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Sri Aurobindo
The Mother
Ken Wilber
Aleister Crowley
Jordan Peterson

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A Study Of Dogen His Philosophy and Religion
Choiceless Awareness A Selection of Passages for the Study of the Teachings of J. Krishnamurti
How to Study - Not a bad skill to have
praying for aid in study of Savitri
Savitri study
Savitri (study guide)
Suicide A Study in Sociology
the Study
The Study and Practice of Yoga



studying ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Study

study ::: n. 1. A room furnished with books and intended or equipped for studying or writing. 2. The pursuit of knowledge, as by reading, observation, or research. v. 3. To examine closely; scrutinize. Also fig. studies, studied, studying.

study of the Jews. He is the archon in Sholem,

study ::: v. i. --> A setting of the mind or thoughts upon a subject; hence, application of mind to books, arts, or science, or to any subject, for the purpose of acquiring knowledge.
Mental occupation; absorbed or thoughtful attention; meditation; contemplation.
Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
A building or apartment devoted to study or to literary


1. A critical study of the method or methods of the sciences, of the nature of scientific symbols and of the logical structure of scientific symbolic svstems. Presumably such a study should include both the empirical and the rational sciences. Whether it should also include the methods of the valuational studies (e.g., ethics, esthetics) and of the historical studies, will depend upon the working definition or science accepted by the investigator. Valuational studies are frequently characterized as "normative" or "axiological" sciences. Many of the recognized sciences (e.g., anthropology, geology) contain important historical aspects, hence there is some justification for the inclusion of the historical method in this aspect of the philosophy of science. As a study of method, the philosophy of science includes much of the traditional logic and theory of knowledge. The attempt is made to define and further clarify such terms as induction, deduction, hypothesis, data, discovery and verification. In addition, the more detailed and specialized methods of science (e.g., experimentation, measurement, classification and idealization) (q.v.) are subjected to examination. Since science is a symbolic system, the general theory of signs plays an important role in the philosophy of science.

2. In psychology, the act or process of exercising the mind, the faculty of connecting judgments; the power and fact of using reason; the thought-processes of discussion, debate, argumentation or inference; the manifestation of the discursive property of the mind; the actual use of arguments with a view to convince or persuade; the art and method or proving or demonstrating; the orderly development of thought with a view to, or the attainment of a conclusion believed to be valid. -- The origin, nature and value of reasoning are debated questions, with their answers ranging from spiritualism (reasoning as the exercise of a faculty of the soul) to materialism (reasoning as an epiphenomenon depending on the brain), with all the modern schools of psychology ordering themselves between them. A few points of agreement might be mentioned here: reasoning follows judgment and apprehension, whichever of the last two thought-processes comes first in our psychological development; reasoning proceeds according to four main types, namely deductive, inductive, presumptive and deceptive; reasoning assumes a belief in its own validity undisturbed by doubt, and implies various logical habits and methods which may be organized into a logical doctrine; reasoning requires a reference to some ultimate principles to justify its progress 3. In logic, Reasoning is the process of inference, it is the process of passing from certain propositions already known or assumed to be true, to another truth distinct from them but following from them; it is a discourse or argument which infers one proposition from another, or from a group of others having some common elements between them. The inference is necessary in the case of deductive reasoning; and contingent, probable or wrong, in the case of inductive, presumptive or deceptive reasoning respectively. -- There are various types of reasoning, and proper methods for each type. The definition, discussion, development and evaluation of these types and methods form an important branch of logic and its subdivisions. The details of the application of reasoning to the various sciences, form the subject of methodology. All these types are reducible to one or the other of the two fundamental processes or reasoning, namely deduction and induction. It must be added that the logical study of reasoning is normative logic does not analyze it simply in its natural development, but with a view to guide it towards coherence, validity or truth. -- T.G.

2. The attempted clarification of the basic concepts, presuppositions and postulates of the sciences, and the revelation of the empirical, rational, or pragmatic grounds upon which they are presumed to rest. This aspect of the philosophy of science is closely related to the foregoing but includes, in addition to the logical and epistemological subject-matter, a large portion of metaphysics. Roughly, the task here is two-fold. On the one hand it involves the critical analysis of certain basic notions, such as quantity, quality, time, space, cause and law, which are used by the scientist but not subjected to examination. On the other hand it includes a similar study of certain presupposed beliefs, such as the belief in an external world, the belief in the uniformity of nature, and the belief in the rationality of natural processes.

(2) The study of signs and symbolism. In this sense equivalent to semiotic (q.v.). -- M.B.

3. A highly composite and diverse study which attempts to ascertain the limits of the special sciences, to disclose their interrelations one with another, and to examine their implications so fir as these contribute to a theory either of the universe as a whole or of some pervasive aspect of it. This aspect of the philosophy of science is the least precise and definite of the three, and employs the more speculative methods. One of the most characteristic of its problems is that of the classification of the sciences. This involves the attempt to construct a general table, or diagram, or map of the sciences which will properly integrate the sciences according to method, subject-matter, or some other principle of organization. Another characteristic problem is that of the implications of science for some general theory of the universe, e.g., idealism, materialism, positivism, mechanism, teleology, monism, or pluralism. In recent years a new type of problem has appeared which, if it is properly part of the philosophy of science at all, belongs to this aspect of the subject. This is the problem of the social relations of science. It examines such problems as the place of science in a given cultural scheme, e.g., its relations to government, business, art, religion and morality.

abiological ::: a. --> Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.

absorb ::: v. t. --> To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to use up; to include.
To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals of the body.
To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth.
To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular action, as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and electricity

academy ::: n. --> A garden or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of philosophy of which Plato was head.
An institution for the study of higher learning; a college or a university. Popularly, a school, or seminary of learning, holding a rank between a college and a common school.
A place of training; a school.
A society of learned men united for the advancement of the

accelerograph ::: n. --> An apparatus for studying the combustion of powder in guns, etc.

According to another interpretation of the notion of whole and of the part-whole principle, a whole is an object whose parts are mutually interdependent in the sense that a change affecting one of its parts will bring about changes in all of the other parts, and because of this interdependence the whole is said to be "more" than the sum of its parts. The part-whole principle then obviously is true simply by definition, and again, lacks explanatory value. Besides, if the above interdependence criterion for wholes is taken literally, then any object turns out to be a whole. What the concept of whole is actually meant to refer to, are specific types of interdependence as found in living organisms, etc., but then, again, an adequate description and explanation of those phenomena can be attained only by a study of their special regularities, not by a sweeping use of the vague concept of whole and of the unclear part-whole principle. (For the points referred to in the preceding remarks, see also Emergent Evolution, Gestalt, Holism, Mechanism, Vitalism.)

adhyatma vidya. ::: study of the Self

Adler, Alfred: (1870-1937) Originally a follower of Freud (see Psychoanalysis; Freud), he founded his own school in Vienna about 1912. In contrast to Freud, he tended to minimize the role of sexuality and to place greater emphasis on the ego. He investigated the feelings of inferiority resulting from organic abnormality and deficiency and described the unconscious attempt of the ego to compensate for such defects. (Study of Organic Inferiority and its Psychical Compensations, 1907). He extended the concept of the "inferiority complex" to include psychical as well as physical deficiencies and stressed the tendency of "compensation" to lead to over-correction. (The Neurotic Constitution, 1912; Problems of Neurosis, 1930.) -- L.W.

agriology ::: n. --> Description or comparative study of the customs of savage or uncivilized tribes.

Alan Turing "person" Alan M. Turing, 1912-06-22/3? - 1954-06-07. A British mathematician, inventor of the {Turing Machine}. Turing also proposed the {Turing test}. Turing's work was fundamental in the theoretical foundations of computer science. Turing was a student and fellow of {King's College Cambridge} and was a graduate student at {Princeton University} from 1936 to 1938. While at Princeton Turing published "On Computable Numbers", a paper in which he conceived an {abstract machine}, now called a {Turing Machine}. Turing returned to England in 1938 and during World War II, he worked in the British Foreign Office. He masterminded operations at {Bletchley Park}, UK which were highly successful in cracking the Nazis "Enigma" codes during World War II. Some of his early advances in computer design were inspired by the need to perform many repetitive symbolic manipulations quickly. Before the building of the {Colossus} computer this work was done by a roomful of women. In 1945 he joined the {National Physical Laboratory} in London and worked on the design and construction of a large computer, named {Automatic Computing Engine} (ACE). In 1949 Turing became deputy director of the Computing Laboratory at Manchester where the {Manchester Automatic Digital Machine}, the worlds largest memory computer, was being built. He also worked on theories of {artificial intelligence}, and on the application of mathematical theory to biological forms. In 1952 he published the first part of his theoretical study of morphogenesis, the development of pattern and form in living organisms. Turing was gay, and died rather young under mysterious circumstances. He was arrested for violation of British homosexuality statutes in 1952. He died of potassium cyanide poisoning while conducting electrolysis experiments. An inquest concluded that it was self-administered but it is now thought by some to have been an accident. There is an excellent biography of Turing by Andrew Hodges, subtitled "The Enigma of Intelligence" and a play based on it called "Breaking the Code". There was also a popular summary of his work in Douglas Hofstadter's book "Gödel, Escher, Bach". {(}. (2001-10-09)

algebra ::: the branch of mathematics that deals with general statements of relations, utilizing letters and other symbols to represent specific sets of numbers, values, vectors, etc., in the description of such relations. 2. Any special system of notation adapted to the study of a special system of relationship.

algology ::: n. --> The study or science of algae or seaweeds.

alienism ::: n. --> The status or legal condition of an alien; alienage.
The study or treatment of diseases of the mind.

amateur ::: a person who engages in a study, sport, or other activity for pleasure rather than for financial benefit or professional reasons.

amateur ::: n. --> A person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science as to music or painting; esp. one who cultivates any study or art, from taste or attachment, without pursuing it professionally.

Anglo-Catholic Philosophy: Anglo-Catholicism is the name frequently used to describe the Church of England and her sister communions, including the Episcopal Church in America. As a religious system, it may be described as the maintenance of the traditional credal, ethical and sacramental position of Catholic Christianity, with insistence on the incorporation into that general position of the new truth of philosophy, science and other fields of study and experience. Historically, the Anglo-Catholic divines (as in Hooker and the Caroline writers) took over the general Platonic-Aristotelian philosophy of the schools; their stress, however, was more on the Platonic than the Aristotelian side: "Platonism", Dr. Inge has said, "is the loving mother-nurse of Anglicanism." Statements of this position, modified by a significant agnosticism concerning areas into which reason (it is said) cannot penetrate, may be found collected in Anglicanism (edited by More and Cross). A certain empiricism has always marked Anglo-Catholic theological and philosophical speculation; this is brought out in recent writing by Taylor (Faith of a Moralist), the writers in Lux Mundi (edited by Gore) and its modern successor Essays Catholic and Critical.

anthropogeny ::: n. --> The science or study of human generation, or the origin and development of man.

anthropology ::: n. --> The science of the structure and functions of the human body.
The science of man; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal.
That manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God.

anthroposcopy ::: n. --> The art of discovering or judging of a man&

antiquarianism ::: n. --> Character of an antiquary; study or love of antiquities.

antiquary ::: a. --> Pertaining to antiquity. ::: n. --> One devoted to the study of ancient times through their relics, as inscriptions, monuments, remains of ancient habitations, statues, coins, manuscripts, etc.; one who searches for and studies the relics of antiquity.

Apart from technical innovations in logical theory (notably in the discussion of tautology and probability), Wittgenstein's main contribution to contemporary philosophy has been his demonstration of the importance of a study of language. The Tractatus is concerned chiefly to determine the conditions which any symbolism qua representation of fact, must necessarily satisfy. Such a "language" must consist of elements combined in such ways as to mirror in one-one correspondence the elements and structure of the "world". A crucial distinction is made between "saying" (aussagen) and "showing" (zeigen); a statement is able to assert a certain state of affairs by virtue of having the same structure as that which it represents. The common structure, however, cannot itself be asserted, can only be shown in the symbols. Much philosophy is held to consist of trying to say what can only be shown, a misguided proceeding provoked by failure to understand "the logic of our language". Certain mystical conclusions follow.

Aquinas, Thomas: (Born at Roccasecca, near Naples, in 1225; oblate at the Benedictine monastery, Monte Cassino, 1230-1239; student at the University of Naples, 1239-1244; having decided to become a Dominican, he studied at the University of Paris under St. Albert the Great, 1245-1248; until 1252 he was in Cologne with St. Albert at the newly opened studium generale of the Dominican Order; in 1252 he returned to study at the faculty of theology in the University of Paris where in 1256 he was given the licentia docendi in theology and where he taught until 1259; from 1259 until 1268 he taught at the papal curia in Rome; returned to the University of Paris to stem the tide against Averroism, 1269-1272; from 1272 he began teaching at the University of Naples. He died March 7, 1274 on the way to the Council of Lyons.)

Arabic Philosophy: The contact of the Arabs with Greek civilization and philosophy took place partly in Syria, where Christian Arabic philosophy developed, partly in other countries, Asia Minor, Persia, Egypt and Spain. The effect of this contact was not a simple reception of Greek philosophy, but the gradual growth of an original mode of thought, determined chiefly by the religious and philosophical tendencies alive in the Arab world. Eastern influences had produced a mystical trend, not unlike Neo-Platonism; the already existing "metaphysics of light", noticeable in the religious conception of the Qoran, also helped to assimilate Plotinlan ideas. On the other hand, Aristotelian philosophy became important, although more, at least in the beginning, as logic and methodology. The interest in science and medicine contributed to the spread of Aristotelian philosophy. The history of philosophy in the Arab world is determined by the increasing opposition of Orthodoxy against a more liberal theology and philosophy. Arab thought became influential in the Western world partly through European scholars who went to Spain and elsewhere for study, mostly however through the Latin translations which became more and more numerous at the end of the 12th and during the 13th centuries. Among the Christian Arabs Costa ben Luca (864-923) has to be mentioned whose De Differentia spiritus et animae was translated by Johannes Hispanus (12th century). The first period of Islamic philosophy is occupied mainly with translation of Greek texts, some of which were translated later into Latin. The Liber de causis (mentioned first by Alanus ab Insulis) is such a translation of an Arab text; it was believed to be by Aristotle, but is in truth, as Aquinas recognized, a version of the Stoicheiosis theologike by Proclus. The so-called Theologia Aristotelis is an excerpt of Plotinus Enn. IV-VI, written 840 by a Syrian. The fundamental trends of Arab philosophy are indeed Neo-Platonic, and the Aristotelian texts were mostly interpreted in this spirit. Furthermore, there is also a tendency to reconcile the Greek philosophers with theological notions, at least so long as the orthodox theologians could find no reason for opposition. In spite of this, some of the philosophers did not escape persecution. The Peripatetic element is more pronounced in the writings of later times when the technique of paraphrasis and commentary on Aristotelian texts had developed. Beside the philosophy dependent more or less on Greek, and partially even Christian influences, there is a mystical theology and philosophy whose sources are the Qoran, Indian and, most of all, Persian systems. The knowledge of the "Hermetic" writings too was of some importance.

arborist ::: n. --> One who makes trees his study, or who is versed in the knowledge of trees.

archaeology ::: n. --> The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.

ardor ::: n. --> Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the sun&

arrive ::: v. i. --> To come to the shore or bank. In present usage: To come in progress by water, or by traveling on land; to reach by water or by land; -- followed by at (formerly sometimes by to), also by in and from.
To reach a point by progressive motion; to gain or compass an object by effort, practice, study, inquiry, reasoning, or experiment.
To come; said of time; as, the time arrived.

Ars Combinatoria: (Leibniz) An art or technique of deriving or inventing complex concepts by a combination of a relatively few simple ones taken as primitive. This technique was proposed as a valuable subject for study by Leibniz in De Arte Combinatoria (1666) but was never greatly developed by him. Leibniz's program for logic consisted of two main projects: (1) the development of a universal characteristic (characteristica universalis), and (2) the development of a universal mathematics (mathesis universalis (q.v.). The universal characteristic was to be a universal language for scientists and philosophers. With a relatively few basic symbols for the ultimately simple ideas, and a suitable technique for constructing compound ideas out of the simple ones, Leibniz thought that a language could be constructed which would be much more efficient for reasoning and for communication than the vague, complicated, and more or less parochial languages then available. This language would be completely universal in the sense that all scientific and philosophical concepts could be expressed in it, and also in that it would enable scholars m all countries to communicate over the barriers of their vernacular tongues. Leibniz's proposals in this matter, and what work he did on it, are the grand predecessors of a vast amount of research which has been done in the last hundred years on the techniques of language construction, and specifically on the invention of formal rules and procedures for introducing new terms into a language on the basis of terms already present, the general project of constructing a unified language for science and philosophy. L. Couturat, La Logique de Leibniz, Paris, 1901; C. I. Lewis, A Survey of Symbolic Logic, Berkeley, 1918. -- F.L.W.

Artificial Life "algorithm, application" (a-life) The study of synthetic systems which behave like natural living systems in some way. Artificial Life complements the traditional biological sciences concerned with the analysis of living organisms by attempting to create lifelike behaviours within computers and other artificial media. Artificial Life can contribute to theoretical biology by modelling forms of life other than those which exist in nature. It has applications in environmental and financial modelling and network communications. There are some interesting implementations of artificial life using strangely shaped blocks. A video, probably by the company Artificial Creatures who build insect-like robots in Cambridge, MA (USA), has several mechanical implementations of artificial life forms. See also {evolutionary computing}, {Life}. [Christopher G. Langton (Ed.), "Artificial Life", Proceedings Volume VI, Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Addison-Wesley, 1989]. {Yahoo! (}. {Santa Fe Institute (}. {The Avida Group (}. (1995-02-21)

assyriology ::: n. --> The science or study of the antiquities, language, etc., of ancient Assyria.

astrologize ::: v. t. & i. --> To apply astrology to; to study or practice astrology.

astronomize ::: v. i. --> To study or to talk astronomy.

Aswapati ::: Purani: “Aswapathy, the father of Savitri, has been significantly called by the poet ‘the Lord of Life’. (book II, Canto XV). The name suggests an affinity to Vedic symbolism. In the Veda, Aswa, the horse, is the symbol of life-energy or vital power. Aswa + aty, Lord, would mean the ‘Lord of Life’. In the poem King Aswapathy is the symbol of the aspiring soul of man as manifested in life on earth.”Savitri”—An Approach and a Study

automaton "robotics, mathematics, algorithm" (Plural automata) A machine, {robot}, or {formal system} designed to follow a precise sequence of instructions. Automata theory, the invention and study of automata, includes the study of the capabilities and limitations of computing processes, the manner in which systems receive input, process it, and produce output, and the relationships between behavioural theories and the operation and use of automated devices. See also {cellular automaton}, {finite state machine}. (1996-04-23)

Background: (Ger. Hintergrund) In Husserl: The nexus of objects and objective sense explicitly posited along with any object; the objective horizon. The perceptual background is part of the entire background in this broad sense. See Horizon. -- D.C . Bacon, Francis: (1561-1626) Inspired by the Renaissance, and in revolt against Aristotelianism and Scholastic Logic, proposed an inductive method of discovering truth, founded upon empirical observation, analysis of observed data, inference resulting in hypotheses, and verification of hypotheses through continued observation and experiment. The impediments to the use of this method are preconceptions and prejudices, grouped by Bacon under four headings, or Idols: The Idols of the Tribe, or racially "wishful," anthropocentric ways of thinking, e.g. explanation by final causes The Idols of the Cave or personal prejudices The Idols of the Market Place, or failure to define terms The Idol of the Theatre, or blind acceptance of tradition and authority. The use of the inductive method prescribes the extraction of the essential from the non-essential and the discovery of the underlying structure or form of the phenomena under investigation, through (a) comparison of instances, (b) study of concomitant variations, and (c) exclusion of negative instances.

Behaviorism: The contemporary American School of psychology which abandons the concepts of mind and consciousness, and restricts both animal and human psychology to the study of behavior. The impetus to behaviorism was given by the Russian physiologist, Pavlov, who through his investigation of the salivary reflex in dogs, developed the concept of the conditioned reflex. See Conditioned Reflex. The founder of American behaviorism is J.B. Watson, who formulated a program for psychology excluding all reference to consciousness and confining itself to behavioral responses. (Behavior: An Introduction to Comparative Psychology, 1914.) Thinking and emotion are interpreted as implicit behavior: the former is implicit or subvocal speech; the latter implicit visceral reactions. A distinction has been drawn between methodological and dogmatic behaviorism: the former ignores "consciousness" and advocates, in psychology, the objective study of behaviour; the latter denies consciousness entirely, and is, therefore, a form of metaphysical materialism. See Automatism. -- L.W.

bhas.a (bhasha; bhasa) ::: language; the linguistic faculty (bhas.asakti), one of the "special powers" whose development is related to literary work (sahitya); the study of languages and reading of texts for the sake of cultivating this faculty.

bhas.atattva (bhashatattwa) ::: the principles of language; the systembhasatattva atic study of these principles, usually referred to as nirukta or philology.

biology ::: n. --> The science of life; that branch of knowledge which treats of living matter as distinct from matter which is not living; the study of living tissue. It has to do with the origin, structure, development, function, and distribution of animals and plants.

black-letter ::: a. --> Written or printed in black letter; as, a black-letter manuscript or book.
Given to the study of books in black letter; that is, of old books; out of date.
Of or pertaining to the days in the calendar not marked with red letters as saints&

Blind Study ::: As a way to avoid the placebo effect in research, this type of study is designed without the subject&

bookish ::: a. --> Given to reading; fond of study; better acquainted with books than with men; learned from books.
Characterized by a method of expression generally found in books; formal; labored; pedantic; as, a bookish way of talking; bookish sentences.

bookmate ::: n. --> A schoolfellow; an associate in study.

bookwork ::: n. --> Work done upon a book or books (as in a printing office), in distinction from newspaper or job work.
Study; application to books.

bookworm ::: n. --> Any larva of a beetle or moth, which is injurious to books. Many species are known.
A student closely attached to books or addicted to study; a reader without appreciation.

botanical ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to botany; relating to the study of plants; as, a botanical system, arrangement, textbook, expedition.

botanize ::: v. i. --> To seek after plants for botanical investigation; to study plants. ::: v. t. --> To explore for botanical purposes.

Brilliant One of five pedagogical languages based on {Markov} {algorithms}, used in ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)]. See also {Diamond}, {Nonpareil}, {Pearl}, {Ruby}.

studying ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Study

study ::: n. 1. A room furnished with books and intended or equipped for studying or writing. 2. The pursuit of knowledge, as by reading, observation, or research. v. 3. To examine closely; scrutinize. Also fig. studies, studied, studying.

study ::: v. i. --> A setting of the mind or thoughts upon a subject; hence, application of mind to books, arts, or science, or to any subject, for the purpose of acquiring knowledge.
Mental occupation; absorbed or thoughtful attention; meditation; contemplation.
Any particular branch of learning that is studied; any object of attentive consideration.
A building or apartment devoted to study or to literary

B. The Probability-Relation. Considering the general grounds of probability, it is pertinent to analyze the proper characteristics of this concept and the valid conditions of its use in inferential processes. Probability presents itself as a special relation between the premisses and the conclusion of an argument, namely when the premisses are true but not completely sufficient to condition the truth of the conclusion. A probable inference must however be logical, even though its result is not certain, for its premisses must be a true sign of its conclusion. The probability-relation may take three aspects: it is inductive, probable or presumptive. In strict induction, there is an essential connection between the facts expressed in the premisses and in the conclusion, which almost forces a factual result from the circumstances of the predication. This type of probability-relation is prominent in induction proper and in statistics. In strict probability, there is a logical connection between the premisses and the conclusion which does not entail a definite factual value for the latter. This type of probability-relation is prominent in mathematical probability and circumstantial evidence. In strict presumption, there is a similarity of characteristics between the fact expressed in the conclusion and the real event if it does or did exist. This type of probability-relation is prominent in analogy and testimony. A presumptive conclusion should be accepted provisionally, and it should have definite consequences capable of being tested. The results of an inductive inference and of a probable inference may often be brought closer together when covering the same field, as the relations involved are fundamental enough for the purpose. This may be done by a qualitative analysis of their implications, or by a quantitative comparison of their elements, as it is done for example in the methods of correlation. But a presumptive inference cannot be reduced to either of the other two forms without losing its identity, because the connection between its elements is of an indefinite character. It may be said that inductive and probable inferences have an intrinsic reasonableness, while presumptive inferences have an extrinsic reasonableness. The former involve determinism within certain limits, while the latter display indeterminacy more prominently. That is why very poor, misleading or wrong conclusions are obtained when mathematical methods are applied to moral acts, judiciary decisions or indirect testimony The activity of the human will has an intricate complexity and variability not easily subjected to calculation. Hence the degree of probability of a presumptive inference can be estimated only by the character and circumstances of its suggested explanation. In moral cases, the discussion and application of the probability-relation leads to the consideration of the doctrines of Probabilism and Probabiliorism which are qualitative. The probability-relation as such has the following general implications which are compatible with its three different aspects, and which may serve as general inferential principle: Any generalization must be probable upon propositions entailing its exemplification in particular cases; Any generalization or system of generalizations forming a theory, must be probable upon propositions following from it by implication; The probability of a given proposition on the basis of other propositions constituting its evidence, is the degree of logical conclusiveness of this evidence with respect to the given proposition; The empirical probability (p = S/E) of a statement S increases as verifications accrue to the evidence E, provided the evidence is taken as a whole; and Numerical probabilities may be assigned to facts or statements only when the evidence includes statistical data or other numerical information which can be treated by the methods of mathematical probability. C. Mathematical Probability. The mathematical theory of probability, which is also called the theory of chances or the theory of relative possibilities, is concerned with the application of mathematical methods to the determination of the likelihood of any event, when there are not sufficient data to determine with certainty its occurrence or failure. As Laplace remarked, it is nothing more than common sense reduced to calculation. But its range goes far beyond that of common sense for it has not only conditioned the growth of various branches of mathematics, such as the theory of errors, the calculus of variations and mathematical statistics, but it has also made possible the establishment of a number of theories in the natural and social sciences, by its actual applications to concrete problems. A distinction is usually made between direct and inverse probability. The determination of a direct or a priori probability involves an inference from given situations or sets of possibilities numerically characterized, to future events related with them. By definition, the direct probability of the occurrence of any particular form of an event, is the ratio of the number of ways in which that form might occur, to the whole number of ways in which the event may occur, all these forms being equiprobable or equally likely. The basic principles referring to a priori probabilities are derived from the analysis of the various logical alternatives involved in any hypothetical questions such as the following: (a) To determine whether a cause, whose exact nature is or is not known, will prove operative or not in certain circumstances; (b) To determine how often an event happens or fails. The comparison of the number of occurrences with that of the failures of an event, considered in simple or complex circumstances, affords a baisis for several cases of probable inference. Thus, theorems may be established to deal with the probability of success and the probability of failure of an event, with the probability of the joint occurrence of several events, with the probability of the alternative occurrence of several events, with the different conditions of frequency of occurrence of an event; with mathematical expectation, and with similar questions. The determination of an a posteriori or inverse probability involves an inference from given situations or events, to past conditions or causes which rnay have contributed to their occurrence. By definition, an inverse probability is the numerical value assigned to each one of a number of possible causes of an actual event that has already occurred; or more generally, it is the numerical value assigned to hypotheses which attempt to explain actual events or circumstances. If an event has occurred as a result of any one of n several causes, the probability that C was the actual cause is Pp/E (Pnpn), when P is the probability that the event could be produced by C if present, and p the probability that C was present before the occurrence of that event. Inverse probability is based on general and special assumptions which cannot always be properly stated, and as there are many different sets of such assumptions, there cannot be a coercive reason for making a definite choice. In particular, the condition of the equiprobability of causes is seldom if ever fulfilled. The distinction between the two kinds of probability, which has led to some confusion in interpreting their grounds and their relations, can be technically ignored now as a result of the adoption of a statistical basis for measuring probabilities. In particular, it is the statistical treatment of correlation which led to the study of probabilities of concurrent phenomena irrespective of their direction in time. This distinction may be retained, howe\er, for the purpose of a general exposition of the subject. Thus, a number of probability theorems are obtained by using various cases of direct and inverse probability involving permutations and combinations, the binomial theorem, the theory of series, and the methods of integration. In turn, these theurems can be applied to concrete cases of the various sciences.

But Kant's versatile, analytical mind could not rest here; and gradually his ideas underwent a radical transformation. He questioned the assumption, common to dogmatic metaphysics, that reality can be apprehended in and through concepts. He was helped to this view by the study of Leibniz's Nouveaux Essais (first published in 1765), and the skepticism and empiricism of Hume, through which, Kant stated, he was awakened from his "dogmatic slumbers". He cast about for a method by which the proper limits and use of reason could be firmly established. The problem took the form: By what right and within what limits may reason make synthetic, a priori judgments about the data of sense?

"By studying the principles of success and failure, preservation and destruction, calamity and prosperity from ancient to recent times, they learn how to hold what is essential and to grasp the fundamental. They guard themselves with purity and emptiness, in humility and weakness they maintain themselves . . . Afterwards those who act without restraint desired to reject learning and the rules of propriety, and at the same time, discard benevolence and righteousness. They said that the world could be governed simply by purity and emptiness."

Calculus of Communicating Systems (CCS) A mathematical model (a formal language) for describing processes, mostly used in the study of {parallelism}. A CCS program, written in {behaviour expressions syntax} denotes a process behaviour. Programs can be compared using the notion of {observational equivalence}. ["A Calculus of Communicating Systems", LNCS 92, Springer 1980]. ["Communication and Concurrency", R. Milner, P-H 1989]. (1994-11-29)

candlewaster ::: n. --> One who consumes candles by being up late for study or dissipation.

canonical (Historically, "according to religious law") 1. "mathematics" A standard way of writing a formula. Two formulas such as 9 + x and x + 9 are said to be equivalent because they mean the same thing, but the second one is in "canonical form" because it is written in the usual way, with the highest power of x first. Usually there are fixed rules you can use to decide whether something is in canonical form. Things in canonical form are easier to compare. 2. "jargon" The usual or standard state or manner of something. The term acquired this meaning in computer-science culture largely through its prominence in {Alonzo Church}'s work in computation theory and {mathematical logic} (see {Knights of the Lambda-Calculus}). Compare {vanilla}. This word has an interesting history. Non-technical academics do not use the adjective "canonical" in any of the senses defined above with any regularity; they do however use the nouns "canon" and "canonicity" (not "canonicalness"* or "canonicality"*). The "canon" of a given author is the complete body of authentic works by that author (this usage is familiar to Sherlock Holmes fans as well as to literary scholars). "The canon" is the body of works in a given field (e.g. works of literature, or of art, or of music) deemed worthwhile for students to study and for scholars to investigate. The word "canon" derives ultimately from the Greek "kanon" (akin to the English "cane") referring to a reed. Reeds were used for measurement, and in Latin and later Greek the word "canon" meant a rule or a standard. The establishment of a canon of scriptures within Christianity was meant to define a standard or a rule for the religion. The above non-technical academic usages stem from this instance of a defined and accepted body of work. Alongside this usage was the promulgation of "canons" ("rules") for the government of the Catholic Church. The usages relating to religious law derive from this use of the Latin "canon". It may also be related to arabic "qanun" (law). Hackers invest this term with a playfulness that makes an ironic contrast with its historical meaning. A true story: One Bob Sjoberg, new at the {MIT AI Lab}, expressed some annoyance at the incessant use of jargon. Over his loud objections, {GLS} and {RMS} made a point of using as much of it as possible in his presence, and eventually it began to sink in. Finally, in one conversation, he used the word "canonical" in jargon-like fashion without thinking. Steele: "Aha! We've finally got you talking jargon too!" Stallman: "What did he say?" Steele: "Bob just used "canonical" in the canonical way." Of course, canonicality depends on context, but it is implicitly defined as the way *hackers* normally expect things to be. Thus, a hacker may claim with a straight face that "according to religious law" is *not* the canonical meaning of "canonical". (2002-02-06)

Carl Friedrich Gauss "person" A German mathematician (1777 - 1855), one of all time greatest. Gauss discovered the {method of least squares} and {Gaussian elimination}. Gauss was something of a child prodigy; the most commonly told story relates that when he was 10 his teacher, wanting a rest, told his class to add up all the numbers from 1 to 100. Gauss did it in seconds, having noticed that 1+...+100 = 100+...+1 = (101+...+101)/2. He did important work in almost every area of mathematics. Such eclecticism is probably impossible today, since further progress in most areas of mathematics requires much hard background study. Some idea of the range of his work can be obtained by noting the many mathematical terms with "Gauss" in their names. E.g. {Gaussian elimination} ({linear algebra}); {Gaussian primes} (number theory); {Gaussian distribution} (statistics); {Gauss} [unit] (electromagnetism); {Gaussian curvature} (differential geometry); {Gaussian quadrature} (numerical analysis); {Gauss-Bonnet formula} (differential geometry); {Gauss's identity} ({hypergeometric functions}); {Gauss sums} ({number theory}). His favourite area of mathematics was {number theory}. He conjectured the {Prime Number Theorem}, pioneered the {theory of quadratic forms}, proved the {quadratic reciprocity theorem}, and much more. He was "the first mathematician to use {complex numbers} in a really confident and scientific way" (Hardy & Wright, chapter 12). He nearly went into architecture rather than mathematics; what decided him on mathematics was his proof, at age 18, of the startling theorem that a regular N-sided polygon can be constructed with ruler and compasses if and only if N is a power of 2 times a product of distinct {Fermat primes}. (1995-04-10)

Carnap's contributions to the study of epistemological and philosophical problems may be characterized as applications of the methods of logical analysis to the languages of everyday life and of science. His books contain applications to the fundamental problems of epistemology, expound the principles of physicalism (q.v.) which was developed by Carnap and Neurath and which offers, amongst others, a basis for a more cautious version of the ideas of older behaviorism and for the construction of one common unified language for all branches of empirical science (see Unity of Science). Main works: Logische Aufblou der Welt; Abriss der Logistik; Logische Syntax der Sprache "Testability and Meaning," Phil. of Sci. (1916). -- C.G.H.

carrol ::: n. --> A small closet or inclosure built against a window on the inner side, to sit in for study. The word was used as late as the 16th century.
See 4th Carol.

Cartesianism: The philosophy of the French thinker, Rene Descartes (Cartesius) 1596-1650. After completing his formal education at the Jesuit College at La Fleche, he spent the years 1612-1621 in travel and military service. The reminder of his life was devoted to study and writing. He died in Sweden, where he had gone in 1649 to tutor Queen Christina. His principal works are: Discours de la methode, (preface to his Geometric, Meteores, Dieptrique) Meditationes de prima philosophia, Principia philosophiae, Passions de l'ame, Regulae ad directionem ingenii, Le monde. Descartes is justly regarded as one of the founders of modern epistemology. Dissatisfied with the lack of agreement among philosophers, he decided that philosophy needed a new method, that of mathematics. He began by resolving to doubt everything which could not pass the test of his criterion of truth, viz. the clearness and distinctness of ideas. Anything which could pass this test was to be readmitted as self-evident. From self-evident truths, he deduced other truths which logically follow from them. Three kinds of ideas were distinguished: innate, by which he seems to mean little more than the mental power to think things or thoughts; adventitious, which come to him from without; factitious, produced within his own mind. He found most difficulty with the second type of ideas. The first reality discovered through his method is the thinking self. Though he might doubt nearly all else, Descartes could not reasonably doubt that he, who was thinking, existed as a res cogitans. This is the intuition enunciated in the famous aphorism: I think, therefore I am, Cogito ergo sum. This is not offered by Descartes as a compressed syllogism, but as an immediate intuition of his own thinking mind. Another reality, whose existence was obvious to Descartes, was God, the Supreme Being. Though he offered several proofs of the Divine Existence, he was convinced that he knew this also by an innate idea, and so, clearly and distinctly. But he did not find any clear ideas of an extra-mental, bodily world. He suspected its existence, but logical demonstration was needed to establish this truth. His adventitious ideas carry the vague suggestion that they are caused by bodies in an external world. By arguing that God would be a deceiver, in allowing him to think that bodies exist if they do not, he eventually convinced himself of the reality of bodies, his own and others. There are, then, three kinds of substance according to Descartes: Created spirits, i.e. the finite soul-substance of each man: these are immaterial agencies capable of performing spiritual operations, loosely united with bodies, but not extended since thought is their very essence. Uncreated Spirit, i.e. God, confined neither to space nor time, All-Good and All-Powerful, though his Existence can be known clearly, his Nature cannot be known adequately by men on earth, He is the God of Christianity, Creator, Providence and Final Cause of the universe. Bodies, i.e. created, physical substances existing independently of human thought and having as their chief attribute, extension. Cartesian physics regards bodies as the result of the introduction of "vortices", i.e. whorls of motion, into extension. Divisibility, figurability and mobility, are the notes of extension, which appears to be little more thin what Descartes' Scholastic teachers called geometrical space. God is the First Cause of all motion in the physical universe, which is conceived as a mechanical system operated by its Maker. Even the bodies of animals are automata. Sensation is the critical problem in Cartesian psychology; it is viewed by Descartes as a function of the soul, but he was never able to find a satisfactory explanation of the apparent fact that the soul is moved by the body when sensation occurs. The theory of animal spirits provided Descartes with a sort of bridge between mind and matter, since these spirits are supposed to be very subtle matter, halfway, as it were, between thought and extension in their nature. However, this theory of sensation is the weakest link in the Cartesian explanation of cognition. Intellectual error is accounted for by Descartes in his theory of assent, which makes judgment an act of free will. Where the will over-reaches the intellect, judgment may be false. That the will is absolutely free in man, capable even of choosing what is presented by the intellect as the less desirable of two alternatives, is probably a vestige of Scotism retained from his college course in Scholasticism. Common-sense and moderation are the keynotes of Descartes' famous rules for the regulation of his own conduct during his nine years of methodic doubt, and this ethical attitude continued throughout his life. He believed that man is responsible ultimately to God for the courses of action that he may choose. He admitted that conflicts may occur between human passions and human reason. A virtuous life is made possible by the knowledge of what is right and the consequent control of the lower tendencies of human nature. Six primary passions are described by Descartes wonder, love, hatred, desire, joy and sorrow. These are passive states of consciousness, partly caused by the body, acting through the animal spirits, and partly caused by the soul. Under rational control, they enable the soul to will what is good for the body. Descartes' terminology suggests that there are psychological faculties, but he insists that these powers are not really distinct from the soul itself, which is man's sole psychic agency. Descartes was a practical Catholic all his life and he tried to develop proofs of the existence of God, an explanation of the Eucharist, of the nature of religious faith, and of the operation of Divine Providence, using his philosophy as the basis for a new theology. This attempted theology has not found favor with Catholic theologians in general.

cartoon ::: n. --> A design or study drawn of the full size, to serve as a model for transferring or copying; -- used in the making of mosaics, tapestries, fresco pantings and the like; as, the cartoons of Raphael.
A large pictorial sketch, as in a journal or magazine; esp. a pictorial caricature; as, the cartoons of "Puck."

Casuistry: Study of cases of conscience and a method of solving conflicts of obligations by applying general principles of ethics, religion, and moral theology to particular and concrete cases of human conduct. This frequently demands an extensive knowledge of natural law and equity, civil law, ecclesiastical precepts, and an exceptional skill in interpreting these various norms of conduct. It becomes necessary to determine the degree of guilt and responsibility and weigh all the circumstances of the case, especially by taking into account all the conditions affecting motive and consent. -- J.J.R.

Cf. "Study of the Renaissance Philosophies," P. O. Kristeller and J. H. Randall, Jr. in Jour. History of Ideas, II, 4 (Oct. 1941).

Chalmers University of Technology "body, education" A Swedish university founded in 1829 offering master of science and doctoral degrees. Research is carried out in the main engineering sciences as well as in technology related mathematical and natural sciences. Five hundred faculty members work in more than 100 departments organised in nine schools. Chalmers collaborates with the University of Göteborg. Around 8500 people work and study on the Chalmers campus, including around 500 faculty members and some 600 teachers and doctoral students. About 4800 students follow the master degree programs. Every year 700 Masters of Science in Engineering and in Architecture graduate from Chalmers, and about 190 PhDs and licentiates are awarded. Some 40% of Sweden's engineers and architects are Chalmers graduates. About a thousand research projects are in progress and more than 1500 scientific articles and research reports are published every year. Chalmers is a partner in 80 EC research projects. {(}. Address: S-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden. (1995-02-16)

Chang Heng-ch'u: (Chang Tsai, Chang Tzu-hou, 1021-1077) Was a typical Confucian government official and teacher. When young, he was interested in military strategy. He studied the Chung Yung (Golden Mean) at the advice of a prominent scholar, and went on to Taoist and Buddhist works. But he finally returned to the Confucian classics, explored their meanings and discussed them with the Ch'eng brothers. His works called Chang Heng-ch'u Hsien-sheng Ch'uan-chi (complete works of Master Chang Heng-ch'u) are indispensable to the study of the Neo-Confucian (li hsueh) movement. -- W.T.C.

Characterology: This name originally was used for types; thus in Aristotle and Theophrastus, and even much later, e.g. in La Bruyere. Gradually it came to signify something individual; a development paralleled by the replacement of "typical" figures on the stage by individualities. There is no agreement, even today, on the definition; confusion reigns especially because of an insufficient distinction between character, personality, and person. But all agree that character manifests itself in the behavior of a person. One can distinguish a merely descriptive approach, one of classification, and one of interpretation. The general viewpoints of interpretation influence also description and classification, since they determine what is considered "important" and lay down the rules by which to distinguish and to classify. One narrow interpretation looks at character mainly as the result of inborn properties, rooted in organic constitution; character is considered, therefore, as essentially unchangeable and predetermined. The attempts at establishing correlations between character and body-build (Kretschmer a.o.) are a special form of such narrow interpretation. It makes but little difference if, besides inborn properties, the influence of environmental factors is acknowledged. The rationalistic interpretation looks at character mainly as the result of convictions. These convictions are seen as purely intellectual in extreme rationalism (virtue is knowledge, Socrates), or as referring to the value-aspect of reality which is conceived as apprehended by other than merely intellectual operations. Thus, Spranger gives a classification according to the "central values" dominating a man's behavior. (Allport has devised practical methods of character study on this basis.) Since the idea a person has of values and their order may change, character is conceived as essentially mutable, even if far going changes may be unfrequent. Character-education is the practical application of the principles of characterology and thus depends on the general idea an author holds in regard to human nature. Character is probably best defined as the individual's way of preferring or rejecting values. It depends on the innate capacities of value-apprehension and on the way these values are presented to the individual. Therefore the enormous influence of social factors. -- R.A.

Christology: The totality of doctrines constituting that part of theology which treats of the nature and personality of Christ. First of all Christology must concern itself with the promise of a Saviour and Redeemer of the human race. It includes the study of the prophecies foretelling the Messiah, as well as their fulfillment. Further it must inquire into the mystery of the Incarnation, of the Word made flesh, and examine all the circumstances of the birth, passion, and resurrection of Christ. Since He acknowledged that He was God, the Son of God, one with the Father, it becomes necessary to examine His credentials, His own prophecies, miracles, and saintly life, which were to serve as evidence that He was sent by God and really possessed all power in heaven and on earth. Christology must deal with the human and Divine nature, their relation to each other, and the hypostatic union of both in one Divine Person, as well as the relation of that Person to the Father and the Holy Ghost. Moreover, the authentic decisions of the Councils of the Church form an exceedingly important portion of all christological theories and doctrines, and also the interpretations of those decisions by theologians. -- J.J.R.

chromatoscope ::: n. --> A reflecting telescope, part of which is made to rotate eccentrically, so as to produce a ringlike image of a star, instead of a point; -- used in studying the scintillation of the stars.

Clean "language" A {lazy} {higher-order} {purely functional language} from the {University of Nijmegen}. Clean was originally a subset of {Lean}, designed to be an experimental {intermediate language} and used to study the {graph rewriting} model. To help focus on the essential implementation issues it deliberately lacked all {syntactic sugar}, even {infix} expressions or {complex lists}, As it was used more and more to construct all kinds of applications it was eventually turned into a general purpose functional programming language, first released in May 1995. The new language is {strongly typed} (Milner/Mycroft type system), provides {modules} and {functional I/O} (including a {WIMP} interface), and supports {parallel processing} and {distributed processing} on {loosely coupled} parallel architectures. Parallel execution was originally based on the {PABC} {abstract machine}. It is one of the fastest implementations of functional languages available, partly aided by programmer {annotations} to influence evaluation order. Although the two variants of Clean are rather different, the name Clean can be used to denote either of them. To distinguish, the old version can be referred to as Clean 0.8, and the new as Clean 1.0 or Concurrent Clean. The current release of Clean (1.0) includes a compiler, producing code for the {ABC} {abstract machine}, a {code generator}, compiling the ABC code into either {object-code} or {assembly language} (depending on the {platform}), I/O libraries, a {development environment} (not all platforms), and {documentation}. It is supported (or will soon be supported) under {Mac OS}, {Linux}, {OS/2}, {Windows 95}, {SunOS}, and {Solaris}. {(}. E-mail: "". Mailing list: "". ["Clean - A Language for Functional Graph Rewriting", T. Brus et al, IR 95, U Nijmegen, Feb 1987]. ["Concurrent Clean", M.C. van Eekelen et al, TR 89-18, U Nijmegen, Netherlands, 1989]. [{Jargon File}] (1995-11-08)

coleopterist ::: n. --> One versed in the study of the Coleoptera.

college ::: n. --> A collection, body, or society of persons engaged in common pursuits, or having common duties and interests, and sometimes, by charter, peculiar rights and privileges; as, a college of heralds; a college of electors; a college of bishops.
A society of scholars or friends of learning, incorporated for study or instruction, esp. in the higher branches of knowledge; as, the colleges of Oxford and Cambridge Universities, and many American colleges.

computational geometry "mathematics" The study of {algorithms} for combinatorial, topological, and metric problems concerning sets of points, typically in {Euclidean space}. Representative areas of research include geometric search, convexity, proximity, intersection, and {linear programming}. (1997-08-03)

Computer Conservation Society "body" (CCS) A British group that aims to promote the conservation and study of historic computers, past and future. The CCS is a co-operative venture between the {British Computer Society}, the Science Museum of London and the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester. The CCS was constituted in September 1989 as a Specialist Group of the BCS. A number of active projects and working groups focus on specific computer restorations, early computer technologies and software. Membership is open to anyone interested. {Home (}. See also {Bletchley Park}. (2012-03-22)

computer ethics "philosophy" Ethics is the field of study that is concerned with questions of value, that is, judgments about what human behaviour is "good" or "bad". Ethical judgments are no different in the area of computing from those in any other area. Computers raise problems of privacy, ownership, theft, and power, to name but a few. Computer ethics can be grounded in one of four basic world-views: Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism, or Existentialism. Idealists believe that reality is basically ideas and that ethics therefore involves conforming to ideals. Realists believe that reality is basically nature and that ethics therefore involves acting according to what is natural. Pragmatists believe that reality is not fixed but is in process and that ethics therefore is practical (that is, concerned with what will produce socially-desired results). Existentialists believe reality is self-defined and that ethics therefore is individual (that is, concerned only with one's own conscience). Idealism and Realism can be considered ABSOLUTIST worldviews because they are based on something fixed (that is, ideas or nature, respectively). Pragmatism and Existentialism can be considered RELATIVIST worldviews because they are based or something relational (that is, society or the individual, respectively). Thus ethical judgments will vary, depending on the judge's world-view. Some examples: First consider theft. Suppose a university's computer is used for sending an e-mail message to a friend or for conducting a full-blown private business (billing, payroll, inventory, etc.). The absolutist would say that both activities are unethical (while recognising a difference in the amount of wrong being done). A relativist might say that the latter activities were wrong because they tied up too much memory and slowed down the machine, but the e-mail message wasn't wrong because it had no significant effect on operations. Next consider privacy. An instructor uses her account to acquire the cumulative grade point average of a student who is in a class which she instructs. She obtained the password for this restricted information from someone in the Records Office who erroneously thought that she was the student's advisor. The absolutist would probably say that the instructor acted wrongly, since the only person who is entitled to this information is the student and his or her advisor. The relativist would probably ask why the instructor wanted the information. If she replied that she wanted it to be sure that her grading of the student was consistent with the student's overall academic performance record, the relativist might agree that such use was acceptable. Finally, consider power. At a particular university, if a professor wants a computer account, all she or he need do is request one but a student must obtain faculty sponsorship in order to receive an account. An absolutist (because of a proclivity for hierarchical thinking) might not have a problem with this divergence in procedure. A relativist, on the other hand, might question what makes the two situations essentially different (e.g. are faculty assumed to have more need for computers than students? Are students more likely to cause problems than faculty? Is this a hold-over from the days of "in loco parentis"?). {"Philosophical Bases of Computer Ethics", Professor Robert N. Barger (}. {Usenet} newsgroups: {news:bit.listserv.ethics-l}, {news:alt.soc.ethics}. (1995-10-25)

Computer Language for AeronauticS and Programming "language" (CLASP) A {real-time} language from NASA, focussing on {fixed-point} mathematics. CLASP is a near subset of {SPL}, with some ideas from {PL/I}. ["Flight Computer and Language Processor Study", Raymond J. Rubey, Management Information Services, Detroit, 1971]. (1994-10-13)

con ::: adv. --> Against the affirmative side; in opposition; on the negative side; -- The antithesis of pro, and usually in connection with it. See Pro. ::: v. t. --> To know; to understand; to acknowledge.
To study in order to know; to peruse; to learn; to commit

CONCUR "language" A proposal for a language for programming with {concurrent} processes. CONCUR was inspired by {Modula} but removes Modula's restrictions on the placement of process declarations and invocations in order to study the implications of process support more fully. Anderson presents a {compiler} which translates CONCUR into the {object language} for a hypothetical machine. ["CONCUR, A Language for Continuous Concurrent Processes", R.M. Salter et al, Comp Langs 5(3):163-189, 1981]. {["Concur: a High-Level Language for Concurrent Programming", Karen Anderson Thesis, B. Thomas Golisano College of Computing and Information Sciences, 1979] (} (2013-06-05)

Confound ::: Any variable that is not part of a research study but still has an effect on the research results

consider ::: v. t. --> To fix the mind on, with a view to a careful examination; to think on with care; to ponder; to study; to meditate on.
To look at attentively; to observe; to examine.
To have regard to; to take into view or account; to pay due attention to; to respect.
To estimate; to think; to regard; to view.

Constant ::: Any variable that remains the same throughout a study.

contemplate ::: v. t. --> To look at on all sides or in all its bearings; to view or consider with continued attention; to regard with deliberate care; to meditate on; to study.
To consider or have in view, as contingent or probable; to look forward to; to purpose; to intend. ::: v. i.

contemplation ::: n. --> The act of the mind in considering with attention; continued attention of the mind to a particular subject; meditation; musing; study.
Holy meditation.
The act of looking forward to an event as about to happen; expectation; the act of intending or purposing.

conversant ::: a. --> Having frequent or customary intercourse; familiary associated; intimately acquainted.
Familiar or acquainted by use or study; well-informed; versed; -- generally used with with, sometimes with in.
Concerned; occupied. ::: n.

converse ::: v. i. --> To keep company; to hold intimate intercourse; to commune; -- followed by with.
To engage in familiar colloquy; to interchange thoughts and opinions in a free, informal manner; to chat; -- followed by with before a person; by on, about, concerning, etc., before a thing.
To have knowledge of, from long intercourse or study; -- said of things.

Cosmology: A branch of philosophy which treats of the origin and structure of the universe. It is to be contrasted with ontology or metaphysics, the study of the most general features of reality, natural and supernatural, and with the philosophy of nature, which investigates the basic laws, processes and divisions of the objects in nature. It is perhaps impossible to draw or maintain a sharp distinction between these different subjects, and treatises which profess to deal with one of them usually contain considerable material on the others. Encyclopedia, section 35), are the contingency, necessity, eternity, limitations and formal laws of the world, the freedom of man and the origin of evil. Most philosophers would add to the foregoing the question of the nature and interrelationship of space and time, and would perhaps exclude the question of the nature of freedom and the origin of evil as outside the province of cosmology. The method of investigation has usually been to accept the principles of science or the results of metaphysics and develop the consequences. The test of a cosmology most often used is perhaps that of exhibiting the degree of accordance it has with respect to both empirical fact and metaphysical truth. The value of a cosmology seems to consist primarily in its capacity to provide an ultimate frame for occurrences in nature, and to offer a demonstration of where the limits of the spatio-temporal world are, and how they might be transcended.

cram ::: v. t. --> To press, force, or drive, particularly in filling, or in thrusting one thing into another; to stuff; to crowd; to fill to superfluity; as, to cram anything into a basket; to cram a room with people.
To fill with food to satiety; to stuff.
To put hastily through an extensive course of memorizing or study, as in preparation for an examination; as, a pupil is crammed by his tutor.

craniology ::: n. --> The department of science (as of ethnology or archaeology) which deals with the shape, size, proportions, indications, etc., of skulls; the study of skulls.

Cross Sectional Study ::: A research study that examines the effects of development (maturation) by examining different subjects at various ages

Cross Sequential Study ::: A research study that examines the effects of development (maturation) by combining longitudinal and cross sectional studies

cryptography "cryptography" The practise and study of {encryption} and {decryption} - encoding data so that it can only be decoded by specific individuals. A system for encrypting and decrypting data is a cryptosystem. These usually involve an {algorithm} for combining the original data ("{plaintext}") with one or more "keys" - numbers or strings of characters known only to the sender and/or recipient. The resulting output is known as "{ciphertext}". The security of a cryptosystem usually depends on the secrecy of (some of) the keys rather than with the supposed secrecy of the {algorithm}. A strong cryptosystem has a large range of possible keys so that it is not possible to just try all possible keys (a "{brute force}" approach). A strong cryptosystem will produce ciphertext which appears random to all standard statistical tests. A strong cryptosystem will resist all known previous methods for breaking codes ("{cryptanalysis}"). See also {cryptology}, {public-key encryption}, {RSA}. {Usenet} newsgroups: {news:sci.crypt}, {news:sci.crypt.research}. {FAQ} {MIT (}. {Cryptography glossary (

cryptology "cryptography" The study of {cryptography} and {cryptanalysis}. (1994-12-06)

cultivate ::: v. t. --> To bestow attention, care, and labor upon, with a view to valuable returns; to till; to fertilize; as, to cultivate soil.
To direct special attention to; to devote time and thought to; to foster; to cherish.
To seek the society of; to court intimacy with.
To improve by labor, care, or study; to impart culture to; to civilize; to refine.
To raise or produce by tillage; to care for while

cultural anthropology ::: Traditionally refers to the study of cultural similarities and differences. In Integral Theory, it is exemplified in the study of worldviews and their patterns and regularities, as conducted by researchers as diverse as Jean Gebser and Michel Foucault. A third-person approach to first-person plural realities. An outside view of the interior of a collective (i.e., the outside view of a holon in the Lower-Left quadrant). Exemplary of a zone-

curriculum ::: n. --> A race course; a place for running.
A course; particularly, a specified fixed course of study, as in a university.

cybernetics "robotics" /si:`b*-net'iks/ The study of control and communication in living and man-made systems. The term was first proposed by {Norbert Wiener} in the book referenced below. Originally, cybernetics drew upon electrical engineering, mathematics, biology, neurophysiology, anthropology, and psychology to study and describe actions, feedback, and response in systems of all kinds. It aims to understand the similarities and differences in internal workings of organic and machine processes and, by formulating abstract concepts common to all systems, to understand their behaviour. Modern "second-order cybernetics" places emphasis on how the process of constructing models of the systems is influenced by those very systems, hence an elegant definition - "applied epistemology". Related recent developments (often referred to as {sciences of complexity}) that are distinguished as separate disciplines are {artificial intelligence}, {neural networks}, {systems theory}, and {chaos theory}, but the boundaries between those and cybernetics proper are not precise. See also {robot}. {The Cybernetics Society (} of the UK. {American Society for Cybernetics (}. {IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society (}. {International project "Principia Cybernetica" (}. ["Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine", N. Wiener, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1948] (2002-01-01)

Demiurge: (Gr. demiourgos) Artisan, craftsman, the term used by Plato in the Timaeus to designate the intermediary maker of the world. -- G.R.M Democritus of Abdera: (c 460-360 B.C.) Developed the first important materialist philosophy of nature, unless we are to count that of Leukippus. His influence was transmitted by Lucretius' poem till the centuries of the Renaissance when scholars' attention began to turn toward the study of nature. He taught that all substance consists of atoms, that is, of indivisible and imperceptibly small particles. The variety of atomic forms corresponds to, and accounts for, the variety of material qualities) the finest, smoothest, and most agile atoms constitute the substance of mind. Human perception is explained by him as an emanation of tiny copies of sensible things (eidola). which, through their impact upon the atoms of mind, leave impressions responsible for facts of memory. Diels, Fragm der Vorsokr, 4a; F. A. Lange, Gesch. der Materialismus, bd. I. -- R.B.W.

demography ::: n. --> The study of races, as to births, marriages, mortality, health, etc.

Demonology: Referring to a study of the widespread religious ideas of hostile superhuman beings called demons. These creatures were generally thought of as inhabiting a super- or under-world and playing havoc with the fortunes of man by bringing about diseases, mental twists and calamities in general. Ridding an individual supposedly held in possession by such a demon was an ancient practice (technically known as "exorcism") and continued in some Christian liturgies even to our own day. Demonology as a theory of demonic behavior throve among the Egyptians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Persians, post-exilic Hebrews, Jews, Greeks and many scattered peoples including the hoary ancients. Elaborate demonic ideas appear in the Mohammedan religion. -- V.F.

department ::: v. i. --> Act of departing; departure.
A part, portion, or subdivision.
A distinct course of life, action, study, or the like; appointed sphere or walk; province.
Subdivision of business or official duty; especially, one of the principal divisions of executive government; as, the treasury department; the war department; also, in a university, one of the divisions of instruction; as, the medical department; the

Diamond One of five pedagogical languages based on Markov algorithms, used in "Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968). (cf. Brilliant, Nonpareil, Pearl[3], Ruby[2]).

Dilthey, Wilhelm: (1833-1911) A devoted student of biography, he constructed a new methodology and a new interpretation of the study of society and culture. He formulated the doctrine of Verstehungs-psychologie, which is basic to the study of social ends and values. He was the founder of Lebensphilosophie. Being the first humanistic philosopher historian of his age, he led in the comprehensive research in the history of intellectual development. Main works: Einlettung in die Geisteswessenschaften, 1883; Der Erlebnis und die Dtchtung, 1905; Das Wesen der Philosophie, 1907, Der Aufbau der geschichtlichen Welt in der Geisteswissenschaften, 1910, Die Typen der Weltanschauung, 1911; Gesammelte Schriften, 9 vols., 1922-35. --H.H. Dimension: (scientific) 1. Any linear series or order of elements. 2. Any quantity of a given kind, capable of increase or decrease over a certain range, a variable. 3. In the physical system: mass, length and time. -- A.C.B.

disengage ::: v. t. --> To release from that with which anything is engaged, engrossed, involved, or entangled; to extricate; to detach; to set free; to liberate; to clear; as, to disengage one from a party, from broils and controversies, from an oath, promise, or occupation; to disengage the affections a favorite pursuit, the mind from study. ::: v. i.

diver ::: n. --> One who, or that which, dives.
Fig.: One who goes deeply into a subject, study, or business.
Any bird of certain genera, as Urinator (formerly Colymbus), or the allied genus Colymbus, or Podiceps, remarkable for their agility in diving.

diversion ::: n. --> The act of turning aside from any course, occupation, or object; as, the diversion of a stream from its channel; diversion of the mind from business.
That which diverts; that which turns or draws the mind from care or study, and thus relaxes and amuses; sport; play; pastime; as, the diversions of youth.
The act of drawing the attention and force of an enemy from the point where the principal attack is to be made; the attack,

divert ::: v. t. --> To turn aside; to turn off from any course or intended application; to deflect; as, to divert a river from its channel; to divert commerce from its usual course.
To turn away from any occupation, business, or study; to cause to have lively and agreeable sensations; to amuse; to entertain; as, children are diverted with sports; men are diverted with works of wit and humor.

Domain Analysis "systems analysis" 1. Determining the operations, data objects, properties and {abstractions} appropriate for designing solutions to problems in a given {domain}. 2. The {domain engineering} activity in which domain knowledge is studied and formalised as a domain definition and a domain specification. A {software reuse} approach that involves combining software components, subsystems, etc., into a single application system. 3. The process of identifying, collecting organising, analysing and representing a {domain model} and software architecture from the study of existing systems, underlying theory, emerging technology and development histories within the domain of interest. 4. The analysis of systems within a domain to discover commonalities and differences among them. (1997-12-26)

domain theory "theory" A branch of mathematics introduced by Dana Scott in 1970 as a mathematical theory of programming languages, and for nearly a quarter of a century developed almost exclusively in connection with {denotational semantics} in computer science. In {denotational semantics} of programming languages, the meaning of a program is taken to be an element of a domain. A domain is a mathematical structure consisting of a set of values (or "points") and an ordering relation, "= on those values. Domain theory is the study of such structures. (""=" is written in {LaTeX} as {\subseteq}) Different domains correspond to the different types of object with which a program deals. In a language containing functions, we might have a domain X -" Y which is the set of functions from domain X to domain Y with the ordering f "= g iff for all x in X, f x "= g x. In the {pure lambda-calculus} all objects are functions or {applications} of functions to other functions. To represent the meaning of such programs, we must solve the {recursive} equation over domains, D = D -" D which states that domain D is ({isomorphic} to) some {function space} from D to itself. I.e. it is a {fixed point} D = F(D) for some operator F that takes a domain D to D -" D. The equivalent equation has no non-trivial solution in {set theory}. There are many definitions of domains, with different properties and suitable for different purposes. One commonly used definition is that of Scott domains, often simply called domains, which are {omega-algebraic}, {consistently complete} {CPOs}. There are domain-theoretic computational models in other branches of mathematics including {dynamical systems}, {fractals}, {measure theory}, {integration theory}, {probability theory}, and {stochastic processes}. See also {abstract interpretation}, {bottom}, {pointed domain}. (1999-12-09)

Double Blind Study ::: Research method in which both the subjects and the experimenter are unaware or &

Economics: (Lat. aeconomicus, domestic economy, from oikos, house, + nomos, law) That branch of social science which is concerned with the exchange of goods. Employed by Xenophon, Aristotle and Cicero to describe treatises on the proper conduct of the household. In more recent times, combined with politics as political economy, the study of the laws and system of society. Now, more specially, the study of the production, distribution and consumption of material wealth and skills. -- J.K.F.

ecorche ::: n. --> A manikin, or image, representing an animal, especially man, with the skin removed so that the muscles are exposed for purposes of study.

education ::: n. --> The act or process of educating; the result of educating, as determined by the knowledge skill, or discipline of character, acquired; also, the act or process of training by a prescribed or customary course of study or discipline; as, an education for the bar or the pulpit; he has finished his education.

egyptology ::: n. --> The science or study of Egyptian antiquities, esp. the hieroglyphics.

elective ::: a. --> Exerting the power of choice; selecting; as, an elective act.
Pertaining to, or consisting in, choice, or right of choosing; electoral.
Dependent on choice; bestowed or passing by election; as, an elective study; an elective office. ::: n.

E. L. Thorndike, Human Nature and the Social Order. See Freud, Gestalt, Introspection, Mind, Subconscious. Psychology of Religion: A scientific, descriptive study of mental life and behavior with special reference to religious activities. The aim of this study is not to criticize or evaluate religion (see Philosophy of Religion) but to describe its forms as they reflect the mental processes of men. As an extended chapter in the field of general psychology, psychology of religion reflects the various types of psychology now current. As a scientific study this subject began its fruitful career at the beginning of this century, making illuminating disclosures on the nature of conversion, varieties of religious experience, the origin and character of beliefs in God and immortality, the techniques of mystics, types of worship, etc. Due to the confused state of psychology-in-general and especially to the recent vogue of behaviorism this subject has fallen somewhat into an eclipse -- at least for the present. Cf. Wm. James: Varieties of Religious Experience, 1902. -- V.F.

embryology ::: n. --> The science which relates to the formation and development of the embryo in animals and plants; a study of the gradual development of the ovum until it reaches the adult stage.

empiricism ::: Empiricism typically means knowledge based on sensory experience. In Integral Theory, it generally means the study of the objective appearance and behavior of an organism. A third-person approach to a third-person singular reality. An outside view of the exterior of an individual (i.e., the outside view of a holon in the Upper-Right quadrant). Exemplary of a zone-

Empiricists: (Early English) By the beginning of the 17th century, the wave of search for new foundations of knowledge reached England. The country was fast growing in power and territory. Old beliefs seemed inadequate, and vast new information brought from elsewhere by merchants and scholars had to be assimilated. The feeling was in the air that a new, more practicable and more tangible approach to reality was needed. This new approach was attempted by many thinkers, among whom two, Bacon and Hobbes, were the most outstanding. Francis Bacon (1561-1626), despite his busy political career, found enough enthusiasm and time to outline requirements for the study of natural phenomena. Like Descartes, his younger contemporary in France, he felt the importance of making a clean sweep of countless unverified assumptions obstructing then the progress of knowledge. As the first pre-requisite for the investigation of nature, he advocated, therefore, an overthrow of the idols of the mind, that is, of all the preconceptions and prejudices prevalent in theories, ideas and even language. Only when one's mind is thus prepared for the study of phenomena, can one commence gathering and tabulating facts. Bacon's works, particularly Novum Organum, is full of sagacious thoughts and observations, but he seldom goes beyond general advice. As we realize it today, it was a gross exaggeration to call him "the founder of inductive logic". Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) was an empiricist of an entirely different kind. He did not attempt to work out an inductive method of investigation, but decided to apply deductive logic to new facts. Like Bacon, he keenly understood the inadequacy of medieval doctrines, particularly of those of "form" and "final cause". He felt the need for taking the study of nature anew, particularly of its three most important aspects, Matter, Man and the State. According to Hobbes, all nature is corporeal and all events have but one cause, motion. Man, in his natural state, is dominated by passion which leads him to a "war of all against all". But, contrary to animals, he is capable of using reason which, in the course of time, made him, for self-protection, to choose a social form of existence. The resulting State is, therefore, built on an implicit social contract. -- R.B.W.

employ ::: v. t. --> To inclose; to infold.
To use; to have in service; to cause to be engaged in doing something; -- often followed by in, about, on, or upon, and sometimes by to; as: (a) To make use of, as an instrument, a means, a material, etc., for a specific purpose; to apply; as, to employ the pen in writing, bricks in building, words and phrases in speaking; to employ the mind; to employ one&

entomologize ::: v. i. --> To collect specimens in the study of entomology.

epigraphics ::: n. --> The science or study of epigraphs.

epistemology ::: Traditionally, the study of knowledge and its validity. In Integral Post-Metaphysics, epistemology is not a separate discipline or activity but that aspect of the AQAL matrix that is experienced as knowingness; the study of that aspect is epistemology. The term “epistemology” is sometimes used in this sense given the lack of alternatives.

ergonomics The study of the design and arrangement of equipment so that people will interact with the equipment in healthy, comfortable, and efficient manner. As related to computer equipment, ergonomics is concerned with such factors as the physical design of the keyboard, screens, and related hardware, and the manner in which people interact with these hardware devices. (1995-04-14)

erudition ::: n. --> The act of instructing; the result of thorough instruction; the state of being erudite or learned; the acquisitions gained by extensive reading or study; particularly, learning in literature or criticism, as distinct from the sciences; scholarship.

Ethical rule: See Rule. Ethics: (Gr. ta ethika, from ethos) Ethics (also referred to as moral philosophy) is that study or discipline which concerns itself with judgments of approval and disapproval, judgments as to the rightness or wrongness, goodness or badness, virtue or vice, desirability or wisdom of actions, dispositions, ends, objects, or states of affairs. There are two main directions which this study may take. It may concern itself with a psychological or sociological analysis and explanation of our ethical judgments, showing what our approvals and disapprovals consist in and why we approve or disapprove what we do. Or it may concern itself with establishing or recommending certain courses of action, ends, or ways of life as to be taken or pursued, either as right or as good or as virtuous or as wise, as over against others which are wrong, bad, vicious, or foolish. Here the interest is more in action than in approval, and more in the guidance of action than in its explanation, the purpose being to find or set up some ideal or standard of conduct or character, some good or end or summum bonum, some ethical criterion or first principle. In many philosophers these two approaches are combined. The first is dominant or nearly so in the ethics of Hume, Schopenhauer, the evolutionists, Westermarck, and of M. Schlick and other recent positivists, while the latter is dominant in the ethics of most other moralists.

etude ::: n. --> A composition in the fine arts which is intended, or may serve, for a study.
A study; an exercise; a piece for practice of some special point of technical execution.

examination ::: n. --> The act of examining, or state of being examined; a careful search, investigation, or inquiry; scrutiny by study or experiment.
A process prescribed or assigned for testing qualification; as, the examination of a student, or of a candidate for admission to the bar or the ministry.

Experimenter Bias ::: Errors in a research study due to the predisposed notions or beliefs of the experimenter.

Ex-Post-Facto (After the Fact) Research ::: Research method in which the independent variable is administered prior to the study without the researcher’s control and its effects are investigated afterward

extemporaneous ::: a. --> Composed, performed, or uttered on the spur of the moment, or without previous study; unpremeditated; off-hand; extempore; extemporary; as, an extemporaneous address or production.

extempore ::: adv. --> Without previous study or meditation; without preparation; on the spur of the moment; suddenly; extemporaneously; as, to write or speak extempore. ::: a. --> Done or performed extempore.

familiar ::: a. --> Of or pertaining to a family; domestic.
Closely acquainted or intimate, as a friend or companion; well versed in, as any subject of study; as, familiar with the Scriptures.
Characterized by, or exhibiting, the manner of an intimate friend; not formal; unconstrained; easy; accessible.
Well known; well understood; common; frequent; as, a familiar illustration.

familiarize ::: v. t. --> To make familiar or intimate; to habituate; to accustom; to make well known by practice or converse; as, to familiarize one&

feasibility study "systems analysis" Part of the {systems develpment life cycle} which aims to determine whether it is sensible to develop some system. The most popular model of feasibility study is "TELOS", standing for Technical, Economic, Legal, Operational, Schedule. Technical Feasibility: does the technology exist to implement the proposed system? Is it a practical proposition? Economic Feasibility: is the system cost-effective? Do benefits outweigh costs? Legal Feasibility: is there any conflict between the proposed system and legal requirements, e.g. the {Data Protection Act}? Operational Feasibility: are the current work practices and procedures adequate to support the new system? Schedule Feasibility: can the system be developed in time? After the feasibility study, the {requirements analysis} should be carried out. (2006-07-11)

feasible "algorithm" A description of an {algorithm} that takes {polynomial} time (that is, for a problem set of size N, the resources required to solve the problem can be expressed as some polynomial involving N). Problems that are "feasible" are said to be "in P" where P is polynomial time. Problems that are "possible" but not "feasible" are said to be "in NP". (2001-04-12) "systems analysis" A description of a project or system for which a {feasibility study} gives a positive answer. (2006-07-11)

First Mover: See Prime Mover. First Philosophy: (Gr. prote philosophia) The name given by Aristotle (1) to the study of the principles, first causes and essential attributes of being as such; and (2) more particularly to the study of transcendent immutable i being; theology. -- G.R.M.

Fischer, Kuno: (1824-1907) Is one of the series of eminent German historians of philosophy, inspired by the impetus which Hegel gave to the study of history. He personally joined in the revival of Kantianism in opposition to rationalistic, speculative metaphysics and the progress of materialism.

fitting ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Fit ::: n. --> Anything used in fitting up
necessary fixtures or apparatus; as, the fittings of a church or study; gas fittings.

FP2 Functional Parallel Programming. A {term rewriting} language which unifies {functional programming} and {parallel programming}. Every object is a term and every computation is done by rewriting. Rewrite rules are used to specify {algebraic data types} and parallel processes. ["Term Rewriting as a Basis for the Design of a Functional and Parallel Programming Language. A Case Study: The Language FP2", Ph. Jorrand in Fundamentals of Artificial Intelligence, LNCS 258, Springer 1986, pp. 221-276]. (1994-10-20)

From the viewpoint of empiricist methodolgy, that whole-part principle, and in most cases also the use of the term "whole" is open to various objections. In particular, the meanings of the terms "whole", "part", "sum", and "more" are far from clear and change from case to case, and accordingly, so does the meaning and the validity of the part-whole principle: In many cases, a whole is simply meant to be an object of study which has parts (in some one of the many senses of the word), and the part-whole principle is taken to assert either (1) that for a complete knowledge of such an object or system, not only those parts, but also their mutual relationships have to be known, or (2) that such an object has properties which can be found in none of its parts. In either of these interpretations, the part-whole principle is trivially true in every case, but just for this reason it cannot furnish an explanation of any empirical phenomenon such as the specific behavior of a developing embryo, taken as a "biological whole", or of visual gestalten, etc.

geologize ::: v. i. --> To study geology or make geological investigations in the field; to discourse as a geologist.

Geometry: Originally abstracted from the measurement of, and the study of relations of position among, material objects, geometry received in Euclid's Elements (c. 300 B.C.) a treatment which (despite, of course, certain defects by modern standards) became the historical model for the abstract deductive development of a mathematical discipline. The general nature of the subject of geometry may be illustrated by reference to the synthetic geometry of Euclid, and the analytic geometry which resulted from the introduction of coordinates into Euclidean geometry by Descartes (1637) (q.v.). In the mathematical usage of today the name geometry is given to any abstract mathematical discipline of a certain general type, as thus illustrated, without any requirement of applicability to spatial relations among physical objects or the like.

George Boole "person" 1815-11-02 - 2008-05-11 22:58 best known for his contribution to symbolic logic ({Boolean Algebra}) but also active in other fields such as probability theory, {algebra}, analysis, and differential equations. He lived, taught, and is buried in Cork City, Ireland. The Boole library at University College Cork is named after him. For centuries philosophers have studied logic, which is orderly and precise reasoning. George Boole argued in 1847 that logic should be allied with mathematics rather than with philosophy. Demonstrating logical principles with mathematical symbols instead of words, he founded {symbolic logic}, a field of mathematical/philosophical study. In the new discipline he developed, known as {Boolean algebra}, all objects are divided into separate classes, each with a given property; each class may be described in terms of the presence or absence of the same property. An electrical circuit, for example, is either on or off. Boolean algebra has been applied in the design of {binary} computer circuits and telephone switching equipment. These devices make use of Boole's two-valued (presence or absence of a property) system. Born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, UK, George Boole was the son of a tradesman and was largely self-taught. He began teaching at the age of 16 to help support his family. In his spare time he read mathematical journals and soon began to write articles for them. By the age of 29, Boole had received a gold medal for his work from the British Royal Society. His 'Mathematical Analysis of Logic', a pamphlet published in 1847, contained his first statement of the principles of symbolic logic. Two years later he was appointed professor of mathematics at Queen's College in Ireland, even though he had never studied at a university. He died in Ballintemple, Ireland, on 1864-12-08. {Compton's Encyclopedia Online (}. (1998-11-19)

Gnosiology: (Gr. gnosis, knowledge + logos, discourse) Theory of knowledge in so far as it relates to the origin, nature, limits and validity of knowledge as distinguished from methodology, the study of the basic concepts, postulates and presuppositions of the special sciences. -- L.W.

Gödel, Kurt, 1906-, Austrian mathematician and logician -- educated at Vienna, and now located (1941) at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N. J. -- is best known for his important incompleteness theorem, the closely related theorem on the impossibility (under certain circumstances) of formalizing a consistency proof for a logistic system within that system, and the essentially simple but far-reaching device of arithmetization of syntax which is emploved in the proof of these theorems (see Logic, formal, § 6). Also of importance are his proof of the completeness of the functional calculus of first order (see Logic, formal, § 3), and his recent work on the consistency of the axiom of choice (q. v.) and of Cantor's continuum hypothesis. -- A.C.

grammar ::: n. --> The science which treats of the principles of language; the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one another; the art concerned with the right use aud application of the rules of a language, in speaking or writing.
The art of speaking or writing with correctness or according to established usage; speech considered with regard to the rules of a grammar.
A treatise on the principles of language; a book

grammar ::: the study of how words and their component parts combine to form sentences.

Great Runes Uppercase-only text or display messages. Some archaic {operating systems} still emit these. See also {runes}, {smash case}, {fold case}. Back in the days when it was the sole supplier of long-distance hardcopy transmision devices, the {Teletype Corporation} was faced with a major design choice. To shorten code lengths and cut complexity in the printing mechanism, it had been decided that {teletypes} would use a {monocase} {font}, either ALL UPPER or all lower. The Question Of The Day was therefore, which one to choose. A study was conducted on readability under various conditions of bad ribbon, worn print hammers, etc. Lowercase won; it is less dense and has more distinctive letterforms, and is thus much easier to read both under ideal conditions and when the letters are mangled or partly obscured. The results were filtered up through {management}. The chairman of Teletype killed the proposal because it failed one incredibly important criterion: "It would be impossible to spell the name of the Deity correctly." In this way (or so, at least, hacker folklore has it) superstition triumphed over utility. Teletypes were the major input devices on most early computers, and terminal manufacturers looking for corners to cut naturally followed suit until well into the 1970s. Thus, that one bad call stuck us with Great Runes for thirty years. (1994-12-02)

grind ::: v. t. --> To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the teeth; to crush into small fragments; to produce as by the action of millstones.
To wear down, polish, or sharpen, by friction; to make smooth, sharp, or pointed; to whet, as a knife or drill; to rub against one another, as teeth, etc.
To oppress by severe exactions; to harass.
To study hard for examination.

gyrostat ::: n. --> A modification of the gyroscope, consisting essentially of a fly wheel fixed inside a rigid case to which is attached a thin flange of metal for supporting the instrument. It is used in studying the dynamics of rotating bodies.

halka :::   lit., circle; a group which gathers to practice or study Sufism, usually a shaykh and murids.

helminthology ::: n. --> The natural history, or study, of worms, esp. parasitic worms.

hermeneutics ::: Traditionally refers to the study of interpretation. In Integral Theory, it is the study of interpretation within the interior of a “We,” as exemplified by Hans-Georg Gadamer. A first-person approach to first-person plural realities. The inside view of the interior of a collective (i.e., the inside view of a holon in the Lower-Left quadrant). Exemplary of a zone-

History ::: External events that take place during a research study that are not part of the study but have an effect on the outcome

History, Philosophy of: History investigates the theories concerning the development of man as a social being within the limits of psychophysical causality. Owing to this double puipose the philosophy of history has to study the principles of historiography, and, first of all, their background, their causes and underlying laws, their meaning and motivation. This can be called the metaphysics of history. Secondly, it concerns itself with the cognitive part, i.e. with historic understanding, and then it is called the logic of history. While in earlier times the philosophy of history was predominantly metaphysics, it has turned more and more to the methodology or logic of history. A complete philosophy of history, however, ought to consider the metaphysical as well as the logical problems involved.

Human-Computer Interaction "software, hardware" (HCI) The study of how humans interact with computers, and how to design computer systems that are easy, quick and productive for humans to use. See also {Human-Computer Interface}. {HCI Sites (}. (1999-05-09)

humanics ::: n. --> The study of human nature.

Humanism: (Lat. humanus, human) Any view in which interest in human welfare is central. Renaissance revival of classical learning as opposed to merely ecclesiastical studies. An ethical and religious movement culminating in Auguste Comte's "Worship of Humanity," better known as Humanitarianism. Philosophical movement represented by F. C. S. Schiller in England, better known as Pragmatism. See Pragmatism. Literary Humanism, movement led in America by Irving Babbit, Paul Elmer More, Norman Foerster protesting against extreme emphasis on vocational education and recommending return to a classical type of liberal education or study of "the Humanities." Sociological term for tendency to extend ideals, such as love, loyalty, kindness, service, honesty, which normally prevail in primary or intimate groups to guide conduct in non-primary or impersonal groups. Religious Humanism is any view which does not consider belief in a deity vital to religion, though not necessarily denying its existence and not necessarily denying practical value to such belief. Represented by a group of left-wing Unitarian ministers and university professors who, in May, 1933, published "The Humanist Manifesto," wherein religion is broadly viewed as a "shared quest for the good life" and social justice and social reform are stressed as important in religious endeavor.

humanism ::: n. --> Human nature or disposition; humanity.
The study of the humanities; polite learning.

humanist ::: n. --> One of the scholars who in the field of literature proper represented the movement of the Renaissance, and early in the 16th century adopted the name Humanist as their distinctive title.
One who purposes the study of the humanities, or polite literature.
One versed in knowledge of human nature.

iconography ::: n. --> The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or study of portraiture or representation, as of persons; as, the iconography of the ancients.
The study of representative art in general.

iconophilist ::: n. --> A student, or lover of the study, of iconography.

idealization ::: n. --> The act or process of idealizing.
The representation of natural objects, scenes, etc., in such a way as to show their most important characteristics; the study of the ideal.

Ideology: A term invented by Destutt de Tracy for the analysis of general ideas into the sensations from which he believed them to emanate. The study was advocated as a substitute for metaphysics.

impromptu ::: adv. / a. --> Offhand; without previous study; extemporaneous; extempore; as, an impromptu verse. ::: n. --> Something made or done offhand, at the moment, or without previous study; an extemporaneous composition, address, or remark.

In 496 B.C., he began 14 years of travelling from state to state, offering his service. He was politely consulted by princes and dukes, but no one would put his moral doctrines into practice. He was even sent away from Ch'i, threatened in Sung, driven out of Sung and Wei, and surrounded between Ch'en and Ts'ai. When in difficulty, he exclaimed, "Heaven has endowed me with a moral destiny. What can Huan Tuei (who threatened him) do to me?" Eventually he retired to Lu to study, teach and write.

In aesthetics: The general doctrine that the proper study of art is nature. In this broad sense, artistic naturalism is simply the thesis that the artist's sole concern and function should be to observe closely and report clearly the character and behavior of his physical environment. Similarly to philosophical naturalism, aesthetic naturalism derives much of its importance from its denials and from the manner in which it consequently restricts and directs art. The artist should not seek any "hidden" reality or essence; he should not attempt to correct or complete nature by either idealizing or generalizing; he should not impose value judgments upon nature; and he should not concern himself with the selection of "beautiful" subjects that will yield "aesthetic pleasure". He is simply to dissect and describe what he finds around him. Here, it is important to notice explicitly a distinction between naturalism and romanticism (q.v.): romanticism emphasizes the felt quality of things, and the romanticist is primarily interested in the experiences that nature will yield, naturalism emphasizes the objective character of things, and is interested in nature as an independent entity. Thus, romanticism stresses the intervention of the artist upon nature, while naturalism seeks to reduce this to a minimum.

indispose ::: v. t. --> To render unfit or unsuited; to disqualify.
To disorder slightly as regards health; to make somewhat.
To disincline; to render averse or unfavorable; as, a love of pleasure indisposes the mind to severe study; the pride and selfishness of men indispose them to religious duties.

Information and Communication Technology "education" (ICT) The study of the technology used to handle information and aid communication. The phrase was coined by [?] Stevenson in his 1997 report to the UK government and promoted by the new National Curriculum documents for the UK in 2000. In addition to the subjects included in {Information Technology} (IT), ICT emcompasses areas such as {telephony}, {broadcast media} and all types of {audio} and {video} processing and transmission. {(}. (2008-09-19)

information ::: v. t. --> The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or intelligence.
News, advice, or knowledge, communicated by others or obtained by personal study and investigation; intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation, or instruction.
A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some offens against the government, instituted and prosecuted, really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on behalt of the

inscrutable ::: a. --> Unsearchable; incapable of being searched into and understood by inquiry or study; impossible or difficult to be explained or accounted for satisfactorily; obscure; incomprehensible; as, an inscrutable design or event.

Integral Semiotics ::: An AQAL approach to the study of signs and symbols, where the referent of any sign is said to exist within a specific worldspace. By way of a quadrivium, Integral Semiotics associates the signifier with the Upper-Right quadrant, the signified with the Upper-Left quadrant, semantics with the Lower-Left quadrant, and syntax with the Lower-Right quadrant. See sign, signifier, signified, semantics, syntax, and referent.

intelligence ::: “Intelligence does not depend on the amount one has read, it is a quality of the mind. Study only gives it material for its work as life also does. There are people who do not know how to read and write who are more intelligent than many highly educated people and understand life and things better. On the other hand, a good intelligence can improve itself by reading because it gets more material to work on and grows by exercise and by having a wider range to move in. But book-knowledge by itself is not the real thing, it has to be used as a help to the intelligence but it is often only a help to stupidity or ignorance—ignorance because knowledge of facts is a poor thing if one cannot see their true significance.” Letters on Yoga

intelligence ::: n. --> The act or state of knowing; the exercise of the understanding.
The capacity to know or understand; readiness of comprehension; the intellect, as a gift or an endowment.
Information communicated; news; notice; advice.
Acquaintance; intercourse; familiarity.
Knowledge imparted or acquired, whether by study, research, or experience; general information.

intense ::: a. --> Strained; tightly drawn; kept on the stretch; strict; very close or earnest; as, intense study or application; intense thought.
Extreme in degree; excessive; immoderate; as: (a) Ardent; fervent; as, intense heat. (b) Keen; biting; as, intense cold. (c) Vehement; earnest; exceedingly strong; as, intense passion or hate. (d) Very severe; violent; as, intense pain or anguish. (e) Deep; strong; brilliant; as, intense color or light.

intenseness ::: n. --> The state or quality of being intense; intensity; as, the intenseness of heat or cold; the intenseness of study or thought.

International Telecommunications Union "body, standard" (ITU) ITU-T, the telecommunication standardisation sector of ITU, is responsible for making technical recommendations about telephone and data (including fax) communications systems for {PTTs} and suppliers. Before 1993-03-01 ITU-T was known as CCITT. Every four years they hold plenary sessions where they adopt new standards; there was one in 1992. ITU works closely with all {standards} organisations to form an international uniform standards system for communication. Study Group XVII is responsible for recommending standards for data communications over telephone networks. They publish the V.XX standards and X.n {protocols}. {V.21} is the same as {EIA}'s {EIA-232}. {V.24} is the same as EIA's {EIA-232C}. {V.28} is the same as EIA's {EIA-232D}. Address: International Telecommunication Union, Information Services Department, Place des Nations, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland. Telephone: +41 (22) 730 5554. Fax: +41 (22) 730 5337. E-mail: "", "" (Mail body: HELP). {(}. ITU-T standards can be obtained by {FTP} from {Korea (}; UK - {Imperial (}, {HENSA (}; France - {INRIA (}, {IMAG (}; {Israel (}; FTP USA: {UUNET (}, {gatekeeper (}, { (}; {Australia (}; {Germany (}; {Japan (}; (1995-01-16)

invent ::: v. t. --> To come or light upon; to meet; to find.
To discover, as by study or inquiry; to find out; to devise; to contrive or produce for the first time; -- applied commonly to the discovery of some serviceable mode, instrument, or machine.
To frame by the imagination; to fabricate mentally; to forge; -- in a good or a bad sense; as, to invent the machinery of a poem; to invent a falsehood.

investigate ::: v. t. --> To follow up step by step by patient inquiry or observation; to trace or track mentally; to search into; to inquire and examine into with care and accuracy; to find out by careful inquisition; as, to investigate the causes of natural phenomena. ::: v. i. --> To pursue a course of investigation and study; to

investigation ::: n. --> The act of investigating; the process of inquiring into or following up; research; study; inquiry, esp. patient or thorough inquiry or examination; as, the investigations of the philosopher and the mathematician; the investigations of the judge, the moralist.

isagogical ::: a. --> Introductory; especially, introductory to the study of theology.

Ivan Sutherland Ivan E. Sutherland is widely known for his pioneering contributions. His 1963 MIT PhD thesis, {Sketchpad}, opened the field of computer graphics. His 1966 work, with Sproull, on a head-mounted display anticipated today's {virtual reality} by 25 years. He co-founded {Evans and Sutherland}, which manufactures the most advanced computer image generators now in use. As head of Computer Science Department of {Caltech} he helped make {integrated circuit} design an acceptable field of academic study. Dr. Sutherland is on the boards of several small companies and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Sciences, the {ACM} and {IEEE}. He received the {ACM}'s {Turing Award} in 1988. He is now Vice President and Fellow of {Sun Microsystems} Laboratories in Mountain View, CA, USA. (1994-11-16)

J. Laird, A Study in Realism, 1920.

Johnniac "computer" A {mainframe} computer based on a design by {John von Neuman} built at the {Institute for Advanced Study}, USA. The Johnniac went live in 1953 and was decommissioned in 1966. Its memory consisted of 80 special "{Selectron}" {vacuum tubes}, each of which held 256 bits of data. (2003-06-07)

Ju: Confucianists. Scholars who were versed in the six arts, namely, the rules of propriety, music, archery, charioteering, writing, and mathematics. Priest-teachers in the Chou period (1122-249 B.C.) who clung to the dying culture of Shang (1765-1122 B.C.), observed Shang rules of conduct, became specialists on social decorum and religious rites. --W.T.C. Ju chia: The Confucian School, which "delighted in the study of the six Classics and paid attention to matters concerning benevolence and righteousness. They regarded Yao and Shun (mythological emperors) as founders whose example is to be followed, King Wen (1184-1135 B.C.?) and King Wu (1121-1116 B.C.?) as illustrious examples, and honored Confucius (551-479 B.C.) as the exalted teacher to give authority to their teaching." "As to the forms of proper conduct which they set up for prince and minister, for father and son, or the distinctions they make between husband and wife and between old and young, in these not even the opposition of all other philosophers can make any change."

Kalology: The study of the beauties of sensible objects and of character combined. (Montague.) -- H.H.

Koffka, Kurt: (1896) Along with Wertheimer and Köhler, one of the original triumvirate of Gestalt psychologists. See Gestalt Psychology. Koffka, relying on the results of Köhler's study of learning in apes, has, in opposition to the current attempts to treat learning exclusively in terms of trial and error, emphasized the essential role of insight in learning. See The Growth of the Mind, 1925, pp. 153-230. -- L.W.

Language, Philosophy of: Any philosophical investigation arising from study of concrete, actualized, languages, whether "living" or "dead". By "language" is here to be understood a system of signs (whether words or ideograms) used in regular modes of combination, in accordance with conventionally established rules, for the purpose of communication.

learning ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Learn ::: n. --> The acquisition of knowledge or skill; as, the learning of languages; the learning of telegraphy.
The knowledge or skill received by instruction or study; acquired knowledge or ideas in any branch of science or literature;

learn ::: v. t. --> To gain knowledge or information of; to ascertain by inquiry, study, or investigation; to receive instruction concerning; to fix in the mind; to acquire understanding of, or skill; as, to learn the way; to learn a lesson; to learn dancing; to learn to skate; to learn the violin; to learn the truth about something.
To communicate knowledge to; to teach. ::: v. i.

Legal Philosophy: Deals with the philosophic principles of law and justice. The origin is to be found in ancient philosophy. The Greek Sophists criticized existing laws and customs by questioning their validity: All human rules are artificial, created by enactment or convention, as opposed to natural law, based on nature. The theory of a law of nature was further developed by Aristotle and the Stoics. According to the Stoics the natural law is based upon the eternal law of the universe; this itself is an outgrowth of universal reason, as man's mind is an offshoot of the latter. The idea of a law of nature as being innate in man was particularly stressed and popularized by Cicero who identified it with "right reason" and already contrasted it with written law that might be unjust or even tyrannical. Through Saint Augustine these ideas were transmitted to medieval philosophy and by Thomas Aquinas built into his philosophical system. Thomas considers the eternal law the reason existing in the divine mind and controlling the universe. Natural law, innate in man participates in that eternal law. A new impetus was given to Legal Philosophy by the Renaissance. Natural Jurisprudence, properly so-called, originated in the XVII. century. Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes, Benedictus Spinoza, John Locke, Samuel Pufendorf were the most important representatives of that line of thought. Grotius, continuing the Scholastic tradition, particularly stressed the absoluteness of natural hw (it would exist even if God did not exist) and, following Jean Bodin, the sovereignty of the people. The idea of the social contract traced all political bodies back to a voluntary compact by which every individual gave up his right to self-government, or rather transferred it to the government, abandoning a state of nature which according to Hobbes must have been a state of perpetual war. The theory of the social compact more and more accepts the character of a "fiction" or of a regulative idea (Kant). In this sense the theory means that we ought to judge acts of government by their correspondence to the general will (Rousseau) and to the interests of the individuals who by transferring their rights to the commonwealth intended to establish their real liberty. Natural law by putting the emphasis on natural rights, takes on a revolutionary character. It played a part in shaping the bills of rights, the constitutions of the American colonies and of the Union, as well as of the French declaration of the rights of men and of citizens. Natural jurisprudence in the teachings of Christian Wolff and Thomasius undergoes a kind of petrification in the vain attempt to outline an elaborate system of natural law not only in the field of international or public law, but also in the detailed regulations of the law of property, of contract, etc. This sort of dogmatic approach towards the problems of law evoked the opposition of the Historic School (Gustav Hugo and Savigny) which stressed the natural growth of laws ind customs, originating from the mysterious "spirit of the people". On the other hand Immanuel Kant tried to overcome the old natural law by the idea of a "law of reason", meaning an a priori element in all existing or positive law. In his definition of law ("the ensemble of conditions according to which everyone's will may coexist with the will of every other in accordance with a general rule of liberty"), however, as in his legal philosophy in general, he still shares the attitude of the natural law doctrine, confusing positive law with the idea of just law. This is also true of Hegel whose panlogism seemed to lead in this very direction. Under the influence of epistemological positivism (Comte, Mill) in the later half of the nineteenth century, legal philosophy, especially in Germany, confined itself to a "general theory of law". Similarily John Austin in England considered philosophy of law concerned only with positive law, "as it necessarily is", not as it ought to be. Its main task was to analyze certain notions which pervade the science of law (Analytical Jurisprudence). In recent times the same tendency to reduce legal philosophy to logical or at least methodological tasks was further developed in attempting a pure science of law (Kelsen, Roguin). Owing to the influence of Darwinism and natural science in general the evolutionist and biological viewpoint was accepted in legal philosophy: comparative jurisprudence, sociology of law, the Freirecht movement in Germany, the study of the living law, "Realism" in American legal philosophy, all represent a tendency against rationalism. On the other hand there is a revival of older tendencies: Hegelianism, natural law -- especially in Catholic philosophy -- and Kantianism (beginning with Rudolf Stammler). From here other trends arose: the critical attitude leads to relativism (f.i. Gustav Radbruch); the antimetaphysical tendency towards positivism -- though different from epistemological positivism -- and to a pure theory of law. Different schools of recent philosophy have found their applications or repercussions in legal philosophy: Phenomenology, for example, tried to intuit the essences of legal institutions, thus coming back to a formalist position, not too far from the real meaning of analytical jurisprudence. Neo-positivism, though so far not yet explicitly applied to legal philosophy, seems to lead in the same direction. -- W.E.

Lenin, V. I.: (Ulianov, Vladimir Ilyich) Lenin is generally regarded as the chief exponent of dialectical materialism (q.v.) after Marx and Engels. He was born April 22, 1870, in Simbirsk, Russia, and received the professional training of a lawyer. A Marxist from his student days onward, he lived many years outside of Russia as a political refugee, and read widely in the social sciences and philosophy. In the latter field his "Philosophical Note Books" (as yet untranslated into English) containing detailed critical comments on the works of many leading philosophers, ancient and modern, and in particular on Hegel, indicate his close study of texts. In 1909, Lenin published his best known philosophic work "Materialism and Empirio-Cnticism" which was directed against "a number of writers, would-be Marxists" including Bazarov, Bogdanov, Lunacharsky, Berman, Helfond, Yushkevich, Suvorov and Valentinov, and especially against a symposium of this group published under the title, "Studies in the Philosophy of Marxism" which in general adopted the "positivistic" position of Mach and Avenanus.

Levy-Bruhl, Lucien: (1857-1939) Professor of Philosophy at the Sorbonne 1899-1939, represents a sociological and anthropological approach to philosophy; his chief contribution is an anthropological study of primitive religion which emphasizes the "prelogical" or mystical character of the thinking of primitive peoples. La Mentalite primitive (1922), Eng. trans., 1923; L'Ame Primitive (1927). His other writings include: History of Modern Philosophy in France (Eng. trans., 1899); The Philosophy of Auguste Comte (1900, Eng. trans., 1903). -- L.W.

lines ::: Relatively independent streams or capacities that proceed through levels of development. Howard Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligences is one example of the study of developmental lines. There is evidence for over a dozen developmental lines, including cognitive, moral, self-identity, aesthetic, kinesthetic, linguistic, musical, and mathematical. Integral Theory generally classifies these lines according to one of three types: cognitive lines (as studied by Jean Piaget, Robert Kegan, Kurt Fischer, etc.); selfrelated lines (e.g., morals, self-identity, needs, etc.); and capacities or talents (e.g., musical capacity, kinesthetic capacity, introspective capacity). Cognitive development is necessary but not sufficient for development in the self-related lines and appears to be necessary for most of the capacities.

Lipps, Theodor: (1851-1914) Eminent German philosopher and psychologist. The study of optical illusions led him to his theory of empathy. Starts with the presupposition that every aesthetic object represents a living being, and calls the psychic state which we experience when we project ourselves into the life of such an object, an empathy (Einfühlung) or "fellow-feeling". He applied this principle consistently to all the arts. The empathic act is not simply kinaesthetic inference but has exclusively objective reference. Being a peculiar source of knowledge about other egos, it is a blend of inference and intuition. Main works: Psychol. Studien, 1885; Grundzüge d. Logik, 1893; Die ethische Grundfragen, 1899; Aesthetik, 2 vols., 1903-06; Philos. u. Wirklichkeit, 1908; Psychol. Untersuch., 2 vols., 1907-12. -- H.H.

literator ::: n. --> One who teaches the letters or elements of knowledge; a petty schoolmaster.
A person devoted to the study of literary trifles, esp. trifles belonging to the literature of a former age.
A learned person; a literatus.

logic ::: 1. The science that investigates the principles governing correct or reliable inference. 2. The system or principles of reasoning applicable to any branch of knowledge or study. 3. Convincing forcefulness; inexorable truth or persuasiveness. logic"s.

Longitudinal Study ::: A research design that assesses the effects of development (maturation) by using the same subjects over an extended period of time

lucubrate ::: n. --> To study by candlelight or a lamp; to study by night. ::: v. t. --> To elaborate, perfect, or compose, by night study or by laborious endeavor.

lucubration ::: n. --> The act of lucubrating, or studying by candlelight; nocturnal study; meditation.
That which is composed by night; that which is produced by meditation in retirement; hence (loosely) any literary composition.

macrology /mak-rol'*-jee/ 1. Set of usually complex or {crufty} {macros}, e.g. as part of a large system written in {Lisp}, {TECO}, or (less commonly) {assembler}. 2. The art and science involved in comprehending a macrology. Sometimes studying the macrology of a system is not unlike archaeology, ecology, or {theology}, hence the sound-alike construction. See also {boxology}. (2003-09-02)

magic ::: a. --> A comprehensive name for all of the pretended arts which claim to produce effects by the assistance of supernatural beings, or departed spirits, or by a mastery of secret forces in nature attained by a study of occult science, including enchantment, conjuration, witchcraft, sorcery, necromancy, incantation, etc.
Alt. of Magical

mappery ::: n. --> The making, or study, of maps.

meditate ::: v. i. --> To keep the mind in a state of contemplation; to dwell on anything in thought; to think seriously; to muse; to cogitate; to reflect. ::: v. t. --> To contemplate; to keep the mind fixed upon; to study.
To purpose; to intend; to design; to plan by revolving

memetics "philosophy" /me-met'iks/ The study of {memes}. As of mid-1993, this is still an extremely informal and speculative endeavor, though the first steps toward at least statistical rigor have been made by H. Keith Henson and others. Memetics is a popular topic for speculation among hackers, who like to see themselves as the architects of the new information ecologies in which memes live and replicate. [{Jargon File}] (2000-01-09)

Meta Analysis ::: The statistical procedure used to combine numerous and independent research results into one study. Each research study becomes one subject in the meta-analysis.

Metalanguage: A language used to make assertions about another language; any language whose symbols refer to the properties of the symbols of another language. (Formed by analogy with "metamathematics", the study of formalized mathematical systems.) -- M.B.

metoposcopy ::: n. --> The study of physiognomy; the art of discovering the character of persons by their features, or the lines of the face.

miasmatist ::: n. --> One who has made a special study of miasma.

mineralogist ::: n. --> One versed in mineralogy; one devoted to the study of minerals.
A carrier shell (Phorus).

mineralogize ::: v. i. --> To study mineralogy by collecting and examining minerals.

modal logic "logic" An extension of {propositional calculus} with {operators} that express various "modes" of truth. Examples of modes are: necessarily A, possibly A, probably A, it has always been true that A, it is permissible that A, it is believed that A. "It is necessarily true that A" means that things being as they are, A must be true, e.g. "It is necessarily true that x=x" is TRUE while "It is necessarily true that x=y" is FALSE even though "x=y" might be TRUE. Adding modal operators [F] and [P], meaning, respectively, henceforth and hitherto leads to a "{temporal logic}". Flavours of modal logics include: {Propositional Dynamic Logic} (PDL), {Propositional Linear Temporal Logic} (PLTL), {Linear Temporal Logic} (LTL), {Computational Tree Logic} (CTL), {Hennessy-Milner Logic}, S1-S5, T. C.I. Lewis, "A Survey of Symbolic Logic", 1918, initiated the modern analysis of modality. He developed the logical systems S1-S5. JCC McKinsey used algebraic methods ({Boolean algebras} with operators) to prove the decidability of Lewis' S2 and S4 in 1941. Saul Kripke developed the {relational semantics} for modal logics (1959, 1963). Vaughan Pratt introduced {dynamic logic} in 1976. Amir Pnuelli proposed the use of temporal logic to formalise the behaviour of continually operating {concurrent} programs in 1977. [Robert Goldblatt, "Logics of Time and Computation", CSLI Lecture Notes No. 7, Centre for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University, Second Edition, 1992, (distributed by University of Chicago Press)]. [Robert Goldblatt, "Mathematics of Modality", CSLI Lecture Notes No. 43, Centre for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University, 1993, (distributed by University of Chicago Press)]. [G.E. Hughes and M.J. Cresswell, "An Introduction to Modal Logic", Methuen, 1968]. [E.J. Lemmon (with Dana Scott), "An Introduction to Modal Logic", American Philosophical Quarterly Monograpph Series, no. 11 (ed. by Krister Segerberg), Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1977]. (1995-02-15)

Montaigne, Michel De: (1533-1592) French novelist whose renowned Essays are famous for his tolerant study of himself and through himself of mankind as a whole. He doubts the possibility of certain knowledge and recommends a return to nature and revelation. He was a keen observer of the frailties of human nature and has left among the essays crowned masterpieces of insight and delight. -- L.E.D.

Mortality ::: Subject drop-out in a research study. Mortality becomes a problem when a disproportionate drop out rate occurs between two or more groups (Example: 30% of males drop out of group one while only 2% of males drop out in group two, resulting in uneven groups).

muse ::: n. --> A gap or hole in a hedge, hence, wall, or the like, through which a wild animal is accustomed to pass; a muset.
One of the nine goddesses who presided over song and the different kinds of poetry, and also the arts and sciences; -- often used in the plural.
A particular power and practice of poetry.
A poet; a bard.
To think closely; to study in silence; to meditate.

myography ::: n. --> The description of muscles, including the study of muscular contraction by the aid of registering apparatus, as by some form of myograph; myology.

naturalize ::: v. t. --> To make natural; as, custom naturalizes labor or study.
To confer the rights and privileges of a native subject or citizen on; to make as if native; to adopt, as a foreigner into a nation or state, and place in the condition of a native subject.
To receive or adopt as native, natural, or vernacular; to make one&

Nature Philosophers: Name given to pre-Socratic "physiologers" and to Renaissance philosophers who revived the study of physical processes. Early in the 16th century, as a result of the discovery of new lands, the revival of maritime trade, and the Reformation, there appeared in Europe a renewed interest in nature. Rationalism grown around the authorities of the Bible and Aristotle was challenged and the right to investigate phenomena was claimed. Interest in nature was directed at first toward the starry heaven and resulted in important discoveries of Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler. The scientific spirit of observation and research had not yet matured, however, and the philosophers of that time blended their interest in facts with much loose speculation. Among the nature philosophers of that period three deserve to be mentioned specifically, Telesio, Bruno and Carnpanella, all natives of Southern Italy. Despite his assertions that thought should be guided by the observation of the external world, Bernardino Telesio (1508-1588) confined his works to reflections on the nature of things. Particularly significant are two of his doctrines, first, that the universe must be described in terms of matter and force, the latter classified as heat and cold, and second, that mind is akin to matter. Giordano Bruno (1548-1600), a Dominican monk and a victim of the Inquisition, was greatly influenced by the Copernican conception of the universe regarded by him as a harmonious unity of which the earth was but a small and not too important part. The concept of unity was not a condition of human search for truth but a real principle underlying all things and expressing the harmonious order of Divine wisdom. Deity, in his view, was the soul of nature, operating both in the human minds and in the motion of bodies. Consequently, both living beings and material objects must be regarded as animated. Tomaso Campanella (1568-1639), another Dominican monk, was also persecuted for his teachings and spent 27 years in prison. He contended that observations of nature were not dependent on the authority of reason and can be refuted only by other observations. His interests lay largely along the lines previously suggested by Telesio, and much of his thought was devoted to problems of mind, consciousness and knowledge. He believed that all nature was permeated by latent awareness, and may therefore be regarded as an animist or perhaps pantheist. Today, he is best known for his City of the Sun, an account of an imaginary ideal state in which existed neither property nor nobility and in which all affair were administered scientifically. -- R.B.W.

neossology ::: n. --> The study of young birds.

Nerd pride "body" The Nerd Pride movement, modeled on the Gay Pride movement, was started at {MIT} by Professors {Gerald Sussman} and {Hal Abelson}. Nerd pride paraphernalia includes baseball hats, buttons and - of course - pocket protectors. "My idea is to present an image to children that it is good to be intellectual, and not to care about the peer pressures to be anti-intellectual. I want every child to turn into a nerd - where that means someone who prefers studying and learning to competing for social dominance". -- {Gerald Sussman}, quoted by Katie Hafner, "New York Times", 1994-08-29. (1994-11-11)

nirukta ::: etymology; philology, part of sahitya: the study of the origins and development of language, especially with reference to Sanskrit, with the aim of creating "a science which can trace the origins, growth & structure of the Sanscrit language, discover its primary, secondary & tertiary forms & the laws by which they develop from each other, trace intelligently the descent of every meaning of a word in Sanscrit from its original root sense, account for all similarities & identities of sense, discover the reason of unexpected divergences, trace the deviations which separated Greek & Latin from the Indian dialect, discover & define the connection of all three with the Dravidian forms of speech".

Niyama: (Skr.) The imposing on oneself of good and kind habits, including bathing, eating clean food, steeling the body, contentedness, cheerfulness, study, and piety. -- K.F.L.

niyamas. ::: self-purification and study; religious observances divided into five disciplines that should all be practiced in word, thought and deed &

Nonpareil One of five pedagogical languages based on {Markov algorithms}, used in ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)]. The others were {Brilliant}, {Diamond}, {Pearl} and {Ruby}.

Nor is there singing school but studying

not meditated on; neglected as a subject of study or thought.

N ::: Symbol used for the number of subjects or data in a distribution. A study with 10 subjects would have an N equal to 10.

Often, a familiar visage studying.

OMA Object Management Architecture. A set of standards under study by the {OMG}. (1994-11-11)

ontology ::: Traditionally, the study of being, reality, existence, as well as the given structure of anything, often viewed as unchanging. In Integral Post-Metaphysics, ontology is not a separate discipline or activity but that aspect of the AQAL matrix of any occasion that is experienced as enduring structure; the study of that aspect is ontology. The term “ontology” is sometimes used in this sense given the lack of alternatives.

or ::: conj. --> A particle that marks an alternative; as, you may read or may write, -- that is, you may do one of the things at your pleasure, but not both. It corresponds to either. You may ride either to London or to Windsor. It often connects a series of words or propositions, presenting a choice of either; as, he may study law, or medicine, or divinity, or he may enter into trade. ::: prep. & adv.

osmometry ::: n. --> The study of osmose by means of the osmometer.

Other main works: The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy, 1897; Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature, 1902; Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking, 1907; A Pluralistic Universe, 1909; Some Problems of Philosophy, 1911; Essays in Radical Empiricism, 1912. Cf. R. B. Perry, Thought and Character of William. James, 2 vols., 1935. Jansenism: The teaching of Cornelius Jansen, latinized Jansenius (1585-1638), Bishop of Ypres, and his followers in France and Holland. Its most significant doctrines were the total corruption of human nature owing to original sin, man's inability to resist either concupiscence or grace implying the denial of free will, predestination, and the denial that Christ died for all men without exception. The Jansenists were characterized by an unusual harshness, severity of manners, and moral rigorism. The doctrine was condemned by the Church. -- J.J.R.

Overlapping among all the above-mentioned fields is inevitable, as well as great differences in approach among individual writers. Some of these stress the nature and varieties of form in art, with attention to historic types and styles such as romanticism, the Baroque, etc., and in studying their evolution adopt the historian's viewpoint to some extent. Some stress the psychology of creation, appreciation, imagination, aesthetic experience, emotion, evaluation, and preference. Their work may be classed as "aesthetics", "aesthetic psychology", or "psychology of art". Within this psychological group, some can be further distinguished as laboratory or statistical psychologists, attempting more or less exact calculation and measurement. This approach (sometimes called "experimental aesthetics") follows the lead of Fechner, whose studies of aesthetic preference in 1876 helped to inaugurate modern experimental psychology as well as the empirical approach to aesthetics. It has dealt less with works of art than with preference for various arbitrary, simplified linear shapes, color-combinations and tone-combinations.

paleography ::: n. --> An ancient manner of writing; ancient writings, collectively; as, Punic paleography.
The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing; the art or science of deciphering ancient writings, and determining their origin, period, etc., from external characters; diplomatics.

paleology ::: n. --> The study or knowledge of antiquities, esp. of prehistoric antiquities; a discourse or treatise on antiquities; archaeology .

Pantheism, medieval: True pantheistic ideas are rare in medieval literature. The accusation raised against Scotus Eriugena seems unfounded and was caused more by his writings being quoted as authorities by the followers of Amalric of Bene (1206-7) whose views were condemned in 1210. His writings are lost, he apparently taught the identity of Creator and creature and called God the essence of all beings A contemporary was David of Dinant of whom still less is known, he identified, as it seems, God with prime matter. Master Eckhardt too has been accused of pantheism and some modern authors have believed to find confirmation in his writings. A more thorough study of them, especially of the Latin texts, shows this to be a misinterpretation. -- R.A.

Pascal, Blaise: (1623-1662) French philosopher mathematician and scientist. He conducted scientific researches including experiments on atmospheric pressure and invented an ingenious calculating machine. He turned from preoccupation with the scientific to the study of man and his spiritual problems and found faith as a sounder guide than reason. At this stage of his thought, theology becomes central. These thoughts are developed in his Provincial Letters and in his posthumously published masterpieces of style, the Pensees. -- L.E.D.

pathology ::: the scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences and in other uses, a departure or deviation from a normal condition.

patronomayology ::: n. --> That branch of knowledge which deals with personal names and their origin; the study of patronymics.

PEARL 1. "language, mathematics" A language for {constructive mathematics} developed by Constable at {Cornell University} in the 1980s. 2. "language, real-time" {Process and Experiment Automation Real-Time Language}. 3. "language, education" One of five pedagogical languages based on {Markov} {algorithms}, used in "Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968). Compare {Brilliant}, {Diamond}, {Nonpareil}, {Ruby}. 4. "language" A multilevel language developed by Brian Randell ca 1970 and mentioned in "Machine Oriented Higher Level Languages", W. van der Poel, N-H 1974. 5. "language, tool, history" An obsolete term for {Larry Wall}'s {PERL} programming language, which never fell into common usage other than in typographical errors. The missing 'a' remains as an atrophied remnant in the expansion "Practical Extraction and Report Language". ["Programming Perl", Larry Wall and Randal L. Schwartz, O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. Sebastopol, CA. ISBN 0-93715-64-1]. (2000-08-16)

Personalistics: Term used bv William Stern in psychology to indicate a study of the facts that are true of man as a meaningful living whole -- a fundamental science of the human person. The Personalist, XVIII, p 50. -- R.T.F.

phakoscope ::: n. --> An instrument for studying the mechanism of accommodation.

phenomenology ::: The study of consciousness as it immediately appears. A first-person approach to firstperson singular realities. Describing the inside view of the interior of an individual as it is (i.e., the inside view of a holon in the Upper-Left quadrant). Exemplary of a zone-

philologize ::: v. i. --> To study, or make critical comments on, language.

philology ::: n. --> Criticism; grammatical learning.
The study of language, especially in a philosophical manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of human speech, the relation of different tongues to one another, and historical development of languages; linguistic science.
A treatise on the science of language.

Philosophers have in the past been concerned with two questions covered by our definition, though attempts to organize the subject as an autonomous department of philosophy are of recent date. Enquiries into the origin of language (e.g. in Plato's Kratylos) once a favorite subject for speculation, are now out of fashion, both with philosophers and linguists. Enquiries as to the nature of language (as in Descartes, Leibniz, and many others) are, however, still central to all philosophical interest in language. Such questions as "What are the most general characters of symbolism?", "How is 'Language' to be defined?", "What is the essence of language?", "How is communication possible?", "What would be the nature of a perfect language?", are indicative of the varying modulations which this theme receives in the works of contemporaries.   Current studies in the philosophy of language can be classified under five hends:   Questions of method, relation to other disciplines, etc. Much discussion turns here upon the proposal to establish a science and art of symbolism, variously styled semiotic, semantics or logical syntax,   The analysis of meaning. Problems arising here involve attention to those under the next heading.   The formulation of general descriptive schemata. Topics of importance here include the identification and analysis of different ways in which language is used, and the definition of men crucial notions as "symbol'', "grammar", "form", "convention", "metaphor", etc.   The study of fully formalized language systems or "calculi". An increasingly important and highly technical division which seeks to extend and adapt to all languages the methods first developed in "metamathematics" for the study of mathematical symbolism.   Applications to problems in general philosophy. Notably the attempt made to show that necessary propositions are really verbal; or again, the study of the nature of the religious symbol. Advance here awaits more generally acceptable doctrine in the other divisions.   References:

Philosophes: French 18th century philosophers, e.g. Condorcet, Condillac, Rousseau, Voltaire (q.v.). Philosopher King: In Plato's theory of the ideal state rulership would be entrusted to philosopher kings. These rulers would reach the top by sheer talent and merit after a long period of training in the school of everyday work and leadership and by a prescribed pattern of formal discipline and study. The final test of leadership lay in the ability to see the truth of the Platonic vision of a reality governed by universal ideas and ideals. -- V.F.

phoneidoscope ::: n. --> An instrument for studying the motions of sounding bodies by optical means. It consists of a tube across the end of which is stretched a film of soap solution thin enough to give colored bands, the form and position of which are affected by sonorous vibrations.

physiognomize ::: v. t. --> To observe and study the physiognomy of.

physiology ::: n. --> The science which treats of the phenomena of living organisms; the study of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life.
A treatise on physiology.

plethysmography ::: n. --> The study, by means of the plethysmograph, of the variations in size of a limb, and hence of its blood supply.

plod ::: v. i. --> To travel slowly but steadily; to trudge.
To toil; to drudge; especially, to study laboriously and patiently. ::: v. t. --> To walk on slowly or heavily.

pneumatics ::: n. --> That branch of science which treats of the mechanical properties of air and other elastic fluids, as of their weight, pressure, elasticity, etc. See Mechanics.
The scientific study or knowledge of spiritual beings and their relations to God, angels, and men.

pony ::: n. --> A small horse.
Twenty-five pounds sterling.
A translation or a key used to avoid study in getting lessons; a crib.
A small glass of beer.

pore ::: v. --> One of the minute orifices in an animal or vegetable membrane, for transpiration, absorption, etc.
A minute opening or passageway; an interstice between the constituent particles or molecules of a body; as, the pores of stones. ::: v. i. --> To look or gaze steadily in reading or studying; to fix

Practical Theology: A special department of conventional theological study, called "practical" to distinguish it from general theology, Biblical, historical and systematic studies. As the term denotes, subjects which deal with the application of the theoretical phases of the subject come under this division: church policy (ccclesiology), the work of the minister in worship (lituigics and hymnology), in preaching (homiletics), in teaching (catechetics), in pastoral service (poimenics), and in missionary effort (evangelistics). For further discussion see Theological Propaedeutic (9th ed., 1912), Philip Schaff. -- V.F.

Pragmatics: The study of the relations between signs and their interpreters in abstraction from relations to their designata or to other signs. A department of Semiotic (q.v.). -- M.B.

Prema Nandakumar: “The title itself, at any rate to Hindu ears, is charged with untold significance. A very gem of a title, Savitri has a self-sufficing beauty of its own; trisyllabic, trinitarian, a union of light, strength and silence, three circles radiating from one centre, Love. Again, ‘Savitri’, being the other name of the holiest and hoariest of the Vedic mantras—the Gayatri—which for some thousands of years Hindus have chanted morning, noon and evening, at once starts psychic vibrations of incommensurable potency.” A Study of Savitri

preraphaelitism ::: n. --> The doctrine or practice of a school of modern painters who profess to be followers of the painters before Raphael. Its adherents advocate careful study from nature, delicacy and minuteness of workmanship, and an exalted and delicate conception of the subject.

Probability: In general Chance, possibility, contingency, likelihood, likehness, presumption. conjecture, prediction, forecast, credibility, relevance; the quality or state of being likely true or likely to happen; a fact or a statement which is likely true, real, operative or provable by future events; the conditioning of partial or approximate belief or assent; the motive of a presumption or prediction; the conjunction of reasonable grounds for presuming the truth of a statement or the occurrence of an event; the field of knowledge between complete ignorance and full certitude; an approximation to fact or truth; a qualitative or numerical value attached to a probable inference, and by extension, the systematic study of chances or relative possibilities as forming the subject of the theory of probability. A. The Foundation of Probability. We cannot know everything completely and with certainty. Yet we desire to think and to act as correctly as possible hence the necessity of considering methods leading to reasonable approximations, and of estimating their results in terms of the relative evidence available in each case. In D VI-VII (infra) only, is probability interpreted as a property of events or occurrences as such: whether necessary or contingent, facts are simply conditioned by other facts, and have neither an intelligence nor a will to realize their certainty or their probability. In other views, probability requires ultimately a mind to perceive it as such it arises from the combination of our partial ignorance of the extremely complex nature and conditions of the phenomena, with the inadequacy of our means of observation, experimentation and analysis, however searching and provisionally satisfactory. Thus it may be said that probability exists formally in the mind and materially in the phenomena as related between themselves. In stressing the one or the other of these two aspects, we obtain (1) subjectize probability, when the psychological conditions of the mind cause it to evaluate a fact or statement with fear of possible error; and (2) objective probability, when reference is made to that quality of facts and statements, which causes the mind to estimate them with a conscious possibility of error. Usually, methods can be devised to objectify technically the subjective aspect of probability, such as the rules for the elimination of the personal equation of the inquirer. Hence the methods established for the study and the interpretation of chances can be considered independently of the state of mind as such of the inquirer. These methods make use of rational or empirical elements. In the first case, we are dealing with a priori or theoretical probability, which considers the conditions or occurrences of an event hypothetically and independently of any direct experience. In the second case, we are dealing with inductive or empirical probability. And when these probabilities are represented with numerals or functions to denote measures of likelihood, we are concerned with quantitative or mathematical probability. Methods involving the former cannot be assimilated with methods involving the latter, but both can be logically correlated on the strength of the general principle of explanation, that similar conjunctions of moral or physical facts demand a general law governing and justifying them.

profitable ::: a. --> Yielding or bringing profit or gain; gainful; lucrative; useful; helpful; advantageous; beneficial; as, a profitable trade; profitable business; a profitable study or profession.

Project MAC "project" A project suggested by J C R Licklider; its founding director was {MIT} Prof. Robert M Fano. MAC stood for Multiple Access Computers on the 5th floor of Tech Square, and Man and Computer on the 9th floor. The major efforts were Corbato's {Multics} development and {Marvin Minsky}'s {Artificial Intelligence} Laboratory. In 1963 Project MAC hosted a summer study, which brought many well-known computer scientists to Cambridge to use {CTSS} and to discuss the future of computing. Funding for Project MAC was provided by the Information Processing Techniques Office of the {Advanced Research Projects Agency} (ARPA) of the US Department of Defense. See also {Early PL/I}, {MacLisp}, {MACSYMA}, {MDL}, {Multipop-68}, {OCAL}. (1997-01-29)

Psychology: (Gr. psyche, mind or soul + logos, law) The science of the mind, its functions, structure and behavioral effects. In Aristotle, the science of mind, (De Anima), emphasizes mental functionsl; the Scholastics employed a faculty psychology. In Hume and the Mills, study of the data of conscious experience, termed association psychology. In Freud, the study of the unconscious (depth psychology). In behaviorism, the physiological study of physical and chemical responses. In Gestalt psychology, the study of organized psychic activity, .revealing the mind's tendency toward the completion of patterns. Since Kant, psychology has been able to establish itself as an empirical, natural science without a priori metaphysical or theological commitments. The German romanticists (q.v.) and Hegel, who had developed a metaphysical psychology, had turned to cultural history to illustrate their theories of how the mind, conceived as an absolute, must manifest itself. Empirically they have suggested a possible field of exploration for the psychologist, namely, the study of mind in its cultural effects, viz. works of art, science, religion, social organization, etc. which are customarily studied by anthropologists in the case of "primitive" peoples. But it would be as difficult to separate anthropology from social psychology as to sharply distinguish so-called "primitive" peoples from "civilized" ones.

Psychology ::: The study of emotion, cognition, and behavior, and their interaction.

pterylography ::: n. --> The study or description of the arrangement of feathers, or of the pterylae, of birds.

Purani: “Aswapathy, the father of Savitri, has been significantly called by the poet ‘the Lord of Life’. (book II, Canto XV). The name suggests an affinity to Vedic symbolism. In the Veda, Aswa, the horse, is the symbol of life-energy or vital power. Aswa + aty, Lord, would mean the ‘Lord of Life’. In the poem King Aswapathy is the symbol of the aspiring soul of man as manifested in life on earth.”Savitri”—An Approach and a Study

Purani: “He [Sri Aurobindo] does the same [improving spontaneously upon the original in the alchemy of his poetical process] with several Vedic symbols which he employs. It [gold-horned herds] indicates the descent of the ‘gold-horned’ Cows—symbolising the richly-laden Rays of Knowledge—into the Inconscient of the earth, its ‘cave-heart’. Generally in the Veda the action is that of breaking open the Cave of the inconscient and releasing the pen of Cows, the imprisoned Rays of Life for the conscious possessions by the seeker. Here is how a Vedic hymn speaks about it: ‘They drove upwards, the luminous ones,—the good milch-cows, in their stone-pen within the hiding cave.’ Rig Veda IV, 1-13. One sees in Savitri the process reversed and the Master’s vision lays open the original act of involution of the Light into the darkness of the Inconscient.” Sri Aurobindo’s”Savitri”: An Approach and a Study.

Purani: “The ‘Dwarf’ here brings to our mind the Vamana—‘The divine Dwarf’, an incarnation of Vishnu who measured the three worlds—the material, the vital and the mental—in his three steps. In the Rig Veda there is a symbolic reference to this which is enlarged as usual, in the Puranas.”“Savitri”—An Approach and a Study

Purani: “ The growth of the divine potentialities in man is spoken of in Veda as the growth of a Child. The Master takes the symbol straight and employs it thus: ‘where the God-child lies on the lap of Night and Dawn.’ The idea is that through the state of ignorance and through the state of awakening that is Dawn,—through the alterations of two—, the God-child in man attains its growth. Ignorance is not thus something anti-divine. It contributes to the growth of the Divine in man. This certainly reminds one of the hymn in the Veda which runs as follows: ‘Two are joined together, powers of truth, powers of May, they have built the child and given him birth and they nourish his growth’. (Rig Veda X, 5. 3). Sri Aurobindo’s Savitri: An Approach and a Study

Purani: “The Red-Wolf is the symbol of the powers that tear the ‘being’, that suddenly fall upon it to destroy it. They are persistent, destructive, cruel, unscrupulous powers of the lower Darkness. Sri Aurobindo in his expression has made the symbol more effective, improving spontaneously upon the original in the alchemy of his poetical process by the image of ‘fordless steam’. In the original hymn there is only ‘path’. The ‘fordless stream’ brings in the needed element of danger and difficulty of the path of the aspirant when he has to cross this dangerous region.”“Savitri”—An Approach and a Study

QTRADER "application" Analytical software for stock and commodity trading, released in July 1995 by {Caribou CodeWorks}. QTRADER allows dynamic automated analysis of current trends and features "Paper Trade" plotting, as well as "TradeSignal Bands" and "StudyMatrix" filter to screen potential trades. Projected ranges are handled with a "Tomorrow's Bar". QTRADER version 3.0 runs on {IBM PC}-compatibles, a {Macintosh} version is not available until late 1996. {Demo copy (}. {(}. (1995-11-05)

Quantum mechanics: An important physical theory, a modification of classical mechanics, which has arisen from the study of atomic structure and phenomena of emission and absorption of light by matter, embracing the matrix mechanics of Heisenberg, the wave mechanics of Schrödinger, and the transformation theory of Jordan and Dirac. The wave mechanics introduces a duality between waves and particles, according to which an electron, or a photon (quantum of light), is to be considered in some of its aspects as a wave, in others as a particle. See further quantum and uncertainty principle. -- A.C.

Quasi-Experimental Research ::: Any research study that uses specific experimental methods but does not randomize subjects

reading ::: p. pr. & vb. n. --> of Read ::: n. --> The act of one who reads; perusal; also, printed or written matter to be read.
Study of books; literary scholarship; as, a man of extensive reading.

Real Programmers Don't Use Pascal "humour" Back in the good old days - the "Golden Era" of computers, it was easy to separate the men from the boys (sometimes called "Real Men" and "Quiche Eaters" in the literature). During this period, the Real Men were the ones that understood computer programming, and the Quiche Eaters were the ones that didn't. A real computer programmer said things like "DO 10 I=1,10" and "ABEND" (they actually talked in capital letters, you understand), and the rest of the world said things like "computers are too complicated for me" and "I can't relate to computers - they're so impersonal". (A previous work [1] points out that Real Men don't "relate" to anything, and aren't afraid of being impersonal.) But, as usual, times change. We are faced today with a world in which little old ladies can get computers in their microwave ovens, 12-year-old kids can blow Real Men out of the water playing Asteroids and Pac-Man, and anyone can buy and even understand their very own Personal Computer. The Real Programmer is in danger of becoming extinct, of being replaced by high-school students with {TRASH-80s}. There is a clear need to point out the differences between the typical high-school junior Pac-Man player and a Real Programmer. If this difference is made clear, it will give these kids something to aspire to -- a role model, a Father Figure. It will also help explain to the employers of Real Programmers why it would be a mistake to replace the Real Programmers on their staff with 12-year-old Pac-Man players (at a considerable salary savings). LANGUAGES The easiest way to tell a Real Programmer from the crowd is by the programming language he (or she) uses. Real Programmers use {Fortran}. Quiche Eaters use {Pascal}. Nicklaus Wirth, the designer of Pascal, gave a talk once at which he was asked how to pronounce his name. He replied, "You can either call me by name, pronouncing it 'Veert', or call me by value, 'Worth'." One can tell immediately from this comment that Nicklaus Wirth is a Quiche Eater. The only parameter passing mechanism endorsed by Real Programmers is call-by-value-return, as implemented in the {IBM 370} {Fortran-G} and H compilers. Real programmers don't need all these abstract concepts to get their jobs done - they are perfectly happy with a {keypunch}, a {Fortran IV} {compiler}, and a beer. Real Programmers do List Processing in Fortran. Real Programmers do String Manipulation in Fortran. Real Programmers do Accounting (if they do it at all) in Fortran. Real Programmers do {Artificial Intelligence} programs in Fortran. If you can't do it in Fortran, do it in {assembly language}. If you can't do it in assembly language, it isn't worth doing. STRUCTURED PROGRAMMING The academics in computer science have gotten into the "structured programming" rut over the past several years. They claim that programs are more easily understood if the programmer uses some special language constructs and techniques. They don't all agree on exactly which constructs, of course, and the examples they use to show their particular point of view invariably fit on a single page of some obscure journal or another - clearly not enough of an example to convince anyone. When I got out of school, I thought I was the best programmer in the world. I could write an unbeatable tic-tac-toe program, use five different computer languages, and create 1000-line programs that WORKED. (Really!) Then I got out into the Real World. My first task in the Real World was to read and understand a 200,000-line Fortran program, then speed it up by a factor of two. Any Real Programmer will tell you that all the Structured Coding in the world won't help you solve a problem like that - it takes actual talent. Some quick observations on Real Programmers and Structured Programming: Real Programmers aren't afraid to use {GOTOs}. Real Programmers can write five-page-long DO loops without getting confused. Real Programmers like Arithmetic IF statements - they make the code more interesting. Real Programmers write self-modifying code, especially if they can save 20 {nanoseconds} in the middle of a tight loop. Real Programmers don't need comments - the code is obvious. Since Fortran doesn't have a structured IF, REPEAT ... UNTIL, or CASE statement, Real Programmers don't have to worry about not using them. Besides, they can be simulated when necessary using {assigned GOTOs}. Data Structures have also gotten a lot of press lately. Abstract Data Types, Structures, Pointers, Lists, and Strings have become popular in certain circles. Wirth (the above-mentioned Quiche Eater) actually wrote an entire book [2] contending that you could write a program based on data structures, instead of the other way around. As all Real Programmers know, the only useful data structure is the Array. Strings, lists, structures, sets - these are all special cases of arrays and can be treated that way just as easily without messing up your programing language with all sorts of complications. The worst thing about fancy data types is that you have to declare them, and Real Programming Languages, as we all know, have implicit typing based on the first letter of the (six character) variable name. OPERATING SYSTEMS What kind of operating system is used by a Real Programmer? CP/M? God forbid - CP/M, after all, is basically a toy operating system. Even little old ladies and grade school students can understand and use CP/M. Unix is a lot more complicated of course - the typical Unix hacker never can remember what the PRINT command is called this week - but when it gets right down to it, Unix is a glorified video game. People don't do Serious Work on Unix systems: they send jokes around the world on {UUCP}-net and write adventure games and research papers. No, your Real Programmer uses OS 370. A good programmer can find and understand the description of the IJK305I error he just got in his JCL manual. A great programmer can write JCL without referring to the manual at all. A truly outstanding programmer can find bugs buried in a 6 megabyte {core dump} without using a hex calculator. (I have actually seen this done.) OS is a truly remarkable operating system. It's possible to destroy days of work with a single misplaced space, so alertness in the programming staff is encouraged. The best way to approach the system is through a keypunch. Some people claim there is a Time Sharing system that runs on OS 370, but after careful study I have come to the conclusion that they were mistaken. PROGRAMMING TOOLS What kind of tools does a Real Programmer use? In theory, a Real Programmer could run his programs by keying them into the front panel of the computer. Back in the days when computers had front panels, this was actually done occasionally. Your typical Real Programmer knew the entire bootstrap loader by memory in hex, and toggled it in whenever it got destroyed by his program. (Back then, memory was memory - it didn't go away when the power went off. Today, memory either forgets things when you don't want it to, or remembers things long after they're better forgotten.) Legend has it that {Seymore Cray}, inventor of the Cray I supercomputer and most of Control Data's computers, actually toggled the first operating system for the CDC7600 in on the front panel from memory when it was first powered on. Seymore, needless to say, is a Real Programmer. One of my favorite Real Programmers was a systems programmer for Texas Instruments. One day he got a long distance call from a user whose system had crashed in the middle of saving some important work. Jim was able to repair the damage over the phone, getting the user to toggle in disk I/O instructions at the front panel, repairing system tables in hex, reading register contents back over the phone. The moral of this story: while a Real Programmer usually includes a keypunch and lineprinter in his toolkit, he can get along with just a front panel and a telephone in emergencies. In some companies, text editing no longer consists of ten engineers standing in line to use an 029 keypunch. In fact, the building I work in doesn't contain a single keypunch. The Real Programmer in this situation has to do his work with a "text editor" program. Most systems supply several text editors to select from, and the Real Programmer must be careful to pick one that reflects his personal style. Many people believe that the best text editors in the world were written at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center for use on their Alto and Dorado computers [3]. Unfortunately, no Real Programmer would ever use a computer whose operating system is called SmallTalk, and would certainly not talk to the computer with a mouse. Some of the concepts in these Xerox editors have been incorporated into editors running on more reasonably named operating systems - {Emacs} and {VI} being two. The problem with these editors is that Real Programmers consider "what you see is what you get" to be just as bad a concept in Text Editors as it is in women. No the Real Programmer wants a "you asked for it, you got it" text editor - complicated, cryptic, powerful, unforgiving, dangerous. TECO, to be precise. It has been observed that a TECO command sequence more closely resembles transmission line noise than readable text [4]. One of the more entertaining games to play with TECO is to type your name in as a command line and try to guess what it does. Just about any possible typing error while talking with TECO will probably destroy your program, or even worse - introduce subtle and mysterious bugs in a once working subroutine. For this reason, Real Programmers are reluctant to actually edit a program that is close to working. They find it much easier to just patch the binary {object code} directly, using a wonderful program called SUPERZAP (or its equivalent on non-IBM machines). This works so well that many working programs on IBM systems bear no relation to the original Fortran code. In many cases, the original source code is no longer available. When it comes time to fix a program like this, no manager would even think of sending anything less than a Real Programmer to do the job - no Quiche Eating structured programmer would even know where to start. This is called "job security". Some programming tools NOT used by Real Programmers: Fortran preprocessors like {MORTRAN} and {RATFOR}. The Cuisinarts of programming - great for making Quiche. See comments above on structured programming. Source language debuggers. Real Programmers can read core dumps. Compilers with array bounds checking. They stifle creativity, destroy most of the interesting uses for EQUIVALENCE, and make it impossible to modify the operating system code with negative subscripts. Worst of all, bounds checking is inefficient. Source code maintenance systems. A Real Programmer keeps his code locked up in a card file, because it implies that its owner cannot leave his important programs unguarded [5]. THE REAL PROGRAMMER AT WORK Where does the typical Real Programmer work? What kind of programs are worthy of the efforts of so talented an individual? You can be sure that no Real Programmer would be caught dead writing accounts-receivable programs in {COBOL}, or sorting {mailing lists} for People magazine. A Real Programmer wants tasks of earth-shaking importance (literally!). Real Programmers work for Los Alamos National Laboratory, writing atomic bomb simulations to run on Cray I supercomputers. Real Programmers work for the National Security Agency, decoding Russian transmissions. It was largely due to the efforts of thousands of Real Programmers working for NASA that our boys got to the moon and back before the Russkies. Real Programmers are at work for Boeing designing the operating systems for cruise missiles. Some of the most awesome Real Programmers of all work at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California. Many of them know the entire operating system of the Pioneer and Voyager spacecraft by heart. With a combination of large ground-based Fortran programs and small spacecraft-based assembly language programs, they are able to do incredible feats of navigation and improvisation - hitting ten-kilometer wide windows at Saturn after six years in space, repairing or bypassing damaged sensor platforms, radios, and batteries. Allegedly, one Real Programmer managed to tuck a pattern-matching program into a few hundred bytes of unused memory in a Voyager spacecraft that searched for, located, and photographed a new moon of Jupiter. The current plan for the Galileo spacecraft is to use a gravity assist trajectory past Mars on the way to Jupiter. This trajectory passes within 80 +/-3 kilometers of the surface of Mars. Nobody is going to trust a Pascal program (or a Pascal programmer) for navigation to these tolerances. As you can tell, many of the world's Real Programmers work for the U.S. Government - mainly the Defense Department. This is as it should be. Recently, however, a black cloud has formed on the Real Programmer horizon. It seems that some highly placed Quiche Eaters at the Defense Department decided that all Defense programs should be written in some grand unified language called "ADA" ((C), DoD). For a while, it seemed that ADA was destined to become a language that went against all the precepts of Real Programming - a language with structure, a language with data types, {strong typing}, and semicolons. In short, a language designed to cripple the creativity of the typical Real Programmer. Fortunately, the language adopted by DoD has enough interesting features to make it approachable -- it's incredibly complex, includes methods for messing with the operating system and rearranging memory, and Edsgar Dijkstra doesn't like it [6]. (Dijkstra, as I'm sure you know, was the author of "GoTos Considered Harmful" - a landmark work in programming methodology, applauded by Pascal programmers and Quiche Eaters alike.) Besides, the determined Real Programmer can write Fortran programs in any language. The Real Programmer might compromise his principles and work on something slightly more trivial than the destruction of life as we know it, providing there's enough money in it. There are several Real Programmers building video games at Atari, for example. (But not playing them - a Real Programmer knows how to beat the machine every time: no challenge in that.) Everyone working at LucasFilm is a Real Programmer. (It would be crazy to turn down the money of fifty million Star Trek fans.) The proportion of Real Programmers in Computer Graphics is somewhat lower than the norm, mostly because nobody has found a use for computer graphics yet. On the other hand, all computer graphics is done in Fortran, so there are a fair number of people doing graphics in order to avoid having to write COBOL programs. THE REAL PROGRAMMER AT PLAY Generally, the Real Programmer plays the same way he works - with computers. He is constantly amazed that his employer actually pays him to do what he would be doing for fun anyway (although he is careful not to express this opinion out loud). Occasionally, the Real Programmer does step out of the office for a breath of fresh air and a beer or two. Some tips on recognizing Real Programmers away from the computer room: At a party, the Real Programmers are the ones in the corner talking about operating system security and how to get around it. At a football game, the Real Programmer is the one comparing the plays against his simulations printed on 11 by 14 fanfold paper. At the beach, the Real Programmer is the one drawing flowcharts in the sand. At a funeral, the Real Programmer is the one saying "Poor George, he almost had the sort routine working before the coronary." In a grocery store, the Real Programmer is the one who insists on running the cans past the laser checkout scanner himself, because he never could trust keypunch operators to get it right the first time. THE REAL PROGRAMMER'S NATURAL HABITAT What sort of environment does the Real Programmer function best in? This is an important question for the managers of Real Programmers. Considering the amount of money it costs to keep one on the staff, it's best to put him (or her) in an environment where he can get his work done. The typical Real Programmer lives in front of a computer terminal. Surrounding this terminal are: Listings of all programs the Real Programmer has ever worked on, piled in roughly chronological order on every flat surface in the office. Some half-dozen or so partly filled cups of cold coffee. Occasionally, there will be cigarette butts floating in the coffee. In some cases, the cups will contain Orange Crush. Unless he is very good, there will be copies of the OS JCL manual and the Principles of Operation open to some particularly interesting pages. Taped to the wall is a line-printer Snoopy calendar for the year 1969. Strewn about the floor are several wrappers for peanut butter filled cheese bars - the type that are made pre-stale at the bakery so they can't get any worse while waiting in the vending machine. Hiding in the top left-hand drawer of the desk is a stash of double-stuff Oreos for special occasions. Underneath the Oreos is a flowcharting template, left there by the previous occupant of the office. (Real Programmers write programs, not documentation. Leave that to the maintenance people.) The Real Programmer is capable of working 30, 40, even 50 hours at a stretch, under intense pressure. In fact, he prefers it that way. Bad response time doesn't bother the Real Programmer - it gives him a chance to catch a little sleep between compiles. If there is not enough schedule pressure on the Real Programmer, he tends to make things more challenging by working on some small but interesting part of the problem for the first nine weeks, then finishing the rest in the last week, in two or three 50-hour marathons. This not only impresses the hell out of his manager, who was despairing of ever getting the project done on time, but creates a convenient excuse for not doing the documentation. In general: No Real Programmer works 9 to 5 (unless it's the ones at night). Real Programmers don't wear neckties. Real Programmers don't wear high-heeled shoes. Real Programmers arrive at work in time for lunch [9]. A Real Programmer might or might not know his wife's name. He does, however, know the entire {ASCII} (or EBCDIC) code table. Real Programmers don't know how to cook. Grocery stores aren't open at three in the morning. Real Programmers survive on Twinkies and coffee. THE FUTURE What of the future? It is a matter of some concern to Real Programmers that the latest generation of computer programmers are not being brought up with the same outlook on life as their elders. Many of them have never seen a computer with a front panel. Hardly anyone graduating from school these days can do hex arithmetic without a calculator. College graduates these days are soft - protected from the realities of programming by source level debuggers, text editors that count parentheses, and "user friendly" operating systems. Worst of all, some of these alleged "computer scientists" manage to get degrees without ever learning Fortran! Are we destined to become an industry of Unix hackers and Pascal programmers? From my experience, I can only report that the future is bright for Real Programmers everywhere. Neither OS 370 nor Fortran show any signs of dying out, despite all the efforts of Pascal programmers the world over. Even more subtle tricks, like adding structured coding constructs to Fortran have failed. Oh sure, some computer vendors have come out with Fortran 77 compilers, but every one of them has a way of converting itself back into a Fortran 66 compiler at the drop of an option card - to compile DO loops like God meant them to be. Even Unix might not be as bad on Real Programmers as it once was. The latest release of Unix has the potential of an operating system worthy of any Real Programmer - two different and subtly incompatible user interfaces, an arcane and complicated teletype driver, virtual memory. If you ignore the fact that it's "structured", even 'C' programming can be appreciated by the Real Programmer: after all, there's no type checking, variable names are seven (ten? eight?) characters long, and the added bonus of the Pointer data type is thrown in - like having the best parts of Fortran and assembly language in one place. (Not to mention some of the more creative uses for

recursion theory "theory" The study of problems that, in principle, cannot be solved by either computers or humans. [Proper definition?] (1999-03-01)

Replication ::: The strength of a research study is only as good as its ability to be replicated. In other words, if a study has significant results but can not be done again, it is difficult to assess whether it was a good study or a result of error.

resonator ::: n. --> Anything which resounds; specifically, a vessel in the form of a cylinder open at one end, or a hollow ball of brass with two apertures, so contrived as to greatly intensify a musical tone by its resonance. It is used for the study and analysis of complex sounds.

retinoscopy ::: n. --> The study of the retina of the eye by means of the ophthalmoscope.

reverse engineering "systems, product, design" The process of analysing an existing system to identify its components and their interrelationships and create representations of the system in another form or at a higher level of {abstraction}. Reverse engineering is usually undertaken in order to redesign the system for better maintainability or to produce a copy of a system without access to the design from which it was originally produced. For example, one might take the {executable code} of a computer program, run it to study how it behaved with different inputs and then attempt to write a program which behaved identically (or better). An {integrated circuit} might also be reverse engineered by an unscrupulous company wishing to make unlicensed copies of a popular chip. (1995-10-06)

rhinoscopy ::: n. --> The examination or study of the soft palate, posterior nares, etc., by means of a laryngoscopic mirror introduced into the pharynx.

Ruby "language" 1. A {relational language} designed by Jones and M. Sheeran in 1986 for describing and designing circuits (a {hardware description language}). Ruby programs denote {binary relations} and programs are built-up inductively from primitive relations using a pre-defined set of {relational operators}. Ruby programs also have a geometric interpretation as networks of primitive relations connected by wires, which is important when layout is considered in circuit design. Ruby has been continually developed since 1986, and has been used to design many different kinds of circuits, including {systolic arrays}, {butterfly networks} and arithmetic circuits. {(}. E-mail: "". ["Ruby - A Language of Relations and Higher-Order Functions", M. Sheeran, Proc 3rd Banff Workshop on Hardware Verification, Springer 1990]. (1994-10-27) 2. One of five pedagogical languages based on {Markov algorithms}, used in Higman's report (below). The other languages are {Brilliant}, {Diamond}, {Nonpareil}, and {Pearl}. ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)]. (1994-10-27) 3. A fully {object oriented} {interpreted} {scripting language} by Yukihiro Matsumoto "". Similar in scope to {Perl} and {Python}, Ruby has high-level {data types}, automatic {memory management}, {dynamic typing}, a {module} system, {exceptions}, and a rich standard library. Other features are {CLU}-style {iterators} for {loop abstraction}, {singleton classes}/{methods} and {lexical closures}. In Ruby, everything is an {object}, including the basic data types. For example, the number 1 is an instance of {class} Fixnum. Current version (stable): 1.6.7, as of 2002-03-01. {Ruby Home (}. {Ruby Central (}. ["Programming Ruby - The Pragmatic Programmer's Guide", David Thomas, Andrew Hunt, Yukihiro Matsumoto pub. Addison Wesley 2000]. (2002-06-19)

San piao: The three laws in reasoning and argumentation, namely, that "there must be a basis or foundation" which can be "found in a study of the experiences of the wisest men of the past," that "there must be a general survey" by "examining (its compatibility with) the facts of the actual experience of the people," and that "there must be practical application" by "putting it into law and governmental policies, and see whether or not it is conducive to the welfare of the state and of the people." (Mo Tzu, between 500 and 396 B.C.) -- W.T.C.

Savitri ::: Purani: “The word ‘Savitri’ is derived from the word ‘Savitru’ which in its turn is derived from the root ‘su’ = ‘to give birth to’. The word ‘Soma’ which indicates an ‘exhilarating drink’, symbolising spiritual ecstasy or delight, is also derived from the same root ‘su’. It links therefore the creation and the delight of creation. Savitru therefore, means the Divine Creator One who gives birth to or brings forth from himself into existence, the creation. In the Veda, Savita is the God of illumination, the God of Creation. Usually, he is represented by the material sun which also illuminates the solar system and is its creator and sustainer in the material sense. Savitri therefore would mean etymologically ‘some one descended from the Sun’, ‘one belonging to the Sun’, ‘an energy derived from the Sun, the Divine Creator’. In our poem, Savitri is the princess who embodies the Divine Grace descended in human birth to work out with the aspiring soul of humanity his divine destiny.”“Savitri“—An Approach and a Study

Scatter Plot ::: A graphical representation of data received in a correlational study.

Scholz and Bachmann, Der wissenschaftliche Nachlass von Gottlob Frege, Actes du Congres International de Philosophie Scientifique (Pans, 1936), section VIII, pp. 24-30. Freud. Sigmund: (1856-1940) Founder of the Psvcho-analytic school (see Psycho-Analysis), studied medicine at the University of Vienna, and becoming interested in the treatment of neuroses, went to Paris in 1885 to study under Charcot and later examined the methods employed by the Nancy school. In his own practice, he employed hypnotic methods of treatment (see Hypnosis, Hypnotism) in combination with his own techniques of free association and dream interpretation. (The Interpretation of Dreams, German ed., 1900.) Psychopathology of Everyday Life, German ed., 1901.) Freud not only developed a therapeutic technique for the treatment of hysteria and neuroses but advanced an elaborate psychological theory of which the main tenets are the predominance of sex and the doctrine of the subconscious.

Science, philosophy of: That philosophic discipline which is the systematic study of the nature of science, especially of its methods, its concepts and presuppositions, and its place in the general scheme of intellectual disciplines.

Science ::: When the ancient thinkers of India set themselves to study the soul of man in themselves and others, they, unlike any other nation or school of early thought, proceeded at once to a process which resembles exactly enough the process adopted by modern science in its study of physical phenomena. For their object was to study, arrange and utilise the forms, forces and working movements of consciousness, just as the modern physical Sciences study, arrange and utilize the forms, forces and working movements of objective Matter. The material with which they had to deal was more subtle, flexible and versatile than the most impalpable forces of which the physical Sciences have become aware; its motions were more elusive, its processes harder to fix; but once grasped and ascertained, the movements of consciousness were found by Vedic psychologists to be in their process and activity as regular, manageable and utilisable as the movements of physical forces. The powers of the soul can be as perfectly handled and as safely, methodically and puissantly directed to practical life-purposes of joy, power and light as the modern power of electricity can be used for human comfort, industrial and locomotive power and physical illumination; but the results to which they give room and effect are more wonderful and momentous than the results of motorpower and electric luminosity. For there is no difference of essential law in the physical and the psychical, but only a difference and undoubtedly a great difference of energy, instrumentation and exact process.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 12, Page: 314

scientist ::: n. --> One learned in science; a scientific investigator; one devoted to scientific study; a savant.

scoley ::: v. i. --> To go to school; to study.

scratch monkey "humour" As in "Before testing or reconfiguring, always mount a {scratch monkey}", a proverb used to advise caution when dealing with irreplaceable data or devices. Used to refer to any scratch volume hooked to a computer during any risky operation as a replacement for some precious resource or data that might otherwise get trashed. This term preserves the memory of Mabel, the Swimming Wonder Monkey, star of a biological research program at the University of Toronto. Mabel was not (so the legend goes) your ordinary monkey; the university had spent years teaching her how to swim, breathing through a regulator, in order to study the effects of different gas mixtures on her physiology. Mabel suffered an untimely demise one day when a DEC engineer troubleshooting a crash on the program's VAX inadvertently interfered with some custom hardware that was wired to Mabel. It is reported that, after calming down an understandably irate customer sufficiently to ascertain the facts of the matter, a DEC troubleshooter called up the {field circus} manager responsible and asked him sweetly, "Can you swim?" Not all the consequences to humans were so amusing; the sysop of the machine in question was nearly thrown in jail at the behest of certain clueless droids at the local "humane" society. The moral is clear: When in doubt, always mount a scratch monkey. {ESR} notes: There is a version of this story, complete with reported dialogue between one of the project people and DEC field service, that has been circulating on Internet since 1986. It is hilarious and mythic, but gets some facts wrong. For example, it reports the machine as a {PDP-11} and alleges that Mabel's demise occurred when DEC {PM}ed the machine. Earlier versions of this entry were based on that story; this one has been corrected from an interview with the hapless sysop. A corespondent adds: The details you give are somewhat consistent with the version I recall from the Digital "War Stories" notesfile, but the name "Mabel" and the swimming bit were not mentioned, IIRC. Also, there's {a very detailed account (} that claims that three monkies died in the incident, not just one. I believe Eric Postpischil wrote the original story at DEC, so his coming back with a different version leads me to wonder whether there ever was a real Scratch Monkey incident. [{Jargon File}] (2004-08-22)

Selective Theories of Sensa: A selective in contrast to a creative theory, holds that sensa experienceable by any mind under all possible conditions of perception; preexists the act of sensing and that, consequently the function of the mind in relation to the sensa is selective rather than creative. The selective theory has been advanced by such contemporary Realists as B. Russell (The Analysis of Mind), E. B. Holt (The Concept of Consciousness), J. Laird (A Study in Realism). See Creative Theory of Sensa. -- L.W.

Signate: (In Schol.) Refers to the intention or direction of the agent; as distinguished from exercite, which refers to the effects of the work or the exercise. E.g., one who studies mathematics, signate intends to acquire the knowledge of truths concerning quantity, -- but exercite, or in the exercise itself of studying, renders the mind more able and apt for reasoning rightly. -- H.G.

Sign-Language: A system of signs established either traditionally (primitive tribes) or technically (deaf-mutes) for the purpose of communicating concepts or sentences, rather than letters or sounds or words as in signalling The question of the priority of vocal and gesture speech is much debated, but there is no doubt that primitive peoples used signs for communicating intentions and expressing their needs, especially when dealing with tribes with a different tongue. This is almost a psychological reflex, as it may be noted in the elementary improvised mimic of travellers among people they do not understand, and also in the vivid gestures accompanying the utterances of even civilized people like those of the Mediternnean shores. Sign-languages have a psychological, sociological and ethnological importance, as they may reveal the fundamental trains of thought, the sociological status, the race peculiarities, the geographical segregation, and even the beliefs and rituals of those who use them. Their study would also give material for various syntactical, semantical and logical problems.

Singular proposition: See logic, formal, §§4, 5. Skepticism: Sec Scepticism. Skolem paradox: See Löwenheim's theorem. Smith, Adam: (1723-1790) Professor of Moral Philosophy and Logic at Glasgow. He is best known for his The Wealth of Nations, but he is not to be forgotten for his contributions to the study of ethics, expressed principally in his "The Theory of Moral Sentiments." He finds sympathy as the fundamental fact of the moral consciousness and he makes of sympathy the test of morality, the sympathy of the impartial and well informed spectator. -- L.E.D.

sketch ::: n. --> An outline or general delineation of anything; a first rough or incomplete draught or plan of any design; especially, in the fine arts, such a representation of an object or scene as serves the artist&

social autopoiesis ::: The study of how networks of objective things, organisms, and processes self-organize and self-reproduce. A first-person approach to third-person plural realities. The inside view of the exterior of a collective (i.e., the inside view of a holon in the Lower-Right quadrant). Exemplary of a zone-

sociologist ::: n. --> One who treats of, or devotes himself to, the study of sociology.

Software Methodology "programming" The study of how to navigate through each phase of the software process model (determining data, control, or uses hierarchies, partitioning functions, and allocating requirements) and how to represent phase products (structure charts, stimulus-response threads, and {state transition diagrams}). (1996-05-29)

sort 1. "application, algorithm" To arrange a collection of items in some specified order. The items - {records} in a file or data structures in memory - consist of one or more {fields} or members. One of these fields is designated as the "sort key" which means the records will be ordered according to the value of that field. Sometimes a sequence of key fields is specified such that if all earlier keys are equal then the later keys will be compared. Within each field some ordering is imposed, e.g. ascending or descending numerical, {lexical ordering}, or date. Sorting is the subject of a great deal of study since it is a common operation which can consume a lot of computer time. There are many well-known sorting {algorithms} with different time and space behaviour and programming {complexity}. Examples are {quicksort}, {insertion sort}, {bubble sort}, {heap sort}, and {tree sort}. These employ many different data structures to store sorted data, such as {arrays}, {linked lists}, and {binary trees}. 2. "tool" The {Unix} utility program for sorting lines of files. {Unix manual page}: sort(1). (1997-02-12)

Specifically, naturalism usually refers to the doctrines and practices of the 19th century school of realism which arose as the literary analogue of positivism, and whose great masters were Flaubert, Zola, and de Maupassant. The fundamental dogma of the movement, as expressed by Zola in "Le Roman experimental" and "Les Romanciers naturalistes", states that naturalism is "the scientific mdhod applied to literature". Zola maintains that the task of the artist is to report and explain what happens in nature, art must aim at a literal transcript of reality, and the artist attains this by making an analytic study of character, motives, and behavior. Naturalism argues that all judgments of good and bad are conventional, with no real basis in nature, so art should seek to understand, not to approve or condemn. Human behavior is regarded as largely a function of environment and circumstances, and the novelist should exhibit these in detail, with no false idealizing of character, no glossing over of the ugly, and no appeal to supposed hidden forces. -- I.J.

spells ::: 1. To decipher something; comprehend by studying. 2. To amount to; to signify, imply, or involve.

Sri Aurobindo: "Intelligence does not depend on the amount one has read, it is a quality of the mind. Study only gives it material for its work as life also does. There are people who do not know how to read and write who are more intelligent than many highly educated people and understand life and things better. On the other hand, a good intelligence can improve itself by reading because it gets more material to work on and grows by exercise and by having a wider range to move in. But book-knowledge by itself is not the real thing, it has to be used as a help to the intelligence but it is often only a help to stupidity or ignorance — ignorance because knowledge of facts is a poor thing if one cannot see their true significance.” Letters on Yoga

Statement: See Meaning, Kinds of, 1. Statistics: The systematic study of quantitative facts, numerical data, comparative materials, obtained through description and interpretation of group phenomena. The method of using and interpreting processes of classification, enumeration, measurement and evaluation of group phenomena. In a restricted sense, the materials, facts or data referring to group phenomena and forming the subject of systematic computation and interpretation. The Ground of Statistics. Statistics have developed from a specialized application of the inductive principle which concludes from the characteristics of a large number of parts to those of the whole. When we make generalizations from empirical data, we are never certain of having expressed adequately the laws connecting all the relevant and efficient factors in the case under investigation. Not only have we to take into account the personal equation involved and the imperfection of our instru ments of observation and measurement, but also the complex character of physical, biological, psychological and social phenomena which cannot be subjected to an exhaustive analysis. Statistics reveals precisely definite trends and frequencies subject to approximate laws, in these various fields in which phenomena result from many independently varying factors and involve a multitude of numerical units of variable character. Statistics differs fiom probability insofar as it makes a more consistent use of empirical data objectively considered, and of methods directly inspired by the treatment of these data.

statistics "statistics, mathematics" The practice, study or result of the application of mathematical {functions} to collections of {data} in order to summarise or {extrapolate} that data. The subject of statistics can be divided into descriptive statistics - describing data, and analytical statistics - drawing conclusions from data. (1997-07-16)

Stephen Kleene "person" Professor Stephen Cole Kleene (1909-01-05 - 1994-01-26) /steev'n (kohl) klay'nee/ An American mathematician whose work at the {University of Wisconsin-Madison} helped lay the foundations for modern computer science. Kleene was best known for founding the branch of {mathematical logic} known as {recursion theory} and for inventing {regular expressions}. The {Kleene star} and {Ascending Kleene Chain} are named after him. Kleene was born in Hartford, Conneticut, USA. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Amherst College in 1930. From 1930 to 1935, he was a graduate student and research assistant at {Princeton University} where he received his doctorate in mathematics in 1934. In 1935, he joined UW-Madison mathematics department as an instructor. He became an assistant professor in 1937. From 1939 to 1940, he was a visiting scholar at Princeton's {Institute for Advanced Study} where he laid the foundation for recursive function theory, an area that would be his lifelong research interest. In 1941 he returned to Amherst as an associate professor of mathematics. During World War II Kleene was a lieutenant commander in the United States Navy. He was an instructor of navigation at the U.S. Naval Reserve's Midshipmen's School in New York, and then a project director at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C. In 1946, he returned to Wisconsin, eventually becoming a full professor. He was chair of mathematics, and computer sciences in 1962 and 1963 and dean of the College of Letters and Science from 1969 to 1974. In 1964 he was named the Cyrus C. MacDuffee professor of mathematics. An avid mountain climber, Kleene had a strong interest in nature and the environment and was active in many conservation causes. He led several professional organisations, serving as president of the {Association of Symbolic Logic} from 1956 to 1958. In 1961, he served as president of the International Union of the History and the Philosophy of Science. Kleene pronounced his last name /klay'nee/. /klee'nee/ and /kleen/ are extremely common mispronunciations. His first name is /steev'n/, not /stef'n/. His son, Ken Kleene "", wrote: "As far as I am aware this pronunciation is incorrect in all known languages. I believe that this novel pronunciation was invented by my father." {(gopher://}. (1999-03-03)

stroboscope ::: n. --> An instrument for studying or observing the successive phases of a periodic or varying motion by means of light which is periodically interrupted.
An optical toy similar to the phenakistoscope. See Phenakistoscope.

structuralism ::: Traditionally refers to the study of the structures of the mind that underlie human behavior. In Integral Theory, structuralism typically refers to the objective study of interior realities over time in search of regularities and patterns. It is most often used as a third-person approach to first-person singular realities. The outside view of the interior of an individual (i.e., the outside view of a holon in the Upper-Left quadrant). Exemplary of a zone-

student ::: n. --> A person engaged in study; one who is devoted to learning; a learner; a pupil; a scholar; especially, one who attends a school, or who seeks knowledge from professional teachers or from books; as, the students of an academy, a college, or a university; a medical student; a hard student.
One who studies or examines in any manner; an attentive and systematic observer; as, a student of human nature, or of physical nature.

studied ::: a. --> Closely examined; read with diligence and attention; made the subject of study; well considered; as, a studied lesson.
Well versed in any branch of learning; qualified by study; learned; as, a man well studied in geometry.
Premeditated; planned; designed; as, a studied insult.
Intent; inclined. ::: imp. & p. p.

studied ::: pt. of study. 1. Resulting from deliberation and careful thought. 2. Learned; knowledgeable.

studies ::: pl. --> of Study

studious ::: a. --> Given to study; devoted to the acquisition of knowledge from books; as, a studious scholar.
Given to thought, or to the examination of subjects by contemplation; contemplative.
Earnest in endeavors; aiming sedulously; attentive; observant; diligent; -- usually followed by an infinitive or by of; as, be studious to please; studious to find new friends and allies.
Planned with study; deliberate; studied.

Summum Bonum: (Lat. the supreme good) A term applied to an ultimate end of human conduct the worth of which is intrinsically and substantively good. It is some end that is not subordinate to anything else. Happiness, pleasure, virtue, self-realization, power, obedience to the voice of duty, to conscience, to the will of God, good will, perfection have been claimed as ultimate aims of human conduct in the history of ethical theory. Those who interpret all ethical problems in terms of a conception of good they hold to be the highest ignore all complexities of conduct, focus attention wholly upon goals towards which deeds are directed, restrict their study by constructing every good in one single pattern, center all goodness in one model and thus reduce all other types of good to their model. -- H.H.

swadhyaya. ::: personal study; study of the sacred texts

systems analysis "job" Study of the design, specification, feasibility, cost, and implementation of a computer system for business. What a systems analyst does. (1997-04-25)

systems theory ::: The objective study of networks of organisms, things, and processes. A third-person approach to third-person plural realities. The outside view of the exterior of the collective (i.e., the outside view of a holon in the Lower-Right quadrant). Exemplary of a zone-

task ::: v. --> Labor or study imposed by another, often in a definite quantity or amount.
Business; employment; undertaking; labor. ::: v. t. --> To impose a task upon; to assign a definite amount of business, labor, or duty to.

Temple, William: For many years Archbishop of York, Temple (born 1881) has written extensively on the philosophy of religion. In Mens Creatrix and most recently in Nature Man and God, he has argued for a universe of levels, culminating in value, and pointing to God as Supreme Value and hence Ultimate Reality. Recent work on the nature of revelation has given him the definition of revelation as "coincidence of divinely guided event and divinely guided apprehension", in this setting he places (see Christ the Truth) the Incarnation as central and most significant event apprehended by the Christian community. He is a Platonist in tendency, although within recent years this has been modified by scholasticism, and a study of Marxian philosophy. -- W.N.P.

thalassography ::: n. --> The study or science of the life of marine organisms.

The study of society, societal relations. Originally called Social Physics, meaning that the methods of the natural sciences were to be applied to the study of society. Whereas the pattern originally was physics and the first sociologists thought that it was possible to find laws of nature in the social realm (Quetelet, Comte, Buckle), others turned to biological considerations. The "organic" conception of society (Lilienfeld, Schaeffle) treated society as a complex organism, the evolutionists, Gumplowicz, Ratzenhofer, considered the struggle between different ethnic groups the basic factor in the evolution of social structures and institutions. Other sociologists accepted a psychological conception of society; to them psychological phenomena (imitation, according to Gabriel Tarde, consciousness of kind, according to F. H. Giddings) were the basic elements in social interrelations (see also W. McDougall, Alsworth Ross, etc.). These relations themselves were made the main object of sociological studies by G. Simmel, L. Wiese, Howard Becker. A kind of sociological realism was fostered by the French sociologist, Emile Durkheim, and his school. They considered society a reality, the group-mind an actual fact, the social phenomena "choses sociales". The new "sociology of knowledge", inaugurated by these French sociologists, has been further developed by M. Scheler, K. Mannheim and W. Jerusalem. Recently other branches of social research have separated somewhat from sociology proper: Anthropogeography, dealing with the influences of the physical environment upon society, demography, social psychology, etc. Problems of the methodology of the social sciences have also become an important topic of recent studies. -- W.E.

The influence of Kant has penetrated more deeply than that of any other modern philosopher. His doctrine of freedom became the foundation of idealistic metaphysics in Fichte, Schelling and Hegel, but not without sacrifice of the strict critical method. Schopenhauer based his voluntarism on Kant's distinction between phenomena and things-in-themselves. Lotze's teleological idealism was also greatly indebted to Kant. Certain psychological and pragmatic implications of Kant's thought were developed by J. F. Fries, Liebmann, Lange, Simmel and Vaihinger. More recently another group in Germany, reviving the critical method, sought a safe course between metaphysics and psychology; it includes Cohen, Natorp, Riehl, Windelband, Rickert, Husserl, Heidegger, and E. Cassirer. Until recent decades English and American idealists such as Caird, Green, Bradley, Howison, and Royce, saw Kant for the most part through Hegel's eyes. More recently the study of Kant's philosophy has come into its own in English-speaking countries through such commentaries as those of N. K. Smith and Paton. In France the influence of Kant was most apparent in Renouvier's "Phenomenism". -- O.F.K.

Theology: (Gr. theos, god, logos, study) Simply stated, theology is a study of the question of God and the relation of God to the world of reality. Theology, in the widest sense of the term, is a branch of philosophy, i.e., a special field of philosophical inquiry having to do with God. However, the term is widely employed to mean the theoretical expression of a particuhr religion. In the latter sense, theology becomes "Christian", "Jewish", "Presbyterian", "Reformed", etc. When thus employed, theology becomes in a narrow sense "historic", "systematic", "polemic", "ecclesiastical", "apologetic", etc., -- phases of theoretical discussions within a particular religious faith. Theology need not have any necessary reference to religion, it may be a purely theoretical discussion about God and God's relation to the world on a disinterested plane of free inquiry. -- V.F.

theory change "artificial intelligence" The study of methods used to incorporate new information into a {knowledge base} when the new information may conflict with existing information. {Belief revision} is one area of theory change. [Others?] (1995-03-20)

The Platonic theory of education is based on a drawing out (educatio) of what is already dimly known to the learner. (Meno, Repub. II-VII, Theaetetus, Laws.) The training of the philosopher-ruler, outlined in the Republic, requires the selection of the most promising children in their infancy and a rigorous disciplining of them in gymnastic, music (in the Greek sense of literary studies), mathematics and dialectic (the study of the Ideas). This training was to continue until the students were about thirty-five years of age; then fifteen years of practical apprenticeship in the subordinate offices of the state were required; finally, at the age of fifty, the rulers were advised to return to the study of philosophy. It should be noted that this program is intended only for an intellectual elite; the military class was to undergo a shorter period of training suited to its functions, and the masses of people, engaged in production, trading, and like pursuits, were not offered any special educational schedule.

The scientific study of primitive leligions, with such well known names as E. B. Tylor, F. B. Jevons, W. H. R. Rivers, J. G. Frazer, R. H. Codrington, Spencer and Gillen, E. Westermarck, E. Durkheim, L. Levy-Bruhl; the numerous outlines of the development of religion since Hume's Natural History of Religion and E. Caird's Evolution of Religion; the prolific literature dealing with individual religions of a higher type, the science of comparative religion with such namea as that of L. H. Jordan, the many excellent treitises on the psychology of religion including Wm. James' Varieties of Religious Experience; the sacred literature of all peoples in various editions together with a voluminous theological exegesis, Church history and, finally, the history of dogma, especially the monumental work of von Harnack, -- all are contributing illustrative material to the Philosophy of Religion which became stimulated to scientific efforts through the positivism of Spencer, Huxley, Lewes, Tyndall, and others, and is still largely oriented by the progress in science, as may be seen, e.g., by the work of Emile Boutroux, S. Alexander (Space, Time and Deity), and A. N. Whitehead.

Timology: (Gr. time, esteem, dignity, logos, study of) A term meaning a study of excellence or worth. More particularly, the term refers to a theory of value which holds that value has an intrinsic worth apart from considerations of any particular point of view. Opposed, e.g., to the view that value is relative to an individual. A notable expounder of the timological view in theory of value is G. E. Moore. -- V.F.

T. Kohonen "person" A researcher at the {University of Helsinki} who has been studying {neural networks} for many years with the idea of modelling as closely as possible the behaviour of biological systems. His name is commonly associated with a particular kind of neural network in which there are only two kinds of {neurons} (see {McCulloch-Pitts}), input and others. All the input neurons are connected to all others and the others are connected only to their other nearest neighbors. The training {algorithm} is a relatively simple one based on the geometric layout of the neurons, and makes use of {simulated annealing}. (1994-10-19)

tonometer ::: n. --> An instrument for determining the rate of vibrations in tones.
An apparatus for studying and registering the action of various fluids and drugs on the excised heart of lower animals.
An instrument for measuring tension, esp. that of the eyeball.

tool 1. "tool" A program used primarily to create, manipulate, modify, or analyse other programs, such as a compiler or an editor or a cross-referencing program. Opposite: {app}, {operating system}. 2. A {Unix} {application program} with a simple, "transparent" (typically text-stream) interface designed specifically to be used in programmed combination with other tools (see {filter}, {plumbing}). 3. "jargon" ({MIT}: general to students there) To work; to study (connotes tedium). The {TMRC} Dictionary defined this as "to set one's brain to the grindstone". See {hack}. 4. "jargon, person" ({MIT}) A student who studies too much and hacks too little. MIT's student humour magazine rejoices in the name "Tool and Die". [{Jargon File}] (1996-12-12)

Traditionally given by the oracular phrase: "The science of being as such." To be distinguished from the study of being under some particular aspect; hence opposed to such sciences as are concerned with ens mobile, ens quantum, etc. The term, "science", is here used in its classic sense of "knowledge by causes", where "knowledge" is contrasted with "opinion" and the term cause has the full signification of the Greek aitia. The "causes" which are the objects of metaphysical cognition are said to be "first" in the natural order (first principles), as being founded in no higher or more complete generalizations available to the human intellect by means of its own natural powers.

Transcendental Philosophy: Kant's name for his proposed a priori science of pure science ("pure reason") which would include both a detailed analysis of its fundamental concepts and a complete list of all derivative notions. Such a study would go beyond the purpose and scope of his Critique of Pure Reason. Name given to Kant's philosophy. Schelling's term for his science of Mind, as opposed to the science of Nature. Transcendentalism (q.v.). --W.L. Transcendental proof: In Kant's Philosophy: Proof by showing that what is proved is a necessary condition without which human experience would be impossible and therefore valid of all phenomena. -- A.C.E.

tyro ::: n. --> A beginner in learning; one who is in the rudiments of any branch of study; a person imperfectly acquainted with a subject; a novice.

unbend ::: v. t. --> To free from flexure; to make, or allow to become, straight; to loosen; as, to unbend a bow.
A remit from a strain or from exertion; to set at ease for a time; to relax; as, to unbend the mind from study or care.
To unfasten, as sails, from the spars or stays to which they are attached for use.
To cast loose or untie, as a rope.

understudy ::: v. t. & i. --> To study, as another actor&

University of Edinburgh "body, education" A university in the centre of Scotland's capital. The University of Edinburgh has been promoting and setting standards in education for over 400 years. Granted its Royal Charter in 1582 by James VI, the son of Mary Queen of Scots, the University was founded the following year by the Town Council of Edinburgh, making it the first post-Reformation university in Scotland, and the first civic university to be established in the British Isles. Known in its early years as King James College, or the Tounis (Town's) College, the University soon established itself internationally, and by the 18th century Edinburgh was a leading centre of the European Enlightenment and one of the continent's principal universities. The University's close relationship with the city in which it is based, coupled with a forward-looking, international perspective, has kept Edinburgh at the forefront of new research and teaching developments whilst enabling it to retain a uniquely Scottish character. Edinburgh's academics are at the forefront of developments in the study and application of languages, medicine, micro-electronics, biotechnology, computer-based disciplines and many other subjects. Edinburgh's standing as a world centre for research is further enhanced by the presence on and around University precincts of many independently-funded, but closely linked, national research institutes {(}. Address: Old College, South Bridge, Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 9YL, UK. Telephone: +44 (131) 650 1000. See also {ABSET}, {ABSYS}, {Alice}, {ASL+}, {Baroque}, {C++Linda}, {Cogent Prolog}, {COWSEL}, {Echidna}, {Edinburgh Prolog}, {Edinburgh SML}, {EdML}, {ELLIS}, {ELSIE}, {ESLPDPRO}, {Extended ML}, {Hope}, {IMP}, {LCF}, {Lisp-Linda}, {Marseille Prolog}, {metalanguage}, {MIKE}, {ML}, {ML Kit}, {ML-Linda}, {Multipop-68}, {Nuprl}, {Oblog}, {paraML}, {Pascal-Linda}, {POP-1}, {POP-2}, {POPLER}, {Prolog}, {Prolog-2}, {Prolog-Linda}, {Scheme-Linda}, {Skel-ML}, {Standard ML}, {Sticks&Stones}, {supercombinators}, {SWI-Prolog}, {tail recursion modulo cons}, {WPOP}. (1995-12-29)

University of Twente "body, education" A university in the east of The Netherlands for technical and social sciences. It was founded in 1961, making it one of the youngest universities in The Netherlands. It has 7000 students studying Applied Educational Science; Applied Mathematics; Applied Physics; Chemical Technology; Computer Science; Electrical Engineering; Mechanical Engineering; Philosophy of science, Technology and Society; Educational Technology. {(}. (1995-04-16)

unlearned ::: a. --> Not learned; untaught; uneducated; ignorant; illiterate.
Not gained by study; not known.
Not exhibiting learning; as, unlearned verses.

unstudied ::: a. --> Not studied; not acquired by study; unlabored; natural.
Not skilled; unversed; -- followed by in.
Not spent in study.

uranology ::: n. --> A discourse or treatise on the heavens and the heavenly bodies; the study of the heavens; uranography.

vacant ::: a. --> Deprived of contents; not filled; empty; as, a vacant room.
Unengaged with business or care; unemployed; unoccupied; disengaged; free; as, vacant hours.
Not filled or occupied by an incumbent, possessor, or officer; as, a vacant throne; a vacant parish.
Empty of thought; thoughtless; not occupied with study or reflection; as, a vacant mind.
Abandoned; having no heir, possessor, claimant, or

Variable ::: Any factor which has the potential to influence another factor in a research study.

versed ::: imp. & p. p. --> of Verse ::: a. --> Acquainted or familiar, as the result of experience, study, practice, etc.; skilled; practiced.

virtuosity ::: n. --> The quality or state of being a virtuoso; in a bad sense, the character of one in whom mere artistic feeling or aesthetic cultivation takes the place of religious character; sentimentalism.
Virtuosos, collectively.
An art or study affected by virtuosos.

votary ::: a. --> Consecrated by a vow or promise; consequent on a vow; devoted; promised. ::: n. --> One devoted, consecrated, or engaged by a vow or promise; hence, especially, one devoted, given, or addicted, to some particular service, worship, study, or state of life.

weary ::: superl. --> Having the strength exhausted by toil or exertion; worn out in respect to strength, endurance, etc.; tired; fatigued.
Causing weariness; tiresome.
Having one&

"When we study this Life as it manifests itself upon earth with Matter as its basis, we observe that essentially it is a form of the one cosmic Energy, a dynamic movement or current of it positive and negative, a constant act or play of the Force which builds up forms, energises them by a continual stream of stimulation and maintains them by an unceasing process of disintegration and renewal of their substance. This would tend to show that the natural opposition we make between death and life is an error of our mentality, one of those false oppositions — false to inner truth though valid in surface practical experience — which, deceived by appearances, it is constantly bringing into the universal unity.” The Life Divine ::: *life"s, life-born, life-curve, life-delight"s, life-drift, life-foam, life-giving, life-impulse, life-impulse"s, life-motives, life-nature"s, life-pain, life-plan, life-power, life-room, life-scene, life-self, life-thought, life-wants, all-life, sense-life.

“When we study this Life as it manifests itself upon earth with Matter as its basis, we observe that essentially it is a form of the one cosmic Energy, a dynamic movement or current of it positive and negative, a constant act or play of the Force which builds up forms, energises them by a continual stream of stimulation and maintains them by an unceasing process of disintegration and renewal of their substance. This would tend to show that the natural opposition we make between death and life is an error of our mentality, one of those false oppositions—false to inner truth though valid in surface practical experience—which, deceived by appearances, it is constantly bringing into the universal unity.” The Life Divine

While not abandoning its interest in beauty, artistic value, and other normative concepts, recent aesthetics has tended to lay increasing emphasis on a descriptive, factual approach to the phenomena of art and aesthetic experience. It differs from art history, archeology, and cultural history in stressing a theoretical organization of materials in terms of recurrent types and tendencies, rather than a chronological or genetic one. It differs from general psychology in focusing upon certain selected phases in psycho-physical activity, and on their application to certain types of objects and situations, especially those of art. It investigates the forms and characteristics of art, which psychology does not do. It differs from art criticism in seeking a more general, theoretical understanding of the arts than is usual in that subject, and in attempting a more consistently objective, impersonal attitude. It maintains a philosophic breadth, in comparing examples of all the arts, and in assembling data and hypotheses from many sources, including philosophy, psychology, cultural history, and the social sciences. But it is departing from traditional conceptions of philosophy in that writing labelled "aesthetics" now often includes much detailed, empirical study of particular phenomena, instead of restricting itself as formerly to abstract discussion of the meaning of beauty, the sublime, and other categories, their objective or subjective nature, their relation to pleasure and moral goodness, the purpose of art, the nature of aesthetic value, etc. There has been controversy over whether such empirical studies deserve to be called "aesthetics", or whether that name should be reserved for the traditional, dialectic or speculative approach; but usage favors the extension in cases where the inquiry aims at fairly broad generalizations.

wizard 1. A person who knows how a complex piece of software or hardware works (that is, who {groks} it); especially someone who can find and fix bugs quickly in an emergency. Someone is a {hacker} if he or she has general hacking ability, but is a wizard with respect to something only if he or she has specific detailed knowledge of that thing. A good hacker could become a wizard for something given the time to study it. 2. A person who is permitted to do things forbidden to ordinary people; one who has {wheel} privileges on a system. 3. A Unix expert, especially a Unix systems programmer. This usage is well enough established that "Unix Wizard" is a recognised job title at some corporations and to most headhunters. See {guru}, {lord high fixer}. See also {deep magic}, {heavy wizardry}, {incantation}, {magic}, {mutter}, {rain dance}, {voodoo programming}, {wave a dead chicken}. 4. An interactive help utility that guides the user through a potentially complex task, such as configuring a {PPP} driver to work with a new {modem}. Wizards are often implemented as a sequence of {dialog boxes} which the user can move forward and backward through, filling in the details required. The implication is that the expertise of a human wizard in one of the above senses is encapsulated in the software wizard, allowing the average user to perform expertly. [{Jargon File}] (1998-09-07)

workflow 1. "operating system" The {scheduling} of independent jobs on a computer. See also {time-sharing}, {WFL}. 2. "job" The set of relationships between all the activities in a project, from start to finish. Activities are related by different types of trigger relation. Activities may be triggered by external events or by other activities. 3. The movement of documents around an organisation for purposes including sign-off, evaluation, performing activities in a process and co-writing. [Stef Joosten "An empirical study about the practice of workflow management", {WA-12} report, 1994]. (1995-03-27)

Wundt, Wilhelm Max: (1832-1920) German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, who after studying medicine at Heidelberg and Berlin and lecturing at Heidelberg, became Professor of Philosophy at Leipzig in 1875 where he founded the first psychological laboratory in 1879. Wundt's psychological method, as exemplified in his Principles of Physiological Psychology, 1873-4, combines exact physical and philological measurement of stimulus and response along with an introspective analysis of the "internal experience" which supervenes between stimulus and response; he affirmed an exact parallelism or one-to-one correspondence between the physiological and the psychological series. Wundt's psychology on its introspective side, classified sensations with respect to modality, intensity, duration, extension, etc.; and feelings as: (a) pleasant or unpleisant, (b) tense or relaxed, (c) excited or depressed. He advanced but later abandoned on introspective grounds the feeling of innervation (discharge of nervous energy in initiating muscular movement). Among psychologists influenced by Wundt are Cattell, Stanley Hall and Titchener. -- L.W.

zoogeography ::: n. --> The study or description of the geographical distribution of animals.

QUOTES [130 / 130 - 1500 / 8539]

KEYS (10k)

   14 The Mother
   9 Sri Aurobindo
   6 Dr Robert A Hatch
   5 Manly P Hall
   5 Saint Thomas Aquinas
   4 Miyamoto Musashi
   4 Dogen Zenji
   3 Chamtrul Rinpoche
   3 Aleister Crowley
   2 Sri Aurobindo
   2 Saint Ambrose
   2 M P Pandit
   2 Bertrand Russell
   2 Alfred North Whitehead
   2 Swami Vivekananda
   2 Sri Ramakrishna
   2 Bodhidharma
   1 Wikipedia
   1 Venerable Bede
   1 T S Eliot
   1 Tolstoi
   1 To Develop a Mind:
Study the science of art;
Study the art of science.
Learn how to see.
Realize that everything connects
to everything else." - Leonardo da Vinci
   1 Thomas a Kempis
   1 Swami Brahmananda
   1 Schopenhauer
   1 Satprem
   1 Sankhya Karika
   1 Samuel Taylor Coleridge
   1 Saint Padre Pio of Pietrelcina
   1 Saint Josemaria Escriva
   1 Saint Augustine
   1 Richard P Feynman
   1 Rene Guenon
   1 Regina Brett
   1 R Buckminster Fuller
   1 Ralph Waldo Emerson
   1 Porphyry
   1 Percy Bysshe Shelley
   1 Patrul Rinpoche
   1 Norbert Wiener
   1 Mary Shelley
   1 Mage the Ascension
   1 Longchenpa
   1  Leonard Adleman
   1 Kyabje Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
   1 Jonathan Swift
   1 John Bunyan
   1 John Adams
   1 J Michael Straczynski
   1 James George Frazer
   1 Israel Regardie
   1 Isaac Newton
   1 id. VI. I.XI
   1 Huang Po
   1 Henri Bergson
   1 Eriugena
   1 Eliphas Levi
   1 Dion Fortune
   1 Confucius "Ta-hio" I
   1 Confucius
   1 Charles Webster Leadbeater
   1 Bl. Humbert of Romans
   1 Bhagavad Gita
   1 Benjamin Disraeli
   1 Arthur Koestler
   1 Antoine the Healer: "Revelations."
   1 Anonymous
   1 Alfred Korzybski
   1 Albert Hofmann
   1 Albert Einstein
   1 Saint Augustine of Hippo
   1 Plato
   1 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
   1 Jetsun Milarepa
   1 Jalaluddin Rumi
   1 Aristophanes
   1 Abraham Maslow


   35 Anonymous
   20 Confucius
   16 Frederick Lenz
   9 Mahatma Gandhi
   8 Ralph Waldo Emerson
   8 Michel de Montaigne
   8 Henry David Thoreau
   7 Marcus Tullius Cicero
   7 Aristotle
   6 Victor Hugo
   6 Swami Vivekananda
   6 Paulo Coelho
   6 John Irving
   6 Abraham Lincoln
   5 Robin S Sharma
   5 Miyamoto Musashi
   5 Leo Tolstoy
   5 Leonardo da Vinci
   5 Idries Shah
   5 Dogen

1:The more we study, the more we discover our ignorance.
   ~ Percy Bysshe Shelley,
2:How can I study from below, that which is above? ~ Aristophanes,
3:The purpose of study is preaching, and of preaching the salvation of souls. ~ Bl. Humbert of Romans,
4:There is no better way to exercise the imagination than the study of the law. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
5:Through the study of books one seeks God; by meditation one finds him. ~ Saint Padre Pio of Pietrelcina,
6:I study my mind and therefore all appearances are my texts. ~ Jetsun Milarepa,
7:If you do not study, the inertia will go on increasing.
   ~ The Mother, On Education,
8:Study, that is the best way to understand.
   ~ The Mother, More Answers From The Mother,
9:To study Buddhism is to study ourselves. To study ourselves is to forget ourselves." ~ Dogen Zenji,
10:Do not read to satisfy curiosity or to pass the time, but study such things as move your heart to devotion. ~ Thomas a Kempis,
11:A mind of moderate capacity which closely pursues one study must infallibly arrive at great proficiency in that study. ~ Mary Shelley,
12:Study hard what interests you the most in the most undisciplined, irreverent and original manner possible.
   ~ Richard P Feynman, [T5],
13:I have a fundamental belief in the Bible as the Word of God, written by those who were inspired. I study the Bible daily.
   ~ Isaac Newton,
14:Study cannot take the same or a greater importance than sadhana.
   ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters On Yoga - IV, [T2],
15:Polish your wisdom: learn public justice, distinguish between good and evil, study the ways of different arts one by one. ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
16:To study the self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be enlightened by the ten thousand things. ~ Dogen Zenji,
17:You should study not only that you become a mother when your child is born, but also that you become a child. ~ Dogen Zenji,
18:The end of our study consists merely in recovering our heart that we have lost. ~ id. VI. I.XI, the Eternal Wisdom
19:Biology is the study of the larger organisms, whereas physics is the study of the smaller organisms. ~ Alfred North Whitehead, Science and the Modern World,
20:The Study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
21:A man cannot understand the art he is studying if he only looks for the end result without taking the time to delve deeply into the reasoning of the study. ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
22:How long do You want me to read and study?

   Four hours of concentrated study a day is enough.
   ~ The Mother, More Answers From The Mother, [T5],
23:Knowledge of facts is a poor thing if one cannot see their true significance. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
24:In the study of creatures we must not exercise an empty and futile curiosity, but should make them the stepping-stone to things unperishable and everlasting. ~ Saint Augustine,
25:Study strategy over the years and achieve the spirit of the warrior. Today is victory over yourself of yesterday; tomorrow is your victory over lesser men.
   ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
26:To Develop a Mind:
Study the science of art;
Study the art of science.
Learn how to see.
Realize that everything connects
to everything else." - Leonardo da Vinci,
27:Intelligence does not depend on the amount one has read, it is a quality of the mind. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
28:Philosophy is of course a creation of the mind but its defect is not that it is false. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
29:Of course you must study the dharma to know exactly what you have to do, but you must also understand that an inch of practice can sometimes be worth a mile of theory. ~ Chamtrul Rinpoche,
30:A philosophical system is only a section of the Truth which the philosopher takes as a whole. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
31:Summer is the annual permission slip to be lazy. To do nothing and have it count for something. To lie in the grass and count the stars. To sit on a branch and study the clouds." ~ Regina Brett,
32:If you use your mind to study reality, you won't understand either your mind or reality. If you study reality without using your mind, you'll understand both. ~ Bodhidharma,
33:If you use your mind to study reality, you won't understand either your mind or reality. If you study reality without using your mind, you'll understand both." ~ Bodhidharma,
34:To teach how to live without certainty, and yet without being paralyzed by hesitation, is perhaps the chief thing that philosophy, in our age, can still do for those who study it.
   ~ Bertrand Russell,
35:Study is of importance only if you study in the right way and with the turn for knowledge and mental discipline. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
36:No one can become really educated without having pursued some study in which he took no interest--for it is a part of education to learn to interest ourselves in subjects for which we have no aptitude. ~ T S Eliot,
37:Knowledge is as infinite as the stars in the sky. There is no end to all of the subjects that one could study. It is better to immediately get their essence - The unchanging fortress of pure awareness. ~ Longchenpa,
38:Someone who's free ought not to learn any learnable thing slavishly. Forced labor performed by the body doesn't make the body any worse, but no forced study abides in a soul. ~ Plato, Republic vii.536e,
39:The universe endures. The more we study the nature of time, the more we shall comprehend that duration means invention, the creation of forms, the continual elaboration of the absolutely new. ~ Henri Bergson, Creative Evolution,
40:If someone wants to study the deeds of our ancestors and imitate the best of them, he can find a single psalm that contains the whole of their history, a complete treasury of past memories in just one short reading. ~ Saint Ambrose,
41:The best way to view a present problem is to give it all you've got, to study it and its nature, to perceive within it the intrinsic interrelationships, to discover the answer to the problem within the problem itself. ~ Abraham Maslow,
42:The Self is not to be reached by too much talking, not even by the highest intellects, not even by the study of the scriptures. The scriptures themselves say so. You must open your heart. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
43:Do not stop! Move onward! Light! More light! Go deeper and deeper. You must see Him face to face, and talk to him. Enough of study and argument! Now gather the forces of your mind and direct them toward God and God only. ~ Swami Brahmananda,
44:The law of the grand study or practical philosophy consists in developing and bringing into light the luminous principle of reason which we have received from heaven. ~ Confucius "Ta-hio" I, the Eternal Wisdom
45:What good is there in reading a whole lot of scriptures? What good is there in the study of philosophy? What is the use of talking big? At the beginning one should concentrate on God with form. ~ Sri Ramakrishna,
46:Never regard study as a duty, but as the enviable opportunity to learn to know the liberating influence of beauty in the realm of the spirit for your own personal joy and to the profit of the community to which your later work belongs.
   ~ Albert Einstein,
47:When we speak of the Path we mean much more than a course of study. The Path is a way of life and on it the whole being must co-operate if the heights are to be won.
   ~ Dion Fortune, Esoteric Orders and Their Work and The Training and Work of the Initiate,
48:Many are unable to make progress in the study of science, either through dullness of mind, or through having a number of occupations, and temporal needs, or even through laziness in learning, ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, 2-2.2.4,
49:When you study natural science and the miracles of creation, if you don't turn into a mystic you are not a natural scientist." ~ Albert Hofmann, (1906 - 2008) Swiss scientist, first person to synthesize, and learn of the psychedelic effects of LSD. Wikipedia,
50:For those who use their intelligence and their study as a weapon, the Rosary is most effective. Because that apparently monotonous way of beseeching Our Lady as children do their Mother, can destroy every seed of vainglory and pride. ~ Saint Josemaria Escriva,
51:Many are unable to make progress in the study of science, either through dullness of mind, or through having a number of occupations, and temporal needs, or even through laziness in learning ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, (ST 2-2.2.4).,
52:The monk St. Jerome was rebuked by envious tongues for preferring the study of Holy Scripture to manual labour. His example may profitably be followed by religious ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, (An Apology for Religious Orders ch. 4).,
53:O the difference, the unspeakable difference, between an historicocritical intellective Study of the Old Testament, and the praying of the same! I mean the perusal of it with a personal moral and religious Interest… ~ Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Collected Notebooks V:6241,
54:You, therefore, who are undertaking the study of this book, if you persevere to the end and understand it, you will be either a monarch or a madman. Do what you will with this volume, you will be unable to despise or to forget it.
   ~ Eliphas Levi, Transcendental Magic,
55:Study me as much as you like, you will not know me, for I differ in a hundred ways from what you see me to be. Put yourself behind my eyes and see me as I see myself, for I have chosen to dwell in a place you cannot see.
   ~ Jalaluddin Rumi,
56:We must distinguish between the knowledge which is due to the study and analysis of Matter and that which results from contact with life and a benevolent activity in the midst of humanity. ~ Antoine the Healer: "Revelations.", the Eternal Wisdom
57:Philosophy, the study of wisdom, is not one thing & religion another... What is the exercise of philosophy but the exposition of the rules of true religion by which the supreme & principal cause of all things, God, is worshipped with humility & rationally searched for? ~ Eriugena,
58:If a man chooses a certain Way and seems to have no particular talent for this Way, he can still become a master if he so chooses. By keeping at a particular form of study a man can attain perfection either in this life or the next (if a next life is believed in). ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
59:If someone wants to study the law and find out what gives it its force (it is the bond of love, for whoever loves his neighbour has fulfilled the law) let him read in the psalms how love led one man to undergo great dangers to wipe out the shame of his entire people. ~ Saint Ambrose,
60:Studies strengthen the mind and turn its concentration away from the impulses and desires of the vital. Concentrating on study is one of the most powerful ways of controlling the mind and the vital; that is why it is so important to study.
   ~ The Mother, On Education,
61:It is thus that by the study of principles is produced this science which consists in saying, "I am not that; this is not mine; this is not myself,"-a science definitive, pure from all kind of doubt, a science absolute and unique. ~ Sankhya Karika, the Eternal Wisdom
62:If then we wish to give ourselves to the study of philosophy, let us apply ourselves to self-knowledge and we shall arrive at a right philosophy by elevating ourselves from the conception of ourselves to the contemplation of the universe. ~ Porphyry, the Eternal Wisdom
63:The study of truth requires a considerable effort - which is why few are willing to undertake it out of love of knowledge - despite the fact that God has implanted a natural appetite for such knowledge in the minds of men. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, Summa Contra Gentiles,
64:Force yourself to study and your depression will go away. Can you imagine a student in college coming and telling his teacher, Sir, I didn't do my homework today because I felt depressed? Surely the teacher would punish him most severely.
   ~ The Mother, More Answers From The Mother,
65:Everything you've learned in school as 'obvious' becomes less and less obvious as you begin to study the universe. For example, there are no solids in the universe. There's not even a suggestion of a solid. There are no absolute continuums. There are no surfaces. There are no straight lines
   ~ R Buckminster Fuller,
66:Is it necessary to write out the geography and history lessons? I can study them by reading.
   One learns things better if one writes them.
   My hand often gets tired while writing.
   You can simply rest a minute or two and then continue.
   18 October 1936 ~ The Mother, More Answers From The Mother,
67:Soon Rome fell, and Western civilization fell onto Dark Times. The Cult of Mercury officially disbanded itself in 415 CE. Hermetic scholars fragmented, the sharing of ideas halted, and wizards secluded themselves in their towers for protection and to study free of the Church's inquiry. ~ Mage the Ascension, Order of Hermes,
68:If you study every word of the petitions of Scripture, you will find, I think, nothing that is not contained and included in the Lord's Prayer. When we pray, then, we may use different words to say the same things, but we may not say different things. ~ Saint Augustine of Hippo, Letter to Proba,
69:There is always (it is probably inevitable) the path of struggle and then there is the sunlit path. And after much study and investigation, I have had a sort of spiritual ambition, if it may be called that, to bring to the world a sunlit path in order to eliminate the need for suffering and struggle...
   ~ The Mother,
70:The study of mathematics is apt to commence in disappointment... We are told that by its aid the stars are weighed and the billions of molecules in a drop of water are counted. Yet, like the ghost of Hamlet's father, this great science eludes the efforts of our mental weapons to grasp it. ~ Alfred North Whitehead, An Introduction to Mathematics,
71:No amount of intellectual knowledge can satisfy the need for the direct experience that is beyond concepts and duality. Do not be a fool and spend your whole life in a book.

Of course you must study the teachings, but you must also know when it is time to put what you have learnt into practice. Only direct experience can set you free. ~ Chamtrul Rinpoche,
72:The young generations study numberless subjects, the constitution of the stars, of the earth, the origin of organisms etc. They omit only one thing and that is to know what is the sense of human life, how one ought to live, what the great sages of all times have thought of this question and how they have resolved it. ~ Tolstoi, the Eternal Wisdom
73:The white magician consecrates his life to study, meditation, and service, that he may know the law and may direct force to its appointed ends. He mods himself into the plan, becoming part of the divine rhythm by sacrificing himself and his wishes to the will of the Infinite, asking only to know wherein his duty lies and how he may be of the greatest service to the greatest number. ~ Manly P Hall, Magic: A Treatise on Esoteric Ethics,
74:I looked whence the voice came, and was then ware of a shining shape, with bright wings, who diffused much light. As I looked the shape dilated more and more; he waved his hands; the roof of my study opened; he ascended into heaven; he stood in the sun, and, beckoning to me, moved the universe. An angel of evil could not have done that - it was the archangel Gabriel! ~ John Bunyan, Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country, Volume 31, 1875 [William Blake],
75:For the time being" here means time itself is being, and all being is time. A golden sixteen-foot body is time; because it is time, there is the radiant illumination of time. Study it as the twelve hours of the present."Three heads and eight arms" is time; because it is time, it is not separate from the twelve hours of the present. ~ Dogen Zenji, Uji - The Time-Being,
76:15-Look, I am with you, and I will watch over you wherever you go, and I will bring you back to this land. For I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you."
16-When Jacob woke up, he thought, "Surely the LORD is in this place, and I was unaware of it."
17-And he was afraid and said, "How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God; this is the gate of heaven!"... ~ Anonymous, The Bible, Genesis, 28:16, Berean Study Bible,
77:MESSAGES FOR CENTRES AND ORGANISATIONS (Suggested programme for a study group)
   1. Prayer (Sri Aurobindo, Mother - grant us your help in our endeavour to understand your teaching.)
   2. Reading of Sri Aurobindo's book.
   3. A moment of silence.
   4. One question can be put by whoever wants to put a question on what has been read.
   5. Answer to the question.
   6. No general discussion. This is not the meeting of a group but simply a class for studying Sri Aurobindo's books. 31 October 1942
   ~ The Mother,
78:Freedom from pride and arrogance, harmlessness, patience, sincerity, purity, constancy, self-control, indifference to the objects of sense, absence of egoism,...freedom from attachment to son and wife and house, constant equality of heart towards desirable or undesirable events, love of solitude and withdrawal from the crowd, perpetual knowledge of the Supreme and study of the principles of things, this is knowledge; what is contrary in nature to this, is ignorance. ~ Bhagavad Gita, the Eternal Wisdom
79:We begin our study of The Book of the Traveller of the Worlds, which is the second Book of Sri Aurobindo’s epic poem Savitri. It is the largest Book with as many as fifteen cantos. Sri Aurobindo mentions that originally it was to be only a small passage about Aswapathy and the worlds but as he went on working with the poem it extended to many thousands of lines. This Book contains descriptions of the whole series of worlds. In a sense it is the occult geography of the cosmos. ~ M P Pandit, The Book of the Traveller of the Worlds (Part I),
80:4. Study Every Day ::: Establish a daily routine where you study in one place a minimum of 4 -5 hours each day. There are different kinds and 'levels' of study discussed below. What is important is that study becomes the centerpiece of your day and the continuous element in your work week. Do not wait for exam-time to study. Exams offer the opportunity to refine what you know and to sharpen your communication skills. The best way to focus your view of things is to present it clearly in writing. Writing is a ritual for thinking. ~ Dr Robert A Hatch, How to Study,
81:The word is derived from the Latin occultus, hidden; so that it is the study of the hidden laws of nature. Since all the great laws of nature are in fact working in the invisible world far more than in the visible, occultism involves the acceptance of a much wider view of nature than that which is ordinarily taken. The occultist, then, is a man who studies all the laws of nature that he can reach or of which he can hear, and as a result of his study he identifies himself with these laws and devotes his life to the service of evolution. ~ Charles Webster Leadbeater, ,
82:Weekly Reviews ::: Dedicate at least one afternoon or entire evening during the weekend to review all of your courses. Make certain you have an understanding of where each course is going and that your study schedule is appropriate. Do the 4x6 thing: One card for each chapter. Then ask yourself how each chapter relates to other chapters, and then, how the readings relate to each of the lectures. Are there contradictions? Differences of opinion, approach, method? What evidence is there to support the differences of opinion? What are your views? Can you defend them? A good exercise. ~ Dr Robert A Hatch, How to Study,
83:Arguably, the best advice for a serious student is to read a few hundred carefully selected books. An orgy of reading 30 or 40 first-rate books in a month ranks at the top of the usual list of human pleasures. If you wish, as an undergraduate, you could do it. You have time and energy, and with luck, you have the curiosity and courage to risk a month or two. Read Plato, Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes, Pascal, Voltaire, Berkeley, Hegel, Marx, and Kanetz. Or you could just play Frisbee on the Plaza of the Americas. Life is choice and there is much to learn. Not making a choice is a choice. ~ Dr Robert A Hatch, How to Study,
84:The science of government it is my duty to study, more than all other sciences; the arts of legislation and administration and negotiation ought to take the place of, indeed exclude, in a manner, all other arts. I must study politics and war, that our sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy. Our sons ought to study mathematics and philosophy, geography, natural history and naval architecture, navigation, commerce and agriculture in order to give their children a right to study painting, poetry, music, architecture, statuary, tapestry and porcelain. ~ John Adams, Letters of John Adams, Addressed to His Wife,
85:I have devoted my energies to the study of the scriptures, observing monastic discipline, and singing the daily services in church; study, teaching, and writing have always been my delight . . . The ultimate Mystery of being, the ultimate Truth, is Love. This is the essential structure of reality. When Dante spoke of the 'love which moves the sun and the other stars', he was not using a metaphor, but was describing the nature of reality. There is in Being an infinite desire to give itself in love and this gift of Self in love is for ever answered by a return of love....and so the rhythm of the universe is created. ~ Venerable Bede,
86:Hence the strong attraction which magic and science alike have exercised on the human mind; hence the powerful stimulus that both have given to the pursuit of knowledge. They lure the weary enquirer, the footsore seeker, on through the wilderness of disappointment in the present by their endless promises of the future: they take him up to the top of an exceeding high mountain and show him, beyond the dark clouds and rolling mists at his feet, a vision of the celestial city, far off, it may be, but radiant with unearthly splendour, bathed in the light of dreams. ~ James George Frazer, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion, Volume 1,
87:Sciences reach a point where they become mathematized..the central issues in the field become sufficiently understood that they can be thought about mathematically..[by the early 1990s] biology was no longer the science of things that smelled funny in refrigerators (my view from undergraduate days in the 1960s)..The field was undergoing a revolution and was rapidly acquiring the depth and power previously associated exclusively with the physical sciences. Biology was now the study of information stored in DNA - strings of four letters: A, T, G, and C..and the transformations that information undergoes in the cell. There was mathematics here! ~ Leonard Adleman,
88:Sri Aurobindo came upon earth to announce the manifestation of the supramental world and not merely did he announce this manifestation but embodied also in part the supramental force and showed by example what one must do to prepare oneself for manifesting it. The best thing we can do is to study all that he has told us and endeavour to follow his example and prepare ourselves for the new manifestation.
   This gives life its real sense and will help us to overcome all obstacles.
   Let us live for the new creation and we shall grow stronger and stronger by remaining young and progressive. 30 January 1972
   ~ The Mother, Words Of The Mother I,
89:Indeed, some of the problems commonly engaging the attention of philosophical thought appear to be deprived, not only of all importance, but of any meaning as well; a host of problems arise resting solely upon some ambiguity or upon a confusion of points of view, problems that only exist in fact because they are badly expressed, and that normally should not arise at all. In most cases therefore, it would in itself be sufficient to set these problems forth correctly in order to cause them to disappear, were it not that philosophy has an interest in keeping them alive, since it thrives largely upon ambiguities. ~ Rene Guenon, Introduction to the Study of the Hindu Doctrines,
90:Practical Review Tools ::: Flash cards, Chapter Outlines, 4x6 Summaries: You need to find ways to repeat and rehearse information and ideas that work for you. Any number of creative tools can be used to help you organize and remember information and make it manageable. I like 4x6 cards. They are sturdy, large enough to hold succinct information, and you can scribble ideas that jog the memory. The beauty 4x6's is that they can be carried anywhere. You can study them at the library, laundry, or lavatory. They travel on the bus, they can save you from a boring date, they can be thrown away immediately without guilt or survive years of faithful service. ~ Dr Robert A Hatch, How to Study,
91:In an early study of the influence of temperament on attention span, the mothers of 232 pairs of twins were interviewed periodically about the similarities and differences in behavior displayed by their twins during infancy and early childhood. The results showed that each of the behavioral variables (temper frequency, temper intensity, irritability, crying, and demanding attention) had a significant inverse relationship with attention span. In other words, the twin with longer attention span was better able to remain absorbed in a particular activity without distraction, and was also the less temperamental twin.
   ~ Wikipedia, Attention Span,,
92:The glory he had glimpsed must be his home. ||19.2||

A brighter heavenlier sun must soon illume
This dusk room with its dark internal stair,
The infant soul in its small nursery school
Mid objects meant for a lesson hardly learned
Outgrow its early grammar of intellect
And its imitation of Earth-Nature’s art,
Its earthly dialect to God-language change,
In living symbols study Reality
And learn the logic of the Infinite. ||19.3||

The Ideal must be Nature’s common truth,
The body illumined with the indwelling God,
The heart and mind feel one with all that is,
A conscious soul live in a conscious world. ||19.4|| ~ Sri Aurobindo, Savitri, 1:5, || 19.2 - 19.4 ||,
93:one gradually equilibrizes the whole of one's mental structure and obtains a simple view of the incalculably vast complexity of the universe. For it is written: "Equilibrium is the basis of the work." Serious students will need to make a careful study of the attributions detailed in this work and commit them to memory. When, by persistent application to his own mental apparatus, the numerical system with its correspondences is partly understood-as opposed to being merely memorized-the student will be amazed to find fresh light breaking in on him at every turn as he continues to refer every item in experience and consciousness to this standard.
   ~ Israel Regardie, A Garden Of Pomegranates: Skrying On the Tree Of Life,
94:There are who do not study or who, though they study, make no progress; let them not be discouraged. There are who put no questions or, when they do, cannot seize well the sense of the reply; let them not be discouraged. There are who can distinguish nothing or only confusedly; let them not be discouraged. There are who do not practice or have no solidity in their practice; let them not be discouraged. What another would do in one step, they will do in a hundred; what another would do in ten, they will do in a thousand. Assuredly, any man who follows this rule, however poorly enlightened he may be, will acquire intelligence and, however weak he may be, will acquire strength. ~ Confucius, the Eternal Wisdom
95:It is the power given by wisdom and knowledge that makes the occultist superior to his fellow man, his superiority being proportionate to his superior intelligence. In every walk of life, the uninitiated will be confronted with mysteries. To the average person, the working of a gasoline engine is just as mysterious as calculus would be to a kindergarten child, but intimate relationship and study result in that familiarity which gives ease in handling and intelligence in directing. It has been well said that no man is a stranger to his own valet. The philosopher is a servant of God, and by perfect serving, soon becomes capable of thoroughly understanding the desires and dictates of his divine Master. ~ Manly P Hall, Magic: A Treatise on Esoteric Ethics,
96:189 - Live within; be not shaken by outward happenings.
190 - Fling not thy alms abroad everywhere in an ostentation of charity; understand and love where thou helpest. Let thy soul grow within thee.
191 - Help the poor while the poor are with thee; but study also and strive that there may be no poor for thy assistance.
To live within in a constant aspiration for the Divine enables us to look at life with a smile and to remain peaceful whatever the outer circumstances may be.
As for the poor, Sri Aurobindo says that to come to their help is good, provided that it is not a vain ostentation of charity, but that it is far nobler to seek a remedy for poverty so that there may be no poor left on earth.
31 October 1969 ~ The Mother, Thoughts And Aphorisms,
97:Systematic study of chemical and physical phenomena has been carried on for many generations and these two sciences now include: (1) knowledge of an enormous number of facts; (2) a large body of natural laws; (3) many fertile working hypotheses respecting the causes and regularities of natural phenomena; and finally (4) many helpful theories held subject to correction by further testing of the hypotheses giving rise to them. When a subject is spoken of as a science, it is understood to include all of the above mentioned parts. Facts alone do not constitute a science any more than a pile of stones constitutes a house, not even do facts and laws alone; there must be facts, hypotheses, theories and laws before the subject is entitled to the rank of a science. ~ Alfred Korzybski, Manhood of Humanity,
98:If you develop steady study habits, regular reviews will help you avoid cramming for exams. It will also help you avoid test anxiety and make you more effective. Reviewing your notes on a regular basis may seem like empty repetition. Arguably, at its best, it is a ritual for thinking, it is an opportunity to make connections, it affords time to absorb information and a methodically means for reflecting on what it all means. Read difficult stuff two, three, or more times until you understand the material. If you understand the material you can explain it to Mom or a stranger, to the resident specialist or the village idiot. If you are having problems, get help immediately. Meet with your instructor after class, find an alternate text to supplement required readings, or hire a tutor. ~ Dr Robert A Hatch, How to Study,
99:5. When in Doubt ::: Read the Syllabus - Read Ahead - Ask Questions: Read the correlated readings (designed to mesh with that lecture) before you come to class. The whole point of correlated readings is to prepare you for the lecture. If the readings are completed at the appropriate time you will have a 'Big Picture' framed by a general narrative and suspended by an ongoing line of argument. These readings should help you establish a set of expectations as well as some unsettling questions. The lectures should help you connect ideas you have read about and, with any luck, they should help you call key issues into question. Your job is to arrive at an understanding you call your own and can defend to a critical audience. Beginning to end, you are the center of your education. You know where to begin. ~ Dr Robert A Hatch, How to Study,
100:Seek ye first the kingdom of Heaven and its righteousness, and all other things shall be added unto you." The alchemist, therefore is assured that if he achieved the inner mystery, the fulfillment of the outer part will be inevitable. But practically every charlatan in alchemy has determined primarily to achieve the physical purpose first. His primary interest has been to make gold, or perhaps one of the other aspects of it, such as a medicine against illness. He has wanted the physical effect first but because the physical effect was not intended to be first, when he starts to study and explore the various texts, he comes upon a dilemma, HIS OWN INTERNAL RESOURCES CANNOT DISCOVER THE CORRECT INSTRUCTIONS. The words may be there but the meaning eludes him because the meaning is not part of his own present spiritual integrity. ~ Manly P Hall,
101:To study, to contemplate, to understand - by these processes we grow, we enrich, and we ennoble ourselves. If we can learn from the experiences of others we do not need to have all these miseries brought upon our own flesh. If we are able to learn from the common experience of the world we can free ourselves from the necessity of learning what every other man from the beginning of time has had to learn the hard way. Every human being has had to learn that fear, anger, greed, overambition all end in pain, misery, and in the loss of natural growth. All have had to learn that prejudice is wrong; compromise leads to corruption - which is wrong. Everyone has to learn this, yet how does it happen that after so many thousands of years each human being has to learn again. Can we learn nothing from observing the conduct of those around us? ~ Manly P Hall, Sensory Perceptions Cannot Think, 1972, p.10),
102:On the exoteric side if necessary the mind should be trained by the study of any well-developed science, such as chemistry, or mathematics. The idea of organization is the first step, that of interpretation the second. The Master of the Temple, whose grade corresponds to Binah, is sworn to interpret every phenomenon as a particular dealing of God with his soul. {85} But even the beginner may attempt this practice with advantage. Either a fact fits in or it does not; if it does not, harmony is broken; and as the Universal harmony cannot be broken, the discord must be in the mind of the student, thus showing that he is not in tune with that Universal choir. Let him then puzzle out first the great facts, then the little; until one summer, when he is bald and lethargic after lunch, he understands and appreciates the existence of flies!
   ~ Aleister Crowley, Liber ABA, Book 4, Part II, The Cup,
103:And the first of the adepts covered His shame with a cloth, walking backwards, and was white. And the second of the adepts covered his shame with a cloth, walking sideways, and was yellow. And the third of the adepts made a mock of His nakedness, walking forwards, and was black. And these are the three great schools of the Magi, who are also the three Magi that journeyed unto Bethlehem; and because thou hast not wisdom, thou shalt not know which school prevaileth, or if the three schools be not one.*
   * This doctrine of the Three Schools is of extreme interest. Roughly, it may be said that the White is the Pure Mystic, whose attitude to God is one of reverence. The Yellow School conceals the Mysteries indeed, but examines them as it goes along. The Black School is that of pure Scepticism. We are now ready to study the philosophical bases of these three Schools.
   ~ Aleister Crowley, Magick Without Tears?, 43?,
104:At every stage of technique since Daedalus or Hero of Alexandria, the ability of the artificer to produce a working simulacrum of a living organism has always intrigued people. This desire to produce and to study automata has always been expressed in terms of the living technique of the age. In the days of magic, we have the bizarre and sinister concept of Golem, that figure of clay into which the Rabbi of Prague breathed life with the blasphemy of the Ineffable Name of God. In the time of Newton, the automaton becomes the clockwork music box, with the little effigies pirouetting stiffly on top. In the nineteenth century, the automaton is a glorified heat engine, burning some combustible fuel instead of the glycogen of the human muscles. Finally, the present automaton opens doors by means of photocells, or points guns to the place at which a radar beam picks up an airplane, or computes the solution of a differential equation.
   ~ Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics or control and communication in the animal and the machine, 1961,
105:Elric: We are dreamers, shapers, singers, and makers. We study the mysteries of laser and circuit, crystal and scanner, holographic demons and invocation of equations. These are the tools we employ, and we know many things.

John Sheridan: Such as?

Elric: The true secrets, the important things. Fourteen words to make someone fall in love with you forever. Seven words to make them go without pain. How to say good-bye to a friend who is dying. How to be poor. How to be rich. How to rediscover dreams when the world has stolen them. That is why we are going away-to preserve that knowledge.

Sheridan: From what?

Elric: There is a storm coming, a black and terrible storm. We would not have our knowledge lost or used to ill purpose. From this place we will launch ourselves into the stars. With luck, you will never see our kind again in your lifetime. I know you have your orders, Captain. Detain us if you wish. But I cannot tell you where we are going. I can only ask you to trust us. ~ J Michael Straczynski,
106:Jnanaprakasha:: Jnana includes both the Para and the Apara Vidya, the knowledge of Brahman in Himself and the knowledge of the world; but the Yogin, reversing the order of the worldly mind, seeks to know Brahman first and through Brahman the world. Scientific knowledge, worldly information & instruction are to him secondary objects, not as it is with the ordinary scholar & scientist, his primary aim. Nevertheless these too we must take into our scope and give room to God's full joy in the world. The methods of the Yogin are also different for he tends more and more to the use of direct vision and the faculties of the vijnana and less and less to intellectual means. The ordinary man studies the object from outside and infers its inner nature from the results of his external study. The Yogin seeks to get inside his object, know it from within & use external study only as a means of confirming his view of the outward action resulting from an already known inner nature.
   ~ Sri Aurobindo, Record Of Yoga - I,
107:This last figure, the White Magician, symbolizes the self-transcending element in the scientist's motivational drive and emotional make-up; his humble immersion into the mysteries of nature, his quest for the harmony of the spheres, the origin of life, the equations of a unified field theory. The conquistadorial urge is derived from a sense of power, the participatory urge from a sense of oceanic wonder. 'Men were first led to the study of natural philosophy', wrote Aristotle, 'as indeed they are today, by wonder.' Maxwell's earliest memory was 'lying on the grass, looking at the sun, and wondering'. Einstein struck the same chord when he wrote that whoever is devoid of the capacity to wonder, 'whoever remains unmoved, whoever cannot contemplate or know the deep shudder of the soul in enchantment, might just as well be dead for he has already closed his eyes upon life'.

This oceanic feeling of wonder is the common source of religious mysticism, of pure science and art for art's sake; it is their common denominator and emotional bond. ~ Arthur Koestler,
108:The fourth condition is study. One must cultivate the mind, know what others have thought, open the mental being to this impact of the higher vibrations of knowledge. A mental knowledge is not tantamount to realization, it is true, but still one must know mentally where one is going, what has happened to others, how they have achieved, what are the hindrances and the helping points. This education of oneself by study, study of spiritual writings, suddhydya as it is called, a disciplined reading and incorporation of the knowledge contained in scriptures and authentic texts - that is a very important part. Even when you don't understand a text, still if you persist at it, the force that is in that book creates certain new grooves in your brain and the second or the third time when you read it, it begins to make some meaning. This is the meaning of studying, of exposing your mind to the constant vibrations of higher levels of knowledge. Incidentally, the mind gets developed, a mental climate is created, a climate of spiritual culture.
   ~ M P Pandit, The Advent 1981, 30,
109:The alchemist of today is not hidden in caves and cellars, studying alone, but as he goes on with his work, it is seen that walls are built around him, and while he is in the world, like the master of old, he is not of it. As he goes further in his work, the light of other people's advice and outside help grows weaker and weaker, until finally he stands alone in darkness, and then comes the time that he must use his own lamp, and the various experiments which he has carried on must be his guide. He must take the Elixir of Life which he has developed and with it fill the lamp of his spiritual consciousness, and holding that above his head, walk into the Great Unknown, where if he has been a good and faithful servant, he will learn of the alchemy of Divinity. Where now test tubes and bottles are his implements, then worlds and globes he will study, and as a silent watcher will learn from that Divine One, who is the Great Alchemist of all the universe, the greatest alchemy of all, the creation of life, the maintenance of form, and the building of worlds. ~ Manly P Hall, The Initiates of the Flame,
110:Attain The Way ::: If students of the way are mistaken about their own real Mind they will indulge in various achievements and practices, expecting to attain realization by such gradual practices. However, even after aeons of diligent searching they will not be able to attain the Way. These methods cannot be compared to the sudden elimination of conceptual thought in this moment; the certain knowledge that there is nothing at all which has absolute existence, nothing on which to lay hold, nothing on which to rely, nothing in which to abide, nothing subjective or objective. It is by preventing the rise of conceptual thought that you will realize Bodhi. When you do, you will just be realizing the Buddha who has always existed in your own Mind.

If students of the Way wish to become Buddhas, they don't need to study any doctrines. They need only learn how to avoid seeking for and attaching themselves to anything. Relinquishment of everything is the Dharma and they who understand this are Buddhas. Only know that the relinquishment of ALL delusions leaves no Dharma on which to lay hold. ~ Huang Po, Attain the Way,
111:You are living today in countries where the Dharma has only just begun to take root, like a fragile new shoot in the ground. Only your sustained diligence will bring it to fruition. Depending on the effort you put into study, reflection and meditation, and to integrating what you have understood into your spiritual practice, accomplishment may be days, months, or years away. It is essential to remember that all your endeavors on the path are for the sake of others. Remain humble, and aware that your efforts are like child's play compared to the ocean-like activity of the great bodhisattvas. Be like a parent providing for much-loved children, never thinking that you have done too much for others - or even that you have done enough. If you finally managed, through your own efforts alone, to establish all beings in buddhahood, you would simply think that all your wishes had been fulfilled. Never have even a trace of hope for something in return. ~ Kyabje Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, The Heart of Compassion, Instructions on Ngulchu Thogme's Thirty-Sevenfold Practice of a Bodhisattva – p 147, Padmakara Translation Group - Shechen Publications
112:... Every one knew how laborious the usual method is of attaining to arts and sciences; whereas, by his contrivance, the most ignorant person, at a reasonable charge, and with a little bodily labour, might write books in philosophy, poetry, politics, laws, mathematics, and theology, without the least assistance from genius or study." He then led me to the frame, about the sides, whereof all his pupils stood in ranks. It was twenty feet square, placed in the middle of the room. The superfices was composed of several bits of wood, about the bigness of a die, but some larger than others. They were all linked together by slender wires. These bits of wood were covered, on every square, with paper pasted on them; and on these papers were written all the words of their language, in their several moods, tenses, and declensions; but without any order. The professor then desired me "to observe; for he was going to set his engine at work." The pupils, at his command, took each of them hold of an iron handle, whereof there were forty fixed round the edges of the frame; and giving them a sudden turn, the whole disposition of the words was entirely changed. He then commanded six-and-thirty of the lads, to read the several lines softly, as they appeared upon the frame; and where they found three or four words together that might make part of a sentence, they dictated to the four remaining boys, who were scribes. This work was repeated three or four times, and at every turn, the engine was so contrived, that the words shifted into new places, as the square bits of wood moved upside down. ~ Jonathan Swift, Gullivers Travels,
113:Philosophy, like all other studies, aims primarily at knowledge. The knowledge it aims at is the kind of knowledge which gives unity and system to the body of the sciences, and the kind which results from a critical examination of the grounds of our convictions, prejudices, and beliefs. But it cannot be maintained that philosophy has had any very great measure of success in its attempts to provide definite answers to its questions. If you ask a mathematician, a mineralogist, a historian, or any other man of learning, what definite body of truths has been ascertained by his science, his answer will last as long as you are willing to listen. But if you put the same question to a philosopher, he will, if he is candid, have to confess that his study has not achieved positive results such as have been achieved by other sciences. It is true that this is partly accounted for by the fact that, as soon as definite knowledge concerning any subject becomes possible, this subject ceases to be called philosophy, and becomes a separate science. The whole study of the heavens, which now belongs to astronomy, was once included in philosophy; Newton's great work was called 'the mathematical principles of natural philosophy'. Similarly, the study of the human mind, which was a part of philosophy, has now been separated from philosophy and has become the science of psychology. Thus, to a great extent, the uncertainty of philosophy is more apparent than real: those questions which are already capable of definite answers are placed in the sciences, while those only to which, at present, no definite answer can be given, remain to form the residue which is called philosophy.
   ~ Bertrand Russell,
114:science of consciousness, the soul and objective matter :::
   When the ancient thinkers of India set themselves to study the soul of man in themselves and others, they, unlike any other nation or school of early thought, proceeded at once to a process which resembles exactly enough the process adopted by modern science in its study of physical phenomena. For their object was to study, arrange and utilise the forms, forces and working movements of consciousness, just as the modern physical Sciences study, arrange and utilize the forms, forces and working movements of objective Matter. The material with which they had to deal was more subtle, flexible and versatile than the most impalpable forces of which the physical Sciences have become aware; its motions were more elusive, its processes harder to fix; but once grasped and ascertained, the movements of consciousness were found by Vedic psychologists to be in their process and activity as regular, manageable and utilisable as the movements of physical forces. The powers of the soul can be as perfectly handled and as safely, methodically and puissantly directed to practical life-purposes of joy, power and light as the modern power of electricity can be used for human comfort, industrial and locomotive power and physical illumination; but the results to which they give room and effect are more wonderful and momentous than the results of motorpower and electric luminosity. For there is no difference of essential law in the physical and the psychical, but only a difference and undoubtedly a great difference of energy, instrumentation and exact process. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Essays Divine And Human, Towards a True Scientific Psychology, 106,
115:39 - Sometimes one is led to think that only those things really matter which have never happened; for beside them most historic achievements seem almost pale and ineffective. - Sri Aurobindo

I would like to have an explanation of this aphorism.

Sri Aurobindo, who had made a thorough study of history, knew how uncertain are the data which have been used to write it. Most often the accuracy of the documents is doubtful, and the information they supply is poor, incomplete, trivial and frequently distorted. As a whole, the official version of human history is nothing but a long, almost unbroken record of violent aggressions: wars, revolutions, murders or colonisations. True, some of these aggressions and massacres have been adorned with flattering terms and epithets; they have been called religious wars, holy wars, civilising campaigns; but they nonetheless remain acts of greed or vengeance.

Rarely in history do we find the description of a cultural, artistic or philosophical outflowering.

That is why, as Sri Aurobindo says, all this makes a rather dismal picture without any deep significance. On the other hand, in the legendary accounts of things which may never have existed on earth, of events which have not been declared authentic by "official" knowledge, of wonderful individuals whose existence is doubted by the scholars in their dried-up wisdom, we find the crystallisation of all the hopes and aspirations of man, his love of the marvellous, the heroic and the sublime, the description of everything he would like to be and strives to become.

That, more or less, is what Sri Aurobindo means in his aphorism.
22 June 1960 ~ The Mother, On Thoughts And Aphorisms, volume-10, page no.62),
116:The most outward psychological form of these things is the mould or trend of the nature towards certain dominant tendencies, capacities, characteristics, form of active power, quality of the mind and inner life, cultural personality or type. The turn is often towards the predominance of the intellectual element and the capacities which make for the seeking and finding of knowledge and an intellectual creation or formativeness and a preoccupation with ideas and the study of ideas or of life and the information and development of the reflective intelligence. According to the grade of the development there is produced successively the make and character of the man of active, open, inquiring intelligence, then the intellectual and, last, the thinker, sage, great mind of knowledge. The soul-powers which make their appearance by a considerable development of this temperament, personality, soul-type, are a mind of light more and more open to all ideas and knowledge and incomings of Truth; a hunger and passion for knowledge, for its growth in ourselves, for its communication to others, for its reign in the world, the reign of reason and right and truth and justice and, on a higher level of the harmony of our greater being, the reign of the spirit and its universal unity and light and love; a power of this light in the mind and will which makes all the life subject to reason and its right and truth or to the spirit and spiritual right and truth and subdues the lower members to their greater law; a poise in the temperament turned from the first to patience, steady musing and calm, to reflection, to meditation, which dominates and quiets the turmoil of the will and passions and makes for high thinking and pure living, founds the self-governed sattwic mind, grows into a more and more mild, lofty, impersonalised and universalised personality. This is the ideal character and soul-power of the Brahmana, the priest of knowledge. ~ Sri Aurobindo, The Synthesis Of Yoga, 4:15 - Soul-Force and the Fourfold Personality
117:The general characteristics and attributions of these Grades are indicated by their correspondences on the Tree of Life, as may be studied in detail in the Book 777.
   Student. -- His business is to acquire a general intellectual knowledge of all systems of attainment, as declared in the prescribed books. (See curriculum in Appendix I.) {231}
   Probationer. -- His principal business is to begin such practices as he my prefer, and to write a careful record of the same for one year.
   Neophyte. -- Has to acquire perfect control of the Astral Plane.
   Zelator. -- His main work is to achieve complete success in Asana and Pranayama. He also begins to study the formula of the Rosy Cross.
   Practicus. -- Is expected to complete his intellectual training, and in particular to study the Qabalah.
   Philosophus. -- Is expected to complete his moral training. He is tested in Devotion to the Order.
   Dominus Liminis. -- Is expected to show mastery of Pratyahara and Dharana.
   Adeptus (without). -- is expected to perform the Great Work and to attain the Knowledge and Conversation of the Holy Guardian Angel.
   Adeptus (within). -- Is admitted to the practice of the formula of the Rosy Cross on entering the College of the Holy Ghost.
   Adeptus (Major). -- Obtains a general mastery of practical Magick, though without comprehension.
   Adeptus (Exemptus). -- Completes in perfection all these matters. He then either ("a") becomes a Brother of the Left Hand Path or, ("b") is stripped of all his attainments and of himself as well, even of his Holy Guardian Angel, and becomes a babe of the Abyss, who, having transcended the Reason, does nothing but grow in the womb of its mother. It then finds itself a
   Magister Templi. -- (Master of the Temple): whose functions are fully described in Liber 418, as is this whole initiation from Adeptus Exemptus. See also "Aha!". His principal business is to tend his "garden" of disciples, and to obtain a perfect understanding of the Universe. He is a Master of Samadhi. {232}
   Magus. -- Attains to wisdom, declares his law (See Liber I, vel Magi) and is a Master of all Magick in its greatest and highest sense.
   Ipsissimus. -- Is beyond all this and beyond all comprehension of those of lower degrees. ~ Aleister Crowley, Liber ABA,
118:The one high and reasonable course for the individual human being, - unless indeed he is satisfied with pursuing his personal purposes or somehow living his life until it passes out of him, - is to study the laws of the Becoming and take the best advantage of them to realise, rationally or intuitionally, inwardly or in the dynamism of life, its potentialities in himself or for himself or in or for the race of which he is a member; his business is to make the most of such actualities as exist and to seize on or to advance towards the highest possibilities that can be developed here or are in the making. Only mankind as a whole can do this with entire effect, by the mass of individual and collective action, in the process of time, in the evolution of the race experience: but the individual man can help towards it in his own limits, can do all these things for himself to a certain extent in the brief space of life allotted to him; but, especially, his thought and action can be a contribution towards the present intellectual, moral and vital welfare and the future progress of the race. He is capable of a certain nobility of being; an acceptance of his inevitable and early individual annihilation does not preclude him from making a high use of the will and thought which have been developed in him or from directing them to great ends which shall or may be worked out by humanity. Even the temporary character of the collective being of humanity does not so very much matter, - except in the most materialist view of existence; for so long as the universal Becoming takes the form of human body and mind, the thought, the will it has developed in its human creature will work itself out and to follow that intelligently is the natural law and best rule of human life. Humanity and its welfare and progress during its persistence on earth provide the largest field and the natural limits for the terrestrial aim of our being; the superior persistence of the race and the greatness and importance of the collective life should determine the nature and scope of our ideals. But if the progress or welfare of humanity be excluded as not our business or as a delusion, the individual is there; to achieve his greatest possible perfection or make the most of his life in whatever way his nature demands will then be life's significance.
   ~ Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, [T1],
119:Who could have thought that this tanned young man with gentle, dreamy eyes, long wavy hair parted in the middle and falling to the neck, clad in a common coarse Ahmedabad dhoti, a close-fitting Indian jacket, and old-fashioned slippers with upturned toes, and whose face was slightly marked with smallpox, was no other than Mister Aurobindo Ghose, living treasure of French, Latin and Greek?" Actually, Sri Aurobindo was not yet through with books; the Western momentum was still there; he devoured books ordered from Bombay and Calcutta by the case. "Aurobindo would sit at his desk," his Bengali teacher continues, "and read by the light of an oil lamp till one in the morning, oblivious of the intolerable mosquito bites. I would see him seated there in the same posture for hours on end, his eyes fixed on his book, like a yogi lost in the contemplation of the Divine, unaware of all that went on around him. Even if the house had caught fire, it would not have broken this concentration." He read English, Russian, German, and French novels, but also, in ever larger numbers, the sacred books of India, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Ramayana, although he had never been in a temple except as an observer. "Once, having returned from the College," one of his friends recalls, "Sri Aurobindo sat down, picked up a book at random and started to read, while Z and some friends began a noisy game of chess. After half an hour, he put the book down and took a cup of tea. We had already seen him do this many times and were waiting eagerly for a chance to verify whether he read the books from cover to cover or only scanned a few pages here and there. Soon the test began. Z opened the book, read a line aloud and asked Sri Aurobindo to recite what followed. Sri Aurobindo concentrated for a moment, and then repeated the entire page without a single mistake. If he could read a hundred pages in half an hour, no wonder he could go through a case of books in such an incredibly short time." But Sri Aurobindo did not stop at the translations of the sacred texts; he began to study Sanskrit, which, typically, he learned by himself. When a subject was known to be difficult or impossible, he would refuse to take anyone's word for it, whether he were a grammarian, pandit, or clergyman, and would insist upon trying it himself. The method seemed to have some merit, for not only did he learn Sanskrit, but a few years later he discovered the lost meaning of the Veda. ~ Satprem, Sri Aurobindo Or The Adventure of Consciousness,
120:the process of unification, the perfecting our one's instrumental being, the help one needs to reach the goal :::
If we truly want to progress and acquire the capacity of knowing the truth of our being, that is to say, what we are truly created for, what we can call our mission upon earth, then we must, in a very regular and constant manner, reject from us or eliminate in us whatever contradicts the truth of our existence, whatever is opposed to it. In this way, little by little, all the parts, all the elements of our being can be organised into a homogeneous whole around our psychic centre. This work of unification requires much time to be brought to some degree of perfection. Therefore, in order to accomplish it, we must arm ourselves with patience and endurance, with a determination to prolong our life as long as necessary for the success of our endeavor.
   As you pursue this labor of purification and unification, you must at the same time take great care to perfect the external and instrumental part of your being. When the higher truth manifests, it must find in you a mind that is supple and rich enough to be able to give the idea that seeks to express itself a form of thought which preserves its force and clarity. This thought, again, when it seeks to clothe itself in words, must find in you a sufficient power of expression so that the words reveal the thought and do not deform it. And the formula in which you embody the truth should be manifested in all your feelings, all your acts of will, all your actions, in all movements of your being. Finally, these movements themselves should, by constant effort, attain their highest perfection. ... It is therefore of capital importance to become conscious of its presence in us [the psychic being], to concentrate on this presence until it becomes a living fact for us and we can identify ourselves with it.
   In various times and places many methods have been prescribed for attaining this perfection and ultimately achieving this identification. Some methods are psychological, some religious, some even mechanical. In reality, everyone has to find the one which suits him best, and if one has an ardent and steadfast aspiration, a persistent and dynamic will, one is sure to meet, in one way or another - outwardly through reading and study, inwardly through concentration, meditation, revelation and experience - the help one needs to reach the goal. Only one thing is absolutely indispensable: the will to discover and to realize. This discovery and realization should be the primary preoccupation of our being, the pearl of great price which we must acquire at any cost. Whatever you do, whatever your occupations and activities, the will to find the truth of your being and to unite with it must be always living and present behind all that you do, all that you feel, all that you think.
   ~ The Mother, On Education, [T1],
121:Wake-Initiated Lucid Dreams (WILDS)
In the last chapter we talked about strategies for inducing lucid dreams by carrying an idea from the waking world into the dream, such as an intention to comprehend the dream state, a habit of critical state testing, or the recognition of a dreamsign. These strategies are intended to stimulate a dreamer to become lucid within a dream.
This chapter presents a completely different set of approaches to the world of lucid dreaming based on the idea of falling asleep consciously. This involves retaining consciousness while wakefulness is lost and allows direct entry into the lucid dream state without any loss of reflective consciousness. The basic idea has many variations.
While falling asleep, you can focus on hypnagogic (sleep onset) imagery, deliberate visualizations, your breath or heartbeat, the sensations in your body, your sense of self, and so on. If you keep the mind sufficiently active while the tendency to enter REM sleep is strong, you feel your body fall asleep, but you, that is to say, your consciousness, remains awake. The next thing you know, you will find yourself in the dream world, fully lucid.
These two different strategies for inducing lucidity result in two distinct types of lucid dreams. Experiences in which people consciously enter dreaming sleep are referred to as wake-initiated lucid dreams (WILDs), in contrast to dream-initiated lucid dreams (DILDs), in which people become lucid after having fallen asleep unconsciously. 1 The two kinds of lucid dreams differ in a number of ways. WILDs always happen in association with brief awakenings (sometimes only one or two seconds long) from and immediate return to REM sleep. The sleeper has a subjective impression of having been awake. This is not true of DILDs. Although both kinds of lucid dream are more likely to occur later in the night, the proportion of WILDs also increases with time of night. In other words, WILDs are most likely to occur the late morning hours or in afternoon naps. This is strikingly evident in my own record of lucid dreams. Of thirty-three lucid dreams from the first REM period of the night, only one (3 percent) was a WILD, compared with thirteen out of thirty-two (41 percent) lucid dreams from afternoon naps. 2 Generally speaking, WILDs are less frequent than DILDs; in a laboratory study of seventy-six lucid dreams, 72 percent were DILDs compared with 28 percent WILDs. 3 The proportion of WILDs observed in the laboratory seems, by my experience, to be considerably higher than the proportion of WILDs reported at home.
To take a specific example, WILDs account for only 5 percent of my home record of lucid dreams, but for 40 percent of my first fifteen lucid dreams in the laboratory. 4 Ibelieve there are two reasons for this highly significant difference: whenever I spentthe night in the sleep laboratory, I was highly conscious of every time I awakened andI made extraordinary efforts not to move more than necessary in order to minimizeinterference with the physiological recordings.
Thus, my awakenings from REM in the lab were more likely to lead toconscious returns to REM than awakenings at home when I was sleeping with neitherheightened consciousness of my environment and self nor any particular intent not tomove. This suggests that WILD induction techniques might be highly effective underthe proper conditions.
Paul Tholey notes that, while techniques for direct entry to the dream staterequire considerable practice in the beginning, they offer correspondingly greatrewards. 5 When mastered, these techniques (like MILD) can confer the capacity toinduce lucid dreams virtually at will. ~ Stephen LaBerge, Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming, 4 - Falling Asleep Consciously,
   Sometimes while reading a text one has ideas, then Sweet Mother, how can one distinguish between the other person's idea and one's own?

Oh! This, this doesn't exist, the other person's idea and one's own idea.
   Nobody has ideas of his own: it is an immensity from which one draws according to his personal affinity; ideas are a collective possession, a collective wealth.
   Only, there are different stages. So there is the most common level, the one where all our brains bathe; this indeed swarms here, it is the level of "Mr. Everybody". And then there is a level that's slightly higher for people who are called thinkers. And then there are higher levels still - many - some of them are beyond words but they are still domains of ideas. And then there are those capable of shooting right up, catching something which is like a light and making it come down with all its stock of ideas, all its stock of thoughts. An idea from a higher domain if pulled down organises itself and is crystallised in a large number of thoughts which can express that idea differently; and then if you are a writer or a poet or an artist, when you make it come lower down still, you can have all kinds of expressions, extremely varied and choice around a single little idea but one coming from very high above. And when you know how to do this, it teaches you to distinguish between the pure idea and the way of expressing it.
   Some people cannot do it in their own head because they have no imagination or faculty for writing, but they can do it through study by reading what others have written. There are, you know, lots of poets, for instance, who have expressed the same idea - the same idea but with such different forms that when one reads many of them it becomes quite interesting to see (for people who love to read and read much). Ah, this idea, that one has said it like this, that other has expressed it like that, another has formulated it in this way, and so on. And so you have a whole stock of expressions which are expressions by different poets of the same single idea up there, above, high above. And you notice that there is an almost essential difference between the pure idea, the typal idea and its formulation in the mental world, even the speculative or artistic mental world. This is a very good thing to do when one loves gymnastics. It is mental gymnastics.
   Well, if you want to be truly intelligent, you must know how to do mental gymnastics; as, you see, if you want really to have a fairly strong body you must know how to do physical gymnastics. It is the same thing. People who have never done mental gymnastics have a poor little brain, quite over-simple, and all their life they think like children. One must know how to do this - not take it seriously, in the sense that one shouldn't have convictions, saying, "This idea is true and that is false; this formulation is correct and that one is not and this religion is the true one and that religion is false", and so on and so forth... this, if you enter into it, you become absolutely stupid.
   But if you can see all that and, for example, take all the religions, one after another and see how they have expressed the same aspiration of the human being for some Absolute, it becomes very interesting; and then you begin... yes, you begin to be able to juggle with all that. And then when you have mastered it all, you can rise above it and look at all the eternal human discussions with a smile. So there you are master of the thought and can no longer fly into a rage because someone else does not think as you, something that's unfortunately a very common malady here.
   Now, there we are. Nobody has any questions, no?
   That's enough? Finished! ~ The Mother, Questions And Answers 1955,
123:For instance, a popular game with California occultists-I do not know its inventor-involves a Magic Room, much like the Pleasure Dome discussed earlier except that this Magic Room contains an Omniscient Computer.
   To play this game, you simply "astrally project" into the Magic Room. Do not ask what "astral projection" means, and do not assume it is metaphysical (and therefore either impossible, if you are a materialist, or very difficult, if you are a mystic). Just assume this is a gedankenexperiment, a "mind game." Project yourself, in imagination, into this Magic Room and visualize vividly the Omniscient Computer, using the details you need to make such a super-information-processor real to your fantasy. You do not need any knowledge of programming to handle this astral computer. It exists early in the next century; you are getting to use it by a species of time-travel, if that metaphor is amusing and helpful to you. It is so built that it responds immediately to human brain-waves, "reading" them and decoding their meaning. (Crude prototypes of such computers already exist.) So, when you are in this magic room, you can ask this Computer anything, just by thinking of what you want to know. It will read your thought, and project into your brain, by a laser ray, the correct answer.
   There is one slight problem. The computer is very sensitive to all brain-waves. If you have any doubts, it registers them as negative commands, meaning "Do not answer my question." So, the way to use it is to start simply, with "easy" questions. Ask it to dig out of the archives the name of your second-grade teacher. (Almost everybody remembers the name of their first grade teacher-imprint vulnerability again-but that of the second grade teacher tends to get lost.)
   When the computer has dug out the name of your second grade teacher, try it on a harder question, but not one that is too hard. It is very easy to sabotage this machine, but you don't want to sabotage it during these experiments. You want to see how well it can be made to perform.
   It is wise to ask only one question at a time, since it requires concentration to keep this magic computer real on the field of your perception. Do not exhaust your capacities for imagination and visualization on your first trial runs.
   After a few trivial experiments of the second-grade-teacher variety, you can try more interesting programs. Take a person toward whom you have negative feelings, such as anger, disappointment, feeling-of-betrayal, jealousy or whatever interferes with the smooth, tranquil operation of your own bio-computer. Ask the Magic Computer to explain that other person to you; to translate you into their reality-tunnel long enough for you to understand how events seem to them. Especially, ask how you seem to them.
   This computer will do that job for you; but be prepared for some shocks which might be disagreeable at first. This super-brain can also perform exegesis on ideas that seem obscure, paradoxical or enigmatic to us. For instance, early experiments with this computer can very profitably turn on asking it to explain some of the propositions in this book which may seem inexplicable or perversely wrong-headed to you, such as "We are all greater artists than we realize" or "What the Thinker thinks, the Prover proves" or "mind and its contents are functionally identical."
   This computer is much more powerful and scientifically advanced than the rapture-machine in the neurosomatic circuit. It has total access to all the earlier, primitive circuits, and overrules any of them. That is, if you put a meta-programming instruction into this computer; it will relay it downward to the old circuits and cancel contradictory programs left over from the past. For instance, try feeding it on such meta-programming instructions as: 1. I am at cause over my body. 2. I am at cause over my imagination. 3.1 am at cause over my future. 4. My mind abounds with beauty and power. 5.1 like people, and people like me.
   Remember that this computer is only a few decades ahead of present technology, so it cannot "understand" your commands if you harbor any doubts about them. Doubts tell it not to perform. Work always from what you can believe in, extending the area of belief only as results encourage you to try for more dramatic transformations of your past reality-tunnels.
   This represents cybernetic consciousness; the programmer becoming self-programmer, self-metaprogrammer, meta-metaprogrammer, etc. Just as the emotional compulsions of the second circuit seem primitive, mechanical and, ultimately, silly to the neurosomatic consciousness, so, too, the reality maps of the third circuit become comic, relativistic, game-like to the metaprogrammer. "Whatever you say it is, it isn't, " Korzybski, the semanticist, repeated endlessly in his seminars, trying to make clear that third-circuit semantic maps are not the territories they represent; that we can always make maps of our maps, revisions of our revisions, meta-selves of our selves. "Neti, neti" (not that, not that), Hindu teachers traditionally say when asked what "God" is or what "Reality" is. Yogis, mathematicians and musicians seem more inclined to develop meta-programming consciousness than most of humanity. Korzybski even claimed that the use of mathematical scripts is an aid to developing this circuit, for as soon as you think of your mind as mind 1 , and the mind which contemplates that mind as mind2 and the mind which contemplates mind2 contemplating mind 1 as mind3, you are well on your way to meta-programming awareness. Alice in Wonderland is a masterful guide to the metaprogramming circuit (written by one of the founders of mathematical logic) and Aleister Crowley soberly urged its study upon all students of yoga. ~ Robert Anton Wilson, Prometheus Rising,

THE EDUCATION of a human being should begin at birth and continue throughout his life.

   Indeed, if we want this education to have its maximum result, it should begin even before birth; in this case it is the mother herself who proceeds with this education by means of a twofold action: first, upon herself for her own improvement, and secondly, upon the child whom she is forming physically. For it is certain that the nature of the child to be born depends very much upon the mother who forms it, upon her aspiration and will as well as upon the material surroundings in which she lives. To see that her thoughts are always beautiful and pure, her feelings always noble and fine, her material surroundings as harmonious as possible and full of a great simplicity - this is the part of education which should apply to the mother herself. And if she has in addition a conscious and definite will to form the child according to the highest ideal she can conceive, then the very best conditions will be realised so that the child can come into the world with his utmost potentialities. How many difficult efforts and useless complications would be avoided in this way!

   Education to be complete must have five principal aspects corresponding to the five principal activities of the human being: the physical, the vital, the mental, the psychic and the spiritual. Usually, these phases of education follow chronologically the growth of the individual; this, however, does not mean that one of them should replace another, but that all must continue, completing one another until the end of his life.

   We propose to study these five aspects of education one by one and also their interrelationships. But before we enter into the details of the subject, I wish to make a recommendation to parents. Most parents, for various reasons, give very little thought to the true education which should be imparted to children. When they have brought a child into the world, provided him with food, satisfied his various material needs and looked after his health more or less carefully, they think they have fully discharged their duty. Later on, they will send him to school and hand over to the teachers the responsibility for his education.

   There are other parents who know that their children must be educated and who try to do what they can. But very few, even among those who are most serious and sincere, know that the first thing to do, in order to be able to educate a child, is to educate oneself, to become conscious and master of oneself so that one never sets a bad example to one's child. For it is above all through example that education becomes effective. To speak good words and to give wise advice to a child has very little effect if one does not oneself give him an example of what one teaches. Sincerity, honesty, straightforwardness, courage, disinterestedness, unselfishness, patience, endurance, perseverance, peace, calm, self-control are all things that are taught infinitely better by example than by beautiful speeches. Parents, have a high ideal and always act in accordance with it and you will see that little by little your child will reflect this ideal in himself and spontaneously manifest the qualities you would like to see expressed in his nature. Quite naturally a child has respect and admiration for his parents; unless they are quite unworthy, they will always appear to their child as demigods whom he will try to imitate as best he can.

   With very few exceptions, parents are not aware of the disastrous influence that their own defects, impulses, weaknesses and lack of self-control have on their children. If you wish to be respected by a child, have respect for yourself and be worthy of respect at every moment. Never be authoritarian, despotic, impatient or ill-tempered. When your child asks you a question, do not give him a stupid or silly answer under the pretext that he cannot understand you. You can always make yourself understood if you take enough trouble; and in spite of the popular saying that it is not always good to tell the truth, I affirm that it is always good to tell the truth, but that the art consists in telling it in such a way as to make it accessible to the mind of the hearer. In early life, until he is twelve or fourteen, the child's mind is hardly open to abstract notions and general ideas. And yet you can train it to understand these things by using concrete images, symbols or parables. Up to quite an advanced age and for some who mentally always remain children, a narrative, a story, a tale well told teach much more than any number of theoretical explanations.

   Another pitfall to avoid: do not scold your child without good reason and only when it is quite indispensable. A child who is too often scolded gets hardened to rebuke and no longer attaches much importance to words or severity of tone. And above all, take good care never to scold him for a fault which you yourself commit. Children are very keen and clear-sighted observers; they soon find out your weaknesses and note them without pity.

   When a child has done something wrong, see that he confesses it to you spontaneously and frankly; and when he has confessed, with kindness and affection make him understand what was wrong in his movement so that he will not repeat it, but never scold him; a fault confessed must always be forgiven. You should not allow any fear to come between you and your child; fear is a pernicious means of education: it invariably gives birth to deceit and lying. Only a discerning affection that is firm yet gentle and an adequate practical knowledge will create the bonds of trust that are indispensable for you to be able to educate your child effectively. And do not forget that you have to control yourself constantly in order to be equal to your task and truly fulfil the duty which you owe your child by the mere fact of having brought him into the world.

   Bulletin, February 1951

   ~ The Mother, On Education,
125:SECTION 1. Books for Serious Study
   Liber CCXX. (Liber AL vel Legis.) The Book of the Law. This book is the foundation of the New Æon, and thus of the whole of our work.
   The Equinox. The standard Work of Reference in all occult matters. The Encyclopaedia of Initiation.
   Liber ABA (Book 4). A general account in elementary terms of magical and mystical powers. In four parts: (1) Mysticism (2) Magical (Elementary Theory) (3) Magick in Theory and Practice (this book) (4) The Law.
   Liber II. The Message of the Master Therion. Explains the essence of the new Law in a very simple manner.
   Liber DCCCXXXVIII. The Law of Liberty. A further explanation of The Book of the Law in reference to certain ethical problems.
   Collected Works of A. Crowley. These works contain many mystical and magical secrets, both stated clearly in prose, and woven into the Robe of sublimest poesy.
   The Yi King. (S. B. E. Series [vol. XVI], Oxford University Press.) The "Classic of Changes"; give the initiated Chinese system of Magick.
   The Tao Teh King. (S. B. E. Series [vol. XXXIX].) Gives the initiated Chinese system of Mysticism.
   Tannhäuser, by A. Crowley. An allegorical drama concerning the Progress of the Soul; the Tannhäuser story slightly remodelled.
   The Upanishads. (S. B. E. Series [vols. I & XV.) The Classical Basis of Vedantism, the best-known form of Hindu Mysticism.
   The Bhagavad-gita. A dialogue in which Krishna, the Hindu "Christ", expounds a system of Attainment.
   The Voice of the Silence, by H.P. Blavatsky, with an elaborate commentary by Frater O.M. Frater O.M., 7°=48, is the most learned of all the Brethren of the Order; he has given eighteen years to the study of this masterpiece.
   Raja-Yoga, by Swami Vivekananda. An excellent elementary study of Hindu mysticism. His Bhakti-Yoga is also good.
   The Shiva Samhita. An account of various physical means of assisting the discipline of initiation. A famous Hindu treatise on certain physical practices.
   The Hathayoga Pradipika. Similar to the Shiva Samhita.
   The Aphorisms of Patanjali. A valuable collection of precepts pertaining to mystical attainment.
   The Sword of Song. A study of Christian theology and ethics, with a statement and solution of the deepest philosophical problems. Also contains the best account extant of Buddhism, compared with modern science.
   The Book of the Dead. A collection of Egyptian magical rituals.
   Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie, by Eliphas Levi. The best general textbook of magical theory and practice for beginners. Written in an easy popular style.
   The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage. The best exoteric account of the Great Work, with careful instructions in procedure. This Book influenced and helped the Master Therion more than any other.
   The Goetia. The most intelligible of all the mediæval rituals of Evocation. Contains also the favourite Invocation of the Master Therion.
   Erdmann's History of Philosophy. A compendious account of philosophy from the earliest times. Most valuable as a general education of the mind.
   The Spiritual Guide of [Miguel de] Molinos. A simple manual of Christian Mysticism.
   The Star in the West. (Captain Fuller). An introduction to the study of the Works of Aleister Crowley.
   The Dhammapada. (S. B. E. Series [vol. X], Oxford University Press). The best of the Buddhist classics.
   The Questions of King Milinda. (S. B. E. Series [vols. XXXV & XXXVI].) Technical points of Buddhist dogma, illustrated bydialogues.
   Liber 777 vel Prolegomena Symbolica Ad Systemam Sceptico-Mysticæ Viæ Explicandæ, Fundamentum Hieroglyphicam Sanctissimorum Scientiæ Summæ. A complete Dictionary of the Correspondences of all magical elements, reprinted with extensive additions, making it the only standard comprehensive book of reference ever published. It is to the language of Occultism what Webster or Murray is to the English language.
   Varieties of Religious Experience (William James). Valuable as showing the uniformity of mystical attainment.
   Kabbala Denudata, von Rosenroth: also The Kabbalah Unveiled, by S.L. Mathers. The text of the Qabalah, with commentary. A good elementary introduction to the subject.
   Konx Om Pax [by Aleister Crowley]. Four invaluable treatises and a preface on Mysticism and Magick.
   The Pistis Sophia [translated by G.R.S. Mead or Violet McDermot]. An admirable introduction to the study of Gnosticism.
   The Oracles of Zoroaster [Chaldæan Oracles]. An invaluable collection of precepts mystical and magical.
   The Dream of Scipio, by Cicero. Excellent for its Vision and its Philosophy.
   The Golden Verses of Pythagoras, by Fabre d'Olivet. An interesting study of the exoteric doctrines of this Master.
   The Divine Pymander, by Hermes Trismegistus. Invaluable as bearing on the Gnostic Philosophy.
   The Secret Symbols of the Rosicrucians, reprint of Franz Hartmann. An invaluable compendium.
   Scrutinium Chymicum [Atalanta Fugiens]¸ by Michael Maier. One of the best treatises on alchemy.
   Science and the Infinite, by Sidney Klein. One of the best essays written in recent years.
   Two Essays on the Worship of Priapus [A Discourse on the Worship of Priapus &c. &c. &c.], by Richard Payne Knight [and Thomas Wright]. Invaluable to all students.
   The Golden Bough, by J.G. Frazer. The textbook of Folk Lore. Invaluable to all students.
   The Age of Reason, by Thomas Paine. Excellent, though elementary, as a corrective to superstition.
   Rivers of Life, by General Forlong. An invaluable textbook of old systems of initiation.
   Three Dialogues, by Bishop Berkeley. The Classic of Subjective Idealism.
   Essays of David Hume. The Classic of Academic Scepticism.
   First Principles by Herbert Spencer. The Classic of Agnosticism.
   Prolegomena [to any future Metaphysics], by Immanuel Kant. The best introduction to Metaphysics.
   The Canon [by William Stirling]. The best textbook of Applied Qabalah.
   The Fourth Dimension, by [Charles] H. Hinton. The best essay on the subject.
   The Essays of Thomas Henry Huxley. Masterpieces of philosophy, as of prose.
   ~ Aleister Crowley, Liber ABA, Appendix I: Literature Recommended to Aspirants
126:Intuition And The Value Of Concentration :::
   Mother, how can the faculty of intuition be developed?

   ... There are different kinds of intuition, and we carry these capacities within us. They are always active to some extent but we don't notice them because we don't pay enough attention to what is going on in us. Behind the emotions, deep within the being, in a consciousness seated somewhere near the level of the solar plexus, there is a sort of prescience, a kind of capacity for foresight, but not in the form of ideas: rather in the form of feelings, almost a perception of sensations. For instance, when one is going to decide to do something, there is sometimes a kind of uneasiness or inner refusal, and usually, if one listens to this deeper indication, one realises that it was justified. In other cases there is something that urges, indicates, insists - I am not speaking of impulses, you understand, of all the movements which come from the vital and much lower still - indications which are behind the feelings, which come from the affective part of the being; there too one can receive a fairly sure indication of the thing to be done. These are forms of intuition or of a higher instinct which can be cultivated by observation and also by studying the results. Naturally, it must be done very sincerely, objectively, without prejudice. If one wants to see things in a particular way and at the same time practise this observation, it is all useless. One must do it as if one were looking at what is happening from outside oneself, in someone else. It is one form of intuition and perhaps the first one that usually manifests. There is also another form but that one is much more difficult to observe because for those who are accustomed to think, to act by reason - not by impulse but by reason - to reflect before doing anything, there is an extremely swift process from cause to effect in the half-conscious thought which prevents you from seeing the line, the whole line of reasoning and so you don't think that it is a chain of reasoning, and that is quite deceptive. You have the impression of an intuition but it is not an intuition, it is an extremely rapid subconscious reasoning, which takes up a problem and goes straight to the conclusions. This must not be mistaken for intuition. In the ordinary functioning of the brain, intuition is something which suddenly falls like a drop of light. If one has the faculty, the beginning of a faculty of mental vision, it gives the impression of something coming from outside or above, like a little impact of a drop of light in the brain, absolutely independent of all reasoning. This is perceived more easily when one is able to silence one's mind, hold it still and attentive, arresting its usual functioning, as if the mind were changed into a kind of mirror turned towards a higher faculty in a sustained and silent attention. That too one can learn to do. One must learn to do it, it is a necessary discipline.
   When you have a question to solve, whatever it may be, usually you concentrate your attention here (pointing between the eyebrows), at the centre just above the eyes, the centre of the conscious will. But then if you do that, you cannot be in contact with intuition. You can be in contact with the source of the will, of effort, even of a certain kind of knowledge, but in the outer, almost material field; whereas, if you want to contact the intuition, you must keep this (Mother indicates the forehead) completely immobile. Active thought must be stopped as far as possible and the entire mental faculty must form - at the top of the head and a little further above if possible - a kind of mirror, very quiet, very still, turned upwards, in silent, very concentrated attention. If you succeed, you can - perhaps not immediately - but you can have the perception of the drops of light falling upon the mirror from a still unknown region and expressing themselves as a conscious thought which has no connection with all the rest of your thought since you have been able to keep it silent. That is the real beginning of the intellectual intuition.
   It is a discipline to be followed. For a long time one may try and not succeed, but as soon as one succeeds in making a mirror, still and attentive, one always obtains a result, not necessarily with a precise form of thought but always with the sensations of a light coming from above. And then, if one can receive this light coming from above without entering immediately into a whirl of activity, receive it in calm and silence and let it penetrate deep into the being, then after a while it expresses itself either as a luminous thought or as a very precise indication here (Mother indicates the heart), in this other centre.
   Naturally, first these two faculties must be developed; then, as soon as there is any result, one must observe the result, as I said, and see the connection with what is happening, the consequences: see, observe very attentively what has come in, what may have caused a distortion, what one has added by way of more or less conscious reasoning or the intervention of a lower will, also more or less conscious; and it is by a very deep study - indeed, almost of every moment, in any case daily and very frequent - that one succeeds in developing one's intuition. It takes a long time. It takes a long time and there are ambushes: one can deceive oneself, take for intuitions subconscious wills which try to manifest, indications given by impulses one has refused to receive openly, indeed all sorts of difficulties. One must be prepared for that. But if one persists, one is sure to succeed.
   And there comes a time when one feels a kind of inner guidance, something which is leading one very perceptibly in all that one does. But then, for the guidance to have its maximum power, one must naturally add to it a conscious surrender: one must be sincerely determined to follow the indication given by the higher force. If one does that, then... one saves years of study, one can seize the result extremely rapidly. If one also does that, the result comes very rapidly. But for that, it must be done with sincerity and... a kind of inner spontaneity. If one wants to try without this surrender, one may succeed - as one can also succeed in developing one's personal will and making it into a very considerable power - but that takes a very long time and one meets many obstacles and the result is very precarious; one must be very persistent, obstinate, persevering, and one is sure to succeed, but only after a great labour.
   Make your surrender with a sincere, complete self-giving, and you will go ahead at full speed, you will go much faster - but you must not do this calculatingly, for that spoils everything! (Silence) Moreover, whatever you may want to do in life, one thing is absolutely indispensable and at the basis of everything, the capacity of concentrating the attention. If you are able to gather together the rays of attention and consciousness on one point and can maintain this concentration with a persistent will, nothing can resist it - whatever it may be, from the most material physical development to the highest spiritual one. But this discipline must be followed in a constant and, it may be said, imperturbable way; not that you should always be concentrated on the same thing - that's not what I mean, I mean learning to concentrate.
   And materially, for studies, sports, all physical or mental development, it is absolutely indispensable. And the value of an individual is proportionate to the value of his attention.
   And from the spiritual point of view it is still more important.
   There is no spiritual obstacle which can resist a penetrating power of concentration. For instance, the discovery of the psychic being, union with the inner Divine, opening to the higher spheres, all can be obtained by an intense and obstinate power of concentration - but one must learn how to do it. There is nothing in the human or even in the superhuman field, to which the power of concentration is not the key. You can be the best athlete, you can be the best student, you can be an artistic, literary or scientific genius, you can be the greatest saint with that faculty. And everyone has in himself a tiny little beginning of it - it is given to everybody, but people do not cultivate it.
   ~ The Mother, Questions And Answers 1957-1958,
127:[The Gods and Their Worlds]

   [...] According to traditions and occult schools, all these zones of realities, these planes of realities have got different names; they have been classified in a different way, but there is an essential analogy, and if you go back far enough into the traditions, you see only the words changing according to the country and the language. Even now, the experiences of Western occultists and those of Eastern occultists offer great similarities. All who set out on the discovery of these invisible worlds and make a report of what they saw, give a very similar description, whether they be from here or there; they use different words, but the experience is very similar and the handling of forces is the same.

   This knowledge of the occult worlds is based on the existence of subtle bodies and of subtle worlds corresponding to those bodies. They are what the psychological method calls "states of consciousness", but these states of consciousness really correspond to worlds. The occult procedure consists then in being aware of these various inner states of being or subtle bodies and in becoming sufficiently a master of them so as to be able to go out of them successively, one after another. There is indeed a whole scale of subtleties, increasing or decreasing according to the direction in which you go, and the occult procedure consists in going out of a denser body into a subtler body and so on again, up to the most ethereal regions. You go, by successive exteriorisations, into bodies or worlds more and more subtle. It is somewhat as if every time you passed into another dimension. The fourth dimension of the physicists is nothing but the scientific transcription of an occult knowledge. To give another image, one can say that the physical body is at the centre - it is the most material, the densest and also the smallest - and the inner bodies, more subtle, overflow more and more the central physical body; they pass through it, extending themselves farther and farther, like water evaporating from a porous vase and forming a kind of steam all around. And the greater the subtlety, the more the extension tends to unite with that of the universe: one ends by universalising oneself. And it is altogether a concrete process which gives an objective experience of invisible worlds and even enables one to act in these worlds.

   There are, then, only a very small number of people in the West who know that these gods are not merely subjective and imaginary - more or less wildly imaginary - but that they correspond to a universal truth.

   All these regions, all these domains are filled with beings who exist, each in its own domain, and if you are awake and conscious on a particular plane - for instance, if on going out of a more material body you awake on some higher plane, you have the same relation with the things and people of that plane as you had with the things and people of the material world. That is to say, there exists an entirely objective relation that has nothing to do with the idea you may have of these things. Naturally, the resemblance is greater and greater as you approach the physical world, the material world, and there even comes a time when the one region has a direct action upon the other. In any case, in what Sri Aurobindo calls the overmental worlds, you will find a concrete reality absolutely independent of your personal experience; you go back there and again find the same things, with the differences that have occurred during your absence. And you have relations with those beings that are identical with the relations you have with physical beings, with this difference that the relation is more plastic, supple and direct - for example, there is the capacity to change the external form, the visible form, according to the inner state you are in. But you can make an appointment with someone and be at the appointed place and find the same being again, with certain differences that have come about during your absence; it is entirely concrete with results entirely concrete.

   One must have at least a little of this experience in order to understand these things. Otherwise, those who are convinced that all this is mere human imagination and mental formation, who believe that these gods have such and such a form because men have thought them to be like that, and that they have certain defects and certain qualities because men have thought them to be like that - all those who say that God is made in the image of man and that he exists only in human thought, all these will not understand; to them this will appear absolutely ridiculous, madness. One must have lived a little, touched the subject a little, to know how very concrete the thing is.

   Naturally, children know a good deal if they have not been spoilt. There are so many children who return every night to the same place and continue to live the life they have begun there. When these faculties are not spoilt with age, you can keep them with you. At a time when I was especially interested in dreams, I could return exactly to a place and continue a work that I had begun: supervise something, for example, set something in order, a work of organisation or of discovery, of exploration. You go until you reach a certain spot, as you would go in life, then you take a rest, then you return and begin again - you begin the work at the place where you left off and you continue it. And you perceive that there are things which are quite independent of you, in the sense that changes of which you are not at all the author, have taken place automatically during your absence.

   But for this, you must live these experiences yourself, you must see them yourself, live them with sufficient sincerity and spontaneity in order to see that they are independent of any mental formation. For you can do the opposite also, and deepen the study of the action of mental formation upon events. This is very interesting, but it is another domain. And this study makes you very careful, very prudent, because you become aware of how far you can delude yourself. So you must study both, the dream and the occult reality, in order to see what is the essential difference between the two. The one depends upon us; the other exists in itself; entirely independent of the thought that we have of it.

   When you have worked in that domain, you recognise in fact that once a subject has been studied and something has been learnt mentally, it gives a special colour to the experience; the experience may be quite spontaneous and sincere, but the simple fact that the subject was known and studied lends a particular quality. Whereas if you had learnt nothing about the question, if you knew nothing at all, the transcription would be completely spontaneous and sincere when the experience came; it would be more or less adequate, but it would not be the outcome of a previous mental formation.

   Naturally, this occult knowledge or this experience is not very frequent in the world, because in those who do not have a developed inner life, there are veritable gaps between the external consciousness and the inmost consciousness; the linking states of being are missing and they have to be constructed. So when people enter there for the first time, they are bewildered, they have the impression they have fallen into the night, into nothingness, into non-being!

   I had a Danish friend, a painter, who was like that. He wanted me to teach him how to go out of the body; he used to have interesting dreams and thought that it would be worth the trouble to go there consciously. So I made him "go out" - but it was a frightful thing! When he was dreaming, a part of his mind still remained conscious, active, and a kind of link existed between this active part and his external being; then he remembered some of his dreams, but it was a very partial phenomenon. And to go out of one's body means to pass gradually through all the states of being, if one does the thing systematically. Well, already in the subtle physical, one is almost de-individualised, and when one goes farther, there remains nothing, for nothing is formed or individualised.

   Thus, when people are asked to meditate or told to go within, to enter into themselves, they are in agony - naturally! They have the impression that they are vanishing. And with reason: there is nothing, no consciousness!

   These things that appear to us quite natural and evident, are, for people who know nothing, wild imagination. If, for example, you transplant these experiences or this knowledge to the West, well, unless you have been frequenting the circles of occultists, they stare at you with open eyes. And when you have turned your back, they hasten to say, "These people are cranks!" Now to come back to the gods and conclude. It must be said that all those beings who have never had an earthly existence - gods or demons, invisible beings and powers - do not possess what the Divine has put into man: the psychic being. And this psychic being gives to man true love, charity, compassion, a deep kindness, which compensate for all his external defects.

   In the gods there is no fault because they live according to their own nature, spontaneously and without constraint: as gods, it is their manner of being. But if you take a higher point of view, if you have a higher vision, a vision of the whole, you see that they lack certain qualities that are exclusively human. By his capacity of love and self-giving, man can have as much power as the gods and even more, when he is not egoistic, when he has surmounted his egoism.

   If he fulfils the required condition, man is nearer to the Supreme than the gods are. He can be nearer. He is not so automatically, but he has the power to be so, the potentiality.

   If human love manifested itself without mixture, it would be all-powerful. Unfortunately, in human love there is as much love of oneself as of the one loved; it is not a love that makes you forget yourself. - 4 November 1958

   ~ The Mother, Words Of The Mother III, 355
128:The Science of Living

To know oneself and to control oneself

AN AIMLESS life is always a miserable life.

Every one of you should have an aim. But do not forget that on the quality of your aim will depend the quality of your life.

   Your aim should be high and wide, generous and disinterested; this will make your life precious to yourself and to others.

   But whatever your ideal, it cannot be perfectly realised unless you have realised perfection in yourself.

   To work for your perfection, the first step is to become conscious of yourself, of the different parts of your being and their respective activities. You must learn to distinguish these different parts one from another, so that you may become clearly aware of the origin of the movements that occur in you, the many impulses, reactions and conflicting wills that drive you to action. It is an assiduous study which demands much perseverance and sincerity. For man's nature, especially his mental nature, has a spontaneous tendency to give a favourable explanation for everything he thinks, feels, says and does. It is only by observing these movements with great care, by bringing them, as it were, before the tribunal of our highest ideal, with a sincere will to submit to its judgment, that we can hope to form in ourselves a discernment that never errs. For if we truly want to progress and acquire the capacity of knowing the truth of our being, that is to say, what we are truly created for, what we can call our mission upon earth, then we must, in a very regular and constant manner, reject from us or eliminate in us whatever contradicts the truth of our existence, whatever is opposed to it. In this way, little by little, all the parts, all the elements of our being can be organised into a homogeneous whole around our psychic centre. This work of unification requires much time to be brought to some degree of perfection. Therefore, in order to accomplish it, we must arm ourselves with patience and endurance, with a determination to prolong our life as long as necessary for the success of our endeavour.

   As you pursue this labour of purification and unification, you must at the same time take great care to perfect the external and instrumental part of your being. When the higher truth manifests, it must find in you a mind that is supple and rich enough to be able to give the idea that seeks to express itself a form of thought which preserves its force and clarity. This thought, again, when it seeks to clothe itself in words, must find in you a sufficient power of expression so that the words reveal the thought and do not deform it. And the formula in which you embody the truth should be manifested in all your feelings, all your acts of will, all your actions, in all the movements of your being. Finally, these movements themselves should, by constant effort, attain their highest perfection.

   All this can be realised by means of a fourfold discipline, the general outline of which is given here. The four aspects of the discipline do not exclude each other, and can be followed at the same time; indeed, this is preferable. The starting-point is what can be called the psychic discipline. We give the name "psychic" to the psychological centre of our being, the seat within us of the highest truth of our existence, that which can know this truth and set it in movement. It is therefore of capital importance to become conscious of its presence in us, to concentrate on this presence until it becomes a living fact for us and we can identify ourselves with it.

   In various times and places many methods have been prescribed for attaining this perception and ultimately achieving this identification. Some methods are psychological, some religious, some even mechanical. In reality, everyone has to find the one which suits him best, and if one has an ardent and steadfast aspiration, a persistent and dynamic will, one is sure to meet, in one way or another - outwardly through reading and study, inwardly through concentration, meditation, revelation and experience - the help one needs to reach the goal. Only one thing is absolutely indispensable: the will to discover and to realise. This discovery and realisation should be the primary preoccupation of our being, the pearl of great price which we must acquire at any cost. Whatever you do, whatever your occupations and activities, the will to find the truth of your being and to unite with it must be always living and present behind all that you do, all that you feel, all that you think.

   To complement this movement of inner discovery, it would be good not to neglect the development of the mind. For the mental instrument can equally be a great help or a great hindrance. In its natural state the human mind is always limited in its vision, narrow in its understanding, rigid in its conceptions, and a constant effort is therefore needed to widen it, to make it more supple and profound. So it is very necessary to consider everything from as many points of view as possible. Towards this end, there is an exercise which gives great suppleness and elevation to the thought. It is as follows: a clearly formulated thesis is set; against it is opposed its antithesis, formulated with the same precision. Then by careful reflection the problem must be widened or transcended until a synthesis is found which unites the two contraries in a larger, higher and more comprehensive idea.

   Many other exercises of the same kind can be undertaken; some have a beneficial effect on the character and so possess a double advantage: that of educating the mind and that of establishing control over the feelings and their consequences. For example, you must never allow your mind to judge things and people, for the mind is not an instrument of knowledge; it is incapable of finding knowledge, but it must be moved by knowledge. Knowledge belongs to a much higher domain than that of the human mind, far above the region of pure ideas. The mind has to be silent and attentive to receive knowledge from above and manifest it. For it is an instrument of formation, of organisation and action, and it is in these functions that it attains its full value and real usefulness.

   There is another practice which can be very helpful to the progress of the consciousness. Whenever there is a disagreement on any matter, such as a decision to be taken, or an action to be carried out, one must never remain closed up in one's own conception or point of view. On the contrary, one must make an effort to understand the other's point of view, to put oneself in his place and, instead of quarrelling or even fighting, find the solution which can reasonably satisfy both parties; there always is one for men of goodwill.

   Here we must mention the discipline of the vital. The vital being in us is the seat of impulses and desires, of enthusiasm and violence, of dynamic energy and desperate depressions, of passions and revolts. It can set everything in motion, build and realise; but it can also destroy and mar everything. Thus it may be the most difficult part to discipline in the human being. It is a long and exacting labour requiring great patience and perfect sincerity, for without sincerity you will deceive yourself from the very outset, and all endeavour for progress will be in vain. With the collaboration of the vital no realisation seems impossible, no transformation impracticable. But the difficulty lies in securing this constant collaboration. The vital is a good worker, but most often it seeks its own satisfaction. If that is refused, totally or even partially, the vital gets vexed, sulks and goes on strike. Its energy disappears more or less completely and in its place leaves disgust for people and things, discouragement or revolt, depression and dissatisfaction. At such moments it is good to remain quiet and refuse to act; for these are the times when one does stupid things and in a few moments one can destroy or spoil the progress that has been made during months of regular effort. These crises are shorter and less dangerous for those who have established a contact with their psychic being which is sufficient to keep alive in them the flame of aspiration and the consciousness of the ideal to be realised. They can, with the help of this consciousness, deal with their vital as one deals with a rebellious child, with patience and perseverance, showing it the truth and light, endeavouring to convince it and awaken in it the goodwill which has been veiled for a time. By means of such patient intervention each crisis can be turned into a new progress, into one more step towards the goal. Progress may be slow, relapses may be frequent, but if a courageous will is maintained, one is sure to triumph one day and see all difficulties melt and vanish before the radiance of the truth-consciousness.

   Lastly, by means of a rational and discerning physical education, we must make our body strong and supple enough to become a fit instrument in the material world for the truth-force which wants to manifest through us.

   In fact, the body must not rule, it must obey. By its very nature it is a docile and faithful servant. Unfortunately, it rarely has the capacity of discernment it ought to have with regard to its masters, the mind and the vital. It obeys them blindly, at the cost of its own well-being. The mind with its dogmas, its rigid and arbitrary principles, the vital with its passions, its excesses and dissipations soon destroy the natural balance of the body and create in it fatigue, exhaustion and disease. It must be freed from this tyranny and this can be done only through a constant union with the psychic centre of the being. The body has a wonderful capacity of adaptation and endurance. It is able to do so many more things than one usually imagines. If, instead of the ignorant and despotic masters that now govern it, it is ruled by the central truth of the being, you will be amazed at what it is capable of doing. Calm and quiet, strong and poised, at every minute it will be able to put forth the effort that is demanded of it, for it will have learnt to find rest in action and to recuperate, through contact with the universal forces, the energies it expends consciously and usefully. In this sound and balanced life a new harmony will manifest in the body, reflecting the harmony of the higher regions, which will give it perfect proportions and ideal beauty of form. And this harmony will be progressive, for the truth of the being is never static; it is a perpetual unfolding of a growing perfection that is more and more total and comprehensive. As soon as the body has learnt to follow this movement of progressive harmony, it will be possible for it to escape, through a continuous process of transformation, from the necessity of disintegration and destruction. Thus the irrevocable law of death will no longer have any reason to exist.

   When we reach this degree of perfection which is our goal, we shall perceive that the truth we seek is made up of four major aspects: Love, Knowledge, Power and Beauty. These four attributes of the Truth will express themselves spontaneously in our being. The psychic will be the vehicle of true and pure love, the mind will be the vehicle of infallible knowledge, the vital will manifest an invincible power and strength and the body will be the expression of a perfect beauty and harmony.

   Bulletin, November 1950

   ~ The Mother, On Education,
129:Mental Education

OF ALL lines of education, mental education is the most widely known and practised, yet except in a few rare cases there are gaps which make it something very incomplete and in the end quite insufficient.

   Generally speaking, schooling is considered to be all the mental education that is necessary. And when a child has been made to undergo, for a number of years, a methodical training which is more like cramming than true schooling, it is considered that whatever is necessary for his mental development has been done. Nothing of the kind. Even conceding that the training is given with due measure and discrimination and does not permanently damage the brain, it cannot impart to the human mind the faculties it needs to become a good and useful instrument. The schooling that is usually given can, at the most, serve as a system of gymnastics to increase the suppleness of the brain. From this standpoint, each branch of human learning represents a special kind of mental gymnastics, and the verbal formulations given to these various branches each constitute a special and well-defined language.

   A true mental education, which will prepare man for a higher life, has five principal phases. Normally these phases follow one after another, but in exceptional individuals they may alternate or even proceed simultaneously. These five phases, in brief, are:

   (1) Development of the power of concentration, the capacity of attention.
   (2) Development of the capacities of expansion, widening, complexity and richness.
   (3) Organisation of one's ideas around a central idea, a higher ideal or a supremely luminous idea that will serve as a guide in life.
   (4) Thought-control, rejection of undesirable thoughts, to become able to think only what one wants and when one wants.
   (5) Development of mental silence, perfect calm and a more and more total receptivity to inspirations coming from the higher regions of the being.

   It is not possible to give here all the details concerning the methods to be employed in the application of these five phases of education to different individuals. Still, a few explanations on points of detail can be given.

   Undeniably, what most impedes mental progress in children is the constant dispersion of their thoughts. Their thoughts flutter hither and thither like butterflies and they have to make a great effort to fix them. Yet this capacity is latent in them, for when you succeed in arousing their interest, they are capable of a good deal of attention. By his ingenuity, therefore, the educator will gradually help the child to become capable of a sustained effort of attention and a faculty of more and more complete absorption in the work in hand. All methods that can develop this faculty of attention from games to rewards are good and can all be utilised according to the need and the circumstances. But it is the psychological action that is most important and the sovereign method is to arouse in the child an interest in what you want to teach him, a liking for work, a will to progress. To love to learn is the most precious gift that one can give to a child: to love to learn always and everywhere, so that all circumstances, all happenings in life may be constantly renewed opportunities for learning more and always more.

   For that, to attention and concentration should be added observation, precise recording and faithfulness of memory. This faculty of observation can be developed by varied and spontaneous exercises, making use of every opportunity that presents itself to keep the child's thought wakeful, alert and prompt. The growth of the understanding should be stressed much more than that of memory. One knows well only what one has understood. Things learnt by heart, mechanically, fade away little by little and finally disappear; what is understood is never forgotten. Moreover, you must never refuse to explain to a child the how and the why of things. If you cannot do it yourself, you must direct the child to those who are qualified to answer or point out to him some books that deal with the question. In this way you will progressively awaken in the child the taste for true study and the habit of making a persistent effort to know.

   This will bring us quite naturally to the second phase of development in which the mind should be widened and enriched.

   You will gradually show the child that everything can become an interesting subject for study if it is approached in the right way. The life of every day, of every moment, is the best school of all, varied, complex, full of unexpected experiences, problems to be solved, clear and striking examples and obvious consequences. It is so easy to arouse healthy curiosity in children, if you answer with intelligence and clarity the numerous questions they ask. An interesting reply to one readily brings others in its train and so the attentive child learns without effort much more than he usually does in the classroom. By a choice made with care and insight, you should also teach him to enjoy good reading-matter which is both instructive and attractive. Do not be afraid of anything that awakens and pleases his imagination; imagination develops the creative mental faculty and through it study becomes living and the mind develops in joy.

   In order to increase the suppleness and comprehensiveness of his mind, one should see not only that he studies many varied topics, but above all that a single subject is approached in various ways, so that the child understands in a practical manner that there are many ways of facing the same intellectual problem, of considering it and solving it. This will remove all rigidity from his brain and at the same time it will make his thinking richer and more supple and prepare it for a more complex and comprehensive synthesis. In this way also the child will be imbued with the sense of the extreme relativity of mental learning and, little by little, an aspiration for a truer source of knowledge will awaken in him.

   Indeed, as the child grows older and progresses in his studies, his mind too ripens and becomes more and more capable of forming general ideas, and with them almost always comes a need for certitude, for a knowledge that is stable enough to form the basis of a mental construction which will permit all the diverse and scattered and often contradictory ideas accumulated in his brain to be organised and put in order. This ordering is indeed very necessary if one is to avoid chaos in one's thoughts. All contradictions can be transformed into complements, but for that one must discover the higher idea that will have the power to bring them harmoniously together. It is always good to consider every problem from all possible standpoints so as to avoid partiality and exclusiveness; but if the thought is to be active and creative, it must, in every case, be the natural and logical synthesis of all the points of view adopted. And if you want to make the totality of your thoughts into a dynamic and constructive force, you must also take great care as to the choice of the central idea of your mental synthesis; for upon that will depend the value of this synthesis. The higher and larger the central idea and the more universal it is, rising above time and space, the more numerous and the more complex will be the ideas, notions and thoughts which it will be able to organise and harmonise.

   It goes without saying that this work of organisation cannot be done once and for all. The mind, if it is to keep its vigour and youth, must progress constantly, revise its notions in the light of new knowledge, enlarge its frame-work to include fresh notions and constantly reclassify and reorganise its thoughts, so that each of them may find its true place in relation to the others and the whole remain harmonious and orderly.

   All that has just been said concerns the speculative mind, the mind that learns. But learning is only one aspect of mental activity; the other, which is at least equally important, is the constructive faculty, the capacity to form and thus prepare action. This very important part of mental activity has rarely been the subject of any special study or discipline. Only those who want, for some reason, to exercise a strict control over their mental activities think of observing and disciplining this faculty of formation; and as soon as they try it, they have to face difficulties so great that they appear almost insurmountable.

   And yet control over this formative activity of the mind is one of the most important aspects of self-education; one can say that without it no mental mastery is possible. As far as study is concerned, all ideas are acceptable and should be included in the synthesis, whose very function is to become more and more rich and complex; but where action is concerned, it is just the opposite. The ideas that are accepted for translation into action should be strictly controlled and only those that agree with the general trend of the central idea forming the basis of the mental synthesis should be permitted to express themselves in action. This means that every thought entering the mental consciousness should be set before the central idea; if it finds a logical place among the thoughts already grouped, it will be admitted into the synthesis; if not, it will be rejected so that it can have no influence on the action. This work of mental purification should be done very regularly in order to secure a complete control over one's actions.

   For this purpose, it is good to set apart some time every day when one can quietly go over one's thoughts and put one's synthesis in order. Once the habit is acquired, you can maintain control over your thoughts even during work and action, allowing only those which are useful for what you are doing to come to the surface. Particularly, if you have continued to cultivate the power of concentration and attention, only the thoughts that are needed will be allowed to enter the active external consciousness and they then become all the more dynamic and effective. And if, in the intensity of concentration, it becomes necessary not to think at all, all mental vibration can be stilled and an almost total silence secured. In this silence one can gradually open to the higher regions of the mind and learn to record the inspirations that come from there.

   But even before reaching this point, silence in itself is supremely useful, because in most people who have a somewhat developed and active mind, the mind is never at rest. During the day, its activity is kept under a certain control, but at night, during the sleep of the body, the control of the waking state is almost completely removed and the mind indulges in activities which are sometimes excessive and often incoherent. This creates a great stress which leads to fatigue and the diminution of the intellectual faculties.

   The fact is that like all the other parts of the human being, the mind too needs rest and it will not have this rest unless we know how to provide it. The art of resting one's mind is something to be acquired. Changing one's mental activity is certainly one way of resting; but the greatest possible rest is silence. And as far as the mental faculties are concerned a few minutes passed in the calm of silence are a more effective rest than hours of sleep.

   When one has learned to silence the mind at will and to concentrate it in receptive silence, then there will be no problem that cannot be solved, no mental difficulty whose solution cannot be found. When it is agitated, thought becomes confused and impotent; in an attentive tranquillity, the light can manifest itself and open up new horizons to man's capacity. Bulletin, November 1951

   ~ The Mother, On Education,
130:The Supreme Discovery
   IF WE want to progress integrally, we must build within our conscious being a strong and pure mental synthesis which can serve us as a protection against temptations from outside, as a landmark to prevent us from going astray, as a beacon to light our way across the moving ocean of life.
   Each individual should build up this mental synthesis according to his own tendencies and affinities and aspirations. But if we want it to be truly living and luminous, it must be centred on the idea that is the intellectual representation symbolising That which is at the centre of our being, That which is our life and our light.
   This idea, expressed in sublime words, has been taught in various forms by all the great Instructors in all lands and all ages.
   The Self of each one and the great universal Self are one. Since all that is exists from all eternity in its essence and principle, why make a distinction between the being and its origin, between ourselves and what we place at the beginning?
   The ancient traditions rightly said:
   "Our origin and ourselves, our God and ourselves are one."
   And this oneness should not be understood merely as a more or less close and intimate relationship of union, but as a true identity.
   Thus, when a man who seeks the Divine attempts to reascend by degrees towards the inaccessible, he forgets that all his knowledge and all his intuition cannot take him one step forward in this infinite; neither does he know that what he wants to attain, what he believes to be so far from him, is within him.
   For how could he know anything of the origin until he becomes conscious of this origin in himself?
   It is by understanding himself, by learning to know himself, that he can make the supreme discovery and cry out in wonder like the patriarch in the Bible, "The house of God is here and I knew it not."
   That is why we must express that sublime thought, creatrix of the material worlds, and make known to all the word that fills the heavens and the earth, "I am in all things and all beings."When all shall know this, the promised day of great transfigurations will be at hand. When in each atom of Matter men shall recognise the indwelling thought of God, when in each living creature they shall perceive some hint of a gesture of God, when each man can see God in his brother, then dawn will break, dispelling the darkness, the falsehood, the ignorance, the error and suffering that weigh upon all Nature. For, "all Nature suffers and laments as she awaits the revelation of the Sons of God."
   This indeed is the central thought epitomising all others, the thought which should be ever present to our remembrance as the sun that illumines all life.
   That is why I remind you of it today. For if we follow our path bearing this thought in our hearts like the rarest jewel, the most precious treasure, if we allow it to do its work of illumination and transfiguration within us, we shall know that it lives in the centre of all beings and all things, and in it we shall feel the marvellous oneness of the universe.
   Then we shall understand the vanity and childishness of our meagre satisfactions, our foolish quarrels, our petty passions, our blind indignations. We shall see the dissolution of our little faults, the crumbling of the last entrenchments of our limited personality and our obtuse egoism. We shall feel ourselves being swept along by this sublime current of true spirituality which will deliver us from our narrow limits and bounds.
   The individual Self and the universal Self are one; in every world, in every being, in every thing, in every atom is the Divine Presence, and man's mission is to manifest it.
   In order to do that, he must become conscious of this Divine Presence within him. Some individuals must undergo a real apprenticeship in order to achieve this: their egoistic being is too all-absorbing, too rigid, too conservative, and their struggles against it are long and painful. Others, on the contrary, who are more impersonal, more plastic, more spiritualised, come easily into contact with the inexhaustible divine source of their being.But let us not forget that they too should devote themselves daily, constantly, to a methodical effort of adaptation and transformation, so that nothing within them may ever again obscure the radiance of that pure light.
   But how greatly the standpoint changes once we attain this deeper consciousness! How understanding widens, how compassion grows!
   On this a sage has said:
   "I would like each one of us to come to the point where he perceives the inner God who dwells even in the vilest of human beings; instead of condemning him we would say, 'Arise, O resplendent Being, thou who art ever pure, who knowest neither birth nor death; arise, Almighty One, and manifest thy nature.'"
   Let us live by this beautiful utterance and we shall see everything around us transformed as if by miracle.
   This is the attitude of true, conscious and discerning love, the love which knows how to see behind appearances, understand in spite of words, and which, amid all obstacles, is in constant communion with the depths.
   What value have our impulses and our desires, our anguish and our violence, our sufferings and our struggles, all these inner vicissitudes unduly dramatised by our unruly imagination - what value do they have before this great, this sublime and divine love bending over us from the innermost depths of our being, bearing with our weaknesses, rectifying our errors, healing our wounds, bathing our whole being with its regenerating streams?
   For the inner Godhead never imposes herself, she neither demands nor threatens; she offers and gives herself, conceals and forgets herself in the heart of all beings and things; she never accuses, she neither judges nor curses nor condemns, but works unceasingly to perfect without constraint, to mend without reproach, to encourage without impatience, to enrich each one with all the wealth he can receive; she is the mother whose love bears fruit and nourishes, guards and protects, counsels and consoles; because she understands everything, she can endure everything, excuse and pardon everything, hope and prepare for everything; bearing everything within herself, she owns nothing that does not belong to all, and because she reigns over all, she is the servant of all; that is why all, great and small, who want to be kings with her and gods in her, become, like her, not despots but servitors among their brethren.
   How beautiful is this humble role of servant, the role of all who have been revealers and heralds of the God who is within all, of the Divine Love that animates all things....
   And until we can follow their example and become true servants even as they, let us allow ourselves to be penetrated and transformed by this Divine Love; let us offer Him, without reserve, this marvellous instrument, our physical organism. He shall make it yield its utmost on every plane of activity.
   To achieve this total self-consecration, all means are good, all methods have their value. The one thing needful is to persevere in our will to attain this goal. For then everything we study, every action we perform, every human being we meet, all come to bring us an indication, a help, a light to guide us on the path.
   Before I close, I shall add a few pages for those who have already made apparently fruitless efforts, for those who have encountered the pitfalls on the way and seen the measure of their weakness, for those who are in danger of losing their self-confidence and courage. These pages, intended to rekindle hope in the hearts of those who suffer, were written by a spiritual worker at a time when ordeals of every kind were sweeping down on him like purifying flames.
   You who are weary, downcast and bruised, you who fall, who think perhaps that you are defeated, hear the voice of a friend. He knows your sorrows, he has shared them, he has suffered like you from the ills of the earth; like you he has crossed many deserts under the burden of the day, he has known thirst and hunger, solitude and abandonment, and the cruellest of all wants, the destitution of the heart. Alas! he has known too the hours of doubt, the errors, the faults, the failings, every weakness.
   But he tells you: Courage! Hearken to the lesson that the rising sun brings to the earth with its first rays each morning. It is a lesson of hope, a message of solace.
   You who weep, who suffer and tremble, who dare not expect an end to your ills, an issue to your pangs, behold: there is no night without dawn and the day is about to break when darkness is thickest; there is no mist that the sun does not dispel, no cloud that it does not gild, no tear that it will not dry one day, no storm that is not followed by its shining triumphant bow; there is no snow that it does not melt, nor winter that it does not change into radiant spring.
   And for you too, there is no affliction which does not bring its measure of glory, no distress which cannot be transformed into joy, nor defeat into victory, nor downfall into higher ascension, nor solitude into radiating centre of life, nor discord into harmony - sometimes it is a misunderstanding between two minds that compels two hearts to open to mutual communion; lastly, there is no infinite weakness that cannot be changed into strength. And it is even in supreme weakness that almightiness chooses to reveal itself!
   Listen, my little child, you who today feel so broken, so fallen perhaps, who have nothing left, nothing to cover your misery and foster your pride: never before have you been so great! How close to the summits is he who awakens in the depths, for the deeper the abyss, the more the heights reveal themselves!
   Do you not know this, that the most sublime forces of the vasts seek to array themselves in the most opaque veils of Matter? Oh, the sublime nuptials of sovereign love with the obscurest plasticities, of the shadow's yearning with the most royal light!
   If ordeal or fault has cast you down, if you have sunk into the nether depths of suffering, do not grieve - for there indeed the divine love and the supreme blessing can reach you! Because you have passed through the crucible of purifying sorrows, the glorious ascents are yours.
   You are in the wilderness: then listen to the voices of the silence. The clamour of flattering words and outer applause has gladdened your ears, but the voices of the silence will gladden your soul and awaken within you the echo of the depths, the chant of divine harmonies!
   You are walking in the depths of night: then gather the priceless treasures of the night. In bright sunshine, the ways of intelligence are lit, but in the white luminosities of the night lie the hidden paths of perfection, the secret of spiritual riches.
   You are being stripped of everything: that is the way towards plenitude. When you have nothing left, everything will be given to you. Because for those who are sincere and true, from the worst always comes the best.
   Every grain that is sown in the earth produces a thousand. Every wing-beat of sorrow can be a soaring towards glory.
   And when the adversary pursues man relentlessly, everything he does to destroy him only makes him greater.
   Hear the story of the worlds, look: the great enemy seems to triumph. He casts the beings of light into the night, and the night is filled with stars. He rages against the cosmic working, he assails the integrity of the empire of the sphere, shatters its harmony, divides and subdivides it, scatters its dust to the four winds of infinity, and lo! the dust is changed into a golden seed, fertilising the infinite and peopling it with worlds which now gravitate around their eternal centre in the larger orbit of space - so that even division creates a richer and deeper unity, and by multiplying the surfaces of the material universe, enlarges the empire that it set out to destroy.
   Beautiful indeed was the song of the primordial sphere cradled in the bosom of immensity, but how much more beautiful and triumphant is the symphony of the constellations, the music of the spheres, the immense choir that fills the heavens with an eternal hymn of victory!
   Hear again: no state was ever more precarious than that of man when he was separated on earth from his divine origin. Above him stretched the hostile borders of the usurper, and at his horizon's gates watched jailers armed with flaming swords. Then, since he could climb no more to the source of life, the source arose within him; since he could no more receive the light from above, the light shone forth at the very centre of his being; since he could commune no more with the transcendent love, that love offered itself in a holocaust and chose each terrestrial being, each human self as its dwelling-place and sanctuary.
   That is how, in this despised and desolate but fruitful and blessed Matter, each atom contains a divine thought, each being carries within him the Divine Inhabitant. And if no being in all the universe is as frail as man, neither is any as divine as he!
   In truth, in truth, in humiliation lies the cradle of glory! 28 April 1912 ~ The Mother, Words Of Long Ago, The Supreme Discovery,


1:Read less, study less, but think more ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
2:Success is a refined study of the obvious ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
3:We ain't goin' study war no more. ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
4:Never tire to study. And to teach to others ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
5:To pray well is the better half of study. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
6:He did not study God; he was dazzled by him. ~ victor-hugo, @wisdomtrove
7:Letters of friendship require no study. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
8:Prayer, study, and suffering make a pastor. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
9:Study the past, if you would define the future. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
10:Amusement to an observing mind is study. ~ benjamin-disraeli, @wisdomtrove
11:Study carefully the law of cause and effect. ~ vernon-howard, @wisdomtrove
12:Study the past if you want to define the future. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
13:Bible study is the metal that forges a Christian. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
14:Physics is the study of the structure of consciousness. ~ gary-zukav, @wisdomtrove
15:Realists do not fear the results of their study. ~ fyodor-dostoevsky, @wisdomtrove
16:Just study Buddhism. Don't follow the sentiments of the world. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
17:Buddhism is the study of how to be immeasurably happy. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
18:The study of crime begins with the knowledge of oneself. ~ henry-miller, @wisdomtrove
19:Utterance is the evidence of foregone study. ~ elizabeth-barrett-browning, @wisdomtrove
20:You can't really study people; you can only get to know them. ~ c-s-lewis, @wisdomtrove
21:Remember, Christ's scholars must study upon their knees. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
22:Isn't it a pleasure to study and practice what you have learned? ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
23:To know oneself is to study oneself in action with another person. ~ bruce-lee, @wisdomtrove
24:The proper study of mankind is man in his relation to his deity. ~ d-h-lawrence, @wisdomtrove
25:Those who do not study are only cattle dressed up in men's clothes. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
26:The real preparation for education is the study of one's self. ~ maria-montessori, @wisdomtrove
27:If I had to do it all over again, I would speak less and study more. ~ billy-graham, @wisdomtrove
28:To study and not think is a waste. To think and not study is dangerous. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
29:Above all I commend the study of Christ. Let Him be your library. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
30:Man needs now no more degrees, but character, No more study, but wisdom. ~ sivananda, @wisdomtrove
31:With a little study you'll go a long ways, and I wish you'd start now ~ groucho-marx, @wisdomtrove
32:He would usually study with a small group of students, men and women. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
33:To study the Way is to study the self. To study the self is to forget the self. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
34:To study and at times practice what one has learned, is this not a pleasure? ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
35:Let no one delay the study of philosophy while young nor weary of it when old. ~ epicurus, @wisdomtrove
36:At fifteen my mind was directed to study, and at thirty I knew where to stand. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
37:By faithful study of the nobler arts, our nature's softened, and more gentle grows. ~ ovid, @wisdomtrove
38:I don't know why anyone would want to study the expansion of the universe. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
39:To know oneself is to study oneself in action, which is relationship. ~ jiddu-krishnamurti, @wisdomtrove
40:To study Buddhism is to study ourselves. To study ourselves is to forget ourselves. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
41:Nothing can be gained by extensive study and wide reading. Give them up immediately. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
42:BY the study of different RELIGIONS we find that in essence they are one. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
43:By the time there is a case study about your industry, you are already too late. ~ seth-godin, @wisdomtrove
44:It is equally important to investigate wellness as it is to study misery. ~ sonja-lyubomirsky, @wisdomtrove
45:It is perilous to study too deeply the arts of the Enemy, for good or for ill. ~ j-r-r-tolkien, @wisdomtrove
46:You will be nearer to Heaven through foot ball than through study of Gita. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
47:I had just received my degree in Calcium Anthropology... the study of milkmen. ~ steven-wright, @wisdomtrove
48:Study without reflection is a waste of time; reflection without study is dangerous. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
49:An American religion: Work, play, breathe, bathe, study, live, laugh, and love. ~ elbert-hubbard, @wisdomtrove
50:Study history, study history. In history lies all the secrets of statecraft. ~ winston-churchill, @wisdomtrove
51:If you wait until there is another case study in your industry, you will be too late! ~ seth-godin, @wisdomtrove
52:Past scholars studied to improve themselves; Today's scholars study to impress others. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
53:Some may study side by side, and yet be asunder when they come to the logic of things. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
54:There's no right or wrong in the study of enlightenment. There's only experience. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
55:A school without football is in danger of deteriorating into a medieval study hall. ~ vince-lombardi, @wisdomtrove
56:If you study life deeply, its profundity will seize you suddenly with dizziness. ~ albert-schweitzer, @wisdomtrove
57:If you want to study the social and political history of modern nations, study hell. ~ thomas-merton, @wisdomtrove
58:The courage of the truth is the first condition of philosophic study. ~ georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel, @wisdomtrove
59:The study of theology, as it stands in the Christian churches, is the study of nothing. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
60:Study as though you cannot catch up to it, and as though you fear you are going to lose it. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
61:Success is the study of the obvious. Everyone should take Obvious 1 and Obvious 2 in school. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
62:The way of the mind is to study many things; the way of the Beingness is to focus on one thing. ~ mooji, @wisdomtrove
63:One who will study for three years. Without thought of reward. Would be hard indeed to find. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
64:Keep your mind on your objective, and persist until you succeed. Study, think, and plan. ~ w-clement-stone, @wisdomtrove
65:Words play an enormous part in our lives and are therefore deserving of the closest study. ~ aldous-huxley, @wisdomtrove
66:Zen is the study of mind in all of its manifestations. The purpose of Zen is to be happy. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
67:Study: concentration of the mind on whatever will ultimately put something in your pocket. ~ elbert-hubbard, @wisdomtrove
68:I study myself more than any other subject. That is my metaphysics, that is my physics. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
69:Note too that a faithful study of the liberal arts humanizes character and permits it not to be cruel. ~ ovid, @wisdomtrove
70:In antiquity men studied for their own sake; nowadays men study for the sake of impressing others. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
71:Let us study things that are no more. It is necessary to understand them, if only to avoid them. ~ victor-hugo, @wisdomtrove
72:Both my study of Scripture and my career in entertaining children have taught me to cherish them. ~ walt-disney, @wisdomtrove
73:Study as if you have not reached your goal - hold it as if you were afraid of losing what you have. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
74:As often as a study is cultivated by narrow minds, they will draw from it narrow conclusions. ~ john-stuart-mill, @wisdomtrove
75:I once read that people who study others are wise but those who study themselves are enlightened. ~ robin-sharma, @wisdomtrove
76:The study of history, while it does not endow with prophecy, may indicate lines of probability. ~ john-steinbeck, @wisdomtrove
77:To study history means submitting to chaos and nevertheless retaining faith in order and meaning. ~ hermann-hesse, @wisdomtrove
78:All rules for study are summed up in this one: learn only in order to create. ~ friedrich-wilhelm-joseph-schelling, @wisdomtrove
79:After my study of today's church, my conclusion is that the church is politely bored with God. ~ aiden-wilson-tozer, @wisdomtrove
80:To study the self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be enlightened by the ten thousand things. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
81:Woman, you see, is an object of such a kind that study it as much as you will, it is always quite new. ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
82:The study of love and its utilization will lead us to the source from which it springs, The Child. ~ maria-montessori, @wisdomtrove
83:You are adorable, mademoiselle. I study your feet with the microscope and your soul with the telescope. ~ victor-hugo, @wisdomtrove
84:You should study not only that you become a mother when your child is born, but also that you become a child. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
85:Learn from the experts. Study successful men and women and do what they do and you'll be successful too. ~ brian-tracy, @wisdomtrove
86:Not easily found is the man who, after three years' study, has failed to come upon some fruit of his toil. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
87:If you want to know India, study Vivekananda. In him everything is positive and nothing negative. ~ rabindranath-tagore, @wisdomtrove
88:The Study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is. ~ denis-diderot, @wisdomtrove
89:When God gives an assignment, he also gives the skill. Study your skills, then, to reveal your assignment. ~ max-lucado, @wisdomtrove
90:Love is beginningless and endless ecstasy. It is an unfathomable mystery. It is the study of our lives. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
91:The Study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is. ~ thomas-aquinas, @wisdomtrove
92:If one is not oneself a sage or saint, the best thing one can do is to study the words of those who were. ~ aldous-huxley, @wisdomtrove
93:I wish to see the Bible study as much a matter of course in the secular colleges as in the seminary. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
94:Beautiful objects are wrought by study through effort, but ugly things are reaped automatically without toil. ~ democritus, @wisdomtrove
95:In old days men studied for the sake of self-improvement; nowadays men study in order to impress other people. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
96:I shall make it the most agreeable part of my duty to study merit, and reward the brave and deserving. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
97:The best tests of my Christian growth occur in the mainstream of life, not in the quietness of my study ~ charles-r-swindoll, @wisdomtrove
98:The closet is the best study. The commentators are good instructors, but the Author Himself is far better. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
99:There's an interesting study that says wealthy people get up three hours before their first outside appointment. ~ brian-tracy, @wisdomtrove
100:If you study the history and records of the world you must admit that the source of justice was the fear of injustice. ~ horace, @wisdomtrove
101:Nothing is so improving to the temper as the study of the beauties either of poetry, eloquence, music, or painting. ~ david-hume, @wisdomtrove
102:Spirituality as a science, as a study, is the greatest and healthiest exercise that the human mind can have. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
103:The study of science teaches young men to think, while study of the classics teaches them to express thought. ~ john-stuart-mill, @wisdomtrove
104:A single conversation across the table with a wise man is better than ten years mere study of books. ~ henry-wadsworth-longfellow, @wisdomtrove
105:The study of asana is not about mastering posture. It's about using posture to understand and transform yourself. ~ b-k-s-iyengar, @wisdomtrove
106:To every man who faces life with real desire to do his part in everything, I appeal for a study of the Bible. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
107:Chaotic mathematics is essentially the study of chaos. It can't be chaos, if you can study it and it has an order. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
108:The more I study the world, the more I am convinced of the inability of brute force to create anything durable. ~ napoleon-bonaparte, @wisdomtrove
109:To become an able and successful man in any profession, three things are necessary, nature, study and practice. ~ henry-ward-beecher, @wisdomtrove
110:Every great study is not only an end in itself, but also a means of creating and sustaining a lofty habit of mind. ~ bertrand-russell, @wisdomtrove
111:There is more value in a little study of humility and in a single act of it than in all the knowledge in the world. ~ teresa-of-avila, @wisdomtrove
112:The only way to study the mind is to get at facts, and then intellect will arrange them and deduce the principles. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
113:A woman is more considerate in affairs of love than a man; because love is more the study and business of her life. ~ washington-irving, @wisdomtrove
114:There is a beautiful flow to the study of Zen. If it is not making you happier, then you are not practicing correctly. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
115:One learns more of Christ in being married and rearing children than in several lifetimes spent in study in a monastery. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
116:My own prejudices are exactly the opposite of the functionalists': "If you want to understand function, study structure". ~ francis-crick, @wisdomtrove
117:The learned are seldom pretty fellows, and in many cases their appearance tends to discourage a love of study in the young. ~ h-l-mencken, @wisdomtrove
118:It is necessary to combine knowledge born from study with sincere practice in our daily lives. These two must go together.    ~ dalai-lama, @wisdomtrove
119:One should never impose one’s views on a problem; one should rather study it, and in time a solution will reveal itself. ~ albert-einstein, @wisdomtrove
120:If you want to be healthy study health... if you want to be wealthy, study wealth... if you want to be happy, study happiness. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
121:I leaf through books, I do not study them. What I retain of them is something I no longer recognize as anyone else’s. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
122:It is not the mere study of the Law, but to become eminent in the profession of it, which is to yield honor and profit. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
123:We study biology, physics, movements of glaciers... Where are the classes on envy, feeling wronged, despair, bitterness. ~ alain-de-botton, @wisdomtrove
124:Before we can study the central issues of life today, we must destroy the prejudices and fallacies born of previous centuries. ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
125:The study of Zen is a retraining. It is a series of new ways, not just one way, to learn to use your mind more efficiently. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
126:The study of maps and the perusal of travel books aroused in me a secret fascination that was at times almost irresistible. ~ alain-de-botton, @wisdomtrove
127:They like to take all this money from sin, build big universities to study in, sing Amazing Grace all the way to the Swiss banks. ~ bob-dylan, @wisdomtrove
128:We have so committed ourselves in different ways that we have hardly any time for self-reflection, to observe, to study. ~ jiddu-krishnamurti, @wisdomtrove
129:A learned man is an idler who kills time with study. Beware of his false knowledge: it is more dangerous than ignorance. ~ george-bernard-shaw, @wisdomtrove
130:There is no scientific study more vital to man than the study of his own brain. Our entire view of the universe depends on it. ~ francis-crick, @wisdomtrove
131:If you intend to study the mind, you must have systematic training; you must practice to bring the mind under your control. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
132:If man made himself the first object of study, he would see how incapable he is of going further. How can a part know the whole? ~ blaise-pascal, @wisdomtrove
133:If you study the writings of the mystics, you will always find things in them that appear to be paradoxes, as in Zen, particularly. ~ alan-watts, @wisdomtrove
134:My business is making people, especially children, happy. I have dedicated much of my time to a study of the problems of children. ~ walt-disney, @wisdomtrove
135:People who want to go to power places all of the time and want to be around powerful people, they don't last long in the study. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
136:First, study the present construction. Second, ask for all past experiences ... study and read everything you can on the subject. ~ thomas-edison, @wisdomtrove
137:In high school I was drawn to the study of literature, poetry Shakespeare, contemporary fiction, drama, you name it - I read it. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
138:The arts must study their occasions; they must stand modestly aside until they can slip in fitly into the interstices of life. ~ george-santayana, @wisdomtrove
139:Rich, poor, Panhandle, Gulf, city, country, Texas is the obsession, the proper study, and the passionate possession of all Texans. ~ john-steinbeck, @wisdomtrove
140:By the by, who ever knew a man who never read or wrote neither who hadn't got some small back parlour which he would call a study! ~ charles-dickens, @wisdomtrove
141:There is a science of war, but how strange that there isn't a science of peace. There are colleges of war; why can’t we study peace? ~ audrey-hepburn, @wisdomtrove
142:A person who undertakes the study of Zen and learns concentration and meditation is like a gymnast. You become a gymnast of the mind. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
143:Due to our preconceptions regarding education, we fail to inquire into the most obvious and wondrous field of study - ourselves. ~ mata-amritanandamayi, @wisdomtrove
144:If you spend an extra hour each day of study in your chosen field you will be a national expert in that field in five years or less. ~ earl-nightingale, @wisdomtrove
145:I think everybody should study ants. They have an amazing four-part philosophy. Never give up, look ahead, stay positive and do all you can. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
146:History is not the study of the past but the study of change. How people human societies and political systems and economies change. ~ yuval-noah-harari, @wisdomtrove
147:Wisdom is nothing more than confirmed imagination: just because one did not study for his exam does not mean that he should leave it blank. ~ criss-jami, @wisdomtrove
148:Being a leader gives you charisma. If you look and study the leaders who have succeeded, that's where charisma comes from, from the leading. ~ seth-godin, @wisdomtrove
149:I like manual labor. Whenever I've got waterlogged with study, I've taken a spell of it and found it spiritually invigorating. ~ william-somerset-maugham, @wisdomtrove
150:Inside the Bible's pages lie the answers to all the problems that mankind has ever known. I hope Americans will read and study the Bible. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
151:No study has taken so much of human energy, whether in times past or present, as the study of the soul, of God, and of human destiny. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
152:Every study of high achieving men and women proves that greatness in life is only possible when you become outstanding at your chosen field. ~ brian-tracy, @wisdomtrove
153:If you employed study, thinking, and planning time daily, you could develop and use the power that can change the course of your destiny. ~ w-clement-stone, @wisdomtrove
154:The only kind of reform usually possible is reform from within; a more intimate study and more intelligent use of the traditional forms. ~ george-santayana, @wisdomtrove
155:Zen is a study. It's a discipline. It involves the active use of will to make things happen or not happen. These are the secrets of power. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
156:If we are to respect others' religions as we would have them to respect our own, a friendly study of the world's religion is a sacred duty. ~ mahatma-gandhi, @wisdomtrove
157:Is not prayer a study of truth, a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily without learning something. ~ ralph-waldo-emerson, @wisdomtrove
158:No man ever reached to excellence in any one art or profession without having passed through the slow and painful process of study and preparation. ~ horace, @wisdomtrove
159:If you study a lot because you are worried that others will think badly of you for being ignorant and you'll feel stupid, this is a serious mistake.” ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
160:Most of all, perhaps, we need an intimate knowledge of the past. Not that the past has anything magical about it, but we cannot study the future. ~ c-s-lewis, @wisdomtrove
161:Find a teacher of Tantric Zen and study with them because it is transference of awareness, a sharing of the perception of the beauty of life. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
162:The study of law, medicine and the arts, in each of these instances, the developed mindset is very helpful to one who is practicing meditation. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
163:To hate is to study, to study is to understand, to understand is to appreciate, to appreciate is to love. So maybe I'll end up loving your theory. ~ john-wheeler, @wisdomtrove
164:Zen has lost its zip, if you will, or its nothingness and has become ritualistic Its established in monastaries with strict codes of koan study. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
165:He who is always in a hurry to be wealthy and immersed in the study of augmenting his fortune has lost the arms of reason and deserted the post of virtue. ~ horace, @wisdomtrove
166:Just as food eaten without appetite is a tedious nourishment, so does study without zeal damage the memory by not assimilating what it absorbs. ~ leonardo-da-vinci, @wisdomtrove
167:I have an infamously low capacity for visualizing relationships, which made the study of geometry and all subjects derived from it impossible for me. ~ sigmund-freud, @wisdomtrove
168:The more you work, study and develop your ability to contribute more to the lives and well-being of others, the better life you will have in all areas. ~ brian-tracy, @wisdomtrove
169:In the study of Zen you can learn how to strengthen and clarify your finite mind. Your finite mind is like a muscle; when exercised it becomes stronger. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
170:You cannot study Pleasure in the moment of the nuptial embrace, nor repentance while repenting, nor analyze the nature of humour while roaring with laughter. ~ c-s-lewis, @wisdomtrove
171:The study of enlightenment is really a reorganization of our perceptual body or our perceptual field. We learn to see life more directly and more clearly. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
172:When a study was made a few years ago on runaway wives, what do you think was discovered to be the main reason wives ran away? It was lack of appreciation. ~ dale-carnegie, @wisdomtrove
173:You go to school, you study about the Germans and the French, but not about your own race. I hope the time will come when you study black history too. ~ booker-t-washington, @wisdomtrove
174:Her advice is tacked to the wall in my study: Do not think you can be brave with your life and your work and never disappoint anyone. It doesn’t work that way. ~ brene-brown, @wisdomtrove
175:He who would study nature in its wildness and variety, must plunge into the forest, must explore the glen, must stem the torrent, and dare the precipice. ~ washington-irving, @wisdomtrove
176:The deeper side of the study occurs on levels of attention your mind is not aware of, but that your superconscious mind is - what don Juan calls the nagual. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
177:There are some careers that will develop your mind more than others. In the study of enlightenment, it is most important to develop your mind and your body. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
178:Rae Chorze Fwaz was a mystery school. A mystery school is an occult order comprised of people who study meditation, enlightenment and psychic and occult arts. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
179:I personally have fun with enlightenment, the study and the teaching of it. I get a kick out of doing it different ways because I don't think there is a "way". ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
180:Let no young man delay the study of philosophy, and let no old man become weary of it; for it is never too early nor too late to care for the well-being of the soul. ~ epicurus, @wisdomtrove
181:I'm a slow reader, but I usually get through seventy or eighty books a year, most fiction. I don't read in order to study the craft; I read because I like to read ~ stephen-king, @wisdomtrove
182:You cannot study the Bible diligently and earnestly without being struck by an obvious fact-the whole matter of personal holiness is highly important to God! ~ aiden-wilson-tozer, @wisdomtrove
183:In Zen we study the will. We learn how to cultivate it, to accumulate will. We use it to direct our actions, and we don't overuse it or abuse it - that's a waste. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
184:Psychobabble attempts to redefine the entire English language just to make a correct statement incorrect. Psychology is the study of why someone would try to do this. ~ criss-jami, @wisdomtrove
185:We ought to view ourselves with the same curiosity and openness with which we study a tree, the sky or a thought, because we too are linked to the entire universe. ~ henri-matisse, @wisdomtrove
186:Since there were others, a long time ago, who were kind enough to give me a hard time and allow me to study with them, I try and express the same Buddhist courtesy. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
187:Through the study of Zen you can learn to move from lower to higher states of mind at will. Higher states of mind offer you a much more accurate picture of reality. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
188:Your ability to use mind whatever way you choose is outrageous. Much will depend upon how intensely you approach the study and the state of mind in which you begin. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
189:I used to play cello. My mother kept me out of school a whole year to study music and counterpoint. She thought I had ability, but I was absolutely without talent. ~ ernest-hemingway, @wisdomtrove
190:What is the way of the Buddha? It is to study the self. What is the study of the self? It is to forget oneself. To forget oneself is to enlightened by everything in the world. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
191:A life that most people will never even know about can be yours in this study, but only if you approach it with equanimity, poise, grace, balance, and professionalism. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
192:In making a speech one must study three points: first, the means of producing persuasion; second, the language; third the proper arrangement of the various parts of the speech. ~ aristotle, @wisdomtrove
193:I have never found, in anything outside of the four walls of my study, an enjoyment equal to sitting at my writing desk with a clean page, a new theme, and a mind awake. ~ washington-irving, @wisdomtrove
194:It is impossible for one man both to labor day and night to get a living, and at the same time give himself to the study of sacred learning as the preaching office requires. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
195:That was my way of putting it-not very satisfactory: A periphrastic study in a worn-out poetical fashion, Leaving one still with the intolerable wrestle With words and meanings. ~ t-s-eliot, @wisdomtrove
196:There is a lot of opposition. You will experience it. But the joys that come from the study, more than compensate for the opposition, in my opinion. It's a personal choice. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
197:Satan will aggressively fight against the renewal of your mind, but it is vital that you press on and continue to pray and study in this area until you gain measurable victory. ~ joyce-meyer, @wisdomtrove
198:To teach how to live without certainty and yet without being paralysed by hesitation is perhaps the chief thing that philosophy, in our age, can do for those who study it. ~ bertrand-russell, @wisdomtrove
199:Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. ~ francis-bacon, @wisdomtrove
200:But how shall I get ideas? "Keep your wits open! Observe! Observe! Study! Study! But above all, Think! Think! And when a noble image is indelibly impressed upon the mind - Act! ~ orison-swett-marden, @wisdomtrove
201:Carefully study the well-being of your men, and do not overtax them. Concentrate your energy and hoard your strength. Keep your army continually on the move, and devise unfathomable plans. ~ sun-tzu, @wisdomtrove
202:There are powers and forces that will seek to block you, to make your life more difficult. But if you are up to the study, then you continue to progress without getting discouraged. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
203:I doubt if there is a single field of study so theoretical, so remote from what is laughingly called everyday life, that it may not one day produce something that will shake the world. ~ arthur-c-carke, @wisdomtrove
204:Anything we need to know, we can learn it from a book. Reading, careful study, a little practice, and we’re throwing knives expertly, overhauling engines, speaking Esperanto like natives. ~ richard-bach, @wisdomtrove
205:Losing is only temporary and not encompassing. You must simply study it, learn from it, and try hard not to lose the same way again. Then you must have the self-control to forget about it. ~ john-wooden, @wisdomtrove
206:You asked me where I generally lived. In my workshop [i.e. in his study] in the mornings and always in the library in the evening. Books are companions even if you don’t open them. ~ benjamin-disraeli, @wisdomtrove
207:It is necessary to learn how to do a systems analysis of your life, to learn about the effects of places, people, jobs. There are millions of things that go into the study of meditation. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
208:Psychic development is not a fanatical, freaky study, predicting the future, talking to UFOs, and being able to find out curious facts that are basically irrelevant to one's time in life. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
209:Study yourself. Find your strong points and make them stronger as well as your weak ones and strengthen them. Study yourself carefully and you will see yourself as you really are. ~ william-walker-atkinson, @wisdomtrove
210:Students today should live fully every moment of time. This dew-like life fades away; time speeds swiftly. In this short life of ours, avoid involvement in superfluous things and just study the Way. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
211:Mysticism is the study of power, its use, and its abuse. At every moment you are getting stronger or you are growing weaker. At every moment your attention field is increasing or decreasing. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
212:The study of crime begins with the knowledge of oneself. All that you despise, all that you loathe, all that you reject, all that you condemn and seek to convert by punishment springs from you. ~ henry-miller, @wisdomtrove
213:To be successful, you need to really work hard. And every study in the last 50 years says that successful people say, "I am not smarter than anybody else. I just want to work harder and longer." ~ brian-tracy, @wisdomtrove
214:I try not to think about legacy because it is all folly. If you study history, even recent history, you'll find many people who were quite significant in their time but are completely forgotten. ~ steve-martin, @wisdomtrove
215:You don't want a million answers as much as you want a few forever questions. The questions are diamonds you hold in the light. Study a lifetime and you see different colors from the same jewel. ~ richard-bach, @wisdomtrove
216:If you refuse to study anatomy, the arts of drawing and perspective, the mathematics of aesthetics, and the science of color, let me tell you that this is more a sign of laziness than of genius. ~ salvador-dali, @wisdomtrove
217:The traveller who has gone to Italy to study the tactile values of Giotto, or the corruption of the Papacy, may return remembering nothing but the blue sky and the men and women who live under it. ~ e-m-forster, @wisdomtrove
218:Usually I get up early every morning and from 6:00 to 10:00 I write. The rest of the time I study and prepare my work or I do other things. But four hours a day are exclusively devoted to writing. ~ elie-wiesel, @wisdomtrove
219:We often think that when we have completed our study of one we know all about two, because &
220:No one can become really educated without having pursued some study in which he took no interest- for it is a part of education to learn to interest ourselves in subjects for which we have no aptitude. ~ t-s-eliot, @wisdomtrove
221:Criticism is a study by which men grow important and formidable at very small expense. He whom nature has made weak, and idleness keeps ignorant, may yet support his vanity by the name of a critic. ~ samuel-johnson, @wisdomtrove
222:It is happy for you that you possess the talent of flattering with delicacy. May I ask whether these pleasing attentions proceed from the impulse of the moment, or are they the result of previous study? ~ jane-austen, @wisdomtrove
223:The reason that fiction is more interesting than any other form of literature, to those who really like to study people, is that in fiction the author can really tell the truth without humiliating himself. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
224:I hope Americans will read and study the Bible in the coming year. It's my firm belief that the enduring values, as I say, presented in its pages have a great meaning for each of us and for our nation. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
225:I have an open mind - - I read, I study, I study your work and the work of other people with less talent. But that is not what I do in my writing and teaching. Still the love for the text we have in common. ~ elie-wiesel, @wisdomtrove
226:The balance of evidence both from the cell-free system and from the study of mutation, suggests that this does not occur at random, and that triplets coding the same amino acid may well be rather similar. ~ francis-crick, @wisdomtrove
227:To study and constantly, is this not a pleasure? To have friends come from far away places, is this not a joy? If people do not recognize your worth, but this does not worry you, are you not a true gentleman? ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
228:Truth gains more even by the errors of one who, with due study and preparation, thinks for himself, than by the true opinions of those who only hold them because they do not suffer themselves to think. ~ john-stuart-mill, @wisdomtrove
229:There are two primary ways of studying Zen. Either an individual will enter into a Zen monastery and study with a Zen master there, or they will study with a Zen master who lives in the contemporary world. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
230:In poetry, and in my study in graduate school, I was drawn to a particular poet, Theodore Roethke. I did a dissertation on "The Evolution of Matter and Spirit in the Poetry of Theodore Roethke" for my Ph.D. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
231:A teacher, therefore, who would think that he could prepare himself for his mission through study alone would be mistaken. The first thing required of a teacher is that he be rightly disposed for his task. ~ maria-montessori, @wisdomtrove
232:Naturally you need someone who is versed in the ways of power to teach you a thing or two about it. When you reach the next power level, they will teach you more. It is very much like the study of martial arts. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
233:The more we study the major problems of our time, the more we come to realise that they cannot be understood in isolation. They are systemic problems, which means that they are interconnected and interdependent. ~ fritjof-capra, @wisdomtrove
234:Expect forces to interfere with you and expect to conquer them all, if you are serious about the study. Just as there are powers that interfere with those who seek enlightenment, there are forces that will help. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
235:Isn't it a pleasure to study and practice what you have learned? Isn't it also great when friends visit from distant places? If one remains not annoyed when he is not understood by people around him, isn't he a sage? ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
236:The reason you study with a teacher is primarily for the empowerments, for someone who is enlightened to transfer power to you. What is most important is that the student uses that power intelligently and wisely. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
237:Every man should use his intellect, not as he uses his lamp in the study, only for his own seeing, but as the lighthouse uses its lamps, that those afar off on the seas may see the shining, and learn their way. ~ henry-ward-beecher, @wisdomtrove
238:The longer I live and the more I study the question, the more I am convinced that it is not so much the problem of what you will do with Negro, as what the Negro will do with you and your &
239:The study of Zen is the study of energy, power, knowledge and balance. It is the science of energy conservation and control. We use energy to aid others, to see beauty, to discover love where we saw no love at all. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
240:The real preparation for education is a study of one's self. The training of the teacher... is something far more than a learning of ideas. It includes the training of character; it is a preparation of the spirit. ~ maria-montessori, @wisdomtrove
241:Professional philosophers are usually only apologists: that is, they are absorbed in defending some vested illusion or some eloquent idea. Like lawyers or detectives, they study the case for which they are retained. ~ george-santayana, @wisdomtrove
242:An investment in knowledge pays the best interest. When it comes to investing, nothing will pay off more than educating yourself. Do the necessary research, study and analysis before making any investment decisions. ~ benjamin-franklin, @wisdomtrove
243:My childhood was really nice. My parents never forced me to do anything; it was always, "If you want to do that, fine." When I told my father I was going to be an actor, he said, "Fine, but study welding just in case." ~ robin-williams, @wisdomtrove
244:Give yourself to reading.'... You need to read. Renounce as much as you will all light literature, but study as much as possible sound theological works, especially the Puritanic writers, and expositions of the Bible. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
245:In Old Zen, the Zen Master would do literally anything to break down the concept of what the study was. He would present conflicting codes all the time, just to shake this fixation people had on how to attain liberation. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
246:The meditative state is the highest state of existence. So long as there is desire, no real happiness can come. It is only the contemplative, witness-like study of objects that brings to us real enjoyment and happiness. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
247:Study is to study what cannot be studied. Undertaking means undertaking what cannot be undertaken. Philosophizing is to philosophize about what cannot be philosophized about. Knowing that knowing is unknowable is true perfection. ~ zhuangzi, @wisdomtrove
248:According to quantum mechanics there is no such thing as objectivity. We cannot eliminate ourselves from the picture. We are part of nature, and when we study nature there is no way around the fact that nature is studying itself. ~ gary-zukav, @wisdomtrove
249:In the matter of religion, people eagerly fasten their eyes on the difference between their own creed and yours; whilst the charm of the study is in finding the agreements and identities in all the religions of humanity. ~ ralph-waldo-emerson, @wisdomtrove
250:Now, when ordinary people attempt to find happiness, I am not sure whether the happiness is really happiness or not. I study what ordinary people do to find happiness, what they struggle for, rushing about apparently unable to stop. ~ zhuangzi, @wisdomtrove
251:We study history not to know the future but to widen our horizons, to understand that our present situation is neither natural nor inevitable, and that we consequently have many more possibilities before us than we imagine. ~ yuval-noah-harari, @wisdomtrove
252:In Buddhism you study how to release the kundalini to the levels that would certainly afford career success. If we move it further, into the planes of knowledge and wisdom, it enables the practitioner to do just about anything. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
253:For if the proper study of mankind is man, it is evidently more sensible to occupy yourself with the coherent, substantial and significant creatures of fiction than with the irrational and shadowy figures of real life. ~ william-somerset-maugham, @wisdomtrove
254:It is impossible for someone to dispel his fears about the most important matters if he doesn't know the nature of the universe but still gives some credence to myths. So without the study of nature there is no enjoyment of pure pleasure. ~ epicurus, @wisdomtrove
255:Be strong , my young friends; that is my advice to you. You will be nearer to Heaven through football than through the study of the Gita. These are bold words; but I have to say them, for I love you. I know where the shoe pinches. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
256:Too much study of the scriptures does more harm than good. The important thing is to know the essence of the scriptures. After that, what is the need of books? One should learn the essence and then dive deep in order to realize God. ~ sri-ramakrishna, @wisdomtrove
257:That which is now called natural philosophy, embracing the whole circle of science, of which astronomy occupies the chief place, is the study of the works of God, and of the power and wisdom of God in his works, and is the true theology. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
258:Just like there are different roads that lead to different places, so there are different levels of awareness that lead to different places and we shift in and out of them. These are the ten thousand states of mind that we study in Zen. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
259:It is the duty of every cultured man or woman to read sympathetically the scriptures of the world. If we are to respect others' religions as we would have them respect our own, a friendly study of the world's religions is a sacred duty.  ~ mahatma-gandhi, @wisdomtrove
260:One should be an enigma not just to others but to oneself too. I study myself. When I'm tired of that I light a cigar to pass the time, and think: God only knows what the good Lord really meant with me, or what He meant to make of me. ~ soren-kierkegaard, @wisdomtrove
261:Either trust me when I tell you so, or arrive to it by study and investigation. The way of total faith is quick, the other is slow but steady. Both must be tested in action. Act on what you think is true -this is the way to truth. ~ sri-nisargadatta-maharaj, @wisdomtrove
262:The study of theology, as it stands in Christian churches, is the study of nothing; it is founded on nothing; it rests on no principles; it proceeds by no authorities; it has no data; it can demonstrate nothing; and it admits of no conclusion. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
263:To know that these are people who for a moment, in glory, in light, were true warriors, and you had the chance to associate with them, to live with them, to share with them, words and moments of power - this is the nature of spiritual study. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
264:A great deal of energy is lost in the study by people who interact with non-physical beings. They get into your mind and your body by approaching you in the dream plane, promising you powers, playing on your desires. They sap your life force. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
265:How does the ordinary person come to the transcendent? For a start, I would say, study poetry. Learn how to read a poem. You need not have the experience to get the message, or at least some indication of the message. It may come gradually.  ~ joseph-campbell, @wisdomtrove
266:While one should always study the method of a great artist, one should never imitate his manner. The manner of an artist is essentially individual, the method of an artist is absolutely universal. The first personality, which no one should copy. ~ oscar-wilde, @wisdomtrove
267:Most people have no concept of how an automatic transmission works, yet they know how to drive a car. You don't have to study physics to understand the laws of motion to drive a car. You don't have to understand any of this stuff to use Macintosh. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
268:In the 1990s I began to study the prospects that life could spread from Mars to Earth or maybe Earth to Mars and that maybe life began on Mars and came to Earth, and that idea seemed to have a lot of traction and is now accepted as very plausible. ~ paul-davies, @wisdomtrove
269:I still have a dream today that one day war will come to an end, that men will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks, that nations will no longer rise up against nations, neither will they study war any more. ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
270:One study says that 90 percent of our everyday behavior is based on our habits. . . That means how we treat people, how we spend our money, what we watch, what we listen to - 90 percent of the time, we're on autopilot. We do what we've always done. ~ joel-osteen, @wisdomtrove
271:Study the past if you would define the future. I am not one who was born in the possession of knowledge; I am one who is fond of antiquity, and earnest in seeking it there. Learning without thought is labor lost; thought without learning is perilous. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
272:What is rational is actual and what is actual is rational. On this conviction the plain man like the philosopher takes his stand,and from it philosophy starts in its study of the universe of mind as well as the universe of nature. ~ georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel, @wisdomtrove
273:Students of the Way must not study Buddhism for the sake of themselves. They must study Buddhism only for the sake of Buddhism. The key to this is to renounce both body and mind without holding anything back and to offer them to the great sea of Buddhism. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
274:Wherever in any society there are too many laws, it is a sure sign that that society will soon die. If you study the characteristics of India, you will find that no nation possesses so many laws as the Hindus, and national death is the result. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
275:Some have paid me an undeserved compliment by supposing that my Letters were the ripe fruit of many years' study in moral and ascetic theology. They forgot that there is an equally reliable, though less creditable, way of learning how temptation works. ~ c-s-lewis, @wisdomtrove
276:In future years a number of you will become spiritual teachers. After many years of study and doing a good job, go out into the world and teach people.You'll reach points of advancement where you'll be able to be of great help to many, many people. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
277:I only ask in all kindness that the man who wishes at this time to have my books will by no means let them be a hindrance to his own study of the Scriptures, but read them as I read the orders and the ordures of the pope and the books of the sophists. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
278:The delightful study of the Psalms has yielded me boundless profit and ever-growing pleasure; common gratitude constrains me to communicate to others a portion of the benefit, with the prayer that it may induce them to search further for themselves. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
279:Anyone who wants to know the human psyche will learn next to nothing from experimental psychology. He would be better advised to abandon exact science, put away his scholar's gown, bid farewell to his study, and wander with human heart throughout the world. ~ carl-jung, @wisdomtrove
280:This study is not for the amateur. It's not for the dilettante. It's not for the cult follower. It's not for someone who wants everything done for them. It's not for the one who just wants to stare with that fixed dog-like devotion towards the teacher. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
281:Every person under your supervision is different. They're all different. They're identical in most ways, but not in all ways. You have to study and analyze every individual under your supervision and try to work with them in a way that will be most productive. ~ john-wooden, @wisdomtrove
282:The development of physics in the twentieth century already has transformed the consciousness of those involved with it. The study (of modern physics) produces insights into the nature of reality very similar to those produced by the study of eastern philosophy. ~ gary-zukav, @wisdomtrove
283:I believe that very much of current Arminianism is simply ignorance of gospel doctrine; and if people began to study their Bibles, and to take the Word of God as they find it, they must inevitably, if believers, rise up to rejoice in the doctrines of grace. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
284:When we consider a project, we really study it-not just the surface idea, but everything about it. And when we go into that new project, we believe in it all the way. We have confidence in our ability to do it right. And we work hard to do the best possible job. ~ walt-disney, @wisdomtrove
285:I think a good study of music would be indispensable to the animators - a realization on their part of how primitive music is, how natural it is for people to want to go to music - a study of rhythm, the dance - the various rhythms enter into our lives every day. ~ walt-disney, @wisdomtrove
286:Education and study, and the favors of the muses, confer no greater benefit on those that seek them than these humanizing and civilizing lessons, which teach our natural qualities to submit to the limitations prescribed by reason, and to avoid the wildness of extremes. ~ plutarch, @wisdomtrove
287:Every three or four years I pick a new subject. It may be Japanese art; it may be economics. Three years of study are by no means enough to master a subject but they are enough to understand it. SO for more than 60 years I have kept studying one subject at a time. ~ peter-drucker, @wisdomtrove
288:If you like someone's work, the important thing is to be exposed to everything that person has been exposed to. Anyone who wants to be a songwriter should listen to as much folk music as they can, study the form and structure of stuff that has been around for 100 years. ~ bob-dylan, @wisdomtrove
289:What is becoming more interesting than the myths themselves has been the study of how the myths were constructed from sparse or unpromising facts indeed, sometimes from no facts in a kind of mute conspiracy of longing, very rarely under anybody's conscious control. ~ arthur-c-carke, @wisdomtrove
290:Any time and any place can be used to study: his room, a garden, is table, his bed; when alone or in company; morning and evening. His chief study will be Philosophy, that Former of good judgement and character who is privileged to be concerned with everything. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
291:Education to independence demands that young people should be accustomed early to consult their own sense of propriety and their own reason. To regard study as mere receptivity and memory work is to have a most incomplete view of what instruction means. ~ georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel, @wisdomtrove
292:The superior man honors his virtuous nature, and maintains constant inquiry and study, seeking to carry it out to its breadth and greatness, so as to omit none of the more exquisite and minute points which it embraces, and to raise it to its greatest height and brilliancy. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
293:I never studied science or physics at school, and yet when I read complex books on quantum physics I understood them perfectly because I wanted to understand them. The study of quantum physics helped me to have a deeper understanding of the Secret, on an energetic level. ~ rhonda-byrne, @wisdomtrove
294:The Christian leaders of the future have to be theologians, persons who know the heart of God and are trained - through prayer, study, and careful analysis - to manifest the divine event of God's saving work in the midst of the many seemingly random events of their time. ~ henri-nouwen, @wisdomtrove
295:Attempts have been made from a study of the changes produced by mutation to obtain the relative order of the bases within various triplets, but my own view is that these are premature until there is more extensive and more reliable data on the composition of the triplets. ~ francis-crick, @wisdomtrove
296:Metaphysics is the study of how to shift the self. How to get outside the self-reflection and to just gaze with awe and wonder at the countless universes, the countless celestial radiances of mind, of life, of enlightenment,  nirvana, or God, whatever you want to call it. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
297:Talent is a dreadfully cheap commodity, cheaper than table salt. What separates the talented individual from the successful one is a lot of hard work and study; a constant process of honing. Talent is a dull knife that will cut nothing unless it is wielded with great force. ~ stephen-king, @wisdomtrove
298:Develop success from failures. Discouragement and failure are two of the surest steppingstones to success. No other element can do so much for a man if he is willing to study them and make capital out of them. Look backward. Can't you see where your failures have helped you? ~ dale-carnegie, @wisdomtrove
299:I have spent my life in the study of military strength as a deterrent to war, and in the character of military armaments necessary to win a war. The study of the first of these questions is still profitable, but we are rapidly getting to the point that no war can be won. ~ dwight-eisenhower, @wisdomtrove
300:Knowledge of the Absolute depends upon no book, nor upon anything; it is absolute in itself. No amount of study will give this knowledge; is not theory, it is realization. Cleanse the dust from the mirror, purify your own mind, and in a flash you know that you are Brahman. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
301:The way life manages information involves a logical structure that differs fundamentally from mere complex chemistry. Therefore chemistry alone will not explain life's origin, any more than a study of silicon, copper and plastic will explain how a computer can execute a program. ~ paul-davies, @wisdomtrove
302:The Master said, "To study, and then in a timely fashion to practice what you have learned - is this not satisfying? To have companions arrive from afar - is this not a joy? To remain unrecognized by others and yet remain free of resentment - is this not the mark of the gentleman?" ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
303:I endorse a lot of people - sometimes people say I endorse too many books. And my response has always been the same: If I can get one case study that can give me one good idea that I can implement for $25, or for these days one-third of that on Kindle, I've gotten a very good deal. ~ tom-peters, @wisdomtrove
304:One hour per day of study in your chosen field is all it takes. One hour per day of study will put you at the top of your field within three years. Within five years you'll be a national authority. In seven years, you can be one of the best people in the world at what you do. ~ earl-nightingale, @wisdomtrove
305:I would advise no one to send his child where the Holy Scriptures are not supreme. Every institution that does not unceasingly pursue the study of God's word becomes corrupt. Because of this we can see what kind of people they become in the universities and what they are like now. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
306:Every day I go to my study and sit at my desk and put the computer on. At that moment, I have to open the door. It's a big, heavy door. You have to go into the Other Room. Metaphorically, of course. And you have to come back to this side of the room. And you have to shut the door. ~ haruki-murakami, @wisdomtrove
307:There is indeed one element in human destiny that not blindness itself can controvert: whatever else we are intended to do, we are not intended to succeed; failure is the fate allotted. It is so in every art and study; it is so above all in the continent art of living well. ~ robert-louis-stevenson, @wisdomtrove
308:A study of animal communities has this advantage: they are merely what they are, for anyone to see who will and can look clearly; they cannot complicate the picture by worded idealisms, by saying one thing and being another; here the struggle is unmasked and the beauty  is unmasked. ~ john-steinbeck, @wisdomtrove
309:Lincoln-sad, patient, kindly Lincoln, who after bearing upon his weary shoulders for four years a greater burden than that borne by any other man of the nineteenth century laid down his life for the people whom living he had served as well-built upon his early study of the Bible. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
310:It was this desire for a feeling of importance that led an uneducated, poverty-stricken grocery clerk to study some law books he found in the bottom of a barrel of household plunder that he had bought for fifty cents. You have probably heard of this grocery clerk. His name was Lincoln. ~ dale-carnegie, @wisdomtrove
311:After long study and experience, I have come to the conclusion that (1) all religions are true; (2) all religions have some error in them; (3) all religions are almost as dear to me as my own Hinduism, in as much as all human beings should be as dear to one as one's own close relatives. ~ mahatma-gandhi, @wisdomtrove
312:To study the meaning of man and of life — I am making significant progress here. I have faith in myself. Man is a mystery: if you spend your entire life trying to puzzle it out, then do not say that you have wasted your time. I occupy myself with this mystery, because I want to be a man. ~ fyodor-dostoevsky, @wisdomtrove
313:Heaven cannot but be high. Earth cannot but be broad. The sun and moon cannot but revolve. All creation cannot but flourish. To do so is their TAO. But it is not from extensive study that this may be known, nor by dialectical skill that his may be made clear. The true sage will have none of these. ~ zhuangzi, @wisdomtrove
314:To study the meaning of man and of life — I am making significant progress here. I have faith in myself. Man is a mystery: if you spend your entire life trying to puzzle it out, then do not say that you have wasted your time. I occupy myself with this mystery, because I want to be a man. ~ fyodor-dostoevsky, @wisdomtrove
315:We cannot study creativeness in an ultimate sense until we realize that practically all the definitions that we have been using of creativeness are essentially male or masculine definitions of male or masculine products. We've left out of consideration almost entirely the creativeness of women. ~ abraham-maslow, @wisdomtrove
316:Japan's very interesting. Some people think it copies things. I don't think that anymore. I think what they do is reinvent things. They will get something that's already been invented and study it until they thoroughly understand it. In some cases, they understand it better than the original inventor. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
317:The American Petroleum Institute filed suit against the EPA [and] charged that the agency was suppressing a scientific study for fear it might be misinterpreted... The suppressed study reveals that 80 percent of air pollution comes not from chimneys and auto exhaust pipes, but from plants and trees. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
318:The study of dreams may be considered the most trustworthy method of investigating deep mental processes. Now dreams occurring in traumatic neuroses have the characteristic of repeatedly bringing the patient back into the situation of his accident, a situation from which he wakes up in another fright. ~ sigmund-freud, @wisdomtrove
319:I was not an anthropology student prior to the war. I took it up as part of a personal readjustment following some bewildering experiences as an infantryman and later as a prisoner of war in Dresden, Germany. The science of the Study of Man has been extremely satisfactory from that personal standpoint. ~ kurt-vonnegut, @wisdomtrove
320:I think that much of the advice given to young men about saving money is wrong. I never saved a cent until I was forty years old. I invested in myself - in study, in mastering my tools, in preparation. Many a man who is putting a few dollars a week into the bank would do much better to put it into himself. ~ henry-ford, @wisdomtrove
321:As I study both the exoteric and the esoteric schools of Buddhism, they maintain that human beings are endowed with Dharma-nature by birth. If this is the case, why did the Buddhas of all ages - undoubtedly in possession of enlightenment - find it necessary to seek enlightenment and engage in spiritual practice? ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
322:School is established, not in order that it should be convenient for the children to study, but that teachers should be able to teach in comfort. The children's conversations, motion, merriment are not convenient for the teacher, and so in the schools, which are built on the plan of prisons, are prohibited. ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
323:Truth has no path. Truth is living and, therefore, changing. Awareness is without choice, without demand, without anxiety; in that state of mind, there is perception. To know oneself is to study oneself in action with another person. Awareness has no frontier; it is giving of your whole being, without exclusion. ~ bruce-lee, @wisdomtrove
324:I often need physical gesture to balance dialogue. If I write in public, every time I need to know what a character is doing with his hand or foot, I can look up and study people and find compelling gestures that I can harvest. Writing in public gives you that access to a junkyard of details all around you. ~ chuck-palahniuk, @wisdomtrove
325:I know no study that will take you nearer the way to happiness than the study of nature - and I include in the study of nature not only things and their forces, but also mankind and their ways, and the moulding of the affections and the will into an earnest desire not only to be happy, but to create happiness. ~ hellen-keller, @wisdomtrove
326:In my opinion, the most fruitful and natural play of the mind is in conversation. I find it sweeter than any other action in life; and if I were forced to choose, I think I would rather lose my sight than my hearing and voice. The study of books is a drowsy and feeble exercise which does not warm you up. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
327:That there are men in all countries who get their living by war, and by keeping up the quarrels of nations, is as shocking as it is true; but when those who are concerned in the government of a country, make it their study to sow discord and cultivate predjudices between nations, it becomes the more unpardonable. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
328:To study the buddha way is to study the self. To study the self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be actualized by myriad things. When actualized by myriad things, your body and mind as well as the bodies and minds of others drop away. No trace of realization remains, and this no trace continues endlessly. ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
329:Nothing will so enlarge the intellect, nothing so magnify the whole soul of man, as a devout, earnest, continued, investigation of the great subject of the Deity. The most excellent study for expanding the soul is the science of Christ and Him crucified and the knowledge of the Godhead in the glorious Trinity. ~ charles-spurgeon, @wisdomtrove
330:In his commerce with men I mean him to include- and that principally- those who live only in the memory of books. By means of history he will frequent those great souls of former years. If you want it to be so, history can be a waste of time; it can also be, if you want it to be so, a study bearing fruit beyond price. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
331:I am one of the few goyim who have ever actually tackled the Talmud. I suppose you now expect me to add that it is a profound and noble work, worthy of hard study by all other goyims. Unhappily, my report must differ from this expectation. It seems to me, save for a few bright spots, to be quite indistinguishable from rubbish. ~ h-l-mencken, @wisdomtrove
332:One can study what exists and how consciousness functions; but one cannot analyze (or ‚prove) existence as such, or consciousness as such. These are irreducible primaries. (An attempt to prove them is self-contradictory: it is an attempt to prove existence by means of nonexistence, and consciousness by means of unconsciousness .) ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
333:There is a growing interest in Confucianism in China and other parts of the world. More and more followers of Confucianism are advocating a deeper study of his philosophies. Confucius' ideals stand true even today. His philosophy on how to be a Junzi or the perfect gentleman is based on the simple ideology of love and tolerance. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
334:Solitude is very different from a &
335:The power of meditation gets us everything. If you want to get power over nature, [you can have it through meditation]. It is through the power of meditation all scientific facts are discovered today. They study the subject and forget everything, their own identity and everything, and then the great fact comes like a flash. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
336:Science is the study of the admitted laws of existence, which cannot prove a universal negative about whether those laws could ever be suspended by something admittedly above them. It is as if we were to say that a lawyer was so deeply learned in the American Constitution that he knew there could never be a revolution in America. ~ g-k-chesterton, @wisdomtrove
337:Teaching should be such that what is offered is perceived as a valuable gift and not as hard duty. Never regard study as duty but as the enviable opportunity to learn to know the liberating influence of beauty in the realm of the spirit for your own personal joy and to the profit of the community to which your later work belongs. ~ albert-einstein, @wisdomtrove
338:So why study history? Unlike physics or economics, history is not a means for making accurate predictions. We study history not to know the future but to widen our horizons, to understand that our present situation is neither natural nor inevitable, and that we consequently have many more possibilities before us than we imagine. ~ yuval-noah-harari, @wisdomtrove
339:Do but take care to express yourself in a plain, easy Manner, in well-chosen, significant and decent Terms, and to give a harmonious and pleasing Turn to your Periods: study to explain your Thoughts, and set them in the truest Light, labouring as much as possible, not to leave them dark nor intricate, but clear and intelligible. ~ miguel-de-cervantes, @wisdomtrove
340:The only place where you could see life and death, i. e., violent death now that the wars were over, was in the bull ring and I wanted very much to go to Spain where I could study it. I was trying to learn to write, commencing with the simplest things, and one of the simplest things of all and the most fundamental is violent death. ~ ernest-hemingway, @wisdomtrove
341:Either you look at the universe as a very poor creation out of which no one can make anything or you look at your own life and your own part in the universe as infinitely rich, full of inexhaustible interest, opening out into infinite further possibilities for study and contemplation and interest and praise. Beyond all and in all is God. ~ thomas-merton, @wisdomtrove
342:For the most part, people think in ordinary life without bringing order into their thoughts. The guiding principles and epochs of human development and planetary evolution, the great viewpoints which have been opened by the initiates, bring thought into ordered forms. All of this is a part of Rosicrucian training. It is called the Study. ~ rudolf-steiner, @wisdomtrove
343:The study of law can be disappointing at times, a matter of applying narrow rules and arcane procedure to an uncooperative reality; a sort of glorified accounting that serves to regulate the affairs of those who have power&
344:I am more famed in Heaven for my works than I could well conceive. In my brain are studies & chambers filled with books & pictures of old, which I wrote and painted in ages of Eternity before my mortal life; and whose works are the delight & study of Archangels. Why, then, should I be anxious about the riches or fame of mortality? ~ william-blake, @wisdomtrove
345:There are some with whom we may study in common, but we shall find them unable to go along with us to principles. Perhaps we may go on with them to principles, but we shall find them unable to get established in those along with us. Or if we may get so established along with them, we shall find them unable to weigh occurring events along with us. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
346:Some are born with knowledge, some derive it from study, and some acquire it only after a painful realization of their ignorance. But the knowledge being possessed, it comes to the same thing. Some study with a natural ease, some from a desire for advantages, and some by strenuous effort. But the achievement being made, it comes to the same thing. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
347:I have found in life that if you want a miracle you first need to do whatever it is you can do if that’s to plant, then plant; if it is to read, then read; if it is to change, then change; if it is to study, then study; if it is to work, then work; whatever you have to do. And then you will be well on your way of doing the labor that works miracles. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
348:That's the beauty of backbends. Emotionally we can never be disturbed, for the emotional centre becomes an extrovert. When you do Viparita Dandasana, your head looks backwards, but your conscious mind stretches everywhere. Study by observing how the mind gets regulated. You not only know the freedom in the spine, but also the freedom in the spirit. ~ b-k-s-iyengar, @wisdomtrove
349:The origins and travels of our purchases remain matters of indifference, although to the more imaginative at least a slight dampness at the bottom of a carton, or an obscure code printed along a computer cable, may hint at processes of manufacture and transport nobler and more mysterious, more worthy of wonder and study, than the very goods themselves. ~ alain-de-botton, @wisdomtrove
350:This place is the Devil, or at least his principal residence, they call it the University, but any other appellation would have suited it much better, for study is the last pursuit of the society; the Master eats, drinks, and sleeps, the Fellows drink, dispute and pun, the employments of the undergraduates you will probably conjecture without my description. ~ lord-byron, @wisdomtrove
351:Nothing is so insufferable to man as to be completely at rest, without passions, without business, without diversion, without study. He then feels his nothingness, his forlornness, his insufficiency, his dependence, his weakness, his emptiness. There will immediately arise from the depth of his heart weariness, gloom, sadness, fretfulness, vexation, despair. ~ blaise-pascal, @wisdomtrove
352:One of the special beauties of America is that it is the only country in the world where you are not advised to learn the language before entering. Before I ever set out for the United States, I asked a friend if I should study American. His answer was unequivocal. "On no account," he said. "The more English you sound, the more likely you are to be believed." ~ quentin-crisp, @wisdomtrove
353:Our minds are forced to become fixed upon different things by an attraction in them which we cannot resist. To control the mind, to place it just where we want it, requires special training. It cannot be done in any other way. In the study of religion the control of the mind is absolutely necessary. We have to turn the mind back upon itself in this study. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
354:Usually they are quick to discover that I cannot see or hear... . It is not training but love which impels them to break their silence about me with the thud of a tail rippling against my chair on gambols round the study, or news conveyed by expressive ear, nose, and paw. Often I yearn to give them speech, their motions are so eloquent with things they cannot say. ~ hellen-keller, @wisdomtrove
355:I enter a most earnest plea that in our hurried and rather bustling life of today we do not lose the hold that our forefathers had on the Bible. I wish to see the Bible study as much a matter of course in the secular colleges as in the seminary. No educated man can afford to be ignorant of the Bible, and no uneducated man can afford to be ignorant of the Bible. ~ theodore-roosevelt, @wisdomtrove
356:To study the Way is to study the Self. To study the Self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be enlightened by all things of the universe. To be enlightened by all things of the universe is to cast off the body and mind of the self as well as those of others. Even the traces of enlightenment are wiped out, and life with traceless enlightenment goes on forever and ever ~ dogen, @wisdomtrove
357:Up to the age of five, children should be given a lot of love. From the age of five to fifteen they should be brought up under strict discipline especially regarding their study. It is at that time that life's foundation is formed. Love without discipline will only spoil them. Above the age of fifteen children should be given maximum love otherwise they may go astray. ~ mata-amritanandamayi, @wisdomtrove
358:He had made a passionate study of education, only to come, gradually, to the knowledge that education is nothing but the process of building up, gradually, a complete unit of consciousness. And each unit of consciousness is the living unit of that great social, religious, philosophic idea towards which humankind, like an organism seeking its final form, is laboriously growing. ~ d-h-lawrence, @wisdomtrove
359:If you want to get good at anything, it helps to study those who have already mastered that skill, such as top chefs on TV if you like to cook. Therefore, if you’d like to feel more happiness, inner strength, clarity, and peace, it makes sense to learn from contemplative practitioners—both dedicated lay people and monastics—who’ve really pursued the cultivation of these qualities. ~ rick-hanson, @wisdomtrove
360:By the study of their biographies, we receive each man as a guest into our minds, and we seem to understand their character as the result of a personal acquaintance, because we have obtained from their acts the best and most important means of forming an opinion about them. "What greater pleasure could'st thou gain than this?" What more valuable for the elevation of our own character? ~ plutarch, @wisdomtrove
361:Do you say that religion is still needed? Then I answer that Work, Study, Health and Love constitute religion. . . . Most formal religions have pronounced the love of man for woman and woman for man an evil thing. . . . They have said that sickness was sent from God. . . . Now we deny it all, and again proclaim that these will bring you all the good there is: Health, Work, Study - Love! ~ elbert-hubbard, @wisdomtrove
362:If he desired to know about automobiles, he would, without question, study diligently about automobiles. If his wife desired to be a gourmet cook, she'd certainly study the art of cooking, perhaps even attending a cooking class. Yet, it never seems as obvious to him that if he wants to live in love, he must spend at least as much time as the auto mechanic or the gourmet in studying love. ~ leo-buscaglia, @wisdomtrove
363:If you intend to study the mind, you must have systematic training; you must practice to bring the mind under your control, to attain to that consciousness from which you will be able to study the mind and remain unmoved by any of its wild gyrations. Otherwise the facts observed will not be reliable; they will not apply to all people and therefore will not be truly facts or data at all. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
364:My study of Gandhi convinced me that true pacifism is not nonresistance to evil, but nonviolent resistance to evil. Between the two positions, there is a world of difference. Gandhi resisted evil with as much vigor and power as the violent resister, but True pacifism is not unrealistic submission to evil power. It is rather a courageous confrontation of evil by the power of love. . . . ~ martin-luther-king, @wisdomtrove
365:But the others, those who tried to bring Jesus to life at the call of love, found it a cruel task to be honest. The critical study of the life of Jesus has been for theology a school of honesty. The world had never seen before, and will never see again, a struggle for truth so full of pain and renunciation as that of which the Lives of Jesus of the last hundred years contain the cryptic record. ~ albert-schweitzer, @wisdomtrove
366:The genius of a composer is found in the notes of his music; but analyzing the notes will not reveal his genius. The poet's greatness is contained in his words; yet the study of his words will not disclose his inspiration. God reveals himself in creation; but scrutinize creation as minutely as you wish, you will not find God, any more than you will find the soul through careful examination of your body. ~ anthony-de-mello, @wisdomtrove
367:Think of yourself as an explorer going into new territory. Mentally put on your headlamp and bring your attention into the fear. Forget about what you think it may be like, and be curious about what it is actually like. What triggers it? What sensations do you feel in your body? What thoughts appear in your mind? What urges do you have? Study your fear without acting on it so it becomes a known quantity to you. ~ leo-babauta, @wisdomtrove
368:The Bible is not primarily a written or printed text to be scrutinized in private, in a scholar's study or a contemplative cell. It is a body of oral messages, announcements, prophecies, promulgations, recitals, histories, songs of praise, lamentations, etc., which are meant either to be uttered or at least read aloud, or chanted, or sung, or recited in a community convoked for the purpose of a living celebration. ~ thomas-merton, @wisdomtrove
369:The Montreal Protocol is a model of cooperation. It is a product of the recognition and international consensus that ozone depletion is a global problem, both in terms of its causes and its effects. The protocol is the result of an extraordinary process of scientific study, negotiations among representatives of the business and environmental communities, and international diplomacy. It is a monumental achievement. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
370:A young man is not a proper hearer of lectures on political science; for he is inexperienced in the actions that occur in life, but its discussions start from these and are about these; and, further, since he tends to follow his passions, his study will be vain and unprofitable, because the end that is aimed at is not knowledge but action. And it makes no difference whether he is young in years or youthful in character. ~ aristotle, @wisdomtrove
371:If you use your mind to study reality, you won't understand either your mind or reality. If you study reality without using your mind, you'll understand both. . . . The mind and the world are opposites, and vision arises where they meet. When your mind doesn't stir inside, the world doesn't arise outside. When the world and the mind are both transparent, this is true vision. And such understanding is true understanding. ~ bodhidharma, @wisdomtrove
372:My only passions were books and music. As you might guess, I led a lonely life. Not that I knew what I wanted in life - I didn’t. I loved reading novels to distraction, but didn’t write well enough to be a novelist; being an editor or a critic was out, too, since my tastes ran to the extremes. Novels should be for pure personal enjoyment, I decided, not part of your work or study. That’s why I didn’t study literature ~ haruki-murakami, @wisdomtrove
373:For a time it seemed inevitable that the surging tide of agnosticism and materialism would sweep all before it. There were those who did not dare utter what they thought. Many thought the case hopeless and the cause of religion lost once and for ever. But the tide has turned and to the rescue has come - what? The study of comparative religions. By the study of different religions we find that in essence they are one. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
375:Slowly I discovered the secret of my art. It consists of a meditation on nature, on the expression of a dream which is always inspired by reality. With more involvement and regularity, I learned to push each study in a certain direction. Little by little the notion that painting is a means of expression asserted itself, and that one can express the same thing in several ways. Exactitude is not truth, Delacroix liked to say. ~ henri-matisse, @wisdomtrove
376:Supposing I said there was a planet without schools or teachers, where study was unknown, and yet the inhabitants - doing nothing but live and walk about - came to know all things, to carry in their minds the whole of learning; would you not think I was romancing? Well, just this, which seems so fanciful as to be nothing but the invention of a fertile imagination, is a reality. It is the child's way of learning. ~ maria-montessori, @wisdomtrove
377:As for those who think the Arab world promises freedom, the briefest study of its routine traditional treatment of blacks (slavery) and women (purdah) will provide relief from all illusion. If Malcolm X had been a black woman his last message to the world would have been entirely different. The brotherhood of Moslem men-all colors-may exist there, but part of the glue that holds them together is the thorough suppression of women. ~ alice-walker, @wisdomtrove
378:I received a letter from a lad asking me for an easy berth. To this I replied: You cannot be an editor; do not try the law; do not think of the ministry; let alone all ships and merchandise; abhor politics; don't practice medicine; be not a farmer or a soldier or a sailor; don't study, don't think. None of these are easy. O, my son, you have come into a hard world. I know of only one easy place in it, and that is the grave! ~ henry-ward-beecher, @wisdomtrove
379:There is nothing more negative than the result of the critical study of the life of Jesus. The Jesus of Nazareth who came forward publicly as the Messiah, who preached the Kingdom of God, who founded the Kingdom of Heaven upon earth, and died to give his work its final consecration, never had any existence. He is a figure designed by rationalism, endowed with life by liberalism, and clothed by modern theology in an historical garb. ~ albert-schweitzer, @wisdomtrove
380:There is only one law of Nature-the second law of thermodynamics-which recognises a distinction between past and future more profound than the difference of plus and minus. It stands aloof from all the rest. ... It opens up a new province of knowledge, namely, the study of organisation; and it is in connection with organisation that a direction of time-flow and a distinction between doing and undoing appears for the first time. ~ sir-arthur-eddington, @wisdomtrove
381:Take for instance the study of Vedanta. Some seekers become completely drowned in it. Just as others may so lose themselves in kirtan as to fall into a trance, a student of Vedanta may become wholly absorbed in his texts, even more so than the one who gets carried away by kirtan. According to one’s specific line of approach, one will be able to achieve full concentration through the study of a particular Scripture, or by some other means. ~ anandamayi-ma, @wisdomtrove
382:There are three sorts of pleasures which are advantageous, and three which are injurious. Finding pleasure in the discriminating study of ceremonies and music, finding pleasure in discussing the good points in the conduct of others, and finding pleasure in having many wise friends, these are advantageous. But finding pleasure in profligate enjoyments, finding pleasure in idle gadding about, and finding pleasure in feasting, these are injurious. ~ confucius, @wisdomtrove
383:Knowledge is inherent in man; no knowledge comes from outside; it is all inside. We say Newton discovered gravitation. Was it sitting anywhere waiting for him? It was in his own mind; the time came and he found it out. All knowledge that the world has ever received comes from the mind; the infinite library of the universe is in our own mind. The external world is simply the suggestion, the occasion, which sets you to study your own mind. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
384:The Almighty Lecturer, by displaying the principles of science in the structure of the universe, has invited man to study and to imitation. It is as if He has said to the inhabitants of this globe that we call ours, "I have made an earth for man to dwell upon, and I have rendered the starry heavens visible, to teach him science and the arts. He can now provide for his own comfort, and learn from my munificence to all to be kind to each other. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
385:The art of war is at once comprehensive and complicated; ... it demands much previous study; and ... the possession of it, in its most improved and perfect state, is always a great moment to the security of a nation. This, therefore, ought to be a serious care of every government; and for this purpose, an academy, where a regular course of instruction is given, is an obvious expedient, which different nations have successfully employed. ~ george-washington, @wisdomtrove
386:We are all healers of each other. Look at David Spiegel's fascinating study of putting people together in a support group and seeking that some people in it live twice as long as other people who are not in a support group. I asked David what went on in those groups and he said that people just cared about each other.  Nothing big, no deep psychological stuff-people just cared about each other.  The reality is that healing happens between people. ~ rachel-naomi-remen, @wisdomtrove
387:The mere man of pleasure is miserable in old age, and the mere drudge in business is but little better, whereas, natural philosophy, mathematical and mechanical science, are a continual source of tranquil pleasure, and in spite of the gloomy dogmas of priests and of superstition, the study of these things is the true theology; it teaches man to know and admire the Creator, for the principles of science are in the creation, and are unchangeable and of divine origin. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
388:The suppression of uncomfortable ideas may be common in religion or in politics, but it is not the path to knowledge, and there's no place for it in the endeavor of science. We do not know beforehand where fundamental insights will arise from about our mysterious and lovely solar system. The history of our study of our solar system shows us clearly that accepted and conventional ideas are often wrong, and that fundamental insights can arise from the most unexpected sources. ~ carl-sagan, @wisdomtrove
389:In spite of my study, I have learned. Every grand religion begins in light.  Yet only hearts hold light.  Pages cannot.  I have paper in my hands.  Give these words to the world and they will be loved and understood by those who already know their truth.  The truth doesn't burn.  The truth waits for anyone who wishes to find it... only these pages will burn.  At one with the stars... with the pages and their love... one with everything that is, that ever was or will be.  ~ richard-bach, @wisdomtrove
390:The study of the Life of Jesus has had a curious history. It set out in quest of the historical Jesus, believing that when it had found Him it could bring Him straight into our time as a Teacher and Saviour. ... But He does not stay; He passes by our time and returns to His own... He returned to His own time, not owing to the application of any historical ingenuity, but by the same inevitable necessity by which the liberated pendulum returns to its original position. ~ albert-schweitzer, @wisdomtrove
391:The fault with all religions like Christianity is that they have one set of rules for all. But Hindu religion is suited to all grades of religious aspiration and progress. It contains all the ideals in their perfect form. For example, the ideal of Shanta or blessedness is to be found in Vasishtha; that of love in Krishna; that of duty in Rama and Sita; and that of intellect in Shukadeva. Study the characters of these and of other ideal men. Adopt one which suits you best. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
392:The pursuit of science, the study of the great works, the value of free inquiry, in short, the very idea of living the life of the mind - yes, these formative and abiding principles of higher education in America had their first and firmest advocate, and their greatest embodiment, in a tall, fair-headed, friendly man who watched this university take form from the mountainside where he lived, the university whose founding he called a crowning achievement to along and well-spent life. ~ ronald-reagan, @wisdomtrove
393:There is an inconvenience which attends all abstruse reasoning. that it may silence, without convincing an antagonist, and requires the same intense study to make us sensible of its force, that was at first requisite for its invention. When we leave our closet, and engage in the common affairs of life, its conclusions seem to vanish, like the phantoms of the night on the appearance of the morning; and 'tis difficult for us to retain even that conviction, which we had attain'd with difficulty. ~ david-hume, @wisdomtrove
394:There is so much about my fate that I cannot control, but other things do fall under the jurisdiction. I can decide how I spend my time, whom I interact with, whom I share my body and life and money and energy with. I can select what I can read and eat and study. I can choose how I'm going to regard unfortunate circumstances in my life-whether I will see them as curses or opportunities. I can choose my words and the tone of voice in which I speak to others. And most of all, I can choose my thoughts. ~ elizabeth-gilbert, @wisdomtrove
395:Behold our refutation of the error. It is not based on documents of faith, but on the reasons and statements of the philosophers themselves. If then anyone there be who, boastfully taking pride in his supposed wisdom, wishes to challenge what we have written, let him not do it in some corner nor before children who are powerless to decide on such difficult matters. Let him reply openly if he dare. He shall find me there confronting him, and not only my negligible self, but many another whose study is truth. ~ denis-diderot, @wisdomtrove
396:Behold our refutation of the error. It is not based on documents of faith, but on the reasons and statements of the philosophers themselves. If then anyone there be who, boastfully taking pride in his supposed wisdom, wishes to challenge what we have written, let him not do it in some corner nor before children who are powerless to decide on such difficult matters. Let him reply openly if he dare. He shall find me there confronting him, and not only my negligible self, but many another whose study is truth. ~ thomas-aquinas, @wisdomtrove
397:That the Hindus, absorbed in the ideal, lacked in realistic observation is evident from this. Take painting and sculpture. What do you see in the Hindu paintings? All sorts of grotesque and unnatural figures. What do you see in a Hindu temple? A Chaturbhanga Narayana or some such thing. But take into consideration any Italian picture or Grecian statue-what a study of nature you find in them! A gentleman for twenty years sat burning a candle in his hand, in order to paint a lady carrying a candle in her hand. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
398:Everybody allows that to know any other science you must have first studied it, and that you can only claim to express a judgment upon it in virtue of such knowledge. Everybody allows that to make a shoe you must have learned and practised the craft of the shoemaker, though every man has a model in his own foot, and possesses in his hands the natural endowments for the operations required. For philosophy alone, it seems to be imagined, such study, care, and application are not in the least requisite ~ georg-wilhelm-friedrich-hegel, @wisdomtrove
399:A study at the University of Utah found that if you ask someone why he is friendly with someone else, he’ll say it is because he and his friend share similar attitudes. But if you actually quiz the two of them on their attitudes, you’ll find out that what they actually share is similar activities. We’re friends with the people we do things with, as much as we are with the people we resemble. We don’t seek out friends, in other words. We associate with the people who occupy the same small, physical spaces that we do. ~ malcolm-gladwell, @wisdomtrove
400:.. since it was true that study, even when done properly, can only teach us what wisdom, right conduct and determination consist in, they wanted to put their children directly in touch with actual cases, teaching them not by hearsay but by actively assaying them, vigorously moulding and forming them not merely by word and precept but chiefly by deeds and examples, so that wisdom should not be something which the soul knows but the soul's very essence and temperament, not something acquired but a natural property. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
401:Is it not evident, in these last hundred years (when the Study of Philosophy has been the business of all the Virtuosi in Christendome) that almost a new Nature has been revealed to us? that more errours of the School have been detected, more useful Experiments in Philosophy have been made, more Noble Secrets in Opticks, Medicine, Anatomy, Astronomy, discover'd, than in all those credulous and doting Ages from Aristotle to us? So true it is that nothing spreads more fast than Science, when rightly and generally cultivated. ~ john-dryden, @wisdomtrove
402:I would like to suggest that our minds are swamped by too much study and by too much matter just as plants are swamped by too much water or lamps by too much oil; that our minds, held fast and encumbered by so many diverse preoccupations, may well lose the means of struggling free, remaining bowed and bent under the load; except that it is quite otherwise: the more our souls are filled, the more they expand; examples drawn from far-off times show, on the contrary, that great soldiers ad statesmen were also great scholars. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
403:Well for everyone to make a study of astrology for, as indicated, while many individuals have set about to prove the astrological aspects and astrological survey enable one to determine future as well as the past conditions, these are well to the point where the individual understands that these act upon individuals because of their sojourn or correlation of their associations with the environs through which these are shown - see? Rather than the star directing the life, the life of the individual directs the courses of the stars, see? ~ edgar-cayce, @wisdomtrove
404:I am a product of endless books. My father bought all the books he read and never got rid of any of them. There were books in the study, books in the drawing room, books in the cloakroom, books (two deep) in the great bookcase on the landing, books in a bedroom, books piled as high as my shoulder in the cistern attic... In the seemingly endless rainy afternoons I took volume after volume from the shelves. I had always the same certainty of finding a book that was new to me as a man who walks into a field has of finding a new blade of grass. ~ c-s-lewis, @wisdomtrove
405:We cannot attain to the understanding of Scripture either by study or by the intellect. Your first duty is to begin by prayer. Entreat the Lord to grant you, of His great mercy, the true understanding of His Word. There is no other interpreter of the Word of God than the Author of this Word, as He Himself has said, "They shall be all taught of God" (John 6:45). Hope for nothing from your own labors, from your own understanding: trust solely in God, and in the influence of His Spirit. Believe this on the word of a man who has experience. ~ martin-luther, @wisdomtrove
406:One might suppose that reality must be held to at all costs. However, though that may be the moral thing to do, it is not necessarily the most useful thing to do. The Greeks themselves chose the ideal over the real in their geometry and demonstrated very well that far more could be achieved by consideration of abstract line and form than by a study of the real lines and forms of the world; the greater understanding achieved through abstraction could be applied most usefully to the very reality that was ignored in the process of gaining knowledge. ~ isaac-asimov, @wisdomtrove
407:The more I study nature, the more I become impressed with ever-increasing force with the conclusion, that the contrivances and beautiful adaptations slowly acquired through each part occasionally varying in a slight degree but in many ways, with the preservation or natural selection of those variations which are beneficial to the organism under the complex and ever-varying conditions of life, transcend in an incomparable degree the contrivances and adaptations which the most fertile imagination of man could suggest with unlimited time at his disposal. ~ charles-darwin, @wisdomtrove
408:Toward seven o'clock every morning, I leave my study and step Out on the bright terrace; the sun already burns resplendent Between the shadows of the fig tree, makes the low wall of coarse Granite warm to the touch. Here my tools lie ready and waiting, Each one an intimate, an ally: the round basket for weeds: The zappetta, the small hoe with a short haft . . . There's a rake here as well, at at times a mattock and spade, Or two watering cans filled with water warmed by the sun. With my basket and small hoe in hand, facing the sun, I Go out for my morning walk. ~ hermann-hesse, @wisdomtrove
409:Meditative state is the highest state of existence. So long as there is desire, no real happiness can come. It is only the contemplative, witness-like study of objects that brings to us real enjoyment and happiness. The animal has its happiness in the senses, the man in his intellect, and the god in spiritual contemplation. It is only to the soul that has attained to this contemplative state that the world really becomes beautiful. To him who desires nothing, and does not mix himself up with them, the manifold changes of nature are one panorama of beauty and sublimity. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
410:Time ends. That is the lesson of the “big bang”. It is also the lesson of the black hole, closer at hand and more immediate object of study. The black hole is a completely collapsed object. It is mass without matter. The Cheshire cat in Alice in Wonderland faded away leaving behind only its grin. A star that falls into an already existing black hole, or that collapses to make a new black hole, fades away. Of the star, of its matter and of its sunspots and solar prominences, all trace disappears. There remains behind only gravitational attraction, the attraction of disembodied mass. ~ john-wheeler, @wisdomtrove
411:I would say that introverts make some of the best international philosophers. The less common attribute of the introverted lifestyle - a close societal connection, as such a connection disappears or changes in relevance as the currents of the winds change - leaves too much room for one's own cultural bias. Instead, introverts tend to turn inward, the laboratory of being and all its forms. This is the most accurate study of the individual human being, which is in turn, rather than those affected by cultural limitations, the most universal reflection of human understanding and human behavior. ~ criss-jami, @wisdomtrove
412:These truths I hold to be self-evident: That man was made to be happy; that happiness is only attainable through useful effort; that the very best way to help ourselves is to help others, and often the best way to help others is to mind our own business; that useful effort means the proper exercise of all our faculties; that we grow only through exercise; that education should continue through life, and the joys of mental endeavor should be, especially, the solace of the old; that where men alternate work, play and study in right proportion, the organs of the mind are the last to fail, and death for such has no terrors. That ~ elbert-hubbard, @wisdomtrove
413:Now I don’t see anything evil in a desire to make money. But money is only a means to some end. If a man wants it for a personal purpose — to invest in his industry, to create, to study, to travel, to enjoy luxury — he’s completely moral. But the men who place money first go much beyond that. Personal luxury is a limited endeavor. What they want is ostentation: to show, to stun, to entertain, to impress others… At the price of their own self-respect. In the realm of greatest importance — the realm of values, of judgment, of spirit, of thought — they place others above self, in the exact manner which altruism demands. A truly selfish man cannot be affected by the approval of others. He doesn’t need it. ~ ayn-rand, @wisdomtrove
414:Whoever seeks higher knowledge must create it for himself. He must instill it into his soul. It cannot be done by study; it can only be done through life. Whoever, therefore, wishes to become a student of higher knowledge must assiduously cultivate this inner life of devotion. Everywhere in his environment and his experiences he must seek motives of admiration and homage. If I meet a man and blame him for his shortcomings, I rob myself of power to attain higher knowledge; but if I try to enter lovingly into his merits, I gather such power. The student must continually be intent upon following this advice. The spiritually experienced know how much they owe to the circumstance that in face of all things they ever again turn to the good, and withhold adverse judgement. But this must not remain an external rule of life; rather it must take possession of our innermost soul. ~ rudolf-steiner, @wisdomtrove

*** NEWFULLDB 2.4M ***

1:study, and cleanse ~ Bruce Feiler,
2:I didn't study acting. ~ Ray Walston,
3:I didn't study; I live. ~ Eric Cantona,
4:Study nature not books ~ Louis Agassiz,
5:Study the stars.—M. ~ Katherine Addison,
6:I am the manifestation of study, ~ KRS One,
7:Action without study is fatal. ~ Mary Beard,
8:Study men, not historians. ~ Harry S Truman,
9:Karate-Do is a lifetime study ~ Kenwa Mabuni,
10:Study broadly and without fear. ~ John Green,
11:You become what you study. ~ Robert Kiyosaki,
12:You're an idiot. Study harder. ~ Hideaki Anno,
13:It'll be too late too study ~ Tyler Whitesides,
14:Study everything, join nothing. ~ Paul Brunton,
15:Study is a life long pursuit. ~ Rickson Gracie,
16:You become what you study. ~ Robert T Kiyosaki,
17:Complacency is the enemy of study. ~ Mao Zedong,
18:Don't study this moment. Be in it. ~ Bren Brown,
19:on patrol with the study police ~ Amanda Ripley,
20:Pleasure must be found in study. ~ Paul Cezanne,
21:Study the past to define the future ~ Confucius,
22:The proper study of mankind is man, ~ Anonymous,
23:Every door is a study in leaving. ~ Susan Meyers,
24:Study of light hitting a head. ~ Walter Isaacson,
25:Study says dogs can be green with envy ~ Anonymous,
26:domestic economy for her private study. ~ H G Wells,
27:in the study of his expansive home, ~ Russell Blake,
28:It’s a study in deliberate asymmetry. ~ Jim Butcher,
29:Read less, study less, but think more ~ Leo Tolstoy,
30:So few grow, because so few study. ~ Dwight L Moody,
31:The proper study of mankind is woman. ~ Henry Adams,
32:History is the study of the world's crime ~ Voltaire,
33:If you're a dancer, study singing. ~ Debbie Reynolds,
34:Success is a refined study of the obvious ~ Jim Rohn,
35:The proper study of Mankind is Man. ~ Alexander Pope,
36:Appendix 2 A Study of Assassinations* ~ H P Albarelli,
37:Study the greats and become greater ~ Michael Jackson,
38:The proper study of mankind is books. ~ Aldous Huxley,
39:Before you make the key, study the lock. ~ J A Konrath,
40:Continue to study and learn new skills. ~ Edie McClurg,
41:I never read in bed, only in my study. ~ Peter Ackroyd,
42:Protestation always invited further study. ~ Anonymous,
43:To study the self is to forget the self. ~ Phil Knight,
44:I was only sitting here in my white study ~ Anne Sexton,
45:Never tire to study. And to teach to others ~ Confucius,
46:taken the time to study the surroundings. ~ Lisa Patton,
47:To study in Paris is to be born in Paris! ~ Victor Hugo,
48:I would love to study cultures and people. ~ Kate Dickie,
49:The student of politics must study the soul. ~ Aristotle,
50:You don't study photography. You do it. ~ Elliott Erwitt,
51:Application is why we study the Bible. ~ Elizabeth George,
52:If you want to study writing, read Dickens ~ Shelby Foote,
53:Ingenuity is true intelligence. Not study. ~ John Bentley,
54:I would live to study, not study to live. ~ Francis Bacon,
55:No study is possible on the battlefield. ~ Ferdinand Foch,
56:Study is the child of silence and mystery. ~ Henri Murger,
57:Study your lessons, don't settle for less. ~ Tupac Shakur,
58:To pray well is the better half of study. ~ Martin Luther,
59:We ain't goin' study war no more. ~ Martin Luther King Jr,
60:He did not study God; he was dazzled by him. ~ Victor Hugo,
61:I wanted to make noise, not study theory. ~ James Hetfield,
62:Just making sure, Miss ‘I’m a Quick Study. ~ Richelle Mead,
63:Satanism demands study, not worship! ~ Anton Szandor LaVey,
64:Study hard, practice hard, play ferociously. ~ John Kessel,
65:Study nature as the countenance of God. ~ Charles Kingsley,
66:Study the hurtful patterns of your life. ~ Yasmin Mogahed,
67:Study the past if you would define the future. ~ Confucius,
68:The complete man must work, study and wrestle. ~ Aristotle,
69:The study of music was a family interest. ~ Emanuel Celler,
70:Fixed formation is bad. Study this well. ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
71:I didn't study music. I literally lived it. ~ Paco de Lucia,
72:Letters of friendship require no study. ~ George Washington,
73:Prayer, study, and suffering make a pastor. ~ Martin Luther,
74:Study the past, if you would divine the future. ~ Confucius,
75:Zen is all about self-study/knowledge and self-help! ~ Mika,
76:Amusement to an observing mind is study. ~ Benjamin Disraeli,
77:I am busily engaged in study of the Bible. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
78:I study nature so as not to do foolish things. ~ Mary Ruefle,
79:Study carefully the law of cause and effect. ~ Vernon Howard,
80:Study the past if you want to define the future. ~ Confucius,
81:The proper study of Mankind is Everything. ~ Margaret Atwood,
82:Whether I went to school or not, I would always study. ~ RZA,
83:You should study Pokemon to get stronger. ~ Kazushi Sakuraba,
84:Fist bumps healthier than handshakes, study shows ~ Anonymous,
85:He studied cities as women study their reflections. ~ O Henry,
86:I didn't study the piano - the piano studied me. ~ Carl Andre,
87:It (nursing) comes more from care than study. ~ Johanna Spyri,
88:Obviously, I need to study princesses further. ~ Nalini Singh,
89:Petting is the study of the anatomy in braille. ~ Ava Gardner,
90:Study Bach. There you will find everything. ~ Johannes Brahms,
91:The study of History is the beginning of wisdom. ~ Jean Bodin,
92:You don't study photography, you just do it. ~ Elliott Erwitt,
93:I like to play football, read some books, study. ~ Andrew Luck,
94:Let our lives be open books for all to study. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
95:"Nature is our guide. We can study it daily." ~ Lama Surya Das,
96:New Study Verifies Mercury In Flu Shots Is Toxic; ~ David Icke,
97:The noblest study of mankind is Man, says Man. ~ James Thurber,
98:We cannot study everything at the same time. ~ Matthieu Ricard,
99:Why should I seek for love or study it? ~ William Butler Yeats,
100:Being a leader is a study in managed frustration. ~ Chris Brady,
101:How can I study from below, that which is above? ~ Aristophanes,
102:I came to New York to study ballet and English. ~ Penelope Cruz,
103:I didn’t study medicine to watch people die." -Kira ~ Dan Wells,
104:I've been dogmatic to use myself as a case study. ~ Simon Sinek,
105:I went to Princeton specifically to study physics. ~ Jeff Bezos,
106:Quit Iraq Study Group to avoid politicizing it. ~ Rudy Giuliani,
107:The Word we study has to be the Word we pray. ~ Brennan Manning,
108:Those who study the stars have God for a teacher. ~ Tycho Brahe,
109:To understand a tree, one must study its roots. ~ Galen Beckett,
110:In brief, sir, study what you most affect. ~ William Shakespeare,
111:or does not study how to run meetings successfully. ~ Mao Zedong,
112:The study of man is the study of his extensions. ~ Edward T Hall,
113:A study of the Great Malady; horror of home. ~ Charles Baudelaire,
114:If you once love Him, you will study to please Him. ~ John Newton,
115:I had to study acting to basically educate myself. ~ Boris Kodjoe,
116:I'm a study of a man in chaos in search of frenzy. ~ Oscar Levant,
117:I study the Bible and spend time on the Internet. ~ Gloria Gaynor,
118:The more we study Art, the less we care for Nature. ~ Oscar Wilde,
119:The study of History is the best medicine for a sick mind. ~ Livy,
120:The typical answer is “I study four hours a day. ~ James Altucher,
121:A new study says that over half of all Californians are ~ Jay Leno,
122:Geography is the study of earth as the home of people ~ Yi Fu Tuan,
123:I don't really study the guys that I'm racing against. ~ Ryan Hall,
124:My own career is a case study for what I believe in. ~ Simon Sinek,
125:Professional interrogators should study mothers. ~ L E Modesitt Jr,
126:Study the history of the form you want to master. ~ James Altucher,
127:Talk politics, talk about study and talk positively. ~ Jiang Zemin,
128:The study of evolution is an evolution in itself. ~ Hendrik Poinar,
129:One can never study nature too much and too hard ~ Vincent Van Gogh,
130:Study people who can teach you how to deal with people. ~ Don Meyer,
131:The study of asana is not about mastering posture. ~ B K S Iyengar,
132:The study of law is sublime, and its practice vulgar. ~ Oscar Wilde,
133:We're prisoners, so freedom is a thing we study. ~ Ursula K Le Guin,
134:A. Alvarez
The Savage God:
A Study of Suicide ~ Jon Krakauer,
135:Bible study is the metal that forges a Christian. ~ Charles Spurgeon,
136:Budo is simply the study of the best ways to kill. ~ Masaaki Hatsumi,
137:I want to study, to write to live and have a good time. ~ Ehud Barak,
138:Knowledge is power, power corrupts. Study hard, be evil. ~ Anonymous,
139:Realists do not fear the results of their study. ~ Fyodor Dostoevsky,
140:Study the science of art and the art of science. ~ Leonardo da Vinci,
141:You watch people and study them the way an alien would. ~ Billy West,
142:His father's study smelled of cigarettes and ambition. ~ Stephen King,
143:Realists do not fear the results of their study. ~ Fyodor Dostoyevsky,
144:Study hard so you can find a good company to buy. ~ Robert T Kiyosaki,
145:Sure to prove indispensable for the study of Black Power. ~ Herb Boyd,
146:The novel is a penetrating study of morals and ethics. ~ Bille August,
147:The only art I'll ever study is stuff I can steal from. ~ David Bowie,
148:The proper study of mankind is the science of design. ~ Herbert Simon,
149:History is really a study of the future, not the past. ~ Arundhati Roy,
150:I didn't study Greek mythology in school and I wish I had. ~ Eric Bana,
151:Just study Buddhism. Don't follow the sentiments of the world. ~ Dogen,
152:The more I study science, the more I believe in God. ~ Albert Einstein,
153:The more you study, the more you know; how less you know. ~ Imran Khan,
154:You can't study the darkness by flooding it with light. ~ Edward Abbey,
155:A man without study is a hostage to his own faults. In ~ Sister Souljah,
156:Buddhism is the study of how to be immeasurably happy. ~ Frederick Lenz,
157:day in her father’s study. Relief mingled with guilt as he ~ Kat Martin,
158:I don't study to know more, but to ignore less. ~ Juana In s de la Cruz,
159:I honestly feel very humble when I study Capablanca's games. ~ Max Euwe,
160:I study history because I am interested in the future. ~ Peter Rachleff,
161:No one should go into debt to study creative writing. It ~ Ann Patchett,
162:Optics, developing in us through study, teach us to see. ~ Paul Cezanne,
163:...physics is the study of the structure of consciousness. ~ Gary Zukav,
164:The study of crime begins with the knowledge of oneself. ~ Henry Miller,
165:To study the past is to unlock the prison of the present. ~ Jill Lepore,
166:You have to study a great deal to know a little. ~ Baron de Montesquieu,
167:A good novel is worth more then the best scientific study. ~ Saul Bellow,
168:A learned man is an idler who kills time by study. ~ George Bernard Shaw,
169:For, in his opinion, to study nature was a form of worship. ~ Iain Pears,
170:I...just, i really miss you. So much, i can't even study. ~ Kahlen Aymes,
171:One does not study for a goal. The goal is a mere accident. ~ Alma Gluck,
172:Study the past if you would define the future. --CONFUCIUS ~ Steve Berry,
173:To study the self is to forget the self. Mi casa, su casa. ~ Phil Knight,
174:Truth is simple, requiring neither study nor art. ~ Ammianus Marcellinus,
175:You can study gravity forever without learning how to fly. ~ Shawn Achor,
176:How long must a fish study to understand human motivation? ~ Vernor Vinge,
177:I don't study literature, I read it for enjoyment ~ Isaac Bashevis Singer,
178:Leisure without study is death; it is a tomb for the living man. ~ Seneca,
179:study of Shakespeare helped her to read character, or ~ Louisa May Alcott,
180:The correct unit of study is not the play; it is the scene. ~ David Mamet,
181:The study of Nature is intercourse with the Highest Mind. ~ Louis Agassiz,
182:Utterance is the evidence of foregone study. ~ Elizabeth Barrett Browning,
183:You can't really study people; you can only get to know them. ~ C S Lewis,
184:I would study, I would know, I would admire forever. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
185:Sleep now, Dream will come out; Study now, Dream will come true. ~ Various,
186:succeed, “you must study the endgame before everything else. ~ Peter Thiel,
187:The only art I’ll ever study is stuff that I can steal from. ~ David Bowie,
188:To understand humans, you must study them as a species of animal. ~ RuPaul,
189:Believing God isn’t a book or a Bible study. It’s a lifestyle. ~ Beth Moore,
190:Do not think that you are too busy to study the gospel. ~ M Russell Ballard,
191:If a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics. ~ Francis Bacon,
192:If someone is meeting you in their “study,” they have money. ~ Harlan Coben,
193:If you have only a day to live; fill it with study and sex. ~ M F Moonzajer,
194:I will study and get ready, and perhaps my chance will come. ~ Bill Clinton,
195:I wouldn't want to donate my body for scientific study. ~ Patricia Cornwell,
196:Remember, Christ's scholars must study upon their knees. ~ Charles Spurgeon,
197:The only art I’ll ever study is stuff that I can steal from. ~ Austin Kleon,
198:There are so many things that go into a surgical study. ~ Nicole Ari Parker,
199:The study of sickness is the most poetic of the sciences. ~ Thomas Bernhard,
200:Through study we welcome the light of God into our minds. ~ Brian D McLaren,
201:When women cease to be handsome, they study to be good. ~ Benjamin Franklin,
202:Whether I went to school or not, I would always study.” —RZA ~ Austin Kleon,
203:A friendly study of the world's religions is a sacred duty. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
204:Bitter are the roots of study, but how sweet their fruit. ~ Cato the Younger,
205:Isn't it a pleasure to study and practice what you have learned? ~ Confucius,
206:I want to understand you, I study your obscure language. ~ Alexander Pushkin,
208:Power corrupts. Knowledge is power. Study hard. Be evil. ~ Eleanor Roosevelt,
209:The more we study the more we discover our ignorance. ~ Percy Bysshe Shelley,
210:The more we study, the more we discover our ignorance ~ Percy Bysshe Shelley,
211:There are more men ennobled by study than by nature. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
212:To become a future-teller, one needs only to study history. ~ Marjorie M Liu,
213:To get at the cause for a thing, we must study the effect. ~ Agatha Christie,
214:We want our code to be a quick skim, not an intense study. ~ Robert C Martin,
215:Work. Study. Focus. Dedicate yourself to it and don't give up. ~ Mateus Ward,
216:You prepare. You study. You've got to be ready for anything. ~ Philip Rivers,
217:I could either study meaning or I could experience it. After ~ Paul Kalanithi,
218:I do two things. I design mobile computers and I study brains. ~ Jeff Hawkins,
219:If one's lot is cast among fools, it is necessary to study folly. ~ Anonymous,
220:If you want to be a musician, study your craft. Study music. ~ Billy Eckstine,
221:I really didn't study any music. I just picked it up real quick. ~ Evan Dando,
222:Literature is not a subject of study, but an object of study. ~ Northrop Frye,
223:...primarily the individual is going to study at home. ~ R Buckminster Fuller,
224:See much, study much, suffer much, that is the path to wisdom. ~ Ryan Holiday,
225:Study lends a kind of enchantment to all our surroundings. ~ Honore de Balzac,
226:The study of Nature makes a man at last as remorseless as Nature. ~ H G Wells,
227:the study of numbers to leave numbers, or form to leave form. ~ Josh Waitzkin,
228:to succeed, “you must study the endgame before everything else. ~ Peter Thiel,
229:Were you born stupid, Heinrich, or did you have to study? ~ Robert A Heinlein,
230:Anyone wishing to study medicine must master the art of massage. ~ Hippocrates,
231:I study my mind and therefore all appearances are my texts. ~ Jetsun Milarepa,
232:Looking at yourself in a mirror isn't exactly a study of life. ~ Lauren Bacall,
233:Nature is fun to study, but style is everything. ~ Marc Charles Gabriel Gleyre,
234:So if a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics. ~ Francis Bacon,
235:Study hard, for the well is deep, and our brains are shallow. ~ Richard Baxter,
236:Study the historian before you begin to study the facts. ~ Edward Hallett Carr,
237:The most important thing for a writer is to be locked in a study. ~ Erica Jong,
238:The presidency of Barack Obama is a case study in stupid does. ~ Bret Stephens,
239:To know oneself is to study oneself in action with another person. ~ Bruce Lee,
240:We study natural stupidity instead of artificial intelligence. ~ Michael Lewis,
241:we will encourage more Americans to study in Muslim communities ~ Barack Obama,
242:Cultivate curiosity, and life becomes an unending study of joy. ~ Kevin Horsley,
243:I'd like to become better at writing music by continuing to study it. ~ Seungri,
244:If I wasn't doing modeling, I'd like to study child psychology. ~ Shanina Shaik,
245:Learning by study must be won; 'Twas ne'er entail'd from son to son. ~ John Gay,
246:Observe Nature, study her laws, and obey them in your speaking. ~ Dale Carnegie,
247:So study your rock history, son. That be the Bible of the Blues. ~ Steven Tyler,
248:Study the methods of your competitors and do the exact opposite. ~ David Ogilvy,
249:The early study of Euclid made me a hater of geometry. ~ James Joseph Sylvester,
250:The I Cing is a study in duality and what lies beyond duality. ~ Frederick Lenz,
251:The proper study of mankind is man in his relation to his deity. ~ D H Lawrence,
252:Those who do not study are only cattle dressed up in men's clothes. ~ Confucius,
253:Today we try to identify a gene and then study its properties. ~ Walter Gilbert,
254:True definition of science: the study of the beauty of the world. ~ Simone Weil,
255:We have to study with our warm heart, not just with our brain. ~ Shunryu Suzuki,
256:Why don't you study for me, too, so I don't have to? ~ Courtney Allison Moulton,
257:You should study more to understand that you know little. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
258:God has made us study partner. We need to talk about our project. ~ Isaac Marion,
259:I didn’t study it for my career; I studied it for my soul. ~ Heather Lynn Rigaud,
260:If we study merely what is average, we will remain merely average. ~ Shawn Achor,
261:If we study what is merely average, we will remain merely average. ~ Shawn Achor,
262:I want to understand you,
I study your obscure language. ~ Alexander Pushkin,
263:The more we study, the more we discover our ignorance.
   ~ Percy Bysshe Shelley,
264:Economics is the study of how society manages its scarce resources. ~ Greg Mankiw,
265:Finally, how much you should study doctrine depends on your schedule. ~ Anonymous,
266:months of study to learn how to form the bones and joints so ~ Charlie N Holmberg,
267:Shakespeare will never be made by the study of Shakespeare. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
268:The real preparation for education is the study of one's self. ~ Maria Montessori,
269:The study of what is excellent is food for the mind and body. ~ Leonardo da Vinci,
270:Those who do not study their businesses do not stay in business. ~ Orrin Woodward,
271:When I can't do something, this always impels me to study it. ~ Theodore Sturgeon,
272:By giving us stories like Joseph's, God allows us to study his plans. ~ Max Lucado,
273:By giving us stories like Joseph’s, God allows us to study his plans. ~ Max Lucado,
274:I could never lead a Bible study; I don't know Scripture that well. ~ Gail Buckley,
275:If one's lot is cast among fools it is necessary to study folly. ~ Alexandre Dumas,
276:I'm always hungry to learn. I always look for something that I can study. ~ Hiromi,
277:Is is said that those who study the ways of ambition learn patience. ~ Jean Plaidy,
278:Keep a bad drawing until by study you have found out why it is bad. ~ Robert Henri,
279:Of making many books there is no end, and much study wearies the body. ~ Anonymous,
280:Sometimes you need to be forced to study what's right in front of you. ~ Anne Rice,
281:The proper study of a wise man is not how to die but how to live. ~ Baruch Spinoza,
282:The study of Indian economics is the study of the spinning wheel. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
283:To study is not to consume ideas, but to create and re-create them. ~ Paulo Freire,
284:To study the abnormal is the best way of understanding the normal. ~ William James,
285:An hour of study, for the modern apostle, is an hour of prayer. ~ Josemaria Escriva,
286:Experts step outside their comfort zone and study themselves failing. ~ Joshua Foer,
287:I do not read the ancient languages, but I am beginning to study Greek. ~ Anne Rice,
288:If I had to do it all over again, I would speak less and study more. ~ Billy Graham,
289:If one’s lot is cast among fools, it is necessary to study folly. ~ Alexandre Dumas,
290:In the study of the fine arts, they mutually assist each other. ~ Benjamin Disraeli,
291:I preferred to study those subjects that were of interest to me. ~ Philip Emeagwali,
292:I will study and prepare myself, and someday my chance will come. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
293:Leisure without study is death, and the grave of a living man. ~ Seneca the Younger,
294:The human mind, with all its mystery, bears endless study. Doesn’t it? ~ Lisa Unger,
295:To study and not think is a waste. To think and not study is dangerous. ~ Confucius,
296:We study what we can see, but what we see is not always what exists. ~ Paulo Coelho,
297:You are not educated if all you have achieved is the study of ten books. ~ Sai Baba,
298:Above all I commend the study of Christ. Let Him be your library. ~ Charles Spurgeon,
299:Faith Works’ only tools were prayer, bible study and church attendance, ~ Dan Barker,
300:History isn’t something you study. It’s something you should just know. ~ Kiera Cass,
301:I was born in New York, so I'd love to study at New York University. ~ Saoirse Ronan,
302:The greatest object in educating is to give a right habit of study. ~ Maria Mitchell,
303:The more power you have, the more your voice reflects it, study suggests ~ Anonymous,
304:Those who study just one country end up
understanding no country. ~ Jared Diamond,
305:Thousands of experts study overbought indicators, oversold indicators, ~ Peter Lynch,
306:Traditionalists often study what is taught, not what there is to create. ~ Ed Parker,
307:We study history in order to intervene in the course of history. ~ Adolf von Harnack,
308:With a little study you'll go a long ways, and I wish you'd start now ~ Groucho Marx,
309:If you do not study, the inertia will go on increasing.
   ~ The Mother, On Education,
310:There are people who study germs. I believe they are called Germans ~ Ellen DeGeneres,
311:to study the chapters before Sunday ~ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints,
312:Women were forbidden to study the most ancient sacred text, the Veda, ~ Wendy Doniger,
313:Women were forbidden to study the most ancient sacred text, the Veda. ~ Wendy Doniger,
314:Chocolate is medicinal. I just did another study that confirms it. ~ Michelle M Pillow,
315:Even beauty diminishes with study. It is better to glance than gawk. ~ Josiah Bancroft,
316:He would usually study with a small group of students, men and women. ~ Frederick Lenz,
317:I study how governments seek to stifle and control online dissent. ~ Rebecca MacKinnon,
318:My theory was that what I had to do was make a study of human behavior. ~ A E van Vogt,
319:Natural abilities are like natural plants; they need pruning by study. ~ Francis Bacon,
320:Of all the women in Venkatesh’s study, 83 percent were drug addicts. ~ Steven D Levitt,
321:Prayer without study would be empty. Study without prayer would be blind. ~ Karl Barth,
322:The more I study, the more insatiable do I feel my genius for it to be. ~ Ada Lovelace,
323:The only art I’ll ever study is stuff that I can steal from.” —David Bowie ~ Anonymous,
324:There are no enemies in science, professor, only phenomena to study. ~ Charles Lederer,
325:While there I began to study the Asian religions as theories of mind. ~ Daniel Goleman,
326:By perseverance, study, and eternal desire, any man can become great. ~ George S Patton,
327:Culture is the study of perfection, and the constant effort to achieve it. ~ Allen Tate,
328:If you want the present to be different from the past, study the past. ~ Baruch Spinoza,
329:I glanced across the table at Nathan, whose face was a study in neutrality ~ Jojo Moyes,
330:I'm a bit of a fraud, really, as I didn't study acting at a drama school. ~ Celia Imrie,
331:I'm hopeful that we'll be able to study the ocean before we destroy it. ~ James Cameron,
332:I'm not a comedian. I didn't study sketch comedy; my background isn't that. ~ Paul Rudd,
333:Intellectuals are people who go to study things other people do naturally. ~ Bill Cosby,
334:See, Lola,” he spoke quietly, “this is why you shouldn’t study literature. ~ J S Cooper,
335:The study of mathematics is apt to commence in disappointment. ~ Alfred North Whitehead,
336:To study the Way is to study the self. To study the self is to forget the self. ~ Dogen,
337:Art is not a study of positive reality, it is the seeking for ideal truth. ~ John Ruskin,
338:Economics is haunted by more fallacies than any other study known to man ~ Henry Hazlitt,
339:In the usual course of study I had come to a book of a certain Cicero. ~ Saint Augustine,
340:I started to realize I love study, I love the study of human behavior. ~ Jake Gyllenhaal,
341:It is one thing to study war and another to live the warrior's life. ~ Steven Pressfield,
342:It is one thing to study war and another to live the warrior’s life. ~ Steven Pressfield,
343:Mathematicians do not study objects, but the relations between objects. ~ Henri Poincare,
344:Never regard study as a duty, but as the enviable opportunity to learn ~ Albert Einstein,
345:Observation and study are necessary to achieve mastery of light and form ~ Andrew Loomis,
346:Parties, boys, lavish events, boys, study groups, boys. Need I say more? ~ Kandi Steiner,
347:Study's overrated. Just find someone smart to copy off. -Adrian to Lissa ~ Richelle Mead,
348:Study, that is the best way to understand.
   ~ The Mother, More Answers From The Mother,
349:The most difficult step in the study of language is the first step. ~ Leonard Bloomfield,
350:To study and at times practice what one has learned, is this not a pleasure? ~ Confucius,
351:To study philosophy is nothing but to prepare one’s self to die. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
352:Al Gore's performances could be a case study in abnormal-psychology classes. ~ Rich Lowry,
353:but once a busy season has passed, we should revisit our commitment to study. ~ Anonymous,
354:Don't you study about other folks's business till you take care of your own. ~ Harper Lee,
355:Don’t you study about other folks’s business till you take care of your own. ~ Harper Lee,
356:Let no one delay the study of philosophy while young nor weary of it when old. ~ Epicurus,
357:Psychology is ultimately mythology, the study of the stories of the soul. ~ James Hillman,
358:Sarah Pomeroy, in her careful study, Goddesses, Whores, Wives, and Slaves, ~ Margot Adler,
359:The only art I’ll ever study is stuff that I can steal from.” —David Bowie ~ Austin Kleon,
360:To change bad habits, we must study the habits of successful role models. ~ Jack Canfield,
361:At fifteen my mind was directed to study, and at thirty I knew where to stand. ~ Confucius,
362:By faithful study of the nobler arts, our nature's softened, and more gentle grows. ~ Ovid,
363:I don't know why anyone would want to study the expansion of the universe. ~ Ronald Reagan,
364:I don't sit around and study the pages of a script over and over again. ~ Genevieve Bujold,
365:If you wish to study a granfalloon, Just remove the skin of a toy balloon. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
366:I made a study of the ancient and indispensable art of bread-making, ~ Henry David Thoreau,
367:I'm not a quick study, so I'm always struggling for my words right up until. ~ Sam Elliott,
368:It is difficult to understand the universe if you only study one planet ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
369:It was in the 1960s that I began the detailed study of public regulation. ~ George Stigler,
370:The joy of learning is as indispensable in study as breathing is in running. ~ Simone Weil,
371:The joy of learning is as indispensable in study as breathing is to running. ~ Simone Weil,
372:To know oneself is to study oneself in action, which is relationship. ~ Jiddu Krishnamurti,
373:You can tell when they’re coming for you if you study their faces. ~ Jeremy Robert Johnson,
374:All abstract sciences are nothing but the study of relations between signs. ~ Denis Diderot,
375:Coming from the University of Miami, I developed really good study habits. ~ Jonathan Vilma,
376:I now attend non-orthodox synagogues, and study little during the secular week. ~ Luke Ford,
377:No battle can be won in the study, and theory without practice is dead. ~ Alexander Suvorov,
378:None of us can study anything properly unless we do it with our whole being. ~ Mary Midgley,
379:Of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the flesh. ~ Solomon,
380:Study of the past often turns into love of the past and a desire to keep it. ~ A J P Taylor,
381:Study people's success stories hard. Study their failures even harder. ~ Sylvester Stallone,
382:Study the Bible like a soldier on a mission, not a scholar on a sabbatical. ~ Mark Driscoll,
383:The beggar is the only person in the universe not obliged to study appearance. ~ Don Herold,
384:The profit we possess after study is to have become better and wiser. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
385:The solution "cost me study that robbed me of rest for an entire night." ~ Johann Bernoulli,
386:Through the study of books one seeks God; by meditation one finds him. ~ Pio of Pietrelcina,
387:To study Buddhism is to study ourselves. To study ourselves is to forget ourselves. ~ Dogen,
388:When night hath set her silver lamp high, Then is the time for study. ~ Philip James Bailey,
389:You can't study to be an entrepreneur. Sometimes, you just have to jump. ~ Barbara Corcoran,
390:You lack the requisite spine and testicular fortitude to study under me. ~ Patrick Rothfuss,
391:You'll come to learn a great deal if you study the Insignificant in depth ~ Odysseus Elytis,
392:allow future generations to study the events of that apocalyptic decade without ~ Max Brooks,
393:Be an individual, work hard, study, get your mind straight, and trust nobody. ~ Tupac Shakur,
394:Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher. ~ Jim Afremow,
395:Great risks come in long term, tremendously assiduous, very courageous study. ~ William Hurt,
396:Just about anyone can pass if they have a home computer and are a quick study. ~ Larry Davis,
397:Making mountains out of molehills sells more books than a study of molehills. ~ Cliff Asness,
398:Nothing can be gained by extensive study and wide reading. Give them up immediately. ~ D gen,
399:Of writing well, be sure, the secret lies
In wisdom :therefore study to be wise. ~ Horace,
400:The best way to predict the future is to create it. You do that by study. ~ James Scott Bell,
401:The best way to predict the future is to study the past, or prognosticate. ~ Robert Kiyosaki,
402:The Jews have always been students, and their greatest study is themselves. ~ Albert Goldman,
403:The Spirit is not given to make Bible study needless, but to make it effective. ~ J I Packer,
404:The study of the past is the main portal through which culture is acquired. ~ Joseph Epstein,
405:They who study mankind with a whip in their hands will always go wrong. ~ Frederick Douglass,
406:You'll come to learn a great deal if you study the Insignificant in depth. ~ Odysseas Elytis,
407:BY the study of different RELIGIONS we find that in essence they are one. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
408:By the time there is a case study about your industry, you are already too late. ~ Seth Godin,
409:Don't try to be like Jackie. There is only one Jackie. Study computers instead. ~ Jackie Chan,
410:Do your homework, study the craft, believe in yourself, and out-work everyone. ~ Justin Hires,
411:I cannot remember a time when I did not want to go to Africa to study animals. ~ Jane Goodall,
412:It is equally important to investigate wellness as it is to study misery. ~ Sonja Lyubomirsky,
413:My graduate study was interrupted, like that of many others, by World War II. ~ Kenneth Arrow,
414:Only a monopolist could study a business and ruin it by giving away products. ~ Scott McNealy,
415:Statistics began as the systematic study of quantitative facts about the state. ~ Ian Hacking,
416:Study nature, love nature, stay close to nature. It will never fail you. ~ Frank Lloyd Wright,
417:study nature, love nature, stay close to nature. It will never fail you. ~ Frank Lloyd Wright,
418:There is a low mist in the woods—
It is a good day to study lichens. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
419:The whole secret of the study of nature lies in learning how to use one's eyes. ~ George Sand,
420:Third, how much you should study doctrine depends on your level of influence. Are ~ Anonymous,
421:We look harder for flaws in a study when we don't agree with its conclusions. ~ Sharon Begley,
422:I study the people in the class, in a somewhat dreamy math-soundtracked daze. ~ David Levithan,
423:I think sometimes you can study guys and build them into giants that they are not. ~ Ryan Hall,
424:It is perilous to study too deeply the arts of the Enemy, for good or for ill. ~ J R R Tolkien,
425:Know thyself, presume not God to scan;
The proper study of mankind is man. ~ Alexander Pope,
426:Many quote scripture, less study it, and even fewer live it. ~ T F HodgeT.F. Hodge ~ T F Hodge,
427:Novelists should never allow themselves to weary of the study of real life. ~ Charlotte Bronte,
428:Second, how much you should study doctrine depends on your personal history. Study ~ Anonymous,
429:Study me in my slow and patient demise. Watch what happens to me. Learn with me. ~ Mitch Albom,
430:The academic study of literature leads basically nowhere, as we all know, ~ Michel Houellebecq,
431:The end of our study consists merely in recovering our heart that we have lost. ~ id. VI. I.XI,
432:To say this, however, is not to claim that it was the object of theoretical study. ~ Aristotle,
433:You will be nearer to Heaven through foot ball than through study of Gita. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
434:A scientific or technical study always consists of the following three steps: ~ Genichi Taguchi,
435:But if that's what you want to be, that's what you will be - as long as you study. ~ Bill Cosby,
436:I don't read, much less follow, the valuations or predictions. I study the numbers. ~ John Neff,
437:If we’re not careful, we can replace study of the Bible with study about the Bible. ~ Anonymous,
438:If you wish to write well, study the life about you,--life in the public streets. ~ Horace Mann,
439:informal study identified three distinct patterns of drinking from containers: ~ James McQuivey,
440:I refused [to study under Rodin] because nothing grows under large trees. ~ Constantin Brancusi,
441:I study more of truth and enlightening. I had to go the next level to talk about life. ~ Jet Li,
442:It was almost forbidden in the Soviet Union to study the New Economic Policy. ~ Anatoly Chubais,
443:Men were first led to the study of philosophy, as indeed they are today, by wonder. ~ Aristotle,
444:My study is NOT as a climatologist, but from a completely different perspective in ~ Burt Rutan,
445:No man can live a happy life, or even a supportable life, without the study of wisdom. ~ Seneca,
446:Of making many books there is no end: and much study is an affliction of the flesh. ~ Anonymous,
447:Sometimes you have to go outside your field of study to find the right people. ~ Temple Grandin,
448:Study history, study history. In history lie all the secrets of statecraft. ~ Winston Churchill,
449:Study without reflection is a waste of time; reflection without study is dangerous. ~ Confucius,
450:That's a very high goal to have, study eight hours a day to be a concert pianist. ~ Nina Simone,
451:The beautiful thing about studying abroad is that you don’t study very much. ~ Stephanie Wilson,
452:The cultivation theory has been widely used in the study of violence in television. ~ Anonymous,
453:The noblest of all studies is the study of what man is and of what life he should live. ~ Plato,
454:The way out of a trap is to study the trap itself, learn how it is built. ~ Henepola Gunaratana,
455:W. Bush’s life is a case study in the insidious affirmative action for the rich. ~ Chris Hedges,
456:When you study in the Scripture, the Scripture clearly teaches we're not our own. ~ Bill Bright,
457:Youth is the time to study wisdom; old age is the time to practice it. ~ Jean Baptiste Rousseau,
458:156. "By faithful study of the nobler arts, our nature's softened, and more gentle grows. ~ Ovid,
459:An American religion: Work, play, breathe, bathe, study, live, laugh, and love. ~ Elbert Hubbard,
460:It don't make much difference what you study, so long as you don't like it. ~ Finley Peter Dunne,
461:Know then thyself, presume not God to scan; The proper study of mankind is man. ~ Alexander Pope,
462:My colleagues, they study artificial intelligence; me, I study natural stupidity. ~ Amos Tversky,
463:Rick Steiner is so stupid, he once stayed up all night to study for a urine test. ~ Jim Cornette,
464:Study institutions may become visible when the head is more emptied of imaginings. ~ Idries Shah,
465:The great wars of the present age are the effects of the study of history. ~ Friedrich Nietzsche,
466:The yearning for study was always there. I loved to learn. I really enjoyed studying ~ Nola Ochs,
467:I know how men think when they're not responding to questions in a clinical study. ~ Steve Harvey,
468:I now opened my Bible and began to study, and faith has been growing ever since. ~ Dwight L Moody,
469:In the usual course of study I had come to a book of a certain Cicero. ~ Saint Augustine of Hippo,
470:I think reading the novels definitely was a good source for me to study from. ~ Laura Vandervoort,
471:people who study others are wise but those who study themselves are enlightened. ~ Robin S Sharma,
472:Try to study yourself and what is inside you, as the entire world lies in you. ~ Stephen Richards,
473:We study history not to be clever in another time, but to be wise always. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
474:(a preliminary study hints that Varanasi may be as old as the Harappan cities).24 ~ Sanjeev Sanyal,
475:Believing God isn’t a book, however. It’s not a Bible study either. It’s a lifestyle. ~ Beth Moore,
476:But thou, my son, study to make prevail One colour in thy life, the hue of truth. ~ Matthew Arnold,
477:History would be a revelation of the future as much as it was a study of the past. ~ Arundhati Roy,
478:Human nature refers to what is in people but which they cannot study or work at achieving. ~ Xunzi,
479:I'd like to study the drawings of kids. That's where the truth is, without a doubt. ~ Andre Derain,
480:If you wait until there is another case study in your industry, you will be too late! ~ Seth Godin,
481:I once heard philosophy defined as ‘the study of things that no one understands. ~ E William Brown,
482:I think what you study and what you believe in has an influence in the way you live. ~ Mark Martin,
483:I wanted so badly to study ballet, but it was really all about wearing the tutu. ~ Elle Macpherson,
484:Level 5 leaders are a study in duality: modest and willful, humble and fearless. ~ James C Collins,
485:My colleagues, they study artificial intelligence. Me? I study natural stupidity. ~ Robert H Frank,
486:Past scholars studied to improve themselves; Today's scholars study to impress others. ~ Confucius,
487:People who study others are wise, but those who study themselves are enlightened. ~ Robin S Sharma,
488:Sir, if a man has a mind to prance, he must study at Christ Church and All Souls. ~ Samuel Johnson,
489:Some may study side by side, and yet be asunder when they come to the logic of things. ~ Confucius,
490:Study history, study history. In history lies all the secrets of statecraft. ~ Winston S Churchill,
491:Therefore, O students, study mathematics and do not build without foundations. ~ Leonardo da Vinci,
492:There's no right or wrong in the study of enlightenment. There's only experience. ~ Frederick Lenz,
493:The study of economy usually shows us that the best time for purchase was last year. ~ Woody Allen,
494:Well, what is acting but the study of human behavior? And that's so fascinating to me. ~ Amy Smart,
495:Wherever we go, whatever we do, self is the sole subject we study and learn. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
496:You ask professors to study things, but you never put them in charge of anything. ~ Niall Ferguson,
497:Your life can be different, Young Ju. Study and be strong. In America, women have choices. ~ An Na,
498:A study of economics usually reveals that the best time to buy anything is last year. ~ Marty Allen,
499:Be extra careful. Study negators. Don’t let them destroy your plans for success. ~ David J Schwartz,
500:If you haven’t yet discovered and developed your style, study other communicators. ~ John C Maxwell,
501:Like good sex, driving the car was a study in exhilarating restraint and control. ~ Jennifer Ashley,
502:My parents were skeptical about me becoming a footballer and encouraged me to study. ~ Carles Puyol,
503:put an intention in your hearts. Intend to study because of Allah, lillahi taala. -47 ~ Ahmad Fuadi,
504:The more you study the Word of God, the more it saturates your mind and life. ~ John F MacArthur Jr,
505:The profound study of nature is the most fertile source of mathematical discovery. ~ Joseph Fourier,
506:The purpose of studying Buddhism is not to study Buddhism, but to study ourselves. ~ Shunryu Suzuki,
507:The purpose of the study of judo is to perfect yourself and to contribute to society. ~ Kano Jigoro,
508:There is no better way to exercise the imagination than the study of the law. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
509:The, amateurs discuss tactics,.... Professional soldiers study logistics. ~ Tom Clancy,
510:To acquire knowledge, one must study; but to acquire wisdom, one must observe. ~ Marilyn vos Savant,
511:You can't study comedy; it's within you. It's a personality. My humor is an attitude. ~ Don Rickles,
512:Any time you have coaching changes and things like that, you go and study everything. ~ Dabo Swinney,
513:A school without football is in danger of deteriorating into a medieval study hall. ~ Vince Lombardi,
514:I fell asleep right away. It was a deep sleep, the kind I used to enjoy in study hall. ~ Jeff Strand,
515:If you study life deeply, its profundity will seize you suddenly with dizziness. ~ Albert Schweitzer,
516:If you study science deep enough and long enough, it will force you to believe in God. ~ Lord Kelvin,
517:If you want to study the social and political history of modern nations, study hell. ~ Thomas Merton,
518:Microeconomists no longer just study how existing firms work, they help design new ones. ~ Anonymous,
519:One can study a caterpillar forever and never be able to predict a butterfly. ~ R Buckminster Fuller,
520:study. Something you can write up for the American Society of Shrinks—otherwise known ~ Lisa Gardner,
521:Study without desire spoils the memory, and it retains nothing that it takes in. ~ Leonardo da Vinci,
522:There is no better way to exercise the imagination than the study of the law. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
523:The study of books is a drowsy and feeble exercise which does not warm you up. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
524:We are forced to respect the gifts of nature, which study and fortune cannot give. ~ Luc de Clapiers,
525:When you want to know how things really work, study them when they're coming apart. ~ William Gibson,
526:Accordion to a study 95% of people don't realize when a word is replaced by an instrument ~ Anonymous,
527:All creative people hate mathematics. It's the most uncreative subject you can study. ~ Alec Guinness,
528:... a recent study showed they were our closest relatives, sharing 98.7% of our DNA. ~ Eliot Schrefer,
529:But it is possible to study until one has studied oneself deep into error. ~ Gotthold Ephraim Lessing,
530:First study the science, and then practice the art which is born of that science. ~ Leonardo da Vinci,
531:He who studies but does not think is lost; he who thinks but does not study is dangerous. ~ Confucius,
532:Life is about juggling obligations, Valerie. You need to study smarter, not harder. ~ Caroline Hanson,
533:Study Chairman Mao's writings, follow his teachings and act according to his instructions. ~ Lin Biao,
534:The beginning and ending of the secret of handling Arabs is unremitting study of them. ~ T E Lawrence,
535:The courage of the truth is the first condition of philosophic study. ~ Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,
536:The study of history is useful to the historian by teaching him his ignorance of women. ~ Henry Adams,
537:We have to consciously study how to be tender with each other until it becomes a habit. ~ Audre Lorde,
538:2005 study of British chiropractors found that 77 per cent did not seek informed consent. ~ Nick Cohen,
539:And I feel it happen--silent and study as a feather, a piece of my soul becomes his. ~ Kristen Simmons,
540:Culture is properly described as the love of perfection; it is a study of perfection. ~ Matthew Arnold,
541:For how long is it a duty to study the Law? To the day of death. ~ Maimonides, Mishneh Torah (c. 1180),
542:I love talking about women because they are a constant study and you're always learning. ~ Mario Lopez,
543:It is only slightly overstating the case to say that physics is the study of symmetry. ~ Dave Goldberg,
544:It's always important to take time to study men -- important men. Friends and enemies. ~ James Clavell,
545:I was always self-taught, there was no-one to study with when I was doing composition. ~ Richard Meale,
546:now there are many that study more to gain parties to themselves, than to gain souls to God. ~ Various,
547:The best way to learn about writing is to study the work of other writers you admire. ~ Jeffery Deaver,
548:the phrase “Bible study” doesn’t have to be synonymous with “gossip and gripe session. ~ Sophie Hudson,
549:The study of theology, as it stands in the Christian churches, is the study of nothing. ~ Thomas Paine,
550:We are better able to study our neighbours than ourselves, and their actions than our own. ~ Aristotle,
551:Without the study of Samskrit one cannot become a true Indian and a true learned man. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
552:Writing is a lonely way of life. You shut yourself up in your study and work and work. ~ Philip K Dick,
553:Because they study it all the time, they think they are investing—but they’re not. Figure ~ Gary Keller,
554:Behind every effect there is a cause. To know the reason for any action, study its cause. ~ Suzy Kassem,
555:Do not say, 'When I have leisure, I will study,' because you may never have leisure. ~ Hillel the Elder,
556:I chose as my supervisor a professor who allowed me to continue to study what I wanted. ~ Carlo Rovelli,
557:If you wish to have leisure for your mind, either be a poor man, or resemble a poor man. Study ~ Seneca,
558:I once tried thinking for an entire day, but I found it less valuable than one moment of study. ~ Xunzi,
559:Literature is an easier way to study acting, because then you can take any kind of spin. ~ Shia LaBeouf,
560:Move well, study well, play well, eat well, rest well - That is the turtle master way! ~ Akira Toriyama,
561:Science is a smorgasbord, and Google will guide you to the study that’s right for you. ~ Jonathan Haidt,
562:Science is a smorgasbord, and google will guide you to the study that's right for you. ~ Jonathan Haidt,
563:science is a smorgasbord, and google will guide you to the study that's right for you. ~ Jonathan Haidt,
564:Study as though you cannot catch up to it, and as though you fear you are going to lose it. ~ Confucius,
565:Study to know Him more and more, for the more you know, the more you will love Him. ~ George Whitefield,
566:Success is the study of the obvious. Everyone should take Obvious 1 and Obvious 2 in school. ~ Jim Rohn,
567:The best way to learn how to become trustworthy is to study other trustworthy people. ~ Jeffrey Gitomer,
568:The way of the mind is to study many things; the way of the Beingness is to focus on one thing. ~ Mooji,
569:Those who say that the study of science makes a man an atheist, must be rather silly people. ~ Max Born,
570:A man will not need to study history to find out what is best for his own culture. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
571:...and when one says student, one says Parisian: to study in Paris is to be born in Paris. ~ Victor Hugo,
572:Everything written has a political bearing, even in the case of a study on bees. ~ Maurice Merleau Ponty,
573:If you can't understand a study, the problem is with the study, not with you. ~ Seth Stephens Davidowitz,
574:I guess you don’t study Latin and Greek if you don’t like putting in the hours. ~ Rosemary Clement Moore,
575:It is beyond ridiculous that wolves need to study a human or that they are capable of it. ~ L David Mech,
576:It is the common defect of modern art study. Too many students do not know why they draw. ~ Robert Henri,
577:It's great to get out of the study and work with real living and breathing people. ~ Christopher Hampton,
578:It took the full force of human genetics to bring sanity to the study of madness. ~ Siddhartha Mukherjee,
579:One who will study for three years. Without thought of reward. Would be hard indeed to find. ~ Confucius,
580:Political Economy or Economics is a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life. ~ Alfred Marshall,
581:Six hours in sleep, in law's grave study six,Four spend in prayer, the rest on Nature fix. ~ Edward Coke,
582:Study me in my slow and patient demise. Watch what happens to me. Learn with me." -Morrie- ~ Mitch Albom,
583:Study the terrain. If you can’t move yourself, find something that moves the world. ~ Karen Marie Moning,
584:The study of medicine was, in its own way, something to love in place of a missing family. ~ Noah Gordon,
585:Through the study of books one seeks God; by meditation one finds him. ~ Saint Padre Pio of Pietrelcina,
586:until they are twenty, but they study only three things: horsemanship, archery, and honesty. ~ Anonymous,
587:We must study things we will never use, but which someone told us were important to know. ~ Paulo Coelho,
588:Ability is inborn, but only intense study brings out its potential. It takes endurance. ~ Mark Del Franco,
589:A study shows breast implants can cause nausea and dizziness... from all the free drinks. ~ Craig Kilborn,
590:College students who tend to study alone learn more over time than those who work in groups. ~ Susan Cain,
591:In the big picture, life is not about grades. Life is about what you choose to study. ~ Robert T Kiyosaki,
592:Leisure without study is death—a tomb for the living person.” —SENECA, MORAL LETTERS, 82.4 ~ Ryan Holiday,
593:one extra hour of study per day and you 'll be a national expert in five years or less ~ Earl Nightingale,
594:Stop judging how everyone else treats their faith and study your own,” George had counseled. ~ Robyn Carr,
595:Study your prayers, a great part of my time is spent getting in tune for prayer. ~ Robert Murray M Cheyne,
596:There is no study that is not capable of delighting us after a little application to it. ~ Alexander Pope,
597:You can study a face all you want, but you never really know what lies beneath the mask. ~ Tess Gerritsen,
598:But his study was so dim and close, and it gave off the salty inky smell of mental fidgeting. ~ Anne Tyler,
599:I don't look at other photographs much at all. I don't know why. I study my own a lot. ~ William Eggleston,
600:I find that through the study of women, you get to the heart - the truth - of the culture. ~ Shirin Neshat,
601:I study these things.I'm an academic.I don't get tangled up in trivial matters of the heart. ~ Lauren Kate,
602:I think there are people who's lives have been saved because of the study of the genome. ~ Francis Collins,
603:It's a shame to be called "educated" those who do not study the ancient Greek writers. ~ Francois Rabelais,
604:Of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the flesh. ~ Ecclesiastes, XII, 12.,
605:Politics cannot stop to study psychology Its methods are rough; its judgments rougher still. ~ Henry Adams,
606:Scientists study the world as it is, engineers create the world that never has been. ~ Theodore von Karman,
607:Study, analyse the social structure - that's always far more effective than moralising. ~ Vincent Van Gogh,
608:Study depends on the goodwill of the student, a quality that cannot be secured by compulsion. ~ Quintilian,
609:Study it yourself. If I told you, you would not know; you simply would have been told. ~ Robert A Heinlein,
610:There is no study that is not capable of delighting us, after a little application to it. ~ Alexander Pope,
611:The study of mathematics is, if an unprofitable, a perfectly harmless and innocent occupation. ~ G H Hardy,
612:What is called eloquence in the forum is commonly found to be rhetoric in the study. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
613:Words play an enormous part in our lives and are therefore deserving of the closest study. ~ Aldous Huxley,
614:Zen is the study of mind in all of its manifestations. The purpose of Zen is to be happy. ~ Frederick Lenz,
615:A study of family portraits is enough to convert a man to the theory of reincarnation. ~ Arthur Conan Doyle,
616:Contrary to many young Colleagues, I do believe that it makes sense to study the Classics. ~ Magnus Carlsen,
617:economy is the art of making the most of life.” Economics is the study of how we do that. ~ Charles Wheelan,
618:First I went to the Sorbonne to do my licence en lettres, but I also started to study law. ~ Claude Chabrol,
619:For me, I always study the last games that have been played, not what happened in the past. ~ Fabio Capello,
620:I study theology in the works of creation and find in it new reasons for adoring the creator. ~ Jan Potocki,
621:It is extraordinary to have time to again study Le nozze di Figaro and discover new things. ~ Riccardo Muti,
622:It's different for you and me. You study, you become enlightened; I study, I become confused. ~ Leo Tolstoy,
623:Learn as much by writing as by reading. ~ John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, The Study Of History (1895).,
624:Music study presents a natural, here-and-now route to selfknowledge and self-integration. ~ William Westney,
625:Study: concentration of the mind on whatever will ultimately put something in your pocket. ~ Elbert Hubbard,
626:Study the public behavior of top stars and you can detect a keen attentiveness to brand value. ~ Peter Bart,
627:The more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creator.” —Louis Pasteur ~ Randy Alcorn,
628:The universe is so amazing and so limitless, who wouldn't want to study the universe? ~ Neil deGrasse Tyson,
629:true fidelity consists in never neglecting prayer, study, meditation and fasting. ~ Omraam Mikha l A vanhov,
630:every study of the gods, of everyone’s gods, is a revelation of vengeance toward the innocent. ~ John Irving,
631:I knew I wanted to be an artist at age 5 or 6. I always drew. At 8, I was permitted to study. ~ Hedda Sterne,
632:I made a commitment that when I was again free, I would study subjects I knew nothing about. ~ Leo Thorsness,
633:I think astronomy is a bad study for you. It makes you feel human insignificance too plainly. ~ Thomas Hardy,
634:I was actually a pretty good student. My problem was that I didn't know what I wanted to study. ~ Mila Kunis,
635:Kinsey was trying to study sex scientifically, get rid of the overlay of culture and religion. ~ Bill Condon,
636:My study of religion, which I regard in many ways as an art form, is a search for meaning. ~ Karen Armstrong,
637:Study after study shows that happiness precedes important outcomes and indicators of thriving. ~ Shawn Achor,
638:Study the assumptions behind your actions. Then study the assumptions behind your assumptions. ~ Idries Shah,
639:The student of politics therefore as well as the psychologist must study the nature of the soul. ~ Aristotle,
640:The study and practice of law ... does not dissolve the obligations of morality or of religion. ~ John Adams,
641:The study of human institutions is always a search for the most tolerable imperfections. ~ Richard A Epstein,
642:the study of psychophysics proves that it is impossible to bore a German.” Thankfully, ~ Michael S Gazzaniga,
643:What the study of history and artistic creation have in common is a mode of forming images. ~ Johan Huizinga,
644:Winter is the time for study, you know, and the colder it is the more studious we are. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
645:A recent police study found that you're much more likely to get shot by a fat cop if you run. ~ Dennis Miller,
646:Faith in God can produce any miracle except one-passing an examination without study. ~ Paramahansa Yogananda,
647:Faith in God can produce any miracle except one—passing an examination without study. ~ Paramahansa Yogananda,
648:Find a teacher and devote yourself to the study, but in a balanced way, not a fanatical way. ~ Frederick Lenz,
649:I must study politics and war that my sons may have liberty to study mathematics and philosophy. ~ John Adams,
650:I study myself more than any other subject. That is my metaphysics, that is my physics. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
651:I think a lot of people study the rules too much and then don't know how to be creative. ~ Julian Casablancas,
652:Many artists use their own lives as a kind of case study to examine what it's like to be human. ~ Terry Gross,
653:Mathematics is the study of anything that obeys the rules of logic, using the rules of logic. ~ Eugenia Cheng,
654:Meditation is a powerful and full study as can effectually taste and employ themselves. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
655:My biggest mentor is myself because I've had to study, so that's been my biggest influence. ~ Brendan Rodgers,
656:Note too that a faithful study of the liberal arts humanizes character and permits it not to be cruel. ~ Ovid,
657:People with a lot of theological study and no prayer life are dangerous... and not in a good way. ~ Mark Hart,
658:The cost of praising someone is nil - but every psychological study shows the payoff is huge. ~ Harvey Mackay,
659:There is no difference in who started to study first; the one who achieves accomplishment is first. ~ Yip Man,
660:The study of law was devoid of politics, of pettiness, of bad judges and incompetent attorneys. ~ Marti Green,
661:When I'm 40, too old to be a rock star, I plan to go back to college to study classical music. ~ Chris Martin,
662:You will ever remember that all the end of study is to make you a good man and a useful citizen. ~ John Adams,
663:Cicero says—[Tusc., i. 31.]—"that to study philosophy is nothing but to prepare one's self to die. ~ Anonymous,
664:Good pictures, Curtis explained, are not products of chance, but come from long hours of study. ~ Timothy Egan,
665:If I had found out anything, it was that they could print it faster than I could study it. ~ Robert A Heinlein,
666:In antiquity men studied for their own sake; nowadays men study for the sake of impressing others. ~ Confucius,
667:I study philosophy after my dinner, but the dinner is not the cause o my studying philosophy. ~ Fulton J Sheen,
668:I tend to think that the best face of humanity is that we learn. We explore, we study, we think. ~ Kurt Busiek,
669:Let us study things that are no more. It is necessary to understand them, if only to avoid them. ~ Victor Hugo,
670:Slartibartfast's study was a total mess, like the results of an explosion in a public library. ~ Douglas Adams,
671:The more you practice and study, the better you are so I still practice and study all the time. ~ Cyndi Lauper,
672:the old Celtic saying tells us, “See much, study much, suffer much, that is the path to wisdom. ~ Ryan Holiday,
673:They can study whatever they want, and they don’t have to risk their financial future to do so. ~ Anu Partanen,
674:Wilderness, then, assumes unexpected importance as a laboratory for the study of land - health. ~ Aldo Leopold,
675:According to one study, being married produces the same psychic gain as earning $100,000 a year. ~ David Brooks,
676:A prayerful study and experience are essential for a correct interpretation of the scriptures. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
677:Both my study of Scripture and my career in entertaining children have taught me to cherish them. ~ Walt Disney,
678:I do not believe that God intended the study of theology to result in confusion and frustration. ~ Wayne Grudem,
679:I’m not in St Mary’s because I like it. I am embarked spellbound on a study of devil-worship. ~ Dorothy Dunnett,
680:Intense study of the Bible will keep any writer from being vulgar, in point of style. ~ Samuel Taylor Coleridge,
681:Isolation study in progress, please do not enter this area, or interact with the crew . . . Mahalo! ~ Anonymous,
682:I've always wanted to be a cardiologist. If I have time I want to study Medicine someday. ~ Alessandra Ambrosio,
683:I've seen a study in the last year that digital sound actually induces stress in the listener. ~ T Bone Burnett,
684:No profit grows where is no pleasure ta'en.
In brief, sir, study what you most affect. ~ William Shakespeare,
685:no subject of study is more important than reading…all other intellectual powers depend on it. ~ Jacques Barzun,
686:Rene Guenon. Introduction to the Study of Hindu Doctrines. Sophia Perennis: Hillsdale, NY, 2001, ~ Stephen Cope,
687:Say not: “When I have free time I shall study”, for you may perhaps never have any free time ~ Hillel the Elder,
688:Study as if you have not reached your goal - hold it as if you were afraid of losing what you have. ~ Confucius,
689:Study cannot take the same or a greater importance than sadhana.
   ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters On Yoga - IV, [T2],
690:12% of employees study further to learn more. 88% of employees study further to earn more. ~ Mokokoma Mokhonoana,
691:All the genius I have lies in this; when I have a subject in hand, I study it profoundly. ~ Alexander H Stephens,
692:An ambassador should study the welfare of his country, and not spend his time in feasting and riot. ~ Xenocrates,
693:As often as a study is cultivated by narrow minds, they will draw from it narrow conclusions. ~ John Stuart Mill,
694:Don’t merely read the Bible in your private times; study it. There is a difference (2 Timothy 2:15). ~ Anonymous,
695:...every study of the gods, of everyone's gods, is a revelation of vengeance towards the innocent. ~ John Irving,
696:[...]every study of the gods, of everyone's gods, is a revelation of vengeance toward the innocent ~ John Irving,
697:I must confess that when I'm alone in my study, here in New York, writing; that's when I'm happy. ~ James Lipton,
698:I once read that people who study others are wise but those who study themselves are enlightened. ~ Robin Sharma,
699:Judaism is an intellectually based religion, and the single most important theme is that of study. ~ Norman Lamm,
700:Most of us made a rather extensive study of heterosexuality before leaving it behind. -Pat Califia ~ Carol Queen,
701:The actual course is called fishery studies, and you study general aquatics and fishery management. ~ Tom Felton,
702:The fundamental axiom, then, for the study of man is the existence of individual consciousness ~ Murray Rothbard,
703:The study of history, while it does not endow with prophecy, may indicate lines of probability. ~ John Steinbeck,
704:A long project is like a secret houseguest, hidden in your study, waiting to be fed and visited. ~ John Hollander,
705:As long as a man lives he should study. Death alone has the right to dismiss the school. ~ Robert Green Ingersoll,
706:As the class struggle sharpens in the U.S. Marxism will come into its own as a great popular study. ~ C L R James,
707:Cease to lament for that thou canst not help; and study help for that which thou lamentest. ~ William Shakespeare,
708:Communications requires study, preparation, and a special attention to truth, goodness and beauty. ~ Pope Francis,
709:Give the brain encouragement from study, from thinking, from visualizing and no drugs are needed. ~ Louis L Amour,
710:If there's one thing that a study of history has taught us, it is that things can always get worse. ~ Neil Gaiman,
711:One study found that people who smile in childhood photographs are less likely to get a divorce. ~ Jenna McCarthy,
712:Our study of the Bible is only beneficial insofar as it increases our love for the God it proclaims! ~ Jen Wilkin,
713:That is about all I have learned—to study general conditions, to take a position and stick to it. ~ Edwin Lef vre,
714:The noblest exercise of the mind within doors, and most befitting a person of quality, is study. ~ William Ramsay,
715:The study of beauty is a duel in which the artist cries out in terror before he is defeated. ~ Charles Baudelaire,
716:The study of history lies at the foundation of all sound military conclusions and practice. ~ Alfred Thayer Mahan,
717:The study of our habitual conditioning and how habit leads us to react is the study of karma. On ~ Ethan Nichtern,
718:To study history means submitting to chaos and nevertheless retaining faith in order and meaning. ~ Hermann Hesse,
719:Traditionally, psychology has been the study of two populations: university freshmen and white rats. ~ Paul Bloom,
720:Woman, don't you know, is such a subject that however much you study it, it's always perfectly new. ~ Leo Tolstoy,
721:You don’t succeed just by learning. You have to study, then do. We need to learn less and do more. ~ Darren Hardy,
722:2016 study looked at more than eight hundred workers (mostly in information technology, education, ~ Daniel H Pink,
723:All rules for study are summed up in this one: learn only in order to create. ~ Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling,
724:As a result of my study, I came to the conclusion that a common supreme authority was undesirable. ~ Fredrik Bajer,
725:Come on then, I will swear to study so
To know the thing I am forbid to know
- Berowne ~ William Shakespeare,
726:I once read that people who study others are wise but those who study themselves are enlightened. ~ Robin S Sharma,
727:It's only those who are persistent, and willing to study things deeply, who achieve the Master Work ~ Paulo Coelho,
728:It's only those who are persistent and willing to study things deeply, who achieve the master work. ~ Paulo Coelho,
729:No amount of study of present forms [of life] would permit us to infer [the existence of] dinosaurs ~ Max Delbruck,
730:Smoking crack is a way for people who couldn't afford college to study the works of Charles Darwin. ~ P J O Rourke,
731:Study and think and improve your mind, and keep it clear of all this fog of hatred and propaganda ~ Upton Sinclair,
732:Study what you love, and youll never have to work a day in your life. Itll be one great adventure. ~ David Gerrold,
733:That's the worst of doctors. They are so keen about the body, but they don't study the soul at all. ~ Ethel M Dell,
734:The study of the human character opens at once a beautiful and a deformed picture of the soul. ~ Mercy Otis Warren,
735:Yes, universal history! It's the study of the successive follies of mankind and nothing more. ~ Fyodor Dostoyevsky,
736:A single conversation with a wise man is better than ten years of study.”

- Chinese proverb ~ Alvin Toffler,
737:A study of the history of opinion is a necessary preliminary to the emancipation of the mind. ~ John Maynard Keynes,
738:Cosmology is the study of the universe as a whole, including its birth and perhaps its ultimate fate. ~ Michio Kaku,
739:Disregard the study of God, and you sentence yourself to stumble and blunder through life blindfolded. ~ J I Packer,
740:I didn't watch one tape on Pacquiao. There is no reason to study him. He's not at this level. ~ Floyd Mayweather Jr,
741:If a man sets out to study all the laws, he will have no time left to transgress them. ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,
742:I hadn't planned on going to law school. I wanted to study 19th-century Russian literature. ~ Marian Wright Edelman,
743:Impression without expression causes depression. Study without service leads to spiritual stagnation. ~ Rick Warren,
744:In the mornings when they were in the city, they had breakfast on a card table in Jeffrey's study ~ John P Marquand,
745:I once read that people who study others are wise but those who study themselves are enlightened". ~ Robin S Sharma,
746:Let not men think there is no truth, but in the sciences that they study, or the books that they read. ~ John Locke,
747:Most serial killers and criminals study psychology at some point. It's easier to spot them that way, ~ Cameron Jace,
748:Painters can study the masters can't they? Musicians can hear Beethoven. What will filmmakers do? ~ Eva Marie Saint,
749:Philosophy stands in the same relation to the study of the actual world as masturbation to sexual love. ~ Karl Marx,
750:Sometimes I miss out the morning's painting session and instead study my Japanese books in the open. ~ Gustav Klimt,
751:The problem is, if you study philosophy and stop believing in a meaning you start to need medical help. ~ Matt Haig,
752:The searching-out and thorough investigation of truth ought to be the primary study of man. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
753:The study of beauty is a duel in which the artist cries out in terror before being vanquished. ~ Charles Baudelaire,
754:The study of mathematics is the indispensable basis for all intellectual and spiritual progress. ~ Francis Cornford,
755:What more powerful form of study of mankind could there be than to read our own instruction book? ~ Francis Collins,
756:When I study philosophical works I feel I am swallowing something which I don't have in my mouth. ~ Albert Einstein,
757:Doing a life study while drunk and in the process of being seduced is never a formula for quality art. ~ Dan Simmons,
758:I went to study some orchestration stuff because I got so inspired working with all the orchestras. ~ Dido Armstrong,
759:I write my books in my head, and not in a specific study with a view. The view is from my inner eyes. ~ Wilbur Smith,
760:[Librarians] study their field with as much determination and as much delight as open-heart surgeons. ~ Maya Angelou,
761:Study me as much as you like, you will never know me, for I differ a hundred ways from what you see me to be. ~ Rumi,
762:Study with desire is real activity; without desire it is but the semblance and mockery of activity. ~ William Godwin,
763:There's an old Celtic proverb that I follow: See much, study much, suffer much is the path to wisdom. ~ Greg Jackson,
764:There was a tsunami and there are terrible natural disasters, because there isn't enough Torah study. ~ Ovadia Yosef,
765:The study of molecular structure attempts to get at precisely the physical constituents of molecules. ~ Morris Kline,
766:Through the study of fossils I had already been initiated into the mysteries of prehistoric creations. ~ Pierre Loti,
767:Well, I would never do a study because I'm a practicing physician. I mean, all I do is treat people. ~ Robert Atkins,
768:When I was 17, I came to the U.S. to study Middle Eastern history and politics at Columbia University. ~ Julia Bacha,
769:Why study or try to change the world on a Friday afternoon when you could be out enjoying the sun? ~ Nicholas Sparks,
770:Woman, you see, is an object of such a kind that study it as much as you will, it is always quite new. ~ Leo Tolstoy,
771:A priori Logical propositions are such as can be known a priori without study of the actual world. ~ Bertrand Russell,
772:Because his basic idea that he got from the study of gall wasps is that everyone's sexuality is unique. ~ Bill Condon,
773:I like reading in a pub rather than a library or study, as it's generally much easier to get a drink. ~ Pete McCarthy,
774:In all my study of history, I have never found a time or place I would rather have lived than now. ~ Orson Scott Card,
775:Meditation is a rich and powerful method of study for anyone who knows how to examine his mind. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
776:Money won't buy happiness, but it will pay the salaries of a huge research staff to study the problem. ~ Bill Vaughan,
777:No person in history has provoked as much study, criticism, prejudice, or devotion as Jesus of Nazareth. ~ R C Sproul,
778:The mark of true Bible study is not knowledge that puffs up, but love that builds up (1 Cor. 8:1). ~ Warren W Wiersbe,
779:The same parts of my brain get as excited as when I study bio or read a novel and write a paper on it. ~ Utada Hikaru,
780:The study of love and its utilization will lead us to the source from which it springs, The Child. ~ Maria Montessori,
781:To study the self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be enlightened by the ten thousand things. ~ Dogen,
782:You are adorable, mademoiselle. I study your feet with the microscope and your soul with the telescope. ~ Victor Hugo,
783:You can't study the map forever. At some point it's time to start walking; there is only so much daylight. ~ Rob Lowe,
784:You should study not only that you become a mother when your child is born, but also that you become a child. ~ D gen,
785:You should study not only that you become a mother when your child is born, but also that you become a child. ~ Dogen,
786:Complacency is the enemy of study. We cannot really learn anything until we rid ourselves of complacency. ~ Mao Zedong,
787:In the isolation of imprisonment, I learned to look inside myself, to study my own weaknesses and strengths; ~ Various,
788:Jesuits so dominated the study of earthquakes that seismology became known as 'the Jesuit Science. ~ Thomas E Woods Jr,
789:Money won't buy happiness, but it will pay the salaries of a large research staff to study the problem. ~ Bill Vaughan,
790:Shall we always study to obtain more of these things, and not sometimes to be content with less? ~ Henry David Thoreau,
791:the most important lesson of language learning: what you study is more important than how you study. ~ Timothy Ferriss,
792:There are so many rules that you don't know, and no matter how much you study, you can't learn them all. ~ Leila Sales,
793:Tuesday night at the Bible study we lift our hands and pray over your body, but nothing ever happens. ~ Sufjan Stevens,
794:UGH. Boys. They're like French class--no matter how much I study, I'll never be fluent in the language. ~ Jen Calonita,
795:A considerable role in the forming of my style was played by an early attraction to study composition. ~ Vasily Smyslov,
796:Alessandra Comini. The Changing Image of Beethoven: A Study in Mythmaking. Sunstone: Santa Fe, NM, 2008, ~ Stephen Cope,
797:As I got older, I would study privately with some coaches. Then I found Lee Strasberg, which I loved. ~ Daniella Alonso,
798:Being a writer is an endless study in human transition and lessons learned or forgotten or misapplied. ~ Sloane Crosley,
799:He seemed to study her. "I think I might surprise you." She feared that was definitely what might happen. ~ B J Daniels,
800:Ideally, each study session should last about 45 minutes before you give yourself a 5- or 10-minute break. ~ Tony Buzan,
801:If you want to know India, study Vivekananda. In him everything is positive and nothing negative. ~ Rabindranath Tagore,
802:It’s amazing what you can do, if you just study what people want to hear said and then say it to them! ~ Laura Thompson,
803:Study carefully, the character of the one you recommend, lest their misconduct bring you shame. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
804:Study men laying down their lives without hurting anyone else in the cause of their country's freedom. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
805:Study the lives of our great women, who were models of patience, fortitude, compassion and sacrifice. ~ Sathya Sai Baba,
806:The best practice is to be around people who absolutely disagree. Grace in conflict is a study in love. ~ Bryant McGill,
807:The study of economics does not seem to require any specialised gifts of an unusually high order. ~ John Maynard Keynes,
808:To have been torn from the study would have been as death; my time was entirely occupied with art. ~ John James Audubon,
809:To know the good from the bad, study a man or woman's history of actions, not their record of intentions. ~ Suzy Kassem,
810:Was it animal pee or human pee? Someone asked. How would I know? What, am I an expert in the study of pee? ~ John Green,
811:When God gives an assignment, he also gives the skill. Study your skills, then, to reveal your assignment. ~ Max Lucado,
812:When the study of the arts leads to the adoration of the formula (heaven forbid), we shall be lost. ~ Leonard Bernstein,
813:Ella was a perfect study in contradictions, and I’d somehow contracted her like a beautiful disease. ~ Laura Marie Altom,
814:I slept for four years. I didn't study much of anything. I majored in something called communication arts. ~ Don DeLillo,
815:It’s a parapraxis, a classic Freudian slip. ‘Little Hans!’ Freud’s most famous case study about the boy— ~ Gregg Hurwitz,
816:It's no sin to make a critical study of Brazil's reality. A small percentage own land. Most people don't. ~ Paulo Freire,
817:Learning by study must be won;  'Twas ne'er entail'd from son to son. ~ John Gay, The Pack Horse and Carrier, line 41.,
818:Love is beginningless and endless ecstasy. It is an unfathomable mystery. It is the study of our lives. ~ Frederick Lenz,
819:My greatest solace is my study. If I am deprived of my study, I can become lost, unhappy and unhinged. ~ Karen Armstrong,
820:One book in particular, a study by eminent sociologist William Julius Wilson called The Truly Disadvantaged, ~ J D Vance,
821:organized study deadens the mind, and that genuine insight arises spontaneously from the individual soul. ~ Louis Menand,
822:Philosophy and the study of the real world have the same relation to one another as onanism and sexual love. ~ Karl Marx,
823:Scholars who are worth anything at all never know what is call "a hard grind" or what "bitter study" means. ~ Lin Yutang,
824:Scientists never study the important things. Like why some animals seem to have evolved the ability to gloat. ~ Joe Hill,
825:The universe extends beyond the mind of man, and is more complex than the small sample one can study. ~ Kenneth Lee Pike,
826:You're never going to truly wrap your head around things that take a lifetime to study while making a movie. ~ Dev Patel,
827:A new study found that people who are depressed have a greater risk of stroke. Well that should cheer them up. ~ Jay Leno,
828:Creative people study other people; and music is a science as much as an art, an emotion as much as a science. ~ J D Robb,
829:Every child's bedroom is as important as a telescope orbiting the planet earth or a philosopher's study. ~ Jerry Spinelli,
830:find out what you truly love to do and then direct all of your energy towards doing it. If you study the ~ Robin S Sharma,
831:I'd been going to study Pre-Flowering History," Tiercel offered.
"Now you're living it," Kave said. ~ Mercedes Lackey,
832:I definitely want to study film. I'd like to have my own studio one day and just make a lot of movies. ~ Alexander Ludwig,
833:If one is not oneself a sage or saint, the best thing one can do is to study the words of those who were. ~ Aldous Huxley,
834:It would be nice once during my life to go over [to Europe] and study the original paintings of the Masters. ~ E J Hughes,
835:I wish to see the Bible study as much a matter of course in the secular colleges as in the seminary. ~ Theodore Roosevelt,
836:patriotism. During his lifetime of study he had concluded it was the most destructive force on the planet. ~ Daniel Silva,
837:Prayer is the best study. It blesses the pleading preacher and the people to whom he ministers. ~ Charles Haddon Spurgeon,
838:...sound Bible study transforms the heart by training the mind and it places God at the center of the story. ~ Jen Wilkin,
839:To understand God's thoughts, one must study statistics, for these are the measure of His purpose. ~ Florence Nightingale,
840:All the more I study Nature do I revere God, because Nature is all the body of God we will ever know. ~ Frank Lloyd Wright,
841:A man ought to study the wilderness of a place before applying to it the ways he learned in another place. ~ Wendell Berry,
842:A new study shows that having a severe phobia can hasten aging. But what if my greatest fear IS aging?!? ~ Stephen Colbert,
843:Beautiful objects are wrought by study through effort, but ugly things are reaped automatically without toil. ~ Democritus,
844:But my mother loved The Elephant Man, and my father gave David Lynch a scholarship to study in Rome. ~ Isabella Rossellini,
845:I find any great man, black or white, I'm going to study him, learn him so he can't be great to me no more. ~ Tupac Shakur,
846:I'm very interested in religion as something to study, but I'm not a religious person in the slightest. ~ Daniel Radcliffe,
847:I never studied anything, really. I didn't study the drums. I joined bands and made all the mistakes onstage ~ Ringo Starr,
848:In old days men studied for the sake of self-improvement; nowadays men study in order to impress other people. ~ Confucius,
849:I shall make it the most agreeable part of my duty to study merit, and reward the brave and deserving. ~ George Washington,
850:It was essential for the discovery of science that religious ideas be divorced from the study of nature. ~ Steven Weinberg,
851:Never walk away from failure. On the contrary, study it carefully and imaginatively for its hidden assets. ~ Michael Korda,
852:No one should go into debt to study creative writing. It’s simply not worth it. This is not medical school. ~ Ann Patchett,
853:Only the search for truth is valid, the desire for wisdom the motive. The method is assimilation, not study. ~ Idries Shah,
854:The more I study religions the more I am convinced that man never worshiped anything but himself. ~ Richard Francis Burton,
855:"There is no better recreation for the mind than the study of the ancient classics." ~ Schopenhauer, The Art of Literature,
856:to call the study of chaos “nonlinear science” was like calling zoology “the study of non elephant animals. ~ James Gleick,
857:Was it animal pee or human pee? Someone asked.
How would I know? What, am I an expert in the study of pee? ~ John Green,
858:Biology is the study of complicated things that give the appearance of having been designed for a purpose ~ Richard Dawkins,
859:Enjoy life, study hard, play hard, be kind to other people, set high standards, and don't be afraid to say "No." ~ Nia Long,
860:Grandmaster José Raúl Capablanca put it well: to succeed, “you must study the endgame before everything else. ~ Peter Thiel,
861:I am busily engaged in the study of the Bible. I believe it is God's word because it finds me where I am. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
862:I am doubtful of any talent, so whatever I choose to be, will be accomplished only by long study and work ~ Jackson Pollock,
863:If the soul has food for study and learning, nothing is more delightful than an old age of leisure. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
864:I never studied anything, really. I didn't study the drums. I joined bands and made all the mistakes onstage. ~ Ringo Starr,
865:I played baseball in college, and then I went to Russia to study acting and played some pro ball over there. ~ Jon Bernthal,
866:Low-carbohydrate diet leads to reduced body fat, study says Researchers cite lost weight, fewer risks for heart ~ Anonymous,
867:Scientists study physical things, then describe them; engineers describe physical things, then build them. ~ K Eric Drexler,
868:Scientists study the world as it is; engineers create the world that has never been. —THEODORE VON KÁRMÁN ~ Gregory Benford,
869:Self-study, in a sense of learning by yourself without anybody teaching you anything, has an enormous value. ~ Robert Kraft,
870:Study me as much as you like,   You will not know me.   For I differ in a hundred ways   From what you see me to be. ~ Rumi,
871:The more I study religions the more I am convinced that man never worshipped anything but himself. ~ Richard Francis Burton,
872:To study the self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be enlightened by the ten thousand things. ~ Dogen Zenji,
873:We can work out anything if we put our mind to it, study it, do hard work instead of finding simple answers ~ Jacque Fresco,
874:You promised to consider going to college to study how to make videogames, like Mike Cruz is planning to do? ~ Ernest Cline,
875:A man must study general conditions, to seize them so as to be able to anticipate probabilities. ~ Jesse Lauriston Livermore,
876:As far as I'm concerned, there is only one study and that is the way in which things relate to one another. ~ Wayne Thiebaud,
877:I read novels but I also read the Bible. And study it, you know? And the more I learn, the more excited I get. ~ Johnny Cash,
878:I study the Bible all week, pray to the Lord, and then I speak from my heart. It's all about brutal honesty. ~ Mark Driscoll,
879:My respectful study of other religions has not abated my reverence for or my faith in the Hindu scriptures. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
880:Nothing is going to remain the way it is. Let us, in the present, study the past, so as to invent the future. ~ Augusto Boal,
881:Study not man in his animal nature - man following the laws of the jungle - but study man in all his glory. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
882:The ancient precept, “Know thyself,” and the modern precept, “Study nature,” become at last one maxim. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
883:"To study the self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be enlightened by the ten thousand things." ~ Dogen Zenji,
884:We must have a university degree even if we never get a job in the area of knowledge we were forced to study. ~ Paulo Coelho,
885:We need to study the whole of history, not to fall back into it, but to see if we can escape from it. ~ Jose Ortega y Gasset,
886:Wisdom is not a matter of study, but a matter of living, and of sure action which rises above opposites. ~ Nilakanta Sri Ram,
887:As I began to study A Course in Miracles, I discovered the following things: God is the love within us. ~ Marianne Williamson,
888:As it was, I realized choosing the study of Chinese literature as my life's work was probably a mistake. ~ Eric Allin Cornell,
889:Continual intellectual study results in vanity and the false satisfaction of an undigested knowledge. ~ Paramahansa Yogananda,
890:Do not read to satisfy curiosity or to pass the time, but study such things as move your heart to devotion. ~ Thomas a Kempis,
891:Fabre looked up, his mobile face composed. "Good-bye," he said. "Georges-Jacques--study law. Law is a weapon. ~ Hilary Mantel,
892:I take my books everywhere. Plane journeys are a good opportunity to study, or also when I'm having my hair done. ~ Lily Cole,
893:I went to a French school, so we didn't study Bram Stoker there. I just thought it was a genius thing. ~ Oliver Jackson Cohen,
894:No art is less spontaneous than mine. What I do is the result of reflection and the study of the great masters. ~ Edgar Degas,
895:Nothing lovelier can be found In woman, than to study household good, And good works in her husband to promote. ~ John Milton,
896:Reality becomes illusory and observer-oriented when you study general relativity. Or Buddhism. Or get drafted. ~ Joe Haldeman,
897:The closet is the best study. The commentators are good instructors, but the Author Himself is far better. ~ Charles Spurgeon,
898:The comfortable thing about the study of history is that it inclines us to think hopefully of our own times. ~ Agnes Repplier,
899:These are facts the heart can feel; yet they call for careful study before they become clear to the intellect. ~ Albert Camus,
900:To understand a malady, Professor Charcot often said you must study it under its clearest, its most typical form. ~ Anonymous,
901:When you can write music that endures, bravo. Until then, keep quiet and study the work of those who can. ~ Jennifer Donnelly,
902:Aaron was one of the few Jewish volunteers in our study, and I felt a certain kinship with him at that level. ~ Rick Strassman,
903:Books should be about the people you know, that you love and hate, not about the people you study up about. ~ Ernest Hemingway,
904:doing. I’m just saying: Who gets to study and who gets studied, and why? Who makes the decisions, you know? ~ Daniel Jos Older,
905:Do not read to satisfy curiosity or to pass the time, but study such things as move your heart to devotion. ~ Thomas a Kempis,
906:Effectiveness in teaching the Bible is purchased at the price of much study, some of it lonely, all of it tiring. ~ D A Carson,
907:History is, strictly speaking, the study of questions; the study of answers belongs to anthropology and sociology. ~ W H Auden,
908:In Judaism, there are 613 biblical commandments, and the Talmud says that the chief commandment of all is study. ~ Norman Lamm,
909:Internal and external purification, contentment, mortification, study, and worship of God are the Niyamas. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
910:Study hard what interests you the most in the most undisciplined, irreverent and original manner possible. ~ Richard P Feynman,
911:The more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creator. Science brings men nearer to God. ~ Louis Pasteur,
912:The Study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
913:When the Goths are at the gates, forming study groups and praying for deliverance is not effective defense. ~ G Edward Griffin,
914:Do not write the conclusion of a work in your familiar study. You would not find the necessary courage there. ~ Walter Benjamin,
915:If you study the history and records of the world you must admit that the source of justice was the fear of injustice. ~ Horace,
916:I had no idea that such individuals existed outside of stories. A STUDY IN SCARLET, SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE ~ Brittany Cavallaro,
917:I just think I'm better equipped to make a study of human personality than trying to get into the mind of animals. ~ Sara Gruen,
918:I moved to New York in the 1970s and started writing when I was at the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program. ~ Jenny Holzer,
919:Question 3: Why should a person study Sufism?
Answer: Because he was created to study it; it is his next step. ~ Idries Shah,
920:Science is the study of the entire material universe. Therefore everything is science—whether you see it or not. ~ Claudia Gray,
921:Without a serious study of journalism, there can be no understanding of citizenship, democracy, or community. ~ Roy Peter Clark,
922:a life terrain, might itself be the object of a person’s study and wonder for years. A cosmology against the void. ~ Don DeLillo,
923:Carnegie Mellon finished a well-controlled study showing that people with richer social ties got fewer common colds. ~ Anonymous,
924:Every blade of grass is a study; and to produce two, where there was but one, is both a profit and a pleasure. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
925:I learnt, for the first time, the joys of substituting hard, disciplined study for the indulgence of day-dreaming. ~ James Black,
926:I went to college to study hospitality. I quickly got out of that and realized that what I liked to do was write. ~ Richard Ford,
927:Nothing is so improving to the temper as the study of the beauties either of poetry, eloquence, music, or painting. ~ David Hume,
928:One recent study found that domestic violence against women and children alone costs the global economy $4 trillion. ~ Anonymous,
929:Quite a few people are here to study the European Union. Perhaps there is such a thing as the European Union. ~ Josip Novakovich,
930:She's studying the Existentialists this month. Asked for a study day last week to kill an Arab on the beach. ~ Christopher Moore,
931:Spirituality as a science, as a study, is the greatest and healthiest exercise that the human mind can have. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
932:Study is the scourge of boyhood, the environment of youth, the indulgence of adults and the curative for the aged. ~ Saul Landau,
933:Study whatever you were told very carefully. Make the best choices for the best brands and discard the rest. ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
934:The object of Sufi preparatory study, however, being to illustrate, expose and out-manoeuvre superficial ambition. ~ Idries Shah,
935:The other day I started to take a course in psycho-ceramics. What is psycho-ceramics? It's the study of crackpots. ~ Joey Bishop,
936:The recent years of the Grant Study have shown that our lives when we are old are the sum of all of our loves. ~ George Vaillant,
937:The study of history should be our preparation for understanding the present, rather than an escape from it. ~ Elizabeth Kostova,
938:The study of science teaches young men to think, while study of the classics teaches them to express thought. ~ John Stuart Mill,
939:We can go to Bible study and amen every point made, but if we don’t apply it to our lives, we won’t be changed. ~ Lysa TerKeurst,
940:What about study hall? Shouldn't I go to the library?
"What for, Ms. Lord?" Mr. anderson said. "You're with me ~ Ilsa J Bick,
941:Without seeking to comprehend the incomprehensible, he gazed upon it. He did not study God; he was dazzled by Him. ~ Victor Hugo,
942:According to a study by a mobile analytics firm, 26 percent of mobile apps in 2010 were downloaded and used only once. ~ Nir Eyal,
943:A free soul ought not to pursue any study slavishly, for nothing that is learned under compulsion stays with the mind. ~ Socrates,
944:all reality becomes illusory and observer-oriented when you study general relativity. Or Buddhism. Or get drafted. ~ Joe Haldeman,
945:Artists must be men of wit, consciously or unconsciously philosophers; read, study and think a great deal of life. ~ Robert Henri,
946:A single conversation across the table with a wise man is better than ten years mere study of books. ~ Henry Wadsworth Longfellow,
947:Both,’ Garp wrote, ‘were of the opinion that the practice of law was vulgar, but the study of it was sublime.’ They ~ John Irving,
948:Chance is an element of life. What I try to do is study what I call the mechanics of reality as carefully as I can. ~ Paul Auster,
949:Good was above all kind; it was to be gentle. It was to waste nothing. It was to paint, to read, to study, to listen. ~ Anne Rice,
950:He’d been considering settling down somewhere and devoting himself to the serious study of alcoholism and despair. ~ Felix Gilman,
951:I have found the study of organisms to be a truly exciting experience, always interesting and sometimes humbling. ~ Edward T Hall,
952:Indeed the influence of music on the development of religion is a subject which would repay a sympathetic study. ~ James G Frazer,
953:My parents are wonderful, practical, sensible people, and the expectation was that I would study something academic. ~ Gemma Chan,
954:New study reveals men like to cuddle. Another study reveals men will say anything to get into bed with a woman. ~ Stephen Colbert,
955:One study found that roughly 4.5 million sea animals are killed as bycatch in longline fishing every year. ~ Jonathan Safran Foer,
956:Study hard, little one. For if you can read, you can slip into the pages of a book and escape into your mind. ~ Jill Marie Landis,
957:The end result of all Bible study is worship, and the end result of all worship is service to the God we love. ~ Warren W Wiersbe,
958:there’s that study that says doctors do a worse job prognosticating for patients they’re personally invested in. ~ Paul Kalanithi,
959:what I was given to study in school I have forgotten; what I decided to read on my own, I still remember. ~ Nassim Nicholas Taleb,
960:When engineers and quantity surveyors discuss aesthetics and architects study what cranes do we are on the right road. ~ Ove Arup,
961:Yoga is the study of the functioning of the body, the mind and the intellect in the process of attaining freedom. ~ Geeta Iyengar,
962:American naturalist William Morton Wheeler made the English term popular as the study of “habits and instincts.”11 ~ Frans de Waal,
963:Anyone can be a genius, if they pick just one specific subject and study it diligently just 15 minutes each day. ~ Albert Einstein,
964:Buddhism is the study of changing who we are, modifying or perhaps totally restructuring ourselves as perceivers. ~ Frederick Lenz,
965:Dharma is the study of what is, and the only way you can find out what is true is through studying yourself. ~ Pema Ch dr n,
966:He who has ceased to learn has ceased to teach. He who no longer sows in the study will no more reap in the pulpit. ~ Steven J Law,
967:One should not study what is best, but also what is possible, and similarly what is easier and more attainable by all. ~ Aristotle,
968:Rising numbers of children enjoy reading and are increasingly likely to read outside the classroom, a study has found. ~ Anonymous,
969:The more I study men, the more I realize that they are nothing in the world but boys grown too big to be spankable. ~ Jean Webster,
970:There's no school you can go to where you can study how to run a record label. Every day was a learning experience. ~ Bruce Pavitt,
971:The study of history requires investigation, imagination, empathy, and respect. Reverence just doesnt enter into it. ~ Jill Lepore,
972:They could read him, they could study him, they could pick him apart, but they couldn't laugh or be sad with him. ~ Roberto Bolano,
973:To every man who faces life with real desire to do his part in everything, I appeal for a study of the Bible. ~ Theodore Roosevelt,
974:What you yourself hate, don't do to your neighbor. This is the whole law; the rest is commentary. Go and study. ~ Hillel the Elder,
975:When you study great teachers... you will learn much more from their caring and hard work than from their style. ~ William Glasser,
976:A new study found that a mother's diet affects her baby's allergies. Which can only mean one thing: My mom ate cats. ~ Jimmy Fallon,
977:As patience leads to peace, and study to science, so are humiliations the path that leads to humility. ~ Saint Bernard of Clairvaux,
978:Chaotic mathematics is essentially the study of chaos. It can't be chaos, if you can study it and it has an order. ~ Frederick Lenz,
979:Children are never too young to begin the study of nature's book, and never too old to quit.

~Laura Hecox ~ Candace Fleming,
980:Communists should set an example in study; at all times they should be pupils of the masses as well as their teachers. ~ Mao Zedong,
981:epigenetics—the study of heritable changes in gene function that occur without a change in the sequence of the DNA.13 ~ Mark Wolynn,
982:Intellectuals ought to study the past not for the pleasure they find in so doing, but to derive lessons from it. ~ Cheikh Anta Diop,
983:sociological research is part of a continuous ‘two-way’ process between sociologists and the subjects they study. ~ Anthony Giddens,
984:Study is the bane of childhood, the oil of youth, the indulgence of adulthood, and a restorative in old age. ~ Walter Savage Landor,
985:The Dalai Lama challenged me - he said, 'Why can't you use technological tools to study kindness and compassion? ~ Richard Davidson,
986:The study of history requires investigation, imagination, empathy, and respect. Reverence just doesn't enter into it. ~ Jill Lepore,
987:The study of this Book in your Bible classes is a post-graduate course in the richest library of human experience. ~ Herbert Hoover,
988:Toddlers, according to one research study, laugh 400 times a day. Adults laugh an average of four times. What happened? ~ Pam Grout,
989:We are pantheists when we study nature, polytheists when we write poetry, monotheists in our morality. ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,
990:What are you doing a study on right now?"

"A study on the statistical probablity of love at first sight. ~ Jennifer E Smith,
991:You cannot study magic. You cannot learn it. You must ingest it. Digest it. You must merge with it. And it with you. ~ Lev Grossman,
992:A man must always study, but he must not always go to school: what a contemptible thing is an old abecedarian! ~ Michel de Montaigne,
993:If you work hard and study hard. And you fuck up. That's okay. If you fuck up and you fuck up, then you're a fuckup ~ Justin Halpern,
994:I study long-married couples and decide that wives are like bras: sometimes the most matronly are the most supportive. ~ Helen Ellis,
995:I wouldn't tell anyone to study werewolves - I studied wolves, how they moved, their tendencies and sensibilities. ~ Joe Manganiello,
996:My mother won’t live any longer in the house of a person capable of writing such a “dirty” book as my study of Lawrence. ~ Ana s Nin,
997:Science is atheistic in the sense that plumbing is atheistic. It limits itself to the study of natural causes. ~ Shawn Lawrence Otto,
998:Some skills can be attained by education, and some by practice, and some by time. Those skills will come if you study. ~ Neil Gaiman,
999:That I was not suited to commerce or academic study in no way proves that I should also be unfit to be a painter. ~ Vincent Van Gogh,
1000:The more I study the world, the more I am convinced of the inability of brute force to create anything durable. ~ Napoleon Bonaparte,
1001:This is a survey, not an encyclopedia; a study, not a painting; an essay, not a mathematical or historical proof. ~ Joseph P Farrell,
1002:To become an able and successful man in any profession, three things are necessary, nature, study and practice. ~ Henry Ward Beecher,
1003:Trust in Him Are you doing your part to study God’s Word, believe it, and trust Him? When you do, He will do the rest. ~ Joyce Meyer,
1004:We study there a lot because... what other choice does society give us, right? It's Starbucks or death, sometimes. ~ Maureen Johnson,
1005:When you are offended at any man's fault, turn to yourself and study your own failings. Then you will forget your anger. ~ Epictetus,
1006:When you want to know how things really work, study them when they’re coming apart. —WILLIAM GIBSON, ZERO HISTORY ~ Michiko Kakutani,
1007:You must study their deliveries, their use of their bodies, their timing, and their use of audio and vocal effects. ~ Franklyn Ajaye,
1008:All is not lost, the unconquerable will, and study of revenge, immortal hate, and the courage never to submit or yield. ~ John Milton,
1009:...a soul isn't something a person is born with but something that must be built, by effort and error, study and love. ~ Chad Harbach,
1010:Failure is not an end-it is the means to an end. Study your failures, for they are the scrambled secrets of success. ~ Romina Russell,
1011:If you work hard and study hard, and you fuck up, that’s okay. If you fuck up and you fuck up, then you’re a fuckup, ~ Justin Halpern,
1012:innovation scholar Richard Ogle calls an “idea-space”: a complex of tools, beliefs, metaphors, and objects of study. ~ Steven Johnson,
1013:It does not matter where you go and what you study, what matters most is what you share with yourself and the world. ~ Santosh Kalwar,
1014:May I ask whether these pleasing attentions proceed from the impulse of the moment or are the result of previous study? ~ Jane Austen,
1015:Study yourself the way a hunter studied prey. Exploit your own weaknesses to create desired changes within yourself. ~ Grant Morrison,
1016:The cure of many diseases remains unknown to the physicians of Hellos (Greece) because they do not study the whole person. ~ Socrates,
1017:There is no boon in nature. All the blessings we enjoy are the fruits of labor, toil, self-denial, and study. ~ William Graham Sumner,
1018:They could read him, they could study him, they could pick him apart, but they couldn't laugh or be sad with him.... ~ Roberto Bola o,
1019:to understand the real reasons to uphold humility, know your real roots, remember death and study the masses ~ Ernest Agyemang Yeboah,
1020:You don't really understand your thoughts until you express them in words. ~ Elmer. L Towns, How to Study and Teach the Bible (1997).,
1021:A mind of moderate capacity which closely pursues one study must infallibly arrive at great proficiency in that study. ~ Mary Shelley,
1022:An artisan busies himself with his work for three hours each day and spends nine hours in study. ~ Maimonides, Mishneh Torah (c. 1180),
1023:Civility The knowledge of courtesy is a very necessary study; like grace and beauty, it breeds mutual liking. MONTAIGNE ~ A C Grayling,
1024:Do what you love. Go to a good art school and study with the best teachers. Move to New York and read Ask Mark Kostabi. ~ Mark Kostabi,
1025:Everything was dragging me toward the arts; even the study of modern philosophy suggested that philosophy was nonsense. ~ Steve Martin,
1026:I think a lot of people take a scholarly approach where they feel like you're supposed to study things that depress you. ~ John Currin,
1027:No amount of study or learning will make a man a leader unless he has the natural qualities of one. ~ Archibald Wavell 1st Earl Wavell,
1028:Since the average person fears public speaking more than death, subjects in a study were asked to address an audience. ~ Frans de Waal,
1029:The only way to study the mind is to get at facts, and then intellect will arrange them and deduce the principles. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
1030:They’re nuts. Completely insane! I don’t get this gambling thing. Didn’t these people study statistics at university? ~ Charles Stross,
1031:Ultimately, the goal of personal Bible study is a transformed life and a deep and abiding relationship with Jesus Christ. ~ Kay Arthur,
1032:You can study orchestration, you can study harmony and theory and everything else, but melodies come straight from God. ~ Quincy Jones,
1033:After realising my natural affinity towards surrealism several years ago I decided to study it's origins and definitions. ~ Trevor Dunn,
1034:A woman is more considerate in affairs of love than a man; because love is more the study and business of her life. ~ Washington Irving,
1035:a woman with a secret may be a fascinating study, but she can never be a safe, nor even satisfactory, companion. ~ Anna Katharine Green,
1036:Berg, Sophia may be a Greek name, but that is no reason for you to study your neighbor in a Greek lesson. Translate! ~ Bernhard Schlink,
1037:for a scale with only a few (two or three) items, an alpha around .70 was acceptable. In this study, the means across items ~ Anonymous,
1038:If your aim is life is pursuing truth, one of the things you might want to study is why deception is so common in life. ~ Eugene Burger,
1039:I have been at my book; and am now past the craggy paths of study, and come to the flowery plains of honour and reputation ~ Ben Jonson,
1040:In our prayers, we talk to God, in our Bible study, God talks to us, and we had better let God do most of the talking. ~ Dwight L Moody,
1041:No man had ever heard a nightingale, When once a keen-eyed naturalist was stirred To study and define -- what is a bird. ~ Emma Lazarus,
1042:One of the sturdiest precepts of the study of human delusion is that every golden age is either past or in the offing. ~ Michael Chabon,
1043:Science has been seriously retarded by the study of what is not worth knowing and of what is not knowable. ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,
1044:Study hard what interests you the most in the most undisciplined, irreverent and original manner possible.
   ~ Richard P Feynman, [T5],
1045:study shows that exercise—or at least the resulting fitness levels—can have a powerful impact on that fundamental skill. ~ John J Ratey,
1046:The pursuit of illusion is not about studying for prizes, or for study's sake. There's no right or wrong, no pass or fail. ~ Tahir Shah,
1047:There is a beautiful flow to the study of Zen. If it is not making you happier, then you are not practicing correctly. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1048:The Study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, #index,
1049:When I cruise around, I can't help but study people's faces and emotions and wonder why they're feeling the way they are. ~ Aaron Bruno,
1050:According to a new study, our email is not as safe as we thought. How do they know this? They've been reading my email. ~ Craig Ferguson,
1051:Also, there was a Princeton study that found that visual clutter reduces your ability to focus and process information. ~ Gretchen Rubin,
1052:Any method of Bible study that doesn’t lead to transformation abandons the missional path of God and leaves us stranded. ~ Scot McKnight,
1053:Both study her, their jaws working, as if the five words she just spoke have awakened a predatory energy inside them. ~ Christopher Rice,
1054:Everyone should study at least enough philosophy and belles-lettres to make his sexual experience more delectable. ~ Georg C Lichtenberg,
1055:Experience, as a desire for experience, does not come off. We must not study ourselves while having an experience. ~ Friedrich Nietzsche,
1056:History is the study of lies, anyway, because no witness ever recalls events with total accuracy, not even eyewitnesses. ~ Nancy Pickard,
1057:I have a fundamental belief in the Bible as the Word of God, written by those who were inspired. I study the Bible daily. ~ Isaac Newton,
1058:It appears to me that if one wants to make progress in mathematics, one should study the masters and not the pupils. ~ Niels Henrik Abel,
1059:It is the aim of this essay to study the period of history from 1861 to 1872 so far as it relates to the American Negro. ~ W E B Du Bois,
1060:I urge you to spend your youth profitably in study and virtue.... In brief, let me see in you an abyss of knowledge. ~ Francois Rabelais,
1061:I went back inside the m-flat. I needed to study. Not for the degree. Screw the degree. I was going to make it rain. ~ Maggie Stiefvater,
1062:My own daughters weren't able to study in Turkey because of their headscarves, so they went to the United States. ~ Recep Tayyip Erdogan,
1063:Newspapers should be read for the study of facts. They should not be allowed to kill the habit of independent thinking. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
1064:One learns more of Christ in being married and rearing children than in several lifetimes spent in study in a monastery. ~ Martin Luther,
1065:Political Science carries inseparably with it the study of piety, and that he who is not pious cannot be truly wise. ~ Giambattista Vico,
1066:Study requires solitude, and solitude is a state dangerous to those who are too much accustomed to sink into themselves ~ Samuel Johnson,
1067:There is no long-range effective teaching of the Bible that is not accompanied by long hours of ongoing study of the Bible. ~ D A Carson,
1068:The study and knowledge of the universe would somehow be lame and defective were no practical results to follow. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero,
1069:The truth of the scholar, alone in his study, does not always accord with what the world at large considers to be true. ~ Eiji Yoshikawa,
1070:the truth of the scholar, alone in his study, does not always accord with what the world at large considers to be true. ~ Eiji Yoshikawa,
1071:Dualism makes the problem insoluble; materialism denies the existence of any phenomenon to study, and hence of any problem. ~ John Searle,
1072:Everything you've learned in school as "obvious" becomes less and less obvious as you begin to study the universe. ~ R Buckminster Fuller,
1073:I did study Shakespeare, that was sort of my thing; I got a Literature A-level, which is my only claim to academic fame. ~ Paul McCartney,
1074:If you want to be healthy study health... if you want to be wealthy, study wealth... if you want to be happy, study happiness. ~ Jim Rohn,
1075:If you wish at once to do nothing and be respectable nowadays, the best pretext is to be at work on some profound study. ~ Leslie Stephen,
1076:If you would really study my pleasure, mother, you must consider your own comfort and convenience a little more than you do. ~ Anne Bront,
1077:I invite [journalists] to seriously study the facts of Guadalupe. The Madonna is there. I cannot find another explanation. ~ Pope Francis,
1078:I'm not much of a believer in the so-called character study; I think that in the end, the story should always be the boss. ~ Stephen King,
1079:It is hard to overstate how valuable it is to have all the incredible tools that are used for human disease to study plants. ~ Bill Gates,
1080:Most married couples spend the whole day apart, the woman in the house, the man in the office or study or workshop. ~ George Bernard Shaw,
1081:My own prejudices are exactly the opposite of the functionalists': "If you want to understand function, study structure". ~ Francis Crick,
1082:Our character is mainly shaped by our primary social community - the people with whom we eat, play, converse, and study. ~ Timothy Keller,
1083:The learned are seldom pretty fellows, and in many cases their appearance tends to discourage a love of study in the young. ~ H L Mencken,
1084:The whole reason to study (and learn to control) body language is to have that support (rather than undercut) your message. ~ Nick Morgan,
1085:Weekly church attendance alone lowers the divorce rate significantly—roughly 25 to 50 percent, depending on the study. ~ Shaunti Feldhahn,
1086:And, in fine, the ancient precept, "Know thyself," and the modern precept, "Study nature," become at last one maxim. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1087:And, in fine, the ancient precept, “Know thyself,” and the modern precept, “Study nature,” become at last one maxim. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1088:And I was scrambling around trying to make money and to study and master (and fail at mastering) the art of being an adult. ~ Miriam Toews,
1089:A recent study found that people lie more when they are texting. Yeah, especially that one lie: "Sorry, just got your text! ~ Jimmy Fallon,
1090:How does the ordinary person come to the transcendent? For a start, I would say, study poetry. Learn how to read a poem. ~ Joseph Campbell,
1091:If westerners cannot legitimately study the history of Africa or the Middle East, then only fish can study marine biology. ~ Bernard Lewis,
1092:I never wanted to be commissioned to paint portraits. I like to choose my own subject and make a character study from it. ~ William Dobell,
1093:I pursue through my research on speed and on my study of the organisation of the revolution of the means of transportation. ~ Paul Virilio,
1094:John Lott has done the most extensive, thorough and sophisticated study we have on the effects of loosening gun control laws. ~ Gary Kleck,
1095:One should never impose one's views on a problem; one should rather study it, and in time a solution will reveal itself. ~ Albert Einstein,
1096:Study hard. Work hard. Play harder. Don't be bound by rules, don't hurt anybody and never ever live somebody else's dream. ~ Shahrukh Khan,
1097:The Civic Culture (and The Civic Culture Revisited) remains the best study of comparative political culture in our time. ~ Aaron Wildavsky,
1098:We study biology, physics, movements of glaciers... Where are the classes on envy, feeling wronged, despair, bitterness. ~ Alain de Botton,
1099:When I was 23, basically I stopped modelling and started going to school, and was able to study with wonderful teachers. ~ Andie MacDowell,
1100:You go to school, you get a master's degree, you study Shakespeare and you wind up being famous for plastic glasses. ~ Sally Jessy Raphael,
1101:As practice makes perfect, I cannot but make progress; each drawing one makes, each study one paints, is a step forward. ~ Vincent Van Gogh,
1102:For it is the duty of an astronomer to compose the history of the celestial motions through careful and expert study. ~ Nicolaus Copernicus,
1103:Girlfriend? That’s a funny way to pronounce Netflix” - Rachel Sinclair, Molly’s occasional (and always sarcastic) study partner. ~ Sara Ney,
1104:If I lead the field in any way, it is in the area of curricula development, study guides and other teaching materials. ~ John Henrik Clarke,
1105:I genuinely loved school, where the formula for success was straightforward. Study and you get good grades. Simple, safe. ~ Rachel Friedman,
1106:I have a fundamental belief in the Bible as the Word of God, written by those who were inspired. I study the Bible daily.
   ~ Isaac Newton,
1107:I leaf through books, I do not study them. What I retain of them is something I no longer recognize as anyone else's. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
1108:In hearing the word, we look into it for counsel and direction, and when we study it, it turns to our spiritual life. Those ~ Matthew Henry,
1109:It is not the mere study of the Law, but to become eminent in the profession of it, which is to yield honor and profit. ~ George Washington,
1110:Professor Raylene's ground breaking study found that subjects with Tourrette's Syndrome burned more calories than Lutherans. ~ Chris Dolley,
1111:Study and research into truth often only serves to make us see by experience our natural ignorance. ~ Madeleine de Souvre marquise de Sable,
1112:There is more value in a little study of humility and in a single act of it than in all the knowledge in the world. ~ Saint Teresa of Avila,
1113:They were maps that lived, maps that one could study, frown over, and add to; maps, in short, that really meant something. ~ Gerald Durrell,
1114:Those that study particular sciences, and neglect philosophy, are like Penelope's wooers, that make love to the waiting women. ~ Aristippus,
1115:You can study government and politics in school, but the best way to really understand the process is to volunteer your time. ~ Rob McKenna,
1116:You couldn’t blame him, no, you couldn’t fault him for wanting to go deeper into every fleeting moment, to study its mystery. ~ Kim Edwards,
1117:As a journalist, or an anthropologist, the convention is that people are there for you to study, and they are your objects. ~ Annia Ciezadlo,
1118:Before we can study the central issues of life today, we must destroy the prejudices and fallacies born of previous centuries. ~ Leo Tolstoy,
1119:But when we study God’s word we should pray that the Spirit of God will not only inform our heads but also inspire our hearts. ~ Tim Chester,
1120:Deism is the belief that nature and God are one and the same thing. If you study nature, you're getting insights about God. ~ Bruce H Lipton,
1121:Is it not dangerous to have students study together for years, copying the same models and approximately the same path? ~ Theodore Gericault,
1122:Model: Ezra committed himself first to study God’s Word, then to practice it, then to communicate it to the rest of Israel. ~ John C Maxwell,
1123:My first, and most lasting, addiction has always been to the obsessive study of any matter that took hold of my curiosity. ~ Andrew Davidson,
1124:Polish your wisdom: learn public justice, distinguish between good and evil, study the ways of different arts one by one. ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
1125:Problems may be solved in the study which have baffled all those who have sought a solution by the aid of their senses. ~ Arthur Conan Doyle,
1126:Study after study has shown that motivation probably has a larger effect on productivity and quality than any other factor ~ Steve McConnell,
1127:Study the Constitution. Let it be preached from the pulpit, proclaimed in legislatures, and enforced in courts of justice. ~ Abraham Lincoln,
1128:The best way to learn to write is to study the work of the men and women who are doing the kind of writing you want to do. ~ William Zinsser,
1129:The study of Zen is a retraining. It is a series of new ways, not just one way, to learn to use your mind more efficiently. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1130:To study the enemy you have to get under his skin. When you're under his skin you start to see the world through his eyes. ~ Terry Pratchett,
1131:We cannot study the brain, the instrument for fabricating the realities we inhabit, using the mental constructs of the past. ~ Timothy Leary,
1132:We study biology, physics, movements of glaciers... Where are the classes on envy, feeling wronged, despair, bitterness... ~ Alain de Botton,
1133:Without lightbulbs, televisions, or street lamps, the subjects in his study initially did little more at night than sleep. ~ David K Randall,
1134:Yoga is a study of life, study of your body, breath, mind, intellect, memory, and ego. Study of your inner faculties! ~ Sri Sri Ravi Shankar,
1135:11And further, by these, my son, be admonished: of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the flesh. ~ Anonymous,
1136:In the study of consciousness you cannot explain anything verbally. You can only allude to, point in a general direction of. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1137:I think if you study--if you learn too much of what others have done, you may tend to take the same direction as everybody else. ~ Jim Henson,
1138:I wrote a study about this question, The Lessons of October, which served as a pretext for my elimination from the government. ~ Leon Trotsky,
1139:Most arts require long study and application, but the most useful art of all, that of pleasing, requires only the desire. ~ Lord Chesterfield,
1140:Now is not the time to tolerate the religions of the world; it’s time to seek them out and study them and be affected by them. ~ Thomas Moore,
1141:One had to immerse oneself in one's surroundings and intensely study nature or one's subject to understand how to recreate it. ~ Paul Cezanne,
1142:Polish your wisdom: learn public justice, distinguish between good and evil, study the ways of different arts one by one. ~ Miyamoto Musashi,
1143:Scientists animated by the purpose of proving that they are purposeless constitute an interesting subject for study. ~ Alfred North Whitehead,
1144:The cinema, as literature, as all the plastic arts, do not exist outside of a critical system that allows us to study them. ~ Jacques Audiard,
1145:There is not a single extant study that supports all the arguments against men being with their children. It's absolute bollocks ~ Bob Geldof,
1146:The study of maps and the perusal of travel books aroused in me a secret fascination that was at times almost irresistible. ~ Alain de Botton,
1147:The study of the humanities is nothing less than patient nurturing of the roots and heirloom varietals of human symbolic life. ~ Roy Scranton,
1148:They like to take all this money from sin, build big universities to study in, sing Amazing Grace all the way to the Swiss banks. ~ Bob Dylan,
1149:We have so committed ourselves in different ways that we have hardly any time for self-reflection, to observe, to study. ~ Jiddu Krishnamurti,
1150:What was even more germane was my study of the history of religion. It was one of the few things in school I was fascinated by. ~ John Irving,
1151:Without scientific study, an employer does not know why he is paying a wage and the employee does not know why he is getting it. ~ Henry Ford,
1152:After all, an educated man should admire any course of study no matter how arcane, if it be pursued with curiosity and devotion. ~ Amor Towles,
1153:Any given study seems to prove a lot, but put together, they are so at odds with each other that the net effect is inconclusive. ~ Ian Hacking,
1154:A Standish Group study found that 45 percent of features in a typical system are never used and 19 percent are rarely used. ~ Mary Poppendieck,
1155:Comedians are the best public speakers and are up against the most brutal audiences, so you must study them. Learn from them. ~ James Altucher,
1156:......Hudson says that many times in his life he undertook the study of metaphysics, but happiness always interrupted him. ~ Jorge Luis Borges,
1157:I always want to be growing in my craft. Any artist should - whether you paint, whether you do music or film - always grow and study. ~ LeCrae,
1158:I’d like to propose to you that revelation is not the product of laborious study, but it is the fruit of friendship with God. ~ Kris Vallotton,
1159:I knew a bit but we don't study a lot of British history at school in Australia. We have our own 50-year period to concentrate on. ~ Eric Bana,
1160:I taught Bible Study, and there was period where I thought all of my beliefs were right, and everybody who disagreed with me was wrong. ~ Moby,
1161:I think it was my study of history that convinced me that the Democratic Party was more on the side of the average American. ~ George McGovern,
1162:It is no secret that the fruits of language study are in no sort of relation to the labour spent on teaching and learning them. ~ Edward Sapir,
1163:Let us therefore study the incidents in this as philosophy to learn wisdom from and none of them as wrongs to be avenged.... ~ Abraham Lincoln,
1164:Reason and riper years tempered his warmth; and from the study of wisdom, he retained what is most difficult to compass,—moderation. ~ Tacitus,
1165:The more you learn, the less you fear. "Learn" not in the sense of academic study, but in the practical understanding of life. ~ Julian Barnes,
1166:The more you learn, the less you fear. “Learn” not in the sense of academic study, but in the practical understanding of life. ~ Julian Barnes,
1167:The psychopaths are always around. In calm times we study them, but in times of upheaval, they rule over us.” —Ernst Kretschmer ~ Brenda Novak,
1168:There is no scientific study more vital to man than the study of his own brain. Our entire view of the universe depends on it. ~ Francis Crick,
1169:What a sense of security in an old book which  Time has criticised for us! ~ James Russell Lowell, My Study Windows, Library of Old Authors.,
1170:When you study natural science and the miracles of creation, if you don't turn into a mystic you are not a natural scientist. ~ Albert Hofmann,
1171:As to what I would like to be, it is difficult to say. An artist of some kind. If nothing else I shall always study the Arts. ~ Jackson Pollock,
1172:Children are never too young to begin the study of nature's book, and never too old to quit.
~ Candace FlemingLaura Hecox ~ Candace Fleming,
1173:Do not come into the study.
Do not allow the children into the study.
Keep the children calm.
Keep the children safe. ~ Callie Hart,
1174:If you intend to study the mind, you must have systematic training; you must practice to bring the mind under your control. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
1175:In a study, scientists report that drinking beer can be good for the liver. I'm sorry, did I say 'scientists'? I meant Irish people. ~ Tina Fey,
1176:I want to tell any young girl out there who's a geek, I was a really serious geek in high school. It works out. Study harder. ~ Sheryl Sandberg,
1177:Learning the art of painting is not an easy task. It takes a great deal of intelligence, keen analysis, study and practice. ~ Edgar Alwin Payne,
1178:She decided that day to study Russian, the language of violence, terror, and absurdity. She knew she would never be bored. ~ Natalie Standiford,
1179:Study hard; and you might grow up to be President. But let's face it: Even then, you'll never make as much money as your dog. ~ George H W Bush,
1180:The study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy ~ Abraham Maslow,
1181:Thus my research on dromology, on the logic and impact of speed, necessarily implies the study of the organisation of territory. ~ Paul Virilio,
1182:Why did the ancient whores of Greece and Babylon and India study also the art of speaking, of culture, of artifice (see Kamasutra)? ~ Ana s Nin,
1183:You know what you learn when you study the legal system? Poor people pass down damage the way rich people pass down an inheritance. ~ Dan Chaon,
1184:God’s people need to study the prophetic Scriptures so they can both be prepared themselves and help others prepare for His coming. ~ Tim LaHaye,
1185:History isn't something we study; it's the story people collectively tell about themselves, both by their words and by their actions. ~ Tom Head,
1186:I am interested in study, reflection, philosophy - but always as a dilettante. I also consider myself a dilettante as a painter. ~ Antoni Tapies,
1187:If man made himself the first object of study, he would see how incapable he is of going further. How can a part know the whole? ~ Blaise Pascal,
1188:If you study the writings of the mystics, you will always find things in them that appear to be paradoxes, as in Zen, particularly. ~ Alan Watts,
1189:In one study, old people assigned to a geriatrics team stayed independent for far longer, and were admitted to the hospital less. ~ Atul Gawande,
1190:I started to study, because I knew I had to learn a lot about myself as an actor; you can't act the same as you did as a child. ~ Roddy McDowall,
1191:Literature speaks the language of the imagination, and the study of literature is supposed to train and improve the imagination. ~ Northrop Frye,
1192:My business is making people, especially children, happy. I have dedicated much of my time to a study of the problems of children. ~ Walt Disney,
1193:No trace of slavery ought to mix with the studies of the freeborn man. No study, pursued under compulsion, remains rooted in the memory. ~ Plato,
1194:One of the most generous gifts you can give your child is to study her temperament, and once you've learned it, work to accept it. ~ Wendy Mogel,
1195:People who want to go to power places all of the time and want to be around powerful people, they don't last long in the study. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1196:Sometimes a fan comes up to me, and I'm really interested in how they're acting, so I'll study them and use that in my material. ~ Molly Shannon,
1197:The more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creator. ~ Louis Pasteur, as quoted in The Literary Digest (18 October 1902),
1198:The study demonstrates the endowed progress effect, a phenomenon that increases motivation as people believe they are nearing a goal. ~ Nir Eyal,
1199:We would do much better as leaders in the Church to learn at the feet of the farmer rather than study with the CEO of a corporation. ~ Neil Cole,
1200:When you study God’s Word and incorporate His wisdom and principles into your daily life, your whole perspective will change. ~ Elizabeth George,
1201:A 2012 study found a 15 percent increase in the risk of certain skin cancers with every four sessions in a tanning bed before age 35. ~ Anonymous,
1202:A recent study announced that 52 per cent of all teens who sign virginity pledges recant them within twelve months. If I'm on my game. ~ Tina Fey,
1203:Do you know your Bible?'
'Uh, not very well.'
'It merits study, it contains very practical advice for most emergencies. ~ Robert A Heinlein,
1204:Following this, I set up residence in the palace of silver parasols and spent my time pursuing study, reflection, and meditation. ~ Thupten Jinpa,
1205:If we wish to foresee the future of mathematics, our proper course is to study the history and present condition of the science. ~ Henri Poincare,
1206:I need to study David Petrakis.
His actions speak louder than word.

I've never heard a more eloquent silence. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
1207:In high school I was drawn to the study of literature, poetry Shakespeare, contemporary fiction, drama, you name it - I read it. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1208:I think everyone needs a goal. And what kind of goal will be important. And for that we have to study and we have to be intelligent. ~ Tadao Ando,
1209:I try to study the unfamiliar emotions inside my chest that make me act and sound like a hormonal teenager instead of a serial killer ~ V F Mason,
1210:Study, therefore, to withdraw the love of your soul from all things that are visible, and turn it to things that are invisible. ~ Thomas a Kempis,
1211:The arts must study their occasions; they must stand modestly aside until they can slip in fitly into the interstices of life. ~ George Santayana,
1212:The Bible is the greatest of all books; to study it is the noblest of all pursuits; to understand it, the highest of all goals. ~ Charles C Ryrie,
1213:The more I study history the more I realize how little mankind has changed. There are no new scripts, just different actors. ~ Richard Paul Evans,
1214:The person who wishes to attain human perfection should study logic first, next mathematics, then physics, and, lastly, metaphysics. ~ Maim nides,
1215:The philosophical study of nature endeavors, in the the vicissitudes of phenomena, to connect the present with the past. ~ Alexander von Humboldt,
1216:The professional study of economics has become ideological brainwashing. It is a defense of the excesses of the capitalist system. ~ David Korten,
1217:the study of church history is vitally and foundationally important. Church history helps us to see where we are and how we got here. ~ Anonymous,
1218:The study of modern mindfulness meditation and emotional intelligence is deeply rooted in the ancient Vipassana meditation techniques. ~ Amit Ray,
1219:The study of the human brain and its disease remains one of the greatest scientific and philosophical challenges ever undertaken. ~ Floyd E Bloom,
1220:Vocal study before age 20 is likely to be injurious, though some survive it in the hands of very careful and understanding teachers. ~ Alma Gluck,
1221:A Harvard study has shown that in fifteen cases in history where a rising and an established power interacted, ten ended in war. ~ Henry Kissinger,
1222:Believer! study the humility of Jesus. This is the secret, the hidden root of thy redemption. Sink down into it deeper day by day. ~ Andrew Murray,
1223:First, study the present construction. Second, ask for all past experiences and read everything you can on the subject. ~ Thomas A Edison,
1224:I find myself wanting to study his lower abdomen, where the muscles are like stepping stones leading the way down to Mr. Happy. ~ Kristen Callihan,
1225:"If you study the writings of the mystics, you will always find things in them that appear to be paradoxes, as in Zen, particularly." ~ Alan Watts,
1226:I'm hopeless at playing scales. Try and be instinctive first and analytic afterwords, although it's good to study the theory of music. ~ Brian May,
1227:In another study, chronic procrastinators who set a specific time to complete a task were eight times as likely to follow through. ~ Tony Schwartz,
1228:I saw an oxygen tank in the cluttered room—what had been Atkins’s “study,” as his son had explained, now converted for a deathwatch. ~ John Irving,
1229:It is one thing to study war and another to live the warrior's life. — Telamon of Arcadia, mercenary of the fifth century B.C. ~ Steven Pressfield,
1230:It's full of phonies and all you do is study so that you can learn enough to be smart enough to be able to buy a golden Cadillac... ~ J D Salinger,
1231:It's so much more interesting to study a ... damaged world. I find it difficult to learn anything in a place that's too civilized. ~ Brian Herbert,
1232:It's the desire to study the human condition, the desire for collaboration, to learn and absorb, and to lead a well-examined life. ~ Nicole Kidman,
1233:People put 'study abroad' on their resume. I actually like when they don't study abroad because that means they aren't entitled. ~ Millard Drexler,
1234:So philosophy purifies the will. But philosophy is to be understood as experience and thought, not as mere reading or passive study. ~ Will Durant,
1235:The more you study, the more you subsequently know; naturally, the more you know, the nearer you get to perfection as a journalist. ~ Jack Kerouac,
1236:This impeccably researched study of the classic black insult game may be the funniest work of serious scholarship ever published. ~ Terry Teachout,
1237:Wanna go study about incestuous royal families and bloody murders?' she asked him. 'Or do you wanna study European history instead? ~ Robin Benway,
1238:As he walked out the door of his study, a phantom ache curled between his shoulder blades. As if they craved the weight of wings. ~ Roshani Chokshi,
1239:business is like chess. Grandmaster José Raúl Capablanca put it well: to succeed, “you must study the endgame before everything else. ~ Peter Thiel,
1240:Eloquent testimony to the recovery powers of wild animals frequently becomes apparent from the study of skeletons housed in museums. ~ Louis Leakey,
1241:Grow up, study, get your certificates, get married, have kids, and die. Thank you very much for attending the joke called life. They ~ Cameron Jace,
1242:If people would turn their TVs off for half the time, study science and practice an instrument, they'd be virtuosos and have Ph.Ds! ~ Philippe Kahn,
1243:If you study a great work of art, you'll probably find the artist was a kind of genius. And geniuses are different to you and me. ~ Charles Saatchi,
1244:I like manual labor. Whenever I've got waterlogged with study, I've taken a spell of it and found it spiritually invigorating. ~ W Somerset Maugham,
1245:In the history of extra-biblical study and research tools there has never before been a resource as useful as the Puritan Hard Drive. ~ Paul Washer,
1246:It is necessary to study these words you have written, for the words have a longer history than you have and say more than you know. ~ George Oppen,
1247:It is one thing to study war and another to live the warrior’s life.   —Telamon of Arcadia, mercenary of the fifth century B.C. ~ Steven Pressfield,
1248:It’s good to study your history, Jasper. If you don’t understand the mistakes of the past, you’re bound to repeat them. Remember that. ~ D M Pulley,
1249:Knowledge of facts is a poor thing if one cannot see their true significance. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
1250:Nothing can be rightly known, if God be not known; nor is any study well managed, nor to any great purpose, if God is not studied. ~ Richard Baxter,
1251:One of the joys of writing music is making your own mark. Study other stuff, immerse yourself in music and then tell your own truth. ~ Thea Gilmore,
1252:Only through the careful study of historical documents can we prevent the distortion of where we came from and who we are as a nation. ~ Ben Carson,
1253:Rich, poor, Panhandle, Gulf, city, country, Texas is the obsession, the proper study, and the passionate possession of all Texans. ~ John Steinbeck,
1254:Study everything that makes God wonderful and mimic to your heart’s delight, as the joyful expression of your reciprocal love for him. ~ Jen Wilkin,
1255:The nature of life is to be a study of contrasts: joy/sadness, full/empty. The Main Thing is to Keep The Main Thing The Main Thing. ~ Stephen Covey,
1256:We are in truth, more than half what we are by imitation. The great point is to choose good models and to study them with care. ~ Lord Chesterfield,
1257:We must not be content to memorize the beautiful formulas of our illustrious predecessors. Let us go out and study beautiful nature. ~ Paul Cezanne,
1258:We must not judge God from this world. It's just a study that didn't come off. It's only a master who could make such a blunder. ~ Vincent Van Gogh,
1259:Who owns history? Everyone and no one--which is why the study of the past is a constantly evolving, never-ending journey of discovery. ~ Eric Foner,
1260:A 1989 study showed that readers of hypertext often ended up clicking distractedly “through pages instead of reading them carefully. ~ Nicholas Carr,
1261:Ah, but book smarts can be improved with study and hard work, while strength of character is a much harder discipline to master. ~ Christie Anderson,
1262:A mind of moderate capacity which closely pursues one study must infallibly arrive at great proficiency in that study. ~ Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley,
1263:And he lay on the cold floor of the study watching the wind stirring the pages, mixing the written and unwritten, the end among them. ~ Louise Gl ck,
1264:Asking for advice means, "Tell me what to do." Seeking education means, "Tell me what to study so I can learn what I need to do. ~ Robert T Kiyosaki,
1265:At the time I finished high school, I was determined to study biology, deeply convinced to eventually be a researcher. ~ Christiane Nusslein Volhard,
1266:By the by, who ever knew a man who never read or wrote neither who hadn't got some small back parlour which he would call a study! ~ Charles Dickens,
1267:I don't really study television or how things do or don't change. So I don't know anything about that. I'm just a stupid actor. ~ Vincent Kartheiser,
1268:If there's a field you're interested in, do some research. If you can, go to school and study it to really understand it from its core. ~ Inbar Lavi,
1269:I knew that the principle objective of my film was to be a sentimental or an emotional study. What I did was kind of like subterfuge. ~ Louis Garrel,
1270:It's tiny out's inconsequential. It's ironic that we had come to study the Moon and it was really discovering the Earth. ~ William Anders,
1271:Jen Wilkin is a Bible study leader, blogger, and author of Women of the Word: How to Study the Bible with Both Our Hearts and Our Minds. ~ Anonymous,
1272:They came to study the dreadful vulgarity of this imaginary Mass Man they pretend to hate. But they're fascinated with the snake-pit. ~ Ray Bradbury,
1273:They’re nuts. Completely insane! I don’t get this gambling thing. Didn’t these people study statistics at university? Evidently not ~ Charles Stross,
1274:A man may study because his brain is hungry for knowledge, even Bible knowledge. But he prays because his soul is hungry for God. ~ Leonard Ravenhill,
1275:If you had made the acquiring of ignorance the study of your life, you could not have graduated with higher honor than you could to-day. ~ Mark Twain,
1276:I study his chiseled face, his grey-blue eyes and perfect body, and choke back a sarcastic retort about how well he does not fit in. ~ Karpov Kinrade,
1277:I wasn't trying to top Pulp Fiction with Jackie Brown. I wanted to go underneath it and make a more modest character study movie. ~ Quentin Tarantino,
1278:not play life, or study it merely, while the community supports them at this expensive game, but earnestly live it from beginning to end. ~ Anonymous,
1279:Sometimes fear helps, he said. Like fear of flunking a test, so you study. But when bad’s going to happen for sure, fear only hurts. ~ Peter Abrahams,
1280:Super-successf ul people aren’t the most gifted people in their fields. They just work, study and practice more than the competition. ~ Jack Canfield,
1281:The Bible is the greatest of all books; to study it the noblest of all pursuits; to understand it, the highest of all goals. ~ Charles Caldwell Ryrie,
1282:There is a science of war, but how strange that there isn't a science of peace. There are colleges of war; why can’t we study peace? ~ Audrey Hepburn,
1283:The word ‘studio’ is derives from ‘study’. Our object is not to know the answers before we do the work. It’s to know them after we do it. ~ Bruce Mau,
1284:Zen is less the study of doctrine than a set of tools for discovering what can be known when the world is looked at with open eyes. ~ Jane Hirshfield,
1285:A new study found that most people can't go 10 minutes without lying. But since the study took 20 minutes nobody knows what to believe. ~ Jimmy Fallon,
1286:A person who undertakes the study of Zen and learns concentration and meditation is like a gymnast. You become a gymnast of the mind. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1287:Computer Science: A study akin to numerology and astrology, but lacking the precision of the former and the success of the latter. ~ Stan Kelly Bootle,
1288:How long do You want me to read and study?

   Four hours of concentrated study a day is enough.
   ~ The Mother, More Answers From The Mother, [T5],
1289:I cannot count the good people I know who to my mind would be even better if they bent their spirits to the study of their own hungers. ~ M F K Fisher,
1290:If you want to be a doctor, a lawyer you must go to college. But if you want to be a musician or such, study your craft. Study music. ~ Billy Eckstine,
1291:If you want to study yourself, look into the hearts of other people. If you want to study other people, look into your own heart. ~ Friedrich Schiller,
1292:I study my competition for at least an hour a day. I get on the internet, look at what they doing, then I look at ways to defeat them. ~ Freddie Gibbs,
1293:It is childish to study a work of fiction in order to gain information about a country or about a social class or about the author. ~ Vladimir Nabokov,
1294:It often happens that things come into the mind in a more finished form than could have been achieved after much study. ~ Francois de La Rochefoucauld,
1295:My room for books and study or for sitting and thinking about nothing in particular to see what would happen was at the end of a hall. ~ Carl Sandburg,
1296:Nothing can be rightly known, if God be not known; nor is any study well managed, nor to any great purpose, if God is not studied. We ~ Richard Baxter,
1297:Now, a recent study from cardiologists at the University of Maryland, has shown that laughter may have a beneficial effect on the heart. ~ Allen Klein,
1298:One study estimated that for every hour of interrupted sleep during the previous night, people wasted 8.4 minutes in online puttering ~ Gretchen Rubin,
1299:study to practice in life that which the Lord commands, and then be you assured that you shall never hear nor read the same without fruit. ~ John Knox,
1300:The visitor from outer space made a serious study of Christianity, to learn, if he could, why Christians found it so easy to be cruel. ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
1301:Vernadsky proposed that the study of the Earth would not be complete without understanding the central role of life as a planetary force. ~ Adam Frank,
1302:Due to our preconceptions regarding education, we fail to inquire into the most obvious and wondrous field of study - ourselves. ~ Mata Amritanandamayi,
1303:Gloom and solemnity are entirely out of place in even the most rigorous study of an art originally intended to make glad the heart of man. ~ Ezra Pound,
1304:I conn'd old times, I sat studying at the feet of the great masters, Now if eligible O that the great masters might return and study me. ~ Walt Whitman,
1305:I decided to study special education and fell in love with working with individuals with autism. That's what I planned to do with my life. ~ Clay Aiken,
1306:I mentioned earlier that to understand successes and analyze what caused them, we need to study the traits present in failures. ~ Nassim Nicholas Taleb,
1307:In the piano, one has the instrument complete before he begins; but in the case of the voice, the instrument has to be developed by study. ~ Alma Gluck,
1308:I think everybody should study ants. They have an amazing four-part philosophy. Never give up, look ahead, stay positive and do all you can. ~ Jim Rohn,
1309:It is sometimes easier to head an institute for the study of child guidance than it is to turn one brat into a decent human being. ~ Joseph Wood Krutch,
1310:I was studying with Joe Allard, which was great, as a saxophone student. Being able to study with Joe Allard was an incredible experience. ~ Jon Gordon,
1311:Labor unions should study and read the Bible instead of asking for more money. When people get right with God, they are better workers. ~ Jerry Falwell,
1312:Richard’s clenched hands fell to his sides. He turned and walked into the study, carrying his balls on a nine-carat-gold dinner plate. ~ Angela Marsons,
1313:The Christian community continues to exist because the conclusions of the critical study of the Bible are largely withheld from them. ~ Hans Conzelmann,
1314:The plain truth is that the period I study is the 16th century, and they were absolutely obsessed with witches and spiritual beings. ~ Deborah Harkness,
1315:the study of diversity is essential for understanding how and why America became what Walt Whitman called a “teeming nation of nations. ~ Ronald Takaki,
1316:The study of error is not only in the highest degree prophylactic, but it serves as a stimulating introduction to the study of truth. ~ Walter Lippmann,
1317:...the unprecedented rise of the Christian Social Party... was to assume the deepest significance for me as a classical object of study. ~ Adolf Hitler,
1318:th' unconquerable will,/ And study of revenge, immortal hate,/ And courage never to submit or yield/ And what is else not to be overcome? ~ John Milton,
1319:To be a good professional engineer, always start to study late for exams because it teaches you how to manage time and tackle emergencies. ~ Bill Gates,
1320:You cannot conceive the many without the one...The study of the unit is among those that lead the mind on and turn it to the vision of reality. ~ Plato,
1321:184. "Focus your mind on one thing, absorb the old examples, study the actions of the masters- penetrate deeply into a single form of practice." ~ Dogen,
1322:As others might prepare for an exam whose subject matter is unknown to them, so I must study, cram, for every conversation with my folks. ~ Alice Walker,
1323:Barack Obama is the most successful new marketer in history. Study his campaign so that you can adapt the ideas for your business. ~ David Meerman Scott,
1324:Even when I was coming through school I was a loner and I used to study music and listen to it and play it and play it, and I was in bands. ~ Billy West,
1325:For pleasure you can read the games collections of Andersson and Chigorin, but for benefit you should study Tarrasch, Keres and Bronstein. ~ Mikhail Tal,
1326:good academic students were discouraged from taking technical courses, even if the student intended to study engineering at university. ~ Jacquie McNish,
1327:Humans everywhere share the same goals when the context is large enough. And the study of the Cosmos provides the largest possible context. ~ Carl Sagan,
1328:I cannot count the good people I know who, to my mind, would be even better if they bent their spirits to the study of their own hungers. ~ M F K Fisher,
1329:If a being from another world were to ask you, "How can I learn what it's like to be human?" a good answer would be, "Study mythology. ~ Joseph Campbell,
1330:I know of no case study in history that describes an organization that has been managed out of a crisis. Every single one of them was led. ~ Simon Sinek,
1331:It is one thing to study war
and another to live the warrior's life. — Telamon of Arcadia,
mercenary of the fifth century B.C. ~ Steven Pressfield,
1332:It is useful to study different traditions in order to be free of attachment to any one way of expressing what is beyond expression. (x) ~ Ravi Ravindra,
1333:I was going to study at the Sorbonne and become a diplomat. Being a diplomat comes in handy when you are dealing with record companies. ~ Gloria Estefan,
1334:I would say to a young person: continue to study. Study what is taking place in your community, in your neighborhood, maybe at your school. ~ John Lewis,
1335:Level 5 leaders are a study in duality: modest and willful, humble and fearless. To quickly grasp this concept, think of United States ~ James C Collins,
1336:One study found that people who just thought about watching their favorite movie actually raised their endorphin levels by 27 percent. ~ Daniel Kahneman,
1337:Recent study of beetle digestive tracts has found more than 650 distinct yeasts, at least 200 of which were previously unidentified, ~ Sandor Ellix Katz,
1338:The first things to study are form and values. For me, these are the things that are the basics of what is serious in art. ~ Jean Baptiste Camille Corot,
1339:The idea of taking what people call the 'entertainment culture' as a focus of study, including historical perspective, is not a bad idea. ~ Neil Postman,
1340:To create something you want to sell, you first study and research the market, then you develop the product to the best of your ability. ~ Clive Cussler,
1341:We in science are spoiled by the success of mathematics. Mathematics is the study of problems so simple that they have good solutions ~ Whitfield Diffie,
1342:Wisdom is nothing more than confirmed imagination: just because one did not study for his exam does not mean that he should leave it blank. ~ Criss Jami,
1343:Being a leader gives you charisma. If you look and study the leaders who have succeeded, that's where charisma comes from, from the leading. ~ Seth Godin,
1344:Choice springs from the totality of the person. Thus, to study, to analyze what a person is, does not eliminate the idea of freedom. ~ Simone de Beauvoir,
1345:Do there exist many worlds, or is there but a single world? This is one of the most noble and exalted questions in the study of Nature. ~ Albertus Magnus,
1346:I am not like my image; I take my work so seriously. Everyone thinks I just bounce in, but I study and everything has to be just right. ~ Barbara Windsor,
1347:I do want children. I study dads more. I watch what they go through. I admire my father more than I ever did and my brother and my sister. ~ Adam Sandler,
1348:If we are going to deal with the discipline of Bible study, we must recognize at the outset that we will need the grace of God to persevere. ~ R C Sproul,
1349:If you’re curious, nothing is a chore; it’s automatic –you want to study. Cultivate curiosity, and life becomes an unending study of joy. ~ Kevin Horsley,
1350:If you want the book so badly after getting rid of it that you’re willing to buy another copy, then buy one—and this time read and study it. ~ Marie Kond,
1351:Inside the Bible's pages lie the answers to all the problems that mankind has ever known. I hope Americans will read and study the Bible. ~ Ronald Reagan,
1352:It is always noteworthy that all those who seriously study this science [the theory of numbers] conceive a sort of passion for it. ~ Carl Friedrich Gauss,
1353:No study has taken so much of human energy, whether in times past or present, as the study of the soul, of God, and of human destiny. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
1354:The basic science is not physics or mathematics but biology -- the study of life. We must learn to think both logically and bio-logically. ~ Edward Abbey,
1355:The visitor from outer space made a serious study of Christianity, to learn, if he could, why Christians found it so easy to be cruel. He ~ Kurt Vonnegut,
1356:The walls of the educational system must come down. Education should not be a privilege, so the children of those who have money can study. ~ Che Guevara,
1357:You’re like tourists in Oslo who haven’t bothered to study a word of Norwegian. How can you expect anyone to care what you have to say? ~ Gary Vaynerchuk,
1358:All approaches to a study or an individual may start with a desire for attention. However they start, they must never end up in this manner. ~ Idries Shah,
1359:As a group they tend to be more charming than most people,” she said. “They have no warm emotions of their own but will study the rest of us. ~ Jon Ronson,
1360:A study in the Washington Post says that women have better verbal skills than men. I just want to say to the authors of that study: 'Duh.' ~ Conan O Brien,
1361:Don’t you think every face tells its own story? Like a book? More like a poem. If you study it long enough, you’ll soon find its meaning. ~ Gail Tsukiyama,
1362:Do there exist many worlds, or is there but a single world? This is one of the most noble and exalted questions in the study of Nature. ~ Albert the Great,
1363:Educator Norman Lamm said, “In Judaism, there are 613 biblical commandments, and the Talmud says that the chief commandment of all is study. ~ H W Charles,
1364:Everything is possible to him who wills only what is true! Rest in Nature, study, know, then dare; dare to will, dare to act and be silent! ~ Eliphas Levi,
1365:Everything is possible to him who wills only what is true! Rest in Nature, study, know, then dare; dare to will, dare to act and be silent! ~ liphas L vi,
1366:For now, I strap on chapter four of Mars Rescue, study the console, then ease back on the throttle for a smooth flight through star fields. ~ Nikki Grimes,
1367:He says a million things without saying a word. I make a note to study David Pertrakis.I have never heard a more eloquent silence. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
1368:He says a million things without saying a word. I make a note to study David Petrakis. I have never heard a more eloquent silence. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
1369:If I had something to study for, if I had a goal, however unreachable, the time spent chasing it might have some collateral productivity. ~ Jake Adelstein,
1370:If I have warning I can put it in my schedule, and study "appropriately". Surprisingly, random stake-outs don't fit into my schedule easily. ~ Leigh Evans,
1371:If you wish to be like a little child, study what a little child could understand — nature; and do what a little child could do — love. ~ Charles Kingsley,
1372:In the study of scientific atheism, there was the idea that religion divides people. Now we see the opposite: love for God can only unite. ~ Philip Yancey,
1373:It is vain and useless to survey everything that goes on in the world if our study does not help us mend our ways. ~ Madeleine de Souvre marquise de Sable,
1374:nanoscope, the young lab technician could easily study particles as small as one nanometer in diameter – the equivalent of one billionth ~ Nick Stephenson,
1375:Study always to have Joy, for it befits not the servant of God to show before his brother or another sadness or a troubled face. ~ Saint Francis of Assisi,
1376:study recently published by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, Cornell and Facebook suggests that social networks can ~ Anonymous,
1377:The rights of Englishmen are derived from God, not from king or Parliament, and would be secured by the study of history, law, and tradition. ~ John Adams,
1378:We're kept scrambling so much that we don't have time to really study and analyze and understand the way that power really works in this country. ~ Mr Lif,
1379:Even on the worst days, details of her old life seemed like a museum exhibition, artifacts to study and understand in historical context. ~ Charles Frazier,
1380:Forasmuch as many people study more to have knowledge than to live well therefore ofttimes they err and bring forth little fruit or none. ~ Thomas a Kempis,
1381:[Freud] "sat in his quiet cozy study in Vienna, glad to be back. He said to Ernest Jones, America is a mistake, a gigantic mistake.” Ragtime ~ E L Doctorow,
1382:Grandmaster José Raúl Capablanca”—Thiel’s favorite chess player—“put it well: to succeed ‘you must study the endgame before everything else. ~ Ryan Holiday,
1383:I am happy that thousands of students, young designers and fashion people will be able to see and study my work in every aspect of it. ~ Valentino Garavani,
1384:If you want it to be so, history can be a waste of time; it can also be, if you want it to be so, a study bearing fruit beyond price. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
1385:I make such a good statistic, somebody should study me now; somebody's gotta be interested in how I feel, just cause I'm here, and I'm real. ~ Ani DiFranco,
1386:Intelligence does not depend on the amount one has read, it is a quality of the mind. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
1387:It's one thing to study war
and another to live the warrior's life.

- Telamon of Arcadia, mercenary of the fifth century B.C. ~ Steven Pressfield,
1388:I was born in Argentina, June 13, 1943. I brought up my parents very well, so they let me come to America to study at Princeton University. ~ Emilio Ambasz,
1389:Nothing is more common in an age like this, when books abound, than to fancy that the gratification of a love of reading is real study. ~ John Henry Newman,
1390:Philosophy, being nothing but the study of wisdom and truth... ~ George Berkeley A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, Introduction, §1',
1391:The big secret to winning elections is to get more votes than your opponent. My friend Representative Robin Hayes is a good example to study. ~ Jesse Helms,
1392:The only kind of reform usually possible is reform from within; a more intimate study and more intelligent use of the traditional forms. ~ George Santayana,
1393:The study of psychological trauma has repeatedly led into realms of the unthinkable and foundered on fundamental questions of belief. ~ Judith Lewis Herman,
1394:things, while Gideon trembled in fear, God called him a mighty warrior—long before he was one. God is calling you a mighty warrior. This study ~ Beth Moore,
1395:What a sense of security in an old book which Time has criticised for us! ~ James Russell Lowell, My Study Windows 1871, chapter "Library of Old Authors'".,
1396:What the polls don't tell you is, though other polls do, is that if you do a study of CEOs, top executives in corporations, they're liberal. ~ Noam Chomsky,
1397:Yeah well," as film critic Mitchell Prettyplace puts it in his definitive 18-volume study of King Kong, "you know, he DID love her, folks. ~ Thomas Pynchon,
1398:Zen is a study. It's a discipline. It involves the active use of will to make things happen or not happen. These are the secrets of power. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1399:A Financial Research Corporation study determined that the expense ratio is the only reliable predictor of future mutual fund performance. ~ Michael LeBoeuf,
1400:A recent study shows that the average length of tenancy for a typical customer is 11 months, and 24 months for the average commercial tenant. ~ Scott Meyers,
1401:A study says owning a dog makes you 10 years younger. My first thought was to rescue two more, but I don't want to go through menopause again. ~ Joan Rivers,
1402:Becoming more than a good Bible study girl means I separate my shortcomings from my identity and let Jesus be the only measure of my worth. ~ Lysa TerKeurst,
1403:If a man's wit be not apt to distinguish or find differences, let him study the schoolmen; for they are cymini sectores, splitters of hairs. ~ Francis Bacon,
1404:If you study a lot because you are worried that others will think badly of you for being ignorant and you'll feel stupid, this is a serious mistake. ~ D gen,
1405:In one study of ten countries,14 a higher consumption of calcium was associated with a higher—not lower—risk of bone fracture (Chart 10.3 ~ T Colin Campbell,
1406:Is not prayer a study of truth, a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily without learning something. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1407:I was 12 in 1989 during perestroika, when my mother found a program that sent me to Russia to study art in the forests outside of Leningrad. ~ Kehinde Wiley,
1408:Many believers get together to discuss a great book and mistakenly call it Bible study. That is, in fact, a book club with a spiritual theme. ~ Jen Hatmaker,
1409:No man ever reached to excellence in any one art or profession without having passed through the slow and painful process of study and preparation. ~ Horace,
1410:Philosophy is of course a creation of the mind but its defect is not that it is false. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - IV, The Place of Study in Sadhana,
1411:The gorilla study illustrates two important facts about our minds: we can be blind to the obvious, and we are also blind to our blindness. ~ Daniel Kahneman,
1412:The only way that we can avoid the sin of idolatry is by immersing ourselves in Spirit-enlightened study of God through the Scripture. ~ Elyse M Fitzpatrick,
1413:The study of Buddhism is essentially the study of modification, how we modify the state of mind we're in, how we modify the realm we're in. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1414:Thing is, I wasn't in the library, didn't study too much, didn't get the best grades, but honestly, I didn't party a lot either. I stayed in a lot. ~ G Eazy,
1415:We are sent into this world for some end. It is our duty to discover by close study what this end is and when we once discover it to pursue it ~ Fred Kaplan,
1416:When you study history, you're really studying yourself. Every bit of history I've uncovered about my own family has some remnant in myself. ~ John Sedgwick,
1417:Your reality, isn’t restricted by this cell we live in. If you read something, if you study something, you transcend any cell you’re inside of ~ Manuel Puig,
1418:A 2002 Oxford study showed counting sheep actually delays the onset of sleep. It's just too dull to stop us from worrying about jobs and spouses ~ A J Jacobs,
1419:Another study suggested that getting one extra hour of sleep each night would do more for a person's happiness than getting a $60,000 raise. ~ Gretchen Rubin,
1420:Do you think my Cyn would like a souvenir?" he asked Duncan.
Duncan leaned sideways to study the dripping organ.
"probably not, My lord. ~ D B Reynolds,
1421:I dropped out of high school to pursue a self-designed study program in excessively loud heavy metal music and extreme partying. - From his blog ~ Ben Hewitt,
1422:If you want to be a physicist, you must do three things-first, study mathematics, second, study more mathematics, and third, do the same. ~ Arnold Sommerfeld,
1423:I love to draw, so I really want to go and study art. I've never done things for me. I've always done things for my career or for my family. ~ Milla Jovovich,
1424:In biblical study, it should invariably be the rule that you must start with the whole before you begin to pay attention to the parts. ~ D Martyn Lloyd Jones,
1425:it is better to study a tradition as near to its roots as possible in order to gain a competent and confident understanding of its practices. ~ Sorita d Este,
1426:Most of all, perhaps, we need an intimate knowledge of the past. Not that the past has anything magical about it, but we cannot study the future. ~ C S Lewis,
1427:My son, remember that a woman with a secret may be a fascinating study, but she can never be a safe, nor even satisfactory, companion. ~ Anna Katharine Green,
1428:Nightspots always look crap in the daytime for some reason. I don’t know why, but they do. Someone should do a study on that, get themselves a ~ Peter McLean,
1429:Political history is far too criminal to be a fit subject of study for the young. Children should acquire their heroes and villians from fiction. ~ W H Auden,
1430:Something experts in all fields tend to do when they’re practicing is to operate outside of their comfort zone and study themselves failing. ~ Jocelyn K Glei,
1431:Study men following the law of their higher nature, the law of love, so that when you grow to manhood, you will have improved your heritage. ~ Mahatma Gandhi,
1432:that my cult of study had always seemed to her foolish, that it wasn’t books that made people good but good people who made some good books. ~ Elena Ferrante,
1433:The family is the great catechism God has given the world. The work of our lifetime is to learn how to read it and then study it prayerfully. ~ Mike Aquilina,
1434:There will never be a time on this earth that we will graduate from the careful study of the gospel, or from needing to believe its message. ~ Andrew M Davis,
1435:A 2002 Oxford study showed counting sheep actually delays the onset of sleep. It's just too dull to stop us from worrying about jobs and spouses. ~ A J Jacobs,
1436:According to a 2008 study by the National Sleep Foundation, American adults now get two hours less sleep per night than the average in 1960. ~ Kelly McGonigal,
1437:Among the nation’s 100 largest counties, the one where children face the worst odds of escaping poverty is the city of Baltimore, the study found. ~ Anonymous,
1438:Every Wednesday, my husband and I have a study group with our friends. I attend church. We try to devote time in the morning, say a prayer. ~ Carrie Underwood,
1439:Find a teacher of Tantric Zen and study with them because it is transference of awareness, a sharing of the perception of the beauty of life. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1440:For most writers, the knowledge they gain from reading and study equals or outweighs experience, especially if that experience goes unexamined. ~ Robert McKee,
1441:However, even psychologists are people, subject to the same dynamic processes at a personal level that they study at a professional level. ~ Philip G Zimbardo,
1442:One must not be negligent in learning. In the Lun Yu it says: "To study and not to think is darkness. To think without study is dangerous." ~ Takeda Nobushige,
1443:Results of the 20-year follow-up study show that people with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea were four times more likely to die (hazard ~ Anonymous,
1444:Talent is the discipline, commitment, and willpower to practice/train/study often, long, and hard. Discover your passion and pay the price. ~ Bradford Winters,
1445:The Cavaliere has retired to his study and reads, trying not to think about what is going on around him -- one of the principal uses of a book. ~ Susan Sontag,
1446:To study the Way is to study the self. To study the self is to forget the self. To forget the self is to be enlightened by all the myriad things. ~ Ruth Ozeki,
1447:A new study reveals that one-third of babies in the U.S. have used a smartphone. Yeah, and one-third of babies in China have MADE a smartphone. ~ Conan O Brien,
1448:A study of the panics of 1873, 1893, and 1907 indicates that these panics were the result of the international bankers' operations in London. ~ Eustace Mullins,
1449:A study published in 2012 that tracked women for 10 years concluded that stressful jobs increased the risk of a cardiovascular event by 38 percent. ~ Anonymous,
1450:Carbon dioxide is portrayed as harmful. But there isn't even one study that can be produced that shows that carbon dioxide is a harmful gas. ~ Michele Bachmann,
1451:Did the Council make any decision?” Martel asks. “Of course! They made a decision to study the request. That’s what happens most of the time. ~ L E Modesitt Jr,
1452:Francisco Varela once told me that a European philosopher, Edmund Husserl, already suggested a similar approach to the study of consciousness. ~ Dalai Lama XIV,
1453:If you take the time to study how to be a doctor and how to use your scalpel and your medicine, then there are endless beings out there to help. ~ Tenzin Palmo,
1454:I said, "Oh well, I'll act." I started to study, but I didn't know what I was doing, and I don't know that I was taking it very seriously then. ~ Sherilyn Fenn,
1455:I think it almost all has to do with coming at writing from an acting perspective, because I didn't, like, study writing. I studied acting. ~ Quentin Tarantino,
1456:Many people spend time studying the properties of animals or herbs; how much more important to study those people, with whom we live or die! ~ Baltasar Graci n,
1457:Never discriminate as to whom you study and whom you trust. Never trust anyone completely and study everyone, including friends and loved ones. ~ Robert Greene,
1458:No man lives or has ever lived who has brought the same amount of study and of natural talent to the detection of crime which I have done. ~ Arthur Conan Doyle,
1459:Remember that, however patient your study, you will never in adult life learn any language perfectly; the best you can hope for is to be a bore. ~ Evelyn Waugh,
1460:There is no more open door by which you can enter into the study of natural philosophy than by considering the physical phenomena of a candle ~ Michael Faraday,
1461:The relationship between the student and teacher is ultimately important. In higher spirituality we don't study a subject as much as a person. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1462:You need the kind of objectivity that makes you forget everything you've heard, clear the table, and do a factual study like a scientist would. ~ Steve Wozniak,
1463:According to a new study, Hawaii is the happiest place in America to live. And I thought it was just a great place to pretend you were born in. ~ Craig Ferguson,
1464:And above all, study, study, study ! All the genius in the world will not help you along with any art unless you become a hard student. It ~ Orison Swett Marden,
1465:A study in the Washington Post says that women have
better verbal skills than men. I just want to say to the
authors of that study: 'Duh. ~ Conan O Brien,
1466:Back at the Date Palm, Bobby and I drank like we had received federal funding to study the impact of beer and Tennessee whiskey on the human body. ~ Johnny Shaw,
1467:Engineering is not only study of 45 subjects but it is moral studies of intellectual life. Make things as simple as possible..but not simpler. ~ Albert Einstein,
1468:I tell them that if they will occupy themselves with the study of mathematics they will find in it the best remedy against the lusts of the flesh. ~ Thomas Mann,
1469:It was a day and age that saw no reason why one could not learn whatever was required - learn vitally anything - by the close study of books. ~ David McCullough,
1470:Never judge someone's character based on the words of another. Instead, study the motives behind the words of the person casting the bad judgment. ~ Suzy Kassem,
1471:Study after study shows that having a good support network constitutes the single most powerful protection against becoming traumatized. ~ Bessel A van der Kolk,
Teacher? I did an independent study, does that count?
Yes. You may skip this section. Enjoy your newfound sixty seconds ~ Cassandra Clare,
1473:The problem that we have is that most Americans don't even study American history, let alone Pinochet, Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin and all these guys. ~ Van Jones,
1474:The study of law, medicine and the arts, in each of these instances, the developed mindset is very helpful to one who is practicing meditation. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1475:the study of the law is useful in a variety of points of view. it qualifies a man to be useful to himself, to his neighbors, & to the public. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
1476:You learn to speak by speaking, to study by studying, to run by running, to work by working; in just the same way, you learn to love by loving. ~ Anatole France,
1477:A first principle not formally recognized by scientific methodologists: when you run into something interesting, drop everything else and study it. ~ B F Skinner,
1478:Economics deals with society's fundamental problems; it concerns everyone and belongs to all. It is the main and proper study of every citizen. ~ Robert P Murphy,
1479:Historians, whose profession is to study the past, are as wary as scientists of the idea that events unfold in a manner that can be predicted. ~ Leonard Mlodinow,
1480:If you study the behavior or the attitude of Syria, Iran, and U.S., you understand that these three countries can't come to terms with each other. ~ Shirin Ebadi,
1481:I learned from my parents the idea that, if you are devoted enough and you want to study something enough, you can really teach yourself anything. ~ Brit Marling,
1482:I love to be alone with life. I love to study simple things: the light as it filters in a window; the music of a room full of people chatting; a horizon. ~ Jewel,
1483:Instinct and study, love and hate;
Audacity-reverence. These must mate,
And fuse with Jacob's heart,
To wrestle with the angel -- Art. ~ Herman Melville,
1484:It's a little embarrassing that after 45 years of research & study, the best advice I can give people is to be a little kinder to each other. ~ Aldous Huxley,
1485:It's one of the central paradoxes of archaeology that in order to excavate a site so as to study it, we must consume it and destroy it in that process. ~ Ken Liu,
1486:I've always just wanted to earn my living by writing. The best thing is to go into my study in the morning and stay there and put words together. ~ Robert Harris,
1487:John," she said, "does it make every one—unhappy when they study and learn lots of things?" He paused and smiled. "I am afraid it does," he said. ~ W E B Du Bois,
1488:Men study women but women watch themselves being watched. We see the image of ourselves that we saw when we left the mirror and entered the room. ~ Chloe Thurlow,
1489:Nothing is more common in an age like this, when books abound, than to fancy that the gratification of a love of reading is real study. ~ Saint John Henry Newman,
1490:one careful study estimates that the average income of all the inhabitants of the world increased between seven and eight times from 1820 to 1992. ~ Angus Deaton,
1491:The only way to make any sense of the United States Congress, our father told me once, is to view it as a two-hundred-year-long primate study. ~ Karen Joy Fowler,
1492:The walls of the educational system must come down. Education should not be a privilege, so the children of those who have money can study. ~ Ernesto Che Guevara,
1493:We become like those things we habitually love and admire. And thus, as we study Christ's life and live his teachings, we become more like him. ~ Tad R Callister,
1494:We're here for such a short time. When your great-great-grandkids study history, don't you want them to be proud that you were part of the solution? ~ Matt Damon,
1495:whatever our ignorance left to itself, and whatever the wounds that other human beings are, we ought to study ourselves with a sort of devotion. ~ Henri Barbusse,
1496:when I am feeling low all I have to do is watch my cats and my courage returns.         I study these creatures.         they are my teachers. ~ Charles Bukowski,
1497:Zen has lost its zip, if you will, or its nothingness and has become ritualistic Its established in monastaries with strict codes of koan study. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1498:First, study the product you are going to advertise. The more you know about it, the more likely you are to come up with a big idea for selling it. ~ David Ogilvy,
1499:I am too much addicted to the study of philosophy; hinc illae lacrymae, sir; that's my misfortune. Too much learning hath been my ruin."—"Indeed, ~ Henry Fielding,
1500:If a man's wit be wandering, let him study the mathematics; for in demonstrations, if his wit be called away never so little, he must begin again. ~ Francis Bacon,

IN CHAPTERS [150/835]

  295 Integral Yoga
   86 Yoga
   74 Christianity
   65 Occultism
   54 Philosophy
   53 Poetry
   46 Fiction
   36 Psychology
   17 Education
   16 Science
   13 Integral Theory
   8 Theosophy
   8 Hinduism
   6 Cybernetics
   5 Mysticism
   5 Buddhism
   4 Sufism
   4 Mythology
   2 Philsophy
   1 Thelema
   1 Baha i Faith
   1 Alchemy

  209 The Mother
  109 Satprem
   83 Sri Aurobindo
   43 H P Lovecraft
   41 Nolini Kanta Gupta
   41 Aleister Crowley
   37 Swami Krishnananda
   35 Sri Ramakrishna
   34 Carl Jung
   33 Plotinus
   29 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
   13 Swami Vivekananda
   11 Rudolf Steiner
   10 Saint Augustine of Hippo
   9 Walt Whitman
   9 Robert Browning
   8 Plato
   8 Aldous Huxley
   8 A B Purani
   7 William Wordsworth
   7 Jorge Luis Borges
   6 Norbert Wiener
   6 George Van Vrekhem
   5 William Butler Yeats
   5 Jordan Peterson
   4 Sri Ramana Maharshi
   3 Swami Sivananda Saraswati
   3 Percy Bysshe Shelley
   3 Patanjali
   3 Joseph Campbell
   3 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
   3 Henry David Thoreau
   3 Bokar Rinpoche
   3 Alice Bailey
   3 Al-Ghazali
   2 Thubten Chodron
   2 Saint Teresa of Avila
   2 Saint John of Climacus
   2 Ralph Waldo Emerson
   2 Nirodbaran
   2 Lalla
   2 Ken Wilber
   2 Jetsun Milarepa
   2 Friedrich Nietzsche
   2 Franz Bardon
   2 Anonymous

   43 Lovecraft - Poems
   37 The Study and Practice of Yoga
   34 The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna
   21 Magick Without Tears
   20 Liber ABA
   16 On Education
   14 On Thoughts And Aphorisms
   14 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 07
   13 The Practice of Psycho therapy
   13 The Phenomenon of Man
   13 The Future of Man
   13 Questions And Answers 1955
   13 Questions And Answers 1953
   12 Questions And Answers 1954
   12 Agenda Vol 08
   12 Agenda Vol 04
   11 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 01
   11 Agenda Vol 07
   10 Words Of Long Ago
   10 The Synthesis Of Yoga
   10 The Life Divine
   10 Record of Yoga
   10 Questions And Answers 1957-1958
   10 Questions And Answers 1956
   9 Whitman - Poems
   9 Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness
   9 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 04
   9 Mysterium Coniunctionis
   9 Browning - Poems
   9 Agenda Vol 06
   9 Agenda Vol 03
   8 The Perennial Philosophy
   8 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 02
   8 Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo
   8 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01
   8 Agenda Vol 10
   8 Agenda Vol 05
   8 A Garden of Pomegranates - An Outline of the Qabalah
   7 Wordsworth - Poems
   7 Talks
   7 Raja-Yoga
   7 Questions And Answers 1950-1951
   7 Agenda Vol 09
   7 Agenda Vol 02
   6 The Secret Doctrine
   6 The Human Cycle
   6 The Confessions of Saint Augustine
   6 The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious
   6 Some Answers From The Mother
   6 Preparing for the Miraculous
   6 Cybernetics
   6 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04
   6 Aion
   5 Yeats - Poems
   5 Vedic and Philological Studies
   5 Theosophy
   5 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 03
   5 Maps of Meaning
   5 Letters On Yoga IV
   5 Essays In Philosophy And Yoga
   5 Essays Divine And Human
   5 City of God
   5 Agenda Vol 01
   4 The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People
   4 Savitri
   4 Labyrinths
   4 Knowledge of the Higher Worlds
   4 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02
   4 Agenda Vol 11
   3 Walden
   3 The Problems of Philosophy
   3 The Hero with a Thousand Faces
   3 The Alchemy of Happiness
   3 Tara - The Feminine Divine
   3 Shelley - Poems
   3 Patanjali Yoga Sutras
   3 Letters On Yoga II
   3 Letters On Poetry And Art
   3 Let Me Explain
   3 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 06
   3 Bhakti-Yoga
   3 A Treatise on Cosmic Fire
   3 Agenda Vol 13
   3 Agenda Vol 12
   2 Words Of The Mother III
   2 Twilight of the Idols
   2 Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo
   2 The Zen Teaching of Bodhidharma
   2 The Secret Of The Veda
   2 The Red Book Liber Novus
   2 The Ladder of Divine Ascent
   2 The Essentials of Education
   2 The Blue Cliff Records
   2 The Bible
   2 Symposium
   2 Sex Ecology Spirituality
   2 Questions And Answers 1929-1931
   2 On the Way to Supermanhood
   2 Milarepa - Poems
   2 Kena and Other Upanishads
   2 Initiation Into Hermetics
   2 How to Free Your Mind - Tara the Liberator
   2 Faust
   2 Essays On The Gita
   2 Emerson - Poems
   2 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 05
   2 Collected Poems
   2 Beating the Cloth Drum Letters of Zen Master Hakuin
   2 Amrita Gita
   2 5.1.01 - Ilion

0.00a - Introduction, #A Garden of Pomegranates - An Outline of the Qabalah, #Israel Regardie, #Occultism
  When planning to visit a foreign country, the wise traveler will first familiarize himself with its language. In studying music, chemistry or calculus, a specific terminology is essential to the understanding of each subject. So a new set of symbols is necessary when undertaking a study of the Universe, whether within or without. The Qabalah provides such a set in unexcelled fashion.
  But the Qabalah is more. It also lays the foundation on which rests another archaic science- Magic. Not to be confused with the conjurer's sleight-of-hand, Magic has been defined by Aleister Crowley as "the science and art of causing change to occur in conformity with will." Dion Fortune qualifies this nicely with an added clause, "changes in consciousness."
  A simple example is the concept of the Trinity in the Christian religion. The student is frequently amazed to learn through a study of the Qabalah that Egyptian mythology followed a similar concept with its trinity of gods, Osiris the father, Isis the virgin-mother, and Horus the son. The Qabalah indicates similar correspondences in the pantheon of Roman and Greek deities, proving the father-mother (Holy Spirit) - son principles of deity are primordial archetypes of man's psyche, rather than being, as is frequently and erroneously supposed a development peculiar to the Christian era.
  At this juncture let me call attention to one set of attri butions by Rittangelius usually found as an appendix attached to the Sepher Yetzirah. It lists a series of "Intelligences" for each one of the ten Sephiros and the twenty-two Paths of the Tree of Life. It seems to me, after prolonged meditation, that the common attri butions of these Intelligences is altogether arbitrary and lacking in serious meaning.
  I began the study of the Qabalah at an early age. Two books I read then have played unconsciously a prominent part in the writing of my own book. One of these was "Q.B.L. or the Bride's Reception" by Frater Achad (Charles Stansfeld Jones), which I must have first read around 1926. The other was "An Introduction to the Tarot" by Paul Foster Case, published in the early 1920's. It is now out of print, superseded by later versions of the same topic. But as I now glance through this slender book, I perceive how profoundly even the format of his book had influenced me, though in these two instances there was not a trace of plagiarism. It had not consciously occurred to me until recently that I owed so much to them. Since Paul Case passed away about a decade or so ago, this gives me the opportunity to thank him, overtly, wherever he may now be.
  By the middle of 1926 I had become aware of the work of Aleister Crowley, for whom I have a tremendous respect. I studied as many of his writings as I could gain access to, making copious notes, and later acted for several years as his secretary, having joined him in Paris on October 12, 1928, a memorable day in my life.
  Some modern Nature-worshippers and members of the newly-washed and redeemed witch-cult have complimented me on this closing chapter which I entitled 'The Ladder." I am pleased about this. For a very long time I was not at all familiar with the topic of witchcraft. I had avoided it entirely, not being attracted to its literature in any way. In fact, I only became slightly conversant with its theme and literature just a few years ago, after reading "The Anatomy of Eve" written by Dr. Leopold Stein, a Jungian analyst. In the middle of his study of four cases, he included a most informative chapter on the subject. This served to stimulate me to wider reading in that area.
  In 1932, at the suggestion of Thomas Burke, the novelist, I submitted my manuscript to one of his publishers, Messrs. Constable in London. They were unable to use it, but made some encouraging comments and advised me to submit it to Riders. To my delight and surprise, Riders published it, and throughout the years the reaction it has had indicated other students found it also fulfilled their need for a condensed and simplified survey of such a vast subject as the Qabalah.

0.00 - INTRODUCTION, #The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna, #Sri Ramakrishna, #Hinduism
   This contact with the educated and progressive Bengalis opened Sri Ramakrishna's eyes to a new realm of thought. Born and brought up in a simple village, without any formal education, and taught by the orthodox holy men of India in religious life, he had had no opportunity to study the influence of modernism on the thoughts and lives of the Hindus. He could not properly estimate the result of the impact of Western education on Indian culture. He was a Hindu of the Hindus, renunciation being to him the only means to the realization of God in life. From the Brahmos he learnt that the new generation of India made a compromise between God and the world. Educated young men were influenced more by the Western philosophers than by their own prophets. But Sri Ramakrishna was not dismayed, for he saw in this, too, the hand of God. And though he expounded to the Brahmos all his ideas about God and austere religious disciplines, yet he bade them accept from his teachings only as much as suited their tastes and temperaments.
   ^The term "woman and gold", which has been used throughout in a collective sense, occurs again and again in the teachings of Sri Ramakrishna to designate the chief impediments to spiritual progress. This favourite expression of the Master, "kaminikanchan", has often been misconstrued. By it he meant only "lust and greed", the baneful influence of which retards the aspirant's spiritual growth. He used the word "kamini", or "woman", as a concrete term for the sex instinct when addressing his man devotees. He advised women, on the other hand, to shun "man". "Kanchan", or "gold", symbolizes greed, which is the other obstacle to spiritual life.
   Balaram Bose came of a wealthy Vaishnava family. From his youth he had shown a deep religious temperament and had devoted his time to meditation, prayer, and the study of the Vaishnava scriptures. He was very much impressed by Sri Ramakrishna even at their first meeting. He asked Sri Ramakrishna whether God really existed and, if so, whether a man could realize Him. The Master said: "God reveals Himself to the devotee who thinks of Him as his nearest and dearest. Because you do not draw response by praying to Him once, you must not conclude that He does not exist. Pray to God, thinking of Him as dearer than your very self. He is much attached to His devotees. He comes to a man even before He is sought. There is none more intimate and affectionate than God." Balaram had never before heard God spoken of in such forceful words; every one of the words seemed true to him. Under the Master's influence he outgrew the conventions of the Vaishnava worship and became one of the most beloved of the disciples. It was at his home that the Master slept whenever he spent a night in Calcutta.
   The Master knew Hari's passion for Vedanta. But he did not wish any of his disciples to become a dry ascetic or a mere bookworm. So he asked Hari to practise Vedanta in life by giving up the unreal and following the Real. "But it is not so easy", Sri Ramakrishna said, "to realize the illusoriness of the world. study alone does not help one very much. The grace of God is required. Mere personal effort is futile. A man is a tiny creature after all, with very limited powers. But he can achieve the impossible if he prays to God for His grace." Whereupon the Master sang a song in praise of grace. Hari was profoundly moved and shed tears. Later in life Hari achieved a wonderful synthesis of the ideals of the Personal God and the Impersonal Truth.
   Gangadhar, Harinath's friend, also led the life of a strict brahmachari, eating vegetarian food cooked by his own hands and devoting himself to the study of the scriptures. He met the Master in 1884 and soon became a member of his inner circle. The Master praised his ascetic habit and attributed it to the spiritual disciplines of his past life. Gangadhar became a close companion of Narendra.
   Kaliprasad visited the Master toward the end of 1883. Given to the practice of meditation and the study of the scriptures. Kali was particularly interested in yoga. Feeling the need of a guru in spiritual life, he came to the Master and was accepted as a disciple. The young boy possessed a rational mind and often felt sceptical about the Personal God. The Master said to him: "Your doubts will soon disappear. Others, too, have passed through such a state of mind. Look at Naren. He now weeps at the names of Radha and Krishna." Kali began to see visions of gods and goddesses. Very soon these disappeared and in meditation he experienced vastness, infinity, and the other attributes of the Impersonal Brahman.
   --- SUBODH

0.00 - The Book of Lies Text, #The Book of Lies, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
    requires infinite study, sympathy, intuition and
    initiation. Given these I do not hesitate to claim that
     study, and that in a way despite itself. A word should
    be pertinent with regard to the question of secrecy.
     study the efficacy of rape, and the sacrifice of blood, as
    magical formulae. Blood and virginity have always
    carefully read before studying this chapter. All the
    allusions will then be obvious, save those which we
  man, has a close affinity for Gimel, as will be seen by a study of Liber 418.
   Unt is not only the Hindustani for Camel, but the usual termination of the
   A study of this chapter is probably the best short cut to Nibbana.
   The thought of the Master in this chapter is exceptionally lofty.

0.01f - FOREWARD, #The Phenomenon of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  reached is the essence of the matter they are studying, or the
  reflection of their own thought. And at die same time they

0.02 - Letters to a Sadhak, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  amount to imposing the study of French on all those who work
  in the Building Department, which is impossible.
  Read this carefully, study it, and when you come today I will
  ask you to read it from the place I have marked with a red cross,

0.03 - The Threefold Life, #The Synthesis Of Yoga, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  The mental life concentrates on the aesthetic, the ethical and the intellectual activities. Essential mentality is idealistic and a seeker after perfection. The subtle self, the brilliant Atman,1 is ever a dreamer. A dream of perfect beauty, perfect conduct, perfect Truth, whether seeking new forms of the Eternal or revitalising the old, is the very soul of pure mentality. But it knows not how to deal with the resistance of Matter. There it is hampered and inefficient, works by bungling experiments and has either to withdraw from the struggle or submit to the grey actuality. Or else, by studying the material life and accepting the conditions of the contest, it may succeed, but only in imposing temporarily some artificial system which infinite Nature either rends and casts aside or disfigures out of recognition or by withdrawing her assent leaves as the corpse of a dead ideal. Few and far between have been those realisations of the dreamer in Man which the world has gladly accepted, looks back to with a fond memory and seeks, in its elements, to cherish.
  1 Who dwells in Dream, the inly conscious, the enjoyer of abstractions, the Brilliant.

0.05 - Letters to a Child, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  to study music for three years at Lucknow, since that is what
  you want.
  that perseverance in study and the acceptance of a discipline of
  work and order in life will be a powerful help to you in renewing

0.06 - Letters to a Young Sadhak, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  It is a passing impulse which pushes me so much to study.
  So long as you need to form yourself, to build your brain, you
  will feel this strong urge to study; but when the brain is well
  formed, the taste for studies will gradually die away.

0.08 - Letters to a Young Captain, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  to the study of this subject and to its practical application .
  2 November 1959
  see, feel and study, this Nature that has been our familiar environment since our birth upon earth, is not the only one. There
  is a vital nature, a mental nature, and so on. It is this that, for
  in order to facilitate the study of human nature and especially
  to constitute a definite basis for the various methods of selfdevelopment and self-discipline. That is why each philosophic,

0.09 - Letters to a Young Teacher, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  Because you know nothing about psychology. study psychology
  and you will understand what he means.

01.03 - The Yoga of the King - The Yoga of the Souls Release, #Savitri, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  Made there her study of divining thought
  And sanctuary of prophetic speech

01.04 - The Intuition of the Age, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Now, in order to understand the new orientation of the spirit of the present age, we may profitably ask what was the inspiration of the past age, the characteristic note which has failed to satisfy us and which we are endeavouring to transform. We know that that age was the Scientific age or the age of Reason. Its great prophets were Voltaire and the Encyclopaedists or if you mount further up in time, we may begin from Bacon and the humanists. Its motto was first, "The proper study of mankind is man" and secondly, Reason is the supreme organon of knowledge, the highest deity in manla Desse Raison. And it is precisely against these two basic principles that the new age has entered its protest. In face of Humanism, Nietzsche has posited the Superman and in face of Reason Bergson has posited Intuition.
   The worship of man as something essentially and exclusively human necessitates as a corollary, the other doctrine, viz the deification of Reason; and vice versa. Humanism and Scientism go together and the whole spirit and mentality of the age that is passing may be summed up in those two words. So Nietzsche says, "All our modern world is captured in the net of the Alexandrine culture and has, for its ideal, the theoretical man, armed with the most powerful instruments of knowledge, toiling in the service of science and whose prototype and original ancestor is Socrates." Indeed, it may be generally asserted that the nation whose prophet and sage claimed to have brought down Philosophia from heaven to dwell upon earth among men was precisely the nation, endowed with a clear and logical intellect, that was the very embodiment of rationality and reasonableness. As a matter of fact, it would not be far, wrong to say that it is the Hellenic culture which has been moulding humanity for ages; at least, it is this which has been the predominating factor, the vital and dynamic element in man's nature. Greece when it died was reborn in Rome; Rome, in its return, found new life in France; and France means Europe. What Europe has been and still is for the world and humanity one knows only too much. And yet, the Hellenic genius has not been the sole motive power and constituent element; there has been another leaven which worked constantly within, if intermittently without. If Europe represented mind and man and this side of existence, Asia always reflected that which transcends the mind the spirit, the Gods and the Beyonds.

01.05 - The Yoga of the King - The Yoga of the Spirits Freedom and Greatness, #Savitri, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  Mind dare the study of the Unknowable,
  Life its gestation of the Golden Child.
  In living symbols study Reality
  And learn the logic of the Infinite.

01.08 - Walter Hilton: The Scale of Perfection, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   From the twentieth century back to the fourteenth is a far cry: a far cry indeed from the modern scientific illumination to mediaeval superstition, from logical positivists and mathematical rationalists to visionary mystics, from Russell and Huxley to Ruysbroeck and Hilton. The mystic lore, the Holy Writ, the mediaeval sage says, echoing almost the very words of the Eastern Masters, "may not be got by study nor through man's travail only, but principally by the grace of the Holy Ghost." As for the men living and moving in the worldly way, there are "so mickle din and crying in their heart and vain thoughts and fleshly desires" that it is impossible for them to listen or understand the still small voice. It is the pure soul touched by the Grace that alone "seeth soothfastness of Holy Writ wonderly shewed and opened, above study and travail and reason of man's kindly (i.e. natural) wit."
   What is day to us is night to the mystics and what is day to the mystics is night for us. The first thing the mystic asks is to close precisely those doors and windows which we, on the contrary, feel obliged to keep always open in order to know and to live and move. The Gita says: "The sage is wakeful when it is night for all creatures and when all creatures are wakeful, that is night for the sage." Even so this sage from the West says: "The more I sleep from outward things, the more wakeful am I in knowing of Jhesu and of inward things. I may not wake to Jhesu, but if I sleep to the world."

0.10 - Letters to a Young Captain, #Some Answers From The Mother, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  has to read, study and, above all, practise.
  4 October 1961
  You ought to study Sri Aurobindo's aphorisms a little more
  carefully. It would cure you of passing judgments.
  By studying much, by reflecting much, by doing intellectual exercises. For instance, state a general idea clearly, then state the
  opposite idea, then look for the synthesis of both - that is, find
  I return it to you, you do not study it and try to use it as a means
  to make progress.
  made is: you must read the books and study the teaching.
  29 July 1964
  seek a career or to study; and they are mostly those
  who have been here since childhood. There is a kind
  (this is fantastic!), those people who study Nature, really study it
  thoroughly, how everything functions and is brought about and
  exists - how can one study sincerely, with attention and care,
  without being absolutely convinced that the Divine is there? We

01.11 - The Basis of Unity, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   They devoted themselves to study in their boyhood, in youth they pursued the objects of life; when old they took to spiritual austerities, and in the end they died united with the higher consciousness.
   Only this process of integration was not done in a day, it took some centuries and had to pass through some unpleasant intermediary stages.

0 1958-07-06, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   You see, the human species is a part of Nature, but as Sri Aurobindo has explained, from the moment mind expressed itself in man, it put him into a relationship with Nature very different from the relationship all the lower species have with her. All the lower species right up to man are completely under the rule of Nature; she makes them do whatever she wants, and they can do nothing without her consent. Whereas man begins to act and to live as an equal; not as an equal in terms of power, but from the standpoint of consciousness (he is beginning to do so since he has the capacity to study and to find out Natures secrets). He is not superior to her, far from it, but he is on an equal footing. And so he has acquiredthis is a fac the has acquired a certain power of independence that he immediately used to put himself under the influence of the hostile forces, which are not terrestrial but extra-terrestrial.
   I am speaking of terrestrial Nature. Through their mental power, men had the choice and the freedom to make pacts with these extraterrestrial vital forces. There is a whole vital world that has nothing to do with the earth, it is entirely independent or prior to earths existence, it is self-existentwell, they have brought that down here! They have made what we see! And such being the case This is what terrestrial Nature told me: It is beyond my control.

0 1958-11-04 - Myths are True and Gods exist - mental formation and occult faculties - exteriorization - work in dreams, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   But then, you must LIVE these experiences yourself; you yourself must see, you must live them with enough sincerity to see (by being sincere and spontaneous) that they are independent of any mental formations. Because one can take the opposite line and make an intensive study of the way mental formations act upon eventswhich is very interesting. But thats another field. And this study makes you very careful, very prudent, because you start noticing to what extent you can delude yourself. Therefore, both one and the other, the mental formation and the occult reality, must be studied to see what the ESSENTIAL difference is between them. The one exists in itself, entirely independent of what we think about it, and the other
   That was a grace. I was given every experience without knowing ANYTHING of what it was all aboutmy mind was absolutely blank. There was no active correspondence in the formative mind. I only knew about what had happened or the laws governing these happenings AFTERWARDS, when I was curious and inquired to find out what it related to. Then I found out. But otherwise, I didnt know. So that was the clear proof that these things existed entirely outside of my imagination or thought.
   What happened in my life is that I never studied or knew things until AFTER having the experienceonly BECAUSE OF the experience and because I wanted to understand it would I study things related to it.
   It was the same thing for visions of past lives. I knew NOTHING when I would have the experience, not even the possibility of past lives, and only after having had the experience would I study the question and, for example, even verify certain historical facts that had occurred in my vision but about which I had no prior knowledge.

0 1960-01-31, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   When I began the readings from the Dhammapada, I had hoped that my listeners would take enough interest in the practical spiritual side for me to read only one verse at a time. But quite quickly, I saw they found this very boring and were making no effort to benefit from the meditation. The only solution then was to treat the matter as an intellectual study, which is why I started reading chapter by chapter.

0 1960-08-10 - questions from center of Education - reading Sri Aurobindo, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   If you carefully study what Sri Aurobindo has written on every subject
   He wrote on EVERYTHING, there is not one subject on which he has not written! The point is to find it everywhere.
   What I call studying is to take Sri Aurobindos books, where he quotes or speaks of one thing or another, then have the corresponding bookswhen he quotes something, you must take the book it corresponds to; when he speaks of something, you must study the writings on that subject. This is what I call studying. Then, after having read the corresponding works, you compare them with what Sri Aurobindo has said, and in this way there may be a beginning of understanding. If someone is very studious, he can review all that has ever been written or taught by going through Sri Aurobindos books. I mean this for someone who loves working.
   I SEE this state of mind, this mental attitude Oh! Its its so repugnant. People are so afraid of taking sides, so afraid of appearing biased; they are so afraid of appearing to have faith, so afraid Oh, its disgraceful.

0 1960-10-25, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   I looked and saw the realm which is under the influence of thought the power of thought on the body is tremendous! You cannot imagine how tremendous it is. Even a subconscious or sometimes unconscious thought acts and provokes fantastic results! Ive studied this. Ive been studying it IN DETAIL for the last two yearsits incredible! If I had the time one day to explain all this, it would be interesting.
   Even tiny, the tiniest mental or vital reactionsso tiny that to our ordinary consciousness they dont appear to have the LEAST importanceact upon the bodys cells and can create disorders You see, when you observe carefully, you suddenly become aware of a very slight uneasiness, a mere nothing (when youre busy, you dont even notice it), and then if you follow this uneasiness to see what it is, you perceive that it comes from something quite imperceptible and insignificant to our active consciousness but its enough to create an uneasy feeling in the body.
   When I say to someone, I shall take care of you, do you know what I do? I join his body to mine. And then all the work is done in me (as far as possibleessentially its possible, but there is a relativity because of time; but as far as possible ). So I find it very interesting to make cross-references and find out the results of my interventionnot so I can boast (theres nothing much to boast about), but for the sake of the SCIENTIFIC study of the problem: to know how to proceed, how to discriminate, what is active and what isnt, what are the guide lines, etc.
   And even if at the moment you dont feel very good, you are able to say, It doesnt matter; what we have to do, well do (this fear of not being able to do what has to be done is the most irksome), if at that moment you can sincerely say to yourself, No, I trust in the Divine Grace no, I will do what I have to do, and Ill be given the power to do it, or the power to do it will be created in me then that is the true attitude.

0 1961-02-25, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Theres an American living in Madras, a rather important man, it seems, and an intimate friend of Kennedy, the new President. He has read and reread all of Sri Aurobindos books and is extremely interested. He wrote to Kennedy that he would like him to come here so he can bring him to the Ashram. This man has posed a very interesting question, drawing an analogy. Deep in a forest, a deer goes to quench its thirst; no one is aware of it, yet someone who has made a special study of deer hunting would know by the tracks that the deer had passed bynot only what particular type of deer, but its age, size, sex, etc. Similarly, there must be people with a spiritual knowledge analogous to that of hunters, who can detect, perceive, that a person is in touch with the Supermind, while ordinary people know nothing about it and wouldnt notice. So he asks, I would like to know by what signs such a person can be recognized?
   It is a very intelligent question.

0 1961-04-12, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Mind you, I would never have considered having any, but two cats were already there when I came to the house. They were not very interesting cats, but they became the parents of the one I just told you about (those boys who were living with Sri Aurobindo had already had some experience; they knew quite a few things about cats), and that was the origin of all the cats I had here. But people (you know how simplistic they always are!) believed I had some special attachment for cats, so then of course everybody started keeping cats! It was no use my telling them, No, its a particular study were making I wanted to see, to learn certain things, and I learned what I had to but now that I have moved to another house, the cat era is over; the old friends are gone, only the younger generation is left. I gave them all away and said) Thats enough. But its hard to make people understandsome people here have 25 cats! Thats unreasonable! Its not the way to deal with cats. You have to look after them as I did, and then it becomes interesting.
   There was one I know I SAW it: when he died there was already the embryo of a psychic being, ready for a human incarnation. I made them progress like wildfire.

0 1961-04-25, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   (Pavitra.) But Mother, A. has also been bitten by the propaganda bug; in the by-laws he sent, he put: The goal of the Centre dEtudes de Sri Aurobindo [Sri Aurobindo study Center, in Paris] is to steer people towards Pondicherry and the Mother.
   Ooh! OH! How dreadful. How dreadful. He too!

0 1961-06-27, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I am going to study what Sri Aurobindo says when I come to it in The Yoga of Self-Perfection. He says there comes a time when the senses changeits not that you employ the senses proper to another plane (we have always known we had senses on all the different planes); its quite different from that: the senses THEMSELVES change. He foretells this changehe says it will occur. And I believe it begins in the way I am experiencing it now.
   The CONTENT is different, mon petit. I see I see, but. The state of consciousness of the person Im looking at, for instance, changes his physical appearance for my PHYSICAL eyes. And this has nothing to do with the banalities of ordinary psychology, where your physiognomy is said to be changed by the feelings you experience. The CONTENT of what I see is different. And then the eyes of the person I am looking at are not the sameit is rather. I couldnt sketch it, but perhaps if I made a painting it would give some idea (I would need to use a somewhat blurred technique, not too precise). The eyes are not quite the same, and the rest of the face too, even the color and the shape thats what sometimes makes me hesitate. I see people (I see my people every morning) and I recognize them, and yet they are different, they are not the same every day (some are always, always the same, like a rock, but others are not). And I even I hesitate sometimes: Is it really he? But he is very. It is indeed he, but I dont quite know him. This generally coincides with changes in the persons consciousness.

0 1961-08-05, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Did I tell you what happened to my brother? No? My brother was a terribly serious boy, and frightfully studiousoh, it was awful! But he also had a very strong character, a strong will, and there was something interesting about him. When he was studying to enter the Polytechnique, I studied with himit interested me. We were very intimate (there were only eighteen months between us). He was quite violent, but with an extraordinary strength of character. He almost killed me three times,9 but when my mother told him, Next time, you will kill her, he resolved that it wouldnt happen again and it never did. But what I wanted to tell you is that one day when he was eighteen, just before the Polytechnique exams, as he was crossing the Seine (I think it was the Pont des Arts), suddenly in the middle of the bridge he felt something descend into him with such force that he became immobilized, petrified; then, although he didnt exactly hear a voice, a very clear message came to him: If you want, you can become a godit was translated like that in his consciousness. He told me that it took hold of him entirely, immobilized hima formidable and extremely luminous power: If you want, you can become a god. Then, in the thick of the experience itself, he replied, No, I want to serve humanity. And it was gone. Of course, he took great care to say nothing to my mother, but we were intimate enough for him to tell me about it. I told him, Well (laughing), what an idiot you are!
   Thats the story.

0 1961-09-30, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I had a clear vision of the two kinds of opposites in nature (not only in nature but in life) which almost everyone carries within himself: one is the possibility of realization, the other is the path chosen to attain it. There is always (its probably inevitable) the stormy path of struggle, and then there is the sunlit path. After much study and observation, I have had a sort of spiritual ambition (if it can be called that) to bring to the world a sunlit path, to eliminate the necessity for struggle and suffering: something that aspires to replace this present phase of universal evolution with a less painful phase.
   It greatly interested me when I read your letter. I was looking at why you have so many difficulties; twice in your note you wrote that it [writing] is a suffering. You have very often written this word, very often spoken it, and it seems dominant in one aspect of your beingwhile in the other is the glory of a supreme joy, the very stuff of the future realization.

0 1961-11-05, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   He was a pastor at Lille, in France, for perhaps ten years; he was quite a practicing Christian, but he dropped it all as soon as he began to study occultism. He had first specialized in theological philosophy in order to pass the pastoral examinations, studying all the modem philosophy of Europe (he had a rather remarkable metaphysical brain). Then I met him in connection with Theon and the Cosmic Review, and I led him into occult knowledge. Afterwards, there were all sorts of uninteresting stories. He became a lawyer during the early period of our relationship and I learned Law along with him I could even have passed the exam! Then the divorce stories began: he divorced his wife; they had three children and he wanted to keep them, but to do so he had to be legally married, so he asked me to marry himand I said yes. I have always been totally indifferent to these things. Anyway, when I met him I knew who he was and I decided to convert him the whole story revolves around that.
   As a matter of fact, the books he wrote (especially the first one, The Living Ether) were based on my knowledge; he put my knowledge into French and beautiful French, I must say! I would tell him my experiences and he would write them down. Later he wrote The Gods (it was incomplete, one-sided). Then he became a lawyer and entered politics (he was a first-class orator and fired his audiences with enthusiasm) and was sent to Pondicherry to help a certain candidate who couldnt manage his election campaign single-handed. And since Richard was interested in occultism and spirituality, he took this opportunity to seek a Master, a yogi. When he arrived, instead of involving himself in politics, the first thing he did was announce, I am seeking a yogi. Someone said to him, Youre incredibly lucky! The yogi has just arrived. It was Sri Aurobindo, who was told, Theres a Frenchman asking to see you. Sri Aurobindo wasnt particularly pleased but he found the coincidence rather interesting and received him. This was in 1910.

0 1962-01-09, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   All this is exactly what I have been observing and studying these past few days. I will tell you about it next time.
   I was particularly struck at the time.

0 1962-02-03, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Thats what I have been studying these past two daysnot for you in particular, but the general effect of japa, the reason for it in the organization of ones life. I cant say I have made any discoveries (maybe for myself, I dont know); but my study is not on higher levels, its right here.
   It would take too long to give the details; I can summarize, but I dont want to make a doctrine, and for it to be living its bound to be long.

0 1962-02-17, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There arent a lot of people, it isnt crowded: a few from here, a few from there, like a place of study.
   But theres probably no link with this in your consciousness; there must be gaps on the way back, so you dont remember. You receive it only as an inspiration, not through your regular continuous consciousness.

0 1962-05-24, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I dont know if I am making myself clear. I thought for a time, a very long time, that if Science went to its furthest possible limits (if this is conceivable), it would join up with true Knowledge. In the study of the composition of matter, for exampleby pressing the investigation further and further ona point would be reached where the two would meet. But when I had that experience of passing from the eternal Truth-Consciousness to the consciousness of the individualized world,1 well it appeared impossible to me. And if you ask me now, I think that this possibility of Science pushed to its extreme limits joining up with true Knowledge, and this impossibility of any true conscious connection with the material world are both incorrect. There is something else.
   And more and more these days, I find myself facing the whole problem as if I had never seen it before.
   Both paths may be leading towards a third point, and that third point is what I am at present not exactly studying; I am rather in quest of it the point where the two paths merge into a third that would be the TRUE thing.
   But in any case, if it could be absolutely total (theres an if here), objective, scientific knowledge pushed to its extreme limits would certainly bring you to the threshold. Thats what Sri Aurobindo means. But he also says its fatal, because all those who went in for that knowledge believed in it as an absolute truth, thus closing the door to the other approach. In this respect it is fatal.

0 1962-06-27, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   This is a period of study and observation. There is absolutely nothing to say. Its a whole world of minute observations which, I hope, will lead me towards something more positive. More exactly, its a demonstration of the inadequacy of the usual methods when it comes to acting according to Truth and it goes on night and day.
   Two nights ago, I had an experience I hadnt had for perhaps more than a year. A sort of concentration and accumulation of divine Energy in the cells of the body. During a certain period (I dont remember when), every night I had a kind of recharging of batteries through contact with universal forces; I had it again two nights ago, spontaneously. Then last night, when I wanted to look, to study, to understand how it worked, I was given a lavish demonstration of the inadequacy and utter uselessness of all processes of consciousness working through the mind. They are useless, they simply spoil the experience.
   Previously, when I had an experience, I took great care to keep everything quiet and still so that it wouldnt be interrupted; but afterwards it was always made use of by the mind in its typical way (not exactly typical, but typical to the mind), and this appeared to be inevitable. But now it doesnt work in the same way: its limited to a few inevitable interventions; I mean people speak to me or I to them (I keep as silent as I can, but they still chatter away about every possible subject and I am obliged to answer), and its limited to that. But as it is, even that as soon as I am a bit concentrated, even that seems so not wrong or distorted, not that, but INADEQUATE. It expresses absolutely nothing, thats all I can say.

0 1962-07-25, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Then at a very young age (about eight or ten), along with my studies I began to paint. At twelve I was already doing portraits. All aspects of art and beauty, but particularly music and painting, fascinated me. I went through a very intense vital development during that period, with, just like in my early years, the presence of a kind of inner Guide; and all centered on studies: the study of sensations, observations, the study of technique, comparative studies, even a whole spectrum of observations dealing with taste, smell and hearinga kind of classification of experiences. And this extended to all facets of life, all the experiences life can bring, all of themmiseries, joys, difficulties, sufferings, everythingoh, a whole field of studies! And always this presence within, judging, deciding, classifying, organizing and systematizing everything.
   Then conscious yoga made a sudden entry into the picture when I met Thon; I must have been about twenty-one. Lifes orientation changed, a whole series of experiences took place, with the development of the vital giving interesting occult results.
   Then, a period of intensive mental development, mental development of the most complete type: a study of all the philosophies, all the conceptual juggling, in minute detaildelving into systems, getting a grasp on them. Ten years of intensive mental studies leading me to Sri Aurobindo.
   So I had all this preparation. And I am giving you these details simply to tell you it all began with consciousness (I knew very well what consciousness was, even before I had any word or idea to explain it), consciousness and its forceits force of action, its force of execution. Next, a detailed study and thorough development of the vital. After that, mental development taken to its uppermost limit, where you can juggle with all ideas; a developmental stage where its already understood that all ideas are true and that theres a synthesis to be made, and that beyond the synthesis lies something luminous and true. And behind it all, a continual consciousness. Such was my state when I came here: Id had a world of experiences and had already attained conscious union with the Divine above and withinall of it consciously realized, carefully noted and so forthwhen I came to Sri Aurobindo.
   From the standpoint of shakti, this is the normal course: consciousness, vital, mental and spiritual.
   Mother clarified: "Actually, a growth of consciousness was going on throughout those years of study; I didn't learn things by rote, I needed to understand them; and as soon as I understood something, I knew it. In other words, because the learning period was not yet intellectual, it can be considered part of the period of consciousness development."
   Of course! We can dip into it with our head or with the tips of our toes, but everything bathes in this same river of Force (except what's shut up within the walls of our minds). At certain moments, or in certain places, we are less hardened and it naturally "enters" there. And so we call it the Shakti "From above" or the Shakti "from below" or "from within." But when the walls tumble down, there is neither high nor lowwe are drenched in it.

0 1962-07-28, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   In practice, these periods overlap, but approximately every twelve years a particular type of development predominated, in this order: consciousness first, then the vital (mainly from the aesthetic point of view, but a study of sensations as well), then the mind, then spiritual realization. And in between the vital and mental phases came the brief period of occultism, serving both as a transition and a basis for spiritual development.
   In fact, Mother met Theon for the first time one day in 1904, in Paris. Then she went to Tlemcen in 1905 and again in 1906.

0 1962-08-04, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Interestingly enough, these last few days I have been making a sort of detailed study of the various kinds of vibrations, how they approach you and enter the various centers. I dont know how to explain itcertain differences between vibrations resemble differences in tastes. Theres a whole gamut, you see, all vibrations, nothing but vibrations, and the differences between them resemble differences in taste or color or intensity, perhaps differences in force as wellessentially, of course, they are differences in quality.
   Ive been observing all this in a neuro-physical realm, subtle-physical, that is but its still physical and in a complete mental silence where all judgments (you know, judgments) have disappeared, along with a certain way of observing things. Thats why I cant talk about it.
   These vibrations have various qualities; if they were expressed through a mental observation, it would be done through such things as taste, color, and so forth, everything Ive just mentioned1but thats not how theyre expressed. They come almost exclusively as sensations, but those sensations some, I mean some vibrations, have rounded edges. Some come horizontally (I was in fact studying everything that comes horizontally), others result from the state of consciousness (vertical gesture from top to bottom). While at the same time, others are. Yes, its like looking through a high-powered microscope: some are rounded, others pointed; some are darker, some brighter. Some are very upsetting to the body, and some even feel dangerous. On the other hand, certain ones make the body receptive to the vibration, which we might call the Lords Vibration, the supreme Vibration. You see, all this is the outcome of a discipline, a tapasya, for preparing the body to receive the Lords Vibrations (the first step is receiving, being able to receive them; afterwards you have to hold on to and then manifest them). Those vibrations are unmistakable, they are something else entirely. But other vibrations are helpful, beneficial, while still others are disruptive, contradictory.
   And each one is beginning to reveal its own particular nature. There are those stemming from peoples thoughts (I sense them in my body, not in the mind: the material consequence of peoples psychological state, and even their state of health). Some things are general and last a bit longer; others are momentary, lasting only a few seconds. The first step is to study the different vibrational qualitiesyou could practically draw diagrams: if we had a machine sensitive enough to record these things, it would produce all kinds of zigs and zags.2 Certain vibrations immediately stop or change or are dissolved or repelled. Others are adopted, as it were, and transformed. The majority are simply pushed back and worked on from a distancequite a distance! I keep them at a fair distance (Mother laughs). Very few are let in. But some are let in for the sake of the experience, to see how much they upset the body. Theres also the effect of peoples permanent auras: I know a certain person is arriving by his auras effect on the body; because (laughing) each vibration has its particular effect on the bodyperfectly prosaic things, maybe, but by studying them you realize that each thing has its own law.
   The interchange of vibrations among people is something tremendous, and were swimming in it all, all, all the timeeven when were alone! Because these things travel: for instance, its enough for someones thought to come and strike against yours, and for you to think of him (which means responding)there is an immediate effect in the body. So to imagine that solitude would make yoga any easier is sheer childishness.

0 1962-10-27, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There used to be a bad attitude in the body, which always hampered my playing, and now that it has gone, I would like to see what happens. It was something in the subconscient standing in the way: everything you learn when you study music, that you cant play this note with that note and so forth and so on. I would tune in above and listen there, but those old subconscious habits kept interfering. That has all changed now and I would like to see what happensit may yield only cacophony!
   But what I play isnt music, I dont try to play music: its simply a sort of meditation with sound.

0 1963-01-12, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Obviously, the whole difficulty is the mixing of two things: on one hand, the responsibility of everything, the entire organization, all these people hanging on to me (and naturally giving me work, even if we cut out whatever we can), and on the other, the study or recording of what goes on. If I had nothing to do and could note down my nights, what fascinating things there would be!
   For instance, two or three nights ago (I dont remember), I was with Sri Aurobindo, we were doing a certain work (it was in a mental zone with certain vital reactions mixed in), well, a general work. I was with Sri Aurobindo and we were doing the work together. He wanted to explain to me how a particular movement is turned into a distorted movement; he was explaining this to me (but theres nothing mental or intellectual about it, nothing to do with theories). And without even (how can I put it?) without even a thought or an explanation to forewarn you, a true movement is changed into a movement that is not false but distorted. I was speaking to Sri Aurobindo and he was answering, then I turn my head away like this (not physicallyall this is an inner life, naturally), I turned my head as if to see the [vibratory] effect. Then I turn back and send Sri Aurobindo the movement necessary to carry on with the experience, and I receive a reply which surprises me because of the quality of its vibration (it was a reply of ignorance and weakness). So I turn my attention back again, and as a matter of fact in Sri Aurobindos place I saw the doctor. Then I understood! Superficially, one may say, So, Sri Aurobindo and the doctor are the same! (To people who would see such a thing it would occur that they are the sameof course its all, all the same! All is one, people just dont understand this complete oneness.) Naturally it didnt surprise me for the thousandth of a second, there wasnt any surprise, but oh, I understood! This way (Mother slightly tilts her hand to the left), its Sri Aurobindo, and that way (slightly to the right), its the doctor. This way its the Lord, and that way its a man!!

0 1963-04-06, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   And I dont try to observe or study or understandGod knows! There is no need to understand: its self-evident.
   Only one thing is always present: to keep intact and POWERFULLY conscious the sense of the divine Presence thats all. Thats the single concern of the cells.

0 1963-05-15, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   And for the being that sort of individual aggregateto be transformed, it needs in effect to grow simpler and simpler. All those complexities of Nature which man is now beginning to understand and study, which for the smallest thing are so complex (the smallest of our physical workings is the result of such a complex system that its almost unthinkable certainly it would be impossible for the human mind to think up and contrive all those things), are now being discovered by science. And its quite plain to see that for the functioning to become divine, that is, to escape Disorder and Confusion, it must grow simpler and simpler.
   (long silence)

0 1963-07-20, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I had decided I would study the thing very carefully, absolutely objectively, in order to be surebecause I had around me all the waves of all the impressions, well-disposed as well as ill-disposed, and I found all that whirl ridiculous. I conducted my observation in a most scientific and objective way: the whole, entire effect is purely mental. The whole whirlmental.
   There you have it.

0 1963-08-24, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I told you that the only process Ive known, and which recurred several times in my life, is to renounce an error. Something you believe to be truewhich probably was true for a timeon which you partly base your action, but which, in actuality, was only one opinion. You thought it was a truthful finding with all its logical consequences, and your action (part of your action) was based on it, so that everything proceeded from it automatically. Till suddenly an experience, a circumstance or an intuition warns you that your finding isnt so true as it appeared to be (!) Then there is a whole period of observation and study (sometimes too it comes as a revelation, a massive proof), and then its not just your idea or false knowledge that needs to be changed, but also all its consequences, perhaps an entire way of acting on a particular point. At that moment, you get a sort of sensation, something that feels like a sensation of renunciation; that is to say, you have to undo a whole collection of things you had built. Sometimes its quite considerable, sometimes a very small thing, but the experience is the same: the movement of a force, a dissolving power, and the resistance of all that must be dissolved, all the past habit. It is the contact of the movement of dissolution with the corresponding resistance that probably translates in the ordinary human consciousness as the sense of renunciation.
   I saw that very recently; its something insignificant, the circumstances are completely unimportant in themselves (its only the study of the whole that makes it interesting). Its the only phenomenon that has recurred several times in my life and which for that reason I know well. And as the being progresses, the power of dissolution increases, becomes more and more immediate, and the resistance lessens. But I remember the time when the resistances were at their highest (more than half a century ago), and it never worked in any other way: it was always something outside menot outside my consciousness but outside my will something that resists the will. I never had the feeling I had to renounce things but I felt as if I had to exert a pressure on them to dissolve them. Whereas now, the farther I go, the more imperceptible the pressure becomes, its immediate: as soon as the Force that comes to dissolve a collection of things manifests, theres no resistance, everything gets dissolved; on the contrary, theres hardly any sense of liberation theres something that is amused every time and says, Ah, again! How many times you limit yourself. How many times you think youre constantly moving on, smoothly, without stopping, and how many times you set a little limit to your action (it isnt a big limit because its a very little thing within an immense whole, but its a limit nonetheless). And then when the Force acts to dissolve the limit, at first you feel liberated, you feel a joy; but now its not even like that any more: there is a smile. Because its not a sense of liberationyou very simply remove a stone that stands in your way.
   Thats more or less what I told you last night, but I told it to you complete with illustrations! It would take pages, you understand! (Laughing) Thats why the illustrations are gone, otherwise it would fill a volume. There were all the explanations, all the details.

0 1963-09-04, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But I remember that for a few days I was occupied with that memory, as part of a vast work on certain physical vibrations, in all the physical domains with which I deal. And it came (strangely, its always LOCATED, located somewhere), and the perception I have is very acute, absolutely like the perception of something that happened to me personally (but all that comes to me now comes in this way). Only, there was the knowledge that it was your own body that had gone through that experience. And then yes, I remember, there was a certain quality of vibration (Mother looks silently), and it was connected with a study on the experience the cells gain in the process of death. I remember, I was studying the cellular experiences (which the cells have more often than not semiconsciously and often unconsciously), those semiconscious experiences that stay in the subconscient and help to make some cells more and more receptive and prepared for the new Force. And as I was studying that, your experience of the camps came, and I saw in fact that a certain number of your cells, a rather considerable number (cells that are partly in the brain, partly in the throat center and partly here [gesture to the upper part of the chest]) have had the preliminary experience of death.
   And that gives them a very special capacity of consciousness.
   Could this be what gave you that sense of death? But you say it has been there for a long time. While, for me, its recent (it was perhaps ten days ago), my study is recent. It was very interesting. I can still see them now, they were as if located in certain parts of your body.
   But thats a favorable observation, not a dangerous one!

0 1963-09-07, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But then, once you are here on this earth and you have to go to the end, even if the end is nothingness, you go to the end and its just as well to do so as best you can, that is to say, to your fullest satisfaction. I happened to have some philosophical curiosity and to study all kinds of problems, and I came upon Sri Aurobindos teaching, and what he taught (I would say revealed, but not to a materialist) is by far, among the systems men have formulated, the most satisfying FOR ME, the most complete, and what answers the most satisfactorily all the questions that can be asked; it is the one that helps me the most in life to have the feeling that life is worth living. Consequently, I try to conform entirely to his teaching and to live it integrally in order to live as best I can for me. I dont mind at all if others dont believe in itwhether they believe in it or not is all the same to me; I dont need the support of others conviction, its enough if I am myself satisfied.
   Well, theres no reply to that.

0 1963-11-04, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But during that period of time, I made a study and observation of the phenomenon: how the vibration of desire is added to the vibration of the Will sent out by the Supreme (for small everyday acts). And with the vision from above (if you take care, of course, to remain conscious of that vision from above), you see how the vibration sent out was exactly the one sent out by the Supreme, but instead of producing the immediate result which the superficial consciousness expected, it was intended to trigger a whole set of vibrations in order to reach another result, more distant and more complete. I am not talking of big things or terrestrial actions, I am talking of very small things in life. For example, you tell someone, Give me this, and the person, instead of giving that, misunderstands and gives something else; so if you dont take care to keep an overall vision, a certain vibration may occur, say of impatience, or a dissatisfaction, along with the feeling that the Lords vibration is neither understood nor received. Well, its that little ADDED vibration of impatience (or, in fact, of incomprehension of what happens), its that feeling of a lack of receptivity or response that has the quality of desirewe cant call it a desire, but its the same kind of vibration. And thats what comes and complicates things. If you have the complete, exact vision, you know that Give me this will produce a result different from the immediate one and that that other result will bring about yet another, which is exactly what should be. I dont know whether I am making myself clear, its a bit complicated! But it gave me the key to the difference in quality between the vibration of the Will and the vibration of desire. And together with this, the possibility of doing away with that vibration of desire through a broader and more total visionbroader, more total, more distant, that is to say, the vision of a vaster totality.
   I am insisting on this, because it eliminates all moral elements. It eliminates the derogatory notion of desire. The vision increasingly eliminates all those notions of good and evil, good and bad, inferior and superior, and so forth. There is only what I might almost call a difference of vibratory qualityquality still evokes the idea of superiority and inferiority, it isnt quality, not intensity either, I dont know the scientific term they use to distinguish one vibration from another, but thats it.
   If we look at it from a psychological standpoint On the mental plane, its very easy; on the vital plane, its not too difficult; on the physical plane, its a little heavier, because desires are passed off as needs. But there too, there has been a field of experience these last few days: the study of medical and scientific conceptions on the bodys makeup, its needs, and whats good or bad for it. And all this, in its essence, again boils down to the same question of vibrations. It was quite interesting: there was an appearance (because all things as the ordinary consciousness sees them are nothing but appearances), there was an appearance of food poisoning (mushrooms that are thought to have been bad). It was the object of a particular study to find out whether there was something absolute about the poisoning, or whether it was relative, that is, based on ignorance, a wrong reaction and the absence of the true Vibration. And the conclusion was as follows: its a question of proportion between the amount, the sum of the vibrations that belong to the Supreme, and the sum of the vibrations that still belong to darkness. Depending on the proportion, the poisoning appears as something concrete, real, or else as something that can be eliminated, in other words, that doesnt resist the influence of the Vibration of Truth. And it was very interesting, because, immediately, as soon as the consciousness became aware of the cause of the trouble in the bodys functioning (the consciousness perceived where it came from and what it was), immediately the observation began, with the idea: Lets see what happens. First set the body perfectly at rest with the certainty (which is always there) that nothing happens except by the Lords Will and that the effect too is the Lords Will, all the consequences are the Lords Will, and consequently one should be very still. So the body is very still: untroubled, not agitated, it doesnt vibrate, nothingvery still. Once this is achieved, to what extent are the effects unavoidable? Because a certain quantity of matter that contained an element unfavorable to the bodys elements and life was absorbed, what is the proportion between the favorable and the unfavorable elements, or between the favorable and the unfavorable vibrations? And I saw very clearly: the proportion varies according to the amount of cells in the body that are under the direct Influence, that respond to the supreme Vibration alone, and the amount of other cells that still belong to the ordinary way of vibrating. It was very clear, because I could see all the possibilities, from the ordinary mass [of cells], which is completely upset by that intrusion and where you have to fight with all the ordinary methods to get rid of the undesirable element, to the totality of the cellular response to the supreme Force, which renders the intrusion perfectly innocuous. But this is still a dream for tomorrowwere on the way. But the proportion has become rather favorable (I cant say all-powerful, far from it, but rather favorable), so that the consequences of the ill-being didnt last very long and the damage was, so to say, minimal.
   But all the experiences nowadays, one after the otherall the PHYSICAL experiences, of the bodypoint to the same conclusion: everything depends on the proportion between the elements that respond exclusively to the Supremes Influence, the half-and-half elements, on the road to transformation, and the elements that still follow Matters old vibratory process. The latter appear to be decreasing in number, to a great extent, but there are still enough of them to bring about unpleasant effects or unpleasant reactionsthings that are untransformed, that still belong to ordinary life. But all problems, whether psychological or purely material or chemical, all problems boil down to this: they are nothing but questions of vibrations. And there is the perception of that totality of vibrations and of what we could call (in a very rough and approximative way) the difference between the constructive and the destructive vibrations. We can say (to put it very simply) that all the vibrations that come from the One and express Oneness are constructive, while all the complications of the ordinary, separative consciousness lead to destruction.

0 1963-11-27, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Its a minimum of distortion. I am forever studying, in the body, the difference between THE Thing and its transcription. Its very interesting. Very subtlevery subtle. And it takes a mere nothing for it not to be the True Thing any more.
   See Agenda III. January 15, 1962, p. 44

0 1963-12-07 - supramental ship, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There are lots of things which people dont even take notice of in life (when they live an ordinary life, they dont take any notice), theres a whole field of things that are absolutely not quite unconscious, but certainly not conscious; they are reflexesreflexes, reactions to stimuli, and so on and also the response (a semiconscious, barely conscious response) to the pressure exerted from above by the Force, which people are totally unconscious of. It is the study of this question which is now in the works; I am very much occupied with it. A study of every second. You see, there are different ways for the Lord to be present, its very interesting (the difference isnt for Him, its for us!), and it depends precisely on the amount of habitual reflex movements that take place almost outside our observation (generally completely outside it) And this question preoccupied me very, very much: the ways of feeling the Lords Presence the different ways. There is a way in which you feel it as something vague, but of which you are sureyou are always sure but the sensation is vague and a bit blurred and at other times it is an acute Presence2 (Mother touches her face), very precise, in all that you do, all that you feel, all that you are. There is an entire range. And then if we follow the movement (gesture in stages, moving away), there are those who are so far away, so far, that they dont feel anything at all.
   This experience made me write something yesterday (but it has lasted several days), it came as the outcome of the work done, and yesterday I wrote it both in English and in French:

0 1963-12-14, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   When I noticed Ws difficulties, I put a lot of force on him, a lot, a great concentration to get him out of that tight corner, because I felt a kind of wavering in him, I felt he wasnt so steady on the path any more. Thats what worried me. So I put a very great concentration of force on him to set him on the right road again. And, as I said, the Force circulates; it circulates: it isnt something which goes out like that, like a little beam which you send out, which reaches its goal and stays there thats not it. Its a thing (round gesture) that spreads out with waves of concentration. And Ive noticed this for everybody (I did my first study on myself), but the ego must be completely (gesture of palms upward, immobile) must become nonexistent, must stop interfering, at any rate, in order to feel that great, universal Pulsation.
   It is simply the art of putting yourself in the right place in order to be in the path of the Force.

0 1963-12-25, #Agenda Vol 04, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There is at the moment an entire study going on in the subconscient on the cause of illnesses. I am not seeing very pleasant things.
   There is a whole zone in the most material vital which penetrates, as it were, the subtle physical thats where illnesses are formed. You see swarms of completely crooked formationsa lack of sincerity. And it expresses itself in images: I see all kinds of people and do all kinds of things in a special zone the same people who are elsewhere are here too under a special aspect. Its a mixture of the deformation of consciousness, the deformation of language, the deformation of formsswarms and swarms! For hours.
   Then He seemed to lead me to other places, where I saw a sort of scorpion with a very odd shape (it was also a sort of entity in that realm and it gave other illnesses) trying to climb up somewhere. There was also a truncated snake which had been cut through, and out of the cut something like its life was escaping, yet it was still alive. All kinds of horrors. But there wasnt the slightest feeling of disgust: it was more like a consciousness studying, observing, and the I that observed was the force exerted by the consciousness on the play of those things.
   It isnt a pleasant realm. Its the realm thats just like this (Mother places one hand over the other), immediately beyond (how can I put it? Its neither higher nor deeper inside) beyond the subtle physical, and its the realm in which formations of illness MATERIALIZE. I spent more than three hours of the night in it.
   Its a kind of study a useful one, maybe. And I noticed, I remember having complained, Oh, it hurts! (Apparently I was sound asleep, but I was very conscious of my body.) So it interested me, and I turned to the Lord: It hurts quite a bit. So He extended his hand, took that thing away and presented it to me, saying, Oh, its only that! It wasnt pretty. But then, INSTANTLY, the pain went away. I had been feeling some pain in the evening before going to bed (the nerves ached, the neck muscles hurt, it was like something weighing down heavily and clinging to me painfully); I saw His hand take it and present that animal to me, and I heard the voice say, Oh, its only that (He speaks to me in English), its only thatgone!
   Exactly what Sri Aurobindo did when he was here: his hand seemed to come, take hold of the pain, and the illness went away.

0 1964-01-18, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Oh, no! The British (laughing) the only thing that rehabilitated them in the worlds history is that Sri Aurobindo went to study in their country! But he clearly said that during his studies there, his whole feeling of intimacy was with France, not England.
   Oh, the British No, the British haughtiness certainly isnt just a legend. What gave them that? Where does it come from? Because, basically, they are Normans, arent they.

0 1964-03-14, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I dont want you to fall ill like the first time. Thats precisely what I am looking at and studying: whether its possible to protect you adequately.I am not going with a light heart.
   But for myself, I know: the first time I went away from here, in 1915 (and I left my psychic being here, I didnt take it with me I knew how to do it I left it behind), in spite of that, in spite of the link, when I came to the Mediterranean, suddenly I fell ill, dreadfully ill. I was constantly ill.

0 1964-03-28, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Perhaps the modern scientific mind that has studied atoms would understand better. Its the same kind of understanding as that of the scientist who analyzes the constitution of Matter. I distinctly feel it is an extension of that study and that its the only true approach for the most material part of Matter. Any psychological explanation is meaningless.1
   This very morning, I was following the movement, observing the control this Vibration of Truth has in the body in the presence of certain disorders (very small things in the body, you know: discomforts, disorders), I was observing how this Vibration of Truth abolishes those disorders and discomforts. It was very clear, very obvious, and ABSOLUTELY REMOVED from any spiritual notion, from any religious notion, from any psychological notion, so that the person who possessed this knowledge of opposition of one vibration to the other very clearly didnt in any way need to be a disciple or someone with philosophical knowledge or anything at all: he only had to have mastered this in order to realize a perfectly harmonious existence.
   All that I am doing, all that this body is doing, it has the power to pass on to others thats precisely what I am studying now. I am studying this. Its a sort of power to put people in contact with the Vibration of the Consciousness (radiating gesture around the head), which is concentrated on a number of people and things (all over the earth, naturally), but also on certain points. Its the Power that came the night when there was that descent in the brain: at any moment I was able to direct a beam here, another beam there, touch a point here, another point there (gesture like a beacon).
   Thats what Sri Aurobindo never stopped repeating: Do not try to do it all by yourself, the Mother will do it for you, if you trust Her.

0 1964-08-14, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   As a matter of fact, these last few nights Ive been conducting a sort of review of all the stages my nights went through before being what they areits fantastic! I started working on my nights at the beginning of the century, exactly in 1900, sixty-four years ago now, and the number of nights when I didnt continue my training is absolutely minimalminimal. There had to be something unexpected or I had to be ill; and even then, there was another kind of study going on. I remember (Sri Aurobindo was here), I caught a sort of fever like influenza from contact with the workers, one of those fevers that take hold of you brutally, instantly, and in the night I had a temperature of more than 105. Anyway, it was And then I spent my night studying what people call delirium(laughing) it was very interesting! I was explaining it to Sri Aurobindo (he was there: I was lying on the bed and he was sitting by the bedside), I told him, This is whats going on, that is whats going on and that (such and such and such a thing) is what gives people what doctors call delirium. It isnt delirium. I remember having been assailed for hours by little entities, vital forms that were hideous, vile, and so vicious! An unequaled cruelty. They rushed at me in a troop, I had to fight to repel them: they retreated, moved forward, retreated, moved forward. And for hours like that. Naturally, at that time I had Sri Aurobindos full power and presence, and yet it lasted three or four hours. So I thought, How terrible it must be for the poor devils who have neither the knowledge I have, nor the power I have, nor Sri Aurobindos protective presenceall the best conditions. It must be frightful, oh! I have never in my life seen anything so disgusting.
   I had picked it all up in the workers atmosphere. Because I hadnt been careful, it was the festival of arms and I had been in communion with them: I had given them some food and taken something theyd given me, which means it was a terrible communion. And I brought all that back.

0 1964-09-16, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   In this connection, there has been a whole period of study of this subject, on the purely physical level. To rise above all possibility of error, you tend to eliminate the opportunities for error; for instance, if you dont want to utter unnecessary words, you stop speaking. People who make a vow of silence imagine it gives a control over speech thats not true! It only eliminates the opportunities to speak, and therefore of saying unnecessary things. For food, its the same problem: how to eat only just what is needed? In the transitional state we find ourselves in, we no longer want to live that wholly animal life based on material exchanges and food, but it would be folly to think we have reached the state in which the body can live on without any food at all (still, there is already a big difference, since they are trying to find the nutritional essence in foods in order to reduce their volume); but the natural tendency is fastingwhich is a mistake!
   For fear of acting wrongly, we stop doing anything; for fear of speaking wrongly, we stop saying anything; for fear of eating for the pleasure of eating, we stop eating anything thats not freedom, its simply reducing the manifestation to its minimum. And the natural outcome is Nirvana. But if the Lord wanted only Nirvana, there would be only Nirvana! He obviously conceives the coexistence of all opposites and that, to Him, must be the beginning of a totality. So, of course, you may, if you feel that you are meant for that, choose only one of His manifestations, that is to say, the absence of manifestation. But thats still a limitation. And its not the only way of finding Him, far from it!

0 1964-11-12, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There is something interesting (not the faintings!). You know that Z has started a yoga in the body (I didnt ask her to do anything, she did it spontaneously); she wrote to me her first experiences, and there were observations quite similar to those I had made and with an accuracy that interested me I have encouraged her. She is going on. I dont have the time to read her letters: theyre piling up there. But what I found very interesting is that yesterday I was read a letter from an English writer (a lady): she has a little group there, they meditate together, and they had a sort of Indian guru (I dont know who) who was teaching them meditation. Then they came across Sri Aurobindos writings, and they began to study and follow his indications and try to understand. As it happened (about a year ago now), during their meditation, instead of their making an effort of ascent to awaken the Kundalini and rise towards the heights, all of a sudden the Force the Power, the Shaktibegan to descend from above downward. They informed their guru, who told them, Very bad! Very dangerous, stop it, terrible things are going to happen to you! That was about a year ago. They werent quite sure that the gentleman was right and they went on, with very good results. Then, yesterday, that lady wrote, giving a detailed notation of their experiencesalmost the SAME WORDS as Z! Now thats beginning to be interesting. Because it represents an impersonalization of the Action, in other words it doesnt express itself subjectively according to each individual: it has a WAY of acting.
   I was very happy, I wrote her a note to congratulate her.

0 1964-11-14, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There is another thing. Recently, one day, I suddenly I am extremely sensitive to the composition of the air, from my earliest childhood: airs, if I may say so, they each had their own taste, their own color and quality, and I would recognize them to such a point that sometimes I would say, Oh, the air of (I was a child, of course), the air of this country or the air of that place has come here. It was like that. I was extremely sensitive to the quality of pure air, that is, without the elements that come from the decomposition of life and especially from the places where people are crowded together. It was like that to an extremely sharp degree: for instance, if I was moved from one place to another, I could be suddenly cured of an illness from the change of air. When I met Thon, it became conscious, an object of study, and it still goes on. Perhaps a few days ago (I cant say, time has no meaning), but not very long ago, I said, Theres something new in the air. And something very unpleasant, extremely pernicious; I felt that that something (I didnt say anything to anyone, naturally) had a peculiar, extremely subtle odor, not a physical one, and had the power to separate vital vibrations from physical vibrations that is to say, an extremely noxious element.
   Immediately I set to work (it lasted for hours), and the night was spent counteracting it: I tried to find which higher vibration could counteract it, until I succeeded in clarifying the atmosphere. But the memory remained very precise. And very recently (maybe a day or two ago), they told me that the Chinese had chosen an Indian territory, in the North, to test a certain kind of atomic bomb, and that they had exploded a certain bomb there. When they told me this, the memory of my odor abruptly came back.1

0 1964-12-02, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #In