electronic gaming and gambling company
Wikipedia - Secondary frequency standard -- Standards in electronics and telecommunications
Wikipedia - Security token -- Device used to access electronically restricted resource
Wikipedia - Seekae -- Australian Electronic Music Group
Wikipedia - Semiconductor device -- Electronic component that exploits the electronic properties of semiconductor materials
Wikipedia - Servo drive -- Electronic amplifier used to power electric servomechanisms
Wikipedia - Set Mo -- Australian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Seven-segment display -- Form of electronic display device for displaying decimal numerals
Wikipedia - Sharp Corporation -- Taiwanese-owned Japanese electronics company
Wikipedia - Shearwater Research -- Canadian manufacturer of dive computers and rebreather electronics.
Wikipedia - Shlohmo -- American electronic musician and producer
Wikipedia - Shpongle -- English psychedelic electronic music project
Wikipedia - Signaling (telecommunications) -- the electronic exchange of information required to set up a telecommunications connection
Wikipedia - Silver Apples -- American psychedelic electronic music duo from New York
Wikipedia - Simian Mobile Disco -- English electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Simon (game) -- Electronic game of memory skill
Wikipedia - Sinclair Research -- British consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - Skitronic -- Hong Kong electronics manufacturer
Wikipedia - Sleaford Mods -- English electronic punk music duo
Wikipedia - Sleep mode -- Low power mode for electronic devices
Wikipedia - Slime punk -- Electronic music microgenre
Wikipedia - Slumberjack -- Australian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Small Form Factor Committee -- Trade association formed to develop standards for small electronic devices
Wikipedia - Smle (DJs) -- American electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Snail's House -- Japanese electronic musician
Wikipedia - Sneakernet -- An informal term for the transfer of electronic information by physically moving media.
Wikipedia - SoDown -- American electronic music producer, musician and DJ
Wikipedia - So Get Up -- Electronic dance music poem by Ithaka Darin Pappas
Wikipedia - Solar-powered calculator -- |Hand-held electronic calculators powered by solar cells mounted on the device
Wikipedia - Solectron -- Electronics manufacturing company
Wikipedia - Solid state (electronics)
Wikipedia - Solid state electronics
Wikipedia - Solid-state (electronics)
Wikipedia - Solid-state electronics
Wikipedia - Sonar -- Arts, design, and electronic and advanced music festival in Barcelona, Spain (European Union)
Wikipedia - Soulwax -- Belgian electronic music band
Wikipedia - Sound module -- Externally controlled electronic musical instrument
Wikipedia - Sound quality -- Assessment of the audio output from an electronic device
Wikipedia - Space Art (band) -- French electronic duo
Wikipedia - Space Delta 3 -- U.S. Space Force space electronic warfare delta
Wikipedia - Spamming -- Unsolicited electronic messages, especially advertisements
Wikipedia - SparkFun Electronics
Wikipedia - Square-law detector -- Electronic device
Wikipedia - Sri Venkateshwara Mobile and Electronics Manufacturing Hub -- Indian manufacturing hub
Wikipedia - Stage piano -- Electronic musical instrument
Wikipedia - Starset -- American electronic rock band
Wikipedia - StarTimes -- Chinese electronics and media company operating in Africa
Wikipedia - Stephen (musician) -- American electronic music singer-songwriter
Wikipedia - Stephen Myers -- Electronic engineer
Wikipedia - Sticker (messaging) -- Illustration used in electronic messaging
Wikipedia - STM32 -- ARM Cortex-M based Microcontrollers by STMicroelectronics
Wikipedia - ST Microelectronics
Wikipedia - STMicroelectronics -- Semiconductor device manufacturer
Wikipedia - Stored-program computer -- Computer that stores program instructions in electronically or optically accessible memory
Wikipedia - Stub (electronics)
Wikipedia - Studio for Electronic Music (WDR)
Wikipedia - Stuff (magazine) -- British consumer electronics magazine
Wikipedia - Sunset Strippers -- 2004-2008 British electronic music group
Wikipedia - Super Cruel -- Australian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Surf Mesa -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Switched-mode power supply -- Widely used type of power supply used to power electronic devices
Wikipedia - Switching frequency -- Functional parameter of electronic systems
Wikipedia - Sylvan Esso -- American electronic pop duo
Wikipedia - Synthesizer -- Electronic musical instrument
Wikipedia - Szam Findlay -- Canadian electronic music producer
Wikipedia - T99 -- Belgian electronic music group
Wikipedia - Taiyo Yuden -- Japanese electronics and former optical disc manufacturer
Wikipedia - Takaya -- Japanese electronics company
Wikipedia - Talos (musician) -- Irish indie electronic musician
Wikipedia - Tangerine Dream -- German electronic music group
Wikipedia - Tanghetto -- Argentinian neo tango and electronic tango music project
Wikipedia - TCL Technology -- Chinese state-owned multinational electronics company
Wikipedia - TDK -- Japanese electronic components company
Wikipedia - Techno -- form of electronic dance music
Wikipedia - Ted Dabney -- American electronic engineer, the co-founder of Atari, Inc.
Wikipedia - TeddyLoid -- Japanese electronic music producer and DJ
Wikipedia - Telephone tapping -- Third-party monitoring of electronic communications
Wikipedia - Television Electronic Disc -- Discontinued video recording format released in 1975
Wikipedia - Template talk:Digital electronics
Wikipedia - Template talk:Electronic components
Wikipedia - Template talk:Electronic music
Wikipedia - Template talk:Electronics industry in the United States
Wikipedia - Terminal (electronics) -- Connection point in electronic circuits
Wikipedia - Tesla (Czechoslovak company) -- Former state-owned Czechoslovakian electronics company
Wikipedia - Testube -- American electronic music project
Wikipedia - Tetris (Electronic Arts) -- 2006 video game
Wikipedia - Text processing -- Creating or manipulating electronic text
Wikipedia - The Browning -- American electronicore band
Wikipedia - The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia
Wikipedia - The Crystal Method -- American electronic music duo
Wikipedia - The/Das -- Berlin-based electronic music project
Wikipedia - The Fox (What Does the Fox Say?) -- 2013 electronic dance novelty song and viral video by Norwegian comedy duo Ylvis
Wikipedia - The Glitch Mob -- American electronic trio based in Los Angeles
Wikipedia - The Gothsicles -- American industrial and electronic body music band
Wikipedia - The Groove Thing -- Swedish electronic dance music record label
Wikipedia - The Human League -- English electronic New Wave band
Wikipedia - The Japanese Popstars -- Northern Irish electronic group
Wikipedia - The KLF -- British electronic music duo
Wikipedia - The Moog Cookbook -- American electronic band
Wikipedia - The Mountains -- Danish electronic music trio
Wikipedia - Theo Burt -- British electronic musician and experimental multimedia artist
Wikipedia - The Orb -- European electronic music group
Wikipedia - The Polish Ambassador -- American DJ and electronic musician
Wikipedia - The Porn Kings -- British electronic music group
Wikipedia - The Preparation of Programs for an Electronic Digital Computer
Wikipedia - The Presets -- Australian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - The Prodigy -- English electronic dance music group
Wikipedia - The Rej3ctz -- American hip-hop and electronic music group
Wikipedia - Theremin -- Electronic music instrument
Wikipedia - Thermal adhesive -- Thermally conductive glue for electronics
Wikipedia - The Sabres of Paradise -- British electronic music group
Wikipedia - The Scientists of Modern Music -- Electronic music group from Hobart, Australia
Wikipedia - Tiger Electronics -- American toy manufacturer
Wikipedia - Tim de Paravicini -- English electronic engineer
Wikipedia - Timeline of electrical and electronic engineering
Wikipedia - TINA (program) -- Electronics design and training software
Wikipedia - Tire-pressure monitoring system -- Electronic system in vehicles
Wikipedia - TM-CM-)lM-CM-)popmusik -- French electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Tobacco (musician) -- American electronic musician
Wikipedia - Tom Ellard -- Australian electronic musician
Wikipedia - Tomorrowland (festival) -- Annual electronic dance music festival held in Boom, Belgium
Wikipedia - Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radio-electronics
Wikipedia - Torah database -- Electronic collection of classic Jewish texts
Wikipedia - Toshiba -- Japanese electronics conglomerate
Wikipedia - Touch ID -- Electronic fingerprint recognition feature by Apple
Wikipedia - TouchWiz -- User interface by Samsung Electronics
Wikipedia - TPV Technology -- Chinese electronics manufacturing company
Wikipedia - Traffic Electronic Control System (Turkey) -- Turkish vehicle camera and plate recognition system
Wikipedia - Transfer function -- Function specifying the behavior of a component in an electronic or control system
Wikipedia - Transmitter -- Electronic device that emits radio waves
Wikipedia - Trentemoller -- Danish electronic musician
Wikipedia - Trip hop -- Genre of electronic music
Wikipedia - Troublemakers (French band) -- French electronic music band
Wikipedia - Trouze -- Singaporean-American electronic music trio
Wikipedia - TR/ST -- Canadian electronic project
Wikipedia - Turbo Goth -- Filipino electronic rock duo
Wikipedia - Twelve Microtonal Etudes for Electronic Music Media
Wikipedia - Two Lone Swordsmen -- British electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Uher (brand) -- German electronic equipment brand
Wikipedia - UKUSA Agreement -- Secret treaty organising surveillance of electronic communications
Wikipedia - Ultra Bali -- Outdoor electronic music festival
Wikipedia - Ultra Electronics -- British defence, security, transport and energy company
Wikipedia - Ultra South Africa -- Electronic music festival
Wikipedia - UN/CEFACT -- United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business
Wikipedia - Underwater videography -- The branch of electronic underwater photography concerned with capturing moving images
Wikipedia - UNeDocs -- Planned document standard for global electronic trade within UN/CEFACT
Wikipedia - Unicorn Kid -- Scottish electronic music composer and musician
Wikipedia - Union of Knives -- Scottish electronic rock band
Wikipedia - United Microelectronics Corporation -- Taiwanese semiconductor foundry
Wikipedia - Universal remote -- Remote control that can be programmed to operate various brands of one or more types of consumer electronics devices
Wikipedia - University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
Wikipedia - University of Southampton School of Electronics and Computer Science
Wikipedia - Unkle -- British electronica band
Wikipedia - Uplifting trance -- Genre of electronic dance music
Wikipedia - Usage of electronic cigarettes -- Overview about the usage of electronic cigarettes
Wikipedia - Utah Saints -- English electronic music group formed in 1991
Wikipedia - Vacuum fluorescent display -- Display used in consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Val Jeanty -- Haitian electronic musician
Wikipedia - Vangelis -- Greek composer of electronic, progressive, ambient, jazz, pop rock, and orchestral music
Wikipedia - Variable-message sign -- Electronic traffic sign with changeable messages
Wikipedia - Various (band) -- English dubstep/electronic music duo
Wikipedia - VCard -- File format standard for electronic business cards
Wikipedia - VEB Robotron -- East German manufacturer of computers and consumer electronics
Wikipedia - Vehicle audio -- Entertainment electronics in cars
Wikipedia - Venetian Snares -- Canadian electronic musician
Wikipedia - VHS tape rewinder -- Electronic device
Wikipedia - Vice Versa (band) -- English electronic band
Wikipedia - Victoria Alonsoperez -- Uruguayan electronics and telecommunication engineer and entrepreneur
Wikipedia - Vida Blue (band) -- American electronic music trio
Wikipedia - Videocon Group -- Indian Electronics Company
Wikipedia - Video Electronics Standards Association -- Technical standards organization for computer display standards
Wikipedia - Video game -- Electronic game that involves a user interface and visual feedback
Wikipedia - Video line selector -- Electronic device used to select between different analog video signals
Wikipedia - Video -- Electronic moving image
Wikipedia - Virtual Embrace -- German electronic music group
Wikipedia - Virtual Riot -- German electronic music producer
Wikipedia - Virtual university -- University that provides higher education programs through electronic media, typically the Internet
Wikipedia - Visible Cloaks -- Electronic music duo (e. 2010)
Wikipedia - Vision Electronic Recording Apparatus -- Attempt by the BBC to record television onto magnetic tape
Wikipedia - Vision mixer -- Electronic device for selecting and compositing of live video sources
Wikipedia - ViXra -- Electronic e-print archive for unconventional publications
Wikipedia - Vizio Inc. -- American consumer electronics company
Wikipedia - VMAQ-2 -- United States Marine Corps electronic warfare squadron
Wikipedia - Wafer (electronics)
Wikipedia - Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive -- European Union recycling directive
Wikipedia - Watford Electronics
Wikipedia - Waveguide filter -- Electronic filter that is constructed with waveguide technology
Wikipedia - Waveshaper (musician) -- Swedish electronic musician
Wikipedia - Wayne B. Nottingham Prize -- Awarded at the Physical Electronics Conference (PEC)
Wikipedia - Waze & Odyssey -- British electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Wearable technology -- Clothing and accessories incorporating computer and advanced electronic technologies
Wikipedia - We Have Band -- British electronic music group
Wikipedia - We Love Katamari -- 2005 puzzle-action video game published by Namco and Electronic Arts
Wikipedia - Weltron -- Electronics company
Wikipedia - Wendy Carlos -- American composer and electronic musician
Wikipedia - Westinghouse Electronics
Wikipedia - Whitehouse (band) -- British power electronics band
Wikipedia - Widlar current source -- Electronic circuit
Wikipedia - Wireless electronic devices and health
Wikipedia - Wire transfer -- Electronic funds transfer
Wikipedia - Witch house (genre) -- Electronic music genre and visual aesthetic
Wikipedia - Wonky (genre) -- Fusion subgenre of electronic music known primarily for its off-kilter or M-bM-^@M-^\unstableM-bM-^@M-^] beats
Wikipedia - X.500 -- Series of computer networking standards covering electronic directory services
Wikipedia - Xiaomi -- Chinese electronics company
Wikipedia - XML/EDIFACT -- Electronic Data Interchange format
Wikipedia - Yamaha Portasound -- 1980s portable electronic keyboards
Wikipedia - Yip-Yip -- Electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Yolanda Be Cool -- Australian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Young Bombs -- Canadian electronic dance music duo
Wikipedia - Younger Brother -- British electronic band
Wikipedia - Youth Code -- American electronic music group
Wikipedia - Yuko (band) -- Folk/pop/electronic group
Wikipedia - Zeds Dead -- Canadian electronic music duo
Wikipedia - Zenith Data Systems -- Computer hardware company founded by Zenith Electronics in 1979
Wikipedia - Zenith Electronics -- American electronics company
Wikipedia - ZeRo (gamer) -- Chilean electronic sports player
Wikipedia - Zhu Wuhua -- Chinese electronics engineer
Wikipedia - Zomet Institute -- Israeli high-tech non-profit organization specializing in IT equipment and electronic appliances designed to meet Halakha
Skrillex ::: Born: January 15, 1988; Occupation: Electronic musician;
Jay Electronica ::: Born: September 19, 1976; Occupation: Hip-hop artist;
Aphex Twin ::: Born: August 18, 1971; Occupation: Electronic musician;
Richie Hawtin ::: Born: June 4, 1970; Occupation: Electronic musician;
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/11503946-electronic-crime-in-muted-key
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/12475106-electronic-devices
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1426638.The_Science_of_Electronics
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1483828.Electronics_Fundamentals
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1483830.Experiments_In_Electronic_Devices
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/15098576-microelectronics-failure-analysis-desk-reference
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1841992.Electronic_Devices
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1948261.The_Electronic_Oracle
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/2356259.Electronic_Trading_Tnt_Iii_Technical_Trading_Stuff
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/23867756-electronic-warfare-ew-historical-perspectives-and-its-relationship-to
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/257014.Timer_Op_Amp_and_Optoelectronic_Circuits_and_Projects
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/257015.Getting_Started_in_Electronics
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/257016.Electronic_Sensor_Circuits_Projects_Volume_III
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/257022.Electronic_Formulas_Symbols_Circuits
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/25742959-music-habits---the-mental-game-of-electronic-music-production
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/257504.The_Electronic_Revolution
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/2625125-electronic-literature
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/263438.Electronic_Devices
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/268032.Electronic_Civil_Disobedience
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/4584114-computer-aided-analysis-of-electronic-circuits
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/48650.Electronic_Commerce
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/5444382-microelectronic-failure-analysis-desk-reference
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/577718.Inventing_the_Electronic_Century
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/612895.The_Electronic_Disturbance
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/639240.Electronics_for_Dummies
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/700570.Art_and_Electronic_Media
https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/7086576-fundamentals-of-electronic-devices
http://csr.wikia.com/wiki/Electronic_Fairy
http://electronicmusic.wikia.com/wiki/Beardyman
http://electronicmusic.wikia.com/wiki/David_Guetta
http://electronicmusic.wikia.com/wiki/Rusko
http://electronicmusic.wikia.com/wiki/Skrillex
https://electronica.wikia.com/
https://itlaw.wikia.org/wiki/Category:Electronic_Signature
https://itlaw.wikia.org/wiki/Category:Electronic_warfare
https://itlaw.wikia.org/wiki/Category:Legislation-EU-Electronic_signature
https://itlaw.wikia.org/wiki/Category:Legislation-U.K.-Electronic_signatures
https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Joint_Electronics_Type_Designation_System
https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Khibiny_(electronic_countermeasures_system)
https://military.wikia.org/wiki/List_of_military_electronics_of_the_United_States
https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Mindstream#Electronic
https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Mishnah#Other_electronic_texts
dedroidify.blogspot - smartmatic-electronic-voting-will-have
https://esotericotherworlds.blogspot.com/2013/01/psycho-electronic-test.html
https://esotericotherworlds.blogspot.com/2013/06/electronic-voice-phenomena.html
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Analysis/ElectronicArts
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/AwesomeMusic/Electronic
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/CopyProtection/ElectronicArts
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Creator/ElectronicArts
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Creator/SternElectronics
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Creator/WilliamsElectronics
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/FaceOfTheBand/ElectronicMusic
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/GenreMotif/ElectronicDance
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Laconic/ElectronicMusic
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Magazine/ElectronicGamingMonthly
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/CuttingTheElectronicLeash
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/ElectronicDanceMusic
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/ElectronicEyes
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/ElectronicMusic
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/Electronicore
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/ElectronicRock
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/ElectronicSpeechImpediment
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/ElectronicTelepathy
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/FreakyElectronicMusic
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Music/Electronic
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Pantheon/ElectronicArts
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/UsefulNotes/ElectronicEntertainmentExpo
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/VideoGame/ElectronicSuperJoy
https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/WebAnimation/CalicoElectronico
http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Tropers/Electronic-tragedy
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Category:Electronic_games
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Category:Electronic_rock
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Category:War-based_electronic_games
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Electronic_music
https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/File:Simon_Electronic_Game.jpg
The Alvin Show (1961 - 1962) - Originally seen on CBS-TV in prime time from October 14, 1961 through September 12, 1962, The Alvin Show was based on the popular Chipmunk records. The records were sung by Ross Bagdasarian, who supplied the voices of David Seville and all three of the electronically altered Chipmunks. Bagdasarian...
Riptide (1983 - 1986) - Cody Allen and Nick Ryder, two best friend that knew each other since Vietnam, years later, they and Dr. Murray (and Electronic Engineer Nerd) decide to create a Private Detective Agency in the boat "Riptide" in pier 56.
Wing Commander Academy (1996 - 1997) - Based on the Electronic Arts computer games this series follows the adventures of a group of space cadets on the Terran carrier Tiger's Claw in the war against the Kilrathi. Featured the voices of Mark Hamill, Malcolm McDowell, Thomas F. Wilson and Dana Delany
Full Metal Panic! The Second Raid (2005 - 2005) - This series is set about two months after the events ocurred in the Tuatha de Danaan at the end of the original series. Mithril becomes aware of a secret organization that has technology able to counter the ECS (Electronic Cloaking System) mode. This organization, known as Amalgam, also has "Black T...
Amp (1996 - 2001) - Amp was a music video program on MTV that aired from 1996 to 2001. It was aimed at the electronic music and rave crowd and was responsible for exposing many electronica acts to the mainstream. When co-creator Todd Mueller (who had worked on this with V. Owen Bush, Amy Finnerty and show co-creator Bu...
Short Circuit 2(1988) - When Number Five is sent from Newton and Stephanie's ranch to the big city to help Ben with his electronics business, he finds that his robotic talents are wanted by city low-life who want to turn Number Five int
Remote(1993) - This lively children's comedy centers upon a 13-year-old electronic whiz with a knack for building clever remote control gadgets. Young Randy gets into big trouble after one of his inventions destroys his buddy's science project. Afterward, his parents attempt to get him to find other interests. Its...
Joysticks(1983) - There's trouble in town and it's video games. High school students spend so much time with the electronic monsters that there's no time for schoolwork. Shucks.
Wedlock(1991) - In this futuristic action drama directed by Lewis Teague, Frank Warren (Rutger Hauer) is a man accused of stealing millions of dollars worth of gems. In prison, all the inmates wear collars which are electronically joined to those of an unknown partner. The collars will explode if either partner get...
Where's Willie?(1978) - Willie, an 8-year-old boy with the I.Q. of a genius, has only good intentions when he builds a powerful electronic device. But when his invention disrupts an entire town, Willie's in big trouble.
Frankenstein Meets The Spacemonster(1965) - When an atomic war on Mars destroys the planet's women, it's up to Martian Princess Marcuzan and her right-hand man Dr. Nadir to travel to earth and kidnap women for new breeding stock. Landing in Puerto Rico, they shoot down a NASA space capsule manned by an android. With his electronic brain damag...
The 40 Year Old Virgin(2005) - Andy Stitzer is the eponymous 40-year-old virgin who is involuntarily celibate. He lives alone, and is somewhat childlike and collects action figures, plays video games, and his social life seems to consist of watching Survivor with his elderly neighbors. He works in the stockroom at an electronics...
Blood Of Ghastly Horror(1972) - A mad scientist implants an electronic device into the brain of an injured soldier, which turns him into a psychotic killer.
The Fast & the Furious(2001) - Based on a magazine article, titled "Racer X", about street clubs that race Japanese cars late at night. Elite street racer and ex-convict Dominic Toretto and his crew: Jesse, Leon, Vince and Dominic's girlfriend Letty Ortiz, are under suspicion of stealing expensive electronic equipment. Brian O'Co...
Auto Focus (2002) ::: 6.6/10 -- R | 1h 45min | Biography, Crime, Drama | 1 November 2002 (USA) -- The life of TV star Bob Crane and his strange friendship with electronics expert John Henry Carpenter. Director: Paul Schrader Writers: Robert Graysmith (book), Michael Gerbosi
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Buttobi!! CPU -- -- OLM -- 3 eps -- Manga -- Comedy Ecchi Magic Sci-Fi Seinen -- Buttobi!! CPU Buttobi!! CPU -- Embarrassed to be the only member of the Electric Brain Study Society who doesn’t own a computer, Akira Takaoka is thrilled when an electronics store advertises a PC9821 for only ninety-eight thousand yen. The deal is limited to the first five customers; unfortunately, by the time Akira gets there, the PCs are sold out. However, a mysterious man in the back alley offers him the exact same deal. Akira takes the deal, only to realize that this PC is not a 9821 version, but a 2198 version instead. It turns out that the PC2198 is an advanced bio-type computer that needs a nearly constant input of sperm to function! -- -- The PC2198, named Mimi, now has to defend Akira from the evil Apple Nacintosh sisters who want to take over the entire Japanese PC market. Will the embarrassed Akira be able to supply Mimi with what she needs to win? -- -- -- Licensor: -- Nozomi Entertainment -- OVA - Apr 25, 1997 -- 7,086 6.23
Circlet Princess -- -- SILVER LINK. -- 12 eps -- Game -- Action School Sci-Fi Sports -- Circlet Princess Circlet Princess -- Virtual Reality and the arrival of Circlet Technology has changed people's lives. A new competitive electronic sport called Circlet Bout emerges, and schools duel to determine the strongest Circlet Bout Club and player. One day, Yuuka Sasaki gets mistaken for a challenger and battles against Chikage Fujimura, the best player in Japan, tying the intense fight despite her inexperience. These events lead to her passion for the sport, deciding to become a Circlet Bout player. -- -- Two years later, Yuuka moves to Tokyo and enrolls in Union School, a place where she can practice and pursue her dream of fighting Chikage again. After her arrival at the Union School, she discovers the club closed. Now her first goal is to help the athletic Miyuki Kasahara and club manager Ayumu Aizawa reopen Union's Circle Bout Club and return it to its former glory. -- -- 14,404 5.97
Code-E -- -- Studio Deen -- 12 eps -- Original -- Comedy Romance School Sci-Fi Slice of Life -- Code-E Code-E -- Chinami Ebihara is girl with a strange ability to generate electromagnetic waves when her emotions run high. However, since this "ability" affects anything electrical, it resulted in her having to transfer from school to school when she was younger. As Chinami, now 18 years of age, transfers to a new school, she once again affects the electronic devices in the school, but this time, when another student, Kotaro Kannagi, sees her do this, he becomes obsessed in studying her "TYPE-E" ability. -- -- (Source: ANN) -- TV - Jul 4, 2007 -- 16,396 6.43
Digimon Adventure: -- -- Toei Animation -- 66 eps -- Other -- Action Adventure Comedy Fantasy Kids -- Digimon Adventure: Digimon Adventure: -- In the year 2020, technology is everywhere. Every digital device around the world is connected by a singular network where data travels. Unbeknownst to humans, this network has become home to life forms known as "Digimon." -- -- Fifth-grader Taichi Yagami is preparing for summer camp when strange occurrences begin in Tokyo; certain electronic systems have started going haywire. When he discovers that his sister and mother are trapped on an unstoppable train, he rushes to the nearby station. Suddenly, Taichi is transported to another world where he meets a strange creature by the name of Agumon, who somehow already knows his name. Taichi also receives a strange device called a "Digivice," which allows him to communicate with the undigitized world. -- -- Taichi discovers he is in the "Network," and virus-like Digimon are attacking the areas that maintain Tokyo’s electronic systems. It is up to Taichi and his new partner Agumon to stop these cyberattacks before the whole world is threatened by the actions of mischievous Digimon. -- -- 43,352 6.70
Digimon Adventure tri. 1: Saikai -- -- Toei Animation -- 1 ep -- Original -- Action Adventure Comedy Drama -- Digimon Adventure tri. 1: Saikai Digimon Adventure tri. 1: Saikai -- The gate to the Digital World has been closed for three years. Taichi Yagami and his friends have since moved on, and now that he is in his second year of high school, it is time for him to grow up. While everyone else knows what they want to do with their lives, Taichi remains unsure. Meanwhile, the group drifts further apart as they follow their own paths. -- -- One day, a rogue insectoid Digimon called Kuwagamon materializes and disrupts electronics all over the city. Taichi recklessly chases after it and ends up cornered by the attacking Digimon. Suddenly, the Digivice that he still carries—a digital device that serves various purposes including helping one's Digimon partner to evolve—glows, and Agumon appears. The two are able to defeat Kuwagamon, but why did the Digimon cross over to this world in the first place? What is happening in the Digital World, and how exactly does this involve Meiko Mochizuki, the new transfer student in Taichi's class? -- -- -- Licensor: -- Shout! Factory -- Movie - Nov 21, 2015 -- 100,944 7.47
Digimon Adventure tri. 1: Saikai -- -- Toei Animation -- 1 ep -- Original -- Action Adventure Comedy Drama -- Digimon Adventure tri. 1: Saikai Digimon Adventure tri. 1: Saikai -- The gate to the Digital World has been closed for three years. Taichi Yagami and his friends have since moved on, and now that he is in his second year of high school, it is time for him to grow up. While everyone else knows what they want to do with their lives, Taichi remains unsure. Meanwhile, the group drifts further apart as they follow their own paths. -- -- One day, a rogue insectoid Digimon called Kuwagamon materializes and disrupts electronics all over the city. Taichi recklessly chases after it and ends up cornered by the attacking Digimon. Suddenly, the Digivice that he still carries—a digital device that serves various purposes including helping one's Digimon partner to evolve—glows, and Agumon appears. The two are able to defeat Kuwagamon, but why did the Digimon cross over to this world in the first place? What is happening in the Digital World, and how exactly does this involve Meiko Mochizuki, the new transfer student in Taichi's class? -- -- Movie - Nov 21, 2015 -- 100,944 7.47
Kemeko Deluxe! -- -- Hal Film Maker -- 12 eps -- Manga -- Action Comedy Ecchi Romance School Sci-Fi Shounen -- Kemeko Deluxe! Kemeko Deluxe! -- When Sanpeita Kobayashi was a child, his lovely friend had to move away, but she vowed that in ten years, they would meet again—as husband and wife. Ten years later, Sanpeita is a high school student, but he hasn't forgotten the feelings they shared. -- -- Sanpeita awakes from a dream about his last day with her, only to have his morning interrupted. A weird robot girl is battling other robots in his bedroom, claiming to be his wife. The robot's pilot looks like none other than Sanpeita's long-lost, childhood friend. But who is she really? Why did she have to leave? And what does she have to do with the Mishima Electronics Corporation? -- TV - Oct 5, 2008 -- 36,827 6.59
Kidou Tenshi Angelic Layer -- -- Bones -- 26 eps -- Manga -- Sci-Fi Comedy Sports Drama Shounen -- Kidou Tenshi Angelic Layer Kidou Tenshi Angelic Layer -- 12-year-old Misaki Suzuhara has just gotten involved in Angelic Layer, a battling game using electronic dolls called angels. Even as a newbie, Misaki shows advanced skills as she meets new friends and enters Angelic Layer tournaments to fight the greatest Angelic Layer champions of the nation. -- -- Licensor: -- ADV Films, Sentai Filmworks -- 51,614 7.26
Kowarekake no Orgel -- -- ElectromagneticWave -- 1 ep -- Original -- Drama Music Sci-Fi Slice of Life -- Kowarekake no Orgel Kowarekake no Orgel -- In 2039, helper androids are widespread as general purpose electronics. -- -- Keiichiro lost his family in a traffic accident and retired from his band. One day, he finds an android of an old model in a garbage dump. He takes her home, but after taking her to a repair shop he was told that she couldn't be repaired, so he plans to throw her away. The next day, Keiichiro finds her making breakfast for him. Thus begin the summer days of an android with no memories and a dreamless boy. -- OVA - Dec 31, 2009 -- 32,518 7.34
Kowarekake no Orgel (Movie) -- -- Actas -- 1 ep -- Original -- Sci-Fi Music Slice of Life Drama -- Kowarekake no Orgel (Movie) Kowarekake no Orgel (Movie) -- In 2039, helper androids are widespread as general purpose electronics. -- -- Keiichiro lost his family in a traffic accident and retired from his band. One day, he finds an old model android in a garbage dump. He takes her home but after taking her to a repair shop he was told she couldn't be repaired so he planned to throw her away, but the next day he finds her making breakfast for him. Thus begin the summer days of a memoryless android and a dreamless boy. -- -- Kowarekake no Orgel was originally an independent animation released as an OVA. Later on it received a theatrical release that is a bit different and longer than the original. -- Movie - Sep 11, 2010 -- 14,093 7.32
Mobile Suit Gundam 0083: The Fading Light of Zeon -- -- Sunrise -- 1 ep -- Original -- Action Sci-Fi Adventure Space Mecha -- Mobile Suit Gundam 0083: The Fading Light of Zeon Mobile Suit Gundam 0083: The Fading Light of Zeon -- U.C. 0083 - Three years after the end of the catastrophic One Year War, peace on Earth and the colonies is shattered by the presence of the Delaz Fleet, a rogue Zeon military group loyal to the ideals of the late dictator Gihren Zabi. Delaz Fleet`s ace pilot Anavel Gato, once hailed as "The Nightmare of Solomon", infiltrates the Federation`s Torrington base in Australia and steals the nuclear-armed Gundam GP02A "Physalis" prototype. Rookie pilot Kou Uraki - with the aid of Anaheim Electronics engineer Nina Purpleton and the crew of the carrier Albion - pilots the Gundam GP01 "Zephyranthes" prototype in an attempt to recover the stolen Gundam unit and prevent another war from breaking out. -- -- (Source: AniDB) -- -- Licensor: -- Nozomi Entertainment -- Movie - Aug 29, 1992 -- 7,330 6.68
Ninja Slayer From Animation -- -- Trigger -- 26 eps -- Novel -- Action -- Ninja Slayer From Animation Ninja Slayer From Animation -- Ninja... Ninja were... merciless demi-gods, ruling Japan with their karate in the age of ninja tranquillity. But, "some" committed a forbidden form of hara-kiri storing their souls at Kinkaku Temple for future resurrection. Their lost history was falsified and concealed and the truth about these ninja was long forgotten. -- -- Now, in the future where the universalization of cybernetic technology and electronic networks are God, suddenly, sinister ninja souls, resurrected from thousands of years past are unleashed on the dark shadows of Neo-Saitama. Fujikido Kenji, is a salaryman whose wife and child were killed in a ninja turf war. In a brush with his own death, Fujikido is possessed by an enigmatic ninja soul. Fujikido cheats death and becomes Ninja Slayer. A Grim Reaper destined to kill evil ninja, committed to a personal war of vengeance. -- -- Set in the dystopian underworld of Neo-Saitama, Ninja Slayer takes on Soukai Syndicate ninjas in mortal combat. -- -- (Source: Animanga wikia) -- -- Licensor: -- Funimation -- ONA - Apr 16, 2015 -- 38,282 6.60
Oretacha Youkai Ningen G -- -- DLE -- 26 eps -- Original -- Demons Horror Parody -- Oretacha Youkai Ningen G Oretacha Youkai Ningen G -- (No synopsis yet.) -- 458 N/A -- -- Akuma-kun (Shin Anime) -- -- - -- ? eps -- Manga -- Horror Demons Supernatural Thriller -- Akuma-kun (Shin Anime) Akuma-kun (Shin Anime) -- When Mr. Satou, a company employee at the world's largest electronics company, is called upon by his boss to tutor his only son in exchange for a high ranking position within the organization, things couldn't have been peachier. At least, that's what he thought... -- -- Little did he know that his student was Ichirou Matsushita, a young boy with the mind of a genius and a terrifying hidden agenda. It doesn't take long for Satou to realize that he is the second home tutor in as many weeks that has been sent to teach the little boy. What's even more unnerving is that the previous Tutor's whereabouts appear to be a mystery... -- -- The little boy's true identity is revealed when he puts Satou under a curse, turning him into a lizard man and making him one of servants. Little Ichirou Matsushita is none other than "Akuma-kun" boy genius and master of black magic. His goal? To open the portal between hell and earth, summon forth hell's most powerful demons, and enlist their help in taking over the world! -- - - ??? ??, ???? -- 420 N/A -- -- Fujiko Fujio A no Mumako -- -- Shin-Ei Animation -- 1 ep -- - -- Horror Supernatural -- Fujiko Fujio A no Mumako Fujiko Fujio A no Mumako -- Based on the horror novel by Fujio (A) Fujiko. -- Special - Jul 3, 1990 -- 389 5.71
Quanzhi Gaoshou Zhi Dianfeng Rongyao -- -- Colored Pencil Animation -- 1 ep -- Novel -- Action Game -- Quanzhi Gaoshou Zhi Dianfeng Rongyao Quanzhi Gaoshou Zhi Dianfeng Rongyao -- A group of young gamers are sponsored by a internet bar owner to form an electronic sports team to participate in the national competitions. -- Movie - Aug 16, 2019 -- 31,631 8.18
RDG: Red Data Girl -- -- P.A. Works -- 12 eps -- Novel -- Fantasy Magic -- RDG: Red Data Girl RDG: Red Data Girl -- Fifteen-year-old Izumiko Suzuhara just wants to be a normal girl, but that is easier said than done. Raised in a shrine deep in the mountains, she grew up extremely sheltered and painfully shy. She also has the unfortunate tendency to destroy any electronic device simply by touching it. -- -- Despite this, she still wants to try and change her life. To mark her determination to follow through on this transformation, Izumiko begins by cutting her bangs, which shocks both her classmates and protectors. And that's only the start! Her guardian, Yukimasa Sagara, forces his son, Miyuki, to come to the mountain shrine and become Izumiko's lifelong servant and protector. Too bad Izumiko and Miyuki cannot stand each other. They have known each other since they were children, and Miyuki bullied her terribly. He simply does not understand what is so special about Izumiko. His father calls Izumiko a goddess, but that cannot be true…can it? Will Izumiko and Miyuki work past their differences? Is she actually a literal goddess? Find out in RDG: Red Data Girl! -- -- Licensor: -- Funimation -- TV - Apr 4, 2013 -- 97,924 6.58
RDG: Red Data Girl -- -- P.A. Works -- 12 eps -- Novel -- Fantasy Magic -- RDG: Red Data Girl RDG: Red Data Girl -- Fifteen-year-old Izumiko Suzuhara just wants to be a normal girl, but that is easier said than done. Raised in a shrine deep in the mountains, she grew up extremely sheltered and painfully shy. She also has the unfortunate tendency to destroy any electronic device simply by touching it. -- -- Despite this, she still wants to try and change her life. To mark her determination to follow through on this transformation, Izumiko begins by cutting her bangs, which shocks both her classmates and protectors. And that's only the start! Her guardian, Yukimasa Sagara, forces his son, Miyuki, to come to the mountain shrine and become Izumiko's lifelong servant and protector. Too bad Izumiko and Miyuki cannot stand each other. They have known each other since they were children, and Miyuki bullied her terribly. He simply does not understand what is so special about Izumiko. His father calls Izumiko a goddess, but that cannot be true…can it? Will Izumiko and Miyuki work past their differences? Is she actually a literal goddess? Find out in RDG: Red Data Girl! -- TV - Apr 4, 2013 -- 97,924 6.58
Shichisei no Subaru -- -- Lerche -- 12 eps -- Light novel -- Action Fantasy Game Sci-Fi -- Shichisei no Subaru Shichisei no Subaru -- Asahi's life in reality ended simultaneously when she died playing Union, a world-renowned online RPG. The members of Subaru went separate ways when Union shut down due to Asahi's death. Six years later, Haruto logs onto a renewed version of Re'Union and reunites with Asahi who had died. Is it really her or just an electronic ghost? The former team members reunite and enter the mysterious and deadly online game to find out. -- -- (Source: TBS Global Business) -- 101,447 6.12
Shichisei no Subaru -- -- Lerche -- 12 eps -- Light novel -- Action Fantasy Game Sci-Fi -- Shichisei no Subaru Shichisei no Subaru -- Asahi's life in reality ended simultaneously when she died playing Union, a world-renowned online RPG. The members of Subaru went separate ways when Union shut down due to Asahi's death. Six years later, Haruto logs onto a renewed version of Re'Union and reunites with Asahi who had died. Is it really her or just an electronic ghost? The former team members reunite and enter the mysterious and deadly online game to find out. -- -- (Source: TBS Global Business) -- -- Licensor: -- Sentai Filmworks -- 101,447 6.12
Yuusha ni Narenakatta Ore wa Shibushibu Shuushoku wo Ketsui Shimashita. -- -- Asread -- 12 eps -- Light novel -- Comedy Romance Ecchi Fantasy -- Yuusha ni Narenakatta Ore wa Shibushibu Shuushoku wo Ketsui Shimashita. Yuusha ni Narenakatta Ore wa Shibushibu Shuushoku wo Ketsui Shimashita. -- Dreaming of becoming a hero and vanquishing the Demon King, Raul Chaser enters the Hero Training Program in pursuit of his ambition. However, when the Demon King is defeated and peace returns to the world, the Hero Training Program is suspended indefinitely, making it impossible for anyone to become a hero. -- -- Two years later, Raul reluctantly works at a small electronics store called Magic Shop Leon. Though the former hero-in-training is plagued by the mundanity of working in retail, everything changes with the arrival of a new hire. Appearing at first to be just a boy with good looks, "he" turns out to be a female demon by the name of Fino Bloodstone. She is not just any old demon either—Raul's new coworker is in fact the daughter of the late Demon King! Handed the responsibility of training this eccentric new employee, Raul soon finds his life becoming livelier than it ever was before. -- -- 244,737 6.89
Yuusha ni Narenakatta Ore wa Shibushibu Shuushoku wo Ketsui Shimashita. -- -- Asread -- 12 eps -- Light novel -- Comedy Romance Ecchi Fantasy -- Yuusha ni Narenakatta Ore wa Shibushibu Shuushoku wo Ketsui Shimashita. Yuusha ni Narenakatta Ore wa Shibushibu Shuushoku wo Ketsui Shimashita. -- Dreaming of becoming a hero and vanquishing the Demon King, Raul Chaser enters the Hero Training Program in pursuit of his ambition. However, when the Demon King is defeated and peace returns to the world, the Hero Training Program is suspended indefinitely, making it impossible for anyone to become a hero. -- -- Two years later, Raul reluctantly works at a small electronics store called Magic Shop Leon. Though the former hero-in-training is plagued by the mundanity of working in retail, everything changes with the arrival of a new hire. Appearing at first to be just a boy with good looks, "he" turns out to be a female demon by the name of Fino Bloodstone. She is not just any old demon either—Raul's new coworker is in fact the daughter of the late Demon King! Handed the responsibility of training this eccentric new employee, Raul soon finds his life becoming livelier than it ever was before. -- -- -- Licensor: -- Sentai Filmworks -- 244,737 6.89
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14 Years of Electronic Challenge Vol. II
16th Electronic Warfare Squadron
19th Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron
2017 electronics ban
219th Electronics Engineering and Radar Installation Squadron
224th Center for Electronic Action
302nd Tactical Electronic Warfare Training Squadron
348th Tactical Electronics Group
350th Electronic Systems Wing
362d Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron
36th Electronic Warfare Squadron
388th Electronic Combat Squadron
390th Electronic Combat Squadron
39th Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron
41st Electronic Combat Squadron
429th Electronic Combat Squadron
42nd Electronic Combat Squadron
430th Expeditionary Electronic Combat Squadron
43rd Electronic Combat Squadron
453d Electronic Warfare Squadron
471st Tactical Electronic Warfare Training Squadron
513th Electronic Warfare Squadron
53rd Electronic Warfare Group
551st Electronic Systems Wing
554th Electronic Systems Wing
653d Electronic Systems Wing
6933d Electronic Security Squadron
Abt Electronics
Active electronically scanned array
Adder (electronics)
Adoption of electronic medical records in U.S. hospitals
Advanced electronic signature
Advanced Photovoltaic & Electronic Experiment
Air traffic safety electronics personnel
Alex Young (electronic musician)
All India Society for Electronics and Computer Technology
Alpine Electronics
Amperex Electronic
Analogue electronics
AN/SLQ-32 electronic warfare suite
Antiparallel (electronics)
Aotearoa Music Award for Best Electronic Artist
APF Electronics Inc.
Apple Inc. v. Samsung Electronics Co.
Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
Arbiter (electronics)
ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low-Energy Electronics Technologies
Arrow Electronics
Ars Electronica
Atlas Electronic
ATMA (electronic musician)
ATP Electronics
Attenuator (electronics)
AuCom Electronics
Aurora (electronica band)
Automotive electronics
Automotive Electronics Council
Aware Electronics
BAE Systems Electronic Systems
BBK Electronics
Beats Electronics
Beijer Electronics
Beijing Electronic Science and Technology Institute
Belden (electronics company)
Benchmark Electronics
Bharat Electronics
Biodegradable electronics
Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Blacksburg Electronic Village
Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications
Book:Electronic publishing
Brick (electronics)
Browning Mummery (Electronic sound works)
Buchla Electronic Musical Instruments
BYD Electronic
Canadian Awards for the Electronic & Animated Arts
Capacitance Electronic Disc
Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden
Center for Biomimetic Microelectronic Systems
Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute
Central Electronics Limited
Certified in Electronic Fetal Monitoring
Chicony Electronics
Chilean Electronic Music
China Academy of Aerospace Electronics Technology
China Electronics Technology Group
China International Electronic Commerce Center
China National Electronics Import & Export Corporation
Choke (electronics)
Chopper (electronics)
Christian electronic dance music
Clamper (electronics)
Clearaudio Electronic
Clearing House Electronic Subregister System
Cleveland Institute of Electronics
CMC Electronics
Coby Electronics Corporation
ColumbiaPrinceton Electronic Music Center (album)
Combined Communications-Electronics Board
Communications and Electronics Branch
Compal Electronics
Composition of electronic cigarette aerosol
Construction of electronic cigarettes
Consumer electronics
Consumer Electronics Control
Consumer Electronics Hall of Fame
Consumer Electronics Show
Corpus of Electronic Texts
Counter-electronics High Power Microwave Advanced Missile Project
Coupling (electronics)
Crestron Electronics
Criticism of Electronic Arts
Crosfield Electronics
Cryoelectronics
Cut-off (electronics)
Daewoo Electronics
Dance/Electronic Albums
Dance/Electronic Digital Songs
Dance/Electronic Singles Sales
Dance/Electronic Songs
Data Warehouse System Electronic Surveillance Data Management System
David Ball (electronic musician)
Defence Electronics Research Laboratory
Defense Electronics (magazine)
Delco Electronics
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester
Department of Electronics and Accreditation of Computer Classes
Design Criteria Standard for Electronic Records Management Software Applications
Detroit Electronic Music Festival
Dickinson Electronic Archives
Digital electronic computer
Digital electronics
Digital image correlation for electronics
Digital Signature and Electronic Authentication Law
Directed Electronics
Direct Recording Electronic with integrity
DOD Electronics
Draft:Passive electronic lock
Dunathan stereoelectronic hypothesis
Dynamic logic (digital electronics)
Eden Electronics
Education and training of electrical and electronics engineers
Electrical, Electronic, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union
Electronic
Electronica
Electronica 1: The Time Machine
Electronica 2: The Heart of Noise
Electronic Adventures
Electronically controlled brake
Electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Electronically controlled unit injector
Electronically stored information (Federal Rules of Civil Procedure)
Electronic and Postal Communications Authority (Albania)
Electronic anticoincidence
Electronic apex locator
Electronic Arrays 9002
Electronic art
Electronic article
Electronic article surveillance
Electronic Arts
Electronic Arts Intermix
Electronic Arts Victor
Electronic assessment
Electronic Associates
Electronicat
Electronic authentication
Electronic Awakening
Electronic badge
Electronic bagpipes
Electronic (band)
Electronic band structure
Electronic Banking Internet Communication Standard
Electronic Battle Weapon
Electronic beam curing
Electronic Beats
Electronic benefit transfer
Electronic bidet
Electronic billing
Electronic body music
Electronic Book Review
Electronic brakeforce distribution
Electronic Broking Services
Electronic business
Electronic Caf International
Electronic carillon
Electronic centralised aircraft monitor
Electronic Chart Display and Information System
Electronic cigarette
Electronic cigarette and e-cigarette liquid marketing
Electronic circuit
Electronic circuit design
Electronic circuit simulation
Electronic City
Electronic City Elevated Expressway
Electronic civil disobedience
Electronic Classroom of Tomorrow
Electronic colonialism
Electronic color code
Electronic Commerce Code Management Association
Electronic Commerce Directive 2000
Electronic Commerce Regulations 2002
Electronic Commerce Research
Electronic common technical document
Electronic communication network
Electronic Communications Convention
Electronic Communications in Probability
Electronic Communications Privacy Act
Electronic compass
Electronic component
Electronic consultation
Electronic control unit
Electronic correlation
Electronic counter-countermeasure
Electronic countermeasure
Electronic court filing
Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative
Electronic daily devotional
Electronic dance music
Electronic data
Electronic data capture
Electronic data interchange
Electronic data processing
Electronic Data Systems
Electronic deception
Electronic Democracy Party
Electronic design automation
Electronic Design (magazine)
Electronic dictionary
Electronic differential
Electronic discovery
Electronic Disturbance Theater
Electronic document
Electronic document and records management system
Electronic Dream
Electronic Dream Plant
Electronic drum
Electronic drum module
Electronic Eden
Electronic effect
Electronic engineering
Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya
Electronic Federal Tax Payment System
Electronic Filing System (USPTO)
Electronic filter
Electronic filter topology
Electronic firing
Electronic flight instrument system
Electronic fluency device
Electronic Frontier Canada
Electronic Frontier Finland
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Electronic Frontiers Georgia
Electronic funds transfer
Electronic Fund Transfer Act
Electronic Fun with Computers & Games
Electronic game
Electronic Games
Electronic Gaming Monthly
Electronic gear-shifting system
Electronic Government Directorate (Pakistan)
Electronic harassment
Electronic hardware
Electronic Healthcare Network Accreditation Commission
Electronic health record
Electronic health record confidentiality
Electronic hook switch
Electronic identification
Electronic Industries Alliance
Electronic Industries Association of Japan
Electronic Information Exchange System
Electronic Information for Libraries
Electronic Information Storage
Electronic instrument cluster
Electronic Intelligence Squadron (JASDF)
Electronic invoicing
Electronic journal
Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship
Electronic Journal of Combinatorics
Electronic Journal of Human Sexuality
Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management
Electronic Journal of Probability
Electronic Journal of Sociology
Electronic Journal of Statistics
Electronic Journal of Theoretical Physics
Electronic keyboard
Electronic Key Management System
Electronic kit
Electronic lab notebook
Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB
Electronic Language International Festival
Electronic Letters on Computer Vision and Image Analysis
Electronic lien and title
Electronic line judge
Electronic literature
Electronic lock
Electronic logging device
Electronic mailing list
Electronic Markets (journal)
Electronic media
Electronic Media Union of Trinidad and Tobago
Electronic Medical Records and Genomics Network
Electronic meeting system
Electronic message journaling
Electronic messaging
Electronic mixer
Electronic Municipal Market Access
Electronic music
Electronic musical instrument
Electronic Music Awards
Electronic music (disambiguation)
Electronic Music Foundation
Electronic Musician
Electronic Music Midwest
Electronic Music Studios
Electronic Music Systems
Electronic navigational chart
Electronic Network for Arab-West Understanding
Electronic news-gathering
Electronic News Production System
Electronic nose
Electronic Notes in Theoretical Computer Science
Electronic notetaking
Electronic office
Electronic on-board recorder
Electronicore
Electronic organizer
Electronic oscillator
Electronic packaging
Electronic paper
Electronic parking brake
Electronic patient-reported outcome
Electronic Payment Services
Electronic Payments Network
Electronic performance support systems
Electronic personal dosimeter
Electronic persons
Electronic pest control
Electronic piano
Electronic Poet
Electronic Poetry Center
Electronic pollbook
Electronic portfolio
Electronic prescribing
Electronic Prescriptions for Controlled Substances
Electronic Privacy Information Center
Electronic Privacy Information Center v. Department of Justice
Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science
Electronic process of law
Electronic process of law in Brazil
Electronic Product Code
Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool
Electronic Products
Electronic program guide
Electronic Projects for Musicians
Electronic publishing
Electronic Quarterback
Electronic receipt
Electronic Recording Machine, Accounting
Electronic referrals
Electronic remittance advice
Electronic resource management
Electronic rock
Electronics
Electronic sackbut
Electronics and Radar Development Establishment
Electronics and semiconductor manufacturing industry in India
Electronics and Technical Services
Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
Electronic Saviors: Industrial Music to Cure Cancer
Electronics cartridge
Electronics City, Kochi
Electronic scoring system
Electronics Corporation of India Limited
Electronics Corporation of Tamil Nadu
Electronic seal
Electronic Securities Information System
Electronic sell-through
Electronic serial number
Electronic services delivery
Electronics for Imaging
Electronics for Medicine
Electronic shelf label
Electronic signage
Electronic signature
Electronic signatures and law
Electronic Signatures Directive
Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act
Electronics industry
Electronics industry in China
Electronics industry in Japan
Electronics in rock music
Electronic skin
Electronic skip protection
Electronics Letters
Electronics (magazine)
Electronics manufacturing in Chennai
Electronics manufacturing services
Electronic Sonata for Souls Loved by Nature
Electronic Sound
Electronic specific heat
Electronic speckle pattern interferometry
Electronic speed control
Electronics Research Center
Electronic stability control
Electronics technician (armed forces)
Electronics Technician distance education program
Electronics Technicians Association
Electronics Today International
Electronic structure
Electronic submission
Electronic Super Joy
Electronics Weekly
Electronic switch
Electronic switching system
Electronics World
Electronic symbol
Electronic System for Trademark Trials and Appeals
Electronic System for Travel Authorization
Electronic system-level design and verification
Electronic Systems
Electronic Systems Center
Electronic tagging
Electronic Tax Administration Advisory Committee
Electronic tax filing
Electronic test equipment
Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature
Electronic throttle control
Electronic ticket
Electronic toilet
Electronic toll collection
Electronic Toll Collection (Taiwan)
Electronic trading platform
Electronic Tragedy: Enola
Electronic Transaction Aggregation & Analysis Layer
Electronic Transactions on Numerical Analysis
Electronic trial master file
Electronic tuner
Electronic viewfinder
Electronic visual display
Electronic Visualization Laboratory
Electronic voice alert
Electronic voice phenomenon
Electronic voting
Electronic voting by country
Electronic voting in Belgium
Electronic voting in Canada
Electronic voting in Estonia
Electronic voting in India
Electronic voting in Switzerland
Electronic voting in the Republic of Ireland
Electronic warfare
Electronic-warfare aircraft
Electronic Warfare (album)
Electronic warfare officer
Electronic Warfare Squadron (JASDF)
Electronic warfare support measures
Electronic waste
Electronic waste by country
Electronic waste in China
Electronic waste in Guiyu
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Electronic waste in New Zealand
Electronic Waste Recycling Act
Electronic Waste Recycling Fee
Electronic watch
Electronic Workshops in Computing
Electronic Yellow Pages
Electrons and Holes in Semiconductors with Applications to Transistor Electronics
Elektra Records Co. v. Gem Electronic Distributors, Inc.
Element Electronics
EM Microelectronic
Error amplifier (electronics)
Essence (Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics)
Everyday Practical Electronics
Extron Electronics
Faculty of Electronic Engineering, Menoufia University
Failure of electronic components
Ferguson Electronics
FIFO (computing and electronics)
Fisher Electronics
Fleet Electronic Warfare Center
Fleet Electronic Warfare Support Group
Flexible electronics
Flip-flop (electronics)
Floorplan (microelectronics)
Flutter (electronics and communication)
Fluxion (electronic musician)
Footprint (electronics)
Foundations and Trends in Electronic Design Automation
Franklin Electronic Publishers
Frantone Electronics
French electronic music
Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
Fry's Electronics
Future Electronics
Fuzzy electronics
Gain (electronics)
Georgia Electronic Insurance Compliance System
Get the Message The Best of Electronic
Global Electronic Trading Company
Goji Electronics
Golden Boy (electronic musician)
Gothic Electronic Anthems
Gould Electronics
Government Electronic Directory Services
Graduated electronic decelerator
Grammy Award for Best Dance/Electronic Album
Green Electronics Council
GTRI Electronic Systems Laboratory
Hackers: Wizards of the Electronic Age
Hacking of consumer electronics
Halo Electronics, Inc. v. Pulse Electronics, Inc.
Handheld electronic game
Hardcore (electronic dance music genre)
Hayden (electronics company)
High value resistors (electronics)
History of electronic engineering
Hong Kong Electronic Industries Association
Hughes Electronics
Hungarian Electronic Library
Hypex Electronics
IEC Electronics
IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Society
IEEE Council on Electronic Design Automation
IEEE Electronics Packaging Award
IEEE Electronics Packaging Society
IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award
IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Improvised Electronic Device
Index of electronics articles
Indian Electrical and Electronics Manufacturers Association
Inland Electronic Navigational Charts
Innovations for High Performance Microelectronics
In re Electronic Privacy Information Center
Institute for Space and Defense Electronics
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Institute of Electronics Engineers of the Philippines
Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
Institute of Industrial Electronics Engineering
Institute of Optics and Electronics
Institute of Radio-engineering and Electronics
Institution of Electronic and Radio Engineers
Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers
Integrated Electronic Control Centre
Integrated Electronic Litigation System
Integrated Electronics Piezo-Electric
Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc.
International Center for the History of Electronic Games
Inter/National Coalition for Electronic Portfolio Research
International Conference on Electronic Properties of Two-Dimensional Systems
International Conference on Photonic, Electronic and Atomic Collisions
International Conference on Theory and Practice of Electronic Governance
International Federation of Air Traffic Safety Electronics Associations
International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Systems
Intrusion Countermeasures Electronics
Iowa Electronic Markets
Iran Electronics Industries
Ishkur's Guide to Electronic Music
Isoelectronicity
Italian electronic identity card
James Murphy (electronic musician)
Japan Aviation Electronics
Japan Electronic Industries Development Association
Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association
Jay Electronica
John Roberts (electronic musician)
Joint Electronics Type Designation System
Jonas Blue: Electronic Nature The Mix 2017
Journal of Electronic Imaging
Journal of Electronic Materials
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Kaleidoscopic Vibrations: Electronic Pop Music from Way Out
Kansas City Electronic Music and Arts Alliance
Keeley Electronics
Kempston Micro Electronics
Kharkiv National University of Radioelectronics
Kiwa (electronic music act)
Kodak Ektaprint Electronic Publishing System
Koyo Electronics Corporation Limited
Kramer Electronics
Krasukha (electronic warfare system)
Lafayette Radio Electronics
Lamb (electronic band)
Lansdown Centre for Electronic Arts
Larson Electronics
Late at Night (Electronic song)
Laws and regulations for electronic payment in Mauritius
Layer (electronics)
Lead (electronics)
Leakage (electronics)
Legal Electronic Data Exchange Standard
Lenoxx Electronics Corporation
LG Electronics
Lightwave Electronics Corporation
Lille Laboratory of Electrical Engineering and Power Electronics
Link Electronics
List of acquisitions by Electronic Arts
List of Billboard Hot Dance/Electronic Songs number ones
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2001
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2002
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2003
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2004
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2005
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2006
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2007
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2008
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2009
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2010
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2011
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2012
List of Billboard number-one electronic albums of 2013
List of Christian dance, electronic, and techno artists
List of electrical and electronic measuring equipment
List of Electronic Arts games
List of Electronic Arts games: 19831999
List of Electronic Arts games: 20002009
List of Electronic Arts games: 2010present
List of electronic cigarette and e-cigarette liquid brands
List of electronic Floras
List of electronic laboratory notebook software packages
List of electronic music festivals
List of electronic music genres
List of electronics brands
List of electronic trading protocols
List of female electronic musicians
Live electronic music
Loewe (electronics)
LOGIC (electronic cigarette)
Loud (electronic music act)
Loudness Clarifies / Electronic Music from Tapelab
Low-power electronics
Lowrance Electronics
Lumines: Electronic Symphony
Machine Soul: An Odyssey Into Electronic Dance Music
Malaysian Electronic Payment System
Marconi Electronic Systems
Marine electronics
Marine Scientific Research Institute of radioelectronics
Mark Templeton (electronic musician)
MAS Electronic Payment System
Mass action law (electronics)
Mathematical methods in electronics
Meagher Electronics
Metastability (electronics)
Metra Electronics
Michna (electronic artist)
Microelectronics
Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation
Micro Electronics, Inc.
Microelectronics International
Microsoft Corp. v. Harmony Computers & Electronics, Inc.
Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
Ministry of Information Technology and Electronics (West Bengal)
Ministry of the Electronics Industry
Ministry of the Electronics Industry (Soviet Union)
Mobile Electronic Signature Consortium
Modular optoelectronic multispectral scanner
Modulations: A History of Electronic Music
Molecular electronics
Molecular electronic transducers
Molecular electronic transition
Molecular scale electronics
Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems
Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics
MTV Europe Music Award for Best Electronic
Multinational Publications Electronic Library
Multi-role Electronically Scanned Array
Multi-Scale Multidisciplinary Modeling of Electronic Materials Collaborative Research Alliance
Multitone Electronics
Munchman (tabletop electronic game)
Murata Electronics (Finland)
Musical Electronics Library
Music technology (electronic and digital)
MyGreenElectronics
NAD Electronics
Namibian Electronic Sports Association
Namsung electronics
Nanoelectronics
National Electronic Funds Transfer
National Electronic Library
National electronic Library for Health
National Electronics Museum
National Institute of Astrophysics, Optics and Electronics
National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology
National Marine Electronics Association
National Policy on Electronics (India)
National Regulatory Agency for Electronic Communications and Information Technology of the Republic of Moldova
National Research University of Electronic Technology
Navigation and Air Electronics Training Squadron RNZAF
Navy Electronics Laboratory
Neptun Electronics
Netsky (electronic musician)
New Electronics
New Zealand Electronic Text Collection
NHS Electronic Prescription Service
No. 4 Electronic Switching System
No Electronic Theft Act
Noise (electronics)
Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems
Norwegian Electronic Health Library
Notice of electronic filing
Nuclear electronics
Number One Electronic Switching System
Oberheim Electronics
Occupations in electrical/electronics engineering
Ohio Distance and Electronic Learning Academy
Ohm: The Early Gurus of Electronic Music
Opto-electronic oscillator
Optoelectronics
Orange Music Electronic Company
Organic electronics
Orion Electronics
Outline of electronics
PAiA Electronics
Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority
Palaeontologia Electronica
Panda Electronics
Passive electronically scanned array
Peavey Electronics
Periodical and Electronic Press Union
Permanent Electronic Duck Stamp Act of 2013
Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act
Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record
Pfaff v. Wells Electronics, Inc.
Physical design (electronics)
Placement (electronic design automation)
Plays Electronica By One Cello
Pochonbo Electronic Ensemble
Popular Electronics
Positions of medical organizations on electronic cigarettes
Potting (electronics)
Power electronics
Power electronics (music)
Power electronic substrate
Pressure-tolerant electronics
Printable Electronics Technology Centre
Printed electronic circuit
Printed electronics
Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002
Privacy and Electronic Communications (EC Directive) Regulations 2003
Private electronic market
Prix Ars Electronica
Public Information Network for Electronic Services
Pye (electronics company)
Qualified electronic signature
Quanta Computer, Inc. v. LG Electronics, Inc.
Quantum Electronics (journal)
Qwartz Electronic Music Awards
Radford Electronics
Radio and Electronic Officers' Union
Radio-electronic industry in Ukraine
Radio-Electronics
Radio Electronic Token Block
Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics
Raymarine Marine Electronics
Reciprocity (optoelectronic)
Redarc Electronics
Refurbishment (electronics)
Regulation of electronic cigarettes
Reliability prediction for electronic components
Renco Electronics
Renesas Electronics
Research Institute of Electronic Communication
Rework (electronics)
Ritual (electronic band)
Rochester Electronics
Routing (electronic design automation)
Ruselectronics
Ruxley Electronics and Construction Ltd v Forsyth
Safety of electronic cigarettes
Safran Electronics & Defense
Samcheok Shinwoo Electronics FC
Samsung Electronics
Sanwa Electronic
Secure Electronic Delivery
Secure Electronic Registration and Voting Experiment
Secure Electronic Transaction
Selectivity (electronic)
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Sensitivity (electronics)
Shaft (British electronica band)
Shigeto (electronic musician)
Signal The Southeast Electronic Music Festival
Signoff (electronic design automation)
Silicon Valley Microelectronics
Simmons (electronic drum company)
Simulated Electronic Launch Minuteman
Sixth Avenue Electronics
Slade Centre for Electronic Media in Fine Art
Space Age Electronics
SparkFun Electronics
Stac Electronics
Stereoelectronic effect
Stern Electronics, Inc. v. Kaufman
STMicroelectronics
Stub (electronics)
Studio for Electronic Music (WDR)
Supersound Electronic Products
Swan Electronics
Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology
Synapse: The Electronic Music Magazine
Syrian Electronic Army
System for Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval
Taiwan Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association
Talk:Electronic direct democracy
Talk:Electronic voice phenomenon
Tandy Electronics
TC Electronic
TCL Electronics
TDK Electronics
Teachings from the Electronic Brain
Teardrop (electronics)
Teen Choice Award for Choice Music Electronic/Dance Artist
Teeth (electronic band)
Telectronics
Terminal (electronics)
Tetris (Electronic Arts)
The Amazing New Electronic Pop Sound of Jean Jacques Perrey
The Art of Electronics
The Electronic Anthology Project
The Electronic Font Foundry
The Electronic Intifada
The Electronic Revolution
Thermal management (electronics)
The Story of Personal Electronics
Thin film electronics
Thin Film Electronics ASA
Thinking Electronic
Thomas H. Lee (electronic engineer)
Tiger Electronics
Timeline of electrical and electronic engineering
Timeline of electronic music genres
Tom Hall (electronic musician)
Tom Hamilton (electronic musician)
Toyota Electronic Modulated Suspension
Traffic Electronic Control System (Turkey)
Transitron Electronic Corporation
Tremolo (electronic effect)
Trimmer (electronics)
Trust (electronics company)
TT Electronics
Turkish National Research Institute of Electronics and Cryptology
Twelve Microtonal Etudes for Electronic Music Media
UK electronic travel authorisation
Ultimate Electronics
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Transferable Records
Uniform Electronic Legal Material Act
Uniform Electronic Transactions Act
United Microelectronics Corporation
Universal electronic card
Universal Electronics Inc
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
University of Kyiv Faculty of Radio Physics, Electronics and Computer Systems
UP Diliman Electrical and Electronics Engineering Institute
User:UBX/organ (electronic)
US Military Communications-Electronics Board
Via (electronics)
Vibrator (electronic)
Video Electronics Standards Association
Villains (electronic music group)
Vision Electronic Recording Apparatus
VW Electronics Research Laboratory
Wafer (electronics)
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive
Watumull Institute of Electronics Engineering and Computer Technology
West Bengal Electronics Industry Development Corporation
Westinghouse Electronics
Word processor (electronic device)
Workgroup for Electronic Data Interchange
World Electronic Sports Games
Zenith Electronics



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