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--- WIKI
Immanuel Kant (, ; ; 22 April 1724 12 February 1804) was an influential German philosopher in the Age of Enlightenment. In his doctrine of transcendental idealism, he argued that space, time, and causation are mere sensibilities; "things-in-themselves" exist, but their nature is unknowable. In his view, the mind shapes and structures experience, with all human experience sharing certain structural features. In one of his major works, the Critique of Pure Reason (1781; second edition 1787), he drew a parallel to the Copernican revolution in his proposition that worldly objects can be intuited a priori ('beforehand'), and that intuition is therefore independent from objective reality. Kant believed that reason is also the source of morality, and that aesthetics arise from a faculty of disinterested judgment. Kant's views continue to have a major influence on contemporary philosophy, especially the fields of epistemology, ethics, political theory, and post-modern aesthetics. He attempted to explain the relationship between reason and human experience and to move beyond the failures of traditional philosophy and metaphysics. He wanted to put an end to what he saw as an era of futile and speculative theories of human experience, while resisting the skepticism of thinkers such as David Hume. He regarded himself as showing the way past the impasse between rationalists and empiricists, and is widely held to have synthesized both traditions in his thought. Kant was an exponent of the idea that perpetual peace could be secured through universal democracy and international cooperation. He believed that this would be the eventual outcome of universal history, although it is not rationally planned. The nature of Kant's religious ideas continues to be the subject of philosophical dispute, with viewpoints ranging from the impression that he was an initial advocate of atheism who at some point developed an ontological argument for God, to more critical treatments epitomized by Schopenhauer, who criticized the imperative form of Kantian ethics as "theological morals" and the "Mosaic Decalogue in disguise", and Nietzsche, who claimed that Kant had "theologian blood" and was merely a sophisticated apologist for traditional Christian faith. Kant published other important works on ethics, religion, law, aesthetics, astronomy, and history. These include the Universal Natural History (1755), the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), the Metaphysics of Morals (1797), the Critique of Judgment (1790), which looks at aesthetics and teleology, and Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason (1793).

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Critique_of_Practical_Reason
Critique_of_Pure_Reason
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   4 Immanuel Kant
   1 Tom Butler-Bowdon
   1 Aleister Crowley

NEW FULL DB (2.4M)

  477 Immanuel Kant
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   2 Anonymous

1:If the truth shall kill them, let them die. ~ Immanuel Kant,
2:The master is himself an animal and needs a master. ~ Immanuel Kant,
3:Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life.
   ~ Immanuel Kant,
4:Although there is a difference of procedure between a Shaman of the Tungas and a Catholic prelate of Europe or between a coarse and sensual Vogul and a Puritan Independent of Connecticut, there is no difference in the principle of their creeds; for they all belong to the same category of people whose religion consists not in becoming better, but in believing in and carrying out certain arbitrary regulations. Only those who believe that the worship of God consists in aspiring to a better life differ from the first because they recognize quite another and certainly a loftier principle uniting all men of good faith in an invisible temple which alone can be the universal temple. ~ Immanuel Kant,
5:reading :::
   50 Philosophy Classics: List of Books Covered:
   1. Hannah Arendt - The Human Condition (1958)
   2. Aristotle - Nicomachean Ethics (4th century BC)
   3. AJ Ayer - Language, Truth and Logic (1936)
   4. Julian Baggini - The Ego Trick (2011)
   5. Jean Baudrillard - Simulacra and Simulation (1981)
   6. Simone de Beauvoir - The Second Sex (1952)
   7. Jeremy Bentham - Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789)
   8. Henri Bergson - Creative Evolution (1911)
   9. David Bohm - Wholeness and the Implicate Order (1980)
   10. Noam Chomsky - Understanding Power (2002)
   11. Cicero - On Duties (44 BC)
   12. Confucius - Analects (5th century BC)
   13. Rene Descartes - Meditations (1641)
   14. Ralph Waldo Emerson - Fate (1860)
   15. Epicurus - Letters (3rd century BC)
   16. Michel Foucault - The Order of Things (1966)
   17. Harry Frankfurt - On Bullshit (2005)
   18. Sam Harris - Free Will (2012)
   19. GWF Hegel - Phenomenology of Spirit (1803)
   20. Martin Heidegger - Being and Time (1927)
   21. Heraclitus - Fragments (6th century)
   22. David Hume - An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748)
   23. William James - Pragmatism (1904)
   24. Daniel Kahneman - Thinking: Fast and Slow (2011)
   25. Immanuel Kant - Critique of Pure Reason (1781)
   26. Soren Kierkegaard - Fear and Trembling (1843)
   27. Saul Kripke - Naming and Necessity (1972)
   28. Thomas Kuhn - The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962)
   29. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - Theodicy (1710)
   30. John Locke - An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690)
   31. Marshall McLuhan - The Medium is the Massage (1967)
   32. Niccolo Machiavelli - The Prince (1532)
   33. John Stuart Mill - On Liberty (1859)
   34. Michel de Montaigne - Essays (1580)
   35. Iris Murdoch - The Sovereignty of Good (1970)
   36. Friedrich Nietzsche - Beyond Good and Evil (1886)
   37. Blaise Pascal - Pensees (1670)
   38. Plato - The Republic (4th century BC)
   39. Karl Popper - The Logic of Scientific Discovery (1934)
   40. John Rawls - A Theory of Justice (1971)
   41. Jean-Jacques Rousseau - The Social Contract (1762)
   42. Bertrand Russell - The Conquest of Happiness (1920)
   43. Michael Sandel - Justice (2009)
   44. Jean Paul Sartre - Being and Nothingness (1943)
   45. Arthur Schopenhauer - The World as Will and Representation (1818)
   46. Peter Singer - The Life You Can Save (2009)
   47. Baruch Spinoza - Ethics (1677)
   48. Nassim Nicholas - Taleb The Black Swan (2007)
   49. Ludwig Wittgenstein - Philosophical Investigations (1953)
   50. Slavoj Zizek - Living In The End Times (2010)
   ~ Tom Butler-Bowdon, 50 Philosophy Classics,
6:SECTION 1. Books for Serious Study
   Liber CCXX. (Liber AL vel Legis.) The Book of the Law. This book is the foundation of the New Æon, and thus of the whole of our work.
   The Equinox. The standard Work of Reference in all occult matters. The Encyclopaedia of Initiation.
   Liber ABA (Book 4). A general account in elementary terms of magical and mystical powers. In four parts: (1) Mysticism (2) Magical (Elementary Theory) (3) Magick in Theory and Practice (this book) (4) The Law.
   Liber II. The Message of the Master Therion. Explains the essence of the new Law in a very simple manner.
   Liber DCCCXXXVIII. The Law of Liberty. A further explanation of The Book of the Law in reference to certain ethical problems.
   Collected Works of A. Crowley. These works contain many mystical and magical secrets, both stated clearly in prose, and woven into the Robe of sublimest poesy.
   The Yi King. (S. B. E. Series [vol. XVI], Oxford University Press.) The "Classic of Changes"; give the initiated Chinese system of Magick.
   The Tao Teh King. (S. B. E. Series [vol. XXXIX].) Gives the initiated Chinese system of Mysticism.
   Tannhäuser, by A. Crowley. An allegorical drama concerning the Progress of the Soul; the Tannhäuser story slightly remodelled.
   The Upanishads. (S. B. E. Series [vols. I & XV.) The Classical Basis of Vedantism, the best-known form of Hindu Mysticism.
   The Bhagavad-gita. A dialogue in which Krishna, the Hindu "Christ", expounds a system of Attainment.
   The Voice of the Silence, by H.P. Blavatsky, with an elaborate commentary by Frater O.M. Frater O.M., 7°=48, is the most learned of all the Brethren of the Order; he has given eighteen years to the study of this masterpiece.
   Raja-Yoga, by Swami Vivekananda. An excellent elementary study of Hindu mysticism. His Bhakti-Yoga is also good.
   The Shiva Samhita. An account of various physical means of assisting the discipline of initiation. A famous Hindu treatise on certain physical practices.
   The Hathayoga Pradipika. Similar to the Shiva Samhita.
   The Aphorisms of Patanjali. A valuable collection of precepts pertaining to mystical attainment.
   The Sword of Song. A study of Christian theology and ethics, with a statement and solution of the deepest philosophical problems. Also contains the best account extant of Buddhism, compared with modern science.
   The Book of the Dead. A collection of Egyptian magical rituals.
   Dogme et Rituel de la Haute Magie, by Eliphas Levi. The best general textbook of magical theory and practice for beginners. Written in an easy popular style.
   The Book of the Sacred Magic of Abramelin the Mage. The best exoteric account of the Great Work, with careful instructions in procedure. This Book influenced and helped the Master Therion more than any other.
   The Goetia. The most intelligible of all the mediæval rituals of Evocation. Contains also the favourite Invocation of the Master Therion.
   Erdmann's History of Philosophy. A compendious account of philosophy from the earliest times. Most valuable as a general education of the mind.
   The Spiritual Guide of [Miguel de] Molinos. A simple manual of Christian Mysticism.
   The Star in the West. (Captain Fuller). An introduction to the study of the Works of Aleister Crowley.
   The Dhammapada. (S. B. E. Series [vol. X], Oxford University Press). The best of the Buddhist classics.
   The Questions of King Milinda. (S. B. E. Series [vols. XXXV & XXXVI].) Technical points of Buddhist dogma, illustrated bydialogues.
   Liber 777 vel Prolegomena Symbolica Ad Systemam Sceptico-Mysticæ Viæ Explicandæ, Fundamentum Hieroglyphicam Sanctissimorum Scientiæ Summæ. A complete Dictionary of the Correspondences of all magical elements, reprinted with extensive additions, making it the only standard comprehensive book of reference ever published. It is to the language of Occultism what Webster or Murray is to the English language.
   Varieties of Religious Experience (William James). Valuable as showing the uniformity of mystical attainment.
   Kabbala Denudata, von Rosenroth: also The Kabbalah Unveiled, by S.L. Mathers. The text of the Qabalah, with commentary. A good elementary introduction to the subject.
   Konx Om Pax [by Aleister Crowley]. Four invaluable treatises and a preface on Mysticism and Magick.
   The Pistis Sophia [translated by G.R.S. Mead or Violet McDermot]. An admirable introduction to the study of Gnosticism.
   The Oracles of Zoroaster [Chaldæan Oracles]. An invaluable collection of precepts mystical and magical.
   The Dream of Scipio, by Cicero. Excellent for its Vision and its Philosophy.
   The Golden Verses of Pythagoras, by Fabre d'Olivet. An interesting study of the exoteric doctrines of this Master.
   The Divine Pymander, by Hermes Trismegistus. Invaluable as bearing on the Gnostic Philosophy.
   The Secret Symbols of the Rosicrucians, reprint of Franz Hartmann. An invaluable compendium.
   Scrutinium Chymicum [Atalanta Fugiens]¸ by Michael Maier. One of the best treatises on alchemy.
   Science and the Infinite, by Sidney Klein. One of the best essays written in recent years.
   Two Essays on the Worship of Priapus [A Discourse on the Worship of Priapus &c. &c. &c.], by Richard Payne Knight [and Thomas Wright]. Invaluable to all students.
   The Golden Bough, by J.G. Frazer. The textbook of Folk Lore. Invaluable to all students.
   The Age of Reason, by Thomas Paine. Excellent, though elementary, as a corrective to superstition.
   Rivers of Life, by General Forlong. An invaluable textbook of old systems of initiation.
   Three Dialogues, by Bishop Berkeley. The Classic of Subjective Idealism.
   Essays of David Hume. The Classic of Academic Scepticism.
   First Principles by Herbert Spencer. The Classic of Agnosticism.
   Prolegomena [to any future Metaphysics], by Immanuel Kant. The best introduction to Metaphysics.
   The Canon [by William Stirling]. The best textbook of Applied Qabalah.
   The Fourth Dimension, by [Charles] H. Hinton. The best essay on the subject.
   The Essays of Thomas Henry Huxley. Masterpieces of philosophy, as of prose.
   ~ Aleister Crowley, Liber ABA, Appendix I: Literature Recommended to Aspirants

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1:Beneficence is a duty. ~ Immanuel Kant
2:Immanuel Kant"
"Noch wal ~ Hugo Claus
3:Nothing happens by blind chance. ~ Immanuel Kant
4:Se não ama, faça como se amasse. ~ Immanuel Kant
5:Great minds think for themselves. ~ Immanuel Kant
6:Honesty is better than any policy. ~ Immanuel Kant
7:The only thing permanent is change. ~ Immanuel Kant
8:There is nothing higher than reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
9:All perception is colored by emotion. ~ Immanuel Kant
10:Art is purposiveness without purpose. ~ Immanuel Kant
11:Freedom is the opposite of necessity. ~ Immanuel Kant
12:الرأي العام:هو الجمهور القارئ المناقش ~ Immanuel Kant
13:Do the right thing because it is right. ~ Immanuel Kant
14:Ingratitude is the essence of vileness. ~ Immanuel Kant
15:Woman wants control, man self-control . ~ Immanuel Kant
16:Human reason is by nature architectonic. ~ Immanuel Kant
17:Prudence approaches, conscience accuses. ~ Immanuel Kant
18:Prudence reproaches; conscience accuses. ~ Immanuel Kant
19:Look closely. The beautiful may be small. ~ Immanuel Kant
20:ხელოვნება - მიზანშეწონილობა მიზნის გარეშე ~ Immanuel Kant
21:The hand is the visible part of the brain. ~ Immanuel Kant
22:All our knowledge begins with the senses... ~ Immanuel Kant
23:I am myself by inclination an investigator. ~ Immanuel Kant
24:If the truth shall kill them, let them die. ~ Immanuel Kant
25:If the truth shall kill them, let them die. ~ Immanuel Kant,
26:Reason can never prove the existence of God. ~ Immanuel Kant
27:The death of dogma is the birth of morality. ~ Immanuel Kant
28:Do what is right, though the world may perish. ~ Immanuel Kant
29:Maximum individuality within maximum community ~ Immanuel Kant
30:Perpetual Peace is only found in the graveyard. ~ Immanuel Kant
31:Tudo o que não puder contar como fez, não faça! ~ Immanuel Kant
32:The two great dividers are religion and LANGUAGE ~ Immanuel Kant
33:Thinking in pictures precedes thinking in words. ~ Immanuel Kant
34:Dignity is a value that creates irreplaceability. ~ Immanuel Kant
35:Everything in nature acts in conformity with law. ~ Immanuel Kant
36:Give me matter and i will build a world out of it. ~ Immanuel Kant
37:Nothing is divine but what is agreeable to reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
38:Phantasie ist unser guter Genius oder unser Dämon. ~ Immanuel Kant
39:El sabio puede cambiar de opinión. El necio, nunca. ~ Immanuel Kant
40:He who has made great moral progress ceases to pray ~ Immanuel Kant
41:It is never too late to become reasonable and wise. ~ Immanuel Kant
42:Standing armies shall in time be totally abolished. ~ Immanuel Kant
43:The great mass of people are worthy of our respect. ~ Immanuel Kant
44:By a lie, a man... annihilates his dignity as a man. ~ Immanuel Kant
45:The master is himself an animal and needs a master. ~ Immanuel Kant,
46:You only know me as you see me, not as I actually am ~ Immanuel Kant
47:...[F]reedom... is a property of all rational beings. ~ Immanuel Kant
48:So act that anything you do may become universal law. ~ Immanuel Kant
49:All our knowledge falls with the bounds of experience. ~ Immanuel Kant
50:He who would know the world must first manufacture it. ~ Immanuel Kant
51:Immanuel Kant, autor subversivo en tiempos de sinrazón ~ Lorenzo Silva
52:Quem não sabe o que procura, quando acha não encontra. ~ Immanuel Kant
53:Riches ennoble a man's circumstances, but not himself. ~ Immanuel Kant
54:Treat people as an end, and never as a means to an end ~ Immanuel Kant
55:What can I know? What ought I to do? What may I hope? ~ Immanuel Kant
56:An action, to have moral worth, must be done from duty. ~ Immanuel Kant
57:Give me matter, and I will construct a world out of it! ~ Immanuel Kant
58:Happiness is not an ideal of reason, but of imagination. ~ Immanuel Kant
59:I had to deny knowledge in order to make room for faith. ~ Immanuel Kant
60:Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life ~ Immanuel Kant
61:Act in such a way that you will be worthy of being happy. ~ Immanuel Kant
62:Habe den Mut, dich deines eigenen Verstandes zu bedienen. ~ Immanuel Kant
63:never wish to see a just cause defended with unjust means ~ Immanuel Kant
64:Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life. ~ Immanuel Kant
65:Better the whole people perish than that injustice be done ~ Immanuel Kant
66:Duty is the necessity to act out of reverence for the law. ~ Immanuel Kant
67:Man must be disciplined, for he is by nature raw and wild. ~ Immanuel Kant
68:The wise man can change his mind; the stubborn one, never. ~ Immanuel Kant
69:Man must be disciplined, for he is by nature raw and wild.. ~ Immanuel Kant
70:Dare to know! Have the courage to use your own intelligence! ~ Immanuel Kant
71:Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life.
   ~ Immanuel Kant,
72:We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals. ~ Immanuel Kant
73:It is beyond doubt that all knowledge begins with experience. ~ Immanuel Kant
74:Maturity is having the courage to use one's own intelligence! ~ Immanuel Kant
75:Procrastination is hardly more evil than grasping impatience. ~ Immanuel Kant
76:If justice perishes, human life on Earth has lost its meaning. ~ Immanuel Kant
77:The real is not given to us, but put to us by way of a riddle. ~ Immanuel Kant
78:But only he who, himself enlightened, is not afraid of shadows. ~ Immanuel Kant
79:It is precisely in knowing its limits that philosophy consists. ~ Immanuel Kant
80:Laws always lose in energy what the government gains in extent. ~ Immanuel Kant
81:With men, the state of nature is not a state of peace, but war. ~ Immanuel Kant
82:Immanuel Kant would've made a lousy lawyer, but a great judge! ~ Stephen Gillers
83:The possession of power inevitably spoils the free use of reason ~ Immanuel Kant
84:Humanity is at its greatest perfection in the race of the whites. ~ Immanuel Kant
85:Religion is the recognition of all our duties as divine commands. ~ Immanuel Kant
86:The only thing that is good without qualification is a good will. ~ Immanuel Kant
87:The possession of power inevitably spoils the free use of reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
88:We are not rich by what we possess but by what we can do without. ~ Immanuel Kant
89:Мислите без съдържание са празни, нагледите без понятия са слепи. ~ Immanuel Kant
90:Animals... are there merely as a means to an end. That end is man. ~ Immanuel Kant
91:Melancholy characterizes those with a superb sense of the sublime. ~ Immanuel Kant
92:Веселое выражение лица постепенно отражается и на внутреннем мире. ~ Immanuel Kant
93:El mundo de ningún modo se hundirá porque haya menos hombres malos. ~ Immanuel Kant
94:Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-incurred immaturity. ~ Immanuel Kant
95:Human beings are never to be treated as a means but always as ends. ~ Immanuel Kant
96:It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge begins with experience. ~ Immanuel Kant
97:It is through good education that all the good in the world arises. ~ Immanuel Kant
98:Ours is an age of criticism, to which everything must be subjected. ~ Immanuel Kant
99:The human heart refuses To believe in a universe Without a purpose. ~ Immanuel Kant
100:All so-called moral interest consists simply in respect for the law. ~ Immanuel Kant
101:Always treat people as ends in themselves, never as means to an end. ~ Immanuel Kant
102:There can be no doubt that all our knowledge begins with experience. ~ Immanuel Kant
103:Denken zonder ervaring is leeg, maar ervaring zonder denken is blind. ~ Immanuel Kant
104:Der Ausgang des Menschen aus seiner selbstverschuldeten Unmündigkeit. ~ Immanuel Kant
105:From the crooked timber of humanity, a straight board cannot be hewn. ~ Immanuel Kant
106:From the crooked timber of humanity, never was a straight thing made. ~ Immanuel Kant
107:Notion without intuition is empty, intuition without notion is blind. ~ Immanuel Kant
108:I had therefore to remove knowledge, in order to make room for belief. ~ Immanuel Kant
109:La ciencia es conocimiento organizado. La sabiduría es vida organizada ~ Immanuel Kant
110:Out of the crooked timber of humanity no straight thing was ever made. ~ Immanuel Kant
111:Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made ~ Immanuel Kant
112:Three things tell a man: his eyes, his friends and his favorite quotes ~ Immanuel Kant
113:We are enriched not by what we possess, but by what we can do without. ~ Immanuel Kant
114:Experience may teach us what is, but never that it cannot be otherwise. ~ Immanuel Kant
115:If man makes himself a worm he must not complain when he is trodden on. ~ Immanuel Kant
116:Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law. ~ Immanuel Kant
117:Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was even made. ~ Immanuel Kant
118:Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made. ~ Immanuel Kant
119:Das Lachen ist der Gesundheit zuträglich, denn es fördert die Verdauung. ~ Immanuel Kant
120:God, freedom, and immortality are untenable in the light of pure reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
121:I have no knowledge of myself as I am, but merely as I appear to myself. ~ Immanuel Kant
122:Pensamentos sem conteúdos são vazios, intuições sem conceitos são cegas. ~ Immanuel Kant
123:the cultivation of reason leads humanity sooner to misery than happiness ~ Immanuel Kant
124:Dwell with yourself, and you will know how short your household stuff is. ~ Immanuel Kant
125:I am an investigator by inclination. I feel a great thirst for knowledge. ~ Immanuel Kant
126:Man relates to material things through direct insight rather than reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
127:By a lie a man throws away and as it were annihilates his dignity as a man ~ Immanuel Kant
128:Freedom can never be comprehended, nor even can insight into it be gained. ~ Immanuel Kant
129:Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind. ~ Immanuel Kant
130:Happiness, though an indefinite concept, is the goal of all rational beings ~ Immanuel Kant
131:Man must develop his tendency towards the good. ~ Immanuel Kant, Thoughts on Education, #12
132:Une politique valable ne peut faire un pas sans rendre hommage à la morale. ~ Immanuel Kant
133:Freedom is that faculty that enlarges the usefulness of all other faculties. ~ Immanuel Kant
134:Have the courage to use your own reason- That is the motto of enlightenment. ~ Immanuel Kant
135:The world will by no means perish by a diminution in the number of evil men. ~ Immanuel Kant
136:Two things awe me most, the starry sky above me and the moral law within me. ~ Immanuel Kant
137:By a lie a man throws away, and as it were, annihilates his dignity as a man. ~ Immanuel Kant
138:If I am to constrain you by any law, it must be one by which I am also bound. ~ Immanuel Kant
139:I'm no syllogism incarnate, but my wife makes me look like Immanuel Kant. ~ Claudia Cardinale
140:Puoi conoscere il cuore di un uomo già dal modo in cui egli tratta le bestie. ~ Immanuel Kant
141:Rules for Happiness: something to do, someone to love, something to hope for. ~ Immanuel Kant
142:Rules for happiness: something to do, someone to love, something to hope for. ~ Immanuel Kant
143:Agisci in modo da considerare l’umanità come scopo, e mai come semplice mezzo. ~ Immanuel Kant
144:Give a man everything he wants and at that moment everything is not everything ~ Immanuel Kant
145:Nature, when left to universal laws, tends to produce regularity out of chaos. ~ Immanuel Kant
146:One who makes himself a worm cannot complain afterwards if people step on him. ~ Immanuel Kant
147:Reason should investigate its own parameters before declaring its omniscience. ~ Immanuel Kant
148:The bad thing of war is, that it makes more evil people than it can take away. ~ Immanuel Kant
149:Immanuel Kant once said, “Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life. ~ Anonymous
150:Life is the faculty of spontaneous activity, the awareness that we have powers. ~ Immanuel Kant
151:Only the descent into the hell of self-knowledge can pave the way to godliness. ~ Immanuel Kant
152:Patience is the strength of the weak, impatience is the weakness of the strong. ~ Immanuel Kant
153:Physicians think they do a lot for a patient when they give his disease a name. ~ Immanuel Kant
154:Act so that the maxim of your act could be made the principle of a universal law. ~ Immanuel Kant
155:Act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world. ~ Immanuel Kant
156:A lie is the abandonment and, as it were, the annihilation of the dignity by man. ~ Immanuel Kant
157:All appearances are real and negatio; sophistical: All reality must be sensation. ~ Immanuel Kant
158:Toute intuition sans concept n'aboutit pas
Tout concept sans intuition est vide ~ Immanuel Kant
159:In the mere concept of one thing it cannot be found any character of its existence. ~ Immanuel Kant
160:No nation shall forcibly interfere with the constitution and government of another. ~ Immanuel Kant
161:Every human being should always be treated as an end and never as a mere instrument. ~ Immanuel Kant
162:If justice perishes, then it is no longer worthwhile for men to live upon the earth. ~ Immanuel Kant
163:Nature even in chaos cannot proceed otherwise than regularly and according to order. ~ Immanuel Kant
164:The existence of the Bible is the greatest blessing which humanity ever experienced. ~ Immanuel Kant
165:the work is dry, obscure, opposed to all ordinary notions, and moreover long-winded. ~ Immanuel Kant
166:...whose true object is to shed the clearest light on every step which reason takes. ~ Immanuel Kant
167:Each according to his own way of seeing things, seek one goal, that is gratification. ~ Immanuel Kant
168:Aydınlanma, insanın kendi suçuyla düşmüş olduğu ergin olmama durumundan kurtulmasıdır. ~ Immanuel Kant
169:Have the courage to use your own understanding!" - that is the motto of enlightenment. ~ Immanuel Kant
170:Nature does nothing in vain, and in the use of means to her goals she is not prodigal. ~ Immanuel Kant
171:Our intellect does not draw its laws from nature, but it imposes its laws upon nature. ~ Immanuel Kant
172:The greatest human quest is to know what one must do in order to become a human being. ~ Immanuel Kant
173:act as if the maxim of your action were to become by your will a general law of nature. ~ Immanuel Kant
174:A single line in the Bible has consoled me more than all the books I ever read besides. ~ Immanuel Kant
175:From such crooked wood as that which man is made of, nothing straight can be fashioned. ~ Immanuel Kant
176:If a man is often the subject of conversation he soon becomes the subject of criticism. ~ Immanuel Kant
177:If God should really speak to man, man could still never know that it was God speaking. ~ Immanuel Kant
178:Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another. ~ Immanuel Kant
179:...[P]hysics... [is] the philosophy of nature, so far as it is based on empirical laws. ~ Immanuel Kant
180:We are enriched not by what we possess, but by what we can do without. IMMANUEL KANT ~ Christopher Ryan
181:Conscience is an instinct to pass judgment upon ourselves in accordance with moral laws. ~ Immanuel Kant
182:From such crooked timber as humanity is made of, no straight thing was ever constructed. ~ Immanuel Kant
183:Physicians think they are doing something for you by labeling what you have as a disease ~ Immanuel Kant
184:Among all nations, through the darkest polytheism glimmer some faint sparks of monotheism. ~ Immanuel Kant
185:An organized product of nature is that in which all the parts are mutually ends and means. ~ Immanuel Kant
186:iI Tempo non è altro che la forma dell'intuizione di noi stessi e del nostro stato interno ~ Immanuel Kant
187:Jeg skal alltid handle slik at den regelen jeg handler etter kunne gjelde som allmenn lov. ~ Immanuel Kant
188:One is not rich by what one owns, but more by what one is able to do without with dignity. ~ Immanuel Kant
189:Always recognize that human individuals are ends, and do not use them as means to your end. ~ Immanuel Kant
190:Simply to acquiesce in skepticism can never suffice to overcome the restlessness of reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
191:All natural capacities of a creature are destined to evolve completely to their natural end. ~ Immanuel Kant
192:Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual play. ~ Immanuel Kant
193:It is not God's will merely that we should be happy, but that we should make ourselves happy ~ Immanuel Kant
194:[R]eason is... given to us as a practical faculty, that is, as one that influences the will. ~ Immanuel Kant
195:The busier we are, the more acutely we feel that we live, the more conscious we are of life. ~ Immanuel Kant
196:The enjoyment of power inevitably corrupts the judgment of reason, and perverts its liberty. ~ Immanuel Kant
197:Διαφωτισμός είναι η έξοδος του ανθρώπου από την ανωριμότητα για την οποία ο ίδιος ευθύνεται. ~ Immanuel Kant
198:The enjoyment of power inevitably corrupts the judgement of reason, and perverts its liberty. ~ Immanuel Kant
199:The reading of all good books is like a conversation with the finest minds of past centuries. ~ Immanuel Kant
200:How then is perfection to be sought? Wherein lies our hope? In education, and in nothing else. ~ Immanuel Kant
201:Man desires concord; but nature know better what is good for his species; she desires discord. ~ Immanuel Kant
202:Settle, for sure and universally, what conduct will promote the happiness of a rational being. ~ Immanuel Kant
203:Suicide is not abominable because God prohibits it; God prohibits it because it is abominable. ~ Immanuel Kant
204:THERE ARE TWO THINGS that don't have to mean anything, one is music and the other is laughter. ~ Immanuel Kant
205:Con las piedras que con duro intento los críticos te lanzan, bien puedes erigirte un monumento. ~ Immanuel Kant
206:Metaphysics is a dark ocean without shores or lighthouse, strewn with many a philosophic wreck. ~ Immanuel Kant
207:Act so as to use humanity, yourself and others, always as an end and never as a means to an end. ~ Immanuel Kant
208:Treaty of Peace Shall Be Held Valid in Which There Is Tacitly Reserved Matter for a Future War”; ~ Immanuel Kant
209:Two things strike me dumb: the infinite starry heavens, and the sense of right and wrong in man. ~ Immanuel Kant
210:An action is essentially good if the motive of the agent be good, regardless of the consequences. ~ Immanuel Kant
211:Freedom is the alone unoriginated birthright of man, and belongs to him by force of his humanity. ~ Immanuel Kant
212:All human knowledge begins with intuitions, proceeds from thence to concepts, and ends with ideas. ~ Immanuel Kant
213:But a lie is a lie, and in itself intrinsically evil, whether it be told with good or bad intents. ~ Immanuel Kant
214:Heaven has given human beings three things to balance the odds of life: hope, sleep, and laughter. ~ Immanuel Kant
215:Is it reasonable to assume a purposiveness in all the parts of nature and to deny it to the whole? ~ Immanuel Kant
216:Fallacious and misleading arguments are most easily detected if set out in correct syllogistic form. ~ Immanuel Kant
217:Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is
made nothing entirely straight can be carved . ~ Immanuel Kant
218:Sesuatu untuk dikerjakan, seseorang untuk dicintai, sesuatu untuk diharapkan.
Itulah kebahagiaan. ~ Immanuel Kant
219:There is no virtue in penance and fasting which waste the body; they are only fanatical and monkish. ~ Immanuel Kant
220:The spirit of trade cannot coexist with war, and sooner or later this spirit dominates every people. ~ Immanuel Kant
221:We can never, even by the strictest examination, get completely behind the secret springs of action. ~ Immanuel Kant
222:all human cognition begins with intuitions, proceeds from thence to conceptions, and ends with ideas. ~ Immanuel Kant
223:Хитрость — образ мыслей очень ограниченных людей и очень отличается от ума, на который внешне походит. ~ Immanuel Kant
224:In all judgements by which we describe anything as beautiful, we allow no one to be of another opinion. ~ Immanuel Kant
225:Lo que nos enriquece no es lo que poseemos, sino aquello de lo que podemos prescindir. IMMANUEL KANT ~ Christopher Ryan
226:The business of philosophy is not to give rules, but to analyze the private judgments of common reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
227:For peace to reign on Earth, humans must evolve into new beings who have learned to see the whole first. ~ Immanuel Kant
228:...I am never to act otherwise than so that I could also will that my maxim should become universal law. ~ Immanuel Kant
229:Innocence is a splendid thing, only it has the misfortune not to keep very well and to be easily misled. ~ Immanuel Kant
230:Laughter is an affect resulting from the sudden transformation of a heightened expectation into nothing. ~ Immanuel Kant
231:Art does not want the representation of a beautiful thing, but the representation of something beautiful. ~ Immanuel Kant
232:But although all our knowledge begins with experience, it does not follow that it arises from experience. ~ Immanuel Kant
233:The public use of one’s reason must always be free, and it alone can bring about enlightenment among men. ~ Immanuel Kant
234:...Act upon a maxim which, at the same time, involves its own universal validity for every rational being. ~ Immanuel Kant
235:Beauty presents an indeterminate concept of Understanding, the sublime an indeterminate concept of Reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
236:Obra como si la máxima de tu acción pudiera ser erigida, por tu voluntad, en ley universal de la naturaleza ~ Immanuel Kant
237:all duties depend as regards the kind of obligation (not the object of their action) upon the one principle. ~ Immanuel Kant
238:La belleza artística no consiste en representar una cosa bella, sino en la bella representación de una cosa. ~ Immanuel Kant
239:things which as effects presuppose others as causes cannot be reciprocally at the same time causes of these. ~ Immanuel Kant
240:When I could have used a wife, I could not support one; and when I could support one, I no longer needed any ~ Immanuel Kant
241:Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law. ~ Immanuel Kant
242:I ought never to act except in such a way that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law. ~ Immanuel Kant
243:Sincerity is the indispensable ground of all conscientiousness, and by consequence of all heartfelt religion. ~ Immanuel Kant
244:Space and time are the framework within which the mind is constrained to construct its experience of reality. ~ Immanuel Kant
245:The nice thing about living in a small town is that when you don't know what you're doing, someone else does. ~ Immanuel Kant
246:Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law. ~ Immanuel Kant
247:Handle nur nach derjenigen Maxime, durch die du zugleich wollen kannst, dass sie ein allgemeines Gesetz werde. ~ Immanuel Kant
248:Innocence is indeed a glorious thing; but, unfortunately, it does not keep very well and is easily led astray. ~ Immanuel Kant
249:Psychologists have hitherto failed to realize that imagination is a necessary ingredient of perception itself. ~ Immanuel Kant
250:But, though all our knowledge begins with experience, it by no means follows that all arises out of experience. ~ Immanuel Kant
251:What are the aims which are at the same time duties? They are perfecting of ourselves, the happiness of others. ~ Immanuel Kant
252:A society that is not willing to demand a life of somebody who has taken somebody else’s life is simply immoral. ~ Immanuel Kant
253:Söylediklerimizden çok,
söylemediklerimize pişman oluruz.
Dile getirilmemiş düşünce ;
gidilmemiş yoldur. ~ Immanuel Kant
254:In every department of physical science there is only so much science, properly so-called, as there is mathematics. ~ Immanuel Kant
255:In law a man is guilty when he violates the rights of others. In ethics he is guilty if he only thinks of doing so. ~ Immanuel Kant
256:Morality is not the doctrine of how we may make ourselves happy, but how we may make ourselves worthy of happiness. ~ Immanuel Kant
257:The main point of enlightenment is man's release from his self-caused immaturity, primarily in matters of religion. ~ Immanuel Kant
258:Handle so, daß die Maxime deines Willens jederzeit zugleich als Prinzip einer allgemeinen Gesetzgebung gelten könne. ~ Immanuel Kant
259:The question is not so much whether there is life on Mars as whether it will continue to be possible to live on Earth ~ Immanuel Kant
260:...by saying that the former was only concerned with quality, the latter only with quantity, mistook cause for effect. ~ Immanuel Kant
261:Tan sólo por la educación puede el hombre llegar a ser hombre. El hombre no es más que lo que la educación hace de él. ~ Immanuel Kant
262:There is a reality, but we humans can’t fully know it: we have no access to what Immanuel Kant called “das Ding an sich. ~ Max Tegmark
263:Freedom in the practical sense is the independence of the power of choice from necessitation by impulses of sensibility ~ Immanuel Kant
264:Thrift is care and scruple in the spending of one's means. It is not a virtue and it requires neither skill nor talent. ~ Immanuel Kant
265:Have patience awhile; slanders are not long-lived. Truth is the child of time; erelong she shall appear to vindicate thee. ~ Immanuel Kant
266:It is difficult for the isolated individual to work himself out of the immaturity which has become almost natural for him. ~ Immanuel Kant
267:عندما يكون شىء ما متطرفاً أو مفرطاً فى حضوره و قوته فإنه سيكون، بالنسبة للخيال، هاوية سحيقة، يخاف الخيال أن يفقد ذاته فيها ~ Immanuel Kant
268:It is not necessary that whilst I live I live happily; but it is necessary that so long as I live I should live honourably. ~ Immanuel Kant
269:It is not without cause that men feel the burden of their existence, though they are themselves the cause of those burdens. ~ Immanuel Kant
270:Morality is not properly the doctrine of how we may make ourselves happy, but how we may make ourselves worthy of happiness. ~ Immanuel Kant
271:What might be said of things in themselves, separated from all relationship to our senses, remains for us absolutely unknown ~ Immanuel Kant
272:God put a secret art into the forces of Nature so as to enable it to fashion itself out of chaos into a perfect world system. ~ Immanuel Kant
273:no one can be compelled by law to be beneficent (though he may be taxed and this money then distributed in welfare payments), ~ Immanuel Kant
274:Have the courage to use your own reason- That is the motto of enlightenment. "Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals" (1785) ~ Immanuel Kant
275:Imagination is a powerful agent for creating, as it were, a second nature out of the material supplied to it by actual nature. ~ Immanuel Kant
276:...[T]o be unfaithful to my maxim of prudence may often be very advantageous to me, although to abide by it is certainly safer. ~ Immanuel Kant
277:If education is to develop human nature so that it may attain the object of its being, it must involve the exercise of judgment. ~ Immanuel Kant
278:„… lietuvių tauta privalo būti išsaugota, nes joje slypi raktas visoms mįslėms – ne tik filologijos, bet ir istorijos — įminti”. ~ Immanuel Kant
279:***Three Conditions of Happiness*** If you have work to do If you have someone you love If You have hope Then You are Happy now! ~ Immanuel Kant
280:Genius is the ability to independently arrive at and understand concepts that would normally have to be taught by another person. ~ Immanuel Kant
281:Philosophy stands in need of a science which shall determine the possibility, principles, and extent of human knowledge à priori. ~ Immanuel Kant
282:All false art, all vain wisdom, lasts its time but finally destroys itself, and its highest culture is also the epoch of its decay. ~ Immanuel Kant
283:He who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals. ~ Immanuel Kant
284:It is often necessary to make a decision on the basis of knowledge sufficient for action but insufficient to satisfy the intellect. ~ Immanuel Kant
285:I have therefore found it necessary to deny knowledge, in order to make room for faith."
Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason ~ Immanuel Kant
286:A learned woman might just as well have a beard, for that expresses in a more recognizable form the profundity for which she strives. ~ Immanuel Kant
287:The history of nature . . . begins with good, for it is God's work; the history of freedom begins with badness, for it is man's work. ~ Immanuel Kant
288:Have the courage to use your own reason- That is the motto of enlightenment.
"Foundations of the Metaphysics of
Morals" (1785) ~ Immanuel Kant
289:The yellow Indians do have a meagre talent. The Negroes are far below them, and at the lowest point are a part of the American people. ~ Immanuel Kant
290:Human reason goes forth inexorably to such questions as cannot be answered by any experiential use of reason or principles based on it. ~ Immanuel Kant
291:Japan has more specialists of Immanuel Kant than Germany does
[RIS 2016 Lecture on A Young Muslim's Guide to the Modern World] ~ Seyyed Hossein Nasr
292:Nothing can possibly be conceived in the world, or even out of it, which can be called good, without qualification, except a good will. ~ Immanuel Kant
293:All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
294:It is therefore correct to say that the senses do not err — not because they always judge rightly, but because they do not judge at all. ~ Immanuel Kant
295:[A ruler is merely] the trustee of the rights of other men and he must always stand in dread of having in some way violated these rights. ~ Immanuel Kant
296:Even a man's exact imitation of the song of the nightingale displeases us when we discover that it is a mimicry, and not the nightingale. ~ Immanuel Kant
297:Innocence is indeed a glorious thing, only, on the other hand, it is very sad that it cannot well maintain itself, and is easily seduced. ~ Immanuel Kant
298:... Lithuanian nation must be saved, as it is the key to all the riddles - not only philology, but also in history - to solve the puzzle. ~ Immanuel Kant
299:The wish to talk to God is absurd. We cannot talk to one we cannot comprehend — and we cannot comprehend God; we can only believe in Him. ~ Immanuel Kant
300:are—and yet refer to something permanent, which must, therefore, be distinct from all my representations and external to me, the existence ~ Immanuel Kant
301:[Aristotle formal logic thus far (1787)] has not been able to advance a single step, and hence is to all appearances closed and completed. ~ Immanuel Kant
302:Coloro che dicono che il mondo andrà sempre così come è andato finora contribuiscono a far sì che l’oggetto della loro predizione si avveri ~ Immanuel Kant
303:A categorical imperative would be one which represented an action as objectively necessary in itself, without reference to any other purpose. ~ Immanuel Kant
304:Even philosophers will praise war as ennobling mankind, forgetting the Greek who said: 'War is bad in that it begets more evil than it kills. ~ Immanuel Kant
305:I assert that, in any particular natural science, one encounters genuine scientific substance only to the extent that mathematics is present. ~ Immanuel Kant
306:the doctrine of morals is an autonomy of practical reason, while the doctrine of virtue is at the same time an autocracy of practical reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
307:The more we come in contact with animals and observe their behaviour, the more we love them, for we see how great is their care of the young. ~ Immanuel Kant
308:Arrogance is, as it were, a solicitation on the part of one seeking honor for followers, whom he thinks he is entitled to treat with contempt. ~ Immanuel Kant
309:Even philosophers will praise war as ennobling mankind, forgetting the Greek who said: 'War is bad in that it begets more evil than it kills.' ~ Immanuel Kant
310:L’uomo deve mostrare bontà di cuore verso gli animali, perché chi usa essere crudele verso di essi è altrettanto insensibile verso gli uomini. ~ Immanuel Kant
311:Man's duty is to improve himself; to cultivate his mind; and, when he finds himself going astray, to bring the moral law to bear upon himself. ~ Immanuel Kant
312:The outcome of an act commonly influences our judgment about its rightness, even though the former was uncertain, while the latter is certain. ~ Immanuel Kant
313:Without man and his potential for moral progress, the whole of reality would be a mere wilderness, a thing in vain, and have no final purpose. ~ Immanuel Kant
314:Apart from moral conduct, all that man thinks himself able to do in order to become acceptable to God is mere superstition and religious folly. ~ Immanuel Kant
315:Of all the arts poetry (which owes its origin almost entirely to genius and will least be guided by precept or example) maintains the first rank. ~ Immanuel Kant
316:There is something splendid about innocence; but what is bad about it, in turn, is that it cannot protect itself very well and is easily seduced. ~ Immanuel Kant
317:It is impossible to conceive anything at all in the world, or even out of it, which can be taken as good without qualification, except a good will. ~ Immanuel Kant
318:The science of mathematics presents the most brilliant example of how pure reason may successfully enlarge its domain without the aid of experience ~ Immanuel Kant
319:Agisci in modo da considerare l'umanità, sia nella tua persona, sia nella persona di ogni altro, sempre anche come scopo, e mai come semplice mezzo. ~ Immanuel Kant
320:Nature is beautiful because it looks like Art; and Art can only be called beautiful if we are conscious of it as Art while yet it looks like Nature. ~ Immanuel Kant
321:The light dove, cleaving the air in her free flight, and feeling its resistance, might imagine that its flight would be still easier in empty space. ~ Immanuel Kant
322:There is a limit where the intellect fails and breaks down, and this limit is where the questions concerning God and freewill and immortality arise. ~ Immanuel Kant
323:Tutto ciò che è stato scritto dagli uomini sulle donne deve essere ritenuto sospetto dal momento che essi sono ad un tempo giudici e parti in causa. ~ Immanuel Kant
324:Man's greatest concern is to know how he shall properly fill his place in the universe and correctly understand what he must be in order to be a man. ~ Immanuel Kant
325:Why were a few, or a single one, made at all, if only to exist in order to be made eternally miserable, which is infinitely worse than non-existence? ~ Immanuel Kant
326:The inscrutable wisdom through which we exist is not less worthy of veneration in respect to what it denies us than in respect to what it has granted. ~ Immanuel Kant
327:In what way will our remote posterity be able to cope with the enormous accumulation of historical records which a few centuries will bequeath to them? ~ Immanuel Kant
328:It is by his activities and not by enjoyment that man feels he is alive. In idleness we not only feel that life is fleeting, but we also feel lifeless. ~ Immanuel Kant
329:Nobody can claim himself to be practically proficient in a science and yet disdain its theory without revealing himself to be an ignoramus in his area. ~ Immanuel Kant
330:Seek not the favor of the multitude; it is seldom got by honest and lawful means. But seek the testimony of few; and number not voices, but weigh them. ~ Immanuel Kant
331:Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one's understanding without guidance from another. ~ Immanuel Kant
332:No state at war with another state should engage in hostilities of such a kind as to render mutual confidence impossible when peace will have been made. ~ Immanuel Kant
333:We find that the more a cultivated reason devotes itself to the aim of enjoying life and happiness, the further does man get away from true contentment. ~ Immanuel Kant
334:The touchstone of everything that can be concluded as a law for a people lies in the question whether the people could have imposed such a law on itself. ~ Immanuel Kant
335:A great part, perhaps the greatest part, of the business of our reason consists in the analysation of the conceptions which we already possess of objects. ~ Immanuel Kant
336:It is presumed that there exists a great unity in nature, in respect of the adequacy of a single cause to account for many different kinds of consequences. ~ Immanuel Kant
337:Religion is too important a matter to its devotees to be a subject of ridicule. If they indulge in absurdities, they are to be pitied rather than ridiculed. ~ Immanuel Kant
338:What would proceed from a continual promotion of living force, which does not let itself climb above a certain grade, other than a rapid death from delight? ~ Immanuel Kant
339:War seems to be ingrained in human nature, and even to be regarded as something noble to which man is inspired by his love of honor, without selfish motives. ~ Immanuel Kant
340:Freedom is alone the unoriginated birthright of man, and belongs to him by force of his humanity; and is independent of the will and co-action of every other… ~ Immanuel Kant
341:Marriage...is the union of two people of different sexes with a view to the mutual possession of each other's sexual attributes for the duration of their lives. ~ Immanuel Kant
342:Philosophical knowledge is knowledge which reason gains from concepts; mathematical knowledge is knowledge which reason gains from the construction of concepts. ~ Immanuel Kant
343:Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end and never simply as a means. ~ Immanuel Kant
344:A nation is not (like the ground on which it is located) a possession. It is a society of men whom no one other than the nation itself can command or dispose of. ~ Immanuel Kant
345:The function of the true state is to impose the minimum restrictions and safeguard the maximum liberties of the people, and it never regards the person as a thing. ~ Immanuel Kant
346:Конституция, която цели най-голямата човешка свобода според закони, които правят така, че свободата на всеки да може да съществува заедно с тази на всички останали. ~ Immanuel Kant
347:Beneficence is a duty; and he who frequently practices it, and sees his benevolent intentions realized comes, at length, really to love him to whom he has done good. ~ Immanuel Kant
348:Philosophical knowledge is the knowledge gained by reason from concepts ; mathematical knowledge is the knowledge gained by reason from the construction of concepts. ~ Immanuel Kant
349:Upon the solution of this problem, or upon sufficient proof of the impossibility of synthetical knowledge a priori, depends the existence or downfall of metaphysics. ~ Immanuel Kant
350:...[H]uman reason in its pure use, so long as it was not critically examined, has first tried all possible wrong ways before it succeeded in finding the one true way. ~ Immanuel Kant
351:The crux of his new philosophy is this: What assurance do we have that our a priori (rational) thoughts have in reality a relation to objects that exist apart from us? ~ Immanuel Kant
352:Enlightenment is the liberation of man from his self-caused state of minority... Supere aude! Dare to use your own understanding!is thus the motto of the Enlightenment. ~ Immanuel Kant
353:Time is not an empirical concept. For neither co-existence nor succession would be perceived by us, if the representation of time did not exist as a foundation a priori. ~ Immanuel Kant
354:All the interests of my reason, speculative as well as practical, combine in the three following questions: 1. What can I know? 2. What ought I to do? 3. What may I hope? ~ Immanuel Kant
355:The greatest problem for the human species, the solution of which nature compels him to seek, is that of attaining a civil society which can administer justice universally. ~ Immanuel Kant
356:Law And Freedom without Violence (Anarchy) Law And Violence without Freedom (Despotism) Violence without Freedom And Law (Barbarism) Violence with Freedom And Law (Republic) ~ Immanuel Kant
357:Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never merely as a means to an end, but always at the same time as an end. ~ Immanuel Kant
358:Aus so krummen Holze, als woraus der Mensch gemacht ist, kann nichts ganz Gerades gezimmert werden. Out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing can ever be made. ~ Immanuel Kant
359:The infinitude of creation is great enough to make a world, or a Milky Way of worlds, look in comparison with it what a flower or an insect does in comparison with the Earth. ~ Immanuel Kant
360:Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within. ~ Immanuel Kant
361:The will is conceived as a faculty of determining oneself to action in accordance with the conception of certain laws. And such a faculty can be found only in rational beings. ~ Immanuel Kant
362:Immanuel Kant’s “categorical imperative” says that individual actions are to be judged according to whether we would be pleased if everyone in society took the same action. ~ Tom Butler Bowdon
363:The true religion is to be posited not in the knowledge or confession of what God allegedly does or has done for our salvation, but in what we must do to become worthy of this. ~ Immanuel Kant
364:it was the duty of philosophy to destroy the illusions which had their origin in misconceptions, whatever darling hopes and valued expectations may be ruined by its explanations. ~ Immanuel Kant
365:The existence of the Bible, as a book for the people, is the greatest benefit which the human race has ever experienced. Every attempt to belittle it is a crime against humanity. ~ Immanuel Kant
366:The universal and lasting establishment of peace constitutes not merely a part, but the whole final purpose and end of the science of right as viewed within the limits of reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
367:Anarchy is law and freedom without force.
Despotism is law and force without freedom.
Barbarism force without freedom and law.
Republicanism is force with freedom and law. ~ Immanuel Kant
368:The ultimate destiny of the human race is the greatest moral perfection, provided that it is achieved through human freedom, whereby alone man is capable of the greatest happiness. ~ Immanuel Kant
369:Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me. ~ Immanuel Kant
370:The instruction of children should aim gradually to combine knowing and doing. Among all sciences mathematics seems to be the only one of a kind to satisfy this aim most completely. ~ Immanuel Kant
371:Law And Freedom without Violence (Anarchy)
Law And Violence without Freedom (Despotism)
Violence without Freedom And Law (Barbarism)
Violence with Freedom And Law (Republic) ~ Immanuel Kant
372:Morality, on the other hand, as Immanuel Kant insisted, is ultimately practical: though it matters morally what we think and feel, morality is, at its heart, about what we do. ~ Kwame Anthony Appiah
373:In man (as the only rational creature on earth) those natural capacities which are directed to the use of his reason are to be fully developed only in the race, not in the individual. ~ Immanuel Kant
374:Immanuel Kant lived with knowledge as with his lawfully wedded wife, slept with it in the same intellectual bed for forty years and begot an entire German race of philosophical systems. ~ Stefan Zweig
375:To a high degree we are, through art and science, cultured. We are civilized - perhaps too much for our own good - in all sorts of social grace and decorum. But to consider ourselves as ~ Immanuel Kant
376:Two things fill my mind with ever-increasing wonder and awe, the more often and the more intensely the reflection dwells on them: the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me. ~ Immanuel Kant
377:Hence we may at once dismiss as easily foreseen but futile objection, “that by our admitting the ideality of space and of time the whole sensible world would be turned into mere illusion. ~ Immanuel Kant
378:I express the principle of one's freedom as a human being in this formula: No one can compel me (in accordance with his beliefs about the welfare of others) to be happy after his fashion. ~ Immanuel Kant
379:If we could see ourselves... as we really are, we should see ourselves in a world of spiritual natures, our community which neither began at birth nor will end with the death of the body. ~ Immanuel Kant
380:The people naturally adhere most to doctrines which demand the least self-exertion and the least use of their own reason, and which can best accommodate their duties to their inclinations. ~ Immanuel Kant
381:Two things fill the mind with ever-increasing wonder and awe, the more often and the more intensely the mind of thought is drawn to them: the starry heavens above and the moral law within. ~ Immanuel Kant
382:At some future day it will be proved, I cannot say when and where, that the human soul is, while in earth life, already in an uninterrupted communication with those living in another world. ~ Immanuel Kant
383:Every man is to be respected as an absolute end in himself; and it is a crime against the dignity that belongs to him as a human being, to use him as a mere means for some external purpose. ~ Immanuel Kant
384:Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind. The understanding can intuit nothing, the senses can think nothing. Only through their unison can knowledge arise. ~ Immanuel Kant
385:The means employed by Nature to bring about the development of all the capacities of men is their antagonism in society, so far as this is, in the end, the cause of a lawful order among men. ~ Immanuel Kant
386:Thoughts without content are empty, intuitions without concepts are blind... The understanding can intuit nothing, the senses can think nothing. Only through their union can knowledge arise. ~ Immanuel Kant
387:To the cosmological question, therefore, respecting the quantity of the world, the first and negative answer is, that the world has no first beginning in time, and no extreme limit in space. ~ Immanuel Kant
388:Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and reverence the more often and more steadily one reflects on them, the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me. ~ Immanuel Kant
389:I express the principle of one's freedom as a human being in this formula: No one can compel me (in accordance with his beliefs about the welfare of others) to be happy after his own fashion. ~ Immanuel Kant
390:The whole interest of my reason, whether speculative or practical, is concentrated in the three following questions: What can I know? What should I do? What may I hope? (Critique of Pure Reason ~ Immanuel Kant
391:Two things fill the mind with ever-increasing wonder and awe, the more often and the more intensely the mind of thought is drawn to them: the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me. ~ Immanuel Kant
392:The schematicism by which our understanding deals with the phenomenal world ... is a skill so deeply hidden in the human soul that we shall hardly guess the secret trick that Nature here employs. ~ Immanuel Kant
393:The ideal of the supreme being is nothing but a regulative principle of reason which directs us to look upon all connection in the world as if it originated from an all-sufficient necessary cause. ~ Immanuel Kant
394:All thought must, directly or indirectly, by way of certain characters, relate ultimately to intuitions, and therefore, with us, to sensibility, because in no other way can an object be given to us. ~ Immanuel Kant
395:An appeal to the consent of the common sense of mankind cannot be allowed, for that is a witness whose authority depends merely upon rumor. Says Horace: Quodcunque ostendis mihi sic, incredulus odi. ~ Immanuel Kant
396:Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing wonder and awe, the more often and the more seriously reflection concentrates upon them: the starry heaven above me and the moral law within me. ~ Immanuel Kant
397:The greatest evil that can oppress civilized peoples derives from wars, not, indeed, so much from actual present or past wars, as from the never-ending and constantly increasing arming for future war. ~ Immanuel Kant
398:If there is any science man really needs it is the one I teach, of how to occupy properly that place in creation that is assigned to man, and how to learn from it what one must be in order to be a man. ~ Immanuel Kant
399:Most men use their knowledge only under guidance from others because they lack the courage to think independently using their own reasoning abilities. It takes intellectual daring to discover the truth. ~ Immanuel Kant
400:We assume a common sense as the necessary condition of the universal communicability of our knowledge, which is presupposed in every logic and every principle of knowledge that is not one of skepticism. ~ Immanuel Kant
401:Natural science physics contains in itself synthetical judgments a priori, as principles. ... Space then is a necessary representation a priori, which serves for the foundation of all external intuitions. ~ Immanuel Kant
402:Human freedom is realised in the adoption of humanity as an end in itself, for the one thing that no-one can be compelled to do by another is to adopt a particular end. - 'Metaphysical Principles of Virtue ~ Immanuel Kant
403:Intuition and concepts constitute... the elements of all our knowledge, so that neither concepts without an intuition in some way corresponding to them, nor intuition without concepts, can yield knowledge. ~ Immanuel Kant
404:...[W]e must admit that... law must be valid, not merely for men, but for all rational creatures generally, not merely under certain contingent conditions or with exceptions, but with absolute necessity... ~ Immanuel Kant
405:I class the principle of moral feeling under that of happiness, because every empirical interest promises to contribute to our well-being by the agreeableness that a thing affords, whether profit be regarded. ~ Immanuel Kant
406:The science of mathematics presents the most brilliant example of how pure reason may successfully enlarge its domain without the aid of experience. ~ Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason (1781) Tr. Max Müller (1881) p. 610.
407:...[I]f I know that it is only by this process that the intended operation can be performed, then to say that if I fully will the operation, I also will the action required for it, is an analytical proposition... ~ Immanuel Kant
408:If we knew that god exists, such knowledge would make morality impossible. For, if we acted morally from fear or fright, or confident of a reward, then this would not be moral. It would be enlightened selfishness. ~ Immanuel Kant
409:Man desired concord; but nature knows better what is good for his species; she desires discord. Man wants to live easy and content; but nature compels him to leave ease... and throw himself into roils and labors. ~ Immanuel Kant
410:We ourselves introduce that order and regularity in the appearance which we entitle "nature". We could never find them in appearances had we not ourselves, by the nature of our own mind, originally set them there. ~ Immanuel Kant
411:I learned to honor human beings, and I would find myself far more useless than the common laborer if I did not believe that this consideration could impart to all others a value establishing the rights of humanity. ~ Immanuel Kant
412:When the tremulous radiance of a summer night fills with twinkling stars and the moon itself is full, I am slowly drawn into a state of enhanced sensitivity made of friendship and disdain for the world and eternity ~ Immanuel Kant
413:We have no reason for assuming the form of such a thing to be still partly dependent on blind mechanism, for with such confusion of heterogeneous principles every reliable rule for estimating things would disappear. ~ Immanuel Kant
414:It is an empirical judgement [to say] that I perceive and judge an object with pleasure. But it is an a priori judgement [to say] that I find it beautiful, i.e. I attribute this satisfaction necessarily to every one. ~ Immanuel Kant
415:That Logic has advanced in this sure course, even from the earliest times, is apparent from the fact that, since Aristotle, it has been unable to advance a step, and thus to all appearance has reached its completion. ~ Immanuel Kant
416:The sum total of all possible knowledge of God is not possible for a human being, not even through a true revelation. But it is one of the worthiest inquiries to see how far our reason can go in the knowledge of God. ~ Immanuel Kant
417:War itself requires no particular motivation, but appears to be ingrained in human nature and is even valued as something noble; indeed, the desire for glory inspires men to it, even independently of selfish motives. ~ Immanuel Kant
418:Zwei Dinge erfüllen das Gemüt mit immer neuer und zunehmender Bewunderung und Ehrfurcht, je öfter und anhaltender sich das Nachdenken damit beschäftigt: der gestirnte Himmel über mir und das moralische Gesetz in mir. ~ Immanuel Kant
419:Always regard every man as an end in himself, and never use him merely as a means to your ends [i.e., respect that each person has a life and purpose that is their own; do not treat people as objects to be exploited]. ~ Immanuel Kant
420:...When he puts a thing on a pedestal and calls it beautiful, he demands the same delight from others. He judges not merely for himself, but for all men, and then speaks of beauty as if it were the property of things. ~ Immanuel Kant
421:A philosophical attempt to work out a universal history according to a natural plan directed to achieving the civic union of the human race must be regarded as possible and, indeed, as contributing to this end of Nature. ~ Immanuel Kant
422:Freedom is the alone unoriginated birthright of man, and belongs to him by force of his humanity; and is independence on the will and co-action of every other in so far as this consists with every other person's freedom. ~ Immanuel Kant
423:Human reason, in one sphere of its cognition, is called upon to consider questions, which it cannot decline, as they are presented by its own nature, but which it cannot answer, as they transcend every faculty of the mind. ~ Immanuel Kant
424:If man is not to stifle his human feelings, he must practice kindness towards animals, for he who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals. ~ Immanuel Kant
425:If we were to suppose that mankind never can or will be in a better condition, it seems impossible to justify by any kind of theodicy the mere fact that such a race of corrupt beings could have been created on earth at all. ~ Immanuel Kant
426:The desire which a man has for a woman is not directed towards her because she is a human being, but because she is a woman ; that she is a human being is of no concern to the man; only her sex is the object of his desires. ~ Immanuel Kant
427:I freely admit that the remembrance of David Hume was the very thing that many years ago first interrupted my dogmatic slumber and gave a completely different direction to my researches in the field of speculative philosophy ~ Immanuel Kant
428:A man who has tasted with profound enjoyment the pleasure of agreeable society will eat with a greater appetite than he who rode horseback for two hours. An amusing lecture is as useful for health as the exercise of the body. ~ Immanuel Kant
429:For how is it possible, says that acute man, that when a concept is given me, I can go beyond it and connect with it another which is not contained in it, in such a manner as if that latter necessarily belonged to the former? ~ Immanuel Kant
430:I freely admit that the remembrance of David Hume was the very thing that many years ago first interrupted my dogmatic slumber and gave a completely different direction to my researches in the field of speculative philosophy. ~ Immanuel Kant
431:In the universal stillness of nature and the calmness of the senses the immortal spirit’s hidden faculty of cognition speaks an ineffable language and provides undeveloped concepts that can certainly be felt but not described. ~ Immanuel Kant
432:Feminine traits are called weaknesses. People joke about them; fools ridicule them; but reasonable persons see very well that those traits are just the tools for the management of men, and for the use of men for female designs. ~ Immanuel Kant
433:Since the human race's natural end is to make steady cultural progress, its moral end is to be conceived as progressing toward the better. And this progress may well be occasionally interrupted, but it will never be broken off. ~ Immanuel Kant
434:Things which we see are not by themselves what we see ... It remains completely unknown to us what the objects may be by themselves and apart from the receptivity of our senses. We know nothing but our manner of perceiving them. ~ Immanuel Kant
435:Whereas the beautiful is limited, the sublime is limitless, so that the mind in the presence of the sublime, attempting to imagine what it cannot, has pain in the failure but pleasure in contemplating the immensity of the attempt ~ Immanuel Kant
436:The only quality necessary for being a citizen (i.e., a co-legislator), other than the natural one (that he is neither a child nor a woman), is that he be his own master, consequently that he have some property to support himself. ~ Immanuel Kant
437:In the natural state no concept of God can arise, and the false one which one makes for himself is harmful. Hence the theory of natural religion can be true only where there is no science; therefore it cannot bind all men together. ~ Immanuel Kant
438:Our understanding is a faculty of concepts, i.e., a discursive understanding, for which it must of course be contingent what and how different might be the particular that can be given to it in nature and brought under its concepts. ~ Immanuel Kant
439:cruelty to animals is contrary to man's duty to himself, because it deadens in him the feeling of sympathy for their sufferings, and thus a natural tendency that is very useful to morality in relation to other human beings is weakened. ~ Immanuel Kant
440:All trades, arts, and handiworks have gained by division of labor... Where the different kinds of work are not distinguished and divided, where everyone is a jack-of-all-trades, there manufactures remain still in the greatest barbarism. ~ Immanuel Kant
441:Aristotle can be regarded as the father of logic. But his logic is too scholastic, full of subtleties, and fundamentally has not been of much value to the human understanding. It is a dialectic and an organon for the art of disputation. ~ Immanuel Kant
442:...in its practical purpose the footpath of freedom is the only one on which it is possible to make use of reason in our conduct. Hence it is as impossible for the subtlest philosophy as for the commonest reasoning to argue freedom away. ~ Immanuel Kant
443:Freedom is independence of the compulsory will of another, and in so far as it tends to exist with the freedom of all according to a universal law, it is the one sole original inborn right belonging to every man in virtue of his humanity. ~ Immanuel Kant
444:In the kingdom of ends everything has either a price or a dignity. What has a price can be replaced by something else as its equivalent; what on the other hand is raised above all price and therefore admits of no equivalent has a dignity. ~ Immanuel Kant
445:A league of a special sort must . . . be established, one that we can call a league of peace, which will be distinguished from a treaty of peace because the latter seeks merely to stop one war, while the former seeks to end all wars forever. ~ Immanuel Kant
446:Inexperienced in the course of world affairs and incapable of being prepared for all the chances that happen in it, I ask myself only 'Can you also will that your maxim should become a universal law?' Where you cannot it is to be rejected... ~ Immanuel Kant
447:When a thoughtful human being has overcome incentives to vice and is aware of having done his bitter duty, he finds himself in a state that could be called happiness, a state of contentment and peace of mind in which virtue is its own reward. ~ Immanuel Kant
448:Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Nothing is required for this enlightenment except freedom; and the freedom in question is the least harmful of all, namely, the freedom to use with and publicly in all matters. ~ Immanuel Kant
449:After death the soul possesses self-consciousness, otherwise, it would be the subject of spiritual death, which has already been disproved. With this self-consciousness necessarily remains personality and the consciousness of personal identity. ~ Immanuel Kant
450:Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity...No thing is required for this enlightenment.. .except freedom; and the freedom in question is the least harmful of all, namely, the freedom to use reason publicly in all matters. ~ Immanuel Kant
451:It is of great consequence to have previously determined the concept that one wants to elucidate through observation before questioning experience about it; for one finds in experience what one needs only if one knows in advance what to look for. ~ Immanuel Kant
452:But, above all, it will confer an inestimable benefit on morality and religion, by showing that all the objections urged against them may be silenced for ever by the Socratic method, that is to say, by proving the ignorance of the objector. ~ Immanuel Kant
453:The essence of things is not altered by their external relations, and that which, abstracting from these, alone constitutes the absolute worth of man is also that by which he must be judged, whoever the judge may be, and even by the Supreme Being. ~ Immanuel Kant
454:The only objects of practical reason are therefore those of good and evil. For by the former is meant an object necessarily desired according to a principle of reason; by the latter one necessarily shunned, also according to a principle of reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
455:To appeal to common sense when insight and science fail, and no sooner—this is one of the subtle discoveries of modern times, by means of which the most superficial ranter can safely enter the lists with the most thorough thinker and hold his own. ~ Immanuel Kant
456:....Happiness is not an ideal of reason but of imagination, resting solely on empirical grounds, and it is vain to expect that these should define an action by which one could attain the totality of a series of consequences which is really endless. ~ Immanuel Kant
457:Immanuel Kant believed that we humans, because we are so emotionally complex, go through two puberties in life. The first puberty is when our bodies become mature enough for sex; the second puberty is when our minds becomes mature enough for sex. ~ Elizabeth Gilbert
458:A person born blind cannot frame the smallest conception of darkness, because he has none of light. The savage knows nothing of poverty, because he does not know wealth and the ignorant has no conception of his ignorance, because he has none of knowledge. ~ Immanuel Kant
459:There was a German philosopher who is very well known, his name was Immanuel Kant, and he said there are two things that don’t have to mean anything, one is music and the other is laughter. Don’t have to mean anything that is, in order to give us deep pleasure. ~ John Cage
460:Human reason has this peculiar fate that in one species of its knowledge it is burdened by questions which, as prescribed by the very nature of reason itself, it is not able to ignore, but which, as transcending all its powers, it is also not able to answer. ~ Immanuel Kant
461:By a lie a man throws away and, as it were, annihilates his dignity as a man. A man who himself does not believe what he tells another ... has even less worth than if he were a mere thing. ... makes himself a mere deceptive appearance of man, not man himself. ~ Immanuel Kant
462:Democracy is necessarily despotism, as it establishes an executive power contrary to the general will; all being able to decide against one whose opinion may differ, the will of all is therefore not that of all: which is contradictory and opposite to liberty. ~ Immanuel Kant
463:Las cuestiones de si el universo tiene un principio en el tiempo y de si está limitado en el espacio fueron posteriormente examinadas de forma extensiva por el filósofo Immanuel Kant en su monumental (y muy oscura) obra, Crítica de la razón pura, publicada en 1781. ~ Anonymous
464:If I have a book that thinks for me, a pastor who acts as my conscience, a physician who prescribes my diet, and so on... then I have no need to exert myself. I have no need to think, if only I can pay; others will take care of that disagreeable business for me. ~ Immanuel Kant
465:Faulheit und Feigheit sind die Ursachen, warum ein so großer Teil der Menschen, nachdem sie die Natur längst von fremder Leitung frei gesprochen, dennoch gerne zeitlebens unmündig bleiben; und warum es anderen so leicht wird, sich zu deren Vormündern aufzuwerfen. ~ Immanuel Kant
466:If, like Hume, I had all manner of adornment in my power, I would still have reservations about using them. It is true that some readers will be scared off by dryness. But isn't it necessary to scare off some if in their case the matter would end up in bad hands? ~ Immanuel Kant
467:My object is to persuade all those who think metaphysics worth studying that it is absolutely necessary to pause a moment and, disregarding all that has been done, to propose first the preliminary question, “Whether such a thing as metaphysics be at all possible? ~ Immanuel Kant
468:To assume that the ruler cannot ever err or that he cannot be ignorant of something would be to portray him as blessed with divine inspiration and as elevated above the rest of humanity. Hence freedom of the pen . . . is the sole protector of the people's rights. ~ Immanuel Kant
469:Men will not understand ... that when they fulfil their duties to men, they fulfil thereby God's commandments; that they are consequently always in the service of God, as long as their actions are moral, and that it is absolutely impossible to serve God otherwise. ~ Immanuel Kant
470:Dogmatism is thus the dogmatic procedure of pure reason without previous criticism of its own powers, and in opposing this procedure, we must not be supposed to lend any countenance to that loquacious shallowness which arrogates to itself the name of popularity, nor ~ Immanuel Kant
471:All appearances have a determinate magnitude (the relation of which to another assignable). The infinite does not appear as such, likewise not the simple. For the appearances are included between two boundaries (points) and are thus themselves determinate magnitudes. ~ Immanuel Kant
472:Every beginning is in time, and every limit of extension in space. Space and time, however, exist in the world of sense only. Hence phenomena are only limited in the world conditionally, the world itself, however, is limited neither conditionally nor unconditionally. ~ Immanuel Kant
473:True politics cannot take a single step without first paying homage to morals, and while politics itself is a difficult art, its combination with morals is no art at all; for morals cuts the Gordian knot which politics cannot solve as soon as the two are in conflict. ~ Immanuel Kant
474:Perhaps a revolution can overthrow autocratic despotism and profiteering or power-grabbing oppression, but it can never truly reform a manner of thinking; instead, new prejudices, just like the old ones they replace, will serve as a leash for the great unthinking mass ~ Immanuel Kant
475:The world of sense, if it is limited, lies necessarily within the infinite void. If we ignore this, and with it, space in general, as an a priori condition of the possibility of phenomena, the whole world of sense vanishes, which alone forms the object of our enquiry. ~ Immanuel Kant
476:Perhaps a revolution can overthrow autocratic despotism and profiteering or power-grabbing oppression, but it can never truly reform a manner of thinking; instead, new prejudices, just like the old ones they replace, will serve as a leash for the great unthinking mass. ~ Immanuel Kant
477:Enlightenment is man's exodus from his self-incurred tutelage. Tutelage is the inability to use one's understanding without the guidance of another person..'Dare to Know'(sapere aude) Have the courage to use your own understanding;this is the motto of the Enlightenment. ~ Immanuel Kant
478:People who read mainly the Grounding and the Critique often criticize Kant for having his head in the clouds and for not being convincingly capable of dealing with concrete cases. A reading of the Metaphysics of Morals will show anyone how unfounded such criticisms are. ~ Immanuel Kant
479:Man, and in general every rational being, exists as an end in himself, not merely as a means for arbitrary use by this or that will: he must in all his actions, whether they are directed to himself or to other rational beings, always be viewed at the same time as an end. ~ Immanuel Kant
480:Our knowledge springs from two fundamental sources of the mind; the first is the capacity of receiving representations (receptivity for impressions), the second is the power of knowing an object through these representations (spontaneity [in the production] of concepts). ~ Immanuel Kant
481:Through laziness and cowardice a large part of mankind, even after nature has freed them from alien guidance, gladly remain immature. It is because of laziness and cowardice that it is so easy for others to usurp the role of guardians. It is so comfortable to be a minor! ~ Immanuel Kant
482:...[T]he sublimity and intrinsic dignity of the command in duty are so much the more evident, the less the subjective impulses favor it and the more they oppose it, without being able in the slightest degree to weaken the obligation of the law or to diminish its validity. ~ Immanuel Kant
483:I feel a complete thirst for knowledge and an eager unrest to go further in it as well as satisfaction at every acquisition. There was a time when I believed that this alone could constitute the honor of mankind, and I had contempt for the ignorant rabble who know nothing. ~ Immanuel Kant
484:Now I say: man and generally any rational being exists as an end in himself, not merely as a means to be arbitrarily used by this or that will, but in all his actions, whether they concern himself or other rational beings, must always be regarded at the same time as an end. ~ Immanuel Kant
485:Reason must approach nature in order to be taught by it. It must not, however, do so in the character of a pupil who listens to everything that the teacher chooses to say, but of an appointed judge who compels the witness to answer questions which he has himself formulated. ~ Immanuel Kant
486:If the intuition must conform to the nature of the objects, I do not see how we can know anything of them a priori. If, on the other hand, the object conforms to the nature of our faculty of intuition, I can then easily conceive the possibility of such an a priori knowledge. ~ Immanuel Kant
487:The arts of speech are rhetoric and poetry. Rhetoric is the art of transacting a serious business of the understanding as if it were a free play of the imagination; poetry that of conducting a free play of the imagination as if it were a serious business of the understanding. ~ Immanuel Kant
488:The sight of a being who is not graced by any touch of a pure and good will but who yet enjoys an uninterrupted prosperity can never delight a rational and impartial spectator. Thus a good will seems to constitute the indispensable condition of being even worthy of happiness. ~ Immanuel Kant
489:In his essay, ‘Perpetual Peace,’ the philosopher, Immanuel Kant, argued that perpetual peace would eventually come to the world in one of two ways, by human insight or by conflicts and catastrophes of a magnitude that left humanity no other choice. We are at such a juncture. ~ Henry Kissinger
490:The sight of a being who is not adorned with a single feature of a pure and good will, enjoying unbroken prosperity, can never give pleasure to an impartial rational spectator. Thus a good will appears to constitute the indispensable condition even of being worthy of happiness. ~ Immanuel Kant
491:Everything goes past like a river and the changing taste and the various shapes of men make the whole game uncertain and delusive. Where do I find fixed points in nature, which cannot be moved by man, and where I can indicate the markers by the shore to which he ought to adhere? ~ Immanuel Kant
492:In his essay, ‘Perpetual Peace,’ the philosopher, Immanuel Kant, argued that perpetual peace would eventually come to the world in one of two ways, by human insight or by conflicts and catastrophes of a magnitude that left humanity no other choice. We are at such a juncture. ~ Henry A Kissinger
493:In the metaphysical elements of aesthetics the various nonmoral feelings are to be made use of; in the elements of moral metaphysics the various moral feelings of men, according to the differences in sex, age, education, and government, of races and climates, are to be employed. ~ Immanuel Kant
494:Nature has willed that man should, by himself, produce everything that goes beyond the mechanical ordering of his animal existence, and that he should partake of no other happiness or perfection than that which he himself, independently of instinct, has created by his own reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
495:Our reason has this peculiar fate that, with reference to one class of its knowledge, it is always troubled with questions which cannot be ignored, because they spring from the very nature of reason, and which cannot be answered, because they transcend the powers of human reason. ~ Immanuel Kant
496:Ghost stories are always listened to and well received in private, but pitilessly disavowed in public. For my own part, ignorant as I am of the way in which the human spirit enters the world and the way in which he goes out of it, I dare not deny the truth of many such narratives. ~ Immanuel Kant
497:Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity.…1 Nothing is required for this enlightenment … except freedom; and the freedom in question is the least harmful of all, namely, the freedom to use reason publicly in all matters. —IMMANUEL KANT, “What Is Enlightenment? ~ Jon Meacham
498:The evil effect of science upon men is principally this, that by far the greatest number of those who wish to display a knowledge of it accomplish no improvement at all of the understanding, but only a perversity of it, not to mention that it serves most of them as a tool of vanity. ~ Immanuel Kant
499:Criticism alone can sever the root of materialism, fatalism, atheism, free-thinking, fanaticism, and superstition, which can be injurious universally; as well as of idealism and skepticism, which are dangerous chiefly to the Schools, and hardly allow of being handed on to the public. ~ Immanuel Kant
500:Human reason has the peculiar fate in one species of its cognitions that it is burdened with questions which it cannot dismiss, since they are given to it as problems by the nature of reason itself, but which it also cannot answer, since they transcend every capacity of human reason. ~ Immanuel Kant

IN CHAPTERS









WORDNET



--- Overview of noun immanuel_kant

The noun immanuel kant has 1 sense (no senses from tagged texts)
                
1. Kant, Immanuel Kant ::: (influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804))




--- Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of noun immanuel_kant

1 sense of immanuel kant                        

Sense 1
Kant, Immanuel Kant
   INSTANCE OF=> philosopher
     => scholar, scholarly person, bookman, student
       => intellectual, intellect
         => person, individual, someone, somebody, mortal, soul
           => organism, being
             => living thing, animate thing
               => whole, unit
                 => object, physical object
                   => physical entity
                     => entity
           => causal agent, cause, causal agency
             => physical entity
               => entity




--- Hyponyms of noun immanuel_kant
                                    




--- Synonyms/Hypernyms (Ordered by Estimated Frequency) of noun immanuel_kant

1 sense of immanuel kant                        

Sense 1
Kant, Immanuel Kant
   INSTANCE OF=> philosopher










--- Coordinate Terms (sisters) of noun immanuel_kant

1 sense of immanuel kant                        

Sense 1
Kant, Immanuel Kant
  -> philosopher
   => nativist
   => Cynic
   => eclectic, eclecticist
   => empiricist
   => epistemologist
   => esthetician, aesthetician
   => ethicist, ethician
   => existentialist, existentialist philosopher, existential philosopher
   => gymnosophist
   => libertarian
   => mechanist
   => moralist
   => naturalist
   => necessitarian
   => nominalist
   => pluralist
   => pre-Socratic
   => realist
   => Scholastic
   => Sophist
   => Stoic
   => transcendentalist
   => yogi
   HAS INSTANCE=> Abelard, Peter Abelard, Pierre Abelard
   HAS INSTANCE=> Anaxagoras
   HAS INSTANCE=> Anaximander
   HAS INSTANCE=> Anaximenes
   HAS INSTANCE=> Arendt, Hannah Arendt
   HAS INSTANCE=> Aristotle
   HAS INSTANCE=> Averroes, ibn-Roshd, Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd
   HAS INSTANCE=> Avicenna, ibn-Sina, Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina
   HAS INSTANCE=> Bacon, Francis Bacon, Sir Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam, 1st Baron Verulam, Viscount St. Albans
   HAS INSTANCE=> Bentham, Jeremy Bentham
   HAS INSTANCE=> Bergson, Henri Bergson, Henri Louis Bergson
   HAS INSTANCE=> Berkeley, Bishop Berkeley, George Berkeley
   HAS INSTANCE=> Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
   HAS INSTANCE=> Bruno, Giordano Bruno
   HAS INSTANCE=> Buber, Martin Buber
   HAS INSTANCE=> Cassirer, Ernst Cassirer
   HAS INSTANCE=> Cleanthes
   HAS INSTANCE=> Comte, Auguste Comte, Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Comte
   HAS INSTANCE=> Condorcet, Marquis de Condorcet, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat
   HAS INSTANCE=> Confucius, Kongfuze, K'ung Futzu, Kong the Master
   HAS INSTANCE=> Democritus
   HAS INSTANCE=> Derrida, Jacques Derrida
   HAS INSTANCE=> Descartes, Rene Descartes
   HAS INSTANCE=> Dewey, John Dewey
   HAS INSTANCE=> Diderot, Denis Diderot
   HAS INSTANCE=> Diogenes
   HAS INSTANCE=> Empedocles
   HAS INSTANCE=> Epictetus
   HAS INSTANCE=> Epicurus
   HAS INSTANCE=> Haeckel, Ernst Heinrich Haeckel
   HAS INSTANCE=> Hartley, David Hartley
   HAS INSTANCE=> Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
   HAS INSTANCE=> Heraclitus
   HAS INSTANCE=> Herbart, Johann Friedrich Herbart
   HAS INSTANCE=> Herder, Johann Gottfried von Herder
   HAS INSTANCE=> Hobbes, Thomas Hobbes
   HAS INSTANCE=> Hume, David Hume
   HAS INSTANCE=> Husserl, Edmund Husserl
   HAS INSTANCE=> Hypatia
   HAS INSTANCE=> James, William James
   HAS INSTANCE=> Kant, Immanuel Kant
   HAS INSTANCE=> Kierkegaard, Soren Kierkegaard, Soren Aabye Kierkegaard
   HAS INSTANCE=> Lao-tzu, Lao-tse, Lao-zi
   HAS INSTANCE=> Leibniz, Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz
   HAS INSTANCE=> Locke, John Locke
   HAS INSTANCE=> Lucretius, Titus Lucretius Carus
   HAS INSTANCE=> Lully, Raymond Lully, Ramon Lully
   HAS INSTANCE=> Mach, Ernst Mach
   HAS INSTANCE=> Machiavelli, Niccolo Machiavelli
   HAS INSTANCE=> Maimonides, Moses Maimonides, Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon
   HAS INSTANCE=> Malebranche, Nicolas de Malebranche
   HAS INSTANCE=> Marcuse, Herbert Marcuse
   HAS INSTANCE=> Marx, Karl Marx
   HAS INSTANCE=> Mead, George Herbert Mead
   HAS INSTANCE=> Mill, John Mill, John Stuart Mill
   HAS INSTANCE=> Mill, James Mill
   HAS INSTANCE=> Montesquieu, Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu, Charles Louis de Secondat
   HAS INSTANCE=> Moore, G. E. Moore, George Edward Moore
   HAS INSTANCE=> Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
   HAS INSTANCE=> Occam, William of Occam, Ockham, William of Ockham
   HAS INSTANCE=> Origen
   HAS INSTANCE=> Ortega y Gasset, Jose Ortega y Gasset
   HAS INSTANCE=> Parmenides
   HAS INSTANCE=> Pascal, Blaise Pascal
   HAS INSTANCE=> Peirce, Charles Peirce, Charles Sanders Peirce
   HAS INSTANCE=> Perry, Ralph Barton Perry
   HAS INSTANCE=> Plato
   HAS INSTANCE=> Plotinus
   => Popper, Karl Popper, Sir Karl Raimund Popper
   HAS INSTANCE=> Pythagoras
   HAS INSTANCE=> Quine, W. V. Quine, Willard Van Orman Quine
   HAS INSTANCE=> Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
   HAS INSTANCE=> Reid, Thomas Reid
   HAS INSTANCE=> Rousseau, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
   HAS INSTANCE=> Russell, Bertrand Russell, Bertrand Arthur William Russell, Earl Russell
   HAS INSTANCE=> Schopenhauer, Arthur Schopenhauer
   HAS INSTANCE=> Schweitzer, Albert Schweitzer
   HAS INSTANCE=> Seneca, Lucius Annaeus Seneca
   HAS INSTANCE=> Socrates
   HAS INSTANCE=> Spencer, Herbert Spencer
   HAS INSTANCE=> Spengler, Oswald Spengler
   HAS INSTANCE=> Spinoza, de Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza
   HAS INSTANCE=> Steiner, Rudolf Steiner
   HAS INSTANCE=> Stewart, Dugald Stewart
   HAS INSTANCE=> Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore, Sir Rabindranath Tagore
   HAS INSTANCE=> Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
   HAS INSTANCE=> Thales, Thales of Miletus
   HAS INSTANCE=> Theophrastus
   HAS INSTANCE=> Weil, Simone Weil
   HAS INSTANCE=> Whitehead, Alfred North Whitehead
   HAS INSTANCE=> Williams, Sir Bernard Williams, Bernard Arthur Owen Williams
   HAS INSTANCE=> Wittgenstein, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johan Wittgenstein
   HAS INSTANCE=> Xenophanes
   HAS INSTANCE=> Zeno, Zeno of Citium
   HAS INSTANCE=> Zeno, Zeno of Elea










--- Grep of noun immanuel_kant
immanuel kant





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