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object:Blazing the Trail from Infancy to Enlightenment
class:Barrett Chapman Brown
subject class:Integral Theory

  This document weaves together the original descriptions by the great developmentalists of the 20th century of six key developmental lines: cognition, self-identity, orders of consciousness, values, morals, and faith. It tracks each line from its simplest expression to its highest stage of maturity.

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  Table of Contents
  Part I: Preconventional Consciousness

    The Infrared Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition - Jean Piaget
      Self-Identity - Jane Loevinger, Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Pre-social Stage
        Symbiotic Stage
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        0 Order
        Transition from 0 to 1
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Autistic Existence The AN State (Beige)
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
      Faith James Fowler
        Undifferentiated Faith

    The Magenta Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition - Jean Piaget
      Self-Identity - Jane Loevinger, Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Impulsive Stage
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        1st Order
        Transition from 1 to 2
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Animistic Existence The BO State (Purple)
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
        Stage 0: Magic Wish
      Faith James Fowler
        Intuitive-Projective Faith

    The Red Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition - Jean Piaget
      Self-Identity - Jane Loevinger, Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Self-Protective Stage (Opportunist)
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        2nd Order
        Transition from 2 to 3
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Egocentric Existence The CP State (Red)
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
        Stage 1: Punishment and Obedience
        Stage 2: Nave Hedonism; Individual Instrumental Purpose and Exchange
      Faith James Fowler
        Mythic-Literal Faith

  Part II: Conventional Consciousness
    The Amber Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition - Jean Piaget
        Concrete Operations
      Self-Identity - Jane Loevinger, Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Conformist Stage (Diplomat)
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        3rd Order
        Transition from 3 to 4
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Absolutistic Existence The DQ State (Blue)
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
        Stage 3: Approval of Others; Mutual Interpersonal Expectations,
        Relationships, and Conformity
      Faith James Fowler
        Synthetic-Conventional Faith

    The Orange Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition - Jean Piaget, Michael Commons, Francis Richards
        Formal Operations
        Systematic Order
      Self-Identity - Jane Loevinger, Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Self-Aware Level (Expert)
        Conscientious Stage (Achiever)
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        4th Order
        Transition from 4 to 5
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Multiplistic Existence The ER State (Orange)
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
        Stage 4: Law & Order; Social System and Conscience Maintenance
        Level 4/5: Transitional Level
      Faith James Fowler
        Individuative-Reflective Faith

  Part III: Postconventional Consciousness
    The Green Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition Michael Commons, Francis Richards
        Metasystematic Order
      Self-Identity - Jane Loevinger, Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Individualistic Level (Individualist)
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        4th Order
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Relativistic Existence The FS State (Green)
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
        Stage 5: Prior Rights and Social Contract or Utility
      Faith James Fowler
        Conjunctive Faith

    The Teal Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition Michael Commons and Francis Richards
        Paradigmatic Order
      Self-Identity - Jane Loevinger, Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Autonomous Stage (Strategist)
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        4th Order
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Systemic Existence The AN State (Yellow)
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
        Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principles
      Faith James Fowler
        Universalizing Faith

    The Turquoise Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition Michael Commons, Francis Richards, Sri Aurobindo
        Cross-Paradigmatic Order
        Higher Mind
      Self-Identity - Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Construct Aware Stage (Magician)
      Order of Consciousness - Robert Kegan
        5th Order
      Values - Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan
        The Intuitive Existence The BO State (Turquoise)

    The Indigo Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition Sri Aurobindo
        Illumined Mind
      Morals - Lawrence Kohlberg
        Stage 7: Universal Spiritual

    The Violet Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition Sri Aurobindo
        Intuitive Mind
      Values Jenny Wade
        Transcendent Consciousness (Coral)

    The Ultraviolet Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition Herb Koplowitz, Sri Aurobindo
      Self-Identity - Susanne Cook-Greuter
        Unitive Stage
      Values Jenny Wade
        Unitive Consciousness

    The Clear Light Stage of Consciousness
      Cognition Sri Aurobindo

--- LONG
  The Great Developmentalists Map the Stages of Consciousness

  ABSTRACT: Part I of a three-part paper which is intended to support students of developmental psychology and Integral Theory. This document brings together excerpts of the original writings of 20th century pioneers in constructive developmental psychology. Six developmental lines as described by these leading researchers are covered: Cognition (Jean Piaget, Michael Commons, Francis Richards, Herb Koplowitz, Sri Aurobindo); Self-Identity (Jane Loevinger, Susanne-Cook Greuter); Orders of Consciousness (Robert Kegan); Values (Clare Graves, Don Beck, Chris Cowan, Jenny Wade); Morals (Lawrence Kohlberg); and Faith (James Fowler). A framework by Ken Wilber is used to align and unify the developmental lines and their stages within a broader spectrum of consciousness. Part I of the paper covers preconventional consciousness (approximately birth to late childhood); part II addresses conventional consciousness (adolescence through typical adulthood); and part III explores postconventional consciousness (mature adulthood, up to the highest stages of spiritual development identified to date).

  Structure of the paper
  Begin with the diagram on the previous page; it is the framework upon which the paper is built. This framework comes from Wilbers spectrum of consciousness maps and diagrams in Integral Spirituality and Integral Psychology.6 Wilber uses colors as shorth and for each stage of consciousness along a spectrum. The paper details one developmental stage of consciousness at a timequoting each researcher in their respective developmental line (if
  research is available). For each stage of consciousness, I first cover cognition, then self- identity, the order of consciousness, values, morals, and end with faith.7 The paper is broken into three parts: preconventional consciousness, which covers Infrared, Magenta, and Red; conventional consciousness, which reviews Amber and Orange, and postconventional consciousness which offers insight into the Green, Teal, Turquoise, Indigo, Violet, Ultraviolet, and Clear Light stages of consciousness.

  This document is essentially a collection of quotations from the original researchers in each field, woven together to reveal a beautiful tapestry of consciousness-in-action. Ive kept editorial comment to a minimum, in order to keep the focus on the voices of the researchers. Its important to remember that I've quoted only a small percentage of their writings, and pulled it entirely out of their original context. I strongly encourage people to review the source text cited in the bibliography to learn more. A few last notes about the developmental psychology terrain ahead I've focused on six developmental lines in this document, yet over two dozen have been identified. These six are often referred to in developmental psychology in general, and Integral Theory specifically, due to the depth of the research behind them and their powerful influence on how we understand and operate in the world.

  Three of the lines described herecognition, self-identity, and orders of consciousness attempt to map the structure of consciousness, the structure of thinking; in other words, the research reveals how a person thinks. The other three linesvalues, morals, and faithreveal the content of thinking, or what a person thinks. A useful (but limited) metaphor is to think of cognition, self-identity, and orders of consciousness as the very material from which the Structure of the mind is made, and values, morals and faith as some of the surface content which arises within and moves throughout that structure. This is an important distinction to make, because how a person thinks will influence what a person thinks. For example, the level of maturity of a persons self-identity will influence the stage of faith it is possible for her to realize. Thus, fundamental shifts in the structures of ones consciousness will allow for entirely new content to arise in the mind. As such, the structural developmental lines will tend to lead the others, because they are literally creating the structures from which the others will arise.

  Wilber posits that developmental lines (or multiple intelligences) arise due to the questions that life poses us and our struggle to answer them. For example, the cognitive line arises in response to the question, What am I aware of? and the values line is born from, Of the things that I am aware of, which do I value most?

  Life poses those questions to us. We answer them. The structure and history of those answers is the great purview of genealogy and developmental structuralism. Each of those fundamental questions, precisely because they are presented to us by existence itself, seems to have evolved organs in the psyche that specialize in responding to themmultiple intelligences, if you will, devoted to being smart about how to answer lifes questions.

  Thus, the developmental lines discussed in this document exist because humans encounter the following questions in life:

  Lifes Question Line - Typical Researcher

  What am I aware of? Cognitive - Piaget, Kohlberg, Wilber, Aurobindo

  Who am I? Self-Identity/ Ego - Loevinger, Cook-Greuter

  What do I find significant? Values - Graves, Beck, Cowan, Wade

  What should I do? Morals - Kohlberg, Gilligan

  What is of ultimate concern? Faith/Spiritual - Fowler

  To create the ensuing developmental maps, these researchers tracked how the answers to these questions would change for an individual over time. Robert Kegan, Harvard developmental psychologist, talks about this development as the miraculous counter-process in the universe, the process by which things can actually become more complex and contain more energy, become more ordered. It is this growth in our capacity to handle more complex questions that has enabled us to explore new frontiers in every domain, every discipline. It is important to remember that these stages are not strict levels, like rungs on a ladder.

  They are more akin to loosely delineated areas along a spectrum of development. Thus, a stage is more like a probability wave than a concrete level of consciousness.
  As you work with this material in the field, or in the realm of your own development, consider this sage reminder from Kegan: We are not our stages; we are not the self who
  hangs in the balance at this moment in our evolution. We are the activity of this evolution. We compose our stages, and we experience this composing. Wilber, also, is fond of saying that the map is not the territory. While the terrain ahead is fascinating and offers deep insight into everything from the human condition to current events, it is ultimately just a few snapshots of a constantly changing reality that we will never be able to fully explain. For me, this inquiry has only served to increase the humility I hold in the face of the great mystery called Life. Yet as we strive to learn more about Life by using lenses like Integral Theory, we deepen our capacity to truly serve one another and the healthy development of the Kosmos. It is in this spirit of service to yourself, to humanity, and to the Spirit out of which everything arises, that I invite you to explore and enjoy the following material.

  Blazing the Trail from Infancy to Enlightenment Pt. I Preconventional Consciousness

  Blazing the Trail from Infancy to Enlightenment Pt. II Conventional Consciousness

  Blazing the Trail from Infancy to Enlightenment Pt. III Postconventional Consciousness

  Due to the overall length and complexity of the previous papers, Weve decided to start with a line NOT covered in them because of its relative familiarity to most people. So no prior reading is necessary for the next meeting, other than the following brief overview of Abraham Maslow's Revised Hierarchy of Needs.

  What do I need from Life and Others? Needs Line of Development

  Aside from dieting and personal choice, I never starve through lack of food, nor lack of money to buy food. Aside from the usual trauma of moving house, I have no worry at all about having somewhere to live - I have a roof over my head.

  I generally feel safe and secure - job, home, etc - and protected from harm. My life generally has routine and structure - long periods of uncontrollable chaos are rare or non-existent.

  I am part of, and loved by, my family. I have good relationships with my friends and colleagues - they accept me for who I am.

  I am successful in life and/or work, and Im recognized by my peers for being so. Im satisfied with the responsibility and role that I have in life and/or work, my status and reputation, and my level of self-esteem.

  Improving my self-awareness is one of my top priorities. The pursuit of knowledge and meaning of things, other than is necessary for my work, is extremely important to me.

  Above mostly everything else, I actively seek beauty, form and balance in things around me. My interest in beautiful culture and the arts is central to me.

  My aim is self-knowledge and enlightenment. The most important thing to me is realizing my ultimate personal potential. I seek and welcome peak experiences.

  The most important thing to me is helping others to reach their ultimate potential, whatever that may be, even at my own expense.

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