classes ::: subject,
children :::
branches ::: Communication

bookmarks: Instances - Definitions - Quotes - Chapters - Wordnet - Webgen

between people
between parts of the self (like talking to the overmind, or the body, or the body talking to me (saying its hungry)
what about the vital? what does it say?
who is talking who is hearing? is it the same person?
see also ::: parts of the self, thoughtforms, conversation

see also ::: conversation, parts_of_the_self, thoughtforms

questions, comments, suggestions/feedback, take-down requests, contribute, etc
contact me @ or
join the integral discord server (chatrooms)
if the page you visited was empty, it may be noted and I will try to fill it out. cheers

now begins generated list of local instances, definitions, quotes, instances in chapters, wordnet info if available and instances among weblinks










Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine



Communication and Network Riser "hardware, standard" (CNR) A specification for {audio}, {modem}, {USB} and {Local Area Networking} interfaces of core computer logic {chip sets}. {Intel} introduced CNR on 2000-02-07. It was mainly developed by hardware and software developers who helped release AMR ({Audio/Modem Riser}) and is used by several computer manufacturers. {(}. (2007-03-15)

Communication: A term used to refer to a certain feature of sign-situations, viz. the identity, similarity or correspondence of what is understood by the interpreter with what is, or is intended to be, expressed by the speaker.

Communication: (Lat. communicare, to share) Intercourse between minds or selves whereby sensations, imagery or conceptional meanings are transferred from one to another. Communication includes: ordinary sense-mediated communication by means of speech, writing, gesture, facial expression and bodily attitude and allegedly direct contact between minds by mental telepathy and other occult means. See Telegnosts; Telepathy. -- L.W.

Communication media - The written, oral or methods used to communicate a message.

Communication nets - The ways in which members of a group communicate with each other.

Communications Decency Act ::: (legal) (CDA) An amendment to the U.S. 1996 Telecommunications Bill that went into effect on 08 February 1996, outraging thousands of Internet users who it punishable by fines of up to $250,000 to post indecent language on the Internet anywhere that a minor could read it.The Electronic Frontier Foundation created public domain blue ribbon icons that many web authors downloaded and displayed on their web pages.On 12 June 1996, a three-judge panel in Philadelphia ruled the CDA unconstitutional and issued an injunction against the United States Justice to their web pages, courtesy of the Voters Telecommunications Watch. The Justice Department has appealed the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court. (1996-11-03)

Communications Decency Act "legal" (CDA) An amendment to the U.S. 1996 Telecommunications Bill that went into effect on 1996-02-08. The law, originally proposed by Senator James Exon to protect children from obscenity on the Internet, ended up making it punishable by fines of up to $250,000 to post indecent language on the Internet anywhere that a minor could read it. Thousands of outraged {Internet} users turned their {web pages} black in protest or displayed the {Electronic Frontier Foundation}'s special {icons}. On 1996-06-12, a three-judge panel in Philadelphia ruled the CDA unconstitutional and issued an injunction against the United States Justice Department forbidding them to enforce the "indecency" provisions of the law. Internet users celebrated by displaying an animated "Free Speech" fireworks icon to their web pages, courtesy of the {Voters Telecommunications Watch}. The Justice Department appealed the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court. (1996-11-03)

Communications of the ACM ::: (publication) (CACM) A monthly publication by the Association for Computing Machinery sent to all members. CACM is an influential publication that commentary, departments, the ACM Forum, and technical correspondence, and advertisements. . (1995-01-18)

Communications of the ACM "publication" (CACM) A monthly publication by the {Association for Computing Machinery} sent to all members. CACM is an influential publication that keeps computer science professionals up to date on developments. Each issue includes articles, case studies, practitioner oriented pieces, regular columns, commentary, departments, the ACM Forum, technical correspondence and advertisements. {(}. (1995-01-18)

Communications Server "operating system" {IBM}'s rebranding of {ACF}. (1999-01-20)

Communications Server ::: (operating system) IBM's rebranding of ACF. (1999-01-20)

Communication - The transferring of a message from the sender to the receiver, who understands the message.

communication ::: n. --> The act or fact of communicating; as, communication of smallpox; communication of a secret.
Intercourse by words, letters, or messages; interchange of thoughts or opinions, by conference or other means; conference; correspondence.
Association; company.
Means of communicating; means of passing from place to place; a connecting passage; connection.

communications port "hardware, communications" A connector for a communications interface, usually, a {serial port}. (1996-08-04)

communications port ::: (hardware, communications) A connector for a communications interface, usually, a serial port. (1996-08-04)

communications software ::: (communications, software) Application programs, operating system components, and probably firmware, forming part of a communication system. These different software components might be classified according to the functions within the Open Systems Interconnect model which they provide.(2001-03-18)

communications software "communications, software" {Application programs}, {operating system} components, and probably {firmware}, forming part of a {communication system}. These different software components might be classified according to the functions within the {Open Systems Interconnect} model which they provide. Typical applications include a {web browser}, {Mail User Agent}, {chat} and {telnet}. (2001-03-18)

communication system ::: (communications) A system or facility capable of providing information transfer between persons and equipment. The system usually consists of a components must serve a common purpose, be technically compatible, employ common procedures, respond to some form of control, and generally operate in unison.[Communications Standard Dictionary, 2nd Edition, Martin H. Weik]. (1995-02-06)

communication system "communications" A system or facility for transfering data between persons and equipment. The system usually consists of a collection of individual communication {networks}, transmission systems, relay stations, tributary stations and {terminal} equipment capable of interconnection and interoperation so as to form an integrated whole. These individual components must serve a common purpose, be technically compatible, employ common procedures, respond to some form of control and generally operate in unison. ["Communications Standard Dictionary", 2nd Edition, Martin H. Weik]. (1995-02-06)


3Com Corporation "company, networking" A manufacturer of {local area network} equipment. 3Com was founded in 1979. They acquired {BICC Data Networks} in 1992, {Star-Tek} in 1993, {Synernetics} in 1993, {Centrum} in 1994, {NiceCom} in 1994 {AccessWorks}, {Sonix Communications}, {Primary Access} and {Chipcom} in 1995 and {Axon} and {OnStream Networks} in 1996. They merged with {U.S. Robotics} in 1997. {(}. (1998-04-03)

56 kbps "communications" (56 kilobits per second) The data capacity of a normal single channel digital telephone channel in North America. The figure is derived from the {bandwidth} of 4 kHz allocated for such a channel and the 16-bit encoding (4000 times 16 = 64000) used to change {analogue} signals to digital, minus the 8000 bit/s used for signalling and supervision. At the end of 1997 there were two rival {modem} designs capable of this rate: {k56flex} and {US Robotics}' {X2}. In February 1998 the {ITU} proposed a 56kbps standard called {V.90}, which is expected to be formally approved during September 1998. (1998-09-15)

56k line "communications" A digital connection (possibly a {leased line}, possibly switched) capable of carrying {56 kbps}. Compare {DS0}. (2000-07-16)

610 "communications" The standard type of two-wire wall socket and plug used for telephones in Australia. [Other countries? Full name?] (1997-06-26)

A&B "communications" A {bit signaling procedure} used in most {T1} transmission facilities where one bit from every sixth frame of each of 24 T1 {subchannels} is used for carrying {supervisory signaling}. [What does it stand for? Is this the same as "{bit robbing}"?] (1997-05-05)

ABOVE-HEAD CENTRE. ::: Above the head extends the higher consciousness centre, sahasradala padma, the thousandpetalled lotus, commanding the higher thinking mind and the illumined mind and opening upwards to the intuition and overmind. The sahasradala centralises spiritual mind, higher mind, intuitive mind and acts as a receiving station for the intuition proper and overmind.
It is the seventh and highest centre. Usually those who take the centres in the body only count six centres, the sahasrāra being excluded. It is sometimes or by some identified with the brain, but that is an error; the brain is only a channel of communication situated between the thousand-petalled and the forehead centre. The former is sometimes called the void centre, śūnya, either because it is not in the body, but in the apparent void above or because rising above the head one enters first into the silence of the self or spiritual being.
Wide Crown centre.

abstract syntax "language, data" A form of representation of data that is independent of machine-oriented structures and encodings and also of the physical representation of the data. Abstract syntax is used to give a high-level description of programs being compiled or messages passing over a communications link. A {compiler}'s internal representation of a program will typically be an {abstract syntax tree}. The abstract syntax specifies the tree's structure is specified in terms of categories such as "statement", "expression" and "{identifier}". This is independent of the source syntax ({concrete syntax}) of the language being compiled (though it will often be very similar). A {parse tree} is similar to an abstract syntax tree but it will typically also contain features such as parentheses which are syntactically significant but which are implicit in the structure of the {abstract syntax tree}. (1998-05-26)

access point "networking" (AP) Any device that acts as a communication hub to allow users of a {wireless network} to connect to a {wired LAN}. APs are important for providing heightened wireless {security} and for extending the physical range of service a wireless user has access to. (2010-03-21)

ACE 1. {Advanced Computing Environment}. 2. {Adaptive Communication Environment}.

ACF {Advanced Communications Function}

ACF/NCP {Advanced Communication Function/Network Control Program}

ACIA {Asynchronous Communications Interface Adapter}

ACK 1. "character" /ak/ The {mnemonic} for the ACKnowledge character, {ASCII} code 6. 2. "communications" A message transmitted to indicate that some data has been received correctly. Typically, if the sender does not receive the ACK message after some predetermined time, or receives a {NAK}, the original data will be sent again. [{Jargon File}] (1997-01-07)

ACM 1. "body" The {Association for Computing}. 2. "communications" {addressed call mode}.

Acorn Online Media "company" A company formed in August 1994 by {Acorn Computer Group} plc to exploit the {ARM} RISC in television {set-top box} decoders. They planned to woo {British Telecommunications} plc to use the box in some of its {video on demand} trials. The "STB1" box was based on an {ARM8} core with additional circuits to enable {MPEG} to be decoded in software - possibly dedicated instructions for interpolation, inverse {DCT} or {Huffman} table extraction. A prototype featured audio {MPEG} chips, Acorn's {RISC OS} {operating system} and supported {Oracle Media Objects} and {Microword}. Online planned to reduce component count by transferring functions from boards into the single RISC chip. The company was origianlly wholly owned by Acorn but was expected to bring in external investment. [Article by cross-posted from, 1994-07-07]. In 1996 they releasd the imaginatively titled "Set Top Box 2" (STB20M) with a 32 MHz {ARM 7500} and 2 to 32 MB {RAM}. There was also a "Set Top Box 22". {(

acoustic coupler "hardware, communications" A device used to connect a {modem} to a telephone line via an ordinary handset. The acoustic coupler converts electrical signals from the {modem} to sound via a loudspeaker, against which the mouthpiece of a telephone handset is placed. The earpiece is placed against a {microphone} which converts sound to electrical signals which return to the modem. The handset is inserted into a sound-proof box containing the louspeaker and microphone to avoid interference from ambient noise. Acousitic couplers are now rarely used since most modems have a direct electrical connection to the telephone line. This avoids the signal degradation caused by conversion to and from audio. Direct connection is not always possible, and was actually illegal in the United Kingdom before {British Telecom} was privatised. BT's predecessor, the General Post Office, did not allow subscribers to connect their own equipment to the telephone line. (1994-11-08)

adaptive answering "communications" A feature which allows a {faxmodem} to answer the telephone and decide whether the incoming call is a fax or data call. Most {Class 1} faxmodems do this. The {U.S. Robotics} Class 1 implementation however seems not to do it, it must be set to answer as either one or the other. (1995-03-16)

Adaptive Communication Environment "communications, tool" A {C++} wrapper library for communications from the {University of California at Irvine}. (1995-03-16)

Adaptive Digital Pulse Code Modulation "communications" (ADPCM) A {compression} technique which records only the difference between samples and adjusts the coding scale dynamically to accomodate large and small differences. ADPCM is simple to implement, but introduces much {noise}. [Used where? Does the {Sony} minidisk use ADPCM or {ATRAC}?] (1998-12-10)

ADCCP {Advanced Data Communications Control Protocol}

addressed call mode "communications" (ACM) A mode that permits control signals and commands to establish and terminate calls in {V.25bis}. (1997-05-07)

addressee "communications" One to whom something is addressed. E.g. "The To, CC, and {BCC} {headers} list the addressees of the e-mail message". Normally an addressee will eventually be a {recipient}, unless there is a failure at some point (an e-mail "{bounces}") or the message is redirected to a different addressee. (2000-03-22)

address ::: v. --> To aim; to direct.
To prepare or make ready.
Reflexively: To prepare one&

Advanced Communication Function/Network Control Program "networking" (ACF/NCP, usually called just "NCP") The primary {SNA} {network control program}, one of the {ACF} products. ACF/NCP resides in the {communications controller} and interfaces with {ACF/VTAM} in the {host processor} to control network communications. NCP can also communicate with multiple {hosts} using {local channel} or remote links ({PU} type 5 or PU type 4) thus enabling cross {domain} application communication. In a multiple {mainframe} SNA environment, any terminal or application can access any other application on any host using cross domain logon. See also {Emulator program}. [Communication or Communications?] (1999-01-29)

Advanced Communications Function "networking" (ACF) A group of {IBM} {SNA} products that provide {distributed processing} and resource sharing such as {VTAM} and {NCP}. [Communication or Communications?] (1997-05-07)

Advanced Data Communications Control Protocol "protocol" An {ANSI} {standard} {bit-oriented} {data link} control {protocol}. (1997-05-07)

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. "company" (AMD) A US manufacturer of {integrated circuits}, founded in 1969. AMD was the fifth-largest IC manufacturer in 1995. AMD focuses on the personal and networked computation and communications market. They produce {microprocessors}, {embedded processors} and related peripherals, memories, {programmable logic devices}, circuits for telecommunications and networking applications. In 1995, AMD had 12000 employees in the USA and elsewhere and manufacturing facilities in Austin, Texas; Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan; Bangkok, Thailand; Penang, Malaysia; and Singapore. AMD made the {AMD 2900} series of {bit-slice} {TTL} components and clones of the {Intel 80386} and {Intel 486} {microprocessors}. {AMD Home (}. Address: Sunnyvale, CA, USA. (1995-02-27)

Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking "networking, product" (APPN) IBM data communications support that routes data in a network between two or more {APPC} systems that need not be adjacent. (1995-02-03)

Advanced Program-to-Program Communications "networking, product" (APPC) An implementation of the {IBM} {SNA}/{SDLC} {LU6.2} {protocol} that allows interconnected systems to communicate and share the processing of programs. (1995-02-03)

afflatus ::: the miraculous communication of supernatural knowledge; hence also, the imparting of an over-mastering impulse, poetic or otherwise; inspiration. A creative inspiration, as that of a poet; a divine imparting of knowledge, thus it is often called divine afflatus.

airless ::: a. --> Not open to a free current of air; wanting fresh air, or communication with the open air.

AM 1. "communications" {Amplitude Modulation}. 2. "artificial intelligence" A program by {Doug Lenat} to discover concepts in elementary mathematics. AM was written in 1976 in {Interlisp}. From 100 fundamental concepts and about 250 {heuristics} it discovered several important mathematical concepts including subsets, disjoint sets, sets with the same number of elements, and numbers. It worked by filling slots in {frames} maintaining an agenda of resource-limited prioritised tasks. AM's successor was {Eurisko}. {(}. (1999-04-19)

amateur packet radio "communications" (PR) The use of {packet radio} by amateurs to communicate between computers. PR is a complete amateur radio computer network with "digipeaters" (relays), mailboxes (BBS) and other special nodes. In Germany, it is on HF, say, 2m (300 and 1200 BPS), 70cm (1200 to 9600 BPS), 23cm (normally 9600 BPS and up, currently most links between digipeaters) and higher frequencies. There is a KW (short wave) Packet Radio at 300 BPS, too. Satellites with OSCAR (Orbiting Sattelite Carring Amateur Radio) transponders (mostly attached to commercial satellites by the AMateur SATellite (AMSAT) group) carry Packet Radio mailboxes or {digipeaters}. There are both on-line and off-line services on the packet radio network: You can send {electronic mail}, read bulletins, chat, transfer files, connect to on-line DX-Clusters (DX=far distance) to catch notes typed in by other HAMs about the hottest international KW connections currently coming up (so you can pile up). PR uses {AX.25} (an {X.25} derivative) as its {transport layer} and sometimes even {TCP/IP} is transmitted over AX.25. AX.25 is like X.25 but the adressing uses HAM "calls" like "DG8MGV". There are special "wormholes" all over the world which "tunnel" amateur radio traffic through the {Internet} to forward mail. Sometimes mails travels over satelites. Normally amateur satellites have strange orbits, however the mail forwarding or mailbox satellites have very predictable orbits. Some wormholes allow HAMs to bridge from Internet to {AMPR-NET}, e.g. or, but only if you are registered HAM. Because amateur radio is not for profit, it must not be interconnected to the {Internet} but it may be connected through the Internet. All people on the (completely free) amateur radio net must be licensed radio amateurs and must have a "call" which is unique all over the world. There is a special {domain} AMPR.ORG (44.*.*.*) for amateur radio reserved in the IP space. This domain is split between countries, which can further subdivide it. For example 44.130.*.* is Germany, 44.130.58.* is Augsburg (in Bavaria), and is (you may verify this with {nslookup}). Mail transport is only one aspect of packet radio. You can talk interactively (as in {chat}), read files, or play silly games built in the Packet Radio software. Usually you can use the autorouter to let the digipeater network find a path to the station you want. However there are many (sometimes software incompatible) digipeaters out there, which the router cannot use. Paths over 1000 km are unlikely to be useable for {real-time} communication and long paths can introduce significant delay times (answer latency). Other uses of amateur radio for computer communication include {RTTY} ({baudot}), {AMTOR}, {PACTOR}, and {CLOVER}. {A huge hamradio archive (}. {Usenet} newsgroup: {}. (2001-05-12)

Amdahl Corporation "company" A US computer manufacturer. Amdahl is a major supplier of large {mainframes}, {UNIX} and {Open Systems} software and servers, data storage subsystems, data communications products, applications development software, and a variety of educational and consulting services. Amdahl products are sold in more than 30 countries for use in both open systems and {IBM} plug-compatible mainframe computing environments. Quarterly sales $397M, profits $13M (Aug 1994). In 1997 Amdahl became a division of {Fujitsu}. {(}. (1995-05-23)

American National Standards Institute "body, standard" (ANSI) The private, non-profit organisation (501(c)3) responsible for approving US {standards} in many areas, including computers and communications. ANSI is a member of {ISO}. ANSI sells ANSI and ISO (international) standards. {ANSI Home (}. Address: New York, NY 10036, USA. Sales: 1430 Broadway, NY NY 10018. Telephone: +1 (212) 642 4900. (2004-01-14)

American Telephone and Telegraph, Inc. "company, telecommunications, Unix" (AT&T) One of the largest US telecommunications providers, also noted for being the birthplace of the {Unix} {operating system} and the {C} and {C++} programming languages. AT&T was incorporated in 1885, but traces its lineage to Alexander Graham Bell and his invention of the telephone in 1876. As parent company of the former {Bell System}, AT&T's primary mission was to provide telephone service to virtually everyone in the United States. In its first 50 years, AT&T established subsidiaries and allied companies in more than a dozen other countries. It sold these interests in 1925 and focused on achieving its mission in the United States. It did, however, continue to provide international long distance service. The Bell System was dissolved at the end of 1983 with AT&T's divestiture of the Bell telephone companies. AT&T split into three parts in 1996, one of which is {Lucent Tecnologies}, the former systems and equipment portion of AT&T (including Bell Laboratories). See also {3DO}, {Advanced RISC Machine}, {Berkeley Software Distribution}, {Bell Laboratories}, {Concurrent C}, {Death Star}, {dinosaurs mating}, {InterNIC}, {System V}, {Nawk}, {Open Look}, {rc}, {S}, {Standard ML of New Jersey}, {Unix International}, {Unix conspiracy}, {USG Unix}, {Unix System Laboratories}. {AT&T Home (}. (2002-06-21)

America On-Line, Inc. "company, communications" (AOL) A US on-line service provider based in Vienna, Virginia, USA. AOL claims to be the largest and fastest growing provider of on-line services in the world, with the most active subscriber base. AOL offers its three million subscribers {electronic mail}, interactive newspapers and magazines, conferencing, software libraries, computing support, and on-line classes. In October 1994 AOL made {Internet} {FTP} available to its members and in May 1995, full Internet access including {web}. AOL's main competitors are {Prodigy} and {Compuserve}. {(}. (1997-08-26)

Amplitude Modulation "communications" (AM) A method of encoding {data} by varying the {amplitude} of a constant {frequency} {carrier}. Contrast {Frequency Modulation}. (2001-04-30)

anastomosis ::: n. --> The inosculation of vessels, or intercommunication between two or more vessels or nerves, as the cross communication between arteries or veins.

anathema ::: n. --> A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by excommunication. Hence: Denunciation of anything as accursed.
An imprecation; a curse; a malediction.
Any person or thing anathematized, or cursed by ecclesiastical authority.

Andrew Fluegelman "person" A successful attorney, editor of {PC World Magazine}, and author of the {MS-DOS} communications program {PC-TALK III}, written in 1982. He once owned the trademark "{freeware}" but it wasn't enforced after his disappearance. In 1985, Fluegelman was diagnosed with cancer. He was last seen a week later, on 1985-07-06, when he left his Marin County home to go to his office in Tiburon. He called his wife later that day and has not been heard from since. His car was found at Vista Point on the north end of the Golden Gate Bridge. [San Francisco Examiner Sunday Magazine, October 1985]. {Shareware history (}. {NEWSBYTES article (}. {(}. (2003-07-25)

And still we can recognise at once in the Overmind the original cosmic Maya, not a Maya of Ignorance but a Maya of Knowledge, yet a Power which has made the Ignorance possible, even inevitable. For if each principle loosed into action must follow its independent line and carry out its complete consequences, the principle of separation must also be allowed its complete course and arrive at its absolute consequence; this is Overmind in its descent reaches a line which divides the cosmic Truth from the cosmic Ignorance; it is the line at which it becomes possible for Consciousness-Force, emphasising the separateness of each independent movement created by Overmind and hiding or darkening their unity, to divide Mind by an exclusive concentration from the overmental source. There has already been a similar separation of Overmind from its supramental source, but with a transparency in the veil which allows a conscious transmission and maintains a certain luminous kinship; but here the veil is opaque and the transmission of the Overmind motives to the Mind is occult and obscure. Mind separated acts as if it were an independent principle, and each mental being, each basic mental idea, power, force stands similarly on its separate self; if it communicates with or combines or contacts others, it is not with the catholic universality of the overmind movement, on a basis of underlying oneness, but as independent units joining to form a separate constructed whole. It is by this movement that we pass from the cosmic Truth into the cosmic Ignorance. The cosmic Mind on this level, no doubt, comprehends its own unity, but it is not aware of its own source and foundation in the Spirit or can only comprehend it by the intelligence, not in any enduring experience; it acts in itself as if by its own right and works out what it receives as material without direct communication with the source from which it receives it. Its units also act in ignorance of each other and of the cosmic whole except for the knowledge that they can get by contact and communication,—the basic sense of identity and the mutual penetration and understanding that comes from it are no longer there. All the actions of this Mind Energy proceed on the opposite basis of the Ignorance and its divisions and, although they are the results of a certain conscious knowledge, it is a partial knowledge, not a true and integral self-knowledge, nor a true and integral world-knowledge. This character persists in Life and in subtle Matter and reappears in the gross material universe which arises from the final lapse into the Inconscience. …

And these are in fact always acting upon our subliminal selves unknown to our vvaking mind and with considerable effect on our life and nature. The physical mind is only a little part of us and there is much more considerable range of our being in which the presence, infiuence and powers of the other planes are active upon us and help to shape our external being and its activities. The awakening of the psychical consciousness enables us fb become aware of these powers, presences and influences in and around us ; and while in the impure or yet ignorant and imperfect mind this unveiled contact has its dangers, it enables us too, if lightly used and directed, to be no longer their subject but their master and to coroe into conscious and seJf-confroJled possession of the inner secrets of our nature. The psychical consciousness reveals this interaction between the inner and the outer planes, this world and others, partly by an awareness, which may be very constant, vast and vivid, of their impacts, suggestions, communications to our inner thought and conscious being and a capacity of reaction upon them there, partly ako through many kinds of symbolic, transcriptive or representative images presented to the different psychical senses. But also

an.i ::: mental voice; a communication from a spirit belonging to the mental plane.

APC {Association for Progressive Communications}

APPC {Advanced Program-to-Program Communications}

AppleTalk Filing Protocol "networking" (AFP) A {client/server} {protocol} used in {AppleTalk} communications networks. In order for non-{Apple} networks to access data in an {AppleShare} {server}, their protocols must translate into the AFP language. See also: {Columbia AppleTalk Package}. (1998-06-28)

Appletalk "networking, protocol" A proprietary {local area network} {protocol} developed by {Apple Computer, Inc.} for communication between Apple products (e.g. {Macintosh}) and other computers. This protocol is independent of the {network layer} on which it runs. Current implementations exist for {Localtalk}, a 235 kilobyte per second local area network and {Ethertalk}, a 10 megabyte per second local area network. (1995-03-08)

Application Protocol Data Unit "networking" (APDU) A {packet} of data exchanged between two {application} programs across a {network}. This is the highest level view of communication in the {OSI} {seven layer model} and a single packet exchanged at this level may actually be transmitted as several packets at a lower layer as well as having extra information (headers) added for {routing} etc. (1995-12-19)

Ars Combinatoria: (Leibniz) An art or technique of deriving or inventing complex concepts by a combination of a relatively few simple ones taken as primitive. This technique was proposed as a valuable subject for study by Leibniz in De Arte Combinatoria (1666) but was never greatly developed by him. Leibniz's program for logic consisted of two main projects: (1) the development of a universal characteristic (characteristica universalis), and (2) the development of a universal mathematics (mathesis universalis (q.v.). The universal characteristic was to be a universal language for scientists and philosophers. With a relatively few basic symbols for the ultimately simple ideas, and a suitable technique for constructing compound ideas out of the simple ones, Leibniz thought that a language could be constructed which would be much more efficient for reasoning and for communication than the vague, complicated, and more or less parochial languages then available. This language would be completely universal in the sense that all scientific and philosophical concepts could be expressed in it, and also in that it would enable scholars m all countries to communicate over the barriers of their vernacular tongues. Leibniz's proposals in this matter, and what work he did on it, are the grand predecessors of a vast amount of research which has been done in the last hundred years on the techniques of language construction, and specifically on the invention of formal rules and procedures for introducing new terms into a language on the basis of terms already present, the general project of constructing a unified language for science and philosophy. L. Couturat, La Logique de Leibniz, Paris, 1901; C. I. Lewis, A Survey of Symbolic Logic, Berkeley, 1918. -- F.L.W.

artery ::: n. --> The trachea or windpipe.
One of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart. They have tricker and more muscular walls than veins, and are connected with them by capillaries.
Hence: Any continuous or ramified channel of communication; as, arteries of trade or commerce.

Artificial Life "algorithm, application" (a-life) The study of synthetic systems which behave like natural living systems in some way. Artificial Life complements the traditional biological sciences concerned with the analysis of living organisms by attempting to create lifelike behaviours within computers and other artificial media. Artificial Life can contribute to theoretical biology by modelling forms of life other than those which exist in nature. It has applications in environmental and financial modelling and network communications. There are some interesting implementations of artificial life using strangely shaped blocks. A video, probably by the company Artificial Creatures who build insect-like robots in Cambridge, MA (USA), has several mechanical implementations of artificial life forms. See also {evolutionary computing}, {Life}. [Christopher G. Langton (Ed.), "Artificial Life", Proceedings Volume VI, Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity. Addison-Wesley, 1989]. {Yahoo! (}. {Santa Fe Institute (}. {The Avida Group (}. (1995-02-21)

artificial neural network "artificial intelligence" (ANN, commonly just "neural network" or "neural net") A network of many very simple processors ("units" or "neurons"), each possibly having a (small amount of) local memory. The units are connected by unidirectional communication channels ("connections"), which carry numeric (as opposed to symbolic) data. The units operate only on their local data and on the inputs they receive via the connections. A neural network is a processing device, either an {algorithm}, or actual hardware, whose design was inspired by the design and functioning of animal brains and components thereof. Most neural networks have some sort of "training" rule whereby the weights of connections are adjusted on the basis of presented patterns. In other words, neural networks "learn" from examples, just like children learn to recognise dogs from examples of dogs, and exhibit some structural capability for generalisation. Neurons are often elementary non-linear signal processors (in the limit they are simple threshold discriminators). Another feature of NNs which distinguishes them from other computing devices is a high degree of interconnection which allows a high degree of parallelism. Further, there is no idle memory containing data and programs, but rather each neuron is pre-programmed and continuously active. The term "neural net" should logically, but in common usage never does, also include biological neural networks, whose elementary structures are far more complicated than the mathematical models used for ANNs. See {Aspirin}, {Hopfield network}, {McCulloch-Pitts neuron}. {Usenet} newsgroup: {}. (1997-10-13)

ASCIIbonics "chat" (From {ASCII} and Ebonics) A style of text communication in English which is most common on {talk} systems such as {irc}. Its notable characteristics are: Typing all in lowercase (and occasionally all in uppercase). Copious use of abbreviations of the sort "u" for "you" "1" for "one" (and therefore "some1" for "someone", "ne1" for "anyone"), "2" for "to", "r" for "are", etc. A general lack of punctuation, except for strings of question marks and exclamation marks. Common use of the idiom "m or f?", meant to elicit a statement of the listener's gender. Typical extended discourse in ASCIIbonics: "hey wasup ne1 want 2 {cyber}?" "m or f?" ASCIIbonics is similar to the way {B1FF} talked, although B1FF used more punctuation (lots more), and used all uppercase, rather than all lowercase. What's more, B1FF was only interested in {warez}, and so never asked "m or f?". It has been widely observed that some of the purest examples of ASCIIbonics come from non-native speakers of English. The phenomenon of ASCIIbonics predates by several years the use of the word "ASCIIbonics", as the word could only have been coined in or after late 1996, when "Ebonics" was first used in the US media to denote the US English dialects known in the linguistic literature as "Black Vernacular English". (1997-06-21)

aspect-oriented programming "programming" (AOP) A style of programming that attempts to abstract out features common to many parts of the code beyond simple functional modules and thereby improve the {quality} of software. Mechanisms for defining and composing {abstractions} are essential elements of programming languages. The design style supported by the abstraction mechanisms of most current languages is one of breaking a system down into parameterised components that can be called upon to perform a function. But many systems have properties that don't necessarily align with the system's functional components, such as failure handling, {persistence}, communication, replication, coordination, {memory management}, or {real-time} constraints, and tend to cut across groups of functional components. While they can be thought about and analysed relatively separately from the basic functionality, programming them using current {component-oriented languages} tends to result in these aspects being spread throughout the code. The {source code} becomes a tangled mess of instructions for different purposes. This "tangling" phenomenon is at the heart of much needless complexity in existing software systems. A number of researchers have begun working on approaches to this problem that allow programmers to express each of a system's aspects of concern in a separate and natural form, and then automatically combine those separate descriptions into a final executable form. These approaches have been called aspect-oriented programming. {Xerox AOP homepage (}. {AspectJ (}. {ECOOPP'99 AOP workshop (}. (1999-11-21)

Association for Progressive Communications "body, philosophy" (APC) A world-wide organisation of like-minded computer networks providing a global communications network dedicated to the free and balanced flow of information. The APC defends and promotes non-commercial, productive online space for NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations) and collaborates with like-minded organisations to ensure that the information and communication needs of civil society are considered in telecommunications, donor and investment policy. A few of APC's partner organisations include The {Institute for Global Communications} (USA), GreenNet (UK), Nicarao (Nicaragua) Enda-Tiers Monde (Senegal) and GlasNet (Ukraine). These organisations serve people working toward goals that include the prevention of warfare, elimination of militarism and poverty, protection of the environment, human rights, social and economic justice, participatory democracy, non-violent conflict resolution, and the promotion of sustainable development. {(}. E-mail: "". (2000-10-08)

asymmetrical modulation "communications" A scheme to maximise use of a communications line by giving a larger share of the {bandwidth} to the {modem} at the end which is transmitting the most information. Only one end of the connection has full bandwidth, the other has only a fraction of the bandwidth. Normally, which end gets the full bandwidth is chosen dynamically. Asymmetrical modulation was made famous by the {HST} mode of the early high-speed modems from {US Robotics}. (1998-03-13)

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line "communications, protocol" (ADSL, or Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Loop) A form of {Digital Subscriber Line} in which the bandwidth available for {downstream} connection is significantly larger then for {upstream}. Although designed to minimise the effect of {crosstalk} between the upstream and downstream channels this setup is well suited for {web browsing} and {client}-{server} applications as well as for some emerging applications such as {video on demand}. The data-rate of ADSL strongly depends on the length and quality of the line connecting the end-user to the telephone company. Typically the upstream data flow is between 16 and 640 {kilobits} per second while the downstream data flow is between 1.5 and 9 {megabits} per second. ADSL also provides a voice channel. ADSL can carry digital data, analog voice, and broadcast {MPEG2} video in a variety of implementations to meet customer needs. ["Data Cooks, But Will Vendors Get Burned?", "Supercomm Spotlight On ADSL" & "Lucent Sells Paradine", Wilson & Carol, Inter@ctive Week Vol. 3

asynchronous "architecture" Not synchronised by a shared signal such as {clock} or {semaphore}, proceeding independently. Opposite: {synchronous}. 1. "operating system" A {process} in a {multitasking} system whose execution can proceed independently, "in the {background}". Other processes may be started before the asynchronous process has finished. 2. "communications" A communications system in which data transmission may start at any time and is indicated by a {start bit}, e.g. {EIA-232}. A data {byte} (or other element defined by the {protocol}) ends with a {stop bit}. A continuous marking condition (identical to stop bits but not quantized in time), is then maintained until data resumes. (1995-12-08)

Asynchronous Balanced Mode "protocol" A communication mode of {HDLC} and derivative {protocols}, supporting {peer-oriented} {point-to-point} communications between two {nodes}, where either node can initiate transmission. (1997-05-07)

Asynchronous Communications Interface Adapter "communications, hardware" (ACIA) A kind of {integrated circuit} that provides data formatting and control to {EIA-232} serial interfaces. [Is this the same as a {UART}?] (1997-05-07)

ATM 1. "communications" {Asynchronous Transfer Mode}. 2. Automatic Teller Machine - a cash dispenser. 3. "chat" At the moment. 4. "text" {Adobe Type Manager}.

attenuation "communications" The progressive reduction in {amplitude} of a signal as it travels farther from the point of origin. For example, an electric signal's amplitude reduces with distance due to electrical {impedance}. Attenuation is usually measured in {decibels} [per metre?]. Attenuation does not imply appreciable modification of the shape of the waveform (distortion), though as the signal amplitude falls the {signal-to-noise ratio} will also fall unless the channel itself is noise free or the signal is amplified at some intermediate point(s) along the channel. ["Networking Essentials, second edition", Microsoft Corporation, pub. Microsoft Press 1997]. (2003-07-29)

At the same time, Berkeley, trusting the external reference of individual experience, argues from it the existence of a universal mind (God) of which the content is the so-called objective world. Finite spirits are created by God, and their several experiences represent his communication to them, so far as they are able to receive it, of his divine experience. Reality, then, is composed of spirits and ideas. The physical aspects of the world are reducible to mental phenomena. Matter is non-existent. G. Berkeley, Treatise on the Principles of Human Knowledge, 1710; Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Phdonous, 1713; De Motu (critique of Newtonian mechanics), 1720; Al-ciphron, or the Minute Philosopher, 1733; Siris, 1744. -- B.A.S.F.

audiographic teleconferencing "communications" (Or "electronic whiteboarding", "screen sharing") A form of {teleconferencing} in {real time} using both an {audio} and a data connection. The computer screen is shared by more than one site, and used as an electronic blackboard, overhead projector or still video projector. Some systems allow for sharing software also. (1995-10-06)

authentication "security" The verification of the identity of a person or process. In a communication system, authentication verifies that messages really come from their stated source, like the signature on a (paper) letter. The most common form of authentication is typing a user name (which may be widely known or easily guessable) and a corresponding {password} that is presumed to be known only to the individual being authenticated. Another form of authentication is {biometrics}. (2007-02-22)

Authoritative [parents] ::: Parenting style focused on setting reasonable rules and expectations while encouraging communication and independence.

automatic baud rate detection "communications" (ABR, autobaud) A process by which a receiving device determines the speed, {code level}, and {stop bits} of incoming data by examining the first character, usually a preselected sign-on character. ABR allows the receiving device to accept data from a variety of transmitting devices operating at different speeds without needing to establish data rates in advance. (1996-06-18)

Automatic Number Identification "communications" (ANI) A service that tells the recipient of a telephone call the telephone number of the person making the call. This number can be passed to computer equipment to automatically retrieve associated information about the caller, i.e. account status, billing records, etc. See {CTI}. (1996-12-08)

Automatic Repeat Request "communications" (ARQ) A {modem} error control {protocol} in which the receiver asks the transmitter to resend corrupted data. (1995-11-14)

BABT {British Approval Boards for Telecommunications}

back door "security" (Or "{trap door}", "{wormhole}"). A hole in the security of a system deliberately left in place by designers or maintainers. The motivation for such holes is not always sinister; some {operating systems}, for example, come out of the box with privileged accounts intended for use by field service technicians or the vendor's maintenance programmers. See also {iron box}, {cracker}, {worm}, {logic bomb}. Historically, back doors have often lurked in systems longer than anyone expected or planned, and a few have become widely known. The infamous {RTM} worm of late 1988, for example, used a back door in the {BSD} Unix "sendmail(8)" {utility}. {Ken Thompson}'s 1983 Turing Award lecture to the {ACM} revealed the existence of a back door in early {Unix} versions that may have qualified as the most fiendishly clever security hack of all time. The C compiler contained code that would recognise when the "login" command was being recompiled and insert some code recognizing a password chosen by Thompson, giving him entry to the system whether or not an account had been created for him. Normally such a back door could be removed by removing it from the source code for the compiler and recompiling the compiler. But to recompile the compiler, you have to *use* the compiler - so Thompson also arranged that the compiler would *recognise when it was compiling a version of itself*, and insert into the recompiled compiler the code to insert into the recompiled "login" the code to allow Thompson entry - and, of course, the code to recognise itself and do the whole thing again the next time around! And having done this once, he was then able to recompile the compiler from the original sources; the hack perpetuated itself invisibly, leaving the back door in place and active but with no trace in the sources. The talk that revealed this truly moby hack was published as ["Reflections on Trusting Trust", "Communications of the ACM 27", 8 (August 1984), pp. 761--763]. [{Jargon File}] (1995-04-25)

bandwidth "communications" The difference between the highest and lowest frequencies of a transmission channel (the width of its allocated band of frequencies). The term is often used erroneously to mean {data rate} or capacity - the amount of {data} that is, or can be, sent through a given communications circuit per second. [How is data capacity related to bandwidth?] [{Jargon File}] (2001-04-24)

bang path 1. "communications" An old-style {UUCP} {electronic-mail address} naming a sequence of hosts through which a message must pass to get from some assumed-reachable location to the addressee (a "{source route}"). So called because each {hop} is signified by a {bang} sign (exclamation mark). Thus, for example, the path ...!bigsite!foovax!barbox!me directs people to route their mail to computer bigsite (presumably a well-known location accessible to everybody) and from there through the computer foovax to the account of user me on barbox. Before {autorouting mailers} became commonplace, people often published compound bang addresses using the { } convention (see {glob}) to give paths from *several* big computers, in the hope that one's correspondent might be able to get mail to one of them reliably. e.g. ...!{seismo, ut-sally, ihnp4}!rice!beta!gamma!me Bang paths of 8 to 10 hops were not uncommon in 1981. Late-night dial-up UUCP links would cause week-long transmission times. Bang paths were often selected by both transmission time and reliability, as messages would often get lost. 2. "operating system" A {shebang}. (1998-05-06)

baseband A transmission medium through which digital signals are sent without frequency shifting. In general, only one communication channel is available at any given time. {Ethernet} is an example of a baseband network. See also {broadband}. (1995-02-22)

Basic Rate Interface "communications" (BRI, 2B+D, 2B1D) An {Integrated Services Digital Network} channel consisting of two 64 {kbps} "bearer" (B) channels and one 16 kbps "delta" (D) channel, giving a total data rate of 144 kbps. The B channels are used for voice or user data, and the D channel is used for control and signalling and/or {X.25} {packet} networking. BRI is the kind of ISDN interface most likely to be found in residential service. (2002-01-13)

baud "communications, unit" /bawd/ (plural "baud") The unit in which the information carrying capacity or "{signalling rate}" of a communication channel is measured. One baud is one symbol (state-transition or level-transition) per second. This coincides with bits per second only for two-level {modulation} with no {framing} or {stop bits}. A symbol is a unique state of the communication channel, distinguishable by the receiver from all other possible states. For example, it may be one of two voltage levels on a wire for a direct digital connection or it might be the phase or frequency of a carrier. The term "baud" was originally a unit of telegraph signalling speed, set at one {Morse code} dot per second. Or, more generally, the reciprocal of the duration of the shortest signalling element. It was proposed at the International Telegraph Conference of 1927, and named after {J.M.E. Baudot} (1845-1903), the French engineer who constructed the first successful teleprinter. The UK {PSTN} will support a maximum rate of 600 baud but each baud may carry between 1 and 16 bits depending on the coding (e.g. {QAM}). Where data is transmitted as {packets}, e.g. characters, the actual "data rate" of a channel is R D / P where R is the "raw" rate in bits per second, D is the number of data bits in a packet and P is the total number of bits in a packet (including packet overhead). The term "baud" causes much confusion and is usually best avoided. Use "bits per second" (bps), "bytes per second" or "characters per second" (cps) if that's what you mean. (1998-02-14)

Baudot code "communications" (For etymology, see {baud}) A {character set} predating {EBCDIC} and used originally and primarily on {paper tape}. Use of Baudot reportedly survives in {TDDs} and some HAM radio applications. In Baudot, characters are expressed using five {bits}. Baudot uses two code sub-sets, the "letter set" (LTRS), and the "figure set" (FIGS). The FIGS character (11011) signals that the following code is to be interpreted as being in the FIGS set, until this is reset by the LTRS (11111) character. binary hex  LTRS FIGS -------------------------- 00011 03   A   - 11001 19   B   ? 01110 0E   C   : 01001 09   D   $ 00001 01   E   3 01101 0D   F   ! 11010 1A   G   & 10100 14   H  

Communication and Network Riser "hardware, standard" (CNR) A specification for {audio}, {modem}, {USB} and {Local Area Networking} interfaces of core computer logic {chip sets}. {Intel} introduced CNR on 2000-02-07. It was mainly developed by hardware and software developers who helped release AMR ({Audio/Modem Riser}) and is used by several computer manufacturers. {(}. (2007-03-15)

Communication: A term used to refer to a certain feature of sign-situations, viz. the identity, similarity or correspondence of what is understood by the interpreter with what is, or is intended to be, expressed by the speaker.

Communication: (Lat. communicare, to share) Intercourse between minds or selves whereby sensations, imagery or conceptional meanings are transferred from one to another. Communication includes: ordinary sense-mediated communication by means of speech, writing, gesture, facial expression and bodily attitude and allegedly direct contact between minds by mental telepathy and other occult means. See Telegnosts; Telepathy. -- L.W.

Communications Decency Act "legal" (CDA) An amendment to the U.S. 1996 Telecommunications Bill that went into effect on 1996-02-08. The law, originally proposed by Senator James Exon to protect children from obscenity on the Internet, ended up making it punishable by fines of up to $250,000 to post indecent language on the Internet anywhere that a minor could read it. Thousands of outraged {Internet} users turned their {web pages} black in protest or displayed the {Electronic Frontier Foundation}'s special {icons}. On 1996-06-12, a three-judge panel in Philadelphia ruled the CDA unconstitutional and issued an injunction against the United States Justice Department forbidding them to enforce the "indecency" provisions of the law. Internet users celebrated by displaying an animated "Free Speech" fireworks icon to their web pages, courtesy of the {Voters Telecommunications Watch}. The Justice Department appealed the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court. (1996-11-03)

Communications of the ACM "publication" (CACM) A monthly publication by the {Association for Computing Machinery} sent to all members. CACM is an influential publication that keeps computer science professionals up to date on developments. Each issue includes articles, case studies, practitioner oriented pieces, regular columns, commentary, departments, the ACM Forum, technical correspondence and advertisements. {(}. (1995-01-18)

Communications Server "operating system" {IBM}'s rebranding of {ACF}. (1999-01-20)

beamer "video, hardware, communications" A personal video station (PVS) that adds video to standard telephone lines at no additional cost. (1999-10-24)

bearer channel "communications" Originally, a channel suited for carrying one voice-grade connection. Typically a {DS0} channel. Compare {data channel}. (1997-03-7)

Bell Communications Research, Inc (Bellcore) The research laboratory for the seven regional {Bell Telephone} companies in the USA that were created by the divestiture of {AT&T} in 1984. It can be compared to {Bell Laboratories}, for which many Bellcore employees used to work. Currently jointly owned by the seven baby bells (as they are called), there are rumours that it is to be sold by its current owners to become an independent research laboratory Its headquarters are in Livingstone, New Jersey. It has offices in Morristown, Lincroft, and Piscataway, all in New Jersey, USA. Telephone: +1 (201) 74 3000, +1 (800) 521 CORE. (1994-12-06)

Bellcore {Bell Communications Research, Inc.}

BER 1. "protocol, standard" {Basic Encoding Rules}. 2. "communications" {Bit Error Rate}.

best effort "networking" A classification of low priority network traffic, used especially the {Internet}. Different kinds of traffic have different priorities. {Videoconferencing} and other types of {real-time} communication, for example, require a certain minimum guaranteed {bandwidth} and {latency} and so must be given a high priority. {Electronic mail}, on the other hand, can tolerate an arbitrarily long delay and is classified as a "best-effort" service. [Scientific American, Nov. 1994, pp. 83-84]. (1995-04-04)

binary file "file format" Any {file format} for {digital} {data} that does not consist of a sequence of printable {characters} ({text}). The term is often used for executable {machine code}. All digital data, including characters, is actually binary data (unless it uses some (rare) system with more than two discrete levels) but the distinction between binary and text is well established. On modern {operating systems} a text file is simply a binary file that happens to contain only printable characters, but some older systems distinguish the two file types, requiring programs to handle them differently. A common class of binary files is programs in {machine language} ("{executable} files") ready to load into memory and execute. Binary files may also be used to store data output by a program, and intended to be read by that or another program but not by humans. Binary files are more efficient for this purpose because the data (e.g. numerical data) does not need to be converted between the binary form used by the {CPU} and a printable (ASCII) representation. The disadvantage is that it is usually necessary to write special purpose programs to manipulate such files since most general purpose utilities operate on text files. There is also a problem sharing binary numerical data between processors with different {endian}ness. Some communications {protocols} handle only text files, e.g. most {electronic mail} systems before {MIME} became widespread in about 1995. The {FTP} utility must be put into "binary" mode in order to copy a binary file since in its default "ascii" mode translates between the different {newline} characters used on the sending and receiving computers. Confusingly, some {word processor} files, and {rich text} files, are actually binary files because they contain non-printable characters and require special programs to view, edit and print them. (2005-02-21)

Binary Synchronous Transmission "protocol" (Bisynch) An {IBM} link {protocol}, developed in the 1960 and popular in the 1970s and 1980s. Binary Synchronous Transmission has been largely replaced in IBM environments with {SDLC}. Bisync was developed for {batch} communications between a {System 360} computer and the IBM 2780 and 3780 {Remote Job Entry} (RJE) {terminals}. It supports RJE and on-line terminals in the {CICS}/{VSE} environment. It operates with {EBCDIC} or {ASCII} {character sets}. It requires that every message be acknowledged ({ACK}) or negatively acknowledged ({NACK}) so it has high transmission overhead. It is typically character oriented and {half-duplex}, although some of the bisync protocol flavours or dialects support binary transmission and {full-duplex} operation. (1997-01-07)

Binhex 4.0 "file format" A seven bit wide representation of a {Macintosh} file with {CRC} error checking. Binhex 4.0 files are designed for communication of Mac files over long distance, possibly noisy, seven bit wide paths. [Difference from other binhex formats?] (1996-09-17)

bipolar 1. "electronics" See {bipolar transistor}. 2. "communications" In digital transmission, an electrical line signalling method where the mark value alternates between positive and negative polarities. See also {AMI}. (1995-03-02)

Bit Error Rate "data, communications" (BER) The fraction of a message or block of {data} that is wrong. (2003-03-25)

BITNET "networking" /bit'net/ (Because It's Time NETwork) An academic and research computer network connecting approximately 2500 computers. BITNET provides interactive, {electronic mail} and file transfer services, using a {store and forward} {protocol}, based on {IBM} {Network Job Entry} protocols. Bitnet-II encapsulates the Bitnet protocol within {IP} {packets} and depends on the {Internet} to route them. BITNET traffic and Internet traffic are exchanged via several {gateway} hosts. BITNET is now operated by {CREN}. BITNET is everybody's least favourite piece of the network. The BITNET hosts are a collection of {IBM} {dinosaurs}, {VAXen} (with lobotomised communications hardware), and {Prime Computer} supermini computers. They communicate using 80-character {EBCDIC} card images (see {eighty-column mind}); thus, they tend to mangle the {headers} and text of third-party traffic from the rest of the {ASCII}/{RFC 822} world with annoying regularity. BITNET is also notorious as the apparent home of {BIFF}. [{Jargon File}] (2002-09-02)

bit pattern "data" A sequence of {bits}, in a memory, a communications channel or some other device. The term is used to contrast this with some higher level interpretation of the bits such as an integer or an {image}. A {bit string} is similar but suggests an arbitrary, as opposed to predetermined, length. (1998-09-27)

bit rate "communications, digital signal processing" (Or "bitrate") A {data rate} expressed in bits per second. This is a similar to {baud} but the latter is more applicable to channels with more than two states. The common units of bit rate are {kilobits per second} (Kbps) and {megabits per second} (Mbps). In data rates, the multipliers "k", "M", etc. stand for powers of 1000 not powers of 1024. The term is also commonly used when discussing digital {sampling} and {sample rates}. For example, the {MP3} audio {compaction} algorithm is often set to ouput files with a bitrate of 120 kbps. This means that the file contains an average of 120 kilobits for each second of audio (900 KB per minute). This compares with {CD audio} which is encoded at 44100 16-bit stereo samples per second or 1408 kbps. (2003-05-19)

bits per second "communications, unit" (bps, b/s) The unit in which {data rate} is measured. For example, a {modem}'s data rate is usually measured in {kilobits} per second. In 1996, the maximum modem speed for use on the {PSTN} was 33.6 kbps, rising to 56 kbps in 1997. Note that kilo- (k), mega- (M), etc. in data rates denote powers of 1000, not 1024. (2002-03-23)

Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem Code "data, communications" (BHC Code) An {error detection and correction} technique based on {Cyclic Redundancy Code}, used in telecommunications applications. (1995-01-16)

boyau ::: n. --> A winding or zigzag trench forming a path or communication from one siegework to another, to a magazine, etc.

break 1. To cause to be {broken}. "Your latest patch to the editor broke the paragraph commands." 2. (Of a program) To stop temporarily, so that it may debugged. The place where it stops is a "{breakpoint}". 3. To send an {EIA-232} break (two character widths of line high) over a {serial line}. 4. [Unix] To strike whatever key currently causes the tty driver to send SIGINT to the current process. Normally, break, delete or {control-C} does this. 5. "break break" may be said to interrupt a conversation (this is an example of verb doubling). This usage comes from radio communications, which in turn probably came from landline telegraph/teleprinter usage, as badly abused in the Citizen's Band craze. 6. {pipeline break}. 7. {break statement}. [{Jargon File}] (2004-03-24)

British Telecom "company" (BT) The largest telecommunications provider in the UK. Due to regulatory issues, BT had to sell off its interest in McCaw Cellular. BT sold it to {AT&T} for something like 4B$. BT then invested that in {MCI}. As a part of the deal, MCI was given BT North America, which was the old {Tymnet}. MCI laid off about 40% of the Tymnet staff. {(}. (1995-05-09)

broadband "communications" A class of communication channel capable of supporting a wide range of frequencies, typically from audio up to video frequencies. A broadband channel can carry multiple signals by dividing the total capacity into multiple, independent bandwidth channels, where each channel operates only on a specific range of frequencies. The term has come to be used for any kind of {Internet} connection with a {download} speed of more than 56 {kbps}, usually some kind of {Digital Subscriber Line}, e.g. {ADSL}. A broadband connection is typically always connected, in contrast to a {dial-up} connection, and a fixed monthly rate is charged, often with a cap on the total amount of data that can be transferred. Domestic broadband connections typically share a telephone line with normal voice calls and the two uses can occur simultaneously without interference. See also {baseband}, {narrowband}. (2006-03-30)

broadcast quality video "communications, multimedia" Roughly, {video} with more than 30 frames per second at a {resolution} of 800 x 640 {pixels}. The quality of moving pictures and sound is determined by the complete chain from camera to receiver. Relevant factors are the colour temperature of the lighting, the balance of the red, green and blue vision pick-up tubes to produce the correct display colour temperature (which will be different) and the {gamma} pre-correction to cancel the non-linear characteristic of {cathode-ray tubes} in television receivers. The {resolution} of the camera tube and video coding system will determine the maximum number of {pixels} in the picture. Different colour coding systems have different defects. The NTSC system (National Television Systems Committee) can produce {hue} errors. The PAL system (Phase Alternation by Line) can produce {saturation} errors. Television modulation systems are specified by ITU CCIR Report 624. Low-resolution systems have {bandwidths} of 4.2 MHz with 525 to 625 lines per frame as used in the Americas and Japan. Medium resolution of 5 to 6.5 MHz with 625 lines is used in Europe, Asia, Africa and Australasia. {High-Definition Television} (HDTV) will require 8 MHz or more of bandwidth. A medium resolution (5.5 MHz in UK) picture can be represented by 572 lines of 402 pixels. Note the ratio of pixels to lines is not the same as the {aspect ratio}. A {VGA} display (480n lines of 640 pixels) could thus display 84% of the height of one picture frame. Most compression techniques reduce quality as they assume a restricted range of detail and motion and discard details to which the human eye is not sensitive. Broadcast quality implies something better than amateur or domestic video and therefore can't be retained on a domestic video recorder. Broadcasts use quadriplex or U-matic recorders. The lowest frame rate used for commercial entertainment is the 24Hz of the 35mm cinema camera. When broadcast on a 50Hz television system, the pictures are screened at 25Hz reducing the running times by 4%. On a 60Hz system every five movie frames are screened as six TV frames, still at the 4% increased rate. The six frames are made by mixing adjacent frames, with some degradation of the picture. A computer system to meet international standard reproduction would at least VGA resolution, an interlaced frame rate of 24Hz and 8 bits to represent the luminance (Y) component. For a component display system using red, green and blue (RGB) electron guns and phosphor dots each will require 7 bits. Transmission and recording is different as various coding schemes need less bits if other representations are used instead of RGB. Broadcasts use YUV and compression can reduce this to about 3.5 bits per pixel without perceptible degradation. High-quality video and sound can be carried on a 34 Mbaud channel after being compressed with {ADPCM} and {variable length coding}, potentially in real time. (1997-07-04)

broken arrow "communications" The error code displayed on line 25 of a {IBM 3270} {terminal} (or a {terminal emulator} emulating a 3270) for various kinds of {protocol} violations and "unexpected" error conditions (including connection to a {down} computer). On a PC, simulated with "-"/_", with the two centre characters overstruck. "Broken arrow" is also military jargon for an accident involving nuclear weapons. [{Jargon File}] (1995-02-07)

Brooks's Law "programming" "Adding manpower to a late software project makes it later" - a result of the fact that the expected advantage from splitting work among N programmers is O(N) (that is, proportional to N), but the complexity and communications cost associated with coordinating and then merging their work is O(N^2) (that is, proportional to the square of N). The quote is from Fred Brooks, a manager of {IBM}'s {OS/360} project and author of "{The Mythical Man-Month}". The myth in question has been most tersely expressed as "Programmer time is fungible" and Brooks established conclusively that it is not. Hackers have never forgotten his advice; too often, {management} still does. See also {creationism}, {second-system effect}, {optimism}. [{Jargon File}] (1996-09-17)

Buddhi (.Discrimination) ::: Buddhi is a construction of conscious being which quite exceeds its beginnings in the basic chitta; it is the intelligence with its power of knowledge and will. Buddhi takes up and deals with all the rest of the action of the mind and life and body. It is in its nature thought-power and will-power of the Spirit turned into the lower form of a mental activity. We may distinguish three successive gradations of the action of this intelligence. There is first an inferior perceptive understanding which simply takes up, records, understands and responds to the communications of the sense-mind, memory, heart and sensational mentality. It creates by their means an elementary thinking mind which does not go beyond their data, but subjects itself to their mould and rings out their repetitions, runs round and round in the habitual circle of thought and will suggested by them or follows, with an obedient subservience of the reason to the suggestions of life, any fresh determinations which may be offered to its perception and conception. Beyond this elementary understanding, which we all use to an enormous extent, there is a power of arranging or selecting reason and will-force of the intelligence which has for its action and aim an attempt to arrive at a plausible, sufficient, settled ordering of knowledge and will for the use of an intellectual conception of life. In spite of its more purely intellectual character this secondary or intermediate reason is really pragmatic in its intention. It creates a certain kind of intellectual structure, frame, rule into which it tries to cast the inner and outer life so as to use it with a certain mastery and government for the purposes of some kind of rational will. It is this reason which gives to our normal intellectual being our set aesthetic and ethical standards, our structures of opinion and our established norms of idea and purpose. It is highly developed and takes the primacy in all men of an at all developed understanding. But beyond it there is a reason, a highest action of the buddhi which concerns itself disinterestedly with a pursuit of pure truth and right knowledge; it seeks to discover the real Truth behind life and things and our apparent selves and to subject its will to the law of Truth. Few, if any of us, can use this highest reason with any purity, but the attempt to do it is the topmost capacity of the inner instrument, the antahkarana.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 23-24, Page: 651-52

Buddhi is a construction of conscious being which quite exceeds its beginnings in the basic chitta; it is the intelligence with its power of knowledge and will. Buddhi takes up and deals with all the rest of the action of the mind and life and body. It is in its nature thought-power and will-power of the Spirit turned into the lower form of a mental activity. We may distinguish three successive gradations of the action of this intelligence. There is first an inferior perceptive understanding which simply takes up, records, understands and responds to the communications of the sense-mind, memory, heart and sensational mentality. It creates by their means an elementary thinking mind which does not go beyond their data, but subjects itself to their mould and rings out their repetitions, runs round and round in the habitual circle of thought and will suggested by them or follows, with an obedient subservience of the reason to the suggestions of life, any fresh determinations which may be offered to its perception and conception. Beyond this elementary understanding, which we all use to an enormous extent, there is a power of arranging or selecting reason and will-force of the intelligence which has for its action and aim an attempt to arrive at a plausible, sufficient, settled ordering of knowledge and will for the use of an intellectual conception of life. In spite of its more purely intellectual character this secondary or intermediate reason is really pragmatic in its intention It creates a certain kind of intellectual structure, frame, rule into which it tries to cast the inner and outer life so as to use it with a certain mastery and government for the purposes of some kind of rational will. It is this reason which gives to our normal intellectual being our set aesthetic and ethical standards, our structures of opinion and our established norms of idea and purpose. It is highly developed and takes the primacy in all men of an at all developed understanding. But beyond it there is a reason, a highest action of the buddhi which concerns itself disinterestedly with a pursuit of pure truth and right knowledge; it seeks to discover the real Truth behind life and things and our apparent selves and to subject its will to the law of Truth. Few, if any of us, can use this highest reason with any purity, but the attempt to do it is the topmost capacity of the inner instrument, the antahkarana.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 23-24, Page: 651-52

bulletin board system "communications, application" (BBS, bboard /bee'bord/, message board, forum; plural: BBSes) A computer and associated software which typically provides an electronic message database where people can log in and leave messages. Messages are typically split into {topic groups} similar to the {newsgroups} on {Usenet} (which is like a distributed BBS). Any user may submit or read any message in these public areas. The term comes from physical pieces of board on which people can pin messages written on paper for general consumption - a "physical bulletin board". {Ward Christensen}, the programmer and operator of the first BBS (on-line 1978-02-16) called it a CBBS for "computer bulletin board system". Since the rise of the {World-Wide Web}, the term has become antiquated, though the concept is more popular than ever, with many {websites} featuring discussion areas where users can post messages for public consumption. Apart from public message areas, some BBSes provided archives of files, personal {electronic mail} and other services of interest to the system operator ({sysop}). Thousands of BBSes around the world were run from amateurs' homes on {MS-DOS} boxes with a single {modem} line each. Although BBSes were traditionally the domain of hobbyists, many connected directly to the {Internet} (accessed via {telnet}), others were operated by government, educational, and research institutions. Fans of {Usenet} or the big commercial {time-sharing} bboards such as {CompuServe}, {CIX} and {GEnie} tended to consider local BBSes the low-rent district of the hacker culture, but they helped connect hackers and users in the personal-{micro} and let them exchange code. Use of this term for a {Usenet} newsgroup generally marks one either as a {newbie} fresh in from the BBS world or as a real old-timer predating {Usenet}. (2005-09-20)

Business Systems Analyst "job" A person who works directly with management and users to analyse, specify, and design {business applications}. The Business Systems Analyst develops detailed functional, system, and program specifications using {structured design methodologies} and {CASE} tools. He must have strong business sense and communications skills. He works with both the {information systems} team and the strategic planning business group. (2004-03-09)

bus master "architecture" The device in a computer which is driving the {address bus} and bus control signals at some point in time. In a simple architecture only the (single) {CPU} can be bus master but this means that all communications between ("slave") I/O devices must involve the CPU. More sophisticated architectures allow other capable devices (or multiple CPUs) to take turns at controling the bus. This allows, for example, a {network controller} card to access a {disk controller} directly while the CPU performs other tasks which do not require the bus, e.g. fetching code from its {cache}. Note that any device can drive data onto the {data bus} when the CPU reads from that device, but only the bus master drives the {address bus} and control signals. {Direct Memory Access} is a simple form of bus mastering where the I/O device is set up by the CPU to read from or write to one or more contiguous blocks of memory and then signal to the CPU when it has done so. Full bus mastering (or "First Party DMA", "bus mastering DMA") implies that the I/O device is capable of performing more complex sequences of operations without CPU intervention (e.g. servicing a complete {NFS} request). This will normally mean that the I/O device contains its own processor or {microcontroller}. See also {distributed kernel}. (1996-08-26)

butions of the medium's subliminal consciousness one gets into contact wth a world of beings which is of a very deceptive or self-deceptive illusory nature. Many of these come and claim to be the departed souls of relatives, acquaintances, well-known men, famous personalities, etc. There are also beings who pick up the discarded feelings and memories of the dead and mas- querade with them. There are a great number of beings who come to such seances only to pfay with the consciousness of men or exercise their powers through this contact with the earth and who dope the mediums and sitters with their falsehoods, tricks and illusions. A contact with such a plane of spirits can be harmful (most mediums become nervously or morally un- balanced) and spiritually dangerous. Of course all pretended communications with the famous dead of long-past times are in their very nature deceptive and most of those with the recent ones also ~ that is evident from the character of these communications.

cable modem "communications, hardware" A type of {modem} that allows people to access the {Internet} via their cable television service. A cable modem can transfer data at 500 {kbps} or higher, compared with 28.8 kbps for common telephone line modems, but the actual transfer rates may be lower depending on the number of other simultaneous users on the same cable. Industry pundits often point out that the cable system still does not have the {bandwidth} or service level in many areas to make this feasible. For example, it has to be capable of two-way communication. See also: {DOCSIS}. (2000-12-19)

CACM {Communications of the ACM}

Calculus of Communicating Systems (CCS) A mathematical model (a formal language) for describing processes, mostly used in the study of {parallelism}. A CCS program, written in {behaviour expressions syntax} denotes a process behaviour. Programs can be compared using the notion of {observational equivalence}. ["A Calculus of Communicating Systems", LNCS 92, Springer 1980]. ["Communication and Concurrency", R. Milner, P-H 1989]. (1994-11-29)

calefaction ::: n. --> The act of warming or heating; the production of heat in a body by the action of fire, or by communication of heat from other bodies.

The state of being heated.

callback 1. "programming" A scheme used in {event-driven} programs where the program registers a {subroutine} (a "callback handler") to handle a certain {event}. The program does not call the handler directly but when the event occurs, the {run-time system} calls the handler, usually passing it arguments to describe the event. 2. "communications, security" A {user authentication} scheme used by some computers running {dial-up} services. The user dials in to the computer and gives his {user name} and {password}. The computer then hangs up the connection and uses an {auto-dial} {modem} to call back to the user's registered telephone number. Thus, if an unauthorised person discovers a user's password, the callback will go, not to him, but to the owner of that login who will then know that his account is under attack. However, some {PABXs} can be fooled into thinking that the caller has hung up by sending them a dial tone. When the computer tries to call out on the same line it is not actually dialing through to the authorised user but is still connected to the original caller. 3. "communications" {cost control callback}. (2003-07-13)

Call Data Record "telecommunications" (CDR) A data record that contains information related to a telephone call, including the origination and destination addresses of the call, the time the call started and ended, the duration of the call, the time of day the call was made, toll charges that were added through the network, or charges for operator services. [Context?] (2010-03-21)

Caller ID "communications" (CID) A short piece of text transmitted by some telephone systems describing the origin of a call, e.g. the name of the caller. Some telephone handsets can display this. A {computer telephony integration} system might use it to trigger actions on the callee's computer such as looking up the caller in a database and displaying their details on screen. There may also be a separate "caller id number" giving the telephone number of the originator of the call. (2008-04-30)

Call Unix "communications, tool" (cu) The original {Unix} {virtual terminal} utility. cu allows a user on one computer to log in to another connected via {Ethernet}, direct {serial line} or {modem}. It shares some configuration files with {UUCP} in order to be able to use the same connections without conflict. {Unix manual page}: cu(1). (1997-12-01)

CAP 1. "networking" {Columbia AppleTalk Package}. 2. "communications" {Carrierless Amplitude/Phase Modulation}. 3. "networking" {Competitive Access Provider}

capacity "communications" The maximum possible {data transfer rate} of a communications channel under ideal conditions. The total capacity of a channel may be shared between several independent data streams using some kind of {multiplexing}, in which case, each stream's data rate may be limited to a fixed fraction of the total capacity. (2001-05-22)

Carrierless Amplitude/Phase Modulation "communications" (CAP) A design of {Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line} {transceiver} developed by {Bell Labs}. CAP was the first ADSL design to be commercially deployed and, as of August 1996, was installed on more lines than any other. CAP is a variation of {Quadrature Amplitude Modulation}, the modulation used by most existing {modems} in 1997. With CAP, the three channels ({POTS}, downstream data and upstream data) are supported by splitting the frequency spectrum. Voice occupies the standard 0-4 Khz frequency band, followed by the upstream channel and the high-speed downstream channel. (1997-10-08)

carrier signal "communications" A continuous signal of a single frequency capable of being modulated by a second, data-carrying signal. In radio communication, the two common kinds of modulation are {amplitude modulation} and {frequency modulation}. (1995-03-01)

CAS 1. "hardware" {Column Address Strobe}. 2. "communications" (channel associated signaling) {in-band signalling}.

CCITT Commite' Consultatif International de Telegraphique et Telephonique. (International consultative committee on telecommunications and Telegraphy). CCITT changed its name to {ITU-T} on 1 March 1993. (1994-11-03)

CCITT HIgh-Level Language "language" (CHILL) A {real-time} language widely used in telecommunications. CHILL was developed in the 1970s and improved in 1984, 1988, 1992, and 1996. It is used in several countries including Germany, Norway, Brasil, and South Korea. {Cygnus} are developing a compiler based on {gcc}. {(}. ["An Analytical Description of CHILL, the CCITT High Level Language", P. Branquart, LNCS 128, Springer 1982]. ["CHILL User's Manual", ITU, 1986, ISBN 92-61-02601-X. ISO-9496 (1988?)]. (1997-01-20)

CCS 1. "networking" {Common Communication Services}. 2. "language, parallel" {Calculus of Communicating Systems}. 3. "history" {Computer Conservation Society}. 4. "storage, standard" {Common Command Set}. 5. "communications" {centum call second}.

CCTA The Government Centre for Information Systems. (Originally "Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency"). CCTA is part of the Office of Public Service and Science, which works to improve government's services to the public. They are responsible for stimulating and promoting the effective use of Information Systems in support of the efficient delivery of business objectives and improved quality of services by the public sector. CCTA had to change its name as it was not an agency in the "Next Steps" sense. The letters were retained as customers were familiar with them. {(}. E-mail: "". Address: Norwich, UK. (1995-01-18)

CDA 1. "file format" {Compound Document Architecture}. 2. "legal" {Communications Decency Act}.

CDR 1. "networking" {Committed Data Rate}. 2. "storage" {Compact Disc Recordable} (CD-R). 3. "telecommunications" {Call Data Record}.

Cellular Digital Packet Data "communications, protocol" (CDPD) A wireless standard providing two-way, 19.2 kbps {packet} data transmission over exisiting {mobile telephone} channels. [Reference?] (1994-12-05)

cellular multiprocessing "architecture, parallel" (CMP) The partitioning of {processors} into separate computing environments running different {operating systems}. The term cellular multiprocessing appears to have been coined by {Unisys}, who are developing a system where computers communicate as clustered machines through a high speed {bus}, rather than through communication {protocols} such as {TCP/IP}. The Unisys system is based on {Intel} processors, initially the {Pentium II Xeon} and moving on to the 64-bit {Merced} processors later in 1999. It will be scalable from four up to 32 processors, which can be clustered or partitioned in various ways. For example a sixteen processor system could be configured as four {Windows NT} systems (each functioning as a four-processor {symmetric multiprocessing} system), or an 8-way NT and 8-way {Unix} system. Supported operating systems will be {Windows NT}, {SCO}'s {Unixware} 7.0, Unisys' {SVR4} {Unix} and possibly the OS2200 and MCP-AS {mainframe} operating systems (with the assistance of Unisys' own dedicated {chipset}). {(}. (1998-09-09)

CENELEC "body, standard" The European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization. A body developing electrotechnical standards for the Single European Market / European Economic Area in order to reduce internal frontiers and trade barriers for electrotechnical products, systems and services. CENELEC's 19 member countries and 11 affiliate countries aim to adopt and implement the required standards, which are mostly identical to the {International Electrotechnical Commission} (IEC) standards. CENELEC works in co-operation with {Comité Européen de Normalisation} (CEN) and {European Telecommunications Standards Institute} (ETSI). (1999-09-28)

central office "communications" The place where telephone companies terminate customer lines and locate switching equipment to interconnect those lines with other networks. (1995-03-20)

Central office exchange service "communications" (Centrex) A {PBX} service providing {switching} at the {central office} instead of at the company premises. Typically, the telephone company owns and manages all the communications equipment necessary to implement the PBX and then sells various services to the company. (1999-10-27)

CEPT {Comite Europeen des Postes et Telecommunications}

channel service unit "communications" (CSU) A type of {interface} used to connect a {terminal} or computer to a digital medium in the same way that a {modem} is used for connection to an analogue medium. A CSU is provided by the {communication carrier} to customers who wish to use their own equipment to retime and regenerate the incoming signals. The customer must supply all of the transmit logic, receive logic and timing recovery in order to use the CSU, whereas a {digital service unit} DSU performs these functions. (1995-01-30)

channel service unit/data service unit "communications, hardware" (CSU/DSU, or "") A device that performs both the {channel service unit} (CSU) and {data service unit} (DSU) functions. The Channel Service Unit (CSU) is used to terminate a {DS1} or {DS0} (56/64 kb/s) digital circuit. It peforms {line conditioning}, protection, {loop-back} and timing functions. The Data Service Unit (DSU) terminates the data circuit to the {Data Terminal Equipment} (DTE) and converts the customer's data stream into a bi-polar format for transmission. (2001-10-19)

checksum "storage, communications" A computed value which depends on the contents of a block of data and which is transmitted or stored along with the data in order to detect corruption of the data. The receiving system recomputes the checksum based upon the received data and compares this value with the one sent with the data. If the two values are the same, the receiver has some confidence that the data was received correctly. The checksum may be 8 bits (modulo 256 sum), 16, 32, or some other size. It is computed by summing the bytes or words of the data block ignoring {overflow}. The checksum may be negated so that the total of the data words plus the checksum is zero. {Internet} {packets} use a 32-bit checksum. See also {digital signature}, {cyclic redundancy check}. (1996-03-01)

CHEOPS "communications" A satellite-based batch data dissemination project between {CERN} and member state institutes. (2006-06-21)

C-Interp An {interpreter} for a small subset of {C}, originally part of a communications package. {(}. E-mail: Chuck Shotton "". (1993-05-14)

circuit 1. "communications" A communications path in a {circuit switching} network. 2. "electronics" A complete path through which an electric current can flow. The term is used loosely for any device or subsystem using electrical or electronic components. E.g. "That lightning bolt fried the circuits in my GPS receiver". An {integrated circuit} (IC) contains components built on a Silicon {die}. (2002-07-15)

CIRcuit CALculus (CIRCAL) A {process algebra} used to model and verify the design correctness of {concurrent} systems such as {digital logic}. ["CIRCAL and the Representation of Communication, Concurrency and Time", G.J. Milne "", ACM TOPLAS 7(2):270-298, 1985]. (2001-03-25)

circuit switching "communications" Communication via a single dedicated path between the sender and receiver. The telephone system is an example of a circuit switched network. The term {connection-oriented} is used in {packet}-based networks in contrast to {connectionless} communication or {packet switching}. (2006-09-20)

C+@ "language" (Formerly "Calico"). An {object-oriented language} from {Bell Laboratories} which uniformly represents all data as pointers to self-described objects. C+@ provides {multiple inheritance} with {delegation} and with control over which {methods} come from which delegated object; and {default methodologies}. It has a simple {syntax} with emphasis on graphics. It was originally used for prototyping of telecommunication services. The language is patented by AT&T and {Unir Tech} has the exclusive license from Bell Labs to distribute C+@. Unfortunately Unir is owned and operated by well-known anti-{IETF} ranter, Jim Fleming, which may have had something to do with the language's rapid disappearence from the radar screen. It runs under {SunOS} and compiles to {Vcode}. E-mail: Jim Vandendorpe "". ["A Dynamic C-Based Object-Oriented System for Unix", S. Engelstad et al, IEEE Software 8(3):73-85 (May 1991)]. ["The C+@ Programming Language", J. Fleming, Dr Dobbs J, Oct 1993, pp.24-32]. [{Jargon File}] (2005-01-05)

Class 5 switch "communications" The lowest designation used in {AT&T}'s hierarchical {General Toll Switching Plan}, developed in 1929. (2013-09-14)

Class Oriented Ring Associated Language "language" (CORAL) A language developed by L.G. Roberts at {MIT} in 1964 for graphical display and systems programming on the {TX-2}. It used "rings" (circular lists) from {Sketchpad}. ["Graphical Communication and Control Languages", L.B. Roberts, Information System Sciences: Proc Second Congress, 1965]. [Sammet 1969, p.462]. (1994-11-30)

Clover "communications, protocol" A {protocoll} similar to {packet radio} or {AMTOR}. (1995-03-03)

CMC 1. "messaging" {Computer Mediated Communication}. 2. "hardware" {Common Mezzanine Card}.

CNC {Collaborative Networked Communication}

CNET "body" Centre national d'Etudes des Telecommunications. The French national telecommunications research centre at Lannion. (1994-12-22)

CNR {Communication and Network Riser}

Code 2.0 "language" A {coarse-grain} {dataflow} language with a graphical interface for users to draw communication structure. {(}. E-mail: Emery Berger "". ["The CODE 2.0 Parallel Programming Language", P. Newton et al, Proc ACM Intl Conf on Supercomput, Jul 1992]. (1996-01-13)

Code Division Multiple Access "communications" (CDMA) (Or "spread spectrum") A form of {multiplexing} where the transmitter encodes the signal using a {pseudorandom} sequence which the receiver also knows and can use to decode the received signal. Each different random sequence corresponds to a different communication channel. {Motorola} uses CDMA for digital mobile phones. Qualcomm pioneered the introduction of CDMA into wireless telephone services. (2001-03-28)

code ::: n. --> A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest.

Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians; the naval code, a system of rules for making communications at sea means of signals.

coder/decoder "communications" (CODEC) An electronic device or component combining the circuits needed to convert digital signals to and from analog ({Pulse Code Modulation}) form. (1997-07-22)

COME FROM "programming, humour" A semi-mythical language construct dual to the "go to"; "COME FROM" "label" would cause the referenced label to act as a sort of {trapdoor}, so that if the program ever reached it, control would quietly and {automagically} be transferred to the statement following the "COME FROM". "COME FROM" was first proposed in R.L. Clark's "A Linguistic Contribution to GOTO-less programming", which appeared in a 1973 {Datamation} issue (and was reprinted in the April 1984 issue of "{Communications of the ACM}"). This parodied the then-raging "{structured programming}" {holy wars} (see {considered harmful}). Mythically, some variants are the "assigned COME FROM" and the "computed COME FROM" (parodying some nasty control constructs in {Fortran} and some extended {BASICs}). Of course, {multitasking} (or {nondeterminism}) could be implemented by having more than one "COME FROM" statement coming from the same label. In some ways the {Fortran} "DO" looks like a "COME FROM" statement. After the terminating statement number/"CONTINUE" is reached, control continues at the statement following the DO. Some generous Fortrans would allow arbitrary statements (other than "CONTINUE") for the statement, leading to examples like:   DO 10 I=1,LIMIT C imagine many lines of code here, leaving the C original DO statement lost in the spaghetti...   WRITE(6,10) I,FROB(I) 10 FORMAT(1X,I5,G10.4) in which the trapdoor is just after the statement labelled 10. (This is particularly surprising because the label doesn't appear to have anything to do with the flow of control at all!) While sufficiently astonishing to the unsuspecting reader, this form of "COME FROM" statement isn't completely general. After all, control will eventually pass to the following statement. The implementation of the general form was left to {Univac Fortran}, ca. 1975 (though a roughly similar feature existed on the {IBM 7040} ten years earlier). The statement "AT 100" would perform a "COME FROM 100". It was intended strictly as a debugging aid, with dire consequences promised to anyone so deranged as to use it in production code. More horrible things had already been perpetrated in production languages, however; doubters need only contemplate the "{ALTER}" verb in {COBOL}. {SCL} on {VME} {mainframes} has a similar language construct called "whenever", used like this: whenever x=123345 then S; Meaning whenever variable x reached the value 123345 then execute statement S. "COME FROM" was supported under its own name for the first time 15 years later, in {C-INTERCAL} (see {INTERCAL}, {retrocomputing}); knowledgeable observers are still reeling from the shock. [{Jargon File}] (1998-04-19)

Comite Europeen des Postes et Telecommunications "body" (CEPT, European Conference of Post and Telecommunications) The committee that defined the CEPT speech {compression} scheme. [Details of compression scheme?] (1998-03-16)

command line interface "operating system" A means of communication between a {program} and its {user}, based solely on textual input and output. Commands are input with the help of a {keyboard} or similar device and are interpreted and executed by the program. Results are output as text or graphics to the {terminal}. Command line interfaces usually provide greater flexibility than {graphical user interfaces}, at the cost of being harder for the novice to use. Consequently, some {hackers} look down on GUIs as designed {For The Rest Of Them}. (1996-01-12)

Commercial Internet eXchange "networking, body" (CIX) The CIX is a non-profit, 501(c)6, trade association coordinating {Internet} services. Its member organisations provide {TCP/IP} or {OSI} data {internetwork} services to the general public. The CIX gives them unrestricted access to other worldwide networks. It also takes an interest in the development and future direction of the {Internet}. The CIX provides a neutral forum to exchange ideas, information, and experimental projects among suppliers of internetworking services. The CIX broadens the base of national and international cooperation and coordination among member networks. Together, the membership may develop consensus positions on legislative and policy issues of mutual interest. The CIX encourages technical research and development for the mutual benefit of suppliers and customers of data communications internetworking services. It assists its member networks in the establishment of, and adherence to, operational, technical, and administrative policies and standards necessary to ensure fair, open, and competitive operations and communication among member networks. CIX policies are formulated by a member-elected board of directors. {(}. (1995-01-13)

Committed Data Rate "communications" (CDR) The data transfer rate that an {ISP} guarantees a {virtual circuit} will carry. The CDR is the data portion of {Committed Information Rate} (CIR). (2007-02-28)

Common Communication Services "networking, IBM" (CCS) The standard program interface to networks in {IBM}'s {SAA}. (2007-05-14)

common carrier "communications, company" (Or "phone company") A private company that offers telecommunications services to the public. (1995-03-20)

Common Intermediate Format "communications, standard" (CIF) A {video} format used in {videoconferencing} systems, which supports both {NTSC} and {PAL} signals, with a {data rate} of 30 {frames per second} (fps), with each {frame} containing 288 lines and 352 {luminance} {pixels} per line. CIF is part of the {ITU} {H.261} videoconferencing standard. CIF is also known as Full CIF (FCIF) to distinguish it from {Quarter CIF} (QCIF), a related video format standard that transfers one fourth as much data as CIF. (2007-05-14)

Common ISDN Application Programming Interface "networking" (CAPI, Common-ISDN-API) A programming interface standard for an application program to communicate with an {ISDN} card. Work on CAPI began in 1989, focussing on the German ISDN protocol, and was finished in 1990 by a CAPI working group consisting of application providers, ISDN equipment manufacturers, large customers, user groups and DBP Telekom, resulting in COMMON-ISDN-API Version 1.1. Following completion of the international protocol specification, almost every telecommunication provider offers {BRI} and {PRI} with {protocols} based on {Q.931} / ETS 3009 102. Common-ISDN-API Version 2.0 was developed to support all Q.931 protocols. {(}. [Why not CIAPI?] (1998-09-07)

Common Object Request Broker Architecture "standard, programming" (CORBA) An {Object Management Group} specification which provides a standard messaging interface between distributed {objects}. The original CORBA specification (1.1) has been revised through version 2 (CORBA 2) with the latest specification being version 3 (CORBA 3). In its most basic form CORBA consists of the {Interface Definition Language} (IDL) and the Dynamic Invocation Interface (DII). The IDL definition is complied into a Stub (client) and Skeleton (server) component that communicate through an {Object Request Broker} (ORB). When an ORB determines that a request is to a remote object, it may execute the request by communicating with the remote ORB. The Corba IDL can be mapped to a number of languages including {C}, {C++}, {Java}, {COBOL}, {Smalltalk}, {Ada}, {Lisp}, {Python}, and {IDLscript}. CORBA ORBs are widely available for a number of platforms. The OMG standard for inter-ORB communication is {IIOP}, this ensures that all CORBA 2 compliant ORBS are able to interoperate. See also {COSS}, {Component Object Model}, {RMI}. {OMG CORBA specs (}. (2007-09-04)

commune ::: 1. To communicate intimately with; be in a state of heightened, intimate receptivity. 2. To be in intimate communication or rapport. communes, communed, communing.

Communicating Sequential Processes "language, parallel" (CSP) A notation for {concurrency} based on {synchronous message passing} and selective communications designed by {Anthony Hoare} in 1978. It features {cobegin} and coend and was a precursor to {occam}. See also {Contextually Communicating Sequential Processes}. ["Communicating Sequential Processes", A.R. Hoare, P-H 1985]. (1994-11-01)

communication ::: n. --> The act or fact of communicating; as, communication of smallpox; communication of a secret.
Intercourse by words, letters, or messages; interchange of thoughts or opinions, by conference or other means; conference; correspondence.
Association; company.
Means of communicating; means of passing from place to place; a connecting passage; connection.

communications port "hardware, communications" A connector for a communications interface, usually, a {serial port}. (1996-08-04)

communications software "communications, software" {Application programs}, {operating system} components, and probably {firmware}, forming part of a {communication system}. These different software components might be classified according to the functions within the {Open Systems Interconnect} model which they provide. Typical applications include a {web browser}, {Mail User Agent}, {chat} and {telnet}. (2001-03-18)

communication system "communications" A system or facility for transfering data between persons and equipment. The system usually consists of a collection of individual communication {networks}, transmission systems, relay stations, tributary stations and {terminal} equipment capable of interconnection and interoperation so as to form an integrated whole. These individual components must serve a common purpose, be technically compatible, employ common procedures, respond to some form of control and generally operate in unison. ["Communications Standard Dictionary", 2nd Edition, Martin H. Weik]. (1995-02-06)

communiqué ::: an official communication or announcement, esp. to the press or public.

Compatible Timesharing System "operating system" (CTSS) One of the earliest (1963) experiments in the design of interactive {time-sharing} {operating systems}. CTSS was ancestral to {Multics}, {Unix}, and {ITS}. It was developed at the {MIT} Computation Center by a team led by Fernando J. Corbato. CTSS ran on a modified {IBM 7094} with a second 32K-word bank of memory, using two {2301 drums} for swapping. {Remote access} was provided to up to 30 users via an {IBM 7750} {communications controller} connected to {dial-up} {modems}. The name {ITS} (Incompatible {time-sharing} System) was a hack on CTSS, meant both as a joke and to express some basic differences in philosophy about the way I/O services should be presented to user programs. (1997-01-29)

com port {communications port}

Computer Graphics Metafile "graphics, file format" (CGM) A standard file format for storage and communication of graphical information, widely used on {personal computers} and accepted by {desktop publishing} and technical illustration systems. {MIME type}: image/cgm. {ANSI}/{ISO} 8632-1987. Worked on by the {ISO}/{IEC} group {JTC1/SC24}. {CGM Open Consortium (}. See also: {WebCGM}. (1999-02-16)

computer law "legal" Legal aspects of the production, sale and use of computers; including areas such as {software law}, {copyright}, patents, sale of goods, communication law and general media issues such as free speech. (2012-08-30)

Computer Mediated Communication "messaging" (CMC) Communication that takes place through, or is facilitated by, computers. Examples include {e-mail}, the {web}, real-time {chat} tools like {IRC}, {Windows Live Messenger} and {video conferencing}. (2012-10-25)

Computer Telephone Integration "communications" (CTI or "- Telephony -") Enabling computers to know about and control telephony functions such as making and receiving voice, {fax} and data calls, telephone directory services and {caller identification}. CTI is used in call centres to link incoming calls to computer software functions such as database look-up of the caller's number, supported by services such as {Automatic Number Identification} and {Dialled Number Identification Service}. Application software ({middleware}) can link {personal computers} and servers with telephones and/or a {PBX}. Telephony and {software} vendors such as {AT&T}, {British Telecom}, {IBM}, {Novell}, {Microsoft} and {Intel} have developed CTI services. The main {CTI} functions are integrating {messaging} with {databases}, {word processors} etc.; controlling voice, {fax}, and {e-mail} messaging systems from a single {application program}; graphical call control - using a {graphical user interface} to perform functions such as making and receiving calls, forwarding and conferencing; call and {data} association - provision of information about the caller from databases or other applications automatically before the call is answered or transferred; {speech synthesis} and {speech recognition}; automatic logging of call related information for invoicing purposes or callback. CTI can improve customer service, increase productivity, reduce costs and enhance workflow automation. IBM were one of the first with workable CTI, now sold as "CallPath". {Callware}'s {Phonetastic} is another {middleware} product. CTI came out of the 1980s call centre boom, where it linked central servers and {IVRs} with {PBX}es to provide call transfer and {screen popping}. In the 1990s, efforts were made by several vendors, such as IBM, Novell {TSAPI} and Microsoft {TAPI}, to provide a version for {desktop computers} that would allow control of a desktop telephone and assist in {hot desking}. See also {Telephony Application Programming Interface}. (2012-11-18)

COMSL "language" ["COMSL - A Communication System Simulation Language", R.L. Granger, Proc FJCC 37 (1970)]. (2013-03-08)

COMTRAN ["Communications Computer Language COMTRAN", D.W. Clark et al, RADC-TR-69-190, Rose Air Development Center, Griffiss AFB, NY, July 1969]. [Sammet 1969, p.324, 331].

concentrator "communications" A device that combines the data streams from many simultaneously active inputs into one shared channel in such a way that the streams can be separated after transmission. The concentrator's output bandwidth must be at least as great as the total bandwidth of all simultaneously active inputs. A concentrator is one kind of {multiplexing} device. For example, a concentrator may be used to connect 24 2400 bps TTYs to a host via a 57600 bps channel. (2000-03-01)

concert ::: v. t. --> To plan together; to settle or adjust by conference, agreement, or consultation.
To plan; to devise; to arrange.
Agreement in a design or plan; union formed by mutual communication of opinions and views; accordance in a scheme; harmony; simultaneous action.
Musical accordance or harmony; concord.
A musical entertainment in which several voices or

concrete syntax "language, data" The {syntax} of a language including all the features visible in the {source code} such as {parentheses} and {delimiters}. The concrete syntax is used when {parsing} the program or other input, during which it is usually converted into some kind of {abstract syntax tree} (conforming to an {abstract syntax}). In communications, concrete syntax is called {transfer syntax}. (1997-07-21)

Concurrent Massey Hope "language, functional programming" An extension of {Massey Hope}, by Peter Burgess, Robert Pointon, and Nigel Perry "" of {Massey University}, NZ, that provides {multithreading} and {type}d inter-{thread} communication. It uses {C} for {intermediate code} rather than {assembly language}. (1999-08-04)

conduit ::: n. --> A pipe, canal, channel, or passage for conveying water or fluid.
A structure forming a reservoir for water.
A narrow passage for private communication.

Conferencing over IP "communications, standard" (CoIP) Standards for the transmission of {multimedia} over the {Internet}. CoIP extends {VoIP} (voice over Internet Protocol) with {text}, {images}, {video}. The main CoIP standard is based on {H.323}. The VoIP forum of the {IMTC} merged with the {H.323} Activity Group in January 1999 to form the Conferencing over IP (CoIP) Activity Group. VoIP uses "VoIP Devices" as {gateways} to {route} voice data {packets} over the Internet or {PSTN}. {Protocols} such as {SGCP} and its successor {MGCP} extend VoIP to handle media other than voice data. (2013-12-29)

congestion "communications" The condition that arises when the amount of data that senders want to send down a communication channel exceeds its {capacity}. Typically this will result in some {packets} being delayed, thus increasing the average {latency}. (2014-05-04)

connectionless protocol "protocol" The data communication method in which communication occurs between {hosts} with no previous setup. {Packets} sent between two hosts may take different routes. {UDP} is a connectionless protocol. Also called {packet switching}. Contrast {circuit switching}, {connection-oriented}. (2014-05-04)

connection-oriented "networking" (Or connection-based, stream-oriented). A type of {transport layer} data communication service that allows a {host} to send data in a continuous stream to another host. The transport service will guarantee that all data will be delivered to the other end in the same order as sent and without duplication. Communication proceeds through three well-defined phases: connection establishment, data transfer, connection release. The most common example is {Transmission Control Protocol} (TCP), another is {ATM}. The network nodes at either end needs to inform all intermediate nodes about their service requirements and traffic parameters in order to establish communication. Opposite of {connectionless}, {datagram}. See also {circuit switching}, {packet switching}, {virtual circuit}. (2014-11-27)

considered harmful "programming, humour" A type of phrase based on the title of {Edsger W. Dijkstra}'s famous note in the March 1968 {Communications of the ACM}, "Goto Statement Considered Harmful", which fired the first salvo in the {structured programming wars}. Amusingly, the {ACM} considered the resulting acrimony sufficiently harmful that it will (by policy) no longer print articles taking so assertive a position against a coding practice. In the ensuing decades, a large number of both serious papers and parodies bore titles of the form "X considered Y". The structured-programming wars eventually blew over with the realisation that both sides were wrong, but use of such titles has remained as a persistent minor in-joke. [{Jargon File}] (2014-06-21)

content-free "jargon" 1. (By analogy with "context-free") Used of a message that adds nothing to the recipient's knowledge. Though this adjective is sometimes applied to {flamage}, it more usually connotes derision for communication styles that exalt form over substance or are centred on concerns irrelevant to the subject ostensibly at hand. Perhaps most used with reference to speeches by company presidents and other professional manipulators. See also {four-colour glossies}. "education" 2. Within British schools the term refers to general-purpose {software} such as a {word processor}, a {spreadsheet} or a program that tests spelling of words supplied by the teacher. This is in contrast to software designed to teach a particular topic, e.g. a plant growth simulation, an interactive periodic table or a program that tests spelling of a predetermined list of words. Content-free software can be more cost-effective as it can be reused for many lessons throughout the syllabus. [{Jargon File}] (2014-10-30)

contention slot "networking" In a communication system where only one node at a time may transmit successfully on a shared channel, the contention slot or contention period is the time a node must wait before it can be sure that no other node's transmission has {collided (collision)} with its transmission. If node A starts to transmit at time t0 and then another node starts to transmit just before it recieves A's transmission at time t0 + T, then the transmissions will collide but node A will not detect the collision until time t0 + 2T. The contention slot, 2T, for nodes seperated by the maximum propagation delay thus determines how much data the node must be prepared to re-transmit in the event of a collision. (2014-11-06)

continuous wave "communications, history" (CW) A term from early {radio} history for a {transmitter} using an {electron tube} (valve) {oscillator} to constantly add energy to a {tuned circuit} connected to an {antenna}. The term is used in contrast with the use of a {spark gap} to initiate a damped {sinusoidal wave} in a tuned circuit consisting of an {inductor} and {capacitor}. The energy in this circuit constantly changes between the capacitor's {electrostatic field} and the inductor's {magnetic field}. The energy is then coupled to the radiating antenna, loosely (so as not to dampen the wave too quickly). Some radio amateurs understand "CW" to mean transmission by means a single frequency signal which is either on or off (e.g. {Morse code}), as opposed to a carrier which varies continuously in amplitude, frequency or phase. Some would even call the former "unmodulated" even though turning on and off is actually the most extreme form of amplitude modulation. (2009-11-24)

Convergent Technologies Operating System "operating system" (CTOS, BTOS, STARSYS) /see-toss/ A modular, {message-passing}, {multi-process} based {operating system}. {Convergent Technologies}' first product was the IWS (Integrated Workstation) based on the {Intel 8086}, which had CTOS as its operating system. It is a modular operating system with built in {local area networking}. CTOS supports multiple processes or {threads} and message-based {inter-process communication}. Companies which licensed CTOS included {Burroughs} (BTOS) and {Bull} (STARSYS). The largest customer was {Unisys}, with whom Convergent Technologies merged to become one company in 1988. CTOS had over 800,000 users worldwide. CTOS ran on Intel {Pentium} computers, and could run concurrently with {Microsoft} {Windows NT}. Support for existing customers lasted at least until 2001. Major customers included police forces, banks, and airlines. ["Exploring CTOS", Miller E., Crook J., Loy J. - Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-297342-1, 1991]. (1996-09-24)

Coordinated Universal Time "time, standard" (UTC, World Time) The standard time common to every place in the world. UTC is derived from {International Atomic Time} (TAI) by the addition of a whole number of "leap seconds" to synchronise it with {Universal Time} 1 (UT1), thus allowing for the eccentricity of the Earth's orbit, the rotational axis tilt (23.5 degrees), but still showing the Earth's irregular rotation, on which UT1 is based. Coordinated Universal Time is expressed using a 24-hour clock and uses the {Gregorian calendar}. It is used in aeroplane and ship navigation, where it also sometimes known by the military name, "Zulu time". "Zulu" in the phonetic alphabet stands for "Z" which stands for longitude zero. UTC was defined by the International Radio Consultative Committee ({CCIR}), a predecessor of the {ITU-T}. CCIR Recommendation 460-4, or ITU-T Recommendation X.680 (7/94), contains the full definition. The language-independent international abbreviation, UTC, is neither English nor French. It means both "Coordinated Universal Time" and "Temps Universel Coordonné". {BIPM (}. {The Royal Observatory Greenwich (}. {History of UTC and GMT (}. {U.S. National Institute of Standards & Technology (}. {UK National Physical Laboratory (}. {US Naval Observatory (}. {International Telecommunications Union (}. {Earth's irregular rotation (/pub/misc/earth_rotation)}. (2001-08-30)

Core Protocol Stack "architecture" 1. A portion of the {Web Services} {architecture} for defining and describing various {Web Services}. 2. The architectural {protocol} layers of a {Bluetooth} {wireless} {communication} system, comprising the {Host Control Interface} (HCI), {Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol} (L2CAP), {RS232 Serial Cable Emulation Profile} (RFCOMM), {Service Discovery Protocol} (SDP), and {Object Exchange} (OBEX). (2002-06-28)

correspondence ::: communication.

cosmic mind ::: Sri Aurobindo: "Nevertheless, the fact of this intervention from above, the fact that behind all our original thinking or authentic perception of things there is a veiled, a half-veiled or a swift unveiled intuitive element is enough to establish a connection between mind and what is above it; it opens a passage of communication and of entry into the superior spirit-ranges. There is also the reaching out of mind to exceed the personal ego limitation, to see things in a certain impersonality and universality. Impersonality is the first character of cosmic self; universality, non-limitation by the single or limiting point of view, is the character of cosmic perception and knowledge: this tendency is therefore a widening, however rudimentary, of these restricted mind areas towards cosmicity, towards a quality which is the very character of the higher mental planes, — towards that superconscient cosmic Mind which, we have suggested, must in the nature of things be the original mind-action of which ours is only a derivative and inferior process.” *The Life Divine

"If we accept the Vedic image of the Sun of Truth, . . . we may compare the action of the Higher Mind to a composed and steady sunshine, the energy of the Illumined Mind beyond it to an outpouring of massive lightnings of flaming sun-stuff. Still beyond can be met a yet greater power of the Truth-Force, an intimate and exact Truth-vision, Truth-thought, Truth-sense, Truth-feeling, Truth-action, to which we can give in a special sense the name of Intuition; . . . At the source of this Intuition we discover a superconscient cosmic Mind in direct contact with the supramental Truth-Consciousness, an original intensity determinant of all movements below it and all mental energies, — not Mind as we know it, but an Overmind that covers as with the wide wings of some creative Oversoul this whole lower hemisphere of Knowledge-Ignorance, links it with that greater Truth-Consciousness while yet at the same time with its brilliant golden Lid it veils the face of the greater Truth from our sight, intervening with its flood of infinite possibilities as at once an obstacle and a passage in our seeking of the spiritual law of our existence, its highest aim, its secret Reality.” The Life Divine

"There is one cosmic Mind, one cosmic Life, one cosmic Body. All the attempt of man to arrive at universal sympathy, universal love and the understanding and knowledge of the inner soul of other existences is an attempt to beat thin, breach and eventually break down by the power of the enlarging mind and heart the walls of the ego and arrive nearer to a cosmic oneness.” *The Synthesis of Yoga

"[The results of the opening to the cosmic Mind:] One is aware of the cosmic Mind and the mental forces that move there and how they work on one"s mind and that of others and one is able to deal with one"s own mind with a greater knowledge and effective power. There are many other results, but this is the fundamental one.” Letters on Yoga

"The cosmic consciousness has many levels — the cosmic physical, the cosmic vital, the cosmic Mind, and above the higher planes of cosmic Mind there is the Intuition and above that the overmind and still above that the supermind where the Transcendental begins. In order to live in the Intuition plane (not merely to receive intuitions), one has to live in the cosmic consciousness because there the cosmic and individual run into each other as it were, and the mental separation between them is already broken down, so nobody can reach there who is still in the separative ego.” Letters on Yoga*

cost control callback "communications" A system where a computer automatically rejects incoming {dial-up} calls from certain telephone numbers and calls them back, with the result that the caller pays nothing for the connection. This differs from security {callback} in that it applies to certain phone numbers instead of to certain user names. (2003-07-13)

CSO Campus Phone Book software developed for, and originally used at, the Computer Services Office of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The server software is known as "qi" and the client is "ph". Recent versions of the software refer to CCSO (Computing & Communications Service Office). {(}.

C. S. Peirce, Collected Papers. See also Communication, Meaning, Referent, Semiotic, Sign, Symbol, Functions of Language, Scientific Empiricism.- -- M.B.

CTI 1. "communications" {Computer Telephone Integration}. 2. "education" Computers in Teaching Initiative. A UK government scheme. (1996-12-08)

CTS 1. "communications" {clear to send}. 2. "medical" {overuse strain injury}.

cu 1. "communications" {Call Unix}. 2. "networking" The {country code} for Cuba.

CU-SeeMe "communications" /see`-yoo-see'-mee/ ("CU" from {Cornell University}) A {shareware} {personal computer}-based {videoconferencing} program for use over the {Internet}, developed at {Cornell University}, starting in 1992. CU-SeeMe allows for direct {audiovisual} connections between {clients}, or, like {irc}, it can support multi-user converencing via {servers} (here called "reflectors") to distribute the video and audio signals between multiple clients. CU-SeeMe was the first videoconferencing tool available at a reasonable price (in this case, free) to users of personal computers. {(}. {(}. Compare with {multicast backbone}. (1996-12-01)

Customer Information Control System "communications, database" (CICS) An {IBM} communications system that was converted for {database} handling. [Huh?] (1994-11-29)

cutover "communications, networking" /cut-ov*/ Switching from an old ({hardware} and/or {software}) system to a replacement system, covering the overlap from when the new system is {live} until the old system has been {shut down}. (1997-07-09)

cybernetics "robotics" /si:`b*-net'iks/ The study of control and communication in living and man-made systems. The term was first proposed by {Norbert Wiener} in the book referenced below. Originally, cybernetics drew upon electrical engineering, mathematics, biology, neurophysiology, anthropology, and psychology to study and describe actions, feedback, and response in systems of all kinds. It aims to understand the similarities and differences in internal workings of organic and machine processes and, by formulating abstract concepts common to all systems, to understand their behaviour. Modern "second-order cybernetics" places emphasis on how the process of constructing models of the systems is influenced by those very systems, hence an elegant definition - "applied epistemology". Related recent developments (often referred to as {sciences of complexity}) that are distinguished as separate disciplines are {artificial intelligence}, {neural networks}, {systems theory}, and {chaos theory}, but the boundaries between those and cybernetics proper are not precise. See also {robot}. {The Cybernetics Society (} of the UK. {American Society for Cybernetics (}. {IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society (}. {International project "Principia Cybernetica" (}. ["Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and the machine", N. Wiener, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1948] (2002-01-01)

cycle of reincarnation A term coined by {Ivan Sutherland} ca. 1970 to refer to a well-known effect whereby function in a computing system family is migrated out to special-purpose {peripheral} hardware for speed, then the peripheral evolves toward more computing power as it does its job, then somebody notices that it is inefficient to support two asymmetrical processors in the architecture and folds the function back into the main {CPU}, at which point the cycle begins again. Several iterations of this cycle have been observed in {graphics-processor} ({blitter}) design, and at least one or two in communications and {floating-point} processors. Also known as "the Wheel of Life", "the Wheel of Samsara" and other variations of the basic Hindu/Buddhist theological idea. [{Jargon File}] (1994-11-16)

DARSHAN. ::: ScU*revclation of the Deity to the devotee. It is an unveiling of his presence temporary or permanent, and may come as a vision or may come as a close feeling of his presence which is more intimate than sight and a frequent or constant communication with him ; that happens by the deepen- ing of the being into its inner self and growth of consciousness or by growth of the intensity of bhakti. When the crust of external consciousness is sufficiently broken by the pressure of increasing and engrossing bhakti, the contact comes.

Data Communication Equipment "communications, hardware" (DCE) The devices and connections of a communications network that connect the communication circuit between the data source and destination (the {Data Terminal Equipment} or DTE). A {modem} is the most common kind of DCE. Before data can be transmited over a modem, the DTR (Data Terminal Ready) signal must be active. DTR tells the DCE that the DTE is ready to transmit and receive data. DCE and DTE are usually connected by an {EIA-232} {serial line}. It is necessary to distinguish these two types of device because their connectors must be wired differently if a "straight-through" cable (pin 1 to pin 1, pin 2 to pin 2 etc.) is to be used. DCE should have a female connector and should transmit on pin two and receive on pin three. It is a curious fact that many {modems} are "DTE" according to the original standard. (1995-02-28)

Data Communications Equipment {Data Communication Equipment}

data channel "communications" A channel (on a {BRI} or {PRI} line) used to carry control information, to set up connections on the associated {bearer channels}. The name wasn't too bad back when users were sending voice (not data) over the {bearer channels}, but in 1997 it's quite a misnomer. (1997-03-10)

data communications analyst "job" A person who installs, maintains, and troubleshoots {data networks}. A data communications analyst may have knowledge of {T1} lines, {TCP/IP}, {fiber optics}, {SNA}, {frame relay}. He assists users with problems related to connectivity, analyses data flow, configures {modems}, {DSUs}, {multiplexors}, and {routers}, and uses network tools such as {NetView} or {Netspy}. (2004-03-11)

data integrity "data" The absence of unintended changes or errors in some data. Integrity implies that the data is an exact copy of some original version, e.g. that it has not been corrupted in the process of being written to, and read back from, a {hard disk} or during transmission via some communications channel. Integrity may further imply that the {information} represented by the data has been {validated}, i.e. verified to conform to certain constraints, e.g. a date's year, month and day parts are within the appropriate ranges and the date actually exists. (2009-06-03)

Data Interchange Standards Association "standard" (DISA) A not-for-profit corporation that acts as the secretariat for {ANSI}'s {EDI} standards committee, ASC X12 that works on {ANSI X12}. DISA manages ASC X12's membership, balloting, standards development and maintenance, publications, and communications with ANSI. (1999-09-18)

Datakit "networking" A {circuit-switched} digital network, similar to {X.25}. Datakit supports {host-to-host} connections and {EIA-232} connections for {terminals}, {printers}, and {hosts}. Most of {Bell Laboratories} is {trunk}ed together on Datakit. On top of DK transport service, people run {UUCP} for {electronic mail} and {dkcu} for {remote login}. ISN is the version of Datakit supported by {AT&T} Information Systems. Bell Laboratories in Holmdel, New Jersey, uses ISN for internal data communication. {(}. ["Towards a universal data transport system", A. G. Fraser, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, SAC-1(5) pp. 803-16, 1983]. (1996-10-20)

Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification "communications, networking" (DOCSIS) {ITU}-approved interface requirements for {cable modems} involved in high-speed data distribution over a {cable television} network. DOCSIS compatible equipment uses a 6 MHz {carrier} band for {downstream}, using 64 and 256 {QAM} (ITU Annex B), and {QPSK} and 16 QAM for {upstream}, allowing up to 36 and 10 Mb/s, respectively for downstream and upstream channels. {CableLabs FAQ (}. (2001-07-10)

Dataphone Digital Service "communications, product" (DDS) The first private-line digital service offered by {AT&T}, with data rates typically at 2.4, 4.8, 9.6 and 56 kilobits per second. DDS is now part of AT&T's {Accunet} family of services. Most LEC (local exchange carriers) and IXC (IntereXchange Carriers) offer similar services. (1995-02-28)

data redundancy "data, communications, storage" Any technique that stores or transmits extra, derived data that can be used to detect or repair errors, either in hardware or software. Examples are {parity bits} and the {cyclic redundancy check}. If the cost of errors is high enough, e.g. in a {safety-critical system}, redundancy may be used in both hardware AND software with three separate computers programmed by three separate teams ("triple redundancy") and some system to check that they all produce the same answer, or some kind of majority voting system. The term is not typically used for other, less beneficial, duplication of data. 2. "communications" The proportion of a message's gross information content that can be eliminated without losing essential information. Technically, redundancy is one minus the ratio of the actual uncertainty to the maximum uncertainty. This is the fraction of the structure of the message which is determined not by the choice of the sender, but rather by the accepted statistical rules governing the choice of the symbols in question. [Shannon and Weaver, 1948, p. l3] (2010-02-04)

data service unit "communications" (DSU or "data service unit") A device used in digital transmission for connecting a CSU (Channel Service Unit) to {Data Terminal Equipment} (a terminal or computer), in the same way that a {modem} is used for connection to an analogue medium. A DSU provides a standard interface to a user's terminal which is compatible with {modems} and handles such functions as signal translation, regeneration, reformatting, and timing. The transmitting portion of the DSU processeses the customers' signal into bipolar pulses suitable for transmission over the digital facility. The receiving portion of the DSU is used both to extract timing information and to regenerate mark and space information from the received {bipolar} signal. (1995-01-30)

Data Terminal Equipment "communications, hardware" (DTE) A device which acts as the source and/or destination of data and which controls the communication channel. DTE includes terminals, computers, {protocol converters}, and {multiplexors}. DTE is usually connected via an {EIA-232} {serial line} to {Data Communication Equipment} (DCE), typically a {modem}. It is necessary to distinguish these two types of device because their connectors must be wired differently if a "straight-through" cable (pin 1 to pin 1, pin 2 to pin 2 etc.) is to be used. DTE should have a male connector and should transmit on pin three and receive on pin two. It is a curious fact that many {modems} are actually "DTE" according to the original standard. (1995-02-28)

Data Terminal Ready "communications" (DTR) The wire in a full {RS-232} connection that tells the {Data Communication Equipment} (DCE, typically a {modem}) that the {Data Terminal Equipment} (DTE, typically a computer or {terminal}) is ready to transmit and receive data. (2000-04-05)

data transfer rate "communications" (Or "throughput, data rate", "transmission rate") The amount of {data} transferred in one direction over a link divided by the time taken to transfer it, usually expressed in bits per second (bps), bytes per second (Bps) or {baud}. The link may be anything from an interface to a {hard disk} to a radio transmission from a satellite. Where data transfer is not continuous throughout the given time interval, the data transfer rate is thus an average rate that will be lower than the peak rate. The peak or maximum possible rate may itself be lower than the {capacity} of the communication channel if the channel is shared, or part of the signal is not considered as data, e.g. {checksum} or {routing} information. When applied to data rate, the multiplier {prefixes} "kilo-", "mega-", "giga-", etc. (and their abbreviations, "k", "M", "G", etc.) always denote powers of 1000. For example, 64 kbps is 64,000 bits per second. This contrasts with units of {storage} where they stand for powers of 1024, e.g. 1 KB = 1024 bytes. The other important characteristic of a channel is its {latency}. The {bandwidth} of a channel determines the data transfer rate but is a different characteristic, measured in {Hertz}. [Relationship?] (2008-02-08)

DB-25 "hardware" The standard 25-pin {D-shell connector} used for {EIA-232} serial communication. {DE-9} is a common alternative. (1996-12-08)

DCA 1. Defense Communications Agency. See {DISA}. 2. {Document Content Architecture} from {IBM}.

DCAC {Domestic Communications Assistance Center}

DCALGOL Data Communications ALGOL. A superset of {Burroughs Extended ALGOL} used for writing Message Control Systems.

DCE 1. "programming" {Dead Code Elimination}. 2. "communications" {Data Communication Equipment}. 3. "communications" {Data Circuit-terminating Equipment}. 4. "programming" {Distributed Computing Environment} from {OSF}.

DDCMP {Digital Data Communications Message Protocol} ({DEC}).

DE-9 "hardware" The standard 9-pin {D-shell connector} used for {EIA-232} serial communication. DE-9 is a common alternative to {DB-25}, especially on {personal computers}. (1999-12-08)

DECmate I "computer" The first in {DEC}'s series of miniaturised {PDP-8} computers based on the {Intersil 6120} [Harris 6120?] {microprocessor} and dedicated to {wordprocessing}. The DECmate was DEC's original competition for the {IBM PC}. The DECmate I was introduced in 1980 as the successor to the {WT78}. The processor ran at 10 MHz, and was housed in a {VT100} {CRT} terminal. It was a very limted model, no {EAE} option was available, memory was 32 Kwords. It used the RX02 8" dual floppy drive. Options were the DP278-A and -B communication ports and RL278: 1 to 4 {RL02} {cartridge disk} drives. {(}. [Processor manufacturer?] (2003-05-29)

DECT {Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications}

dedicated line "communications" A telephone line leased expressly for the purpose of connecting two users more-or-less permenantly.. Such lines may be "voice grade" which provides the {bandwidth} and {signal to noise ratio} of ordinary {public switched telephone network} circuits, or specified in ways which allow transport of suitably encoded digital signals at faster rates. In some cases, lines may be physical wires between the communicating parties. Over longer distances, it is common for the connection to be virtual, which means that although the two users can communicate only with each other, their signals and others are multiplexed, amplified, switched, scrambled, demultiplexed and so on in complex ways between the end points. This contrasts with a {dial-up} connection which is only opened when one end requires it. (1996-08-10)

deep space 1. The notional location of any program that has gone {off the trolley}. Especially used of programs that just sit there silently grinding long after either failure or some output is expected. "Uh oh. I should have had a prompt ten seconds ago. The program's in deep space somewhere." Compare {buzz}, {catatonic}, {hyperspace}. 2. The metaphorical location of a human so dazed and/or confused or caught up in some esoteric form of {bogosity} that he or she no longer responds coherently to normal communication. [{Jargon File}]

defamation ::: n. --> Act of injuring another&

Defense Communications Agency (DCA) Now called Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA).

Defense Data Network (DDN) A global communications network serving the US Department of Defense. Composed of {MILNET}, other portions of the {Internet}, and classified networks which are not part of the {Internet}. The DDN is used to connect military installations and is managed by the {Defense Information Systems Agency}. (1994-12-01)

Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) Formerly called the Defense Communications Agency (DCA), this is the government agency responsible for managing the {Defense Data Network} (DDN) portion of the {Internet}, including the {MILNET}. Currently, DISA administers the {DDN}, and supports the user assistance services of the DDN {NIC}. {(}. (1994-12-01)

Delphi 1. "company, communications" A US {Internet service provider}. [Addresses?] (1995-04-06) 2. "language" {Borland}'s {Object Oriented Pascal} (OOPascal) {Rapid Application Development} package for {Microsoft Windows}. Delphi combines visual, component-based design with an optimising {native code compiler} and scalable database access. (1996-05-27)

Delta-Prolog A {Prolog} extension with {AND-parallelism}, {don't-know nondeterminism} and interprocess communication using {synchronous event goals} and {distributed backtracking}. ["Delta-Prolog: A Distributed Logic Programming Language", L.M. Pereira et al, Intl Conf 5th Gen Comp Sys, Nov 1984].

demodulation "communications" To recover the {signal} from the {carrier}. For example, in a radio broadcast using {amplitude modulation} the audio signal is transmitted as the mean amplitude of a radio-frequency carrier so demodulation requires a circuit which measures the amplitude and filters out the carrier. There are many other kinds of {modulation} and corresponding demodulation. (1998-07-29)

Demon Internet Ltd. "company" One of the first company to provide public {Internet} access in the UK. The staff of Demon Systems Ltd., an established software house, started Demon Internet on 1992-06-01 and it was the first system in the United Kingdom to offer low cost full {Internet} access. It was started with the support of about 100 founder members who discussed the idea on {Compulink Information Exchange}, and were brave enough to pay a year's subscription in advance. They aimed to have 200 members in the first year to cover costs, ignoring any time spent. After about two weeks they realised they needed nearer 400. By November 1993 they had over 2000 subscribers and by August 1994 they had about 11000 with 20% per month growth. All revenues have been reinvested in resources and expansion of service. Demon link to {Sprintlink} in the United States making them totally independent. They peer with {EUNet} and {PIPEX} to ensure good connectivity in Great Britain as well as having links to the {JANET}/{JIPS} UK academic network. A direct line into the {Department of Computing, Imperial College, London (} from their Central London {Point of Presence} (PoP) ( gives access to the biggest {FTP} and {Archie} site in Europe. Demon provide local call access to a large proportion of the UK. The central London {PoP} provides {leased line} connections at a cheaper rate for those customers in the central 0171 area. Further lines and {PoPs} are being added continuously. Subscribers get allocated an {Internet Address} and can choose a {hostname} within the {domain}. They can have any number of e-mail address at that host. In October 1994 Demon confirmed a large contract with the major telecommunications provider {Energis}. They will supply guaranteed bandwidth to Demon's 10Mb/s {backbone} from several cities and towns. Several {PoPs} will be phased out and replaced with others during 1995. E-mail: "". {(}. {(}. {Usenet} newsgroup: {news:demon.announce}. Telephone: +44 (181) 349 0063. Address: Demon Internet Ltd., 42 Hendon Lane, Finchley, London N3 1TT, UK. (1994-11-08)

Dialled Number Identification Service "communications" (DNIS) A service that tells the recipient of a telephone call the telephone number dialled by the person making the call. It is used by call centres hosting multiple numbers, voicemail systems and ISPs offering shared dial-in services. Compare {ANI}, {Caller ID}. (2005-02-09)

DICOM "medical, standard" (From Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine) A {standard} developed by ACR-NEMA (American College of Radiology - National Electrical Manufacturer's Association) for communications between medical imaging devices. It conforms to the {ISO reference model} for network communications and incorporates {object-oriented} design concepts. (1995-03-29)

digital carrier "hardware, communications" A medium which can carry {digital} signals; broadly equivalent to the {physical layer} of the {OSI} seven layer model of networks. Carriers can be described as {baseband} or {broadband}. A baseband carrier can include direct current (DC), whereas broadband carriers are modulated by various methods into frequency bands which do not include DC. Sometimes a {modem} (modulator/demodulator) or {codec} (coder/decoder) combines several channels on one transmission path. The combining of channels is called {multiplexing}, and their separation is called demultiplexing, independent of whether a modem or codec bank is used. Modems can be associated with {frequency division multiplexing} (FDM) and codecs with {time division multiplexing} (TDM) though this grouping of concepts is somewhat arbitrary. If the medium of a carrier is copper telephone wire, the circuit may be called {T1}, {T3}, etc. as these designations originally described such. T1 carriers used a restored polar line coding scheme which allowed a baseband signal to be transported as broadband and restored to baseband at the receiver. T1 is not used in this sense today, and indeed it is often confused with the {DS1} signal carried. (1996-03-31)

digital certificate "communications, security" An {attachment} to an {electronic mail} message used for security purposes, e.g. to verify that a user sending a message is who he or she claims to be, and to provide the receiver with the means to encode a reply. An individual wishing to send an encrypted message applies for a digital certificate from a {certificate authority} (CA). The CA issues an encrypted digital certificate containing the applicant's {public key} and a variety of other identification information. The CA makes its own public key readily available on the {Internet}. The recipient of an encrypted message uses the CA's public key to decode the digital certificate attached to the message, verifies it as issued by the CA and then obtains the sender's public key and identification information held within the certificate. (2006-05-27)

Digital Data Service "communications" (DDS) The class of service offered by telecommunications companies for transmitting digital data as opposed to voice. (1995-02-28)

digital electronics "electronics" The implementation of {two-valued logic} using electronic {logic gates} such as {and gates}, {or gates} and {flip-flops}. In such circuits the logical values true and false are represented by two different {voltages}, e.g. 0V for false and +5V for true. Similarly, numbers are normally represented in {binary} using two different voltages to represented zero and one. Digital electronics contrasts with {analogue} electronics which represents continuously varying quantities like sound pressure using continuously varying voltages. Digital electronics is the foundation of modern computers and {digital communications}. Massively complex digital logic circuits with millions of gates can now be built onto a single {integrated circuit} such as a {microprocessor} and these circuits can perform millions of operations per second. (2006-01-14)

Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications "communications, standard" (DECT, formerly ".. European ..") A {standard} developed by the {European Telecommunication Standard Institute} from 1988, governing pan-European {digital mobile telephony}. DECT covers wireless {PBXs}, {telepoint}, residential {cordless telephones}, wireless access to the {public switched telephone network}, Closed User Groups (CUGs), {Local Area Networks}, and wireless {local loop}. DECT defines only the radio connection between two points and can be used for remote access to public and private networks. Other mobility standards, such as {GSM}, {TACS}, and {DCS 1800} add the necessary switching, signaling, and management functions that are not specified by DECT. The DECT Common Interface radio standard is a {multicarrier} {time division multiple access}, {time division duplex} (MC-TDMA-TDD) radio transmission technique using ten {radio frequency} channels from 1880 to 1930 MHz, each divided into 24 time slots of 10ms, and twelve {full-duplex} accesses per {carrier}, for a total of 120 possible combinations. A DECT base station (an RFP, Radio Fixed Part) can transmit all 12 possible accesses (time slots) simultaneously by using different frequencies or using only one frequency. All signaling information is transmitted from the RFP within a multiframe (16 frames). {Voice} signals are digitally encoded into a 32 kbit/s signal using {Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation}. The {handover} process is requested autonomously by the portable terminal and the Radio Fixed Parts, according to the carrier signal levels. A "Generic Access Profile" defines a minimum set of requirements for the support of speech telephony. {(}. (1999-04-13)

Digital European Cordless Telecommunications {Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications}

Digital Radio Mondiale "communications" (DRM) A form of {monaural} digital broadcast using {carrier} frequencies below 30 MHz. DRM uses {MPEG-4 AAC Main Profile} and {SBR} at data rates of 16-25 kbps. {(}. (2001-12-20)

Digital Simultaneous Voice and Data "communications" (DSVD) A technique supported by some {modems} for multiplexing compressed speech with digital data for transmission over a normal telephone line. DSVD isn't standardised yet, so generally you have to have the same make of modem at both ends for it to work. [How does it work? Which modems? References?] (1997-06-05)

Digital Subscriber Line "communications, protocol" (DSL, or Digital Subscriber Loop, xDSL - see below) A family of {digital} {telecommunications} {protocols} designed to allow high speed data communication over the existing {copper} telephone lines between end-users and telephone companies. When two conventional {modems} are connected through the telephone system ({PSTN}), it treats the communication the same as voice conversations. This has the advantage that there is no investment required from the telephone company (telco) but the disadvantage is that the {bandwidth} available for the communication is the same as that available for voice conversations, usually 64 kb/s ({DS0}) at most. The {twisted-pair} copper cables into individual homes or offices can usually carry significantly more than 64 kb/s but the telco needs to handle the signal as digital rather than analog. There are many implementation of the basic scheme, differing in the communication {protocol} used and providing varying {service levels}. The {throughput} of the communication can be anything from about 128 kb/s to over 8 Mb/s, the communication can be either symmetric or asymmetric (i.e. the available bandwidth may or may not be the same {upstream} and {downstream}). Equipment prices and service fees also vary considerably. The first technology based on DSL was {ISDN}, although ISDN is not often recognised as such nowadays. Since then a large number of other protocols have been developed, collectively referred to as xDSL, including {HDSL}, {SDSL}, {ADSL}, and {VDSL}. As yet none of these have reached very wide deployment but wider deployment is expected for 1998-1999. {(}. {2Wire DSL provider lookup (}. ["Data Cooks, But Will Vendors Get Burned?", "Supercomm Spotlight On ADSL" & "Lucent Sells Paradine", Wilson & Carol, Inter@ctive Week Vol. 3

Digital Switched Network "communications" (DSN) The completely digital version of the {PSTN}. (1997-07-18)

DIN-8 "hardware" An 8-pin round connector, sometimes used for {EIA-232} serial communication when space is restricted, such as on {laptop computers}. (1996-12-08)

diplex "communications" (From {telegraphy}) Two simultaneous transmissions in one direction. Compare: {duplex}. (2000-03-30)

Direct Inward Dialing "communications" (DID) A service offered by telephone companies which allows the last 3 or 4 digits of a phone number to be transmitted to the destination {exchange}. For example, a company could have 10 incoming lines, all with the number 234 000. If a caller dials 234 697, the call is sent to 234 000 (the company's exchange), and the digits 697 are transmitted. The company's exchange then routes the call to extension 697. This gives the impression of 1000 direct dial lines, whereas in fact there are only 10. Obviously, only 10 at a time can be used. This system is also used by {fax servers}. Instead of an exchange at the end of the 234 000 line, a computer running fax server software and {fax modem} cards uses the last three digits to identify the recipient of the fax. This allows 1000 people to have their own individual fax numbers, even though there is only one 'fax machine'. {Dictionary of PC Hardware and Data Communications Terms (}. (1997-06-29)

directional coupler "communications" (tap) A {passive} device used in {cable} systems to divide and combine {radio frequency} signals. A directional coupler has at least three ports: line in, line out, and the tap. The signal passes between line in and line out ports with loss referred to as the {insertion loss}. A small portion of the signal power applied to the line in port passes to the tap port. A signal applied to the tap port is passed to the line in port less the tap attenuation value. The tap signals are isolated from the line out port to prevent reflections. A signal applied to the line out port passes to the line in port and is isolated from the tap port. Some devices provide more than one tap output line (multi-taps). (1995-12-23)

Directory Access Protocol X.500 protocol used for communication between a Directory User Agent and a Directory System Agent.

directory service "database, networking" A structured repository of information on people and resources within an organisation, facilitating management and communication. On a {LAN} or {WAN} the directory service identifies all aspects of the {network} including users, software, hardware, and the various rights and policies assigned to each. As a result applications can access information without knowing where a particular resource is physically located, and users interact oblivious to the network {topology} and {protocols}. To allow {heterogeneous networks} to share directory information the {ITU} proposed a common structure called {X.500}. However, its complexity and lack of seamless {Internet} support led to the development of {Lightweight Directory Access Protocol} (LDAP) which has continued to evolve under the aegis of the {IETF}. Despite its name {LDAP} is too closely linked to {X.500} to be "lightweight". {LDAP} was adopted by several companies such as {Netscape Communications Corporation} (Netscape Directory Server) and has become a {de facto standard} for directory services. Other LDAP compatible offerings include {Novell, Inc.}'s {Novell Directory Services} (NDS) and {Microsoft Corporation}'s {Active Directory}. The Netscape and Novell products are available for {Windows NT} and {Unix} {platforms}. {Novell Directory Services} also run on Novell platforms. {Microsoft Corporation}'s {Active Directory} is an integral part of {Microsoft's Windows 2000} and although it can interface with directory services running on other systems it is not available for other platforms. (2001-01-02)

disaster recovery "business" (DR) Planning and implementation of procedures and facilities for use when essential systems are not available for a period long enough to have a significant impact on the business, e.g. when the head office is blown up. Disasters include natural: fire, flood, lightning, hurricane; hardware: power failure, component failure, {head crash}; software failure: {bugs}, resources; vandalism: arson, bombing, {cracking}, theft; data corruption or loss: human error, media failure; communications: computer network equipment, {network storm}, telephones; security: passwords compromised, {computer virus}; legal: change in legislation; personnel: unavailability of essential staff, industrial action. Companies need to plan for disaster: before: {risk analysis}, preventive measures, training; during: how should staff and systems respond; after: recovery measures, post mortem analysis. Hardware can usually be replaced and is usually insured. Software and data needs to be backed up off site. Alternative communication systems should be arranged in case of network failure or inaccessible premises, e.g. emergency telephone number, home working, alternative data center. (2007-06-20)

Discourse: Orderly communication of thought, or the power to think logically. -- C.A.B.

Distinguished Encoding Rules "communications, data" (DER) An {X.690} encoding format (or {transfer syntax}) for data structures described by {ASN.1} that specifies exactly one way to encode a value thus ensuring a unique, {canonical}, {serialised} representation. DER is a restricted variant of {BER}. For example, DER has exactly one way to encode a {Boolean} value. DER is used in {cryptography}, e.g. for {digital certificates} such as {X.509}. (2016-05-05)

Domestic Communications Assistance Center "body" (DCAC) A joint effort between the U.S. Marshals Service, FBI and Drug Enforcement Agency. The DCAC is charged with developing customised hardware for intercepting {Internet} and wireless communications. The DCAC is under the control and budget of the FBI. {CNET article (}. (2012-06-24)

doubled sig A {sig block} that has been included twice in a {Usenet} article or, less commonly, in an {electronic mail} message. An article or message with a doubled sig can be caused by improperly configured software. More often, however, it reveals the author's lack of experience in electronic communication. See {BIFF}, {pseudo}. [{Jargon File}] (1994-12-07)

double-duplex "communications" (From {telegraphy}) A {full-duplex} link with two telegraphers (a sender and a receiver) at each end, to simultaneously transmit in both directions. Compare: {single-duplex}. (2000-03-30)

download "jargon" To transfer data from one computer to another. Downloading usually refers to transfer from a larger "host" system (especially a {server} or {mainframe}) to a smaller "client" system, especially a {microcomputer} or specialised peripheral, and "{upload}" usually means from small to large. Others hold that, technically, download means "receive" and upload means "send", irrespective of the size of the systems involved. Note that in communications between ground and space, space-to-earth transmission is always "down" and the reverse "up", regardless of size. So far the in-space machines have invariably been smaller; thus the upload/download distinction has been reversed from its usual sense. [{Jargon File}] (2003-11-04)

DPSK "communications" {Differential Phase-Shift Keying}.

drawbridge ::: n. --> A bridge of which either the whole or a part is made to be raised up, let down, or drawn or turned aside, to admit or hinder communication at pleasure, as before the gate of a town or castle, or over a navigable river or canal.

Dreams of physical mind and yogic dreams ; The dreams of the physical mind are an incoherent jumble made up partly of responses to vague touches from the physical world round which the lower mind-faculties disconnected from the will and reason, the bttddhi, weave a web of wandering phantasy, partly of disordered associations from the bram-memory, partly of reflections from the soul travelling on the mental plane, reflections which are, ordinarily, received without intelligence or co-ordination, wildly distorted in the reception and mixed up confusedly with the other dream elements, wnlh brain-memories and fantastic responses to any sensory touch from the physical world. In the yogic dream-state, on the other hand, the mind is in clear pos- session of itself, though not of the physical world, works cohe- rently and is able to use either its ordinary will and intelligence with a concentrated power or else the higher will and intelli- gence of the more exalted planes of mind. It withdraws from experience of the outer world, it puts its seals upon the physical senses and their doors of communication with material things ; but everything that is proper to itself, thought, reasoning, reflec- tion, vision, it can continue to execute with an increased purity and power of sovereign concentration free from the distractions and unsteadiness of the waking mind. It can use too its will and produce upon itself or upon its environment mental, moral and even physical effects which may continue and have their after-consequences on the waking state subsequent to the cessa- tion of the trance.

Dr. James H. Clark "person" The founder of {Silicon Graphics, Inc.} and co-founder of {Netscape Communications Corporation}. (1998-05-21)

DS0 "communications" The zeroth {DS level}, having a transmission rate of 64,000 bits per second (64 kb/s), intended to carry one {voice channel} (a phone call). (2001-03-18)

DS1C "communications" A {DS level} and {framing specification} for digital signals in the North American digital transmission hierarchy. A DS1C signal uses 48 {PCM} channels and has a transmission rate of 3.15 Megabits per second, twice that of {DS1}. DS1C uses two {DS1} signals combined and sent on a 3.152 megabit per second {carrier} which allows 64 kilobits per second for synchronisation and {framing} using "{pulse stuffing}". The channel 2 signal is logically inverted, and a framing bit is stuffed in two out of three code words, resulting in 26-bit information units. The channels are interleaved and then scrambled by the addition {modulo} 2 of the signal with the previous bit. Finally the bit stream is combined with a control bit sequence that permits the {demultiplexor} to function by preceding each 52 bits with one DS1C framing bit. A series of 24 such 53-bit frames forms a 1272-bit "M-frame". (1995-02-07)

DS1 "communications" A {DS level} and {framing specification} for synchronous digital streams, over circuits in the North American {digital transmission hierarchy}, at the {T1} transmission rate of 1,544,000 bits per second ({baud}). DS1 is commonly used to multiplex 24 {DS0} channels. Each DS0 channel, originally a digitised voice-grade telephone signal, carries 8000 bytes per second (64,000 bits per second). A DS1 frame includes one byte from each of the 24 DS0 channels and adds one {framing bit}, making a total of 193 bits per frame at 8000 frames per second. The result is 193*8000 = 1,544,000 bits per second. In the original standard, the successive framing bits continuously repeated the 12-bit sequence 110111001000, and such a 12-frame unit is called a super-frame. In voice telephony, errors are acceptable (early standards allowed as much as one frame in six to be missing entirely), so the least significant bit in two of the 24 streams was used for signaling between network equipments. This is called {robbed-bit signaling}. To promote error-free transmission, an alternative called the extended super-frame (ESF) of 24 frames was developed. In this standard, six of the 24 framing bits provide a six bit {cyclic redundancy check} (CRC-6), and six provide the actual framing. The other 12 form a virtual circuit of 4000 bits per second for use by the transmission equipment, for {call progress signals} such as busy, idle and ringing. DS1 signals using ESF equipment are nearly error-free, because the CRC detects errors and allows automatic re-routing of connections. Compare {T-carrier systems}. [Kenneth Sherman, "Data Communications : a user's guide", third edition (1990), Reston/Prentice-Hall/Simon & Schuster]. (1996-03-30)

DS2 "communications" A {DS level} and {framing specification} for digital signals in the North American digital transmission hierarchy. A DS2 signal uses 96 {PCM} channels and has a transmission rate of 6.31 Megabits per second, twice that of {DS1C}. (1995-02-07)

DS3 "communications" The third {DS level}, a {framing specification} for digital signals in the North American digital transmission hierarchy. A DS3 signal has a transmission rate of 44.736 Megabits per second. DS3 is used, for example, on {T3} synchronous {Integrated Services Digital Network} lines. (1995-01-12)

DSL 1. "communications" {Digital Subscriber Line}. 2. "language" {Digital Simulation Language}. 3. "language" {Denotational Semantics Language}. (1996-10-13)

DS level "communications" (Digital Signal or Data Service level) Originally an {AT&T} classification of transmitting one or more voice conversations in one digital data stream. The best known DS levels are {DS0} (a single conversation), {DS1} (24 conversations multiplexed), {DS1C}, {DS2}, and {DS3}. By extension, the DS level can refer to the raw data rate necessary for transmission: DS0   64 Kb/s DS1 1.544 Mb/s DS1C 3.15 Mb/s DS2 6.31 Mb/s DS3 44.736 Mb/s DS4 274.1 Mb/s (where K and M signify multiplication by 1000 and 1000000, rather than powers of two). In this sense it can be used to measure of data service rates classifying the user access rates for various point-to-point {WAN} technologies or standards (e.g. {X.25}, {SMDS}, {ISDN}, {ATM}, {PDH}). Japan uses the US standards for DS0 through DS2 but Japanese DS5 has roughly the circuit capacity of US DS4, while the European standards are rather different (see {E1}). In the US all of the transmission rates are integral multiples of 8000 bits per second but rates above DS1 are not necessarily integral multiples of 1,544 kb/s. (1998-05-18)

DSU 1. "communications" {Data Service Unit}. 2. {Disk Subsystem Unit} ({Artecon}). 3. "humour" {Dwarf Storage Unit}. (1996-12-01)

Dual Tone Multi Frequency "communications" (DTMF, or "touch-tone") A method used by the telephone system to communicate the keys pressed when dialling. Pressing a key on the phone's keypad generates two simultaneous tones, one for the row and one for the column. These are decoded by the exchange to determine which key was pressed. (1995-03-28)

duplex "communications" Used to describe a communications channel that can carry signals in both directions, in contrast to a {simplex} channel which only ever carries a signal in one direction. If signals can only flow in one direction at a time the communications is "{half-duplex}", like a single-lane road with traffic lights at each end. Walkie-talkies with a "press-to-talk" button provide half-duplex communications. If signals can flow in both directions simultaneously the communications is "{full-duplex}", like a normal two-lane road. Telephones provide full-duplex communications. The term "duplex" was first used in wireless, telegraph, and telephone communications. Nearly all communications circuits used by computers are two-way, so the term is seldom used. {(}. (2001-07-21)

E1 "communications" A European {framing specification} for the transmission of 32 {DS0} (64 kb/s) data streams. By extension, it can also denote the transmission rate required (2.048 Mb/s = 2048 kb/s). Unlike {DS1} it is free of {bit-robbing}. (2002-03-22)

E2 "communications" A European {framing specification} for the transmission of four multiplexed {E1} data streams, resulting in a transmission rate of 8.448 Mb/s (= 8448 kb/s). (2002-03-22)

E3 "communications" A European {framing specification} for the transmission of 16 multiplexed {E1} data streams, resulting in a transmission rate of 34.368 Mb/s (= 34,368 kb/s). (2002-03-22)

E4 "communications" A European {framing specification} for the transmission of 64 multiplexed {E1} data streams, resulting in a transmission rate of 139.264 Mb/s (= 139,264 kb/s). (2002-03-22)

E5 "communications" A European {framing specification} for the transmission of 256 multiplexed {E1} data streams, resulting in a transmission rate of 565.148 Mbps (= 565,148 kb/s). (2002-03-22)

E-carrier system "communications" A series of {digital} transmission formats promulgated by the {ITU} and used outside of North America and Japan. The basic unit of the E-carrier system is the {DS0}, which has a transmission rate of 64 Kbps, and is commonly used for one {voice circuit}. The {E1} format consists of 32 DS0 channels, for a total capacity of 2.048 Mbps. {E2}, {E3}, {E4}, and {E5} circuits carry multiple E1 channels multiplexed, resulting in transmission rates of up to 565.148 Mbps. The E-carrier system is similar to, and compatible with, the {T-carrier system} used in North America, but has higher capacity since it uses {out-of-band signaling} in contrast to the {in-band signaling} or {bit-robbing} used in the T-system. (2000-03-10)

ECMA International "body" (Formerly European Computer Manufacturers Association) An industry association founded in 1961 and dedicated to the standardisation of information and communication systems. ECMA edits {standards} and technical reports. All ECMA publications are available free of charge. The best known ECMA standard is ECMA 262, defining the {scripting language} {ECMAScript}. (2003-06-23)

Econet 1. One of the IGC networks. EcoNet serves individuals and organisations working for environmental preservation and sustainability. Important issues covered include: global warming, energy policy, rainforest preservation, legislative activities, water quality, toxics and environmental education. EcoNet users can send and receive private messages, including fax and telex, to and from more than 18,000 international users on the APC networks or to millions on other networks. EcoNet seeks to build coalitions and partnerships with activist and non-profit organisations to develop the use of the electronic communications medium. EcoNet provides subsidies and financial incentives to environmental organisations and committed individuals who foster the effectiveness of organisations through the use of electronic networking. FTP/Telnet: 2. A network produced by {Acorn Computers} Ltd. for the {BBC Microcomputer} and its successors.

ECSP An extension to {CSP}, supporting dynamic communication channels and nested processes. ["Static Type Checking of Interprocess Communication in ECSP", F. Baiardi et al, SIGPLAN Notices 19(6):290-299 (June 1984)]. (1994-12-08)

Eggdrop "communications" The world's most popular {open source IRC bot}, designed for flexibility and ease of use. Eggdrop is freely distributable under the {GPL}. It was originally developed by Robey Pointer but he no longer works on it. Eggdrop is designed to run on {Linux}, {*BSD}, {SunOs}, {Windows}, {Mac OS X} and other platforms. It is extendable with {Tcl} scripts and/or {C} modules. It supports {Undernet}, {DALnet}, {EFnet}, {IRCnet}, and {QuakeNet}. It can form {botnets} and share {partylines} and userfiles between bots. (2005-07-07)

EIA-232C "communications, standard" The {EIA} equivalent of {ITU-T} {standard} {V.24}. The {EIA} EIA-232C electrical signal is unbalanced +/- 5 to +/- 12V, {polar} {non return to zero} and handles data speeds up to 19.2 kilobits per second. [Correct name? Relationship to RS-232C? Difference from EIA-232?] (2004-08-02)

EIA-232 "communications, standard" (Formerly "RS-232") The most common {asynchronous} {serial line} {standard}. EIA-232 is the {EIA} equivalent of {ITU-T} {V.24}, and {V.28}. EIA-232 specifies the {gender} and pin use of connectors, but not their physical type. {RS-423} specifies the electrical signals. 25-way {D-type} connectors are common but often only three wires are connected - one ground (pin 7) and one for data in each direction. The other pins are primarily related to {hardware handshaking} between sender and receiver and to {carrier detection} on {modems}, inoperative circuits, busy conditions etc. The standard classifies equipment as either {Data Communications Equipment} (DCE) or {Data Terminal Equipment} (DTE). DTE receives data on pin 3 and transmits on pin 2 (TD). A DCE EIA-232 interface has a female connector. DCE receives data from DTE on pin 2 (TD) and sends that data out the analog line. Data received from the analog line is sent by the DCE on pin 3(RD). Originally DCE was a modem and DTE was a computer or terminal. The terminal or computer was connected (via EIA-232) to two modems, which were connected via a telephone line. The above arrangement allows a computer or terminal to be connected to a modem with a straight-through (2-2, 3-3) cable. It is common, however, to find equipment with the wrong sex connector or with pins two and three reversed, requiring the insertion of a cable or adaptor wired as a {gender mender} or {null modem}. Such an adaptor is also required when connecting a computer directly to a terminal or to another computer without the use of modems. (1999-12-28)

EIA-422 "communications, standard" (Formerly "RS-422") An {EIA} {serial line} {standard} which specifies 4-wire, {full-duplex}, {differential line}, {multi-drop} communications. The mechanical connections for this interface are specified by {EIA-449}. The maximum cable length is 1200m. Maximum data rates are 10Mbps at 1.2m or 100Kbps at 1200m. EIA-422 cannot implement a truly multi-point communications network (such as with {EIA-485}), although only one driver can be connected to up to ten receivers. The best use of EIA-422 is probably in {EIA-232} extension cords. {Comparing EIA-422, 423, 449 to RS-232-C (}. {Details on RS-232, 422, 423 and 485 (}. (2002-10-05)

EIA-423 "communications, standard" (Formerly "RS-423") An {EIA} {serial line} {standard} which specifies {single ended} communication. The mechanical connections for this interface are specified by {EIA-449}. Although it was originally intented as a successor of {EIA-232} it is not widely used. The {EIA-232} standard has its limits at 20kbps and 1.5m. EIA-423 can have a cable lenght of 1200m, and achieve a data rate of 100Kbps. When no data is being transmitted, the serial line is at a logical zero (+3 to +15 Volts). A logical one is represented as a signal level of -15 to -3 Volts. In practise, one often finds signals which switch between nominally +4.5 and +0.5 Volts. Such signals are large by modern standards, and because the impedance of the circuits is relatively high, the allowable bit rate is modest. The data is preceded by a start bit which is always a logical one. There may be seven or eight bits of data, possibly followed by an even or odd parity bit and one or two stop bits. A "break" condition is a continuous logical one on the line which is what would be observed if nothing was connected. {Comparing EIA-422, 423, 449 to RS-232-C (}. {Details on RS-232, 422, 423 and 485 (}. (2002-10-05)

EIA-449 "communications, standard" (Formerly "RS-449") An EIA {standard} for a 37-pin or 9-pin {D-type} connector (functional- and mechanical characteristics), usually used with {EIA-422} or {EIA-423} electrical specifications. (2002-10-05)

EIA-485 "communications, standard" (Formerly "RS-485") An {EIA} {serial line} {standard} which specifies 2-wire, {half-duplex}, {differential line}, {multi-point} communications. Maximum cable length is 1200m. Maximum data rates are 10Mbps at 1.2m or 100Kbps at 1200m. EIA-485 can implement a truly multi-point communications network, and specifies up to 32 drivers and 32 receivers on a single (2-wire) bus. {Differential SCSI} uses EIA-485. {Details on RS-232, 422, 423, and 485 (}. (2003-04-18)

EIA-530 "communications, standard" (Formerly "RS-530") An {EIA} {serial line} {standard} which specifies {differential line} and {singe ended} communications. Combining {EIA-422} and {EIA-423}, and defining a 25-pin connector for mechanical connections, this standard serves as a complement to {EIA-232} for high(er) speed data transmissions. (2002-10-05)

eight-bit clean "software" A term which describes a system that deals correctly with extended {character sets} which (unlike ASCII) use all eight {bits} of a {byte}. Many programs and communications systems assume that all characters have codes in the range 0 to 127. This leaves the top bit of each byte free for use as a {parity} bit or some kind of {flag bit}. These assumptions break down when the program is used in some non-english-speaking countries with larger alphabets. If a binary file is transmitted via a communications link which is not eight-bit clean, it will be corrupted. To combat this you can encode it with {uuencode} which uses only {ASCII} characters. There are some links however which are not even "seven-bit clean" and cause problems even for uuencoded data. (1995-01-05)

electronic commerce "application, communications" (EC) The conducting of business communication and transactions over networks and through computers. As most restrictively defined, electronic commerce is the buying and selling of goods and services, and the transfer of funds, through digital communications. However EC also includes all inter-company and intra-company functions (such as marketing, finance, manufacturing, selling, and negotiation) that enable commerce and use {electronic mail}, {EDI}, file transfer, fax, {video conferencing}, {workflow}, or interaction with a remote computer. Electronic commerce also includes buying and selling over the {web} and the {Internet}, {electronic funds transfer}, {smart cards}, {digital cash} (e.g. Mondex), and all other ways of doing business over digital networks. [{Electronic Commerce Dictionary}]. (1995-10-08)

electronic data interchange "application, communications" (EDI) The exchange of standardised document forms between computer systems for business use. EDI is part of {electronic commerce}. EDI is most often used between different companies ("trading partners") and uses some variation of the {ANSI X12} {standard} (USA) or {EDIFACT} (UN sponsored global standard). [{Electronic Commerce Dictionary}]. (1995-10-06)

Electronic Frontier Foundation "body" (EFF) A group established to address social and legal issues arising from the impact on society of the increasingly pervasive use of computers as a means of communication and information distribution. EFF is a non-profit civil liberties public interest organisation working to protect freedom of expression, privacy, and access to on-line resources and information. {(}. (1994-12-08)

electronic funds transfer "application, communications" (EFT, EFTS, - system) Transfer of money initiated through electronic terminal, automated teller machine, computer, telephone, or {magnetic tape}. In the late 1990s, this increasingly includes transfer initiated via the {web}. The term also applies to credit card and automated bill payments. {Glossary (}. (1999-12-08)

electronic meeting "messaging" The use of a {network} of {personal computers} to improve communication that takes place in a meeting. Electronic meetings are effective with as few as two participants and with over 100 participants. Participants can be face-to-face in a meeting room or distributed around the world. They may all be participating at the same time or different times. {Getting Results from Electronic Meetings (}. (2014-09-20)

emoticon "messaging" /ee-moh'ti-kon/ (Or "smiley") An {ASCII} {glyph} used to indicate an emotional state in text-only {electronic messaging} systems such as {chat}, {electronic mail}, {SMS} or {news}. Although originally intended mostly as jokes, emoticons are widely recognised if not expected; the lack of verbal and visual cues can otherwise cause non-serious comments to be misinterpreted, resulting in offence, arguments and {flame wars}. Hundreds of emoticons have been proposed, but only a few are in common use. These include: :-) "smiley face" (for humour, laughter, friendliness, occasionally sarcasm) :-( "frowney face" (for sadness, anger, or upset) ;-) "half-smiley" (ha ha only serious); also known as "semi-smiley" or "winkey face". :-/ "wry face" These are more recognisable if you tilt your head to the left. The first two are by far the most frequently encountered. Hyphenless forms of them are also common. The acronym "{lol}" is also often used in the same context for the same effect (and is easier to type). The emoticon was invented by one Scott Fahlman on the {CMU} {bboard} systems on 1982-09-19. He later wrote: "I had no idea that I was starting something that would soon pollute all the world's communication channels." {GLS} confirms that he remembers this original posting, which has subsequently been {retrieved from a backup (}. As with exclamation marks, overuse of the smiley is a mark of loserhood! More than one per paragraph is a fairly sure sign that you've gone over the line. [{Jargon File}] (2010-05-16)

Emulator program "networking" (EP) {IBM} software that emulates a 2701/2/3 hard-wired {IBM 360} communications controller and resides in a 370x/372x/374x comms controller. See also {Partitioned Emulation Program} (PEP). (1999-01-29)

enhancement "marketing" 1. A change intended to make a product better in some way, e.g. new functions, faster, or occasionally more compatible with other systems. Enhancements to {hardware} components, especially {integrated circuits} often mean they are smaller and less demanding of resources. Sadly, this is almost never true of {software} enhancements. Examples include {Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications}, {Enhanced Capabilities Port}, {Enhanced Directory Service}, {Enhanced Dynamic Random Access Memory}, {Enhanced Graphics Adapter}, {Enhanced IDE}, {Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics}, {enhanced parallel port}, {Enhanced Small Disk Interface}, {List Enhanced}, {Privacy Enhanced Mail}. 2. {Marketroid}-speak for a {bug fix}. This abuse of language is a popular and time-tested way to turn incompetence into increased revenue. A hacker being ironic would instead call the fix a {feature}, or perhaps save some effort by declaring "{That's not a bug, that's a feature!}". [{Jargon File}] (1998-04-04)

Enterprise JavaBeans "specification, business, programming" (EJB) A {server}-side {component architecture} for writing reusable {business logic} and {portable} {enterprise} applications. EJB is the basis of {Sun}'s {Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition} (J2EE). Enterprise JavaBean components are written entirely in {Java} and run on any EJB compliant server. They are {operating system}, {platform}, and {middleware} independent, preventing vendor {lock-in}. EJB servers provide system-level services (the "plumbing") such as {transactions}, security, {threading}, and {persistence}. The EJB architecture is inherently transactional, {distributed}, {multi-tier}, {scalable}, secure, and {wire protocol} neutral - any {protocol} can be used: {IIOP}, {JRMP}, {HTTP}, {DCOM} etc. EJB 1.1 requires {RMI} for communication with components. EJB 2.0 is expected to require support for RMI/IIOP. EJB applications can serve assorted clients: {browsers}, Java, {ActiveX}, {CORBA} etc. EJB can be used to wrap {legacy systems}. EJB 1.1 was released in December 1999. EJB 2.0 is in development. Sun claims broad industry adoption. 30 vendors are shipping server products implementing EJB. Supporting vendors include {IBM}, {Fujitsu}, {Sybase}, {Borland}, {Oracle}, and {Symantec}. An alternative is Microsoft's MTS ({Microsoft Transaction Server}). {(}. {FAQ (}. (2000-04-20)

entropy ::: n. --> A certain property of a body, expressed as a measurable quantity, such that when there is no communication of heat the quantity remains constant, but when heat enters or leaves the body the quantity increases or diminishes. If a small amount, h, of heat enters the body when its temperature is t in the thermodynamic scale the entropy of the body is increased by h / t. The entropy is regarded as measured from some standard temperature and pressure. Sometimes called the thermodynamic function.

Envoy {Motorola}'s integrated personal wireless communicator. Envoy is a {personal digital assistant} which incorporates two-way wireless and wireline communication. It was announced on 7 March 1994 and released in the third quarter of 1994. It runs {Genral Magic}'s {Magic Cap} {operating system} and Telescript(TM) communications language on Motorola's {Dragon} chip set. This includes the highly integrated {Motorola 68349} processor and a special purpose {application specific integrated circuit} (ASIC) referred to as Astro. This chip set was designed specifically for {Magic Cap} and {Telescript}. A user can write on the Envoy communicator with the accompanying stylus or a finger, to type and select or move objects on its screen. An on-screen keyboard can be used to input information, draw or write personal notations, or send handwritten messages and faxes. Envoy can send a wireless message to another Envoy, {PC} or fax; broadcast a message to a group, with each member of that group receiving the message in their preferred format; gather information based on your requirements; schedule a meeting and automatically invite attendees; screen, route and organise messages; send a business card to another Envoy across a conference room table; access real-time scheduling and pricing information for US airline flights, then order tickets via fax or {electronic mail}; keep track of contacts through an address book; receive daily news summaries and stock information; capture, organize and review business and personal expenses on-the-go; gather, edit and analyze information in spreadsheets and graphs compatible with {Lotus 1-2-3} and {Excel}; shop in an electronic mall. {(}. [Was it released in Q3 '94?] (1995-01-18)

ephemeral port "networking" A {TCP} or {UDP} {port} number that is automatically allocated from a predefined range by the {TCP/IP stack} software, typically to provide the port for the client end of a {client-server} communication. {BSD} used ports 1024 through 4999 as ephemeral ports, though it is often desirable to increase this allocation. {(}. (2002-10-06)

epistle ::: n. --> A writing directed or sent to a person or persons; a written communication; a letter; -- applied usually to formal, didactic, or elegant letters.
One of the letters in the New Testament which were addressed to their Christian brethren by Apostles. ::: v. t.

equivalent isotropically radiated power "communications" (EIRP) The power radiated by a radio antenna calculated as the power output of the {intentional radiator} multiplied by the gain of the antenna (due to its shape). Limits are defined by the {FCC} and other national regulators. (2008-02-11)

ETSI {European Telecommunications Standards Institute}

European Telecommunications Standards Institute "body" (ETSI) A European version of the {ITU-T}(?). (1996-05-13)

excision ::: n. --> The act of excising or cutting out or off; extirpation; destruction.
The act of cutting off from the church; excommunication.
The removal, especially of small parts, with a cutting instrument.

excommunicable ::: a. --> Liable or deserving to be excommunicated; making excommunication possible or proper.

excommunication ::: n. --> The act of communicating or ejecting; esp., an ecclesiastical censure whereby the person against whom it is pronounced is, for the time, cast out of the communication of the church; exclusion from fellowship in things spiritual.

excommunion ::: --> A shutting out from communion; excommunication.

expanded memory "storage" Memory used through {EMS}. In systems based on {Intel 80386} or later processor expanded memory is part of the {extended memory} that is mapped into the {expanded memory page frame} by the processor. The mapping is controlled by the {EMM}. In earlier systems, a dedicated {EMS} hardware adaptor is needed to map memory into the page frame. In both cases, an appropriate {device driver} is needed for the proper communication between hardware and {EMM}. (1996-01-10)

expansion card "hardware" A circuit board which can be plugged into one of a computer's {expansion slots} to provide some optional extra facility such as additional {RAM}, {disk controller}, {coprocessor}, {graphics accelerator}, communication device or some special-purpose interface. Different computers have different standards for the cards they accept, e.g. {PCI}. (1998-06-26)

face-to-face "jargon, chat" (F2F, {IRL}) Used to describe personal interaction in real life as opposed to via some digital or electronic communications medium. (1997-01-31)

facsimile "communications" ("fax") A process by which fixed graphic material including pictures, text, or images is scanned and the information converted into electrical signals which are transmitted via telephone to produce a paper copy of the graphics on the receiving fax machine. Some {modems} can be used to send and receive fax data. {V.27 ter} and {V.29} {protocols} are used. [Details? Standards?] (2004-07-26)

fall back "communications" A feature of a {modem} {protocol} where two modems which experience data corruption, e.g. due to line noise, can renegotiate to use a lower speed connection, possibly applying {fall forward} if the channel improves. (2004-07-30)

fall forward "communications" A feature of a {modem} {protocol} where two modems which {fall back} to a lower speed because of data corruption can later return to the higher speed if the connection improves. (2004-07-30)

Fault Tolerant Unix "operating system" (FTX) {Stratus}'s own {Unix} {System V} Release 4 {multiprocessor} {operating system}. In 2016, FTX is supported but no longer developed. FTX was one of three operating systems supplied by Stratus on their hardware, the other two, {HP-UX} and {VOS}, were the more common choices, FTX was only sold on an exceptional basis. Early FTX 3.x releases used an in-house {virtual disk layer} (VDL) {driver}, but later releases switched to a version of {Veritas VxVM}. FTX supported many of the proprietary communications boards (ISDN, serial, parallel, X.25, etc.). {(} (1998-07-06)

Fax over IP "communications" (FoIP) Transmission of a {facsimile} over an {IP} networking instead of {PSTN}, analogous to {Voice over IP}. (1999-04-26)

federation "security" The establishment of some or all of business agreements, {cryptographic} trust and user identifiers or attributes across security and policy domains to enable more seamless business interaction. As {web services} promise to enable integration between business partners through {loose coupling} at the application and messaging layer, federation does so at the identity management layer, insulating each domain from the details of the others' authentication and authorization. Key to this loose coupling at the identity management layer are standardized mechanisms and formats for the communication of identity information between the domains. {SAML} is one such standard. (2011-05-12)

Fibre Channel "storage, networking, communications" An {ANSI} {standard} originally intended for high-speed {SANs} connecting {servers}, {disc arrays}, and {backup} devices, also later adapted to form the {physical layer} of {Gigabit Ethernet}. Development work on Fibre channel started in 1988 and it was approved by the ANSI standards committee in 1994, running at 100Mb/s. More recent innovations have seen the speed of Fibre Channel SANs increase to 10Gb/s. Several topologies are possible with Fibre Channel, the most popular being a number of devices attached to one (or two, for redundancy) central Fibre Channel switches, creating a reliable infrastructure that allows servers to share storage arrays or tape libraries. One common use of Fibre Channel SANs is for high availability databaseq clusters where two servers are connected to one highly reliable {RAID} array. Should one server fail, the other server can mount the array itself and continue operations with minimal {downtime} and loss of data. Other advanced features include the ability to have servers and {hard drives} seperated by hundreds of miles or to rapidly {mirror} data between servers and hard drives, perhaps in seperate geographic locations. {Fibre Channel Industry Association (} (FCIA). (2003-09-27)

FIR 1. "electronics" {Finite Impulse Response} (filter). 2. "standard" Fast Infrared. {Infrared} standard from {IrDA}, part of {IrDA Data}. FIR supports {synchronous} communications at 4 Mbps (and 1.115 Mbps?), at a distance of up to 1 metre. (1999-10-14)

flame "messaging" To rant, to speak or write incessantly and/or rabidly on some relatively uninteresting subject or with a patently ridiculous attitude or with hostility toward a particular person or group of people. "Flame" is used as a verb ("Don't flame me for this, but..."), a flame is a single flaming message, and "flamage" /flay'm*j/ the content. Flamage may occur in any medium (e.g. spoken, {electronic mail}, {Usenet} news, {web}). Sometimes a flame will be delimited in text by marks such as ""flame on"..."flame off"". The term was probably independently invented at several different places. Mark L. Levinson says, "When I joined the Harvard student radio station (WHRB) in 1966, the terms flame and flamer were already well established there to refer to impolite ranting and to those who performed it. Communication among the students who worked at the station was by means of what today you might call a paper-based Usenet group. Everyone wrote comments to one another in a large ledger. Documentary evidence for the early use of flame/flamer is probably still there for anyone fanatical enough to research it." It is reported that "flaming" was in use to mean something like "interminably drawn-out semi-serious discussions" (late-night bull sessions) at Carleton College during 1968-1971. {Usenetter} Marc Ramsey, who was at {WPI} from 1972 to 1976, says: "I am 99% certain that the use of "flame" originated at WPI. Those who made a nuisance of themselves insisting that they needed to use a {TTY} for "real work" came to be known as "flaming asshole lusers". Other particularly annoying people became "flaming asshole ravers", which shortened to "flaming ravers", and ultimately "flamers". I remember someone picking up on the Human Torch pun, but I don't think "flame on/off" was ever much used at WPI." See also {asbestos}. It is possible that the hackish sense of "flame" is much older than that. The poet Chaucer was also what passed for a wizard hacker in his time; he wrote a treatise on the astrolabe, the most advanced computing device of the day. In Chaucer's "Troilus and Cressida", Cressida laments her inability to grasp the proof of a particular mathematical theorem; her uncle Pandarus then observes that it's called "the fleminge of wrecches." This phrase seems to have been intended in context as "that which puts the wretches to flight" but was probably just as ambiguous in Middle English as "the flaming of wretches" would be today. One suspects that Chaucer would feel right at home on {Usenet}. [{Jargon File}] (2001-03-11)

flow control "communications, protocol" The collection of techniques used in serial communications to stop the sender sending data until the receiver can accept it. This may be either {software flow control} or {hardware flow control}. The receiver typically has a fixed size {buffer} into which received data is written as soon as it is received. When the amount of buffered data exceeds a "high water mark", the receiver will signal to the transmitter to stop transmitting until the process reading the data has read sufficient data from the buffer that it has reached its "low water mark", at which point the receiver signals to the transmitter to resume transmission. (1995-03-22)

FM 1. "communications" {Frequency Modulation}. 2. "jargon" Fucking Manual, a back-formation from {RTFM}. Used to refer to the manual itself. 3. "jargon" Fucking Magic, in the sense of {black magic}. (2001-04-30)

Foreign eXchange Office "communications" (FXO) An analog telephone plug on a handset that receives {POTS} service from the telephone exchange ("central office") via a {Foreign eXchange Subscriber} socket and provides on-hook/off-hook indication to the exchange. (2008-01-17)

Foreign eXchange Subscriber "communications" (FXS) A socket that provides analog telephone service ({POTS}) from the telephone exchange ("central office") to a handset with an {Foreign eXchange Office} plug. The socket provides {dial tone}, power and a ring signal. (2008-01-17)

Forward Error Correction "algorithm" (FEC) A class of methods for controling errors in a one-way {communication} system. FEC sends extra information along with the data, which can be used by the receiver to check and correct the data. A {CPU} writing data to {RAM} is a kind of one-way communication - see {error correcting memory} and {error checking and correction}. (1996-10-02)

FPLMTS "communications" {Future Public Land Mobile Telecommunications System}.

FRAD "communications" {Frame Relay Access Device}.

Frame Check Sequence "communications" (FCS) The extra characters added to a {frame} for {error detection and correction}(?). FCS is used in {X.25}, {HDLC}, {Frame Relay}, and other {data link layer} {protocols}. (1998-02-27)

Frame Relay Access Device "communications" (FRAD) Hardware and software that turns {packets} from {TCP}, {SNA}, {IPX}, etc into {frames} that can be sent over a {Frame Relay} {wide area network}. FRADs are a hot topic in data comms because companies like {Netlink}, {Motorola}, {Stratacom} are making lots of money out of them. (1995-11-17)

Frame Relay "communications" A {DTE}-{DCE} interface specification based on {LAPD} (Q.921), the {Integrated Services Digital Network} version of {LAPB} ({X.25} {data link layer}). A common specification was produced by a consortium of {StrataCom}, {Cisco}, {Digital}, and Northern Telecom. Frame Relay is the result of {wide area network}ing requirements for speed; {LAN}-{WAN} and LAN-LAN {internetworking}; "bursty" data communications; multiplicity of {protocols} and {protocol transparency}. These requirements can be met with technology such as {optical fibre} lines, allowing higher speeds and fewer transmission errors; intelligent network end devices ({personal computers}, {workstations}, and {servers}); standardisation and adoption of ISDN protocols. Frame Relay could connect dedicated lines and {X.25} to {ATM}, {SMDS}, {BISDN} and other "{fast packet}" technologies. Frame Relay uses the same basic {data link layer} {framing} and {Frame Check Sequence} so current {X.25} hardware still works. It adds addressing (a 10-bit {Data Link Connection Identifier} (DLCI)) and a few control bits but does not include retransmissions, link establishment, windows or error recovery. It has none of X.25's {session layer} but adds some simple interface management. Any {network layer} protocol can be used over the data link layer Frames. {Frame Relay Resource Center (}. (2000-07-14)

framing specification A specification of the "{protocol} bits" that surround the "data bits" on a communications channel to allow the data to be "framed" into chunks, like start and {stop bits} in {EIA-232}. It allows a receiver to synchronize at points along the data stream. (1995-01-13)

FRANK ["Using BINS for Interprocess Communication", P.C.J. Graham, SIGPLAN Notices 20(2):32-41 (Feb 1985)]. (1995-01-13)

Freenet Community-based bulletin board system with e-mail, information services, interactive communications, and conferencing. Freenets are funded and operated by individuals and volunteers - in one sense, like public television. They are part of the National Public Telecomputing Network (NPTN), an organisation based in Cleveland, Ohio, devoted to making computer telecommunication and networking services as freely available as public libraries.

frequency division multiplexing "communications" (FDM) The simultaneous transmission of multiple separate signals through a shared medium (such as a wire, {optical fibre}, or light beam) by modulating, at the transmitter, the separate signals into separable frequency bands, and adding those results linearly either before transmission or within the medium. While thus combined, all the signals may be amplified, conducted, translated in frequency and routed toward a destination as a single signal, resulting in economies which are the motivation for multiplexing. Apparatus at the receiver separates the multiplexed signals by means of frequency passing or rejecting filters, and demodulates the results individually, each in the manner appropriate for the modulation scheme used for that band or group. Bands are joined to form groups, and groups may then be joined into larger groups; this process may be considered recursively, but such technique is common only in large and sophisticated systems and is not a necessary part of FDM. Neither the transmitters nor the receivers need be close to each other; ordinary radio, television, and cable service are examples of FDM. It was once the mainstay of the long distance telephone system. The more recently developed {time division multiplexing} in its several forms lends itself to the handling of digital data, but the low cost and high quality of available FDM equipment, especially that intended for television signals, make it a reasonable choice for many purposes. Compare {wavelength division multiplexing}, {time division multiplexing}, {code division multiplexing}. (2001-06-28)

Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum "communications" (FH, FHSS) A variation of {spread spectrum communications} in which a sequence of {pseudo random numbers} control a {frequency synthesizer}, generating different carrier frequencies that "hop around" in the desired frequency range. The receiver tunes to the same sequence of carrier frequencies in synchronisation with the transmitter. Frequency hopping spread spectrum was invented by Hedy Lamarr ("the most beautiful girl in the world", Samson and Delilah etc.) and the composer George Antheil. They held a patent filed in 1942. (2009-07-01)

Frequency Modulation "communications" (FM) A method of encoding data by varying the frequency of a constant amplitude {carrier signal}. Contrast {Amplitude Modulation}. (2001-04-02)

Frequency Shift Keying "communications" (FSK) The use of {frequency modulation} to transmit digital data, i.e. two different {carrier} frequencies are used to represent zero and one. FSK was originally used to transmit {teleprinter} messages by radio ({RTTY}) but can be used for most other types of radio and land-line digital telegraphy. More than two frequencies can be used to increase transmission rates. (1997-07-14)

fsck 1. "operating system" file system check. The {Unix} program that checks a {file system} for internal consistency and bad blocks etc. and can repair some faults. fsck is often used after a {crash} when the file system has been left in an inconsistent state, e.g. due to incomplete flushing of {buffers}. (1998-03-06) 2. "jargon" Used on {Usenet} {newsgroup} alt.sysadmin.recovery as substitute for "fuck" and became more main-stream after the {Communications Decency Act}. (1998-03-06)

full-duplex "communications" (fdx, from {telegraphy}) 1. A type of {duplex} communications channel which carries data in both directions at once. On purely {digital} connections, full-duplex communication requires two pairs of wires. On {analog} networks or in digital networks using carriers, it is achieved by dividing the {bandwidth} of the line into two frequencies, one for sending, and the other for receiving. 2. An obsolete term for {remote echo}. Compare {simplex}, {half-duplex}, {double-duplex}. (2001-07-21)

General Dynamics Canada Ltd "company" A Canadian defence electronics company that makes direct and indirect fire control {systems}, vehicle electronics, reconnaissance vehicle surveillance systems, computerised laser sight for anti-tank weapons, tactical {communication systems}, headquarters information distribution system, tactical voice and distribution systems, acoustic signal processing, ASW mission systems, sonobuoy {processors}, active sonar systems, towed array sonar systems, tactical acoustic trainer, {Mil-Spec} {electroluminiscent displays}, large multi-sensor displays, coastal intrusion detection systems and {fibre-optic} distribution systems. The company was founded in 1948 as "Computing Devices Canada Ltd.", part of the Ceridian group of companies. It was renamed General Dynamics Canada Ltd. on 2002-01-01. {General Dynamics Canada (}. (2013-01-20)

General Magic A software company based in Mountain View, California. Products released in 1994 after four years in development include: {Telescript} - a communications-oriented programming language; {Magic Cap} - an {OOPS} designed for {PDAs}; and a new, third generation {GUI}. {Motorola}'s {Envoy}, due for release in the third quarter of 1994, will use {Magic Cap} as its {OS}. What {PostScript} did for cross-{platform}, device-independent documents, Telescript aims to do for cross-{platform}, network-independent messaging. Telescript protects programmers from many of the complexities of network protocols. Competitors for Magic Cap include {Microsoft}'s {Windows for Pens}/{Winpad}, {PenPoint}, {Apple Computer}'s {Newton Intelligence} and {GEOS} by {GeoWorks}. {(}. (1995-02-23)

General Packet Radio Service "communications" (GPRS) A {GSM} data transmission technique that transmits and receives data in {packets}. This contrasts with systems that set up a persistent channel. GPRS makes very efficient use of available radio spectrum, and users pay only for the volume of data sent and received. See also: {packet radio}. (1999-09-12)

Glish Glish is an interpretive language for building loosely-coupled distributed systems from modular, event-oriented programs. Written by Vern Paxson "". These programs are written in conventional languages such as C, C++, or Fortran. Glish scripts can create local and remote processes and control their communication. Glish also provides a full, array-oriented programming language (similar to {S}) for manipulating binary data sent between the processes. In general Glish uses a centralised communication model where interprocess communication passes through the Glish {interpreter}, allowing dynamic modification and rerouting of data values, but Glish also supports point-to-point links between processes when necessary for high performance. Version 2.4.1 includes an {interpreter}, {C++} {class} library and user manual. It requires C++ and there are ports to {SunOS}, {Ultrix}, an {HP/UX} (rusty). {(}. ["Glish: A User-Level Software Bus for Loosely-Coupled Distributed Systems," Vern Paxson and Chris Saltmarsh, Proceedings of the 1993 Winter USENIX Conference, San Diego, CA, January, 1993]. (1993-11-01)

Global Positioning System "communications" (GPS) A system for determining postion on the Earth's surface by comparing radio signals from several satellites. When completed the system will consist of 24 satellites equipped with radio transmitters and atomic clocks. Depending on your geographic location, the GPS receiver samples data from up to six satellites, it then calculates the time taken for each satellite signal to reach the GPS receiver, and from the difference in time of reception, determines your location. ["Global Positioning by Satellite"? Precison? Coverage? Web page?] (1998-02-10)

Global System for Mobile Communications "communications" (GSM) One of the major {standards} for digital {mobile} communications. In 1982, the Groupe Speciale Mobile was formed by the {Confederation of European Posts and Telecommunications} (CEPT) to design a pan-European mobile technology. GSM was named after the "Groupe de travail Spéciale pour les services Mobiles" group of {CEPT} that wrote the first GSM specifications. By 2011, GSM was in use in over 60 countries and serving over six billion subscribers. The GSM standard uses the 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1900 MHz bands. {GPRS} allows {packet switched} data communications over GSM, and is widely used for {web} and {electronic mail} access from mobile devices. {GSM History (}. (2017-01-03)

go voice "communications" When two or more parties stop communicating digitally and resuming the conversation via voice communication over the telephone. Prototypically this is used (e.g., "Wanna go voice?") between two modem users to denote the action of picking up the phone while shutting off the modem, in order to use the same line for voice communication as had was being used for data transmission. Compare: {Voice-Net}. (1997-01-31)

granularity "jargon, parallel" The size of the units of {code} under consideration in some context. The term generally refers to the level of detail at which code is considered, e.g. "You can specify the granularity for this profiling tool". The most common computing use is in {parallelism} or {concurrency} where "fine grain parallelism" means individual tasks are relatively small in terms of code size and execution time, "coarse grain" is the opposite. You talk about the "granularity" of the parallelism. The smaller the granularity, the greater the potential for parallelism and hence speed-up but the greater the overheads of synchronisation and communication. (1997-05-08)

Graphical User Interface "operating system" (GUI) The use of pictures rather than just words to represent the input and output of a program. A program with a GUI runs under some {windowing system} (e.g. The {X Window System}, {MacOS}, {Microsoft Windows}, {Acorn} {RISC OS}, {NEXTSTEP}). The program displays certain {icons}, {buttons}, {dialogue boxes}, etc. in its {windows} on the screen and the user controls it mainly by moving a {pointer} on the screen (typically controlled by a {mouse}) and selecting certain objects by pressing buttons on the mouse while the pointer is pointing at them. This contrasts with a {command line interface} where communication is by exchange of strings of text. Windowing systems started with the first {real}-time graphic display systems for computers, namely the {SAGE} Project [Dates?] and {Ivan Sutherland}'s {Sketchpad} (1963). {Douglas Engelbart}'s {Augmentation of Human Intellect} project at {SRI} in the 1960s developed the {On-Line System}, which incorporated a mouse-driven cursor and multiple windows. Several people from Engelbart's project went to Xerox PARC in the early 1970s, most importantly his senior engineer, {Bill English}. The Xerox PARC team established the {WIMP} concept, which appeared commercially in the {Xerox 8010} (Star) system in 1981. Beginning in 1980(?), led by {Jef Raskin}, the {Macintosh} team at {Apple Computer} (which included former members of the Xerox PARC group) continued to develop such ideas in the first commercially successful product to use a GUI, the Apple Macintosh, released in January 1984. In 2001 Apple introduced {Mac OS X}. {Microsoft} modeled the first version of {Windows}, released in 1985, on Mac OS. Windows was a GUI for {MS-DOS} that had been shipped with {IBM PC} and compatible computers since 1981. Apple sued Microsoft over infringement of the look-and-feel of the MacOS. The court case ran for many years. [Wikipedia]. (2002-03-25)

GSM {Global System for Mobile Communications}

H.264 "video, standard" (Or Advanced Video Coding, AVC) A low {bit rate} visual communication {standard} used in {video conferencing}. H.264 was developed by {MPEG} and {ITU-T} {VCEG} to replace {H.263}. {Video and image compression resources and research (}. (2007-03-16)

H.323 "communications, standard" The {ITU-T standard} for sending {voice} ({audio}) and {video} using {IP} on a {LAN} without {QoS}. H.323 includes {Q.931} for call setup, {H.225} for call signalling, {H.245} for exchanging terminal capabilities, {RTP}/{RTCP} for packet streaming, {G.711}/{G.712} for {CODECs}, and several other {protcols}, many of which need to be negotiated to setup a simple voice call. The complexity of H.323 has lead to the {IETF} proposing the simpler alternatives {SIP} and {MGCP}/{Megaco}. (2003-11-30)

hakspek "jargon" /hak'speek/ A shorthand method of spelling found on many British academic bulletin boards and {chat} systems. Syllables and whole words in a sentence are replaced by single {ASCII} characters the names of which are phonetically similar or equivalent, while multiple letters are usually dropped. Hence, "for" becomes "4"; "two", "too", and "to" become "2"; "ck" becomes "k". "Before I see you tomorrow" becomes "b4 i c u 2moro". First appeared in London about 1986, and was probably caused by the slowness of available {talk} systems, which operated on archaic machines with outdated {operating systems} and no standard methods of communication. Has become rarer since. See also {chat}, {B1FF}, {ASCIIbonics}. [{Jargon File}] (1998-01-25)

half-duplex "communications" (hdx, from {telegraphy}) 1. A type of communication channel using a single circuit which can carry data in either direction but not both directions at once. Compare: {simplex}, {full-duplex}. 2. An obsolete term for {local echo}. (2001-07-21)

handover "communications" (HO, or "handoff") the mechanism by which an on-going cellular connection between a {mobile terminal} (MT, typically a {mobile phone}) or {mobile host} (MH) and a corresponding terminal or host is transferred from one point of access of the fixed network to another. Handover may occur because the phone is leaving its current cell, to balance demand between cells, to reduce interference or to transfer a user who has stopped moving to a nearby cell with shorter range. (2010-05-07)

handshaking 1. Predetermined hardware or software activity designed to establish or maintain two machines or programs in synchronisation. Handshaking often concerns the exchange of messages or {packets} of data between two systems with limited {buffers}. A simple handshaking {protocol} might only involve the receiver sending a message meaning "I received your last message and I am ready for you to send me another one." A more complex handshaking {protocol} might allow the sender to ask the receiver if he is ready to receive or for the receiver to reply with a negative acknowledgement meaning "I did not receive your last message correctly, please resend it" (e.g. if the data was corrupted en route). {Hardware handshaking} uses voltage levels or pulses on wires to carry the handshaking signals whereas {software handshaking} uses data units (e.g. {ASCII} characters) carried by some underlying communication medium. {Flow control} in bit-serial data transmission such as {EIA-232} may use either hardware or software handshaking. 2. The method used by two {modems} to establish contact with each other and to agreee on {baud rate}, {error correction} and {compression} {protocols}. 3. The exchange of predetermined signals between agents connected by a communications channel to assure each that it is connected to the other (and not to an imposter). This may also include the use of passwords and codes by an operator. [{Jargon File}] (1995-01-13)

hardware handshaking "communications" A technique for regulating the flow of data across an interface by means of signals carried on separate wires. A common example is the RTS (Request to Send) and CTS (Clear to Send) signals on an {EIA-232} {serial line}. The alternative, {software handshaking}, uses two special characters inserted into the data stream to carry the same information. (1995-01-23)

Hayes-compatible "communications" A description of a {modem} which understands the same set of commands as one made by {Hayes}. [What are the commands?] (1996-12-08)

heavyweight High-overhead; {baroque}; code-intensive; featureful, but costly. Especially used of communication protocols, language designs, and any sort of implementation in which maximum generality and/or ease of implementation has been pushed at the expense of mundane considerations such as speed, memory use and startup time. {Emacs} is a heavyweight editor; {X} is an *extremely* heavyweight window system. This term isn't pejorative, but one hacker's heavyweight is another's {elephantine} and a third's monstrosity. Opposite: "lightweight". Usage: now borders on technical especially in the compound "heavyweight process". (1994-12-22)

hello packet "networking, communications" An {OSPF} {packet} sent periodically on each {network interface}, real or {virtual}, to discover and test connections to neighbours. Hello packets are multicast on physical networks capable of {multicasting} or {broadcasting} to enable dynamic {router} discovery. They include the parameters that routers connected to a common network must agree on. Hello packets increase network resilience by, e.g., allowing a router to establish a secondary connection when a primary connection fails. (1999-11-02)

Hence in its widest sense Scholasticism embraces all the intellectual activities, artistic, philosophical and theological, carried on in the medieval schools. Any attempt to define its narrower meaning in the field of philosophy raises serious difficulties, for in this case, though the term's comprehension is lessened, it still has to cover many centuries of many-faced thought. However, it is still possible to list several characteristics sufficient to differentiate Scholastic from non-Scholastic philosophy. While ancient philosophy was the philosophy of a people and modern thought that of individuals, Scholasticism was the philosophy of a Christian society which transcended the characteristics of individuals, nations and peoples. It was the corporate product of social thought, and as such its reasoning respected authority in the forms of tradition and revealed religion. Tradition consisted primarily in the systems of Plato and Aristotle as sifted, adapted and absorbed through many centuries. It was natural that religion, which played a paramount role in the culture of the middle ages, should bring influence to bear on the medieval, rational view of life. Revelation was held to be at once a norm and an aid to reason. Since the philosophers of the period were primarily scientific theologians, their rational interests were dominated by religious preoccupations. Hence, while in general they preserved the formal distinctions between reason and faith, and maintained the relatively autonomous character of philosophy, the choice of problems and the resources of science were controlled by theology. The most constant characteristic of Scholasticism was its method. This was formed naturally by a series of historical circumstances,   The need of a medium of communication, of a consistent body of technical language tooled to convey the recently revealed meanings of religion, God, man and the material universe led the early Christian thinkers to adopt the means most viable, most widely extant, and nearest at hand, viz. Greek scientific terminology. This, at first purely utilitarian, employment of Greek thought soon developed under Justin, Clement of Alexandria, Origin, and St. Augustine into the "Egyptian-spoils" theory; Greek thought and secular learning were held to be propaedeutic to Christianity on the principle: "Whatever things were rightly said among all men are the property of us Christians." (Justin, Second Apology, ch. XIII). Thus was established the first characteristic of the Scholastic method: philosophy is directly and immediately subordinate to theology.   Because of this subordinate position of philosophy and because of the sacred, exclusive and total nature of revealed wisdom, the interest of early Christian thinkers was focused much more on the form of Greek thought than on its content and, it might be added, much less of this content was absorbed by early Christian thought than is generally supposed. As practical consequences of this specialized interest there followed two important factors in the formation of Scholastic philosophy:     Greek logic en bloc was taken over by Christians;     from the beginning of the Christian era to the end of the XII century, no provision was made in Catholic centers of learning for the formal teaching of philosophy. There was a faculty to teach logic as part of the trivium and a faculty of theology.   For these two reasons, what philosophy there was during this long period of twelve centuries, was dominated first, as has been seen, by theology and, second, by logic. In this latter point is found rooted the second characteristic of the Scholastic method: its preoccupation with logic, deduction, system, and its literary form of syllogistic argumentation.   The third characteristic of the Scholastic method follows directly from the previous elements already indicated. It adds, however, a property of its own gained from the fact that philosophy during the medieval period became an important instrument of pedogogy. It existed in and for the schools. This new element coupled with the domination of logic, the tradition-mindedness and social-consciousness of the medieval Christians, produced opposition of authorities for or against a given problem and, finally, disputation, where a given doctrine is syllogistically defended against the adversaries' objections. This third element of the Scholastic method is its most original characteristic and accounts more than any other single factor for the forms of the works left us from this period. These are to be found as commentaries on single or collected texts; summae, where the method is dialectical or disputational in character.   The main sources of Greek thought are relatively few in number: all that was known of Plato was the Timaeus in the translation and commentary of Chalcidius. Augustine, the pseudo-Areopagite, and the Liber de Causis were the principal fonts of Neoplatonic literature. Parts of Aristotle's logical works (Categoriae and de Interpre.) and the Isagoge of Porphyry were known through the translations of Boethius. Not until 1128 did the Scholastics come to know the rest of Aristotle's logical works. The golden age of Scholasticism was heralded in the late XIIth century by the translations of the rest of his works (Physics, Ethics, Metaphysics, De Anima, etc.) from the Arabic by Gerard of Cremona, John of Spain, Gundisalvi, Michael Scot, and Hermann the German, from the Greek by Robert Grosseteste, William of Moerbeke, and Henry of Brabant. At the same time the Judae-Arabian speculation of Alkindi, Alfarabi, Avencebrol, Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides together with the Neoplatonic works of Proclus were made available in translation. At this same period the Scholastic attention to logic was turned to metaphysics, even psychological and ethical problems and the long-discussed question of the universals were approached from this new angle. Philosophy at last achieved a certain degree of autonomy and slowly forced the recently founded universities to accord it a separate faculty.

Hermes "language" An experimental, very high level, integrated language and system from the {IBM} {Watson Research Centre}, produced in June 1990. It is designed for implementation of large systems and distributed applications, as well as for general-purpose programming. It is an {imperative language}, {strongly typed} and is a {process-oriented} successor to {NIL}. Hermes hides distribution and heterogeneity from the programmer. The programmer sees a single {abstract machine} containing processes that communicate using calls or sends. The {compiler}, not the programmer, deals with the complexity of data structure layout, local and remote communication, and interaction with the {operating system}. As a result, Hermes programs are portable and easy to write. Because the programming paradigm is simple and high level, there are many opportunities for optimisation which are not present in languages which give the programmer more direct control over the machine. Hermes features {threads}, {relational tables}Hermes is, {typestate} checking, {capability}-based access and {dynamic configuration}. Version 0.8alpha patchlevel 01 runs on {RS/6000}, {Sun-4}, {NeXT}, {IBM-RT}/{BSD4.3} and includes a {bytecode compiler}, a bytecode-"C compiler and {run-time support}. {0.7alpha for Unix (}. E-mail: "", Andy Lowry "". {Usenet} newsgroup: {}. ["Hermes: A Language for Distributed Computing". Strom, Bacon, Goldberg, Lowry, Yellin, Yemini. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. 1991. ISBN: O-13-389537-8]. (1992-03-22)

Hewlett-Packard (HP) Hewlett-Packard designs, manufactures and services electronic products and systems for measurement, computation and communications. The company's products and services are used in industry, business, engineering, science, medicine and education in approximately 110 countries. HP was founded in 1939 and employs 96600 people, 58900 in the USA. They have manufacturing and R&D establishments in 54 cities in 16 countries and approximately 600 sales and service offices in 110 countries. Their revenue (in 1992/1993?) was $20.3 billion. The Chief Executive Officer is Lewis E. Platt. HP's stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the Pacific, Tokyo, London, Frankfurt, Zurich and Paris exchanges. Quarterly sales $6053M, profits $347M (Aug 1994). {(}. (1994-09-26)

High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line "communications, protocol" (HDSL) A form of {Digital Subscriber Line}, providing {T1} or {E1} connections over two or three {twisted-pair} copper lines, respectively. Unlike most other forms of DSL HDSL is not a typical consumer service, it's used mostly to replace traditional T1/E1 connections, such as connecting {PBXes} to {telco} offices. The advantage of HDSL over the {Alternate Mark Inversion} line coding scheme traditionally used on T1/E1 lines is that it requires about an order of magnitude lower bandwidth to carry the same traffic. (1998-05-18)

High-level Data Link Control "networking" (HDLC) A general-purpose {data link} control {protocol} defined by {ISO} for use on both point-to-point and {multipoint} (multidrop) data links. It supports {full-duplex}, {transparent-mode} operation. It is used extensively in both multipoint and computer networks. Some manufacturers and other standards bodies still use their own acronyms, e.g. {IBM}'s SDLC ({Synchronous Data Link Control}), the forerunner of HDLC and {ANSI}'s ADCCP ({Advanced Data Communications Control Procedure}). [Fred Halsall, "Data Communications, Computer Networks and Open Systems" 4th edition, 1996, p.237, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Reading, Mass., USA]. (1997-11-09)

high moby /hi:' mohb'ee/ The high half of a 512K {PDP-10}'s physical address space; the other half was of course the low moby. This usage has been generalised in a way that has outlasted the {PDP-10}; for example, at the 1990 Washington D.C. Area Science Fiction Conclave (Disclave), when a miscommunication resulted in two separate wakes being held in commemoration of the shutdown of MIT's last {ITS} machines, the one on the upper floor was dubbed the "high moby" and the other the "low moby". All parties involved {grok}ked this instantly. See {moby}. [{Jargon File}]

High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) High performance computing includes scientific workstations, supercomputer systems, high speed networks, special purpose and experimental systems, the new generation of large scale parallel systems, and application and systems software with all components well integrated and linked over a high speed network. ["Grand Challenges 1993: High Performance Computing and Communications", Committee on Physical, Mathematical and Engineering Sciences of the Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology.]

High Performance Serial Bus "hardware, standard" (Or "{IEEE} 1394") A 1995 {Macintosh}/{IBM PC} {serial bus} interface {standard} offering {isochronous} {real-time} data transfer. 1394 can transfer data between a computer and its {peripherals} at 100, 200, or 400 {Mbps}, with a planed increase to 2 {Gbps}. Cable length is limited to 4.5 m but up to 16 cables can be daisy-chained yielding a total length of 72 m. It can {daisy-chain} together up to 63 peripherals in a tree-like structure (as opposed to {SCSI}'s linear structure). It allows peer-to-peer communication, e.g. between a {scanner} and a {printer}, without using system memory or the {CPU}. It is designed to support {plug-and-play} and {hot swapping}. Its six-wire cable is not only more convenient than SCSI cables but can supply up to 60 watts of power, allowing low-consumption devices to operate without a separate power cord. Some expensive camcorders included this bus from 1995. It is expected to be used to carry {SCSI}, with possible application to {home automation} using {repeaters}. {Sony} calls it {I-Link}, most people call it "FireWire". See also {Universal Serial Bus}, {FC-AL}. (2014-09-06)

High Speed Circuit Switched Data "communications" (HSCSD) A planned feature of {GSM Phase 2} defining a standard for {circuit switched} data transmission over a {GSM} link at up to 57.6 (78.8?) {kbps}. This is achieved by concatenating up to four consecutive GSM {timeslots}, each of which is capable of 14.4 kbit/s. It uses {multiplexing} and {compression} or filtering. The following services toward the fixed network are supported: {V.34} up to 28.8 kbps and {V.110} with rate adaptation up to 38.4 kbps. HSCSD is aimed at {mobile workstation} users. As it is circuit switched, it is suited to {streaming} applications such as {video conferencing} and {multimedia}. {Bursty} applications like {electronic mail}, are more suited to {packet switched} data (as in {GPRS}). {Ericsson (}. {(}. (1999-12-04)

High-speed Net Connect "hardware, communications" (HNC) A network interface unit for {BS2000} {mainframes} based on {Novell NetWare}, supporting {Ethernet} and {FDDI}. (2005-02-11)

high speed serial interface "hardware, communications" (HSSI) A {serial port} which supports serial transmit speeds of up to 52 megabits per second. It is typically used for leased lines such as {DS3} (44.736 Mbps) and {E3} (34 Mbps) and for {Wide Area Network} devices such as {routers}. (1995-11-20)

Home Phoneline Networking Alliance "communications, networking, protocol, standard" (HomePNA) A non-profit association of more than 100 technology companies working together to ensure adoption of a phone line {networking} standard which should provide high-speed, affordable home networking. The Home Phoneline Networking Alliance (HomePNA) was founded in June 1998 by {3Com}, {AMD}, {AT&T Wireless Services}, {Compaq}, Conexant, Epigram, {Hewlett-Packard}, {IBM}, {Intel}, {Lucent Technologies}, Rockwell Semiconductor Systems, and Tut Systems. The membership now spans the networking, telecommunications, {hardware}, {software}, and consumer electronics industries. The alliance was originally formed because of the increasing demand for home networking caused by the growing number of homes with multiple PCs (and other devices) to connect together to provide facilities such as shared {Internet} access, {networked gaming}, and sharing of {peripherals}, {files} and {applications}. The member companies aimed to develop {open standards} to ensure compatibility between different manufacturers' products. They also decided that this should be done using the phone wiring that already existed in people's homes. The concept of "no new wires" networking meant installation was simpler. HomePNA's original specifications could be used to create a 1 {Mbps} (megabits per second) {Ethernet}-compatible {LAN} with no {hubs}, {routers}, {splitters} or {terminations}. Adapters would allow any computer (or other device) with an Ethernet port to be linked to the home network. Up to 25 PCs, peripherals and network devices can be connected to such a network. On 1999-12-01, the HomePNA announced a new release of its networking technology specification, called Home PNA 2.0. Like the first specification, it uses existing phone lines, but it can operate at speeds up to 10 Mbps. The new version is {backwardly compatible} with the original 1 Mbps HomePNA technology, and is designed to provide faster networks suitable for future voice, video and data applications. { (}. {HomePNA.Com (}. (2000-03-24)

Hope+ "language, functional programming" An extension of {Hope} implemented in the Alvey {Flagship} project at {Imperial College}. Hope+ has vectors, real numbers, best fit {pattern matching}, lazy data constructors, absolute {set abstractions} and {constraints}. It has a {continuation}-based I/O system with {referential transparency} and is capable of handling all common I/O tasks such as terminal and file I/O, {signal} handling and interprocess communications. It has {modules} and {separate compilation}. See also {Hope+C}, {Massey Hope}, {Concurrent Massey Hope}. ["Hope+", N. Perry, Imperial College, IC/FPR/LANG/2.5.1/7, 1988.] (1999-08-24)

host 1. "networking" A computer connected to a {network}. The term {node} includes devices such as routers and printers which would not normally be called "hosts". 2. "communications" A computer to which one connects using a {terminal emulator}. (1995-02-16)

Hotline 1. "company" {Hotline Communications Ltd.}. 2. "messaging" {Hotline Connect}. (1999-12-07)

Hotline Communications Ltd. "company" The company that developes and distributes {Hotline Connect}. {(}. (1999-12-07)

Hotline Connect "messaging" A suite of communication products developed by {Hotline Communications Ltd.} Hotline Connect is a {real-time}, {multi-platform Internet}/{Intranet} communication suite, that operates independent of the {web}. It provides easy-to-use private and public {virtual community} building and live interaction with real-time {chat}, conferencing, {messaging}, {data warehousing}, {file transfer}, and viewing. Version: 1.7.2, as of 1999-12-07. (1999-12-07)

HPCC {High Performance Computing and Communications}

hyperotreta ::: n. pl. --> An order of marsipobranchs, including the Myxine or hagfish and the genus Bdellostoma. They have barbels around the mouth, one tooth on the plate, and a communication between the nasal aperture and the throat. See Hagfish.

IBM 3720 "hardware" A {communications controller} made by {IBM}, suitable for use in an {IBM S/390}. Official service support was withdrawn in 1999 in favour of the {IBM 3745}. {(}. (2000-02-21)

IC Prolog II "language, Prolog" {Imperial College} Prolog. A {Prolog} with {multi-threading}, {TCP} primitives for {interprocess communication}, {mailboxes}, and an interface to {Parlog}. {(}. ["IC Prolog II: A Language for Implementing Multi-Agent Systems", Y. Cosmadopoulos et al, in Tutorial and Workshop on Cooperating Knowledge Based Systems, Keele U 1992]. (1994-11-01)

ICT 1. "education" {Information and Communication Technology}. 2. "testing" {In Circuit Test}. (2000-04-04)

Idol: (Gr. eidolon, and Lat. idolum, image or likeness) Democritus (5th c. B.C.) tried to explain sense perception by means of the emission of little particles (eidola) from the sense object. This theory and the term, idolum, are known throughout the later middle ages, but in a pejorative sense, as indicating a sort of "second-hand" knowledge. G. Bruno is usually credited with the earliest Latin use of the term to name that which leads philosophers into error, but this is an unmerited honor. The most famous usage occurs in F. Bacon's Novum Oiganum, I, 39-68, where the four chief causes of human error in philosophy and science are called the Idols of the Tribe (weakness of understanding in the whole human race), of the Cave (individual prejudices and mental defects), of the Forum (faults of language in the communication of ideas), and of the Theatre (faults arising from received systems of philosophy). A very similar teaching, without the term, idol, had been developed by Grosseteste and Roger Bacon in the 13th century. -- V.J.R.

If we regard the Powers of the Reality as so many Godheads, we can say that the Overmind releases a million Godheads into action, each empowered to create its own world, each world capable of relation, communication and interplay with the others. There are in the Veda different formulations of the nature of the Gods: it is said they are all one Existence to which the sages give different names; yet each God is worshipped as if he by himself is that Existence, one who is all the other Gods together or contains them in his being; and yet again each is a separate Deity acting sometimes in unison with companion deities, sometimes separately, sometimes even in apparent opposition to other Godheads of the same Existence. In the Supermind all this would be held together as a harmonised play of the one Existence; in the Overmind each of these three conditions could be a separate action or basis of action and have its own principle of development and consequences and yet each keep the power to combine with the others in a more composite harmony. As with the One Existence, so with its Consciousness and Force. The One Consciousness is separated into many independent forms of consciousness and knowledge; each follows out its own line of truth which it has to realise. The one total and many-sided Real-Idea is split up into its many sides; each becomes an independent Idea-Force with the power to realise itself. The one Consciousness-Force is liberated into its million forces, and each of these forces has the right to fulfil itself or to assume, if needed, a hegemony and take up for its own utility the other forces. So too the Delight of Existence is loosed out into all manner of delights and each can carry in itself its independent fullness or sovereign extreme. Overmind thus gives to the One Existence-Consciousness-Bliss the character of a teeming of infinite possibilities which can be developed into a multitude of worlds or thrown together into one world in which the endlessly variable…

IGC {Institute for Global Communications}

ilm al yaqin :::   knowledge through research, written or verbal communication

impression ::: n. --> The act of impressing, or the state of being impressed; the communication of a stamp, mold, style, or character, by external force or by influence.
That which is impressed; stamp; mark; indentation; sensible result of an influence exerted from without.
That which impresses, or exercises an effect, action, or agency; appearance; phenomenon.
Influence or effect on the senses or the intellect

IMS/Data Communications "database" (IMS/DC) The {teleprocessing monitor}/{transaction processing} sytem in {IMS} from {IBM}. (1999-01-11)

in-band signalling "communications" (Or CAS, channel associated signaling) Transmission of control signals in the same channel as data. This is commonly used in the {Public Switched Telephone Network} where the same pair of wires carry both voice and control signals (e.g. dialling, ringing). Another example is the use on a computer {serial line} of Control-S and Control-Q characters for {flow control} as opposed to {hardware flow control} which would be out-of-band signalling. In digital communications, in-band signalling often uses "bit-robbing" where, for example, one {bit} in each {frame} is used for signalling instead of data. This is the reason why a {D1} channel in the T-carrier system can only carry 56 Kbps of usable data instead of the 64 Kbps carried by the {D0} channel in the E-carrier system. (2007-01-26)

Information and Communication Technology "education" (ICT) The study of the technology used to handle information and aid communication. The phrase was coined by [?] Stevenson in his 1997 report to the UK government and promoted by the new National Curriculum documents for the UK in 2000. In addition to the subjects included in {Information Technology} (IT), ICT emcompasses areas such as {telephony}, {broadcast media} and all types of {audio} and {video} processing and transmission. {(}. (2008-09-19)

Information Infrastructure Task Force "networking, body" (IITF) A US government body created in 1993 by President Clinton to control and oversee the {NII} project. The IITF consists of representatives of the federal agencies involved in information technology. They work with the private sector to develop policy. Various IITF committees work on telecommunications, {IPR}, {privacy}, government information and applications. In 2013, the IITF does not appear to have any presence on the {WWW}, which strongly suggests that it no longer exists (or that it is pretty out of touch with modern information infrastructure). {(}. [Did it ever achieve anything? What happened to it?] (2013-11-16)

Information Innovation A group of companies with offices in Amsterdam and New York which acts as an information filter for the {web}. They analyse what happens in the Web community and organise the Web's information so that it is accessible and efficient to use. Information Innovation provides: "The Management Guide" - a guide for managers in the information age. The Guide consists of 22 parts, each concentrating on a particular technology or issue facing managers. Topics range from {Artificial Intelligence} and Telecommunications to Finance and Marketing. Each part contains references to additional valuable information, including {CD ROMs}, conferences, magazines, articles and books. "The Hypergraphic Matrix" - a "hypergraphic" matrix of 250 graphics discussing the interrelationships between technology, change, business functions and specific industries. "Dictionary" - the largest Internet dictionary on management and technology. "The Delphi Oracle" - a comprehensive guide to the latest management ideas and issues. Over 500 articles and books have been read, analysed, rated and catalogued. "Management Software" - a guide to software which is useful to managers. Both Web software, Internet software and commecial products are included in this guide. "The Web Word" - an information service about the Web. It includes a regular newsletter and databases about Web resources, news, interviews with Web personalities and, of course, the most comprehensive guide to sites. "Web Bibliography" - a guide to the latest Web information printed. Over 150 articles, magazines, market research reports and books are catalogued. "The Power Launch Pad" - our own list of useful sites on the Web. Also includes links to our own lists of special subjects such as Finance, Telecommunications, Manufacturing, Technology and so forth. {(}. E-mail: "". (1994-10-27)

Information Management System "database" (IMS, IMS/VS, IMS/ESA) A database system from {IBM} consisting of {IMS/Data Base} and {IMS/Data Communications}. (1999-01-11)

information superhighway "communications" (Or "Infobahn", "Info Strada") The name coined by US Vice-president Al Gore in the early 1990s for the emerging high-speed global communications network capable of carrying voice, data, video, and other services around the world. These services use satellite, copper cable, {optical fibre}, {mobile telecommunications}, and are accessible via {set-top boxes} or suitably equipped computers. See also {National Information Infrastructure}. (2001-03-31)

information technology "business, jargon" (IT) Applied computer systems - both {hardware} and {software}, and often including {networking} and {telecommunications}, usually in the context of a business or other enterprise. Often the name of the part of an enterprise that deals with all things electronic. The term "{computer science}" is usually reserved for the more theoretical, academic aspects of computing, while the vaguer terms "information systems" (IS) or "information services" may include more of the human activities and non-computerised business processes like {knowledge management}. Others say that IT includes computer science. (2000-10-02)

Infrared Data Association "standard, body" (IrDA) A non-profit trade association providing standards to ensure the quality and interoperability of {infrared} (IR) hardware. The association currently has a membership of over 160 companies from around the world, representing computer and telecommunications hardware, software, components and adapters. IrDA typically uses direct infrared i.e. {point-to-point}, {line-of-sight}, one-to-one communications. The standards include: {IrDA Data} ({SIR}, {FIR}, {VFIR}), {IrDA Control}, and {AIR}. Ports built to the above standards can be found in products such as {PDAs}, {Palm} devices, {printers}, desktop adapters, {notebooks}, and {digital cameras}. {(}. {IrDA Serial Infrared Interface (}. {Linux-IrDA support (}. (1999-10-14)

inoculation ::: n. --> The act or art of inoculating trees or plants.
The act or practice of communicating a disease to a person in health, by inserting contagious matter in his skin or flesh.
Fig.: The communication of principles, especially false principles, to the mind.

inosculation ::: n. --> The junction or connection of vessels, channels, or passages, so that their contents pass from one to the other; union by mouths or ducts; anastomosis; intercommunication; as, inosculation of veins, etc.

input/output "programming, operating system" (I/O) Communication between a computer and its users, its storage devices, other computers (via a {network}) or the outside world. The devices the computer uses to do this are called "{peripherals}". What actually counts as I/O depends on what level of detail you are considering, e.g. communication between processors would not be considered I/O when considering a {multiprocessor} as a single system. Important aspects of I/O are {throughput}, {latency}, and whether the communications is {synchronous} or {asynchronous} (using some kind of {buffer}). (2003-12-04)

Institute for Global Communications (IGC) Provider of computer networking tools for international communications and information exchange. The IGC Networks -- PeaceNet, EcoNet, ConflictNet and LaborNet -- comprise the world's only computer communications system dedicated solely to environmental preservation, peace, and human rights. New technologies are helping these worldwide communities cooperate more effectively and efficiently. Address: 18 De Boom Street, San Francisco, CA 94107 USA. A division of the Tides Foundation, a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organisation. A founding member of the world-wide Association of Progressive Communications (APC). {(}. E-mail: "". (1996-06-24)

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. (IEEE) The world's largest technical professional society, based in the USA. Founded in 1884 by a handful of practitioners of the new electrical engineering discipline, today's Institute has more than 320,000 members who participate in its activities in 147 countries. The IEEE sponsors technical conferences, symposia and local meetings worldwide, publishes nearly 25% of the world's technical papers in electrical, electronics and computer engineering and computer science, provides educational programs for its members and promotes standardisation. Areas covered include aerospace, computers and communications, biomedical technology, electric power and consumer electronics. {(}. {Gopher (gopher://}. {(}. E-mail file-server: "". { IEEE Standards Process Automation (SPA) System (}, {telnet (} []. (1995-03-10)

instruct ::: a. --> Arranged; furnished; provided.
Instructed; taught; enlightened. ::: v. t. --> To put in order; to form; to prepare.
To form by communication of knowledge; to inform the mind of; to impart knowledge or information to; to enlighten; to teach;

instructional technology "education" Design, development, use, management and evaluation of process and resources for learning. Instructional technology aims to promote the application of validated, practical procedures in the design and delivery of instruction. It is often defined either in terms of media and other technology used (e.g. {audiovisual media} and equipment and computers), or in terms of a systematic process which encompasses instructional design, development, delivery and evaluation. ["Instructional Technology: The Definition and Domains of the Field", 1994, Barbara Seels and Rita Richey, Washington, D.C., Association for Educational Communications and Technology]. (2010-01-29)

insulate ::: v. t. --> To make an island of.
To place in a detached situation, or in a state having no communication with surrounding objects; to isolate; to separate.
To prevent the transfer o/ electricity or heat to or from (bodies) by the interposition of nonconductors.

Integrated Services Digital Network "communications" (ISDN) A set of communications {standards} allowing a single wire or {optical fibre} to carry voice, digital network services and video. ISDN is intended to eventually replace the {plain old telephone system}. ISDN was first published as one of the 1984 {ITU-T} {Red Book} recommendations. The 1988 {Blue Book} recommendations added many new features. ISDN uses mostly existing {Public Switched Telephone Network} (PSTN) switches and wiring, upgraded so that the basic "call" is a 64 kilobits per second, all-digital end-to-end channel. {Packet} and {frame} modes are also provided in some places. There are different kinds of ISDN connection of varying bandwidth (see {DS level}): DS0 =  1 channel PCM at   64 kbps T1 or DS1 = 24 channels PCM at 1.54 Mbps T1C or DS1C = 48 channels PCM at 3.15 Mbps T2 or DS2 = 96 channels PCM at 6.31 Mbps T3 or DS3 = 672 channels PCM at 44.736 Mbps T4 or DS4 = 4032 channels PCM at 274.1 Mbps Each channel here is equivalent to one voice channel. DS0 is the lowest level of the circuit. T1C, T2 and T4 are rarely used, except maybe for T2 over microwave links. For some reason 64 kbps is never called "T0". A {Basic Rate Interface} (BRI) is two 64K "bearer" channels and a single "delta" channel ("2B+D"). A {Primary Rate Interface} (PRI) in North America and Japan consists of 24 channels, usually 23 B + 1 D channel with the same physical interface as T1. Elsewhere the PRI usually has 30 B + 1 D channel and an {E1} interface. A {Terminal Adaptor} (TA) can be used to connect ISDN channels to existing interfaces such as {EIA-232} and {V.35}. Different services may be requested by specifying different values in the "Bearer Capability" field in the call setup message. One ISDN service is "telephony" (i.e. voice), which can be provided using less than the full 64 kbps bandwidth (64 kbps would provide for 8192 eight-bit samples per second) but will require the same special processing or {bit diddling} as ordinary PSTN calls. Data calls have a Bearer Capability of "64 kbps unrestricted". ISDN is offered by local telephone companies, but most readily in Australia, France, Japan and Singapore, with the UK somewhat behind and availability in the USA rather spotty. (In March 1994) ISDN deployment in Germany is quite impressive, although (or perhaps, because) they use a specifically German signalling specification, called {1.TR.6}. The French {Numeris} also uses a non-standard protocol (called {VN4}; the 4th version), but the popularity of ISDN in France is probably lower than in Germany, given the ludicrous pricing. There is also a specifically-Belgian V1 experimental system. The whole of Europe is now phasing in {Euro-ISDN}. See also {Frame Relay}, {Network Termination}, {SAPI}. {FAQ (}. {Usenet} newsgroup: {news:comp.dcom.isdn}. (1998-03-29)

Intel Corporation "company" A US microelectronics manufacturer. They produced the {Intel 4004}, {Intel 8080}, {Intel 8086}, {Intel 80186}, {Intel 80286}, {Intel 80386}, {Intel 486} and {Pentium} {microprocessor} families as well as many other {integrated circuits} and {personal computer} networking and communications products. Gordon Moore and Robert Noyce founded Intel in 1968 to design, manufacture, and market semiconductor computer memory to replace {magnetic core} memory, the dominant computer memory at that time. Dr. Andrew S. Grove joined Intel soon after its incorporation. Three years later, in 1971, Intel introduced the world's first {microprocessor}, the {Intel 4004}. Intel has design, development, production, and administration facilities throughout the western US, Europe and Asia. In 1995 nearly 75% of the world's {personal computers} use Intel architecture. Annual revenues are rapidly approaching $10 billion. In March, 1994, "Business Week" named Intel one of the top ten American companies in terms of profit, one of the top 15 market value winners, and 16th out of the magazine's top 1,000 companies overall. Intel invested a record $2.9 billion in capital and R&D in 1993, and expects to increase combined spending on these activities to $3.5 billion in 1994. Quarterly sales were $2770M and profits, $640M in Aug 1994. {(}. Address: Santa Clara, CA, USA. (1995-03-01)

Intelligent Input/Output "architecture" /i:-too-oh/ (I2O) A specification which aims to provide an {I/O} {device driver} architecture that is independent of both the specific device being controlled and the host {operating system}. The Hardware Device Module (HDM) manages the device and the OS Services Module (OSM) interfaces to the host operating system. The HDM is portable across multiple operating systems, processors and busses. The HDM and OSM communicate via a two layer {message passing} {protocol}. A Message Layer sets up a communications session and runs on top of a Transport Layer which defines how the two parties share information. I2O is also designed to facilitate intelligent I/O subsystems, with support for {message passing} between multiple independent processors. By relieving the host of {interrupt} intensive I/O tasks required by the various layers of a driver architecture, the I2O intelligent I/O architecture greatly improves I/O performance. I2O systems will be able to more efficiently deliver the I/O throughput required by a wide range of high bandwidth applications, such as networked {video}, {groupware} and {client-server} processing. I2O does not restrict where the layered modules execute, providing support for single processor, {multiprocessor}, and {clustered} systems. I2O is not intended to replace the driver architectures currently in existence. Rather, the objective is to provide an open, standards-based approach, which is complementary to existing drivers, and provides a framework for the rapid development of a new generation of portable, intelligent I/O. {(}. (1997-11-04)

intelligent terminal "hardware" (or "smart terminal", "programmable terminal") A terminal that often contains not only a keyboard and screen, but also comes with a disk drive and printer, so it can perform limited processing tasks when not communicating directly with the central computer. Some can be programmed by the user to perform many basic tasks, including both arithmetic and logic operations. In some cases, when the user enters data, the {data} will be checked for errors and some type of report will be produced. In addition, the valid data that is entered may be stored on the disk, it will be transmitted over communication lines to the central computer. An intelligent terminal may have enough computing capability to draw graphics or to offload some kind of front-end processing from the computer it talks to. The development of {workstations} and {personal computers} has made this term and the product it describes semi-obsolescent, but one may still hear variants of the phrase "act like a smart terminal" used to describe the behaviour of workstations or PCs with respect to programs that execute almost entirely out of a remote {server}'s storage, using said devices as displays. The term once meant any terminal with an {addressable cursor}; the opposite of a {glass tty}. Today, a terminal with merely an addressable cursor, but with none of the more-powerful features mentioned above, is called a {dumb terminal}. There is a classic quote from Rob Pike (inventor of the {blit} terminal): "A smart terminal is not a smart*ass* terminal, but rather a terminal you can educate". This illustrates a common design problem: The attempt to make peripherals (or anything else) intelligent sometimes results in finicky, rigid "special features" that become just so much dead weight if you try to use the device in any way the designer didn't anticipate. Flexibility and programmability, on the other hand, are *really* smart. Compare {hook}. (1995-04-14)

Intelsat "company, communications" A private satellite communications company that provides telephony, corporate network, {video} and {Internet} solutions around the globe via capacity on 25 geosynchronous satellites. (2003-05-13)

Interactive Voice Response "communications" (IVR) "communications" A {telecommunications} system, prevelant with {PBX} and {voice mail} systems, that uses a prerecorded database of voice messages to present options to a user, typically over telephone lines. User input is retrieved via {DTMF} tone key presses. When used in conjunction with {voice mail}, for example, these systems typically allow users to store, retrieve, and route messages, as well as interact with an underlying {database} server which may allow for automated transactions and {data processing}. (1997-09-21)

intercept ::: v. t. --> To take or seize by the way, or before arrival at the destined place; to cause to stop on the passage; as, to intercept a letter; a telegram will intercept him at Paris.
To obstruct or interrupt the progress of; to stop; to hinder or oppose; as, to intercept the current of a river.
To interrupt communication with, or progress toward; to cut off, as the destination; to blockade.
To include between; as, that part of the line which

intercommune ::: v. i. --> To intercommunicate.
To have mutual communication or intercourse by conservation.

intercommunicate ::: v. i. --> To communicate mutually; to hold mutual communication. ::: v. t. --> To communicate mutually; to interchange.

intercommunication ::: n. --> Mutual communication.

intercommunity ::: n. --> Intercommunication; community of possessions, religion, etc.

intercourse ::: dealings or communication between individuals, groups; traffic.

intercourse ::: n. --> A commingling; intimate connection or dealings between persons or nations, as in common affairs and civilities, in correspondence or trade; communication; commerce; especially, interchange of thought and feeling; association; communion.

inter-exchange carrier "communications" (IXC) A company allowed to handle long-distance calls following the break-up of the Bell system in the US by anti-trust regulators. {Local Exchange Carriers} (LEC) are not allowed to handle long-distance traffic and Inter Exchange carriers are not allowed to handle local calls. (2002-08-28)

interoceanic ::: a. --> Between oceans; connecting oceans; as, interoceanic communication; an interoceanic canal.

intuition ::: direct perception of truth, fact, etc., independent of any reasoning process. intuition"s, intuitions, half-intuition.

Sri Aurobindo: "Intuition is a power of consciousness nearer and more intimate to the original knowledge by identity; for it is always something that leaps out direct from a concealed identity. It is when the consciousness of the subject meets with the consciousness in the object, penetrates it and sees, feels or vibrates with the truth of what it contacts, that the intuition leaps out like a spark or lightning-flash from the shock of the meeting; or when the consciousness, even without any such meeting, looks into itself and feels directly and intimately the truth or the truths that are there or so contacts the hidden forces behind appearances, then also there is the outbreak of an intuitive light; or, again, when the consciousness meets the Supreme Reality or the spiritual reality of things and beings and has a contactual union with it, then the spark, the flash or the blaze of intimate truth-perception is lit in its depths. This close perception is more than sight, more than conception: it is the result of a penetrating and revealing touch which carries in it sight and conception as part of itself or as its natural consequence. A concealed or slumbering identity, not yet recovering itself, still remembers or conveys by the intuition its own contents and the intimacy of its self-feeling and self-vision of things, its light of truth, its overwhelming and automatic certitude.” *The Life Divine

   "Intuition is always an edge or ray or outleap of a superior light; it is in us a projecting blade, edge or point of a far-off supermind light entering into and modified by some intermediate truth-mind substance above us and, so modified, again entering into and very much blinded by our ordinary or ignorant mind-substance; but on that higher level to which it is native its light is unmixed and therefore entirely and purely veridical, and its rays are not separated but connected or massed together in a play of waves of what might almost be called in the Sanskrit poetic figure a sea or mass of ``stable lightnings"". When this original or native Intuition begins to descend into us in answer to an ascension of our consciousness to its level or as a result of our finding of a clear way of communication with it, it may continue to come as a play of lightning-flashes, isolated or in constant action; but at this stage the judgment of reason becomes quite inapplicable, it can only act as an observer or registrar understanding or recording the more luminous intimations, judgments and discriminations of the higher power. To complete or verify an isolated intuition or discriminate its nature, its application, its limitations, the receiving consciousness must rely on another completing intuition or be able to call down a massed intuition capable of putting all in place. For once the process of the change has begun, a complete transmutation of the stuff and activities of the mind into the substance, form and power of Intuition is imperative; until then, so long as the process of consciousness depends upon the lower intelligence serving or helping out or using the intuition, the result can only be a survival of the mixed Knowledge-Ignorance uplifted or relieved by a higher light and force acting in its parts of Knowledge.” *The Life Divine

  "I use the word ‘intuition" for want of a better. In truth, it is a makeshift and inadequate to the connotation demanded of it. The same has to be said of the word ‘consciousness" and many others which our poverty compels us to extend illegitimately in their significance.” *The Life Divine - Sri Aurobindo"s footnote.

"For intuition is an edge of light thrust out by the secret Supermind. . . .” The Life Divine

". . . intuition is born of a direct awareness while intellect is an indirect action of a knowledge which constructs itself with difficulty out of the unknown from signs and indications and gathered data.” The Life Divine

"Intuition is above illumined Mind which is simply higher Mind raised to a great luminosity and more open to modified forms of intuition and inspiration.” Letters on Yoga

"Intuition sees the truth of things by a direct inner contact, not like the ordinary mental intelligence by seeking and reaching out for indirect contacts through the senses etc. But the limitation of the Intuition as compared with the supermind is that it sees things by flashes, point by point, not as a whole. Also in coming into the mind it gets mixed with the mental movement and forms a kind of intuitive mind activity which is not the pure truth, but something in between the higher Truth and the mental seeking. It can lead the consciousness through a sort of transitional stage and that is practically its function.” Letters on Yoga

“Intuition is always an edge or ray or outleap of a superior light; it is in us a projecting blade, edge or point of a far-off supermind light entering into and modified by some intermediate truth-mind substance above us and, so modified, again entering into and very much blinded by our ordinary or ignorant mind-substance; but on that higher level to which it is native its light is unmixed and therefore entirely and purely veridical, and its rays are not separated but connected or massed together in a play of waves of what might almost be called in the Sanskrit poetic figure a sea or mass of ``stable lightnings’’. When this original or native Intuition begins to descend into us in answer to an ascension of our consciousness to its level or as a result of our finding of a clear way of communication with it, it may continue to come as a play of lightning-flashes, isolated or in constant action; but at this stage the judgment of reason becomes quite inapplicable, it can only act as an observer or registrar understanding or recording the more luminous intimations, judgments and discriminations of the higher power. To complete or verify an isolated intuition or discriminate its nature, its application, its limitations, the receiving consciousness must rely on another completing intuition or be able to call down a massed intuition capable of putting all in place. For once the process of the change has begun, a complete transmutation of the stuff and activities of the mind into the substance, form and power of Intuition is imperative; until then, so long as the process of consciousness depends upon the lower intelligence serving or helping out or using the intuition, the result can only be a survival of the mixed Knowledge-Ignorance uplifted or relieved by a higher light and force acting in its parts of Knowledge.” The Life Divine

intuitive mind ::: same as vijñanabuddhi, a higher form of the buddhi whose "inspirations, revelations, intuitions, self-luminous discernings are messages from a higher knowledge-plane", but which "can perceive the truth only by a brilliant reflection or limited communication and subject to the restrictions and the inferior capacity of the mental vision".

It is not historically sound to find the essentia of Mysticism in ecstasy, or in a via negativa, or in some kind of esoteric knowledge, or in mysterious "communications". The essentia of Mysticism is the experience of direct communion with God.

J. L. Coolidge, A History of Geometrical Methods, New York, 1940. Mathesis universalis: Universal mathematics. One major part of Leibniz's program for logic was the development of a universal mathematics or universal calculus for manipulating, i.e. performing deductions in, the universal language (characteristica universalis). This universal language, he thought, could be constructed on the basis of a relatively few simple terms and, when constructed, would be of immense value to scientists and philosophers in reasoning as well as in communication. Leibniz's studies on the subject of a universal mathematics are the starting point in modern philosophy of the development of symbolic, mathematical logic. -- F.L.W.

Language, Philosophy of: Any philosophical investigation arising from study of concrete, actualized, languages, whether "living" or "dead". By "language" is here to be understood a system of signs (whether words or ideograms) used in regular modes of combination, in accordance with conventionally established rules, for the purpose of communication.

letter ::: n. --> One who lets or permits; one who lets anything for hire.
One who retards or hinders.
A mark or character used as the representative of a sound, or of an articulation of the human organs of speech; a first element of written language.
A written or printed communication; a message expressed in intelligible characters on something adapted to conveyance, as paper, parchment, etc.; an epistle.

lobby ::: n. --> A passage or hall of communication, especially when large enough to serve also as a waiting room. It differs from an antechamber in that a lobby communicates between several rooms, an antechamber to one only; but this distinction is not carefully preserved.
That part of a hall of legislation not appropriated to the official use of the assembly; hence, the persons, collectively, who frequent such a place to transact business with the legislators; any persons, not members of a legislative body, who strive to influence its

mercurism ::: n. --> A communication of news; an announcement.

message ::: n. --> Any notice, word, or communication, written or verbal, sent from one person to another.
Hence, specifically, an official communication, not made in person, but delivered by a messenger; as, the President&

messenger ::: n. --> One who bears a message; the bearer of a verbal or written communication, notice, or invitation, from one person to another, or to a public body; specifically, an office servant who bears messages.
One who, or that which, foreshows, or foretells.
A hawser passed round the capstan, and having its two ends lashed together to form an endless rope or chain; -- formerly used for heaving in the cable.

Missing definition "introduction" First, this is an (English language) __computing__ dictionary. It includes lots of terms from related fields such as mathematics and electronics, but if you're looking for (or want to submit) words from other subjects or general English words or other languages, try {(}, {(}, {(}, {(} or {(}. If you've already searched the dictionary for a computing term and it's not here then please __don't tell me__. There are, and always will be, a great many missing terms, no dictionary is ever complete. I use my limited time to process the corrections and definitions people have submitted and to add the {most frequently requested missing terms (missing.html)}. Try one of the sources mentioned above or {(}, {(} or {(}. See {the Help page (help.html)} for more about missing definitions and bad cross-references. (2014-09-20)! {exclamation mark}!!!Batch "language, humour" A daft way of obfuscating text strings by encoding each character as a different number of {exclamation marks} surrounded by {question marks}, e.g. "d" is encoded as "?!!!!?". The language is named after the {MSDOS} {batch file} in which the first converter was written. {esoteric programming languages} {wiki entry (!!!Batch)}. (2014-10-25)" {double quote}

navigate ::: v. i. --> To joirney by water; to go in a vessel or ship; to perform the duties of a navigator; to use the waters as a highway or channel for commerce or communication; to sail. ::: v. t. --> To pass over in ships; to sail over or on; as, to navigate the Atlantic.

necromancy ::: n. --> The art of revealing future events by means of a pretended communication with the dead; the black art; hence, magic in general; conjuration; enchantment. See Black art.

negotiate ::: v. i. --> To transact business; to carry on trade.
To treat with another respecting purchase and sale or some business affair; to bargain or trade; as, to negotiate with a man for the purchase of goods or a farm.
To hold intercourse respecting a treaty, league, or convention; to treat with, respecting peace or commerce; to conduct communications or conferences.
To intrigue; to scheme.

“Nevertheless, the fact of this intervention from above, the fact that behind all our original thinking or authentic perception of things there is a veiled, a half-veiled or a swift unveiled intuitive element is enough to establish a connection between mind and what is above it; it opens a passage of communication and of entry into the superior spirit-ranges. There is also the reaching out of mind to exceed the personal ego limitation, to see things in a certain impersonality and universality. Impersonality is the first character of cosmic self; universality, non-limitation by the single or limiting point of view, is the character of cosmic perception and knowledge: this tendency is therefore a widening, however rudimentary, of these restricted mind areas towards cosmicity, towards a quality which is the very character of the higher mental planes,—towards that superconscient cosmic Mind which, we have suggested, must in the nature of things be the original mind-action of which ours is only a derivative and inferior process.” The Life Divine

nexus-agency ::: The regime or pattern that governs the intersections and communications between members of a social holon. Applicable to holons in the Lower-Left and Lower-Right quadrants. Also known as “regnant nexus.”

Occultism is in its essence man’s effort to arrive at a knowledge of secret truths and potentialities of Nature which will lift him out of slavery to his physical limits of being, an attempt in particular to possess and organise the mysterious, occult, outwardly still undeveloped direct power of Mind upon Life and of both Mind and Life over Matter. There is at the same time an endeavour to establish communication with worlds and entities belonging to the supraphysical heights, depths and intermediate levels of cosmic Being and to utilise this communion for the mastery of a higher Truth and for a help to man in his will to make himself sovereign over Nature’s powers and forces.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 21-22, Page: 906-07

open ::: a. --> Free of access; not shut up; not closed; affording unobstructed ingress or egress; not impeding or preventing passage; not locked up or covered over; -- applied to passageways; as, an open door, window, road, etc.; also, to inclosed structures or objects; as, open houses, boxes, baskets, bottles, etc.; also, to means of communication or approach by water or land; as, an open harbor or roadstead.
Free to be used, enjoyed, visited, or the like; not private; public; unrestricted in use; as, an open library, museum, court, or

oracle ::: n. --> The answer of a god, or some person reputed to be a god, to an inquiry respecting some affair or future event, as the success of an enterprise or battle.
Hence: The deity who was supposed to give the answer; also, the place where it was given.
The communications, revelations, or messages delivered by God to the prophets; also, the entire sacred Scriptures -- usually in the plural.

Our subliminal self is not, like our surface physical being, an outcome of the energy of the Inconscient; it is a meeting-place of the consciousness that emerges from below by evolution and the consciousness that has descended from above for involution. There is in it an inner mind, an inner vital being of ourselves, an inner or subtle-physical being larger than our outer being and nature. This inner existence is the concealed origin of almost all in our surface self that is not a construction of the first inconscient World-Energy or a natural developed functioning of our surface consciousness or a reaction of it to impacts from the outside universal Nature,—and even in this construction, these functionings, these reactions the subliminal takes part and exercises on them a considerable influence. There is here a consciousness which has a power of direct contact with the universal unlike the mostly indirect contacts which our surface being maintains with the universe through the sense-mind and the senses. There are here inner senses, a subliminal sight, touch, hearing; but these subtle senses are rather channels of the inner being’s direct consciousness of things than its informants: the subliminal is not dependent on its senses for its knowledge, they only give a form to its direct experience of objects; they do not, so much as in waking mind, convey forms of objects for the mind’s documentation or as the starting-point or basis for an indirect constructive experience. The subliminal has the right of entry into the mental and vital and subtle-physical planes of the universal consciousness, it is not confined to the material plane and the physical world; it possesses means of communication with the worlds of being which the descent towards involution created in its passage and with all corresponding planes or worlds that may have arisen or been constructed to serve the purpose of the re-ascent from Inconscience to Superconscience. It is into this large realm of interior existence that our mind and vital being retire when they withdraw from the surface activities whether by sleep or inward-drawn concentration or by the inner plunge of trance. Our waking state is unaware of its connection with the subliminal being, although it receives from it—but without any knowledge of the place of origin—the inspirations, intuitions, ideas, will-suggestions, sense-suggestions, urges to action that rise from below or from behind our limited surface existence. Sleep like trance opens the gate of the subliminal to us; for in sleep, as in trance, we retire behind the veil of the limited waking personality and it is behind this veil that the subliminal has its existence. But we receive the records of our sleep experience through dream and in dream figures and not in that condition which might be called an inner waking and which is the most accessible form of the trance state, nor through the supernormal clarities of vision and other more luminous and concrete ways of communication developed by the inner subliminal cognition when it gets into habitual or occasional conscious connection with our waking self. The subliminal, with the subconscious as an annexe of itself,—for the subconscious is also part of the behind-the-veil entity,—is the seer of inner things and of supraphysical experiences; the surface subconscious is only a transcriber. It is for this reason that the Upanishad describes the subliminal being as the Dream Self because it is normally in dreams, visions, absorbed states of inner experience that we enter into and are part of its experiences...
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 21-22, Page: 236

Philosophers have in the past been concerned with two questions covered by our definition, though attempts to organize the subject as an autonomous department of philosophy are of recent date. Enquiries into the origin of language (e.g. in Plato's Kratylos) once a favorite subject for speculation, are now out of fashion, both with philosophers and linguists. Enquiries as to the nature of language (as in Descartes, Leibniz, and many others) are, however, still central to all philosophical interest in language. Such questions as "What are the most general characters of symbolism?", "How is 'Language' to be defined?", "What is the essence of language?", "How is communication possible?", "What would be the nature of a perfect language?", are indicative of the varying modulations which this theme receives in the works of contemporaries.   Current studies in the philosophy of language can be classified under five hends:   Questions of method, relation to other disciplines, etc. Much discussion turns here upon the proposal to establish a science and art of symbolism, variously styled semiotic, semantics or logical syntax,   The analysis of meaning. Problems arising here involve attention to those under the next heading.   The formulation of general descriptive schemata. Topics of importance here include the identification and analysis of different ways in which language is used, and the definition of men crucial notions as "symbol'', "grammar", "form", "convention", "metaphor", etc.   The study of fully formalized language systems or "calculi". An increasingly important and highly technical division which seeks to extend and adapt to all languages the methods first developed in "metamathematics" for the study of mathematical symbolism.   Applications to problems in general philosophy. Notably the attempt made to show that necessary propositions are really verbal; or again, the study of the nature of the religious symbol. Advance here awaits more generally acceptable doctrine in the other divisions.   References:

Power a secret spiritual will and soul-faith in us. the dominant hidden force of our nature, is the individual instrument, more nearly in communication with the Supreme, a surer guide and enlightener, could we once get at it and hold it, because pro- founder and more intimately neat to the Identical and Absolute than the surface activities of our thought powers To know that will in ourselves and in the universe and follow it to its divine

::: "Pressure, throbbing, electrical vibrations are all signs of the working of the Force. The places indicate the field of action — the top of the head is the summit of the thinking mind where it communicates with the higher consciousness; the neck or throat is the seat of the physical, externalising or expressive mind; the ear is the place of communication with the inner mind-centre by which thoughts etc. enter into the personal being from the general Nature.” Letters on Yoga

“Pressure, throbbing, electrical vibrations are all signs of the working of the Force. The places indicate the field of action—the top of the head is the summit of the thinking mind where it communicates with the higher consciousness; the neck or throat is the seat of the physical, externalising or expressive mind; the ear is the place of communication with the inner mind-centre by which thoughts etc. enter into the personal being from the general Nature.”

reach ::: n. 1. Range of effective action, power, or capacity, area, sphere, scope. 2. The range of influence, power, jurisdiction, etc. reaches. v. 3. To stretch out or put forth (a body part); extend. 4. To arrive at or get to (a place, person, etc.) in the course of movement or action. 5. To arrive at; attain. 6. To make contact or communication with (someone). 7. To extend in influence or operation. reaches, reached, reaching.

reaggravation ::: n. --> The last monitory, published after three admonitions and before the last excommunication.

Revelation: The communication to man of the Divine Will. This communication has taken, in the history of religions, almost every conceivable form, e.g., the results of lot casting, oracular declarations, dreams, visions, ecstatic experiences (induced by whatever means, such as intoxicants), books, prophets, unusual characters, revered traditional practices, storms, pestilence, etc. The general conception of revelation has been that the divine communication comes in ways unusual, by means not open to the ordinary channels of investigation. This, however, is not a necessary corollary, revelation of the Divine Will may well come through ordinary channels, the give-and-take of everyday experience, through reason and reflection and intuitive insight. -- V.F.

road ::: n. --> A journey, or stage of a journey.
An inroad; an invasion; a raid.
A place where one may ride; an open way or public passage for vehicles, persons, and animals; a track for travel, forming a means of communication between one city, town, or place, and another.
A place where ships may ride at anchor at some distance from the shore; a roadstead; -- often in the plural; as, Hampton Roads.

sahasradala (sahasradala; sahasradal) ::: the "thousand-petalled lotus"; the cakra above the head which is "the centre of communication direct between the individual being and the infinite Consciousness above".

samprayoga. ::: contact of the senses with their objects; communication; interchange; uniting; connecting

script ::: communication from a divine or other source, usually received through a process resembling automatic writing.

seance ::: n. --> A session, as of some public body; especially, a meeting of spiritualists to receive spirit communication, so called.

Seder V, Kodashim (holy things), 11 tractates: sacrifices, slaughter of animals, ritual dietetics, first born animals, vows, excommunication, sacrilege, temple architecture and rituals.

shruti &

signal ::: n. 1. An indicator, such as a gesture or colored light, that serves as a means of communication. 2. Anything that acts as an incitement to action. Also fig. **signals. adj. 3. Used to give or act as a signal. signalling. 4. Serving as a warning, direction, command, or the like. signal fires, signal flares, signal light.**

sounder ::: n. --> One who, or that which; sounds; specifically, an instrument used in telegraphy in place of a register, the communications being read by sound.
A herd of wild hogs.

SPIRITISM. ::: It is quite possible for the dead or rather the departed — for they are not dead — who are still in regions rear the earth to have communication with the living ; some- times it happens automatically, sometimes by an effort at com- munication on one side of the curtain or the other. There is no impossibility of such communication by the means used by the spiritists ; usually however, genuine communications or a contact can only be with those who are yet m a wodd which is s sort of idealised replica of the earth-consciousness and in which the same personality, ideas, memories persist that the person had here. But all that pretends to be communications with departed souls is not genuine, especially when it is done through a paid professional medium. There is there an enormous amount of mixture of a very undesirable kind — for apart from the great mass of unconscious suggestions from the sitters or the contn-

spurling-line ::: n. --> The line which forms the communication between the steering wheel and the telltale.

stranger ::: n. --> One who is strange, foreign, or unknown.
One who comes from a foreign land; a foreigner.
One whose home is at a distance from the place where he is, but in the same country.
One who is unknown or unacquainted; as, the gentleman is a stranger to me; hence, one not admitted to communication, fellowship, or acquaintance.
One not belonging to the family or household; a guest; a

talebearing ::: a. --> Telling tales officiously. ::: n. --> The act of informing officiously; communication of sectrts, scandal, etc., maliciously.

Telegnosis: (Gr. tele, at a distance -- gnosis, knowledge) Knowledge of another mind which is presumably not mediated by the perception of his body nor by any other physical influence by which communication between minds is ordinarily mediated. See Intersubjective Intercourse, Telepathy. -- L.W.

Telepathy: (Gr. tele, at a distance + pathein, to experience) The phenomenon of direct communication between two minds separated by a great distance and without the normal operation of the organs of sense. Telepathy is a sub-variety of telegnosis (see Telegnosis) which is characterized by its felt directness or immediacy. -- L.W.

telepathy ::: n. --> The sympathetic affection of one mind by the thoughts, feelings, or emotions of another at a distance, without communication through the ordinary channels of sensation.

telepathy ::: the faculty formed by the combination of prakamya and vyapti, the two siddhis of knowledge; also, either one of these powers separately. Telepathy is the capacity of consciousness "to communicate between one mind and another without physical means consciously and voluntarily", overcoming the habitual limitations because of which "Consciousness in one material being communicates with the same consciousness in another material being by certain fixed methods such as speech, gesture, writing etc. and unconscious mental communication". telepathy-trik telepathy-trikaladrsti aladr.s.t.i (telepathy-trikaldrishti; telepathy trikaldrishti)

tete-de-pont ::: n. --> A work thrown up at the end of a bridge nearest the enemy, for covering the communications across a river; a bridgehead.

The centre at the crown must be part of the sahasradala, the centre of communication direct between the individual being and the infinite consciousness above.

"The colours of the lotuses and the numbers of petals are respectively, from bottom to top: — (1) the Muladhara or physical consciousness centre, four petals, red; (2) the abdominal centre, six petals, deep purple red; (3) the navel centre, ten petals, violet; (4) the heart centre, twelve petals, golden pink; (5) the throat centre, sixteen petals, grey; (6) the forehead centre between the eye-brows, two petals, white; (7) the thousand-petalled lotus above the head, blue with gold light around. The functions are, according to our yoga, — (1) commanding the physical consciousness and the subconscient; (2) commanding the small vital movements, the little greeds, lusts, desires, the small sense-movements; (3) commanding the larger life-forces and the passions and larger desire-movements; (4) commanding the higher emotional being with the psychic deep behind it; (5) commanding expression and all externalisation of the mind movements and mental forces; (6) commanding thought, will, vision; (7) commanding the higher thinking mind and the illumined mind and opening upwards to the intuition and overmind. The seventh is sometimes or by some identified with the brain, but that is an error — the brain is only a channel of communication situated between the thousand-petalled and the forehead centre. The former is sometimes called the void centre, sunya , either because it is not in the body, but in the apparent void above or because rising above the head one enters first into the silence of the self or spiritual being.” Letters on Yoga*

“The colours of the lotuses and the numbers of petals are respectively, from bottom to top:—(1) the Muladhara or physical consciousness centre, four petals, red; (2) the abdominal centre, six petals, deep purple red; (3) the navel centre, ten petals, violet; (4) the heart centre, twelve petals, golden pink; (5) the throat centre, sixteen petals, grey; (6) the forehead centre between the eye-brows, two petals, white; (7) the thousand-petalled lotus above the head, blue with gold light around. The functions are, according to our yoga,—(1) commanding the physical consciousness and the subconscient; (2) commanding the small vital movements, the little greeds, lusts, desires, the small sense-movements; (3) commanding the larger life-forces and the passions and larger desire-movements; (4) commanding the higher emotional being with the psychic deep behind it; (5) commanding expression and all externalisation of the mind movements and mental forces; (6) commanding thought, will, vision; (7) commanding the higher thinking mind and the illumined mind and opening upwards to the intuition and overmind. The seventh is sometimes or by some identified with the brain, but that is an error—the brain is only a channel of communication situated between the thousand-petalled and the forehead centre. The former is sometimes called the void centre, sunya , either because it is not in the body, but in the apparent void above or because rising above the head one enters first into the silence of the self or spiritual being.” Letters on Yoga

The definition is intended to cover the communication of attitudes, evaluations, desires, etc., as well as of judgments or assertions. See Functions of Language, Speech Situation. -- M.B.

Theism: (Gr. theos, god) Is in general that type of religion or religious philosophy (see Religion, Philosophy of) which incorporates a conception of God as a unitary being; thus may be considered equivalent to monotheism. The speculation as to the relation of God to world gave rise to three great forms: God identified with world in pantheism (rare with emphasis on God); God, once having created the world, relatively disinterested in it, in deism (mainly an 18th cent, phenomenon); God working in and through the world, in theism proper. Accordingly, God either coincides with the world, is external to it (deus ex machina), or is immanent. The more personal, human-like God, the more theological the theism, the more appealing to a personal adjustment in prayer, worship, etc., which presuppose either that God, being like man, may be swayed in his decision, has no definite plan, or subsists in the very stuff man is made of (humanistic theism). Immanence of God entails agency in the world, presence, revelation, involvement in the historic process, it has been justified by Hindu and Semitic thinkers, Christian apologetics, ancient and modern metaphysical idealists, and by natural science philosophers. Transcendency of God removes him from human affairs, renders fellowship and communication in Church ways ineffectual, yet preserves God's majesty and absoluteness such as is postulated by philosophies which introduce the concept of God for want of a terser term for the ultimate, principal reality. Like Descartes and Spinoza, they allow the personal in God to fade and approach the age-old Indian pantheism evident in much of Vedic and post-Vedic philosophy in which the personal pronoun may be the only distinguishing mark between metaphysical logic and theology, similarly as in Hegel. The endowment postulated of God lends character to a theistic system of philosophy. Much of Hindu and Greek philosophy stresses the knowledge and ration aspect of the deity, thus producing an epistemological theism; Aristotle, in conceiving him as the prime mover, started a teleological one; mysticism is psychologically oriented in its theism, God being a feeling reality approachable in appropriate emotional states. The theism of religious faith is unquestioning and pragmatic in its attitude toward God; theology has often felt the need of offering proofs for the existence of God (see God) thus tending toward an ontological theism; metaphysics incorporates occasionally the concept of God as a thought necessity, advocating a logical theism. Kant's critique showed the respective fields of pure philosophic enquiry and theistic speculations with their past in historic creeds. Theism is left a possibility in agnosticism (q.v.). -- K.F.L.

The leader of the journey, the captain of the march, the first and most ancient priest of our sacrifice is the Will. This Will is not the wish of the heart or the demand or
   reference of the mind to which we often give the name. It is that inmost, dominant and often veiled conscious force of our being and of all being, Tapas, Shakti, Sraddha, that sovereignly determines our orientation and of which the intellect and the heart are more or less blind and automatic servants and instruments. The Self that is quiescent, at rest, vacant of things and happenings is a support and background to existence, a silent channel or a hypostasis of something Supreme: it is not itself the one entirely real existence, not itself the Supreme. The Eternal, the Supreme is the Lord and the all-originating Spirit. Superior to all activities and not bound by any of them, it is the source, sanction, material, efficient power, master of all activities. All activities proceed from this supreme Self and are determined by it; all are its operations, processes of its own conscious force and not of something alien to Self, some power other than the Spirit. In these activities is expressed the conscious Will or Shakti of the Spirit moved to manifest its being in infinite ways, a Will or Power not ignorant but at one with its own self-knowledge and its knowledge of all that it is put out to express. And of this Power a secret spiritual will and soul-faith in us, the dominant hidden force of our nature, is the individual instrument, more nearly in communication with the Supreme, a surer guide and enlightener, could we once get at it and hold it, because profounder and more intimately near to the Identical and Absolute than the surface activities of our thought powers. To know that will in ourselves and in the universe and follow it to its divine finalities, whatever these may be, must surely be the highest way and truest culmination for knowledge as for works, for the seeker in life and for the seeker in Yoga.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 23-24, Page: 289-90

The most notable of these more powerful but rarer phenomena are those which attend the power of exterioration of our cons- ciousness for various lands of action otherwise and elsewhere than in the physical body, communication in the psychical body or some emanation or reproduction of it, oftenest, though by no means necessarily, during sleep or trance and the setting up of relations or communtcatioo by various means rvith the denizens of another plane of existence.

..the release from subconscient ignorance and from disease, duration of life at will, and a change in the functioning of the body must be among the ultimate results of a supramental change.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 35, Page: 330 ::: .Supraphysical Worlds ::: This organisation includes, as on our earth, the existence of beings who have or take forms, manifest themselves or are naturally manifested in an embodying substance, but a substance other than ours, a subtle substance tangible only to subtle sense, a supraphysical form-matter. These worlds and beings may have nothing to do with ourselves and our life, they may exercise no action upon us; but often also they enter into secret communication with earth-existence, obey or embody and are the intermediaries and instruments of the cosmic powers and influences of which we have a subjective experience, or themselves act by their own initiation upon the terrestrial world’s life and motives and happenings. It is possible to receive help or guidance or harm or misguidance from these beings; it is possible even to become subject to their influence, to be possessed by their invasion or domination, to be instrumentalised by them for their good or evil purpose. At times the progress of earthly life seems to be a vast field of battle between supraphysical Forces of either character, those that strive to uplift, encourage and illumine and those that strive to deflect, depress or prevent or even shatter our upward evolution or the soul’s self-expression in the material universe. Some of these Beings, Powers or Forces are such that we think of them as divine; they are luminous, benignant or powerfully helpful: there are others that are Titanic, gigantic or demoniac, inordinate Influences, instigators or creators often of vast and formidable inner upheavals or of actions that overpass the normal human measure. There may also be an awareness of influences, presences, beings that do not seem to belong to other worlds beyond us but are here as a hidden element behind the veil in terrestrial nature. As contact with the supraphysical is possible, a contact can also take place subjective or objective—or at least objectivised— between our own consciousness and the consciousness of other once embodied beings who have passed into a supraphysical status in these other regions of existence. It is possible also to pass beyond a subjective contact or a subtle-sense perception and, in certain subliminal states of consciousness, to enter actually into other worlds and know something of their secrets. It is the more objective order of other-worldly experience that seized most the imagination of mankind in the past, but it was put by popular belief into a gross-objective statement which unduly assimilated these phenomena to those of the physical world with which we are familiar; for it is the normal tendency of our mind to turn everything into forms or symbols proper to its own kind and terms of experience.
   Ref: CWSA Vol. 21-22 Page: 806-07

These and other phenomena create an indirect, a representa- tive range of psychical experience ; but the psychical sense has also the power of putting us in a more direct communication with earthly or supra-terrestrial beings through their psychical selves or their psychical bodies or even with things, for things also have a psychical reality and souls or presences supporting them which can communicate with our psychical consciousness.

thurl ::: n. --> A hole; an aperture.
A short communication between adits in a mine.
A long adit in a coalpit. ::: v. t. --> To cut through; to pierce.
To cut through, as a partition between one working and

tradition ::: n. --> The act of delivering into the hands of another; delivery.
The unwritten or oral delivery of information, opinions, doctrines, practices, rites, and customs, from father to son, or from ancestors to posterity; the transmission of any knowledge, opinions, or practice, from forefathers to descendants by oral communication, without written memorials.
Hence, that which is transmitted orally from father to

traditive ::: a. --> Transmitted or transmissible from father to son, or from age, by oral communication; traditional.

traffic ::: 1. The movement of vehicles, ships, persons, etc., in an area, along a street, through an air lane, over a water route, etc. 2. The business of moving passengers and cargo through a transportation system. 3. Social or verbal exchange; communication.

transaction ::: 1. The action of carrying on, or the completion of, an action or course of action. 2. The action of carrying on a communication, business agreement or exchange.

UDANA. ::: Life-current that moves upward from the body to the crown of the head, a regular channel of communication bet- ween the physical life and the greater life of the spirit/

udana ::: [one of the five pranas] : it moves upward from the body to the crown of the head and is a regular channel of communication between the physical life and the greater life of the spirit.

udana ::: one of the five workings of the life-force (pañcapran.a), that which "moves upward from the body to the crown of the head and is a regular channel of communication between the physical life and the greater life of the spirit".

Unanimism: A teim invented by Jules Romains to mean (1) a belief "in a certain reality of a spiritual nature," and (2) a belief that the human soul can enter into direct, immediate, and intuitive communication with the universal soul. -- G.B.

unreserve ::: n. --> Absence of reverse; frankness; freedom of communication.

vehicle ::: n. --> That in or on which any person or thing is, or may be, carried, as a coach, carriage, wagon, cart, car, sleigh, bicycle, etc.; a means of conveyance; specifically, a means of conveyance upon land.
That which is used as the instrument of conveyance or communication; as, matter is the vehicle of energy.
A substance in which medicine is taken.
Any liquid with which a pigment is applied, including whatever gum, wax, or glutinous or adhesive substance is combined with

vyapti ::: [one of the astasiddhis]: reception, communication; the power of receiving other men's thoughts, powers and feelings and projecting one's own thoughts etc. or personality into others. ::: vyaptih [nominative]

QUOTES [22 / 22 - 1500 / 3093]

KEYS (10k)

   3 Sri Aurobindo
   1 The Mother
   1 Sri Aurobindo
   1 Simone Weil
   1 Ron Smothermon
   1 Norbert Wiener
   1 Ken Wilber
   1 Joseph Campbell
   1 George Bernard Shaw
   1 Dr Robert A Hatch
   1 Colossians III. 8
   1 Charles Eisenstein
   1 Athanasius
   1 Arthur Schopenhauer
   1 Anonymous
   1 The Mother
   1 Sri Ramana Maharshi
   1 Saint Thomas Aquinas
   1 Plato
   1 Abraham Maslow


   38 Anonymous
   15 John Dewey
   14 Asa Don Brown
   12 John C Maxwell
   10 Israelmore Ayivor
   10 Charles Dickens
   9 Stephen R Covey
   9 Shannon L Alder
   9 Haruki Murakami
   9 Frank Luntz
   8 Stephen Covey
   8 Dave Eggers
   8 Ben Horowitz
   7 Noam Chomsky
   7 Jim Rohn
   7 Edward Snowden
   6 Yoko Ono
   6 Marshall B Rosenberg
   6 Harbhajan Singh Yogi
   6 Al Ries

1:Truth is above mind, it is in silence that one can enter into communication with it. ~ The Mother,
2:Secrecy, censorship, dishonesty, and blocking of communication threaten all the basic needs. ~ Abraham Maslow,
3:Preaching is simple communication of Knowledge; it can really be done in silence only. ~ Sri Ramana Maharshi,
4:Just as grace is given from the Father through the Son, so there could be no communication of the gift to us except in the Holy Spirit. ~ Athanasius,
5:The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place." ~ George Bernard Shaw, (1856 - 1950), Irish playwright, critic, polemicist and political activist, Wikipedia.,
6:True communication is generated in the 'other' universe. The natural results of true communication are love and satisfaction." ~ Ron Smothermon, M.D., (b. 1943) "Winning Through Enlighenment,", (1980).,
7:Very often, if an inner communication has been established, a silent pressure is more effective than anything else. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - II, Practical Concerns in Work,
8:Let no evil communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good that it may minister grace unto the hearers. ~ Anonymous, The Bible, Ephesians, IV. 29, the Eternal Wisdom
9:The Mother's sleep is not sleep but an inner consciousness, in which she is in communication with people or working everywhere. ~ Sri Aurobindo, The Mother with Letters on The Mother, Other Dreams and Experiences,
10:Two prisoners whose cells adjoin communicate with each other by knocking on the wall. The wall is the thing which separates them but it is also their means of communication. It is the same with us and God. Every separation is a link. ~ Simone Weil, 'Metaxu',
11:Sometimes I speak to men and women just as a little girl speaks to her doll. She knows, of course, that the doll does not understand her, but she creates for herself the joy of communication through a pleasant and conscious self-deception. ~ Arthur Schopenhauer,
12:We in the richest societies have too many calories even as we starve for beautiful, fresh food; we have overlarge houses but lack spaces that truly embody our individuality and connectedness; media surround us everywhere while we starve for authentic communication. We are offered entertainment every second of the day but lack the chance to play. In the ubiquitous realm of money, we hunger for all that is intimate, personal, and unique.
   ~ Charles Eisenstein,
13:4. Study Every Day ::: Establish a daily routine where you study in one place a minimum of 4 -5 hours each day. There are different kinds and 'levels' of study discussed below. What is important is that study becomes the centerpiece of your day and the continuous element in your work week. Do not wait for exam-time to study. Exams offer the opportunity to refine what you know and to sharpen your communication skills. The best way to focus your view of things is to present it clearly in writing. Writing is a ritual for thinking. ~ Dr Robert A Hatch, How to Study,
14:Creative artists … are mankind's wakeners to recollection: summoners of our outward mind to conscious contact with ourselves, not as participants in this or that morsel of history, but as spirit, in the consciousness of being. Their task, therefore, is to communicate directly from one inward world to another, in such a way that an actual shock of experience will have been rendered: not a mere statement for the information or persuasion of a brain, but an effective communication across the void of space and time from one center of consciousness to another. ~ Joseph Campbell, The Masks of God, Volume IV: Creative Mythology,
15:At every stage of technique since Daedalus or Hero of Alexandria, the ability of the artificer to produce a working simulacrum of a living organism has always intrigued people. This desire to produce and to study automata has always been expressed in terms of the living technique of the age. In the days of magic, we have the bizarre and sinister concept of Golem, that figure of clay into which the Rabbi of Prague breathed life with the blasphemy of the Ineffable Name of God. In the time of Newton, the automaton becomes the clockwork music box, with the little effigies pirouetting stiffly on top. In the nineteenth century, the automaton is a glorified heat engine, burning some combustible fuel instead of the glycogen of the human muscles. Finally, the present automaton opens doors by means of photocells, or points guns to the place at which a radar beam picks up an airplane, or computes the solution of a differential equation.
   ~ Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics or control and communication in the animal and the machine, 1961,
16:there is a special personal tie between you and me, between all who have turned to the teaching of Sri Aurobindo and myself, - and, it is well understood, distance does not count here, you may be in France, you may be at the other end of the world or in Pondicherry, this tie is always true and living. And each time there comes a call, each time there is a need for me to know so that I may send out a force, an inspiration, a protection or any other thing, a sort of message comes to me all of a sudden and I do the needful. These communications reach me evidently at any moment, and you must have seen me more than once stop suddenly in the middle of a sentence or work; it is because something comes to me, a communication and I concentrate. With those whom I have accepted as disciples, to whom I have said Yes, there is more than a tie, there is an emanation of me. This emanation warns me whenever it is necessary and tells me what is happening. Indeed I receive intimations constantly
   ~ The Mother, Words Of The Mother I,
17:''He is a great spirit,151 Socrates. All spirits are intermediate between god and mortal''.
''What is the function of a spirit?'' I asked.
''Interpreting and conveying all that passes between gods and humans: from humans, petitions and sacrificial offerings, and from gods, instructions and the favours they return. Spirits, being intermediary, fill the space between the other two, so that all are bound together into one entity. It is by means of spirits that all divination can take place, the whole craft of seers and priests, with their sacrifices, rites and spells, and all prophecy and magic. Deity and humanity are completely separate, but through the mediation of spirits all converse and communication from gods to humans, waking and sleeping, is made possible. The man who is wise in these matters is a man of the spirit,152 whereas the man who is wise in a skill153 or a manual craft,154 which is a different sort of expertise, is materialistic.155 These spirits are many and of many kinds, and one of them is Love''. ~ Plato, Symposium, 202e,
18:If we regard the Powers of the Reality as so many Godheads, we can say that the Overmind releases a million Godheads into action, each empowered to create its own world, each world capable of relation, communication and interplay with the others.
There are in the Veda different formulations of the nature of the Gods: it is said they are all one Existence to which the sages give different names; yet each God is worshipped as if he by himself is that Existence, one who is all the other Gods together or contains them in his being; and yet again each is a separate Deity acting sometimes in unison with companion deities, sometimes separately, sometimes even in apparent opposition to other Godheads of the same Existence. In the Supermind all this would be held together as a harmonised play of the one Existence; in the Overmind each of these three conditions could be a separate action or basis of action and have its own principle of development and consequences and yet each keep the power to combine with the others in a more composite harmony. ~ Sri Aurobindo, The Life Divine, Supermind Mind and the Overmind Maya,
19:The most outward psychological form of these things is the mould or trend of the nature towards certain dominant tendencies, capacities, characteristics, form of active power, quality of the mind and inner life, cultural personality or type. The turn is often towards the predominance of the intellectual element and the capacities which make for the seeking and finding of knowledge and an intellectual creation or formativeness and a preoccupation with ideas and the study of ideas or of life and the information and development of the reflective intelligence. According to the grade of the development there is produced successively the make and character of the man of active, open, inquiring intelligence, then the intellectual and, last, the thinker, sage, great mind of knowledge. The soul-powers which make their appearance by a considerable development of this temperament, personality, soul-type, are a mind of light more and more open to all ideas and knowledge and incomings of Truth; a hunger and passion for knowledge, for its growth in ourselves, for its communication to others, for its reign in the world, the reign of reason and right and truth and justice and, on a higher level of the harmony of our greater being, the reign of the spirit and its universal unity and light and love; a power of this light in the mind and will which makes all the life subject to reason and its right and truth or to the spirit and spiritual right and truth and subdues the lower members to their greater law; a poise in the temperament turned from the first to patience, steady musing and calm, to reflection, to meditation, which dominates and quiets the turmoil of the will and passions and makes for high thinking and pure living, founds the self-governed sattwic mind, grows into a more and more mild, lofty, impersonalised and universalised personality. This is the ideal character and soul-power of the Brahmana, the priest of knowledge. ~ Sri Aurobindo, The Synthesis Of Yoga, 4:15 - Soul-Force and the Fourfold Personality
20:And therefore, all of those for whom authentic transformation has deeply unseated their souls must, I believe, wrestle with the profound moral obligation to shout form the heart-perhaps quietly and gently, with tears of reluctance; perhaps with fierce fire and angry wisdom; perhaps with slow and careful analysis; perhaps by unshakable public example-but authentically always and absolutely carries a a demand and duty: you must speak out, to the best of your ability, and shake the spiritual tree, and shine your headlights into the eyes of the complacent. You must let that radical realization rumble through your veins and rattle those around you.
   Alas, if you fail to do so, you are betraying your own authenticity. You are hiding your true estate. You don't want to upset others because you don't want to upset your self. You are acting in bad faith, the taste of a bad infinity.
   Because, you see, the alarming fact is that any realization of depth carries a terrible burden: those who are allowed to see are simultaneously saddled with the obligation to communicate that vision in no uncertain terms: that is the bargain. You were allowed to see the truth under the agreement that you would communicate it to others (that is the ultimate meaning of the bodhisattva vow). And therefore, if you have seen, you simply must speak out. Speak out with compassion, or speak out with angry wisdom, or speak out with skillful means, but speak out you must.
   And this is truly a terrible burden, a horrible burden, because in any case there is no room for timidity. The fact that you might be wrong is simply no excuse: You might be right in your communication, and you might be wrong, but that doesn't matter. What does matter, as Kierkegaard so rudely reminded us, is that only by investing and speaking your vision with passion, can the truth, one way or another, finally penetrate the reluctance of the world. If you are right, or if you are wrong, it is only your passion that will force either to be discovered. It is your duty to promote that discovery-either way-and therefore it is your duty to speak your truth with whatever passion and courage you can find in your heart. You must shout, in whatever way you can. ~ Ken Wilber, One Taste,
   The ultimate invocation, that of Kia, cannot be performed. The paradox is that as Kia has no dualized qualities, there are no attributes by which to invoke it. To give it one quality is merely to deny it another. As an observant dualistic being once said:
   I am that I am not.
   Nevertheless, the magician may need to make some rearrangements or additions to what he is. Metamorphosis may be pursued by seeking that which one is not, and transcending both in mutual annihilation. Alternatively, the process of invocation may be seen as adding to the magician's psyche any elements which are missing. It is true that the mind must be finally surrendered as one enters fully into Chaos, but a complete and balanced psychocosm is more easily surrendered.
   The magical process of shuffling beliefs and desires attendant upon the process of invocation also demonstrates that one's dominant obsessions or personality are quite arbitrary, and hence more easily banished.
   There are many maps of the mind (psychocosms), most of which are inconsistent, contradictory, and based on highly fanciful theories. Many use the symbology of god forms, for all mythology embodies a psychology. A complete mythic pantheon resumes all of man's mental characteristics. Magicians will often use a pagan pantheon of gods as the basis for invoking some particular insight or ability, as these myths provide the most explicit and developed formulation of the particular idea's extant. However it is possible to use almost anything from the archetypes of the collective unconscious to the elemental qualities of alchemy.
   If the magician taps a deep enough level of power, these forms may manifest with sufficient force to convince the mind of the objective existence of the god. Yet the aim of invocation is temporary possession by the god, communication from the god, and manifestation of the god's magical powers, rather than the formation of religious cults.
   The actual method of invocation may be described as a total immersion in the qualities pertaining to the desired form. One invokes in every conceivable way. The magician first programs himself into identity with the god by arranging all his experiences to coincide with its nature. In the most elaborate form of ritual he may surround himself with the sounds, smells, colors, instruments, memories, numbers, symbols, music, and poetry suggestive of the god or quality. Secondly he unites his life force to the god image with which he has united his mind. This is accomplished with techniques from the gnosis. Figure 5 shows some examples of maps of the mind. Following are some suggestions for practical ritual invocation.
   ~ Peter J Carroll, Liber Null,
   Why do we forget our dreams?

Because you do not dream always at the same place. It is not always the same part of your being that dreams and it is not at the same place that you dream. If you were in conscious, direct, continuous communication with all the parts of your being, you would remember all your dreams. But very few parts of the being are in communication.

   For example, you have a dream in the subtle physical, that is to say, quite close to the physical. Generally, these dreams occur in the early hours of the morning, that is between four and five o'clock, at the end of the sleep. If you do not make a sudden movement when you wake up, if you remain very quiet, very still and a little attentive - quietly attentive - and concentrated, you will remember them, for the communication between the subtle physical and the physical is established - very rarely is there no communication.

   Now, dreams are mostly forgotten because you have a dream while in a certain state and then pass into another. For instance, when you sleep, your body is asleep, your vital is asleep, but your mind is still active. So your mind begins to have dreams, that is, its activity is more or less coordinated, the imagination is very active and you see all kinds of things, take part in extraordinary happenings.... After some time, all that calms down and the mind also begins to doze. The vital that was resting wakes up; it comes out of the body, walks about, goes here and there, does all kinds of things, reacts, sometimes fights, and finally eats. It does all kinds of things. The vital is very adventurous. It watches. When it is heroic it rushes to save people who are in prison or to destroy enemies or it makes wonderful discoveries. But this pushes back the whole mental dream very far behind. It is rubbed off, forgotten: naturally you cannot remember it because the vital dream takes its place. But if you wake up suddenly at that moment, you remember it. There are people who have made the experiment, who have got up at certain fixed hours of the night and when they wake up suddenly, they do remember. You must not move brusquely, but awake in the natural course, then you remember.

   After a time, the vital having taken a good stroll, needs to rest also, and so it goes into repose and quietness, quite tired at the end of all kinds of adventures. Then something else wakes up. Let us suppose that it is the subtle physical that goes for a walk. It starts moving and begins wandering, seeing the rooms and... why, this thing that was there, but it has come here and that other thing which was in that room is now in this one, and so on. If you wake up without stirring, you remembeR But this has pushed away far to the back of the consciousness all the stories of the vital. They are forgotten and so you cannot recollect your dreams. But if at the time of waking up you are not in a hurry, you are not obliged to leave your bed, on the contrary you can remain there as long as you wish, you need not even open your eyes; you keep your head exactly where it was and you make yourself like a tranquil mirror within and concentrate there. You catch just a tiny end of the tail of your dream. You catch it and start pulling gently, without stirring in the least. You begin pulling quite gently, and then first one part comes, a little later another. You go backward; the last comes up first. Everything goes backward, slowly, and suddenly the whole dream reappears: "Ah, there! it was like that." Above all, do not jump up, do not stir; you repeat the dream to yourself several times - once, twice - until it becomes clear in all its details. Once that dream is settled, you continue not to stir, you try to go further in, and suddenly you catch the tail of something else. It is more distant, more vague, but you can still seize it. And here also you hang on, get hold of it and pull, and you see that everything changes and you enter another world; all of a sudden you have an extraordinary adventure - it is another dream. You follow the same process. You repeat the dream to yourself once, twice, until you are sure of it. You remain very quiet all the time. Then you begin to penetrate still more deeply into yourself, as though you were going in very far, very far; and again suddenly you see a vague form, you have a feeling, a sensation... like a current of air, a slight breeze, a little breath; and you say, "Well, well...." It takes a form, it becomes clear - and the third category comes. You must have a lot of time, a lot of patience, you must be very quiet in your mind and body, very quiet, and you can tell the story of your whole night from the end right up to the beginning.

   Even without doing this exercise which is very long and difficult, in order to recollect a dream, whether it be the last one or the one in the middle that has made a violent impression on your being, you must do what I have said when you wake up: take particular care not even to move your head on the pillow, remain absolutely still and let the dream return.

   Some people do not have a passage between one state and another, there is a little gap and so they leap from one to the other; there is no highway passing through all the states of being with no break of the consciousness. A small dark hole, and you do not remember. It is like a precipice across which one has to extend the consciousness. To build a bridge takes a very long time; it takes much longer than building a physical bridge.... Very few people want to and know how to do it. They may have had magnificent activities, they do not remember them or sometimes only the last, the nearest, the most physical activity, with an uncoordinated movement - dreams having no sense.

   But there are as many different kinds of nights and sleep as there are different days and activities. There are not many days that are alike, each day is different. The days are not the same, the nights are not the same. You and your friends are doing apparently the same thing, but for each one it is very different. And each one must have his own procedure.

   Why are two dreams never alike?

Because all things are different. No two minutes are alike in the universe and it will be so till the end of the universe, no two minutes will ever be alike. And men obstinately want to make rules! One must do this and not that.... Well! we must let people please themselves.

   You could have put to me a very interesting question: "Why am I fourteen years old today?" Intelligent people will say: "It is because it is the fourteenth year since you were born." That is the answer of someone who believes himself to be very intelligent. But there is another reason. I shall tell this to you alone.... I have drowned you all sufficiently well! Now you must begin to learn swimming!

   ~ The Mother, Questions And Answers 1953, 36?,


1:Communication is the transfer of emotion. ~ seth-godin, @wisdomtrove
2:All communication begins with an intention, ~ danielle-laporte, @wisdomtrove
3:Communication is everyone's panacea for everything. ~ tom-peters, @wisdomtrove
4:Empathy is the fastest form of human communication.   ~ stephen-r-covey, @wisdomtrove
5:The greatest communication skill is paying value to others. ~ denis-waitley, @wisdomtrove
6:The only healthy communication style is assertive communication. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
7:No pleasure has any savor for me without communication. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
8:Communication: the thing humans forgot when we invented words. ~ richard-branson, @wisdomtrove
9:Writing and cookery are just two different means of communication. ~ maya-angelou, @wisdomtrove
10:The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn't said. ~ peter-drucker, @wisdomtrove
11:The key ingredient in family communication is listening, really listening. ~ zig-ziglar, @wisdomtrove
12:True communication is communion―the realization of oneness, which is love. ~ eckhart-tolle, @wisdomtrove
13:I feel that the great challenge of our time is the communication of ideas. ~ alain-de-botton, @wisdomtrove
14:Words should be used as tools of communication and not as a substitute for action ~ mae-west, @wisdomtrove
15:Effective communication is 20% what you know and 80% how you feel about what you know. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
16:The communication of the dead is tongued with fire beyond the language of the living. ~ t-s-eliot, @wisdomtrove
17:Five minutes of communication can save a year's worth of turmoil and misunderstanding. ~ joyce-meyer, @wisdomtrove
18:Communication is always "propaganda." The emitter always wants "to get something across." ~ peter-drucker, @wisdomtrove
19:Photography is more than a medium for factual communication of ideas. It is a creative art. ~ amsel-adams, @wisdomtrove
20:What I love doing is basically two things: I love flying airplanes and I love communication. ~ richard-bach, @wisdomtrove
21:Secrecy, censorship, dishonesty, and blocking of communication threaten all the basic needs. ~ abraham-maslow, @wisdomtrove
22:Words are a wonderful form of communication, but they will never replace kisses and punches. ~ ashleigh-brilliant, @wisdomtrove
23:Speech is one symptom of affection; and silence one; the perfect communication is heard of none. ~ emily-dickinson, @wisdomtrove
24:The kinds of errors that cause plane crashes are invariably errors of teamwork and communication. ~ malcolm-gladwell, @wisdomtrove
25:The goal of effective communication should be for listeners to say, &
26:I come from a tradition - from the Jewish tradition, which believes in words, in language, in communication. ~ elie-wiesel, @wisdomtrove
27:Communication with the dead is only a little more difficult than communication with some of the living. ~ ashleigh-brilliant, @wisdomtrove
28:Of all of our inventions for mass communication, pictures still speak the most universally understood language. ~ walt-disney, @wisdomtrove
29:Bell's theorem... proves that quantum theory requires connections that appear to resemble telepathic communication. ~ gary-zukav, @wisdomtrove
30:Now, I return to this young fellow. And the communication I have got to make is, that he has great expectations. ~ charles-dickens, @wisdomtrove
31:The more wonderful the means of communication, the more trivial, tawdry, or depressing its contents seemed to be. ~ arthur-c-carke, @wisdomtrove
32:The strong man is the one who is able to intercept at will the communication between the senses and the mind. ~ napoleon-bonaparte, @wisdomtrove
33:Violence is essentially wordless. and it can begin only where thought and rational communication have broken down. ~ thomas-merton, @wisdomtrove
34:Dreams as soul messages... each nightly communication brings the latest-breaking news available in special edition just for you! ~ gary-zukav, @wisdomtrove
35:In many ways, effective communication begins with mutual respect, communication that inspires, encourages others to do their best. ~ zig-ziglar, @wisdomtrove
36:Every time we speak, we choose and use one of four basic communication styles: assertive, aggressive, passive and passive-aggressive. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
37:It seemed rather incongruous that in a society of super sophisticated communication, we often suffer from a shortage of listeners. ~ erma-bombeck, @wisdomtrove
38:The deepest of level of communication is not communication, but communion. It is wordless ... beyond speech ... beyond concept. ~ thomas-merton, @wisdomtrove
39:No communication technology has ever disappeared, but instead becomes increasingly less important as the technological horizon widens. ~ arthur-c-carke, @wisdomtrove
40:Photography has escalated almost exponentially! It is a language which covers almost every aspect of communication; factual and expressive. ~ amsel-adams, @wisdomtrove
41:I think it's darkness before the dawn, because the next evolution is going to be a consciousness evolution instead of a communication revolution. ~ ram-das, @wisdomtrove
42:Electric communication will never be a substitute for the face of someone who with their soul encourages another person to be brave and true. ~ charles-dickens, @wisdomtrove
43:Avail yourself of the greatest privilege this side of heaven. Jesus Christ died to make this communion and communication with the Father possible. ~ billy-graham, @wisdomtrove
44:That is, sir, there can only be communication, communion, when you and I are on the same level, and with the same intensity, at the same time. ~ jiddu-krishnamurti, @wisdomtrove
45:Communication, according to Maturana, is not primarily a transmission of information, but rather a coordination of behavior between living organisms. ~ fritjof-capra, @wisdomtrove
47:I don't like to go to conventions, and I don't like to relate to people on a level of hero worship, because there's no real communication going on there. ~ alan-moore, @wisdomtrove
48:All of life is a risk; in fact we're not going to get out alive. Casualness leads to casualties. Communication is the ability to affect other people with words. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
49:Communication always makes demands. It always demands that the recipient become somebody, do something, believe something. It always appeals to motivation. ~ peter-drucker, @wisdomtrove
50:For effective communication, use brevity. Jesus said, &
51:Trust is the glue of life. It’s the most essential ingredient in effective communication. It’s the foundational principle that holds all relationships.      ~ stephen-r-covey, @wisdomtrove
52:Digital ink technology holds substantial promise in terms of legibility, portability, and power consumption, but I am less confident about the communication aspect. ~ tom-peters, @wisdomtrove
53:And the deepest level of communication is not communication, but communion. It is wordless. it is beyond words, and it is beyond speech, and it is beyond concept. ~ thomas-merton, @wisdomtrove
54:And what the dead had no speech for, when living, they can tell you, being dead: the communication of the dead is tongued with fire beyond the language of the living. ~ t-s-eliot, @wisdomtrove
55:Your feelings are cosmic communication! The good feelings mean, GOOD FOR YOU. The bad feelings are to get your attention so that you will change what you are focusing on. ~ rhonda-byrne, @wisdomtrove
56:Throughout your life, your inner landscape presents its contents to you again and again. When you are aware of all its elements, you are in continual communication with your soul. ~ gary-zukav, @wisdomtrove
57:Animation can explain whatever the mind of man can conceive. This facility makes it the most versatile and explicit means of communication yet devised for quick mass appreciation. ~ walt-disney, @wisdomtrove
58:But behaviour in the human being is sometimes a defence, a way of concealing motives and thoughts, as language can be a way of hiding your thoughts and preventing communication. ~ abraham-maslow, @wisdomtrove
59:Communication is a skill that you can learn. It's like riding a bicycle or typing.  If you're willing to work at it, you can rapidly improve the quality of every part of your life. ~ brian-tracy, @wisdomtrove
60:Listen to other people tell their story, but don't believe them. You know that it's just a story that is only true for them, but listen because the communication can be wonderful. ~ don-miguel-ruiz, @wisdomtrove
61:He felt he had lost it for good, he knew what it was to have been in communication with her, and to be cast off again. In misery, his heart like a heavy stone, he went about unliving. ~ d-h-lawrence, @wisdomtrove
62:The purest lesson our era has taught is that man, at his highest, is an individual, single, isolate, alone, in direct soul-communication with the unknown God, which prompts within him. ~ d-h-lawrence, @wisdomtrove
63:Expression and communication in the peak–experiences tend often to become poetic, mythical, and rhapsodic, as if this were the natural kind of language to express such states of being. ~ abraham-maslow, @wisdomtrove
64:Sleeping people are so remote... . Right here, but out of communication. That's what strikes humans as uncanny about sleep. Its utter privacy. The sleeper turns his back on everyone. ~ ursula-k-le-guin, @wisdomtrove
65:Years ago, I tried to top everybody, but I don't anymore. I realized it was killing conversation. When you're always trying for a topper you aren't really listening. It ruins communication ~ groucho-marx, @wisdomtrove
66:At some future day it will be proved, I cannot say when and where, that the human soul is, while in earth life, already in an uninterrupted communication with those living in another world. ~ immanuel-kant, @wisdomtrove
67:People are self-absorbed. I think that the mass ability of communication now probably allows individuals to meet more self-absorbed individuals. It has certainly changed the way that people meet. ~ nicholas-sparks, @wisdomtrove
68:Two different things: A crowd is a tribe without a leader. A crowd is a tribe without communication. Most organizations spend their time marketing to the crowd. Smart organizations assemble the tribe. ~ seth-godin, @wisdomtrove
69:Speak the truth. Affirm your desire. Declare your intentions. Recall your successes. Your psyche will believe you. Your body will feel you. Your Soul will thank you for the straight-up communication. ~ danielle-laporte, @wisdomtrove
70:If the communication is perfect, the words have life, and that is all there is to good writing, putting down on the paper words which dance and weep and make love and fight and kiss and perform miracles. ~ gertrude-stein, @wisdomtrove
71:Meanwhile, the poor Babel fish, by effectively removing all barriers to communication between different races and cultures, has caused more and bloodier wars than anything else in the history of creation. ~ douglas-adams, @wisdomtrove
72:There is no pleasure to me without communication: there is not so much as a sprightly thought comes into my mind that it does not grieve me to have produced alone, and that I have no one to tell it to. ~ michel-de-montaigne, @wisdomtrove
73:MP3 players and flash memory devices are good for data storage and playback of music and digital talking books, but they offer little or nothing in the way of visual presentation of information and communication. ~ tom-peters, @wisdomtrove
74:The overall purpose of human communication is - or should be - reconciliation. It should ultimately serve to lower or remove the walls of misunderstanding which unduly separate us human beings, one from another. ~ m-scott-peck, @wisdomtrove
75:The way to keep yourself from making assumptions is to ask questions. Make sure the communication is clear. If you don’t understand, ask. Have the courage to ask questions until you are as clear as you can be. ~ don-miguel-ruiz, @wisdomtrove
76:Take advantage of every opportunity to practice your communication skills so that when important occasions arise, you will have the gift, the style, the sharpness, the clarity, and the emotions to affect other people. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
77:Real communication between people is not verbal. For establishing and maintaining relationship affectionate awareness expressed in direct action is required. Not what you say, but what you do is that matters. ~ sri-nisargadatta-maharaj, @wisdomtrove
78:When we clearly understand that there is no superior sex or superior race, we will have opened the door of communication and laid the foundation for building winning relationships with all people in this global world of ours. ~ zig-ziglar, @wisdomtrove
79:We live in the age of communication. Write letters to the editor. Speak to your congressman, to your senator. If you are young, especially young people are taken by this human rights activities. They should organize the universities. ~ elie-wiesel, @wisdomtrove
80:I find that I have about six bloggable ideas a day. I also find that writing twice as long a post doesn't increase communication, it usually decreases it. And finally, I found that people get antsy if there are unread posts in their queue. ~ seth-godin, @wisdomtrove
81:For it is probable that when people talk aloud, the selves (of which there may be more than two thousand) are conscious of disserverment, and are trying to communicate but when communication is established there is nothing more to be said. ~ virginia-woolf, @wisdomtrove
82:We must travel; we must go to foreign parts. We must see how the engine of society works in other countries, and keep free and open communication with what is going on in the minds of other nations, if we really want to be a nation again. ~ swami-vivekananda, @wisdomtrove
83:All the good stuff has already been said by someone somewhere at some point in time. You just have to find it. Today, communication pretty much comes down to understanding - saying what you have to say clearly and effectively... and then living it. ~ criss-jami, @wisdomtrove
84:Limit your communication time. Going into your email inbox? Just give yourself 10 minutes to read, reply, delete, and get out. Going to do Twitter? Give yourself 5 minutes. Seriously, set up a timer. Don’t let these things take up all your attention. ~ leo-babauta, @wisdomtrove
85:The great work must inevitably be obscure, except to the very few, to those who like the author himself are initiated into the mysteries. Communication then is secondary: it is perpetuation which is important. For this only one good reader is necessary. ~ henry-miller, @wisdomtrove
86:Instead of projecting your own autobiography and assuming thoughts, feelings, motives, and interpretation, you’re dealing with the reality inside another person’s head and heart. You’re focused on receiving the deep communication from another human soul.   ~ stephen-r-covey, @wisdomtrove
87:No quality of human nature is more remarkable, both in itself and in its consequences, than that propensity we have to sympathize with others, and to receive by communication their inclinations and sentiments, however different from, or even contrary to our own. ~ david-hume, @wisdomtrove
88:How can I teach my boys the value and beauty of language and thus communication when the President himself reads westerns exclusively and cannot put together a simple English sentence? (John Steinbeck, in a private letter written during the Eisenhower administration) ~ john-steinbeck, @wisdomtrove
89:Prayer is spiritual communication between man and God, a two-way relationship in which man should not only talk to God but also listen to Him. Prayer to God is like a child's conversation with his father. It is natural for a child to ask his father for the things he needs. ~ billy-graham, @wisdomtrove
90:Communication is truth; communication is happiness. To share is our duty; to go down boldly and bring to light those hidden thoughts which are the most diseased; to conceal nothing; to pretend nothing; if we are ignorant to say so; if we love our friends to let them know it. ~ virginia-woolf, @wisdomtrove
91:God has gifted me in communication. He has given me a gift to be very open about myself, which seems to really help a lot of people. It's not even anything I do on purpose. It's just something I don't have a problem with. I don't care what you know about me if it will help you. ~ joyce-meyer, @wisdomtrove
92:Traveling ought also to teach him distrust; but at the same time he will discover, how many truly kind-hearted people there are, with whom he never before had, or ever again will have any further communication, who yet are ready to offer him the most disinterested assistance. ~ charles-darwin, @wisdomtrove
93:If, as I anticipate, a wide array of personal, portable information/communication devices becomes increasingly important and widespread for information-intensive users, it will be a major challenge for libraries to adapt their content and services to such a diverse technological environment. ~ tom-peters, @wisdomtrove
94:For it is a curious fact that though human beings have such imperfect means of communication, that they can only say &
95:For the social ecologist language is not "communication." It is not just "message." It is substance. It is the cement that holds humanity together. It creates community and communication. ... Social ecologists need not be "great" writers; but they have to be respectful writers, caring writers. ~ peter-drucker, @wisdomtrove
96:I highly recommend the approach Marshall Rosenberg details in Nonviolent Communication (2nd Edition 2008), which has essentially three parts: When X happens [described factually, not judgmentally], I feel Y [especially the deeper, softer emotions], because I need Z [fundamental needs and wants]. ~ rick-hanson, @wisdomtrove
97:It ought to be the happiness and glory of a representative to live in the strictest union, the closest correspondence, and the most unreserved communication with his constituents. Their wishes ought to have great weight with him; their opinion, high respect; their business, unremitted attention. ~ edmund-burke, @wisdomtrove
98:In order to correctly define art, it is necessary, first of all, to cease to consider it as a means to pleasure and consider it as one of the conditions of human life. ... Reflecting on it in this way, we cannot fail to observe that art is one of the means of effective communication between people. ~ leo-tolstoy, @wisdomtrove
99:Why do you suppose that in the last 100 years technology has evolved a thousand times further than it has in the last 3,000 years? It's the level of souls that are incarnating. The older Atlantean souls are coming back. They have a natural affinity for communication, electronics, medicine, law and media. ~ frederick-lenz, @wisdomtrove
100:You cannot speak that which you do not know. You cannot share that which you do not feel. You cannot translate that which you do not have. And you cannot give that which you do not possess. To give it and to share it, and for it to be effective, you first need to have it. Good communication starts with good preparation. ~ jim-rohn, @wisdomtrove
101:One classical role of the pulpit in Protestantism has been to &
102:In my deepest, darkest moments, what really got me through was a prayer. Sometimes my prayer was &
103:It's hardly possible to overstate the value, in the present state of human improvement, of placing human beings in contact with other persons dissimilar to themselves, and with modes of thought and action unlike those with which they are familiar. Such communication has always been... one of the primary sources of progress. ~ john-stuart-mill, @wisdomtrove
104:Labels such as, &
105:Communication has changed so rapidly in the last 20 years, it's almost impossible to predict what might occur even in the next decade. E-mail, which now sends data hurtling across vast distances at the speed of light, has replaced primitive forms of communication such as smoke signals, which sent data hurtling across vast distances at the speed of light. ~ steve-martin, @wisdomtrove
106:I feel that the term "new age" is used by basically hostile media to diminish and marginalize a conversation that is very significant. It's held in place by journalists who are constantly looking for hooks and sound bites to keep them from having to make the effort of a deeper understanding and a more profound level of communication with the public. ~ marianne-williamson, @wisdomtrove
107:When a man no longer confuses himself with the definition of himself that others have given him, he is at once universal and unique. He is universal by virtue of the inseparability of his organism from the cosmos. He is unique in that he is just this organism and not any stereotype of role, class, or identity assumed for the convenience of social communication. ~ alan-watts, @wisdomtrove
108:Our approach is to think of companies not as businesses but as collections of people. We [Apple]want to qualitatively change the way people work. We don't just want to help them do word processing faster or add numbers faster. We want to change the way they can communicate with one another. We're seeing less paper flying around and more quality of communication. ~ steve-jobs, @wisdomtrove
109:Today people live to work rather than work for a living. They have forgotten their true goal in life. Subsequently they have forgotten their dharma. There is no communication between hearts, there is no sharing. Having lost contact with other's hearts, we become totally isolated. But in truth we are not isolated islands, we are links that form one chain. ~ mata-amritanandamayi, @wisdomtrove
110:Revelation is necessarily limited to the first communication- after that it is only an account of something which that person says was a revelation made to him; and though he may find himself obliged to believe it, it can not be incumbent on me to believe it in the same manner; for it was not a revelation made to ME, and I have only his word for it that it was made to him. ~ thomas-paine, @wisdomtrove
111:The deepest level of communication is not communication, but communion. It is wordless. It is beyond words, and it is beyond speech, and it is beyond concept. Not that we discover a new unity. We discover an older unity. My dear Brothers [and Sisters], we are already one. But we imagine that we are not. And what we have to recover is our original unity. What we have to be is what we are. ~ thomas-merton, @wisdomtrove
112:Speech, originally, was the device whereby Man learned, imperfectly, to transmit the thoughts and emotions of his mind. By setting up arbitrary sounds and combinations of sounds to represent certain mental nuances, he developed a method of communication&
113:Communication is an offering. When you tell someone your truth, you must release your expectation of what the other person should do with it. They may thank you profusely, love you forever, argue with you, or ignore you. It doesn't matter. Of course we hope the gift will be received with appreciation and thanks. But if it isn't we must not dictate. We've done our part, and we must trust the universe to do the rest. ~ alan-cohen, @wisdomtrove
114:The interesting thing was that the Roman Catholic monks and the Buddhist monks had no trouble understanding each other. Each of them was seeking the same experience and knew that the experience was incommunicable. The communication is only an effort to bring the hearer to the edge of the abyss; it is a signpost, not the thing itself. But the secular clergy reads the communication and gets stuck with the letter, and that's where you have the conflict. ~ joseph-campbell, @wisdomtrove
115:If enough people are sensitive to the tragedy of Tibet, I think it will produce a change politically as well. But furthermore, it's important for the people in Tibet. Now communication is such [that] people know what is happening. Even Tibetan people would know that the Interfaith or the international group of religious people - that everybody who is religious is taking up their cause. It would help them a lot if we give them courage, and that in itself is enough. ~ elie-wiesel, @wisdomtrove
116:Teaching, therefore, asks first of all the creation of a space where students and teachers can enter into a fearless communication with each other and allow their respective life experiences to be their primary and most valuable source of growth and maturation. It asks for a mutual trust in which those who teach and those who want to learn can become present to each other, not as opponents, but as those who share in the same struggle and search for the same truth. ~ henri-nouwen, @wisdomtrove
117:It win be a device that will permit communication without any time interval between two points in space. The device will not transmit messages, of course; simultaneity is identity. But to our perceptions, that simultaneity will function as a transmission, a sending. So we will be able to use it to talk between worlds, without the long waiting for the message to go and the reply to return that electromagnetic impulses require. It is really a very simple matter. Like a kind of telephone. ~ ursula-k-le-guin, @wisdomtrove
118:Most contemporary novels are not really "written." They obtain what reality they have largely from an accurate rendering of the noises that human beings currently make in their daily simple needs of communication; and what part of a novel is not composed of these noises consists of a prose which is no more alive than that of a competent newspaper writer or government official. A prose that is altogether alive demands something of the reader that the ordinary novel-reader is not prepared to give. ~ t-s-eliot, @wisdomtrove
119:One orbit, with a radius of 42,000 kilometers, has a period of exactly 24 hours. A body in such an orbit, if its plane coincided with that of the Earth's equator, would revolve with the Earth and would thus be stationary above the same spot on the planet. It would remain fixed in the sky of a whole hemisphere ... [to] provide coverage to half the globe, and for a world service three would be required, though more could be readily utilized. (1945) [Predidicting geosynchronous communication satellites] ~ arthur-c-carke, @wisdomtrove
120:A dialogue is very important. It is a form of communication in which question and answer continue till a question is left without an answer. Thus the question is suspended between the two persons involved in this answer and question. It is like a bud with untouched blossoms . . . If the question is left totally untouched by thought, it then has its own answer because the questioner and answerer, as persons, have disappeared. This is a form of dialogue in which investigation reaches a certain point of intensity and depth, which then has a quality that thought can never reach. ~ jiddu-krishnamurti, @wisdomtrove
121:For millions of years, mankind lived just like the animals. Then something happened which unleashed the power of our imagination. We learned to talk and we learned to listen. Speech has allowed the communication of ideas, enabling human beings to work together to build the impossible. Mankind's greatest achievements have come about by talking, and its greatest failures by not talking. It doesn't have to be like this. Our greatest hopes could become reality in the future. With the technology at our disposal, the possibilities are unbounded. All we need to do is make sure we keep talking. ~ stephen-hawking, @wisdomtrove
122:First, identify your core aims. What are your purposes and principles in relationships? For example, one fundamental moral value is not to harm people,including yourself. If your needs are not being met in a relationship, that’s harmful to you. If you are mean or punishing, that harms others. Another potential aim might be to keep discovering the truth about yourself and the other person. Second, stay in bounds. The Wise Speech section of Buddhism’s Noble Eightfold Path offers good guidelines for communication that stays within the lines: Say only what is well-intended, true, beneficial, timely, expressed without harshness or malice, and—ideally—what is wanted. ~ rick-hanson, @wisdomtrove
123:And this is truly a terrible burden, a horrible burden, because in any case there is no room for timidity. The fact that you might be wrong is simply no excuse: You might be right in your communication, and you might be wrong, but that doesn’t matter. What does matter, as Kierkegaard so rudely reminded us, is that only by investing and speaking your vision with passion, can the truth, one way or another, finally penetrate the reluctance of the world. If you are right, or if you are wrong, it is only your passion that will force either to be discovered. It is your duty to promote that discovery—either way—and therefore it is your duty to speak your truth with whatever passion and courage you can find in your heart. You must shout, in whatever way you can. ~ ken-wilber, @wisdomtrove

*** NEWFULLDB 2.4M ***

1:Communication, for ~ Trudi Canavan,
2:Communication is my thing. ~ Naomi Klein,
3:Art is communication. ~ Madeleine L Engle,
4:epistolary communication: ~ Isabel Allende,
5:No, communication is terrible! ~ Jeff Bezos,
6:behavior is communication. ~ Daniel J Siegel,
7:Communication is improbable. ~ Niklas Luhmann,
8:Consensus demands communication. ~ John Dewey,
9:who says communication needs words. ~ Unknown,
10:Communication is a way of life. ~ Asa Don Brown,
11:communication simply requires ~ Charles Petzold,
12:Writing is a communication. ~ Theodore Sturgeon,
13:All communication must lead to change ~ Aristotle,
14:Barriers shut down communication. ~ Lysa TerKeurst,
15:with honesty there came communication, ~ R J Lewis,
16:Communication is not a one-way street. ~ Jim George,
17:Only communication can communicate ~ Niklas Luhmann,
18:Art is the communication of ecstasy. ~ P D Ouspensky,
19:Compassionate Communication training. ~ Tawna Fenske,
20:I think communication is so firsbern. ~ Steve Martin,
21:Singing is the lowest form of communication. ~ Homer,
22:Self-consciousness kills communication. ~ Rick Steves,
23:Authenticity empowers communication. ~ James L Nicodem,
24:Communication is the sister of leadership ~ John Adair,
25:Communication is the transfer of emotion. ~ Seth Godin,
26:Communication is the universal solvent. ~ L Ron Hubbard,
27:communication specialist Elin Cuijpers. ~ Matthew Mather,
28:personal communication, but I wanted to call ~ Anonymous,
29:Never mistake legibility for communication. ~ David Carson,
30:Don't confuse legibility with communication. ~ David Carson,
31:Great communication begins with connection. ~ Oprah Winfrey,
32:A lack of communication leaves fear and doubt. ~ Kellan Lutz,
33:No blame, no hate - why no communication? ~ Charlaine Harris,
34:Communication is the real work of leadership. ~ Nitin Nohria,
35:near-field communication for contactless payments, ~ Anonymous,
36:I was analyzing the guys' nonverbal communication. ~ Glen Davis,
37:Communication is everyone's panacea for everything. ~ Tom Peters,
38:Communication is pointless and we're all doomed. ~ Frank Portman,
39:Do not put cleverness in front of the communication. ~ Paul Arden,
40:Every act of communication is a miracle of translation. ~ Ken Liu,
41:Friendship requires great communication. ~ Saint Francis de Sales,
42:God doesn't need verbal language for communication. ~ Mary C Neal,
43:Of all affairs, communication is the most wonderful. ~ John Dewey,
44:Real communication happens when people feel safe. ~ Ken Blanchard,
45:The goal of art-making in general is communication. ~ Will Cotton,
46:All life is profoundly dependent on communication. ~ Cheryl Heller,
47:Art is the most effective form of communication. ~ Jennifer Echols,
48:Communication is the lifeblood of an organization. ~ Asa Don Brown,
49:So art becomes not communication but mystification. ~ Iris Murdoch,
50:Conversation: The slowest form of human communication. ~ Don Herold,
51:A lie is any communication with intent to deceive, ~ Stephen R Covey,
52:Communication can only take place among equals. ~ Kenneth E Boulding,
53:Communication is only possible between equals. ~ Robert Anton Wilson,
54:Communication is the most important skill in life. ~ Stephen R Covey,
55:there is no such thing as too much communication. ~ Patrick Lencioni,
56:Bad human communication leaves us less room to grow. ~ Rowan Williams,
57:Illiteracy is rampant. People are out of communication. ~ Karen Black,
58:Silence is a form of communication. Speech divides us. ~ David Malouf,
59:You can't be focussed without really great communication ~ Sam Altman,
60:Every act of communication is an act of translation. ~ Gregory Rabassa,
61:Only through communication can human life hold meaning. ~ Paulo Freire,
62:A key to healthy problem solving is good communication. ~ Asa Don Brown,
63:Communication without a purpose is artistic masturbation. ~ Rod Steiger,
64:Effective teamwork begins and ends with communication ~ Mike Krzyzewski,
65:People make music to get a reaction. Music is communication. ~ Yoko Ono,
66:The art of communication is the language of leadership. ~ James C Humes,
67:The meaning of a communication is the result you get. ~ Richard Bandler,
68:What worries me is that now, communication is virtual. ~ Franca Sozzani,
69:You scholars, you're in communication with the devil. ~ Alexandre Dumas,
70:Communication is so much better when people are vulnerable. ~ A J McLean,
71:communication is theoretically very difficult. They think we ~ Lee Child,
72:The only way to end war is communication between people. ~ Oprah Winfrey,
73:Effective leadership begins with effective communication. ~ Asa Don Brown,
74:Male-female conversation is cross-cultural communication ~ Deborah Tannen,
75:Word of mouth is the most effective means of communication. ~ Ralph Nader,
76:Communication is to relationships what breath is to life. ~ Virginia Satir,
77:Information is giving out; communication is getting through. ~ Hans Finzel,
78:Love is the only channel for a clear communication. ~ Roger Delano Hinkins,
79:There is no communication in this world except between equals. ~ Ken Burns,
80:this framework is the pinnacle of narrative communication. ~ Donald Miller,
81:A good communication is the best medicine for healthy association ~ Unknown,
82:Communication in every which way is everything for the leader. ~ John Maeda,
83:Communication is the breath or death of any relationship ~ Rasheed Ogunlaru,
84:Communication is the most important single activity of man. ~ Stephen Covey,
85:Existence is communication, and communication, existence. ~ Haruki Murakami,
86:I've always thought of writing as sort of active communication. ~ Lily King,
87:Music is a very personal and emotional form of communication. ~ Trevor Dunn,
88:my problem with paper is that all communication dies with it. ~ Dave Eggers,
89:systems—power, propulsion, communication, life support—were ~ John Sandford,
90:The only healthy communication style is assertive communication. ~ Jim Rohn,
91:(90 percent of communication occurs using just 500 words), ~ Jordan Peterson,
92:Art is a word which summarizes the quality of communication. ~ L Ron Hubbard,
93:Good communication is the bridge between confusion and clarity. ~ Nat Turner,
94:The meaning of your communication is the response you get. ~ Gregory Bateson,
95:To pass beyond communication was to pass beyond salvation; he ~ Stephen King,
96:Effective communication is the best way to solve problems. ~ Bradford Winters,
97:Good communication is as stimulating as black coffee. ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh,
98:No pleasure has any savor for me without communication. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
99:The ABCs are attitude, behavior and communication skills. ~ Gerald Chertavian,
100:Think of your communication in terms of telling a larger story. ~ Dan Portnoy,
101:(90 percent of communication occurs using just 500 words), ~ Jordan B Peterson,
102:The first problem of communication is getting people's attention. ~ Chip Heath,
103:As a company grows, communication becomes its biggest challenge. ~ Ben Horowitz,
104:The great myth of our times is that technology is communication. ~ Libby Larsen,
105:Writing isn't letters on paper. It's communication. It's memory. ~ Isaac Marion,
106:Communication: the thing humans forgot when we invented words. ~ Richard Branson,
107:I have a very open line of communication with both my children. ~ Gloria Estefan,
108:Intrapersonal communication is a reflection of your self-esteem. ~ Asa Don Brown,
109:It’s dangerous to confuse self-expression with communication. ~ Ursula K Le Guin,
110:Self-expression must pass into communication for its fulfillment. ~ Pearl S Buck,
111:The quality of your life is the quality of your communication. ~ Anthony Robbins,
112:There is a world of communication which is not dependent on words. ~ Mary Martin,
113:It’s common to cease all communication when a relationship ends. ~ Laurann Dohner,
114:Power in America today is control of the means of communication. ~ Theodore White,
115:The history of commerce is that of the communication of the people. ~ Montesquieu,
116:The larger the group, the simpler the communication needs to be. ~ John C Maxwell,
117:The question is the primary form of communication for little kids. ~ Jim Gaffigan,
118:What’s called luck is usually an outgrowth of successful communication. ~ Al Ries,
119:Writing and cookery are just two different means of communication. ~ Maya Angelou,
120:Art is the indispensable medium for the communication of a moral ideal. ~ Ayn Rand,
121:Communication across the revolutionary divide is inevitably partial. ~ Thomas Kuhn,
122:Communication is an art form that is crafted throughout our lives. ~ Asa Don Brown,
123:Confusion is the best form of communication. It's left to be unexplained. ~ Twiggy,
124:Harrison exhaled. “You two need to work on your communication skills! ~ S L Morgan,
125:Intrapersonal communication is a reflection of our daily messages. ~ Asa Don Brown,
126:Success takes communication, collaboration and, sometimes, failure. ~ Jessica Alba,
127:communication comes from the Latin word communis, meaning “common. ~ John C Maxwell,
128:The circle is the fundamental geometry of open human communication. ~ Harrison Owen,
129:There should be no "means of communication" which "we cannot read". ~ David Cameron,
130:Communication is not so much about what you say, as what you don't say. ~ Jim George,
131:Respect for people is the cornerstone of communication and networking. ~ Susan RoAne,
132:To wit, existence is communication and communication is existence. ~ Haruki Murakami,
133:Without communication with the dead, a fully human life is not possible. ~ W H Auden,
134:A lack of communication between citizens and policemen is real stuff. ~ Stevie Wonder,
135:Men understand direct communication. It's bitches who speak in code. ~ Kristen Ashley,
136:The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn't said. ~ Peter Drucker,
137:Art is partly communication, but only partly. The rest is discovery. ~ William Golding,
138:I think the greatest challenge between child and parent is communication. ~ Sean Covey,
139:Prayer is ecstatic communication with your innernavigational computer. ~ Timothy Leary,
140:Tears are a form of communication - like speech - and require a listener. ~ Erica Jong,
141:Communication can be sent or received through verbal or nonverbal cues. ~ Asa Don Brown,
142:language is an organ of perception, not simply a means of communication ~ Julian Jaynes,
143:On December 1, 2012, I received my first communication from Edward Snowden, ~ Anonymous,
144:Our manners have been corrupted by communication with the saints. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
145:The more elaborate our means of communication, the less we communicate. ~ J B Priestley,
146:the science of control and communication in the animal and the machine ~ Norbert Wiener,
147:Verbal communication about music is impossible except among musicians. ~ Virgil Thomson,
148:a heap of words designed to hinder communication rather than facilitate it. ~ Hugh Howey,
149:A man has a property in his opinions and the free communication of them. ~ James Madison,
150:We had lost the art of communication - but not, alas, the gift of speech. ~ Gordon Brown,
151:Communication is not saying something; communication is being heard. ~ Frances Hesselbein,
152:Mobile is the future, and there's no such thing as communication overload. ~ Eric Schmidt,
153:Communication goes two ways. Somebody has to talk. And somebody has to listen. ~ Meg Cabot,
154:Communication must become total and conscious before we can stop it. ~ William S Burroughs,
155:If what is communicated is false, it can hardly be called communication. ~ Benjamin E Mays,
156:In spiritual communication,
Mental telepathy
Is the beginners' course. ~ Sri Chinmoy,
157:No communication or gift can exhaust genius or impoverish charity. ~ Johann Kaspar Lavater,
158:Sex should be a deepening of communication, not a substitute for it. ~ Marianne Williamson,
159:The history of commerce is that of the communication of the people. ~ Baron de Montesquieu,
160:The key test for an acronym is to ask whether it helps or hurts communication. ~ Elon Musk,
161:The more we elaborate our means of communication, the less we communicate. ~ J B Priestley,
162:True communication is communion-the realization of oneness, which is love. ~ Eckhart Tolle,
163:Banality is a symptom of non-communication. Men hide behind their cliches. ~ Eugene Ionesco,
164:de la Haye, Y. (1979), Marx and Engels on the Means of Communication, New York. ~ Anonymous,
165:I do not think any SFWA communication should come anywhere NEAR the internet. ~ C J Cherryh,
166:Photography is the most direct communication in non-violent contacts. ~ Robert Rauschenberg,
167:Technique is communication: the two words are synonymous in conductors. ~ Leonard Bernstein,
168:The difference between mere management and leadership is communication. ~ Winston Churchill,
169:True communication is communion- the realization of oneness, which is love. ~ Eckhart Tolle,
170:A language is a means of communication and should be lived rather than taught. ~ Benny Lewis,
171:Civilization is communication...That which is not expressed doesn't exist. ~ Haruki Murakami,
172:I feel that the great challenge of our time is the communication of ideas. ~ Alain de Botton,
173:In Africa, music is not an art form as much as it is a means of communication. ~ Vernon Reid,
174:Language can be a way of hiding your thoughts and preventing communication. ~ Abraham Maslow,
175:Listen carefully. If communication is manipulation, sex is all-out war. ~ Michael R Fletcher,
176:The greatest communication is usually how we are rather than what we say. ~ Joseph Goldstein,
177:There is no greater antidepressant than communication and fellowship with God. ~ Rick Warren,
178:Violence was no longer a way of control but a basic language of communication. ~ Ioan Grillo,
179:Effective communication is a key factor in the success of your product. ~ Jesse James Garrett,
180:I told my imagination to discontinue communication with my thoughts. ~ Gina Marinello Sweeney,
181:Money is either the best or the worst area of communication in our marriages. ~ Larry Burkett,
182:Reading is that fruitful miracle of a communication in the midst of solitude. ~ Marcel Proust,
183:Teenagers try to hide what's really going on in their communication online. ~ Ethan Zuckerman,
184:The key test for an acronym is to ask whether it helps or hurts communication. ~ Ashlee Vance,
185:The most important thing in communication is to hear what isn't being said. ~ Peter F Drucker,
186:To lie is to intentionally mislead others when they expect honest communication. ~ Sam Harris,
187:We have global communication and yet confrontation is more common than dialogue. ~ Dalai Lama,
188:Art is a language, an instrument of knowledge, an instrument of communication. ~ Jean Dubuffet,
189:Every day I try to be in communication with the universe in an unconscious way. ~ Paulo Coelho,
190:It is only after the intellect collapses that any true communication exists. ~ Chuck Palahniuk,
191:More and more we are into communications; and less and less into communication. ~ Studs Terkel,
192:Our unction, therefore, is the communication of the Holy Spirit, and nothing else. ~ John Owen,
193:The communication of ideas requires a similitude of thought and language . . . ~ Edward Gibbon,
194:Thinking based on who deserves what blocks compassionate communication. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
195:We need continuing communication from god. One stream of light is not enough. ~ Henry B Eyring,
196:When the trust account is high, communication is easy, instant, and effective. ~ Stephen Covey,
197:Cemetery communication: lots of people are out there, but nobody is listening. ~ John C Maxwell,
198:Expression and communication are essential; without these, civilization ends. ~ Haruki Murakami,
199:I enjoy very much communication. I think that scientists need to communicate. ~ Anthony S Fauci,
200:In a happy marriage there is a continuous dense magnetic sense of communication. ~ Iris Murdoch,
201:Active communication is the ability to exchange, transmit, or share information. ~ Asa Don Brown,
202:My favorite means of communication is otherworldly: dreams—meeting in dreams. ~ Marina Tsvetaeva,
203:To be a recipient of a communication is to have an enlarged and changed experience. ~ John Dewey,
204:What's clear - and exciting - is that communication for social change is growing. ~ Aaron Koblin,
205:When the trust account is high, communication is easy, instant, and effective. ~ Stephen R Covey,
206:Communication with another person -- wasn't it the realest thing in life? ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh,
207:Effective communication is 20% what you know and 80% how you feel about what you know. ~ Jim Rohn,
208:My two daughters live on Facebook and social media is their mode of communication. ~ Tony Goldwyn,
209:Negotiation as you’ll learn it here is nothing more than communication with results. ~ Chris Voss,
210:The biggest cause of serious error in this business is a failure of communication, ~ Atul Gawande,
211:The communication of the dead is tongued with fire beyond the language of the living. ~ T S Eliot,
212:Be a believer in true love. Seek deep communication with others and with yourself. ~ Bryant McGill,
213:Communication is very important. And the arts do that, whether it's film or theater. ~ Anne Archer,
214:Design is about making communication as easy and clear for the viewer as possible. ~ Garr Reynolds,
215:Twenty-first-century communication. I fear for our nation’s standards of literacy. ~ Gail Honeyman,
216:After all, it's the future of business communication that we're looking toward. ~ James L Barksdale,
217:Communication. It is the first rule of any relationship. Never assume anything. ~ Charlene Hartnady,
218:Tarantino and Jackson is like Scorsese and DeNiro, and their silent communication. ~ Walton Goggins,
219:Unclear expectations in the area of goals also undermine communication and trust. ~ Stephen R Covey,
220:communication engineering began with Gauss, Wheatstone, and the first telegraphers. ~ Norbert Wiener,
221:Communication is the railway of information linking two intersecting paths together. ~ Asa Don Brown,
222:Peace can only be achieved by a contrite spirit, open communication and tolerance. ~ Shannon L Alder,
223:There is more than a verbal tie between the words common, community, and communication. ~ John Dewey,
224:To listen well is as powerful a means of communication and influence as to talk well ~ John Marshall,
225:A common language is a first step towards communication across cultural boundaries. ~ Ethan Zuckerman,
226:Beauty should be the goal of your communication. Learn to speak with godly wisdom. ~ Elizabeth George,
227:Communication is mutual feeling with someone, not a didactic process of information. ~ Robert Creeley,
228:Communication leads to community, that is, to understanding, intimacy and mutual valuing. ~ Rollo May,
229:I hate the amount of communication, the obligation that you have just by owning a phone. ~ Lucas Till,
230:The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place ~ William H Whyte,
231:Beta testing is a symptom of weak testing practices and poor communication with customers. ~ Kent Beck,
232:Human communication, it sometimes seems to me, involves an exaggerated amount of time. ~ Graham Greene,
234:In a way the new music showed things could be transformed by new channels of communication. ~ Yoko Ono,
235:Intrapersonal communication is the communication of what we are saying unto ourselves. ~ Asa Don Brown,
236:Irony is not one of my favorite modes of communication, but I can still recognize it. ~ Sylvain Neuvel,
237:Keeping secrets will always lead to unhappiness and communication is the key to love. ~ Laura Esquivel,
238:Silence had pounded a nail in the coffin of my marriage. But communication was key. ~ Barbara Delinsky,
239:Prayer is inward communication with yourself; action is outward conversation with God. ~ Steve Maraboli,
240:The greatest problem with communication is the illusion that it has been accomplished. ~ John C Maxwell,
241:You must learn to wrestle against the things that hinder your communication with God. ~ Oswald Chambers,
242:A Course in Miracles: all communication is either a loving response or a cry for help. ~ Anthony Robbins,
243:Anyone in a position to overcome barriers to free thought and communication should do so. ~ Noam Chomsky,
244:A woman is expected, first and foremost, to respond to every communication from a man. ~ Gavin de Becker,
245:Hearts can be mended and problems fixed, but only if the lines of communication are open ~ Carolyn Brown,
246:Main purpose of PowerPoint is to slow communication down so the ideas are easier to catch. ~ Scott Meyer,
247:Telephone and telegraph were better means of communication than the holy man's telepathy ~ Eric Hobsbawm,
248:Think of Instagram. Journalism will continue to exist, but communication is now visual. ~ Franca Sozzani,
249:Communication is always "propaganda." The emitter always wants "to get something across." ~ Peter Drucker,
250:I believe in communication; books communicate ideas and make bridges between people. ~ Jeanette Winterson,
251:Photography is more than a medium for factual communication of ideas. It is a creative art. ~ Ansel Adams,
252:Their only communication so far had included one middle finger and a couple of dirty looks. ~ Lauren Kate,
253:There's a lot of different forms of communication, but music is absolutely the purest one. ~ Duane Allman,
254:Every anonymous communication is deserving of contempt, just because it's not signed. ~ Fyodor Dostoyevsky,
255:Secret communication achieved by hiding the existence of a message is known as steganography ~ Simon Singh,
256:Strangely enough, I really think that shoes are a communication tool between people. ~ Christian Louboutin,
257:The biggest communication problem is we do not listen to understand. We listen to reply. ~ Stephen R Covey,
258:The means of effective communication are being expropriated from the intellectual worker. ~ C Wright Mills,
259:The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place. ~ George Bernard Shaw,
260:What I thought I developed all of those years ago was a pattern to understand communication. ~ Simon Sinek,
261:Emotions Revealed: Recognizing Faces And Feelings To Improve Communication And Emotional Life. ~ Paul Ekman,
262:The first law of social communication is whenever you meet anyone, exalt him or her. ~ Harbhajan Singh Yogi,
263:The goal of effective communication should be for listeners to say, 'Me, too!' versus 'So what?' ~ Jim Rohn,
264:What I love doing is basically two things: I love flying airplanes and I love communication. ~ Richard Bach,
265:A Web site is the only medium of semipermanent communication where you can express yourself. ~ David Rusenko,
266:Communication is not the preserve of humans; it is the one thing that is truly universal. ~ Lawrence Anthony,
267:In our overcommunicated society, the paradox is that nothing is more important than communication. ~ Al Ries,
268:Nearly every communication method we invent eventually conveys unwanted commercial messages. ~ Jamais Cascio,
269:One of the failures of cellular communication is that tiredness often comes across as sadness. ~ Rachel Cohn,
270:Preaching is simple communication of Knowledge; it can really be done in silence only. ~ Sri Ramana Maharshi,
271:Spiritual knowledge improves intuitive ability, innovative ability and communication. ~ Sri Sri Ravi Shankar,
272:The more people are reached by mass communication, the less they communicate with each other. ~ Marya Mannes,
273:Good communication is as stimulating as black coffee and just as hard to sleep after. ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh,
274:Language was a vast, complicated tapestry. The key to communication was finding a common thread. ~ Tessa Dare,
275:Public Relations is the management of communication between an organization and its publics. ~ James E Grunig,
276:Secrecy, censorship, dishonesty, and blocking of communication threaten all the basic needs. ~ Abraham Maslow,
277:Talking is always a good idea. There's no harm in keeping lines of communication open. ~ Brian Reynolds Myers,
278:Civilization is communication,” the doctor said. “That which is not expressed doesn’t exist. ~ Haruki Murakami,
279:Great vision communication usually means heartfelt messages are coming from real human beings. ~ John P Kotter,
280:Secrecy, censorship, dishonesty, and blocking of communication threaten all the basic needs. ~ Abraham Maslow,
281:The biggest communication problem is we do not listen to understand.
We listen to reply. ~ Stephen R Covey,
282:When Communication with others is from love to love... it is deeply satisfying and healthy. ~ Gerald Jampolsky,
283:When one person yells the other should listen. When two people yell, there’s no communication. ~ Dale Carnegie,
284:I think that's the key [of communication] - to not use one method of communication for all people. ~ Mark Boyle,
285:Loyalty is not the kind of exclusive deal, it's just a sincere communication and the same values. ~ Romain Gary,
286:Art is communication spoken by man for humanity in a language raised above the everyday happening. ~ Mary Wigman,
287:because total non-communication in a place like the circle was so difficult, it felt like violence ~ Dave Eggers,
288:If we're being unilateral, then communication does not happen, the relationship does not happen. ~ Ross W Greene,
289:No relationship can survive without trust, honesty, and communication, no matter how close you are. ~ J Sterling,
290:Understanding human nature. Perception. That's how I see acting - perception and communication. ~ Juliette Lewis,
291:With my natural communication abilities, I could probably gather a crowd even without the Spirit. ~ Francis Chan,
292:Words that are carefully framed and spoken are the most powerful means of communication there is. ~ Nancy Duarte,
293:Be bold. Be fast. Get to the point right away. The best email communication is simple and clear. ~ Constance Hale,
294:Each new tool for communication has provoked panic that society will devolve into silly chatter. ~ Clive Thompson,
295:From birth my tongue has had a fire
for communication
with trees and dirt and water ~ Jimmy Santiago Baca,
296:Honest communication is built on truth and integrity and upon respect of the one for the other. ~ Benjamin E Mays,
297:Modernism is about space. Postmodernism is about communication. You should do what turns you on. ~ Robert Venturi,
298:Society cannot share a common communication system so long as it is split into warring factions. ~ Bertolt Brecht,
299:The key to high-quality communication is trust, and its hard to trust somebody that you dont know. ~ Ben Horowitz,
300:Words are a wonderful form of communication, but they will never replace kisses and punches. ~ Ashleigh Brilliant,
301:Clear communication. Respect. A lot of laughter. And a lot of orgasms. That's what makes a marriage work. ~ Dr Dre,
302:I see so many activists... who are artists because they feel that they have the power of communication. ~ Yoko Ono,
303:Photography theory is most often situated between art history, film theory, and communication studies ~ David Bate,
304:Silence isn't golden and it surely doesn't mean consent, so start practicing the art of communication. ~ T D Jakes,
305:Speech is one symptom of affection; and silence one; the perfect communication is heard of none. ~ Emily Dickinson,
306:That was when I realised that music is the most profound, magical form of communication there is. ~ Lesley Garrett,
307:Behind every communication problem is a sweaty ten-minute conversation that you don't want to have. ~ Gay Hendricks,
308:Good communication is just as stimulating as black coffee, and just as hard to sleep after. ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh,
309:I'm kind of interested in visual communication. For me it's more about suggesting than arguing a point. ~ Iron Wine,
310:One thing I've learned to appreciate as I've gotten a little older is direct forms of communication. ~ Billy Corgan,
311:Without credible communication, and a lot of it, the hearts and minds of others are never captured. ~ John P Kotter,
312:I feel like I was writing as I was learning to talk. Writing was always a go-to form of communication. ~ Frank Ocean,
313:Strange about parents. We have such easy access to them and such daunting problems of communication. ~ James Merrill,
314:The kinds of errors that cause plane crashes are invariably errors of teamwork and communication. ~ Malcolm Gladwell,
315:The most essential thing in life is to establish an unafraid, heartfelt communication with others. ~ Sogyal Rinpoche,
316:The new artists coming through were very materialistic and Hollywood, not so engaged in communication. ~ Patti Smith,
317:and because total non-communication in a place like the Circle was so difficult, it felt like violence. ~ Dave Eggers,
318:Art is a technique of communication. The image is the most complete technique of all communication. ~ Claes Oldenburg,
319:Electronic communication is one means by which the very idea of public life has been put to an end. ~ Richard Sennett,
320:For me, becoming a man had a lot to do with learning communication, and I learned about that by acting. ~ Adam Driver,
321:Human suffering is articulated in language; communication is how we seek help, consolation, etc. ~ Rigoberto Gonzalez,
322:I think that a solid team, solid communication, is the number one thing in life at all times. ~ Nikka Graff Lanzarone,
323:the communication/of the dead is tongued with fire beyond/the language of the living"--The Little Gidding ~ T S Eliot,
324:The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place. —GEORGE BERNARD SHAW ~ Anonymous,
325:Language is a poor enough means of communication as it is. So we should use all the words we have. ~ Caitl n R Kiernan,
326:Painting is an extension of man's means of communication. As such, it's pure, difficult, and wonderful. ~ Sidney Nolan,
327:Poor communication doesn't disconnet souls. It's the disconnected souls who poorly communicate. ~ Suzanne Woods Fisher,
328:Respectful communication under conflict or opposition is an essential and truly awe-inspiring ability. ~ Bryant McGill,
329:We don’t need better emotional communication from machines. We need people to have more empathy. ~ Charlie Jane Anders,
330:Your tools have elevated gossip, hearsay and conjecture to the level of valid, mainstream communication. ~ Dave Eggers,
331:God’s warriors don’t avoid conflict. They fight through it with communication and a positive outlook. ~ Shannon L Alder,
332:Success resulted from determination and will, but also from innovation and communication with the team. ~ Jocko Willink,
333:The Internet has brought communities across the globe closer together through instant communication. ~ Mike Fitzpatrick,
334:The telephone, it struck me at that moment, is the wrong means of communication for people without ears. ~ Timur Vermes,
335:All in all, in-person social interaction is much better for mental health than electronic communication. ~ Jean M Twenge,
336:core strategy for Cross Communication: to “use Cross Communication to ‘flip a switch’ in the consumer’s mind ~ Anonymous,
337:I slept for four years. I didn't study much of anything. I majored in something called communication arts. ~ Don DeLillo,
338:Music is the social act of communication among people, a gesture of friendship, the strongest there is. ~ Malcolm Arnold,
339:(...) my problem with paper is that all communication dies with it. It holds no possibility of continuity. ~ Dave Eggers,
340:Respectful communication under conflict or opposition is an essential and truly awe-inspiring ability. ~ Bryant H McGill,
341:The internet is changing all forms of communication, and this definitely includes political communication. ~ Theresa May,
342:The internet must be used to maximise open communication and we should encourage the expansion of its use. ~ Helen Zille,
343:The most important thing in coaching is communication. It's not what you say as much as what they absorb. ~ Red Auerbach,
344:Communication is a continual balancing act, juggling the conflicting needs for intimacy and independence ~ Deborah Tannen,
345:Most of the time, communication gets confused with conversation. In fact, the two are distinctly different. ~ Abdul Kalam,
346:the neurotic symptom is a communication about truth: that the illusion that one is invulnerable is a lie. ~ Ernest Becker,

Is a work of art

Some are normally born with it

Some may need a chart
~ A Saleh,
348:Communication is not about speaking what we think. Communication is about ensuring others hear what we mean. ~ Simon Sinek,
349:I come from a tradition - from the Jewish tradition, which believes in words, in language, in communication. ~ Elie Wiesel,
350:Our world is drowning in communication, but starving for genuine communio—the union of true communion. ~ Michael D O Brien,
351:Sarcasm doesn't appear to work on him. If that's true, I'm in trouble: It's my normal mode of communication. ~ Rick Yancey,
352:There must be a reason why photographers are not very good at verbal communication. I think we get lazy. ~ Annie Leibovitz,
353:Because it's one of these sort of connections between nodes- every pair of people adds communication overhead. ~ Sam Altman,
354:Dance is communication, and so the great challenge is to speak clearly, beautifully and with inevitability. ~ Martha Graham,
355:Globalisation due to growing international exchange and communication is believed to shape the new generation’s ~ Anonymous,
356:Moving around limits tribal affiliations that are detrimental to democracy, communication, and innovation. ~ Ricardo Semler,
357:Without a possibility of change in meanings human communication could not perform its present functions. ~ Kenneth Lee Pike,
358:A lot of the music editing job is communication and working out what a director really wants the music to be. ~ Steven Price,
359:Human experience throughout the ages has been enhanced through learning, information and communication. ~ Talal Abu Ghazaleh,
360:Imagination is the faculty of the mind that God has given us to make the communication of his beauty beautiful. ~ John Piper,
361:It was a mystery why the army bothered with a signal communication system when its men were so good at gossip. ~ Ruth Downie,
362:Poetry is the communication through words of certain experiences that can be communicated in no other way. ~ John Drinkwater,
363:Under his breath, he repeated the words of Xenophon: “Anger undermines effective communication with your horse. ~ Jojo Moyes,
364:Communication is not what we say, but what you hear (which is a lesson I wish our educational system understood) ~ Tucker Max,
365:Effective communication is built on the cement of trust. And trust is based on trustworthiness, not politics. ~ Stephen Covey,
366:I see dance being used as communication between body and soul, to express what it too deep to find for words. ~ Ruth St Denis,
367:I think it's important to have a consistent communication with the fans but I don't think it should be expected. ~ Beau Bokan,
368:I think the greatest gifts we can give each other in a relationship are the gifts of kindness and communication. ~ Jane Green,
369:Language, any language, has a dual character: it is both a means of communication and a carrier of culture ~ Ng g wa Thiong o,
370:Of all of our inventions for mass communication, pictures still speak the most universally understood language. ~ Walt Disney,
371:One of them, for example, which will probably haunt me more than any other is the problem of communication. ~ Georges Simenon,
372:Relationships thrive when communication reflects a ready acceptance and respect of people's innate differences. ~ John N Gray,
373:That which is communicated, i.e., understood, is metaphysical. The means of communication is physical. ~ R Buckminster Fuller,
374:This kind of “communication” helps your clothes stay vibrant and keeps your relationship with them alive longer. ~ Marie Kond,
375:Unhealthy relationships are most commonly lacking in the most essential of ingredient: healthy communication. ~ Asa Don Brown,
376:Across the communication landscape move the specters of sinister technologies and the dreams that money can buy. ~ J G Ballard,
377:communication is a two-party affair which aims at passing on or receiving a specific piece of information. ~ A P J Abdul Kalam,
378:even though we may be physically separated from one another, we can still be in instantaneous communication—and ~ Gregg Braden,
379:For me, pictures provide a means of holding, intensely, a moment of communication between one human and another. ~ Emmet Gowin,
380:If there is one general law of communication it is that we never communicate as effectively as we think we do. ~ Charles Handy,
381:In any human interaction, the required amount of communication is inversely proportional to the level of trust. ~ Ben Horowitz,
382:Seeking first to understand isn't about who's right or wrong; it is a philosophy of effective communication. ~ Richard Carlson,
383:The body is precious and the body is always going to speak through its own capacity for communication and love. ~ Dolores Hart,
384:Bell's theorem...proves that quantum theory requires connections that appear to resemble telepathic communication. ~ Gary Zukav,
385:hyper-communication can mean we spend more time on Facebook than we do face-to-face with the people we care about. ~ Bren Brown,
386:It was a simple and perfect bit of wordless communication, the sort people who love each other take for granted. ~ Stephen King,
387:Kris [Jenner] and the family, they have the power of communication. This is the number one communications company. ~ Kanye West,
388:Most of the time, communication gets confused with conversation. In fact, the two are distinctly different. ~ A P J Abdul Kalam,
389:Music is a therapy.It is a communication far more powerful than words, far more immediate, far more efficient. ~ Yehudi Menuhin,
390:Persuasive communication involves enthusiasm, animation, audience participation, authenticity and spontaneity. ~ John C Maxwell,
391:To me, animal communication seemed an insane idea, years ago; but my experience altered my life and my beliefs. ~ Bernie Siegel,
392:Understanding has very specific component parts. These component parts are affinity, reality and communication. ~ L Ron Hubbard,
393:She had that motherly no-bullshit way of using her hands as a second communication device and I always fell for it. ~ Devon Monk,
394:We know there is a problem with communication but we are not going to discuss it in front of the entire staff. ~ Robert Townsend,
395:We need not just one flash of light and comfort, but we need the continuing blessing of communication with God. ~ Henry B Eyring,
396:I think of filmmaking as a form of communication. Maybe it's also an art, but that's for somebody else to decide. ~ Roger Deakins,
397:Nonverbal communication is an elaborate secret code that is written nowhere, known by none, and understood by all. ~ Edward Sapir,
398:Only as we keep an open communication with our deep inner life will we have the wisdom to make effective choices. ~ Stephen Covey,
399:The beginning of motion in matter itself is as conceivable a priori as its communication from mind and intelligence. ~ David Hume,
400:True interactivity is not about clicking on icons or downloading files, it's about encouraging communication. ~ Edwin Schlossberg,
401:Any problem, big or small, within a family, always seems to start with bad communication. Someone isn't listening. ~ Emma Thompson,
402:Even in developing markets, we're seeing the growth of digital communication is proceeding at a very rapid pace. ~ Irene Rosenfeld,
403:Evil communication corrupts good manners. I hope to live to hear that good communication corrects bad manners. ~ Benjamin Banneker,
404:modern information and communication technologies are the greatest tools for self-empowerment we’ve ever seen. ~ Peter H Diamandis,
405:Now, I return to this young fellow. And the communication I have got to make is, that he has Great Expectations. ~ Charles Dickens,
406:Now, I return to this young fellow. And the communication I have got to make is, that he has great expectations. ~ Charles Dickens,
407:The strong man is the one who is able to intercept at will the communication between the senses and the mind. ~ Napoleon Bonaparte,
408:Violence is essentially wordless. and it can begin only where thought and rational communication have broken down. ~ Thomas Merton,
409:Words are an unnecessary trouble. Expression is time wasting away. Any communication is just a yelp in the darkness. ~ Joseph Fink,
410:As the world gets smaller and communication spreads further and further out there, you try to find the right balance. ~ Lars Ulrich,
411:CIVILISATION is not to be judged by the rapidity of communication, but by the value of what is communicated. ~ Gilbert K Chesterton,
412:Communication creates collaboration. Big ears are better than big egos. When you’re not listening, ask good questions. ~ Bill Walsh,
413:Healthy communication and an unconditional environment can prove the greatest asset to defeating at-risk behaviors. ~ Asa Don Brown,
414:In 1984, I turned to theater in the hopes of finding a more direct form of communication between me and my people. ~ Cherrie Moraga,
415:Intimate communication with God will prevent us from lighting our common will on the alter of His holy purpose. ~ Alisa Hope Wagner,
416:Nonverbal communication forms a social language that is in many ways richer and more fundamental than our words. ~ Leonard Mlodinow,
417:The more wonderful the means of communication, the more trivial, tawdry, or depressing its contents seemed to be. ~ Arthur C Clarke,
418:Toddlers really are daft with their inexperience and lack of communication skills. They all need to fucking grow up. ~ Sarah Noffke,
419:All communication is manipulation,” Jedao said. “You’re a mathematician. You should know that from information theory. ~ Yoon Ha Lee,
420:Code formatting is about communication, and communication is the professional developer’s first order of business. ~ Robert C Martin,
421:Human communication and literature are all made of words; thus, it’s hard to overestimate their unbelievable power. ~ Sahara Sanders,
422:If you appreciate, perpetuate and explore your own dreams,
then you'll know that dream isn't a one-way communication. ~ Toba Beta,
423:I love scripts about relationships, and I love to see puppy love evolving into this mature love and communication. ~ Joaquin Phoenix,
424:The agency regards itself as needing no specific justification to collect any particular electronic communication, ~ Glenn Greenwald,
425:The pure force of life are in communication with each other, independently of us, and then we cannot hide who we are. ~ Paulo Coelho,
426:When our communication supports compassionate giving and receiving, happiness replaces violence and grieving. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
427:Who would have thought that a means of communication limited to 140 characters would ever create misunderstanding? ~ Stephen Colbert,
428:With civilization comes communication, he said. Whatever can’t be expressed might as well not exist. Nil, nothing. ~ Haruki Murakami,
429:Communication is the one class no one graduates from. Even the wisest man's words will be misinterpreted by a fool. ~ Shannon L Alder,
430:Facebook, instagram - I prefer visual communication better than verbal. But I read all the comments, answering too. ~ Verka Serduchka,
431:He turned back to face them. ‘I do make sense to you, don’t I? I’m not just imagining that communication is taking place? ~ Greg Egan,
432:My father fought in World War I and single-handedly destroyed the Germans' line of communication. He ate their pigeon. ~ Frank Carson,
433:One of the emotional affordances of digital communication is that one can always hide behind deliberated nonchalance. ~ Sherry Turkle,
434:[Our] first and foremost duty [is] to seek the Lord until we open the path of communication from God to our own soul. ~ Brigham Young,
435:We are born into a box of time and space. We use words and communication to break out of it and to reach out to others. ~ Roger Ebert,
436:Being a good television screenwriter requires an understanding of the way film accelerates the communication of words. ~ Steven Bochco,
437:Communication was often like this, though: stumbling, tripping, getting up again. Moving, however clumsily, forward. ~ Michelle Sagara,
438:I think for any relationship to be successful, there needs to be loving communication, appreciation, and understanding. ~ Miranda Kerr,
439:John W. Gardner observed, “If I had to name a single all-purpose instrument of leadership, it would be communication. ~ John C Maxwell,
440:Misunderstandi ngs happen because we do not understand that different people have different styles of communication. ~ Tony Alessandra,
441:One undeniably crucial skill for all leaders is communication. Leadership and communication are inextricably related. ~ George B Bradt,
442:There was meaning in this, as multilayered as poetry and as clear as metaphor. Magic is merely communication, after all. ~ N K Jemisin,
443:To conclude: good journalism is one of the models of good conversation and communication in the wider social context. ~ Rowan Williams,
444:We are training each other in acts of communication we barely understand. We are, constitutively, companion species. ~ Donna J Haraway,
445:What is it about sex? Is it the sensations, or is it the meanings and the communication game that's tied into that. ~ Howard Rheingold,
446:And now here Annie was, allowing her day to become gloriously colored by a communication from a man she'd never even met. ~ Nick Hornby,
447:communication relies on words having shared meanings. Arriving at that mutual understanding is what semantics is all about. ~ Anonymous,
448:I couldn't bare the idea of not being in regular communication with the audience I love - young women of color. ~ Michaela Angela Davis,
449:Our family love is so special, and I truly believe it is due to our work and dedication to communication and patience. ~ Allison Holker,
450:Prayer is not a magic formula, but verbal communication with the sovereign God of creation. Examine your own prayer habits. ~ Anonymous,
451:taking responsibility—even for a small part of the problem in communication—presents the opportunity for great repair. ~ John M Gottman,
452:The reason that cliches become cliches is that they are the hammers and screwdrivers in the toolbox of communication. ~ Terry Pratchett,
453:The reason that clichés become clichés is that they are the hammers and screwdrivers in the toolbox of communication. ~ Terry Pratchett,
454:There cannot be any communication except through form. If there is no form, you cannot create emotion in the spectator. ~ Alain Resnais,
455:We live in an age of confusion and thirst in which the advantages of communication are greater than those of secrecy. ~ Frithjof Schuon,
456:Without good communication both verbally and non-verbally, then the love relationship is not sustainable and cannot grow. ~ John Friend,
457:Clear communication between selves - the surface self and the deep self - is the enemy of self-doubt. It slays confusion. ~ Stephen King,
458:Conscious communication is called Turiya-when you are totally effective, totally understood and totally truthful. ~ Harbhajan Singh Yogi,
459:Despite the barriers to communication, they have developed an idiolect of their own, mostly devoted to complaining. ~ Adrian Tchaikovsky,
460:For "full" emotional communication, one person needs to allow his state of mind to be influenced by that of the other. ~ Daniel J Siegel,
461:Moments later, I received a response: Twenty-first-century communication. I fear for our nation’s standards of literacy. ~ Gail Honeyman,
462:Speaking your truth with love ensures that others will hear your message, since angry words can shut down communication. ~ Doreen Virtue,
463:The star player must slay his ego and learn teamwork and communication skills before he can achieve the ultimate in sport ~ Walt Frazier,
464:This is the PART we play in helpful communication. PART means that we are present, attune, resonate, and create trust. ~ Daniel J Siegel,
465:A small communication breakdown is enough for everyone to be working on slightly different things. And then you loose focus. ~ Sam Altman,
466:Communicate with visual literacy - Make good use of all the non-verbal ways of communication - color, shape, form, texture. ~ Marty Sklar,
467:I'm inspired by that rawness in very direct communication. My work is not meant to keep people happy or give them an escape. ~ Jenny Hval,
468:Lately, I have been wondering if there is time left for daydreaming in this 21st-century world of constant communication. ~ James Thurber,
469:Nothing undermines change more than behavior by important individuals that is inconsistent with the verbal communication. ~ John P Kotter,
470:People could live very happily without the Turner Prize, but they could not live without real communication and emotion. ~ Billy Childish,
471:The most common communication mistakes? Relating too much information, with not enough time devoted to connecting the dots. ~ John Medina,
472:Great communication, Character, Competitive drive, Consistency, Compassion, Confidence -- skills successful leaders share. ~ Avery Johnson,
473:growing rapidly teaches you one thing well: how communication continually finds new and interesting ways to break down. The ~ Michael Lopp,
474:In the inconceivably vast and humbling unknown called "everything", is a supreme inter-communication called, spirituality. ~ Bryant McGill,
475:Like a human being, a company has to have an internal communication mechanism, a "nervous system", to coordinate its actions. ~ Bill Gates,
476:Not only is social life identical with communication, but all communication (and hence all genuine social life) is educative. ~ John Dewey,
477:Wherever I make a movie, no matter what size it is, it's always about a straightforward communication with the producer. ~ Ryuhei Kitamura,
478:Civilization is communication. When that which should be expressed and transmitted is lost, civilization comes to an end. ~ Haruki Murakami,
479:In the business world, and in life, there are inherent complexities. It is critical to keep plans and communication simple. ~ Jocko Willink,
480:Let no evil communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good that it may minister grace unto the hearers. ~ Ephesians IV. 29,
481:Moments later, I received a response: :D Twenty-first-century communication. I fear for our nation’s standards of literacy. ~ Gail Honeyman,
482:One of the failures of cellular communication is that tiredness often comes across as sadness. But I appreciate your concern. ~ Rachel Cohn,
483:Our lack of intimacy is due to our refusal to unplug and shut off communication from all others so we can be alone with Him. ~ Francis Chan,
484:We will be in tune with our bodies only if we truly love and honor them. We can't be in good communication with the enemy. ~ Harriet Lerner,
485:Wikipedia was a big help for science, especially science communication, and it shows no sign of diminishing in importance. ~ Aubrey de Grey,
486:A company’s communication structure should not mirror its organizational structure. Everybody should be able to talk to anybody. ~ Anonymous,
487:Anybody can be heard. Anyone can express their truths. And communication is possible without the confines of the body. ~ Marianne Williamson,
488:Dreams as soul messages...each nightly communication brings the latest-breaking news available in special edition just for you! ~ Gary Zukav,
489:The universe is the primary revelation of the divine, the primary scripture, the primary locus of divine-human communication. ~ Thomas Berry,
490:Today, comics is one of the very few forms of mass communication in which individual voices still have a chance to be heard. ~ Scott McCloud,
491:Friendship does not depend on conversation. Sometimes the most important communication is not mouth to ear, but heart to heart. ~ Dean Koontz,
492:I don’t think it’s healthy to have an argument about communication barriers on the date you’ve been manipulated into taking. ~ Kristy Cunning,
493:The ever-new communication technologies have exponentially magnified the lack of clear limits to our commitments and our lives. ~ David Allen,
494:The glue that holds together institutions and processes as they undergo massive decentering is cheap, ubiquitous communication. ~ Kevin Kelly,
495:The Internet is the most important single development in the history of human communication since the invention of call waiting. ~ Dave Barry,
496:Very often, organizations are inflexible because there is too little communication between functions; they are too segregated. ~ Ken Robinson,
497:FAITH is the element, the “chemical” which, when mixed with prayer, gives one direct communication with Infinite Intelligence. ~ Napoleon Hill,
498:My favorite mode of communication is in the world beyond: a dream, to see in a dream. My second favorite is correspondence. ~ Marina Tsvetaeva,
499:Successful communication depends on how well we listen, rather than how well we push our opinions on the person seated before us. ~ Kenya Hara,
500:The more wonderful the means of communication, the more trivial, tawdry, or depressing its contents seemed to be. Accidents, ~ Arthur C Clarke,
501:When language is used without true significance, it loses its purpose as a means of communication and becomes an end in itself. ~ Karl Jaspers,
502:attention as a communication medium just because it has no “content.” And this makes it an invaluable instance of how people ~ Marshall McLuhan,
503:For all they have the means of faster travel, faster communication, faster just about everything, they seem to have less time. ~ Jane Lindskold,
504:Good friends are those who care without hesitation, who remember without limitation and who love even without communication ~ Philippos Syrigos,
505:One day is enough to master reading in Korean. Hangeul is a very scientific and convenient alphabet system for communication. ~ J M G Le Clezio,
506:The deepest of level of communication is not communication, but communion. It is wordless ... beyond speech ... beyond concept. ~ Thomas Merton,
507:Today, when you combine the web with the iPad, you have the most advanced medium for human thought and communication ever created. ~ Mike McCue,
508:Verbal communication signs of flirting (that leave no room for guessing) include the famous (and ridiculous) pick-up lines: ~ Terri Savelle Foy,
509:When one yells, the other should listen—because when two people yell, there is no communication, just noise and bad vibrations. ~ Dale Carnegie,
510:But a public oration is an escapade, a non-committal, an apology, a gag, and not a communication, not a speech, not a man. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
511:Christianity isn’t a religion, it’s a relationship. And as we all know, a relationship requires a high commitment to communication. ~ Kay Arthur,
512:Democracy is interactive... Its a constant job of information, education, explanation, listening, and interactive communication. ~ Dick Gephardt,
513:Every time we speak, we choose and use one of four basic communication styles: assertive, aggressive, passive and passive-aggressive. ~ Jim Rohn,
514:I motivate players through communication, being honest with them, having them respect and appreciate your ability and your help. ~ Tommy Lasorda,
515:New techniques - often spinning out of technology and lack of privacy has resulted in new manipulative communication formats. ~ Martin Lindstrom,
516:Social capital may turn out to be a prerequisite for, rather than a consequence of, effective computer-mediated communication. ~ Robert D Putnam,
517:Anyone who says that they’re great at communicating but ‘people are bad at listening’ is confused about how communication works. ~ Randall Munroe,
518:How does one build bridges of trust with another? By paying attention to communication, commitment, competence, and character. Pay ~ Lolly Daskal,
519:If quantum communication and quantum computation are to flourish, a new information theory will have to be developed. ~ Hans Christian von Baeyer,
520:It seemed rather incongruous that in a society of super sophisticated communication, we often suffer from a shortage of listeners. ~ Erma Bombeck,
521:Styles come and go, design goes on forever: solving communication problems with new tools applied to the same old common sense. ~ Ivan Chermayeff,
522:There was a hiss of white noise before her tech’s radio communication came through. “Copy, unit 17C. An urgent status notation has ~ Addison Cain,
523:Boundaries are simply clearly stated parameters that provide a safe structure for communication and the health of a relationship. ~ Lysa TerKeurst,
524:Do not judge a day as devoid of Joy just because it contains difficulties. Instead, concentrate on staying in communication with Me. ~ Sarah Young,
525:I use technology for communication, but I don't have a Blackberry or an iPhone. I use an outdated cell phone, but I'm fine with it. ~ Nicolas Cage,
526:Knowing something for oneself or for communication to an expert colleague is not the same as knowing it for explanation to a student. ~ Hyman Bass,
527:Of all of these forms of communication, only e-mails and IMs leave a paper trail, explaining their apparent honesty-inducing power. ~ Pamela Meyer,
528:We live in a true chaos of contradicting authorities, an age of conformism without community, of proximity without communication. ~ Germaine Greer,
529:Check the cover letter. In a cover letter, you get actual communication instead of a list of skills, verbs, and years of irrelevance. ~ Jason Fried,
530:Humans were denied the speech of animals. The only common ground of communication upon which dogs and men can get together is in fiction. ~ O Henry,
531:Shut your trap, button your lip, can it. All that crap you hear on TV about communication and expressing feelings is a lie. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
532:Social media is the most disruptive form of communication humankind has seen since the last disruptive form of communications, email. ~ Ryan Holmes,
533:That’s still looking a long way ahead. For the present, you’re the only person who should attempt communication. Agreed, Captain? ~ Arthur C Clarke,
534:That’s when communication fails: when people start making assumptions. Don’t infer I feel something based on something I never said. ~ Brandi Reeds,
535:The indirectness of communication conceals the formation of schisms—different team members use terms differently but don’t realize it. ~ Eric Evans,
536:There's no way to get around it; online dating is work. And some people are more skilled at this kind of communication than others. ~ Rachel Martin,
537:When Jobs returned to the company after running Pixar, Apple became customer-centric, compelling, and clear in their communication. ~ Donald Miller,
538:As playwright George Bernard Shaw observed, “The greatest problem with communication is the illusion that it has been accomplished. ~ John C Maxwell,
539:Assuming you can write clear English sentences, give up all worry about communication. If you want to communicate, use the telephone. ~ Richard Hugo,
540:How can you be sure that we are holding a conversation? Nobody would know whether or not accurate communication occurred, correct? ~ Nagaru Tanigawa,
541:I know that fundamentally, changes to the fabric of the internet, and sort of our methods of communication, can enforce our rights. ~ Edward Snowden,
542:I let no corrupt communication proceed out of my mouth, but that which is good to edifying that it may minister grace to the hearer. ~ Charles Capps,
543:it’s sometimes wise to add rather than remove communication barriers—and physical distance is one of the most protective barriers. ~ Robert I Sutton,
544:Now Lucy sighed on his behalf. Communication must be difficult when your ass whittled the opposite sex’s vocabulary down to one word. ~ Tessa Bailey,
545:The five essential entrepreneurial skills for success are concentration, discrimination, organization, innovation and communication. ~ Harold Geneen,
546:If anything characterizes the cultural life of the seventies in America, it is an insistence on preventing failures of communication. ~ Richard Rosen,
547:Lock all communication. If there's no light within my day. I'd rather stay in isolation. For that special someone a lifetime I'll wait. ~ Buju Banton,
548:Men and months are interchangeable commodities only when a task can be partitioned among many workers with no communication among them. ~ Fred Brooks,
549:No communication technology has ever disappeared, but instead becomes increasingly less important as the technological horizon widens. ~ Ray Kurzweil,
550:NVC is founded on language and communication skills that strengthen our ability to remain human, even under trying conditions. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
551:Of all of these anti-homeostatic factors in society, the control of the means of communication is the most effective and most important. ~ Flo Conway,
552:Television should be the last mass communication medium to be naively designed and put into the world without a surgeon-general's warning. ~ Alan Kay,
553:Any organisation that designs a system will produce a design whose structure is a copy of the organisation's communication structure ~ Robert C Martin,
554:Diagrams are a means of communication and explanation, and they facilitate brainstorming. They serve these ends best if they are minimal. ~ Eric Evans,
555:I also think there's something about dance, music and the arts that transcends all other types of communication and expression. ~ Rachele Brooke Smith,
556:She felt the lawyer and Noah staring at her, but her eyes were locked on Rowland’s, a silent flood of communication roaring between them. ~ Lisa Regan,
557:Snarkicist. S-n-a-r-k-i-c-i-s-t. It’s someone who uses snark as a main form of communication, often in a passive-aggressive way. ~ Aimee Nicole Walker,
558:Communication is context-dependent and political—a valuable insight from postmodernism that scientists have failed to understand. ~ Shawn Lawrence Otto,
559:I need to be able to contact you at all times, and since this is your most honest form of communication, I figured you needed a BlackBerry. ~ Anonymous,
560:I respect the Japanese and especially like their execution and communication styles. Unlike the Koreans, they will not hit you from behind. ~ Terry Gou,
561:One thing talk can't accomplish is communication. This is because everybody's talking too much to pay attention to what anyone is saying ~ P J O Rourke,
562:people have character strength but they lack communication skills, and that undoubtedly affects the quality of relationships as well. ~ Stephen R Covey,
563:Radio affects most intimately, person-to-person, offering a world of unspoken communication between writer-speaker and the listener. ~ Marshall McLuhan,
564:Societies have always been shaped more by the nature of the media by which men communicate than by the content of the communication. ~ Marshall McLuhan,
565:To make someone an icon is to make him an abstraction, and abstractions are incapable of vital communication with living people. ~ David Foster Wallace,
566:To me, honesty and the difficulty of honest communication are at the heart of both my life and my movies. The difficulty of being yourself. ~ Ira Sachs,
567:Your brain has a trillion neurons and every neuron has ten thousand little dendrites. The system of inter-communication is awe-inspiring. ~ Don DeLillo,
568:Fashions are not fashions at all but refashioning; language is not communication but reinvention. They are never in place but on display. ~ Dionne Brand,
569:How much better might human communication be if words were as precious as diamonds? If each of us were allotted only 100 words per day? ~ Jerry Spinelli,
570:No communication technology has ever disappeared, but instead becomes increasingly less important as the technological horizon widens. ~ Arthur C Clarke,
571:...people have character strength but they lack communication skills, and that undoubtedly affects the quality of relationships as well. ~ Stephen Covey,
572:Perhaps the CEO’s most important operational responsibility is designing and implementing the communication architecture for her company. ~ Ben Horowitz,
573:The things we need the most are the things we have become most afraid of, such as adventure, intimacy, and authentic communication. ~ Charles Eisenstein,
574:We have received a communication from Jean le Flambeur. He claims that in precisely 57 minutes, he is going to steal a ring of Saturn. ~ Hannu Rajaniemi,
575:Giving and taking of orders modifies actions and results, but does not of itself effect a sharing of purposes, a communication of interests. ~ John Dewey,
576:Mothers tend to be more direct. Fathers talk to other fathers about their kids more metaphorically. It's a different way of communication. ~ Richard Louv,
577:Photography has escalated almost exponentially! It is a language which covers almost every aspect of communication; factual and expressive. ~ Ansel Adams,
578:Society not only continues to exist by transmission, by communication, but it may fairly be said to exist in transmission, in communication. ~ John Dewey,
579:The internet and online communication is the window into your world - but real life, in person communication / connection is the door. ~ Rasheed Ogunlaru,
580:Today, communication itself is the problem. We have become the world's first overcommunicated society. Each year we send more and receive less. ~ Al Ries,
581:Design is really an act of communication, which means having a deep understanding of the person with whom the designer is communicating. ~ Donald A Norman,
582:Don't assume, because you are intelligent, able, and well-motivated, that you are open to communication, that you know how to listen. ~ Robert K Greenleaf,
583:Maybe all illness results from a failure of communication between mind and body. It is certainly true of such quick disease as a knockout. ~ Norman Mailer,
584:[S]ocial institutions are simply rules of communication which have no more universal validity than, say, the rules of a particular grammar. ~ Alan W Watts,
585:Sometimes reality is too complex for oral communication. But legend embodies it in a form which enables it to spread all over the world. ~ Jean Luc Godard,
586:The process of translating comprises in its essence the whole secret of human understanding of the world and of social communication. ~ Hans Georg Gadamer,
587:All the various component parts of the Hebrew worship subserve this great purpose, the bringing of man into communication with God. ~ Samson Raphael Hirsch,
588:Nonviolent Communication by Marshall Rosenberg is a great book teaching a compassionate way to talk to people even if you (or they) are angry. ~ Joe Vitale,
589:Texting is a fundamentally sneaky form of communication, which we should despise, but it is such a boon we don't care. We are all sneaks now. ~ Lynne Truss,
590:What makes somebody nice or unpleasant to be around is the way they communicate. When people are fucked up, their communication is fucked up. ~ Ry Murakami,
591:All that crap you hear on TV about communication and expressing feelings is a lie. Nobody really wants to hear what you have to say. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
592:Design can be both a manifestation of a company's design ethic and an outward communication of a company's design ethic and drive for excellence. ~ Bob Lutz,
593:Education is the foundation of success. Just as scholastic skills are vitally important, so are financial skills and communication skills. ~ Robert Kiyosaki,
594:He turned, stood above the crowd gazing up at him. There was silence
in the square. And yet he had never felt such complete communication. ~ Irving Stone,
595:I think it's darkness before the dawn, because the next evolution is going to be a consciousness evolution instead of a communication revolution. ~ Ram Dass,
596:Jay Abraham's client sent him $50,000 a month for a long time for writing one headline. That's what people who understand communication can do. ~ Eben Pagan,
597:People confound, misuse, interchange thinking and speaking, not realizing that speaking is for communication and thinking is for action. ~ Moshe Feldenkrais,
598:The inventions and the great discoveries have opened up whole continents to reciprocal communication and interchange, provided we are willing. ~ Alva Myrdal,
599:The turning point for effective communication is actually hearing what is being said, rather than hearing what you want to hear instead. ~ Dannye Williamsen,
600:In Cross Communication, the goal of communication is to strike a balance between the “breadth” and the “depth” that tie into purchasing behaviors ~ Anonymous,
601:Marriage is compromise and hard work,and then more hard work and communication and compromise. And then work. Abandon all hope, ye who enter. ~ Gillian Flynn,
602:Once you grasp this basic principle—that the “issue” is not the real issue at all—you are on your way to cracking the communication code. ~ Emerson Eggerichs,
603:That is what I hate most about this war game. It cuts off communication between peoples. We cannot ask questions and so we cannot get answers. ~ Pearl S Buck,
604:Thus it is that the Internet, once heralded as an exciting new medium of communication, is now little more than a vast mail-order catalogue. ~ Tom Hodgkinson,
605:What we do in life is determined by how we communicate to ourselves. In the modern world, the quality of life is the quality of communication. ~ Tony Robbins,
606:While language can surely be used for communication (as can much else), communication probably has no special role in its design or evolution. ~ Noam Chomsky,
607:You don’t realise how language actually interferes with communication until you don’t have it, how it gets in the way like an overdominant sense. ~ Lily King,
608:You don’t realize how language actually interferes with communication until you don’t have it, how it gets in the way like an overdominant sense. ~ Lily King,
609:Dreaming is not merely an act of communication; it is also an aesthetic activity, a game of the imagination, a game that is a value in itself. ~ Milan Kundera,
610:One of the keys to focus, and why I said cofounders that aren't friends really struggle, is that you can't be focused without good communication. ~ Sam Altman,
611:That's why I do this music business thing, it's communication with people without having the extreme inconvenience of actually phoning anybody up. ~ Morrissey,
612:The Internet is a communication medium that allows for the first time, the communication of many to many, in chosen time, on a global scale. ~ Manuel Castells,
613:The National Surveillance State doesn't want anyone to be able to communicate without the authorities being able to monitor that communication. ~ Barry Eisler,
614:The truest communication with God is absolute, total silence; there is not a single word in existence that can convey this communication. ~ Bernadette Roberts,
615:Whether it's trying to convince others that something is more true, more virtuous, or more desirable--all communication is rhetoric in action. ~ Leonard Koren,
616:Electric communication will never be a substitute for the face of someone who with their soul encourages another person to be brave and true. ~ Charles Dickens,
617:He’d heard communication described as two monologues clashing, with each person waiting for their turn to speak instead of actively listening. ~ Chris Kuzneski,
618:Is there intelligence without life? Is there mind without communication? Is there language without living? Is there thought without experience? ~ Andrew Hodges,
619:[One task of intellectuals is] to break down the stereotypes and reductive categories that are . . . limiting to human thought and communication. ~ Edward Said,
620:One would like to know, for most people, being denied reliable telepathic communication, reach for the phone, which they feel is more reliable. ~ Heinrich B ll,
621:on free commerce, open communication, shared knowledge, secular politics, religious coexistence, international law, and diplomatic immunity. ~ Jack Weatherford,
622:The ability to hear someone is really about trust, not simply about communication. A trust issue always lurks beneath a communication difficulty. ~ David Richo,
623:What is music anyway? It's a form of communication, and that's why I play the kind of music that I think - that I hope - can communicate with people. ~ Kenny G,
624:And an intellectual formula is the only thing that can create a communication that does not depend on mere blood, class, or capricious sympathy ~ G K Chesterton,
625:Excessive use of made up acronyms is a significant impediment to communication and keeping communication good as we grow is incredibly important. ~ Ashlee Vance,
626:I don't think there's such a thing as a selfish prayer. Prayer puts you in communication so you can talk about whatever you want to talk about. ~ Iyanla Vanzant,
627:"I fear your kind and open communication, which has rendered me more painfully conscious of my own defects, has not improved me," sighed Kate. ~ Charles Dickens,
628:I like sets that feel small. Sets that feel really big are difficult. When you're on a big set it feels like there's constant mis-communication. ~ Anna Kendrick,
629:I think that was the most words we’ve ever said to each other,” Kowalski commented, glancing over at me. “Well, that’s Ian, Captain Communication. ~ Mary Calmes,
630:One factor behind the decline of voice mail is that it represents a gesture of vulnerable intimacy among otherwise alienated modes of communication. ~ Anonymous,
631:Texting is a supremely secretive medium of communication - it's like passing a note - and this means we should be very careful what we use it for. ~ Lynne Truss,
632:The fundamental problem of communication is that of reproducing at one point either exactly or approximately a message selected at another point. ~ James Gleick,
633:The more simple and predictable the communication, the easier it is for the brain to digest. Story helps because it is a sense-making mechanism. ~ Donald Miller,
634:An undesirable society, in other words, is one which internally and externally sets up barriers to free intercourse and communication of experience. ~ John Dewey,
635:Avail yourself of the greatest privilege this side of heaven. Jesus Christ died to make this communion and communication with the Father possible. ~ Billy Graham,
636:I cannot think it either Vanity or Virtue to acknowledge, that the Acquisition and communication of Knowledge, are the sole Entertainment of my Life ~ John Adams,
637:Language is material to shape and mold, not only a transparent or invisible medium for communication, business contracts, or telling stories. ~ Kenneth Goldsmith,
638:The best part of writing is not the communication of knowledge to other people, but the acquisition and synthesizing of knowledge for oneself. ~ Ta Nehisi Coates,
639:They walked as old friends walk, without often speaking, sharing the kind of silence that is not so much silence as a kind of still communication. ~ Susan Cooper,
640:We don't read people's wishes. The wishes are suppose to be direct communication to the Universe. Your interception will weaken the power of the wish. ~ Yoko Ono,
641:Who would know but ten years ago that kids would be texting each other all the time, that that would be one of their main forms of communication. ~ Amy Klobuchar,
642:how you act (gravitas), how you speak (communication), and how you look (appearance) count for a lot in determining your leadership presence. ~ Sylvia Ann Hewlett,
643:I’d never been fond of gratuitous cursing. I figured it was lazy, a communication habit of people who couldn’t be bothered finding the correct word. ~ Susan Lyons,
644:Silence is not simply the absence of noise or the shutdown of communication with the outside world, but rather a process of coming to stillness. ~ Brennan Manning,
645:The fundamental problem of communication is that of reproducing at one point either exactly or approximately a message selected at another point. ~ Claude Shannon,
646:The purpose of process is communication. If there are five people in your company, you don’t need process, because you can just talk to each other. ~ Ben Horowitz,
647:When we cannot communicate, we suffer, and we spill our suffering on to other people. We can find ways to open the doors of communication again. ~ Thich Nhat Hanh,
648:I think there is irony in the fact that the computer is both their chief venue of communication and propaganda and also the mother of all their fears. ~ Mark Potok,
649:Loneliness cannot be alleviated just by the coming together of two bodies, unless there is also good communication, understanding, and loving kindness. ~ Nhat Hanh,
650:Not all superstitions are dark and cruel. I once received a communication from the god Osiris. He was living at that time in a suburb of Boston. ~ Bertrand Russell,
651:Thanks to the greatly improved possibility of communication, we overrate its importance. Even stronger, we underrate the importance of isolation. ~ Edsger Dijkstra,
652:That is, sir, there can only be communication, communion, when you and I are on the same level, and with the same intensity, at the same time. ~ Jiddu Krishnamurti,
653:The problem is we have to transcend cultural languages and fall into a phase with the communication systems that nature has placed all around us. ~ Terence McKenna,
654:These passes were used so frequently that it is incorrect to project the north-western mountains as barriers. They were corridors of communication. ~ Romila Thapar,
655:The way I make art, the way a lot of people make art, is as an extension of language and communication, where references are incredibly important. ~ Shepard Fairey,
656:To make sense of social epidemics, we must first understand that human communication has its own set of very unusual and counterintuitive rules. ~ Malcolm Gladwell,
657:When they communicated, it was by e-mail or text message. The instant gratification of modern communication killed some of the magic between them. ~ Barbara Demick,
658:Clearly, our communication skills were still troublingly nonexistent. We left the restaurant with diametrically opposed views of what had been decided. ~ Nick Mason,
659:If the twinkling of the stars pains me, if this distant communication is possible, it is because something almost like a star quivers within me. ~ Clarice Lispector,
660:It is both theoretically mistaken and morally wrong to regard others as objects of investigation rather than partners in free rational communication. ~ Allen W Wood,
661:Just like a common language is the key to communication of knowledge, a common faith is the key to living happily in a group as a family or friends. ~ Awdhesh Singh,
662:Music is a communication. It's a two-way street. You need people to play to in order to make that connection complete. That's the way we look at it. ~ John Petrucci,
663:My resistance to communication work is because of 15 years with my former wife where we did all this work, but we never got to the core of anything. ~ Kenny Loggins,
664:The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn't being said. The art of reading between the lines is a life long quest of the wise. ~ Shannon L Alder,
665:The whole fabric of honey bee society depends on communication — on an innate ability to send and receive messages, to encode and decode information ~ Sue Monk Kidd,
666:Communication, according to Maturana, is not primarily a transmission of information, but rather a coordination of behavior between living organisms. ~ Fritjof Capra,
667:Communication is a process of sharing experience till it becomes a common possession. It modifies the disposition of both the parties who partake in it. ~ John Dewey,
668:The communication block between men and women:
Men―"Can't you hear what I'm saying?"
Women―"Can't you feel what I'm saying? ~ Richelle E Goodrich,
669:The real challenge is to make good communication a handy and well-used tool. Then you are likely to pick it up and use it without thinking. —MAX DEPREE ~ David Allen,
670:When it comes to leadership, silence is nonverbal communication. It communicates agreement and grants permission by saying, “What you’re doing is fine. ~ John Bevere,
671:Avoid the use of abusive words when communication is in session; you might scare away someone who is meant to become your mentor or your customer. ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
672:be sure your communication goes beyond words. How can you do that? By connecting on four levels: visually, intellectually, emotionally, and verbally. ~ John C Maxwell,
673:Evolution teaches us the original purpose of language was to ritualize men's threats and curses, his spells to compel the gods; communication came later. ~ Gene Wolfe,
674:Humans cannot communicate; not even their brains can communicate; not even their conscious minds can communicate. Only communication can communicate. ~ Niklas Luhmann,
675:I don't like to go to conventions, and I don't like to relate to people on a level of hero worship, because there's no real communication going on there. ~ Alan Moore,
676:Organizations which design systems are constrained to produce systems which are copies of the communication structures of these organizations. ~ Frederick P Brooks Jr,
677:The hard part about SNL is, there's no real communication when you get there. It's not like people are mean to you, they just act like you're not there. ~ David Spade,
678:The moments when I first made something, like when I first wrote a song please me so intensely. Everything else after that is just the act of communication. ~ Ben Lee,
679:When Apple began filtering their communication to make it simple and relevant, they actually stopped featuring computers in most of their advertising. ~ Donald Miller,
680:writing a thesis is like writing a book, working incrementally with the professor is a communication exercise that assumes the existence of an audience, ~ Umberto Eco,
681:All forms of poor communication have one thing in common: They ask the person on the other end of the line to do more work than they should have to. ~ Jonathan Raymond,
682:The Internet is just one big gossip chamber - that's why it's so fascinating and entertaining. It's a fabulous platform for superficial communication. ~ Sufjan Stevens,
683:Trust is the glue of life. It's the most essential ingredient in effective communication. It's the foundational principle that holds all relationships. ~ Stephen Covey,
684:And that, I realized, is the worst price we pay for living in a dearth of true communication. We go through our whole lives thinking it’s only us. ~ Catherine Ryan Hyde,
685:Educational exchange can turn nations into people, contributing as no other form of communication can to the humanizing of international relations ~ J William Fulbright,
686:For effective communication, use brevity. Jesus said, 'Follow me.' Now that's brief! He could be brief because of all that he was that he didn't have to say. ~ Jim Rohn,
687:I have sometimes thought that his bursts of imaginative talk were fatal to his poetic gift. He squandered too much in the heat of personal communication. ~ Willa Cather,
688:Only when you understand people, they may understand you. So even though you do not say anything, if you understand people there is some communication. ~ Shunryu Suzuki,
689:Don't let a busy life or electronic communication gadgets be your excuse for excess solitude - it's a talent, but a rare one, to make yourself laugh. ~ Mireille Guiliano,
690:I’m talking to you more than I speak with my mahmen.”
“I thought your mother was dead.”
“She is.”
“You have a very low standard for communication. ~ J R Ward,
691:Most people are robust. If a man puts his hand on a woman’s bottom, any woman worth her salt can deal with it. It is communication. Can’t we be friendly? ~ Jeremy Irons,
692:One can do many external deeds of love and still hold back the really precious gift, the inner self. This gift can be given only through communication.”3 ~ Gary L Thomas,
693:Poetry isn't an efficient tool for preserving experience, any more than it's an efficient mode of communication, but who says that it should be efficient? ~ James Arthur,
694:Real love took work. Real love took communication. Real love only grew if those involved took the time to nurture it, to water it, to give it light. ~ Brittainy C Cherry,
695:The glance is natural magic. The mysterious communication established across a house between two entire strangers, moves all the springs of wonder. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
696:The key to healthy communication is having a willingness to lay aside our defensive tendencies and accept responsibility for our part of the relationship ~ Asa Don Brown,
697:Trust is the glue of life. It's the most essential ingredient in effective communication. It's the foundational principle that holds all relationships. ~ Stephen R Covey,
698:Your tools have elevated gossip, hearsay and conjecture to the level of valid, mainstream communication. And besides that, it’s fucking dorky.” Mae exhaled ~ Dave Eggers,
699:A lack of communication with horses has impeded human progress, said Abrenuncio. If we ever broke down the barriers, we could produce the centaur ~ Gabriel Garc a M rquez,
700:[Dada is] perfectly kindhearted malice, alongside exact photography the only legitimate pictorial form of communication and balance in shared experience. ~ Raoul Hausmann,
701:In fact, it seems that the more spontaneous and "healthy" a relationship, the more the relationship aspect of communication recedes into the background. ~ Paul Watzlawick,
702:It is not enough to show people how to live better; there is a mandate for any group with enormous powers of communication to show people how to be better. ~ Marya Mannes,
703:Poetry is not communication with angels or with the "subconscious." It is communication with the guts, genitals, and five portals of sense. Nothing more. ~ Thomas Pynchon,
704:True communication depends upon our being straightforward with one another... But the best way to communicate may be just to sit without saying anything. ~ Shunryu Suzuki,
705:What a man really says when he says that someone else can be persuaded by force, is that he himself is incapable of more rational means of communication. ~ Norman Cousins,
706:All communication is manipulation,” said Konig. “All interaction, social or otherwise, is a means of getting what you want. It’s the basis of society. ~ Michael R Fletcher,
707:All of life is a risk; in fact we're not going to get out alive. Casualness leads to casualties. Communication is the ability to affect other people with words. ~ Jim Rohn,
708:Communication always makes demands. It always demands that the recipient become somebody, do something, believe something. It always appeals to motivation. ~ Peter Drucker,
709:Every dream is a masterpiece of symbolic communication. The unconscious speaks in symbols, not to confuse us, but simply because that is its native idiom. ~ Robert Johnson,
710:I believe in the healing restorative power of art and communication. And so that's probably my rule. But that doesn't apply to bedtimes. And stuff like that. ~ Ethan Hawke,
711:If all my possessions were taken from me with one exception, I would choose to keep the power of communication, for by it I would soon regain all the rest ~ Daniel Webster,
712:I have learned, over the years, to see the actions of our visitors as a sort of illustrative language, communication built out of images and events. For ~ Whitley Strieber,
713:She keeps communication from getting messy and avoids communicating when upset. When she clears her head, she is succinct and speaks in a “bottom line” way. ~ Sherry Argov,
714:the end of Christian education has been seen to be the dissemination and communication of Christian ideas rather than the formation of a peculiar people. ~ James K A Smith,
715:The interest in the supernatural in a very generic sense and in the spiritual is not in itself a factor that helps the communication of the Christian faith. ~ Karl Lehmann,
716:All the couples therapy and communication seminars in the world won't save you if you aren't prepared to close your eyes and hug the mainmast through a storm. ~ Ada Calhoun,
717:Civilization is communication," the doctor said. "That which is not expressed doesn't exist. Understand? A big fat zero."

-from "Hear the Wind Sing ~ Haruki Murakami,
718:Communication is the root of marital success from which a strong union can grow, and noncommunicatio n is the rock on which the ship will bash out her keel. ~ L Ron Hubbard,
719:Dance, which displays the body in public, is one of the channels of communication used to pass along important social skills from one generation to the next. ~ Gerald Jonas,
720:Dennis hesitated with his fingers on the handle and was aware of communication with another hand beyond the panels. Thus in a hundred novels had loves stood. ~ Evelyn Waugh,
721:* Integrative communication (App):When individuals are honored for their differences and become linked through respectful and compassionate communication. ~ Daniel J Siegel,
722:Liberal humanists now seem to dominate the fields of art, journalism, and communication, which are powerful and uniquely able to spread anti-Christian thought. ~ Tim LaHaye,
723:Music speaks to people at a level that is much more universal and can kind of trigger things in the listener in ways that other forms of communication can't. ~ Tim McIlrath,
724:There is in the nature of human communication no way of making another person a participant in information or perception available exclusively to oneself. ~ Paul Watzlawick,
725:Be a good listener. With rapt attention, let every communication or conversation you have with your mentor, friends or even strangers be well understood. ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
726:English plus Microsoft equals a new cultural revolution a global means of communication that is irrepressibly contagious, adaptable, populist and subversive. ~ Robert McCrum,
727:He would never know know her. Such intimacy but no communication, because words - even if she could speak or write them - could never explain her world to him. ~ Mary Balogh,
728:In every literate society, learning to read is something of an initiation, a ritualized passage out of a state of dependency and rudimentary communication. ~ Alberto Manguel,
729:It's logical that people from bad times will reflect their feelings in their communication. Music is part of the communication. If you lived it, you can do it. ~ Nina Simone,
730:Sexuality has always been for humans a form of communication, a way we express love and caring and bonding, not only a way we have children if we choose to. ~ Gloria Steinem,
731:[The photographs] were there simply to indicate a radical art that had already vanished. The photograph was necessary only as a residue for communication. ~ Dennis Oppenheim,
732:There is no such thing as unconsciousness for it is not experienceable. We infer unconsciousness when there is a lapse in memory or communication. ~ Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj,
733:To truly love we must learn to mix various ingredients - care, affection, recognition, respect, commitment, and trust, as well as honest and open communication. ~ Bell Hooks,
734:To truly love we must learn to mix various ingredients - care, affection, recognition, respect, commitment, and trust, as well as honest and open communication. ~ bell hooks,
735:Words are a completely different form of expression. The word P-E-N-I-S is an entirely different form of communication than a photograph of the same thing. H ~ Paul Schrader,
736:Health is a state of perfect subatomic communication and ill health is a state when communication breaks down. We become ill when our waves are out of sync. ~ Lynne McTaggart,
737:I didn't say I would cut off all communication with [Vladimir] Putin. What I said was as president of the United States, now is not the time to talk with him. ~ Carly Fiorina,
738:If you have a built-in level of respect and trust and openness to essentially be yourself, it allows for a deeper uncensored communication [with your partner]. ~ Richard Gere,
739:I think communication starts when words are not present at all ... I think we put so much emphasis on language, actually silence is so much more important. ~ Marina Abramovic,
740:It is estimated that over 65 percent of all human communication is nonverbal but that people pick up and internalize only about 5 percent of this information. ~ Robert Greene,
741:mistrust towards you can erect a veritable psychic wall which can be an insurmountable obstacle to your movement aiming at contact and the communication of ideas. ~ Anonymous,
742:Wherever you find marital failure, you will find a breakdown in real communication. Wherever you find marital success, you will find a good communication system. ~ Wayne Mack,
743:Female humans need communication, a lot of it. It's fucking annoying but, trust me, you're better off giving it to her than suffering the consequences. ~ Kristen Ashley,
744:Good communication does not mean that you have to speak in perfectly formed sentences and paragraphs. It isn't about slickness. Simple and clear go a long way. ~ John P Kotter,
745:I guess the truth is nobody told this smart kid that communication between such divergent life forms was impossible, so he just went ahead and did it anyhow. ~ Terry Pratchett,
746:Practice, as an indicator, is the hardest to measure. It would measure whether there exists a common practice of respecting communication rights in the six fields. ~ Anonymous,
747:That is the way convince people. Or change them and prevent them from hurting whether themselves and others. Art is the most effective form of communication. ~ Jennifer Echols,
748:That’s why I’m worried about kids who spend so much time on social media. How are they going to develop as individuals? It’s all communication and no revelation. ~ Mara Altman,
749:The best advertising and the best communication when it comes to business is that which makes you smile, that which makes you think, that which makes you ponder. ~ Frank Luntz,
750:In the United States, both the upper levels of the Republican and Democratic Parties are in the pay of the corporate media and communication giants. ~ Robert Waterman McChesney,
751:Rehvenge, I’m talking to you more than I speak with my mahmen.”
“I thought your mother was dead.”
“She is.”
“You have a very low standard for communication. ~ J R Ward,
752:Television’s emergence as the dominant medium of communication gave birth to the slickly marketed health-wealth-and-success gospel rampant in today’s church. ~ Charles W Colson,
753:The burgeoisie, by the rapid improvement of all instruments of production, by the immensely facilitated means of communication, draws all nations into civilization. ~ Karl Marx,
754:There are many ways of communicating. Some hold the theory that new forms of communication between people can be obtained through hallucinogenic drugs. ~ Michelangelo Antonioni,
755:.....while language facilitates communication within the group, it also crystallises cultural differences, and actually heightens the barriers between groups. ~ Arthur Koestler,
756:Digital ink technology holds substantial promise in terms of legibility, portability, and power consumption, but I am less confident about the communication aspect. ~ Tom Peters,
757:Honesty in the truest sense of the word. Communication with no conditions, no strings attached, no ulterior motive, no sales job, no desperate attempt to be liked. ~ Mark Manson,
758:Propaganda requires a permanent network of communication so that it can systematically stifle reflection with emotive or utopian slogans. Its pace is usually fast. ~ John Berger,
759:treating messages as discrete had application not just for traditional communication but for a new and rather esoteric subfield, the theory of computing machines. ~ James Gleick,
760:And the deepest level of communication is not communication, but communion. It is wordless. it is beyond words, and it is beyond speech, and it is beyond concept. ~ Thomas Merton,
761:Architecture is a social activity that has to do with some sort of communication or places of interaction, and that to change the environment is to change behaviour. ~ Thom Mayne,
762:Communication accompanies social transactions and can instruct or stultify, mobilize or intimidate, but it is no substitute for production, collaboration and fight. ~ Mario Bunge,
763:In a relentlessly commercial culture, the communication of our private meanings has been vaguely corrupted around the edges by the toxic idioms of merchandising. ~ Charles Baxter,
764:Know the quiet place within your heart and touch the rainbow of possibility; be alive to the gentle breeze of communication, and please stop being such a jerk. ~ Garrison Keillor,
765:Music is about communication... it isn't just something that maybe physically sounds good or orally sounds interesting; it's something far, far deeper than that. ~ Evelyn Glennie,
766:Specifically, the following things that cause no trouble when you are small become big challenges as you grow:   Communication   Common knowledge   Decision making ~ Ben Horowitz,
767:Traditional communication design and the digital revolution will certainly blend and integrate, as clients’ communications needs rarely involve just one medium. ~ Katherine McCoy,
768:A monopoly on the means of communication may define a ruling elite more precisely than the celebrated Marxian formula of monopoly in the means of production. ~ Robert Anton Wilson,
769:for a thirty-day period ending in February 2013, one unit of the NSA collected more than three billion pieces of communication data from US communication systems ~ Glenn Greenwald,
770:I've been hearing-impaired, not quite since birth, but I've been wearing hearing aids since I was 13, so I'm very conscious of the difficulty of voice communication. ~ Vinton Cerf,
771:I've taken a philosophical position on e-mail. Although I think it's a wonderful communication technology, and it has a lot of good uses, it is abused quite a lot. ~ Alan Lightman,
772:They were also, at times, rude and contemptuous and know-it-alls, copping a rhetorical style that was beginning to characterize communication all the wide web over. ~ Heather Abel,
773:You are not the first man to miss a woman's more subtle communication. They think they are waving when we see only the calm sea, and pretty soon everybody drowns. ~ Helen Simonson,
774:I follow my conscience - and this is upsetting to some people, but I maintain the conscience is going to be the only thing between us and communication in the future. ~ Matt Drudge,
775:In the communication jungle out there, the only hope to score big is to be selective, to concentrate on narrow targets, to practice segmentation. In a word, "positioning. ~ Al Ries,
776:It's populated by people who, by and large, have terrific communication skills. Every day is an extraordinary day. For me, it was just a great area for storytelling. ~ Aaron Sorkin,
777:Music does not know the difference between people; it only speaks to their hearts. It is the only form of communication that can bring this terrible world together. ~ Riccardo Muti,
778:Our difficulties in understanding or effectuating
communication with other animals may arise from our reluctance to grasp unfamiliar ways of dealing with the world. ~ Carl Sagan,
779:Real loneliness consists not in being alone, but in being with the wrong person, in the suffocating darkness of a room in which no deep communication is possible. ~ Sydney J Harris,
780:Republicans use think tanks to come up with a lot of their messages. The think tanks are the single worst, most undisciplined example of communication I've ever seen. ~ Frank Luntz,
781:The flute is traditionally the property of the male side of matrilineal hunter-gatherer societies and was used as a means of communication and personal expression. ~ R Carlos Nakai,
782:There may be no single thing more important in our efforts to achieve meaningful work and fulfilling relationships than to learn to practice the art of communication. ~ Max De Pree,
783:The ultimate role of photography as a contemporary language of visual communication consists of its capacity to slow down our fast and chaotic way of reading images. ~ Luigi Ghirri,
784:What the dead had no speech for, when living,
They can tell you, being dead: the communication
Of the dead is tongued with fire beyond the language of the living. ~ T S Eliot,
785:(If this goes on, all communication everywhere will be through text messages or computers, and direct speech between two people, without a machine, will be outlawed.) ~ Ray Bradbury,
786:Music and politics are in essence about communication. Without over-stretching the analogy I do feel a sense of rhythm is important in getting your message across. ~ Charles Kennedy,
787:You can only succeed when people are communicating, not just from the top down, but in complete interchange. Communication comes from fighting off my ego and listening. ~ Bill Walsh,
788:But despite the universality of URLs, we often forget that they're not just a handy way to address network resources. They're also valuable communication tools. ~ Jesse James Garrett,
789:Empaths have high sensitivities that can make them more intuitive, able to sense people’s energy, and open to premonitions, animal communication, and powerful dreams. ~ Judith Orloff,
790:it's not just communication that helps a team be successful, but rather the collaboration that follows. Communication without collaboration can lead to underperformance, ~ Jon Gordon,
791:The effects of excessive or unresolved guilt impair our communication with the person we've harmed and limit our ability to relate to him or her in an authentic manner... ~ Guy Winch,
792:The most well-intentioned, well-designed departmental communication program will not tear down silos unless the people who created those silos want them torn down. ~ Patrick Lencioni,
793:Very often, if an inner communication has been established, a silent pressure is more effective than anything else. ~ Sri Aurobindo, Letters on Yoga - II, Practical Concerns in Work,
794:When you don’t have honesty in love then there is no communication. Honesty is improvisation of the heart; anything less is a well thought out and rehearsed script. ~ Shannon L Alder,
795:3 requirements for a good designer: 1. genuine knowledge and love of great design. 2. sound knowledge of principles and techniques of communication. 3. heart (passion). ~ Lester Beall,
796:A woman’s silence is one of her most powerful forms of communication; it conveys emotions, so intense, that no words could possibly describe how she feels at that moment. ~ Amari Soul,
797:God does not deal directly with man: it is by means of spirits that all the intercourse and communication of gods with men, both in waking life and in sleep, is carried on. ~ Socrates,
798:The contact between beings is established only by mute presence, by apparent non-communication, by that mysterious and wordless exchange which resembles inward prayer. ~ Emil M Cioran,
799:If you're a politician, you might want to learn the Buddhist way of negotiation. Restoring communication and bringing back reconciliation is clear and concrete in Buddhism. ~ Nhat Hanh,
800:I think sex is very interesting for most people, but I'm interested in sex as a way of communication, I'm not that interested in the fantasy version of a sex scene. ~ Maggie Gyllenhaal,
801:People who are normal (i.e., sane, sensible) don’t try to open lines of communication with total strangers by writing them a series of disjointed, weird, cryptic messages. ~ Jon Ronson,
802:To learn a thing in life and through doing is much more developing, cultivating, and strengthening than to learn it merely through the verbal communication of ideas. ~ Friedrich Frobel,
803:With the generalized separation of the worker and his products, every unitary view of accomplished activity and all direct personal communication among producers are lost. ~ Guy Debord,
804:You are not the first man to miss a woman's more subtle communication . . . They think they are waving when we see only the calm sea, and pretty soon everybody drowns. ~ Helen Simonson,
805:As everyone in Louisiana knows, there was often no communication or coordination between the state and federal government in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. ~ Bobby Jindal,
806:Email, texting, FaceBook. Instant communication was supposed to bring us closer together, but what it really does is give us a way to keep everyone a safe distance away. ~ JoAnn Bassett,
807:True contact between beings is established only by mute presence, by apparent non-communication, by that mysterious and wordless exchange which resembles inward prayer. ~ Emile M Cioran,
808:We shall never be able to remove suspicion and fear as potential causes of war until communication is permitted to flow, free and open, across international boundaries. ~ Harry S Truman,
809:Your feelings are cosmic communication! The good feelings mean, GOOD FOR YOU. The bad feelings are to get your attention so that you will change what you are focusing on. ~ Rhonda Byrne,
810:Any organization that designs a system (defined broadly) will produce a design whose structure is a copy of the organization's communication structure. -- Melvyn Conway, 1967 ~ Anonymous,
811:If your relationship with someone is based on your desire for them to change into something radically different, there's no real closeness there, no real communication. ~ Patrick Califia,
812:Instant communication is not communication at all but merely a frantic, trivial, nerve-wracking bombardment of cliches, threats, fads, fashions, gibberish and advertising. ~ Edward Abbey,
813:Looking into each other's eyes, it felt like some kind of deep communication, though I couldn't tell you what we were communication. Other than I'm here. You're here. ~ Marshall Thornton,
814:The filmmaking process is a very personal one to me, I mean it really is a personal kind of communication. It's not as though its a study of fear or any of that stuff. ~ David Cronenberg,
815:There is a simplicity that exists on the far side of complexity, and there is a communication of sentiment and attitude not to be discovered by careful exegesis of a text. ~ Pat Buchanan,
816:Along with this rapid growth of forms of communication at our disposal - be it fax, phone, email, internet or whatever - human solitude will increase in direct proportion. ~ Werner Herzog,
817:Derangement is the only possible explanation for owning a cat, an animal whose preferred mode of communication is to sink its claws three-quarters of an inch into your flesh. ~ Dave Barry,
818:If reality impacted directly on our senses and our consciousness, if we could have direct communication between the material world and ourselves, art would be unnecessary. ~ Henri Bergson,
819:If you want to surpass the stages of doubt and secure better communication between your inner and outer body it is wise to surpass the challenge of the words ‘if only’. ~ Stephen Richards,
820:They consulted the computer. It said: “I regret I have been temporarily closed to all communication. Meanwhile, here is some light music.” They turned off the light music. ~ Douglas Adams,
821:Well-determined centers of revery are means of communication between men who dream as surely as well-defined concepts are means of communications between men who think. ~ Gaston Bachelard,
822:As much as I encourage communication with my readers, I don't want reviews from them, simply because I don't need to be hamstrung in the middle of working on something. ~ Christopher Moore,
823:As our country increasingly relies on electronic information storage and communication, it is imperative that our Government amend our information security laws accordingly. ~ Jo Ann Davis,
824:Dont confuse legibility with communication. Just because something is legible doesnt mean it communicates and, more importantly, doesnt mean it communicates the right thing. ~ David Carson,
825:I don't think interviewing people is any different than normal communication. The only thing is that it has these boundaries set upon it as to what the conversation is about. ~ John Bishop,
826:Pierre-Paul Grassé introduced the notion of “stigmergy.” Stigmergy is a form of indirect communication and leaderless cooperation, using signals deposited in the environment. ~ Robert Moor,
827:The great poet makes us feel our own wealth, and then we think less of his compositions. His best communication to our mind is to teach us to despise all he has done. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
828:The true value of communication is often not so much what you say to each other but the simple, powerful fact that you care enough to say something to each other so often. ~ Johan Bruyneel,
829:To succeed, you will soon learn, as I did, the importance of a solid foundation in the basics of education - literacy, both verbal and numerical, and communication skills. ~ Alan Greenspan,
830:We intend to keep the lines of communication open with the Defense Department so we can help our border law enforcement agencies navigate the equipment application process. ~ Henry Cuellar,
831:We're no longer dealing in the world of the real in a truthful way. We're interacting with each other in shiny homepages. I don't think that makes for honest communication. ~ Joshua Ferris,
832:Yet, in spite of this world-wide system of linkages, there is, at this very moment, a general feeling that communication is breaking down everywhere, on an unparalleled scale. ~ David Bohm,
833:One of the lessons of 9/11 and (Hurricane) Katrina was 'communication, communication, communication, .. We don't want to have to say 'should have, could have, would have.'. ~ Mufi Hannemann,
834:To effectively communicate, we must realize that we are all different in the way we perceive the world and use this understanding as a guide to our communication with others. ~ Tony Robbins,
835:We emphasize that such a form of communication is not absent in man, however evanescent a naturally given object may be for him, split as it is in its submission to symbols. ~ Jacques Lacan,
836:I try to combine in my paintings cinematic feeling, emotional feeling, and sometimes actually writing on the page to combine all the different elements of communication. ~ Sylvester Stallone,
837:Music may be the activity that prepared our pre-human ancestors for speech communication and for the very cognitive, representational flexibility necessary to become humans. ~ Daniel Levitin,
838:Texting is a lot like an answering machine. If you don't want to talk to somebody, it's like screening your calls. To me, it's a way of communication, but not one that I favor. ~ Pat Gillick,
839:That definitely I feel is part of my generation: social networking, communication over the Internet, whether it's Skype or IRC or some form of text-based chat, text messaging. ~ Duncan Jones,
840:There are, of course, situations where people have character strength but they lack communication skills, and that undoubtedly affects the quality of relationships as well. ~ Stephen R Covey,
841:Writing seems to rob me of my being: it is a second hand mode of communication, a pallid, mechanical transcript of speech, and so always at one remove from my consciousness. ~ Terry Eagleton,
842:Art must unquestionably have a social value; that is, as a potential means of communication it must be addressed, and in comprehensible terms, to the understanding of mankind. ~ Rockwell Kent,
843:Being able to communicate with a loved one that you haven't talked to in a while because of some communication break makes their life and your life in a much better place. ~ John Paul DeJoria,
844:Individual; that means he has his own special way to communicate, which creates the form of him. In the information age, this expression and communication has become so different. ~ Ai Weiwei,
845:To me, the most perfect screenplay ever written will be one word, when you finally reduce it down to that. Until then, writing will be an imperfect form of communication. ~ Sylvester Stallone,
846:Communication always has a purpose. Before speaking, the first law is: you must know why you are talking. You must know what you are communicating for. What do you want? ~ Harbhajan Singh Yogi,
847:Communication is the key, and it's one thing I had to learn-to talk to the actors. I was so involved with the visual and technical aspects that I would forget about the actors. ~ Steve Buscemi,
848:Further communication with her husband seemed hopeless. Between them yawned the chasm that divides those who have consumed champagne before breakfast from those who have not. ~ Helen Cresswell,
849:Good communication has just a little to do with eloquence. It's character that makes it more successful. Harsh words nicely articulated are sharp enough to kill your brand! ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
850:Music may be the activity that prepared our pre-human ancestors for speech communication and for the very cognitive, representational flexibility necessary to become humans. ~ Daniel J Levitin,
851:The voice is the most highly developed means of communication between human beings. But your voice communicates more than ideas. It also communicates your feelings about yourself. ~ Les Giblin,
852:Throughout your life, your inner landscape presents its contents to you again and again. When you are aware of all its elements, you are in continual communication with your soul. ~ Gary Zukav,
853:To effectively communicate, we must realize that we are all different in the way we perceive the world and use this understanding as a guide to our communication with others. ~ Anthony Robbins,
854:We have to realize only in communication, in real knowledge, in real reaching out, can there be an understanding that there's humanity everywhere, and that's what I'm trying to do. ~ Mira Nair,
855:Animation can explain whatever the mind of man can conceive. This facility makes it the most versatile and explicit means of communication yet devised for quick mass appreciation. ~ Walt Disney,
856:Art is the distortion of an unendurable reality... Art is correction, modification of a situation; art is communication, connection... Art is social, self-sufficient, and total. ~ Jean Tinguely,
857:But behavior in the human being is sometimes a defense, a way of concealing motives and thoughts, as language can be a way of hiding your thoughts and preventing communication. ~ Abraham Maslow,
858:I fly swiftly. I fly high — south-southwest, over the Ngong Hills. I am relaxed. My right hand rests upon the stick in easy communication with the will and the way of the plane. ~ Beryl Markham,
859:[ ] manic sex isn't really intercourse. It's dicourse, just another way to ease the insatiable need for contact and communication. In place of words, I simply spoke with my skin. ~ Terri Cheney,
860:Several years ago I concluded that 80 percent of my professional productivity flowed from three activities: Corporate visioncasting Corporate communication Leadership development ~ Andy Stanley,
861:To effectively communicate, we must realize that we are all diff erent in the way we perceive the world and use this understanding as a guide to our communication with others. ~ Anthony Robbins,
862:We were never any good at communication, especially when that meant confrontation. If we could have developed those skills then, the story of GN’R might have been very different. ~ Duff McKagan,
863:Your communication should not be for you. Your communication should be a service vehicle to reach the other person. Talking is for the other person. Listening is for you. ~ Harbhajan Singh Yogi,
864:A full-throttled deployment of the practices of strategic communication would kill candor and leave truth bereft to fend for herself in the backstabbing night of political bogeys. ~ Nick Bostrom,
865:As a company grows, communication becomes its biggest challenge. If the employees fundamentally trust the CEO, then communication will be vastly more efficient than if they don’t. ~ Ben Horowitz,
866:I didn't have a lot of communication with Elvis. You had to go through a barricade to get to Elvis. It was people hanging on every word, and I felt very uncomfortable a lot of times. ~ Mac Davis,
867:Lack of communication has a way of clipping our wings, which keeps us from flying. When things are left unspoken, we forget that everyone is destined to share the sky together. ~ Shannon L Alder,
868:Literature is communication. Communication requires loyalty. A rigorous morality results from complicity in the knowledge of Evil, which is the basis of intense communication. ~ Georges Bataille,
869:My definition of art has always been the same. It is about freedom of expression, a new way of communication. It is never about exhibiting in museums or about hanging it on the wall. ~ Ai Weiwei,
870:The Internet is, as a communication platform and a learning platform, unparalleled because whether you want to learn something or share something, it's simply a few clicks away. ~ Alexis Ohanian,
871:UCLA psychology professor emeritus Albert Mehrabian discovered that face-to-face communication can be broken down into three components: words, tone of voice, and body language. ~ John C Maxwell,
872:We have a tendency to romanticize independence. Most business literature still views autonomy as a virtue, as though communication, teamwork, and cooperation were lesser values. ~ Keith Ferrazzi,
873:you should never presume to know what I think. That’s when communication fails: when people start making assumptions. Don’t infer I feel something based on something I never said. ~ Brandi Reeds,
874:Censorship, I believe, is the most dangerous enemy to all human communication, and piety of intention is probably the most dangerous, the most virulent and the most self-satisfying. ~ Chuck Jones,
875:The shift in agendas of both left and right toward the protection of ever narrower group identities ultimately threatens the possibility of communication and collective action. ~ Francis Fukuyama,
876:A good Christian holds secret communication with heaven. Private prayer keeps up the trade of godliness. When private holiness is laid aside, a stab is given to the heart of piety. ~ Thomas Watson,
877:Communication does not always occur naturally, even among a tight-knit group of individuals. Communication must be taught and practiced in order to bring everyone together as one ~ Mike Krzyzewski,
878:Communication is a science as well as an art. What does speaking precisely mean? You are consciously communicating with another person at that person's frequency, not yours. ~ Harbhajan Singh Yogi,
879:Communication is a skill that you can learn. It's like riding a bicycle or typing.
If you're willing to work at it, you can rapidly improve the quality of very part of your life. ~ Brian Tracy,
880:Communication is a two-way street. And while we revel in the reality that we can always get through to heaven, our concern should be whether our Lord can always get through to us. ~ Joseph Stowell,
881:He will avoid the home and family life, which is the location which he feels the least successful overall due to his lack of adequate role-modeling and his lack in communication skills. ~ J B Snow,
882:I can be on a telephone call, and be emailing or texting somebody else, as well. I would imagine everyone appreciates that efficiency of communication. I see it as a huge positive. ~ Jason Bateman,
883:[on Rouge] This is a film about communication that disappears. We have better and better tools and less and less communication with each other. We only exchange information. ~ Krzysztof Kie lowski,
884:There's symbolism in politics. There's communication in politics. And I think what Donald Trump is saying is, give me the job, and when I get to that job I will figure it out. ~ Anthony Scaramucci,
885:Your career is your business. You are its CEO. Complacency breeds failure. As the CEO of your career, you must continually improve your skills, especially the art of communication. ~ Carmine Gallo,
886:For some foolish reason, that desperateness seems to act on him better than your literary needs (of communication etc.). It is the more obvious need, and other writers put that forward. ~ Ana s Nin,
887:In a perfect world, there would always be communication and consultation between partners. But we don’t live in that world. There are emergencies and dangerous, vindictive people. ~ Sylvain Reynard,
888:One generalization that is supported both by research and experience is that effective two-way communication is essential to proper functioning of the leader-follower relationship. ~ John W Gardner,
889:Positioning is an organized system for finding a window in the mind. It is based on the concept that communication can only take place at the right time and under the right circumstances. ~ Al Ries,
890:The art has to make it on its own, without explanations, and it’s the same for poetry. If the poem or the painting has to be explained, then it’s a failure in communication. ~ Lawrence Ferlinghetti,
891:The ethic of truth is the complete opposite of an 'ethics of communication'. It is an ethic of the Real The ethic of truth is absolutely opposed to opinion, and to ethics in general. ~ Alain Badiou,
892:Too many times nowadays the picture is expected to tell the whole story, when in truth there's only one picture in a hundred thousand that can stand alone as a piece of communication. ~ Roy Stryker,
893:What is the shortest word in the English language that contains the letters: abcdef? Answer: feedback. Don't forget that feedback is one of the essential elements of good communication. ~ Anonymous,
894:First, in a love song, or any song for that matter, using a plastic word like "inhibitions" is just completely without feel or texture. It demonstrates a tin ear for communication. ~ Gene Weingarten,
895:He felt he had lost it for good, he knew what it was to have been in communication with her, and to be cast off again. In misery, his heart like a heavy stone, he went about unliving. ~ D H Lawrence,
896:Literature is essentially loneliness. It is written in solitude, it is read in solitude and, in spite of everything, the act of reading allows a communication between two human beings. ~ Paul Auster,
897:There is a communication of more than our bodies when bread is broken and wine is drunk. And that is my answer when people ask me: Why do you write about hunger, and not wars or love. ~ M F K Fisher,
898:When you go on a stage - or even in a café or a room - and you play it's all happening right then and there: the exchange, the art, the communication. Performance is in the moment. ~ Gail Ann Dorsey,
899:A medium of communication is not merely a passive conduit for the transmission of information but rather an active force in creating new social patterns and new perceptual realities. ~ Leonard Shlain,
900:Every spoken word double-crosses us. The only tolerable form of communication is the written word, since it isn't a stone in a bridge between souls but a ray of light between stars. ~ Fernando Pessoa,
901:Every spoken word double-crosses us. The only tolerable form of communication is the written word, since it isn’t a stone in a bridge between souls but a ray of light between stars. ~ Fernando Pessoa,
902:If you don't understand,
stop following me.
Communication between us is ended.
I've gone definitively to the other side,
with the eternal pariahs,
sharpening my knife. ~ Juan Goytisolo,
903:Listen to other people tell their story, but don't believe them. You know that it's just a story that is only true for them, but listen because the communication can be wonderful. ~ Miguel Angel Ruiz,
904:Music is the most powerful form of communication in the world. It brings us all together. Even religion separates us, but a hit record unites us across religious beliefs, race, politics. ~ Puff Daddy,
905:Nurses serve their patients in the most important capacities. We know that they serve as our first lines of communication when something goes wrong or when we are concerned about health. ~ Lois Capps,
906:people, even good people, will unknowingly abuse your time to the extent that you let them. Set good rules for all involved to minimize back-and-forth and meaningless communication. ~ Timothy Ferriss,
907:Relationships can't blossom unless there is meaningful communication. That's why 'supplication is the key to worship.' It is a sign of meaningful communication between God and a person. ~ Suhaib Webb,
908:The purest lesson our era has taught is that man, at his highest, is an individual, single, isolate, alone, in direct soul-communication with the unknown God, which prompts within him. ~ D H Lawrence,
909:The two words 'information' and 'communication' are often used interchangeably, but they signify quite different things. Information is giving out; communication is getting through. ~ Sydney J Harris,
910:While contemporary non-Evangelicals have virtually reduced faith to 'courageous ignorance,' Evangelicals have hardly been faithful in defending God's objective communication of truth. ~ Ronald H Nash,
911:A brilliant mind was first a listener that observed the actions of the people that loved and hated them, then found a way to express their feelings, when real communication was lost. ~ Shannon L Alder,
912:Clem didn’t seem to have whatever ability it was that let other people “just tell,” and it felt as if there was an entire world of communication going on at a pitch he couldn’t hear. Not ~ K J Charles,
913:If we define pornography as any message from any communication medium that is intended to arouse sexual excitement, then it is clear that most advertisements are covertly pornographic. ~ Philip Slater,
914:My father was a dentist, and I always thought that he was one of the 10. It's an interesting way to personalize and humanize, which is one of the most important aspects of communication. ~ Frank Luntz,
915:Our species has discovered a way to communicate through the dark, to transcend immense distances. No means of communication is faster or cheaper or reaches out farther. It’s called radio. ~ Carl Sagan,
916:Photography, like any other art, is a form of communication. The artist is not blowing bubbles for his own gratification, but is speaking a language, is telling somebody something. ~ William Mortensen,
917:Reflecting on my Autism - The processing and communication issues that I have I look at it like this I have had set cards dealt to me and I'm going play them to the best of my abilities. ~ Paul Isaacs,
Abigail eyed him with exasperation. “Stop saying sì. Explain. Honestly, it’s times like this your
communication skills—”
A kiss ended her irritated rant quite effectively. ~ Lynsay Sands,
919:Sleeping people are so remote.... Right here, but out of communication. That's what strikes humans as uncanny about sleep. Its utter privacy. The sleeper turns his back on everyone. ~ Ursula K Le Guin,
920:The possibility of interpersonal communication has increased substantially with contemporary technology. But as compared with the major changes, which were long ago, these are not huge. ~ Noam Chomsky,
921:But in today’s world, being seen as intellectually, cognitively, or developmentally disabled is dangerous because intelligence and verbal communication are entrenched markers of personhood. ~ Eli Clare,
922:Email, instant messaging, and cell phones give us fabulous communication ability, but because we live and work in our own little worlds, that communication is totally disorganized. ~ Marilyn vos Savant,
923:Expression and communication in the peak–experiences tend often to become poetic, mythical, and rhapsodic, as if this were the natural kind of language to express such states of being. ~ Abraham Maslow,
924:It's (the lack of communication between the people in his paintings, ed.) probably a reflection of my own, if I may say, loneliness. I don't know. It could be the whole human condition. ~ Edward Hopper,
925:Without television and mass communication, that knowledge wouldn't exist. So I think it actually has the possibility of turning people into more understanding and more empathetic people. ~ John Warnock,
926:You cannot not communicate. Every behavior is a kind of communication. Because behavior does not have a counterpart (there is no anti-behavior), it is not possible not to communicate. ~ Paul Watzlawick,
927:All the electronic devices are weakening the social bonds. Sociologists and psychologists should study this serious threat instead of repeating that communication is the cement of society. ~ Mario Bunge,
928:Don’t forget to bring your funny bone along on your parenting journey. Humor is a universal language that topples walls, connects hearts, and opens the door to communication and cooperation. ~ L R Knost,
929:Facebook is massive in scale and scope. Twitter is a public communication forum, but if I'm following you, you're not necessarily following me. LinkedIn is, simply, a professional network. ~ Jeff Weiner,
930:Honest, open communication is the only street that leads us into the real world... We then begin to grow as never before. And once we are on this road, happiness cannot be far away. ~ John Joseph Powell,
931:I believe that no matter what you do in life, if you learn the basics through theater, it will help you in everything else - problem solving, communication, discipline, all of that stuff. ~ Laura Linney,
932:I could barely manage myself sometimes, let alone some miniature kleinman person whose sole method of communication was crying. How would I know what she wanted? How would I keep her happy? ~ M J O Shea,
933:I highly recommend reading this book, and applying the NVC process it teaches. It is a significant first step towards changing our communication and creating a compassionate world. ~ Arun Manilal Gandhi,
934:Imagine that this communication sometimes lends a sense of the uncanny to the landscape because of the narcissism of our human gaze, but that it is just part of the natural world here. ~ Jeff VanderMeer,
935:There was, curiously, general agreement in the West Wing that Donald Trump, the media president, had one of the most dysfunctional communication operations in modern White House history. ~ Michael Wolff,
936:To write or speak is to communicate. To communicate is to share meanings, make them ‘common’ to all participants in the discourse. (The etymological root of communication means ‘common.’) ~ Robin Lakoff,
937:We need men and women to sit down and talk to each other about sex honestly and openly. That would help us fight Aids so immediately. But our lack of communication is hugely problematic. ~ Emma Thompson,
938:You don't realize how language actually interferes with communication until you don't have it, how it gets in the way like an overdominant sense. Words aren't always the most reliable thing. ~ Lily King,
939:Emotionally, I stay healthy by being grounded in the word of God, being open and honest, never being afraid to speak my mind in love, and having good communication with those around me. ~ Candace Cameron,
940:Her stillness was such a contrast to all the jumbled communication inside me that I suddenly felt what a tiresome fellow I was, always filling the air with the rattle of words and anxieties. ~ Robin Hobb,
941:Ideology and communication more often than not run into each other rather than complement each other. Principle and communication work together. Ideology and communication often work apart. ~ Frank Luntz,
942:The Internet is not a virtual world inhabited by avatars. It is a means of communication that offers people in the physical world a method to organize, act, and promote ideas and awareness. ~ Wael Ghonim,
943:The main thing I want to do, is to make our website the most entertaining website there is on the Internet. I want it to be the premiere site for entertainment, for communication, and for fun. ~ Stan Lee,
944:Years ago, I tried to top everybody, but I don't anymore. I realized it was killing conversation. When you're always trying for a topper you aren't really listening. It ruins communication ~ Groucho Marx,
945:And toward the evening of the same day, all the world's teletypes received a communication: "Death was a result of natural causes." It wasn't said whose death, but the world surmised. ~ Venedikt Yerofeyev,
946:I have never been much at nonverbal communication. Additionally, I don't have much of an attention span, and what I lack in patience I make up for in ambivalence and an inability to sleep. ~ Carrie Fisher,
947:I signaled when Owen’s wife was linked to him, who was linked to Yelena.” Valek paused, marveling at the intricacies of magical communication. Ixia really needed to find a way to keep up. ~ Maria V Snyder,
948:It's about the limitations of travel and communication. We don't live in a science fiction universe, Mr. Daquin. We can't just zap messages instantaneously from one part of space to another. ~ John Scalzi,
949:Teachers, parents and school administrators: Today's teachers can create a Planet of Peace. The communication process you will learn by reading Nonviolent Communication is the cornerstone. ~ Robert Muller,
950:That’s the vast majority of this social media, all these reviews, all these comments. Your tools have elevated gossip, hearsay and conjecture to the level of valid, mainstream communication. ~ Dave Eggers,
951:A book ... unlike a television program, moving picture or any other 'modern means of communication' ... can wait for years, yet be available at any moment when it happens to be needed. ~ Joseph Wood Krutch,
952:At some future day it will be proved, I cannot say when and where, that the human soul is, while in earth life, already in an uninterrupted communication with those living in another world. ~ Immanuel Kant,
953:I use very little red. I use blue, yellow, a little green, but especially... black, white and grey. There is a certain need in me for communication with human beings. Black and white is writing. ~ Hans Arp,
954:Responding to a suicide attempt by insisting that it must stop, and devoting the full resources of therapy to preventing it, is a communication with compassion and care at its very core. ~ Marsha M Linehan,
955:Serving democracy and nourishing the common good is, for the media, something that requires not only attacking corrupt secrecies in a society, but also defending non-corrupt communication. ~ Rowan Williams,
956:Sir, when two people have the extraordinary quality of this state, words are not necessary. Where that quality of love exists, words become unnecessary. There is instant communication. ~ Jiddu Krishnamurti,
957:So much of language is unspoken. So much of language is compromised of looks and gestures and sounds that are not words. People are ignorant of the vast complexity of their own communication. ~ Garth Stein,
958:The liberal arts are the arts of communication and thinking. 'They are the arts indispensable to further learning, for they are the arts of reading, writing, speaking, listening, figuring. ~ Oliver DeMille,
959:The liberal arts are the arts of communication and thinking. ‘They are the arts indispensable to further learning, for they are the arts of reading, writing, speaking, listening, figuring, ~ Oliver DeMille,
960:What I'm constantly striving for in my prose is clarity. So that, ideally, the writing will become so transparent that the reader will forget that the medium of communication is language. ~ Jonathan Lethem,
961:Freedom is always in communication (even taking the religious meaning of the word into consideration does no harm); unfreedom withdraws ever more in its reserve and will not communicate. ~ S ren Kierkegaard,
962:I have tried to bring about better communication between people. I believe that humanitarian photography is like economics. Economy is a kind of sociology, as is documentary photography. ~ Sebastiao Salgado,
963:I started on the use of the Internet for scientific communication. Our research group was one of the very first to make really systematic use of it as a way of managing research projects. ~ Joshua Lederberg,
964:The expedition of Messrs. Lewis & Clarke for exploring the river Missouri, & the best communication from that to the Pacific ocean, has had all the success which could have been expected. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
965:We are going to learn more by what we see than by what we hear. Our actions speak so loudly that we don't have to say a word.. Words only account for about seven percent of our communication. ~ John Assaraf,
966:You can understand why a system would seek information - but why in hell does it offer information? Why do we strive to be understood? Why is a refusal to accept communication so painful? ~ James Tiptree Jr,
967:You know harmony only exists in music-isn't that amazing? I think that if you see earth from very far away, the color is blue. That is very interesting because blue is the color of communication. ~ Yoko Ono,
968:All physical beings have communication from their inner being in the form of emotion, and so, whenever your emotion is positive, you can know that you are in harmony with your inner intention. ~ Esther Hicks,
969:Among the Jews, especially in the Old Testament, teachings served not for the communication of religious truth, but rather to bring the one taught into direct confrontation with the Divine Will. ~ Gordon Fee,
970:I have the outsider's vision, which is creating wisdom I can share with the world. The fact that I am misunderstood has always given me an added impetus to work on communication to bridge the gap. ~ Yoko Ono,
971:You cannot become a peacemaker without communication. Silence is a passive aggressive grenade thrown by insecure people that want war, but they don't want the accountability of starting it. ~ Shannon L Alder,
972:Communication and Connection Skillful Self-Expression What Do We Want? The Culture of Disparagement Appreciative Inquiry Gossip Paying Attention The Realm of Email Teamwork The Ripple Effect ~ Sharon Salzberg,
973:Far from hyperbole, that is the literal, explicitly stated aim of the surveillance state: to collect, store, monitor, and analyze all electronic communication by all people around the globe. ~ Glenn Greenwald,
974:I am on the side of pluralistic societies, and I will do whatever I can - by the best means available and any means necessary - to protect spaces that encourage open communication between people. ~ Marc Ribot,
975:Just as characteristic, perhaps, is the intellectual interdependence created through the development of the modern media of communication: post, telegraph, telephone, and popular press. ~ Christian Lous Lange,
976:Nothing matters more to AA's future welfare than the manner in which we use the colossus of modern communication. Used unselfishly and well, it can produce results surpassing our present imagination. ~ Bill W,
977:Once you understand how story integrates with your brand message, you’ll be able to create communication pieces (and even a brand strategy) that engages more customers and grows your business. ~ Donald Miller,
978:There are four-letter words you should never use in business. They're not fuck or shit. They're need, must, can't, easy, just, only and fast. These words gets in the way of healthy communication ~ Jason Fried,
979:A world without radio is a deaf world. A world without television is a blind world. A world without telephone is a dumb world. A world without communication is indeed a crippled world. ~ Ernest Agyemang Yeboah,
980:Every day, we communicate more with our energy, body language, face and eyes. That really is what communication is, and not so much words. And it's rare that you get to explore that in a film. ~ Dakota Fanning,
981:If you feel yourself to be a full member in the world, you probably won't turn to writing, because other methods of communication, more direct methods, will strike you as being more available. ~ Margot Livesey,
982:Now the industry is looking at the change in a very real way - to find ways of talking to the consumer much faster. Everything we have is changing with communication - from fashion to newspapers. ~ Donna Karan,
983:Open honest communication is the best foundation for any relationship, but remember that at the end of the day it’s not what you say or what you do, but how you make people feel that matters most. ~ Tony Hsieh,
984:To be a recipient of a communication is to have an enlarged and changed experience. One shares in what another has thought and felt and in so far, meagerly or amply, has his own attitude modified. ~ John Dewey,
985:We must pray without ceasing, in every occurrence and employment of our lives - that prayer which is rather a habit of lifting up the heart to God as in a constant communication with Him. ~ Elizabeth Ann Seton,
986:A world without radio is a deaf world.A world without television is a blind world. A a world without telephone is a dumb world. A world without communication is indeed a crippled world. ~ Ernest Agyemang Yeboah,
987:Gossiping has become the main form of communication in human society. It has become the way we feel close to each other, because it makes us feel better to see someone else feel as badly as we do. ~ Miguel Ruiz,
988:I think a very important aspect of language has to do with the establishment of social relations and interactions. Often, this is described as communication. But that is very misleading, I think. ~ Noam Chomsky,
989:I think certainly directing is a visual medium, but it's also about communication, and a lot of times great directors are lacking in communication skills, which is rather shocking to discover that. ~ Diane Lane,
990:I wasn't rebellious. Other friends had far stricter parents and where there wasn't a relationship of respect and communication, they were usually the opposite; kids go to the other extreme. ~ Randa Abdel Fattah,
991:Nonviolent Communication shows us a way of being very honest, but without any criticism, without any insults, without any put-downs, without any intellectual diagnosis implying wrongness. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
992:The essence of cross-cultural communication has more to do with releasing responses than with sending messages. It is more important to release the right response than to send the right message. ~ Edward T Hall,
993:For the first time he began to wonder whether he should jettison his transatlantic dream and settle for something more quotidian, perhaps focus his company on ship-to-shore communication. There was ~ Erik Larson,
994:I tried all kinds of approaches: sexy, friendly, intimidating—nothing worked. I’m starting to think there’s an invisible force field that prevents honest communication between X and Y chromosomes. ~ Jody Gehrman,
995:Musicals are strictly for homosexuals and womenfolk,” Kenny says drily, in a way that’s so post-post-post-ironic it actually stops being communication, and simply becomes confusing and unhelpful. ~ Caitlin Moran,
996:On the other hand, in a society whose communication component is becoming more prominent day by day, both as a reality and as an issue, it is clear that language assumes a new importance. ~ Jean Francois Lyotard,
997:Our most tragic error may have been our inability to establish a rapport and a confidence with the press and television with the communication media. I don't think the press has understood me. ~ Lyndon B Johnson,
998:Scientific results that aren't reported might as well not exist. They're like the sound of one hand clapping. For scientists, communication isn't only a responsibility, it's our chief pleasure. ~ Robert O Becker,
999:Touch is the most basic, the most nonconceptual form of communication that we have. In touch there are no language barriers; anything that can walk, fly, creep, crawl, or swim already speaks it. ~ Ina May Gaskin,
1000:You have greater access to sanitation and clean water than ever before. To privacy, leisure, and artificial light. To transportation, communication, and computation. The list goes on and on. ~ Douglas E Richards,
1001:You think that you’re safe when carrying your phone. But the truth is that mindfulness will do much more than a phone to protect you, to help you suffer less, and to improve your communication. ~ Thich Nhat Hanh,
1002:And even in those seconds, and even as I wondered with anguish whether I would ever see her again, I lived with her in some angelic timeless world of quiet communication and absolute understanding. ~ Iris Murdoch,
1003:But I'm acutely aware that the possibility of fraud is even more prevalent in today's world because of the Internet and cell phones and the opportunity for instant communication with strangers. ~ Armistead Maupin,
1004:It's about communication, no matter how impossibly hard your art is to understand and how much of an ivory tower or high horse you get on, it's still basically communication or why are you doing it? ~ Wayne White,
1005:The right of freely examining public characters and measures, and of free communication among the people thereon . . . has ever been justly deemed the only effectual guardian of every other right. ~ James Madison,
1006:Communication can't always follow the top-down model. With the fluidity of information in business today, leaders need to be masterful listeners; they need to be able to receive as well as send. ~ Joseph Badaracco,
1007:In the game of Frisbee you throw the disk to someone else. The point of Frisbee is perfect communication. The person at the other end of the field is receiving an impression, a vibration from you. ~ Frederick Lenz,
1008:People are self-absorbed. I think that the mass ability of communication now probably allows individuals to meet more self-absorbed individuals. It has certainly changed the way that people meet. ~ Nicholas Sparks,
1009:The more you concentration on God, the longer your conversation with him lasts and the holier his consacration will be on you. Let your communication with him be controlled by your committment. ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
1010:The Mother’s sleep is not sleep but an inner consciousness, in which she is in communication with people or working everywhere. ~ Sri Aurobindo, The Mother with Letters on The Mother, Other Dreams and Experiences,
1011:There's all these ways to instantly communicate - cars, computers, telephone and transportation - and even with all that, it's so hard to find people and have an honest communication with them. ~ Jason Schwartzman,
1012:Two different things: A crowd is a tribe without a leader. A crowd is a tribe without communication. Most organizations spend their time marketing to the crowd. Smart organizations assemble the tribe. ~ Seth Godin,
1013:You do have all five sense when you're in a room together. You communicate and understand each other in a much deeper way. It is a different form of communication from writing or being on the web. ~ Gloria Steinem,
1014:Communication is a sign of dysfunction. It means people aren’t working together in a close, organic way. We should be trying to figure out a way for teams to communicate less with each other, not more. ~ Brad Stone,
1015:I speak onstage to try to establish some method of communication. The songs are supposed to be a way of communicating. But speech and drinks and sometimes chocolates are also a way of communicating. ~ Jarvis Cocker,
1016:Listening and trying to understand the needs of those we would communicate with seems to me to be the essential prerequisite of any real communication. And we might as well aim for real communication. ~ Fred Rogers,
1017:Once a human being has arrived on this earth, communication is the largest single factor determining what kinds of relationships he makes with others and what happens to him in the world about him. ~ Virginia Satir,
1018:The powerful notion of entropy, which comes from a very special branch of physics … is certainly useful in the study of communication and quite helpful when applied in the theory of language. ~ J Robert Oppenheimer,
1019:Writing is one of the most ancient forms of prayer. To write is to believe communication is possible that other people are good, that you can awaken their generosity and their desire to do better. ~ Fatema Mernissi,
1020:Because making a movie involves hundreds of people, a chain of command is essential. But in this case, we had made the mistake of confusing the communication structure with the organizational structure. ~ Ed Catmull,
1021:In the classroom setting, people interacted in a way they didn’t in the workplace. They felt free to be goofy, relaxed, open, vulnerable. Hierarchy did not apply, and as a result, communication thrived. ~ Ed Catmull,
1022:It's depend of the communication, I think it's very important to let the director make his own vision of the character, not making a studio movie. Look the Dark Knight it's totally the vision of Nolan. ~ Xavier Gens,
1023:Then it occured to me that the elicate shades of feeling, of reaction, are the result of communication, and without such communication they tend to disappear. A man with nothing to say has no words. ~ John Steinbeck,
1024:The reason that some singers go on to become great artists has very little to do with their voices, but rather with the fact that they have used their instruments as tools for detailed communication. ~ Renee Fleming,
1025:We do well to remember that only one Man has ever spoken infallibly—our Lord Jesus, who alone is Head of His church. Let us receive His Word—the Scriptures—as the only infallible communication from God. ~ R C Sproul,
1026:A job the artist does which no-one else does is to dismantle existing communication codes and to combine some of their elements into structures which can be used to generate new pictures of the world. ~ Victor Burgin,
1027:Real communication is an attitude, an environment. It is the most interactive of all processes. It requires countless hours of eyeball to eyeball, back and forth. It involves more listening than talking. ~ Jack Welch,
1028:The communication has evolved to such a degree that kids under 25 can connect to each other so quickly and so immediately that they really don't have the patience or understanding for inherited rhetoric. ~ Seth Green,
1029:Always best to start with violence and attempt communication second. People reacted more favorably when they knew you would snuff a few lives to get what you wanted... or for no reason whatsoever. ~ Michael R Fletcher,
1030:Beware of saying to them that sometimes different cities follow one another on the same site and under the same name, born and dying without knowing one another, without communication among themselves. ~ Italo Calvino,
1031:but I have come to see that when two people work closely together on a joint project—two intelligent people, I mean to say—a bond of communication develops between them that can enhance their work. ~ Diane Setterfield,
1032:His last words heard on earth came after he'd let off a louder noise from his easiest channel of communication: 'Oh my! I think I've shit myself.' For all I know, he did. He certainly shat on everything else. ~ Seneca,
1033:I do a little fact checking now and then. Other than that its impact is simply that email has revolutionized communication for me, and my website has built up a community of readers, which is a lot of fun. ~ Lee Child,
1034:I think in general I personally have a tendency to protect other people's feelings, and I've noticed that becomes a major hindrance to communication. It's better to just be honest, even if it's painful. ~ Joe Swanberg,
1035:I think it's fair to say that personal computers have become the most empowering tool we've ever created. They're tools of communication, they're tools of creativity, and they can be shaped by their user. ~ Bill Gates,
1036:I think writing is really a process of communication. . . . It's the sense of being in contact with people who are part of a particular audience that really makes a difference to me in writing. ~ Sherley Anne Williams,
1037:I would have taken the time to learn how to listen earlier. Learning about non-violent communication and how to take feedback has been integral to both my personal happiness and professional success. ~ Dale J Stephens,
1038:Ocean's remarkable stories, depth of commitment, and eloquent communication make him a fantastic resource for conferences, universities, and indeed everyone who wants a potent dose of grounded inspiration. ~ Van Jones,
1039:Soul grows in communion. Word by word, story by story, for better or worse, we build our world. From true conversation - speaking and listening - communication deepens into compassion and creates community. ~ Sam Keen,
1040:The major advances in speed of communication and ability to interact took place more than a century ago. The shift from sailing ships to telegraph was far more radical than that from telephone to email! ~ Noam Chomsky,
1041:We have been gulled by the ease of air travel and other forms of communication into thinking that the world is not all that big, but at ground level, where researchers must work, it is actually enormous. ~ Bill Bryson,
1042:Communication is the essential medium of a creative culture: the communal sea in which we all swim. A company that can't communicate is like a jazz band without instruments: Music just isn't going to happen. ~ John Kao,
1043:Communication through interaction is less about the words spoken than it is about the interaction dynamics that take place at the nonverbal level; it is at this level that trust is established—or not. ~ Judith E Glaser,
1044:I don't need any more avenues of communication, and frankly I think people are still working out to realize that it's just a tool[social media] rather than something that you have to do or participate in. ~ Ian MacKaye,
1045:Societies have always been shaped more by the nature of the media by which men communicate than by the content of the communication. —MARSHALL MCLUHAN AND QUENTIN FIORE, The Medium Is the Massage, 1967 ~ Mark Kurlansky,
1046:When religious people take the stance that they don’t owe anyone that is hurting closure or answers then God is not winning. Conflict continues because of lack of communication, fear and indifference. ~ Shannon L Alder,
1047:An important take-home message is that it is vital to keep the lines of connection and communication open and to remember that we all—adolescents and adults—need to be members of a connected community. ~ Daniel J Siegel,
1048:Be as delicate as possible. If communication accomplishes something on the gross but damages something on the level of feeling then it is a spiritual loss! The feeling is more important for life. ~ Maharishi Mahesh Yogi,
1049:Choosing to be honest is the first step in the process of love. There is no practitioner of love who deceives. Once the choice has been made to be honest, then the next step on love's path is communication. ~ Bell Hooks,
1050:Choosing to be honest is the first step in the process of love. There is no practitioner of love who deceives. Once the choice has been made to be honest, then the next step on love's path is communication. ~ bell hooks,
1051:I don't demonize the downside. As we've seen in Egypt and Tahrir square and other recent event, the adhesiveness through [technology] kinds of communication is extraordinary. Interesting times we live in. ~ Anne Waldman,
1052:Nonverbal behaviors comprise approximately 60 to 65 percent of all interpersonal communication and, during lovemaking, can constitute 100 percent of communication between partners (Burgoon, 1994, 229–285). ~ Joe Navarro,
1053:Society exists through a process of transmission quite as much as biological life. This transmission occurs by means of communication of habits of doing, thinking, and feeling from the older to the younger. ~ John Dewey,
1054:Spoken language clearly differentiates Homo sapiens from all other creatures. None but humankind produces a complex spoken language, a medium for communication and a medium for introspective reflection. ~ Richard Leakey,
1055:Though the immediate impression of rebellion may obscure the fact, the task of authentic literature is nevertheless only conceivable in terms of a desire for fundamental communication with the reader. ~ Georges Bataille,
1056:Your prayers may appear to go unanswered for many reasons. God may simply be giving you the answer that you are to wait. It could be that some sin in your life is clouding your communication with Him. ~ Stormie Omartian,
1057:And those moments that I find mind busting. Meaning like there's a word that I find in a weird place. I love the process of going to the writer and working that out, because that's just basic communication. ~ Glenn Close,
1058:Blindness is a handicap of mobility, deafness one of communication. Terrible as is loss of vision, it does not distance the blind from the sighted the way loss of hearing separates the deaf from the normal. ~ Henry Kisor,
1059:Connection, Communication, and Cooperation. These three elements, when interwoven with threads of understanding, respect, and love, are what combine to create the beautiful tapestry of a peaceful, happy home. ~ L R Knost,
1060:Dr. Rosenberg has brought the simplicity of successful communication into the foreground. No matter what issue you're facing, his strategies for communicating with others will set you up to win every time. ~ Tony Robbins,
1061:I am going on eight years of marriage, and when it comes to communication, I believe you should always communicate in a time of peace. As a general rule, never try to communicate in the heat of the moment. ~ Tony Gaskins,
1062:I don't understand why people whose entire lives or their corporate success depends on communication, and yet they are led on occasion by CEOs who cannot talk their way out of a paper bag and don't care to. ~ Frank Luntz,
1063:If the communication is perfect, the words have life, and that is all there is to good writing, putting down on the paper words which dance and weep and make love and fight and kiss and perform miracles. ~ Gertrude Stein,
1064:I'm a great believer that any tool that enhances communication has profound effects in terms of how people can learn from each other, and how they can achieve the kind of freedoms that they're interested in. ~ Bill Gates,
1065:It's a fact that more people watch television and get their information that way than read books. I find new technology and new ways of communication very exciting and would like to do more in this field. ~ Stephen Covey,
1066:Man takes root at his feet, and at best he is no more than a potted plant in his house or carriage till he has established communication with the soil by the loving and magnetic touch of his soles to it. ~ John Burroughs,
1067:Meanwhile, the poor Babel fish, by effectively removing all barriers to communication between different races and cultures, has caused more and bloodier wars than anything else in the history of creation. ~ Douglas Adams,
1068:People reflect themselves in the work and [it] becomes a tool for communication and dialogue. You bring it out here and you see people walking around taking photos, kids running, everyone being a part of it. ~ Jeppe Hein,
1069:Perhaps the inevitable tragedy of our complex civilization is that we must be specialists in our fields - and our fields have become increasingly difficult, so that communication is nearly impossible. ~ Joyce Carol Oates,
1070:Prayer is like any other kind of communication. There are times when meaning is shared, but there is no real excitement. At other times, though, the mood is so pregnant with joy it's impossible to forget. ~ Calvin Miller,
1071:Sometimes writers or writer-directors can get nuts about words, but you know and I know that it's the thought process behind the words that motivates the words, that conveys real communication and meaning. ~ John Kapelos,
1072:Teams always reflect their leaders. And never forget that good communication is never one-way. It should not be top-down or dictatorial. The best leaders listen, invite, and then encourage participation. ~ John C Maxwell,
1073:There is no communication with any public whatsoever. The artist can ask no question, and he makes no statement; he offers no information, and his work cannot be used. It is the end product which counts. ~ Georg Baselitz,
1074:There's no love in you because there's no sex in you. Sex is light and fertility and life and communication! You only have this...pornography and submission and blackness and death! You're like a faggot! ~ Mary Gaitskill,
1075:Forcing a dog into an alpha roll, or shaking the dog, both constitute physical aggression. Physical aggression is not communication. If there is good communication, then such confrontations need not occur. ~ Stanley Coren,
1076:Miscommunication is the number one cause of all problems; communication is your bridge to other people. Without it, there's nothing. So when it's damaged, you have to solve all these problems it creates. ~ Earl Sweatshirt,
1077:Not for the first time in the history of the universe, someone for whom communication normally came as effortlessly as a dream was stuck for inspiration when faced with a few lines on the back of a card. ~ Terry Pratchett,
1078:To be a great achiever, you must first discover your main purpose of existing through feasible communication mode with your maker, the source of your destiny. This brings you a conviction to work with. ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
1079:Without form, communication stops... without form, you have everybody burbling on to themselves, whenever and however, things that no one else can understand and - rightly - no one else is interested in. ~ Gerhard Richter,
1080:Communication is an artificial, intentional, dialogic, collective act of freedom, aiming at creating codes that help us forget our inevitable death and the fundamental senselessness of our absorb existence. ~ Vil m Flusser,
1081:I crave the sweet surrender of sleep and my dreams' uncensored communication: no tiresome small talk, sucking up to impress, or tiptoeing around charged topics. Dreams are the naked truth; get ready for it. ~ Judith Orloff,
1082:What has a great value to us as a nation is the internet itself. The internet is critical infrastructure to the United States. We use the internet for every communication that businesses rely on every day. ~ Edward Snowden,
1083:Find moments in your life in which you had communication with people. You will see that most of our tensions, disappointments , sorrows, pain, and anxiety are the result of a break in our communication. ~ Torkom Saraydarian,
1084:I am a writer, I deal in words. There is no word that should stay in word jail, every word is completely free. There is no word that is worse than another word. It's all language, it's all communication. ~ Quentin Tarantino,
1085:Parents and leaders must establish a culture in which honest, open, respectful communication takes place, one that involves not just speaking but also listening. Without it, tragedy is waiting in the wings. ~ Jonathan Sacks,
1086:The feeling of pain never leaves. With every beat of my heart, I am reminded that it remains. It festers within me like an infection. Life’s antibiotic for pain associated with how we feel is communication. ~ Scott Hildreth,
1087:There is no pleasure to me without communication: there is not so much as a sprightly thought comes into my mind that it does not grieve me to have produced alone, and that I have no one to tell it to. ~ Michel de Montaigne,
1088:They’re need, must, can’t, easy, just, only, and fast. These words get in the way of healthy communication. They are red flags that introduce animosity, torpedo good discussions, and cause projects to be late. ~ Jason Fried,
1089:To Tengo, sexual desire was fundamentally an extension of a means of communication. And so, to look for sexual desire in a place where there was no possibility of communication seemed inappropriate to him. ~ Haruki Murakami,
1090:All communication involves faith; indeed, some linguisticians hold that the potential obstacles to acts of verbal understanding are so many and diverse that it is a minor miracle that they take place at all. ~ Terry Eagleton,
1091:Meaning is made in conversation, reality is created in communication, and knowledge is generated through social interaction.... Language is the vehicle through which we create our understanding of the world. ~ Diana Whitney,
1092:Technology to me does two things: it increases the velocity of communication and increases the number of people who can participate. That's it. That's really all technology for our entire history has ever done. ~ Jack Dorsey,
1093:A drawing is essentially a private work, related only to the artist's own needs; a 'finished' statue or canvas is essentially a public, presented work - related far more directly to the demands of communication. ~ John Berger,
1094:Although the family was afraid that without him Lillian would soon shrivel up with grief, she showed them that death is not an insurmountable obstacle to communication between those who truly love each other. ~ Isabel Allende,
1095:Friendship leads to human connection, which feeds your soul. More than kale or spinning or fifteen-minute naps under your desk, conscious communication with your clutch friends is the best form of self-care. ~ Karen Kilgariff,
1096:In the 1970s, MIT professor Tom Allen showed that the closer people sat to one another, the more frequently they communicated—not just face-to-face communication, but via all media including telephone calls. ~ Robert I Sutton,
1097:MP3 players and flash memory devices are good for data storage and playback of music and digital talking books, but they offer little or nothing in the way of visual presentation of information and communication. ~ Tom Peters,
1098:Talk of democracy has little content when big business rules the life of the country through its control of the means of production, exchange, the press and other means of publicity, propaganda and communication. ~ John Dewey,
1099:Everything which bars freedom and fullness of communication sets up barriers that divide human beings into sets and cliques, into antagonistic sects and factions, and thereby undermines the democratic way of life. ~ John Dewey,
1100:If you keep shouting, you are not making communication any better. You are only removing the talking and whispering from the system. I find our society a bit noisy. I would like to contribute a little silence. ~ Bruno Monguzzi,
1101:I never told a victim story about my imprisonment. Instead, I told a transformation story - about how prison changed my outlook, about how I saw that communication, truth, and trust are at the heart of power. ~ Fernando Flores,
1102:It is quite an illusion to imagine that one adjusts to reality essentially without the use of language and that language is merely an incidental means of solving specific problems of communication or reflection. ~ Edward Sapir,
1103:She would like to tell him some strange beautiful thing, if she could speak at all, something to make him speak. Communication would be telling something that is all new, so as to have more of the new told back. ~ Eudora Welty,
1104:The odd thing about this form of communication is you're more likely to talk about nothing than something. But I just want to say that all this nothing has meant more to me than so many... somethings. So, thanks. ~ Nora Ephron,
1105:The overall purpose of human communication is - or should be - reconciliation. It should ultimately serve to lower or remove the walls of misunderstanding which unduly separate us human beings, one from another. ~ M Scott Peck,
1106:There are people still in the Republican Party that I believe practice the communication of anger, of disappointment, of regret, of pain, of sorrow, of suffering. That's not what the American people want to hear. ~ Frank Luntz,
1107:Twitter was around communication and visualizing what was happening in the world in real-time. Square was allowing everyone to accept the form of payment people have in their pocket today, which is a credit card. ~ Jack Dorsey,
1108:An equation means nothing to me unless it expresses a thought of God. ~ S. Ramanujan in **Quotations by 60 Greatest Indians. Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology. Retrieved on 27 November 2013.,
1109:As a novelist, your impulse is toward multiplicity: multiple voices, multiple perceptions, multiple nuances, the ambiguity in human communication. Fiction really is the ultimate home for that sense of ambiguity. ~ Pankaj Mishra,
1110:Can a lie be taken as communication? I tend to deny it. A lie is the opposite of communication. It means specifically to withhold the other's share and portion of reality, to prevent his participation in reality. ~ Josef Pieper,
1111:Don't be shy to say "I am sorry"; Never feel too big to say "Please forgive me"; Don't think it's unnecessary to say "thank you"; Never feel bad to admit "I am wrong"! That's a good tactics is communication! ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
1112:Just as global networks of communication and transportation had made the mass migrations of the late nineteenth century possible,6 so political networks of populism and nativism sprang into life to resist them. ~ Niall Ferguson,
1113:No form of art repeats or imitates successfully all that can be said by another; the writer conveys his experience of life along a channel of communication closed to painter, mathematician, musician, film-maker. ~ Storm Jameson,
1114:Now it is evident that a little insight into the customs of every people is necessary to insure a kindly communication; this, joined with patience and kindness, will seldom fail with the natives of the interior. ~ Charles Sturt,
1115:Progressives need a collection of proactive policies and communication techniques to get our own values out on our own terms. “War rooms” and “truth squads” must change frames, not reinforce conservative frames. ~ George Lakoff,
1116:The language of digital communication is a language we don't understand in a way. People say the internet is like the Wild West in that it's lawless and we haven't worked out how to make it structured or moral. ~ Tom Hiddleston,
1117:Eric Schmidt likes to point out that if you recorded all human communication from the dawn of time to 2003, it takes up about five billion gigabytes of storage space. Now were creating that much data every two days ~ Eli Pariser,
1118:God joins us together by means of the body, in consequence of the laws of the communication of movements. He affects us with the same feelings in consequence of the laws of the conjunction of body and soul. ~ Nicolas Malebranche,
1119:In the next 50 years, the increasing importance of designing spaces for human communication and interaction will lead to expansion in those aspects of computing that are focused on people, rather than machinery. ~ Terry Winograd,
1120:Marshall Rosenberg provides us with the most effective tools to foster health and relationships. Nonviolent Communication connects soul to soul, creating a lot of healing. It is the missing element in what we do. ~ Deepak Chopra,
1121:Mass communication communicates massively: its language lacks precise articulation and avoids demanding terms; it argues for the kind of behavior in life which will make a "good program": ethic equals showbiz. ~ Frederic Raphael,
1122:Music isn’t about competition. It’s about communication. There are countless stories to be told, lady, and even if your story isn’t so fantastic it will live for eternity, that doesn’t mean it shouldn’t be told. ~ Kristen Ashley,
1123:My hectic work schedule does not often permit me time to visit temples, but my conversations with God don't depend on idol worship. Inside my heart, I have developed and sustained a direct communication with Him. ~ Emraan Hashmi,
1124:Small changes can magnifiy. The possibility of interpersonal communication has increased substantially with contemporary technology. But as compared with the major changes, which were long ago, these are not huge. ~ Noam Chomsky,
1125:Take advantage of every opportunity to practice your communication skills so that when important occasions arise, you will have the gift, the style, the sharpness, the clarity, and the emotions to affect other people. ~ Jim Rohn,
1126:There is a constant and intimate contact among the things that coexist and co-evolve in the universe - a sharing of bonds and messages that makes reality into a stupendous network of interaction and communication. ~ Ervin Laszlo,
1127:Tweeting happens to be a modern day form of communication. I mean, you can like it or not like it. I have, between Facebook and Twitter, I have almost 25 million people. It's a very effective way of communication. ~ Donald Trump,
1128:Dreams, puns, elisions, plays on words and similar tricks that we ordinarily think of as frivolous, all play a surprising and somewhat disconcerting role in the communication of important and serious feelings. ~ Milton H Erickson,
1129:I never even thought about whether or not they understand what I'm doing . . . the emotional reaction is all that matters as long as there's some feeling of communication, it isn't necessary that it be understood. ~ John Coltrane,
1130:Peirce relentlessly criticizes the subjectivism that lies at the heart of so much modern epistemology, and he develops an intersubjective (social) understanding of inquiry, knowing, communication, and logic. ~ Richard J Bernstein,
1131:Some of the ancient legends hold that Pythagoras was the instructor of the Druidic priests, and that Pythagoras himself was in close communication with the Brahmins of India, and the Hermetists of Egypt. ~ William Walker Atkinson,
1132:There are already laws prohibiting the promotion of hatred and we are now considering new laws to establish limits on the use of the Internet and other forms of communication in a way that might be harmful to us all. ~ Allan Rock,
1133:During the past few decades, modern technology, with radio, TV, air travel, and satellites, has woven a network of communication which puts each part of the world in to almost instant contact with all the other parts. ~ David Bohm,
1134:I believe that we humans, in teaching chimpanzees and gorillas ASL, stumbled upon a natural communication system already in use. We just enhanced it. This is just my opinion and I wouldn’t dare put it in a paper. ~ Douglas Preston,
1135:I'm talking to you and it's basically a direct communication, whereas if I'm writing a letter to you and you read the letter, there are like 12 extra deconstruction and reconstruction steps in the communication. ~ Kevin J Anderson,
1136:I shall commit my thoughts to paper, it is true; but that is a poor medium for the communication of feeling. I desire the company of a man who could sympathize with me, whose eyes would reply to mine. ~ Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley,
1137:It's easier not to say anything. Shut your trap, button your lip, can it. All that crap you hear on TV about communication and expressing feelings is a lie. Nobody really wants to hear what you have to say. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
1138:Most large mistakes in organizational design come from putting the individual ambitions of the people at the top of the organization ahead of the communication paths for the people at the bottom of the organization. ~ Ben Horowitz,
1139:Never forget that when connections get destroyed by means of bad communication, it's good communication that resolves them. Don't be shy to say "I am sorry" and "please forgive me". That's a good communication! ~ Israelmore Ayivor,
1140:We have to learn to build safety with our in-breath and our out-breath. We have to learn to build safety with our steps, with our way of acting and reacting, with our words and our efforts to build communication. ~ Thich Nhat Hanh,
1141:We no longer plow the land together; today we talk. We have come to glorify verbal communication. I speak; therefore I am. We naively believe that the essence of who we are is most accurately conveyed through words. ~ Esther Perel,
1142:Anonymous blog comments, vapid video pranks and lightweight mash-ups may seem trivial and harmless, but as a whole, this widespread practice of fragmentary, impersonal communication has demeaned personal interaction. ~ Jaron Lanier,
1143:As Ben Scott puts it, we are in a “triple paradigm shift,” wherein personal communication, mass media, and market information have been subsumed within the new order so that the distinctions are becoming passé. ~ Robert W McChesney,
1144:Civilization grew in the beginning from the minute that we had communication - particularly communication by sea that enabled people to get inspiration and ideas from each other and to exchange basic raw materials. ~ Thor Heyerdahl,
1145:I have seen that technology has contributed to improved communication, that it's contributed to better health care, that it's contributed to better food supplies, that it has contributed to all the basic human needs. ~ John Warnock,
1146:I never taught language for the purpose of teaching it; but invariably used language as a medium for the communication of thought; thus the learning of language was coincident with the acquisition of knowledge. ~ Anne Sullivan Macy,
1147:It is easier not to say anything. Shut your trap, button your lip, can it. All that crap you hear on TV about communication and expressing feelings is a lie. Nobody really wants to hear what you have to say. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
1148:It is not too farfetched that soon it will be possible for a physician to send the electrocardiogram and the heart sound via communication satellite to a distant heart specialist for diagnosis and consultation. ~ Hubertus Strughold,
1149:The constant free flow of communication amount us-enabling the free interchange of ideas-forms the very bloodstream of our nation. It keeps the mind and body of our democracy eternally vital, eternally young. ~ Franklin D Roosevelt,
1150:Communication of science as subject-matter has so far outrun in education the construction of a scientific habit of mind that to some extent the natural common sense of mankind has been interfered with to its detriment. ~ John Dewey,
1151:Human spoken language seems to be
adventitious. The exploitation of organ systems with other functions for communication in humans is also indicative of the comparatively recent evolution of our linguistic abilities. ~ Carl Sagan,
1152:If globalization is to succeed, it must succeed for poor and rich alike. It must deliver rights no less than riches. It must provide social justice and equity no less than economic prosperity and enhanced communication. ~ Kofi Annan,
1153:If you look at the history of communication, new technologies like the phone and e-mail didnt just let people do things faster; it fundamentally changed the scope of the kinds of projects people dared to take on. ~ Justin Rosenstein,
1154:Many well-meaning intelligent people have argued since the May 17, 1954, decision of the United States Supreme Court outlawing segregation in the public schools that communication between the races has broken down. ~ Benjamin E Mays,
1155:The fact is that gossip, rumors, mythmaking, and news stories are not appropriate vehicles for the communication of nuances of truth, those subtle tonalities that are often the truly crucial elements in a causal chain. ~ Chaim Potok,
1156:The fact that we are I don't know how many millions of people, yet communication, complete communication, is completely impossible between two of those people, is to me one of the biggest tragic themes in the world ~ Georges Simenon,
1157:The unification of opposites which characterizes the commercial and political style is one of the many ways in which discourse and communication make themselves immune against the expression of protest and refusal. ~ Herbert Marcuse,
1158:The whole of Hellas used once to carry arms, their habitations being unprotected and their communication with each other unsafe; indeed, to wear arms was as much a part of everyday life with them as with the barbarians. ~ Thucydides,
1159:"Win" is about the specific use of specific words to connect you to your employer or employees, politicians to voters - and frankly, to help people win debates, have discussions, and improve the level of communication. ~ Frank Luntz,
1160:Communication is now often experienced as a superhuman phenomenon that towers above individuals. A new generation has come of age with a reduced expectation of what a person can be, and of who each person might become. ~ Jaron Lanier,
1161:If each battalion in the Pacific employed a pair of Native Americans as radio operators, secure communication could be guaranteed. This would be much simpler than a mechanical encryption device and much harder to crack. ~ Simon Singh,
1162:The capacity to innovate - the ability to solve problems creatively or bring new possibilities to life - and skills like critical thinking, communication and collaboration are far more important than academic knowledge. ~ Tony Wagner,
1163:Thus, the critical dimension in understanding whether a marriage will work or not, becomes the extent to which the male can accept the influence of the woman he loves and become socialized in emotional communication. ~ John M Gottman,
1164:Canada's a huge country, so to be able to unite the country through communication satellite technology or to be able to observe it through remote sensing technology from space is a natural fit for a country like Canada. ~ Marc Garneau,
1165:Good communication is not just data transfer. You need to show people something that addresses their anxieties, that accepts their anger, that is credible in a very gut-level sense, and that evokes faith in the vision. ~ John P Kotter,
1166:Here in particular the idea of contextual communication - i.e. communicating the right message, at the right time to the right audience - seems to generate an increasing effect on the consumer in a manipulative way. ~ Martin Lindstrom,
1167:ideation, large-frame pattern recognition, and the most complex forms of communication are cognitive areas where people still seem to have the advantage, and also seem likely to hold on to it for some time to come. ~ Erik Brynjolfsson,
1168:If you get asteroids about a kilometer in size, those are large enough and carry enough energy into our system to disrupt transportation, communication, the food chains, and that can be a really bad day on Earth. ~ Neil deGrasse Tyson,
1169:It completely includes everything in its total Oneness so that all things are interconnected and in communication and harmony by means of awareness and by sharing the basic quality of the essence of existence itself. ~ David R Hawkins,
1170:When you speak in other tongues, no one understands what you're saying, because you're speaking to God. It's a direct communication between your spirit and God. You're speaking the language that only He understands. ~ Chris Oyakhilome,
1171:When you speak in other tongues, no one understands what you’re saying, because you’re speaking to God. It’s a direct communication between your spirit and God. You’re speaking the language that only He understands. ~ Chris Oyakhilome,
1172:Where else, but from the industrialized world, did the suicide hijackers learn that the huge explosions and death above a city skyline are a peculiar and effective form of communication? They have mastered the language. ~ Chris Hedges,
1173:Why, after all, take as our standard a material world whose existence is affirmed by nothing more trustworthy than the sense-impressions of “normal men”; those imperfect and easily cheated channels of communication? ~ Evelyn Underhill,
1174:But there is nothing in Scripture to indicate that the biblical modes of God’s communication with humans have been superseded or abolished by either the presence of the church or the close of the scriptural canon. This ~ Dallas Willard,
1175:Inspiring leadership communication is not about great oratory or great charisma; rather it is about getting others to believe in themselves and believe in your cause, and then achieve more than they thought was possible. ~ Kevin Murray,
1176:...the distinction between "magick" and "communication" exits only in our traditional ways of thinking. The uncanny Egyptians attributed both inventions to a single deity, Thoth, god of speech and other illusions. ~ Robert Anton Wilson,
1177:This book provides an approach to building global love for brands by positioning emotional benefit within engaging communication. The Deep Metaphor framework provides the common thread, giving global brands local relevance. ~ Anonymous,
1178:With the Musgroves there was the happy chat of perfect ease;[....] and with Captain Wentworth, some moments of communication continually occurring, and always the hope of more, and always the knowledge of his being there. ~ Jane Austen,
1179:Here, all of a sudden, we have a revolution in - in communication, and it is - it is really, truly big. Internet is as big as the introduction of fire to the human race, or the introduction of electricity into our lives. ~ Werner Herzog,
1180:I feel I should not be ... so at the mercy of people's regard. And yet - it is the artist's desire for communication too; without the answering voice you get so numb; you lose faith in your powers to communicate. ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh,
1181:I'm always happy when I learn more about communication in the wide free scope of that word. So next is a move, getting the film made and working on more music everyday which is equally large in my being as filmmaking. ~ Giuseppe Andrews,
1182:The big change, the really radical change in communication, was in the late 19th century. The shift from sailing ships to telegraph is astronomical. Everything since then has been small increments, including the internet. ~ Noam Chomsky,
1183:The gulf between “I’m great” (Stage Three) and “we’re great” (Stage Four) is huge, Grand Canyon huge. This level represents 22 percent of workplace tribal cultures, where the theme of people’s communication is “we’re great. ~ Dave Logan,
1184:There is abundant evidence that the Bible, though written by men, is not the product of the human mind. By countless multitudes it has always been revered as a communication to us from the Creator of the Universe. ~ John Ambrose Fleming,
1185:I only wish I could find an institute that teaches people how to listen. Business people need to listen at least as much as they need to talk. Too many people fail to realize that real communication goes in both directions. ~ Lee Iacocca,
1186:It is easier not to say anything. Shut your trap, button your lip, can it. All that crap you hear on TV about communication and expressing feelings is a lie. Nobody really wants to hear what you have to say.   Mr. ~ Laurie Halse Anderson,
1187:I've probably overused this analogy of a flock of birds moving around an object in flight, but, in reality, it's so simple, real time communication of individuals that allow for this super organism type of organism to happen. ~ Biz Stone,
1188:I wondered whether music might not be the unique example of what might have been - if the invention of language, the formation of words, the analysis of ideas had not intervened - the means of communication between souls. ~ Marcel Proust,
1189:Music is about communication, creativity, and cooperation, and by studying music in schools, students have the opportunity to build on these skills, enrich their lives, and experience the world from a new perspective. ~ William J Clinton,
1190:We know that communication must be hampered, and its form largely determined, by the unconscious but inevitable influence of a transmitting mechanism, whether that be of a merely mechanical or of a physiological character. ~ Oliver Lodge,
1191:What does music mean to me? I don't think I would really be much without it, without it coming through me. It's my means of communication, my means of growth, my means of transportation from one point in my life to another. ~ Erykah Badu,
1192:You could be a really great and fabulous person, but if your method of communication with a woman doesn’t trigger her physical attraction by “pushing the right buttons,” you will only ever be “just a friend” in her eyes. ~ Sahara Sanders,
1193:Code formatting is important. It is too important to ignore and it is too important to treat religiously. Code formatting is about communication, and communication is the professional developer’s first order of business. ~ Robert C Martin,
1194:I agree that it is not just the extremists who harbor bad thoughts or engage in bad acts, but they are usually the source of the polarization and try to keep education and communication of the main stream from moving forward. ~ Joichi Ito,
1195:I understand why people went nuts for 'The Artist.' We use words so much, it's nice to be able to explore a different way of communication, to be able to express silently what someone - or something - is thinking or feeling. ~ Andy Serkis,
1196:Our Indian culture is based on worshipping our parents. We grow up listening to words like ‘respect’, ‘obedience’ and ‘tradition’. Can we not add the words ‘communication’, ‘unconditional love’ and ‘support’ to this list? ~ Twinkle Khanna,
1197:Speak Peace is a book that comes at an appropriate time when anger and violence dominates human attitudes. Marshall Rosenberg gives us the means to create peace through our speech and communication. A brilliant book. ~ Arun Manilal Gandhi,
1198:The line of communication between God and man is always open unless broken by man himself. We are, as it were, always in the presence of our Father in Heaven. Through His Holy Spirit, God is with us always and everywhere. ~ John A Widtsoe,
1199:The mistake here is to suppose that receiving communication is like receiving a blow or a legacy or a judgment from the court. On the contrary, the reader or listener is much more like the catcher in a game of baseball. ~ Mortimer J Adler,
1200:To be born again; to become like infants in God’s womb, entirely dependent, utterly quiet, never alone. Wordless communication, unspeakable love, cushioned against the world’s blows. Grace within the belly of our Maker. ~ Emily T Wierenga,
1201:When I perform, I always opt for communication with God, and in pursuit of communicating with God, you can enter some very dangerous territory. I also have come to realize that total communication with God is physical death. ~ Patti Smith,
1202:I would prefer my experiences in communication to have a growth-promoting effect, both on me and on the other, and I should like to avoid those communication experiences in which both I and the other person feel diminished. ~ Carl R Rogers,
1203:Matter is a medium of communication between minds, and everything that exists in the mind can also exist in the body. Furthermore, the body—being the expression of a mental state is developed as a manifestation of the mind. ~ Ashish Dalela,
1204:Nobody wants to hear about process. They want to hear about results. They want to be inspired. They want to aspire to something. And so often in our communication, we will explain why - sorry, we will explain how but not why. ~ Frank Luntz,
1205:Architecture and team organization is always heavily coupled together. organizations which design systems….are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication structures of these organizations – Conway’s law ~ Anonymous,
1206:Communication is the most important skill in life. We spend most of our waking hours communicating. But consider this: You've spent years learning how to read and write, years learning how to speak. But what about listening? ~ Stephen Covey,
1207:His supervisor, a well-liked ranger by the name of Dick McLaren, gave Randy a line of advice to which he would adhere for the rest of his career: 'The best way to teach the public isn't with a citation, it's with communication. ~ Eric Blehm,
1208:If you want a more democratic EU, communication has to be among its core tasks. There should be a legal foundation for it: Fifty years after the founding of the European project, communication belongs in the constitution. ~ Margot Wallstrom,
1209:Miscellanists are the most popular writers among every people; for it is they who form a communication between the learned and the unlearned, and, as it were, throw a bridge between those two great divisions of the public. ~ Isaac D Israeli,
1210:Travelling, gentlemen, is medieval, today we have means of communication, not to speak of tomorrow and the day after, means of communication that bring the world into our homes, to travel from one place to another is atavistic. ~ Max Frisch,
1211:Great communication depends on two simple skills-context, which attunes a leader to the same frequency as his or her audience, and delivery, which allows a leader to phrase messages in a language the audience can understand. ~ John C Maxwell,
1212:I think, in general, it's clear that most bad things come from misunderstanding, and communication is generally the way to resolve misunderstandings - and the Web's a form of communications - so it generally should be good. ~ Tim Berners Lee,
1213:Most communication in the psyche begins in conflict. The unconscious parts of our personalities have to fight for "equal time," for some recognition, against the dominant attitudes and power systems of the conscious mind. ~ Robert A. Johnson,
1214:Neoliberalism represents a highly efficient, indeed an intelligent, system for exploiting freedom. Everything that belongs to practices and expressive forms of liberty –emotion, play and communication –comes to be exploited. ~ Byung Chul Han,
1215:NVC enhances inner communication by helping us translate negative internal messages into feelings and needs. Our ability to distinguish our own feelings and needs and to empathize with them can free us from depression. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
1216:The most dangerous question a prospect or customer asks is "Why should I?" And he may ask it more than once... The product and its communication stream must continue to provide him with both rational and emotional answers. ~ Lester Wunderman,
1217:Today, the traditional communication channels are fragmented and passe. The fastest way to spread your product is by distributing it on a platform using APIs, not MBAs. Business development is now API-centric, not people-centric. ~ Anonymous,
1218:For the past five thousand years, people have been largely enslaved by a few select masters who understood how violence, religion, communication, debt, and class warfare all work together to subjugate a large group of people. ~ James Altucher,
1219:If you just heard 90 percent of dentists recommend something, it's too statistical. Nine out of 10 says: Well, it's just virtually everyone. It leads you to think of that joke about the one dentist. But so much of communication. ~ Frank Luntz,
1220:Our Nation has a diverse and extremely rich cultural heritage. It is a source of pride and strength to millions of Americans who look to the arts for inspiration, communication and the opportunity for creative self-expression. ~ Gerald R Ford,
1221:That’s the vast majority of this social media, all these reviews, all these comments. Your tools have elevated gossip, hearsay and conjecture to the level of valid, mainstream communication. And besides that, it’s fucking dorky. ~ Dave Eggers,
1222:The strength behind communication is in its quality, not in its quantity. Your talk should be that of quality, not of quantity. You should use small sentences which say a lot. Or you should say a lot in small sentences. ~ Harbhajan Singh Yogi,
1223:When thought and action are combined, the results are powerful-among the most powerful forces on earth. The combination of successful communication-the sharing of thoughts-and physical action can, literally, move mountains. ~ Peter McWilliams,
1224:Filmmaking, like any other art, is a very profound means of human communication; beyond the professional pleasure of succeeding or the pain of failing, you do want your film to be seen, to communicate itself to other people. ~ Kenneth Lonergan,
1225:Huh? Okay.” I raise my brows. But the Consul stares back at me with unblinking disdain. “Your second lesson is never to use non-existent words or animalistic sounds worthy of a gurgling infant child in your adult communication. ~ Vera Nazarian,
1226:Giorno,” says one of the girls working behind the counter. She looks like she’s around my age, maybe a year or two older.
Giorno.” My reply is timid, slow to dip my toes into the waters of Italian communication. ~ Kristin Rae,
1227:The chimpanzees taught me a lot about nonverbal communication. The big difference between them and us is that they don't have spoken language. Everything else is almost the same: Kissing, embracing, swaggering, shaking the fist. ~ Jane Goodall,
1228:The Internet," [Judy] Singer said, "is a prosthetic device for people who can't socialize without it." For anyone challenged by language and social rules, a communication system that does not operate in real time is a godsend. ~ Andrew Solomon,
1229:The objective of Nonviolent Communication is not to change people and their behavior in order to get our way: it is to establish relationships based on honesty and empathy, which will eventually fulfill everyone's needs. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
1230:Yes. A form of communication where one uses drawn letters to spell out words and phrases, and generally have a conversation with a person not directly present at the time of composition. You might want to try it sometime,” I added. ~ Gini Koch,
1231:You carry Mother Earth within you. She is not outside of you. Mother Earth is not just your environment. In that insight of inter-being, it is possible to have real communication with the Earth, which is the highest form of prayer. ~ Nhat Hanh,
1232:A third attempt, later in the day, provoked a terrific crash, and a subsequent message from the Central Exchange that Professor Challenger's receiver had been shattered. After that we abandoned all attempt at communication. ~ Arthur Conan Doyle,
1233:If there's one thing that the Web has changed about modern communication, it's that we've at long last done away with the archaic idea that publishing is the private playground of people who have ideas, experiences, and opinions. ~ Lore Sjoberg,
1234:It is difficult to imagine how any behavior in the presence of another person can avoid being a communication of one's own view of the nature of one's relationship with that person and how it can fail to influence that person. ~ Paul Watzlawick,
1235:Possessions weren't the thing. The car your drove and the house you lived in and the clothes you wore...were nothing but vocabulary. They weren't the true communication that mattered, they weren't the connections that were important. ~ J R Ward,
1236:Two prisoners whose cells adjoin communicate with each other by knocking on the wall. The wall is the thing which separates them but is also their means of communication. It is the same with us and God. Every separation is a link. ~ Simone Weil,
1237:When I am outside in the fresh air my ideas take a higher direction,” Napoleon said. “I cannot understand how some men can work successfully if they are always inside, beside the fireplace, without communication with the sky.”30 ~ Kate Williams,
1238:Yes, we can hear from God in a personal, intimate way. The depth of our personal relationship with God is based on intimate communication with Him. He speaks to us so that we are guided, refreshed, restored, and renewed regularly. ~ Joyce Meyer,
1239:We raise the hypothesis that truth telling may be the natural response absent clear motivations to lie (hence, most human communication) and that lying may prevail as the automatic reaction when it brings about important self-profit. ~ Anonymous,
1240:Because feelings, emotional and physical, are so foregrounded in sexual encounters, the orgy is soon the most social of human interchanges, where awareness and communication, whether verbal or no, hold all together or sunder it. ~ Samuel R Delany,
1241:But now we are a mob. Man does not stand in awe of man, nor is his genius admonished to stay at home, to put itself in communication with the internal ocean, but it goes abroad to beg a cup of water of the urns of other men. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
1242:I think it's a deeper issue on the lack of communication in our culture in general. It's not abnormal to see a family out to dinner and every person is on their phone instead of communicating with each other and that's pretty sad. ~ Laura Benanti,
1243:Music can make a difference. There is a global nature to music, which has the potential to bring all people together. Music is truly an international language, and I hope to contribute by widening communication as much as I can. ~ Marvin Hamlisch,
1244:The mind, in proportion as it is cut off from free communication with nature, with revelation, with God, with itself, loses its life, just as the body droops when debarred from the air and the cheering light from heaven. ~ William Ellery Channing,
1245:We are attacked by radio and television and visual communication at such speed and with such force that painting seems very old fashioned ...why shouldn't it be done with that power and gusto [of advertising], with that impact. ~ James Rosenquist,
1246:When I talk about “cyborg literacy,” I mean a set of skills and social practices that optimize the ability to use physical and cognitive technologies to augment, amplify, or extend human thinking and communication capabilities. ~ Howard Rheingold,
1247:When men learnt to talk in the beginning of the civilised word they used language not as a means of communication alone but as a means of excluding others--using it as a way of setting themselves apart and shutting out strangers. ~ Charlotte Lamb,
1248:Written communication is a tremendous help for me, and so when electronic mail was invented in '71, I got very excited about it, thinking well, gee, the deaf community could really use this, or the hard of hearing community as well. ~ Vinton Cerf,
1249:A successful alone-time period means letting go of communication addiction. During alone time, give up instant messages, phone calls, e-mail, and meetings. Just shut up and get to work. You'll be surprised how much more you get done. ~ Jason Fried,
1250:Because systems of mass communication can communicate only officially acceptable levels of reality, no one can know the extent of the secret unconscious life. No one in America can know what will happen. No one is in real control. ~ Allen Ginsberg,
1251:Feelings of worth can flourish only in an atmosphere where individual differences are appreciated, mistakes are tolerated, communication is open, and rules are flexible - the kind of atmosphere that is found in a nurturing family. ~ Virginia Satir,
1252:Studies show that a trusting workplace increases employees' level of happiness, work effort, productivity, and engagement. It also provides an environment that encourages open communication and promotes people to share their ideas. ~ Arthur Miller,
1253:The Dentsu Cross Communication approach, on the other hand, emphasizes combined insight into both the targets and the media. We feel that the starting point for the creation of new ideas is to know what consumers are thinking and | 9 1 ~ Anonymous,
1254:The most fruitful areas for the growth of the sciences were those which had been neglected as a no-man's land between the various established fields. ~ Norbert Wiener, Cybernetics - Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine (1948),
1255:We live in the age of communication. Write letters to the editor. Speak to your congressman, to your senator. If you are young, especially young people are taken by this human rights activities. They should organize the universities. ~ Elie Wiesel,
1256:When we get at least six hours of daily social time, it increases our wellbeing and minimizes stress and worry. The six hours includes time at work, at home, on the telephone, talking to friends, sending e-mail, and other communication. ~ Tom Rath,
1257:Between Malraux, Balzac, and Montaigne, I choose Montaigne. Montaigne will survive all the others, because the essay, meaning direct communication between the writer and his reader, will outlast the novel, by at least a thousand years. ~ Gore Vidal,
1258:I am not interested in communicating something to you, I am interested in communion. Communication means my mind talking to your mind. Communion means I am not a mind, you are not a mind - just your heart melting into my heart, no words. ~ Rajneesh,
1259:The key to happiness, she said, is tolerance of those who do not do as you do.' `What if those who do not do as you do are gunning you down?' I said.... Alaska frowned. `Guns are intolerant. Guns are a failure of communication. ~ Jeanette Winterson,
1260:It is no coincidence that the greatest changes and innovations in human physiology, cognition, sociality, communication, technology and culture (dwarfing any of today’s inventions and developments) occurred during the Pleistocene. ~ Daniel L Everett,
1261:It's so important for those living with chronic pain to establish good communication with both their healthcare professionals and caregivers. Clear communication about pain is vital to receiving proper diagnosis and effective treatment. ~ Naomi Judd,
1262:New situations almost invariably invoked fear in human beings, and the only remedy to fear was communication. Without language, without communication, all the numbers in the world would be useless. Without language, fear became deadly. ~ S G Redling,
1263:Our moms are best friends, and the three of them were pregnant with us at the same time. They call us the “Unholy Trinity” because they claim we kicked in their bellies whenever they were together. So nonverbal communication? Not new. ~ Angie Thomas,
1264:Over past period, we have handled relations with China very carefully. We do not take provocative measures, we make sure that there are no surprises, and we hope that through channels of communication, we can gradually build up trust. ~ Tsai Ing wen,
1265:Some unspoken human communication is taking place on a hidden channel. I did not realize they communicated this much without words. I note that we machines are not the only species who share information silently, wreathed in codes. ~ Daniel H Wilson,
1266:You yearn for a simplified lifestyle, so that your communication with Me can be uninterrupted. But I challenge you to relinquish the fantasy of an uncluttered world. Accept each day just as it comes, and find Me in the midst of it all. ~ Sarah Young,
1267:Conflict can and should be handled constructively; when it is, relationships benefit. Conflict avoidance is *not* the hallmark of a good relationship. On the contrary, it is a symptom of serious problems and of poor communication. ~ Harriet B Braiker,
1268:Good design starts with an understanding of psychology and technology. Good design requires good communication, especially from machine to person, indicating what actions are possible, what is happening, and what is about to happen. ~ Donald A Norman,
1269:Horses frighten me as much as chickens do,’ he said. ‘That is too bad, because lack of communication with horses has impeded human progress,’ said Abrenuncio. ‘If we ever broke down the barriers, we could produce the centaur. ~ Gabriel Garcia Marquez,
1270:I often feel I am being burned at the stake just because I have always refused to give up that wonderful strange power I have inside me that becomes manifested when I am in harmonious communication with some other inspired being. ~ Leonora Carrington,
1271:It's not movies and it's not "fine art." The beauty of a comic is that it's clear, direct communication. My work is getting simpler and more cartoony because I'm much more interested in communication now than in any illustrative value. ~ Frank Miller,
1272:We don’t need better emotional communication from machines. We need people to have more empathy. The reason the Uncanny Valley exists is because humans created it to put other people into. It’s how we justify killing each other. ~ Charlie Jane Anders,
1273:Whether we're conscious of it or not, our work and personal lives are made up of daily rituals, including when we eat our meals, how we shower or groom, or how we approach our daily descent into the digital world of email communication. ~ Chip Conley,
1274:By and large, the critics and readers gave me an affirmed sense of my identity as a writer. You might know this within yourself, but to have it affirmed by others is of utmost importance. Writing is, after all, a form of communication. ~ Ralph Ellison,
1275:People ache to believe that we human beings are vastly different from all other species - and they are right! We are different. We are the only species that has an extra medium of design preservation and design communication: culture. ~ Daniel Dennett,
1276:Progress after 1970 continued but focused more narrowly on entertainment, communication, and information technology, in which areas progress did not arrive with a great and sudden burst as had the by-products of the Great Inventions. ~ Robert J Gordon,
1277:When you are scaling a sales team, the to-do list is endless. Hiring, training, coaching, pipeline reviews, forecasting, enterprise deal support, leadership development, and cross-functional communication are all part of the day-to-day. ~ Mark Roberge,
1278:All relationships are built on lies. They're built on what we think the other person wants to see in us, and what we want to see in them, and how we each interpret the subjective symbols of communication. Too much truth would spoil it. ~ Karpov Kinrade,
1279:I always feel myself being thrust back into loneliness when someone tells me it's cold on a hot day. It isn't good to talk so much about the weather — weather is a highly personal matter, and communication on the subject inevitably fails. ~ Y ko Tawada,
1280:I find that I have about six bloggable ideas a day. I also find that writing twice as long a post doesn't increase communication, it usually decreases it. And finally, I found that people get antsy if there are unread posts in their queue. ~ Seth Godin,
1281:If you get health, then you have opportunity for literacy. Health first, then literacy. Once you have literacy, then you have a chance to bring in the new tools of communication. Let people reach out and have access to the latest advances. ~ Bill Gates,
1282:It’s my responsibility to communicate to you what I’m feeling and what’s too much, and it’s your responsibility to be receptive to that communication. I don’t necessarily believe the best way for that to happen is me saying ‘banoffee pie. ~ Alexis Hall,
1283:limit on [team] size ... ensures the team has a clear, shared understanding of the system they are working on. As teams get larger, the amount of communication required for everybody to know what's going on scales in a combinatorial fashion. ~ Gene Kim,
1284:One of the coolest things with the Internet is that it is used by the entire population - as part of education and just on a daily basis for communication. I think that has been one of the coolest technologies that has been developed. ~ Anousheh Ansari,
1285:Semiotics is a general theory of all existing languages... all forms of communication - visual, tactile, and so on... There is general semiotics, which is a philosophical approach to this field, and then there are many specific semiotics. ~ Umberto Eco,
1286:That said, the question remains: how to strike the balance between free speech and mutual respect in this mixed-up world, both blessed and cursed with instant communication? We should not fight fire with fire, threats with threats. ~ Timothy Garton Ash,
1287:The principles of Nonviolent Communication taught by Dr. Rosenberg are instrumental in creating an extraordinary and fulfilling quality of life. His compassionate and inspiring message cuts right to the heart of successful communication. ~ Tony Robbins,
1288:"Understanding is crucial in all human communication. When faced with people who are inflexible in their views, that is the time for you to be at your most flexible and accommodating, and to bring all your wisdom and compassion to bear." ~ 17th Karmapa,
1289:I think we have to face the reality that in a society where there is a legitimate threat of terrorism, not being able to see one's face, not being able to have some sense of communication in that way, is for many societies a challenge. ~ Hillary Clinton,
1290:My wife and I made a pact a long time ago, and we’ve kept it no matter how angry we’ve grown with each other. When one yells, the other should listen—because when two people yell, there is no communication, just noise and bad vibrations. ~ Dale Carnegie,
1291:Organizations which design systems ...are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication structures of the organizations.. the larger an organization is, the less flexibility it has and the more pronounced the phenomenon ~ Gene Kim,
1292:The lesson from Hurricane Katrina was communication, communication, communication, .. Public safety has to be a priority. Then we can go to constituents and start talking about investments that have to be made in upgrading the networks. ~ Mufi Hannemann,
1293:There is undoubtedly much to learn about the social uses of language, for communication or for other purposes. But at present there is not much in the way of a theory of sociolinguistics, of social uses of languages, as far as I am aware. ~ Noam Chomsky,
1294:These sites have torn down the geographical divide that once prevented long distance social relationships from forming, allowing instant communication and connections to take place and a virtual second life to take hold for its users. ~ Mike Fitzpatrick,
1295:A world community can exist only with world communication, which means something more than extensive short-wave facilities scattered; about the globe. It means common understanding, a common tradition, common ideas, and common ideals. ~ Robert M Hutchins,
1296:it seemed that God slammed the door on me. Or at least on my chance to experience any joy in my life. So God and I had been on talking probation for a long time, and I didn’t think either one of us had reopened the lines of communication. ~ Christa Allan,
1297:When we listen with the intent to understand others, rather than with the intent to reply, we begin true communication and relationship building. Opportunities to then speak openly and to be understood come much more naturally and easily. ~ Stephen Covey,
1298:When ... we realize the possibilities of deep sea life still unknown to us, every haul of the dredge should be welcomed by an expectant enthusiasm equaled in other fields only by the possible hope of communication with our sister planets. ~ William Beebe,
1299:you’re wasting your time visiting these unless you know the saga of the homesteaders, the influence of law and religion at different times, the economic problems, the difficulties of communication, and the effects of successive mineral finds. ~ Anonymous,
1300:And suddenly I realized that this too was a message, a last wordless communication among neighbors. For I, too, had a hiding place when things were bad. Jesus was this place, the Rock cleft for me. I pressed a finger to the tiny crevice. ~ Corrie ten Boom,
1301:At home and abroad I have repeatedly been asked what are the main essentials of a successful prime minister. Over and above communication and vigilance, there are two factors I have always mentioned. They are sleep, and a sense of history. ~ Harold Wilson,
1302:He knew the communication should send him scurrying to work—checking the defenses of the chateau, warning the servants, preparing for the army—but all of Severin’s thoughts and concerns focused on one thing: Elle. He had to get her out. “Burke, ~ K M Shea,
1303:If you ever want to experience power and passion in your communication with the Lord, you must begin by making sure your motives are like those of the publican in Luke 18:13–14, who approached God with a humble and penitent attitude. ~ John F MacArthur Jr,
1304:I was interested in scientific communication, in truth I much preferred working in the lab and trying new experiments to thinking about the theoretical, long-term implications of my research and trying to explain them to nonscientists. ~ Jennifer A Doudna,
1305:Think of it as the military doing a spectacular hack as opposed to blowing things up. The internet allows ISIS to have a secure method of communication across the globe. It helps the group recruit and raise money. That's the bad news. ~ Dina Temple Raston,
1306:Books, for example—she had thought of books as diversion and amusement. Now she knew they were communication between minds, her own and others, living and dead. Such communication was the source of learning and she had a thirst for learning, ~ Pearl S Buck,
1307:distracted themselves with all kinds of gadgets and devices, flooding themselves incessantly with information and texts and communication and entertainment from every direction to try to make themselves forget it: where we were, what we were. ~ Donna Tartt,
1308:For it is probable that when people talk aloud, the selves (of which there may be more than two thousand) are conscious of disserverment, and are trying to communicate but when communication is established there is nothing more to be said. ~ Virginia Woolf,
1309:I will never know how you see red and you will never know how I see it. But this separation of consciousness is recognized only after a failure of communication, and our first movement is to believe in an undivided being between us. ~ Maurice Merleau Ponty,
1310:Vocal rest is awesome. It is like any kind of fast. Firstly, it is a purification of speech. It made me realize how not careful I am with the things I say. It also makes you find new ways of communication and new methods to connect with people. ~ Matisyahu,
1311:Horses frighten me as much as chickens do,’ he said.

‘That is too bad, because lack of communication with horses has impeded human progress,’ said Abrenuncio. ‘If we ever broke down the barriers, we could produce the centaur. ~ Gabriel Garc a M rquez,
1312:In a society that prates about, but seldom practices, communication, the craving to be listened to, heard, understood - which originates with the first terrified wail, the circling arms, the breast, the consolatory murmur - is hard to assuage. ~ Nancy Mairs,
1313:My stay-married secret would probably be exercising good communication, not when you have to but all the time. I think if you do that, you kinda just cleanse the situations, so there's not build up. I think that's probably the best way to do it. ~ Guy Fieri,
1314:Storytelling helps us understand each other, translate the issues of our times, and the tools of theater and film can be powerful in helping young people to develop communication/collaboration skills, let alone improving their own confidence. ~ Kevin Spacey,
1315:When we really, deeply understand each other, we open the door to creative solutions and third alternatives. Our differences are no longer stumbling blocks to communication and progress. Instead, they become the stepping stones to synergy. ~ Stephen R Covey,
1316:You're talking about a younger generation, Generation Y, whose interpersonal communication skills are different from Generation X. The younger generation is more comfortable saying something through a digital mechanism than even face to face. ~ Erik Qualman,
1317:All of these concrete metaphors increase enormously our powers of perception of the world about us and our understanding of it, and literally create new objects. Indeed, language is an organ of perception, not simply a means of communication. ~ Julian Jaynes,
1318:Based on target insight and media insight, and (2) taking into consideration both “breadth” (reach and frequency) and “depth” (degree of involvement), (3) create a “scenario” for communication (4) that effectively combines multiple Contact Points ~ Anonymous,
1319:By [the] operations [of public improvement] new channels of communication will be opened between the States; the lines of separation will disappear, their interests will be identified, and their union cemented by new and indissoluble ties. ~ Thomas Jefferson,
1320:Communication feels like it should be the simplest thing, but it's not. Sometimes you don't even understand what you're feeling. You don't know how to put that into words, so how are you suppose to tell the person you love that you're upset. ~ Taissa Farmiga,
1321:Space may seem distant, but is an integral part of our daily life. It drives our modern communication and connects even the remotest family to the ordinary. India's space programme is a perfect example of our vision of Scale, Speed and Skill. ~ Narendra Modi,
1322:Speech is one symptom of Affection
Speech is one symptom of Affection
And Silence one The perfectest communication
Is heard of none Exists and its indorsement
Is had within Behold, said the Apostle,
Yet had not seen!
~ Emily Dickinson,
1323:We must travel; we must go to foreign parts. We must see how the engine of society works in other countries, and keep free and open communication with what is going on in the minds of other nations, if we really want to be a nation again. ~ Swami Vivekananda,
1324:You might one day be able to send the experience of dancing the tango, bungee jumping, or skydiving to the people on your e-mail list. Not just physical activity, but emotions and feelings as well might be sent via brain-to-brain communication. ~ Michio Kaku,
1325:Direct communication is the best way to go through life. But many people do not deal with others in that fashion. Instead, they practice avoidance (ignoring the person or the problem) or triangulation (bringing in a third person) or overlooking. ~ Henry Cloud,
1326:had been so damaged emotionally by isolation (and in one case institutionalization as well) that they had become withdrawn and inaccessible, had turned against communication, and were no longer open to any attempts to establish formal language. ~ Oliver Sacks,
1327:had had no communication by letter or message with the outer world: school-rules, school-duties, school-habits and notions, and voices, and faces, and phrases, and costumes, and preferences, and antipathies—such was what I knew of existence. ~ Charlotte Bront,
1328:intuition is a one-way communication from God, who never seems inclined to satisfy our curiosity, perhaps because, given the chance, every one of us would be like a child on a family road trip, endlessly asking Are we there yet? or the equivalent. ~ Anonymous,
1329:With Android I get to choose from many different products from many different phone manufacturers. With iOS, I get what Apple gives me. Which isn't necessarily bad, but it's not always the best fit for my personal or business communication needs. ~ Mark Cuban,
1330:All the good stuff has already been said by someone somewhere at some point in time. You just have to find it. Today, communication pretty much comes down to understanding - saying what you have to say clearly and effectively...and then living it. ~ Criss Jami,
1331:A painting has a lot of advantages over other forms of communication. Unlike a movie, you don't have to put it into a machine and turn it on. It's just there every day. It's not limited by the element of time. It's a constant part of the home. ~ Thomas Kinkade,
1332:I am not suggesting that elements of the Personality Ethic—personality growth, communication skill training, and education in the field of influence strategies and positive thinking—are not beneficial, in fact sometimes essential for success. ~ Stephen R Covey,
1333:I thought my life was mapped out. Research, living in the forest, teaching and writing. But in '86 I went to a conference and realised the chimpanzees were disappearing. I had worldwide recognition and a gift of communication. I had to use them. ~ Jane Goodall,
1334:Joseph Smith, and this is not always fully appreciated within the tradition he initiated, did not feel that direct communication from God, gifts of seership, and an open, continuously expanding canon in any way obviated the need for theology. ~ Terryl L Givens,
1335:The responsibility of the executive is (1) to create and maintain a sense of purpose and moral code for the organization; (2) to establish systems of formal and informal communication; and (3) to ensure the willingness of people to cooperate. ~ Chester Barnard,
1336:As far as I know, the line of communication between the U.S. and Russia continues to be open and the battlefield commanders are able to communicate with one another. I am aware that there have been certain public statements made out of Moscow. ~ Rex W Tillerson,
1337:Elvis Cole “JOE—?” Cole realized Pike had hung up. That was the kind of call you got from Joe Pike. You’d answer the phone, he’d grunt something like I’m coming up, and that was it. Polite communication had never been one of Pike’s strong points. ~ Robert Crais,
1338:If you judge everything by how photographically real it looks, then you're missing out on a lot of what art is about and what communication is. There are ambiguities in life, and that should be reflected in art, cinema, and storytelling, I think. ~ Ben Wheatley,
1339:Sometimes I speak to men and women just as a little girl speaks to her doll. She knows, of course, that the doll does not understand her, but she creates for herself the joy of communication through a pleasant and conscious self-deception. ~ Arthur Schopenhauer,
1340:Technology is at the forefront of everything these days - communication, work. Its amazing and scary at the same time how robots have evolved, but I find it hard to believe that robots will completely rule the world. Not in my lifetime anyway. ~ Graham McTavish,
1341:We don’t really communicate […]. We talk all right, talk in that strange language we’ve evolved for the purposes of avoiding communication. That non-language we’ve created. Perhaps it’s a sign that civilisation is regressing. Something is anyway. ~ Irvine Welsh,
1342:What, then, is the government? An intermediary body established between the subjects and the sovereign for their mutual communication, and charged with the execution of the laws and the maintenance of freedom, civil as well as political. ~ Jean Jacques Rousseau,
1343:And then I started appreciating it for what it really was: unadulterated expression. Honesty in the truest sense of the word. Communication with no conditions, no strings attached, no ulterior motive, no sales job, no desperate attempt to be liked. ~ Mark Manson,
1344:Communication has always been at the service of power. Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel for the Pope. Is it not an advertisement for the Church? I try to make the best pictures I can and sometimes they are used in advertising campaigns. ~ Oliviero Toscani,
1345:Dance used to do that for me too: a place where there was nothing to do but be me and let everything else fall away. For a lot of the girls on the team, it was all about the performance, but for me, I think it was always about communication. ~ Emily Henry,
1346:Haddon Robinson once said, “I have come closer to being bored out of the Christian faith than being reasoned out of it. I think we underestimate the deadly gas of boredom. It is not only the death of communication, but the death of life and hope. ~ Leonard Sweet,
1347:Having to go through an intervention and family counseling is a wonderful experience. I would almost recommend it to anybody. It opens a lot of communication, and it opens old sores, but once it is opened and hashed out, the rewards are far greater. ~ Susan Ford,
1348:Nonviolent Communication is a way of keeping our consciousness tuned in moment by moment to that beauty within ourselves and others, and not saying anything that we think might in any way tarnish people's consciousness of their own beauty. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
1349:Violence is the easy way out and it only leads to more violence. We need people in this world who are willing to find solutions through peace, through communication, honesty and diplomacy. World peace may seem impossible, but it's worth aiming for. ~ Demi Lovato,
1350:What, then, is the government? An intermediary body established between the subjects and the sovereign for their mutual communication, a body charged with the execution of the laws and the maintenance of freedom, both civil and political. ~ Jean Jacques Rousseau,
1351:Communication starts with the understanding that there is my point of view (my truth) and someone else's point of view (his truth). Rarely is there one absolute truth, so people who believe that they speak the truth are very silencing of others. ~ Sheryl Sandberg,
1352:Ironically the very energy, the very basis of how we know what we know, has been reliant on having an energy source [necessary] to build rockets to go to the moon and Mars, to support airplanes that fly, and satellites to give us our communication. ~ Sylvia Earle,
1353:lengthy bout of silence was all that was needed to inform a mistress her services were no longer required. A wife, on the other hand, couldn’t be disposed of as easily. Wives required confrontation, conciliation, and that dreaded word, communication. ~ Emma Locke,
1354:No, I mean, this is a tangent, but my problem with paper is that all communication dies with it. It holds no possibility of continuity. You look at your paper brochure and that's where it ends. It ends with you. Like you're the only one who matters. ~ Dave Eggers,
1355:On Facebook, Twitter, texting, e-mails, remember, it's a mode of communication, it is not communication. It's not real life. So step aside, make sure people see something other than the top of your head and live in real time, in the real world. ~ Kellyanne Conway,
1356:Open, frank communication is the lynchpin to teamwork. A fractured team is like a fractured bone; fixing it is always painful and sometimes you have to re-break it to heal it fully - and the re-break always hurts more because it is intentional. ~ Patrick Lencioni,
1357:The Gospel lives in conversation with culture, and if the Church holds back from the culture, the Gospel itself falls silent. Therefore, we must be fearless in crossing the threshold of the communication and information revolution now taking place. ~ John Paul II,
1358:The key to resolving international conflict with a positive outcome includes looking for a win-win situation, finding common ground, formulating proactive strategies, using effective negotiation and communication, and appreciating cultural differences. ~ Amit Ray,
1359:This is what one thirsts for, I realize, after the smallness of the day, of work, of details, of intimacy - even of communication, one thirsts for the magnitude and universality of a night full of stars, pouring into one like a fresh tide. ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh,
1360:We are living in an era in which billions of people are grappling to promote communication, tolerance, and understanding over the more destructive forces of war, terrorism, and political chaos that have characterized the beginning of the 21st Century. ~ Aberjhani,
1361:Who’s going to keep them from wiping us out species by species? Not me. We aren’t prepared for a new demographic of magic-using humans who are sadistic, power hungry, don’t like Inderlanders, and see genocide as an acceptable form of communication. ~ Kim Harrison,
1362:You tried to slide his original curse back onto him?” Al said in wonder. “At the restaurant? And I stopped you? Sweet mother pus bucket!” he exclaimed, and I swear, dust sifted from the ceiling. “Rachel, we have to work on this communication thing. ~ Kim Harrison,
1363:I spent a lot of years on the road, and what happens is you find out who your real friends are and you find out where your strengths and weaknesses lie in communication. I've had the same friends for 20 years now and I can count them on one hand. ~ Sarah McLachlan,
1364:Learn the language that they understand, and when they come upon our doorstep to talk we can talk, and they will get the point. There will be a dialog, there will be some communication, and I am quite certain that then there will be some understanding. ~ Malcolm X,
1365:Did you get the cup?"

I held it up.

"Is it the right one?" she said.

I am not good at nonverbal communication, but I believe I managed to convey the fact that while I might be a petty thief, I do not make errors of observation. ~ Graeme Simsion,
1366:Don't look at prayer as me asking God to give me something, like some type of cosmic bell captain, look at prayer as my communication with the quantum intelligence, the divine intelligence that we have out there and that is how things are manifested. ~ John Assaraf,
1367:Enforced love is not love. All it can lead to is a "sham" relationship without any genuine communication, a pretense of warmth and cordiality that does not really exist, a false avowal of affection designed to mask resentment or possibly even hatred. ~ Alice Miller,
1368:How is it possible not to feel that there is communication between our solitude as a dreamer and the solitudes of childhood? And it is no accident that, in a tranquil reverie, we often follow the slope which returns us to our childhood solitudes. ~ Gaston Bachelard,
1369:It's not rocking the boat, Dad. It's called communication. You're allowed to ask questions. Other people do it all the time. Other people don't live in fear of someone else's reactions. They don't relentlessly stress out about getting into trouble. ~ Koren Zailckas,
1370:Open the drawer and run your hands over the contents. Let them know you care and look forward to wearing them when they are next in season. This kind of “communication” helps your clothes stay vibrant and keeps your relationship with them alive longer. ~ Marie Kond,
1371:The first legislation that I produced relating to the Internet was a bill to overturn a restriction inside of the law that prohibited the Internet backbone from being used for anything other than research and scientific and educational communication. ~ Rick Boucher,
1372:There was that constant communication which strong family affection would dictate; and though sisters, and living almost within sight of each other, they could live without disagreement between themselves, or producing coolness between their husbands. ~ Jane Austen,
1373:If you're not seeing each other anymore because things are so strained, and your only communication is a weekly e-mail, and you're wondering which medium is most appropriate for announcing your desire to break up - guess what, you've already broken up. ~ Amber Heard,
1374:in the Dentsu version of Cross Communication, there is an important “depth” component to the involvement and response, whereas media mix to a greater degree addresses the “breadth”—the number of different channels or media—from which a message can arrive ~ Anonymous,
1375:I realized,” he said, “that they were building a system whose goal was the elimination of all privacy, globally. To make it so that no one could communicate electronically without the NSA being able to collect, store, and analyze the communication. ~ Glenn Greenwald,
1376:Modern loneliness is an extraverted loneliness, in which the person is surrounded by many people and partakes of much communication but feels unrecognized and more alone and, although connected technically, isolated and even estranged emotionally. ~ Edward Hallowell,
1377:One's ability to communicate a story visually, honestly, is a bridge of communication that transcends language because the true mark of a good film is that you can turn the sound off and watch it and have some understanding of what you're seeing. ~ Cheo Hodari Coker,
1378:To devise an information processing system capable of getting along on its own - it must handle its own problems of programming, bookkeeping, communication and coordination with its users. It must appear to its users as a single, integrated personality. ~ Cliff Shaw,
1379:All that has been integrated into NVC has been known for centuries about consciousness, language, communication skills, and use of power that enable us to maintain a perspective of empathy for ourselves and others, even under trying conditions. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
1380:All writing is an antisocial act, since the writer is a man who can speak freely only when alone; to be himself he must lock himself up, to communicate he must cut himself off from all communication; and in this there is something always a little mad. ~ Kenneth Tynan,
1381:Human communication, it sometimes seems to me, involves an exaggerated amount of time. How briefly and to the point people always seem to speak on the stage or on the screen, while in real life we stumble from phrase to phrase with endless repetition. ~ Graham Greene,
1382:It’s been suggested that successful communication consists of 7 percent content, 38 percent tone of voice, and 55 percent nonverbal communication. We’re usually aware of the content of what we’re saying, but not nearly as aware of our tone of voice. ~ H Norman Wright,
1383:Love respects the other. It is a give-and-take relationship. Love enjoys giving, and love enjoys taking. It is a sharing, it is a communication. Both are equal in love; in a sexual relationship both are not equal. Love has a totally different beauty to it. ~ Rajneesh,
1384:Many ritually abusive cults deliberately divide the personality system down the middle of the head, making sure that there is no communication between the two sides. “Left side" parts might be instructed to speak to no one other than the perpetrators. ~ Alison Miller,
1385:The ability to laugh at life is right at the top, with love and communication, in the hierarchy of our needs. Humour has much to do with pain; it exaggerates the anxieties and absurdities we feel, so that we gain distance and through laughter, relief. ~ Sara Davidson,
1386:The fundamental deficiency in HTML is that it reduces hypertext and the intertwinedness of human communication to a question of how it is rendered and what happens when you click on it. ... HTML is to the browser what PostScript is to the laser printer. ~ Erik Naggum,
1387:The single most important lesson of effective communication is this: Focus on clarity. Concentrate on precisions. Don’t worry about constructing beautiful sentences. Beauty comes from meaning, not language. Accuracy is the most effective style of all. ~ David Gerrold,
1388:This is what one thirsts for, I realize, after the smallness of the day, of work, of details, of intimacy – even of communication, one thirsts for the magnitude and universality of a night full of stars, pouring into one like a fresh tide. And ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh,
1389:When we're in bed with someone, we're giving permission to that person to commune not only with our body but also with our whole being. The pure forces of life are in communication with each other, independent of us, and when we cannot hide who we are. ~ Paulo Coelho,
1390:Elon doesn’t know about you and he hasn’t thought through whether or not something is going to hurt your feelings,” Singh said. “He just knows what the fuck he wants done. People who did not normalize to his communication style did not do well.” There’s ~ Ashlee Vance,
1391:SETH said: When the intellect is used properly, it thinks of a goal and automatically sets the body in motion toward it, and automatically arouses the other levels of communication unknown to it, so that all forces work together toward the achievement. ~ Jane Roberts,
1392:The first work of the director is to set a mood so that the actor's work can take place, so that the actor can create. And in order to do that, you have to communicate, communicate with the actors. And direction is about communication on all levels. ~ William Friedkin,
1393:The Gospel lives in conversation with culture, and if the Church holds back from the culture, the Gospel itself falls silent. Therefore, we must be fearless in crossing the threshold of the communication and information revolution now taking place. ~ Pope John Paul II,
1394:The great work must inevitably be obscure, except to the very few, to those who like the author himself are initiated into the mysteries. Communication then is secondary: it is perpetuation which is important. For this only one good reader is necessary. ~ Henry Miller,
1395:All that we know about the interaction between leaders and constituents or followers tells us that communication and influence flow in both directions; and in that two-way communication, nonrational, nonverbal, and unconscious elements play their part. ~ John W Gardner,
1396:However revolutionary it may be, the Internet still hasn't altered the basic law of human communication: Being nice to your interlocutors is a good way to start any negotiations, particularly, when being hostile is an open invitation for a cyber-fight. ~ Evgeny Morozov,
1397:Liszt commenting on the music of Frédéric Chopin: He confided . . . those inexpressible sorrows to which the pious give vent in their communication with their Maker. What they never say except upon their knees, he said in his palpitating compositions. ~ Frederic Chopin,
1398:Silence is for fools. Communication is for leaders. Justice is for those brave enough to not stand another moment dealing with people that feel the solution to any problem is through cold indifference because of their lack of courage and insecurities. ~ Shannon L Alder,
1399:Social media marketing can help with a number of goals, ·        Website traffic ·        Conversions ·        Brand Awareness ·        Creating a brand identity and positive brand association ·        Communication and interaction with key audiences ~ Vinayak Patukale,
1400:Through basic science literacy, people can understand the policy choices we need to be making. Scientists are not necessarily the greatest communicators, but science and communication is one of the fundamentals we need to address. People are interested. ~ James Murdoch,
1401:When Mercury’s transit squares a major planet in one’s natal chart, watch for communication difficulties. If the planet squared is Mars or Venus, one’s patience is pushed to the limit. It can also, however, be a period of great creativity and social energy. ~ Anonymous,
1402:Capital increasingly exploits the entire range of our productive capacities, our bodies and our minds, our capacities for communication, our intelligence and creativity, our affective relations with each other, and more. Life itself has been put to work. ~ Michael Hardt,
1403:He who has little communication with people is seldom a misanthrope. True misanthropes are not found in solitude, but in the world. This is because it is practical experience of life, and certainly not philosophy, that makes people hate their fellows. ~ Giacomo Leopardi,
1404:The dangerous paradox of living in this age of instant communication is that the act of communication has become something of a virtue. Apparently, because people have the ability to communicate instantly, they have lost the ability to communicate at all. ~ Mark Sheldon,
1405:The other thing about FEMA, my understanding is that it was supposed to move into the Department of Homeland Security... and be what it was, but also having a lot of lateral communication with all those others involved in that issue of homeland security. ~ Warren Rudman,
1406:I know the pieces fit 'cause I watched them tumble down
No fault, none to blame, it doesn't mean I don't desire to
Point the finger, blame the other, watch the temple topple over
To bring the pieces back together, rediscover communication. ~ Maynard James Keenan,
1407:You can't put down anybody. You can just try and understand. The emphasis shouldn't be on revolution, it should be on communication. Because it's just going to get more uptight. The more the revolution goes on, and there will be a civil war sooner or later. ~ David Bowie,
1408:As our larynxes descended, we were able to make sounds with our mouths in new and far more expressive ways. Verbal language soon overtook physical gesturing as the primary means of communication for all human beings except Italians. (Earth (The Book), p. 36) ~ Jon Stewart,
1409:Each of these failures for me is a failure of communication, via a mode of communication that can be violent or meant to behave violently. Butler provides a way of thinking about how language becomes an instrument of violence. And why we feel it as such. ~ Claudia Rankine,
1410:If you're anti-war it doesn't mean you are 'Pro' one side or the other in a conflict. However, it does make you 'Pro' many thingsPro-Peace, Pro-Human, Pro-Evolution, it makes you Pro-Communication, Pro-Diplomacy, Pro-Love, Pro-Understanding, Pro-Forgiveness. ~ Eddie Vedder,
1411:I have always believed that technology should do the hard work - discovery, organization, communication - so users can do what makes them happiest: living and loving, not messing with annoying computers! That means making our products work together seamlessly. ~ Larry Page,
1412:There is no roles. No one is keeping any roles. The drummer is also answering everybody and everything. So it is a constant conversation and communication between musicians on an extremely high level with extremely valuable material, motifs, and melodies. ~ Miroslav Vitous,
1413:There's music in my films but you seldom hear it. Very early I got the idea that the important things in films were people - the actors. They are the intermediary between the director and the audience. They make direct contact. People to people communication. ~ Frank Capra,
1414:The steady, slow, synchronous waves that sweep across the brain during deep sleep open up communication possibilities between distant regions of the brain, allowing them to collaboratively send and receive their different repositories of stored experience. ~ Matthew Walker,
1415:2012 McKinsey study found that the average knowledge worker now spends more than 60 percent of the workweek engaged in electronic communication and Internet searching, with close to 30 percent of a worker’s time dedicated to reading and answering e-mail alone. ~ Cal Newport,
1416:After that, it’s often too late for your bullet points to do you much good. You can wreck a communication process with lousy logic or unsupported facts, but you can’t complete it without emotion. Logic is not enough. Communication is the transfer of emotion. ~ Garr Reynolds,
1417:He was alone in an airless, partially disabled ship, all communication with Earth cut off. There was not another human being within half a billion miles. And yet, in one very real sense, he was not alone. Before he could be safe, he must be lonelier still. ~ Arthur C Clarke,
1418:In his book Silent Messages, UCLA psychology professor Albert Mehrabian writes about his studies that indicated that 7 percent of communication is based on words, 38 percent on tone of voice, and 55 percent on nonverbal behavior such as facial expression. At ~ Richard Yonck,
1419:I think that stories, and the telling of stories, are the foundations of human communication and understanding. If children all over the country are watching films, asking questions and telling their stories, then the world will eventually be a better place. ~ Beeban Kidron,
1420:Logic does not generate new truths, but rather allows one to evaluate existing chains of thought for consistency and coherence. It is precisely for that reason that it proves an effective tool for the analysis and communication of ideas and arguments. –A.A., ~ Ali Almossawi,
1421:No one can create a noteworthy work without knowing the tenets of their own language and literature. Language is renewed but it never changes its essence, because the contracts that have come about over time for communication cannot be rescinded so easily. ~ Simin Behbahani,
1422:She tucked her chin to her chest and looked at me like I was a Neanderthal. Except I remembered that scientists had recently discovered that Neanderthals were actually probably capable of complex thought and communication so that analogy wouldn't work anymore. ~ Jeff Shelby,
1423:Virtual Reality is really a new communication platform. By feeling truly present, you can share unbounded spaces and experiences with the people in your life. Imagine sharing not just moments with your friends online, but entire experiences and adventures. ~ Mark Zuckerberg,
1424:You know, Quincy Jones was a great mentor, but he was a man in a man's world. Fortunately he's a very sensitive man and a beautiful human being, and even though he was 14 or 15 years older than me, he's a capable human being and has great communication skills. ~ Lesley Gore,
1425:New models based on direct personalized communication with the customer will transform every industry, resulting in massive disintermediation of the middle layers that have traditionally separated the customer from the ultimate source of products and services. ~ Ray Kurzweil,
1426:No quality of human nature is more remarkable, both in itself and in its consequences, than that propensity we have to sympathize with others, and to receive by communication their inclinations and sentiments, however different from, or even contrary to our own. ~ David Hume,
1427:Significant officials at publicly traded companies are casually and cavalierly engaged in insider trading. Because insider trading has as one of its elements communication, it doesn't take rocket science to realize it's nice to have the communication on tape. ~ Preet Bharara,
1428:That a healthy BDSM or kink relationship involves building a deep trust in each other, open and honest communication, using safewords, negotiating and sharing your hard and soft limits, and always involves activities mutually consented upon between adults. ~ Kallypso Masters,
1429:The Gnostic’s passionate adoration of Sophia was known as philosophia – the love of Sophia – a mystical communication with divine feminine wisdom, having little to do with the strictly intellectual, most often masculine, pursuit currently labeled “philosophy. ~ Zeena Schreck,
1430:The number one way a man can succeed in fulfilling a woman's primary love needs is through communication. By learning to listen to a woman's feelings, a man can effectively shower a woman with caring, understanding, respect, devotion, validation, and reassurance. ~ John Gray,
1431:The world admires wealth and velocity—these are the things for which everyone strives. Railroads, the post, steamboats, and all possible modes of communication are the means by which the world overeducates itself and freezes itself in mediocrity. ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,
1432:A 2012 McKinsey study found that the average knowledge worker now spends more than 60 percent of the workweek engaged in electronic communication and Internet searching, with close to 30 percent of a worker’s time dedicated to reading and answering e-mail alone. ~ Cal Newport,
1433:But if I can be convinced and then through the work that we do together, the orchestra can really be convinced of the big sweep of that communication that the piece suggests, then the audience will get it and it will be a good experience for all of us. ~ Michael Tilson Thomas,
1434:Communication is a continual balancing act, juggling the conflicting needs for intimacy and independence. To survive in the world, we have to act in concert with others, but to survive as ourselves, rather than simply as cogs in a wheel, we have to act alone. ~ Deborah Tannen,
1435:Communication within the couple includes the open, clear, and honest sharing of feelings, desires, thoughts, interests, and creative ideas. It is in this sharing of the deepest parts of ourselves with another that true intimacy in the relationship is cultivated. ~ John Friend,
1436:in a relationship that is successful, communication has to be totally open and honest, without judgement or anger. and before you end a relationship that is very important to you, you have to be able to say to yourself that you seeked every avenue to make it work. ~ Anonymous,
1437:Open discussions of political and social issues are key to healthy unity. Society works very much like a marriage in the sense that open communication facilitates harmony. In almost all marriages that end in divorce, there is a serious breakdown in communication. ~ Ben Carson,
1438:There’s an unspoken language when Gus and I play together. It’s always been that way. We hear and feel music the same way. Communication flows back and forth through the music, one reacting to and feeding off the other. Words are spoken with eyes and subtle nods. ~ Kim Holden,
1439:The telephone clicked, and Archer, turning from the photographs, unhooked the transmitter at his elbow. How far they were from the days when the legs of the brass-buttoned messenger boy had been New York’s only means of quick communication! “Chicago wants you. ~ Edith Wharton,
1440:This communication alone, by the comparison of the antagonisms, rivalries, movements which give birth to decisive moments, permits the evolution of the soul, whereby a man realizes himself on earth. It is impossible to be concerned with anything else in art. ~ Robert Delaunay,
1441:Unlike dream ideas, those of the artist are attuned both to the material and to society. They are a specific form of communication, intended to elicit applause, resonance of a positive or negative kind, to arouse jor or anger, clapping or booing, love or hate. ~ Norbert Elias,
1442:We were supposed to be having a serious conversation about where we were headed - or indeed why we were headed nowhere - but it was proving impossible. Banter was the only register we seemed capable of and without it we'd lost all means of communication. ~ Catherine Sanderson,
1443:Communication is the ability to ensure that people understand not only what you say but also what you mean. It is also the ability to listen to and understand others. Developing both of these aspects of communication takes a lot of time, patience, and hard work. ~ Myles Munroe,
1444:if culture can constrain grammar, then grammar is not prespecified in some instinct or language acquisition device, but instead is part of a communication system shaped by external forces, including information structure, the oral–aural channel, and culture. ~ Daniel L Everett,
1445:Jazz is smooth and cool. Jazz is rage. Jazz flows like water. Jazz never seems to begin or end. Jazz isn't methodical, but jazz isn't messy either. Jazz is a conversation, a give and take. Jazz is the connection and communication between musicians. Jazz is abandon. ~ Nat Wolff,
1446:Men and months are interchangeable commodities only when a task can be partitioned among many workers with no communication among them (Fig. 2.1). This is true of reaping wheat or picking cotton; it is not even approximately true of systems programming. ~ Frederick P Brooks Jr,
1447:My God! The English language is a form of communication! Conversation isn't just crossfire where you shoot and get shot at! Where you've got to duck for your life and aim to kill! Words aren't only bombs and bullets —no, they're little gifts, containing meanings! ~ Philip Roth,
1448:Selon une belle expression du Sheikh Ahmed Ben Allioua, « l’invocation de Dieu est comme le va-et-vient qui affirme la communication de plus en plus complète jusqu’à l’identité entre les lueurs de la conscience et les éblouissantes fulgurations de l’Infini ». ~ Frithjof Schuon,
1449:“It is my firm belief, and I say this as a dictum, that all these tools now at our disposal, these things part of this explosive evolution of means of communication, mean we are now heading for an era of solitude...human solitude will increase in direct proportion.” ~ W. Herzog,
1450:Mass communication--wonder as it may be technologically and something to be appreciated and valued--presents us wit a serious daner, the danger of conformism, due to the fact that we all view the same things at the same time in all the cities of the country. (p. 73) ~ Rollo May,
1451:My God! The English language is a form of communication! Conversation isn't just crossfire where you shoot and get shot at! Where you've got to duck for your life and aim to kill! Words aren't only bombs and bullets — no, they're little gifts, containing meanings! ~ Philip Roth,
1452:Teacher, school administrators and parents will come away from Life-Enriching Education with skills in language, communication, and ways of structuring the learning environment that support the development of autonomy and interdependence in the classroom. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
1453:Normally, stress is lowest in the morning and rises steadily throughout the day. But the presence of dogs kept self-reported stress at their morning levels all day long. The researchers also found that the presence of dogs increased communication between workers. ~ Gregory Berns,
1454:Several national tests have revealed the following startling statistics about why salespeople fail...15% Improper training both product and sales skills. 20% Poor verbal and written communication skills. 15% Poor or problematic boss or management. 50% Attitude. ~ Jeffrey Gitomer,
1455:However, even during the preparations for action, we laid our plans in such a manner that should there be progress through diplomatic negotiation, we would be well prepared to cancel operations at the latest moment that communication technology would have permitted. ~ Hideki Tojo,
1456:Advertising: the ultimate predator. He longed for the simplicity of the Gueran network, which simply did what it was supposed to and no more. When had these people lost touch with the fact that the purpose of a network was to facilitate communication, not impede it? ~ C S Friedman,
1457:If I were to summarize in one sentence the single most important principle I have learned in the field of interpersonal relations, it would be this: Seek first to understand, then to be understood. This principle is the key to effective interpersonal communication. ~ Stephen Covey,
1458:Monday after 6. awkwardness and tension short questions met with short answers communicating without communication or comprehension no understanding we are no longer who we were before neither friend nor foe nothing, no one just two strangers who used to know one another ~ R H Sin,
1459:Only one frame will dominate after the exchange, and the other frames will be subordinate to the winner. This is what happens below the surface of every business meeting you attend, every sales call you make, and every person-to-person business communication you have. ~ Oren Klaff,
1460:She used religion as a therapy for the ills of the world and herself, and she changed the religion to fit the ill. When she found that the theosophy she had developed for communication with a dead husband was not necessary, she cast about for some new unhappiness. ~ John Steinbeck,
1461:There are five fundamental qualities that make every team great: communication, trust, collective responsibility, caring and pride. I like to think of each as a separate finger on the fist. Any one individually is important. But all of them together are unbeatable ~ Mike Krzyzewski,
1462:As for the tenets of the Brahmans, we are not so much concerned to know what doctrines they held, as that they were held by any. We can tolerate all philosophies.... It is the attitude of these men, more than any communication which they make, that attracts us. ~ Henry David Thoreau,
1463:As if tears were the necessary lubricant without which the machine of mutual communication could not work successfully, the two sisters, after these tears, started talking, not about what preoccupied them , but about unrelated things, and yet they understood eachother. ~ Leo Tolstoy,
1464:As soon as you judge communication a little more rigorously, there is a possibility that the message will not be democratized. I have to say what I believe to be right. I have to spread out the statement among all the means of expression available to us at present. ~ Alexander Kluge,
1465:Communication, that's what I do. Advertising is the best way to communicate because you reach a lot of people. I still cant understand though, why people are shocked by something that obviously exists. Its like a family that avoids talking about its real problems. ~ Oliviero Toscani,
1466:If communication is the basic function of language, however, then human languages are not quite so unlike the communication of other creatures as some linguists, philosophers and neuroscientists assume. Communication is, after all, pervasive in the animal kingdom. ~ Daniel L Everett,
1467:I start out making my paintings for me. I don't see it as a form of communication. Until, of course, after they are done and I want people to see them. And want them to be recognized. But while I am making them I just try to get lost in them. Kind of like it's a prayer. ~ John Lurie,
1468:What takes the place of the strict rules of the Strict Father model is clarity of expectations and empathy. What takes the place of reward and punishment is interdependence, communication, and a true desire to remain affectionately connected to those you live with. F ~ George Lakoff,
1469:How can I teach my boys the value and beauty of language and thus communication when the President himself reads westerns exclusively and cannot put together a simple English sentence? (John Steinbeck, in a private letter written during the Eisenhower administration) ~ John Steinbeck,
1470:In this great age of communication, there a lot of people you can't actually understand. I know everyone tweets, and twits and texts and all that, but actually we've all got voices, and it is awfully nice to hear them and if you can understand what people are saying. ~ Penelope Keith,
1471:The act of collaboration must start with dialogue. You cannot build relationships without having an understanding of your potential partners, and you cannot achieve that understanding without a special form of communication that goes beyond ordinary conversation. ~ Daniel Yankelovich,
1472:The most awkward means are adequate to the communication of authentic experience, and the finest words no compensation for lack of it. It is for this reason that we are moved by the true Primitives and that the most accomplished art craftsmanship leaves us cold. ~ Ananda Coomaraswamy,
1473:There is a world of communication which is not dependent on words. This is the world in which the artist operates and for him words can be dangerous unless they are examined in the light of the work. The communication is in the work and words are no substitute for this. ~ Mary Martin,
1474:Yet human experience and the practice of communication have shown throughout the ages that definitions are an illusion, like having a speech defect and trying to say love but unable to get the word out, or, better, having a tongue in one's head but unable to feel love. ~ Jos Saramago,
1475:Because when a man comes right out and says he’s interested in a woman, the sub-communication is actually, “I’m totally OK with the idea of you rejecting me, otherwise I would not be approaching you in this manner. Therefore, I'm comfortable with myself and my prospects. ~ Mark Manson,
1476:The problem with so much religious communication is that it aims at changing our minds. The result is that we can hear the message of the preacher without necessarily heeding the message; we can listen to the “truth” and agree with it, yet not change in response to it. ~ Peter Rollins,
1477:When I'm putting some communication out on Twitter or Facebook or Instagram, I think that it's helping me, my brain, you know, because it's always somehow stimulated by people who are sending things to me. And it works both ways. It's great. My brain is very happy about it. ~ Yoko Ono,
1478:In the track of fear we have so many conditions, expectations, and obligations that we create a lot of rules just to protect ourselves... when the truth is that there shouldn't be any rules. These rules affect the quality of the channels of communication between us. ~ Miguel Angel Ruiz,
1479:Libraries are about Freedom. Freedom to read, freedom of ideas, freedom of communication. They are about education (which is not a process that finishes the day we leave school or university), about entertainment, about making safe spaces, and about access to information. ~ Neil Gaiman,
1480:My normal lectures deal with the psychedelic experience as a generalized and historical phenomenon, but this effort at communication is slightly more personal in that it's an effort to impart [just] one idea that came out of an involvement with psychedelic substances. ~ Terence McKenna,
1481:NVC can be effectively applied at all levels of communication and in diverse situations: intimate relationships, families, schools, organizations and institutions, therapy and counseling, diplomatic and business negotiations, disputes and conflicts of any nature. ~ Marshall B Rosenberg,
1482:We all teach from that same frame of reference. We're like neighborhood - the people who have had the opportunity through this music to gain a platform and spread the message of this music, which is basically love in a form of communication that's honest and truthful. ~ Wynton Marsalis,
1483:America Singer, you get back here." He ran in front of me, wrapping an arm around my waist as we stood, chest to chest. "Tell me," he whispered. I pinched my lips together. "Fine, then I shall have to rely on other means of communication." Without any warning, he kissed me. ~ Kiera Cass,
1484:As a writer I have always fought for the right to write. For writing is a time-honored means of communication. Lack of communication, the refusal of some to understand, or outright refusal to learn about other human beings is based on fear. Fear is what keeps people apart. ~ Piri Thomas,
1485:It is in fact a world of mud and faeces they desire, a world with no Art in it, or anyone like him, a place where there is no talk of books or God or the worlds beyond this world, a place where the only communication is the hysterical barking of starving and hate-filled dogs. ~ Joe Hill,
1486:Other children communicate with actions, such as tantrums, yelling, name-calling, and running away. The trick is to disallow this form of expression and encourage verbal communication. “I want to know what you are feeling, but I want to hear you tell me instead of show me. ~ Henry Cloud,
1487:Poetry is a solitary process. One does not write poetry for the masses. Poetry is a self-involved, lofty pursuit. Songs are for the people. When I'm writing a song, I imagine performing it. I imagine giving it. It's a different aspect of communication. It's for the people. ~ Patti Smith,
1488:This tells us that when it comes to communication, the meaningful rides on the meaningless. Our ability to transmit meaningful messages builds on the prior existence of meaningless forms of physical order. These meaningless forms of order are what information truly is. ~ C sar A Hidalgo,
1489:What is basic guerilla strategy? Guerilla strategy must be based primarily on alertness, mobility, and attack. It must be adjusted to the enemy situation, the terrain, the existing lines of communication, the relative strengths, the weather, and the situation of the people. ~ Mao Zedong,
1490:All communication is more or less cross-cultural. We learn to use language as we grow up, and growing up in different parts of the country, having different ethnic, religious, or class backgrounds, even just being male or female - all result in different ways of talking. ~ Deborah Tannen,
1491:Children are compassionate by nature. Engaging their compassion with communication and connection instead of igniting their self-preservation with threats and punishments is not only more effecting in guiding their behavior, it's also more effective in growing their humanity. ~ L R Knost,
1492:Communication does not depend on syntax, or eloquence, or rhetoric, or articulation but on the emotional context in which the message is being heard. People can only hear you when they are moving toward you, and they are not likely to when your words are pursuing them. ~ Edwin H Friedman,
1493:Graphic Design is the communication framework through which these messages about what the world is now, and what we should aspire to. It's the way they reach us. The designer has an enormous responsibility. Those are the people, you know, putting their wires into our heads. ~ Rick Poynor,
1494:Prayer is spiritual communication between man and God, a two-way relationship in which man should not only talk to God but also listen to Him. Prayer to God is like a child's conversation with his father. It is natural for a child to ask his father for the things he needs. ~ Billy Graham,
1495:The first query had been merely technical; a check to see that the communication beam was still online. Later, the weapon had become more urgent; adopting tones of polite insistence. Now it was getting far less diplomatic, throwing the machine equivalent of a tantrum. ~ Alastair Reynolds,
1496:The sole object of Logic is the guidance of one's own thoughts: the communication of those thoughts to others falls under the consideration of Rhetoric, in the large sense in which that art was conceived by the ancients; or of the still more extensive art of Education. ~ John Stuart Mill,
1497:Today, most young women are exposed to technology at a very young age, with mobile phones, tablets, the Web or social media. They are much more proficient with technology than prior generations since they use it for all their school work, communication and entertainment. ~ Susan Wojcicki,
1498:I am against censorship. I prefer the chaos of uncontrollable communication of all sorts to selective banning of certain materials. I do not think human beings can be trusted to be above politics and to promote the common good. One group's common good is another group's evil. ~ Erica Jong,
1499:I think we both need to work on our communication skills. (Kiara) I tried that once. (Nykyrian) And? (Kiara) Darling told me that I could never hold a job as a suicide counselor or hostage negotiator. He said my failure rate would become the stuff of legends. (Nykyrian) ~ Sherrilyn Kenyon,
1500:I won't compare ants and people, but ants give us a useful model of how single members of a community can become so organized that they end up resembling, in effect, one big collective brain. Our own exploding population and communication technology are leading us that way. ~ Lewis Thomas,

IN CHAPTERS [300/312]

  125 Integral Yoga
   31 Occultism
   18 Christianity
   16 Philosophy
   11 Fiction
   8 Islam
   8 Cybernetics
   7 Psychology
   5 Science
   2 Theosophy
   2 Poetry
   1 Yoga
   1 Mythology
   1 Integral Theory
   1 Hinduism
   1 Buddhism

  111 Sri Aurobindo
   62 The Mother
   59 Satprem
   16 Aleister Crowley
   12 A B Purani
   11 H P Lovecraft
   10 Nolini Kanta Gupta
   9 James George Frazer
   8 Norbert Wiener
   8 Muhammad
   7 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
   5 Saint Augustine of Hippo
   5 Plotinus
   5 Nirodbaran
   5 Jordan Peterson
   5 Friedrich Nietzsche
   4 Aldous Huxley
   3 Ken Wilber
   3 Henry David Thoreau
   3 Franz Bardon
   2 Sri Ramana Maharshi
   2 Saint Teresa of Avila
   2 R Buckminster Fuller
   2 Plato

   31 The Synthesis Of Yoga
   17 The Life Divine
   17 Record of Yoga
   13 Magick Without Tears
   12 Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo
   11 Lovecraft - Poems
   9 The Golden Bough
   8 Quran
   8 Cybernetics
   8 Agenda Vol 10
   8 Agenda Vol 07
   7 Agenda Vol 08
   6 Essays In Philosophy And Yoga
   5 Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo
   5 The Future of Man
   5 Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness
   5 Maps of Meaning
   5 Letters On Yoga I
   5 Agenda Vol 01
   4 The Perennial Philosophy
   4 Letters On Yoga IV
   4 City of God
   4 Agenda Vol 12
   4 Agenda Vol 06
   4 Agenda Vol 03
   4 Agenda Vol 02
   3 Walden
   3 Twilight of the Idols
   3 The Secret Doctrine
   3 Sex Ecology Spirituality
   3 Questions And Answers 1929-1931
   3 On the Way to Supermanhood
   3 Liber ABA
   3 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01
   3 Agenda Vol 13
   2 Words Of Long Ago
   2 Thus Spoke Zarathustra
   2 The Secret Of The Veda
   2 The Practice of Magical Evocation
   2 Talks
   2 Synergetics - Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking
   2 Questions And Answers 1953
   2 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 04
   2 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 01
   2 Letters On Yoga III
   2 Isha Upanishad
   2 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 03
   2 Agenda Vol 05
   2 Advanced Dungeons and Dragons 2E

0.00 - The Wellspring of Reality, #Synergetics - Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking, #R Buckminster Fuller, #Science
  We are in an age that assumes the narrowing trends of specialization to be logical, natural, and desirable. Consequently, society expects all earnestly responsible Communication to be crisply brief. Advancing science has now discovered that all the known cases of biological extinction have been caused by overspecialization, whose concentration of only selected genes sacrifices general adaptability. Thus the specialist's brief for pinpointing brevity is dubious. In the meantime, humanity has been deprived of comprehensive understanding. Specialization has bred feelings of isolation, futility, and confusion in individuals. It has also resulted in the individual's leaving responsibility for thinking and social action to others.
  Specialization breeds biases that ultimately aggregate as international and ideological discord, which, in turn, leads to war.

0 1956-05-02, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   Thats how the universal movement works (I read this to you a few days ago): through their inner effort and inner progress, certain individuals, who are the pioneers, the forerunners, enter into Communication with the new Force which is to manifest, and they receive it in themselves. And because a number of calls like this surge forth, the thing becomes possible, and the era, the time, the moment for the manifestation comes. This is how it happened and the Manifestation took place.
   But then, all those who were ready should have recognized it.

0 1957-12-21, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   This experience showed me once more the necessity to be perfectly humble before the Lord. It is not enough merely to rise to the heights, to the ethereal planes of consciousness: these planes have also to descend into matter and illuminate it. Otherwise, nothing is really done. One must have the patience to establish the Communication between the high and the low. I am like a tempest, a hurricaneif I listened to myself, I would tear into the future, and everything would go flying! But then, there would no longer be any Communication with the rest.
   One must have the patience to wait.

0 1958-11-15, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   The link between the two worlds has not yet been built, but it is in the process of being built; this was the meaning of the experience of February 3 1958, 1: to build a link between the two worlds. For both worlds are indeed therenot one above the other, but within each other, in two different dimensions. Only, there is no Communication between them; they overlap, as it were, without being connected. In the experience of February 3, I saw certain people from here (and from elsewhere) who already belong to the supramental world in a part of their being, but there is no connection, no link. But now the hour has come in universal history for this link to be built.
   What is the relationship between this experience of February 3 and that of November 7 (the almighty spring)? Is what you found in the depths of the Inconscient this same Supramental?

0 1960-09-20, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   Along the way, I once went down into this physical mind for awhile to try to set it right, to organize it a little (it was done rather quickly, I didnt stay there long). So when I went inside X, I saw It was rather curious, for its the opposite of the method we follow. In his material consciousness (physical and vital), he has trained himself to be impersonal, open, limitless, in Communication with all the universal forces. In the physical mind, silence, immobility. But in the speculative mind, the one there at the very top of the head what an organization, phew! All the tradition in its most superb organization, but such a ri-gi-dity! And it had a pretty quality of light, a silver blueVERY pretty. Oh, it was very calm, wonderfully calm and quiet and still. But what a ceiling it had!the outer form resembled rigid cubes. Everything inside was beautiful, but that There was a very large cube right at the top, I recall, bordered by a purple line, which is a line of powerall this was quite luminous. It looked like a pyramid; the smaller cubes formed a kind of base, the lower part of which faded into something cloudy, and then this passed imperceptibly downwards to a more material realm, or in other words, the physical mind. The cube on top was the largest and most luminous, and the least yieldingeven inflexible, you could say. The others were somewhat less defined, and at the bottom it was very blurred. But up at the top!thats where I wanted to go, right to the top.
   When I got there, I felt a moment of anguish; my feeling was that nothing could be done. Not for him in particular, but universally, for all those in his categoryit seemed hopeless.6 If that was perfection, then nothing more could be done. This lasted only a second, but it was painful. And then I tried that is, I wanted to bring my consciousness down into the highest cubethis eternal, universal and infinite consciousness which is the first and foremost expression of the manifestation but nothing doing. It was impossible. I tried for several minutes and saw that it was absolutely impossible. So I had to make a curious movement (I couldnt get through it, it was impassable), I had to come back down into the so-called lower consciousness (not lower, actuallyit was vast and impersonal), and from there I came out and regained my equilibrium. This is what gave me that splitting headache I told you about. I came out of there as if I were carrying the weight the weight of an irreducible absoluteit was dreadful. Unfortunately, I was unable to rest afterwards, and as people were waiting to see me, I had to talkwhich is very tiring for me. And this produced a bubbling in my head, like a this dark blue light of power in matter was there, shot through with streaks of white and gold, and all this was flashing back and forth in my head, this way and that way I thought I was going to have a stroke! (Mother laughs)

0 1960-11-12, #Agenda Vol 01, #unset, #Zen
   Actually, if Communications are interrupted, it can be troublesome Let us see.
   (After a moment of silence) We dont have time now to work, its too late. And anyway, we cant see properly. Did you bring anything?

0 1961-01-24, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There are places where it happens like that: suddenly everything stopsno more school, no more mail, no more trains. I remember a poor little village in Japan where they had a flu epidemic, the first of its kind. They didnt know what it was and the whole village fell ill. It was winter, the village was snowed in and there was no more Communication with the outside (the mail came only once every fifteen days). The postman arrived and everyone was dead, buried beneath the snow.
   I was there in Japan when it happened.

0 1961-03-27, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   So this episode with X is probably part of the same process. What has been affected is a certain confidence in the REALITY of the Power, the REALITY of spiritual action; there seems to be no Communication between here (above) and there (below).
   Does that mean youre breaking all contacts with the earth?

0 1961-04-18, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But for those who are here, we can say, It is what the Supreme Lord is preparing for the earth. He sent Sri Aurobindo to prepare it; Sri Aurobindo called it the supramental realization, and to facilitate Communication we can use the same words. Well, this movement (gesture of a rising flame) towards That must be constantconstant, total. All the rest is none of our business, and the less we meddle with it mentally, the better. But THAT, that Flame, is indispensable. And when it goes out, light it again; when it falters, rekindle itall the time, all the time, ALL THE TIMEwhen sleeping, walking, reading, moving around, speaking all the time.
   The rest doesnt matter, one can do anything (it depends on people and their ways of thinking). You can just ask people like X, they will tell you: You can do anything at allit doesnt matter in the least. Only you mustnt feel its you doing it, thats all. You have to feel that Nature does it. But I dont much approve of this system.

0 1961-09-10, #Agenda Vol 02, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I feel this so often now. How to put it. I always try not to talktalking bothers me. Yes, its a real nuisance. When I see someone, the first thing I do is to avoid talking. Then, when the Vibration comes, its good; there is a sort of Communication, and if the person is the least bit receptive, what comes is like a its subtler than music; its a vibration bringing its own principle of harmony. But people usually get impatient after a while and, wanting something more concrete, oblige me to talk. They always insist on it. Then, being in a certain atmosphere, a certain vibration, I immediately feel something going like this (gesture of a fall to another level), and then hardening. Even when I babble (you see, the very effort of trying to be more subtle makes me babble), even my babblings (laughing) become dry by comparison. There are all sorts of things that are so much fullerfull, packed with an inner richnessand as soon as this is put into words, oh!
   The night before last, around 3 in the morning, I was in a place where there were a lot of people from here (you were there), and I was trying to play some music, precisely in order to SAY something. There were three pianos there, which seemed to be interlocked into each other, so I leaned over sideways to get at one of the three and began playing on it. It was in a large hall with people seated at a distance, but you were just at my left alongside a young lady who was a symbol figure (that is, the vibration or impression I received from her and the relationship I had with her could be applied as well to four or five persons here: it was like relating to an amalgam something that is very interesting and often happens to me). Anyway, I was leaning over one of the keyboards and trying trying to work something out, to illustrate how this would translate into that. Finally I realized that playing half-standing, half-leaning was unnecessary acrobatics, because a grand piano was right there in front, so I sat down before it. Well, the most amusing part of it was that the keys (there were two keyboards) were all bluelike the marbled paper we are making now, all blue, and with every possible marbled effect. Black keys, white keys, high keys, low keys (all of them were the same width, quite wide, like this), all seemed to be coated but it wasnt paperwith this blue. Facing the piano I said to myself, Well now, this cant be played with physical eyesit has to be played FROM ABOVE.

0 1962-01-09, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   These past few days Ive had some interesting experiences from this standpoint. I had what is commonly called fever, but it wasnt feverit was a resurfacing from the subconscient of all the struggles, all the tensions this body has had for what will soon be eighty-three years. I went through a period in my life when the tension was tremendous, because it was psychological and vital as well as physical: a perpetual struggle against adverse forces; and during my stay in Japan, particularly oh, it was terrible! So at night, everything that had been part of that life in Japanpeople, things, movements, circumstancesall of it seemed to be surrounding my body in the form of vital3 vibrations, and to be taking the place of my present state, which had completely vanished. For hours during the night, the body was reliving all the terrible tensions it had during those four years in Japan. And I realized how much (because at the time you pay no attention; the consciousness is busy with something else and not concentrated on the body), how much the body resists and is tense. And just as I was realizing this, I had a Communication with Sri Aurobindo: But youre keeping it up! he told me. Your body still has the habit of being tense. (Its much less now, of course; its quite different since the inner consciousness is in perfect peace, but the BODY keeps the habit of being tense.) For instance, in the short interval between the time I get up and the time I come down to the balcony,4 when I am getting ready (I have to get this body ready to come down) well, the body is tense about being ready in time. And thats why accidents happen at that moment. So the following morning I said, All right, no more tension, and I was exclusively concerned with keeping my body perfectly tranquil I was no later than usual! So its obviously just one of the bodys bad habits. Everything went off the same as usual, and since then things are better. But its a nasty habit.
   And so I looked. Is it something particular to this body? I wondered. To everyone who has lived closely with it, my body gives the impression of two things: a very concentrated, very stubborn will, and such endurance! Sri Aurobindo used to tell me he had never dreamed a body could have such endurance. And thats probably why. But I dont want to curtail this ability in any way, because it is a CELLULAR will, and a cellular endurance toowhich is quite intriguing. Its not a central will and central endurance (thats something else altogether)its cellular. Thats why Sri Aurobindo used to tell me this body had been specially prepared and chosen for the Workbecause of its capacity for obstinate endurance and will. But thats no reason to exercise this ability uselessly! So I am making sure it relaxes now; I tell it constantly, Now, now! Just let go! Relax, have some fun, wheres the harm in it? I have to tell it to be quiet, very quiet. And its very surprised to hear that: Ah! Can I live that way? I dont have to hurry? I can live that way?

0 1962-02-27, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But the links of Communication are seldom all there, so one rarely remembers.
   Anyway, to go back to what I was saying, depending on the plane of ones vision, one can judge approximately how much time it will take to be realized. Immediate things are already realized, they are self-existent and can be seen in the subtle physical they already exist there, and the reflection (not even transcription) or projection of this image is what will take place in the material world the next day or a few hours later. In this case you see the thing accurately, in all its details, because its already there. Everything hinges on the precision and power of your vision: if your vision is objective and sincere, you will see the thing as it is; if you add personal sentiments or impressions, it gets colored. Accuracy in the subtle physical depends exclusively on the instrument, the one who sees.

0 1962-04-03, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   (Sometime later, when the Communication was read to her.)
   The fight is within the body.

0 1962-05-27, #Agenda Vol 03, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   All the same all the same, a kind of constant Communication has been established [between you and me], and because of that, without even knowing it, you are in rapport with the experiences. And well my experiences clearly dont impel one to actionnot for the moment.
   No, its not that. No, the one thing I dont like is your physical exhaustion.

0 1964-02-26, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I have a feeling, a vague feeling that it will give someone, somewhere, very far away physically, a coup de grace, because I had that feeling while having the experiencewhat I told you and what you noted down was only the memory of the experience, but while I was having the experience and responding (gesture of mental Communication), I had the feeling that, somewhere, someone was touched in a radical way, and that it was important for the intellectual atmosphere of the earth. Who is it? I dont know.
   Thats why I let that article be published, because otherwise You see, when I read something or when, for instance, Nolini reads me a translation, I read with the others consciousness how flat it had become! Flat, flat: all the Power was gone.

0 1964-05-17, #Agenda Vol 05, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Of course, Nature is wonderful, the sea is so beautiful, the climate delightful, but ultimately, when I close my eyes and meditate, I feel something fuller and more solid than all the degrees centigrade on a pearly sea. In reality, I spend my days waiting for my hours of japa-meditation, it is the real open sea, the peace that refreshes. It is something, and if it is nothing, its a nothing that is worth everything. Yet there is no progress of consciousness, I dont see anything, least of all youyou tell me that you know the reason, I would really like to know what it is. I cannot understand why I am so blocked (my Western atavism?). I know the Light, I see the Space, I feel the Force, there is the absolute Truth that rules everything, pacifies everything, but inside there is nothing, not even the tip of your nosewhy? I dont see Mother either, its complete blackout. Inside, there is the Light, without a doubt, but why is it all black outside?No Communication between the two. Do you make sense of it? Drat!

0 1965-06-23, #Agenda Vol 06, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   In the old formation I had made, there had to be a hill and a river. A hill was necessary because Sri Aurobindos house was on top of the hill. But Sri Aurobindo was there, in the center. It was arranged according to the plan of my symbol, that is to say, a central point with Sri Aurobindo and all that concerns Sri Aurobindos life, then four large petals (which werent the same as in this drawing, they were something different), then twelve petals around (the city proper), then around that, there were the disciples residential quarters (you know my symbol: instead of [partition] lines, there are strips; well, the last circular strip formed the residential place of the disciples), and everyone had his house and his garden: a little house and a garden for everyone. And there were means of Communication; I wasnt sure if it was individual transportation or collective transportation (like those small open trams in the mountains, you know) that crossed the city in all directions to bring the disciples back to the center of the city. And around all that, there was a wall with entrance gates and guards at each gate, so people entered only with permission. And there was no money: within the walls, no money; at the various entrance gates, people found banks and counters where they deposited their money and received in exchange tickets with which they could have lodging, food, this and that. But no money. And inside, absolutely nothing, no one had any money the tickets were only for visitors, who entered only with a permit. It was a fantastic organization. No money, I didnt want money!
   Oh, Ive forgotten one thing in my plan: I wanted to build a workers housing estate. But it should be part of the industrial section (perhaps an extension on the edge of the industrial section).

0 1965-10-16, #Agenda Vol 06, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   For instance, for precise problems, a decision to be made, the problem is put to me; I dont answer materially right away, I send the answer like this (gesture of inner Communication), then I wait. Well, it has happened (rather rarely, but anyway it has happened) that the person wrote to me, I have received the answer, its this and that. Then I say, Thats good. But when I write words and because I write words, they say the same thing, it doesnt prove anything. Its an artificial obedience.
   And I am not talking about those who immediately feel, Oh, Mother is wrong, I am not even talking about those; I am talking about those who truly have goodwill, but who are up to here (gesture to the mouth), even up to here (gesture to the forehead) fully in Ignorance and Falsehood, and who cover that with the cloak of a knowledge they have learned but dont even feel.

0 1965-12-15, #Agenda Vol 06, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But this king1 is a remarkable man. He has a remarkable history, but it would be too long to tell. I was in contact with him before (gesture of mental Communication), and I had said, I wont speak and I didnt speak. When he came he looked at me, then suddenly (he was standing), he remained standing in meditation, he closed his eyes and remained motionless. And then he asked me his questions mentally I received them. And the answer came from up above, magnificent. An answer with a golden, superb force, and a power telling him that he had a great role to play and had to be strong and so on.
   A very, very intelligent man.

0 1965-12-31, #Agenda Vol 06, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Have you received my answer? (Mother makes a gesture of mental Communication) No? I talked to you a great deal, a very great deal.
   I have a feeling of having seen you several times these last two nights, but I was always trying to set up the tape recorder to record what you were telling me, but it wasnt working!

0 1966-04-20, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Early this morning, that is, around four, I was called somewhere, and for a long time they had been trying to establish very important Communications to connect certain things, but they had never succeeded, it was always a confusion. So, last night, they called me. I arrived there and there were roadsit was so lovely!roads (Mother draws miniature strips) with small borders of grass and plants all along, it was so lovely, so neat, there was nothing, no disorder anywhere. Three roads converged and went farther on. Ah! I said, Heres some neat work. And they answered me, Yes, but it was made easier by the governments consent.
   I found the reflection charming.

0 1966-06-02, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I have also heard that other scientists have discovered immediate transmission, which doesnt follow the slow curve of wave transmissions or even of more ethereal transmissions, through what they call (I think) a sort of pendulum or counterweight, so that what is done here is automatically reproduced there; if it goes down here, it goes up there, and if it goes down there, it goes up here, automatically. Its imitation (because they cant understand what it is), but its intuitive Communication, of course. It seems they have an instrument to measure itits fantastic!
   Theyll end up having everything except the key.

0 1966-06-18, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   He is forced to become so narrow in order to make himself understood. You feel you could be sitting in front of a genius and have no means to communicate, except like this (gesture above the head of a Communication on a higher plane).
   They are wondering how to communicate with other solar systems. But our very way of thinking stems from our form, its because we count one-two-three-four-five with our fingers, so we say one-two-three-four-five. Others use other words, but if five objects are put together they understand. But can dolphins count, for instance? They have no hands, no feet(laughing) they only have one-two-three-four-five dolphins!

0 1966-08-10, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Then another progress (which would be a true progress) would be the silent Communication of consciousnesses, wordless. That would be lovely: a little silence.

0 1966-08-13, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I told him many things (Mother makes a gesture of mental Communication), but above all, I insisted a lot on the fact that it would be better to build the city first! And that we would see afterwards. Because he told me it was important for him that we should remain in the democratic system until something better has been found. I felt like answering him, How do you know that something better hasnt been found? But I didnt say anything.
   Then I also wrote something for J. He had asked me for a message for his school (Mother hands another note):

0 1966-08-24, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   (Satprem normally meets Mother at 10 A.M., but this has progressively been put back to 10:30 A.M., and this morning, the secretaries left at 10:45 A.M. Over the past year Satprem's "conversations" with Mother have been growing more and more sparse, as this Agenda is witness to, the entire time being taken up by "very urgent" or "very important" Communications. This situation will keep worsening till the end, when Mother, overwhelmed, will only be able to see Satprem a few moments, after twelve. Then the door will be closed.)
   Its totally absurd! If I hadnt cried out, they would have kept me for another half-hour. Its a stupid life. I begin a thing at the time I should end it. In the afternoon, its the same thing. I have to squeeze in forty-five, fifty people every day. The other day, I saw seventy-five people in a single day, let alone the ones I see every day in addition. So, to console myself, I remembered the time when I used to see two thousand of them at the Playground but it took only an hour.

0 1966-09-07, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I say its amusing, but I know, its like that all the timeall the time, all the time, for everything. I am in a state of (what should I call it?) of contemplative stillness, with that sort of constant aspiration for for the Perfection we want to have: That which we want to bring down into this world. Thats all. And then, from every side, from just everywhere, all kinds of things come (gesture of Communication): I am suddenly thinking of that, or I suddenly have an answer to this, or I suddenly And when the work is over, I immediately see: this (gesture to the forehead) has remained quiet, still, not even interested. Its like a transmittera receiver-transmitterin a telephone set. And I simply transmit. But I dont even have the curiosity to know why this or that came. Thats how it is: it goes out and comes; the answer goes out, the transmission, then the answer. And everything remains quiet (gesture to the forehead). So I know how things happen, but as I dont say to myself, Oh, this or that or this is the reason, when the outward proof comes [such as this Talk about money], its amusing!
   Its a strange thing. The state of consciousness of the bodys cells is a sort of keen, constant thirst for what must be: the vibration of Harmony, of Consciousness, of Light, Beauty, Purity. It isnt even expressed in words, but its an aspiration, and nothing but that. Nothing but that, nothing else. And then, [in that silent aspiration] things come like that, from every side. And the rather peculiar thing is that there are also pains, discomforts, appearances of illnessand it all comes from outside. And with always the same answer (gesture of Descent): put the divine Consciousness put the divine Consciousness, on everything. The Consciousness that contains the Peace, the Light, the Force.

0 1966-09-17, #Agenda Vol 07, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   And its not me, of course! Here (Mother touches her forehead), Lord, thank God, I hope it will go on forever: quiet, calm, so calm, so tranquil, so peaceful. But it comes from every side! (gesture of innumerable Communications pouring into this silence)
   There are stories of countries, stories of governments; I dont know the result theremaybe well see after some time.

0 1967-03-07, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There is only an appearance, and an appearance based on a limited view. But there is no radical change in the vibration of the consciousness. This came as an answer to a sort of anguish there was in the cells a sort of anguish at not knowing what death really is; a sort of anguish, like that. And the response was very clear and very persistent: it was that the consciousness alone can know, because because the importance attached to the difference of state is a merely superficial difference based on an ignorance of the phenomenon in itself. One who could retain a means of Communication would be able to say that as far as he himself is concerned, it doesnt make much difference.
   But this is something which is being worked out. There still remain grey areas and some details of the experience are missing. So it would be better to wait, it seems to me, until the knowledge is more complete, because rather than give an approximation with assumptions, it would be better to give the complete fact with the total experience. So well put it off till later.

0 1967-06-03, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I saw Y. on the 31st. She stayed for about an hour and told me of her hopes: she sees the possibility of a sort of world television (I dont know how that would be arranged), with a telephone, and there would be a central office with a collection of answers to all possible questionseach question answered by someone eminent or qualified. The result would be the organization of a universal educationwell, terrestrial that would really be an education for all countries, in which the knowledge and best qualities of every country in the artistic, literary and scientific fields would be gathered in a kind of transmitting centre, and all you would have to do would be to get into Communication with it. So then, instead of having more or less incapable teachers to teach what they also know more or less, you would have the answer to every question, the most competent and best answer. Thus there would really be all over the earth an education that would be the best possible, from which everyone would receive only what he wants; you wouldnt have to attend classes, a number of useless classes, in order to catch the little you want to know: you would have it just by getting into Communication with the centre; you would ask for such and such a number and would get your answer.
   If it could be realized, it would be very good. It means that the most beautiful works of art, the most beautiful teachings, all the best of what humanity is GOING to produce, would be collected and within reach of all those who had a television. There would be the image along with the explanation, or the text or speech. A kind of imposing central building where everything would be gathered. I found it rather attractive. I told her that we would have that in Auroville (not the central office: just a receiving set). She said that instead of teachers who teach poorly what they know, there would be the best teaching on each subject. (I didnt ask her WHO would select those people that remains the somewhat delicate point.) But I found the idea very attractive. She said things are moving in that direction.

0 1967-07-26, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   For a time I attended a private school: I didnt go to a state school because my mother considered it unfitting for a girl to be in a state school! But I was in a private school, a school of high repute at the time: their teachers were really capable people. The geography teacher, a man of renown, had written books, his books on geography were well-known. He was a fine man. So then, we were doing geography (I enjoyed maps more fully because it all had to be drawn) and one day, the teacher looked at me (he was an intelligent man), he looked at me and asked, Why are towns, the big cities, settled on rivers? I saw the students bewildered look, they were saying to themselves, Lucky the question wasnt put to me! I replied, But its very simple! Its because rivers are a natural means of Communication. (Mother laughs) He too was taken aback! Thats how it was, all my studies were like that, I enjoyed myself all the timeenjoyed myself thoroughly, it was great fun!
   The teacher of literature He was an old fellow full of all the most conventional ideas imaginable. What a bore he was, oh! So all the students sat there, their noses to the grindstone. He would give subjects for essaysdo you know The Path of Later On and the Road of Tomorrow? I wrote it when I was twelve, it was my homework on his question! He had given a proverb (now I forget the words) and expected to be told all the sensible things! I told my story, that little story, it was written at the age of twelve. Afterwards he would eye me with misgivings! (Laughing) He expected me to make a scene. Oh, but I was a good girl!

0 1967-09-16, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   To come back to her Catholic preoccupation, there have been some really interesting things. You know that the Pope, when he came here to Bombay, said things that I had told him like this (gesture of inner Communication) when we had that conversation2 (he certainly does not know with whom he had that conversation, but I think he is conscious enough to know he had one). A conversation We had three conversations like that, but one was long, important, precise; he himself was taken, like that, and when the time came to leave each other for him to go back to his body and for me to go back to my workhe said to me, And what will you say to people about our meeting? I told you the story. And, well, the things he said when he came here to India were exactly what I had told him; the resolutions he passed there were exactly what I had told him which proves it has had some effect.
   Have you heard about the latest decision? In the church, the priest always used to turn his back to the faithful while officiating: he would face the deity and turn his back to the faithful (the original idea was certainly that he represented the faithfuls aspiration and prayer: he addressed himself to the Divine). Now the Pope has said, Turn your altars around, face the public and represent the Divine. Its interesting. They are doing it here now, and the comical part is that theyve asked U. to do the work of turning the altars around. Thats how I know it, its U. who told me; they have asked him to go to all the churches here and turn the altars around. Its a big job because they are embedded.

0 1967-09-30, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   And its not a thought Communication like what they call telepathy, its not that: its movements of consciousness. That too, without resistance: movements of consciousness [in Matter]. If, for instance, something needs to be done but not by this body, by another, we are still obliged to say, This needs to be done in such and such a way, and that represents you feel as if you have to lift a mountain, whereas if the other person were in the same state, it would get done quite naturally and spontaneously. Ive had examples: now and then I SEE (not think, but see), I see: This needs to be like that (very small things) and I dont say anything the other body does it. It happens now and then, rarely but it ought to be the constant state. Oh, what an admirable life!

0 1967-10-19, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But the Russians have sent spacecraft to Venus, they took four months to reach, and in those spacecraft were radio-like Communication systems that send news, and a device to collect the soil and analyze itall of it just machines. It reached Venus, and now they give the news every day: Here is how it is on Venus. (Mother laughs) They are rather amazing! The Americans were content with the moonyou get to the moon quite soon, in two months, I think, maybe less than that. But the Russians took four months to get to Venus and it arrived there, they got the news, it works with electrical devices.
   Yes, but on the earth it doesnt work!

0 1967-11-15, #Agenda Vol 08, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   In all those who are known, all those who have taken the stand of revealers of the new world or realizers of the new life, in all of them the proportion of inconscient is still far larger than mine, so But thats only what is publicly known: is there somewhere a being unknown to all? I would be surprised if there were no Communication. I dont know.
   There are many, many of them you know, a whole crop of new Christs, Kalkis,2 supermen, ooh! so many of them, but generally, Communication is made somehow or other, at any rate their existence is known; well, among them, among all those with whom I have been in contact either invisibly or visibly, there isnt one who has (how should I put it?) less inconscient than there is in this body but I acknowledge there is a lot, oh!
   What I dont see is the process to break out of this inertia or unconsciousness.

0 1968-06-15, #Agenda Vol 09, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   In our yoga we mean by the subconscient that quite submerged part of our being in which there is no wakingly conscious and coherent thought, will or feeling or organized reaction, but which yet receives obscurely the impressions of all things and stores them up in itself and from it too all sorts of stimuli, of persistent habitual movements, crudely repeated or disguised in strange forms can surge up into dream or into the waking nature. For if these impressions rise up most in dream in an incoherent and disorganized manner, they can also and do rise up into our waking consciousness as a mechanical repetition of old thoughts, old mental, vital and physical habits or an obscure stimulus to sensations, actions, emotions which do not originate in or from our conscious thought or will and are even often opposed to its perceptions, choice or dictates. In the subconscient there is an obscure mind full of obstinate Sanskaras [imprints or habits], impressions, associations, fixed notions, habitual reactions formed by our past, an obscure vital full of the seeds of habitual desires, sensations and nervous reactions, a most obscure material which governs much that has to do with the condition of the body. It is largely responsible for our illnesses; chronic or repeated illnesses are indeed mainly due to the subconscient and its obstinate memory and habit of repetition of whatever has impressed itself upon the body-consciousness. But this subconscient must be clearly distinguished from the subliminal parts of our being such as the inner or subtle physical consciousness, the inner vital or inner mental; for these are not at all obscure or incoherent or ill-organized, but only veiled from our surface consciousness. Our surface constantly receives something, inner touches, Communications or influences, from these sources but does not know for the most part whence they come.
   As for asserting ones will in sleep it is simply a matter of accustoming the subconscient to obey the will laid upon it by the waking mind before sleeping. It very often happens for instance that if you fix upon the subconscient your will to wake up at a particular hour in the morning, the subconscient will obey and you wake up automatically at that hour. This can be extended to other matters. Many have found that by putting a will against sexual dreams or emission on the subconscient before sleeping, there comes after a time (it does not always succeed at the beginning) an automatic action causing one to awake before the dream concludes or before it begins or in some way preventing the thing forbidden from happening. Also one can develop a more conscious sleep in which there is a sort of inner consciousness which can intervene.1

0 1969-01-08, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   The curious thing (Ive noticed it with others) is that when the Action is silent, its FAR MORE PRECISE than when it takes place through words. Words are received mentally, and there is always a slight distortion: a distortion of the content of those words. Whereas when the action is direct (Mother makes a gesture of inner Communication), its very precise.
   I dont want to give names, but Ive had both examples these last few days. There was someone I was to see only a few days later, so then I put the Consciousness and Force on him, and the change took place, but very clearly and precisely; while to others I spoke of this experience, and they transcribed it: two transcriptions were read out to me, very different from each other (while I very nearly said the same thing), each transcription is different, and there is a slight distortion, different too, in each.

0 1969-02-05, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   It went on for several hours. It wasnt the conception of a work, it was THE work itself, like like when there are levers and things you move to set other things in motion (Mother draws a big control panel in an electronic room), it was something like that, but it wasnt that at all! It was the organization of those groups of figures that determined the events and the ORDER of events (especially the order of events) and their location on earth. And probably, while I was doing it, something wanted me to tell you, and left an impression that I had something to tell you; then everything went away. When I come back to this life, everything goes away; and its only because I now tried to remember that I could (gesture of contact with the memory) catch it: I tried, and it came back. But I realize (almost with surprise) that it must have lasted at least two hours, or moretwo to two and a half hours. I dont sleep at all, but I am active, absolutely active in the (Mother tries to situate the zone)whats being prepared to manifest on earth, I dont know if we should call it subtle physical or Its the creative zone of the physical, its there. And as I cant run from one place to another, what I do is linked through figures, like thatliving figures. Living figures: I organize them, group them together, and I remember what I did the previous day; I say, No, yesterday it was that way, but now it has to be this way, and with the knowledge that it will have to be changed again tomorrow. And thats what determines events. But the consciousness (the waking or ordinary consciousness) MUST NOT know whats decided there; it must know only a part necessary to the execution. Thats why there is a breakit remains, it keeps on living there like that (gesture behind the head), but it doesnt come through. Its wholly because at that time [during the dream] I made the decision to tell you about it that I could catch the memory, otherwise Although I SEE; I see those figures, thats why I can describe them, but they no longer mean anything for me. And I am not sure whether they are figures or letters. They were figures, I know they were; some figures were golden, others were blue (but those arent our material colors, neither our substance nor our material colors), and I kept arranging them: one group like this, another group like that (gesture like a moving puzzle), then I would choose. Strange. And I must have been very tall, because the figures were big; I would take them and place them (it was on a large surface), and as I placed them, it established a Communication and organized the events immediately ahead.
   Perhaps I do remember

0 1969-04-16, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Very well, here (Mother gives Franois B. a blessings packet), its to keep in your pocket, always. Its a good means of Communication, in the sense that if you hold this and concentrate, I KNOWand I answer. There.
   (All this time, F.B.s wife and their forty-day-old baby were quietly sitting in a corner. Mother looks at the baby.)

0 1969-05-28, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   I walked through large rooms in which beings without Communication with outside were living. And other rooms where wretched beings were dragging out a wretched life. They took notice of my presence, which seemed to bring them a ray of light from outside. A few reacted well, with a smile; others fled. A few knocked against me. Then I went into other rooms. The same goal always seemed to justify my presence. For, as I went by, a few showed a sign of hope. But at the same time obstacles, sufferings, tortures of all kinds fell on me. They were not deliberately inflicted tortures, but sorts of reactions of ignorance and suffering.
   This work progressively became more and more difficult for me. I moved about with difficulty, walked more and more slowly, as though overburdened, until it finally became difficult for me to find my way to escape.

0 1969-05-31, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   (After a silence) I cant say (its inexpressible), it was something that contained horror, dread, sorrow and a compassion, oh, intense! Never, never had the body felt things like that. Besides, that put it in a rather critical state for a few hours. Afterwards, it was as if everything, everything cameevery single thingwith a Smile and a resplendent Light; as if (to put it into childrens words), as if the Lord were saying, See, I am everywhere. See, I am in all things. It was unbelievableunbelievable. But theres no Communication between the two.
   You understand, that was when the body said, What? Shall we have to go on and on with that? Must we go on and on with that? The world, people, the whole creationgo on and on with that? It seemed I suddenly understood: Ah! Thats what they expressed as perpetual hell. Thats it. It was someone who had that perception.

0 1969-08-16, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Mother is referring to the candidates in the ongoing presidential elections. The strange and amusing part is that Mother gave her blessings to two candidates: V.V. Giri and Sanjiva Reddy; by some quirk of Communications, Sanjiva Reddy was to receive them only... eight years later, on 13 July 1977, the very day on which he was elected president, after V. V. Giri's successor.
   (See The Hindu of July 14, 1977.)

0 1969-09-24, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Because it would be interesting if in front of you he tried to formulate his question outwardly He understands quite well that evolution has reached a point where things must accelerate and those Forces of Harmony must be brought into the world, but basically, he feels such a power in him that he wouldnt want to act arbitrarily: he wouldnt want to break the equilibrium, but to follow the Law. And for that, total vision is needed. He told me, The miracles Christ worked, for instance (there is no such thing as miracles, by the way), all that I can do, but if I did it, with the means of Communication of modern science, it would immediately be known the world over, and something of that sort could strike a great blow to the ordinary mind which only believes in the truths of matter. He asks, That would be a means of action, but should I do that? His problem is one of action.
   What is he doing now?

0 1969-12-20, #Agenda Vol 10, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Do you know K.S., the former prince of Kashmir? He has founded a sort of committee for Sri Aurobindos centenary. Hes very active and they want to found an institute or something to study Sri Aurobindos works and to put them into practice from a governmental and international point of view. He first thought of founding it in Delhi I said, Fine. But there was a big movement for it to take place here, in Auroville . There are two things they want to do in Auroville: that institute, and in 1972, they want to launch an Indian satellite for Communications, and theyve nearly decided that it will be launched from Auroville and will be called Sri Aurobindo . And then, I already told you about a boat that will leave from America also in 72Sri Aurobindos Boat. Theyre trying to do something .
   But as for me, I try not to be mixed in too much because as soon as it touches the Manifestation, it becomes as you felt there [in Madras], and then its so ridiculous that as soon as it enters my consciousness, it starts a trepidation. So I prefer to stand back.

0 1970-04-22, #Agenda Vol 11, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   For instance, there is a region (I went there exclusively for a time, a few months I dont remember, maybe a little more, maybe a year), a region where there are many scenes from Nature, like fields, gardens but all behind nets! There is a net of one color, another color And it has a meaning. Absolutely everything is behind a net, you are as if you moved about with nets. But its not a single net, it depends: for its form and color the net depends on whats behind. And it is the means of Communication. You understand, its lucky I dont speak because theyd say I have taken leave of my senses! And I see that with my eyes open, during the day, can you imagine! So Ill see my room, for example Ill be here, seeing people and at the same time Ill see one landscape or another, and it all changes and moves about with a net between me and the landscapes, like that. The net seems to be (how can I explain?) what separates this subtle physical from the ordinary physical. But what does this net represent? I dont know You see, there is no mentalization, there are no explanations, theres no thought, no reasoning, all that is clearly done away with. So, in fact, I see
   The sensation isnt the same either. Our way of feeling on the physical level isnt there, it doesnt work that way. Its more like a sense of proximity or non- Communication, or indifference; but things belonging to the indifferent world do not show themselves when the dual vision is there.

0 1971-11-17, #Agenda Vol 12, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   There are things like that: people in Canada, America, Germany seem to be receiving Communications, instructions. And very precise.
   About current events, or what?

0 1971-11-27, #Agenda Vol 12, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Yes. Its not for Pondicherry. Theyre going to send it to Delhi, and Delhi is going to send it to all the French-speaking countries everywhere in the world. It will be a worldwide Communication for Sri Aurobindos centenary. They want to broadcast it everywherewherever French is spoken.
   In that case, dont you think it would be more to the point to take a more general subject: to say what Sri Aurobindo represents?

0 1971-12-01, #Agenda Vol 12, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   But when I am very quiet (at night, for instance), the new consciousness becomes clearer and clearer, but words cannot easily express it because its a kind of (how shall I say?) its almost as if a new mind were being formed (but not a mental one). And so speech, words are a poor means, while the direct Communication is getting more and more precise and strong. Thats why I cant speak. Its purely physical. But the foundation of the physical poise, I mean the physical health, is changing, that is, its being shifted: what used to be the condition of good health is practically gone; it is gradually replaced by another condition, but which isnt there yet; so everything is in (gesture of instability), everything is no longer this, is not yet that. Thats how it is. Its inexpressible. Thats why I cant express myself.

0 1971-12-13, #Agenda Vol 12, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Communications from the psychic do not come in a mental form. They are not ideas or reasonings. They have their own character quite distinct from the mind, something like a feeling with a self-contained meaning and influence.
   By its very nature, the psychic is calm, quiet and luminous, understanding and generous, wide and progressive, it is forever striving for understanding and progress.

0 1972-08-09, #Agenda Vol 13, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   (A news item originating from Boulder, Colorado, and dated August 8, reports a solar flare covering over 2.8 billion square miles of the sun's surface. Within an hour of the eruption, the effect was felt on earth, causing a magnetic storm that seriously disrupted Communications in many parts of the world In terms of magnitude, the current sunspots are the greatest ever recorded since at least 1964. [Indian Express, August 9].)
   Did you hear about the explosions on the sun?

0 1973-02-28, #Agenda Vol 13, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   (For the last ten days, the "conversations" have been spent in silence and contemplation I have the impression that Mother wants me to understand something by another means. But what? Furthermore, the attendant is now almost constantly in the room. She no longer bothers to pretend being in the bathroom. She breaks in on the conversation, offers her own commentsof course, since Mother "can't hear."... People go in and out of Mother's room as they please, and continue their own conversations. The atmosphere is quite changed This is perhaps why Mother tries to establish another type of Communication with me, another kind of link. But silence... is very silent. And I did not realize what was fast approaching before my very eyes.)
   So? How are you?

0 1973-04-14, #Agenda Vol 13, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
   Thus she was alone among themshe was soon to be truly alone, from May 19 onward, exactly thirty-five days after the present conversation. I still hear Mothers son artlessly asking me, a few days after that May 19, How will we communicate with Mother now? There will be NO MORE Communication, I replied. He was flabbergastednot I. WHO could she communicate with? But as I said, I was positive that the experience would continue with or without Communication: Mother was going to sever the nutrient link to the old physiology they did not let her. There remained cataleptic trance, the fairy tale, Sleeping Beauty they did not want it. I can still hear the voice of the Brute: No, I dont want to.

02.05 - Federated Humanity, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The autocratic empire is dead and gone: we need not fear its shadow or ghostly regeneration. But the ideal which inspired it in secret and justified its advent and reign is a truth that has still its day. The drive of Nature, of the inner consciousness of humanity was always to find a greater and larger unit for the collective life of mankind. That unit today has to be a federation of free peoples and nations. In the place of nations, several such commonwealths must now form the broad systems of the body politic of human collectivity. That must give the pattern of its texture, the outline of its configuration the shape of things to come. Such unit is no longer a hypothetical proposition, a nebula, a matter of dream and imagination. It has become a practical necessity; first of all, because of the virtual impossibility of any single nation, big or small, standing all by itself alonemilitary and political and economic exigencies demand inescapable collaboration with others, and secondly, because of the still stricter geographical compulsion the speed and ease of Communication has made the globe so small and all its parts so interdependent that none can possibly afford to be exclusive and self-centred.
   The organization of this greater and larger unit is the order of the day. It does not seem possible at this stage to go straight to the whole of humanity at large and make of it one single indivisible entity, obliterating all barriers of race and nation. An intermediate step is still necessary even if that remains the final end. Nationhood has been a helper in that direction; it is now a bar. And yet an indiscriminate internationalism cannot meet the situation today, it overshoots the mark. The march of events and circumstances prescribe that nations should combine to form groups or, as they say in French, societies of nations. The combination, however, must be freely determined, as voluntary partnership in a common labour organisation for common profit and achievement. This problem has to be solved first, then only can the question of nationalism or other allied knots be unravelled. Nature the Sphinx has set the problem before us and we have to answer it here and now, if humanity is to be saved and welded together into a harmonious whole for a divine purpose.

03.11 - Modernist Poetry, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   and a modernist critic acclaims it as a marvellous, aye, a stupendous piece of poetic art; it figures, according to him, the very body of the modern consciousness and resthesis. The modern consciousness, it is said, is marked with two characteristics: first, it is polyphonic, that is to say, it is not a simple and unilateral thing, but a composite consisting of many planes and strands, both horizontal and vertical. A modern consciousness is a section of world-consciousness extending in space as well as in time; there is, on one hand, the bringing together and intermingling of diverse and even disparate contemporary cultures, produced by free and easy and rapid Communication between different parts of the world; on the other hand, there is the connection and communion with all the past civilisations brought about by modern scientific researches. A modern man, who is representative of the age, when he looks close into himself, would find in him a texture of consciousness, the warp of which is spread out from the culture of the Greenlander in the North Pole to that of the Polynesian near the South Pole as well as from the culture of the Anglo-Saxon in the far West to that of the Korean and Nipponese in the far East; and the woof consists of traditions and legends threading past the Egyptian, the Sumerian and Atlantean glyphs and runes, and forward to present-day ideologiestotalitarianism and proletarianism or others like and unlike.
   A modern artist when he creates, as he cannot but create himself, will have to embrace and express something of this peculiar cosmopolitanism or universalism of today. When Ezra bursts into a Greek hypostrophe or Eliot chants out a Vedic mantra in the very middle of King's English, we have before us the natural and inevitable expression of a fact in our consciousness. Even so, if we are allowed the liberty of comparing the flippant with the serious, even so, a fact of Anglo-vernacular consciousness was given graphic expression in the well-known lines of the famous Bengali poet and dramatist, D. L. Roy, ending in

03.11 - The Language Problem and India, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Almost till the end of the last century French was the language of culture all over Europe. It was taught there as part of liberal education in all the countries and a sojourn in France was considered necessary to complete the course. Those who were interested in human culture and wished to specialise inbelles lettres had to cultivate more or less an intimate acquaintance with the Gallic Minerva. English has since risen to eminence, due to the far-flung political and commercial net that the nation has spread; it has become almost an indispensable instrument for Communication between races that are non-English and far from England. Once upon a time it was said of a European that he had two countries, his own and France; today it can be said with equal or even more truth that a citizen of the modern world has two mother tongues, his own and English.
   Even then, even though French has been ousted from the market-place, it holds still a place of honour in the cultural world, among the lite and the intelligentsia. I have said French rules the continent of Europe. Indeed even now an intellectual on the ,continent feels more at ease in French and would prefer to have the French version of a theme or work rather than the English. Indeed we may say in fact that the two languages appeal to two types of mentality, each expressing a characteristically different version of the same original truth or fact or statement. If you wish to have your ideas on a subject clear, rational and unambiguous, you must go to French. French is the language par excellence of law and logic. Mental presentation, as neat and transparent as possibly can be is the special aid French language brings to you. But precisely because it is intellectually so clear, and neat, it has often to avoid or leave out certain shades and nuances or even themes which do not go easily into its logical frame. English is marvellous in this respect, that being an illogical language it is more supple and pliant and rich and through its structural ambiguities can catch and reflect or indicate ideas and realities, rhythms and tones that are supra-rational. French, as it has been pointed out by French writers themselves, is less rich in synonyms than English. There each word has a very definite and limited (or limiting) connotation, and words cannot be readily interchanged. English, on the other hand, has a richer, almost a luxuriant vocabulary, not only in respect of the number of words, but also in the matter of variation in the meaning a given word conveys. Of course, double entendre or suggestiveness is a quality or capacity that all languages that claim a status must possess; it is necessary to express something of the human consciousness. Still, in French that quality has a limited, if judicious and artistic application; in English it is a wild growth.
   It may be questioned whether too many languages are not imposed on us in this way and whether it will not mean in the end a Babel and inefficiency. It need not be so and it is not going to be so. We must remember the age we are in, its composite structure, its polyphonic nature. In the ancient and mediaeval ages, the ages of separatism and exclusiveness of clans and tribes and regions, even in the later age of the states and nations, the individual group-consciousness was strong and sedulously fostered. Languages and literature grew and developed more or less independently and with equal vigour, although always through some kind of give and take. But the modern world has been made so inextricably one, ease of Communication and free interchange have obliterated the separating boundaries, not only geographical but psychological. The modern consciousness has so developed and is so circumstanced that one can very easily be bi-lingual or even trilingual: indeed one has to be so, speaking and writing with equal felicity not only one's mother tongue but one or more adopted tongues. Modern culture means that.
   Naturally I am referring to the educated or cultured stratum of humanity, the lite. This restriction, however, does not vitiate or nullify our position. The major part of humanity is bound and confined to the soil where they are born and brought up. Their needs do not go beyond the assistance of their vernacular. A liberal education, extending even to the masses, may and does include acquaintance with one or two foreign languages, especially in these days, but in fact it turns out to be only a nodding acquaintance, a secondary and marginal acquisition. When Latin was the lingua franca in Europe or Sanskrit in India, it was the lite, the intelligentsia, the Brahmin, the cleric, who were the trustees and guardians of the language. That position has virtually been taken in modern times, as I have said, by English and French.

04.02 - A Chapter of Human Evolution, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The Greek Mind, as I said, is the bridge thrown across the gulf existing between the spiritual, the occult, the intuitive and the sensuous, the physical, the material. Since the arrival of the Hellenes a highway has been built up, a metalled macada-mised road connecting these two levels of human experience and there is possible now a free and open Communication from the one to the other. We need not speak any more of God and the gods and the divine principles indirectly through symbols and similes, but in mental terms which are closer to our normal understanding and we can also utilise the form of our intellection and reasoning to represent and capture something of what lies beyond intellect and reason.
   In India we have an echo of the transition, rather perhaps, she held up the type of the transition required. For here the evolution seems to have been more gradual and the steps are more clearly visible leading one to the other. India maintained an unbroken continuity in the cyclic change of the human consciousness. She was coeval with Egypt and Chaldea, Sumeria and Babylon: she communed with them perhaps in similar and parallel terms. And yet she changed or evolved and knew to express herself in other terms in other times. She had talked in mystic terms with the mystics and later on she talked in rational terms with rationalists. And today we see signs of her parleying with the Scientists in scientific terms. That is how India still lives, while Egypt and Chaldea have gone the way of Atlantis and Gondwanaland. For something is enshrined there which is eternal, something living and dynamic which is pressing forward to manifest and embody itself, some supreme truth and reality of the future which she is fostering within her to deliver to nature and humanitya new humanity with a new nature.

07.20 - Why are Dreams Forgotten?, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 03, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   It is because dreams do not occur always in the same domain. It is not always the same part of the being that dreams nor is it the same place where one dreams. If one were in conscious Communication with all the parts of one's being then one would remember all his dreams. But it is only with a few parts of your being that you remain in conscious contact in sleep. For example, you have a dream in the subtle physical, that is to say, in the domain very near the physical. This generally happens towards the end of the night, in the early hours of the morning just before you get up (say between four and five). Before rising from bed, if you remain very quiet, without making any movement and concentrate a little, you will be able to remember the dreams that you had immediately before: the Communication between the physical and the subtle physical being close, you would be able to re-member easily enough. Now if you begin from the beginning what happens is something like this. As you fall into sleep, the body becomes quiet and the vital too goes to rest; but the mind continues to be active, it has not gone to sleep. You have now what are called mental dreams built out of all kinds of ideas and imaginations set free. After a time the mind gets tired and falls silent; the vital has rested sufficiently and wakes up in its turn and moves about. Your dreams of the mental domain are pushed back giving place to vital dreams. When you are active in the vital you very often go out of your body, visit all kinds of places and get involved in various exploits and adventures. If you wake up suddenly then, you would remember your vital exploits in sleep. Some people train themselves to get up at fixed hour of the night. They thus bring to memory the dreams they had just before waking. Now the vital too after having been sufficiently active gets tired and goes to rest. Yet another part of the being now re-places the vital and comes forward. It may be the turn of the subtle physical to enter the arena. The vital is pushed back and you lose contact with it.
   To become conscious of all the various movements of your nights, to recover them in your memory, some sort of training is necessary. The different states of the being in which you roam at night are, as you have seen, usually separate from each other. There is a gap in between two states; you jump from one to the other. There is no highway passing through all the domains of your consciousness connecting them without break or interruption. That means forgetfulness. When you leap from one into the other, you push back, that is forget, the one you leave behind. So you have to construct a bridge and very few people know how to do it; it requires more engineering skill than to build a material bridge. You may have very wonderful experiences in sleep, but you forget them all; perhaps you remember, as I have said, the last one, the one nearest to the physical mind. The best way then to remember and become conscious of the whole night is to begin at the end and go backward. Catch hold of the last image that still persists in your memory, like the loose end of a thread and then pull, pull slowly, till image after image comes back: it is something like the unrolling of a cinema film in the reverse direction. When you lose trace, stop and concentrate a little; try to call back whatever stray bit or faint impression still persists or can be more easily revived and then again pull slowly, gently, pick up whatever shows itself, try to join the bits. In this way, after some trial and training you will be able to recover a good part of the lost underworld.

07.38 - Past Lives and the Psychic Being, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 03, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   There are people who say and perhaps believe too that they were such and such persons and even give a detailed description of their past lives. There are also the well-known sprit Communications through a medium at spirit sitting. Someone comes and tells you he was Napoleon, another was Shakespeare and so on. How many Shakespeares and Napoleons and Caesars have manifested in this way, there is no counting! There are spirits who are extremely talkative and bewitch you with extraordinary stories, many that seem so true and genuine on the face, many others, of course, full of the grossest self-contradictions. The fact, however, is that usually these spirits are small beings of the vital, often remnants of a dead person, broken bits of his decomposed personality, desires that have persisted, coagulated imaginations set free that move about and seek to possess and settle upon a living person. The small spirits of the vital are often not of good disposition; they amuse themselves at the cost of the gullible human being, making a fool of him. In that world it is easy to read the mind of others: the spirit sees clearly what is there in your head even if you do not speak it out. That is how it reveals secrets known to you alone, even secrets you have totally forgotten. They can imitate other personalities. They know many other small tricks to confuse or astound you.

100.00 - Synergy, #Synergetics - Explorations in the Geometry of Thinking, #R Buckminster Fuller, #Science
  100.010 Awareness of the Child: The simplest descriptions are those expressed by only one word. The one word alone that describes the experience "life" is "awareness." Awareness requires an otherness of which the observer can be aware. The Communication of awareness is both subjective and objective, from passive to active, from otherness to self, from self to otherness.
  Awareness = self + otherness
  is a metaphysical experience? It is comprehending the relationships of eternalprinciples. The means of Communication is physical. That which is
  communicated, i.e., understood, is metaphysical. The symbols with which

1.002 - The Heifer, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  221. Do not marry idolatresses, unless they have believed. A believing maid is better than an idolatress, even if you like her. And do not marry idolaters, unless they have believed. A believing servant is better than an idolater, even if you like him. These call to the Fire, but God calls to the Garden and to forgiveness, by His leave. He makes clear His Communications to the people, that they may be mindful.
  222. And they ask you about menstruation: say, “It is harmful, so keep away from women during menstruation. And do not approach them until they have become pure. Once they have become pure, approach them in the way God has directed you.” God loves the repentant, and He loves those who keep clean.”

1.005 - The Table, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  92. Obey God and obey the Messenger, and be cautious. If you turn away—know that the duty of Our Messenger is clear Communication.
  93. Those who believe and do righteous deeds will not be blamed for what they may have eaten, provided they obey, and believe, and do good deeds, then maintain piety and faith, then remain righteous and charitable. God loves the charitable.

1.00e - DIVISION E - MOTION ON THE PHYSICAL AND ASTRAL PLANES, #A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, #Alice Bailey, #Occultism
  Hearing on the mental plane is simply an extension of the faculty of differentiating sound. The hearing dealt with on all these planes is the hearing that has to do with the form, that concerns the vibration of matter, and that is occupied with the not-self. It has not to do with the psyche, or the telepathic Communication that proceeds from mind to mind, but with the sound of the form or that power whereby one separated unit of consciousness is aware of another unit who is not himself. Bear this carefully in mind. When the extension of hearing becomes such that it concerns the psyche, then we call it telepathy or that wordless Communication that is the synthesis of hearing on all the three lower planes and which is known by the Ego in the causal body on the formless levels of the mental plane.
  On the buddhic plane, hearing (now of the synthetic quality called telepathy) demonstrates as complete comprehension, for it has involved two things:

10.15 - The Evolution of Language, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   And yet poets, mystic poets have always sought to express themselves, to express something of their experience and illumination through the word, the human tongue. It is extremely interesting to see how a material, constructed or formed to satisfy the requirements of an ordinary physical life is being turned into an instrument for luminous and effective Communication and expression of other truths and realities in the hands of these seer-creators (kavi-kratu). They take the materials from ordinary normal life, familiar objects and happenings but use them as images and allegories putting into them a new sense and a new light. Also they give a new, unfamiliar turn to their utterance, a new syntax, sometimes uncommon construction and novel vocabulary to the language itself so that it has even the appearance of something very irregular and twisted and obscure. Indeed obscurity itself in the expression, in the form of the language has often been taken as the very sign of the higher and hidden experience and illumination.
   The Vedic rishis speak of the different levels of speech the human language is only one form of speech, its lowest, in fact the crudest formulation. There are other forms of speech that are subtler and subtler as one rises in the scale of consciousness. The highest formulation of language, the supreme Word vkis 'OM'ndaabda-brahma. That is the supreme speech-vibration, the rhythmic articulation of the Supreme Consciousness Sachchidananda; the expression there is nearest to silence, almost merges into silence.

1.016 - The Bee, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  35. The idolaters say, “Had God willed, we would not have worshiped anything besides Him, neither us, nor our ancestors, nor would we have prohibited anything besides His prohibitions.” Those before them did likewise. Are the messengers responsible for anything but clear Communication?
  36. To every community We sent a messenger: “Worship God, and avoid idolatry.” Some of them God guided, while others deserved misguidance. So travel through the earth, and see what the fate of the deniers was.
  82. But if they turn away, your only duty is clear Communication.
  83. They recognize God’s blessing, but then deny it, as most of them are ungrateful.

1.018 - The Cave, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  105. It is they who rejected the Communications of their Lord, and the encounter with Him. So their works are in vain. And on the Day of Resurrection, We will consider them of no weight.
  106. That is their requital—Hell—on account of their disbelief, and their taking My revelations and My messengers in mockery.

1.01 - Economy, #Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience, #Henry David Thoreau, #Philosophy
  Our manners have been corrupted by Communication with the saints. Our hymn-books resound with a melodious cursing of God and enduring him forever. One would say that even the prophets and redeemers had rather consoled the fears than confirmed the hopes of man. There is nowhere recorded a simple and irrepressible satisfaction with the gift of life, any memorable praise of God. All health and success does me good, however far off and withdrawn it may appear; all disease and failure helps to make me sad and does me evil, however much sympathy it may have with me or I with it. If, then, we would indeed restore mankind by truly Indian, botanic, magnetic, or natural means, let us first be as simple and well as Nature ourselves, dispel the clouds which hang over our own brows, and take up a little life into our pores. Do not stay to be an overseer of the poor, but endeavor to become one of the worthies of the world.
  I read in the Gulistan, or Flower Garden, of Sheik Sadi of Shiraz, that

1.01 - Fundamental Considerations, #The Ever-Present Origin, #Jean Gebser, #Integral
  It is our task in this book to work out this aperspectival basis. Our discussion will rely more an the evidence presented in the history of thought than on the findings of the natural sciences as is the case with the authors Transformation of the Occident. Among the disciplines of historical thought the investigation of language will form the predominant source of our insight since it is the preeminent means of reciprocal Communication between man and the world.
  It is not sufficient for us to merely furnish a postulate; rather, it will be necessary to show the latent possibilities in us and in our present, possibilities that are about to become acute, that is, effectual and consequently real. In the following discussion we shall therefore proceed from two basic considerations:

1.01 - Maitreya inquires of his teacher (Parashara), #Vishnu Purana, #Vyasa, #Hinduism
  ga Purāṇa (Pūrvārddha, s. 64) in the same manner, with the addition, conformably to the Saiva tendency of that work, that Parāśara begins his sacrifice by propitiating Mahādeva. Vaśiṣṭha's dissuasion, and Pulastya's appearance, are given in the very words of our text; and the story concludes, 'thus through the favour of Pulastya and of the wise Vaśiṣṭha, Parāśara composed the Vaiṣṇava (Viṣṇu) Purāṇa, containing ten thousand stanzas, and being the third of the Purāṇa compilations' (Purāṇasanhitā). The Bhāgavata (b. III. s. 8) also alludes, though obscurely, to this legend. In recapitulating the succession of the narrators of part of the Bhāgavata, Maitreya states that this first Purāṇa was communicated to him by his Guru Parāśara, as he had been desired by Pulastya: i. e. according to the commentator, agreeably to the boon given by Pulastya to Parāśara, saying, You shall be a narrator of Purāṇas;. The Mahābhārata makes no mention of the Communication of this faculty to Parāśara by Pulastya; and as the Bhāgavata could not derive this particular from that source, it here most probably refers unavowedly, as the Li
  ga does avowedly, to the Viṣṇu Purāṇa.

1.01 - MAPS OF EXPERIENCE - OBJECT AND MEANING, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  The painstaking empirical process of identification, Communication and comparison has proved to be a
  strikingly effective means for accurately specifying the nature of the relatively invariant features of the

1.01 - Newtonian and Bergsonian Time, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  the other way to our own. To such a being, all Communication
  with us would be impossible. Any signal he might send would
  of Communication and control. There is in electrical engineer-
  ing a split which is known in Germany as the split between the
  Thus Communication engineering began with Gauss, Wheat-
  stone, and the first telegraphers. It received its first reasonably
  branch of Communication engineering, and its cardinal notions
  are those of message, amount of disturbance or "noise"-­a term
  the performance of a Communication-­engineering machine for
  a single input. To function adequately, it must give a satisfac-
  in the chapter devoted to the theory of Communication.
  Thus the modern automaton exists in the same sort of Bergso-

1.029 - The Spider, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  47. Likewise, We revealed to you the Scripture. Those to whom We gave the Scripture believe in it, and some of these believe in it. None renounce Our Communications except the disbelievers.
  48. You did not read any scripture before this, nor did you write it down with your right hand; otherwise the falsifiers would have doubted.

1.02 - Groups and Statistical Mechanics, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics

1.02 - MAPS OF MEANING - THREE LEVELS OF ANALYSIS, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  render subtle Communication possible. Development of explicit language extended the power of such
   Communication immensely. Increasingly detailed exchange of information enabled the resources of all to
  Human beings enjoy capacity for investigation, classification and consequent Communication, which is
  qualitatively different from that characterizing any other animal. The material structure of Homo sapiens is
  with far more facility than any other creature. Furthermore, our capacity for Communication both verbal
  and nonverbal has meant almost unbelievable facilitation of exploration, and subsequent diversity of
  This capacity for exploration, verbal elaboration and Communication of such in turn dramatically heightens
  our capacity for exploration (as we have access to all communicated strategies and interpretive schemas,
  (primarily mimetic158) Communication. We can mimic and learn from everyone who surrounds us, and
  who we can directly contact. In addition, we can obtain information from everyone who can write
  unrecognizably by constant, multigenerational, interpersonal Communication. We live in social groups;
  most of our interactions are social in nature. We spend most of our time around others and, when we are
  representation, and possibility for rapid abstract explicit Communication. In this way, our explicit
  knowledge of value is expanded, through the analysis of our own dreams. Interpretations that work
  interactions and strategies of representation emergent properties of exploration and Communication that
  are embedded in the social structure. Much of this information is still implicit that is, coded in
  abstract representation of the contents of the imagination, and Communication thereof. Squire and ZolaMorgan166 have represented the relationship between these memory forms according to the schematic of
  Figure 12: The Multiple Structure of Memory.167 The neuroanatomical basis of knowing how remains
  whom Communication might conceivably take place). The fact of our sociability ensures that our adaptive
  behaviors are structured with the social community in mind at least in the long run and increases our
  (semantic) Communication, or alteration of procedure.177 178 It is for this reason that Shakespeare might be
  viewed as a precursor to Freud (think of Hamlet): Shakespeare knew what Freud later discovered but
  through repeated Communication that constitutes the basis for the construction of culture itself.
  Behavior is imitated, then abstracted into play, formalized into drama and story, crystallized into myth
  to consciousness that is, to explicit verbal/semantic formulation and Communication. The higherlevel stories that cover a broader expanse of spatial-temporal territory are increasingly complex and,
  therefore, cannot be as simply formulated. Myth steps in to fill the breach.
  of the gods or is in Communication with the world of the gods. The world (that is, our world) is a
  universe within which the sacred has already manifested itself, in which, consequently, the breakthrough from plane to plane has become possible and repeatable. It is not difficult to see why the
  and Communication with the world of the gods is ensured; the space of the altar becomes a sacred space.
  But the meaning of the ritual is far more complex, and if we consider all of its ramifications, we shall
  the gift of the hero a gift which demands to be given, which compels Communication, either directly (say,
  in the form of immediate imitation) or indirectly (in the form of abstract description, or narrative). There is
  motivated by desire to remain in Communication with the dead (which is motivated, that is, by desire to
  retain the wisdom, protective power and guiding hand of the dead). Such motivation comprised a force
  permanent literate means of Communication) is the value of culture, the significance of the discoveries of
  all those whose exisence preceded the present time. The past, made metaphorically present in the form of

1.02 - The 7 Habits An Overview, #The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, #Stephen Covey, #unset
  Nevertheless, the current social paradigm enthrones independence. It is the avowed goal of many individuals and social movements. Most of the self-improvement material puts independence on a pedestal, as though Communication, teamwork, and cooperation were lesser values.
  Nevertheless, the current social paradigm enthrones independence. It is the avowed goal of many individuals and social movements. Most of the self-improvement material puts independence on a pedestal, as though Communication, teamwork, and cooperation were lesser values.
  But much of our current emphasis on independence is a reaction to dependence -- to having others control us, define us, use us, and manipulate us.
  Victories" of teamwork, cooperation, and Communication in Habits 4, 5, and 6.
  That does not mean you have to be perfect in Habits 1, 2, and 3 before working on Habits 4, 5, and 6.

1.02 - THE NATURE OF THE GROUND, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  The acts willed by our minds are accomplished either through the instrumentality of the physiological intelligence and the body, or, very exceptionally, and to a limited extent, by direct supernormal means of the PK variety. Analogously the physical situations willed by a divine Providence may be arranged by the perpetually creating Mind that sustains the universein which case Providence will appear to do its work by wholly natural means; or else, very exceptionally, the divine Mind may act directly on the universe from the outside, as it werein which case the workings of Providence and the gifts of grace will appear to be miraculous. Similarly, the divine Mind may choose to communicate with finite minds either by manipulating the world of men and things in ways, which the particular mind to be reached at that moment will find meaningful; or else there may be direct Communication by something resembling thought transference.
  In Eckharts phrase, God, the creator and perpetual re-creator of the world, becomes and disbecomes. In other words He is, to some extent at least, in time. A temporal God might have the nature of the traditional Hebrew God of the Old Testament; or He might be a limited deity of the kind described by certain philosophical theologians of the present century; or alternatively He might be an emergent God, starting unspiritually at Alpha and becoming gradually more divine as the aeons rolled on towards some hypothetical Omega. (Why the movement should be towards more and better rather than less and worse, upwards rather than downwards or in undulations, onwards rather than round and round, one really doesnt know. There seems to be no reason why a God who is exclusively temporala God who merely becomes and is ungrounded in eternityshould not be as completely at the mercy of time as is the individual mind apart from the spirit. A God who becomes is a God who also disbecomes, and it is the disbecoming which may ultimately prevail, so that the last state of emergent deity may be worse than the first.)

1.02 - The Pit, #A Garden of Pomegranates - An Outline of the Qabalah, #Israel Regardie, #Occultism
  In view of this continual source of misunderstanding, it is clearly necessary to establish a fundamental and universal language for the Communication ofideas, One understands with bitter approval the sad outburst of the aged Fichte :
  " If I had my life to live over again, the first thing I would do would be to invent an entirely new system of symbols whereby to convey my ideas." As a matter of fact, had he but known this, certain people-principally some of the early Qabalists, among whom we may include Raymond Lully, William

1.02 - Where I Lived, and What I Lived For, #Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience, #Henry David Thoreau, #Philosophy
  For my part, I could easily do without the post-office. I think that there are very few important Communications made through it. To speak critically, I never received more than one or two letters in my life I wrote this some years ago that were worth the postage. The penny-post is, commonly, an institution through which you seriously offer a man that penny for his thoughts which is so often safely offered in jest.
  And I am sure that I never read any memorable news in a newspaper. If we read of one man robbed, or murdered, or killed by accident, or one house burned, or one vessel wrecked, or one steamboat blown up, or one cow run over on the Western Railroad, or one mad dog killed, or one lot of grasshoppers in the winter,we never need read of another. One is enough. If you are acquainted with the principle, what do you care for a myriad instances and applications? To a philosopher all _news_, as it is called, is gossip, and they who edit and read it are old women over their tea. Yet not a few are greedy after this gossip. There was such a rush, as I hear, the other day at one of the offices to learn the foreign news by the last arrival, that several large squares of plate glass belonging to the establishment were broken by the pressure,news which I seriously think a ready wit might write a twelve-month, or twelve years, beforeh and with sufficient accuracy. As for Spain, for instance, if you know how to throw in Don Carlos and the Infanta, and

1.032 - Our Concept of God, #The Study and Practice of Yoga, #Swami Krishnananda, #Yoga
  Love of God is something different from ordinary love, because God is not something which we need today and do not need tomorrow. God is not an object of a temporal necessity. He is not a requisite of a particular period of time, or of a given condition. God is a necessity of every condition, of all times, and for every person, at every place. The reason is that God is the presupposition of every condition of being, and hence the love of God cannot be conditional; it is always unconditional. While every other love can be conditioned by circumstances and needs of the time, no such condition can apply to the love of God. But our concept of God is here a very important factor, which rules the destiny of our love for God. If God is extra-cosmic, which means to say that He is outside the world, as a carpenter is outside the table or the chair, then there should be some means of Communication between the table and the carpenter, or the world and God. The means of Communication is, of course, the very same means that we adopt in coming in contact with anything else in this world. How do we come in contact with any person or thing in this world? We adopt the same means also in respect of God. We cry and shout loudly so that the person will hear us, if the person is far away, and yearn from within for vision and contact of that something which we love.
  Now, the yearning or the love, when it is directed to an object outside, becomes a psychological condition, and if love of God is also to become a psychological condition, then it may change according to the conditions of the mind. No condition of the mind can be perpetual, because it is related to the structure of the body also. In different incarnations, different types of births that we take, the states of mind may change, and so the attitudes which the mind has towards things also may vary in different incarnations. So the love of God may become conditioned if He is to be treated as an extra-cosmic something which has to be reached by a temporal affection in the form of a mental emotion, as we have in respect of ordinary objects in this world.
  So, there is a defect in the concept of God as a Creator or a Maker in the sense of a carpenter or a potter. To obviate this difficulty, people have conceived God as an Immanent Ruler - some such thing as the soul in the body. The soul in the body is not outside the body. It is not a creator of the body in the sense of a carpenter making a chair, and yet we cannot say that the soul is the body; it is not identical. So, a via media was struck by certain thinkers in the religious field, who made out that it is not fair or tenable to hold that God is totally extra-cosmic, in which case there would be no means of Communication with Him. He has to be intimately present in His creation, and He has to be organically related to the world so that there may be a real contact of the effect with the cause. The soul and the body are organically united. We cannot separate the body and the soul they are together.
  Though this is a very satisfactory solution, and we can conceive God as an organic unifying principle of the cosmos which He has created, it becomes difficult to understand the factors that were responsible for the creation of the world, whether bondage is real or not, and what sort of relationship really exists between the soul and the body. Is the body a quality, an attribute of the soul, or is it something quite different from the soul? How does the soul pervade the body? Examples have been given. When we soak cloth in water, we find that every fibre of the cloth is permeated by water. The whole cloth is wet with water. Every part of the cloth has absorbed water, so that there is no part of the cloth where water is not. In that sense we can say that God is everywhere in the world. Yet, water is not the cloth they are two different things. We can wring out the water from the cloth, and then dry it. Water and milk can be mixed together so that we cannot know where the water is and where the milk is. Yet we know that milk is milk and water is water they are not one and the same thing. Though we cannot distinguish between water and milk when they are mixed together, they are yet independent and cannot be identified one with the other.

1.032 - Prostration, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  15. They believe in Our Communications, those who, when reminded of them, fall down prostrate, and glorify their Lord with praise, and are not proud.
  16. Their sides shun their beds, as they pray to their Lord, out of reverence and hope; and from Our provisions to them, they give.
  24. And We appointed leaders from among them, guiding by Our command, as long as they persevered and were certain of Our Communications.
  25. Your Lord will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection regarding everything they had disputed.

1.036 - Ya-Seen, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  17. And our only duty is clear Communication.”
  18. They said, “We see an evil omen in you; if you do not give up, we will stone you, and a painful punishment from us will befall you.”

1.03 - APPRENTICESHIP AND ENCULTURATION - ADOPTION OF A SHARED MAP, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  codification are the advantages granted by abstraction per se ease of Communication, facilitation of
  transformation and formal declaration of (historically-sanctified) principles useful in mediation of

1.03 - Meeting the Master - Meeting with others, #Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo, #unset, #Zen
   Two Tamil brothers, the elder of whom was a pleader, wanted to meet Sri Aurobindo this morning. They claimed to be guided by the spirit of their eldest brother, Jagannathan, who had died at Rangoon on 1 December 1918. They brought with them three notebooks containing his Communications and some automatic writings. The younger brother was the medium. The notebooks were sent up and Sri Aurobindo glanced at the pages.
   Sri Aurobindo: Some answers are meaningless. The definition of 'genius' does not make any sense.
   It was conveyed to the brothers that the demand for the Yoga should not depend upon a planchette Communication; it must come from a deeper source. And they must leave the judgment about their fitness for Yoga to Sri Aurobindo.
   The report was that, in addition to the guidance of the spirit of their dead brother, they had seen Sri Aurobindo in a dream asking them to come to him. They were disappointed when they were informed that they could not meet Sri Aurobindo.

1.03 - On exile or pilgrimage, #The Ladder of Divine Ascent, #Saint John of Climacus, #unset
  Devils often transform themselves into angels of light and take the form of martyrs, and make it appear to us during sleep that we are in Communication with them. Then, when we wake up, they plunge us into unholy joy and conceit. But you can detect their deceit by this very fact. For angels reveal torments, judgments and separations; and when we wake up we find that we are trembling and sad. As soon as we begin to believe the devils in dreams, then they make sport of us when we are awake, too. He who believes in dreams is completely inexperienced. But he who distrusts all dreams is a wise man. Only believe dreams that foretell torments and judgment for you. But if despair afflicts you, then such dreams are also from devils.
  This is the third step, which is equal in number to the Trinity. He who has reached it, let him not look to the right hand nor to the left.

1.03 - The House Of The Lord, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  Let us then begin from the very break of day. The sun's rays came in by the eastern window; he was awake and the exercises started in bed, prescribed by Manilal. By 6.30 a.m. he sat up to receive the Mother who on her way to the Balcony Darshan visited him to have his darshan. Sri Aurobindo gave us definite instructions to wake him up before the Mother's arrival. On the other hand, the Mother wanted us not to disturb his sleep. So at times we found ourselves in a quandary. Champaklal's devotional nature would not interrupt his sweet nap after the exercises, while I, when alone, would try by all sorts of devices to wake him up. Sometimes he himself would wake up only to learn that the Mother had come and gone! Then she would come back after the darshan and begin her day with his blessings, just as we did after her darshan. This was followed by his reading The Hindu. Between 9.00 a.m. and 10.00 a.m. the Mother came to comb his hair, apply a lotion and plait it. Most often she finished some business during this period. When a sadhak translated the Mother's Prayers and Meditations into English and wanted her approval, she had it read out before Sri Aurobindo and both of them made the necessary changes. She sometimes talked of private matters, and when her voice sank low, we took the hint and withdrew discreetly. She believed more in subtle methods than in open expressions. The gesture, the look, the smile, the fugitive glance, the silence, a thousand are her ways of Communication to the soul! After the Mother had left, there started the routine of washing the face and mouth. Here a small detail calls for mention by its unusualness. When he had finished using Neem paste for his teeth and the mouth-wash (Vademecum), he massaged his gums with a little bit of Oriental Balm.
  After this, till 3 or 4 p.m. Sri Aurobindo was all alone. Then his first meal would come; in between he sometimes took a glass of plain water. Now, what could he be doing at this time wrapped in a most mysterious silence? None except the Mother could throw any precise light on it. We were only told that he had a special work to do and must be left alone unless, of course, some very urgent business needed his attention. All that was visible to our naked eye was that he sat silently in his bed, afterwards in the capacious armchair, with his eyes wide open just as any other person would. Only he passed hours and hours thus, changing his position at times and making himself comfortable; the yes moving a little, and though usually gazing at the wall in front, never fixed trak-like at any particular point. Sometimes the face would beam with a bright mile without any apparent reason, much to our amusement, as a child smiles in sleep. Only it was a waking sleep, for as we passed across the room, there was a dim recognition of our shadow-like movements. Occasionally he would look towards the door. That was when he heard some sound which might indicate the Mother's coming. But his external consciousness would certainly not be obliterated. When he wanted something, his voice seemed to come from a distant cave; rarely did we find him plunged within, with his eyes closed. If at that time, the Mother happened to come for some urgent work or with a glass of water, finding him thus indrawn, she would wait, usually by the bedside till he opened his eyes. Then seeing her waiting, he would exclaim "Oh!" and the Mother's lips would part into an exquisite smile. He had told us that he was in the habit of meditating with open eyes. We kept ourselves ready for the call, sitting behind the bed at our assigned places or someone cleaning the furniture or doing other work in the room. One regular call was for a peppermint lozenge which he took some time before his meal. If the meal was late in coming he would ask for a second one. When our chatting became too animated and made us feel uneasy, one better informed would exclaim, "Do you think he is disturbed by such petty bubbles? He must be soaring in a consciousness where I wonder if even a bomb explosion would make any impression." At other relaxed moments he would take cognizance of incidental noises.

1.03 - The Sunlit Path, #On the Way to Supermanhood, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  Then the question sinks a little deeper. In fact, it is not that it sinks or intensifies; it is as if a first breath of air enabled us to appreciate better the daily suffocation we live in and revealed deeper layers to our eyes, other, subtler coverings. We are indeed Bill Smith, a legal and national artifice, a little mechanized cog that would like to get out of the machine. But what is behind Bill Smith? There is a man walking a boulevard, going up and down the great mental roller coaster, humming with a thousand thoughts, of which none truly matters, none remedies his sorrow or desire; there is what the latest book thinks, what that billboard or those headlines scream, what the professor or schoolmaster or friend or colleague or neighbor said a thousand passersby milling in the inner street but where is the one who does not pass, the lodger of the dwelling? There is yesterday's experience, which ties in with the accident of the day before, which ties in with... a gigantic telephone network, with switches, relays and instant Communications, but which really communicates nothing, except the same rehashed and self-contained story, which keeps swelling up and swelling up and curling back onto itself and unrolling a sum of past that never makes a true present, or a future that is but the sum of a million acts adding up to zero where is the act, where? Where is the self of that addition, the minute of being that is not the result of the past, the pure touch of sunlight that escapes that machinery, even more merciless than the other one? There is what our fathers and mothers have put into us, and books, priests, partisans, grandfa ther's cancer, great-uncle's lust, the good of this one, the less good of that one; there are the Tables of the Law of iron, the thou-cannots, thou-should-nots, Newton and the churches, Mendel and the law of gestation of germ cells but what germinates in all that? Where is the Germ, the pure unexpected seed suddenly bursting open, the Thou-Can like a stroke of grace in this implacable round conditioned by the fathers of our fathers inside the mental fortress? There is this little man walking along a boulevard, going up and down the same avenue a thousand times; inside, outside, it's all the same, like nothing walking in nothing, anybody inside anything, John or Peter with only different neckties: between this lamppost and that one nothing has happened. There was nothing, not a single second of being!
  But, suddenly, on this boulevard, there is a sort of second-degree suffocation. We stop and stare. What do we stare at? We don't know, but we stare. All of a sudden we are no longer in the machine; we are no longer in it, we never were! We are no longer Bill Smith or American or New Yorker, the son of our father or the father of our son, our thought, or heart or feelings, or yesterday or tomorrow, or male or female or anything of the kind we are something else altogether. We don't know what, but it stares. We are like a window opening.

1.03 - The Two Negations 2 - The Refusal of the Ascetic, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  13:Entering into that Consciousness, we may continue to dwell, like It, upon universal existence. Then we become aware, - for all our terms of consciousness and even our sensational experience begin to change, - of Matter as one existence and of bodies as its formations in which the one existence separates itself physically in the single body from itself in all others and again by physical means establishes Communication between these multitudinous points of its being. Mind we experience similarly, and Life also, as the same existence one in its multiplicity, separating and reuniting itself in each domain by means appropriate to that movement. And, if we choose, we can proceed farther and, after passing through many linking stages, become aware of a supermind whose universal operation is the key to all lesser activities. Nor do we become merely conscious of this cosmic existence, but likewise conscious in it, receiving it in sensation, but also entering into it in awareness. In it we live as we lived before in the ego-sense, active, more and more in contact, even unified more and more with other minds, other lives, other bodies than the organism we call ourselves, producing effects not only on our own moral and mental being and on the subjective being of others, but even on the physical world and its events by means nearer to the divine than those possible to our egoistic capacity.
  14:Real then to the man who has had contact with it or lives in it, is this cosmic consciousness, with a greater than the physical reality; real in itself, real in its effects and works. And as it is thus real to the world which is its own total expression, so is the world real to it; but not as an independent existence. For in that higher and less hampered experience we perceive that consciousness and being are not different from each other, but all being is a supreme consciousness, all consciousness is selfexistence, eternal in itself, real in its works and neither a dream nor an evolution. The world is real precisely because it exists only in consciousness; for it is a Conscious Energy one with Being that creates it. It is the existence of material form in its own right apart from the self-illumined energy which assumes the form, that would be a contradiction of the truth of things, a phantasmagoria, a nightmare, an impossible falsehood.

1.03 - Time Series, Information, and Communication, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  object:1.03 - Time Series, Information, and Communication
  subject class:Cybernetics
  performed with perfect precision. If the measurement has aTime Series, Information, and Communication
  uniformly distributed error lying over a range of length · b 1 b 2 ...
  (3.081)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  Note that f 1 (x, y) is of the form φ(x)ψ(y) and
  (3.10)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  a + b
  second law of thermodynamics in Communication engineering.
  Conversely, the greater specification of an ambiguous situation,
  (3.141)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  where the ∑ is taken over all sets of points (x n−m+1 , ..., x n ) cor-
  be noted that most of the telephone and other Communication
  devices are actually not attached to a particular origin in time.
  the transformation group consisting of the operators T λ whichTime Series, Information, and Communication
  change f(t) into f(t + λ) leaves the probability of the ensemble
  cumstances, will tend to a limit as n → ∞ and this limit will giveTime Series, Information, and Communication
  us all the knowledge there is concerning the distribution of any
  this, which is unambiguous, we can make the set of pathsTime Series, Information, and Communication
  corresponding to the different possible Brownian motions
  1), we shall obtain a distribution of ξ(t, α, β) where t runs overTime Series, Information, and Communication
  (3.32)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  almost always read off any statistical parameter of such a timeTime Series, Information, and Communication
  (3.52)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  tion of the problem of reducing a large class of time series toTime Series, Information, and Communication
  haps the most pressing facing Communication engineering.
  Let us now come to the prediction problem for time series
  (3.67)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  (3.79)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  (3.90)Time Series, Information, and Communication
  square error, isTime Series, Information, and Communication
  d ξ ( t − τ , γ ) ∫
  coefficients, and that its mean square value is proportional toTime Series, Information, and Communication
   π n τ 
  and the time density of Communication of energy is this quan-
  tity divided by 2A. If now A → ∞, Expression 3.921 approaches
  Krein and the author.Time Series, Information, and Communication
  This is the analogue of Eq. 3.88. Let us note that if we putTime Series, Information, and Communication
  k μ =
  Expression 3.922, namely,Time Series, Information, and Communication
  2 π
  momentum which increases with the frequency. On the otherTime Series, Information, and Communication

1.042 - Consultation, #Quran, #unset, #Zen
  48. But if they turn away—We did not send you as a guardian over them. Your only duty is Communication. Whenever We let man taste mercy from Us, he rejoices in it; but when misfortune befalls them, as a consequence of what their hands have perpetrated, man turns blasphemous.
  49. To God belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. He creates whatever He wills. He grants daughters to whomever He wills, and He grants sons to whomever He wills.

1.04 - Feedback and Oscillation, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics

1.04 - THE APPEARANCE OF ANOMALY - CHALLENGE TO THE SHARED MAP, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  implicit and fundamental. The capacity to abstract which has facilitated the Communication of very
  complex and only partially understood ideas is therefore also the capacity to undermine the very
  abstraction facilitates Communication of morality (instruction in how to behave), by making it unnecessary
  to wait around to watch until something important worth seeing and remembering actually happens.
  The major advantage of increased abstraction of representation apart from ease of Communication is
  increased adaptive flexibility: alterations in abstract thought can proceed as if as if a game, without
  threatened with a few well-chosen and revolutionary words, whose ease of Communication belies their
  elaborately complex evolutionary history, the depth of heroic endeavor necessary to their formulation, and
  sensory information, made possible by linguistic Communication challenged belief in the reality of the
  mythic world, which was in fact never objective, from the perspective of perception and sensation. The
  the Communication of disembodied or abstracted thought from person to person, through processes ranging
  in complexity from concrete imitation to generalized philosophical discourse.
  and human experience in general. The expansion of detailed Communication allows the individual to
  become at least partly aware of his or her own objective nature.

1.04 - The Divine Mother - This Is She, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  It was a new experience indeed, for till then our approach to her was individual and restricted mostly to practical guidance; there was no intellectual Communication and the Mother would always discourage intellectual questions. This was the first time she became collectively expansive and was ready to respond to intellectual seekings, but mainly on spiritual matters. These talks naturally reminded me of Sri Aurobindo's talks for their vivid contrast and I could not but make a mental comparison between them; they sharply bring out the characteristics of two different personalities though their consciousness is one. Here the Mother's personality dominated the whole atmosphere; her tone, mood and manner were stamped with a seriousness, energy and force that demanded close attention. Humour did not play a conspicuous role, but there were flashes of wit. Her eyes were on everybody, her answers, though meant for the questioner, were directed towards all so that there was no room for being inattentive or indifferent. When a play by the Mother was staged by our students, she strictly enjoined on the young children to keep complete silence. The striking difference with Sri Aurobindo, as I have pointed out, was his impersonality. He asked questions or answered them without looking at the questioner. He spoke slowly in a subdued voice with no stress in it. There was no constraint upon you, you were having a talk with a friend, and in friendship, levity, gravity, all were in order. Still, Sri Aurobindo remained Sri Aurobindo to us; there was no loss of reverence. Some of us had hotly discussed topics even to the point of losing our temper before his Witness-Purusha consciousness. That would be very unusual before the Mother. To put a homely simile, they were like a father and mother, both loving but one indulgent, liberal, large, the other a firm though not inconsiderate disciplinarian. Both are aspects of the one Divine Impersonal and Personal, Purusha and Prakriti and both have their ineffable charm. Though all were free to ask her questions, it was not always easy to ask them, as the answers instead of having a direct bearing on the questions were sometimes directed against the consciousness of the person involved; for to her, it was that which was more important, and our consciousness was an open book to her inner sight. These talks continued for quite a long time; the hall used to be packed. Unfortunately no regular record has been kept, first because they flowed very fast and secondly, there were only a few who understood French well. In later days, some talks were held in English out of a special consideration for a few people. I shall quote one or two of them from my scanty records.
  Q: What is the origin of anger and how to get rid of it?

1.05 - Buddhism and Women, #Tara - The Feminine Divine, #unset, #Zen
  of Communication that allow one to understand the

1.05 - Computing Machines and the Nervous System, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  vous. In a similar manner, the ordinary Communication system
  of a mine may consist of a telephone central with the attached

1.05 - Solitude, #Walden, and On The Duty Of Civil Disobedience, #Henry David Thoreau, #Philosophy
  Certainly less frequency would suffice for all important and hearty Communications. Consider the girls in a factory,never alone, hardly in their dreams. It would be better if there were but one inhabitant to a square mile, as where I live. The value of a man is not in his skin, that we should touch him.
  I have heard of a man lost in the woods and dying of famine and exhaustion at the foot of a tree, whose loneliness was relieved by the grotesque visions with which, owing to bodily weakness, his diseased imagination surrounded him, and which he believed to be real. So also, owing to bodily and mental health and strength, we may be continually cheered by a like but more normal and natural society, and come to know that we are never alone.

1.05 - THE HOSTILE BROTHERS - ARCHETYPES OF RESPONSE TO THE UNKNOWN, #Maps of Meaning, #Jordan Peterson, #Psychology
  creative behaviors, in the course of heroic endeavor, their subsequent Communication in imitation and its
  abstract forms, and their integration, over time, into a consistent pattern of behavior, whose nature and
  cryptic Communication of the hidden meaning of symbols.
  The Stone makes possible the identification of opposites.577 It purifies and perfects the metals. It is
  were interhemispheric Communication so distorted that the left hemisphere could no longer identify the origin of
  activities in the right hemisphere as belonging to the unified consciousness of self. [Doty, R.W. (1989). p. 3].

1.05 - The New Consciousness, #On the Way to Supermanhood, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  But at the beginning this functioning is still unsure. We are constantly snatched back by the old machinery, the habit of mulling over thoughts, judging, deducing, calculating, and immediately it is as if a veil fell, a screen came between the quiet clarity behind and the arduous whirlwind here: Communications are jammed. Again we have to take a step back and find the comfortable expanse and it is irritating, uncommunicative and apparently indifferent to our fate, opposing a neutral silence, an unrelieved blankness to the question we send it and which would yet call for an immediate answer. So we yield once more; we start up the machine again only to realize that everything was blank behind so we would not move in front, and that the time for an answer had not yet come. We keep stumbling along and persisting, trustful but awkward outwardly (or in front), when circumstances would call for swiftness and efficiency, and those who work with the old reason may scoff, as perhaps the old veteran anthropoid scoffed at the clumsiness of the apprentice man: we miss the branch. We fall and pick ourselves up. We go on. But gradually, as our demechanization gains ground, grows sure-footed and more perfect, the Communications become clearer, the perceptions more accurate and precise. We begin to unravel a whole jumbled network that had previously seemed like logic itself. From within the tranquil clarity, we notice a multitude of movements rising from below, from outside, from others; it is a mixture of vibrations, a cacophony of minuscule impulses, a battlefield, an arena filled with obscure contenders, blind drives, dark flashes, microscopic and stubborn wills. And all of a sudden, in all that muddle falls a tiny little drop from our quiet river without our wanting it or trying or even asking for it and everything loosens up, smoothes out, disappears, dissolves. That face there in front of us, this grating little circumstance, that knot of difficulty, this stubborn resistance vanishes, melts away, smoothes out, opens up as if by magic. We begin to enter mastery.
  But it is a curious sort of mastery it does not obey us at all! On the contrary, the minute we try to use it, it eludes us completely, slips through our fingers, pokes fun at us and leaves us looking foolish, like an apprentice sculptor trying to imitate the stroke of the Master: our stroke misses. We even hit our fingers. And we learn. Perhaps we learn not to want anything. But it is a little more complicated than that complicated from our standpoint, of course, because everything is complicated on this side; it is complexity itself. In fact, it is simple. We are learning the law of rhythm. Because Truth is a rhythm.

1.06 - Agni and the Truth, #The Secret Of The Veda, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  The importance of the sacrificial fire in the outward ritual corresponds to the importance of this inward force of unified Light and Power in the inward rite by which there is Communication and interchange between the mortal and the Immortal. Agni is elsewhere frequently described as the envoy, duta, the medium of that Communication and interchange.
  We see, then, in what capacity Agni is called to the sacrifice.

1.06 - Gestalt and Universals, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics

1.06 - LIFE AND THE PLANETS, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  ever-improving means of Communication with a rapidly increasing
  scope for action; to which may be added the fact that their

1.06 - Magicians as Kings, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  chiefs lies entirely in the belief that they have Communication with
  mighty ghosts, and wield that supernatural power whereby they can

1.06 - Quieting the Vital, #Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  The Limitations of Morality There is an area of our being which is a source of both great difficulty and great power. A source of difficulty, because it blurs all the Communications from outside or above by frantically opposing our efforts to silence the mind and bogging down the consciousness at its own level of petty occupations and interests, thus hindering its free movement toward other regions. A source of power, because it is the outcropping of the great force of life in us. This is the region located between the heart and the sex center, which Sri Aurobindo calls the vital.
  It is a place full of every possible mixture: pleasure is inextricably mixed with suffering, pain with joy, evil with good, and make-believe with truth. The world's various spiritual traditions have found it so troublesome that they have preferred to reject this dangerous zone altogether, allowing only the expression of so-called religious emotions and strongly advising the neophyte to reject everything else.
  A very important corollary follows upon this widening of the being, which will make us appreciate the absolute necessity of vital immobility, not only for the sake of clarity of Communications,
  efficiency in action, and joy in life, but simply for our own safety. As long as we live in the small frontal person, the vibrations are small,

1.07 - A Song of Longing for Tara, the Infallible, #How to Free Your Mind - Tara the Liberator, #Thubten Chodron, #unset
  wont hinder our Communication and sharing.
  This verse speaks in particular about those who trust us. Those who trust

1.07 - Cybernetics and Psychopathology, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics

1.07 - Incarnate Human Gods, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  however, always leave him as soon as the Communication had been
  made. Sometimes the same _taura,_ or priest, continued for two or

1.07 - Savitri, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  During this period a long Communication that had passed between Amal and a critical friend of his on Savitri as well as on some shorter mystical poems of Sri Aurobindo, was sent to Sri Aurobindo for his opinion or reaction. Amal had also put some questions on beauty and greatness in poetry and whether spiritual poetry could be considered greater than any other. His long illuminating commentary on his own poetry and the detailed answers on the various other topics raised, which were dictated at this time, consumed much of our time, but we could see from the replies how Sri Aurobindo welcomed such discussion from Amal whom he had prepared in the art of poetry. No one except Amal, or perhaps Arjava had he been alive, could have discussed with Sri Aurobindo almost as equals on English poetry and drawn out many intricate expositions on rhythm, overhead poetry, etc., which are now a permanent treasure in English literature.
  Sri Aurobindo's quotations from memory from Homer, Shakespeare, Milton and others which he said should be verified were, in most cases, correct. When I read Homer's lines trying to imitate Sri Aurobindo's intonation, but forgetting the quantitative length, he corrected me. That reminds me also of how he encouraged me indirectly to learn the Sanskrit alphabet. I didn't know it, as I learnt Pali in my school. So whenever I met with a Sanskrit word while reading correspondences to Sri Aurobindo, I had either to show it to him or get somebody's help. I thought this wouldn't do, I must learn at least the alphabet. I put my mind to it and, getting some smattering of it, began to show my learning before him. He Started taking interest. When I tried to articulate a word in part, he helped me with the rest as one does with a child. Fortunately I managed, after getting the Mother's approval, to learn French also during the break from my work. She said it would be very useful, and so it was, for when some French Communications came, I could read them to him.
  This is roughly the story of the grand epic Savitri traced from the earliest conception to its final consummation. Undoubtedly the first three Books were of a much higher level of inspiration and nearer perfection than the rest, for with ample leisure, and working by himself he could devote more time and care to that end, which unfortunately could not be said about the rest of the Books. Apart from the different versions I have mentioned, there is a huge mass of manuscripts which we have left unclassified since they are in fragments[4] all of which testifies to the immense labour of a god that has gone into the building of the magnificent epic. For a future research scholar, when Savitri earns as wide a recognition as, for instance, Dante's or Homer's epic, if not more, a very interesting work remains to be done; going into the minutest detail, he would show where new lines or passages have been added, or where one line slightly changed becomes an overhead line, or how another line after various changes comes back to its original version, etc., etc. I was chosen as a scribe probably because I didn't have all these gifts, so that I could, like a passive instrument, jot down faithfully whatever was dictated while Amal would have raised doubts, argued with him or been lost in sheer admiration of the beauty and the grandeur! Dilip would have started quoting line after line in rapturous ecstasy before the poem had come out! I submit no apology, nor am I conscience-stricken for my failures, for he knew what was the worth of his instrument. I am only grateful to him for being able to serve him with the very faculty which he had evolved and developed in me.
  I desist from giving my own impression of the incomparable epic. I have no such competence and though I have been made a poet by the Master I leave it to more efficient authorities. One fact alone makes me dumb with a reverent awe and exalted admiration: the colossal labour Sri Aurobindo put forth to build this unique structure. It reminds me of one of those majestic ancient temples like Konarak or of a Gothic cathedral like Notre Dame before which you stand and stare in speechless ecstasy, your soul takes a flight beyond time and space. Before I knew much about Sri Aurobindo, I asked him in my foolish way, why, himself being the master of inspiration and having all higher planes at his command, sending inspiration to others, should he still have to work so hard? With his consciousness entirely silent, he had only to hitch to the right source and words, images, ideas would tumble down in a Brahmaputra of inspiration! To which he answered in his habitual indulgent tone, perhaps a bit piqued by my facile observation: "The highest planes are not so accommodating as all that. If they were so, why should it be so difficult to bring down and organise the supermind in the physical consciousness? What happy-go-lucky fancy-web-spinning ignoramuses you all are. You speak of silence, consciousness, overmental, supramental, etc. as if they were so many electric buttons you have only to press and there you are. It may be one day, but meanwhile I have to discover everything about the working of all possible modes of electricity, all the laws, possibilities, perils, etc., construct roads of connection and Communication, make the whole far-wiring system, try to find out how it can be made foolproof and all that in the course of a single lifetime. And I have to do it while my blessed disciples are firing off their gay or gloomy a priori reasonings at me from a position of entire irresponsibility and expecting me to divulge everything to them not in hints but at length. Lord God in omnibus!"
  Then, with regard to hard labour on Savitri, he wrote: "That is very simple. I used Savitri as a means of ascension. I began with it on a certain mental level, each time I could reach a higher level I rewrote from that level. Moreover I was particular if part seemed to me to come from any lower levels I was not satisfied to leave it because it was good poetry. All had to be as far as possible of the same mint. In fact, Savitri has not been regarded by me as a poem to be written and finished; but as a field of experimentation to see how far poetry could be written from one's own Yogic consciousness and how that could be made creative. I did not rewrite Rose of God or the sonnets except for two or three verbal alterations made at the moment."

1.07 - The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, #Sex Ecology Spirituality, #Ken Wilber, #Philosophy
  In other words, rationality is global, vision-logic is more global. Take Habermas, for example (in Communication and the Evolution of Society). Formal operational rationality establishes the postconventional stages of, first, "civil liberties" or "legal freedom" for "all those bound by law," and then, in a more developed stage, it demands not just legal freedom but also "moral freedom" for "all humans as private persons." But even further, mature or communicative reason (our vision-logic) demands both "moral and political freedom" for "all human beings as members of a world society." Thus, where rationality began the worldcentric orientation of universal pluralism, vision-logic brings it to a mature fruition by demanding not just legal and moral freedom, but legal and moral and political freedom (includes the previous stage and adds something crucial: transcends and includes).
  In just the same way, ecological and relational awareness, which started to emerge with formal operational, comes to a major fruition with vision-logic and the centauric worldview. For, in beginning to differentiate from rationality (look at it, operate upon it), vision-logic can, for the first time, integrate reason with its predecessors, including life and matter, all as junior holons in its own compound individuality.

1.07 - THE GREAT EVENT FORESHADOWED - THE PLANETIZATION OF MANKIND, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  means of Communication, has found itself seized in the mould of
  a communal existence large sections tightly encased in countless

1.08 - Departmental Kings of Nature, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  till lately Communications were regularly maintained between them
  and the King of Cambodia, who year by year exchanged presents with

1.08 - Independence from the Physical, #Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  an expansion that is the basis of all physical mastery. In addition, it jams all Communications and invites all disasters; a fact we should never fail to underscore is that the moment we merely "think" of something or someone, we are instantly in contact (most often unconsciously) with all the vibrations representing this thing or this person, and hence receive all the consequences of these vibrations.
  Because of its ingrained fear, the physical mind constantly puts us in contact with the direst possibilities; it always contemplates the worst.

1.08 - Information, Language, and Society, #Cybernetics, or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine, #Norbert Wiener, #Cybernetics
  of Communication we can trace in them are as general and dif-
  fuse as the hormonal system of Communication within the body.
  Indeed, smell, one of the chemical senses, general and undi-
  active, intelligent, flexible means of Communication long before
  the development of language.
  Whatever means of Communication the race may have, it is
  possible to define and to measure the amount of information
  of the means of Communication, that ruthlessness can reach its
  most sublime levels. Of all of these anti-­homeostatic factors in
  society, the control of the means of Communication is the most
  effective and most important.
  of Communication tend to encroach further and further on the
  primary ones. This is aided by the very elaboration and the con-

1.08 - SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE SPIRITUAL REPERCUSSIONS OF THE ATOM BOMB, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  of Communication, a planned scientific experiment employing
  units of a hundred or a thousand men had been successfully com-

1.08 - Stead and the Spirits, #Essays In Philosophy And Yoga, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  Considerable attention has been attracted and excitement created by the latest development of Mr. W. T. Steads agency for communicant spirits which he calls Julias Bureau. The supposed Communications of Mr. Gladstone, Lord Beaconsfield and other distinguished politicians on the question of the Budget have awakened much curiosity, ridicule and even indignation. The ubiquitous eloquence of Lord Curzon has been set flowing by what he considers this unscrupulous method of pressing the august departed into the ranks of Liberal electioneering agents, and he has penned an indignant letter to the papers in which there is much ornate Curzonian twaddle about sacred mysteries and the sanctities of the grave. If there is anything at all in the alleged Communications from departed souls which have become of increasing interest to the European world, it ought to be fairly established that the grave is nothing but a hole in the earth containing a rotting piece of matter with which the spirit has no farther connection, and that the spirit is very much the same after death as before, takes much interest in small, trivial and mundane matters and is very far from regarding his new existence as a solemn, sacred and mysterious affair. If so, we do not see why we either should approach the departed spirit with long and serious faces or with any more unusual feelings than curiosity, interest and eagerness to acquire knowledge of the other world and Communication with those we knew and loved in this, in fact, the ordinary human and earthly feelings existing between souls sundered by time and space, but still capable of Communication. But Lord Curzon still seems to be labouring under the crude Christian conception of the blessed dead as angels harping in heaven whose spotless plumes ought not to be roughly disturbed by human breath and of spiritual Communication as a sort of necromancy, the spirit of Mr. Gladstone being summoned from his earthy bed and getting into it again and tucking himself up comfortably in his coffin after Julia and Mr. Stead have done with him. We should have thought that in the bold and innovating mind of Indias only Viceroy these coarse European superstitions ought to have been destroyed long ago.
  It is not, however, Lord Curzon but Mr. Stead and the spirits with whom we have to deal. We know Mr. Stead as a pushing and original journalist, not always over-refined or delicate either in his actions or expressions, skilful in the advertisement of his views, excitable, earnest, declamatory, loud and even hysterical, if you will, in some of his methods, but certainly neither a liar nor a swindler. He does and says what he believes and nothing else. It is impossible to dismiss his Bureau as an imposture or mere journalistic rclame. It is impossible to dismiss the phenomena of spirit Communications, even with all the imposture that unscrupulous money-makers have imported into them, as unreal or a deception. All that can reasonably be said is that their true nature has not yet been established beyond dispute. There are two conceivable explanations, one that of actual spirit Communication, the other that of vigorously dramatised imaginary conversations jointly composed with wonderful skill and consistency by the subconscious minds, whatever that may be, of the persons present, the medium being the chief dramaturge of this subconscious literary Committee. This theory is so wildly improbable and so obviously opposed to the nature of the phenomena themselves, that only an obstinate unwillingness to admit new facts and ideas can explain its survival, although it was natural and justifiable in the first stages of investigation. There remains the explanation of actual spirit Communication. But even when we have decided on this hypothesis as the base of our investigation, we have to be on our guard against a multitude of errors; for the Communications are vitiated first by the errors and self-deceptions of the medium and the sitters, then by the errors and self-deceptions of the communicant spirits, and, worst of all, by deliberate deceit, lies and jugglery on the part of the visitants from the other world. The element of deceit and jugglery on the part of the medium and his helpers is not always small, but can easily be got rid of. Cheap scepticism and cheaper ridicule in such matters is only useful for comforting small brains and weak imaginations with a sense of superiority to the larger minds who do not refuse to enquire into phenomena which are at least widespread and of a consistently regular character. The true attitude is to examine carefully the nature of the phenomena, the conditions that now detract from their value and the possibility of removing them and providing perfect experimental conditions which would enable us to arrive at a satisfactory scientific result. Until the value of the Communications is scientifically established, any attempt to use them for utilitarian, theatrical or yet lighter purposes is to be deprecated, as such misuse may end in shutting a wide door to potential knowledge upon humanity.
  From this point of view Mr. Steads bizarre experiments are to be deprecated. The one redeeming feature about them is that, as conducted, they seem to remove the first elementary difficulty in the way of investigation, the possibility of human deceit and imposture. We presume that he has got rid of professional mediums and allows only earnest-minded and honourable investigators to be present. But the other elements of error and confusion are encouraged rather than obviated by the spirit and methods of Mr. Steads Bureau. First, there is the error and self-deception of the sitters. The spirit does not express himself directly but has to give his thoughts at third hand; they come first to the intermediary spirit, Julia or another, by her they are conveyed to the human medium and through him conveyed by automatic or conscious speech or writing to the listeners. It is obvious how largely the mind of the medium and, to a smaller but still great extent, the thought-impressions of the other sitters must interfere, and this without the least intention on their part, rather in spite of a strong wish in the opposite direction. Few men really understand how the human mind works or are fitted to watch the processes of their own conscious and half-conscious thought even when the mind is disinterested, still less when it is active and interested in the subject of Communication. The sitters interfere, first, by putting in their own thoughts and expressions suggested by the beginnings of the Communication, so that what began as a spirit conversation ends in a tangle of the mediums or sitters ideas with the little of his own that the spirit can get in now and then. They interfere not only by suggesting what they themselves think or would say on the subject, but by suggesting what they think the spirit ought dramatically to think or say, so that Mr. Gladstone is made to talk in interminable cloudy and circumambient periods which were certainly his oratorical style but can hardly have been the staple of his conversation, and Lord Beaconsfield is obliged to be cynical and immoral in the tone of his observations. They interfere again by eagerness, which sometimes produces replies according to the sitters wishes and sometimes others which are unpleasant or alarming, but in neither case reliable. This is especially the case in answers to questions about the future, which ought never to be asked. It is true that many astonishing predictions occur which are perfectly accurate, but these are far outweighed by the mass of false and random prediction. These difficulties can only be avoided by rigidly excluding every question accompanied by or likely to raise eagerness or expectation and by cultivating entire mental passivity. The last however is impossible to the medium unless he is a practised Yogin, or in a trance, or a medium who has attained the habit of passivity by an unconscious development due to long practice. In the sitters we do not see how it is to be induced. Still, without unemotional indifference to the nature of the answer and mental passivity the conditions for so difficult and delicate a process of Communication cannot be perfect.
  Error and self-deception from the other side of the veil cannot be obviated by any effort on this side; all that we can do is to recognise that the spirits are limited in knowledge and cabined by character, so that we have to allow for the mental and moral equation in the communicant when judging the truth and value of the Communication. Absolute deception and falsehood can only be avoided by declining to communicate with spirits of a lower order and being on guard against their masquerading under familiar or distinguished names. How far Mr. Stead and his circle have guarded against these latter errors we cannot say, but the spirit in which the sittings are conducted, does not encourage us to suppose that scrupulous care is taken in these respects. It is quite possible that some playful spirit has been enacting Mr. Gladstone to the too enthusiastic circle and has amused himself by elaborating those cloudy-luminous periods which he saw the sitters expected from the great deceased Opportunist. But we incline to the view that what we have got in this now famous spirit interview, is a small quantity of Gladstone, a great deal of Stead and a fair measure of the disembodied Julia and the assistant psychics.

1.08 - The Depths of the Divine, #Sex Ecology Spirituality, #Ken Wilber, #Philosophy
  The "struggle for recognition" is simply the theme, developed from Hegel to Habermas to Taylor, that mutual recognition-what we have also been calling the free exchange of mutual self-esteem among all peoples (the emergence of the rational-egoic self-esteem needs)-is an omega point that pulls history and Communication forward toward the free emergence of that mutual recognition. Short of that emergence, history is a brutalization of one self or group of selves trying to triumph over, dominate, or subjugate others.
  When, on the other hand, human beings universally recognize each other "as beings with a certain worth or dignity," then history in that sense "comes to an end because the longing that had driven the historical process-the struggle for recognition-has been satisfied in a society characterized by universal and reciprocal recognition. No other arrangement of human social institutions is better able to satisfy this longing, and hence no further progressive historical change is possible."63 The End of History.

1.09 - SKIRMISHES IN A WAY WITH THE AGE, #Twilight of the Idols, #Friedrich Nietzsche, #Philosophy
  just as he is capable of the most perfect art of Communication. He
  enters into every skin, into every passion: he is continually changing

1.09 - Sleep and Death, #Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  we will cut off all Communications), and that thread will take us from one country to another, from one memory to another. We may sometimes remain stuck for years at the same point on the way, as if there were a memory lapse somewhere, a gap in the road. To build the missing connection, we must be patient and just persevere; through obstinacy, a path will eventually open, as in the jungle. To try to recall dreams is not the only method, however; we can also concentrate at night, before going to sleep, with a will to remember and to wake up once or twice, at fixed intervals, in order to catch the thread at different points along the way. This method is particularly effective.
  We know how we only have to want to wake up at a given time for the inner clock to work precisely, almost to the minute; this is called "making a formation." These formations are like little vibratory nodules issued by the will and which then acquire an existence of their own, discharging their duties very effectively. 98 We can make more or less powerful, and more or less durable, formations (that can be periodically recharged) for all sorts of purposes, and in particular for remembering to awaken at regular intervals during our sleep. If we persevere for months, or years if necessary, eventually each time a significant event takes place on some plane of our sleep, we will be 98

1.09 - Stead and Maskelyne, #Essays In Philosophy And Yoga, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  The vexed question of spirit Communication has become a subject of permanent public controversy in England. So much that is of the utmost importance to our views of the world, religion, science, life, philosophy, is crucially interested in the decision of this question, that no fresh proof or disproof, establishment or refutation of the genuineness and significance of spirit Communications can go disregarded. But no discussion of the question which proceeds merely on first principles can be of any value. It is a matter of evidence, of the value of the evidence and of the meaning of the evidence. If the ascertained facts are in favour of spiritualism, it is no argument against the facts that they contradict the received dogmas of science or excite the ridicule alike of the enlightened sceptic and of the matter-of-fact citizen. If they are against spiritualism, it does not help the latter that it supports religion or pleases the imagination and flatters the emotions of mankind. Facts are what we desire, not enthusiasm or ridicule; evidence is what we have to weigh, not unsupported arguments or questions of fitness or probability. The improbable may be true, the probable entirely false.
  In judging the evidence, we must attach especial importance to the opinion of men who have dealt with the facts at first hand. Recently, two such men have put succinctly their arguments for and against the truth of spiritualism, Mr. W. T. Stead and the famous conjurer, Mr. Maskelyne. We will deal with Mr. Maskelyne first, who totally denies the value of the facts on which spiritualism is based. Mr. Maskelyne puts forward two absolutely inconsistent theories, first, that spiritualism is all fraud and humbug, the second, that it is all subconscious mentality. The first was the theory which has hitherto been held by the opponents of the new phenomena, the second the theory to which they are being driven by an accumulation of indisputable evidence. Mr. Maskelyne, himself a professed master of jugglery and illusion, is naturally disposed to put down all mediums as irregular competitors in his own art; but the fact that a conjuror can produce an illusory phenomenon, is no proof that all phenomena are conjuring. He farther argues that no spiritualistic phenomena have been produced when he could persuade Mr. Stead to adopt conditions which precluded fraud. We must know Mr. Maskelynes conditions and have Mr. Steads corroboration of this statement before we can be sure of the value we must attach to this kind of refutation. In any case we have the indisputable fact that Mr Stead himself has been the medium in some of the most important and best ascertained of the phenomena. Mr. Maskelyne knows that Mr. Stead is an honourable man incapable of a huge and impudent fabrication of this kind and he is therefore compelled to fall back on the wholly unproved theory of the subconscious mind. His arguments do not strike us as very convincing. Because we often write without noticing what we are writing, mechanically, therefore, says this profound thinker, automatic writing must be the same kind of mental process. The one little objection to this sublimely felicitous argument is that automatic writing has no resemblance whatever to mechanical writing. When a an writes mechanically, he does not notice what he is writing; when he writes automatically, he notices it carefully and has his whole attention fixed on it. When he writes mechanically, his hand records something that it is in his mind to write; when he writes automatically, his hand transcribes something which it is not in his mind to write and which is often the reverse of what his mind would tell him to write. Mr. Maskelyne farther gives the instance of a lady writing a letter and unconsciously putting an old address which, when afterwards questioned, she could not remember. This amounts to no more than a fit of absent-mindedness in which an old forgotten fact rose to the surface of the mind and by the revival of old habit was reproduced on the paper, but again sank out of immediate consciousness as soon as the mind returned to the present. This is a mental phenomenon essentially of the same class as our continuing unintentionally to write the date of the last year even in this years letters. In one case it is the revival, in the other the persistence of an old habit. What has this to do with the phenomena of automatic writing which are of an entirely different class and not attended by absent-mindedness at all? Mr. Maskelyne makes no attempt to explain the writing of facts in their nature unknowable to the medium, or of repeated predictions of the future, which are common in automatic Communications.
  On the other side Mr. Steads arguments are hardly more convincing. He bases his belief, first, on the nature of the Communications from his son and others in which he could not be deceived by his own mind and, secondly, on the fact that not only statements of the past, but predictions of the future occur freely. The first argument is of no value unless we know the nature of the Communication and the possibility or impossibility of the facts stated having been previously known to Mr. Stead. The second is also not conclusive in itself. There are some predictions which a keen mind can make by inference or guess, but, if we notice the hits and forget the misses, we shall believe them to be prophecies and not ordinary previsions. The real value of Mr. Steads defence of the phenomena lies in the remarkable concrete instance he gives of a prediction from which this possibility is entirely excluded. The spirit of Julia, he states, predicted the death within the year of an acquaintance who, within the time stated, suffered from two illnesses, in one of which the doctors despaired of her recovery. On each occasion the predicting spirit was naturally asked whether the illness was not to end in the death predicted, and on each she gave an unexpected negative answer and finally predicted a death by other than natural means. As a matter of fact, the lady in question, before the year was out, leaped out of a window and was killed. This remarkable prophecy was obviously neither a successful inference nor a fortunate guess, nor even a surprising coincidence. It is a convincing and indisputable prophecy. Its appearance in the automatic writing can only be explained either by the assumption that Mr. Stead has a subliminal self, calling itself Julia, gifted with an absolute and exact power of prophecy denied to the man as we know him,a violent, bizarre and unproved assumption,or by the admission that there was a communicant with superior powers to ordinary humanity using the hand of the writer. Who that was, Julia or another, ghost, spirit or other being, is a question that lies beyond. This controversy, with the worthlessness of the arguments on either side and the supreme worth of the one concrete and precise fact given, is a signal proof of our contention that, in deciding this question, it is not a priori arguments, but facts used for their evidential value as an impartial lawyer would use them, that will eventually prevail.

1.09 - Talks, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  Yet they came so unexpectedly, for Sri Aurobindo, as we had come to know and see him during the Darshan, had succeeded in building in our minds a picture of him high-poised as his Life Divine, far-moving as his Synthesis of Yoga, unapproachable, except perhaps by the gods, not at all close and intimate like his Essays on the Gita or accessible to our mortal longings. Of course, few of us had the extraordinary good fortune of knowing his human side through his inestimable correspondence, on the strength of which I wrote to him, "You thrashed me for calling you grave and austere at the Darshan time. But see, when we go to the Mother, how seraphically she smiles, while your noble Self being near, appears still far away at some Olympian height. It is difficult to discern the gravity or the jollity of a face at such a height. I suppose our conception of the gods was formed from the vision of such a figure." He replied, "Neither gravity nor jollity, but a large, easy, quiet, amiable condition. The gods can't be amiable?" And it was this amiable aspect that came to the forefront in our talks. We came to know much later that Sri Aurobindo used to hold "table-talks" in the pre-Ashram days, with his few young followers. But I believe ours were an advance on those talks by the ease, the informality, the natural diversity and intimacy of Communication due to the exceptional circumstances in which they were held. Sri Aurobindo had no need of vocal self-expression, either in our time or before. It is my conviction that the interchange with us was an act of compassion to entertain us in return for the medical attendance we had been called upon to render him. I may add here that any personal service offered to the Divine, however small, brings an ample reward.
  When after the first few days of discomfort and submission to medical rigours, he had adjusted himself to the new mode of life, the talks started. At first they were in the form of medical enquiries. Dr. Manilal would come up in the morning (for he was living outside the Ashram compound) and stand with folded hands before Sri Aurobindo who lay in bed. After pranam he would ask, smiling, "How are you, Sir? Did you sleep well?" to which Sri Aurobindo's answers were genially brief.
  People who read our Correspondence were under the impression that our days bubbled with "jest and jollity, quips and cranks" all the while. In fact, a friend did not believe me when I said that the bubbling lasted only for a short time. Sri Aurobindo was, after all, a Yogi. All who knew him knew that. In one of his letters to Dilip, when Dilip complained that Sri Aurobindo would not laugh or even smile, he replied that since his childhood, he had been estranged from his family and accustomed to live a solitary life. His nature had therefore become reserved, somewhat remote and he felt shy of too much personal emotion. The English racial climate may have, I suppose, added its own large share to it. Moreover, the Yoga he had practised, beginning with the transcendental nirvanic experience, must have crowned the natural disposition. Buddha, I believe, for all his compassion, could not but have been impersonal in his daily Communication. This vast impersonality even in personal relations, is it not the basis of his Yoga? I have often wondered what his state of consciousness was, for instance, when he was talking with us or dictating Savitri. Now I have learnt that the three states of consciousness: transcendent, cosmic and individual can operate at the same time. I also used to wonder how he could take interest even in the most trivial, "unspiritual" amusing talk or incidents, and joke with us, say on snoring or baldness! He had found the rasa,the delight of Brahman in everything. So his jokes were never trivial; they could be playful but always had an intellectual element in them.
  I have already given some examples of his humour in the previous chapters; let me now quote something to show his light mood. One day suddenly breaking his silence, he addressed Purani and said, "There is something nice for you, Purani." (For once he used his name!)

1.09 - The Secret Chiefs, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  You have already in these pages and elsewhere in my writings examples numerous and varied of the way in which They work. The list is far from complete. The matters of Ab-ul-Diz and of Amalantrah show one method of Communication; then there is the way of direct "inspiration," as in the case of "Hermes Eimi" in New Orleans.*[AC21]
  Again, They may send an ordinary living man, whether one of Themselves or no I cannot feel sure, to instruct me in some task, or to set me right when I have erred. Then there have been messages conveyed by natural objects, animate or inanimate.[AC22] Needless to say, the outstanding example in my life is the whole Plan of Campaign concerning The Book of the Law. But is Aiwaz a man (presumably a Persian or Assyrian) and a "Secret Chief," or is He an "angel" in the sense that Gabriel is an angel? Is Ab-ul-Diz an Adept who can project himself into the aura of some woman with whom I happen to be living, although she has no previous experience of the kind, or any interest in such matters at all? Or is He a being whose existence is altogether beyond this plane, only adopting human appearance and faculties in order to make Himself sensible and intelligible to that woman?

1.10 - Conscious Force, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  14:Momentous logical consequences follow. In the first place we may ask whether, since even mental consciousness exists where we see inanimation and inertia, it is not possible that even in material objects a universal subconscient mind is present although unable to act or communicate itself to its surfaces for want of organs. Is the material state an emptiness of consciousness, or is it not rather only a sleep of consciousness - even though from the point of view of evolution an original and not an intermediate sleep? And by sleep the human example teaches us that we mean not a suspension of consciousness, but its gathering inward away from conscious physical response to the impacts of external things. And is not this what all existence is that has not yet developed means of outward Communication with the external physical world? Is there not a Conscious Soul, a Purusha who wakes for ever even in all that sleeps?
  15:We may go farther. When we speak of subconscious mind, we should mean by the phrase a thing not different from the outer mentality, but only acting below the surface, unknown to the waking man, in the same sense if perhaps with a deeper plunge and a larger scope. But the phenomena of the subliminal self far exceed the limits of any such definition. It includes an action not only immensely superior in capacity, but quite different in kind from what we know as mentality in our waking self. We have therefore a right to suppose that there is a superconscient in us as well as a subconscient, a range of conscious faculties and therefore an organisation of consciousness which rise high above that psychological stratum to which we give the name of mentality. And since the subliminal self in us thus rises in superconscience above mentality, may it not also sink in subconscience below mentality? Are there not in us and in the world forms of consciousness which are submental, to which we can give the name of vital and physical consciousness? If so, we must suppose in the plant and the metal also a force to which we can give the name of consciousness although it is not the human or animal mentality for which we have hitherto preserved the monopoly of that description.

1.10 - Relics of Tree Worship in Modern Europe, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  the water-spirits by putting them in indirect Communication with the

1.10 - THE FORMATION OF THE NOOSPHERE, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  network of radio and television Communications which, perhaps
  anticipating the direct syntonization of brains through the myste-

1.10 - The Roughly Material Plane or the Material World, #Initiation Into Hermetics, #Franz Bardon, #Occultism
  Everything on our earth, all thriving, ripening, life and death depend on the statements made in these chapters. Hence the adept fully conceives that physical death does not mean disintegration, passing into nothingness, but what we consider as annihilation or death is nothing else but the transition from one stage into another. The material world has emerged from the principle of akasa, i.e., the known ether. The world also is controlled and kept by this same principle. Therefore it is understandable that it is the transmission of the electric or the magnetic fluid on which are based all the inventions connected with the Communication at distance, through the ether, such as radio, telegraphy, telephony, television and all the other invent ions to be achieved in the future, with the aid of the electric or magnetic fluid in the ether. But the fundamental principles and laws were, are and always will be the same.
  A very extensive and exciting book could be written solely about the effects of the various magnetic and electric fluids on the grossly material plane. But the interested reader who has decided to walk on the path of initiation and will not be deterred by the study of the principles, will find out by himself all about the varieties of powers and properties. The fruits and the insights he earned, in the course of his studies, will indemnify him amply.

1.11 - Correspondence and Interviews, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  All the Communications were, however, mostly made orally and did not interfere with Sri Aurobindo's personal work. But gradually correspondence of another sort began to demand his attention. I mean writings on various aspects of his work, either by sadhaks, visitors or outsiders, were sent to him for approval, comment or suggestion, such as Prof. Sisir Maitra's series of articles, Prof. Haridas Chowdhury's thesis on his philosophy, Prof. Sisir Mitra's book on history, books by Prof. Langley, Morwenna Donnelly, Prof. Monod-Herzen, Dr. Srinivas Iyengar, and Lizelle Raymond on Sister Nivedita, to mention a few. In the last three books Sri Aurobindo made extensive additions and changes. Even casual articles from young students were read and received encouragement from him. Arabinda Basu was one of these writers. Poems written by sadhaks, for instance, Dilip, Amal Kiran (K. D. Sethna), Nishikanto, Pujalal and Tehmi, or a Goan poet, Prof. Menezies, were also read out. Then came the journals, The Advent and Mother India, the latter particularly, being a semi-political fortnightly, needed his sanction before the matter could be published. Most of the editorial articles of Mother India written by Amal Kiran were found impeccable. But on a few occasions small but significant changes were telegraphically made. Sri Aurobindo's famous message on Korea with its prediction of Stalinist communism's designs on South East Asia and India through Tibet, was originally sent in private to Amal Kiran for his guidance. One of the editorials was based on it. Sri Aurobindo declared privately that Mother India was his paper. When the Bulletin of Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education was launched, the Mother wanted to initiate it with an article from Sri Aurobindo. Some days passed. She asked him if he had started writing it. He answered with a smile, "No." After a few days, she reminded him of the urgency. Then he began dictating on the value of sports and physical gymnastics. Quite a series commenced and the most memorable of the lot was the article "The Divine Body". It was a long piece and took more than a week, since we daily had just about an hour to spare. As he was dictating, I marvelled at so much knowledge of Ancient Greece and Ancient India stored up somewhere in his superconscious memory and now pouring down at his command in a smooth flow. No notes were consulted, no books were needed, yet after a lapse of so many decades everything was fresh, spontaneous and recalled in vivid detail! This article, like his others, was then read out to the Mother in front of Sri Aurobindo. She exclaimed, "Magnificent!" Sri Aurobindo simply smiled. All of them have appeared in book-form called The Supramental Manifestation upon Earth.
  About some of the articles by others which were being read out to him, he asked, "Have you not read them before?" "No!" I replied. He repeated, "Are you sure?" "How could I? I received them only yesterday," I answered. "Very strange!" he added, "They seem so familiar, as if I had heard them already." He appeared much intrigued by this phenomenon and I wonder if he found an explanation of the mystery. Some articles by a former sadhak were filled with so many quotations from Sri Aurobindo's writings that I muttered my protest, "There is hardly anything here except quotations." He smiled and answered, "It doesn't matter." Once he asked me about a long abstruse article, "Probability in Micro-Physics", written by Amal. It was read out to Sri Aurobindo shortly before he passed away. He asked me, "Do you understand anything of it?" I said, "No!" He smiled and said, "Neither do I." Readings and dictated correspondence, as I have stated before, began to swell in volume and absorbed much of his limited time. Consequently the revision of Savitri suffered and had to be, shelved again and again till one day he declared, "My main work is being neglected."
  And this lengthy Communication required very little change. The exchanges between the Master and the disciple went off and on for two years through me and one cannot be too thankful to the disciple for drawing out the Master on his own creation. Another important work that was carried on for some time with Purani was on the Vedas about which I have written in the chapter Attendants.
  Work of a different sort that did not interfere with his regular schedule was to correct various factual errors perpetrated by his biographers. Quite a number of people from outside started writing in English and Bengali about his life. One biography that gained some Popularity in Bengal and drew public attention was by a Bengali littrateur Shri Girija Shankar Roy Chowdhury. He was reputed to be a scholar and his articles were coming out in the well-known Bengali journal Udbodhan. But many of the facts he had collected and collated from heterogenous sources were entirely baseless and therefore the conclusions he had drawn from them wrong and fanciful. He took them for granted, without caring in the least to refer to Sri Aurobindo for verification. Since he was a man of some consequence, many of his articles were read before Sri Aurobindo who was amazed to find his erudition so muddled, and imagination so fantastic that he asked Purani to compile a sort of factual biography where only the facts of his life would be stated with precise dates and exact descriptions. Both, the Master and the disciple in collaboration, established on a sure and authentic foundation all the main incidents of his life and corrected those that passed into currency on the authority of the biographers. These are given at the end of Purani's book, The Life of Sri Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo was very much amused at the fanciful hypothesis drawn from his early love poems that he must have fallen in love more than once while in England! We could hardly control our laughter. Because of such inaccuracies, twisting of facts, colourful and hasty conclusions indulged in quite often by biographers, Sri Aurobindo discouraged the sadhaks from writing about his life since he did not "want to be murdered by his own disciples in cold print". The greatest drawback of Girija Shankar's book is that he does not seem to be an impersonal seeker of the truth about Sri Aurobindo's life. He was already a partisan even when he began his so-called biography.

1.1.2 - Commentary, #Kena and Other Upanishads, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  of Communication between the physical life and the greater life
  of the spirit. None of these are the first or supreme Breath, although the Prana most nearly represents it; the Breath to which
  by the mind in order to put itself into Communication with
  the world in which the mental being dwells and to interpret
  instrument of Communication and the Life-force, being in us a
  nervous energy and not anything material, can seize on Matter
  of its movement, establishes an increasing Communication between the consciousness of his subtle subliminal being and the
  consciousness of his gross physical and superficial existence.

1.12 - Further Magical Aids, #The Practice of Magical Evocation, #Franz Bardon, #Occultism
  This is done by rhythmic ringing. The rhythm and the number of chimes depends on the number-rhythms of the sphere with which the magician wants to have Communication. This oriental method is scarcely used by true magicians. In the east, especially in Tibet, this kind of evocation by bell-ringing, cymbal-beating etc., is often practised.
  I have already mentioned that all these implements must be new and never used for any other purpose except the one to which they are dedicated. Each implement must be put away safely after use. If it is no longer needed or if the magician does not intend to use it any more, the implement has to be destroyed or rendered innocuous. If one would use a magical implement for any other purposes, it would become desecrated and magically ineffectual.

1.12 - The Sociology of Superman, #On the Way to Supermanhood, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  The child of that City will be born with a flame, consciously, voluntarily, without having to undo millennia of animality or abysses of prejudice. He will not be told incessantly that he has to earn a living, for nobody will earn a living in the City of the Future, nobody will have money. Living will be devoted to serving the Truth, each according to his capacity or talent, and the only earnings will be joy. He will not be deluged with musts and must-nots; he will only be shown the immediate sadness of not listening to the right little note. He will not be tormented with the idea of finding a job, being a success, outranking others, passing or failing grades, for nobody succeeds or fails in the City of the Future, nobody has a job, nobody takes precedence over anybody; one does the one job of pursuing a clear little note that lights up everything, does everything for one, takes care of everything for one, unites everything in its tranquil harmony, and whose only success is to be in accord with itself and with the whole. He will not learn to depend on a teacher, a book or a machine, but to rely on that little flame inside, that sprightly little flowing that guides his steps, prompts a discovery, leads by chance to an experience and brings out knowledge effortlessly. And he will learn to cultivate the powers of his body the way others today cultivate the powers of push buttons. His faculties will not be confined in ready-made forms of vision and comprehension; in him will be fostered a vision that has nothing to do with the eyes, a comprehension that is not from books, dreams of other worlds that prepare tomorrow's, direct Communications and instant intuitions and subtle senses. And if machines are still used in the City of the Future, he will be told that they are temporary crutches until we find in our own heart the source of the pure Power which will one day transmute matter as we now transmute a blank sheet of paper into a green prairie with the stroke of a pencil. He will be taught the Look, the true and potent look, the look that creates, that changes everything he will be taught to use his own powers and to believe in his power of truth, and that the purer and clearer he is, in harmony with the Law, the more matter responds to Truth. And, instead of entering a prison, the child will grow up in an atmosphere of natural oneness, free of you, me, yours or mine, where he will not have been taught constantly to put up screens and mental barriers, but to be consciously what he unconsciously has been since the beginning of time: to extend himself into all that is and lives, to feel in all that feels, to comprehend through an identical more profound breathing, through a silence that carries everything, to recognize the same little flame everywhere, to love the same clear little flowing everywhere, and to be the self everywhere, behind a thousand different faces and in a thousand musics that are a single music.
  Then there will be no more boundaries inside or outside, no more I want, I take, no more lack or absence, no more confined and lonely self, no more against or for, good or evil. There will be one single supreme Harmony in thousands of bodies, plucking its chord in this one and that one, this circumstance and that accident, this gesture and that one, unifying everything in one single movement whose every second is perfect and every act true, every word exact, every thought right, every line rhythmical, every heart in unison and Truth will mold matter according to its right vision. And this little city without boundaries will radiate by its simple power of truth, attracting what must be attracted, discarding what must be discarded, simply by its own force of concentration, touching this point of the universe or that one, this soul or that one, answering thousands of invisible calls, continuously emitting its high, clear note which will brighten the world and lighten hearts, unbeknownst to all.

1.12 - The Superconscient, #Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  Once the expanse above becomes concrete, alive, like a spread of light overhead, the seeker will feel impelled to enter into a more direct Communication with it, to emerge into the open, for he will begin to feel, with painful acuteness, how narrow and false the mind and life below are, like a caricature. He will feel himself colliding everywhere, never at home anywhere, and finally feel that everything words, ideas, feelings is false, grating. That's not it, never it; it's always off the point, always an approximation, always insufficient. Sometimes, in our sleep, as a premonitory sign, we may find ourselves in a great blazing light, so dazzling that we instinctively shield our eyes the sun seems dark in comparison, remarks the Mother. We must then allow this Force within us, the Consciousness-Force that gropes upward, to grow; we must kindle it with our own need for something else, for a truer life, a truer knowledge, a truer relationship with the world and its beings our greatest progress [is] a deepened need.174
  We must dismiss all mental constructions that at every moment try to steal the shining thread. We must remain in a constant state of openness and be too great for ideas for it is not ideas that we need, but space. We must not only cut asunder the snare of the mind and the senses, but flee also beyond the snare of the thinker, the snare of the theologian and the church-builder, the meshes of the Word and the bondage of the Idea. All these are within us waiting to wall in the spirit with forms; but we must always go beyond, always renounce the lesser for the greater, the finite for the Infinite; we must be prepared to proceed from illumination to illumination, from experience to experience, from soul-state to soul-state. . . . Nor must we attach ourselves even to the truths we hold most securely, for they are but forms and expressions of the Ineffable who refuses to limit itself to any form or expression; always we must keep ourselves open to the higher Word from above that does not confine itself to its own sense and the light of the Thought that carries in it its own opposites. 175

1.13 - SALVATION, DELIVERANCE, ENLIGHTENMENT, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  The false or at best imperfect salvations described in the Chandogya Upanishad are of three kinds. There is first the pseudo-salvation associated with the belief that matter is the ultimate Reality. Virochana, the demonic being who is the apotheosis of power-loving, extraverted somatotonia, finds it perfectly natural to identify himself with his body, and he goes back to the other Titans to seek a purely material salvation. Incarnated in the present century, Virochana would have been an ardent Communist, Fascist or nationalist. Indra sees through material salvationism and is then offered dreamsalvation, deliverance out of bodily existence into the intermediate world between matter and spirit that fascinatingly odd and exciting psychic universe, out of which miracles and foreknowledge, spirit Communications and extra-sensory perceptions make their startling irruptions into ordinary life. But this freer kind of individualized existence is still all too personal and ego-centric to satisfy a soul conscious of its own incompleteness and eager to be made whole. Indra accordingly goes further and is tempted to accept the undifferentiated consciousness of deep sleep, of false samadhi and quietistic trance, as the final deliverance. But he refuses, in Brahmanandas words, to mistake tamas for sattvas, sloth and sub-consciousness for poise and super-consciousness. And so, by discrimination, he comes to the realization of the Self, which is the enlightenment of the darkness that is ignorance and the deliverance from the mortal consequences of that ignorance.
  The illusory salvations, against which we are warned in the other extracts, are of a different kind. The emphasis here is upon idolatry and superstitionabove all the idolatrous worship of the analytical reason and its notions, and the superstitious belief in rites, dogmas and confessions of faith as being somehow magically efficacious in themselves. Many Christians, as Law implies, have been guilty of these idolatries and superstitions. For them, complete deliverance into union with the divine Ground is impossible, either in this world or posthumously. The best they can hope for is a meritorious but still egocentric life in the body and some sort of happy posthumous longevity, as the Chinese call it, some form of survival, paradisal perhaps, but still involved in time, separateness and multiplicity.

1.14 - The Supermind as Creator, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  1:A PRINCIPLE of active Will and Knowledge superior to Mind and creatrix of the worlds is then the intermediary power and state of being between that self-possession of the One and this flux of the Many. This principle is not entirely alien to us; it does not belong solely and incommunicably to a Being who is entirely other than ourselves or to a state of existence from which we are mysteriously projected into birth, but also rejected and unable to return. If it seems to us to be seated on heights far above us, yet are they the heights of our own being and accessible to our tread. We can not only infer and glimpse that Truth, but we are capable of realising it. We may by a progressive expanding or a sudden luminous self-transcendence mount up to these summits in unforgettable moments or dwell on them during hours or days of greatest superhuman experience. When we descend again, there are doors of Communication which we can keep always open or reopen even though they should constantly shut. But to dwell there permanently on this last and highest summit of the created and creative being is in the end the supreme ideal for our evolving human consciousness when it seeks not self-annulment but self-perfection. For, as we have seen, this is the original Idea and the final harmony and truth to which our gradual self-expression in the world returns and which it is meant to achieve.
  2:Still, we may doubt whether it is possible, now or at all, to give any account of this state to the human intellect or to utilise in any communicable and organisable way its divine workings for the elevation of our human knowledge and action. The doubt does not arise solely from the rarity or dubiety of any known phenomena that would betray a human working of this divine faculty, or from the remoteness which separates this action from the experience and verifiable knowledge of ordinary humanity; it is strongly suggested also by the apparent contradiction in both essence and operation between human mentality and the divine Supermind.

1.15 - In the Domain of the Spirit Beings, #The Practice of Magical Evocation, #Franz Bardon, #Occultism
  Just the same as the not yet fully developed magician in the physical world uses a spiritual guide for his training and likes to be taught by him, either by passive Communication or automatic writing etc., a not yet perfect human being too will find his guides in the astral world. These guides will teach him from time to time and assist him whenever necessary. Highly developed spiritual beings of the zone girdling the earth condense themselves in their appropriate astral sphere and thus become the guides of individuals, or of groups of individuals, and initiate the astral beings of lower perfection into the higher laws. Such guides must never be compelled to do their work in the astral world; they are commissioned by Divine Providence to offer assistance to any astral being, depending on its maturity and state of perfection. In the astral world, the guide, one may also call him genius loci, not only teaches his protege the laws, but assists him in his whole development. It sometimes happens that an astral man wants to do something at his own accord, but is warned at the critical moment by his guide or genius not to do anything arbitrarily. The genius will intervene especially in those cases where an astral human being with a low degree of development is about to do something contrary to the laws of Divine Providence. The guide informs his protege about the laws of the physical world and prepares him for his rebirth. This clearly shows how necessary it is that the magical development of a human being during his time in the physical world leads him towards perfection in order to be prepared for life in a higher sphere.
  All blows of fate that are apt to purify a man's spirit in the physical world and that will help him to get the kind of experience necessary for his spiritual development are already prepared and determined by Divine Providence in the astral world for each individual according to his maturity and degree of development. The human being knows before his embodiment about the matter of teaching in the physical world and not only agrees to it, but even longs to get through it. At the moment of his rebirth he loses his knowledge about everything that Divine

1.15 - The Suprarational Good, #The Human Cycle, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  In fact ethics is not in its essence a calculation of good and evil in the action or a laboured effort to be blameless according to the standards of the world,those are only crude appearances,it is an attempt to grow into the divine nature. Its parts of purity are an aspiration towards the inalienable purity of Gods being; its parts of truth and right are a seeking after conscious unity with the law of the divine knowledge and will; its parts of sympathy and charity are a movement towards the infinity and universality of the divine love; its parts of strength and manhood are an edification of the divine strength and power. That is the heart of its meaning. Its high fulfilment comes when the being of the man undergoes this transfiguration; then it is not his actions that standardise his nature but his nature that gives value to his actions; then he is no longer laboriously virtuous, artificially moral, but naturally divine. Actively, too, he is fulfilled and consummated when he is not led or moved either by the infrarational impulses or the rational intelligence and will, but inspired and piloted by the divine knowledge and will made conscious in his nature. And that can only be done, first by Communication of the truth of these things through the intuitive mind as it purifies itself progressively from the invasion of egoism, self-interest, desire, passion and all kinds of self-will, finally through the suprarational light and power, no longer communicated but present and in possession of his being. Such was the supreme aim of the ancient sages who had the wisdom which rational man and rational society have rejected because it was too high a truth for the comprehension of the reason and for the powers of the normal limited human will too bold and immense, too infinite an effort.
  Therefore it is with the cult of Good, as with the cult of Beauty and the cult of the spiritual. Even in its first instincts it is already an obscure seeking after the divine and absolute; it aims at an absolute satisfaction, it finds its highest light and means in something beyond the reason, it is fulfilled only when it finds God, when it creates in man some image of the divine Reality. Rising from its infrarational beginnings through its intermediate dependence on the reason to a suprarational consummation, the ethical is like the aesthetic and the religious being of man a seeking after the Eternal.

1.17 - The Seven-Headed Thought, Swar and the Dashagwas, #The Secret Of The Veda, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  The Seven-Headed Thought, Swar and the Dashagwas 183 battle, safety in the journey by land and water which was so difficult and dangerous in those times of poor means of Communication and loosely organised inter-tribal existence. All the principal features of that outward life which they saw around them the mystic poets took and turned into significant images of the inner life. The life of man is represented as a sacrifice to the gods, a journey sometimes figured as a crossing of dangerous waters, sometimes as an ascent from level to level of the hill of being, and, thirdly, as a battle against hostile nations. But these three images are not kept separate. The sacrifice is also a journey; indeed the sacrifice itself is described as travelling, as journeying to a divine goal; and the journey and the sacrifice are both continually spoken of as a battle against the dark powers.
  The legend of the Angirases takes up and combines all these three essential features of the Vedic imagery. The Angirases are pilgrims of the light. The phrase naks.antah. or abhinaks.antah. is constantly used to describe their characteristic action. They are those who travel towards the goal and attain to the highest, abhinaks.anto abhi ye tam anasur nidhim paramam, "they who travel to and attain that supreme treasure" (II.24.6). Their action is invoked for carrying forward the life of man farther towards its goal, sahasrasave pra tiranta ayuh. (III.53.7). But this journey, if principally of the nature of a quest, the quest of the hidden light, becomes also by the opposition of the powers of darkness an expedition and a battle. The Angirases are heroes and fighters of that battle, gos.u yodhah., "fighters for the cows or rays".

1.17 - The Transformation, #Sri Aurobindo or the Adventure of Consciousness, #Satprem, #Integral Yoga
  they could not be allowed to impose their limitations imperatively on the new physical life. . . . The brain would be a channel of Communication of the form of the thoughts and a battery of their insistence on the body and the outside world where they could then become effective directly, communicating themselves without physical means from mind to mind, producing with a similar directness effects on the thoughts, actions and lives of others or even upon material things. The heart would equally be a direct communicant and medium of interchange for the feelings and emotions thrown outward upon the world by the forces of the psychic centre. Heart could reply directly to heart, the life-force come to the help of other lives and answer their call in spite of strangeness and distance, many beings without any external Communication thrill with the message and meet in the secret light from our divine centre. The will might control the organs that deal with food, safeguard automatically the health, eliminate greed and desire, substitute subtler processes or draw in strength and substance from the universal life-force so that the body could maintain for a long time its own strength and substance without loss or waste, remaining thus with no need of sustenance by material aliments, and yet continue a strenuous action with no fatigue or pause for sleep or repose. . . . Conceivably, one might rediscover and reestablish at the summit of the evolution of life the phenomenon we see at its base, the power to draw from all around it the means of sustenance and self-renewal.345 Beyond Mind, the complete man 345
  The Supramental Manifestation, 16:29,37

1.18 - Mind and Supermind, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  16:But there is still another clearer reflective mentality behind the dynamic and vital which is capable of escaping from this absorption in life and views itself as assuming life and body in order to image out in active relations of energy that which it perceives in will and thought. It is the source of the pure thinker in us; it is that which knows mentality in itself and sees the world not in terms of life and body but of mind; it is that4 which, when we get back to it, we sometimes mistake for the pure spirit as we mistake the dynamic mind for the soul. This higher mind is able to perceive and deal with other souls as other forms of its pure self; it is capable of sensing them by pure mental impact and Communication and no longer only by vital and nervous impact and physical indication; it conceives too a mental figure of unity, and in its activity and its will it can create and possess more directly - not only indirectly as in the ordinary physical life - and in other minds and lives as well as its own. But still even this pure mentality does not escape from the original error of mind. For it is still its separate mental self which it makes the judge, witness and centre of the universe and through it alone strives to arrive at its own higher self and reality; all others are "others" grouped to it around itself: when it wills to be free, it has to draw back from life and mind in order to disappear into the real unity. For there is still the veil created by Avidya between the mental and supramental action; an image of the Truth gets through, not the Truth itself.
  17:It is only when the veil is rent and the divided mind overpowered, silent and passive to a supramental action that mind itself gets back to the Truth of things. There we find a luminous mentality reflective, obedient and instrumental to the divine Real-Idea. There we perceive what the world really is; we know in every way ourselves in others and as others, others as ourselves and all as the universal and self-multiplied One. We lose the rigidly separate individual standpoint which is the source of all limitation and error. Still, we perceive also that all that the ignorance of Mind took for the truth was in fact truth, but truth deflected, mistaken and falsely conceived. We still perceive the division, the individualising, the atomic creation, but we know them and ourselves for what they and we really are. And so we perceive that the Mind was really a subordinate action and instrumentation of the Truth-consciousness. So long as it is not separated in self-experience from the enveloping Masterconsciousness and does not try to set up house for itself, so long as it serves passively as an instrumentation and does not attempt to possess for its own benefit, Mind fulfils luminously its function which is in the Truth to hold forms apart from each other by a phenomenal, a purely formal delimitation of their activity behind which the governing universality of the being remains conscious and untouched. It has to receive the truth of things and distribute it according to the unerring perception of a supreme and universal Eye and Will. It has to uphold an individualisation of active consciousness, delight, force, substance which derives all its power, reality and joy from an inalienable universality behind. It has to turn the multiplicity of the One into an apparent division by which relations are defined and held off against each other so as to meet again and join. It has to establish the delight of separation and contact in the midst of an eternal unity and intermiscence. It has to enable the One to behave as if He were an individual dealing with other individuals but always in His own unity, and this is what the world really is. The mind is the final operation of the apprehending Truth-consciousness which makes all this possible, and what we call the Ignorance does not create a new thing and absolute falsehood but only misrepresents the Truth. The Ignorance is the Mind separated in knowledge from its source of knowledge and giving a false rigidity and a mistaken appearance of opposition and conflict to the harmonious play of the supreme Truth in its universal manifestation.

1.18 - The Perils of the Soul, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  to hold any Communication with his wife's mother was very strict. He
  might not look at her or even in her direction. It was a ground of

1.201 - Socrates, #Symposium, #Plato, #Philosophy
  Interpreting and conveying all that passes between gods and humans: from humans, petitions and sacrificial offerings, and from gods, instructions and the favours they return. Spirits, being intermediary, fill the space between the other two, so that all are bound together into one entity. It is by means of spirits that all divination can take place, the whole craft of seers and priests, with their sacrifices, rites and spells, and all prophecy and magic. Deity and humanity are completely separate, but through the mediation of spirits all converse and Communication from gods to humans, waking and sleeping, is made possible. The man who is wise in these matters is a man of the spirit,152 whereas the man who is wise in a skill153 or a manual craft,154 which is a different sort of expertise, is materialistic.155 These spirits are many and of many kinds, and one of them is Love.
  And who are his father and mother? I asked.

1.20 - Tabooed Persons, #The Golden Bough, #James George Frazer, #Occultism
  almost all Communication with mankind. He could not enter any house,
  or come into contact with any person or thing, without utterly

1.21 - FROM THE PRE-HUMAN TO THE ULTRA-HUMAN, THE PHASES OF A LIVING PLANET, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  dustry, Communications and populations in the course of a single
  century, we can discern the outline of an astonishing event. The

1.23 - The Double Soul in Man, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  5:The external forms of our being are those of our small egoistic existence; the subliminal are the formations of our larger true individuality. Therefore are these that concealed part of our being in which our individuality is close to our universality, touches it, is in constant relation and commerce with it. The subliminal mind in us is open to the universal knowledge of the cosmic Mind, the subliminal life in us to the universal force of the cosmic Life, the subliminal physicality in us to the universal forceformation of cosmic Matter; the thick walls which divide from these things our surface mind, life, body and which Nature has to pierce with so much trouble, so imperfectly and by so many skilful-clumsy physical devices, are there, in the subliminal, only a rarefied medium at once of separation and Communication. So too is the subliminal soul in us open to the universal delight which the cosmic soul takes in its own existence and in the existence of the myriad souls that represent it and in the operations of mind, life and matter by which Nature lends herself to their play and development; but from this cosmic delight the surface soul is shut off by egoistic walls of great thickness which have indeed gates of penetration, but in their entry through them the touches of the divine cosmic Delight become dwarfed, distorted or have to come in masked as their own opposites.
  6:It follows that in this surface or desire-soul there is no true soul-life, but a psychic deformation and wrong reception of the touch of things. The malady of the world is that the individual cannot find his real soul, and the root-cause of this malady is again that he cannot meet in his embrace of things outward the real soul of the world in which he lives. He seeks to find there the essence of being, the essence of power, the essence of conscious-existence, the essence of delight, but receives instead a crowd of contradictory touches and impressions. If he could find that essence, he would find also the one universal being, power, conscious existence and delight even in this throng of touches and impressions; the contradictions of what seems would be reconciled in the unity and harmony of the Truth that reaches out to us in these contacts. At the same time he would find his own true soul and through it his self, because the true soul is his self's delegate and his self and the self of the world are one. But this he cannot do because of the egoistic ignorance in the mind of thought, the heart of emotion, the sense which responds to the touch of things not by a courageous and wholehearted embrace of the world, but by a flux of reachings and shrinkings, cautious approaches or eager rushes and sullen or discontented or panic or angry recoils according as the touch pleases or displeases, comforts or alarms, satisfies or dissatisfies. It is the desire-soul that by its wrong reception of life becomes the cause of a triple misinterpretation of the rasa, the delight in things, so that, instead of figuring the pure essential joy of being, it comes rendered unequally into the three terms of pleasure, pain and indifference.

1.23 - THE MIRACULOUS, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  THE abnormal bodily states, by which the imme thate awareness of the divine Ground is often accompanied, are not, of course, essential parts of that experience. Many mystics, indeed, deplored such things as being signs, not of divine grace, but of the bodys weakness. To levitate, to go into trance, to lose the use of ones sensesin De Condrens words, this is to receive the effects of God and his holy Communications in a very animal and carnal way.
  One ounce of sanctifying grace, he (St Franois de Sales) used to say, is worth more than a hundredweight of those graces which theologians call gratuitous, among which is the gift of miracles. It is possible to receive such gifts and yet to be in mortal sin; nor are they necessary to salvation.

1.240 - 1.300 Talks, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  Preaching is simple Communication of knowledge. It may be done in Silence too.
  What do you think of a man listening to a harangue for an hour and going away without being impressed by it so as to change his life?

1.240 - Talks 2, #Talks, #Sri Ramana Maharshi, #Hinduism
  Preaching is simple Communication of knowledge. It may be done in Silence too.
  What do you think of a man listening to a harangue for an hour and going away without being impressed by it so as to change his life?

1.25 - SPIRITUAL EXERCISES, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  The dangers which beset the practicer of japam, who is insufficiently mortified and insufficiently recollected and aware, are encountered in the same or different forms by those who make use of more elaborate spiritual exercises. Intense concentration on an image or idea, such as is recommended by many teachers, both Eastern and Western, may be very helpful for certain persons in certain circumstances, very harmful in other cases. It is helpful when the concentration results in such mental stillness, such a silence of intellect, will and feeling, that the divine Word can be uttered within the soul. It is harmful when the image concentrated upon becomes so hallucinatingly real that it is taken for objective Reality and idolatrously worshipped; harmful, too, when the exercise of concentration produces unusual psycho-physical results, in which the person experiencing them takes a personal pride, as being special graces and divine Communications. Of these unusual psycho-physical occurrences the most ordinary are visions and auditions, foreknowledge, telepathy and other psychic powers, and the curious bodily phenomenon of intense neat. Many persons who practise concentration exercises experience this heat occasionally. A number of Christian saints, of whom the best known are St. Philip Neri and St. Catherine of Siena, have experienced it continuously. In the East techniques have been developed whereby the accession of heat resulting from intense concentration can be regulated, controlled and put to do useful work, such as keeping the contemplative warm in freezing weather. In Europe, where the phenomenon is not well understood, many would-be contemplatives have experienced this heat, and have imagined it to be some special divine favour, or even the experience of union, and being insufficiently mortified and humble, have fallen into idolatry and a God-eclipsing spiritual pride.
  The following passage from one of the great Mahayana scriptures contains a searching criticism of the kind of spiritual exercises prescribed by Hinayanist teachersconcentration on symbolic objects, meditations on transience and decay (to wean the soul away from attachment to earthly things), on the different virtues which must be cultivated, on the fundamental doctrines of Buddhism. (Many of these exercises are described at length in The Path of Purity, a book which has been translated in full and published by the Pali Text Society. Mahayanist exercises are described in the Surangama Sutra, translated by Dwight Goddard and in the volume on Tibetan Yoga, edited by Dr. Evans-Wentz.)

1.26 - Continues the description of a method for recollecting the thoughts. Describes means of doing this. This chapter is very profitable for those who are beginning prayer., #The Way of Perfection, #Saint Teresa of Avila, #Christianity
  and friendship lose their influence when Communication ceases.
  It is also a great help to have a good book, written in the vernacular, simply as an aid to

1.26 - Mental Processes - Two Only are Possible, #Magick Without Tears, #Aleister Crowley, #Philosophy
  All right for most of it; one could show him the words typed on slips. But during part of the ceremony he was hoodwinked; one was reduced to the deaf-and-dumb alphabet devised for such occasions. I am as clumsy and stupid at that as I am at most things, and lazy, infernally lazy, on top of that. Well, when it came to the point, the Communication of the words became abominably, intolerably tedious. And then! Then I found that about two-thirds of my "absolutely essential" ritual was not necesasary at all!
  That larned 'im.[49]

1.28 - Supermind, Mind and the Overmind Maya, #The Life Divine, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  3:But if such intervening gradations exist, it is clear that they must be superconscient to human mind which does not seem to have in its normal state any entry into these higher grades of being. Man is limited in his consciousness by mind and even by a given range or scale of mind: what is below his mind, submental or mental but nether to his scale, readily seems to him subconscious or not distinguishable from complete inconscience; what is above it is to him superconscious and he is almost inclined to regard it as void of awareness, a sort of luminous Inconscience. Just as he is limited to a certain scale of sounds or of colours and what is above or below that scale is to him inaudible and invisible or at least indistinguishable, so is it with his scale of mental consciousness, confined at either extremity by an incapacity which marks his upper and his nether limit. He has no sufficient means of Communication even with the animal who is his mental congener, though not his equal, and he is even capable of denying mind or real consciousness to it because its modes are other and narrower than those with which in himself and his kind he is familiar; he can observe submental being from outside but cannot at all communicate with it or enter intimately into its nature. Equally the superconscious is to him a closed book which may well be filled only with empty pages. At first sight, then, it would appear as if he had no means of contact with these higher gradations of consciousness: if so, they cannot act as links or bridges and his evolution must cease with his accomplished mental range and cannot exceed it; Nature in drawing these limits has written finis to his upward endeavour.
  4:But when we look more closely, we perceive that this normality is deceptive and that in fact there are several directions in which human mind reaches beyond itself, tends towards selfexceeding; these are precisely the necessary lines of contact or veiled or half-veiled passages which connect it with higher grades of consciousness of the self-manifesting Spirit. First, we have noted the place Intuition occupies in the human means of knowledge, and Intuition is in its very nature a projection of the characteristic action of these higher grades into the mind of Ignorance. It is true that in human mind its action is largely hidden by the interventions of our normal intelligence; a pure intuition is a rare occurrence in our mental activity: for what we call by the name is usually a point of direct knowledge which is immediately caught and coated over with mental stuff, so that it serves only as an invisible or a very tiny nucleus of a crystallisation which is in its mass intellectual or otherwise mental in character; or else the flash of intuition is quickly replaced or intercepted, before it has a chance of manifesting itself, by a rapid imitative mental movement, insight or quick perception or some swift-leaping process of thought which owes its appearance to the stimulus of the coming intuition but obstructs its entry or covers it with a substituted mental suggestion true or erroneous but in either case not the au thentic intuitive movement. Nevertheless, the fact of this intervention from above, the fact that behind all our original thinking or au thentic perception of things there is a veiled, a halfveiled or a swift unveiled intuitive element is enough to establish a connection between mind and what is above it; it opens a passage of Communication and of entry into the superior spiritranges. There is also the reaching out of mind to exceed the personal ego limitation, to see things in a certain impersonality and universality. Impersonality is the first character of cosmic self; universality, non-limitation by the single or limiting point of view, is the character of cosmic perception and knowledge: this tendency is therefore a widening, however rudimentary, of these restricted mind areas towards cosmicity, towards a quality which is the very character of the higher mental planes, - towards that superconscient cosmic Mind which, we have suggested, must in the nature of things be the original mind-action of which ours is only a derivative and inferior process. Again, there is not an entire absence of penetration from above into our mental limits. The phenomena of genius are really the result of such a penetration, - veiled no doubt, because t