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object:Saint Thomas Aquinas
class:Saint
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subject class:Christianity
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class:person

--- WIKI
Thomas Aquinas (Tommaso d'Aquino; 1225 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church. An immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism, he is also known within the latter as the Doctor Angelicus and the Doctor Communis. The name Aquinas identifies his ancestral origins in the county of Aquino in present-day Lazio, Italy. He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology and the father of Thomism; of which he argued that reason is found in God. His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy developed or opposed his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law, metaphysics, and political theory. Unlike many currents in the Church of the time, Thomas embraced several ideas put forward by Aristotlewhom he called "the Philosopher"and attempted to synthesize Aristotelian philosophy with the principles of Christianity. His best-known works are the Disputed Questions on Truth (12561259), the Summa contra Gentiles (12591265), and the unfinished but massively influential Summa Theologica a.k.a. Summa Theologiae (12651274). His commentaries on Scripture and on Aristotle also form an important part of his body of work. Furthermore, Thomas is distinguished for his eucharistic hymns, which form a part of the Church's liturgy. The Catholic Church honors Thomas Aquinas as a saint and regards him as the model teacher for those studying for the priesthood, and indeed the highest expression of both natural reason and speculative theology. In modern times, under papal directives, the study of his works was long used as a core of the required program of study for those seeking ordination as priests or deacons, as well as for those in religious formation and for other students of the sacred disciplines (philosophy, Catholic theology, church history, liturgy, and canon law). Thomas Aquinas is considered one of the Catholic Church's greatest theologians and philosophers. Pope Benedict XV declared: "This (Dominican) Order... acquired new luster when the Church declared the teaching of Thomas to be her own and that Doctor, honored with the special praises of the Pontiffs, the master and patron of Catholic schools." The English philosopher Anthony Kenny considers Thomas to be "one of the dozen greatest philosophers of the western world".

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Saint Thomas Aquinas

--- DICTIONARIES (in Dictionaries, in Quotes, in Chapters)



--- QUOTES [1000 / 1000 - 475 / 500] (in Dictionaries, in Quotes, in Chapters)



KEYS (10k)

   43 Saint Thomas Aquinas

NEW FULL DB (2.4M)

  468 Saint Thomas Aquinas

1:Beware the man of a single book. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
2:Humility is the mark of a genuine disciple. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
3:Love takes up where knowledge leaves off. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
4:The things that we love tell us what we are. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
5:Rarely affirm, seldom deny, always distinguish. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
6:What does it take to become a saint? Will it. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
7:Anything done against faith or conscience is sinful. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
8:All my words are but chaff next to the faith of a simple man. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
9:A man does not always choose what his guardian angel intends. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
10:If you want to be saved look at the face of your Christ. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
11:Characteristics which define beauty are wholeness, harmony and radiance. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
12:Not everyone who is enlightened by an angel knows that he is enlightened by him. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
13:In deliberation we may hesitate; but a deliberated act must be performed swiftly. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
14:Faith has to do with things that are not seen and hope with things that are not at hand. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
15:A scrap of knowledge about sublime things is worth more than any amount about trivialities. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
16:Practical sciences proceed by building up; theoretical science by resolving into components. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
17:How can we live in harmony? First we need to know we are all madly in love with the same God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
18:He who is drawn to something desirable does not desire to have it as a thought but as a thing. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
19:For those with faith, no evidence is necessary; for those without it, no evidence will suffice. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
20:If you are looking for the way by which you should go, take Christ, because he himself is the way. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
21:It is requisite for the relaxation of the mind that we make use, from time to time, of playful deeds and jokes. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
22:Better to illuminate than merely to shine; to deliver to others contemplated truths than merely to contemplate. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
23:The Study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
24:The least insight that one can obtain into sublime things is more desirable than the most certain knowledge of lower things. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
25:Of all the pursuits open to men, the search for wisdom is most perfect, more sublime, more profitable and more full of joy. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
26:Arrive at knowledge over small streamlets, and do not plunge immediately into the ocean, since progress must go from the easier to the more difficult. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
27:For then alone do we know God truly, when we believe that He is far above all that man can possibly think of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, Summa contra Gentiles I,
28:Bestow upon me, O Lord my God, understanding to know thee, diligence to seek thee, wisdom to find thee, and a faithfulness that may finally embrace thee. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
29:Three things are necessary for the salvation of man : to know what he ought to believe, to know what he ought to desire, and to know what he ought to do. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
30:For loving draws us more to things than knowing does, since good is found by going to the thing, whereas the true is found when the thing comes to us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
31:An Angel can illuminate the thought and mind of man by strengthening the power of vision and by bringing within his reach some truth which the Angel himself contemplates. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
32:Because philosophy arises from awe, a philosopher is bound in his way to be a lover of myths and poetic fables. Poets and philosophers are alike in being big with wonder. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
33:Here 'neath veils, my Saviour darkly I behold; To my thirsting spirit all thy light unfold; Face to face in heaven let me come to thee, And the blessed vision of thy glory see. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
34:Three things are necessary for the salvation of man: to know what he ought to believe; to know what he ought to desire; and to know what he ought to do. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, Two Precepts of Charity (1273) ,
35:Angels transcend every religion, every philosophy, every creed. In fact Angels have no religion as we know it... Their existence precedes every religious system that has ever existed on Earth. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
36:Every judgement of conscience, be it right or wrong, be it about things evil in themselves or morally indifferent, is obligatory, in such wise that he who acts against his conscience always sins. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
37:He who is not angry when there is just cause for anger is immoral. Why? Because anger looks to the good of justice. And if you can live amid injustice without anger, you are immoral as well as unjust. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
38:Just as all men naturally desire to know the truth, so there is inherent in men a natural desire to avoid errors, and refute them when they are able to do so. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, De Unitate Intellectus Contra Averroistas ,
39:For it is necessary in every practical science to proceed in a composite (i.e. deductive) manner. On the contrary in speculative science, it is necessary to proceed in an analytical manner by breaking down the complex into elementary principles. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
40:The study of truth requires a considerable effort - which is why few are willing to undertake it out of love of knowledge - despite the fact that God has implanted a natural appetite for such knowledge in the minds of men. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas, Summa Contra Gentiles ,
41:Again, it is self-evident that truth exists. For truth exists if anything at all is true, and if anyone denies that truth exists, he concedes that it is true that it does not exist, since if truth does not exist it is then true that it does not exist. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
42:For just as the first general precepts of the law of nature are self-evident to one in possession of natural reason, and have no need of promulgation, so also that of believing in God is primary and self-evident to one who has faith: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
43:Creator of all things, true source of light and wisdom, origin of all being, graciously let a ray of your light penetrate the darkness of my understanding. Take from me the double darkness in which I have been born, an obscurity of sin and ignorance. Give me a keen understanding, a retentive memory, and the ability to grasp things correctly and fundamentally. Grant me the talent of being exact in my explanations and the ability to express myself with thoroughness and charm. Point out the beginning, direct the progress, and help in the completion. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,

*** NEWFULLDB 2.4M ***

1:The things we love ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
2:Veritas filia temporis ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
3:Love follows knowledge. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
4:Dios es la primera causa ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
5:Hominem unius libri timeo ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
6:But a dauntless faith believes ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
7:Every cell in us worships God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
8:Faith is God's work within us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
9:The soul is known by it's acts. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
10:Beware of the person of one book ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
11:Beware the man of a single book. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
12:Beware of the person of one book. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
13:Give, expecting nothing there of. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
14:Não olheis de onde vem a verdade. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
15:Unbelief is the greatest of sins. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
16:Dios es el más noble de los seres. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
17:Wonder is the desire of knowledge. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
18:In the end, we know God as unknown. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
19:There is no leisure about politics. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
20:God answered the prayers of animals. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
21:To love is to will the good of another. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
22:it remains for us to treat of His image, ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
23:nothing can be known, save what is true; ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
24:Art is right reason in the doing of work. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
25:Charity is love; not all love is charity. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
26:Christ was either liar, lunatic, or Lord! ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
27:Love takes up where knowledge leaves off. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
28:The happy man in this life needs friends. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
29:To love is to will the good of the other. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
30:Better to illuminate than merely to shine. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
31:Don't ask who said it? Ask what they said. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
32:You change people by delight, by pleasure. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
33:Humility is the mark of a genuine disciple. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
34:Justice is in subjects as well as in rulers. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
35:The things that we love tell us what we are. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
36:Well-ordered self-love is right and natural. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
37:No man truly has joy unless he lives in love. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
38:What does it take to become a saint? Will it. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
39:Faith does not quench desire, but inflames it. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
40:Grace does not destroy nature, it perfects it. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
41:Reason in man is rather like God in the world. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
42:The soul is perfected by knowledge and virtue. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
43:God is never angry for His sake, only for ours. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
44:Rarely affirm, seldom deny, always distinguish. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
45:The light of faith makes us see what we believe. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
46:The Angel's bread is made the Bread of man today. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
47:Friendship makes you feel as one with your friend. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
48:It is only God who creates. Man merely rearranges. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
49:There can be no joy in living without joy in work. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
50:To love God is something greater than to know Him. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
51:The greatness of the human being consists in this: ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
52:A man's heart is right when he wills what God wills. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
53:Anything done against faith or conscience is sinful. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
54:If you want to be saved look the face of your Christ. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
55:God destines us for an end beyond the grasp of reason. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
56:To live well is to work well, to show a good activity. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
57:When fear is excessive it can make many a man despair. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
58:A man has free choice to the extent that he is rational ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
59:A man has free choice to the extent that he is rational. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
60:If you want to be saved look at the face of your Christ. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
61:In a false person, sacraments do not produce any effect. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
62:He who is dying of hunger must be fed rather than taught. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
63:Not everything that is more difficult is more meritorious ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
64:Theology is taught by God, teaches God, and leads to God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
65:To virginity is awarded the tribute of the highest beauty ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
66:We can open our hearts to God, but only with Divine help. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
67:Any error about creation also leads to an error about God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
68:Not everything that is more difficult is more meritorious. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
69:Charity brings to life again those who are spiritually dead. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
70:In this being may our treatise find its end and fulfillment. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
71:Most men seem to live according to sense rather than reason. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
72:All my words are but chaff next to the faith of a simple man. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
73:A man does not always choose what his guardian angel intends. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
74:God's precepts are light to the loving, heavy to the fearful. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
75:Grace renders us like God and a partaker of the divine nature. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
76:There is within every soul a thirst for happiness and meaning. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
77:The times are never so bad that a good man cannot live in them ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
78:Charity is the form, mover, mother and root of all the virtues. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
79:To convert somebody go and take them by the hand and guide them. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
80:Concerning perfect blessedness which consists in a vision of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
81:Faith will tell us Christ is present, When our human senses fail. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
82:One cannot use an evil action with reference to a good intention. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
83:Venial sin becomes mortal sin when one approves it as an end. . . ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
84:Sin is a spiritual illness; thus sinners are in need of salvation. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
85:Sorrow can be alleviated by good sleep, a bath and a glass of wine ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
86:The truth of the Christian faith surpasses the capacity of reason. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
87:Good can exist without evil whereas evil cannot exist without good. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
88:Sorrow can be alleviated by good sleep, a bath and a glass of wine. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
89:There is nothing in your mind which wasn't experienced before hand. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
90:Angels need an assumed body, not for themselves, but on our account. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
91:By nature all men are equal in liberty, but not in other endowments. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
92:Good can exist without evil, whereas evil cannot exist without good. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
93:True peace consists in not separating ourselves from the will of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
94:We should love others truly, for their own sakes rather than our own. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
95:There is nothing on this earth more to be prized than true friendship. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
96:He who achieves power by violence does not truly become lord or master. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
97:justice without mercy is cruelty; mercy without justice is dissolution. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
98:Nothing which implies contradiction falls under the omnipotence of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
99:Temperance is simply a disposition of the mind which binds the passion. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
100:We should eliminate sin if we wish to eliminate the scourge of tyrants. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
101:Characteristics which define beauty are wholeness, harmony and radiance. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
102:Dios está por encima de cualquier cosa que podamos decir o pensar en Él. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
103:Sorrow can be alleviated by good sleep, a bath and a glass of good wine. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
104:It must be said that charity can, in no way, exist along with mortal sin. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
105:The proper effect of the Eucharist is the transformation of man into God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
106:Human salvation demands the divine disclosure of truths surpassing reason. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
107:Miracles are signs not to them that believe, but to them that believe not. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
108:Now in matters of action the reason directs all things in view of the end: ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
109:Whatever is received is received according to the nature of the recipient. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
110:Whenever God wakes in us, our thinking becomes clear - nothing is missing. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
111:Baptism is the door of the spiritual life and the gateway to the sacraments. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
112:The truth can be perceived only through thinking, as is proven by Augustine. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
113:All the efforts of the human mind cannot exhaust the essence of a single fly. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
114:Charity, by which God and neighbor are loved, is the most perfect friendship. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
115:deliberation we may hesitate; but a deliberated act must be performed swiftly ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
116:Happiness is secured through virtue; it is a good attained by man's own will. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
117:I cannot understand how anyone conscious of mortal sin can laugh or be merry. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
118:Moral science is better occupied when treating of friendship than of justice. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
119:Without sanctifying grace it is not possible to refrain long from mortal sin. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
120:All that is true, by whomsoever it has been said has its origin in the Spirit. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
121:There must be must be a first mover existing above all – and this we call God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
122:Temperance is simply a disposition of the mind which set bounds to the passions ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
123:The celebration of Holy Mass is as valuable as the death of Jesus on the cross. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
124:If you can live amid injustice without anger, you are immoral as well as unjust. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
125:Not everyone who is enlightened by an angel knows that he is enlightened by him. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
126:Temperance is simply a disposition of the mind which sets bounds to the passions ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
127:As the saints will rejoice in all goods, so will the damned grieve for all goods. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
128:Every truth without exception- and whoever may utter it- is from the Holy Spirit. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
129:In deliberation we may hesitate; but a deliberated act must be performed swiftly. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
130:The celestial bodies are the cause of all that takes place in the sublunar world. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
131:It is not possible to be ignorant of the end of things if we know their beginning. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
132:It is unlawful to add anything to the words of Holy Scripture regarding the sense. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
133:Love is a binding force, by which another is joined to me and cherished by myself. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
134:To disparage the dictate of reason is equivalent to contemning the command of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
135:He who does not embrace the teaching of the Church does not have the habit of faith. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
136:The human mind may perceive truth only through thinking, as is clear from Augustine. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
137:An angel can illume the thought and mind of man by strengthening the power of vision. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
138:Locus ab auctoritate est infirmissimus. [The argument from authority is the weakest.] ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
139:Mercy without justice is the mother of dissolution; justice without mercy is cruelty. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
140:to make peace either in oneself or among others, shows a man to be a follower of God, ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
141:Perfection of moral virtue does not wholly take away the passions, but regulates them. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
142:It would be superfluous to receive by faith, things that can be known by natural reason ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
143:«el conocimiento de Dios se implanta naturalmente en todos». Por lo tanto, la existencia ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
144:Faith has to do with things that are not seen and hope with things that are not at hand. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
145:It would seem that zeal is not an effect of love. For zeal is a beginning of contention. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
146:Distinctions drawn by the mind are not necessarily equivalent to distinctions in reality. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
147:Eternity is called whole, not because it has parts, but because it is lacking in nothing. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
148:Faith has to do with things that are not seen, and hope with things that are not in hand. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
149:Yet no-one can say that God has not a Word, for it would follow that God is most foolish. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
150:Whatever is received into something is received according to the condition of the receiver ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
151:A scrap of knowledge about sublime things is worth more than any amount about trivialities. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
152:It is better to illuminate than merely to shine.
Maius est illuminare quam lucere solum. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
153:Law; an ordinance of reason for the common good, made by him who has care of the community. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
154:Devotion is a certain act of the will by which man gives himself promptly to divine service. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
155:If the highest aim of a captain were to preserve his ship, he would keep it in port forever. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
156:Practical sciences proceed by building up; theoretical science by resolving into components. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
157:The greatest kindness one can render to any man consists in leading him from error to truth. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
158:A song is the exultation of the mind dwelling on eternal things, bursting forth in the voice. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
159:How can we live in harmony? First we need to know we are all madly in love with the same God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
160:To teach in order to lead others to faith is the task of every preacher and of each believer. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
161:He who is drawn to something desirable does not desire to have it as a thought but as a thing. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
162:Nothing created has ever been able to fill the heart of man. God alone can fill it infinitely. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
163:For those with faith, no evidence is necessary; for those without it, no evidence will suffice. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
164:Hence it is predicated chiefly of the virtuous; then of the pleasant; and lastly of the useful. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
165:It is a sin to regard the fact that God cannot do the impossible as a limitation on his powers. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
166:Mistakes are made on two counts: an argument is either based on error or incorrectly developed. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
167:The soul is like an uninhabited world that comes to life only when God lays His head against us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
168:God should not be called an individual substance, since the principle of individuation is matter. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
169:Whatever a man has in superabundance is owed, of natural right, to the poor for their sustenance. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
170:If you are looking for the way by which you should go, take Christ, because he himself is the way. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
171:So, to detract from the perfection of creatures is to detract from the perfection of divine power. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
172:God has no need for our worship. It is we who need to show our gratitude for what we have received. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
173:porque el hombre está dirigido a Dios, en cuanto a un fin que sobrepasa la comprensión de su razón: ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
174:The custom of the Church has very great authority and ought to be jealously observed in all things. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
175:The splendor of a soul in grace is so seductive that it surpasses the beauty of all created things. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
176:This Blood that but one drop of has the power to win all the world forgiveness of its world of sin. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
177:For although the will cannot be inwardly moved by any creature, yet it can be moved inwardly by God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
178:The principal act of courage is to endure and withstand dangers doggedly rather than to attack them. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
179:To one who has faith, no explanation is necessary. To one without faith, no explanation is possible. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
180:Law has the power to compel: indeed, the ability to enforce is a condition of the ability to command. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
181:As mariners are guided into port by the shining of a star, so Christians are guided to heaven by Mary. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
182:Man cannot live without joy. That is why one deprived of spiritual joys goes over to carnal pleasures. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
183:There would not be a perfect likeness of God in the universe if all things were of one grade of being. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
184:The Study of philosophy is not that we may know what men have thought, but what the truth of things is. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
185:A thing is lovable according as it is good. But God is infinite good. Therefore He is infinitely lovable. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
186:If, then, you are looking for the way by which you should go, take Christ, because He Himself is the way. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
187:Man is closer to God according to his existence in grace than he is according to his existence in nature. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
188:The soul is like an uninhabited world
that comes to life only when
God lays His head
against us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
189:Clearly the person who accepts the Church as an infallible guide will believe whatever the Church teaches. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
190:He that obstinately denieth the truth before men upon earth, wilfully refuseth his soul's health in heaven. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
191:I receive Thee ransom of my soul. For love of Thee have I studied and kept vigil toiled preached and taught. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
192:I receive Thee ransom of my soul. For love of Thee have I studied and kept vigil toiled preached and taught… ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
193:Now, nothing can be brought from potentiality to actual existence except through something actually existing ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
194:There being an imminent danger for the faith, prelates must be questioned, even publicly, by their subjects. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
195:Human beings are by their nature social and political, living in community even more than every other animal. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
196:Better to illuminate than merely to shine to deliver to others contemplated truths than merely to contemplate. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
197:He suddenly announced that he could not write any more since "All that I have written seems like straw to me." ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
198:Better to illuminate than merely to shine, to deliver to others contemplated truths than merely to contemplate. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
199:Better to illuminate than merely to shine; to deliver to others contemplated truths than merely to contemplate. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
200:It is requisite for the relaxation of the mind that we make use, from time to time, of playful deeds and jokes. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
201:The highest perfection of human life consists in the mind of man being detached from care, for the sake of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
202:The minister to whom confession is made is the delegate of Christ, Who is the Judge of the living and the dead. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
203:The Stone is one, the Medicine is one, to which we add nothing, only in the preparation removing superfluities. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
204:In the realm of evil thoughts none induces to sin as much as do thoughts that concern the pleasure of the flesh. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
205:Because we cannot know what God is, but only what He is not, we cannot consider how He is but only how He is not. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
206:Esto es parte de la bondad infinita de Dios, que Él debe permitir que el mal exista, y de él se produzca el bien. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
207:Justice is a certain rectitude of mind whereby a man does what he ought to do in the circumstances confronting him. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
208:our manner of knowing is so weak that no philosopher could perfectly investigate the nature of even one little fly. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
209:The theologian considers sin mainly as an offence against God; the moral philosopher as contrary to reasonableness. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
210:An act of love always tends towards two things; to the good that one wills, and to the person for whom one wills it. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
211:knowledge depends on the mode of the knower; for what is known is in the knower according to the measure of his mode ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
212:The existence of a prime mover- nothing can move itself; there must be a first mover. The first mover is called God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
213:Believing is an act of the intellect assenting to the divine truth by command of the will moved by God through grace. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
214:But man is freer than all the animals, on account of his free-will, with which he is endowed above all other animals. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
215:It is necessary for the perfection of human society that there should be men who devote their lives to contemplation. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
216:Jesus Lord, kind Pelican, Cleanse my filth with Thy blood, One drop of which can save The whole world from all its sin ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
217:God himself would not permit evil in this world if good did not come of it for the benefit and harmony of the universe. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
218:Hold firmly that our faith is identical with that of the ancients. Deny this, and you dissolve the unity of the Church. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
219:The Blessed Eucharist is the perfect Sacrament of the Lord's Passion, since It contains Christ Himself and his Passion. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
220:Friendship is the source of the greatest pleasures, and without friends even the most agreeable pursuits become tedious. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
221:One aspect of neighbourly love is that we must not merely will our neighbours good, but actually work to bring it about. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
222:Shepherds of the flock should . . . seek the good of their flock, and every ruler the good of the people subject to him. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
223:All men are equal in nature, and also in original sin. It is in the merits and demerits of their actions that they differ. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
224:The test of the artist does not lie in the will with which he goes to work, but in the excellence of the work he produces. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
225:Further, nothing, except sin, is contrary to an act of virtue. But war is contrary to peace. Therefore war is always a sin. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
226:Man has free choice, or otherwise counsels, exhortations, commands, prohibitions, rewards and punishments would be in vain. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
227:Of all the pursuits open to men, the search for wisdom is most perfect, more sublime, more profitable, and more full of joy. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
228:Pray thee, spare, thyself at times: for it becomes a wise man sometimes to relax the high pressure of his attention to work. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
229:When the devil is called the god of this world, it is not because he made it, but because we serve him with our worldliness. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
230:Far graver is it to corrupt the faith that is the life of the soul than to counterfeit the money that sustains temporal life. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
231:The proper task of the Savior is that he is a savior; indeed, for this he came into the world: to seek and save what was lost. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
232:Do not wish to jump immediately from the streams to the sea, because one has to go through easier things to the more difficult. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
233:Fear is such a powerful emotion for humans that when we allow it to take us over, it drives compassion right out of our hearts. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
234:To pretend angels do not exist because they are invisible is to believe we never sleep because we don't see ourselves sleeping. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
235:There is but one Church in which men find salvation, just as outside the ark of Noah it was not possible for anyone to be saved. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
236:I would rather feel compassion than know the meaning of it. I would hope to act with compassion without thinking of personal gain. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
237:If a man deliberately abstains from wine to such an extent that he does serious harm to his nature, he will not be free from blame. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
238:The blessed in the kingdom of heaven will see the punishments of the damned, in order that their bliss be more delightful for them. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
239:It is a sin directly against one's neighbour, since one man cannot over-abound in external riches, without another man lacking them. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
240:Likewise grace and glory are referred to the same genus, since grace is nothing other than a certain first beginning of glory in us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
241:The science of mathematics treats its object as though it were something abstracted mentally, whereas it is not abstract in reality. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
242:It is possible to demonstrate God's existence, although not a priori, yet a posteriori from some work of His more surely known to us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
243:The Cross to me is certain salvation. The Cross is that which I ever adore. The Cross of the Lord is with me. The Cross is my refuge. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
244:How is it they live in such harmony, the billions of stars, when most men can barely go a minute without declaring war in their minds? ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
245:O how unspeakable is this Sacrament which sets our affections ablaze with charity. ... It is the fulfillment of Christ's Mystical Body. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
246:I cannot go on.... All that I have written seems to me like so much straw compared to what I have seen and what has been revealed to me. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
247:O saving Victim, opening wide The gate of heaven to man below, Our foes press on from every side, Thine aid supply, Thy strength bestow. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
248:The only-begotten Son of God, wanting to make us sharers in His divinity, assumed our nature, so that He, made man, might make men gods. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
249:The servants of God...whether provoked by word or work, by keeping themselves tranquil and peaceful, evince a perfect nobleness of soul. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
250:It is absurd and a detestable shame, that we should suffer those traditions to be changed which we have received from the fathers of old. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
251:I answer that, Even, as in the blessed in heaven there will be most perfect charity, so in the damned there will be the most perfect hate. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
252:It [covetousness] is a sin against God, just as all mortal sins, in as much as man condemns things eternal for the sake of temporal things. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
253:The Eucharist is the Sacrament of Love; It signifies Love, It produces love. The Eucharist is the consummation of the whole spiritual life. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
254:We can't have full knowledge all at once. We must start by believing; then afterwards we may be led on to master the evidence for ourselves. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
255:Este mai de dorit minimul de cunoaștere a lucrurilor foarte importante decât cunoașterea socotită, foarte sigură a lucrurilor foarte mărunte. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
256:Man cannot live without joy; therefore when he is deprived of true spiritual joys it is necessary that he become addicted to carnal pleasures. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
257:Man should not consider his material possession his own, but as common to all, so as to share them without hesitation when others are in need. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
258:That the saints may enjoy their beatitude and the grace of God more abundantly they are permitted to see the punishment of the damned in hell. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
259:Pipes are not to be used for teaching, nor any artificial instruments, as the harp, or the like: but whatsoever will make the hearers good men. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
260:The slenderest knowledge that may be obtained of the highest things is more desirable than the most certain knowledge obtained of lesser things. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
261:Man should not consider his material possessions as his own, but as common to all, so as to share them without hesitation when others are in need ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
262:God is not related to creatures as though belonging to a different "genus," but as transcending every "genus," and as the principle of all "genera. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
263:Prostitution in the towns is like the cesspool in the palace; take away the cesspool and the palace will become an unclean and evil smelling-place. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
264:Honor is due to God and to persons of great excellence as a sign of attestation of excellence already existing; not that honor makes them excellent. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
265:Mary means Star of the sea, for as mariners are guided to port by the ocean star, so Christians attain to glory through Mary's maternal intercession. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
266:Arrive at knowledge over small streamlets, and do not plunge immediately into the ocean, since progress must go from the easier to the more difficult. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
267:For in order that man may do well, whether in the works of the active life, or in those of the contemplative life, he needs the fellowship of friends. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
268:For loving draws us more to things than knowing does, since good is found by going to the thing, whereas the true is found when the thing comes to us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
269:While injustice is the worst of sins, despair is the most dangerous; because when you are in despair you care neither about yourself nor about others. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
270:Being born he have himself as our Companion, Eating with us he gave himself as Food, Dying He became our Ransom, Reigning he gives himself as our Reward ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
271:Hence it is written (Wis. 9:14): "The thoughts of mortal men are fearful, and our counsels uncertain." Thus man needs to be guarded by the angels. Reply ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
272:Three things are necessary for the salvation of man: to know what he ought to believe; to know what he ought to desire; and to know what he ought to do. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
273:Bestow upon me, O Lord my God, understanding to know thee, diligence to seek thee, wisdom to find thee, and a faithfulness that may finally embrace thee. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
274:Anyone who doesn’t need company is either greater than a man, and is a God, or lesser than a man, and is a beast.17 —Aristotle, as quoted by Saint Thomas Aquinas ~ Leonard Sweet,
275:saber que Dios existe de una manera general y confusa se implanta en nosotros por la naturaleza, en la medida en que Dios es la bienaventuranza del hombre. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
276:The knowledge of God is the cause of things. For the knowledge of God is to all creatures what the knowledge of the artificer is to things made by his art. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
277:Thus the sun which possesses light perfectly, can shine by itself; whereas the moon which has the nature of light imperfectly, sheds only a borrowed light. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
278:First, I say that he draws near to those who make peace with him. For God is the One who brings about peace; and where else should peace dwell than in peace? ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
279:Even theologians, even the great theologians of the thirteenth century, even Saint Thomas Aquinas himself did not trust to faith alone, or assume the existence of God. ~ Henry Adams,
280:How is it they live in such harmony the billions of stars - when most men can barely go a minute without declaring war in their minds about someone they know. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
281:In order for a war to be just, three things are necessary. First, the authority of the sovereign... Secondly, a just cause... Thirdly... a rightful intention. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
282:In Hebrew, His name is Jesus, in Greek, Soter, in Latin, Salvator; but men say Christus in Greek, Messias in Hebrew, Unctus in Latin, that is, King and Priest. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
283:Sloth is sluggishness of the mind which neglects to begin good...it is evil in its effect, if it so oppresses man as to draw him away entirely from good deeds. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
284:sin embargo, el conocimiento más delgado que se puede obtener de las cosas más altas es más deseable que el conocimiento más cierto obtenido de las cosas menores ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
285:If forgers and malefactors are put to death by the secular power, there is much more reason for excommunicating and even putting to death one convicted of heresy. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
286:Love must precede hatred, and nothing is hated save through being contrary to a suitable thing which is loved. And hence it is that every hatred is caused by love. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
287:Now this relaxation of the mind from work consists on playful words or deeds. Therefore it becomes a wise and virtuous man to have recourse to such things at times. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
288:We are like children, who stand in need of masters to enlighten us and direct us; God has provided for this, by appointing his angels to be our teachers and guides. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
289:By the divine providence [animals] are intended for man's use... Hence it is not wrong for man to make use of them, either by killing or in any other way whatsoever. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
290:Jerome says (Ep. ad Nepot. lii): "Shun, as you would the plague, a cleric who from being poor has become wealthy, or who, from being a nobody has become a celebrity. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
291:It has become the fashion to talk about Mysticism, even to pose as Mystics, and—need it be said?—those who talk the most on such subjects are those who know the least. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
292:An angel can illumine the thought and mind of man by strengthening the power of vision and by bringing within his reach some truth which the angel himself contemplates. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
293:The same fire" (which he decides to be material) " torments the damned in hell and the just in purgatory...The least pain in purgatory exceeds the greatest in this life. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
294:An Angel can illuminate the thought and mind of man by strengthening the power of vision and by bringing within his reach some truth which the Angel himself contemplates. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
295:Because philosophy arises from awe, a philosopher is bound in his way to be a lover of myths and poetic fables. Poets and philosophers are alike in being big with wonder. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
296:See to whom Jesus is drawing near, three kinds of people: to those who make peace with him, to those who are devoted to God, and to those who are kind to their neighbors. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
297:To the Everlasting Father, And the Son who made us free And the Spirit, God proceeding From them Each eternally, Be salvation, honour, blessing, Might and endless majesty. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
298:Gods are called many by the error of some who worshipped many deities, thinking as they did the planets and other stars were gods, and also the separate parts of the world. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
299:«Puesto que Dios es el bien supremo, no permitiría que existiera ningún mal en sus obras, a menos que su omnipotencia y su bondad fueran capaces de sacar lo bueno del mal». ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
300:To bear with patience wrongs done to oneself is a mark of perfection, but to bear with patience wrongs done to someone else is a mark of imperfection and even of actual sin. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
301:Wonder was the motive that led people to philosophy ... wonder is a kind of desire in knowledge. It is the cause of delight because it carries with it the hope of discovery. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
302:The Bread of angels has become the Bread of mankind; This heavenly Bread puts an end to all images; O wonderful reality! The poor, the slave, and the humble can eat the Lord. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
303:One will observe that all things are arranged according to their degrees of beauty and excellence, and that the nearer they are to God, the more beautiful and better they are. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
304:The fire of hell is called eternal, only because it never ends. Still, there is change in the pains of the lost... Hence in hell true eternity does not exist, but rather time. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
305:The soul, which is the first principle of life, is not a body, but the act of a body; just as heat, which is the principle of calefaction, is not a body, but an act of a body. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
306:We must love them both, those whose opinions we share and those whose opinions we reject, for both have labored in the search for truth, and both have helped us in finding it. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
307:Here 'neath veils, my Saviour darkly I behold; To my thirsting spirit all thy light unfold; Face to face in heaven let me come to thee, And the blessed vision of thy glory see. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
308:If a thing can be done adequately by means of one, it is superfluous to do it by means of several; for we observe that nature does not employ two instruments [if] one suffices. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
309:In the old law, God was praised both with musical instruments, and human voices. But the church does not use musical instruments to praise God, lest she should seem to judaize. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
310:The highest manifestation of life consists in this: that a being governs its own actions. A thing which is always subject to the direction of another is somewhat of a dead thing. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
311:Beauty adds to goodness a relation to the cognitive faculty: so that "good" means that which simply pleases the appetite; while the "beautiful" is something pleasant to apprehend. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
312:It is not without reason that the Evangelist is careful to tell us the smallest details. For these two disciples signify two peoples, the Jews [by John] and the Gentiles [by Peter]. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
313:Obedience unites us so closely to God that it in a way transforms us into Him, so that we have no other will but His. If obedience is lacking, even prayer cannot be pleasing to God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
314:Affirmative precepts are distinguished from negative whenever one is not comprised in the other; thus, that of honoring parents does not comprise that of not killing, and vice versa. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
315:Down in adoration falling, Lo! the sacred Host we hail; Lo! o'er ancient forms departing, Newer rites of grace prevail; Faith for all defects supplying, Where the feeble senses fail. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
316:There is, therefore, a more perfect intellectual life in the angels. In them the intellect does not proceed to self-knowledge from anything exterior, but knows itself through itself. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
317:Godhead here in hiding, whom I adore Masked by these bare shadows, shape and nothing more, See, Lord, at thy service low lies here a heart Lost, all lost in wonder at the God thou art ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
318:Thus Angels' Bread is made The Bread of man today: The Living Bread from Heaven With figures doth away: O wondrous gift indeed! The poor and lowly may Upon their Lord and Master feed. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
319:Unde omnis lex humanitus posita intantum habet de ratione legis, inquantum a lege naturae derivatur. Si vero in aliquo a lege naturali discordet, iam non erit lex sed legis corruptio. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
320:Obedience unites us so closely to God that it in a way transforms us into Him, so that we have no other will but His.
If obedience is lacking, even prayer cannot be pleasing to God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
321:For creation is not a change, but that dependence of the created existence on the principle from which it is instituted, and thus is of the genus of relation; whence nothing prohibits it ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
322:I answer that, As Augustine says (De Moribus Eccl. vi), "the soul needs to follow something in order to give birth to virtue: this something is God: if we follow Him we shall live aright. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
323:Angels transcend every religion, every philosophy, every creed. In fact Angels have no religion as we know it... Their existence precedes every religious system that has ever existed on Earth. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
324:In The Prince he says that “a just war is a necessary war,” thus cutting through the Gordian knot formed by endless Medieval discussions of Just War from Saint Augustine to Saint Thomas Aquinas. ~ Martin van Creveld,
325:Baptism is the Sacrament of Faith. Now, dead faith does not suffice for salvation .. .Therefore, the Sacrament of Baptism cannot give salvation to a man whose will ... expels the form of faith. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
326:Every judgement of conscience, be it right or wrong, be it about things evil in themselves or morally indifferent, is obligatory, in such wise that he who acts against his conscience always sins. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
327:Grant me, O Lord my God, a mind to know you, a heart to seek you, wisdom to find you, conduct pleasing to you, faithful perseverance in waiting for you, and a hope of finally embracing you. Amen. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
328:Love works in a circle, for the beloved moves the lover by stamping a likeness, and the lover then goes out to hold the beloved inreality. Who first was the beginning now becomes the end of motion. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
329:Anger and the like are attributed to God on account of a similitude of effect. Thus, because to punish is properly the act of an angry man, God's punishment is metaphorically spoken of as His anger. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
330:Sing, my tongue, the Saviour's glory, Of His Flesh, the mystery sing; Of the Blood, all price exceeding, Shed by our Immortal King, Destined, for the world's redemption, From a noble Womb to spring. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
331:It is necessary to posit something which is necessary of itself, and has no cause of its necessity outside of itself but is the cause of necessity in other things. And all people call this thing God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
332:Peace is the work of justice indirectly, in so far as justice removes the obstacles to peace; but it is the work of charity (love) directly, since charity, according to its very notion, causes peace. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
333:The truth of our faith becomes a matter of ridicule among the infidels if any Catholic, not gifted with the necessary scientific learning, presents as dogma what scientific scrutiny shows to be false. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
334:Three conditions are necessary for Penance: contrition, which is sorrow for sin, together with a purpose of amendment; confession of sins without any omission; and satisfaction by means of good works. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
335:He who is not angry when there is just cause for anger is immoral. Why? Because anger looks to the good of justice. And if you can live amid injustice without anger, you are immoral as well as unjust. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
336:We set forth our petitions before God, not in order to make known to Him our needs and desires, but rather so that we ourselves may realize that in these things it is necessary to turn to God for help. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
337:Because of the diverse conditions of humans, it happens that some acts are virtuous to some people, as appropriate and suitable to them, while the same acts are immoral for others, as inappropriate to them. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
338:The human race was in need of salvation because of the perversity of sin. For when people who are ill are cured from their illness, they are called "saved." Therefore, the Lord says: "Your faith has saved you. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
339:It is not theft, properly speaking, to take secretly and use another's property in a case of extreme need: because that which he takes for the support of his life becomes his own property by reason of that need ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
340:We ought to cherish the body. Our body's substance is not from an evil principle, as the Manicheans imagine, but from God. And therefore, we ought to cherish the body by the friendship of love, by which we love God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
341:"The Jews should not be allowed to keep what they have obtained from others by usury; it were best that they were compelled to worked so that they could earn their living instead of doing nothing but becoming avaricious." ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
342:The study of truth requires a considerable effort - which is why few are willing to undertake it out of love of knowledge - despite the fact that God has implanted a natural appetite for such knowledge in the minds of men. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
343:Since faith rests upon infallible truth, and since the contrary of a truth can never be demonstrated, it is clear that the arguments brought against faith cannot be demonstrations, but are difficulties that can be answered. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
344:The meaning of what is said is according to the motive for saying it: because things are not subject to speech, but speech to things. Therefore we should take account of the motive of the lawgiver, rather than of his very words. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
345:If... the motion of the earth were circular, it would be violent and contrary to nature, and could not be eternal, since ... nothing violent is eternal .... It follows, therefore, that the earth is not moved with a circular motion. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
346:The rich do not act improperly if they before others take possession of property that was in the beginning common and share the property with others. But the rich sin if they indiscriminately prevent others from using the property. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
347:BEDE. (ubi sup.) Repent, therefore, and believe; that is, renounce dead works; for of what use is believing without good works? The merit of good works does not, however, bring to faith, but faith begins, that good works may follow. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
348:Man can sin against nature in two ways. First, when he sins against his specific rational nature, acting contrary to reason. In this sense, we can say that every sin is a sin against man's nature, because it is against man's right reason. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
349:The last end of every maker, as such, is himself, for what we make we use for our own sake; and if at any time a man make a thing for the sake of something else, it is referred to his own good, whether his use, his pleasure, or his virtue. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
350:For it is necessary in every practical science to proceed in a composite (i.e. deductive) manner. On the contrary in speculative science, it is necessary to proceed in an analytical manner by breaking down the complex into elementary principles. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
351:As regards the individual nature, woman is defective and misbegotten, for the active power of the male seed tends to the production of a perfect likeness in the masculine sex; while the production of a woman comes from defect in the active power. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
352:Again, it is self-evident that truth exists. For truth exists if anything at all is true, and if anyone denies that truth exists, he concedes that it is true that it does not exist, since if truth does not exist it is then true that it does not exist. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
353:A man should remind himself that an object of faith is not scientifically demonstrable, lest presuming to demonstrate what is of faith, he should produce inconclusive reasons and offer occasion for unbelievers to scoff at a faith based on such ground. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
354:Right faith is of necessity required for Baptism, since it is said: "the justice of God is by faith in Jesus Christ" (Romans 3:22) ... Therefore, Baptism without faith avails nothing and thus we must recall that without faith no one is acceptable to God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
355:It is clear that he does not pray, who, far from uplifting himself to God, requires that God shall lower Himself to him, and who resorts to prayer not to stir the man in us to will what God wills, but only to persuade God to will what the man in us wills. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
356:Those who are more adapted to the active life can prepare themselves for contemplation in the practice of the active life, while those who are more adapted to the contemplative life can take upon themselves the works of the active life so as to become yet. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
357:If all the sins of the flesh are worthy of condemnation because by them man allows himself to be dominated by that which he has of the animal nature, much more deserving of condemnation are the sins against nature by which man degrades his own animal nature. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
358:The apostles and their successors are God's vicars in governing the Church which is built on faith and the sacraments of faith. Wherefore, just as they may not institute another Church, so neither may they deliver another faith, nor institute other sacraments. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
359:The image of God always abides in the soul, whether this image be obsolete and clouded over as to amount to almost nothing; or whether it be obscured or disfigured, as is the case with sinners; or whether it be clear and beautiful as is the case with the just. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
360:the intention of every man acting according to virtue is to follow the rule of reason, wherefore the intention of all the virtues is directed to the same end, so that all the virtues are connected together in the right reason of things to be done, viz. prudence, ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
361:To be united to God in unity of person was not fitting to human flesh, according to its natural endowments, since it was above his dignity; nevertheless, it was fitting that God, by reason of his infinite goodness, should unite it to himself for human salvation. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
362:Now it seems that everything in the world stems from sources other than God, since the products of nature have their source in nature; deliberate effects can be traced back to human reason or will as their source. There is no need then to assume that God exists. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
363:A just law is a man-made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put it in the terms of Saint Thomas Aquinas, an unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal and natural law. ~ Martin Luther,
364:The Philosopher, too, says of the wicked (Ethic. ix, 4) that "their soul is divided against itself . . . one part pulls this way, another that"; and afterwards he concludes, saying: "If wickedness makes a man so miserable, he should strain every nerve to avoid vice. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
365:To restore man, who had been laid low by sin, to the heights of divine glory, the Word of the eternal Father, though containing all things within His immensity, willed to become small. This He did not by putting aside His greatness but by taking to Himself our littleness. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
366:Baptism is not to be conferred on a man who is unwilling to give up his other sins, so neither should Baptism be given to one who is unwilling to renounce his unbelief. Nevertheless, each of them receives the Sacrament if it is conferred on him, although not unto salvation. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
367:Now the maximum in any genus is the cause of all in that genus; as fire, which is the maximum heat, is the cause of all hot things. Therefore there must also be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
368:PSEUDO-CHRYSOSTOM. But regard must be had to this, after what sort each man fills his seat; for not the seat makes the Priest, but the Priest the seat; the place does not consecrate the man, but the man the place. A wicked Priest derives guilt and not honour from his Priesthood. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
369:The fact that the evil ones, as long as they live, can be corrected from their errors does not prohibit that they may be justly executed, for the danger which threatens from their way of life is greater and more certain than the good which may be expected from their improvement. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
370:In the life of the body a man is sometimes sick, and unless he takes medicine, he will die. Even so in the spiritual life a man is sick on account of sin. For that reason he needs medicine so that he may be restored to health; and this grace is bestowed in the Sacrament of Penance. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
371:Every practical science is concerned with human operations; as moral science is concerned with human acts, and architecture with buildings. But sacred doctrine is chiefly concerned with God, whose handiwork is especially man. Therefore it is not a practical but a speculative science. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
372:For just as the first general precepts of the law of nature are self-evident to one in possession of natural reason, and have no need of promulgation, so also that of believing in God is primary and self-evident to one who has faith: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
373:The world tempts us either by attaching us to it in prosperity, or by filling us with fear of adversity. But faith overcomes this in that we believe in a life to come better than this one, and hence we despise the riches of this world and we are not terrified in the face of adversity. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
374:If someone knows from experience that daily Communion increases fervor without lessening reverence, then let him go every day. But if someone finds that reverence is lessened and devotion not much increased, then let him sometimes abstain, so as to draw near afterwards with better dispositions. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
375:Causes of individuals presuppose causes of the species, which are not univocal yet not wholly equivocal either, since they are expressing themselves in their effects. We could call them analogical. In language too all universal terms presuppose the non-univocal analogical use of the term *being*. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
376:Even as in the blessed in heaven there will be most perfect charity, so in the damned there will be the most perfect hate. Wherefore as the saints will rejoice in all goods, so will the damned grieve for all goods. Consequently the sight of the happiness of the saints will give them very great pain. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
377:If anyone without the right faith receives Baptism outside the Church, he does not receive it unto salvation ... From the comparison of the Church to Paradise, we learn that men can receive her Baptism even outside her fold, but that out there no one can receive or keep the salvation of the blessed. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
378:The world of pure spirits stretches between the divine nature and the world of human beings; because divine wisdom has ordained that the higher should look after the lower, angels execute the divine plan for human salvation: they are our guardians, who free us when hindered and help to bring us home. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
379:It seems that God does not exist; because if one of two contraries be infinite, the other would be altogether destroyed. But the word "God" means that He is infinite goodness. If, therefore, God existed, there would be no evil discoverable; but there is evil in the world. Therefore God does not exist. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
380:They also have at that critical point of death the opportunity to be converted to God through repentance. And if they are so obstinate that even at the point of death their heart does not draw back from malice, it is possible to make a quite probable judgment that they would never come away from evil. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
381:Just as in one man there is one soul and one body, yet many members; even so the Catholic Church is one body, having many members. The soul that quickens this body is the Holy Spirit; and therefore in the Creed after confessing our belief in the Holy Spirit, we are bid to believe in the Holy Catholic Church. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
382:Natural inclinations are present in things from God, who moves all things. So it is impossible for the natural inclinations of a species to be toward evil in itself. But there is in all perfect animals a natural inclination toward carnal union. Therefore it is impossible for carnal union to be evil in itself. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
383:Just as a man cannot live in the flesh unless he is born in the flesh, even so a man cannot have the spiritual life of grace unless he is born again spiritually. This regeneration is effected by Baptism: "Unless a man is born again of water and the Holy Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God" (Jn 3:5) ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
384:A person is disposed to an act of choice by an angel ... in two ways. Sometimes, a man's understanding is enlightened by an angel to know what is good, but it is not instructed as to the reason why ... But sometimes he is instructed by angelic illumination, both that this act is good and as to the reason why it is good. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
385:The perfection of the effect demonstrates the perfection of the cause, for a greater power brings about a more perfect effect. But God is the most perfect agent. Therefore, things created by Him obtain perfection from Him. So, to detract from the perfection of creatures is to detract from the perfection of divine power. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
386:We call laws just from three perspectives: (1) from their end, namely, when they are ordained for the common good; (2) from their authority, namely, when the laws enacted do not surpass the power of the lawmakers; (3) from their form, namely, when they impose proportionately equal burdens on citizens for the common good. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
387:Without doubt one is allowed to resist against the unjust aggressor to one's life, one's goods or one's physical integrity; sometimes, even 'til the aggressor's death... In fact, this act is aimed at preserving one's life or one's goods and to make the aggressor powerless. Thus, it is a good act, which is the right of the victim. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
388:Saint Thomas Aquinas remarks that “love is born of an earnest consideration of the object loved.” And: “Love follows knowledge.”3 Love is an emotional response aroused in the will by visions of the good. Contrary to what is often said, love is never blind, though it may not see rightly. It cannot exist without some vision of the beloved. ~ Dallas Willard,
389:Tyrannical governance is unjust, since it is ordered to the private good of the ruler, not to the common good . . . And so disturbance of such governance does not have the character of rebellion . . . Rather, tyrants, who by seeking greater domination incite discontent and rebellion in the people subject to the them, are the rebels. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
390:Future contingents cannot be certain to us, because we know them as such. They can be certain only to God whose understanding is in eternity above time. Just as a man going along a road does not see those who come after him; but the man who sees the whole road from a height sees all those who are going along the road at the same time. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
391:Even as he would be guilty of falsehood who would, in the name of another person, proffer things that are not committed to him, so too does a man incur the guilt of falsehood who, on the part of the Church, gives worship to God contrary to the manner established by the Church or divine authority, and according to ecclesiastical custom. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
392:Yet through virtuous living man is further ordained to a higher end, which consists in the enjoyment of God, as we have said above. Consequently, since society must have the same end as the individual man, it is not the ultimate end of an assembled multitude to live virtuously, but through virtuous living to attain to the possession of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
393:Whatever was in the human nature of Christ was moved at the bidding of the divine will; yet it does not follow that in Christ there was no movement of the will proper to human nature, for the good wills of other saints are moved by God's will... For although the will cannot be inwardly moved by any creature, yet it can be moved inwardly by God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
394:Whatever a man has in superabundance is owed, of natural right, to the poor for their sustenance. So Ambrosius says, and it is also to be found in the Decretum Gratiani: The bread which you withhold belongs to the hungry: the clothing you shut away, to the naked: and the money you bury in the earth is the redemption and freedom of the penniless. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
395:Charity is not a potency of the soul, because if it were it would be natural. Nor is it a passion, because it is not in a sensitive potency in which are all passions. Nor is it a habit, because a habit is removed with difficulty; charity, however, is easily lost through one act of mortal sin. Therefore charity is not something created in the soul. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
396:Secondly, man sins against nature when he goes against his generic nature, that is to say, his animal nature. Now, it is evident that, in accord with natural order, the union of the sexes among animals is ordered towards conception. From this it follows that every sexual intercourse that cannot lead to conception is opposed to man's animal nature. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
397:Even though the natural light of the human mind is inadequate to make known what is revealed by faith, nevertheless what is divinely taught to us by faith cannot be contrary to what we are endowed with by nature. One or the other would have to be false, and since we have both of them from God, he would be the cause of our error, which is impossible. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
398:The magnitude of the punishment matches the magnitude of the sin. Now a sin that is against God is infinite; the higher the person against whom it is committed, the graver the sin-it is more criminal to strike a head of state than a private citizen-and God is of infinite greatness. Therefore an infinite punishment is deserved for a sin committed against Him. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
399:It is altogether unlawful to kill oneself... Wherefore suicide is contrary to the inclination of nature, and to charity whereby every man should love himself... Life is God's gift to man, and is subject to His power, Who kills and makes to live. Hence whoever takes his own life, sins against God... for it belongs to God alone to pronounce sentence of death and life. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
400:One day when Thomas Aquinas was preaching to the local populace on the love of God, he saw an old woman listening attentively to his every word. And inspired by her eagerness to learn more about her God whom she loved so dearly, he said to the people: It is better to be this unlearned woman, loving God with all her heart, than the most learned theologian lacking love. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
401:Good and evil are essential differences of the act of the will. For good and evil pertain essentially to the will; just as truth and falsehood pertain to the reason, the act of which is distinguished essentially by the difference of truth and falsehood (according as we say that an opinion is true or false.) Consequently, good and evil volition are acts differing in species. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
402:GLOSS. Secondly, the Evangelic doctrine has sublimity of strength; whence the Apostle says, The Gospel is the power of God to the salvation of all that believe. (Rom. 1:16.) The Prophet also shews this in the foregoing words, Lift up thy voice with might; which further marks out the manner of evangelic teaching, by that raising the voice which gives clearness to the doctrine. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
403:Pain itself can be pleasurable accidentally in so far as it is accompanied by wonder, as in stage-plays; or in so far as it recalls a beloved object to one's memory, and makes one feel one's love for the thing, whose absence gives us pain. Consequently, since love is pleasant, both pain and whatever else results from love, in so far as they remind us of our love, are pleasant. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
404:ORIGEN. For if in an earthly kingdom they are thought to be in honour who sit with the king, no wonder if a woman with womanish simplicity or want of experience conceived that she might ask such things, and that the brethren themselves being not perfect, and having no more lofty thoughts concerning Christ’s kingdom, conceived such things concerning those who shall sit with Jesus. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
405:BEDE. But though there were four Evangelists, yet what they wrote is not so much four Gospels, as one true harmony of four books. (non occ.) For as two verses having the same substance, but different words and different metre, yet contain one and the same matter, so the books of the Evangelists, though four in number, yet contain one Gospel, teaching one doctrine of the Catholic faith. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
406:If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways: either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid. Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten; he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
407:The greater the charity of the Saints in their heavenly home, the more they intercede for those who are still on their journey and the more they can help them by their prayers; the more they are united with God, the more effective those prayers are. This is in accordance with Divine order, which makes higher things react upon lower things, like the brightness of the sun filling the atmosphere. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
408:Give us, O Lord, a steadfast heart, which no unworthy affection may drag downwards; give us an unconquered heart, which no tribulation can wear out; give us an upright heart, which no unworthy purpose may tempt aside. Bestow upon us also, O Lord our God, understanding to know you, diligence to seek you, wisdom to find you, and a faithfulness that may finally embrace you; through Jesus Christ our Lord. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
409:What can be accomplished by a few principles is not effected by many. But it seems that everything we see in the world can be accounted for by other principles, supposing God did not exist. For all natural things can be reduced to one principle, which is nature, and all voluntary things can be reduced to one principle, which is human reason, or will. Therefore there is no need to suppose God's existence. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
410:Saint Thomas Aquinas says, wisely, that the only way to drive out a bad passion is by a stronger good passion. The same is true of thoughts as of passions. When your mind wanders, like a child, your will must bring it back, like a mother. [. . .] The will-parent must discipline the mind-child, avoiding both the opposite extremes commonly made in disciplining either children or thoughts: tyranny or permissiveness. ~ Peter Kreeft,
411:Given the sin of impiety through which they [the Romans] sinned against the divine nature [by idolatry], the punishment that led them to sin against their own nature followed.... I say, therefore, that since they changed into lies [by idolatry] the truth about God, He brought them to ignominious passions, that is, to sins against nature; not that God led them to evil, but only that he abandoned them to evil. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
412:It would seem that the ingratitude, whereby a subsequent sin causes the return of sins previously forgiven, is a special sin. For, the giving of thanks belongs to counter passion, which is a necessary condition of justice. But justice is a special virtue. Therefore this ingratitude is a special sin. Thanksgiving is a special virtue. But ingratitude is opposed to thanksgiving. Therefore ingratitude is a special sin. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
413:It must be understood that prime matter, and form as well, is neither generated nor corrupted, because every generation is from something to something. Now that from which generation proceeds is matter, and that to which it proceeds is form. So that, if matter or form were generated, there would be a matter for matter and a form for form, endlessly. Whence, there is generation only of the composite, properly speaking. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
414:If our opponent believes nothing of divine revelation, there is no longer any means of proving the articles of faith by reasoning, but only of answering his objections--if he has any--against faith. Since faith rests upon infallible truth, and since the contrary of a truth can never be demonstrated, it is clear that the arguments brought against faith cannot be demonstrations, but are difficulties that can be answered. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
415:One faith, St. Paul writes (Eph. 4:5). Hold most firmly that our faith is identical with that of the ancients. Deny this, and you dissolve the unity of the Church ... We must hold this for certain, namely: that the faith of the people at the present day is one with the faith of the people in past centuries. Were this not true, then we would be in a different church than they were in and, literally, the Church would not be One. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
416:...[sacred] doctrine is especially based upon arguments from authority, inasmuch as its principles are obtained by revelation: thus we ought to believe on the authority of those to whom the revelation has been made. Nor does this take away from the dignity of this doctrine, for although the argument from authority based on human reason is the weakest, yet the argument from authority based on divine revelation is the strongest. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
417:Three things are required for a war to be just. Indeed, the first requirement is that the ruler at whose command the war is to be waged have the lawful authority to do so. . . . Second, there needs to be a just cause to wage war, namely, that the enemy deserve to have war waged against it because of some wrong it has inflicted. . . . Third, those waging war need to have a right intention, namely, an intention to promote good and avoid evil. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
418:For it is essential to opinion that we assent to one of two opposite assertions with fear of the other, so that our adhesion is not firm: to science it is essential to have firm adhesion with intellectual vision, for science possesses certitude which results from the understanding of principles: while faith holds a middle place, for it surpasses opinion in so far as its adhesion is firm, but falls short of science in so far as it lacks vision. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
419:[It is appropriate that the Body and Blood of Christ be truly present in this Sacrament] because of the perfection of the New Covenant. The sacrifices of the Old Covenant contained the true sacrifice of Christ's Passion only in symbol....Therefore it was necessary that the sacrifice of the New Covenant, instituted by Christ, have something more, namely, that it contain Christ Himself who has suffered and contain Him not only in symbol but in reality. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
420:Because the divine goodness could not be adequately represented by one creature alone, God produced many and diverse creatures, that what was wanting in one in the representation of the divine goodness might be supplied by another. For goodness, which in God is simple and uniform, in creatures is manifold and divided. Thus the whole universe together participates in the divine goodness more perfectly and represents it better than any single creature. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
421:God Himself is the rule and mode of virtue. Our faith is measured by divine truth, our hope by the greatness of His power and faithful affection, our charity by His goodness. His truth, power and goodness outreach any measure of reason. We can certainly never believe, trust or love God more than, or even as much as, we should. Extravagance is impossible. Here is no virtuous moderation, no measurable mean; the more extreme our activity, the better we are. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
422:If there were some solitary or feral man, the passions of the soul would be sufficient for him; by them he would be conformed to things in order that he might have knowledge of them. But because man is naturally political and social, there is need for one man to make his conceptions known to others, which is done with speech. So significant speech was needed if men were to live together. Which is why those of different tongues do not easily live together. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
423:Objection 2: Further, if it is a matter of argument, the argument is either from authority or from reason. If it is from authority, it seems unbefitting its dignity, for the proof from authority is the weakest form of proof. But if it is from reason, this is unbefitting its end, because, according to Gregory (Hom. 26), "faith has no merit in those things of which human reason brings its own experience." Therefore sacred doctrine is not a matter of argument. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
424:that after a long time, and with the admixture of many errors. Whereas man's whole salvation, which is in God, depends upon the knowledge of this truth. Therefore, in order that the salvation of men might be brought about more fitly and more surely, it was necessary that they should be taught divine truths by divine revelation. It was therefore necessary that besides philosophical science built up by reason, there should be a sacred science learned through revelation. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
425:Just as in a physical body the operation of one member contributes to the good of the whole body, so it is in a spiritual body such as the Church. And since all the faithful are one body, the good of one member is communicated to another; everyone members, as the Apostle says, of one another [Eph 4:25]. For that reason, among the points of faith handed down by the Apostles, is that there is a community of goods in the Church, and this is expressed in the words Communion of Saints. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
426:So if the ultimate felicity of man does not consist in external things which are called the goods of fortune, nor in the goods of the body, nor in the goods of the soul according to its sensitive part, nor as regards the intellective part according to the activity of the moral virtues, nor according to the intellectual virtues that are concerned with action, that is art and prudence – we are left with the conclusion that the ultimate felicity of man lies the contemplation of truth. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
427:It is due to neither impotence nor ignorance on God’s part that evils occur in the world, but it is owing to the order of his wisdom and to the greatness of his goodness, whence come the many and divers grades of goodness in things, many of which would be lacking were he to allow no evil to exist. Thus there would be no good of patience without the evil of persecution, nor the good of the preservation of its life in a lion, without the evil of the destruction of the animals on which it lives. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
428:God loves his creatures, and he loves each one the more, the more it shares his own goodness, which is the first and primary object of his love. Therefore he wants the desires of his rational creatures to be fulfilled because they share most perfectly of all creatures the goodness of god.

And his will is an accomplisher of things because he is the cause of things by his will. So it belongs to the divine goodness to fulfill the desires of rational creatures which are put to him in prayer. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
429:The Sacrament of the Body of the Lord puts the demons to flight, defends us against the incentives to vice and to concupiscence, cleanses the soul from sin, quiets the anger of God, enlightens the understanding to know God, inflames the will and the affections with the love of God, fills the memory with spiritual sweetness, confirms the entire man in good, frees us from eternal death, multiplies the merits of a good life, leads us to our everlasting home, and re-animates the body to eternal life ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
430:Many cry to the Lord that they may win riches, that they may avoid losses; they cry that their family may be established, they ask for temporal happiness, for worldly dignities; and, lastly, they cry for bodily health, which is the patrimony of the poor. For these and suchlike things many cry to the Lord; hardly one cries for the Lord Himself! How easy it is for a man to desire all manner of things from the Lord and yet not desire the Lord Himself! As though the gift could be sweeter than the Giver! ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
431:Commemoration of Gilbert of Sempringham, Founder of the Gilbertine Order, 1189 Some there are who presume so far on their wits that they think themselves capable of measuring the whole nature of things by their intellect, in that they esteem all things true which they see, and false which they see not. Accordingly, in order that man's mind might be freed from this presumption, and seek the truth humbly, it was necessary that certain things far surpassing his intellect should be proposed to man by God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
432:Evil denotes the lack of good. Not every absence of good is an evil, for absence may be taken either in a purely negative or in aprivative sense. Mere negation does not display the character of evil, otherwise nonexistents would be evil and moreover, a thing would be evil for not possessing the goodness of something else, which would mean that man is bad for not having the strength of a lion or the speed of a wild goat. But what is evil is privation; in this sense blindness means the privation of sight. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
433:Behold our refutation of the error. It is not based on documents of faith, but on the reasons and statements of the philosophers themselves. If then anyone there be who, boastfully taking pride in his supposed wisdom, wishes to challenge what we have written, let him not do it in some corner nor before children who are powerless to decide on such difficult matters. Let him reply openly if he dare. He shall find me there confronting him, and not only my negligible self, but many another whose study is truth. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
434:It may well happen that what is in itself the more certain on account of the weakness of our intelligence, which is dazzled by the clearest objects of nature; as the owl is dazzled by the light of the sun. Hence the fact that some happen to doubt about articles of faith is not due to the uncertain nature of the truths, but to the weakness of human intelligence; yet the slenderest knowledge that may be obtained of the highest things is more desirable than the most certain knowledge obtained of lesser things. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
435:GREGORY OF NYSSA. How vain moreover is prayer for those who live by fate; Divine Providence is banished from the world together with piety, and man is made the mere instrument of the sidereal motions. For these they say move to action, not only the bodily members, but the thoughts of the mind. In a word, they who teach this, take away all that is in us, and the very nature of a contingency; which is nothing less than to overturn all things. For where will there be free will? but that which is in us must be free. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
436:Sacred Scripture, since it has no science above itself, can dispute with one who denies its principles only if the opponent admits some at least of the truths obtained through divine revelation; thus we can argue with heretics from texts in Holy Writ, and against those who deny one article of faith we can argue from another. If our opponent believes nothing of divine revelation, there is no longer any means of proving the articles of faith by reasoning, but only of answering his objections - if he has any - against faith. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
437:That which is asserted universally, by everyone, cannot possibly be totally false. For a false opinion is a kind of infirmity of the understanding, just as a false judgment concerning a proper sensible happens as the result of a weakness of the sense power involved. But defects, being outside the intention of nature, are accidental. And nothing accidental can be always and in all things; the judgment about savors given by every tasting cannot be false. Thus, the judgment uttered by everyone concerning truth cannot be erroneous. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
438:Suppose a person entering a house were to feel heat on the porch, and going further, were to feel the heat increasing, the more they penetrated within. Doubtless, such a person would believe there was a fire in the house, even though they did not see the fire that must be causing all this heat. A similar thing will happen to anyone who considers this world in detail: one will observe that all things are arranged according to their degrees of beauty and excellence, and that the nearer they are to God, the more beautiful and better they are. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
439:Without the suitable conditions life could not exist. But both life and its conditions set forth the operations of inscrutable Power. We know not its origin; we know not its end. And the presumption, if not the degradation, rests with those who place upon the throne of the universe a magnified image of themselves, and make its doings a mere colossal imitation of their own. Wonder was the motive that led people to philosophy ... wonder is a kind of desire in knowledge. It is the cause of delight because it carries with it the hope of discovery. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
440:Creator of all things, true source of light and wisdom, origin of all being, graciously let a ray of your light penetrate the darkness of my understanding. Take from me the double darkness in which I have been born, an obscurity of sin and ignorance. Give me a keen understanding, a retentive memory, and the ability to grasp things correctly and fundamentally. Grant me the talent of being exact in my explanations and the ability to express myself with thoroughness and charm. Point out the beginning, direct the progress, and help in the completion. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
441:He (Mohammed) seduced the people by promises of carnal pleasure to which the concupiscence of the flesh urges us. His teaching also contained precepts that were in conformity with his promises, and he gave free rein to carnal pleasure. In all this, as is not unexpected; he was obeyed by carnal men. As for proofs of the truth of his doctrine, he brought forward only such as could be grasped by the natural ability of anyone with a very modest wisdom. Indeed, the truths that he taught he mingled with many fables and with doctrines of the greatest falsity. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
442:In questions of this sort there are two things to be observed. First, that the truth of the Scriptures be inviolably maintained. Secondly, since Scripture doth admit of diverse interpretations, that no one cling to any particular exposition with such pertinacity that, if what he supposed to be the teaching of Scripture should afterward turn out to be clearly false, he should nevertheless still presume to put it forward, lest thereby the sacred Scriptures should be exposed to the derision of unbelievers and the way of salvation should be closed to them. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
443:The Church has ever proved indestructible. Her persecutors have failed to destroy her; in fact, it was during times of persecution that the Church grew more and more; while the persecutors themselves, and those whom the Church would destroy, are the very ones who came to nothing. . . .Again, errors have assailed her; but in fact, the greater the number of errors that have arisen, the more has the truth been made manifest. . . . Nor has the Church failed before the assaults of demons: for she is like a tower of refuge to all who fight against the Devil. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
444:the Apostle say: Pray without ceasing. [147] Yet can we genuflect without ceasing? Can we prostrate without ceasing? Can we lift up our hands without ceasing? How, then, does he say: Pray without ceasing? If by prayer he meant such things as these then I think we could not pray without ceasing. But there is another prayer, an interior prayer, which is without ceasing—desire. Whatever else you do, if only you desire that rest [148] you cease not to pray. If you wish to pray without ceasing then desire without ceasing. Your continual desire is your continual voice; ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
445:Wonder [admiratio astonishment, marvel] is a kind of desire for knowledge. The situation arises when one sees an effect and does not know its cause, or when the cause of the particular effect is one that exceeds his power of understanding. Hence, wonder is a cause of pleasure insofar as there is annexed the hope of attaining understanding of that which one wants to know. ... For desire is especially aroused by the awareness of ignorance, and consequently a man takes the greatest pleasure in those things which he discovers for himself or learns from the ground up. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
446:The heads of the Church ought therefore to imitate Christ in being affable, adapting Himself to women, laying His hands on children, and washing His disciples’ feet, that they also should do the same to their brethren. But we are such, that we seem to go beyond the pride even of the great ones of this world; as to the command of Christ, either not understanding it, or setting it at nought. Like princes we seek hosts to go before us, we make ourselves awful and difficult of access, especially to the poor, neither approaching them, nor suffering them to approach us. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
447:Reasoning is compared to understanding as movement is to rest, or acquisition to possession.... Since movement always proceeds from something immovable, and ends in something at rest, hence it is that human reasoning, in the order of inquiry and discovery, proceeds from certain things absolutely understood--namely, the first principles; and, again, in the order of judgment, returns by analysis to first principles, in the light of which it examines what it has found. Now it is clear that rest and movement are not to be referred to different powers, but to one and the same. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
448:Whatever is in motion must be put in motion by another. If that by which it is put in motion be itself put in motion, then this also must needs be put in motion by another, and that by another again. But this cannot go on to infinity, because then there would be no first mover, and, consequently, no other mover; seeing that subsequent movers move only inasmuch as they are put in motion by the first mover; as the staff moves only because it is put in motion by the hand. Therefore it is necessary to arrive at a first mover, put in motion by no other; and this everyone understands to be God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
449:The ways of God “Be ye perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect.”1 Holy Scripture never orders and never counsels us to do the impossible. By these words, then, the Lord Jesus does not command us to accomplish the very works and ways of God, which no one can attain in perfection. But He invites us to model ourselves on them, as much as is possible, by applying ourselves to imitate them. We can do this with the help of grace and we should do so. And as the Bishop John said, nothing is more suitable to man than to imitate his Creator, and to carry out, to the degree that he is able, the will of God. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
450:A forma é anterior à matéria. A matéria é o ente em potência, e a forma é o acto dela. Ora, o acto naturalmente é anterior à potência. Simplesmente falando, o acto é anterior à potência no tempo, porque a potência não pode ser movida ao acto a não ser pelo ente em acto. Entretanto, em uma e mesma coisa, a qual às vezes está em potência e às vezes está em acto, a potência precede ao acto no tempo. Desta maneira, fica claro que a forma é anterior à matéria, e é mais ente do que a matéria. E isto porque a matéria não se torna ente em acto a não ser pela forma. Logo, a forma é mais ente do que a matéria. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
451:At the time when everyone in Syracuse desired the death of Dionysius, an elderly woman prayed over and over that he would be unharmed and outlive her. And after the tyrant learned about this, he asked her why she did so. Then the woman said: 'When I was a girl, we had an oppressive tyrant, and I wished for another ruler. And after the tyrant was killed, a harsher one succeeded the latter shortly afterwards, and I thought that it would be a great blessing if the successor's rule would also be terminated. We then had a still harsher ruler, yourself. And so if you were removed, a worse tyrant will replace you. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
452:At the time when everyone in Syracuse desired the death of Dionysius, an elderly woman prayed over and over that he would be unharmed and outlive her. And after the tyrant learned about this, he asked her why she did so. Then the woman said: 'When I was a girl, we had an oppressive tyrant, and I wished for another ruler. And after the tyrant was killed, a harsher one succeeded the latter shortly afterwards, and I thought that it would be a great blessing if the successor's rule would also be terminated. We then had a still harsher ruler, yourself. And so if you were removed, a worse tyrant will replace you'. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
453:If the citizens themselves devote their life to matters of trade, the way will be opened to many vices. Since the foremost tendency of tradesmen is to make money, greed is awakened in the hearts of the citizens through the pursuit of trade. The result is that everything in the city will bcome venal; good faith will be destroyed and the way opened to all kinds of trickery; each one will work only for his own profit, despising the public good; the cultivation of virtue will fail since honor, virtue's reward, will be bestowed upon the rich. Thus, in such a city, civic life will necessarily be corrupted. (On Kingship II, 3) ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
454:The best institution of rulers belongs to a city or kingdom in which one person is chosen by reason of his virtue to rule over all, and other persons govern under him by reason of their virtue. And yet such a regime belongs to all citizens, both because its rulers are chosen from the citizens, and because all citizens choose its rulers. For this is the best constitution, a happy mixture of kingdom, since one person rules; and of aristocracy, since many govern by reason of their virtue; and of democracy (i.e., government by the people), since rulers can be chosen from the people, and since the choice of rulers belongs to the people. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
455:Grant, O Lord my God, that I may never fall away in success or in failure; that I may not be prideful in prosperity nor dejected in adversity. Let me rejoice only in what unites us and sorrow only in what separates us. May I strive to please no one or fear to displease anyone except Yourself. May I see always the things that are eternal and never those that are only temporal. May I shun any joy that is without You and never seek any that is beside You. O Lord, may I delight in any work I do for You and tire of any rest that is apart from You. My God, let me direct my heart towards You, and in my failings, always repent with a purpose of amendment. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
456:Sciences are differentiated according to the various means through which knowledge is obtained. For the astronomer and the physicist both may prove the same conclusion: that the earth, for instance, is round: the astronomer by means of mathematics (i.e. abstracting from matter), but the physicist by means of matter itself. Hence there is no reason why those things which may be learned from philosophical science, so far as they can be known by natural reason, may not also be taught us by another science so far as they fall within revelation. Hence theology included in sacred doctrine differs in kind from that theology which is part of philosophy. SECOND ARTICLE [I, Q. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
457:The very identity of racist Southerners depends upon contrasting themselves with those dirty black “nigras.” But, conversely, the out-groups feel that they are really and truly “in,” and nourish their collective ego with relishingly indignant conversation about squares, Ofays, Wasps, Philistines, and the blasted bourgeoisie. Even Saint Thomas Aquinas let it out that part of the blessedness of the saints in Heaven was that they could look over the battlements and enjoy the “proper justice” of the sinners squirming in Hell. All winners need losers; all saints need sinners; all sages need fools—that is, so long as the major kick in life is to “amount to something” or to “be someone” as a particular and separate godlet. ~ Alan W Watts,
458:It may be added, that the same change took place in dogmatic teaching, as in the exposition of Scripture. This indeed was still more to be expected, for the issue of controversies and the decrees of Councils had given to the doctrinal statements of the Fathers an authority, or rather prerogative, which was never claimed for their commentaries. Accordingly, S. John Damascene’s work on the Orthodox Faith in the viiith century is scarcely more than a careful selection and combination of sentences and phrases from the great theologians who preceded him, principally S. Gregory Nazianzen. A comment or scholia by the same author upon S. Paul’s Epistles have come down to us, which are mainly taken from S. Chrysostom, but with some use of other expositors. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
459:John saw only the linen cloths. He, Peter, also saw the linen cloths because we [Gentiles] do not reject the Old Testament, for as Luke says, "Then he opened their minds to understand the scriptures" (Lk 24:45). But in addition Peter saw the napkin which had been on his head: "The head of Christ is God" (1 Cor 11:3). Thus to see the napkin which had been on the head of Jesus is to have faith in the divinity of Christ, which the Jews refused to accept. This napkin is described as not lying with the linen cloths, and rolled up, having a place by itself, because the divinity of Christ is covered over, and it is apart from every creature because of its excellence: "God who is over all be blessed for ever" (Rom 9:5); "Truly, you art a God who hides yourself" (Is 45:15). ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
460:I answer that, It was necessary for man's salvation that there should be a knowledge revealed by God besides philosophical science built up by human reason. Firstly, indeed, because man is directed to God, as to an end that surpasses the grasp of his reason: "The eye hath not seen, O God, besides Thee, what things Thou hast prepared for them that wait for Thee" (Is. 66: 4). But the end must first be known by men who are to direct their thoughts and actions to the end. Hence it was necessary for the salvation of man that certain truths which exceed human reason should be made known to him by divine revelation. Even as regards those truths about God which human reason could have discovered, it was necessary that man should be taught by a divine revelation; because the truth about God such as reason could discover, would only be known by a few, and ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
461:What causes love, since it is a passion, is its object; and since it is a sort of affinity or agreement with the object, what causes love is the goodness or agreeableness of that object. Evil can only be loved because it seems good, because being partially good it is perceived as wholly so. And the beautiful is a form of the good: if something is agreeable in general we call it good, and if the perception of it is agreeable we call it beautiful. But goodness must be known before it can become the object of love, so knowledge itself can be said to cause love. Knowing is an activity of reason, which abstracts from things and then makes connections between them, needing to know each part and property and power of things if it is to know them perfectly. But loving is an appetite for things as they stand, and to love perfectly we need only love them as they are perceived to exist in themselves. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
462:Being taken simply, as including all perfection of being, surpasses life and all that follows it; for thus being itself includes all these. And in this sense Dionysius speaks. But if we consider being itself as participated in this or that thing, which does not possess the whole perfection of being, but has imperfect being, such as the being of any creature; then it is evident that being itself together with an additional perfection is more excellent. Hence in the same passage Dionysius says that things that live are better than things that exist, and intelligent better than living things. Reply Obj. 3: Since the end corresponds to the beginning; this argument proves that the last end is the first beginning of being, in Whom every perfection of being is: Whose likeness, according to their proportion, some desire as to being only, some as to living being, some as to being which is living, intelligent and happy. And this belongs to few. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
463:PSEUDO-CHRYSOSTOM. (Comm. in Matt. Prolog.) Matthew has arranged his narrative in a regular series of events. First, the birth, secondly, the baptism, thirdly, the temptation, fourthly, the teachings, fifthly, the miracles, sixthly, the passion, seventhly, the resurrection, and lastly, the ascension of Christ; desiring by this not only to set forth the history of Christ, but to teach the order of evangelic life. It is nought that we are born of our parents, if we be not reborn again of God by water and the Spirit. After baptism we must resist the Devil. Then being as it were superior to all temptation, he is made fit to teach, and if he be a priest let him teach, and commend his teaching, as it were, by the miracles of a good life; if he be lay, let him teach faith by his works. In the end we must take our departure from the stage of this world, and there remains that the reward of resurrection and glory follow the victory over temptation. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
464:God is not, like creatures, made up of parts. God is spirit, without bodily dimensions. Firstly, no body can cause change without itself being changed. Secondly, things with dimensions are potential of division. But the starting-point for all existence must be wholly real and not potential in any way: though things that get realized begin as potential, preceding them is the source of their realization which must already be real. Thirdly, living bodies are superior to other bodies; and what makes a body living is not the dimensions which make it a body (for then everything with dimensions would be living), but something more excellent like a soul. The most excellent existent of all then cannot be a body. So when the scriptures ascribe dimensions to God they are using spatial extension to symbolize the extent of God's power; just as they ascribe bodily organs to God as metaphors for their functions, and postures like sitting or standing to symbolize authority or strength. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
465:For every relationship involves two related terms. Sometimes relationships are not real in either term, but arise from the way we think of the terms: we think identity, for example, by thinking one thing twice over and relating it to itself; and occasionally we relate what exists to what does not exist, or generate purely logical relations like that of genus to species. Sometimes relationships are real in both terms: grounded in the quantity of both, in the case of relationships like big/small or double/half, or in their activity and passivity, in the case of causal relationships, like mover-moved and father/son. Sometimes relationships are real in only one of the terms, with the other merely thought of as related [reciprocally] to that one; and this happens whenever the two terms exist at different levels. Thus seeing and understanding really relates us to things, but being seen and understood by us is not something real in the things; and similarly a pillar to the right of us does not itself have a left and a right. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
466:351. The second reason shows that there is no infinite multitude. For everything countable can be numbered and consequently passed through by counting. But every number and whatever has a number is countable. Therefore, every such thing can be passed over. If, therefore any number, whether separated or existing in sensible things, be infinite, it follows that the infinite can be passed through, which is impossible.
352. Notice that these reasons are probable and proceed from common premises. For they do not conclude of necessity: in effect, whoever posits an infinite body would not concede that it would of its very nature be terminated by a surface, except perhaps potentially; although this is probable and well-known. Similarly, whoever would posit an infinite multitude would not admit it to be a number or that it has a number. For number adds to multitude the notion of measure, because a number is “multitude measured by unity,” as is said in Metaphysics X. For this reason number is considered to be a species of discrete quantity, but multitude is not; it is, rather, a transcendental. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
467:It was necessary for man's salvation that there should be a knowledge revealed by God besides philosophical science built up by human reason ... because man is directed to God as to an end that surpasses the grasp of his reason: "The eye has not seen, O God...what things Thou hast prepared for them that wait for Thee" (Is 66:4). But the end must first be known by men who are to direct their ... actions to the end. Hence it was necessary for the salvation of man that certain truths about God which exceed human reason should be made known to him by divine revelation. Even as regards those truths about God which human reason could have discovered, it was necessary that man should be taught by a divine revelation; because the truth about God such as reason could discover would only be known by a few, and that after a long time, and with the admixture of many errors. Whereas man's whole salvation, which is in God, depends upon the knowledge of this truth. Therefore, in order that the salvation of men might be brought about more fitly and more surely, it was necessary that they should be taught divine truths by divine revelation. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
468:[I]t is to be borne in mind, in regard to the philosophical sciences, that the inferior sciences neither prove their principles nor dispute with those who deny them, but leave this to a higher science; whereas the highest of them, viz. metaphysics, can dispute with one who denies its principles, if only the opponent will make some concession; but if he concede nothing, it can have no dispute with him, though it can answer his objections. Hence Sacred Scripture, since it has no science above itself, can dispute with one who denies its principles only if the opponent admits some at least of the truths obtained through divine revelation; thus we can argue with heretics from texts in Holy Writ, and against those who deny one article of faith, we can argue from another. If our opponent believes nothing of divine revelation, there is no longer any means of proving the articles of faith by reasoning, but only of answering his objections — if he has any — against faith. Since faith rests upon infallible truth, and since the contrary of a truth can never be demonstrated, it is clear that the arguments brought against faith cannot be demonstrations, but are difficulties that can be answered. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
469:Achamos na natureza coisas que podem existir ou não existir, pois vemos seres que se produzem, e seres que se destroem, e, portanto, há possibilidade de que existam e de que não existam. Muito bem. É impossível que os seres de tal condição tenham existido sempre, já que o que tem possibilidade de não ser teve um tempo em que não foi. Se, pois, todas as coisas tem a possibilidade de não ser, houve um tempo em que nenhuma existia. Mas se isto é verdade, tampouco deveria existir agora coisa alguma, porque o que não existe, não começa a existir, a não ser em virtude do que já existe, e, portanto, se nada existia, foi impossível que começasse a existir qualquer coisa, e, em conseqüência, agora não haveria nada, coisa evidentemente falsa. Por conseguinte, nem todos os seres são possíveis ou contingentes, mas entre eles, forçosamente, há de haver algum que seja necessário. Mas o ser necessário ou tem a razão de sua necessidade em si mesmo ou não a tem. Se sua necessidade depende de outro, como não é possível, segundo já vimos ao tratar das causas eficientes, aceitar uma série indefinida de coisas necessárias, é forçoso que exista algo que seja necessário por si mesmo e que não tenha fora de si a causa de sua necessidade, mas que seja causa da necessidade dos outros, ao qual todos chamam Deus. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
470:The objection we are dealing with argues from the standpoint of an agent that presupposes time and acts in time, but did not institute time. Hence the question about 'why God's eternal will produces an effect now and and not earlier' presupposes that time exists; for 'now' and 'earlier' are segments of time. With regard to the universal production of things, among which time is also to be counted, we should not ask, 'Why now and not earlier?' Rather we should ask: 'Why did God wish this much time to intervene?' And this depends on the divine will, which is perfectly free to assign this or any other quantity to time. The same may be noted with respect to the dimensional quantity of the world. No one asks why God located the material world in such and such a place rather than higher up or lower down or in some other position; for there is no place outside the world. The fact that God portioned out so much quantity to the world that no part of it would be beyond the place occupied in some other locality, depends on the divine will. However, although there was no time prior to the world and no place outside the world, we speak as if there were. Thus we say that before the world existed there was nothing except God, and that there is no body lying outside the world. But in thus speaking of 'before' and 'outside,' we have in mind nothing but time and place as they exist in our imagination. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
471:AUGUSTINE. (Ep. 199, 46.) But that this preaching the Gospel of the kingdom in all the world was accomplished by the Apostles, we have not any certain evidence, to prove. There are numberless barbarous nations in Africa, among whom the Gospel is not even yet preached, as it is easy to learn from the prisoners who are brought from thence. But it cannot be said that these have no part in the promise of God. For God promised with an oath not the Romans only, but all nations to the seed of Abraham. But in whatever nation there is yet no Church established, it must needs be that there should be one, not that all the people should believe; for how then should that be fulfilled, Ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake, unless there be in all nations those who hate and those; who are hated? That preaching therefore was not accomplished by the Apostles, while as yet there were nations among whom it had not begun to be fulfilled. The words of the Apostle also, Their sound hath gone out into all the world, though expressed as of time past, are meant to apply to something future, not yet completed; as the Prophet, whose words he quotes, said that the Gospel bore fruit and grew in the whole world (Ps. 19:4.), to shew thereby to what extent its growth should come. If then we know not when it shall be that the whole world shall be filled with the Gospel, undoubtedly we know not when the end shall be; but it shall not be before such time. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
472:Human nature inclines us to have recourse to petition for the purpose of obtaining from another, especially from a person of higher rank, what we hope to receive from him. So prayer is recommended to men, that by it they may obtain from God what they hope to secure from Him. But the reason why prayer is necessary for obtaining something from a man is not the same as the reason for its necessity when there is question of obtaining a favor from God. Prayer is addressed to man, first, to lay bare the desire and the need of the petitioner, and secondly, to incline the mind of him to whom the prayer is addressed to grant the petition. These purposes have no place in the prayer that is sent up to God. When we pray we do not intend to manifest our needs or desires to God, for He knows all things. The Psalmist says to God: "Lord, all my desire is before Thee" and in the Gospel we are told: "Your Father knoweth that you have need of all these things." Again, the will of God is not influenced by human words to will what He had previously not willed. For, as we read in Numbers 23:19, "God is not a man, that He should lie, nor as the son of man, that He should be changed"; nor is God moved to repentance, as we are assured in 1 Kings 15:29. Prayer, then, for obtaining something from God, is necessary for man on account of the very one who prays, that he may reflect on his shortcomings and may turn his mind to desiring fervently and piously what he hopes to gain by his petition. In this way he is rendered fit to receive the favor. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
473:The earliest commentaries on Scripture had been of this discursive nature, being addresses by word of mouth to the people, which were taken down by secretaries, and so preserved. While the traditionary teaching of the Church still preserved the vigour and vividness of its Apostolical origin, and spoke with an exactness and cogency which impressed an adequate image of it upon the mind of the Christian Expositor, he was able to allow himself free range in handling the sacred text, and to admit into the comment his own particular character of mind, and his spontaneous and individual ideas, in the full security, that, however he might follow the leadings of his own thoughts in unfolding the words of Scripture, his own deeply fixed views of Catholic truth would bring him safe home, without overstepping the limits of truth and sobriety. Accordingly, while the early Fathers manifest a most remarkable agreement in the principles and the substance of their interpretation, they have at the same time a distinctive spirit and manner, by which each may be known from the rest. About the vith or viith century this originality disappears; the oral or traditionary teaching, which allowed scope to the individual teacher, became hardened into a written tradition, and henceforward there is a uniform invariable character as well as substance of Scripture interpretation. Perhaps we should not err in putting Gregory the Great as the last of the original Commentators; for though very numerous commentaries on every book of Scripture continued to be written by the most eminent doctors in their own names, probably not one interpretation of any importance would be found in them which could not be traced to some older source. So that all later comments are in fact Catenas or selections from the earlier Fathers, whether they present themselves expressly in the form of citations from their volumes, or are lections upon the Lesson or Gospel for the day, extempore indeed in form, but as to their materials drawn from the previous studies and stores of the expositor. The latter would be better adapted for the general reader, the former for the purposes of the theologian. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
474:The emotion of love is an affective emotion, directly reacting to goodness, rather than an aggressive one, reacting to challenge. Not only our so-called natural ability to grow and propagate exemplify natural love, but every faculty has a built-in affinity for what accords with its nature. By passion we mean some result of being acted on: either a form induced by the agent (like weight) or a movement consequent on the form (like falling to the ground). Whatever we desire acts on us in this way, first arousing an emotional attachment to itself and making itself agreeable, and then drawing us to seek it. The first change the object produces in our appetite is a feeling of its agreeableness: we call this love (weight can be thought of as a sort of natural love); then desire moves us to seek the object and pleasure comes to rest in it. Clearly then, as a change induced in us by an agent, love is a passion: the affective emotion strictly so, the will to love by stretching of the term. Love unites by making what is loved as agreeable to the lover as if it were himself or a part of himself. Though love is not itself a movement of the appetite towards an object, it is a change the appetite undergoes rendering an object agreeable. Favour is a freely chosen and willing love, open only to reasoning creatures; and charity―literally, holding dear―is a perfect form of love in which what is loved is highly prized. To love, as Aristotle says, is to want someone’s good; so its object is twofold: the good we want, loved with a love of desire, and the someone we want it for (ourselves or someone else), loved with a love of friendship. And just as what exist in the primary sense are subjects of existence, and properties exist only in a secondary sense, as modes in which subjects exist; so too what we love in the primary sense is the someone whose good we will, and only in a secondary sense do we love the good so willed. Friendship based on convenience or pleasure is friendship inasmuch as we want our friend’s good; but because this is subordinated to our own profit or pleasure such friendship is subordinated to love of desire and falls short of true friendship. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,
475:*There is only one God*. Whatever exists is *ipso facto* individual; to be one it needs no extra property and calling it one merely denies that it is divided. Simple things are neither divided nor divisible; composite things do not exist when their parts are divided. So existence stands or falls with individuality, and things guard their unity as they do their existence. But what is simply speaking one can yet in certain respects be many: an individual thing, essentially undivided, can have many non-essential properties; and a single whole, actually undivided, can have potentially many parts.

Only when one is used to count with does it presuppose in what it counts some extra property over and above existence, namely, quantity. The one we count with contrasts with the many it counts in the way a unity of measurement contrasts with what it measures; but the individual unity common to everything that exists contrasts with plurality simply by lacking it, as undividedness does division. A plurality is however *a* plurality: though simply speaking many, inasmuch as it exists, it is, incidentally, one. A continuum is homogeneous: its parts share the form of the whole (every bit of water is water); but a plurality is heterogeneous: its parts lack the form of the whole (no part of the house is a house). The parts of a plurality are unities and non-plural, though they compose the plurality not as non-plural but as existing; just as the parts of a house compose the house as material, not as not houses. Whereas we define plurality in terms of unity (many things are divided things to each of which is ascribed unity), we define unity in terms of division. For division precedes unity in our minds even if it doesn’t really do so, since we conceive simple things by denying compositeness of them, defining a point, for example, as lacking dimension. Division arises in the mind simply by negating existence. So the first thing we conceive is the existent, then―seeing that this existent is not that existent―we conceive division, thirdly unity, and fourthly plurality.

There is only one God. Firstly, God and his nature are identical: to be God is to be this individual God. In the same way, if to be a man was to be Socrates there would only be one man, just as there was only one Socrates. Moreover, God’s perfection is unlimited, so what could differentiate one God from another? Any extra perfection in one would be lacking in the other and that would make him imperfect. And finally, the world is one, and plurality can only produce unity incidentally insofar as it too is somehow one: the primary and non-incidental source of unity in the universe must himself be one. The one we count with measures only material things, not God: like all objects of mathematics, though defined without reference to matter, it can exist only in matter. But the unity of individuality common to everything that exists is a metaphysical property applying both to non-material things and to God. But what in God is a perfection has to be conceived by us, with our way of understanding things, as a lack: that is why we talk of God as lacking a body, lacking limits and lacking division. ~ Saint Thomas Aquinas,

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