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object:Han-shan
object:Hanshan
object:Han Shan
subject class:Zen
subject class:Taoism
subject class:Poetry
Born:China
class:author


Wikipedia - Hanshan (poet)
Hanshan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Hnshn; lit. 'Cold Mountain', fl. 9th century) is a figure associated with a collection of poems from the Chinese Tang Dynasty in the Taoist and Chan tradition. No one knows who he was, when he lived and died, or whether he actually existed. In the Chinese Buddhist tradition, Hanshan and his sidekick Shide are honored as emanations of the bodhisattvas Majur and Samantabhadra, respectively. In Japanese and Chinese paintings, Hanshan is often depicted together with Shide or with Fenggan, another monk with legendary attributes.

Little is known of his work, since he was a recluse living in a remote region and his poems were written on rocks in the mountains he called home. Of the 600 poems he is thought to have written at some point before his death, 313 were collected and have survived.[1] Among the 57 poems attributed to Hanshan's friend, Shide,[1] seven appear to be authored by Hanshan, for a total of 320.[2]



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Both Toaists and Zen Buddhists claim Han-shan as theirs. The poetry of Han-shan shows a familiarity with both traditions, though he seems to have enjoyed poking fun at Taoists and Buddhists alike.

An early biography places the dates of his life in the seventh century, but some historians suggest dates in the late eighth century.

It is difficult to speak of Han-shan's life with historical certainty since so much folk legend has also grown up around him. Autobiographical hints appear in several of his poems and there are a few historical references to him, as well as his two companions, Feng-kan (Big Stick) and Shih-te (Pickup).

As a young man, Han-shan was apparently part of the privileged civil servant class, but he left his family and wealth at about age thirty to take up the life of a hermit poet, settling in a remote cave beneath a rocky overhang. It was from this natural retreat that Han-shan took his name, which means Cold Mountain or Cold Cliff. (Han-shan is known in Japan as "Kanzan.")

Han-shan is said to have been handicapped, having difficulty walking. He describes himself in one poem wearing heavy wooden clogs, which are thought to have helped him to walk.

About a day's journey away was the Kuoching Temple at Mount Tientai. It was there that he befriended Feng-kan (Big Stick) and Shih-te (Pickup). Many stories are told of the antics of these three, as they poked fun at the self-importance of many of the monks, while they themselves, in their foolishness, enacted the true Dharma or Way.

Traditionally, Han-shan is said to have lived to be 120 years old and, in fact, in one of his poems he states that he is over 100 years old, so this may be true.

In the legendary stories surrounding Han-shan, he does not die; he disappears. A high official is said to have finally recognized that Han-shan, despite the crazy image he cultivated, was actually a great spiritual being. The official sent several people to Han-shan's isolated retreat to bring him back but, on seeing their approach, Han-shan wedged himself into a crack within the cliff wall, crying out "Thieves!" Then the crack closed around him. The fissure of that crack is still said to be visible.

After Han-shan's disappearance, the poems he had inscribed on local stones and trees were gathered together, along with the poems of his companions, Shih-te and Feng-kan, and they soon began to circulate.

Han-shan was popularized in the West by the Beats. Gary Snyder did an early translation of Han-shan's poetry and Jack Kerouac dedicated The Dharma Bums to Han-shan.

Poems by Han-shan (Cold Mountain)

  Above Cold Mountain the moon shines alone
  Beneath high cliffs I live alone
  Beyond Silence
  Children I implore you
  Clambering up the Cold Mountain path
  Down to the stream to watch the jade flow
  Here's a message for the faithful
  I spur my horse past the ruined city;
  My heart is like the autumn moon
  Sitting alone in peace before these cliffs
  Someone lives in a mountain gorge
  This rare and heavenly creature
  You have seen the blossoms among the leaves;




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OBJECT INSTANCES [0] - TOPICS - AUTHORS - BOOKS - CHAPTERS - CLASSES - SEE ALSO - SIMILAR TITLES

TOPICS
Han-shan_-_Poems
Han-shan_-_Poems
SEE ALSO


AUTH

BOOKS
Cold_Mountain
Infinite_Library

IN CHAPTERS TITLE

IN CHAPTERS CLASSNAME
1.hs_-_Heres_A_Message_for_the_Faithful
1.hs_-_I_settled_at_Cold_Mountain_long_ago,
1.hs_-_The_Road_To_Cold_Mountain

IN CHAPTERS TEXT
1.03_-_To_Layman_Ishii
1.hs_-_Heres_A_Message_for_the_Faithful
1.hs_-_I_settled_at_Cold_Mountain_long_ago,
1.hs_-_The_Road_To_Cold_Mountain
The_Poems_of_Cold_Mountain

PRIMARY CLASS

author
SIMILAR TITLES
Han-shan
Han-shan - Poems

DEFINITIONS



QUOTES [0 / 0 - 7 / 7]


KEYS (10k)


NEW FULL DB (2.4M)

   3 Han-shan
   2 Han-Shan

*** NEWFULLDB 2.4M ***

1:"I climb the road that never ends. Who can break from the snares of the world and join me in the clouds?" ~ Han-Shan
2:"Clear water sparkles like crystal, you can see through right to the bottom. Mind free from all thoughts." ~ Han-Shan
3:All the people in the Kuo-ch'ing monastery They say, "Han-shan is an idiot." "Am I really an idiot:" I reflect. But my reflections fail to solve the question: for I myself do not know who the self is, And how can others know who I am? ~ Hanshan
4:When men see Han-shan
They all say he's crazy
And not much to look at -
Dressed in rags and hides.
They don't get what I say
And I don't talk their language.
All I can say to those I meet:
"Try and make it to Cold Mountain. ~ Gary Snyder
5:People ask for the road to Cold Mountain,
but no road reaches Cold Mountain.
Summer sky-still ice wont melt.
The sun comes out but gets obscured by mist.
Imitating me, where does that get you?
My mind isnt like yours.
When your mind is like mine
you can enter here.

~ Han-shan, The Road To Cold Mountain

6:Heres a message for the faithful
what is it that you cherish
to find the Way to see your nature
your nature is naturally so
what Heaven bestows is perfect
looking for proof leads you astray
leaving the trunk to search among the twigs
all you get is stupid

From The Collected Songs of Cold Mountain, trans. Red Pine

~ Han-shan, Heres A Message for the Faithful

7:I settled at Cold Mountain long ago,
Already it seems like years and years.
Freely drifting, I prowl the woods and streams
And linger watching things themselves.
Men dont get this far into the mountains,
White clouds gather and billow.
Thin grass does for a mattress,
The blue sky makes a good quilt.
Happy with a stone under head
Let heaven and earth go about their changes.
~ Han-shan, I settled at Cold Mountain long ago,


IN CHAPTERS









1.03 - To Layman Ishii, #Beating the Cloth Drum Letters of Zen Master Hakuin, #unset, #Philosophy
  Blue Cliff Record, Case 55). q These are some of the eighteen types of questions Zen students are said to ask their teachers. This is a formulation by Fen-yang (947-1024) in The Eye of Men and Gods. r Free up the cicada's wings . Although a similar expression is used in the Book of Latter Han to describe a lord showing great partiality to a favorite, here it refers to the statement made earlier about a teacher ruining a student's chances by stepping in to help the student prematurely. s Two of eight difficult places or situations (hachinan) in which it is difficult for people to encounter a Buddha, hear him preach the Dharma, and attain liberation: Uttarakuru, the continent to the north of
  Mount Sumeru, because inhabitants enjoy lives of interminable pleasure; and being enthralled in the worldly wisdom and skillful words (sechibens) of secular life. Dried buds and dead seeds (shge haishu) is a term of reproach directed at followers of the Two Vehicles, who are said to have no possibility for attaining complete enlightenment. t In the system of koan study that developed in later Hakuin Zen, hosshin or Dharmakaya koans are used in the beginning stages of practice (see Zen Dust, 46-50). The lines Hakuin quotes here are not found in the Poems of Han-shan ( Han-shan shih). They are attri buted to Han-shan in Compendium of the Five Lamps (ch. 15, chapter on Tung-shan Mu-ts'ung): "The master ascended the teaching seat and said, ' Han-shan said that "Red dust dances at the bottom of the well. / White waves rise on the mountain peaks. / The stone woman gives birth to a stone child. / Fur on the tortoise grows longer by the day." If you want to know the Bodhi-mind, all you have to do is to behold these sights.'" The lines are included in a Japanese edition of the work published during Hakuin's lifetime. u The Ten Ox-herding Pictures are a series of illustrations, accompanied by verses, showing the Zen student's progress to final enlightenment. The Five Ranks, comprising five modes of the particular and universal, are a teaching device formulated by Tung-shan of the Sto tradition. v Records of the Lamp, ch. 10. w Liu Hsiu (first century) was a descendant of Western Han royalty who defeated the usurper Wang
  Mang and established the Eastern Han dynasty. Emperor Su Tsung (eighth century) regained the throne that his father had occupied before being been driven from power. x Wang Mang (c. 45 BC-23 AD) , a powerful official of the Western Han dynasty, and rebellious

The Poems of Cold Mountain, #Cold Mountain, #Han-shan, #Zen
  THE POEMS OF Cold Mountain ( Han-shan)
  The view from Han-shan's cave overlooking the valley to the south
    1. In the first line,pu-chu (to choose a home) implies to choose by divination and recalls a poem of that title by the exiled poet Ch'u Yuan (340-2.78 B.c.). The wording of the third and fourth lines is indebted to T'ao Hung-ching (456-536): "What do mountains contain I ridges covered with clouds" (Asking What Mountains Contain and Replying in Verse) and to Hsieh Ling-yun (385-443): "White clouds cling to dark rocks I green bamboos line crystal streams:' (Passing Shihning Villa) Tripods and bells were cast at great expense for use at sacrificial ceremonies, and the names of ancestors or the men who commissioned them were often carved on their surfaces. Empty names, indeed!

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