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see also ::: Aristotle, Plato, Plotinus

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Conversations of Socrates
The Trial and Death of Socrates


Socrates: (c. 470-399 B.C.) Was one of the most influential teachers of philosophy. The son of an Athenian stone cutter, named Sophroniscus, and of a mid-wife, Socrates learned his father's trade, but, in a sense, practised his mother's. Plato makes him describe himself as one who assists at the birth of ideas. With the exception of two periods of military service, he remained in Athens all his life. He claimed to be guided by a daimon which warned him against what was wrong, and Plato suggests that Socrates enjoyed mystic experiences. Much of his tirne was spent in high-minded philosophic discussion with those he chanced to meet in the public places of Athens. The young men enjoyed his easy methods of discussion and delighted in his frequent quizzing of the Sophists. He was eventually charged in the Athenian citizen court with being irreligious and corrupting the young. Found guilty, he submitted to the court and drank the poison which ended the life of one of the greatest of Athenians. He wrote nothing and is known through three widely divergent contemporary accounts. Aristophanes has caricatured him in the Clouds, Xenophon has described him, with personal respect but little understanding of his philosophical profundity; Plato's dialogues idealize him and probably develop the Socratic philosophy far beyond the original thought of his master. Socrates personifies the Athenian love of reason and of moderation; he probably taught that virtue is knowledge and that knowledge is only true when it reaches the stage of definition. See Socratic method. -- V.J.B.

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1:Be as you wish to seem.
   ~ Socrates,
2:An honest man is always a child.
   ~ Socrates,
3:Wisdom is knowing you know nothing ~ Socrates,
4:The unexamined life is not worth living ~ Socrates,
5:I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.
   ~ Socrates,
6:Of all our possessions, wisdom alone is immortal. ~ Socrates?,
7:Death may be the greatest of all human blessings.
   ~ Socrates,
8:The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms. ~ Socrates,
9:You're not yet Socrates, but you can still live as if you want to be him. ~ Epictetus,
10:Once made equal to man, woman becomes his superior.
   ~ Socrates,
11:Let him that would move the world first move himself.
   ~ Socrates,
12:There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
   ~ Socrates,
13:I am not an Athenian, nor a Greek, but a citizen of the world.
   ~ Socrates,
14:Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.
   ~ Socrates,
15:Beauty is the bait which with delight allures man to enlarge his kind.
   ~ Socrates,
16:He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature. ~ Socrates,
17:The end of life is to be like God, and the soul following God will be like Him.
   ~ Socrates,
18:The image, if expressing in every point the entire reality, would no longer be an image.
   ~ Socrates, Cratylus,
19:The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the old, but on building the new.
   ~ Socrates?,
20:By all means marry; if you get a good wife, you'll become happy; if you get a bad one, you'll become a philosopher. ~ Socrates,
21:Employ your time in improving yourself by other men's writings, so that you shall gain easily what others have labored hard for.
   ~ Socrates,
22:The Great spiritual geniuses, whether it was Moses, Buddha, Plato, Socrates, Jesus, or Emerson... have taught man to look within himself to find God.
   ~ Ernest Holmes,
23:Is it so bad, then, to be misunderstood? Pythagoras was misunderstood, and Socrates, and Jesus, and Luther, and Copernicus, and Galileo, and Newton, and every pure and wise spirit that ever took flesh. To be great is to be misunderstood. ~ Ralph Waldo Emerson,
24:All of us cherish our beliefs. They are, to a degree, self-defining. When someone comes along who challenges our belief system as insufficiently well-based - or who, like Socrates, merely asks embarrassing questions that we haven't thought of, or demonstrates that we've swept key underlying assumptions under the rug - it becomes much more than a search for knowledge. It feels like a personal assault. ~ Carl Sagan,
25:If Confucius can serve as the Patron Saint of Chinese education, let me propose Socrates as his equivalent in a Western educational context - a Socrates who is never content with the initial superficial response, but is always probing for finer distinctions, clearer examples, a more profound form of knowing. Our concept of knowledge has changed since classical times, but Socrates has provided us with a timeless educational goal - ever deeper understanding. ~ Howard Gardner,
26:In Plato's Symposium, the priestess Diotima teaches Socrates that love is not a deity, but rather a 'great daemon' (202d). She goes on to explain that 'everything daemonic is between divine and mortal' (202d-e), and she describes daemons as 'interpreting and transporting human things to the gods and divine things to men; entreaties and sacrifices from below, and ordinances and requitals from above...' (202e). In Plato's Apology of Socrates, Socrates claimed to have a daimonion (literally, a 'divine something')[16] that frequently warned him-in the form of a 'voice'-against mistakes but never told him what to do.
   ~ Wikipedia, Daemon,
27:To The Works Of:
   Aristotle, Cassius J. Keyser, Eric T. Bell, G. W. Leibnitz, Eugen Bleuler, J. Locke, Niels Bohr, Jacques Loeb, George Boole, H. A. Lorentz, Max Born, Ernst Mach, Louis De Brogue, J. C. Maxwell, Georg Cantor, Adolf Meyer, Ernst Cassirer, Hermann Minkowsja, Charles M. Child, Isaac Newton, C. Darwin, Ivan Pavlov, Rene Descartes, Giuseppe Peano, P. A. M. Dirac, Max Planck, A. S. Eddington, Plato, Albert Einstein, H. Poincare, Euclid, M. Faraday, Sigmund Freud, Josiah Royce, Karl F. Gauss, G. Y. Rainich, G. B. Riemann, Bertrand Russell, Thomas Graham, Ernest Rutherford, Arthur Haas, E. Schrodinger, Wm. R. Hamilton, C. S. Sherrington, Henry Head, Socrates, Werner Heisenberg, Arnold Sommerfeld, C. Judson Herrick, Oswald Veblen, E. V. Huntington, Wm. Alanson White, Smith Ely Jeluffe, Alfred N. Whitehead, Ludwig Wittgenstein
   Which Have Creatly Influenced My Enquiry
   This System Is Dedicated ~ Alfred Korzybski, Science and Sanity,
28:''He is a great spirit,151 Socrates. All spirits are intermediate between god and mortal''.
''What is the function of a spirit?'' I asked.
''Interpreting and conveying all that passes between gods and humans: from humans, petitions and sacrificial offerings, and from gods, instructions and the favours they return. Spirits, being intermediary, fill the space between the other two, so that all are bound together into one entity. It is by means of spirits that all divination can take place, the whole craft of seers and priests, with their sacrifices, rites and spells, and all prophecy and magic. Deity and humanity are completely separate, but through the mediation of spirits all converse and communication from gods to humans, waking and sleeping, is made possible. The man who is wise in these matters is a man of the spirit,152 whereas the man who is wise in a skill153 or a manual craft,154 which is a different sort of expertise, is materialistic.155 These spirits are many and of many kinds, and one of them is Love''. ~ Plato, Symposium, 202e,
29:How long are you going to wait before you demand the best for yourself and in no instance bypass the discriminations of reason? You have been given the principles that you ought to endorse, and you have endorsed them. What kind of teacher, then, are you still waiting for in order to refer your self-improvement to him? You are no longer a boy, but a full-grown man. If you are careless and lazy now and keep putting things off and always deferring the day after which you will attend to yourself, you will not notice that you are making no progress, but you will live and die as someone quite ordinary.
   From now on, then, resolve to live as a grown-up who is making progress, and make whatever you think best a law that you never set aside. And whenever you encounter anything that is difficult or pleasurable, or highly or lowly regarded, remember that the contest is now: you are at the Olympic Games, you cannot wait any longer, and that your progress is wrecked or preserved by a single day and a single event. That is how Socrates fulfilled himself by attending to nothing except reason in everything he encountered. And you, although you are not yet a Socrates, should live as someone who at least wants to be a Socrates.
   ~ Epictetus, (From Manual 51),
30:I examined the poets, and I look on them as people whose talent overawes both themselves and others, people who present themselves as wise men and are taken as such, when they are nothing of the sort.

From poets, I moved to artists. No one was more ignorant about the arts than I; no one was more convinced that artists possessed really beautiful secrets. However, I noticed that their condition was no better than that of the poets and that both of them have the same misconceptions. Because the most skillful among them excel in their specialty, they look upon themselves as the wisest of men. In my eyes, this presumption completely tarnished their knowledge. As a result, putting myself in the place of the oracle and asking myself what I would prefer to be - what I was or what they were, to know what they have learned or to know that I know nothing - I replied to myself and to the god: I wish to remain who I am.

We do not know - neither the sophists, nor the orators, nor the artists, nor I- what the True, the Good, and the Beautiful are. But there is this difference between us: although these people know nothing, they all believe they know something; whereas, I, if I know nothing, at least have no doubts about it. As a result, all this superiority in wisdom which the oracle has attributed to me reduces itself to the single point that I am strongly convinced that I am ignorant of what I do not know. ~ Socrates,

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1:Be as you wish to seem ~ Socrates
2:Be as you wish to seem. ~ Socrates
3:Sólo sé que no sé nada. ~ Socrates
4:wisdom begins in wonder ~ Socrates
5:Wisdom begins in wonder. ~ Socrates
6:Be true to thine own self ~ Socrates
7:Wisdom belongs in wonder. ~ Socrates
8:Be as you wish to seem.
   ~ Socrates,
9:Be true to thine own self. ~ Socrates
10:I know what I do not know. ~ Socrates
11:Yo solo sé que no sé nada. ~ Socrates
12:Go wherever the facts lead. ~ Socrates
13:I know that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
14:I only know, I know nothing ~ Socrates
15:Nobody knows what death is, ~ Socrates
16:She soars on her own wings. ~ Socrates
17:We are what we think we are ~ Socrates
18:Homme, connais-toi toi-même! ~ Socrates
19:Not I, but the city teaches. ~ Socrates
20:I only know how little I know ~ Socrates
21:Contentment is natural wealth. ~ Socrates
22:Envy is the ulcer of the soul. ~ Socrates
23:No one does wrong voluntarily. ~ Socrates
24:Beauty is a short-lived tyranny ~ Socrates
25:I only know that I know nothing ~ Socrates
26:Knowledge is our ultimate good. ~ Socrates
27:Laws are not made for the good. ~ Socrates
28:An honest man is always a child. ~ Socrates
29:Beauty is a short-lived tyranny. ~ Socrates
30:Knowledge will make you be free. ~ Socrates
31:We shall be better, braver, and ~ Socrates
32:All I know is that I know nothing ~ Socrates
33:Happiness is unrepented pleasure. ~ Socrates
34:How many things can I do without? ~ Socrates
35:How many things I can do without! ~ Socrates
36:Talk in order that I may see you. ~ Socrates
37:There is but one evil, ignorance. ~ Socrates
38:Virtue is the beauty of the soul. ~ Socrates
39:All I know is that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
40:All thinking begins with wondering ~ Socrates
41:The mind is the pilot of the soul. ~ Socrates
42:The warm love has the coldest end. ~ Socrates
43:To harm another is to harm oneself ~ Socrates
44:What a lot of things I don't need. ~ Socrates
45:Wisdom is knowing you know nothing ~ Socrates
46:Wonder is the beginning of wisdom. ~ Socrates
47:An honest man is always a child.
   ~ Socrates,
48:Grav-Skrivt Over Socrates
~ Ambrosius Stub
49:Imitate Jesus and Socrates ~ Benjamin Franklin
50:Wisdom is knowing you know nothing ~ Socrates,
51:You don't know what you don't know. ~ Socrates
52:القناعة هي المصدر الحقيقي لأكبر لذة ~ Socrates
53:as Socrates so often declared. ~ Matthew Walker
54:Fame is the perfume of heroic deeds. ~ Socrates
55:I neither know nor think that I know ~ Socrates
56:Let the questions be the curriculum. ~ Socrates
57:Through your rags I see your vanity. ~ Socrates
58:to find yourself, think for yourself ~ Socrates
59:Wisest is he who knows he knows not. ~ Socrates
60:Aku tahu bahwa aku tidak tahu apa-apa ~ Socrates
61:Beware the barrenness of a busy life. ~ Socrates
62:Justice. If only we knew what it was. ~ Socrates
63:Socrates should have written comics. ~ Mark Waid
64:The hottest love has the coldest end. ~ Socrates
65:To find yourself, think for yourself. ~ Socrates
66:When our feet hurt, we hurt all over. ~ Socrates
67:Wisdom is knowing how little we know. ~ Socrates
68:Wisdom is knowing when you don't know ~ Socrates
69:Follow the argument wherever it leads. ~ Socrates
70:I know one thing, that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
71:There is no solution; seek it lovingly ~ Socrates
72:Wisdom is knowing what you don't know. ~ Socrates
73:Wonder is the beginning of all wisdom. ~ Socrates
74:Athletics have become professionalized. ~ Socrates
75:Socrates said, our only knowledge was ~ Lord Byron
76:The unexamined life is not worth living ~ Socrates
77:A multitude of books distracts the mind. ~ Socrates
78:As for me, all I know is I know nothing. ~ Socrates
79:Knowing thyself is the height of wisdom. ~ Socrates
80:The unexamined life is not worth living ~ Socrates,
81:The unexamined life is not worth living. ~ Socrates
82:All I know is that I do not know anything ~ Socrates
83:All that we know is nothing can be known. ~ Socrates
84:Life without enquiry is not worth living. ~ Socrates
85:May the inward and outward man be as one. ~ Socrates
86:There is no learning without remembering. ~ Socrates
87:Thou should eat to live; not live to eat. ~ Socrates
88:To move the world we must move ourselves. ~ Socrates
89:Death offers mankind a full view of truth. ~ Socrates
90:Fear of women love more than hate the man. ~ Socrates
91:My divine sign indicates the future to me. ~ Socrates
92:Nothing is to be preferred before justice. ~ Socrates
93:To know, is to know that you know nothing. ~ Socrates
94:understanding a question is half an answer ~ Socrates
95:What I do not know, I do not think I know. ~ Socrates
96:An unexamined life is a life of no account. ~ Socrates
97:Is it true; is it kind, or is it necessary? ~ Socrates
98:Man's life is like a drop of dew on a leaf. ~ Socrates
99:Pride divides the men, humility joins them. ~ Socrates
100:Thou shouldst eat to live; not live to eat. ~ Socrates
101:To know thyself is the beginning of wisdom. ~ Socrates
102:Understanding a question is half an answer. ~ Socrates
103:The more I learn, the less I realize I know. ~ Socrates
104:The only thing I know is that I know nothing ~ Socrates
105:Why should I resent it when an ass kicks me? ~ Socrates
106:An unconsidered life is not one worth living. ~ Socrates
107:As for me, all I know is that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
108:A Socrates in every classroom. ~ Alfred Whitney Griswold
109:Every action has its pleasures and its price. ~ Socrates
110:Hayat kısa, vazife ağır, fırsatlar geçicidir. ~ Socrates
111:It is better to suffer wrong than to do wrong ~ Socrates
112:My belief is that to have no wants is divine. ~ Socrates
113:The only thing i know is that i know nothing. ~ Socrates
114:The universe really is motion & nothing else. ~ Socrates
115:Wind buffs up empty bladders; opinion, fools. ~ Socrates
116:How many things are there which I do not want. ~ Socrates
117:I am very conscious that I am not wise at all. ~ Socrates
118:I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance ~ Socrates
119:One thing that I know, is that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
120:All things in moderation, including moderation. ~ Socrates
121:Do not be angry with me if I tell you the truth ~ Socrates
122:If you want to be wrong then follow the masses. ~ Socrates
123:I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance. ~ Socrates
124:The misuse of language induces evil in the soul ~ Socrates
125:The only wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. ~ Socrates
126:Those who are hardest to love need it the most. ~ Socrates
127:Flattery is like a painted armor; only for show. ~ Socrates
128:He is the richest who is content with the least. ~ Socrates
129:In humility imitate Jesus and Socrates. ~ Benjamin Franklin
130:The examined life is the only life worth living. ~ Socrates
131:The misuse of language induces evil in the soul. ~ Socrates
132:The poets are only the interpreters of the Gods. ~ Socrates
133:All wars are fought for the acquisition of wealth ~ Socrates
134:Death may be the greatest of all human blessings. ~ Socrates
135:I only know one thing, and that is I know nothing ~ Socrates
136:Let us follow the truth whither so ever it leads. ~ Socrates
137:Not life, but good life, is to be chiefly valued. ~ Socrates
138:Of all our possessions, wisdom alone is immortal. ~ Socrates
139:orator Isocrates: “Democracy destroys itself ~ Michael Lewis
140:Scio me nihil scire" - I know that I know nothing ~ Socrates
141:Socrates wrote nothing. Christ wrote nothing. ~ Iris Murdoch
142:The beginning of wisdom is a definition of terms. ~ Socrates
143:The greatest of all mysteries is the man himself. ~ Socrates
144:The mind is everything; what you think you become ~ Socrates
145:This is a universe that does not favor the timid. ~ Socrates
146:To find yourself, think for yourself. —Socrates ~ Robyn Carr
147:Awareness of ignorance is the beginning of wisdom. ~ Socrates
148:Having the fewest wants, I am nearest to the gods. ~ Socrates
149:I call that man idle who might be better employed. ~ Socrates
150:If you would seek health, look first to the spine. ~ Socrates
151:I know nothing except the fact of my ignorance.
   ~ Socrates,
152:It is not living that matters, but living rightly. ~ Socrates
153:Lies are the greatest murder. They kill the Truth. ~ Socrates
154:Of all our possessions, wisdom alone is immortal. ~ Isocrates
155:The fewer our wants the more we resemble the Gods. ~ Socrates
156:The mind is everything; what you think you become! ~ Socrates
157:Der Missbrauch der Sprache lässt Böses in die Seele ~ Socrates
158:I pray Thee, O God, that I may be beautiful within. ~ Socrates
159:Life without enquiry is not worth living for a man. ~ Socrates
160:Of all our possessions, wisdom alone is immortal. ~ Socrates?,
161:Once made equal to man, woman becomes his superior. ~ Socrates
162:ម្ដាយខ្ញុំជាឆ្មបសម្រាលកូន ​ឯខ្ញុំជាឆ្មបសម្រាយគំនិត។ ~ Socrates
163:The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms. ~ Socrates
164:The definition of terms is the beginning of wisdom. ~ Socrates
165:The more I know, the more I know that I don't know. ~ Socrates
166:The more I know, the more I realize I know nothing. ~ Socrates
167:There is no illness of the body except for the mind ~ Socrates
168:Better to do a little well, then a great deal badly. ~ Socrates
169:Death may be the greatest of all human blessings.
   ~ Socrates,
170:In every person there is a sun. Just let them shine. ~ Socrates
171:Let him who would move the world first move himself. ~ Socrates
172:The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms. ~ Socrates,
173:The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. ~ Socrates
174:There's no good answer to a question you didn't hear ~ Socrates
175:The true Wisdom is in recognizing our own ignorance. ~ Socrates
176:What a lot of things there are a man can do without. ~ Socrates
177:Everything is plainer when spoken than when unspoken. ~ Socrates
178:I know nothing but the certainty of my own ignorance. ~ Socrates
179:Living or dead, to a good man there can come no evil. ~ Socrates
180:Slanderers do not hurt me because they do not hit me. ~ Socrates
181:The body cannot be cured without regard for the soul. ~ Socrates
182:The purpose in life is to develop a strong character. ~ Socrates
183:As Socrates said, “True learning is remembering. ~ Baron Baptiste
184:Flattery is like friendship in show, but not in fruit. ~ Socrates
185:It is better to suffer an injustice than to commit one ~ Socrates
186:Malice drinketh up the greater part of its own poison. ~ Socrates
187:Once made equal to man, woman becomes his superior.
   ~ Socrates,
188:One thing only I know, and that is that I know nothing ~ Socrates
189:Socrates was the best teacher and they killed him! ~ Rafe Esquith
190:The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing... ~ Socrates
191:The unexamined life is not worth living.” —Socrates ~ Frank Viola
192:All that I know is nothing - I'm not even sure of that. ~ Socrates
193:Đó là một câu hỏi phức tạp, mà đời người thì ngắn ngủi. ~ Socrates
194:From the deepest desires often come the deadliest hate. ~ Socrates
195:I love to go and see all the things I am happy without. ~ Socrates
196:Marry or marry not, in any either case you'll regret it ~ Socrates
197:Nothing is so well learned as that which is discovered. ~ Socrates
198:One thing only I know, and that is that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
199:True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing. ~ Socrates
200:We cannot live better than in seeking to become better. ~ Socrates
201:Let him that would move the world first move himself.
   ~ Socrates,
202:One thing only I know, and that is that I know nothing'. ~ Socrates
203:The rest of the world lives to eat, while I eat to live. ~ Socrates
204:Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle. ~ Socrates
205:By means of beauty all beautiful things become beautiful. ~ Socrates
206:I am convinced that I never wrong anyone intentionally... ~ Socrates
207:If he who does not know kept silent, discord would cease. ~ Socrates
208:Living well and beautifully and justly are all one thing. ~ Socrates
209:The best seasoning for food is hunger; for drink, thirst. ~ Socrates
210:The really important thing is not live, but to live well. ~ Socrates
211:Those who want the fewest things are nearest to the gods. ~ Socrates
212:To live well and honorably and justly are the same thing. ~ Socrates
213:We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence then is a habit. ~ Socrates
214:Wisdom adorneth riches and casteth a shadow over poverty. ~ Socrates
215:A Life without criticism and status is not a worth living. ~ Socrates
216:By means of beauty, all beautiful things become beautiful. ~ Socrates
217:He who would change the world should first change himself. ~ Socrates
218:I cannot teach anybody anything I can only make them think ~ Socrates
219:I know I'm intelligent because I know that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
220:I shall never fear or avoid things of which I do not know. ~ Socrates
221:I was really too honest a man to be a politician and live. ~ Socrates
222:The man who is truly wise knows that he knows very little. ~ Socrates
223:The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance. ~ Socrates
224:Una vida aceptada sin reflexión no merece la pena vivirla. ~ Socrates
225:What most counts is not merely to live, but to live right. ~ Socrates
226:False language, evil in itself, infects the soul with evil. ~ Socrates
227:Human nature will not easily find a better helper than eros ~ Socrates
228:I alone know I am wise because I alone know I know nothing. ~ Socrates
229:I am a citizen, not of Athens, or Greece, but of the world. ~ Socrates
230:I cannot teach anybody anything. I can only make them think ~ Socrates
231:People learn more on their own rather than being force fed. ~ Socrates
232:the great honor in the world is to be what we pretend to be ~ Socrates
233:There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance. ~ Socrates
234:Be the kind of person that you want people to think you are. ~ Socrates
235:Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty. ~ Socrates
236:I am a Citizen of the World, and my Nationality is Goodwill. ~ Socrates
237:I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think. ~ Socrates
238:The duller eye may often see a thing sooner than the keener. ~ Socrates
239:Anybody can be a hellene, by his heart, his mind, his spirit. ~ Socrates
240:Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty". ~ Socrates
241:Do not do to others what angers you if done to you by others. ~ Socrates
242:How can you call a man free when his pleasures rule over him. ~ Socrates
243:If I save my insight, I don’t attend to weakness of eyesight. ~ Socrates
244:Socrates asked the key question: Why should we be moral? ~ Arundhati Roy
245:Socrates said that the unexamined life is not worth living. ~ Dan Ariely
246:So you would rather suffer an injustice than do an injustice? ~ Socrates
247:Wen das Wort nicht schlägt, den schlägt auch der Stock nicht. ~ Socrates
248:Δεν αξίζει στις μέρες μας να γαμιέσαι για ένα σακούλι πιλάφι. ~ Socrates
249:Beauty comes first. Victory is secondary. What matters is joy. ~ Socrates
250:The real danger in life is not death, but living an evil life. ~ Socrates
251:There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.
   ~ Socrates,
252:If you be a lover of instruction, you will be well instructed. ~ Isocrates
253:It has been shown that to injure anyone is never just anywhere. ~ Socrates
254:It is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied. ~ C S Lewis
255:Only the knowledge that comes from inside is the real Knowledge ~ Socrates
256:The life of which meaning one never ponders is not worth living ~ Socrates
257:There are two kinds of disease of the soul, vice and ignorance. ~ Socrates
258:When the debate is lost, slander becomes the tool of the loser. ~ Socrates
259:When the debate is over, slander becomes the tool of the loser. ~ Socrates
260:Be gracious to all men, but choose the best to be your friends. ~ Isocrates
261:I have good hope that there is something remaining for the dead. ~ Socrates
262:One of the most important precepts of wisdom is to know oneself. ~ Socrates
263:Why should we pay so much attention to what the majority thinks? ~ Socrates
264:All I would ask you to be thinking of is the truth and not Socrates. ~ Plato
265:Creation is man's immortality and brings him nearest to the gods. ~ Socrates
266:Either I do not corrupt the young or, if I do, it is unwillingly. ~ Socrates
267:I am not an Athenian, nor a Greek, but a citizen of the world.
   ~ Socrates,
268:If Christianity was morality, Socrates would be the Saviour. ~ William Blake
269:I know that I am intelligent, because I know that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
270:It is better to change an opinion than to persist in a wrong one. ~ Socrates
271:Remember what is unbecoming to do is also unbecoming to speak of. ~ Socrates
272:See one promontory, one mountain, one sea, one river and see all. ~ Socrates
273:Socrates asked the key question:
why should we be moral? ~ Arundhati Roy
274:Socrates says the male libido is like being chained to a madman, ~ Anonymous
275:The envious person grows lean with the fatness of their neighbor. ~ Socrates
276:They give you the semblance of success, I give you the reality... ~ Socrates
277:You are making Socrates's mistake of assuming the gods are good. ~ Jo Walton
278:All cats die. Socrates is dead. Therefore Socrates is a cat. ~ Eugene Ionesco
279:Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel. ~ Socrates
280:Exercise till the mind feels delight in reposing from the fatigue. ~ Socrates
281:If one knows what is right, he will do it; nobody wants to be evil ~ Socrates
282:Not life, but good life, is to be chiefly valued. —Socrates ~ Timothy Ferriss
283:Socrates said, “the unexamined life is not worth living. ~ Arianna Huffington
284:Well, then, let’s not just trust the likelihood based on painting. ~ Socrates
285:Admitting one's ignorance is the first step in acquiring knowledge. ~ Socrates
286:And in knowing that you know nothing makes you the smartest of all. ~ Socrates
287:An education obtained with money is worse than no education at all. ~ Socrates
288:I don't care what people say about me. I do care about my mistakes. ~ Socrates
289:Αλιμονο σε αυτους που δεν ξερουν οτι δεν ξερουν αυτα που δεν ξερουν ~ Socrates
290:I would trade all of my technology for an afternoon with Socrates. ~ Steve Jobs
291:The first key to greatness is to be in reality what we appear to be. ~ Socrates
292:The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” —Socrates ~ Angela Roquet
293:Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.
   ~ Socrates,
294:There is no possession more valuable than a good and faithful friend. ~ Socrates
295:The world's a puzzle; no need to make sense out of it." - Socrates ~ Dan Millman
296:The years wrinkle our skin, but lack of enthusiasm wrinkles our soul. ~ Socrates
297:Beauty is the bait which with delight allures man to enlarge his kind. ~ Socrates
298:how many teachers since Socrates actually lived what they taught? ~ Walter Mosley
299:I am a fool, but I know I'm a fool and that makes me smarter than you. ~ Socrates
300:It is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied. ~ John Stuart Mill
301:It is only in death that we are truly cured of the 'sickness' of life. ~ Socrates
302:No man has a right to be an amateur in the matter of physical training ~ Socrates
303:Socrates... Whom well inspir'd the oracle pronounc'd Wisest of men. ~ John Milton
304:The comic and the tragic lie inseparably close, like light and shadow. ~ Socrates
305:The Only Thing I Know For Sure Is That I Know Nothing At All, For Sure ~ Socrates
307:Loin de parler quand on me paie, et de me taire quand on me donne rien. ~ Socrates
308:One thing I know, that I know nothing. This is the source of my wisdom. ~ Socrates
309:The noblest worship is to make yourself as good and as just as you can. ~ Socrates
310:A: Socrates is a man. B: All men are mortal. C: All men are Socrates. ~ Woody Allen
311:Critón, le debemos un gallo a Asclepio. ¿Te acordarás de pagar la deuda? ~ Socrates
312:Socrates once said that the unexamined life is not worth living. ~ Norman L Geisler
313:Socrates said, “The misuse of language induces evil in the soul. ~ Ursula K Le Guin
314:The heart of the person before you is a mirror. See there your own form. ~ Socrates
315:Whatever authority I may have rests solely on knowing how little I know. ~ Socrates
316:Are not all things which have opposites generated out of their opposites? ~ Socrates
317:Beauty is the bait which with delight allures man to enlarge his kind.
   ~ Socrates,
318:He who knows not and knows not that he knows not is an incorrigible fool. ~ Socrates
319:Socrates once said that the unexamined life is not worth living.3 ~ Norman L Geisler
320:That man is wisest who, like Socrates, realizes that his wisdom is worthless ~ Plato
321:True wisdom lies in one's confession about the limits of one's knowledge. ~ Socrates
322:I wonder if Socrates and Plato took a house on Crete during the summer. ~ Woody Allen
323:Since I am convinced that I wrong no one, I am not likely to wrong myself. ~ Socrates
324:There is no greater evil one can suffer than to hate reasonable discourse. ~ Socrates
325:The same wind is blowing, and yet one of us may be cold and the other not. ~ Socrates
326:The understanding of mathematics is necessary for a sound grasp of ethics. ~ Socrates
327:When a woman is allowed to become a man's equal, she becomes his superior. ~ Socrates
328:You're not yet Socrates, but you can still live as if you want to be him. ~ Epictetus
329:A man who preserves his integrity no real, long-lasting harm can ever come. ~ Socrates
330:But the criminal is a decadent. Was Socrates a typical criminal? ~ Friedrich Nietzsche
331:Death is not dreadful or else it would have appeared dreadful to Socrates. ~ Epictetus
332:Only the extremely ignorant or the extremely intelligent can resist change. ~ Socrates
333:Prefer knowledge to wealth, for the one is transitory, the other perpetual. ~ Socrates
334:The friend must be like money, that before you need it, the value is known. ~ Socrates
335:Two things greater than all the things are.On is love and the other is war. ~ Socrates
336:You're not yet Socrates, but you can still live as if you want to be him. ~ Epictetus,
337:All men are mortal. Socrates was mortal. Therefore, all men are Socrates. ~ Woody Allen
338:But my dear Crito, why should we care so much about what the majority think? ~ Socrates
339:It's easier to write about Socrates than about a young woman or a cook. ~ Anton Chekhov
340:Silence is a profound melody, for those who can hear it above all the noise. ~ Socrates
341:Socrates: But why, my dear Crito, should we care about the opinion of the many? ~ Plato
342:Socrates said he was not an Athenian or a Greek, but a citizen of the world. ~ Plutarch
343:Socrates says. Recognizing your ignorance is the beginning of all wisdom. ~ Eric Weiner
344:Criton - Le principe, que l'important n'est pas de vivre, mais de bien vivre. ~ Socrates
345:Give me beauty in the inward soul; and may the outward and inward may be one. ~ Socrates
346:How many things there are that I do not want. —SOCRATES, CIRCA 425 B.C. ~ Michael Finkel
347:Kehidupan yang tak dipikirkan adalah kehidupan yang tak pantas untuk dijalani ~ Socrates
348:One cannot come closer to the gods than by bringing health to his Fellow Man. ~ Socrates
349:Regard your good name as the richest jewel yoou can possibly be possessed of. ~ Socrates
350:Sometimes you have to let go to see if there was anything worth holding onto. ~ Socrates
351:Well, Socrates, it's by no means uncommon for people to say what is not correct. ~ Plato
352:Whoever would have his body supple, easy and healthful should learn to dance. ~ Socrates
353:Is it not, then, better to be ridiculous and friendly than clever and hostile? ~ Socrates
354:Man's greatest privilege is the discussion of virtue" Socrates in The Apology. ~ Socrates
355:To be a man of worth and not to try to look like one is the true way to glory. ~ Socrates
356:To Believe without evidence and demonstration is an act of ignorance and folly ~ Socrates
357:To be uncertain is to be uncomfortable, but to be certain is to be ridiculous. ~ Socrates
358:If Socrates died like a philosopher, Jesus Christ died like a God. ~ Jean Jacques Rousseau
359:I was thinking of the immortal words of Socrates when he said...I drank what? ~ Val Kilmer
360:Programming is not about what you know.
It's about what you can figure out. ~ Socrates
361:A disorderly mob is no more an army than a heap of building materials is a house ~ Socrates
362:Be slow to fall into friendship; but when thou art in, continue firm & constant. ~ Socrates
363:Give me beauty in the inward soul; may the outward and the inward man be at one. ~ Socrates
364:Nobody knows anything, but I, knowing nothing, am the smartest man in the world. ~ Socrates
365:We gain our first measure of intelligence when we first admit our own ignorance. ~ Socrates
366:Be slow to fall into friendship, but when you are in, continue firm and constant. ~ Socrates
367:Falling down is not a failure. Failure comes when you stay where you have fallen. ~ Socrates
368:He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature. ~ Socrates
369:I am the wisest man alive, for I know one thing, and that is that I know nothing. ~ Socrates
370:It is better said Socrates, to change an Opinion, than to persist in a wrong one. ~ Xenophon
371:Socrates argued that only God can be a sophist, only God can be truly wise. ~ Bettany Hughes
372:The greater the power that deigns to serve you, the more honor it demands of you. ~ Socrates
373:The greatest way to live with honor in this world is to be what we pretend to be. ~ Socrates
374:The way to gain a good reputation is to endeavor to be what you desire to appear. ~ Socrates
375:To find the Father of all is hard. And when found, it is impossible to utter Him. ~ Socrates
376:To know, is to know that you know nothing. That is the meaning of true knowledge. ~ Socrates
377:He is not only idle who does nothing, but he is idle who might be better employed. ~ Socrates
378:He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature. ~ Socrates,
379:It seems that God took away the minds of poets that they might better express His. ~ Socrates
380:Not because Socrates said so,... I look upon all men as my compatriots. ~ Michel de Montaigne
381:The end of life is to be like God, and the soul following God will be like Him.
   ~ Socrates,
382:The greatest way to live with honour in this world is to be what we pretend to be. ~ Socrates
383:There is no greater magnificence than to defeat oneself. That is the magnificence. ~ Socrates
384:The way to gain a good reputation, is to endeavor to be what you desire to appear. ~ Socrates
385:You never know a line is crooked unless you have a straight one to put next to it. ~ Socrates
386:ὁ ... ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ... An unexamined life is not worth living ~ Socrates
387:As a rule of thumb I say, if Socrates, Jesus and Tolstoy wouldn't do it, don't. ~ John Gardner
388:For comic writers charge Socrates with making the worse appear the better reason. ~ Quintilian
389:I call myself a Peaceful Warrior... because the battles we fight are on the inside. ~ Socrates
390:Athenian men, I respect and love you,
but I shall obey the god rather than you... ~ Socrates
391:I renounce the honours to which the world aspires and desire only to know the Truth. ~ Socrates
392:No man is capable of causing great evil without thinking he's doing the right thing. ~ Socrates
393:...[R]eal wisdom is the property of God, and... human wisdom has little or no value. ~ Socrates
394:Strong minds discuss ideas, average minds discuss events, weak minds discuss people. ~ Socrates
395:The soul like the body accepts by practice whatever habit one wishes it to contract. ~ Socrates
396:To them, I said, the truth would be literally nothing but the shadows of the images. ~ Socrates
397:Again what city ever received Plato's or Aristotle's laws, or Socrates' precepts? But, ~ Erasmus
398:All men's souls are immortal, but the souls of the righteous are immortal and divine. ~ Socrates
399:Another syllogism. All cats die. Socrates is dead. Therefore Socrates is a cat. ~ Eug ne Ionesco
400:I would rather die having spoken after my manner, than speak in your manner and live. ~ Socrates
401:The soul, like the body, accepts by practice whatever habit one wishes it to contact. ~ Socrates
402:This is...self-knowled ge-for a man to know what he knows, and what he does not know. ~ Socrates
403:Unlike Churchill, I have no plans to shape history. . . . Socrates gave advice ~ George H W Bush
404:If you can do only a little. Do what you can. What you cannot enforce, do not command. ~ Socrates
405:In childhood be modest, in youth temperate, in adulthood just, and in old age prudent. ~ Socrates
406:I swear it upon Zeus an outstanding runner cannot be the equal of an average wrestler. ~ Socrates
407:Socrates himself said, "one thing only I know, and that is that I know nothing. ~ Jostein Gaarder
408:The answer I gave myself and the oracle was that it was to my advantage to be as I am. ~ Socrates
409:The only thing I know is that I know nothing, and i am no quite sure that i know that. ~ Socrates
410:Though flattery blossoms like friendship, yet there is a vast difference in the fruit. ~ Socrates
411:Be nicer than necessary to everyone you meet. Everyone is fighting some kind of battle. ~ Socrates
412:Our prayers should be for blessings in general, for God knows best what is good for us. ~ Socrates
413:Trust not a woman when she weeps, for it is her nature to weep when she wants her will. ~ Socrates
414:Wars and revolutions and battles are due simply and solely to the body and its desires. ~ Socrates
415:Whetstones are not themselves able to cut, but make iron sharp and capable of cutting. ~ Isocrates
416:Conocerse a uno mismo, ese es el principio fundamental de la verdadera sabiduría Humana. ~ Socrates
417:How can you wonder your travels do you no good, when you carry yourself around with you? ~ Socrates
418:The greatest blessing granted to mankind come by way of madness, which is a divine gift. ~ Socrates
419:Worthless people live only to eat and drink; people of worth eat and drink only to live. ~ Socrates
420:Get not your friends by bare compliments but by giving them sensible tokens of your love. ~ Socrates
421:My father was a dreamy fellow - he read Plato and Socrates and watched Phillies games. ~ Patti Smith
422:The bad one is that way because of the ignorance, therefore he can be healed with wisdom. ~ Socrates
423:The easiest and noblest way is not to be crushing others, but to be improving yourselves. ~ Socrates
424:As to marriage or celibacy, let a man take which course he will, he will be sure to repent ~ Socrates
425:Do not go through life like leaf blown from here to there believing whatever you are told. ~ Socrates
426:Get not your friends by bare compliments, but by giving them sensible tokens of your love. ~ Socrates
427:men, we know least, and talk most. Homer, Socrates, and Shakespere have, perhaps, contributed ~ Homer
428:The wise man seeks death all his life, and for this reason death is not terrifying to him. ~ Socrates
429:And then we’ll be emulating Socrates,* once we’re able to write hymns of praise in prison. ~ Epictetus
430:As to marriage or celibacy, let a man take which course he will, he will be sure to repent. ~ Socrates
431:He, O men, is the wisest, who, like Socrates, knows that his wisdom is in truth worth nothing. ~ Plato
432:He who is not content with what he has will not be content with what he would like to have. ~ Socrates
433:I think I understand, Socrates.” “Don’t you mean you understand you think?” he smiled. I ~ Dan Millman
434:It is better to be at odds with the whole world than, being one, to be at odds with myself. ~ Socrates
435:Nobody is qualified to become a statesman who is entirely ignorant of the problem of wheat. ~ Socrates
436:No. Frank Socrates doesn’t have conditions, because he’s dead. He loves me unconditionally. ~ A S King
437:The reason why we have to acquire wealth is the body, because we are slaves in its service. ~ Socrates
438:They are not only idle who do nothing, but they are idle also who might be better employed. ~ Socrates
439:This sense of wonder is the mark of the philosopher. Philosophy indeed has no other origin. ~ Socrates
440:And what, Socrates, is the food of the soul? Surely, I said, knowledge is the food of the soul. ~ Plato
441:Bad men live that they may eat and drink, whereas good men eat and drink that they may live. ~ Socrates
442:It's no disgrace to be a private, you know. Socrates was a plain foot soldier, a hoplite. ~ Saul Bellow
443:Neither I nor any other man should, on trial or in way, contrive to avoid death at any cost. ~ Socrates
444:SOCRATES: But you do say that he who is a good rhapsode is also a good general. ION: Certainly. ~ Plato
445:...[S]ome of the opinions which people entertain should be respected, and others should not. ~ Socrates
446:To need nothing is divine, and the less a man needs the nearer does he approach to divinity. ~ Socrates
447:If the whole world depends on today's youth, I can't see the world lasting another 100 years. ~ Socrates
448:If you will take my advice you will think little of Socrates, and a great deal more of truth. ~ Socrates
449:Obscurity is dispelled by augmenting the light of discernment, not by attacking the darkness. ~ Socrates
450:Socrates said that, from above, the Earth looks like one of those twelve-patched leathern balls. ~ Plato
451:The tongue of a fool is the key of his counsel, which, in a wise man, wisdom hath in keeping. ~ Socrates
452:To be is to do - Socrates

To do is to be - Sartre

Do Be Do Be Do - Sinatra ~ Kurt Vonnegut
453:He said that there was one only good, namely, knowledge; and one only evil, namely, ignorance. ~ Socrates
454:If a man is proud of his wealth, he should not be praised until it is known how he employs it. ~ Socrates
455:If what you want to tell me is neither True nor Good nor even Useful, why tell it to me at all ~ Socrates
456:If you will be guided by me, you will make little account of Socrates, and much more of truth. ~ Socrates
457:Socrates said, the unexamined life is not worth living. My dad said, Booty - mmm mmm. ~ Christopher Titus
458:In all of us, even in good men, there is a lawless wild-beast nature, which peers out in sleep. ~ Socrates
459:Life contains but two tragedies. One is not to get your heart’s desire; the other is to get it. ~ Socrates
460:When you want wisdom and insight as badly as you want to breathe, it is then you shall have it. ~ Socrates
461:I don't know why I did it, I don't know why I enjoyed it, and I don't know why I'll do it again. ~ Socrates
462:It is best and easiest not to discredit others but to prepare oneself to be as good as possible. ~ Socrates
463:The right way to begin is to pay attention to the young, and make them just as good as possible. ~ Socrates
464:The wise are doubtful,' Socrates returned, 'and I should not be singular if I too doubted. ~ Edith Hamilton
465:Doing good is a matter of looking after the part of yourself which matters most, namely your soul ~ Socrates
466:He who is not contented with what he has, would not be contented with what he would like to have. ~ Socrates
467:The beginning is the most important part, especially when dealing with anything young and tender. ~ Socrates
468:The Spirit is neither good nor bad, it runs where the wild heart leads" "Wisdom begins in wonder. ~ Socrates
469:To be is to do”—Socrates. “To do is to be”—Jean-Paul Sartre. “Do be do be do”—Frank Sinatra. ~ Kurt Vonnegut
470:Bad people live that they may eat and drink, whereas good people eat and drink that they may live. ~ Socrates
471:I hear Socrates saying that the best seasoning for food is hunger; for drink, thirst. ~ Marcus Tullius Cicero
472:Is something good because the gods approve of it? Or do the gods approve of it because it is good? ~ Socrates
473:Remember this, my boy. The two greatest men who ever livied-Jesus and Socrates-were both hoboes. ~ Sam Torode
474:Socrates thought and so do I that the wisest theory about the gods is no theory at all. ~ Michel de Montaigne
475:Sometimes you put walls up not to keep people out, but to see who cares enough to break them down. ~ Socrates
476:The first key to greatness,” Socrates reminds us, “is to be in reality what we appear to be. ~ John C Maxwell
477:When you propose ridiculous things to believe, too many men will choose to believe nothing at all. ~ Socrates
478:A man can no more make a safe use of wealth without reason than he can of a horse without a bridle. ~ Socrates
479:And now we go, you to your lives, and I to death, and which of us goes to the better only God knows ~ Socrates
480:Criton - C'est une obligation sacrée de ne jamais rendre injustice pour injustice, ni mal pour mal. ~ Socrates
481:He is a man of courage who does not run away, but remains at his post and fights against the enemy. ~ Socrates
482:I admire the courage and wisdom of Socrates in everything he did, said--and did not say. ~ Friedrich Nietzsche
483:...[M]en are put in a sort of guard-post, from which one must not release one's self or run away... ~ Socrates
484:People put up walls. Not to keep others out, but to see who cares enough to break them down.” —Socrates ~ Zane
485:I am likely to be wiser than he to this small, extent, that I do not think I know what I do not know ~ Socrates
486:If you want to be a good saddler, saddle the worst horse; for if you can tame one, you can tame all. ~ Socrates
487:INTRODUCTION THE FIRST NEGOTIATION Let him who would move the world first move himself. —SOCRATES ~ William Ury
488:Socrates is without doubt the most influential and famous philosopher who never wrote anything. ~ Peter Adamson
489:Had every Athenian citizen been a Socrates, every Athenian assembly would still have been a mob. ~ James Madison
490:I am likely to be wiser than he to this small, extent, that I do not think I know what I do not know. ~ Socrates
491:Socrates thought the unexamined life was not worth living. How much more so the unremembered life? ~ Joshua Foer
492:The image, if expressing in every point the entire reality, would no longer be an image.
   ~ Socrates, Cratylus,
493:The nearest way to glory a shortcut, as it were is to strive to be what you wish to be thought to be. ~ Socrates
494:And History will smile to think that this is the species for which Socrates and Jesus Christ died. ~ Julien Benda
495:Conduct yourself towards your parents as you would have your children conduct themselves towards you. ~ Isocrates
496:Marry a good woman, and be happy the rest of your life. Or, marry a bad, and become a good philosopher ~ Socrates
497:Philosophers have a long tradition of marrying stupid women, from Socrates on. They think it clever. ~ Simon Gray
498:Socrates would probably say the only way to ensure you're not an asshole is to assume you are one. ~ Scott Berkun
499:To be is to do - Socrates.
To do is to be - Jean-Paul Satre.
Do be do be do -Frank Sinatra. ~ Kurt Vonnegut
500:The highest hope of Socrates’ peers, of young Athenian men, was to serve Athens by dying for her. ~ Bettany Hughes


   28 Integral Yoga
   27 Philosophy
   19 Christianity
   7 Poetry
   7 Occultism
   5 Psychology
   4 Fiction
   2 Science
   1 Integral Theory
   1 Education

   20 Nolini Kanta Gupta
   12 Sri Aurobindo
   12 Plotinus
   11 Plato
   6 Carl Jung
   4 Saint Augustine of Hippo
   4 Percy Bysshe Shelley
   3 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
   3 Aldous Huxley
   3 A B Purani
   2 Friedrich Nietzsche
   2 Aleister Crowley

   6 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01
   5 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02
   4 The Secret Doctrine
   4 Shelley - Poems
   4 City of God
   3 The Problems of Philosophy
   3 The Perennial Philosophy
   3 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 04
   3 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 03
   3 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 02
   3 Plotinus - Complete Works Vol 01
   3 Mysterium Coniunctionis
   3 Evening Talks With Sri Aurobindo
   3 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04
   2 The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious
   2 Magick Without Tears
   2 Essays In Philosophy And Yoga
   2 Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 07

01.02 - Sri Aurobindo - Ahana and Other Poems, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The heart and its urges, the vital and its surges, the physical impulsesit is these of which the poets sang in their infinite variations. But the mind proper, that is to say, the higher reflective ideative mind, was not given the right of citizenship in the domain of poetry. I am not forgetting the so-called Metaphysicals. The element of metaphysics among the Metaphysicals has already been called into question. There is here, no doubt, some theology, a good dose of mental cleverness or conceit, but a modern intellectual or rather rational intelligence is something other, something more than that. Even the metaphysics that was commandeered here had more or less a decorative value, it could not be taken into the pith and substance of poetic truth and beauty. It was a decoration, but not unoften a drag. I referred to the Upanishads, but these strike quite a different, almost an opposite line in this connection. They are in a sense truly metaphysical: they bypass the mind and the mental powers, get hold of a higher mode of consciousness, make a direct contact with truth and beauty and reality. It was Buddha's credit to have forged this missing link in man's spiritual consciousness, to have brought into play the power of the rational intellect and used it in support of the spiritual experience. That is not to say that he was the very first person, the originator who initiated the movement; but at least this seems to be true that in him and his au thentic followers the movement came to the forefront of human consciousness and attained the proportions of a major member of man's psychological constitution. We may remember here that Socrates, who started a similar movement of rationalisation in his own way in Europe, was almost a contemporary of the Buddha.

01.03 - Mystic Poetry, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Man's consciousness is further to rise from the mental to over-mental regions. Accordingly, his life and activities and along with that his artistic creations too will take on a new tone and rhythm, a new mould and constitution even. For this transition, the higher mentalwhich is normally the field of philosophical and idealistic activitiesserves as the Paraclete, the Intercessor; it takes up the lower functionings of the consciousness, which are intense in their own way, but narrow and turbid, and gives, by purifying and enlarging, a wider frame, a more luminous pattern, a more subtly articulated , form for the higher, vaster and deeper realities, truths and harmonies to express and manifest. In the old-world spiritual and mystic poets, this intervening medium was overlooked for evident reasons, for human reason or even intelligence is a double-edged instrument, it can make as well as mar, it has a light that most often and naturally shuts off other higher lights beyond it. So it was bypassed, some kind of direct and immediate contact was sought to be established between the normal and the transcendental. The result was, as I have pointed out, a pure spiritual poetry, on the one hand, as in the Upanishads, or, on the other, religious poetry of various grades and denominations that spoke of the spiritual but in the terms and in the manner of the mundane, at least very much coloured and dominated by the latter. Vyasa was the great legendary figure in India who, as is shown in his Mahabharata, seems to have been one of the pioneers, if not the pioneer, to forge and build the missing link of Thought Power. The exemplar of the manner is the Gita. Valmiki's represented a more ancient and primary inspiration, of a vast vital sensibility, something of the kind that was at the basis of Homer's genius. In Greece it was Socrates who initiated the movement of speculative philosophy and the emphasis of intellectual power slowly began to find expression in the later poets, Sophocles and Euripides. But all these were very simple beginnings. The moderns go in for something more radical and totalitarian. The rationalising element instead of being an additional or subordinate or contri buting factor, must itself give its norm and form, its own substance and manner to the creative activity. Such is the present-day demand.

01.04 - The Intuition of the Age, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The worship of man as something essentially and exclusively human necessitates as a corollary, the other doctrine, viz the deification of Reason; and vice versa. Humanism and Scientism go together and the whole spirit and mentality of the age that is passing may be summed up in those two words. So Nietzsche says, "All our modern world is captured in the net of the Alexandrine culture and has, for its ideal, the theoretical man, armed with the most powerful instruments of knowledge, toiling in the service of science and whose prototype and original ancestor is Socrates." Indeed, it may be generally asserted that the nation whose prophet and sage claimed to have brought down Philosophia from heaven to dwell upon earth among men was precisely the nation, endowed with a clear and logical intellect, that was the very embodiment of rationality and reasonableness. As a matter of fact, it would not be far, wrong to say that it is the Hellenic culture which has been moulding humanity for ages; at least, it is this which has been the predominating factor, the vital and dynamic element in man's nature. Greece when it died was reborn in Rome; Rome, in its return, found new life in France; and France means Europe. What Europe has been and still is for the world and humanity one knows only too much. And yet, the Hellenic genius has not been the sole motive power and constituent element; there has been another leaven which worked constantly within, if intermittently without. If Europe represented mind and man and this side of existence, Asia always reflected that which transcends the mind the spirit, the Gods and the Beyonds.

01.05 - Rabindranath Tagore: A Great Poet, a Great Man, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Socrates is said to have brought down Philosophy from Heaven to live among men upon earth. A similar exploit can be ascribed to Tagore. The Spirit, the bare transcendental Reality contemplated by the orthodox Vedantins, has been brought nearer to our planet, close to human consciousness in Tagore's vision, being clothed in earth and flesh and blood, made vivid with the colours and contours of the physical existence. The Spirit, yes and by all means, but not necessarily asceticism and monasticism. So Tagore boldly declared in those famous lines of his:

03.01 - Humanism and Humanism, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   But first of all we must know what exactly is meant by humanism. It is, of course, not a doctrine or dogma; it is an attitude, an outlook the attitude, the outlook that views and weighs the worth of man as man. The essential formula was succinctly given by the Latin poet when he said that nothing human he considered foreign to him.2 It is the characteristic of humanism to be interested in man as man and in all things that interest man as man. To this however an important corollary is to be added, that it does not concern itself with things that do not concern man's humanity. The original father of humanism was perhaps Socrates whose mission it was, as he said, to bring down philosophy from heaven to live among men. More precisely, the genesis should be ascribed rather to the Aristotelian tradition of Socratic teaching.

03.04 - The Other Aspect of European Culture, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Even the still more ancient Grco-Latin Europe which was not, to a general and apparent view, quite spiritual or other-worldly, was yet not so exclusively materialistic and profane as modern Europe. Classical culture was rationalistic, without doubt; but that rationalism was the function of a sublimated intelligence and a refined sensibility and served as a vehicle for a Higher Perceptiona ratiocinative and ultra-logical mind, like that of Socrates, could yet be so passive and upgazing as to receive and obey the commandments of a Dmon; whereas the rationalism, which is in vogue today and to which orthodox Scientism has affixed its royal sign manual, is the product of mere brain-power, vigorous but crude, of an intellect shut up in its self-complacent cunningness, obfuscated by its infinite but shallow inquisitiveness.

03.06 - Divine Humanism, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   But first of all we must know what exactly is meant by humanism. It is, of course, not a doctrine or dogma; it is an attitude, an outlook the attitude, the outlook that views and weighs the worth of man as man. The essential formula was succinctly given by the Latin poet when he said that nothing human he considered foreign to him. It is the characteristic of humanism to be interested in man as man and in all things that interest man as man. To this, however, an important corollary is to be added, that it does not concern itself with things that do not concern man's humanity. The original father of humanism was perhaps the father of European culture itself, Socrates, whose mission it was, as he said, to bring down philosophy from heaven to live among men. More precisely the genesis should be ascribed to the Aristotelian tradition of Socratic teaching.

03.10 - The Mission of Buddhism, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 02, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Yes, it was the age, almost a golden age, when man lived with his sense married to the Dawn, spontaneous in his reflexes, prime-sautier, intuitive and imaginative, full of a natural, unspoilt, unsophisticated happiness and hopefulness. But the Age of Reason had to come, and man's maturer nature, perhaps some "sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought". Such an age of Reason and Ratiocination and pure brain power was ushered in by Buddha in India, and almost contemporaneously by Socrates in Greece and Confucius in China. The rational, that is to say, the scientific or analytical attitude to things appeared in the human consciousness for the first time in its fullness and almost exclusive sway. Neither the Vedas nor the Upanishads knew of logic as an instrumenta necessary instrument for knowledge and expression. The old-world method was, as I said, intuitive, experiential, empirical, dogmatic. Also the atmosphere of that world, the stress of the consciousness was theocratic; what the new world brought in was what is called humanistic.

03.16 - The Tragic Spirit in Nature, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 03, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   A Jeanne d'Arc, another glorious creature, Deliverer of France, the sweetest thing that ever put on a human body, was burnt as a witch. Socrates had to drink the hemlock for having brought down heavenly knowledge upon earth. The Christ, God's own son and beloved, perished on the Cross. Krishna, the Avatara, was killed by a chance arrow; and Arjuna, the peerless hero of Kurukshetra, Krishna's favourite, had to see days when he could not even lift his own bow with which he once played havoc. And in our own days, a Ramakrishna, who could cure souls could not cure his own cancer. This is the tears of thingsspoken of by a great poet the tragedy that is lodged in the hearts of things.

04.02 - A Chapter of Human Evolution, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The appearance of the Greeks on the stage of human civilisation is a mystery to historians. They are so different from all that preceded them. There does not seem to exist any logical link between them and the races from whom they are supposed to have descended or whose successors they were. The Minoan or Cretan civilisation is said to be cradle of the Greek, but where is the parallel or proportion between the two, judging from whatever relics have been left over from the older, the more ancient one. Indeed that is the term which best describes the situation. Whatever has gone before the Hellenic culture is ancient; they belong to the Old Regime. Egypt is old, Phoenicia is old, the Hebrews are old, all the other races of the old world are old, not merely chronologically, but psychologically. But Hellas is modern. There is a breath in the Ionian atmosphere, a breath of ozone, as it were, which wafts down to us, even into the air of today. Homer and Solon, Socrates and Aristotle, Pythagoras and Plato are still the presiding gods ruling over the human spirit that was born on Olympus and Ida.
   Human evolution took a decisive turn with the advent of the Hellenic culture and civilisation. All crises in evolution are a sudden revelation, an unexpected outburst, a saltum, a leap into the unknown. Now, what the Greeks brought in was the Mind, the luminous Reason, the logical faculty that is married to the senses, no doubt, but still suffused with an inner glow of consciousness. It is the faculty mediating between a more direct and immediate perception of things, Intuition and Instinct, on the one hand, and on the other, the perception given by the senses and a power of control over material things. Take Egypt or Israel or Chaldea, what one finds prominent there is the instinctive-intuitive man, spontaneousprime-sautierimaginative, mythopoeic, clairvoyant, clairaudient (although not very clear, in the modern and Greek sense), bringing into this world things of the other world and pushing this world as much as possible into the other, maintaining a kind of direct connection and communion between the two. The Greeks are of another mould. They are a rational people; they do not move and act simply or mainly by instinctive reactions, but even these are filtered in them through a light of the Mind of Intelligence, a logical pattern, a rational disposition of things; through Mind they seek to know Matter and to control it. It is the modern methodology, that of observation and experiment, in other words, the scientific procedure. The Greeks have had their gods, their mythology; but these are modelled somewhat differently: the gods are made more human, too human, as has often been observed. Zeus and Juno (Hera) are infinitely more human than Isis and Osiris or Moloch and Baal or even the Jewish Jehovah. These vital gods have a sombre air about them, solemn and serious, grim and powerful, but they have not the sunshine, the radiance and smile of Apollo (Apollo Belvedere) or Hermes. The Greeks might have, they must have taken up their gods from a more ancient Pantheon, but they have, after the manner of their sculptor Phidias, remoulded them, shaped and polished them, made them more luminous and nearer and closer to earth and men. 1 Was it not said of Socrates that he brought down the gods from heaven upon earth?
   In India we meet a characteristic movement. As I said the Vedas represented the Mythic Age, the age when knowledge was gained or life moulded and developed through Vision and Revelation (Sruti, direct Hearing). The Upanishadic Age followed next. Here we may say the descending light touched the higher reaches of the Mind, the mind of pure, fundamental, typical ideas. The consciousness divested itself of much of the mythic and parabolic apparel and, although supremely immediate and intuitive, yet was bathed with the light of the day, the clear sunshine of the normal wakeful state. The first burgeoning of the Rational Mind proper, the stress of intellect and intellectuality started towards the end of the Upanishadic Age with the Mahabharata, for example and the Brahmanas. It flowered in full vigour, however, in the earlier philosophical schools, the Sankhyas perhaps, and in the great Buddhist illuminationBuddha being, we note with interest, almost a contemporary of Socrates and also of the Chinese philosopher or moralist Confuciusa triumvirate almost of mighty mental intelligence ruling over the whole globe and moulding for an entire cycle human culture and destiny. The very name Buddha is significant. It means, no doubt, the Awakened, but awakened in and through the intelligence, the mental Reason, buddhi. The Buddhist tradition is that the Buddhist cycle, the cycle over which Buddha reigns is for two thousand and five hundred years since his withdrawal which takes us, it seems, to about 1956 A.D.

04.03 - The Eternal East and West, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The East does not consider the individual in his social behaviour in terms of freedom and liberty but of service and obligation, not in terms of rights but of duties. The Indian term for right and duty is the sameadhikar. The word originally and usually meant duty, one's sphere of work or service, capacity: the meaning of "right" was secondary and only latterly, probably as a result of the impact from the West, has gained predominance. The West measures human progress by the amount of rights gained for the individual or for the group. It does not seem to have any other standard: submission, obedience, any diminution of the sense of separate individuality meant slavery and loss of human value and dignity. It was the Greek perhaps, with Socrates as the great pioneer, who first declared the supremacy of the individual reason (although he himself obeyed in all things his guardian angel, the Daemon). In India, generally in the East, the value of the individual is estimated in another way. So long as he is in the society, the individual is bound by its demands: he has to serve it according to his best capacity. That is the dharma the Law that one has to observe conscientiously. But if he chooses, he can break the bonds forthwith, come out, come out of the society altoge ther and be free absolutely that is the only meaning of freedom. In the West the individual is taught to remain in the world and with the society, maintain his individuality and independence and gradually enlarge them in and through the natural fetters and bondages that a collective life and efficient organisation demands and inevitably imposes. The East, on the contrary, asks the individual never to protest and assert his individuality, which is in their view only another name for Ignorant egoism, but to know his position in the social scheme and fulfil the duties and obligations of that position. But the individual has the freedom not to enter into the social frame at all. If he chooses freedom as his ideal, it is the supreme freedom that he must choose, out of the chain of a terrestrial life. He can become the spiritual "outlaw", the sanysi, the word means one who has abandoned everything totally and absolutely.

05.01 - Man and the Gods, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 01, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Man possesses characters that mark him as an entity sui generis and give him the value that is his. First, toil and suffering and more failures than success have given him the quality of endurance and patience, of humility and quietness. That is the quality of earth-natureearth is always spoken of by the poets and seers as all-bearing and all-forgiving. She never protests under any load put upon her, never rises in revolt, never in a hurry or in worry, she goes on with her appointed labour silently, steadily, calmly, unflinchingly. Human consciousness can take infinite pains, go through the infinite details of execution, through countless repetitions and mazes: patience and perseverance are the very badge and blazon of the tribe. Ribhus, the artisans of immortalitychildren of Mahasaraswatiwere originally men, men who have laboured into godhood. Human nature knows to wait, wait infinitely, as it has all the eternity before it and can afford and is prepared to continue and persist life after life. I do not say that all men can do it and are of this nature; but there is this essential capacity in human nature. The gods, who are usually described as the very embodiment of calmness and firmness, of a serene and concentrated will to achieve, nevertheless suffer ill any delay or hindrance to their work. Man has not perhaps the even tenor, the steadiness of their movement, even though intense and fast flowing; but what man possesses is persistence through ups and downshis path is rugged with rise and fall, as the poet says. The steadiness or the staying power of the gods contains something of the nature of indifference, something hard in its grain, not unlike a crystal or a diamond. But human patience, when it has formed and taken shape, possesses a mellowness, an understanding, a sweet reasonableness and a resilience all its own. And because of its intimacy with the tears of things, because of its long travail and calvary, human consciousness is suffused with a quality that is peculiarly human and humane that of sympathy, compassion, comprehension, the psychic feeling of closeness and oneness. The gods are, after all, egoistic; unless in their supreme supramental status where they are one and identical with the Divine himself; on the lower levels, in their own domains, they are separate, more or less immiscible entities, as it were; greater stress is laid here upon their individual functioning and fulfilment than upon their solidarity. Even if they have not the egoism of the Asuras that sets itself in revolt and antagonism to the Divine, still they have to the fullest extent the sense of a separate mission that each has to fulfil, which none else can fulfil and so each is bound rigidly to its own orbit of activity. There is no mixture in their workingsna me thate, as the Vedas say; the conflict of the later gods, the apple of discord that drove each to establish his hegemony over the rest, as narrated in the mythologies and popular legends, carry the difference to a degree natural to the human level and human modes and reactions. The egoism of the gods may have the gait of aristocracy about it, it has the aloofness and indifference and calm nonchalance that go often with nobility: it has a family likeness to the egoism of an ascetic, of a saintit is sttwic; still it is egoism. It may prove even more difficult to break and dissolve than the violent and ebullient rjasicpride of a vital being. Human failings in this respect are generally more complex and contain all shades and rhythms. And yet that is not the whole or dominant mystery of man's nature. His egoism is thwarted at every stepfrom outside, by, the force of circumstances, the force of counter-egoisms, and from inside, for there is there the thin little voice that always cuts across egoism's play and takes away from it something of its elemental blind momentum. The gods know not of this division in their nature, this schizophrenia, as the malady is termed nowadays, which is the source of the eternal strain of melancholy in human nature of which Matthew Arnold speaks, of the Shelleyan saddest thoughts: Nietzsche need not have gone elsewhere in his quest for the origin and birth of Tragedy. A Socrates discontented, the Christ as the Man of Sorrows, and Amitabha, the soul of pity and compassion are peculiarly human phenomena. They are not merely human weaknesses and failings that are to be brushed aside with a godlike disdain; but they contain and yield a deeper sap of life and out of them a richer fulfilment is being elaborated.

10.07 - The World is One, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   Coming next to Mind, the unity here too, is quite marked, clearly discernible. There is only one Mind that rules the myriad mentalities of this world. Thoughts and ideas are not in reality personal creations, they are various formulations of the one universal Mind; they enter into and possess individual minds as receptacles, and no doubt in the process undergo particular modifications in their general character. It is a very common experience to see the same or very similar ideas and thoughts expressed by individuals (or groups) living far from each other, having practically no mutual contact. We have known of "independent discoveries" of the same truth or fact and innumerable instances of this kind has history provided for us. It is not a freak of nature that we find Socrates and Buddha and Confucius as contemporaries. Contemporaries also were India's Akbar, England's Elizabeth and Italy's Leo X. Also the year 1905 has been known as Annus Mirabilis, a year of seminal importance the sowing of the seed of a new earth-lifesignificant for the whole human race, for the East and for the West, particularly for India, for Japan, for Russia and even for England. And today's world has indeed become a world of compact unity in human achievement and also alas, in human distress!

1.01 - Adam Kadmon and the Evolution, #Preparing for the Miraculous, #George Van Vrekhem, #unset
  fluences are discernible of Pythagoranism, Platonism, the
  ascetic schools referring back to Socrates, and Neoplaton-
  ism. Gnosticism also enriched itself with Hermetism, and

1.02 - THE PROBLEM OF SOCRATES, #Twilight of the Idols, #Friedrich Nietzsche, #Philosophy
  object:1.02 - THE PROBLEM OF Socrates
  been on their lips,--words full of doubt, full of melancholy, full of
  weariness of life, full of hostility to life. Even Socrates' dying
  words were:--"To live--means to be ill a long while: I owe a cock to
  the god sculapius." Even Socrates had had enough of it. What does that
  prove? What does it point to? Formerly people would have said (--oh,
  these great sages were not only decadents, but that they were not even
  wise? Let me however return to the problem of Socrates.
  To judge from his origin, Socrates belonged to the lowest of the low:
   Socrates was mob. You know, and you can still see it for yourself,
  how ugly he was. But ugliness, which in itself is an objection, was
  almost a refutation among the Greeks. Was Socrates really a Greek?
  Ugliness is not infrequently the expression of thwarted development,
  in fronte, monstrum in animo._ But the criminal is a decadent?[1]
  Was Socrates a typical criminal?--At all events this would not clash
  with that famous physiognomist's judgment which was so repugnant to
   Socrates' friends. While on his way through Athens a certain foreigner
  who was no fool at judging by looks, told Socrates to his face that
  he was a monster, that his body harboured all the worst vices and
  passions. And Socrates replied simply: "You know me, sir!"--
  Not only are the acknowledged wildness and anarchy of Socrates'
  instincts indicative of decadence, but also that preponderance of the
  special characteristic. Neither should we forget those aural delusions
  which were religiously interpreted as "the demon of Socrates."
  Everything in him is exaggerated, _buffo,_ caricature, his nature is
  With Socrates Greek taste veers round in favour of dialectics: what
  actually occurs? In the first place a noble taste is vanquished:
  with dialectics the mob comes to the top. Before Socrates' time,
  dialectical manners were avoided in good society: they were regarded
  prove but command, the dialectician is regarded as a sort of clown.
  People laugh at him, they do not take him seriously. Socrates was a
  clown who succeeded in making men take him seriously: what then was the
  makes no use of it. That is why the Jews were dialecticians. Reynard
  the Fox was a dialectician: what?--and was Socrates one as well?
  Is the Socratic irony an expression of revolt, of mob resentment?
  Does Socrates, as a creature suffering under oppression, enjoy his
  innate ferocity in the knife-thrusts of the syllogism? Does he wreak
  paralyses. The dialectician cripples the intellect of his opponent. Can
  it be that dialectics was only a form of revenge in Socrates?
  I have given you to understand in what way Socrates was able to repel:
  now it is all the more necessary to explain how he fascinated.--One
  appealing to the combative instinct of the Greeks,--he introduced a
  variation into the contests between men and youths. Socrates was also a
  great erotic.
  But Socrates divined still more. He saw right through his noble
  Athenians; he perceived that his case, his peculiar case, was no
  exception even in his time. The same kind of degeneracy was silently
  preparing itself everywhere: ancient Athens was dying out. And Socrates
  understood that the whole world needed him,--his means, his remedy, his
  play the tyrant; we must discover a counter-tyrant who is stronger than
  they." On the occasion when that physiognomist had unmasked Socrates,
  and had told him what he was, a crater full of evil desires, the great
  to his nature. "This is true," he said, "but I overcame them all." How
  did Socrates succeed in mastering himself? His case was at bottom only
  the extreme and most apparent example of a state of distress which
  When a man finds it necessary, as Socrates did, to create a tyrant out
  of reason, there is no small danger that something else wishes to play
  the tyrant. Reason was then discovered as a saviour; neither Socrates
  nor his "patients" were at liberty to be rational or not, as they
  I have now explained how Socrates fascinated: he seemed to be a
  doctor, a Saviour. Is it necessary to expose the errors which lay in
  of degeneration--they only modify its mode of manifesting itself:
  they do not abolish it Socrates was a misunderstanding. _The whole
  of the morality of amelioration--that of Christianity as well--was
  self-deceivers? Did he confess this to himself in the end, in the
  wisdom of his courage before death. Socrates wished to die. Not Athens,
  but his own hand gave him the draught of hemlock; he drove Athens to
  the poisoned cup. " Socrates is not a doctor," he whispered to himself,
  "death alone can be a doctor here.... Socrates himself has only been ill
  a long while."

1.02 - The Vision of the Past, #Let Me Explain, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  its environment or in itself. Socrates could have been born
  in the place of Descartes, and vice versa. Temporally (no

10.37 - The Golden Bridge, #Collected Works of Nolini Kanta Gupta - Vol 04, #Nolini Kanta Gupta, #Integral Yoga
   The liberation of the mind, at least the higher mind, as an instrument of expression for the human consciousness was achieved to a remarkable degree in the Upanishads generally, particularly in some, although the beginnings of it might be traced even in some of the earliest of the Vedic Riks. A serious and persistent attempt for this liberation was made later, in the age or rather ages of the Gita, the Mahabharata, the Darshanas. It was the rational spirit that impelled and inspired the Buddhist consciousness and in Europe it had its heyday in the age of Socrates and Plato. Those were intellectual ages and the intellect was trying to find and explore its own domain in its full and free power and sovereignty. And the human language too, as a necessary corollary was remoulded, remodelled, rationalised: it shook itself away as far as possible from the prejudices and prepossessions of the sense-bound mind. That is the inner story of the growth of language from the synthetic inflexional cohesive stage to its modern analytic discursive character.

1.04 - Descent into Future Hell, #The Red Book Liber Novus, #unset, #Kabbalah
  89. The theme of divine madness has a long history. Its 10c1. .\s Classicus was Socrates's discussion of it in the Phaedrus: madness, provided it comes as a gift of heaven, is the channel by which we receive the greatest blessings (Plato, Phaedrus and Letters VII and VIII, tr. W Hamilton
  [London: Penguin, 1986], p. 46, line 244). Socrates distinguished four types of divine madness: (I) inspired divination, such as by the prophetess at Delphi; (2) instances in which individuals, when ancient sins have given rise to troubles, have prophesied and incited to prayer and worship; (3) possession by the Muses, since the technically skilled untouched by the madness of the Muses will never be a good poet; and (4) the lover. In the Renaissance, the theme of divine madness was talcen up by the Neoplatonists such as Ecino and by humanists such as Erasmus. Erasmus's discussion is particularly important, as it fuses the classical Platonic conception with Christianity.

1.04 - The Divine Mother - This Is She, #Twelve Years With Sri Aurobindo, #Nirodbaran, #Integral Yoga
  Another complicated illness I was confronted with during this period was that of a sadhak. A typical Englishman, stiff but polite, a cultured, sensitive poet; the poor man had never enjoyed good health since his childhood and in later years was also mentally shaken. I had been treating him for chronic liver trouble, indigestion, etc., for some years before he had this illness. Either because of this, or by nature, he was none too optimistic. Besides, he had suffered from rheumatism and infantile paralysis too. The Mother and Sri Aurobindo knew his temperament very well and instructed me to look after him with a large consideration as they themselves had always done. He was turned into a fine poet by Sri Aurobindo's Force. I wonder how with such a poor health he managed to do Yoga. That, however, is none of my business. Failing to diagnose his illness, I called in other doctors, and as is often the case, opinions differed. Neither were there proper facilities for making specific tests in the hospital. He began to suffer from fever, jaundice, abscesses, joint pains, and a host of diverse complaints which made him extremely irritable. He pestered me like Socrates with all sorts of questions, the why and the how of his ailments, their remedy, and the last question, when would he be all right? I reported faithfully all this to the Mother and to Sri Aurobindo who would often side with him, appreciating his inquisitiveness and his refusal to gulp down docilely all that was given to him. When I told Sri Aurobindo that he would not allow his old dusty heaps of the journal, Manchester Guardian to be removed, Sri Aurobindo approved of his feelings. One day the Mother said, "Once when you were fanning Sri Aurobindo, I had a vision of the patient crying to you, 'Why don't you cure me?' "On the other hand, Sri Aurobindo had told me that the patient was disgusted with his ailing body and would like to leave it. We are made of many conflicting parts! My inner comment was: the Mother's occult sight could read all our movements. Only if she could always prescribe remedies! To that question Sri Aurobindo gave, in our correspondence, a rather evasive answer. He said, "Why do you want us to do your work?" Of course, I understood what he meant. There is a humorous episode connected with this patient's ailment, which will be interesting to note here. The Mother had advised me in my medical practice to develop the power of intuition. One of the methods I followed was to go into meditation and see, hear or feel something relating to a particular case. Now, in the present quandary, I tried the method; after a couple of failures, what I saw in the meditation was a brinjal! When I blurted it out to Sri Aurobindo and to my colleagues, they all roared with laughter. Thenceforth they would taunt me with "Nirod's brinjal intuition"!

1.04 - The First Circle, Limbo Virtuous Pagans and the Unbaptized. The Four Poets, Homer, Horace, Ovid, and Lucan. The Noble Castle of Philosophy., #The Divine Comedy, #Dante Alighieri, #Christianity
  All gaze upon him, and all do him honour.
  There I beheld both Socrates and Plato,
  Who nearer him before the others stand;

1.04 - The Self, #Aion, #Carl Jung, #Psychology
  much in the Christian sense as in the sense intended by Diotima,
  when she said: "Eros, dear Socrates, is a mighty daemon." The
  Greek words daimon and daimonion express a determining

1.05 - THE NEW SPIRIT, #The Future of Man, #Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, #Christianity
  other point without undergoing any change in its environment or
  in itself. Socrates could have been born in the place of Descartes,
  and vice versa. Temporally (no less than spatially) human beings

1.06 - MORTIFICATION, NON-ATTACHMENT, RIGHT LIVELIHOOD, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  There can be no complete communism except in the goods of the spirit and, to some extent also, of the mind, and only when such goods are possessed by men and women in a state of non-attachment and self-denial. Some degree of mortification, it should be noted, is an indispensable prerequisite for the creation and enjoyment even of merely intellectual and aesthetic goods. Those who choose the profession of artist, philosopher, or man of science, choose, in many cases, a life of poverty and unrewarded hard work. But these are by no means the only mortifications they have to undertake. When he looks at the world, the artist must deny his ordinary human tendency to think of things in utilitarian, self-regarding terms. Similarly, the critical philosopher must mortify his commonsense, while the research worker must steadfastly resist the temptations to over-simplify and think conventionally, and must make himself docile to the leadings of mysterious Fact. And what is true of the creators of aesthetic and intellectual goods is also true of the enjoyers of such goods, when created. That these mortifications are by no means trifling has been shown again and again in the course of history. One thinks, for example, of the intellectually mortified Socrates and the hemlock with which his unmortified compatriots rewarded him. One thinks of the heroic efforts that had to be made by Galileo and his contemporaries to break with the Aristotelian convention of thought, and the no less heroic efforts that have to be made today by any scientist who believes that there is more in the universe than can be discovered by employing the time-hallowed recipes of Descartes. Such mortifications have their reward in a state of consciousness that corresponds, on a lower level, to spiritual beatitude. The artistand the philosopher and the man of science are also artistsknows the bliss of aesthetic contemplation, discovery and non-attached possession.

1.06 - Psychic Education, #On Education, #The Mother, #Integral Yoga
  When the psychic being begins to be discovered, we find that it burns in the temple of the inmost heart behind the thick screen of the ignorant mind, life and body. As Sri Aurobindo points out:
  "The veiled psychic is the flame of the Godhead always alight within us, inextinguishable even by that dense unconsciousness of any spiritual self within which obscures our outward nature... It is the concealed Witness and Control, the hidden Guide, the Daemon of Socrates, the inner light or inner voice of the mystic... It is the individual soul, caitya purusa, supporting mind, life and body, standing behind the mental, the vital, the subtle-physical being in us and watching and profiting by their development and experience... It is this secret psychic entity which is the true original Conscience in us deeper than the constructed and conventional conscience of the moralist, for it is this which points always towards Truth and Right and Beauty, towards Love and Harmony and all that is a divine possibility in us, and persists till these things become the major need of our nature... If the secret psychic person can come forward into the front... the whole nature can be turned towards the real aim of life, the supreme victory, the ascent into spiritual existence."2

1.07 - On Our Knowledge of General Principles, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertr and Russell, #Philosophy
  But the newness of the knowledge is much less certain if we take the stock instance of deduction that is always given in books on logic, namely, 'All men are mortal; Socrates is a man, therefore Socrates is mortal.' In this case, what we really know beyond reasonable doubt is that certain men, A, B, C, were mortal, since, in fact, they have died.
  If Socrates is one of these men, it is foolish to go the roundabout way through 'all men are mortal' to arrive at the conclusion that _probably_
   Socrates is mortal. If Socrates is not one of the men on whom our induction is based, we shall still do better to argue straight from our
  A, B, C, to Socrates, than to go round by the general proposition, 'all men are mortal'. For the probability that Socrates is mortal is greater, on our data, than the probability that all men are mortal. (This is obvious, because if all men are mortal, so is Socrates; but if Socrates is mortal, it does not follow that all men are mortal.) Hence we shall reach the conclusion that Socrates is mortal with a greater approach to certainty if we make our argument purely inductive than if we go by way of 'all men are mortal' and then use deduction.

1.08 - The Gods of the Veda - The Secret of the Veda, #Vedic and Philological Studies, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  But why, it might be asked, should each subjective order or stratum of consciousness necessarily involve the co-existence of a corresponding order of beings & objective world-stratum? For the modern mind, speculative & introspective like the Vedic, is yet speculative within the limits of sensational experience and therefore unable to believe in, even if it can conceive of existence, least of all of an objective existence under conditions different from those [with] which we are familiar and of which our senses assure us. We may therefore admit the profundity & subtlety of the subjective distinction, but we shall be apt to regard the belief in objective worlds & beings unseen by our senses as either an early poetic fancy or a crude superstition of savages. But the Vedic mentality, although perfectly rational, stood at the opposite pole of ideas from the modern and its subjective consciousness admitted a class of experiences which we reject and cut short the moment they begin to present themselves by condemning them as hallucinations. The idea of modern men that the ancients evolved their gods by a process of poetic imagination, is an error due to inability to understand an alien mentality & unwillingness to investigate from within those survivals of it which still subsist though with difficulty under modern conditions. Encouraging this order of phenomena, fostering & developing carefully the states of mind in which they were possible and the movements of mind & sense by which they were effected, the Vedic Rishis saw and communed with the gods and threw themselves into the worlds of which they had the conception. They believed in them for the same reason that Joan of Arc believed in her saints & her voices, Socrates in his daemon or Swedenborg in his spirits, because they had constant experience of them and of the validity both of the experiences and of the instruments of mind & sense by which they were maintained in operation. They would have answered a modern objector that they had as good a proof of them as the scientist has of the worlds & the different orders of life revealed to his optical nerve by microscope & telescope. Some of them might even question whether these scientific discoveries were not optical illusions due to the excitation of the nerve by the instruments utilised! We may, similarly, get rid of the Vedic experiences, disbelieve and discount them, saying that they missed one essential instrument of truth, the sceptical distrust of their instruments,but we cannot argue from them in the minds that received them a childish irrationality or a savage superstition. They trusted, like us, their experience, believed their mind & senses and argued logically from their premisses.

1.09 - SELF-KNOWLEDGE, #The Perennial Philosophy, #Aldous Huxley, #Philosophy
  The importance, the indispensable necessity, of self-knowledge has been stressed by the saints and doctors of every one of the great religious traditions. To us in the West, the most familiar voice is that of Socrates. More systematically than Socrates the Indian exponents of the Perennial Philosophy harped on the same theme. There is, for example, the Buddha, whose discourse on The Setting-Up of Mindfulness expounds (with that positively inexorable exhaustiveness characteristic of the Pali scriptures) the whole art of self-knowledge in all its branchesknowledge of ones body, ones senses, ones feelings, ones thoughts. This art of self-knowledge is practised with two aims in view. The proximate aim is that a brother, as to the body, continues so to look upon the body, that he remains ardent, self-possessed and mindful, having overcome both the hankering and dejection common in the world. And in the same way as to feelings, thoughts and ideas, he so looks upon each that he remains ardent, self-possessed and mindful, without hankering or dejection. Beyond and through this desirable psychological condition lies the final end of man, knowledge of that which underlies the individualized self. In their own vocabulary, Christian writers express the same ideas.

1.1.05 - The Siddhis, #Essays Divine And Human, #Sri Aurobindo, #Integral Yoga
  There was no such weakness in the robust temperament of our forefa thers. Our great Rishis of old did not cry out upon
  Siddhis, but recognised them as a part, though not the most important part of Yogic accomplishment, and used them with an abundant and unhesitating vigour. They are recognised in our sacred books, formally included in Yoga by so devotional a Purana as the Bhagawat, noted and some of their processes carefully tabled by Patanjali. Even in the midnight of the Kali great Siddhas and saints have used them more sparingly, but with power and effectiveness. It would be difficult for many of them to do otherwise than use the siddhis since by the very fact of their spiritual elevation, these powers have become not exceptional movements, but the ordinary processes of their thought and action. It is by the use of the siddhis that the Siddhas sitting on the mountains help the world out of the heart of their solitude and silence. Jesus Christ made the use of the siddhis a prominent feature of his pure, noble and spiritual life, nor did he hesitate to communicate them to his disciples - the laying of hands, the healing of the sick, the ashirvada, the abhishap, the speaking with many tongues were all given to them. The day of Pentecost is still kept holy by the Christian Church. Joan of Arc used her siddhis to liberate France. Socrates had his siddhis, some of them of a very material nature. Men of great genius are usually born with some of them and use them unconsciously. Even in natures far below the power and clarity of genius we see their occasional or irregular operation. The West, always avid of knowledge, is struggling, sadly hampered by misuse and imposture, to develop them and gropes roughly for the truth about them in the phenomena of hypnotism, clairvoyance, telepathy, vouched for by men and women of great intellectuality and sincerity. Returning
  Eastwards, where only their right practice has been understood, the lives of our saints northern and southern are full of the record of Siddhis. Sri Ramakrishna, whose authority is quoted against

1.11 - On Intuitive Knowledge, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertr and Russell, #Philosophy
  But let us imagine some insistent Socrates, who, whatever reason we give him, continues to demand a reason for the reason. We must sooner or later, and probably before very long, be driven to a point where we cannot find any further reason, and where it becomes almost certain that no further reason is even theoretically discoverable. Starting with the common beliefs of daily life, we can be driven back from point to point, until we come to some general principle, or some instance of a general principle, which seems luminously evident, and is not itself capable of being deduced from anything more evident. In most questions of daily life, such as whether our food is likely to be nourishing and not poisonous, we shall be driven back to the inductive principle, which we discussed in Chapter VI. But beyond that, there seems to be no further regress. The principle itself is constantly used in our reasoning, sometimes consciously, sometimes unconsciously; but there is no reasoning which, starting from some simpler self-evident principle, leads us to the principle of induction as its conclusion. And the same holds for other logical principles. Their truth is evident to us, and we employ them in constructing demonstrations; but they themselves, or at least some of them, are incapable of demonstration.

1.13 - Knowledge, Error, and Probably Opinion, #The Problems of Philosophy, #Bertr and Russell, #Philosophy
  In like manner, a true belief cannot be called knowledge when it is deduced by a fallacious process of reasoning, even if the premisses from which it is deduced are true. If I know that all Greeks are men and that
   Socrates was a man, and I infer that Socrates was a Greek, I cannot be said to _know_ that Socrates was a Greek, because, although my premisses and my conclusion are true, the conclusion does not follow from the premisses.


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